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Cubo super 3D

What is Cube One ?


Cube One is a new cube puzzle invented by the graphic designer and artist Dieter
A.W. Junker from Kassel / Germany.

The object is to build a cube with four chains of pyramids (kaleidocycles).

Drawings:

+ + +

>

Every kaleidocycle is a puzzle itself. The first chain leads to a tetrahedron, the
second one to an octahedron.

>
>

I use the same colours for my drawings as in the puzzle.

Investigation of the Octahedron Chain top


Description

16 congruent pyramids form the octahedron chain.

Two pyramids are symmetric to each other.

... ...

Formation of the pyramid red/blue


There is a pyramid at the corner of the cube, if you connect the centre points of
three edges. If you lay a section through the diagonals of the cube, the pyramid at
the corner is halved. This solid is the pyramid of the octahedron chain.
You can see the position in the following 3D-picture.

Measurements of the pyramid


Let "a" be the length of an edge of the cube.
The grey basic triangle has the sides a/2 and sqrt(2)/4*a twice.
The light grey triangle has the sides sqrt(2)/2*a and a/2 twice.
The blue triangle has the sides sqrt(2)/2*a, sqrt(2)/4*a, and
sqrt(6)/4*a.
The red triangle has the sides a/2, sqrt(2)/4*a, and sqrt(6)/4*a.
Volume
The pyramid has the grey triangle as basic triangle and the height a/2.
The volume V1' is (1/3)*[(1/2)(a/2)*(a/2)/2]*(a/2)=a/96.
The octahedron chain has the volume V1= 16V1' =16a/96=a/6.

Investigation of the Tetrahedron Chain top


Description

16 congruent pyramids form the tetrahedron chain

There are two kinds of pyramids, the pyramid


violet/yellow and the pyramid red/orange.
...
Two pyramids are symmetrical to each other.
...

Formation of the first pyramid (violet/yellow)


You get a pyramid if you connect certain centres of the edges.
You can see this in a 3d-picture.

Measurements of the pyramid


Let "a" be the length of an edge of the cube.
The grey triangle has the sides "a" and sqrt(2)/2*a twice.
The yellow triangle has the sides "a" and sqrt(6)/4*a twice.
The violet triangles are congruent and have the sides sqrt(2)/2*a,
... .
sqrt(2)/4*a, and sqrt(6)/4*a.
..

Volume
The pyramid has the yellow triangle as basic triangle and the height sqrt(6)/4*a.
The volume V21' is (1/3)*[(a/2)*(sqrt(2)/4*a]*(sqrt(2)/4*a)=a/48.
Formation of the second pyramid (red/orange)
You get a pyramid if you connect certain centres of the edges.
You can see this in a 3d-picture.

Measurements of the pyramid


Let "a" be the length of an edge of the cube.
The triangle in the centre is equilateral and has the sides sqrt(2)/2*a.
The red triangle below has the sides sqrt(2)/2*a and sqrt(6)/4*a
twice.
... . The violet triangles are congruent and have the sides sqrt(2)/2*a,
.. sqrt(2)/4*a, and sqrt(6)/4*a.

Volume
The pyramid has the red triangle as basic triangle and the height sqrt(2)/4*a.
The volume V22' is (1/3)*[(a/2)*(sqrt(2)/4*a]*(sqrt(2)/4*a)=a/48.

Volume of the tetrahedron chain


Eight pyramids violet/yellow and eight pyramids red/orange form the tetrahedron
chain.
With that the volume is V2=8*V21' + 8V22' = 8a/48+8a/48=a/3.

Division of the cube

V/6 V/6 V/3 V/3

Solution of Cube One top


First step
...

You put the octahedron chain on a plane as shown on the


left and push together the pair of pyramids so that the red
faces touch each other.
..
.

You get an opened octahedron as shown in the next 3d picture.

transparent

You put this body in the transparent plastic cube, which belongs to this puzzle.

Second step
... You put the tetrahedron chain on the desk as shown on
the left.
You must form the "crown". In the beginning it is
slightly difficult.

Look at the yellow triangles. The four triangles at the


. top and below become the outer edges of the crown.
.. The yellow triangles on the right and left approach
inside.
You must turn the chain. This is only possible with
light power.

transparent

non-transparent and coloured

Put the crown into the cube on the octahedron chain.

Third step
Form a second crown from the tetrahedron chain and put it on the first one upside
down.
Fourth step
Close the cube with a second opened octahedron.

Second solution
There is a second solution as the inventor tells. This solved cube has this
appearance.

You find more about kaleidocycles on my


homepage: Kaleidocycles (German/English) The Shinsei Miracle (German
only)

Cube One on the Internet top

Dieter A.W. Junker


Flyping Games (German/English)
What is the Magic Cube? top
The magic cube is made up of 8 single cubes. When you unfold the cube three
new surfaces (red, green, blue) then appear.

The magic cube usually is a picture cube. The sides don't have the same colour,
but they show nine different pictures, six outside and three inside.

The name "magic cube" is not unique. The magic cube can also be the three-
dimensional extension of the "magic square" or "Rubik's Cube".

Description of the Cube top


Eight single cubes form the magic cube. Each individual cube has 6 squares;
together there are 6x8=48 squares, 24 squares are visible, 24 are hidden. You can
produce three rectangles with 8 squares each by folding. Eight hinges are
skilfully arranged in the three dimensions.

The position of the eight hinges becomes clear from the following drawings:

Another representation of the hinges:


The ways to the three rectangles is shown by the two animated Gifs. The cube on
the left must stand on its head, in order to find the blue and the green surface on
the right.

Building the Cube top

If you want to build the magic cube, you should at first


understand the position of the hinges.

You join eight equal cubes, e.g. dice, with eight sticky
tapes (yellow).
.. .
.

If you like to build the magic cube, you need eight cubes with an edge length of
1.5''. Then you must have nine pictures, six must have the measurements 3'' x 3''
and three the measurements 3'' x 6''. You stick the pictures to the appropriate
surfaces. You must separate the squares with a sharp knife at the edges, where no
hinges are.

The magic cubes you can buy are made by machineries. You can hardly achieve
the quality of the pictures printed on foil and the accuracy of the cube as formed
in manual work.