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1.

Energy converted in Heat engines


1. Heat energy to Mechanical Energy 2. Electrical energy to heat energy
3. Chemical energy to electrical energy 4. None

2. Propulsive working fluid used in Reciprocating engine


1. Ambient air 2. Engine working fluid 3. fuel air mixture 4. none

3. Reciprocating engine power output is rated in


1. B.H.P 2. S.H.P 3. Lbs 4. Both a and b

4. Advantage of Inverted Inline engines


1. Shorter landing gear 2. Greater pilot visibility 3. Both a and c
4. higher weight to power ratio

5. Generally the cylinders in V-type engines are set apart by ______ degree
1. 90 2. 60 3. 160 4. 0

6. Material used for crankcase construction


1. Cast Al alloy 2. forged Al alloy 3. Both 4. None

7. Which of the following engine components are located in accessory section


1. Magneto 2. as in (a) and Starter 3. as in (b) and reduction gear box
4. as in (b) and fuel pump

8. MTCS?
1. two crank cheek and a crank pin make a throw
2. two crank cheek and two crank pin make a throw
3. One crank cheek and a crank pin make a throw
4. two crank cheek and three crank pin make a throw

9. Single throw crankshaft is used in


1. Single row radial engine 2. 4 cylinder opposed engine
3. 4 cylinder inline engines 4. None

10. Which of the following gives static balance to crankshaft


1. Counter weights 2. Dynamic dampers
3. Both a and b 4. None

11. Which of the following part used in aircraft reciprocating engine transmits forces between
piston and crankshaft
1. Valves 2. Connecting rod 3. Cam shaft 4. none

12. Fork and blade type connecting rods are used in


1. radial engines 2. Inline engines 3. Opposed engines 4. V-type engines

13. How many articulated rods are there in 18 cylinder opposed engine?
1. 16 2. 18 3. 20 4. 8
14. Which of the following part gives attachment between articulated rods and master rods
1. knuckle pin 2. piston pin 3. Bronze bushing 4. none

15. MTCS
1. Full floating knuckle pins are free to rotate in the master rod flange holes and articulated rod
bushings
2. A lock plate is used to retain the knuckle pin and prevent lateral movement
3. Cooling fins are provided on the inside of the piston for heat transfer to the engine oil
4. All

16. Material used for piston pin


1. Nickel steel 2. Al alloy 3. Mg alloy 4. None

17. Generally Piston rings are made of which material ?


1. Grey cast iron 2. Nickel steel alloy 3. Nichrome 4. stainless steel

18. Steel cylinder wall uses


1. Chrome rings 2. Cast iron rings 3. low carbon steel rings 4. none

19. Main purpose of crankshaft is


1. Transform the reciprocating motion and connecting rod to rotary motion to turn the propeller
2. Convert the piston to linear motion
3. To turn the propeller only

20. Crankshaft consist of


1. minimum 2 crankpin, 2 crank cheek, an main journal
2. minimum 2 main bearing journal, 2 crank cheek, and a crankpin
3. 2 main journal, a crank cheek, and a crankpin

21. Main bearing journal or main journal


1. represent centerline of crankshaft
2. support the crankshaft it rotates in the main bearing
3. both a and b

22. What type of bearing, due to their construction suit to withstand thrust load and used as thrust
bearing in radial engine
1. Ball bearing
2. Roller bearing
3. Split plain bearing

23. Connecting rod had cross sectional shape of either I or H is to


1. lighter and strong
2. occupied small space
3. better shape

24. What are the type of piston head


1. flat, flat with recess, mushroom and cupped head
2. flat with recess, dome, cupped and flat
3. tulip, semi-tulip, mushroom and flat head
25. What is the purpose of piston skirt
1. to provide extra length of the total piston
2. to align a piston in a cylinder
3. for cooling

26. A cam ground piston known as


1. diameter of the piston along the piston boss longer than diameter of the piston perpendicular to
it
2. diameter of piston are the same all around
3. diameter of the piston along the piston boss shorter than diameter of piston perpendicular to it

27. Why is the piston cam ground


1. provide better compression
2. To compensated for any differential expansion and produce normal a round piston at normal
operating temperature
3. To fit with oval shape cylinder bore

28. Number 1 cylinder for two rows of static radial engine is located at
1. 12 oclock of the front row
2. 12 oclock of the rear row
3. 12 oclock either front or rear row

29. Radial engine cylinder are mounted at


1. power section
2. nose section
3. accessory section

30. Static balance is


1. when the entire crankshaft assembly is balance its axis of rotation
2. balancing it centrifugal forces created by a rotating crankshaft and impact force create by
engine power impulse
3. by the used of dynamic dampers which fastened to the crank cheek

31. The five events of a four stroke cycle engine in the order of their occurrence are
1. intake, ignition, compression, power, exhaust.
2. intake, power, compression, ignition, exhaust.
3. intake, compression, ignition, power, exhaust.

32. The volume of a cylinder equals 70 cubic inches when the piston is at bottom center. When
the piston is at the top of the cylinder, the volume equals 10 cubic inches. What is the
compression ratio?
1. 1:7. 2. 7:10. 3. 7:1.

33. What is the purpose of the safety circlet installed on some valve stems?
1. To hold the valve guide in position.
2. To hold the valve spring retaining washer in position.
3. To prevent valves from falling into the combustion chamber

34. The viscosity of a liquid is a measure of its


1. resistance to flow.
2. rate of change of internal friction with change in temperature.
3. weight, or density.

35. Specific gravity is a comparison of the weight of a substance to the weight of an equal
volume of
1. oil at a specific temperature.
2. distilled water at a specific temperature.
3. mercury at a specific temperature.

36. A method commonly used to prevent carburetor icing is to


1. preheat the intake air.
2. mix alcohol with the fuel.
3. electrically heat the venturi and throttle valve.

37. Purpose of oil compression ring


1. to prevent the escape of combustion gases
2. to regulate the thickness of the oil film
3. to return the surplus oil
4. none

38. Purpose of oil control ring


1. to prevent the escape of combustion gases
2. to regulate the thickness of the oil film
3. to return the surplus oil
4. both b and c

39. MTCS
1. Cylinder head of air cooled engines are generally made of Al alloy.
2. Cylinder used in air cooled engines is the overhead valve type.
3. Cylinders should have good heat conducting properties for efficient cooling.
4. All

40. Firing order of a six cylinder opposed engine


1. 1-4-5-2-3-6 2. 1-2-3-6-5-4 3. 2-3-5-6-4-1 4. None

41. Face of intake valve is usually grounded to an angle of


1. 45 b.30 3. 35 4. 90

42. Face of exhaust valve is usually grounded to an angle of


1. 45 b.30 3. 35 4. 90
43. During which stroke fuel air mixture is inducted into the cylinder
1. intake 2. compression 3. power d.exhaust

44. Hydraulic valve lifters are inspected


AT the time of overhaul 2. at 100 hrs 3. at 200 hrs

45. Which of the following valve is used for low powered engine intake valve?
1. flat head 2. tulip type 3. semi tulip type 4. none

46. When viewing engine from left & right side then from where we will see
1. Propeller end 2. rear end 3. accessory end 4. both 2 & 3

47. Purpose of compressor ring


1. To prevent oil from entering C.C.
2. To prevent combustion gasses
3. To prevent escape out of gasses
4. All

48. Purpose of oil control ring


1. Located above piston pin boss 2. Controls thickness of oil film 3. Both a & b
4. None

49. Hydraulic valve lifters


1. Eliminate adjusting of clearances. 2. Requires periodic valve clearance adjustment
3. Normally adjusted at the time of overhaul 4. Both a & c

50. Four stroke cycle is also known as


1. Otto cycle 2. Brayton cycle 3. Isentropic cycle 4. None

51. Aviation gasoline are identified by


1. Heat range 2. Lead content TEL 3. Color 4. d.Both b & c

52. MTCS
1. Counterweight used for static balancing.
2. Two complete revolution of crankshaft are required for for the four stroke engine.
3. One stroke is the distance the piston moves TDC to BDC or vice versa.
4. AOTA

53. Cylinder head is made by


1. Mg. alloy 2. Al. alloy 3. both 4. none

54. Sun gear is used in


1. Spur planetary 2. Bevel planetary 3. Spur & pinion 4. Both 2 & 3

55. Cylinder fires in


1. Every two revolution of crankshaft 2. Every four revolution of crankshaft
3. Every six revolution of crankshaft 4. None

56. Diagram of valve


1. Semi tulip valve 2. tulip type 3. Flat head 4. none

57. Break Horse Power means


1. Actual power delivered to propeller / rotor gear box.
2. The measurement of a quantity known as torque or twisting moment.
3. Both a & b 4. None

58. Reciprocating engines may be classified according to


1. Cylinder arrangements 2. Method of cooling 3. Both a & b d None

59.Fuel or Liquid fires are


1. Class B 2. Class A 3. Class C 4. Class D
60. Cylinder wall is lubricated by
1. Spray lubricated through connecting rod.
2. Slash lubrication
3. Lubrication not required
4. Only b is correct

61. Other purpose of piston ring


1. Transmit heat to cylinder wall

62. Altitude increases then what will be the effect on Fuel/Air mixture
1. Rich 2. Lean 3. No effect

63. Mixture control colour


1. Red 2. Black 3. Blue 4. White

64. Thrust & radial loads are taken by


1. Plain bearing 2. Ball bearing 3. Roller bearing 4. Both 2 & 3

65.Greater capacity are taken by


1. Plain bearing 2. Taper bearing 3. Roller bearing 4. none

66.Explosion of fuel/ air mixture causes


1. Burning 2. After burning 3. Detonation 4. none

67.Carburetor heat operation on ground causes


1. Pre ignition 2. Detonation 3. after burning 4. none

68.Which valve not used in basic fuel control unit


1. Idle needle valve 2. Power enrichment valve 3. Fuel regulating valve 4. Check valve

69.Viscosity is affected by
1. Temperature 2. volume 3. Pressure 4. None

70.Which units control the volume of airflow


1. Throttle valve 2. Butterfly valve 3. Venturi 4. none

71.In idling system


1. Air taken from main air bleed 2. Air is not necessary
3. A separate air bleed is taken as a part of idling system 4. Both a & b

72.Visual inspection of Detonation is indicated by


1. Cylinder base nut loose 2. Discoloration 3. Both a & b 4. None

73. Thermocouple is installed at


1. Exhaust 2. Cockpit 3. Hottest cylinder

74.Camshaft & crankshaft is connected


1. By gearing system 2. Directly 3. by piston 4. none

75.Rocker arm is lubricated by


1. Push rod 2. Inner oil lines in cylinder 3. Push rod housing 4. All

76. Advantage of Opposed type reciprocating engine


1. High weight to power ratio
2. narrow silhouette makes it ideal for horizontal installation
3. As in 2 & low vibration characteristics
4. None

77.Direct cranking electrical starter uses


1. Series wound motor 2. Shunt wound motor 3. Direct current series wound motor
4. None

78.Purpose of Automatic mixture control


1. Compensate for changes in air density due to altitude and temperature changes.
2. Regulates fuel pressure to the inlet side of jet
3. Only b is correct 4. None

79.In normal aspirated engine manifold pressure is


1. More than Barometric pressure 2. Equal to Barometric pressure
3. Not more than Barometric pressure 4. None

80.Manifold Pressure gauge indicates


1. Pressure at carburetor 2. Pressure at intake manifold 3. none
4. None

81.Manifold pressure is the pressure


1. After cylinder 2. Combustion chamber 3. Before cylinder
4. none

82. A method commonly used to prevent carburetor icing is to


1. Pre heat the intake air 2. Mix alcohol with fuel
3. Electrically heat the venture and throttle valve 4. None

83. What is used to drive a supercharger?


1. exhaust gases 2. gear train from crankshaft
3. belt drive through a pulley arrangements 4. None

84. What is the purpose of a turbocharger system for a small reciprocating aircraft engine?
1. Compress the air to cold the cabin pressure constant after the aircraft has reached its critical altitude
2. Maintains constant air velocity in the intake manifold.
3. Compresses air to maintain manifold pressure constant from sea level to the critical altitude of the
engine
4. Both a and b

85. When starting an engine equipped with a carburetor air heater in what position the heater should be
placed?
1. Hot 2. Cold 3. Neutral 4. Semi hot

86. Boost manifold pressure is generally considered to be any manifold pressure above
1. 14.7 Hg. 2. 50 Hg 3. 30 Hg 4. 35 Hg

87. As manifold pressure increases in reciprocating engine the ;


1. Volume of air in the cylinder increases. 2. Weight of fuel air discharge decreases
3. Density of air in the cylinder increases 4. Density of air in the cylinder
decreases

88. Which part of an aircraft in flight will begin to accumulate ice before any other?
1. Wing leading edge 2. Propeller spinner or dome
3. Carburetor 4. Crankshaft

89.Carburetor icing is more severe at


1. Air temp. between 30 degree-40 degree F 2. High altitudes 3. Low engine temp.
4. Air temp. between 40 degree-50 degree F

90. The type of icing which occurs due to decrease in air temp. resulting from the evaporation of fuel after
it is introduced into the airstream
1. Fuel evaporation ice 2. throttle ice 3. Impact ice 4. None

91. Icing which occurs on the rear side of the throttle , usually when the throttle is in a partially closed
condition.
1. Fuel evaporation ice 2. throttle ice 3. Impact ice 4. None

92. Type of ice which builds up on the carburetor elbows as well as the carburetor screen
1. Fuel evaporation ice 2. throttle ice 3. Impact ice 4. None

93. The position of the cowl flaps during normal cruise flight conditions is
1. Closed 2. Open 3. One half open 4. None

94. Three main component of a spark plug are


1. Electrode 2. Insulator 3. Outer shell 4. All

95. If a gas turbine is producing 4,000 pounds of thrust and the aircraft in which the
engine is installed is traveling at 500 mph, the thp is:
1. 5,333.33 thp 2. 5000.33 thp 3. 20000 thp 4. None

96. MTCS in relation to Propeller type aircraft


1. it accelerates a large mass of air at a relatively lower velocity
2. it accelerates a small mass of air at a relatively lower velocity
3. it accelerates a small mass of air at a very high velocity
4. None

97. MTCS
1. Specific fuel consumption for gas turbines is the fuel flow measured in (lb/hr) divided by thrust (lb)
2. Specific fuel consumption for reciprocating engines the fuel flow (lb/hr) divided by brake horsepower
3. Both 1 & 2
4. None

98. MTCS
1. For aircraft whose cruising speed does not exceed 250 mph, the reciprocating engine is the usual choice
of powerplant
2. When high altitude performance is required with speed upto 250 mph, the turbo-jet engine may be
chosen
3. In the range of cruising speed of 180 to 350 mph, the turboprop engine performs very well
4. Both 1&3 are correct

99. MTCS w.r.t Opposed type reciprocating engine ?


1. it has two banks of cylinders directly opposite each other with a crankshaft in the center
2. the cylinders are arranged in two in-line banks generally set 60 apart
3. it consists of a row, or rows, of cylinders arranged radially about a central crankcase
4. None

100. Given figure is a which type of engine ?


1. Opposed 2. Radial 3. Inline 4. V-type engine

101. Where are cooling fins usually located in on air cooled engines ?
1. Exhaust side of the cylinder head, inside the piston head and connecting rod
2. Cylinder head, cylinder walls and inside the piston
3. Cylinder head, cylinder barrel and inside the piston
4. None

102. A bent cooling fin on an aluminum cylinder head


1. should be sawed off and filed smooth
2. Should be left alone
3. Should be stopped drilled or a small radius filed at the point of the bend.

103.On Which stroke are both valves on a four-stroke cycle reciprocating aircraft engine ?
a.Power & exhaust 2. Intake & compression 3. Exhaust & intake

104. A nine cylinder radial engine with a bore dia of 5.5 & a stroke of 6 will have a piston
displacement of
1. 740 cc 2. 1425 cc 3. 1283 cc 4. 2500 cc

105. Master rod bearings are generally what type ?


1. Plain 2. Roller 3. Ball 4. Taper roller

106. If fuel/air ratio is proper and ignition timing is correct , the combustion process should be completed
1. 20o to 30obefore TDC at the end of the compression stroke
2. When the exhaust valve opens at the end of the power stroke
3. Just before TDC at the beginning of the power stroke
4. None

107. Which of the following is a characteristic of a thrust bearing of a thrust bearing used in most radial
engines?
1. Tapered roller 2. Double row 3. Deep groove ball 4. None

108. Which of the following will decrease volumetric efficiency in a reciprocating engine?
1. Full throttle operation2. Low cylinder head temperature 3. Improper valve timing
109. Sharp bends in the induction system 5.High carburetor air temp.
1. 2, 4 & 5 2. 1,2,3 & 4 3. 3, 4 & 5 4. None

110. What is the purpose of safety circlet installed on some valve stems
1. To hold the valve guide in position
2. To hold the valve spring retaining washer in position
3. To prevent valves from falling into the combustion chamber
4. all of the above

111. Which statement pertaining to fuel air mixture ratio is true ?


1. The mixture ratio which gives the best power is richer than the mixture ratio which gives
maximum economy
2. A rich mixture is faster burning than a normal mixture
3. The mixture ratio which gives maximum may also be designated as best power mixture
4. Chemically correct mixtures give both maximum power as well as maximum economy

112. What is an advantage of using metallic sodium filled exhaust valves in aircraft reciprocating
engines?
1. increase strength and resistance to cracking
2. Reduced valve operating temp.
3. greater resistance to deteriorations at high valve temp.

113. Using the following information , determine how many degrees the crankshaft rotate with both the
intake and exhaust valve seated?
1. Intake opens 15o BTDC 2. Exhaust opens 70o BBDC 3. Intake closes 45o ABDC
o
4. Exaust closes 10 ATDC
1. 290o 2. 245 o 3. 25o 4. 360o

114. The volume of a cylinder equals 70 cc when the piston is at the bdc , when the piston is at the
TDC ,the volume equals 10 cc . whatis the compression ratio ?
1. 1:70 2. 7:10 3. 7:01 4. 7:5

115. (1) Cast iron piston rings may be used in chrome plated cylinders.
(2) Chrome plated rings may be used in plain steel cylinders
Regarding the above statement.

1. Only no. 1 is correct 2. Neither no.1 & no.2 is true 3. Both no. 1 & no. 2 are true.
4. only no. 2 is correct.

116. Volumetric efficiency :


1. Ratio of volume of the fuel air charge inducted into the cylinder to the indicated horse power
2. Ratio of volume of the fuel air charge inducted into the cylinder to the brake horse power
3. Ratio of volume of the fuel air charge inducted into the cylinder to the total piston displacement
area.
4. None

117. Mechanical efficiency :


1. Comparison between BHP and IHP
2. Comparison between IHP and SHP
3. Comparison between IHP and HP
4. Ratio of volume of the fuel air charge inducted into the cylinder to the total piston displacement area.

118. Thermal efficiency


1. Ratio of Useful work done by an engine to the heat energy of the fuel it uses.
2. Comparison between BHP and IHP
3. Ratio of volume of the fuel air charge inducted into the cylinder to the total piston displacement area.
4. None

119. What is the source of most of the heat that is absorbed by the lubricating oil in a reciprocating engine
?
1. Crankshaft main bearing 2. Exhaust valves 3. Piston and cylinder walls 4. none

120. What is the primary purpose of the oil to fuel heat exchanger ?
1. Cool the fuel 2. Cool the oil 3. Deaerate the oil 4. Both b & c

Subjective
1. Write a short note on Firing order and give example of firing order of double row radial engine? (5
marks)
2. Write a short note on radial engine with a proper diagram ?
3. Write a short on plain bearing use in aircraft reciprocating engines? (5 marks)
4. Draw four strokes diagram ,occur in a aircraft reciprocating engine ? (10 marks)
5. Define the followings (5 marks)
1. Thermal efficiency 2. Mechanical efficiency 3. volumetric efficiency
6. Write a short note on oil compression ring ? (5 marks)
7. Draw a neat diagram of crankshaft showing its different section & writedown each section functions ?
(5 marks)
8. Write a short note on piston construction? (5 marks)
9. Write a short note on oil control ring ?
10. Relate cam ring lobes , speed & direction of rotation of 5 , 7 & 9 cylinder radial engine ?
11. Write a short note on valve springs ?
12. Write a short note on Ball bearing use in aircraft reciprocating engine?