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PRIME REVIEW CENTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1  x 3  3x

PRIME REVIEW CENTER

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1

 x 3  3x 2  4x  5 . y  x 2
x
3
3x
2
4x
5 .
y  x
2
ln2x
SAMPLE PROBLEMS
A. x(1 ln2x)
C. x(1 2ln2x) *
sinx
4. Given the function y
15. Differentiate:
B. x  2ln2x
1 2xln2x
27. Differentiate y = 1
x+1
2cosx
Determine the coordinates of the point of inflection.
1. y =
x+2
A. (-1,-3)
C. (0,5)
cosx
1
cosx
2
Differentiate:
D.
B. (2,9)
D. (1,7)
*
A.
2. y=
1
C.
2 - 3x
2cosx cosx
 2
1
 2cosx 2
 2
2
5. Find y’ if y  xlnx  x
16. Find the radius of curvature of the function
y
2
Differentiate:
.
A.
x ln x
C. ln x
*
 8x at (2,4).
B.
ln
x
x
1
2cosx
 2
D
.
1
 2cosx
 2
A. 11.31 *
C. 10.24
3. Differentiate: y = cos (2X - 3)
B.
D.
x
ln x
B. 13.21
D. 12.65
28. Differentiate y = e x cos x 2
x
1 + x
3
at x =
2 .
x
A. -e x sin x 2
C.
2
e
e x ( cos x 2 – 2x sin x 2 )
6. Locate the point of inflection of the curve y = f(x) =
x
17. Find dy/dx if y = cos x?
4. Differentiate
B. e x cos x 2 – 2x sinx 2
D. – 2x e x sin x
 2 
2
A. csc x
C. –sec x
.
2
B. –sin x
*
D. sec x
2
3 2  
2
29. Find y’
if
y = x ln x – x
5. Find the second derivative of y with respect to w
A.
*
C.
tanx
sinx
Limit
A. ln x
C.
x ln x
of the function y =
(3w 2 – 4 )(3w 2 +4).
B. lnx
x
18. Evaluate:
B.
D.
x
0
sin
3
x
x
D.
lnx
6. Find the partial derivative of 2x 2 y + xy 2 with
respect to x.
7. At what value of x will the slope of the
x
3
 9x 
A. 0
C. 1/3
B. 1/2
*
D. 1/4
dy
curve
y  0 be 18?
30. Find dx
or y’
for
( x y ) x
= e
x
2
1
A. 2
C. 4
19. What is the derivative of ln cos x?
7. Limit x
B. 5
D. 3
*
y
x 
A. sec x
C. – tan x
*
y(1lnxy)
y(1 lnxy)
Evaluate:
2
x
1
1
B. – sec x
D. tan x
A.
x
2
C.
x
8. Find the second derivative of
at x = 2.
x
3
2x
5
20. Find dy/dx if y = cos (2x -3).
y
8. Limit
A. 96
C. 0.375
*
Evaluate:
A. -2 sin(2x – 3) *
C. – sin(2x –3)
x

2x
3
7
B. –0.25
D.–0.875
B.
0
D.
x csc2x
x
B. 2 sin(2x–3)
D. sin(2x –3)
9. Evaluate: Limit
x
0
9. Find the partial derivative of u  xy  yz  zx with
respect to x.
x
3
2x
9
1
dy
Lim
y  x
y  x
9x 15x 3.
 6x
21. Evaluate
31. and
If
y =
t
1
x =
t
 t find dx
1
or
y’ :
3
2
x

10. Find the maximum value of y
A. x + z
C. y + z
*
2x
3  8
B. x + y
D. x + y + z
A.
1
C. –1
given:
A. *
1/2
C. 2/3
B.
t
D.
–t
10. Evaluate the limit ln x / x as x approaches positive
B. 1/3
D. 1/4
11. Find the point of inflection of the
3
2
12.
infinity.
Lim x x x 
22. Evaluate :
32. The set of first elements of the ordered pair in the
A. 1
C. 0
*
x  4
2
curve
 4 12
relation or function.
B. infinity
D. –1
A. Domain *
C. range
A. undefined
C. 0
x
2  16
B. Function
D. abscissa
Limit
B. infinity
D. 1/7
11. Evaluate:
x
4
x
2
 1
x
 4
Lim x x
33. A function f defined on an interval is said to be
23. Evaluate :
x
 1
2
x
2
1
3
4
on that interval if and only if f(x 1 ) < f(x 2 ) whenever x 1 <
A. 6
C. 10
Lim x
x
2 .
1. Evaluate
B. 12
D. 8
*
A. 3/5
C. 2/5
x
1
2
3x
4
A. Increasing *
C. decreasing
B. 4/5
D. 1/5
12. Find dy/dx if y  cos(1 2x)
3x
4
2x
2
7
B. Open
D. closed
A. *
2/5
C. 0
Lim
A. -2 sin (1-2x)
C. 2 sin (1-2x)
*
24. Evaluate :
34. An interval that includes the two end point is
B. 
D. 5/2
x

5x
3
 
x
3
B. sin 2(1-2x)
D. –sin (1-2x)
A. open - closed interval C. closed - open interval
x
B. closed - open interval D. closed interval *
2. What is the derivative of the function y 
respect to x?
x with
A. undefined
C. 3/5
Limit 1
13. Evaluate:
B. infinity
D.
0
x
x
0
e
x
A. x
C. 2x
35. A relation in which there is exactly one range element
associated with each domain element.
A. 0
C. -1 *
25. What is the derivative of the function with respect
B. ½ x
D. -1/2
y  x
*
A. Function *
C.
unique relation
3
B. 1
D. ½
y x
to
x
of
( x + 1 ) 3 – x 3 .
2
B. Graph
D. mapping
A.
3x + 3
C.
3x – 3
3. Find the slope of the curve
 x  5 at (2,-1).
14. What is the slope of the graph
at x = 2?
B.
6x – 3
D.
6x + 3
36. A function f is said to have a
value at c if
A. 11 *
C. 12
A. 2
C. 4
*
B. –11
D. –12
B. -2
D. -4
26. Differentiate , y = sec x 2
there exist an open interval containing c on which f is
defined such that f(c)  f(x) for all x in this interval.
A. 2x sec x 2
C. 2 sec x 2
B. 2x tan x 2
D. x sec x 2 tan x 2

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A.
A.

PRIME REVIEW CENTER

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1

   

A. explicit function

C. implicit function

58.

The rate of change of functions of several variables as changes where others are kept constant

69. What x value maximizes y of the function y 2 + y + x 2 2x = 5?

 

relative minimum

C. relative maximum

B. derivative

D.

antiderivative *

B.

relative inflection

D. relative maximum *

 

A.

parallel derivative *

C. multi-valued derivative

A. 1

C. 1 *

 

68.

At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to negative as x increases,

B.

composite derivative

D. functional derivative

B. ½

D. 5

37. is a set that includes its all limit points.

It

   

A.

open-closed set

C. closed-open set

A. y is minimum

C. y is maximum *

59.

The

is also known as the composite function

70. Where does the point of inflection of the curve y = x 3 3x occur?

B.

open set

D. closed set *

B. x is minimum

D. x is maximum

rule.

 
   

A. Trapezoidal rule

C. Leibniz rule

 

A. ( 0, 0 )

 

C. ( 1, 1 )

 

38. Any set of ordered pair is called a

 

48. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be

B. Chain rule *

D.

Simpson’s rule

B. ( 0, 1 )

D. ( 1, 0 )

A.

range

C. domain

 

specified.

     

B.

argument

D.

relation *

A. Maximum

C. boundary

60.

The derivative of y with respect to x of the equation of

71. A function f(x) is called

 

of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x)

 

B. infinity *

D. indeterminate

y

= abcd is

A. explicit function

C. implicit function

39. Refers to a quantity which does not change its value in

 

A. abcd

C.

 

abc

 

B. derivative

D.

antiderivative *

a

general relationship between variables.

49. A set of all numbers or points lying between two

B. 1

D.

0 *

 

A. modulus

C.

absolute value

 

endpoints.

   

B. argument

D. constant *

40. An infinite change in an independent variable or in a dependent variable due to a small change in independent variable.

A. Difference

B. Boundary

C. interval *

D.

internal points

61.

A method used for finding a root of an equation by

successive approximations in the form of the iterations.

A. Cardan’s method C. Ferrari’s method

72. At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to negative as x increases,

A.

B.

y is minimum

x is minimum

C. y is maximum *

D. x is maximum

50. A point at which the curve changes from concave upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called as

B. L’Hospital’s method D. Newton-Raphson method

73. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be

 

*

specified.

 

A.

integral

C. differential *

62.

The ratio of a number is 5 : 8 where number 5 is termed as antecedent while number 8 is known as

A.

Maximum

 

C. boundary

B.

approximations

D. error

   

A. critical point

C.

point of inflection *

B.

infinity *

D. indeterminate

60.

A set of functions one of which can be expressed as a function of the others

A. independent function C. dependent functions *

B. point of intersection D. point of tangency

51. A f(x) such that Lim f(x) = or 

A. undefined function

C. indeterminate function

A. augened

B. consequent *

C. mean

D.

dividend

 

74. A set of all numbers or points lying between two

endpoints.

A. Difference

C. interval *

D.

B. composite functions

 

D. constant functions

 

B. discontinuous function D. infinite function *

63.

The other term of derivative is

 

B. Boundary

 

internal points

   

A.

differential coefficient *C. approximations

75. A point at which the curve changes from concave

41. The critical points of a graph occur where the derivative of the function is

52. The value approached by a function as the independent variable approaches some value.

B.

summation D. differential error

upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called

64.

If

n is a positive integer, then

d

n

(

 

n

as

A.

one

 

C.

zero *

 

A. Slope

B. limit *

C. range

D. argument

 

x

)

 

A.

critical point

point of intersection

C. point of inflection *

D. point of tangency

B.

infinity

D. indeterminate

 

d

x

n

 

B.

     

A.

(n 1)!

C.

(n + 1)!

   

42. Refers to rate of change of a function with respect to distance in a specified direction or along a specified

curve.

A. time rates

B. slope

C.

D.

velocity

directional derivative *

53. The operation of finding the derivative of function.

B.

n!

*

D.

0

 

A. Derivation

B. Approximation

C. differentiation *

D. iteration

54. The derivative of a function is identical to the of the graph of the function.

65.

For the function xe x , then

A. (x + n) x

B. (x + n 1)e x

*

(

d xe

n

dx

n

x

)

is

C. nxe e

D.

(x + n + 1) e x

 

76. The value approached by a function as the independent variable approaches some value.

A. Slope

B. limit *

C. range

D. argument

77. The operation of finding the derivative of function.

       

A. Derivation

C. differentiation *

43. The derivative of a constant is

   

A. Tangent

C. secant

66.

An equation which defines one variable purely in terms of another.

B. Approximation

D. iteration

 

A. constant

C. undefined

B. slope *

D. normal

 

B. indeterminate

D.

zero *

55. At the maximum point of y = f(x)

A. the curve is concave upward

A. explicit function *

C. implicit function

 

78. The derivative of a function is identical to the of the graph of the function.

A. Tangent

C. secant

44. At point of inflection

 

B. algebraic function

D. transcendental function

A.

B.

y

y’’ is negative

1

= 0

C.

D.

y’’ = 0

y’’ is positive

*

 

B. the curve is concave downward *

C. y’’ is positive

67.

If

f

the quotient

(

x

)

assumes the indeterminate form

B. slope *

 

D. normal

 

D. y’’ is zero

   

g

(

x

)

79. The curve Spiral of Archimedes has an equation of

45. derivative of the function is the rate of

The

change of the slope of the graph.

A.

First

C. second *

56. At the minimum point of y = f(x)

A. the curve is concave upward *

when x = a, then

lim

x

a

f

g

(

(

x

x

)

)

lim

x

a

'(

f x

'(

g x

)

)

A. r a cos

2

B. r a

2

C. r

a *

D. x 2 + y 2 = a 2

 

B.

Third

D. fourth

   

B. the curve is concave downward

 

A. 0.or

o

C.

 

0

o

or 1

   
 

C. y’’ is negative

   

80. The equation r = acosis an equation of

46. set of numbers or quantities on which a mapping or

A

carried out.

A. Range

B. Function

C. domain *

D. relation

D. y’’ is zero

57. The biggest rectangle inscribed in a circle is

A.

square *

C.

rectangle

68.

0

B. or

0

*

D.

- or 0.

Determine the equation of the tangent to the graph

y

= 2x 2 + 1 , at the

point

( 1, 3 ).

A. Limacon of Pascal

B. Rosette *

C. Cruciform

D. Lemniscate of Bernoulli

End…

       

D.

rhombus

D. parallelogram

A. y =

4x 1

C. y 4x

= 1

 

47. A function f(x) is called

 

of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x)

 

B. y + 1 = -4x

D. y 4x 1 = 0

 

Cebu: 4 th Flr. GMT Bldg. Cor. P. Del Rosario & Junquera Sts. Cebu City Tel. No. (032) 416 8175 Cel No. 0927 804 5447

Manila: 4 th Flr. CMMFI Bldg. A R. Papa St. Sampaloc Manila ( Contact: 0915 4322 735)

log-on to: www.primereviewcenter.com