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A. The Wondrous World of Coffee

A cup of coffee, like any (1) ____ experience, can be 1. ________________________
enriched by selection and consciousness. "No beans
about it," the best coffee decisions (2) ____ the ones 2. ________________________
most pleasant to one's own palate - the selection of
one's coffee is a matter of personal preference.
Choosing coffee beans can also be a perplexing 3. ________________________
experience, (3) ____ there is a huge range of coffee
types and beans blends from all around the world. The
final flavour and quality involves many complex factors,
beginning with the coffee seed, the beans' botanics, a 4. ________________________
wide variety of soil and climate conditions, cultivation
altitudes, and the care (4) ____ in harvesting the beans. 5. ________________________
Raw green coffee beans are then subjected (5) ____
many influencing factors, including various processing, 6. ________________________
production, roasting, blending and brewing methods. On
a global note, (6) ____ many species and varieties of
coffee trees from different areas of the world also offer 7. ________________________
their own distinctive flavours. There are more than forty-
five coffee-exporting countries - all of (7) ____ use
different classification systems - that supply the world
with coffee beans, in sizes ranging over sixty known
species of coffee plants. No wonder coffee can involve a 8. ________________________
puzzling java jargon! Fortunately, the world's coffee
nomenclature, from mountain to market, can be
classified (8) ____ simple categories. This briefly
outlines the basics of bean botanics, coffee cultivation
and processing, and global classifications used by the
coffee trade and coffee-producing countries.
Adapted from


1. Which word goes with any to make comparison with experience in this
2. Which auxiliary verb will be used here?
3. This word is usually accompanied with a clause, meaning because.
4. What type of particles will be used here?
5. This is a collocation.
6. Which type of article (definite or indefinite) will be used here?
7. (Do this yourself)
8. (Do this yourself)
Answer key:

1. other 2. are 3. since 4. taken 5. to

6. the 7. which 8. into

Men and women are often considered to be
completely at odds with each other, in terms
(1)____ their attitudes and behaviour. Not so 1. _______________________________
when they are in love, new research has
discovered. As far as their hormone levels are
(2)____ when men and women are in love, they 2. _______________________________
are more similar to each other (3)____ at any
other time. 3. _______________________________

It has (4)____ been known that love can 4. __________ 5. __________

(5)____ havoc with hormone levels. For
example the hormone cortisol, (6)____ is known
6. _______________________________
for its calming effect on the body, dips
dramatically when one person is attracted to
(7)____ , putting the love-struck on a par with 7. _______________________________
sufferers of obsessive compulsive disorder.

But a new study has found that the hormone

testosterone, commonly associated with male
aggression, also falls when he is in love. In
women, it's quite the (8)____ . Testosterone
8. _______________________________
levels, which (9)____ to be lower among
females, rise towards (10)____ of the male. 9. _______________________________
10. _______________________________
Donatella Marazziti of the University of Pisa,
Italy, (11)____ this down to nature attempting 11. _______________________________
to eliminate the differences between the sexes.
(12)____ doing so, they can concentrate fully 12. _______________________________
(13)____ reproduction.
13. _______________________________
This suggestion seems to be supported by the
fact that (14)____ couples in a long
(15)____ relationship, nor participants in the 14. __________ 15. __________
study who were single at the time of the
experiment, exhibited such changes.
Adapted from


2. This phrase is commonly used when the writer wants to make a reference to
5. What collocation means cause disturbance and harzard in this context?
7. Which word can be replaced with the other sex counterpart in this context?
8. Be careful, read the passage again. Is the trend the same or different with
females in this context?
15.____ that means lasting for a long time ?

Answer key:

1. of 2. concerned 3. than 4. long 5. play

6. which 7. another 8. reverse 9. tend 10.those
11.puts 12.By 13.on 14.neither 15.term