Sei sulla pagina 1di 12

Q1 Mark

ah
a) i) Zero error/ Ralat Sifar 1
ii) 26-2 = 24s 1

b) T = 24 / 20 1
= 1.2 s 1

4m
Q2 a) Rate of change of displacement 1

b) i) Acceleration 1

ii) a = 60 / 6
= 10m/ s 2

1
c) Uniform acceleration
5m

Q3 a) Quantity of heat required to change 1 kg of a 1


substance from solid to liquid without any change in
temperature.
1
b) i) Cup B/ Cawan B
1
ii) The ice is exposed to the surroundings/ Not in
direct contact with the coffee.

1
c) i)Heat released/ Haba yang dibebaskan
= 0.2 x 4500 x (75.5 - 25) 1
= 45450 J
1
ii)No heat loss from the coffee to surroundings
. 6m

Q4 a) i) Critical angle
Sudut genting 1

1
ii) n=

=
1
= 1.4945
1
b) i) Total internal reflection is shown.
The angle of reflection is labelled as 48

ii) The critical angle is exceeded.


1

1
Sudut tuju melebih sudut genting
6m
c) i) The refracted ray that is bending towards the
normal is shown.
Q5 a) i) Q 1
ii) Q 1

iii) increase speed , reduce pressure 1


b)i) // smaller nozzle
// increase speed , reduce pressure 2
ii) Bigger water container/ more water
2
c) Prinsip Bernoulli // Bernoullis principle
1

8m
Q6 a) Frequency is the number of complete oscillations per 1
unit time
b)i)The depth of water in region X is greater than in region
Y 1

ii) The wavelength of the wave in region X is longer than 1


that in region Y
1
ii) The deeper the water is, the longer the wavelength
will be
1
iii) Refraction of waves
1
d) ocean, wavefronts are straight and parallel as the
wave
1
speed is uniform.

When a wave moves towards the shore, the depth of


the sea 1
water decreases, the velocity of the wave decreases

Refraction occurs and the sea water waves are 7m


refracted towards the
normal. This causes wavefronts of sea water to
follow the shape of the
shore.

Q7 a) i) Magnitudes: F I= F 2 and F 3 = F 4 2
Directions: FI is opposite to F 2 and F 3
(or F I =F 4 dan F 2 = F 3 andF 2 =F 3 )
ii) Net force is zero (F = 0). 1

iii) Balanced forces/ Newton third law of motion/


1
Forces in equilibrium.

b) i) Density of the load is high


2
- bigger mass, bigger momentum, bigger force

ii) Cross section area is smalerr


2
- increase the pressure.

iii) Height of the load is higher.


2
- Bigger gravitational potential energy.
10m
Q8 a) The quantity of heat required to increase the 1
temperature of I kg of substance by 1 0 C.
b) i) Type of plate :Polystyrene 2
Reason: Avoid heat loss to surrounding

ii)Type of liquid : oil 2


Reason: to produce good thermal contact between
Aluminium block and
thermometer.
iii)Material used to wrap the Aluminium block : felt cloth 2
Reason: Avoid heat loss to surrounding

c) i) Diagram/ Rajah 5.1:


Pxt=mxcx
c=Pxt
mx
c = 200 x 240
1 x 30
= 1600 J kg -10C -1 2

ii) Diagram 5.2:


Pxt=mxcx
c=Pxt
mx 2
c = 200 x 240
1 x 50
= 960 J kg -10C -1

1
d) Diagram/ Rajah 5.2
12m

SECTION B
Q9 1

dalam
besar
index
inner
lebih //optik
core
maklumat
dihantar
serentak
informations
be
2 transmitted
concurrently
teras dalam,
of
kecil/
pantulan
berlaku
internal
angle
occur can
dapat
dalam
Total
a) i) Cannot be shown on screen

ii) -Incident ray from the fish refracted / change 1


direction at B 1
-Refraction occur 1
- Incident ray from the dragon-fly reflected by 1
water surface at A
- Reflection occur 1
1
b) i)
M1 1
M2 1
M3
1
M4

ii) Virtual / same size / same distance / laterally inverted


2
Maya/ saiz sama/ jarak sama/ songsang sis

2
C) i) - A big diameter of inner core
- More informations can be transmitted concurrently
2
ii) - Higher refractive index of inner core
- Smaller critical angle // Total internal reflection easily
2
occur
iii) - Smaller refractive index of outer layer
2
-Total internal reflection can occur
iv) - High flexibility
20m
- Easily bent
v)- High purity of inner core
- No information lost // Clearer information

10 a) i) Frequency of any oscillating system in the 1m


absence of any other forces.
(ii) - The driven pendulum is force to oscillate with
1m
the force frequency. 1m
- Natural frequency is equal to force frequency. 1m
-Pendulum oscillate with maximum amplitude. 1m
- Resonance occur.

b)
Modification Explanation
Pengubahsuai Penerangan
an
(i)Concrete Can withstand the impact of the
structures waves, not easy to crack
solid and rigid Boleh menahan hentaman
Struktur gelombang, tidak mudah retak
konkrit, keras
dan kukuh
(ii)Has narrow Diffraction will occur, the smaller
gap amplitude of the diffracted waves
Mempunyai causes the sea to be calm
celah kecil Pembelauan akan berlaku, amplitud
yang lebih kecil bagi gelombang
yang dibelau menyebabkan laut
menjadi tenang
(iii)The new The waves in the bay are calmer
jetty is built in (amplitude is lower) than the cape
the region of Gelombang dalam teluk adalah
the bay lebih tenang (amplitud adalah lebih
Jeti yang baru rendah) daripada tanjung
dibina di
dalam
kawasan
cetek
(iv)The wave The amplitude and size of the
energy waves are smaller at the bay
diverges at Amplitud dan saiz gelombang
the bay adalah lebih kecil di teluk
Tenaga
gelombang
mencapah di
teluk

15m

(v) The wave The amplitude and size of the


energy waves are bigger at the cape
converges at Amplitud dan saiz gelombang
the cape adalah lebih besar di tanjung
Tenaga
gelombang
menumpu di
tanjung

Q1 a) Speed is the distance travelled per unit time. 1


1
An object with a larger mass has a larger inertia. It is 4
not easy to stop a moving lorry with a big load.
The load may move forward and collide with the
driver's cabin when the lorry stops suddenly.
The greater the velocity, the larger the momentum.

It is always more difficult to stop a massive object


moving at high velocity.
Type of brakes 10
-ABS is a more effective brake than air brake. In ABS,
all the tyres will be stopped once the brake is
applied. This will ensure the tanker to stop
immediately.

Number of tyres
-Two tyres is a better option.
-It provides better support to the tanker. , increase
the stability of the tanker is because its base area is
still large.

Number and size of the tanks


-A tanker carries five small tanks is preferred. This
reduces the inertial impact if the tanker stops
suddenly.

The distance between the lorry and the tank.


-- use tanker in which there is a distance between
the trailer and the tank.
-If the tank is still moving when the lorry has
stopped moving, this will ensure that the tank will
not collide with the lorry.
R is choosen because
15m
Q1 a)The number of complete oscillations in 1 second 1m

b) - Amplitude of traces in Diagram 10.1 = Diagram


10.2 1
- Number of complete oscillation in Diagram 10.1 >
Diagram 10.2 1 - - Period in Diagram 10.1 < Diagram
10.2 1 5m
- The higher the number of complete oscillations the
shorter the period. - -The shorter the period the
higher the frequency

c) - (When someone speaks the) paper cone will


vibrating (The vibrating paper cone will vibrate) the
air molecules
-When the paper cone moves to the right, it will 4M
produce a layer of compressed air 1
- When the paper cone moves to the left, it will
produce a layer of rarefaction air
- The series of compressions and rarefactions
(produces sound waves)

d) Infra red ray Easy to produce


/safe
- distance from key Ensure the safety
to of the 10m
car is near car
-safe pppp Prevent customer from
Dangerous radiation.
Heat Can be produced at any
Q1 situation

Pilihan C because.

1 Temperature of air/ Suhu udara


(i)
Air pressure/Tekanan udara
(ii)
Mass of air/ Jisim udara
(iii
)

b Suhu, / hn/ ho/ Ho/ Tekanan Udara, P/


o
C cm cm cm k Pa
0 7.5 7.5 0.0 100
10 9.0 5.9 3.1 104
20 10.2 5.0 5.2 107
30 11.4 3.7 7.7 110
40 13.1 2.2 10.9 114
50 14.5 1.3 13.2 117
(c) Gas pressure change linearly to gas temperature/ Tekanan gas berubah secara
(i) linear dengan suhu gas. // Change in pressure directly
proportional to temperature.
(d) Graph
TOTAL MARKS 16m

Question Marks Answer


2
a (i) 1 a is directly proportional to 1/x
a berkadar terus dengan 1/x
(ii) 1 Draw a horizontal line passing through a =12 cm and touch the graph
Lukis satu garis ufuk melalui a=12 cm dan menyentuh graf

Drop a vertical line to the 1/x axis and read the value it passes through it
1 Lukiskan satu garis tegak ke paksi 1/x dan membaca nilai yang dilaluinya

When/Apabila a =12 cm
1 1/x =0.5
Inference : The image distance depends on the object distance
3 (a) 1
Jarak imej bergantung kepada jarak objek
Hypothesis : When the object distance decreases, the image
(b) distance increases. 1
Apabila jarak objek berkurang, jarak imej bertambah.
Aim : To investigate the relationship between the object distance and
(c) (i) the image distance, 1
Menyiasat hubungan diantara jarak objek dan jarak imej.

(ii) Variables:
MV : object distance, // Jarak objek , u
2
RV : Image distance // jarak imej , v
CV : focal length, Panjang fokus

(iii) Apparatus and materials


Convex lens, bulb, power supply, white screen, cardboard plasticine and
metre rule. 1
Kanta cembung, mentol, bekalan kuasa, skrin putih, kadbod , plastisin
dan pembaris.
Arrangement of apparatus: 1
(iv)

Method of control the Manipulate variable:


(v) A convex lens with focal length, f = 10 cm is set up as shown in the
diagram. 1
Sebuah kanta cembung dengan panjang focus, f = 10 cm disediakan
seperti dalam rajah.
The distance between the cross wire and the convex lens, u = 30 cm
is measured using metre rule.
Jarak diantara dawai dan kanta cembung , u = 3- cm diukur
menggunakan pembaris. 1
Method of measuring the responding variable:
The power supply is switched on. The white screen is moved back
and forth until a sharp image is formed on the screen. The distance
between the screen and lens, v is measured 1
Bekalan kuasa dihidupkan . skrin putih digerakan ke belakang
sehingga imej yang tajam terbentuk diatas skrin.
Jarak diantara skrin dan kanta , v diukur

Repeated the experiment at least 4 times


The experiment is repeated with u = 26.0 cm, 22.0 cm, 18.0 cm and
14.0 cm.

Image distance / jarak imej Object distance /Jarak objek


4 1 Wavelength is influenced by frequency
Panjang gelombang dipengaruhi oleh frekuensi gelombang

(b) 1 The higher the frequency is, the shorter the wavelength will be.
Semakin besar frekuensi, semakin kecil panjang gelombang

(c) (i) 1 Aim : To investigate the relationship between frequency and the
wavelength of a wave
Tujuan: Menyiasat hubungan antara frekuensi dengan panjang gelombang

(ii) 2 Variables/Pembolehubah:
Manipulative : The frequency of the vibrator
Dimanipulasikan : Frekuensi penggetar (1)

Responding: The wavelength


Bergerak balas: Panjang gelombang

Fixed : The depth of the water (1)


Dimalarkan: Kedalaman air

(iii) 1 Ripple tank, mechanical stroboscope, ruler, vibrator motor, white paper,
power supply, lamp and wooden bar
Tangki riak, stroboskop mekanikal, pembaris, motor penggetar,m kertas
putih, bekalan kuasa, lampu dan bongkah kayu

(iv) 1

(v) 3 Switch on the vibrator motor at a frequency of 10 Hz


Hidupkan motor penggetar pada frekuensi 10 Hz

Observe the wave by using the stroboscope and measure the wavelength
Perhatikan gelombang dengan menggunakan stroboskop dan ukur
panjang gelombang

Repeat the experiment at least 4 times at the frequencies of vibrator


motor : 20 Hz, 30 Hz, 40 Hz, and 50 Hz
Ulangi eksperimen sekurang-kurangnya 4 kali dengan frekuensi
penggetar motor: 20 Hz, 30 Hz, 40 Hz, and 50 Hz
(vi) 1
Frequency/Hz Wavelength, / cm
Frekuensi /Hz Panjang gelombang, / cm
20
40
60
80
100

(vii) 1 A graph of wavelength against frequency is plotted


Satu graph panjang gelombang lawan frekuensi dilukis

/cm

f /Hz

4 1 Wavelength of a refracted wave is influenced by the depth.

(b) 1 The higher the depth, the longer the wavelength will be.// when the depth
increases, the wavelength increases.

(c) (i) 1 Aim : To investigate the relationship between depth and the wavelength of
a wave

(ii) 2 Variables/Pembolehubah:
Manipulative : Depth
Responding: The wavelength
Bergerak balas: Panjang gelombang

Fixed : frequency

(iii) 1 Ripple tank, mechanical stroboscope, ruler, vibrator motor, white paper,
power supply, lamp and wooden bar
Tangki riak, stroboskop mekanikal, pembaris, motor penggetar,m kertas
putih, bekalan kuasa, lampu dan bongkah kayu
(iv) 1

(v) 3 Pour in the water into the tank until the depth is 10cm and switch on the
vibrator.

Observe the wave by using the stroboscope and measure the wavelength

Repeat the experiment at least 4 times at the depth: 20 cm, 30 cm, 40 cm,
and 50 cm.

(vi) 1
Depth cm Wavelength, / cm

20
40
60
80
100

(vii) 1 A graph of wavelength against depth is plotted

/cm

Depth/cm