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250

Step 2 State your assumptions:

l

l

The system operates at steady state.

The condensed water exits at the exit air temperature.

17 Psychrometrics

Step 3 Use the psychrometric chart or the spreadsheet program Moist air properties.xls to find the humidity, the enthalpy and the humid volume of the air at the inlet as well as the humidity and the enthalpy of the air at the outlet.

Step 4 Write a mass balance on the moisture:

m a W i ¼ ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: þ ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Step 5 Calculate m a :

Step 6 Calculate m w :

Step 7 Write an enthalpy balance over the cooler:

m a H i ¼ ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: þ ::::::::::::::::::::::::: þ :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Step 8 Substitute values and solve for q:

q ¼ ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Exercise 17.6

Air at 20 8 C and 60% relative humidity is heated to 90 8C and then enters a continuous dryer in an adiabatic operation. The air exits at 40 8 C. Calculate: a) the inlet volumetric flow rate of air required to remove 20 kg of water/h from the product and b) the required energy to heat the air.

Exercises

Solution

Step 1 Draw the process diagram:

m a

W 1

H 1

v H1

1
1

Heater

2
2

m

W

a

1

process diagram: m a W 1 H 1 v H1 1 Heater 2 m W a

Dryer

3
3
diagram: m a W 1 H 1 v H1 1 Heater 2 m W a 1

H

2

m a

W 3

H 2

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Step 2 Find the properties of the air at the inlet using a psychrometric chart or the spreadsheet program Moist air properties.xls . Air at 20 8 C dry bulb temperature and 60% relative humidity:

Humidity W 1 = Enthalpy H 1 = Humid volume v H1 =

Air at 90 8 C dry bulb temperature and humidity W 1 :

Enthalpy H 2 = Air at 40 8 C dry bulb temperature and enthalpy H 2 :

Humidity W 3 =

Step 3 Write a mass balance on the moisture between points 2 and 3:

m a ðW 3 W 1 Þ ¼ :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Substitute values and calculate m a :

m a ¼ :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Use the humid volume to calculate the volumetric flow rate:

Step 4 Write an enthalpy balance on the air between points 1 and 2 and calculate the required energy: