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G E N E R A L

G E O L O G Y & H Y D R O C A R B O N P O T E N T I A L O F

C A R B O N A C E O U S S H A L E I N K G I B O K , C H U K A I , T E R E N G G A N U
PREPARED BY : NUR IZZATI IZWANI YUSRI (18099) SUPERVISOR : AP ASKURY ABD KADIR
Petroleum Geoscience Department, UniversiO Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia

ABSTRACT
This project presents the general geology studies of Chukai area which is apart of Sg. Perlis bed. They consist of dominant rock sequences of the
argillite;mostly shale, slate, phyllite and also schist that comes together with some quartzite, metaconglomerate and hornfels that are found in
the study area. Granite, which might be a part of the Eastern Granite Belt are also found. The main aim of the project is the hydrocarbon
potenDality of the carbonaceous shale in this area.

INTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY

PROBLEM STATEMENT: General Geology HC PotenDal


Chukai area composed of low-grade metamorphic rocks originated from the Fieldwork
sedimentary rock. They are greyish black in colour which indicate high organic content;
carbonaceous shale. However, very limited study has been conducted to study the Lithology TOC
properDes of these exposed black materials. Therefore, this project is conducted based IdenDcaDon
on the limitaDon that have been analyzed from the previous research and focus on
Carbonaceous
analysis of hydrocarbon potenDal of the carbonaceous shale in the study area. Structural Vitrinite Shale
Analysis Reectance
OBJECTIVES :
To study the general geology of Chukai area. Rock-Eval
To invesDgate the Total Organic Carbon Content (TOC) for the quanDty of the Geological Map

carbonaceous shale.
To determine the maturaDon of the potenDal source rock (carbonaceous shale) Petrography XRD
To determine the type of kerogen for the quality of the possible hydrocarbon Analysis
potenDal.

RESULTS & DISCUSSION


PETROGRAPHY ANALYSIS / LITHOLOGY FRACTURE ANALYSIS (ROSE DIAGRAM)


A C
The principal stress Sigma 1 is most likely to be in the range of 270 and Sigma 3
is at 70. Majority of the fractures has the strike reading in the range of 160 to
230. From the rose diagram, it can be indicated that the compressional stress
that causes the formaDon of the fractures are coming from SW-NE. direcDon.

B D XRD 1 XRD 2
Study areas are exposed as carbonaceous shale (D) and
carbonaceous phyllite (B).There is also sandstone which has
metamorphosed to quartzite present on one of the
outcrops (A). Graphite is present along the fault zone on the All results of XRD are showing a high percentage of SiO (Quartz) which proves the
2
same outcrop. This shows a dynamic metamorphism that bri`leness of the samples tested. Besides, the samples also are showing
change the carbonaceous material to graphiDc (C) . crystallinity ranging 61.3% to 80.4% from southern to northern part of study area.

CONCLUSION
The presence of folding and thrusDng in rocks suggest that Chukai area had undergone regional compression. The carbonaceous shale that are
found in Chukai area are grey to black in colour and the presence of graphite showed that the area has undergo metamorphism. The ongoing
geochemical tests will determine the hydrocarbon potenDal of the shale in details. In overall, the fracture and petrography analysis has
contributed in strengthening the general geological part of the study area.
REFERENCES
Chand, F. (1978). Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ulu Paka Area. Terengganu Geological Survey of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Hassan Baioumy et al., (2015) Mineralogy and geochemistry of Paleozoic black shales from Peninsular Malaysia : ImplicaOons for their origin and maturaOon.InternaOonal Journal of Coal Geology 165 : 90-95.
Hutchison, C.S. & Tan, D.N.K (2009). Geology of Peninsular Malaysia: University of Malaya. 72-74.
Tourtelot. H.A.(1979) Black Shale Its DeposiOon and Diagenesis ,U.S. Geological Survey, Federal Center, Denver, Colorado , p. 313-321.