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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1 x
3
3x
2
4x
5 .
y  x
2
ln2x
SAMPLE PROBLEMS
A. x(1 ln2x)
C. x(1 2ln2x) *
sinx
4. Given the function y
15. Differentiate:
B. x  2ln2x
1 2xln2x
27. Differentiate y = 1
x+1
2cosx
Determine the coordinates of the point of inflection.
1. y =
x+2
A. (-1,-3)
C. (0,5)
cosx
1
cosx
2
Differentiate:
D.
B. (2,9)
D. (1,7)
*
A.
2. y=
1
C.
2 - 3x
2cosx cosx
 2
1
 2cosx 2
 2
2
5. Find y’ if y  xlnx  x
16. Find the radius of curvature of the function
y
2
Differentiate:
.
A.
x ln x
C. ln x
*
 8x at (2,4).
B.
ln
x
x
1
2cosx
 2
D
.
1
 2cosx
 2
A. 11.31 *
C. 10.24
3. Differentiate: y = cos (2X - 3)
B.
D.
x
ln x
B. 13.21
D. 12.65
28. Differentiate y = e x cos x 2
x
1 + x
3
at x =
2 .
x
A. -e x sin x 2
C.
2
e
e x ( cos x 2 – 2x sin x 2 )
6. Locate the point of inflection of the curve y = f(x) =
x
17. Find dy/dx if y = cos x?
4. Differentiate
B. e x cos x 2 – 2x sinx 2
D. – 2x e x sin x
 2 
2
A. csc x
C. –sec x
.
2
B. –sin x
*
D. sec x
2
3 2  
2
29. Find y’
if
y = x ln x – x
5. Find the second derivative of y with respect to w
A.
*
C.
tanx
sinx
Limit
A. ln x
C.
x ln x
of the function y =
(3w 2 – 4 )(3w 2 +4).
B. lnx
x
18. Evaluate:
B.
D.
x
0
sin
3
x
x
D.
lnx
6. Find the partial derivative of 2x 2 y + xy 2 with
respect to x.
7. At what value of x will the slope of the
x
3
 9x 
A. 0
C. 1/3
B. 1/2
*
D. 1/4
dy
curve
y  0 be 18?
30. Find dx
or y’
for
( x y ) x
= e
x
2
1
A. 2
C. 4
19. What is the derivative of ln cos x?
7. Limit x
B. 5
D. 3
*
y
x 
A. sec x
C. – tan x
*
y(1lnxy)
y(1 lnxy)
Evaluate:
2
x
1
1
B. – sec x
D. tan x
A.
x
2
C.
x
8. Find the second derivative of
at x = 2.
x
3
2x
5
20. Find dy/dx if y = cos (2x -3).
y
8. Limit
A. 96
C. 0.375
*
Evaluate:
A. -2 sin(2x – 3) *
C. – sin(2x –3)
x

2x
3
7
B. –0.25
D.–0.875
B.
0
D.
x csc2x
x
B. 2 sin(2x–3)
D. sin(2x –3)
9. Evaluate: Limit
x
0
9. Find the partial derivative of u  xy  yz  zx with
respect to x.
x
3
2x
9
1
dy
Lim
y  x
y  x
9x 15x 3.
 6x
21. Evaluate
31. and
If
y =
t
1
x =
t
 t find dx
1
or
y’ :
3
2
x

10. Find the maximum value of y
A. x + z
C. y + z
*
2x
3  8
B. x + y
D. x + y + z
A.
1
C. –1
given:
A. *
1/2
C. 2/3
B.
t
D.
–t
10. Evaluate the limit ln x / x as x approaches positive
B. 1/3
D. 1/4
11. Find the point of inflection of the
3
2
12.
infinity.
Lim x x x 
22. Evaluate :
32. The set of first elements of the ordered pair in the
A. 1
C. 0
*
x  4
2
curve
 4 12
relation or function.
B. infinity
D. –1
A. Domain *
C. range
A. undefined
C. 0
x
2  16
B. Function
D. abscissa
Limit
B. infinity
D. 1/7
11. Evaluate:
x
4
x
2
 1
x
 4
Lim x x
33. A function f defined on an interval is said to be
23. Evaluate :
x
 1
2
x
2
1
3
4
on that interval if and only if f(x 1 ) < f(x 2 ) whenever x 1 <
A. 6
C. 10
Lim x
x
2 .
1. Evaluate
B. 12
D. 8
*
A. 3/5
C. 2/5
x
1
2
3x
4
A. Increasing *
C. decreasing
B. 4/5
D. 1/5
12. Find dy/dx if y  cos(1 2x)
3x
4
2x
2
7
B. Open
D. closed
A. *
2/5
C. 0
Lim
A. -2 sin (1-2x)
C. 2 sin (1-2x)
*
24. Evaluate :
34. An interval that includes the two end point is
B. 
D. 5/2
x

5x
3
 
x
3
B. sin 2(1-2x)
D. –sin (1-2x)
A. open - closed interval C. closed - open interval
x
B. closed - open interval D. closed interval *
2. What is the derivative of the function y 
respect to x?
x with
A. undefined
C. 3/5
Limit 1
13. Evaluate:
B. infinity
D.
0
x
x
0
e
x
A. x
C. 2x
35. A relation in which there is exactly one range element
associated with each domain element.
A. 0
C. -1 *
25. What is the derivative of the function with respect
B. ½ x
D. -1/2
y  x
*
A. Function *
C.
unique relation
3
B. 1
D. ½
y x
to
x
of
( x + 1 ) 3 – x 3 .
2
B. Graph
D. mapping
A.
3x + 3
C.
3x – 3
3. Find the slope of the curve
 x  5 at (2,-1).
14. What is the slope of the graph
at x = 2?
B.
6x – 3
D.
6x + 3
36. A function f is said to have a
value at c if
A. 11 *
C. 12
A. 2
C. 4
*
B. –11
D. –12
B. -2
D. -4
26. Differentiate , y = sec x 2
there exist an open interval containing c on which f is
defined such that f(c)  f(x) for all x in this interval.
A. 2x sec x 2
C. 2 sec x 2
B. 2x tan x 2
D. x sec x 2 tan x 2

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PRIME REVIEW CENTER

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1

 A. explicit function C. implicit function 58. The rate of change of functions of several variables as changes where others are kept constant 69. What x value maximizes y of the function y 2 + y + x 2 – 2x = 5? relative minimum C. relative maximum B. derivative D. antiderivative * B. relative inflection D. relative maximum * A. parallel derivative * C. multi-valued derivative A. –1 C. 1 * 68. At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to negative as x increases, B. composite derivative D. functional derivative B. ½ D. 5 37. is a set that includes its all limit points. It A. open-closed set C. closed-open set A. y is minimum C. y is maximum * 59. The is also known as the composite function 70. Where does the point of inflection of the curve y = x 3 – 3x occur? B. open set D. closed set * B. x is minimum D. x is maximum rule. A. Trapezoidal rule C. Leibniz rule A. ( 0, 0 ) C. ( 1, 1 ) 38. Any set of ordered pair is called a 48. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be B. Chain rule * D. Simpson’s rule B. ( 0, 1 ) D. ( 1, 0 ) A. range C. domain specified. B. argument D. relation * A. Maximum C. boundary 60. The derivative of y with respect to x of the equation of 71. A function f(x) is called of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x) B. infinity * D. indeterminate y = abcd is A. explicit function C. implicit function 39. Refers to a quantity which does not change its value in A. abcd C. abc B. derivative D. antiderivative * a general relationship between variables. 49. A set of all numbers or points lying between two B. 1 D. 0 * A. modulus C. absolute value endpoints. B. argument D. constant * 40. An infinite change in an independent variable or in a dependent variable due to a small change in independent variable. A. Difference B. Boundary C. interval * D. internal points 61. A method used for finding a root of an equation by successive approximations in the form of the iterations. A. Cardan’s method C. Ferrari’s method 72. At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to negative as x increases, A. B. y is minimum x is minimum C. y is maximum * D. x is maximum 50. A point at which the curve changes from concave upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called as B. L’Hospital’s method D. Newton-Raphson method 73. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be * specified. A. integral C. differential * 62. The ratio of a number is 5 : 8 where number 5 is termed as antecedent while number 8 is known as A. Maximum C. boundary B. approximations D. error A. critical point C. point of inflection * B. infinity * D. indeterminate 60. A set of functions one of which can be expressed as a function of the others A. independent function C. dependent functions * B. point of intersection D. point of tangency 51. A f(x) such that Lim f(x) =  or  A. undefined function C. indeterminate function A. augened B. consequent * C. mean D. dividend 74. A set of all numbers or points lying between two endpoints. A. Difference C. interval * D. B. composite functions D. constant functions B. discontinuous function D. infinite function * 63. The other term of derivative is B. Boundary internal points A. differential coefficient *C. approximations 75. A point at which the curve changes from concave 41. The critical points of a graph occur where the derivative of the function is 52. The value approached by a function as the independent variable approaches some value. B. summation D. differential error upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called 64. If n is a positive integer, then d n ( n as A. one C. zero * A. Slope B. limit * C. range D. argument x ) A. critical point point of intersection C. point of inflection * D. point of tangency B. infinity D. indeterminate d x n B. A. (n – 1)! C. (n + 1)! 42. Refers to rate of change of a function with respect to distance in a specified direction or along a specified curve. A. time rates B. slope C. D. velocity directional derivative * 53. The operation of finding the derivative of function. B. n! * D. 0 A. Derivation B. Approximation C. differentiation * D. iteration 54. The derivative of a function is identical to the of the graph of the function. 65. For the function xe x , then A. (x + n) x B. (x + n – 1)e x * ( d xe n dx n x ) is C. nxe e D. (x + n + 1) e x 76. The value approached by a function as the independent variable approaches some value. A. Slope B. limit * C. range D. argument 77. The operation of finding the derivative of function. A. Derivation C. differentiation * 43. The derivative of a constant is A. Tangent C. secant 66. An equation which defines one variable purely in terms of another. B. Approximation D. iteration A. constant C. undefined B. slope * D. normal B. indeterminate D. zero * 55. At the maximum point of y = f(x) A. the curve is concave upward A. explicit function * C. implicit function 78. The derivative of a function is identical to the of the graph of the function. A. Tangent C. secant 44. At point of inflection B. algebraic function D. transcendental function A. B. y y’’ is negative 1 = 0 C. D. y’’ = 0 y’’ is positive * B. the curve is concave downward * C. y’’ is positive 67. If f the quotient ( x ) assumes the indeterminate form B. slope * D. normal D. y’’ is zero g ( x ) 79. The curve Spiral of Archimedes has an equation of 45. derivative of the function is the rate of The change of the slope of the graph. A. First C. second * 56. At the minimum point of y = f(x) A. the curve is concave upward * when x = a, then lim x  a f g ( ( x x ) )  lim x  a '( f x '( g x ) ) A. r  a cos 2 B. r  a 2 C. r  a * D. x 2 + y 2 = a 2 B. Third D. fourth B. the curve is concave downward A. 0. or  o C. 0 o or 1  C. y’’ is negative 80. The equation r = acos is an equation of 46. set of numbers or quantities on which a mapping or A carried out. A. Range B. Function C. domain * D. relation D. y’’ is zero 57. The biggest rectangle inscribed in a circle is A. square * C. rectangle 68. 0 B. or 0   * D.  -  or 0. Determine the equation of the tangent to the graph y = 2x 2 + 1 , at the point ( 1, 3 ). A. Limacon of Pascal B. Rosette * C. Cruciform D. Lemniscate of Bernoulli End… D. rhombus D. parallelogram A. y = 4x –1 C. y – 4x = 1 47. A function f(x) is called of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x) B. y + 1 = -4x D. y – 4x – 1 = 0

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