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lectronics Show

April 1986 <S
Issue 34, Vol. 4, No. 4

□2220 $3.75 Canada


Making copies of unprotected disks was never this easy—or this fast. Copy and
format an entire disk in only four-and-half minutes. For the Commodore 64.

A Buyer's Guide To Printers

An up-to-date printer comparison chart that
helps you make the right purchase.

Machine Language
Windows For Beginners:
On The 128 About CP/M On
Give your programs
that polished look with
ftware Review
the versatile WINDOW
command. A hands-on
tutorial with useful
examples and tips.
Directory Filer Few completely master
jstomize any disk this fascinating 3-D
directory with this quick game for the ~
and powerful utility. For Commodore 64. Just
the Commodore 64, when you think you see
71486 02220 Plus/4, and 16. the pattern, it's gone.

You know Temple of Apshai. The graphics and sounds are new. The
The classic. Best-seller for over challenge of the dungeons is timeless.
four years. Are you ready for the most involving
You may have friends trapped forever role-playing game ever designed?
in its dark recesses. Temple of Apshai is waiting. Silently
Players have dropped from sight for lurking. Patiently waiting. For you. At
weeks at a time, searching for the your nearest lipyx dealer.
treasures of Apshai.
Well now we've raised the stakes. APPLE II MAC ATARI 1IMK C&4/12B

Introducing the new Apshai Trilogy.

The combined wrath of the world
famous Temple of Apshai8. Upper
Reaches of Apshai® and Curse of Ras.
All on a single disk. Twelve levels.
568 rooms to explore. More choices.
More chances. Best of all. there's faster 1043 Kid Court. Sunnysate CA 94089
game play. Strategy Gamesfor theAction-GameP/ayer
'The Energized Software Company!"

a started with Commodore, designing pro

grams that quickly became industry success
stories. Now we're moving on, applying our
I I&perCUp Look forwardto excellence, in every respect.
Power andperformance, ease ofuse, incredi-
expertise to other systems.
(or programs that help you in
Look for Apple, Atari, IB
so many ways.
software with the At **
Batteries Includedlabi cm

NEW! C128
Errur-Handlmg: excellent
NEW! L -■ . Value: excellent" • VERSION .
I [a "Billboard" magazine
VERSION #1 bestseller)
"... capable ntverylaiye
"The hBst Alar iworii- and complicated searches
processor avet." ...avery good system"

"quite simply (lie best

..ilictiiifhesl rating possible

Bdd-on modulo doubles your

screen capacity and improves
problem-solving spreadsheet program with built-in
template; for the inosHieciisil homo and business applications visibility.

- including income tai. budgets and many more.

statistical analysis package turns your data into superb
ime database
managers. 18 profit a ms
including Home Inventory,
FOR 1986
Recipes, Checl&onk,
Address Book, Audio/
FOR THE AMIGA, ATARI ST and IBM/MS DOS SYSTEMS. Video Catalogue and more]

30 Mural Street
17B7S Sky Park North, Suite P
Irvine, California
Richmond Hill, Ontario
LAB 1BS CANADA ■The Energized Software Company!" USA 92714
Tfelex; 06-21-8290 WBITETO US fOflFULtCOlOUHCArftLDEUEofouiiHOduclsior COMMODORE. ftlARl. APPLE.ind IDM SYSTEMS. T&/ex: 509-139


CommodoM,Appla.AtBfi9nd!BM PC srereBistersdirndamaifaol Apple Comp^

- ■""w-^

Some Historic Breakthroughs

Dont Take As Much Explaining
As CompuServe.
But then, some historic business associates—anywhere in ultimate in interactive excitement.
the country —in constant, conven And there are board, parlor, sports
breakthroughs could only
ient touch. and educational games to play alone
take you from the cave to
CB Simulator features or against other subscribers
the tar pits and back again. throughout the country.
72 channels for "talking"
with thousands of other Movie Reviews keep that big
CompuServe, on the other hand,
enthusiastic subscribers night at the movies from being a
makes a considerably more civilized
contribution to your life. throughout the country five star mistake.
and Canada. The chalter
It turns that marvel of the 20th
is frequently hilarious, the "handles"
century, Ihe personal computer, into THE ELECTRONIC MALL" gives
something useful. unforgettable, and the friendships
I you convenient. 24-hour-a-day,
Unlike most personal Y?v!o hard and fast.
7-day-a-week shopping for name
computer products you More than 100 Forums welcome brand goods and services at discount
read about, CompuServe your participation in "discussions" prices from nationally known stores
is an information service. on all sorts of topics. There are and businesses,
It isn't software. It isn't Forums for computer owners,
hardware. And you don't even have gourmet cooks, investors, pilots, golf SAVE ON TRIPS
to know a thing about programming ers, musicians, you name it! Also, Travelshopper*"
to use it. You subscribe to CompuServe Electronic Conferencing lets busi lets you scan flight
—and 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, nesses put heads together without availabilities (on
it puts a universe of information, anyone having to leave the shop. virtually any
entertainment and communications Bulletin Boards let you "post" airline — world
right at your fingertips. messages where thousands will see wide), find airfare
them. You can use our National bargains and order
A few of the hundreds Bulletin Board or the specialized tickets right on yourcomputer.

of things you can do with Bulletin Boards found in just about Worldwide Exchange sets you up
CompuServe. every Forum. with the perfect yacht, condo, villa,
or whatever it takes to make your next

COMMUNICATE HAVE FUN vacation a vacation.

EasyPlex™ Electronic Mail lets even Our full range of games includes A to Z Travel/News Service
beginners compose, edit, send and "You Guessed ll!", the first online provides the latest travel news plus
file messages the first time they get TV-style game show you play for real complete information on over 20,000
online. It puts friends, relatives and prizes; and Mega Wars III, offering the hoteis worldwide.
stocks, bonds, funds, issues and In case you ever get lost or con
MAKE PHI BETA KAPPA options. Five years of daily com fused, just type in "H" for help, and
Grolier's Academic American modity quotes. Standard & Poor's. we'll immediately cut in with instruc
Encyclopedia's Electronic Edition Value Line. And more than a dozen tions that should save the day.
delivers a complete set of encyclope other investment tools.
Besides, you can either ask ques
dias right to your living Site H facilitates business tions online through our Feedback
room just in time for decisions by providing you service or phone our Customer
today's homework. It's wilh demographic and sales Service Department.
continuously updated ... potential information by state,
and doesn't take an inch county and zip code for the How to subscribe.
of extra shelf space. entire country. To access CompuServe, you'll
The College Board, operated by the National and Canadian business need a CompuServe Subscription
College Entrance Examination wires provide continuously updated Kit, a computer, a modem to connect
Board, gives tips on preparing for Ihe news and press releases on hundreds your computer to your phone, and
SAT, choosing a college and getting of companies worldwide. in some cases, easy-to-use com
financial aid. munications software. (Check the
GET SPECIALIZED information that
Healthnet will never replace a real, modem.)
Pilots got personalized flight plans,
live doctor—but it is an excellent and With your Sub
weather briefings, weather and radar
readily available source of health and scription Kit, you'll
maps, newsletters, etc.
medical information for the public. receive: !:.
Entrepreneurs use CompuServe
Human Sexuality gives the civiliza ■ a $25 usage credit,
loo for complete step-by-step guide
tion that put a man on the moon an ■ a complete hardcover Users Guide.
lines on how to incorporate the IBMs
intelligent alternative to the daily ■ your own exclusive user ID
of tomorrow.
"Advice to the Lovelorn" columns. number and preliminary password.
Lawyers, doctors, engineers, mil
Hundreds turn to it for real answers. ■ a subscription to CompuServe's
itary veterans and businessmen
monthly magazine, Online Today.
of all types use similar specialized
BE INFORMED CompuServe resources pertinent lo
Call 800-848-8199 (in Ohio.
All the latest news is at your 614-457-0802) to order your Sub
their unique needs.
fingertips. Sources include the AP scription Kit or to receive more
news wire (covering all 50 states plus information. Or mail this coupon.
national news), the And now for the Kits are also available in computer
Washington Post, pleasant surprise. stores, electronic equipment outlets
USA TODAY UjxJate, Although CompuServe makes the and household catalogs. You can also
specialized business most of any computer, it's a remark subscribe with materials you'll find
and trade publica able value. With CompuServe, you packed right in with many com
tions and more. You get low start-up costs, low usage puters and modems sold today.
can find out instantly what Congress charges and local phone-call access
did yesterday; who finally won the in most major metropolitan areas. 71 Please send me additional Information.
game; and what's happening back in ~] I'ltwr send me a CompuServe Sulnrnplion Kil
Here's exactly how | n I am enclosing my check for SH9.U5. plus S2.SO
Oskaloosa wilh the touch of a button.
to use CompuServe. liandlifig (Addsales tax tt delkvtvd m Ohin)
And our electronic clipping service
First, relax. Pttase make check payable lo CompuServe
lets you tell us what to watch for. We'll Information Services. Inc
There are no advanced computer
electronically find, clip and fi!e news 1 □ ChatBelliislomyVISA'MasterCarrt
skiils required.
for you... to read whenever you'd like. 0
In fact, if you know
how to buy breakfast, Expiration Dale

INVEST WISELY you already have (he ■Signature

Comprehensive investment help know-how you'll need Name

just might tell you more about the to access any subject Miles-,.

stock you're looking at in our system. That's because it's City_

than the company's "menu-driven" so beginners can Stale. .Zip.
Chairman of the Board simply read the menus (lists of
knows. (Don't know who options) that appear on their
he is? Chances are, we
can fill you in on that,
screens and then type in their
Customer Service Ordering
too.) CompuServe gives you com Experts can skip the menus and RO. Box L-477
plete statistics on over 10,000 NYSE, just type in "GO" followed by the Columbus. Ohio 432G0 I

AMEX and OTC securities. Historic abbreviation for whatever topic An HAH Block
Em,f lai aiKl EltCTnONC MALL am Kiutrm,i rka of
trading statistics on over 50,000 they're after. IHUHporfllffn] TrdvPfyiOpppf n a anruico mark of TWA
A Printer For All Reasons
Search For The Best High Quality Graphic Printer

If you have been looking very long, you have machine will do it automatically, through easy printing when new, but quickly siarts to fade.
probably discovered that there are just 100 commands right from your keyboard. Do you To keep the printers output looking consis
many claims and counter claims in the printer sometimes want to emphasize a word? It's tently dark, the ribbons must be changed quite
market today. There are printers thai have easy, just use bold (double strike) or use italics often. The SP-1000 solves this problem by
some of the features you warn but do not have to make ihe words stand out. Or, if you wish using a wide ('/;") ribbon cartridge that will
others. Some features you probably don't care lo be even more emphatic, underline ilio print thousands of pages before needing re
about, others arc vitally important to you. We words. You can combine ninny of these modes placement. (When you finally do wear out
understand. In fact, not long ago, we were in and styles to make the vuriuiion almost end your ribbon, replacement cost is only SI 1.00.
the same position. [Deluged by claims and less. Do you wanl to express something that Order H200I.)
counter claims. Overburdened by rows and you can't do with words? Use graphics with
rows of specifications, we decided to separate your text — even on Ihe same line. You have The Best Part
alt the facts — prove or disprove all the claims variable line spacing of I line per inch to infin
When shopping for a printer with this quality
to our own satisfaction. So we bought ity (no space at all) and 143 other software se
and these features, you could expect to pay
primers. We bought samples of all the major lectable settings in between. You can control much more. Not now! We sell this fantastic
brands and tested them. line spacing on a dot-by-dot basis. If you've
printer for only S239.95! You need absolutely
ever had a letter or other documeni that was
UOIhinj! rl-r tl) .l.ii I liiirniir" —just -niil |i ijn i
Our Objective Was Simple just a lew lines loo long to fit a page, you can (single sheel or i:miui<i Irai'lor).
We wanted to find thai printer which had all see how handy this feature is. Simply reduce
the features you could want and yet be sold di the line spacing slightly and ... VOILA! The No Risk Offer
rectly 10 you ai the lowest price. We didn'i letter now fits on one page.
We give you a 2-week satisfaction guarantee.
want a "close-out special" of an obsolete If you are not completely satisfied for any rea
product that some manufacturer was dump son we will promptly refund your purchase.
ing, so we limited our search to only those new
The warranty has now been extended io 2
printers that had the blest proven technology. years. The warranty repair policy is to repair
We wanted to give our customers the hesl or replace and reship to the buyer within 72
printer on the market today at a bargain price. hours of receipt.

The Results Are In

The Bottom Line
The search is over. We have reduced the field Be sure to specify the order /> for the correct
to a single printer that meets all our goals (and version printer designed for your computer,
more). The printer is ihe SP-1000 from Sciko-
stia, .1 division of Seiko (one of the foremost Commodore C-64 & C-128, Order #2200,
manufacturers in Ihe world). We ran this graphics interface & cable buill in.
printer through our battery of tests and it IBM-PC and compatibles, Order #2100, plus
came out shining. This printer can do it all. 8' shielded cable #1103,526.00
Standard draft printing at a respectable 100
Standard Parallel with 36 pin Centronics con
characters per second, and with a very read
nector, Order #2400, no cable
able 12 (horizontal) by 9 (vertical) character
matrix. This is a full bi-directional, logic seek Standard Serial with RS-232 (DB-25) Connec
ing, true descender printer. tor, Order #2500, no cable
We also have interfaces and cables for many
other computers not listed. Call Customer Ser
"NLQ" Mode
vice at 805/987-2454 for details.
One of our highest concerns was about print
quality and readabilily. The SP-1000 has a
Forms? Yes! Shipping and insurance LsSlO.OO — UPS with
print mode termed Near Letter Quality print Your Letterhead? or Course! in the continental USA. If you are in a hurry,
ing (NLQ mode). This is where ihe SP-1000 Do you print forms? No problem. This unit UPS Blue (second day air), APO or FPO is
outshines all ihe competition. Hands down! will do them all. Any form up to 10 inches $22.00. Canada, Alaska, Mexico arc $30.00
The character matrix in NLQ mode is a very wide. The Iractors arc adjustable from 4 to 10 (air). Other foreign is $70.00 (air). California
dense 24 (horizontal) by 18 (vertical). This inches. Yes, you can also use single sheets. residents add 6<Po tax. The abovearc cash prices
equates to 41,472 addressable dots per square Plain typing paper, your letterhead, short — VISA and MC add 3% to total. We ship the
inch. Now we're talking qliulity printing. It memo forms, labels, anything you choose. next business day on money orders, cashiers'
looks like it was done on a typewriter. You can Any size to 10" in width. In fuel this unit is so checks, and charge cards. A 14-day clearing
even print graphics using the standard advanced, it will load your paper automati period is required for checks.
graphics symbols buill into your computer. cally. Multiple copies? Absolutely! Use forms
The results arc the best we've ever seen. The (up to 3 ihick). Do you want to use spread Dealer inquiries invited
only other printers currently available having sheets with many columns? Of course! Jusl go For information call 805/987-2454
resolution this high go for hundreds more. to condensed mode printing and print a full
136 columns wide. Forget expensive wide-car TO ORDER CALL TOLL FREE
riage primers and changing to wide carriage 1-1800) 962-5800 USA
(8-6 PSTI
Features That Won't Quit paper. Vou can now do it all on a standard 1-18001 962-3800 CALIF.
With the SP-1000 your computer can now 8'/i" wide page, and you can do it quietly. The
or send order to:
SP-1000 is rated at only 55 df). This is quieter
print 40, 48, 68, 80, 96, or 136 characters per
line. You can print in ANY of 35 character than any other impact dot matrix printer that
we know of and is quieter than the average of
styles including 13 double width and 3 re
versed (while on black) slylcs. You not only fice background noise level.
have the standard Pica, Elite, Condensed and
Italics, but also true Superscripts and Sub Consistent Print Quality
scripts. Never again will you have to worry Most printers have a ribbon cartridge or a 1071-A Avenida Acaso
about how to print H;O or X2. This fantastic single spool ribbon which gives nice dark Camarillo, CA 93010
April 1986 Vol.4, No. 4

The Winter Consumer Electronics Show Lance Elko 22 *
Five Steps to the Right Printer Kathy Yakai 34 *
A Buyer's Guide to Printers 42 *

Paperback Writer 128/64 Art Hunkins 48 128/64
Elite by Firebird Todd Heimarck 50 64
Ultima 4: Quest of the Avatar George Miller 56 64
Little Computer People Kathy Yakal 54 64
Also Worth Noting 60 64

Dunk Kevin Mykytyn and Mark Tuttle 80 64

Turbo Copy A. M. Cutrone , 81 64
All About CP/M on the 128 Howard Golk 83 128
Directory Filer Rodney L Barnes 87 64/+4/16
Windows on the 128 Jim Vaughan 88 128
BASIC Magic:
Numeric Variables in READ and DATA Statements Michael S. Tomczyk 90 128/64/ + 4/16/V
Hints & Tips:
Dice and Double PEEKs Thomas W. Wallis 92 128/64/ + 4/16/V
Computing for Families:
The Steven Spielberg of the 21st Century Fred D'lgnazio 94 *
Power BASIC: Input Windows Thorpe Thompson 95 64
Machine Language for Beginners:
Cracking the Kernal Richard Mansfield 96 128/64/V

The Editor's Notes Robert C. Lock 6 *
Gazette Feedback Editors and Readers 10 *
Simple Answers to Common Questions Tom ft. Halfhill 93 *
Bug-Swatter: Modifications and Corrections 99 *
News & Products 100 *

program listings
COMPUTERS Gazette Author's Guide 102 *
How to Type In COMPUTERS Gazette Programs 103 *
The Automatic Proofreader 104 128/64/+4/16/V
MLX 105 64

'-General, V=VIC-2O, 64 - Commodore 64, +4=Plus/d, 16-Commodore 16, 128=Commodore 128

COMPUTE!'! CAZETTEi, published monthly b\ COMPUTE! ['uhluMtion!.. lac, B25 7(h Aveniw, New Yorfc. fJY 10019 USA Phone; (212) 265-8360, Editorial offices in loraied at j24
W«H Wcndover Avenue, Qwnlboro, NC 2740H. DamnHe Subwrlpilom; 13 Iiium, 124. POSTMASTER: Send addrro. changes to COMPUTIT1. GAZETTE. P.O Em 10957, D«
Molnci, IA 30340 S*«>nd din ipplloitJon pending al GrMnaboro. NC 27403 ind addlilDtul milling oMms. Entlra conWnti topyiighi ©1986 b) COMPUrEl Publlmloni, Int. AH
n^liis n-wrved, 155K W17-,171»
COMPUTE I i'lihJi^ii.i.i:. Inc. il pan o( ABC Cunumn Migjfinci, Int., Onmf Ihr ARC I'ubli.hlns C'ompinin: ABC 1'uWi.liins. I'rrsiJmt. Kiihc-rl G. BuilDrv Ulll Avrnilf of the
Arrwrna- \.'w V.iik. NtH ttrt HWW \\t\
We just received our first-ever prototype in 1979. There had 60-word-per-minute typist, typ
Compact Disc-ROM player from never been anything like it in the ing eight hours a day, five days a
North American Philips Com personal computing industry. It week, over 16 years to fill up a
pany. Quite simply, the pending was simply amazing. What we single disk.
technology of CD-ROM has just are trying to capture here is that The arrival of this small,
become a reality, even though sense of firstness. There have plain box from Philips has set
it's sitting here, hooked to an been improvements in graphic minds racing here. CD-ROM
IBM PC, and we're anxiously imagery over the years since has become, and is becoming, a
awaiting the first (and only) then, but never such a quantita sudden reality. It is reaching
piece of software in existence tive leap from what had been to that crucial point where we will
from Grolier. Over the years, we an entirely new strata of reality. soon be playing with it, soon be
have been overwhelmed, to In short, our expectations were peering into it, no longer simply
various degrees of sentimental moved, in one event, by one reporting on it, or merely read
eloquence, as remarkable hap product, to a whole new realm ing about it. Visions of new and
penings come and go. We have of comparison. There have been greater breakthroughs crowd
pattered on about everything others, of course, since that first behind this event.
from the first word processors viewing of Star Raiders. Even the We, even now, can hardly
for microcomputers to the rather recent Amiga and ST develop stand the wonder of it all.
wondrous appearance of the ments bring us to new thresh
price breaking VIC to the pre olds. But, in a sense, even they
sent new generation computers, are part-improvement upon,
the Commodore Amiga and the part extension of what was.
Atari ST. In this position, we feel The CD-ROM is different.
it is important to retain one's It's the kind of product-oriented
sense of wonder. Once wonder is event that gives you goose Editor In Chief
lost, we begin to lose our ability bumps. It's an entirely new ex
to communicate the enthusiasm tension of an equally new prod
of what it is that we're all doing uct line. It takes our common
here. understandings and our now
Our efforts to nurture that somewhat stereotyped expecta
enthusiasm have been, at times, tions for the behavior of a stor
stretched, over the years, but in age device and shakes them.
variably something happens to Here, in this room, in this small
refresh, to evoke that tremen box the size of a child's record
dous, almost indescribable player, one can place a compact
sense of an incredible threshold disc that will store, for access by
for humankind. We're pleased your very own personal com
to report on another. puter, 600 megabytes of data.
On our personal list of hap That almost is beyond imagina
penings and movings and shak tion—600 million bytes of data.
ings of this industry and this The same size unit, with floppy
revolution, some have dimin disks, for a Commodore 1541
ished in perceived importance disk drive would require rough
and some have grown. We can ly 3,615 diskettes. Another way
still remember with exceptional of looking at the capacity of a
clarity the graphic power of single CD-ROM is that (assum
Atari's Star Raiders cartridge ing an average word length of
when we received our PROM five characters) it would take a

6 COMPUTE'S Gazelle April! 986



Sideways. It prints your spreadsheet sideways. SIDEWAYS rotates your spreadsheet 90 degrees as it
prints out, causing your hard copy to print sideways.
1 Nothing you create with today's most popular spreadsheet
programs* is too wide for SIDEWAYS.
, ■■ ■:■■'■
And, because you're no longer confined to the width of
-. - . -■■■ ■ ■- -- - ■ ■ - ■■ your printer paper, you have complete control over line
spacing; left, top and bottom margins; character spacing;
and you can choose from a wide variety of type sizes.
Now, get rid of that stapler and tape for good - go SIDE
-. ■ . . ■ . WAYS. Available now at your favorite dealer for only

i; 'COMPATIBILITY: Sideways works with any C-64 or

i C-128 spreadsheet program that can create text file
information (ASCII) on a disk, or
The problem with spreadsheets is they get printed the interfaces with a word processor.
wrong way. You still have lots of stapling and taping to look SIDEWAYS also works with these
forward to before your printout is ready. Now, with SIDE spreadsheet programs:
WAYS, you can print aspreadsheet report that's widerthan Better Working Spreadsheet,
your printer paper -vertically, all at one time, on one con Calc Now, Cal-Kit, Creative Calc,
tinuous page. Multiplan, Practicalc, Syncalc,
and trio. Timeworks's
SWIFTCALC already includes

For Commodore 64 and

More power for your dollar. 128 Computers.*"
"M*nu Sug RelailPnco '"'Reg TM of Commodore Computer Systems
'CIB85 Time«,rks, Inc. 444L*oCookdd , Doertisla,IL.60015 312-W9200
Sales Offices, Jules E. Thompson, Inc.
COMPUTE! Publicationsjnc© New England
Southeast 919-275-9809
Midwest 312-726-6047
Texas 713-731-2605
Pacific Northwest 415-348-8222
Northern CA 415-348-8222
Publisher James A. Cisella Southern CA 213-378-8361
Founder/Editor in Chief Robert C. Lock Arizona 213-378-8361
Senior Editor Richard Mansfield New Mexico 213-378-8361
Managing Editor Kathleen Martinek Colorado 303-595-9299
Executive Editor Selby Bateman
Editor Lance Elko COMPUTEI Publications, Inc., publishes
Assistant Editor Todd Heimarck COMPUTE! COMPUTEI Books COMPUTEI's GAZETTE
Production Director Tony Roberts COMPUTEI's GAZETTE Disk Apple Applications
Editorial Office:
324 West Wendover Ave., Suite 200, Greensboro, NC 27408
Tom R. Halfhill, Editor, COMPUTE! Magazine; Stephen Levy,
Editor, COMPUTE! Books Division; Gail Cowper, Production Corporate Offices:
Editor; Ottis R. Cowper, Technical Editor; Charles Brannon, 825 7th Avenue, New York, NY 10019
Program Editor Customer Service:
Assistant Editors P.O. Box 5038, F.D.R. Station, New York, NY 10150
Gregg Kelzsr (Books); John Krause, George Miller, (Technical); Telephone: (In NY) 212-887-8525; (In U.S.) Toll free
Philip Nelson (COMPUTE! Magazine); Kathy Yakal, Assistant 1-800-346-6767
Features Editor; Joan Rouleau, Research/Copy Editor; Ann Office Hours: 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM Monday-Friday
Davies, Copy Editor; Mark Turtle, Submissions Reviewer
Editorial Programmers President James A. ,..--,..
Patrick Parrish (Supervisor), Tim Victor, Kevin Mykytyn Vice President, Finance & Planning K Steven Vetter

Programming Assistants
Subscription Orders
David Florance, David Hensley
Administrative Staff
P.O. Box 10957, Des Moines, IA 50340
Executive Assistant, Debi Nash; Julia Fleming, Iris Brooks,
Mary Hum, Sybil Agee
Production Subscription Order Line
Irma Swain, Production Manager; Janice Fary, Art & Design 1-800-247-5470
Director; Lee Noel, Assistant Editor, Art & Design; De Potter, In IA 1-800-532-1272
Mechanical Art Supervisor; Terry Cash, Carole Dunton,
Subscription Rates
Dabney Ketrow (Publications), Debbie Bray (Books); Harry (12 Issue Year): US (one year) $24. Canada, Mexico and Foreign
Surface Mail S30. Foreign Air Mail S65.
Blair, Illustrator

Associate Editors The COMPUTE!'! gazette subscriber list is made available to carefullv
screened organizations with 3 product or service which may be of
Jim Sutterfield (Toronto), Harvey Herman (Greensboro),
interest to our readers. If you prefer not to receive such mailings,
Fred D'lgnazio (Roanoke) please send an exact copy of your subscription label to: COMPUTEf!
GAZETTE, P.O. Box 10958, Des Moines, IA 50950. Include a note in
Customer Service
dicating your preference to receive only your subscription.
Diane Longo, Customer Service Manager; Orchid Tamayo,
Dealer Sales Supervisor; Judy Taylor, Customer Service Authors of manuscripts warrant that all materials submitted to
Supervisor COMPUTE!1* GAZi;rrr are original materials with full ownership rights
resident in said authors. By submitting articles to COMPUTE!)
Receptionist, Anita Armfield gazette, authors acknowledge that such materials, upon accep
tance for publication, become the exclusive properly of COMPUTEI
John Williams, Warehouse Manager Publications, Inc. No portion of this magazine may be reproduced
in any form without written permission from the publisher. Entire
Data Processing contents copyright © 1986 COMPUTEI Publications, Inc. Rights to
Leon Stokes, Manager programs developed and submitted by authors arc explained in our
author contract. Unsolicited materials not accepted for publication
Promotion will be returned if author provides a self-addressed, stamped en
Caroline Dark, Promotion Assistant velope. Where programs are included in an article submission, a
Advertising Sales tape or disk must accompany the submission. Printed listings are
optional, but helpful. Articles should be furnished as typed copy
Ken Woodard, Director of Advertising Sales; Kathleen Hanlon,
(upper and lowercase, please) with double spacing. Each article
Production Coordinator
page should bear the title of the article, date, and name of the
Sales Representatives author. COMPUTEI Publications, Inc., assumes no liability for errors
Jerry Thompson 415-348-8222 in articles or advertisements. Opinions expressed by authors are
Harry Blair 919-275-9809 not necessarily those of COMPUTEI Publications, Inc. COMPUTEI
Jonathan Just 212-315-1665 Publications assumes no responsibility for damages, delays, or fail
ure of shipment in connection with authors' offer to make tape or
Address all advertising materials to: disk copies of programs published herein.
Kathleen Hanlon, COMPUTED GAZETTE PET, CBM, VIC-20, Commodore 64, Plus/4, 16, and 128 are trade
324 West Wendover Ave., Suite 200, Greensboro, N'C 27408 marks of Commodore Business Machines, Inc., and/or Com
modore Electronics Limited. Other than as an independent supplier
Jules E. Thompson, Inc.
of quality information and services to owners and users of Com
National Sales Representatives modore products, COMPUTEI Publications, Inc., is in no way asso
1290 Howard Avenue, Suite 303 ciated with Commodore Business Machines, Inc., or any of iis
Burlingame, CA 94010 subsidiaries.
with COMPUTE! Books' _
40 Great Flight Simulator Adventures
•Maneuver around the towers of the V\ferld Trade Center.
•Sightsee the Hudson River.
•Practice night flying and aerobatics.

40 Great Flight Simulator Adventures

Charles Gulick

40 Forty exciting, customized flight simulator scenarios put you in the

pilot's seat as you fly over bridges, around skyscrapers, and land

at mysterious airports. Flight Simulator (IBM PC) and Flight Simu
lator II (Apple II, Commodore 64. Atari) are two of the most popu
lar games/ simulations for personal computers. With this book, you

FLIGHT can experience flight adventures from the moment you load the
program. Parameters set up each flight and a running commentary

SIMULATOR describes what you'll see (and where to look to see It). Ranging
from the simple and stralghlforward to the advanced and even

mystical, (hese 40 flights will open a new dimension to an already
outstanding program.
99.95 ISBN 0-87455-022-X
':-j< J--J t- -1\ of nw trralOfttYre. nlghl fl^ih.
(IX] drKKl mck IcvMJtV* it*#»\J. 1 L.-,1:.n.rni I
n^ii /i->iu put >c*i n no i*rt"» sow. Note: Flight Simulator from Microsoft Corporation and Flight Simulator II
from -'in I Corp. are required In order to use this book. The book Is
designed (□ enhance the programs.

■■• COMPUTE kill laco

Please send me copies of 40 Great Flight Simulator Adventures at 89.95 each.

(ISBN No. 0-87455-022-X)

All orders must be prepaid in U.S. funds.

To order this exciting adventure guide, mail
MC residents add 4.5% tax
the attached coupon with your payment to
$2,00 shipping and handling COMPUTE! Books, P.O. Box 5038,
charge per book. F.D.R. Station, New York, Piy 10150. Or call
Total amount enclosed toll free 1-800-34&6767 (In NY 212-887-8525.)

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COMPUTE! books are available in the U.K., Europe, the Middle

COMPUTE! PubticationsJncflS
One ol Itw ABC PuDlis>iing Cwrponies
East, and Africa from Holt Saunders, Ltd., 1 St. Anne's Road,
Eastbourne, East Sussex BN21 3iiM, England.
Editor, and Readers

Do you have a question or a problem? If a program you typed in doesn't work, should be able to give you some answers to
Have you discovered something that either you made a typing mistake or the your questions.
could help other Commodore users? editors and programmers who put togeth When writing to a hardware or soft
Do you have a comment about some' er the book or magazine made a mistake, ware company, give as much information
thing you've read in computed ga It's highly unlikely that one of your com as you can. indicate the equipment you
zette? We want to hear from you. puter chips is broken, especially if it's just own, what exactly is going wrong, what
Write to Gazette Feedback, computed a few programs that don't run correctly. you've tried, and so on. It's better to give
GAZETTE, P.O. Box 5406, Greensboro, It's not unusual to make a typing too much information than not enough.
NC 27403. We regret that due to the mistake now and then. Imagine a medium-
volume of mail received, we cannot size program containing 50 lines of about
respond individually to programming 20 characters each, a total of 1,000 char Extras Required
questions. acters. Even if your typing accuracy is I am using "X BASIC" from the October
99.9 percent, you may make a typing er 1985 issue to write a program. If I were
ror. In a compuler program, a single char to send it to you as a submission, would
Adjusting A Monitor
acter can make the difference between a you accept it? Or would 1 have to write
I bought a 1702 monitor for my 64, but (
program that works and one that doesn't. it using the regular Commodore BASIC?
can barely read the letters on the
Sometimes it's very difficult to find the Matthew Kaeser
screen. My neighbor has a 64 and a
typo, especially if you've accidentally en
1702 and the screen has perfect clarity. When you're submitting a program for
tered a period in place of a comma, or a
What could be wrong and where do 1 go publication, it's safest to stick to Commo
semicolon in lieu of a colon.
to fix it? dore BASIC and machine language. The
The worst that can happen to a mis
Grant French appeal of a program that requires "X
typed program is that the system will lock
BASIC" is limited to readers who own the
On the front of the monitor along the bot up. To escape from a lockup, just turn the
October issue and typed in the program.
tom is a control panel covered by a hinged computer off and then back on. You'll lose
We assume that most readers who type in
door. If you haven't already done this, whatever is in memory (which is why you
program listings own a computer, either a
reach over to the left side of this door and should save a copy of the program before
tape or disk drive, and a joystick or two.
pull it down. Adjust the controls marked you run it), but nothing has been harmed.
Although we don't automatically reject
"bright" and "contrast" until the screen You needn't worry about a program mak
programs that need extras such as X
becomes more readable. If that doesn't ing compuler chips go bad. Nor should
BASIC, Simons' BASIC, the Super Expan
work, try switching the various RCA you be concerned about incorrect PEEKs
der, light pens, Ham radio equipment,
plugs that go into the monitor. The three and PQKEs. A wrong POKE might make
voice synthesizers, 80-column cartridges,
rear connections provide better resolution the screen go crazy or cause a lockup, but
and the like, a submission that requires
than the two plugs on the front—there's a no permanent harm would be done. Don't
additional hardware or software is less
switch on the back that controls whether worry about breaking your computer; the
likely to be accepted than a stand-alone
the input comes from the front or rear best way to learn about computers is to ex
connections. periment. If the machine starts doing
If neither turning the knobs nor trad strange things, turn it off for a moment.
ing plugs works, you may want to bring The most you can lose is the program in Noise And Randomness
your computer and monitor over to your memory.
What is a checksum? I have asked com
neighbor's house. Hook up your monitor If you've double-checked your typing
puter teachers and they did not know,
to his computer and vice versa. You and still can't find anything wrong, there so I am writing to you. I need to know
should be able to figure out whether the may be a typo in the program listed in in order to use the "MLX Machine Lan
problem is the computer or monitor. There your book, In general, most publishing guage Editor."
are Commodore Service Centers through companies and software /hardware manu Evan Resnikoff
out the country; to find the one nearest facturers support their products. If you
you, call Commodore at (215) 431-9100. write a letter to Commodore, they should A checksum is a way of filtering out static,
be able to inform you of any corrections to a way of foiling entropy. Let's say you call
programs published in their books and a friend in Australia and say "It's sum
Excessive Caution? magazines. Likewise, if a program from mertime, isn't it?" Because of noise on the
I have two questions. First, some of the the GAZETTE doesn't work correctly, write line, she hears only "" and
music and sound effects programs in to us, indicating the program name, when replies, "Three o'clock." The message sent
my owner's manual do not work. Do it was published, the error message, and from your side was OK, but it deteriorated
you know of any misprints or do you line number. If we know of corrections, on its way through the phone lines and
think that my computer needs new we'll let you know; if not, we'll send a let was interpreted incorrectly.
chips? Second, is it true that if you ter indicating that the program works. The same kind of misunderstanding
POKE or PEEK a wrong number into And if your ABC word processor, DEF in can occur when computers are sending or
the 64's memory that it could cause terface, and GHI printer don't work prop receiving information. A wide variety of
damage to the computer? erly together, send a letter to each of the formulas are used, but the basic idea is the
Ron Calcagni manufacturers. At least one of them same. The originating computer outputs

10 COMPUTEIS Garotte ApriM9S6



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some numbers which are followed by a Incidentally, the 80-column screen al by entering SYS 64490 after accessing
checksum. The computer at the other end ready has a resolution of 640 X 200 and tape.
adds up the numbers and checks the sum you can create custom characters (up to 4
against the checksum received. If the different character sets on the screen at
numbers match, it sends a signal lhat one time) and hi-res screens. A Translator's Dictionary
means "OK, send more." But if they don't The 1571 disk drive has the capabili 1 need a program that works like a sim
match, the receiving computer sends back ty of reading several CP/M disk formats; ple dictionary. 1 would tell the com
a signal that says "Something is wrong, it can load programs or data from Kaypro, puter a word in one language and it
try again." Osborne (double density), or Epson disks. would respond with the translation in
Checksums are widely used in tele It can also read data files from IBM another language. 1 would like to build
communications. And disk and tape CP/M-S6 disks, although the 128 can't a base of Italian words with their Eng
drives calculate checksums when a pro run CP/M-86 programs because they're lish translations.
gram is being loaded. If the checksums not written for Z-80 machines. The disk K. Graham
don't match up, you receive a LOAD operating system can figure out what kind
ERROR. If you enter programs from the of disk is in the drive and adjust itself ac The following program (for all Commo
Gazette, you may have used the "Auto cordingly. Additional software to rcpro- dore computers) can hold as many words
matic Proofreader" or "MLX," both of gram the drive isn't necessary. as the memory of the computer will allow.
which generate a checksum to help pre FS 10 NW=3:DIM W$(1,NW)
vent typing errors. But you don't need to KG 20 FOR A=l TO NW
know how the checksum works to use The VIC Printer Problem JR 30 READ WS[0,A),WS(1,A)
MLX; everything is handled automatical 1 own a VIC-20, 16K expander, tape
ly. The first number on the line is the drive, and MPS-803 printer, I seem to lOFFJMGLISH OR {RVsjl
memory address where the first number have problems with the printer not re {OFF]TALIAN"
will be stored. Next are the numbers that ceiving characters. 1 often get a DEVICE RH 60 GET AS:IF AS="E" THEN 90
make up the program. And the last num NOT PRESENT error while it's in the SH 70 IF AS="I" THEN 100
ber on the line is the checksum. If it middle of printing. It's an intermittent JH 80 GOTO 60

doesn't match up with the checksum gen- EP 90 INPUT "lDOWN}ENTER ENGLI

problem—sometimes the printer
crated by MLX, the line is not accepted works, but most of the time it doesn't. PA 100 INPUT "{DOWNlENTER ITAL
atid you're given a chance to correct the Why does it do this? Is there a POKE or IAN WORD";WS :L=:1
typing mistake. a WAIT 1 can use to solve the problem? FK 110 F=0:FOR A=l TO NW
OS 120 IF WS(L,A)=W£ THEN F»A:
Ed Olesak
128 Hardware And Software Most of the time, DEVICE NOT PRES
I have some questions about the 128. Is ENT means you tried to access a device
the 512K memory expansion going to the computer can't find on the serial bus. {SPACE J";W${1-L,F):GOTO
be usable memory? Will software pub The printer (or disk drive or other periph 50
lishers take advantage of it? Do you ex-
eral) might not be turned on, or not BX 150 PRINT "NOT IN DICTIONAR
plugged in, or not connected by cable. Y"I GOTO 50
pect someone to come out with a
producl to expand the screen resolution Try hooking up your printer to an
to 640 X 200? What about a program other VIC-20; if it works, then the prob
lem may be in your VIC. On the other Presently there are only three words
that allows the 1571 to read other
hand, if the printer doesn't work with an and their translations in the dictionary.
CP/M disk formats?
other computer, the printer may need re More words can be added by entering the
James Jacobs
pair. You may simply have a faulty cable, English word, then the Italian translation,
The memory expansion is not currently which you can test by finding another ca into DATA statements. It is also necessary
available, but it should be by the time this ble and testing the printer. Or you may to change the variable NW in line 10 to
is published. Initial indications are that find that turning on the computer first (or equal the total number of words.
the memory can be treated like a RAM the printer) makes a difference—it The key to the program is the two di
disk. You'll be able to load programs or shouldn't matter, but sometimes a printer mensional array W$, which is two words
data into the expansion memory and ac or disk drive needs a couple of seconds to wide and NW words deep. The dimensions
cess the information there almost instant reset. of the array are set in line 10, via the DIM
ly, at speeds much faster than a disk drive. In other words, experiment with dif statement. The word pairs are numbered
If you're curious about how you would ac ferent configurations to discover which from 1 to NW, with the English word list
cess the memory from BASIC, look up the piece of equipment is the culprit. ed under entry number 0 and the Italian
BASIC keywords FETCH, STASH, and But with your setup, the error might word as entry number 1. To find a transla
SWAP in the 128 System Guide. You have another cause. VIC-20s have been tion of an English word, the program
should also be able to PEEK and POKE known to act erratically when used with searches through the 0 side of the list until
there, if you use the proper BANK com both a Datassette and a printer. A tape it finds a match. Since the words are
mand first. SAVE or LOAD may leave the VIC in a stored as pairs, the equivalent Italian
It's hard to predict what software state where it's unable to open a channel word is right there, on side one of the list.
publishers might do, but you can probably to the printer. To find out if this is the To translate the other way, the computer
expect some software that allows you to problem, try saving to or loading from searches through side one of the list and
use the extra memory. A workspace of tape and then printing something. Next, then prints the English word it finds on
512K would be especially helpful In data- unplug the Datassette, reset your system the other half of the list.
intensive business programs or adventure by turning the computer and printer off
games that need a lot of memory for text and back on, and try printing something
and maps. without previous tape access. If the print Problems With Screen Dumps
Higher resolution than 320 X 200 er seems to work in this situation, but not I typed in "Hi-Res Screen Dump" from
for the 40-column screen is unlikely, be when you've loaded or saved, you've the October 1984 issue. It works, but 1
cause it would require additional hard probably discovered the problem, hi the have two problems.
ware and a revised operating system, future, you can avoid the printer lockup When I print a hi-res screen on my

12 COMPUTE!:: Gazetla April 1986


Everything you need for successful,

entertaining, ana challenging
programming on your Amiga, Atari
SI or Commodore 128 computer.

Each book Is carefully written in

COMPUTEVs lively, understandable
style to help even beginning
programmers learn the ins and outs
of their personal computers.
COMPUTERS ST Programmer's Guide
Editors of COMPUTE!
Complete and comprehensive, yet easy to understand,
COMPUTEf's ST Programmer's Guide is a must-buy for any
Atari ST owner. Trie technical staff of COMPUTE! Publications has
put together a reference guide to programming that takes trie
COMPUTED 128 Programmer's Guide
reader through every aspect ol this newest Atari personal
ISBN 0-87455-O31-9
Editors of COMPUTE! 464 pages computer. Logo and BASIC, the two programming languages now
available for the machine, are explored in detait. From
Written and compiled by the most technically proficient authors in programming concepts to writing programs, the scores of ready-to-
consumer computing today, the technical staff of COMPUTE! type-in examples show just what can be done, and how to do it.
Publications, this guide to the powerful Commodore 128 computer Advanced features of this new-generation computer, such as GEM
contains a wealth of information for every programmer. Explore
and TOS, the ST's user interlace and operating system, are
BASIC 7.0 through countless hands-on examples and sample
illustrated as readers write their own applications. Valuable
programs. Learn how to create dazzling graphics and sophisticated appendices provide information programmers need, including GEM
sounds in both BASIC and machine language. See how to program VDI opcodes and a list of ST resources.
peripherals, such as disk drives, printers, and modems. Enter the
world oJ CP/M, just one of the three modes of the 128, There are
even chapters introducing you to machine language programming
and the computer's method of managing memory. COMPUTE/'s COMPUTERS Amiga Programmer's Guide
128 Programmer's Guide includes numerous appendices covering 0-87455-028-9
everything from error messages to memory maps, Edited
$16.95 Covering AmigaDOS, BASIC, Intuition, C, machine language, and
the other important programming tools which accompany the new
Amiga, COMPUTE'S Amiga Programmer's Guide is a clear and
thorough guide to the inner workings of this fascinating, new-
Look for these new books at a generation computer. The great speed of its 68000 microprocessor,
coupled with the versatility of the Amiga-specific graphics and
bookstore or a computer store near you. sound chips, makes the Amiga one of the most powerful
Or order directly from COMPUTE! Books. computers available today.
Call toll-free 1-800-346-6767. In NY call

COMPUTE! Publicationsjnc.*!
COMPUTE! books are available in the U.K.. Europe, the Middle East, and
Africa from Holt Saunders, Ltd.. 1 St. Anne's Road. Eastbourne, East
One <J n>e ABC PutStUMng Comoonet
Sussex BN21 3UN, England.
Melodian will teach you to play, compose,

IT" '"- " load


keyboard on
pr.T>e jiiisr

_-—, jt>*

A True Breakthrough In Music Education Score Master enables you lo print out your music in slandard music
Al last, a program lhal makes it not only easy buf fun to learn music. nolalion for olher musicians to play, or for yourself.
The Melodian keyboard and software were designed by Harry Mendell
who designs custom synthesizer electronics and software foi professional
musicians such as Sttvi* Wonder and Eric Himy. an award winning New York Times Says . . .
concert pianist. The Melodian boasts many of the professional features
Erik Sandberji-Diment of the New York Times states "really useful and
found only on more expensive equipment. These fealures include
instructive item . Tanya, our 10 year old beginner quickly caught the
mullitrack recording. Ihe ability lo creale cuslom mslrumenl sounds and
spirit of matching Ihe dance of her fingers lo Ihe measured metronome."
most importanlly. ease of use.
"One piece of educalional software thai, unlike most of its kinfolk. ac
Starl your lesson with RhythmMaster Software. Wilh its buill-in tually delivers. These soflw a re-hardware combinalions offer a lot of enter-
metronome. RhythmMasler will display Ihe treble and bass musical staffs tainmenl to the Commodore owner,"
and a picture of a piano keyboard. RhythmMasler will then piay a measure
of music and you musl Iry to play Ihe same measure back on Ihe Melo RUN Magazine Says . . .
dian keyboard. You're not familiar with Ihe keyboard or can't read music? Tom Benford of RUN notes "Whenever a selection of products of Ihe
No problem. RhylhmMasler displays Ihe noles you are to play on Ihe same genre is available, one among the bunch rises head and shoulders
musical staff and on Ihe keyboard pictured on Ihe monitor. If you strike above the rest Such is Ihe case with Meiodian ConcerlMasler keyboard
the wrong key Ihe nole on Ihe musical slaff tums red and shows you and software The combined features of RhythmMasler and ConcertMasler
which key you played wrong, making it ever so easy to correct what give you a complele music tutorial."
you played
If you should hold a key too long a turtle runs across the screen. Inverse AHOY! Magazine Says . . .
ly if you should release a key loo quickly a rabbit scurries by. If you don't
Peggy Herrjngton of AHOY! said "The syslem is so easy lo use that I
play it correclly RhylhmMasler knows it and repeals the measure for you
didn't need Ihe documenlation". "It's fun, challenging, and educational,
to play
and for playabihly and ease of use il is nothing shorl of spectacular."
Concert Mu.ttc r leaches you how lo play js pre-recorded songs from
Bach lo Rock. With ConcertMaster you can analyze music note by note,
instrument by instrument and learn how a music composition is pul
Satisfaction Guaranteed When You Buy Direct
togelher Then you can compose your own music and record it right on
to your floppy disks. By selling direclly lo you. we are able lo give you the Melodian Keyboard
There are nineleen different instrument sounds lo choose from in over and Software al far lower prices lhan ever offered before. You take no
a seven octave range giving you a wide choice of instruments to suil risk. If the Mdodiun keyboard or any of the programs
your musical laste and expression. You can also creale your own mslru don't picas* you, for any reason whatsoever, send it
menl sounds. back within no days for a full refund!
and record music in just one evening!!
Software cm-oi
ConceriMasler teaches how a composition is put together, note by
note, instrument by instrument You learn to play js pre-recorded
songs from Bach to Rock Then you can compose your own songs
and record them right onto your floppy disk.
ConcertMaster Teaches:
Scales, Bass lines, Familiar Beginner Songs such as "Jingle Bells",
Easy classical songs such as "Bach Minuet" and Ravels "Bolero",
Advanced classics like "A Midsummer's [Sight Dream" by
Mendelssohn. Popular hits such as "Thriller".
Instruments Sounds
Organ. Trumpet, Flute, Clarinet, Piano. Harpsicord, Violin, Cello.
Bass, Banio. Mandolin, Calliope. Concertina, Bagpipe. Synthesizer 1,
Rhythm Master Synthesizer 2, Clavier 1, Clavier 2s. which can be played over a
Software rm-oi $29-95 ^octave range. Programmable sounds as well.
?hylhmMaster leaches a beginner how to read music and play it cor- Recording Functions:
eclly and in rhythm on the musical keyboard. Three track sequencer (recorder) with overdubbing and mullitimbral
(differenl instrument sounds at Ihe same time) effects
^hylhmMaster will have you reading and playing musical notes in
Tiinutes with fun and excitement. Each track can be set to one of seven different functions.
• Monitor) Lets you use a track to play music live, without recor
Rhythm Master Features:
ding it.
Frumpel. organ, violin, and synthesizer instrument sounds. Built in
• Record: Records a track as you play.
■netronome. Pause/Play control. Set-up menu for customizing
• Playback: Lets you hear whatever has been recorded or load
ed into Ihe track. You may playback one track while recording
Rhythm Master Teaches: another to build layers of instruments.
Ho* to read notes on the treble and bass musical staffs,the names of • Mnt.:: Turns a track off This is useful when you want to listen
he noles. where Ihe notes are on the keyboard how to play whole to or record one or two tracks at a time.
loles. half notes, quarter noles. eighth notes and sixteenth noles in • Savci Stores a track lo the disk.
:ombinalions, in both 3/4 and */* time. How to play in different • Loadi Loads a track from the disk.
• Protect: Write protects a track.
RhythmMaster Requires: Create New Instrument
\ Commodore 64- or Commodore 12a with disk drive. Melodian
Musical Keyboard kb-oi is required to study the reading and playing
Choose from pulse, sawlooth. triangle and noise sound sources. Con
if musical notes
trol Ihe sound envelope with attack, decay, sustain, and release
times. Ring Modulation and Syncronizalion effects Sel Low pass,
band pass, and high pass filler frequencies.
Melodian Musical
ConcertMaster Requires:
Keyboard *99-95
lo Keys (A-C) in professional gauge spring loaded to give Ihe feel and
A Commodore 64 or Commodore 12a with disk drive. Melodian
Musical Keyboard kb-oi is required to study the reading and playing
esoanse of a real keyboard instrument Polyphonic. of musical noles.
Registers (with ConcertMaster)
Drgan, Trumpet. Flule, Clarinel, Piano. Harpsicord. Violin, Cello, Melodian ScoreMaster *^_ -*—
lass, Banjo. Mandolin, Calliope, Concertino, Bagpipe. Synthesizer 1,
tynthesizer 2. Clavier 1. Clavier 2. which can be played over a X
■m-01 $29*95
iclave range. Programmable sounds as well.
With the ScoreMaster program your music can be printed out in
music notation, which other musicians can read and play. Any music
Recording (with ConcertMaster)
fhree track sequencer (recorder) with overdubbing and multilimbral recorded with Ihe ConcertMaster program can be printed by
different instrument sounds at the same time) effects. ScoreMaster.

Interface ScoreMaster Requires:

iuilt in interface for Commodore 64-. Commodore 128. plugs right in A Commodore 64- or Commodore 128 with disk drive and printer
0 joyslick port no. 2 and user port. compatible with Ihe Commodore graphics mode such as the Com
Power Supply modore MPS 803, 1515, and 1525.
'o«ered direct by Ihe computer, no batteries and cords required. Melodian ConcertMaster program
able Model in while high-impact material, with carrying handle, pro- ACCESSORIES
Headphones $12.95
sclive key cover, and built in music stand. Size 29 -1/5 X 9-9/16 X
,-11/16, weighs 9 pounds. Stereo Cables $ 9.95
Demonstration Disk $ 9.95
Programmer's Tool Kit RECORDINGS
pt-01 $29-95 Christmas Carols . $12.95
2onlains programs, and BASIC source listings for reading Ihe Melo- Tchaikowsky Nutcracker... $12.95
fian Musical Keyboard, and for reading and creating music files for Bach's Hits . $12.95
ConcertMaster Classical Favorites $12.95


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MPS-803,1 get the inverse of what is on Reading The Directory KE 10 POKE 2604,30
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1 am writing a BASIC program that
from commercial software. When I try reads the disk directory. I'm interested
RX 30 FOR A=53248 TO 55295:BAN

to add the screen dump, the commercial K 14:B=PEEK(A):BANK 0!PO

in how you would assign the filenames
program locks up.
and lengths to variables. PH 40 FORA=14336 TO 14343:READ
Zack Stonich Lorene Heffernan B:POKEA,B:NEXT
The individual dots on a hi-res screen are QQ 50 DATA 98,146,130,130,144,
The following program reads the disk's di 98,a,a
called pixels, each of which can be either rectory and displays it on the screen:
on or off. The color of each 8 pixel by 8 Location 2604 is equivalent to 53272
pixel section of the screen depends on Ihe FC 10 OPEN 2,8,0,"S" on the Commodore 64. It controls the text
corresponding value in color memory. SK 20 GET#2,AS:GET#2,AS
character dot-database address and the
Within a standard hi-res screen dis video matrix base address. Bits 1-3 con
play there are two colors available, the DO 40 GET#2,LBS:GET#2,!1BS:1,N=A trol where the character set is found. For
foreground color for the pixels that are this example we'll put the character set
turned on, and the background color for beginning at location 14336. Because this
turned-off pixels. Say you set ihe fore HX 50 PRINT LN; is in the section of memory normally used
ground to red, the background to white, SD 60 GET#2,A5: for BASIC programs, it is prudent to pro
and then draw a triangle on the hi-res tect memory by entering GRAPHIC1
screen. A red triangle would be displayed -.GRAPHICO before running the program.
on a white background. Switch the col The directory file, under the name Bit 2 of location 217 controls whether
ors—foreground lo white, background lo "$", can be read like any other file on the character data is read from ROM or RAM.
red—and the result is a white triangle on disk. Since it is a program file it should be Normally this bit is set to 0, which means
a red screen. Either way, the triangle is opened with a secondary address of 0 (line all character data is read from ROM. In
displayed in the foreground color. 10), The first two bytes of a program file order to create a custom character set this
In a hi-res screen dump to a black are the low and high byte of the start ad bit must be set to I by POKEing location
and white printer, you would want the dress; these are unnecessary for our pur 217 with 4.
dark screen colors to be printed and light poses, so they're read and ignored in line It's not necessary to disable the key-
colors not pritited. But most hi-res screen 20. scan interrupt; the BANK command al
dumps read the screen to determine where Every line of a BASIC program is lows you lo access other portions of
individual pixels are on or off. Regardless made up of four parts: the line links, the memory. Line 30 is used to copy the char
of whether the screen displays a red trian line number, the body of the line and an acter set down from location 53248 in
gle on white or a white triangle on red, the ending zero. In line 30 the line links are BANK 14 to location 14336 in BANK 0.
image sent to the printer is a black trian read in and the reserved variable ST is
gle on white paper. If the foreground color A much faster method to copy the
checked. If the end of file has been
is lighter than the background, the printed normal character set to location 14336, es
reached, the file is closed and the program
picture will appear to be reversed. pecially if you own a 1571, is to use
ends, To use this routine in your own pro
Here's a suggestion that might help. BSAVE and BLOAD. First, save the char
grams, replace the END command in line
If the hi-res screen is located at acter set with BSAVE"CHAR-
30 with a GOTO (or a RETURN if you're
8192-16191, add this line to your ROM",BU, P53248 TO P55295. Then,
using it as a subroutine).
to load the characters into 14336, put
program: Line 40 reads the low and high bytes
of the line numbers, then calculates the
FOR J = S192 TO 16191: POKEJ Line 40 reads in the data from line 50
,255 -FEEKQ): NEXT
value and prints it on the screen in line
and POKEs it into the area reserved for
50, It's really the number of disk blocks
The screen image will be reversed, the definition of the @ symbol.
used, not a line number. But remember
because all the on pixels are turned off and that the directory is treated as a program
vice versa, but the screen dump will print file, so the blocks used are treated as line
correctly. numbers of a BASIC program. Splat Files
There's no easy answer to the second The rest of the line is read, character In the directory of a certain disk ate two
question. You probably won't be able to by character, until the end of the line (0> is files that have an asterisk next to the file
print screens from commercial games. Al found. Once the end of the line is reached, type (PRG or SEQ). I can't seem to load
most no games allow you to stop the pro the program prints a carriage return, to either of these programs. Why is this?
gram, load another program, and then separate the lines, then goes back to line Tracy Austin
resume play. Even if you could, there 30 and repeats the process. To assign the
would always be the potential for a memo filenames to variables, concatenate the If they're sequential files, it means you did
ry conflict. If the commercial program and characters into a string after the not properly CLOSE the file. If they're
the screen dump program both tried to use GET#2,A$ in line 60. program files, they weren't completely
the same area of memory, one or the other saved; perhaps you removed the disk from
wouldn't work correctly. What you would the drive before the disk drive finished
need is a completely transparent screen Custom Characters For The 128 writing the file. These files marked by an
dump program. I have been able to redefine characters asterisk were once called "poison files."
If you're using a graphics program, on my Commodore 64 but have not yet Newer versions of the disk drive manuals
you may be able to save the hi-res picture been able to do so on the 128. I'd like to now refer to them as "splat files."
to disk. If the documentation includes know the equivalent addresses (such as
At least part of the file is gone and
information on how to load the hi-res cannot be recovered. Whatever was in the
5372, 12288, and the keyscan interrupt)
screen back into memory (for use in your for 128 mode. buffer at the time the save/write opera
own programs), you could folloiv the in tion was terminated was not written to
James Gowell
structions there. Once the hi-res screen disk. The best thing to do with a splat file
has been restored, you should be able to The folloti'ing program redefines the @ is to remove it from the disk because it can
use the screen dump program. symbol into a "C!" character. The pro interfere with other files on that disk.
gram takes about 15 seconds to execute. Don't scratch a splat file; use the

16 COMPUTE! J Gazette Aprt 1986


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validate command instead: means page 30, which translates to beginning of screen memory. If you wanted
30*256, or memory location 7680. If you to move the screen to 2048, you would
OPEN 15,8,15, "VO"
POKE 648 with a 28, the screen is moved to have to divide by 1024 to find that it's
It will take some time, depending or 7168 128*256), as you've noted. So if you screen number 2. Multiply that number by
how many files there are and how full till PRINT, or LIST, or even just press keys, 16 to get 32. Then enter this line: POKE
disk is. When the red light of the 1541 ithe BASIC stores the appropriate screen codes 53272, 32OR(PEEK(53272)AND15).
green light on a I57IJ goes out, enter to the new screen at 7168-7673. To fix the line links, you could clear
CLOSE 15. 128 owners can validate a But even though BASIC thinks the the screen after entering the POKEs to 648
disk with the COLLECT command. What screen is at 7168, the VIC chip which is re and 53272. Or, take the number POKEd
this does is clean up the block allocation sponsible for actually displaying the screen into 648 and add 128 to it. POKE this num
map (BAM), which keeps track of which is still looking for the screen at 7680. You ber into locations 217-223 (for example,
sectors are used by various files. have to POKE 36866,22 to switch to the POKE 648,8 puts the screen at 2048, so you
Before validating the disk, you may lira1 area (see the VIC Programmer's Ref would POKE locations 117-223 with 136).
be able to recover part of a splat sequential erence Guide for more about how loca Add one (136+1 is 137) and POKE that
file with OPEN 1,8,2,"filename, S,M." tions 36866 and 36869 determine where number to 224-229. Add one again (138)
You can then read the file into memory, the VIC chip sees the screen). Also, when and POKE it into 230-236. Add one more
switch disks, and unite to another disk. you change the screen on the VIC, color (139) and POKE it to 237-242.
Make sure the backup disk is clean and memory moves to the alternate area, so you The 128 is very similar to the 64, but
contains no splat files. have two screens and two areas for color again the POKEs are different. The regular
memory. screen of both is found at 1024. But on the
Those too POKEs enable the alter 128, the next available section of memory
Alternate Screens For VIC, 64, And nate screen. But if you want to use the new begins at page 32 (location 8192, part of the
128 screen in a program, you should also adjust area used by BASIC). To move the start of
I believe I have discovered a way to the line link table. When you enter a line BASIC up, enter GRAPH1C1 :GRAPHIC0.
move the screen of the VIC-20 around that occupies more than one screen line, or The equivalent of the 64's location
in memory. I first protect the top 512 PRINT a line that overflows to the next 648 is 2619, and the equivalent of 53272 is
bytes of memory with POKE 56,28. line, the two physical screen lines are said 1604. The formulas to change screens are
Next, POKE 648,28. This moves the to be "linked." The line link table at loca the same; to move the 128's screen to
start of the screen from 7680 to 7168, tions 217-240 keeps track of which lines 8192, you would enter this line:
although you can't see what you type. are linked. GRAPHIC1: GRAPHICO: POKE2619,
If 1 blindly type 648,30, the regular So, after protecting memory with (8192/256J; POKE 2604, (PEEK(2604)
screen comes back, and PEEKs to POKE 56,28, you can enable the alternate AND15)OR((8I92/1024)'16)
7168-7673 show the screen codes of screen on an unexpanded VIC with the fol
Note that it's not necessary to adjust
the characters 1 typed. In theory, you lowing line (type it in as a single line):
the line link table on the 128.
could have two (or more) screens by POKE648,28:POKE36866,22:FORJ = 217TO
toggling back and forth with POKEs to 228:POKEJ,156:l)OKEJ-i-12,157:NEXT
648. How would you send the other Dice And Coins In Machine
The POKEs above put the new screen
screens to the TV screen? Can it be done
at 7168. To go back to 7680, use this line: Language
in BASIC, or do you need machine lan
POKE64B,30:POKE36866,150:FORJ = 217TO How do you create random numbers in
guage? This could be a valuable aid to
228:POKEJ,158:POKEJ +12,159: NEXT machine language?
Steven Swartzlander
David Owens The principles are the same for the 64,
but some of the memory locations are dif One method for finding a random number
Your discovery is not brand new, but
ferent. Within the 64K of memory, there are would be to call the BASIC RND routine
you're correct in saying that it can be very
four video banks of 16K each. Assuming
useful. Over four years ago, one of our and then read the registers at 139-143 (on
you stick with the default value (bank zero), the VIC and 64). There are two problems
magazines published an article by Jim But-
you're limited to putting the alternate with this approach. First, ROM calls can
terfield about alternate screens on the VIC.
screen into locations 0-16383. A screen disrupt the current values in the A, X, and
It was subsequently republished in COM-
needs 1000 contiguous bytes of memory
PUTE!'s First Book of VIC, which is still Y registers, so you would have to save
and must start on an even IK boundary. their current values before going to the
in print if you'd like to read more about al
Available locations are 1024, 2048, 3072, ROM routine. Second, the RND function
ternate screens.
and so on. Because BASIC programs start
The technique of switching between returns floating point values in the range
at 2048, it's essential that you move the O-.99999999 and such numbers follow
screens is often called "page flipping,"and
start of BASIC up. You could move it to
it's a popular animation method on both definite patterns.
16384 by entering POKE 642, The best way to generate random
the Atari and Apple eight bit computers.
64:SYS58260. numbers, at least on the 64 and 128, is to
The basic idea is that you draw a picture on
Location 648 performs the same func use the SID chip. Store an SFF into SD40F
the hidden screen and then do a POKE or
tion on both the VIC and 64. It's the start (to set the frequency of voice three to a
two to instantly change the display. Then
ing page of screen memory, so to put an very high value), store an S80 into SD418
draw the next frame on the other screen
alternate screen at 2048 on the 64, you (to turn off voice three), and then put an
(previously visible, but now hidden) and so
would POKE 648,8, because 8-256 is 2048. $81 into SD412 (to turn on the noise
on, flipping back and forth between
For other alternate screens, divide the waveform). Then, any time you need a
starting address of the screen by 256 to find random number, read the SID register
Machine language is not necessary;
the page number. $D41B, which is the output of the third
you can do it all in BASIC. There arc three
areas you need to POKE to get to an alter You also have to tell the VIC-Il chip voice. Noise at a high frequency changes
nate screen on the VIC. You've discovered where the screen starts with a POKE to very quickly, and you'll fitid that you re
one of them, location 648, which the oper 53272. Bits 0-3 point to the current ad ceive numbers from 0 to 255 in a very ran
ating system uses to keep track of where dress of the character set, so they must re dom pattern. You can then use ANDs or
the screen starts. On an unexpended VIC, main the same (unless you've created a CMPs to change the values to the appro
if you PEEK 648, you'll see a 30. This custom character set). Bits 4-7 point to the priate size, O

20 COMPUTERS Gazette April 1986


PATTERN t' I:, h iv (■ r mo 11 frJiors and splice ti i e
mslnbraco and pass the grog, me Tht Warning
Ail you need ■■, thore to tato hearties. Here be Itie greatest piiale Thy path a long so Head win rjrn
11 i'i ■ irii- weapons, man la make The beautiful Princess Koong-Shee ad\ eniuro of tnom nil, aboard that r I. ■-■..!■■ the wulf and pass his lair
A journey on if you would daw Is being forced to ninny a merchant. scourge of the Seven Seas -1 he Danger threaten] all around
To tirvj [he devil in his law Ta Jm against her will. She really dreaded Black Galleon. Feast yei So lake ye from this hidden mound
The long dark palace, seek you will loves a clerk. Cnang, who's only eyes on the BOOTY-ful lieasure To tree ihee Irom this sunken gate
The rj-ms your pockets will not fill hope Is lo force his way lo the stored In SO holds. There be pirates, By way of cave or meet thy tats
Tho' energy they'll make you last Mandarin's palace against lemble parrots end fun galore. II you don't An amulet lo seek thy will
And gargoyles Ihen you wi I get past odds and help her to escape. Now Hke it. matey, we'll hang you by ttie "Twas spW by quad and hidden still
Up and up. the journey's slow highest ymJ-mnHI Pass the keeper wrought with hate
So down is first the way to go. To gain an entrance in the gale
Tho pieces lost must thoo amass
Ttie old Iraveflen' words si* mnnmg For if no charm then none Shan pass
In my head.

rnvMstu|,nii(in', hsvs traced Iho Giaclings Cylu. Warrior King, lo the
source ol erratic radio signals to a landofEvol.Ojrpeopfeneedaneiv
giant alien vessel, orbiting tfle Earth leader to make us great again. He
high in the eiosphero Thai the cratt must be agile, and show that he is
iB hostile, there is no doubt;
wise and strong, and so we have
somebody will have logo aboard and
devised a test II you pass, you will
Bnd out how to efcnhM the threat.
prove that you are worthy, llyou rail...

■ the music system mvu«edi*isic system u?e tr*m marks of pbebho ucensees
The Winter
Higher than expected
sales of both the
Commodore 64 and 12S onsumer
computers in late 1985
gave particular signi
ficance to the list of
new Commodore pro

ducts introduced at
this year's Winter Con
sumer Electronics Show.
As you'll see in this
CES report, the 128 is
a genuine "baby
boomer/' and there's
plenty of life left in
the 64.

Lance Elko, Editor

Despite the conspicuous puter, which was announced at last Amiga computer dealers already in
and surprising absence of winter's CES and has lately been place and did not have ready the ar
Commodore, the 1986 selling very well. Audio and video ray of new products that it will an
Winter Consumer Elec consumer products—VCRs, com nounce in June (at the Summer
tronics Show (CES) was not a dis pact disc players, video cameras, CES) for the Christmas '86 selling
appointment. CES, held twice a satellite dish systems, and so on— season. However, another reason
year—January in Las Vegas, and were there in force, often generat for Commodore's absence may be
June in Chicago—is the largest ing excitement reminiscent of the related to budget. It's certainly no
trade show in the U.S., and this home computer displays at past secret that Commodore struggled in
year's winter event attracted well shows. 1985. Throughout the year rumors
over 100,000 people, one of the Although Commodore had no circulated of impending bank loan
highest attendance figures ever. official presence at CES (for the first restructurings (and by late 1985,
In contrast to shows of recent time since it began manufacturing Commodore was technically in de
years, however, home computers computers), several key company fault on some bank loans). These
had a significantly smaller presence representatives were on hand to rumors were fueled by reported
among the hundreds of consumer talk to the computer press and to losses, the most sizable of which
electronics displays. Atari was the scout the show. When asked about was in the fourth fiscal quarter
only major computer manufacturer Commodore's absence, one official (ending June 30). Although Com
there—showcasing its 520 ST com- noted that Commodore had its modore had expected to report a

22 COMPUTE! s Gazette April 19B6



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APPLE anil COMMUDOHEW are trademark or Apple Computer. Inc. ami CurnrmUoreElrelronics. Ltd.. respectively. OIBBStiyStrategu Simulations. Inc. Ail ngMs reserved.
RINGS OF ZILFIN Includes graphics routines from Penguin Software's Graphics Magician?
New toll free number:
1-800-541 -1541
One of the easiest-to-use, most powerful disk
backup program ever written for the 64. Working with
the 1541 or the 1571 KEYMASTER is like getting two
copy programs for the price of one. Us main feature
comes with 50 keys that unlocks protected disks by
ELIMINATING the protection scheme originally written
on the disk.
Once one of the KEYMASTER'S KEYS has unlocked a
disk, the program can generally be FILE COPIED onto
another disk (also making the program compatible with
non-1541 drives.)
In addition to the UNLOCKING KIT it contains a
powerlul yet easy to use general purpose copier for the
programs not listed as a key.
With One 1541:
• FAST FILE COPIER - up to 5 times faster!
• FAST full protected-disk GCR nibble copier works
in oniy 75 seconds!
• FAST full unprotected - disk copier.
• FAST 10 second disk formatter.
With Two 1541:
• FAST file copier - up to 6 times taster!
• FAST full protected - disk GCR nibble copier works
in only 37 seconds!
• FAST lull unprotected - disk copier.
•• 50 KEYS for popular programs will be provided on the
first KEYMASTER disk. Frequent updates of 25 to 50
additional KEYS will be available periodically. (No
original disk return required for updates!]
$29.95 for KEYMASTER
$1000 {or update disks
KEYMASTER created by Jim Drew

New toll free number:



i rXIWAl [of^iACinfla/sosrni ROM chic toi your Comrnonora CJ Or 128 computer
lunOor. hpgtvspettr vesify. diih Owe no-heaa-iaitto rooline (154
ri'.^a^raptoei] til." Dataseite tape rc
y bo 'oadtd ard mn by (reswng only iwn vb»:
■ :---■,■■' ■. -.iiMiv uidmvim it.« rrc r«'oi «ur
- ■ . .■t*'$yoif. ■ ' ■■iWI.
VVHr^tfcf *-^j >«.ian?w<f W * v '". -' ' ■'-*-: [ ■'tCTt.v <»i Oib c
ft i ioc>iff r.■ . ■ i:,rii','..r'.: ">irvr'.-'!r'nii«eiiiVineA5^,Dinotta^tn
J " J» k.» rl .^L.H j

jivu I'Dur :-jj i Oi^i* du.p 'ii>71 ^[XlW■'

n-liclil roWWlt (BAMFS7AR1

3Ck lu



.mi' |)M U!iO OrlVBtMnnlC

I.I.I ''iif IM1 driwJNDisni!



MAGNUM LOAD cuilid by Jim Drnw

CH. Zlli i!i41. lin : .nxl U.iro-iolie W Cfniimmttrt. MSOTU Mltio

.MICH-. F-fiSl '.'WOrMEPYJ.STAaMSTMSlJFtiolill
Shadow is a new and revolutionary piece of Shadow a disk while it loads, then read an Highly sophisticated and integrated piece of
hardware that is used to duplicate even the exact Us) of: hardware that turns you 1541 into something
mas! protected software. Fitting Inside the Track, sector, ID, check sum, drive status you've always wanted.
dish drive {no soldering required), SHADOW High and low track limits Track and sector display
takes complete control of all functions giving Density use on each track Drive reset switch
near 100% copies. Halt tracks that are used Device number change
Command recorder shows commands that • Hall track Indicator
Being the best utility available today, it will were sent to 1541 whllo program was • Abnormal bit density Indicator
even copy Ihe other copy programs, loading ■ Shadow on-off indicator
■ RAM recorder records custom DOS The Shadow display will give you an ace
Because of the Shadow's unique abilities, we Shadow-scan any disk, then read exact list of: display of precisely what track you are
(eal DOS protection is a thing of the past. • Valid tracks, halftracks, partial tracks and accessing during a normal load even if the
segments program does a read past track 35.
• Sync mark link, header block links and 'Requires Shadow
data block links
• Tracktotracksynchronizatlon
Exclusive snap shot recorder will give you an
exact copy of the 1541 HAM and can bB
viewed, saved or printed. Plus many more
features included.
■Requires Shadow —.

Order by phone 24 hia.17 days or send cashier's

check/money order payable to Meg b a of1. Visa,

MasterCard include card number and expiration
P.O. llox 1080 • Battle Ground, Washington 9B604 date. Add 13.50 shipping/handling (or
1-800-541-1541 continental U.S., 15.50 lor UPS air. CODs add
$7.50, Canada add 110.00. Other foreign orders
Canadian/Foreign Orders Call add S15.00 and remit certlliad U.S. lunds only.
\J LTD (206) 687-5205 Distributors invited and supported.
profitable second quarter (the last forms the 64 user interface into an manual will be available this spring.
three months of 1985), company of icon-based Macintosh-like environ Another newcomer to the
ficials announced following CES ment (although it's not at all a Mac home software market is Accolade.
that the shut-down of their Costa intosh clone). GEOS is fast and Established by two Activision co-
Mesa semiconductor facility had extremely powerful. Access to the founders only a year ago, Accolade
created a loss for that period. 1541 disk drive is intensive, but so introduced a number of high-quality,
Another key element in the fast and transparent that you'll reasonably priced entertainment
1985 Commodore financial picture probably think you also have a new packages in 1985 (including Hard-
was the expense of launching two disk drive. (Data transfer rates are Ball, Law of the West, Fight Night,
new machines, the Amiga and the five to seven times faster.) Included and Dam Busters).
128. Despite a tough year, how with GEOS are two integrated ap
ever, the 1985 total sales figures, plications: geoWrite and geoPaint.
according to Commodore, paint a With geoWrite, a word processor,
bright picture: approximately one you can create documents on screen
million 64s, almost 500,000 128s, in the exact format of how the
and about 20,000 Amigas sold. The printed version will appear. A vari
128's sales totals surprised every ety of character fonts are included.
one, including Commodore, as did The geoPaint graphics editor has
the continuing resurgence of the 64. screens and cut-and-paste abilities
The latter, Commodore's venerable similar in operation to MacPaint on
bread-and-butter machine, was the Macintosh.
thought dead in terms'of new sales,
but was resurrected in the produc
tion lines several times during the Psi-5 Trading Co., a new entertainment
course of the year, even as late as ^WSi* iX'Smw l;*! '-"'■V'!1 !•■' W package from Accolade, has excellent
December. As one Commodore of graphics and playability.
ficial described it, the 64 is "the
Lazarus machine." At CES, Accolade announced
Like Commodore, many major Psi-5 Trading Co., an innovative en
software companies, once prolific tertainment package for the Com
with titles and highly visible at modore 64. Psi-5 is a futuristic
CES, were absent. Others were
■s>n adventure in which you, the cap
there, but with fewer packages than tain of a space freighter (the Psi-5
in recent years. What's apparent is Trading Company) must select five
that software publishers have be GEOS from Berkeley Software gives'the
crew members from 30 resumes of
come more selective in their offer 64 a brand new operating system.
applicants. Each character has spe
ings: Competition is stiffer, cial skills and a unique personality.
consumers are more selective, and With a new and faster disk op The ship's mission is to travel to a
general consumer demand is down. erating system, quicker manipula distant frontier colony and rescue
Although this might not bode well tion of large files is possible. With the inhabitants from alien invaders.
for the industry, the choices among geoWrite and geoPaint, for example, Success in the game depends on
higher quality products do benefit you can store and display 8V2 X 11 your relationship with the crew,
the consumer. A common com inch documents in 80-dots-per- and how quick and how well you
plaint of the past few years—trying inch resolution (a single page in learn the nuances of their personal
to select from hundreds, even thou- geoPaint can be as large as 70K). ities. You'll need to understand
sands, of titles—seems sure to The new DOS allows for fast con each crew member to predict his or
subside. trol of files even at this size. her performances in various situa
Like the Mac, GEOS allows you tions. As with earlier Accolade of
While many of the tradition to view, load, copy, and delete files ferings, graphics are excellent. The
al—if that term applies at all by moving a pointer icon, input is game is light and humorous at
in this industry—software houses with a joystick or mouse. Several times, intense and dramatic at oth
are still solid and producing quality additional products that support ers. It's available for $29.95.
packages, there are a few newcom GEOS are in the works. Berkeley Cardco, a veteran in the home
ers that will draw a lot of attention has designed GEOS to be an open- computer market, introduced a
in 1986. ended system; the technical specifi number of innovative products.
One of the most impressive cations are available to software StealthTec, the name given to a
new software items announced at and hardware developers. This "new program-interrupt technol
CES was from a new company. means that we could see various ogy," is a line of transparent
GEOS {Graphic Environment Oper- support products at a later date. cartridge-based utilities for the
ating System) from Berkeley Commodore is also working with Commodore 64 and 128. The first
Softworks (Berkeley, CA) is a soft Berkeley to build third-party soft two products in this line were intro
ware-based operating system that ware support for the system. GEOS duced at CES. Freeze Frame is a
will give 64 owners the opportunity is available and sells for $59.95. A screen dump utility that, when sig
to own a second computer. It trans- GEOS programmer's reference naled by the user, sends whatever
26 COMPUTE! 's Gazette April 19B6
You could be one.
Play Elite-it's totally stunning.
Elite is Britain's 1985 Adventure Game
of the Year, an interstellar mind-game with
incredible 3D Vector-Graphic space (light
Take command of your Cobra MK III
combat craft, trade with alien cultures on over
2000 planets in eight galaxies. Pick your
destination on the starmap, checking out the
computer's 4-wayviewscan-and you're ready
for your first jump thru hyperspace.
As a rookie you start with Harmless'
status but with the right stuff and combat skills,
you'll win ratings of Average' to 'Dangerous'-
with your ultimate objective to become one of
the Elite.
It's big, it's fast and it's here now for the
Commodore 64'M and 128!" complete with
Manual, Novel, Control Guide, Ship
Identification Chart, Keyboard Overlay and the
opportunity as the US competition winner to get
flown to London, England to try for the Elite
World Championship.
It's so addictive it's been called "the Game
of a Lifetime".
Be dangerous.



FIREBIRD HOTLINE S3: 201 934 7373

is on the screen to the printer. Side Saddle. This product, modeled dore 128 versions will follow.
Cardco says that it works with all after the popular IBM PC utility Cardco also announced three
programs, no matter what memory Sidekick, is to be released shortly models of the Cardco Hard Disk
locations they use. To access one of after negotiations are finalized con Drive for the 64 and 128. The 5-
the StealthTec utilities, just press cerning the use of the product name megabyte ($599.95), 10-megabyte
the RESTORE key. At the show, with Sidekick publisher Borland. ($899.95), and the 20-megabyte
there was no software incompatible Like its possible namesake, this ($1,299.95) models will offer vastly
with the product. StealthTec sup product offers instant access to a improved speed and memory ca
ports any printer which emulates calculator, appointment calendar, pacity to Commodore owners.
the Commodore 1525, or any Epson- telephone directory/dialer, memo Once a program is loaded into
or Okidata-compatible printer. writer, a screen dump utility, DOS memory, pushing one button writes
Suggested retail price is $49.95. functions, and more. Cost is $69.95. and stores that program to hard
The second StealthTec product Initially, the StealthTec programs disk. Cardco noted that a full-
announced is temporarily named will be offered for the 64. Commo- function spreadsheet loads from
the hard disk into memory in 2.5
seconds. The Commodore 64 ver
sions are expected to ship in late
Safeguard your latest software by March, the 128 versions shortly
making a backup with after.

While Commodore 128 owners

have had the benefit of lots
of software that runs on the built-in
Version 3.3 64, there haven't been a lot of pro
grams that take advantage of 128-
specific features. The good news
from CES is that there's more avail
able and more on the way. And
most of it looks to be good.
Cardco unveiled the CP/M-
based Personal Productivity Series,
the first three products of which are
now available. Personal Accountant
is a budgeting program for small
business or household needs. It in
cludes a financial planner and re
cord book for checking and savings
THE 3 BEST COPIERS AVAILABLE accounts, expenses, and family or
ALL IN ONE SUPER PACKAGE business budgets. Personal Inven
tory records personal net worth, in
No hardware necessary, easy to use, NEWI MasterKey" system makes cluding categories for personal
DJskmaker virtually 100% effective! possessions, stocks and bonds,
cash, real estate, retirement pro
Copies new custom G.C.R. code protection, long data-block logic no-sync
grams, and other assets or liabil
data blocks, NEW wide head protection, and many other specialized
ities. Personal Time Manager is a
protection routines. Copies normal and protected disks. Includes 3
copiers - FAST copier, VARI-SECTOR copier, and AUTO-LOGIC NIBBLE!?. personal and small business ap
Actually copies a full disk in only 2 minutes. Inexpensive module releases pointment calendar which can han
keep you up-to-date. MODULES available by subscription or individually. dle up to 26 events for up to 240
people. It also flags time conflicts,
only S49.95 ToorderCAu.805-687-1541 ext 64 prioritizes, and can print out daily,
for copier system Technical line 805-682-4000 ext 99 weekly, or monthly schedules.
Each retails for $39.95.
Also available DiskMaker" ToolKit'", SUPER Disk Utility package. Ask
Access Software introduced
for SPECIAL Combo offer with DiskMaker1".
the Mach 128 cartridge, a fast-load
Older by phone 71 lin/7 dayior lend taihlen check/money Dfder ftiyable ID BASIX. Ww, MflHcrCird R
and DOS enchancement package
i. ",'.'i lor UPS Mr. COO!
for either the 1541 or 1571 disk
Inippidio' 46i'aareionijs"Jidd"M.M.'«i."K/iPaFPOseM ».SO. Canada add 110.00. otrwr (ortign drive. Program loads are up to 700
oiden add 5IS.00.ind remit MnrHtd US (undionly. No trrdtl «rd ordeo from oulilde North AnwrKa.
i;. ivr. a [),-.N,ii..!(,.■. inviicdS upponed. percent faster with the 1541, and
"burst speed" loads are possible
reset switch for warm starts and a
switch for selecting 128 or 64 mode.
3-163 StaleStreet." ■ Suite IS41A- SariM Barbara ■ CA93II Also included are short-hand DOS
commands, 40- and 80-column
Writer 64



in Michigan 1-517-22J-7667
Oultid* Michigan 1-800-245-7316
24 hou'i a day, 7 dnyj o wgbIi

a Bad Disk! Planner 64
Commencing Spread Shoot
December 1985,
Digital Solution's
software will feature
Polaroid Premium
Diskettes with the Your Commodore 128 or 6
exclusive Data Rescue™
Ifyour disk label has / You want the very best software you can find for your
'Polaroid'on it, A Commodore 128 or 64, right?
Data Rescue™
ck You want integrated software — word processing,
is available to you. :28
Should anything happen database ana spreadsheet applications — at a sensible
Spread SIk price. But, you also want top-of-t he-line features. Well,
to your diskette,
Polaroid will help our Paperback 128/64 software goes one better.
recover your data —
free of charge. or 64, you'll find all the features you
iid then some. And Paperback 128/64 is
To utilize this service, oj
toll free 1-800-241-4403 On-screen and in memory instructions will have you up
in the continental.U.S.A. and running in less than 30 minutes, even if you've never
used a computer before.
The price? It's as low as you'd expect for a line of
software called 'Paperback'. Suggested Retail Price for
the 64 Software is S39.95 (U.S!) and S49.95 (U.S.) for
the 128. Any of the 64 products may be upgraded to
their 128 version for S15.00 (U.S.) + S3.00 shipping and
handling. (Available to registered owners from Digital
Solutions Inc. only.)

Paperback Writer 128 or 64, Paperback Planner 128 or

64 and Paperback Filer 128 or 64... Solutions at
sensible prices from Digital Solutions Inc.
International & Distributor enquiries to:

errous son ware 'Digital P.O. Box 3-15, Station A

Willowdale, Ontario
that's simple to use. Canada M2N 559
1-416-2! 1-3225

Paperback Writer 128 and 64 ore now available in French.

screen dumps, and Disk Organizer, a Partner 64—is available for $49.95. features three play levels and
disk-based utility for cataloging Another new 128 product from handicapping. Club choice, dis
and organizing disk libraries. Sug Timeworks is Sylvia Porter's Person tance, wind, terrain, and other vari
gested retail price is $49.95. al Financial Planner. Previously ables make the game a challenge.

Also new from Access is The available in a 64 version, this prod Price is $39.95.
Development System, a macro uct takes advantage of the 128's 80 • Electronic Arts: Amnesia,
assembler/text editor. This utility columns, 128K memory, and nu EA's first-ever text adventure, is a
allows you to create and edit BASIC meric keypad. The price is $59.95. mystery written by Thomas M.
program or text files for use with For those 128 owners using a Disch, award winning science-
the assembler. Features include as standard monochrome or color fiction and mystery author. The sto-
signable function keys, auto line monitor, Batteries Included now ry begins with the player's
numbering, renumbering, the abili has available the C128 Mono
character waking in a strange room
ty to find or change text strings, file chrome Adaptor. This $7.98 prod in a Manhattan hotel. He has no
appending, fast forward and uct provides a readable 80-column clothes, money, or memory. As the
reverse screen scrolling, and Sprite- display on non-RGB monitors, such
adventure unfolds, it reveals a rath
master, a sprite generator/animator as the Commodore 1701 or 1702.
er complicated past life: A strange
for use in assembled programs. The woman wants to marry him, some
Development System works on the Much of the new software for one is trying to kill him, and Texas
128 in either 128 or 64 mode, as the 64 is in the entertainment wants him for murder. The goal is
well as on the 64, with the 1571 or category, although several pack to discover your player's identity
1541 disk drive. The price is $79.95. ages for music, personal productivi and solve his problems while pro
Timeworks introduced Partner ty, and education were announced. tecting him from elimination.
128, a collection of desktop organi Here's a rundown of what's new for EA's other new offering is
zational utilities on cartridge, in the 64 listed alphabetically by Lords of Conquest, a conquer-the-
cluding a calculator, memo pad, publisher.
world strategy game that can be
appointment calendar, typewriter • Access: Leader Board, The Pro compared to the popular board
(for small typing jobs like labels, Golf Simulator features impressive game Risk. There are 20 built-in
memos, and forms), address book, 3-D graphics and animation. A maps: one like Risk's, continents,
phone book, envelope addresser, highly detailed and comprehensive historical maps (like the Roman
and screen dump. Suggested retail golf simulation, Leader Board is de Empire), computer-generated ran
price is $59.95. The 64 version— signed for one to four players. It dom maps, or ones you design

COLOSSUS is the most complete

chess program available lor the
CBMtm 64/128 and APPLE™ 2 Series,
written using the very latest techniques by a
computer chess programmer of eight years
experience. It has the widest range of true
(satires available, including some never COLOSSUS CHESS IV
before implemented on any home computer CLOSES THE DOOR ON ALL THE OTHERS
chess program.

COLOSSUS has a perfect understanding

of a//the rules of chess, including under- m
promotions, the fifty move rule and all draws
by repetition. It can handle standard mates;
including the very difficult King, Bishop
and Knight versus King.

' [■■

COLOSSUS also offers the choice between

the usual two dimensional flat board display
or the new three dimensional real life board
which allied to optional joystick control makes
it clear and easy to use. It comes with a
comprehensive instruction manual and Is

easily the best chess program for casual and
serious players alike.


Another Great Simulation torn Sid Meier
Author ofF-15 Strike Eagle
Now he takes you from the cold, thin air and limitless space of F-l5 Strike Eagle down into
the dark depths of the Pacific Ocean inside an American World War II submarine for a
realistic, action-filled simulation —

Thrill to the initial sighting of the

enemy's strike force in your peri
scope as their ships come into your
range. But watch out — the enemy's
escorts have just sighted you. You're
the hunter — but suddenly — you've
become the hunted!

As Commander, you must sink their

ships and keep your submarine from
being destroyed — if you can. Will you
select a quiet patrol sector in the
Marianas Islands or choose the
dangerous waters off the coast of
Japan? is a submerged daylight
periscope attack best or do you
charge in on the surface at night
using only radar bearings Co guide
you? Do you fire a spread of your pre
cious torpedoes or can you close the
range and pick off the enemy with a
single torpedo shot? These decisions
and many more are yours to make as
you take your place among the elite
ranks of the SILENT SERVICE!

Its exciting — and it's fun. It's

another great Micro Prose simulation
— and it's called SILENT SERVICE.
Look for it now on your
dealer's shelves.

try these Other

Real Life Simulations


g p Thrflrg DaafBlcn rf aerobacc You are in ■

Silonl Service Pa available for Commodofe &4fi2&,
n n me AH-64 ApacW PWC m Tiur mn casonai pail
Apple II Family. Atnrf XL/XE, IBM PC/PC Jr.
Computers for a suggested retail of only
$34 95 Available soon lor Macintosh for a

suggested retail of onlyS39S5. Call or
i writefof more information or MC/VISA orders.

^. Aior vk 9ri kiip -n

120 LAKEFRONT DRIVE • HUNT VALLEY, MD 21030 • (3011 6S7-1151

o courtaiy DalUmara MarMlmc Muuurn
yourself. Lords of Conquest includes SkiWritet word processor for $15. can play any one scenario. The
four complexity levels, and offers a SHWriter was originally a $69.95 game is available for $39.95.
multi-player or one-player (against combination telecommunications/ Gunship is a 3-D helicopter
the computer) game. word processing cartridge from simulation in which you pilot an
Prentice-Hall that received excel AH-64 Apache Gunship, a high-'
lent reviews when first introduced. tech state-of-the-art attack helicop
The Mastertronic version is disk- ter. Gunship requires flying skill
based and does not include the tele and the ability to accomplish aerial
communications (terminal) program. combat missions. Seven different
In addition, a 128 version of this missions are included. Suggested
package, using the full 80 columns, retail price is $34.95.
should be available by the time you •Springboard Software:
read this. Mastertronic is also pro Springboard announced that its
ducing BusiCalc, a spreadsheet, and bestselling program The Newsroom
Instant Recall, a filing system, both is available for the Commodore 64
at equally low prices. at a suggested retail price of $49.95.
•MicroProse: Two new prod The Newsroom is a personal pub
Lords of Conquest from Electronic lishing package, giving the user all
ucts from this simulation software
Arts, a Risk-like strategy game, offers 20
publisher are Conflict in Vietnam the tools necessary to put together
built-in maps, four complexity levels,
ami the choice of a multi-player or one-
and Gunship. Conflict is a realtime, an illustrated newsletter. Its com
panion piece, Clip Art Collection,
player (against the computer) game.
Volume 1, contains 600 additional
pieces of art, and retails for $29.95.
Both Amnesia and Lords of Con •subLogic: Football is a one- or
quest will be available this spring. two-player action game with an in-
Each is priced at $32.95. novative approach. You field a
•Firebird: This British software team from a large portfolio of ficti
publisher, highly successful in Eu tious pro players, each with a
rope for the past 18 months, has re unique background and set of
cently entered the U.S. market with skills. Descriptions are often hu
the excellent strategy-and-action morous and highly entertaining.
game, Elite. (See the review else All 11 players from each team are
where in this issue.) New products animated with each play. The price,
Gunship, a new 3-D helicopter simula
introduced at CES for the Commo tion from MicroProse, puts you in the not yet announced, is expected to
dore market include The Concise pilot's seat of a high-tech, state-of-the- be under $40.
Music System ($39.95) and The Ad art helicopter, Whole Brain Spelling teaches a
vanced Music System ($79.95), two method for learning how to spell.
icon- and menu-based music com historically based simulation in This product comes in various ver
position and editing programs, which you command either the sions: General, Medical, Scientific,
which also include a synthesizer U.S. forces or the Viet Cong. You Business, Fairy Tale (words from
module for creating and modifying control guerrilla warfare, air power, Grimm's and other fairy tales), and
sounds generated by the 64's SID air mobile infantry, and artillery. A Child's Garden of Words (for
chip, and a sequencer module that Five separate games are included. ages 5-9). Each version includes
allows real-time mixing. The Ad These can be played in historical or 200 ten-word lists organized in or
vanced Music System adds a linker, der from early French involvement der of increasing difficulty. Sug
which allows music files to be through the fall of Saigon, or you gested retail price is $34.95 each.
chained to produce full-length
compositions, and a printer func
For additional information on products introduced at CES, see "News And Prod
tion, so notation (and lyrics) can be
ucts" elsewhere in this issue. For more details on products mentioned in the preced
printed out. ing article, contact your local dealer or write:
Also introduced was Colossus
Access Software, Inc. Cardec, Inc.
Chess IV ($34.95), a computer chess
#A 2561 South 1560 West 300 S. Topeka 120 Lakefront Dr.
program that reportedly has beaten
Woods Cross, UT 84087 Wichita, KS 67202 Hunt Valley, MD 21030
Hayden's Sargon HI and Psion's
Chess; and a "Super Silver" line of Accolade, Inc. Electronic Arts Springboard Software, Inc.
20363 Stevens Creek Blvd. 1820 Gateway Dr. 7808 Creekridge Circle
top British entertainment packages.
Cupertino, CA 95014 San Mateo, CA $4404 Minneapolis, MiV 55435
The first 12 titles are being released
on "Hippies," floppy disks that Batteries Included Firebird subLogic Corporation
have one program on each side. 30 Mural Si. P.O. Box 4$ 713 Edgebrook Dr.
Richmond Hill, Ontario Ramsey, Nl 07446 Champaign, IL 61820
Each disk costs $19.95.
L4B IBS Canada Mastertronic International, Timeworks
•Mastertronic: Best known for
Berkeley Softworks Inc. 444 Lake Cook Rd.
its low-priced ($9.95) entertain
2150 Snattuck Aoe. 73UB Grove Rd. Deerfield, IL 60015
ment software from Great Britain,
Berkeley, CA 94704 Frederick, MD 21701
Mastertronic is introducing the

32 COMPUTE'S Gazelle April 1986

Now Get Up To 200 FREE Programs* When You
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COMPUTE! PublicationsJnc©
Part of ABC Ci>n$urre' Magazines, "k ^^
One o' The* ft&C

'Ranging from short techniques and programming tips to complete, powerful applications programs.
o o

Five Steps
o o

o o

To The Right Printer o

o o

o Kathy Yakal, Assistant Features Editor


o The printer market has not yet experienced a o

shakeout like other areas of the home computer
industry. Printer manufacturers have continued
o to expand their lines, and a few new companies
have entered this area in the past year. So if you
o still haven't bought a printer, or would like to up o
grade to a more sophisticated model, you have
more options than ever. Here are some tips that
o o
may help you make a more thoughtful choice.

Your approach to buying a will suit your purposes—especially to operate? Many printers now
printer will probably de given the tremendous number of come Commodore-ready; that is,
pend on whether you're a printers available these days. the package includes a cable that
first-time buyer or a printer Here's a rundown of the kinds plugs directly into the computer or
owner looking to upgrade. If you've of things to think and ask about the disk drive and runs to the print
never owned a printer, you may when you're shopping for a printer. er. If the printer you want doesn't
find that there's more to consider come Commodore-ready, find out
than you first thought. If you al Ease Of Use what kind of interface you'll need,
ready have a printer, you probably This may be the most important and how easy it is to find. Many
have a good idea of what features consideration in choosing a printer. printers have gathered dust in peo
you'd like to have, but may still As computers continue to support ple's homes while their owners
want to go into your dealer armed more general interest applications, frantically called friends, computer
with a list of questions. more people without technical stores, and mail-order houses to
One thing to be very clear backgrounds are buying them. And find the right interface. It's best to
about when you begin shopping is when it comes to buying a printer, get this kind of information before
how you plan to use the printer. these people want something that's you buy.
The list of specifications for each easy to set up and use.
unit is meaningless unless you Whether or not you're one of Paper-handling. If you're
know what you want the printer to these people, ease of use will prob planning to use your printer just to
do. Some printers may be able to do ably be a strong consideration print out program listings on con
everything you want and much when you're shopping for a printer. tinuous-feed paper, either tractor or
more; if you think your applications Many factors are involved here. friction feed works well, depending
will expand over the next few years, on the individual unit. Tractor-feed
it may be worth the extra expense. Set-up. What's involved in is normally more reliable for this
If not, you'll probably be able to getting the printer correctly inter kind of printing, but a badly-
find a less expensive printer that faced to your computer and ready constructed tractor can create a lot
COMPUTE! s Gazetta April 1986 35
of irritation if you have to keep
stopping in the middle of printing
jobs to re-adjust the paper. A
friction-feed printer might suffice
for this purpose, as long as it's well-
constructed and you have the paper
lined up straight.
But if you're planning to print
correspondence and mailing labels
as well as program listings, you'll
need to look for a printer that easily
accommodates switching back and
forth. Some tractor feed mecha
nisms adjust to handle many differ
ent sizes of printer paper or labels,
and snap off easily for printing on
individual sheets.
Where the paper goes in to and
comes out of the printer is impor
tant, too, especially if the space you
have dedicated for computer use at Here's what one innovative printer manufacturer has done to facilitate ease of use.
home is limited. This is something C. Itah'S PROWR1TER jr has "legs" that make it simpler to [eeii paper in ami out
people often forget to think about, of the printer.

and consequently spend unneces

or cassettes, plastic-encased rib $1000 price barrier. You can expect
sary time moving things out of the
bons that snap in and out easily. to see these printers become less ex
way when it's time to print. Moving
It's a good idea to find out pensive over the next year or so.
the paper in and out of the printer is
handled in a variety of ways by dif what the average life of a ribbon is
ferent manufacturers. Some feed in for a particular printer, how expen Software/ Hard ware
from the front and some from the sive new ones are, and how easy Compatibility
rear. On rear-feed printers, still the they are to purchase. Your printer
The question of hardware compati
most common, it's very handy to could sit idle for a few weeks if rib bility is not so much whether or not
bons run out quickly and are hard
have a sheet of plastic or metal that the printer will work with your
separates the two streams of paper. to find.
computer, but how difficult it will
This is standard on some printers; if be to interface them. A dealer may
it's not, you can purchase an inex Print Quality tell you whether or not a particular
pensive wire separator that will do How good does your printed copy model is Commodore-compatible,
the job. need to look? After all, you're prob but may not be clear on exactly
Paper-handling may seem like ably not buying a printer just to what interface you need. If you buy
a fairly insignificant thing to con print things out, but also to make a unit that is not Commodore-
sider when you're looking for a your documents look a certain way. ready, be sure to find out which
printer, but if you buy one that does A polished typewriter-style look is third-party interfaces will work.
the job badly, you'll be amazed at desirable if you're going to be using Also, if you've already invest
the time and frustration it can your printer for college papers or ed a lot of money in software, you'll
business correspondence and re want to make sure that your pack
Switch-selectable modes. ports, but is unnecessary if you'll ages with printout capabilities are
Most printers these days are just be using it for casual correspon compatible with the printer you
equipped to print a variety of differ dence or other personal needs. In buy. Probably the two most com
ent type styles. If you anticipate this price range, a daisywheel print mon applications that you'd want a
having to change type styles often, er still offers the sharpest type, but printer for are word processing and
you'll want a printer that lets you many dot-matrix printers have personal publishing (packages like
do that easily, without having to get what's called near-letter quality Brederbund's Print Shop and
at the machine's internal DIP (NLQ) mode, which produces near- Springboard Software's The News
switches. Some printers require typewriter-quality. room). Many such software pack
short programming commands to Dot-matrix printers form char ages are worthless without a
change type styles, while others acters and graphics through a print- printer. Most come with a listing of
have buttons or switches on the head, a configuration of tiny pins printers that are compatible, either
outside that let you do that quickly. that strikes the paper through an in the documentation or within the
Ribbon-changing. Not too inked ribbon. In this price range, a program itself.
many years ago, changing a printer nine-pin configuration is the most
ribbon was much like changing the common. Printers using a 24-pin Graphics/Color Capability
ribbon on an old manual typewrit printhead, which allows crisper The printhead, which prohibits dot-
er: messy and time-consuming. type and better graphics capabili matrix printers from printing letter
Most newer printers use cartridges ties, have only recently broken the quality type, also makes it the best
36 COMPUTE! s Gazette April 1986

p 11

A supeib sports simulation program witti

Stunning 3-D graphics. A one or two player game lhat Join in the laslest moving game in the world, when you
enables you lo erher compete head lo riead or against Ihe play 5-a-side soccer, an action packed sports simulation
computer. from Mastertronic.
Features induce a self demo mode lor instructions, a Each game lasts ten minutes, with full crowd
giam video screen loi close-ups ol the action in detail atmosphere and an announcer lo keep you tip to date
Exciting to play wiin real baseball features, yet a detailed
knowledge ol Ihe game is not essential Steal Options, j, with the action on the field, The tackles bite hard and
the players twist, turn and shout as the crowd roar their
Curved balls, Pitcners Cheers leaders are all part ot the
incredible lealure:! that make this game an essential part of approval
every collection You'll know you've been in a game when you play
Mastertronic 5-a-side soccer!!

3D animated graphics one or two player game.
Incredible voice synthesis.
C64/128 C64/128

Mostertronic Iniurnalional Int. 731 IB Grave Road, Frederick, Maryland 2I7O1 Tel: (301) 695 8877

tcp IS A

Software Orders Over $100 Will be
Shipped Federal Express.
You only pay TCP's standard shipping charge. This offer also valid on
peripherals and accessories under 8 pounds. COD orders will be
shipped UPS second day air. Orders under $100.00 will be shipped
UPS ground. Call for Fedex Shipping Charges on Hardware.


Tussey Computers Computerized Order Entry and
Order Processing System Allows Instant Order Status

To ordor by mall: We accepl money order, certified ctiock, monitors'Add S3.00 per box ahippfld COD. Call lot oilier 3% FOR MASTERCARD OR VISA. Manulactursr's war-
personal chock. Allow 2 weeks lor personal chock lo clear shipping charges Additional shipping required on APO, ranly honored wild copy of our invoice. ALL SALES ARE
Shipping: $4 00 lor software and acceasones'SlOOO (or FP0" A*- Hl 'aild (orelSr ordoIS FIN*L- D°l°ci™o IttrM replaced or repaired al our d,s-
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1541 Align S29.95
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h $157.95 $237.95



WORDPRO 128 $59.95 muronui-im



BpyX MULTIPLAN 128 S44.95


Integrated Spreadsheet, Database, Graphics SG-10 & XETEC SUPERGRAPHIX PKG $269.95



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To orclor by mall: Wo accopl mo»y ordf)', ce'lifiafl chfick, [jorsonal Terms; ALL PRICES REFLECT CASH DISCOUNT. ADD 3% FOR Navnrono 3-atoi
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Shlpplng: SJ.00 tor software and ficcessonesSIO 00 Tor p'mt&is dnU our invwca ALL SALES AHE FINAL. Dotociiue iiems replaced w ro- Muaicmc SCALL
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P.O. BOX 1006
choice for a person who wants to contact the manufacturer when ma the mail, but, when possible, take a
print graphics. If you plan to pro jor problems arise. look at it. A truly user-friendly
gram a lot of graphics displays, the printer will not require a lot of doc-
dot-addressable graphics capabilities ■imentation. If set-up and operation
of these printers will probably servo Though these are usually the of the unit are easy enough, the
your purposes bes-. Thermal trans most important things to con
bulk of the documentation will fo
fer printers also ofler good graphics sider when you're shopping for a cus on programming commands.
capabilities. printer, there are many other fac
How many columns across can
If you use applications that re tors. Depending on your needs,
be printed? Very few printers are
quire color, your choices are still some of these may be more impor
limited to 40-column printouts any
tant than those listed above.
fairly limited. Some dot-matrix and more, though some are still sold. If
thermal transfer printers support Does the printer support the you can't imagine yourself ever
color. A word of warning here: Try types of fonts you'll be using most using your printer for anything but
to get some solid information on often? Your word processor proba program listings, one of these will
the average life o( each color rib bly lets you use different types of suffice. Most printers offer at least
bon. You could find yourself spend fonts: superscript, subscript, bold 80 columns, and some go up to 136.
ing almost as much on ribbons in a face, expanded, and compressed. For most word-processing and
year as you spent for the printer. Not all printers are capable of print graphics applications, 80 columns
ing such fonts. If you anticipate is fine. But many business applica
Stability Of Manufacturer using them often, make sure the tions, like spreadsheets, require 136
printer you buy will allow that. columns.
If you anticipate needing long-term
support for your printer, this is an How fast can the printer print? How long is the warranty? This
extremely important consideration, Your needs will dictate whether or is crucial, especially if you buy a
and one that is not just a yes/no not you need a fast printer. Speeds fairly new model, or a product from
question. Try to find out how long often vary, depending on what a relatively young company. One
the company has been around and, mode it's in. Correspondence or year is a fairly standard warranty
NLQ mode is quite often up to ten time these days.
if possible, how healthy it is. A big
electronics company that has a times slower than draft mode. If you buy a daisywheel printer,
printer line is not necessarily better How noisy is it? Unless your how easy is it to find new print-
than a small company that special printer is set up in a soundproof wheels? Many daisywheel printers
izes in computer peripherals; one booth, this may be of some impor use wheels that are the same as
particular product line can be dis tance to you. If you plan to use the those used on typewriters. If this is
continued as easily as a small com printer early in the morning or late true, you can probably get replace
pany can fold. Ask around and see at night, consider your surround ments easily from a local office sup
what your friends and local com ings and who might be disturbed by ply store. If not, find out where you
puter dealer know. the noise. Your dealer should let can get them.
A sound manufacturer should you run a test to check the noise Does the printer support differ
offer good technical support for level. ent character sets? If you plan to use
consumer problems. An 800 num How thorough is the documenta nonstandard characters, like those
ber for questions is ideal, but not al tion? It's not always possible for you used in foreign languages or scien
ways possible. There should be to look at this before buying, espe tific notations, you'll need a printer
some way for printer owners to cially if you buy a printer through that supports them. O


Now ycu can Back-Up virtually all 64/128
Software with our NEW 1571 Clone Machine
4rrqulrti fl Commodore IZHwIrh 157 I drivej

Months or R &. D have gone Into our 1 57 1 GCR CLONE MACHINE jo thai you now have the
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1342 B Route 23
Butler. NJ 0741)5
A Buyer's Guide To Printers
One of the most important purchases for any com but looks more polished. Some
printer speeds vary depending on
puter owner is the type of printer that's to be con
the type of font (i.e., pica or elite)
nected to his or her system. But for most of us, the used.
wide array of printer models, capabilities, and op Pitch. How many characters fit
tions that present themselves is often confusing and on a line, measured in character's

occasionally intimidating. To help you get the most per inch (cpi) or characters per line
(cpl). The pitch range for a printer
for your money, here's a rundown of Commodore- often varies greatly, especially if it
compatible printers available for under $500. is capable of printing several types
of fonts.

If you already know how you'll Print Technology. This refers Buffer. A buffer is an area of
memory in a printer that can store a
be using a printer and what fea to how characters and graphics are
tures you'll need before you actually transferred from printer to fixed amount of text while the
printer is working, freeing up the
start shopping, the hard part is paper. There are three types in this
over. There are many good printers price range; impact, thermal, and
computer for other tasks. Most
available for a variety of applica ink-jet. printers in the under-$500 price
tions, and prices continue to drop as Impact printers form characters range still have rather small buffers,
so if you'll be doing many long
manufacturers expand their hard by striking the paper through an
printing jobs, you may want to con
ware lines. inked ribbon, either with a daisy-
We've gathered information wheel (a small wheel whose spokes sider buying an add-on buffer.
on printers in the under-$500 price have letters and numbers on their Feed Type. Friction-feed print
range, and listed some of the most tips), or with a printhead containing ers grip the paper and move it
important features in the following a column of tiny wires or pins that around the platen much like a type
chart. Any omissions are not an edi form characters and graphics (dot- writer does, while tractor-feed
torial judgment of quality. matrix). Thermal printers use either printers grab the holes at the edge
Here's a brief explanation of a column of hot pads that change of continuous-feed paper with the
the major categories on the chart: the color of heat-sensitive paper, or tiny teeth at either edge of the plat
a column of tiny spark plugs that en. Many printer manufacturers sell
Compatibility. Commodore
evaporate a special aluminum coat add-on tractors that you can pur
computers use a unique serial data
ing onto the paper, exposing an un chase if your original unit didn't
communications format that is not
derlying dark surface. So thermal have one.
compatible with either standard
printers require special paper, Suggested Retail Price. This is
parallel or standard serial printer
which often costs more than regular the price set by the manufacturer;
formats. In the past, the only way to
avoid compatibility problems was
paper and has a shorter life. Ther you may well be able to find it at a
mal transfer printers work with any lower price. It's advisable to shop
to buy a Commodore printer. Over
kind of paper because they use rib around.
the last couple of years, manufac
turers have developed printer inter
bons; heat from the printhead melts A full explanation of the
a waxlike ink onto the paper. Ink-jet graphics capabilities of each printer
faces that plug directly into a
Commodore computer. If you're in printers spray ink onto the paper takes more space than we have
terested in one of these Commo through tiny holes. available. If you plan to use your
dore-ready units, be sure to find out Speed. How fast does the printer extensively for printing
printer operate? This can vary if the graphics, make sure it's capable of
if there is an additional charge for
printer offers different modes. Draft doing what you need before you
the cable. Even if the printer does
mode is usually the fastest, but pro buy.
not include a Commodore inter
face, you can buy third-party cables duces rougher, fainter type. Near (For more details on printers,
that work with most parallel letter quality (NLQ) or correspon see "Five Steps to the Right Print
printers. dence mode takes longer to print, er," elsewhere in this issue.)
42 COMPUTED Gazelle April 1986
The Commodore 64
comes of age. . .
With GEOS,' the- C64 reaches its full potential. More than just another
application, the Graphic Environment Operating System integrates new
and old programs With greater ease and speed.

in btect; ■;;*)

' ;-■ - GEOS Desktop." File handling is as easy

i ■ as pointing. Run, copy or delete files
with a joystick click. Desk accessories
include an alarm clock, notepad, photo
and text albums — even a full-function
calculator. It all adds up.

geoPaint." For creating charts and dia

grams, or just creating. Substitute a pic
ture for a thousand words. Paint with
different brushes. Try a pattern fill, or
perhaps the ruler function, for good

geoWrite. Create high quality docu

■ - ■ ments, insert. Delete. Copy or move
:: (; : -J r-j ■ ' '■■ - : . - blocks of text. Select expressive font
" '■.:'.. -.■.-.<) K Jf -■■ r: lit bC r ■if) ItK&S "■. ■ styles. Underline. Be Bold. Try ItalicLet
■:-. t 4m pew otd fwdof 1Li. :■'■■-: . ■-.: . .
your fingers do the talking.
i-<J v*i i ijs-. -- 5 I I .: ■:i Bm -.: --: ■-.:. V .■>_■-_>

vJIri kH*rrirVv
.:■ : ttttf-4 r- IfH -1:.11 :;■ •; n ■. .'*
Or* ijjj rh«* -.■!.-,« n ' : ■ " : -..-■■: GEOS: It's a whole new world for the C64.
; .:. r«4 Ofik] l : " ■ . . : I

' ■■-,■■■ ■ Ikj li^i1

GEOS Disktllt- includes Desktop, diskTurtw, gnPfllnL and gftoWnifr
S59.95- CA ntfkflb add 6 5% lax. {&4 SO U&S7.50 Funegn shipping and handling
To order, call (800) 443-0100 EXT. 234 US (unds only

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Aid. * Lip. 1 an

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Softworks Clly, Slaie. Zip

s. ■nd bo: Berkeley Snfltvorks-Ordi'i l]

C;tC)S. CEOS Dciklop, g.-Dl'rtinl, goWnii1. iliskTurlw, and
r.O Bin B71SS
Hflkclcy SoftwOfkl are Ir.liii-Tnjtk: ol Bv'tkrlry Sciliwurkt.

Conmodoro M ind CM an lmdem*Tki 11 Ci)nuiuul>Rb ElectronJa. Ltd. Al low A-lt we eta kir delivery, [ntroduclory priw through May 31. W86.
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M COMPUTE'S Ga/otle Apnl 1366

of the Commodore 128
By the author of
Machine Language
for Beginners and
Second Book of
Machine Language

The imanunaoo 'juoe to &02 ir&im

language pvgnfnmflig en tte ConvrcOm 126
InOjdes a coplfiiicaled. UbeWiosoo ftssemUa

1 COMPUTll locki

128 Machine Language for Beginners

Richard Mansfield

One of the bestselling computer books ever has now been completely revised for the Commodore 128.
Most commercial software is written in machine language because it's far faster and more versatile than BASIC.
This new edition of Machine Language for Beginners is a step-by-step introduction to 8502 machine language
programming on Commodore's 128 computer.
The book includes everything you need to learn to effectively program the 128: numerous programming
examples, memory management tutorials; a complete description of the many Kernal routines and other new 128
features; numerous hints and programming techniques; and a dictionary of all major BASIC commands and their
machine language equivalents. It also includes a high-speed, professional-quality, label-based assembler,
optimized to take advantage of the speed and extra memory of the 128.

Like the other top-quality books from COMPUTE!, 128 Machine Language for Beginners brings you ready-to-use
information in a clear, lively style that makes learning easy and enjoyable, whether you are a beginner or an ad
vanced computer user.

An optional disk is also available which includes the assembler and example programs in the book. The 128
LADS Disk is fully tested and ready to load on the Commodore 128. It costs only $12.95 and saves you hours of
typing time.

Order your copy of 128 Machine Language for Beginners and the LADS Disk today. Call toll free 1-800-346-6767
(in NY 1-212-887-8525) or mail your payment (plus $2.00 shipping per book or disk) to COMPUTEI Books, P.O.
Box 5038, F.D.R. Station, New York, NY 10150.

COMPUTE! books are available in the U.K., Europe, ihe Middle

COMPUTE! PublicationsJnc.
t!» ABC a
East, and Africa from Holt Saunders, Ltd., 1 St. Anne's Road, East
bourne. East Sussex BN21 3UN, England and in Canada from Holt,
8SS 7in Avmue. ttn door, now vo-t, N» l
Rlnghart. & Winston, 55 Homer Avenue, Toronto, ON W8Z 4X6.
vZinulacturer/ 1 Si^i \l-<\. -r . ^-1 l;-jtiS>llit-, Ptint Technology Speed Pilch Buffrr Feed Typi- Warranty 5"Bge*t«d Comments
Retail Price

Homewnier 10 Epson Amenca. Inc *IC (Printer Interfax >>t mitm 16-100 cp* W/A IK Friction, tractor and 1 vear S*Iecn-p* a^JrlaWr
Cartridge-PIC's are tul ^hrel opl
jVbijCabLr tcz tnc&t
lDmr tompulrrs)

UK 10 JrOfher [ntemjiicuial Corp. 1arjllel and sonal sld [>aisy wheel 12 rps 10-15 cpi and Friction and tractor ■W day*

HS-00 :pson America Inc. rjtillpl ^ld !nV In J2-L60sp* N ■ Friction■ auii> cur shret 1 war 44"
f(vd»T Cip[
IMP 24 vWigh-Tronm, Inc, "■jralkl or ■n'njl std Ito t m^rru 168 cps i a™ PricHon 91) day^ 135 (24 cpi) Dtnt addrts^4ble■ graphics
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lmdjjL Wjiit-r. Fpwm KX-B0
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1 ,'>:cnd Httfi CAL-ABCO ■irtlld iiil [hit matrix ■iO-100 cp« 5-17 cpi 1 line Friftion ind ifjL-tor to dayi Bit image graphics

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cut sheet fei'der opl through S*lFrtvpf

LX-90 Epson America Inc PIC Dot matrix Lfi-lMcpp N/A IK Flictlon and tmicn 1 year 32 y

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Mitiolini' I S3 OUdflti Parallel sid Dot man™ 120 cf-: 5-17 cpi 1 he Friction and tractor 1 year 4W Block and bit image graphics

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Mrs ioou "ommodore Business Machine Parallel and sorijl mi! Dm matnx 20-100 h^% 17-17 cpi IK Fnchcin and tractor 90 day> S9.95
M5P-10 Citizen Anufnci Corp Tarjllel std; senjl <-pT Dot mam* 40-160 tp* 10-12 cpi IK Friction and tractor 18 monlhs 399 Umulaies IBM graphics
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MT85 ^annesmann Tally '\irjllel, ■■(.'rial or Dot matru 45-180 cy« 10-17 cpi 3K Fuel ion and Ira dor 1 year 449 Dal addressable graphics
Apple f^td
Okidara 120 OVidaia Commodore senal H?"i madix 120 cps 5-^cpl 256 h>ies Fnction and pin 1 y^»r 2^6 All points addressable graphics:
Commodore Special CraphLr*

Oktmate 10 Okidata Commodore and Aiari Dot matrix hO cj* ^-17 cpl Ifb byi« Friction and pin 1 vear 2 08 All point* addressable graphics;
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addivssable, bit ima^e graphics

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COMPUTED Gazette April 19S6 47

the 64's 80-column mode is due to the
Paperback Writer 128/64 fact that the text portion of the screen is
drawn totally in high-resolution graph
ics. In graphics quality (clarity and
Paperback Writer, a disk-based word price tags. Included are automatic word
readability), the 64's 80-column mode
processor by Digital Solutions available wrap, find/search/replace, mail merge,
is no match for the 128's. It is also con
in versions for the Commodore 128 or 40/80 column option, side-scrolling,
siderably slower than the other modes.
64, is reasonably priced, full-featured, block definition/moving/copying/-
Thus for users wanting 80-column dis
versatile, iind user-friendly. Billed as deleting, external file printing, file link-
play, 1 recommend the 128 version.
"serious software that's simple to use," ing, global formatting, and a
(Many 128 owners, I think, will contin
its friendliness is attested to by its refer program/sequential file storage/
ue, however, to prefer the 40-column
ence guide—not "manual." The pro change option (for communications
display; it's unfortunate that more
fuse onscreen help is deemed sufficient and compatibility purposes). Also there
memory is not available in this mode.)
(in most cases it is), and explains the ab are ten foreign or redefinable charac
The major enhancement in Paper
sence of any tutorial material. Howev ters, six "extra" characters (including
back Writer 128—and it's an important
er, I'd prefer to describe Paperback underline and curved brackets), as well
one, but limited to 80-column mode
Writer as "relatively easy to use," since as list sorting, aligned numerical text
only—is the dual text file capability.
processing power makes for complex (such as dollar amounts), and addition
The nearly 64K text memory can op
ity, and Paperback Writer lias plenty of and subtraction of number "blocks."
tionally be split into iwo 32K (actually
power. !n my view, no powerful soft All disk commands are available within
28K-plus) blocks. The user may then
ware is simple to use, not at this point in Paperback Writer, and text files are com
freely alternate between blocks (which
hard ware/ soft ware development. The patible with a number of leading word
are in memory concurrently), and trans
point is that Paperback Writer is well processors. A multitude of formatting
fer text at will. Blocks may be separately
thought out from a user's point of view options are incorporated; they are de
saved, and "64K" and "32K" modes
and HELP (as well as basic entry and signed to take full advantage of various
may be toggled at will. Formatting is
exit operations) is always available on dot-matrix printer capabilities. The pro
unique to each file block.
screen. Even a keyboard overlay is not grams contain 15 customized popular
The only thing 1 found annoying in
really needed. printer files (including standard ASCII
these programs is an awkward "cursor
In spite of several significant differ and Commodore), and there are provi
right," the problem being that the cur
ences between the 128 and 64 versions sions for defining and saving additional
sor does not wrap around from the right
of Paperback Writer, most features are files.
margin to the left. When using the cur
identical (they use the same reference A Spelling Check option is avail
sor right key to advance the text point
guide); I'll mention augmented 128 ca able in all versions, but there is no dic
er, the cursor continues to scroll
pability only as appropriate. tionary included with the program
horizontally (as the text' moves left) in
Perhaps the most noteworthy fea itself. The dictionary program, Paper
stead of wrapping around to the next
ture of Paperback Writer is the "what back Dictionary 128/64—a single disk
line. {Cursor left, for "backing up,"
you see is what you get" orientation. that works with both the 128 and 64
works as you'd expect.) This applies
No commands are embedded in text; versions—is now available separately
any time you use cursor right within
they're either specified, by paragraph, at $14.95. It contains 32,000 words on
text—such as when defining text
in a separate formatting list, or directly disk with room to add up to 8,000 more.
ranges. To get to the text below, you
implemented on screen. In any case, Prospective users should know that the
must use cursor down (or more logical
the screen is formatted as it will appear 128 spelling checker can be loaded in
ly, the "word advance" function key
on the printed page. Underlined text is 40-column mode only. To check spell
indeed underlined, boldface type is ing in either version, the document
Both 128 and 64 versions of Paper
bold (brighter), italics are slanted. There must first be saved, then the program
back Writer represent excellent value. 1
is also super/subscript capability. While and text reloaded.
recommend the 128 package over the
the 128 version screen-formats super Here are the figures on available
64 especially because of the substantial
and subscripts, the 64 version only texl memory: 128 version, nearly 64K
ly increased text memory. (To get the
prints these characters in a contrasting (80 columns) and close to 15K (40 col
extra memory, you have to go to 80 col
color. Though coloration of various umns); 64 version, more than 15K (40
umns). If you want 80-column display,
screen elements can be readily changed columns), and almost 7K (80 columns).
choose the 128 version as well; it's con
by the user, the color-coding of 64 Note the highly restricted text memory
siderably more readable. The 128 ver
super/subscripts can be confusing, in the 64 versions. (Compared with
sion is preferable if you're considering
even on a color monitor, Tor extensive Paperback Writer 64 in 40 columns,
using a single Paperback Writer on both
use of super and subscripts, I recom slightly fewer bytes are available on the
machines; its 40-column option works
mend the Paperback Writer 128. 128 in 64 mode—about 800 less. This
identically on the 64. (Of course, the 64
The features of Paperback Writer total is identical to the 128 in 40-column
package also works on the 128-—in 64-
are extensive; they seriously challenge mode, since the programs are the
mode.) If you plan to use super and
word processors with much higher same.) The severe memory limitation in

48 COMPUTERS Gazette April 1986


•■-• ■ -■■' -I



A b ac u^ Ht!t^ttl S af\ *
Delaifad guide proseins [ha 12G's Get all tne inalds Information on Filled wTH inlo '.Qi eveiyano Cqvdis
m, explains graphic BASIC 7 0 This BO column hr-ros graphics, win-
chips, Memory Managemani Unrt. flO book la complete wtth commomad □Owing, memory Layout. K«rnal
Column graphics and commented BASIC 7 0 ROM talingl. Coming rou'inos. tpriies. soMwaro pro-
GOOpp S1B95 SummerBG

Introduction to programing; problem P'eaents dozens of programming EiMrtuI guide lor everyone hill*
analysis: thorough description of til q.jicK-nirt»t*. Easy ana useful «iorj In CP/M on trie 126. Simple
BASrC commnnOa with hunQroOg of tfic^nlque? on Hio operating systom. explanation ar tha oporaihg
tianplos. monitor command*: ulil- itacki, zuro-page. poiriflrt, me memory usaga. CPJM ulihty pro^
rtios.mucri more. 4Dopp JiflSS Q.VSJC iniorprotor and moro JiDflS gramsLBubfnit files * more S19S5

ANATOMY OF C-G4 lnsid«rs gulda to tha TRICKS A TIPS FOR C-G4 Collodion of SCIENCE/ENGINEERING ON C-64 In Adventure Qimewr,!"r ■. Hundbock
'04 IniarnaJa. Graphics, sound. tO. Vtrnal easy-to-us* techniques: advanced graphics. dapih intro to tnmpuie'a in science. Topics: Slep^by-Etep guide To deigning and writing
memory maps, mor*. Complsio commented1 Improved data input, enhanced BASIC, chemistry, physics, biology, astronomy. your own adveniure games. With auiomaled
ROMlisiings, 300pp S195S
CP/M.mora. 275pp $19-95 efcdronics. olhem, 3£0pp Si 9.95 advoniure gam« generalar. 200pp £14.95
handbook on l -. ./ . t . -■ all. Wan/ Handbook describes Ehe di&K drive hard Comprohsnglvo guide; many tample Indudit In-dopih vxplgnaTLon* ol PEEK.
e^Himplpi and iAIiiumj^AuV camm*U*d ware. Includes ichemalicfl and technique* pragrams. High <peed operating system
POKE, USR. nr>d other BASIC commands*
tokeep 1541 running. 200pp (19.95 last Mb loading and saving, 225 pp £14.05
Learn rhe "insid*" irlchs lo gel lha mm out
6510 coda wnls disl program*, Many i,im< fjoi ooveied olaowhoro: - video confolter. Jula flAponies, calculator, racip* Ma, Hack
Opllanil Dlsketlei lor book*
plei and listings for cornplale anemtla', Interrupt, limert, clockt, VO, raaJ time, liits. dm) planner, window advoMi£ing4
For your convenience, the program*
monitor, a simulator. SQOpp •- :'. extended BASIC, mors, 2iOpp £14.05 Dinars, Inclodas lacings. SQOpp £t2r95
contained in Hflch ol our books are avail
GRAPHICS BOOK C-64 - bad rsf^Bin PRINTER BOOK C-G4/VIC-20 Undor-
COMPILER BOOK C-84/C-12G All you able an diskette to save you lime entering
cavers basic and advanced graph ca. need to know abau] compilers: how they them Erom your keyboard. Specify name of
aiand Commodore, Epson-compaibla print-
Spnlas, animation. Hirei, Mutilca a>, era and 1520 plotter. Packed: utilities; gra
work; designing and writing your own; took when ordering, $14.95 each
lighipen, 3D-graphies. IRQ. CAD, fro- phics dump; 3D-plot; commenied UPSB01 generating machine code. Wiin working
>ciionj, curv»», more. 350pp $19.95 ROM liiiinaft. more. 330pp $19.95 example compiler. 300pp $19.95
fflAlU Ol C.«., -m -X« ■

Abacus asm Software

P.O. Box 7211 GiBnd Rapids, Ml 49510 - Telex 709-101 - Phone (616) 241-5510
Call now for the name of your nearest dealer. Or lo order directly by credit card, MC, AMEX of VISA call (616)
241-5510. Other software and books are available-Call and ask for your free catalog. Add $4.00 for shipping
per order. Foreign orders add $10.00 per book. Dealer inquires welcome-1200-t- nationwide.
subscripts extensively, select Paperback
Writer 128; it displays these characters
manager, comparably priced. Paperback
Writer 64 owners can upgrade to Paper
accurately instead of resorting to color- back Writer 128 for $15 plus S3 ship
coding. For either version, I recom ping. It sounds to me like a good deal all Elite has won several computer game
mend a monochrome monitor; it's around. awards in England and it's easy to see
considerably easier on the eyes (com —Art Hunkitis
why. This is a masterpiece, one of the
pared to the color of the Commodore Paperback Writer 128 (SO- and 64 mode 40- best games ever published for the 64.
1702 monitor). To use the 128 80- column versions: includes Spelling Checker Even expert machine language pro
column version with a monochrome interface) 149.95 grammers may find themselves won
monitOT, you'll need an RGB to RCA- Paperback Writer 64 (40 and hi-res 80- dering how the authors put it all
phono cable adapter. column versions; includes Spelling Checker together.
Both Paperback Writer versions are interface) $39.95 On one level, it's a 3-D spaceflight
available in French. And both are inte Digital Solutions Inc. simulator. Three displays provide infor
grated with Digital Solutions' Paperback P.O. Box 345, Station A mation on your exact location at any
Planner 64 and 128, a spreadsheet, and Willowdak, Ontario time. The window at the top shows
Paperback Filer 64 and 128, a database Canada M2N 5S9 nearby objects—ships, asteroids, space
stations, and the like—against a back
drop of stars. Press the function keys to
look out the back, or to the left or right.
IF THERE'S SOMETHING STRANGE This is the display to watch when you
go into combat against a pirate ship.
PREVENTING DISK COPYING At the bottom center of the screen
is the long-range radar, which tells you
where other objects are in relation to
the direction you're traveling. Asteroids

DISKBUSTERS show up in red, other ships are yellow.

To move towards a ship, you must first
line it up on the radar. When you see a
small dot in the center of the visual
screen, you can accelerate towards the
dot, which gets larger and more recog
nizable as you get closer. The 3-D
graphics are nicely done; each ship is
drawn as an outline of a geometric
shape which is rapidly updated. If you
watch closely, you can anticipate the
other captain's moves by which way
the other ship is turning.
Finally, there's a small circle which
tells you the relative location of the
closest planet. When you come within
range of the planet's space station, this
indicator changes to a space station
Disk Back-up Copying But only part of the game is pure
action, moving around space shooting
at the bad guys. There's another aspect
to Elite, one that makes it more than
just a shoot-'em-up. You begin the
make back-up copies of your newest software. This is the SUPER-
game with a small ship equipped with
FAST Disk Copier that ZAPS thru copy protection! Average copy
an ineffective laser and only 100 cred
time is only 3-4 minutes. Includes unique Power-Pack feature
its. There are 17 commodities you can
for tough disks. Has copy capability not available until now, and
buy and sell, some of which may be un
even copies other copiers!! DISKBUSTERS will help you insure
available at certain planets. Food, tex
the safety of your .software investment, and il's both C-64 and
tiles, and furs are generally plentiful
C-128 compatible!
and low-priced at agricultural systems,

WE AIN'T AFRAID OF NO DISKS!! so if you travel to an industrial planet,

you can usually make a profit on these
items. There, you might buy computers
INTRODUCTORY and machinery to sell to an agricultural
OFFER To order by phone rail
society. As you make money, you can
ONLY (805)569-1644 begin to afford equipment like better

$29.95 Operator It) lasers.

The action of the game is well-
Qrdoi by phone, VHA/MASn RORD/COD or land Check or Monoy Older and miluilc idiim™ balanced by the strategic aspects. When
chaigts. CA <uidies«s ,idd (A tan1 S3.SII ilitji USA addresses: US
UPS jr
jir $.50.
$?.50. COD.idd illXI
i-llXI to
<■< US only, C;inad4 S7-S[); fll[ Qlhrt d miM include
iim i- MG 00 .ind ld U.S.
US l lT[ i! you're engaged in a space battle, you
inonri order on[v.
have to move fast. But once you've
docked at a planet's space station, you
SOFTWARE BOX -liifc.9 • Coleia • CA • 93130 have to think carefully about your long-
term strategy—where you're going

50 COMPUTErs Gazette April 1986

Our BASIC Compilers are
the complete compiler
CADPAK is a remarkably
easy to use drawing
package (or accurate
and development pack
ages. Speed up your graphic designs.
programs Irom 5x Io35x.
Using CADPAKs new
Our BASIC Compilers dimensioning features
give you many options: you can create exact
flexible memory manage scaled output to all major
ment; choice of compiling dot-matiii printers.
lo machine code, com
pact p-code or a mixture This enhanced version ol
of both. Also on the '128, CADPAK allows you to
40 or 80 column monitor input via the keyboard or
output and FAST-mode a high quality lightpen.
operation. Two graphic screens per
mit you lo COPY (rom one screen lo another. DRAW. LINE, BOX, CIRCLE.
The'128 Compiler's extensive BO-page prog rammer's guide covers compiler ARC, ELLIPSE are but a few of the many selections to choose from. FILL
directives and options, two lovols □! optimization, memory usage, objects with preselected PATTERNS: add TEXT; SAVE and RECALL designs
Input/output handling. 80 column hi-res graphics, faster, higher precision to/lrom ttisK. You can define your own library of intricate symbols/objects with
math (unctions, speed and «,pace saving tips, more. A great package that no the easy-to-use OBJECT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM-it will storo up to 104
software library should be wthout. BASIC 128 Compiler $59.95 separate objects. C-128 $59.95
BASIC 64 Compiler 133.95 C-G4 $39.95

For school or soltware Not just a compiler, but a

Compiler Eid Sofiwve
dovolopment, soled SUPER Development Syiicm
complete system lor develop
C. Learn to use one ol ing applications In Pascal.
today's most popular lang . ■ .. j ... * Extensive editor with search,
uages on your Commodore replace, auto, renumber, etc.
128. Powerful screen editor, Slandard J & W compiler that
compiler, linker-link up to generates last machine code.
seven modules, I/O If you want to learn Pascal or
library-includes prini! and to develop soltware using the
(print). Compile your C best tools available-SUPER
* ,
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language. C-12B $79.95 L C-128 $59.95
C-64 $79.95 C-64 $59.95

For the professional who

wants to easily create high OTHER TITLES AVAILABLE:
;■■■ ;. r':\-':~.*, n quaiily charts and graphs
Technical Analysis System
I ; i. r. J:iil""1""
without programming. You
L .....I [. H '. ^jj-l——■-L can immediately change the A sophisticated charting and technical anal/sis system for
scaling, labeling, axis, bar- serious investors. By charting and analyzing the past history of a

: ^|e -—
filling, etc. to suil your needs.
Accepts data from C ale Re suit
stock, TAS can help pinpoint trends & patterns and predict a
stock's future. Enter data from the keyboard or from online
and MultiPlan. C-12S version
financial services. C-64 $59.95
has 3X the rasolulion of the
'64 version. Oulputs to mosi Personal Portfolio Manager
1 r.

i -2* JS 3CHA RTPAKf printers. C-128 $39.95 Complete portfolio management system for the individual or
C-64 $39.95 professional investor. Easily manage your portfolios, obtain
up-to-the minute quotes and news, and perform selected
analysis. Enter quotes manually or automatically through
Warner Computer Systems. C-64 $39.95

PowerPlan Xper
One of the most powerful spreadsheets with Integrated graphics XPER is the first "expert system'1 for the C-128 and C-64. While
for your Commodore computer. Includes menu or keyword ordinary data base systems are good for reproducing facts,
selections, online help screens, field protection, windowing, trig XPER can derive knowledge from a mountain of facts and help
functions and more. Power-Graph, the graphics package, is you make expert decisions.. Large capacity. Complete with
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C'l 28 and G>£4 aim Bow**rfci ol CcmmodirB Bmnvsa Machinal

Abacus fiffifiM Software

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Call now for the name of your nearest dealer. Or lo order directly by credit card, MC, AMEX of VISA call (616)
241-5510. Other software and books are available-Call and ask for your free catalog. Add $4.00 for shipping
per order. Foreign orders add $12.00 per item. Dealer inquires welcome-1200+ nationwide.
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Star Mi cronies Silenl Service 21.75 Computer Ouarterbacfc 24.75
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Cartels a CutthrO3t3 14.75 EASTERN HOUSE
SHI5. . .. . ...909 50 Mission Crush 24.75 FlaubilC-64 , 19.95
CARDCO auoslron 24.75 Raohil VIC-20 19.95
Okidata Digitizer Camera. 109.95
6»9E . 899 MAE C-64 27.95
32K Punier Buffer . ..59.95
63193 999 Numeric Keypad .34 95 INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS Telstar 64 19.95
193 - 999 CB/5 5-slol Boa'd(63 54 00 Flip-n-File 10 3.50 M L. Monitor 64 18.95
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File Now-64 29.00 Koala Pad
ad - 59.95

Painl Now-64 ...211.00
Calc Now-64 29.00
Tax Survival 29.00 SCARBOROUGH (C-64) 3.5" DISKETTES
JOOO SHEETS Super Printer Ulility... ...27.95 Build A Book,,,, 24.75
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all means, buy a military laser (a whop on the screen. By holding the lens just
ping 5000 credits) when you can afford right, the blocks form into the letters
one. You may also want a rear-mounted OK. After pressing RETURN, you
laser so you can fire at an opponent as should see a password of two letters,
you run away. Even with a well- which you then type on the keyboard.
equipped ship, there are times when If you don't have the lens, you can't
the best tactic is to flee. load the rest of the game.
A lot of other hardware that can One thing that seems odd is that
make trading easier is available: mis when you first save a game position, it
siles, electronic counter-measures sys defaults to tape. Even though the game
tems (to foil incoming missiles), fuel loads from disk, you have to tell the
scoops, escape capsules, energy bombs, save menu that you're using a disk
energy units (to replenish depleted drive. This seems to indicate that
next and what kind of cargo will bring shields faster), docking computers, and there's a tape version available, which
the best price. galactic hyperdrives. All are expensive, isn't surprising considering the game
You might say the ultimate goal of not initially affordable to a novice originated in Great Britain, where tape
the game is a trip to England. You mail trader. drives are very popular. For a game
in your best score (along with a verifica If you skim the surface of the sun, that's otherwise well planned out and
tion code generated by the program) fuel scoops allow you to refuel. But the bug-free, this oversight—defaulting to
and the best player is awarded a week more dangerous pirates are out there as tape on a disk-based program—is out
in London. The contest ends March 31, well, so you should be well-armed of character.
1986. before you attempt this. Watch the cab Everything fits just right. Elite is
You begin with a combat rating of in temperature too; if it gets too high, the right blend of action and strategy,
Harmless. As you move from planet to the ship will burn up. A hot cabin may with excellent 3-D graphics, good
planet, you fight against pirate ships be a blessing, though, should you ever sound effects (one person even de
(who are trying to blow up your ship in find the ship infested by cute little ro scribed the theme song as the best since
order to collect the flotsam). You gradu dents. (Remember the Star Trek episode M.U.L.E.), and great documentation.
ally advance through the ranks; Mostly "The Trouble With Tribbles"?) Let's hope the authors of Elite continue
Harmless, Poor, Average, Above Aver As you journey through the gal to develop games for the 64.
age, Competent, Dangerous, Deadly, axy, you'll face some ethical questions. —Todil Heimarck
and (finally) Elite. After 80 planets and Should you become a pirate yourself? Firebird Licensees Inc. (U.S. Distributors)
countless unavoidable battles, I've There are many peaceful traders who P.O. Box 49
managed to earn a rating of Above Av just want to make a living. They won't Ramsey, N} 07446
erage and enough money for a fully- attack unless you shoot first. Equipped $29.95
outfitted ship. with a fuel scoop, you can blow them
There are 250 planets in each of the up and scavenge the cargo that re
eight galaxies, a total of about 2000 sys mains. If you take this course, expect to
tems you can visit. You're not likely to see your police rating change from
run out of new planets to see. Hyper- Clean to Offender, and possibly Fugi
space flights are limited to seven light tive. With a price on your head, police
years, though, so there are usually only ships and bounty hunters will begin to
a half-dozen planets within range. If hound you. Another question is wheth
you keep track of the prices at various er you should buy and sell contraband,
systems, you can figure out which items illegal commodities such as slaves, nar
you can buy for a low price, and make cotics, and firearms. Such items can
money more quickly. bring a high profit, but dealing in nar
Paradoxically, the best strategy for cotics and other illegal items will ad
earning the exalted Elite status is to run versely affect your police record.
away from dogfights at the beginning A lot of programming skill went
of the game. Fill up your cargo hold, into writing Elite, But someone also did Little Computer
leave the space station, jump through a lot of work putting together the pack
hyperspace, and move as fast as you aging and documentation. When you People
can to the nearest planet (and save your open the box, you find a disk, a card
game position at every planet). Sell board overlay for the keyboard, a small
what you can to make a profit, buy plastic Fresnel lens, an instruction sheet Computer games appeal to different
some more, and move to a new planet. for using the lens, a contest entry form, people for a variety of reasons. Some
At game's start, your ship is too weak to a warranty card, a small poster illustrat like the challenge of hand-eye coordi
last through more than a battle or two. ing the various ships you'll encounter, a nation that arcade games offer. Others
And avoid planets that are listed as an reference card summarizing the key like strategy games, programs that
archies or feudal worlds until you've board controls, a 64-page Space Trad move slowly and require a lot of time
added better offensive and defensive ers Flight Training Manual, and a 48- for thinking and planning. Imitators of
weaponry. (Anarchies are tough even page story, "The Dark Wheel." Your real-life situations, like flight simula
when you've got the best equipment.) first impression is that you've gotten a tors, have proven to be wildly popular.
When you make some money, buy lot for your money. You needn't read And some adventure games have de
a cargo bay extension, which increases the story to play the game, but it helps veloped an almost fanatical following
your available space from 20 one-ton set the scene and makes the game seem over the last few years.
cannisters to 35. The more you haul, more real. Some of the best software design
the more money you can make. Soon The lens is part of an inventive— ers emphasize the human element in
you'll want to replace the relatively and highly unusual—copy-protection electronic entertainment, and try to
weak pulse laser with a beam laser to scheme. When you first load Elite, you write games that make players feel in
make the battles a little easier to win. By see a pattern of blocky hi-res graphics volved with the program, like you
54 COMPUTE'S Gazelle Apnl 1986

For Kids
Help your children learn the basics
of computer programming with these 0-87455-038-6
S 14.95 0-87455-032-7
two new entertaining and educational
books from COMPUTE!.

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If you're accualnted with BASIC, yoircan easily write your own games and applications on
Atari's ST or Commodore's 128 computers. Over 30 sections—all with Instructor notes,
lessons, assignments, and lively Illustrations—entertain and amuse as you learn to use
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Introduction:; to programming your new computer. Clear writing and concise examples,
both trademarks of this series, make it easy for anyone—child or adult—to learn BASIC

Look for these and other books from COMPUTE!

at your local book store or computer store. Or order directly from COMPUTE!.

To order, call loll free In the US I-900-346-6767 (In NY 212-887-6525) or mall the attached coupon wllh
your payment to COMPUTEI Books, P.O. Box 5036, F.D.R. Stallon, New York, NY 10150.
Pleote send me the following COMPUTEI books. My payment Is enclosed.
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COMPUTEI'S Kids and the Atari ST, (038-6) $14.95 each
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COMPUTE!' PublicationsJncffl
COMPUTEI books are available In the U.K., Europe, the Middle
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might feel when you're reading a book
or watching a movie. The interactive
little person in your computer—he'll
ring the doorbell, then come in and
Ultima IV: Quest
nature of these games seems to appeal
to people who were previously uninter
look around. If he likes it, he'll go out,
get his suitcase and dog, and move in.
of the Avatar
ested in personal computers, based on These little people have lots of
'.he software they had seen. hobbies. They play games, and may ask
It seems ages since my quest began. Here I
Designers at Activision have pro you to join. They play the piano, watch
stand at the entrance to the Dungeon Des-
duced such a program, though, to their television, dance to music from the re
tard, with fauna, a Druid princess who
telling, they did not set out to write a cord player, read the paper, write let
has been with me almost since the begin
computer game. The program develop ters, and, of course, program their
ning; lolo, a Bard and my loyal compan
ers had been puzzling over why per computers. They seem to like talking on
ion; and Dupre, a Paladin. I wouldn't
fectly-coded programs kept crashing. the telephone, though, so far, no one
have made it this far without Dupre's
They theorized that maybe there were understands their language. Like real
strength in our many battles.
little people living inside our comput people, little computer people have dif
It's taken us a long time, and we've
ers, so they designed a comfortable lit ferent names and personalities and
fought many battles in this strange and
tle "house on a disk," hoping to gel a physical appearances.
supernatural land to prepare for this mo
glimpse of them. You have some responsibilities as
ment. Do 1 really want to risk everything
It worked, and Activision began the owner of an LCP. You must make
by descending into this dungeon? Does the
mass-producing and selling these little sure they have food and water, or they
bounty we stand to gain outweigh the
houses so that Commodore 64 and 128 turn green and look very unhappy. You
risks we must take to survive the terror of
owners could meet the little people in can send them gifts and play card
the unknown? The journey has hardly be
side their computers. games with them. But what makes
gun. After exploring this and other dun
Activisions's product, Little Com them happiest is when you pat them on
geons, if we survive, we still must enter
puter People, is an engaging, whimsical the head. All of the interaction between
the Abyss for the final confrontation with
program. It's not really a game, but it you and your LCP is done with a few
the unknown. My companions trust me,
doesn't fit into any other traditional keystrokes. and look to me for leadership. Am I lead
classification for a computer program. It Excellent graphics and sound and a
ing them to their doom or to even greater
may appeal to people who also enjoy very novel idea make Little Computer
other types of computer games, bul People a charming, enjoyable program
Could that other life, so vague now,
may be especially of interest to people for people of many ages and interests.
have really existed? 1 remember resting on
who don't usually enjoy them. —Katky Yakal the grass beside a lazy stream, taking a
The first time you load the pro Acth/lsion, Inc. break from cares and worries in some oth
gram, you'll see the house that the Ac P.O. Box 7286 er world. When a portal opened—a gate
tivision design team built for the LCP's. Mountain View, CA 94039 way between the two worlds—/ found the
In a minute or so—assuming there is a $2435
Ankh, a map, and two books: one of magic
and the other titled "The History of Brit -
tannia." 1 had no idea of the journey I was

BACKUP about to begin. I'm glad I read the books. I

wouldn't have had a clue of what was to
PROTECTED SOFTWARE come without their guidance.
What adventures Jaana and I have
FAST had fighting the monsters that abound in
this mysterious land, exploring the cities

with COPY II 64/128

and the countryside, meeting other people
on similar quests, and discovering more
about my purpose and ultimate goal in
From the team who brought you COPY II PLUS (Apple), COPY!! PC (IBM) Brittannia. Brittannia is huge. The map of
the known world fills in only a small area,
and COPY I! MAC (Macintosh) comes a revolutionary new copy program for
but I've been doing my best to explore the
the Commodore 64 and 128 computers. large unknown regions.
It was thought that the evil was
• Copies most* protected software — automatically.
stamped out during the Third Era of the
• Copies even protected disks in just 2 minutes (single drive). Dark Ages—Ultima ///—as lolo the Bard
calls it. Of course, that was before we dis
• Copies even protected disks In just 1 minute (dual drive).
covered that evil still exists in hidden cor
• Maximum of four disk swaps on a single drive. ners of Brittannia, and is yet quite strong.
' Includes fast loader, 12 second format. Our goal is to complete the Quest of the
Avatar, and banish evil from this land
Requires a Commodore 64 or 128 computer with one or two 1541 or 1571 drives. forever.
Such will by your life, should you
choose to begin Ultima IV, the latest
Software, Inc. M-f- 8-5:30, W.Coasi Time $39.95 and the best of the fantasy role-playing
games in the Ultima series by Lord Brit
9700 SWCapilolHwy.. '100 CHECK. COD WEICOME
ish of Origin Systems. Originally re
Finland, OR 97219
leased for Apple computers, the series
is being translated for the Commodore
■We updaieCopy [f 6-1 regularly to handle new protect ions, you as a registered rjwjier may updaleat any lime at a 64. Ultima HI and Ultima IV are avail
reduced price,
able now, and translations of Ultima I
Thtt !"in!uct ri provided frti ihp purtxiie of vnabtin$ ytiu fa ruuke archival (o^fi inly
and li should be available later this
year. Even if you choose Ultima IV for

56 COMPUTE'S Gazetto April 1986



The Commodore Software Association Is a world Members may purchase any program from our
wide software organization specializing In the dis Commodore 64'128 software catalog for Only $3.00
tribution of owner/user wriiten software tor the per program — no tricks, no gimmicks. Programs
Commodore 64 and Commcdore 128 computers. are on diskette. There are no additional charges, the
We are the lowest cost organ iiation specializing In price of $3.00 per program Includes postage, hand
software for the Commodore 64 and 128 in the coi-ooo't
ling and all applicable taxes.

How can you sell programs for only $3 each? HERE ARE A FEW SAMPLE TITLES
The name of the game in cutting costs is volume. Volume of FROM OUR SOFTWARE CATALOG:
membership (in the tens of thousands) and purchasing (also Motocross, Meteor, Star Flight. Space Patrol, Eliza. Exterminator,
in the thousands). We also lower our costs with the wide Boxing, Battleground, Checkers, Backgammon, Poker, Space Pat
range of programs we offer. rol, Helicopter Rescue, Concentration, French Tennis, Alien
Ambush, Rear Assault, Vicious Circle, Freeway Fox, Shark Hunt,
S3 programs? Are they really quality programs? Moon Base, Star Trek. Trench, Mystery, Candyland, Towers of
Any program submitted to us has to meet our high stan Doom, Blackjack, Keno, Kizmet, Metrics, Math Tutor, Chemistry,
dards. We reject any program that does not meet high Physics, Spanish, Planet Facts, Super Fly, Fireball, Preschool
industry standards of quality and sophistication. Learning Aids, European Geography, Trivia Quiz, Credit Card
Management, Calorie Calculator, Recipe File, Auto Expenses, Gar
How many programs are available? den Help, Golf Handicapping, Weather Forecaster, Football Rating,
We currently have more than 1000 programs in our Com Autocypher, Basketball Statistian, Home Inventory, Loan Amortiza
modore software library. Most are in our up-to-date Com tion, Phona'Address List, Financial Math, Depreciation Schedule,
modore catalog. The list grows daily as submissions pour In Stock Trends, Bonds, Handicapper, Personal Banker, Mortgage
from around the world. Members will receive regular catalog Spreadsheet, Letter Writer, Budget Management, W-2 Form, 1040
Form, Annuities, Paycheck, Regression, Bowling Records, Sec
tional Properties, Equations, Convensions, Chi-Square, Crossover
Programs are categorized as follows:
Network, Digital Logic Simulator, Factorial, Flow Chart, niter De
GAMES, MUSIC, EDUCATIONAL, sign, Electronic Solution, Bisection, Simpson Integration, Polyhedra
BUSINESS/FINANCIAL, HOME/PERSONAL, Coordinates, Statistical Analysis, etc., etc., etc.
— A very small list when compared to our catalog!
How do I get a list of programs?
Membership entitles you to our extensive software catalog
with listings categorized by type of program.

What else does membership provide?

Membership entitles you to our newsletter REMarks. It con MEMBERSHIP ... $15.00
tains hints, program reviews, problem solvers and tips that
I have enclosed a check or money order for S15.00. This entitles
make using your Commodore easier and simpler, and ex
me to your newsletter, your extensive software catalog and
pand its capability.
programs for only $3.00 each.
Do I have to be a programmer to benefit?
Not at all. However, if you do program and want to submit a Name
program to our software library, we have a generous soft
ware submission system.

What does it cost to join? City

Only a low membership fee of $15 per year. That entitles
you to our newsletter, plus all the benefits mentioned above, State Zip.
and quality programs for only $3 each. What's more, we'll
mail out membership materials the very same day that we
receive your membership fee! P.O. BOX 83655
llr.k notcher S5.99
Double yout auk capacity *.ih ims IrtM lool

Generic Disks DS/DD 79C

Revolutionary new lechnolagv enables virluai slnMua of Bi'»2 by Its of high speed

Witfi writo proieci and in^ouT switches, the KEEPER adda "?w dimensions lo vOur
computing cisaD^iiTf Oeiignedlor |he Commodore C W and C 128
* Powerful all machin* language program • Takoa up only *K ol memory
• Adds 10 no* commands plus and advancer! DOS wedge i Auto-Slari Cartridges ol Your Own Program* ^ Recall
Sicne programs or sequential m Ram for almost instani accons This givBi you Iho 'ln Sollware Mokes Use EASY ■ May BeUseUOver ano
advantage of having several programs in memory at the same Time BASIC or Machine Language Program* • Guaranteed for I Year
imagine wniing a game ana having a &pFii-o editor program in memO'y at trie same lime'



Help .iE last 18 ,1 prog/am lhal will n'oiecl you' *,vtl*atp orog'ami rrom
Oivfl yOui ubpi^ itit p'ofes^ionai louCh Wilh Hi R*r." Graph-c.s mjht your ywn design yp uu
duplicating 1 (0 1 million conn>\ can DP prelected IbbI Jnd easy one nuT fjO [jp"»made liiDnis wiin eauy to use on aC«Bn ortilor Voucjn »nscr| uo lo thror? fifl«>
Specially designed lor Ihe C64 anil 1541 0<^. Drive oT (em Then choose ine picture you want to put on lhe leiT hand ^icte ol thrj lahnl Tti^n ytm
Compieieiy encrypts and prorpcis your crogfam^ tan fjunr oi*l ds many labels as you want This f>a^ qol to b<- thp neatesT label pfugiaiTL oul
Fully compaTiDPe *rth almosl aH rnac^me language and basic fl'oqrams — ihe>e snrl it s only

supiiOri cnarri^d programs S24{

Each aysl^m has been ft[»cia!ly prepjrf-U and is unique liom all oinpr ^ysl Only
you are able 1" make working dupliciiles of your own proteclefl prcfjran^s
Fasl ana rpiiiiblp prolncdon roulinedoel not lake a way any usaohli* soaCr*

Evonihe' niDbiflrs can t cooy tr-ium noi ever* 'Di*h M.iinjr "Ui^if s 'Cony II
Gyle oi "Fas'. Hatkem The lime I<j D'Otr.n:t yuudisi- is only 5 ifivoi t*
Lock makes a cUMerem pirjiutiiDi scnr»mp Only

■Qi5h Mahe/rw &m* "Copy li™ Central Point Soflwa'r

'Misle'Nibbles'^ FullQrdfl "UHra Byt#™ Ultra B>te
1 ^**al Hac'"im Basement Boys Soflwaffr


Havpng protiloma finding that losi disk'' Harn'3 a program thai allows you lo QlphaheElie and ■jjso avertable — i^r . is-j
print out your program njmot in a versitila formal A scrolling arrow allows you to odii oui you' wini 'ihop Their \H0 j net D<,i
rTioaningEesi fumes, and kaep whai you wini Know whit you gel and whore us si'
• 60 lo 600 litEfts {1 to 5 COLUMNS; can be printed per page ay unrig optional condensed

Pnn| Oisk labels wiih your disk names and IDs.
1541 M.A.S.H.
• Can support up Et> 1 tQO program tulos andean ONLY Now vou can service v^ur nwn 1541 di^k drive uSififl 1541 WASH Siive dq huewson rep*i'r
BiDhaDelun m l«? mjn 15 ieconas1
s1 Dills (TaT*1 Ihe c?rTormHinctf OT your rj'fvj* TeliI and jdpusf PPM *■ Tp^i and ddjus) head aIki"
Save me mailer list lo dish for use Kith a word proceuor * a data Tipni Step Pv s<eo ingiructrons tlul dnyone tan Follow Pays Iot dsell the hrfll lime trxtu lj^-
it ioad|Ubl a rTi^henavinci jppvp No knuw^dqeof H^rinmpcs is npcc&sarv A" you needs i'h -*


S'lio l contains over 1DQ roulinevsomool them are JofpiolHCtion.imoothscrollkng. modem
routines and sound and color Also a oooimaher, paddle and (oysltch lesl read terminal, and


aulo dial and aulo answer Documented routines allow you To use tnern to&uiid your own
programs o* use atone This disk has a lot of tnc*s Jfial are used m commercial aofiwarc

Side 2 contains several ol the ?ame routines Ion ha 128 system But also flT&Sedilor for going An adapter lhat plugs into your RGB output mat gives you 80-columns
out lo track 66 along *i|h a screen dump lor |he flO coium mode and lols. lots more
of monochrome texl in the 128 mode.

Side 1 C-64 Side 2 128 All for S19 95


64-128 CROSS REFERENCE BOOK This is the best package anywhere!
This is me fjrst nook avaiiaoie o' us Kind Complete crosweftrencps used io covert 64 EWIFTERM
programs oi^t lo ihe 125 computer Booh is lormaiuu on lhe left side with t no Local ton and ii aD^oiulely The BBBiflf^ icfmnal
label name and ihen on lhe ngtit wuh. [he equilvent 12& location The entire rangeol memory • MVnrt-i wilh thr> TfitiO and We^lr
covered siarTmg al O-Page going ihru BASIC and Ihenihru theOpflralmg Syslem A must ■ New punier 3nd midwestem p'oi ai

s12 95
lor [he i - £d*p to df^t
• DOS C0*nman<JB flfcrss from me*iu • Stdndard ASCII ui^
< Phone book ■ 3[MJ't?00BTlLJii

64 BBS
Thi^ ifl an e>CflFt'M| en^v lo use prntjp.tT" for a vwy itfa^onjiiiiin pner

Full Ci-'tC-tfK.tnctt DOrt'O Ail'' IDES '.' ►■.!'.,■. r,-| P.j..n,| (jn . iTii^'. i +,., [JiTfePOflT *'->l\t>"i tO Aulo dial, auto answer. 200 baud modem irrai n 100** compaiibla wilh Commodorsa 16S0
modem, so all our snllw.ire will run wilh it
• Backroom ua^i word giv«s vouacte^&fu • Remote sec 055 fa' sy&up
7 'cad an;! write room^ wilh -4 secunty • Pnnter oplion Swifierm &4 and Modem for \J *J
io*ei5 * 300 1200 Gaud So why Du/ |usi anoiner terminal program when you can get a modem too111
• Open tiSJ"i tioard used fu posf mes- > 2Leyels oTsecunT^ tor mp and down inad
Sages Dy \i5flrj *
r^cw punter X modem anrj midwcSf Sup
Sameletiiurcsas above bul for 12fl AlsoinGludinga4BKbuNnrandaprogramflblp0'K>neli5l
g *^ O95
Fjsler syppc usmg lhe 1571 . _ _*.

128 BBS
lor your 12& rogrAni wiltiah m« lunctionsoi th*64 version 01 us more
• Supports new punier arid x modom pro WANTED: PROGRAM SUBMISSIONS
Megaso't is currently seaking quality prog;am submissions tor marketing on a naiionat scale
o-jiffa a*e compiE-T^iy menu dn-un rind easy lo use Several r]pncns cari ti4> sei up We pay flood royalties and can *oik several options II you reel Iriat you havu iomethinu o'
ing to ihosysiamootntoracftoic* Tnn it ttiftnioai comprthungive syltffm gvjeiitiifl minrasi. call (2D6| (js?-^i76 foi mo'c inloTmaiion unique uhlihes and. harclwaro devices a

5B COMPUTEfs Gazette April 1986
AUTO LOADER Tax preparation has neve' been a breQieticopi when you lei your computer do it for you This
A cartridge ttiat plug* mto your ei pan non oorr Ehar makes loading ana working «nn trie easy lo use menu Onven program Tojiawi your Ta* form line Dy line while computing all the
drive much *stl*r. Wirh AUTO LOAD you witi n**er have To type any ol ihr? load comtfianfl necessary mEormaiion It has aiMhe lai taBies included tot Ihe foims listed Below and will print
again r^ccirurflgcn n not inn-rinr,* h-itn an.yo' your programs »"d has inrf»e different * oul ail the information you need to liii out your forms Ta« Pac reduces mat cnance ol error in
TO load Ihpm order lo gel that refund Quick1
1 Aura mine mode ■Hows von to let up a special die that has commands ■ " • \- <' , 1 , *. 1 • Tai Forms Supported 10*0 KM0A. 1Q40EZ. 2106 2441 4SG2 3J^a 341 md SchecJules
lip lyaiem to perform wfi*n power <■ fint lurnscf on [Same m Apple s *nd IBM .luto1 A B.C.O.E.G.SE.W

Mftt I • StOr» all your tai information <jn ditk for easy recall or recomputation
• Does ail compuiflUQns ancj prints nil me ligures you neml to Ml out your official forms
2 II an auio-HirHiie is not found (h*»i AUTO lOaO rojrjs tnP directnry and displays ilift*
metu lor mat Preiimo one tetter nemo your selection loads ana runs me program Aulomai-

3 Molding flown different lunciign keys while lu'n^ng the comouTer 01 types in commands
Purchase price Is tax deductible S24
like (LOAD 9M (LOAD ' '" 8 • flLN) (LOAD1 S.B ■ LIST]
* Uso *itfi a lime' to haye your BBS come uo at a certain lime-. Automatically"
■ Load wtdrje tirsi change colors her load applicant wnhoui Touching rnt keyboard1

• G'tal'or programmers can be u*ed to load up several uMiiies m a rrj*f

* MuT-. tariing mru anfl loading several dilforpni proariirns vciy quick ias with public
domain rmiiii uNiitin Oiii" etc )
• Eaif lor kids mat cum type yei
♦ Cometwiin buill in lystem resei switcri S1Q95


D-CODER 1. Auto Dial will auiomaiiraiiy diaJ a sei ol number^ you choose
2 Rsvisw Numbers will review numbers ihat we'e a^s^e^d Cy a
■ Transiarevi an^ machine language program mio easy to-ready English dost'iplions wiin computer
com^lele e* planar rot 5 0' each cenmanrj
3 Sate Mumbsn mil save number^ wrier* a computer a^^wtteU
M,nn*i compile noTaiiorta Ol jii unporlani memory locations acceswO by Ihe program
4 Hardcopy ol Numbtri Mill o»n| ogi tit\ of numbers ivhete a com
iSlO VIC WDS KE^nal etc}
Purer answered
Give* you Ifiree ways of accen*n\\ programs
5 LOAD Numbflri will loafl if> numbers to conimue when* r| lefi oil
WIN raad and Idi programs from DISK
WIN nad and Nil programs from MEMORY
6. Continue wHI pick upd<ai"-ifl where ■! was inlerrupled ;29
3. Olracl user hipul (Irom mBgtf1r<ei. yln ■
Can be uaetl ID lacald .ina pnamire any machine larquarq^ proqram s protection

Can be used (0 nasiiy Dreat" floart mactiine languagi? programs for study and

■ Pnnler opdQri fo' connpleTe hard c ipy listings1

YDunofongirmidtobtan k.i.hii i> ir. i-.-m'. m.u h.rn- LinguB S19'
1 you ' ■■ " ■■- i, -1 -■-'■ changsB In machms fanggage programi . . on The dish1 Fourth Edition! Now Available!
■le abiiily .piIoa^ code id be >illeied and then rpwniten rjuoclly To Ihe disn' Kyouhret1r(do'oeirigriaFatsei)bypf 1. ■ -"Ji.^ .-jroornai./copy programs tnenthi;
urei lector by<»c(or scO"ing assembly language display oi machjne language ■& the book for you1 Thta 2$O page manual covers ihe gamut Irom legaFiTies id protection
methods lo step-by-step back up procadurei ho* you can learn boih how to p jo net *nd
unprolvd solt'rva'e1 The lechniguei cohered include copying cartridges to tip4 or disk tape
Nolaiionof ASCII l«il *guivai*nti For easy spoiling of embedded ie>t Hiring^'
protection, and dish proipcTirjn Oish protection coven error numQors £QL ?T. £?. ?3 j? and 19
Mdndy rvlgrence display ol all asvrmbly language commands and ilwir ML numerical plui smgiu track loirriatTing. header modilication. header mapping, naif Hack reading and
equivalent a1
writing leaamg and modified bit denjitiei faimarting illegal Track/sectors sync writing ano
Byte srjiiHci lor ea^y spnthng ol decimal ^ -i Q mare! forth additkon contains the moat unuiual anfl innovativr? protection a natysu tool lor Ihe
addresses into low byte nigh byte ormalF Commodore yei1 - noHor 8«glnn*n - ■■■■. i/stem eip.inas your 1541 drive giving capaoiJiTy
otherwise only . , : . for proftHlonil duk dufllicahon eouipirienl now you can creaie 01
analyse enodc soiirss ol disk profecTian 'D,O.S. Klngi' Ti*e Notsl ■ Entire tracks of data can
Top Secret Stuff I and Top Secret Stuff II be readandwriilen without regard to Standard sync and format Vou are no longer Nmiieo1 To
P'Oyamed by Jim Drew sector by aecior searches Whole tiack readouis reveal hidden datfl <?ven when all or most of
collodions of JO programs pin diskette rthat workflOUl toatioui SI 00 pnr prtjgrsrnih the sectors have been erased Uncovorannd wriiesflata under errors, pulse coafled sync or
lhat help you OHplornanf] onftanceyojr Commodore ti4 sndfar IJfl^nrj t!i.ii r]ir,K drlYti Now OAlo. hidden dala and nccets codes, multiple trnck densities and more1 This manual covers
ycjucan ur«ock many ^ocrnt'i fo'merry known only to lop machine Ijinni.diof* programmsn \*\ The complete implementation ol Iho Track Trap ayslorn including necessary software anfl
uiinq the^n anphi^ncalid "lools " II you have ever benn curious alioui thi* mnnr wnrkinqs of hardware dcCumeniahon

you' computer ^yintm now Is your chance to flifl >n and find Answer* with \hp h&ip n\ These
These Collections ol programs have gotten uve reviews from actual u^ers and
ok Only .
we are sure that you too vuiM be pte;

Theae are just tome of prograinB included.

Book & Disk oF all Piograms
*2995 us
This mtnus) dots not condone p
Ths Dock iticwirepair disk r RAM T*£1 -est Computer HAMi
Sync Chatktr (dtsheire) Copy SAOOO 1FFFF lunflpr


Dish MinipulilJon Syitim Display G C.R. hAll sccror daiai
Dltfttlt Maithtr 1 coin par? Smooth Scroll [messages up acntem
W TracV H<adt' Koala Dumpihoala pad aceen dui^pi A sup bi ilep Oii« bliad prog rim inal co<ori 1IHB8 bMici of no« to p(0()r«m in mac bine
EltclronJc Artt Backup DJth r'f.: \ '.> r,. .. r^tops copifl^i language Coverage incluBo a ntcKiiie nmulilo' s»i"o a jiapbic «iamei> 0' lion flag*
Drlii« Mon jdisk dnve mil mo Bool Mflhtr lautobooh BASIC programs* ana registers ar* effeclea mben a program is running; Tmeniy ihrce I«son5 coniam a -me
Ditkeit* Flit Log nt.vl end a Wsdgs ■ 1COOO range ol information la inclgOe mimor, opcfulioni. Ihe Hack POinlar ana how inlerruptl
fttpalt A Track trecovpr data) Diskmatcher II ifiigh speed versfon) work This is ine fjrst lulonal of il's hina
Track Formaiter Nq Drive RaHl* (on reading errorsf

S19 95 S19! S19 95

Dealei and Dts' nbutor Inquiries Invited.

Enclose Cashiers Chech. Money Order or

Personal Check Allow 14 days for delivery.
2 !o 7 days lor phone orde s. Canada orders
must be in US Dollars VISA - MASTER
MegaSoft Limited
P.O. Box 1080. Battle Ground. Washington 98604
Programs tor C-6J/128 ;3 00 S ft H on au oraers
Software Submissions Inviled Phone 800-541-15-11 • 24 hour BBS order line • 206-687-5205
Tech. Line 4 Foreign 4 In Washington slate orders - 206-6B7-7176

COMPUTES Gazette April 1986 59

your first adventure in this series, you'll tures. Give this package some serious by-step approach is instructive, and
probably want to try the other games in thought as your next entertainment program interaction is understandable
fhe series. acquisition. and easy to follow. A calculator is also
Destruction is not the key to Ultima —George Miller built into the program, as are help files.
IV. And not everything you encounter Writing is based on what is essen
Origin Systems, Inc.
is best killed, as you'll quickly learn. tially a full-fledged word processor.
340 Harvey Read
You must live by eight virtues during Manchester, NH 03103 Questions and suggestions supplied by
your quest. It's not easy, and your quest Distributed by Electronic Arts, hie, the program help students learn to cre
will last a long time. Don't plan on com 2155 Campus Drive ate ideas for their book reports and es
pleting this adventure in a weekend. San Mateo, CA 94403 says, organize those ideas, and then
approximately $60 write the reports using the word proces
You see a number of different dis
plays as you explore various parts of sor. The program also includes a spell
Britannia. {The names and state of ing checker and help files.
health of each of the characters in your For students who need extra help
party is always displayed.) When you in these academic subjects, Spinnaker's
move through the countryside, you Homework Helper packages offer sound,
view a portion of the map of Britannia. practical, hands-on practice. In a school
As vou enter the cities and towns, the setting, a teacher may be able to incor
porate the programs as supplementary
lessons. At home, they may also serve

Fight Night as supplementary study aids. !n either

case, the programs would appear to
Fight Ni%l\t by Accolade is really two work most effectively for students
games in one for the Commodore 64. when there is some supportive supervi
Use the Boxing Construction Set to de sion involved.
velop your own boxer, choosing traits Spinnaker plans to offer additional
such as speed, stamina, intellect, foot Homework Helper titles in this series.
work, and fighting style. Then when Spinnaker Software
you're ready, enter your fighter in the One Kendall Square
Championship round. Train your fight Cambridge, MA 02139
er to prepare for the main event as you $32.95 each
work your way up through the ranks.
display shifts to a detailed map of the Your fighter will stand toe to toe with
immediate surrounding area within the five of the roughest fighters around,
Maps U.S.A.
town. and battle for a shot at the title as you
Learning the names and locations of
When you attack monsters, or are use your joystick to control every move.
states, state capitals, rivers, mountains,
unfortunate enough to be attacked, the Winning graphics and sound, com and cities can be a much more appeal
screen switches to an overhead view of bined with arcade action and strategy, ing task when using RadarSoft's Maps
the field of combat. You see each of the make Fight Night more than a rock-'em U.S.A., an educational program for the
characters in your party, and each sock-'em game. You've got to plan 64. The package has two separate for
member of the opposing force. In the ahead. mats: 1. Maps-64—a map-based sec
dungeons, you're treated to a three-
Accolade Entertainment Software tion which tests your knowledge of
dimensional display of the passages
2OS63 Stevens Creek Boulevard cities, states, capitals, and selected nat
you're moving through. But when you
Cupertino, CA 95014 ural landmarks such as waterways and
encounter monsters, the display is simi $29.95 mountains; and 2, Information—a
lar to that of an open field battle.
state-by-state listing of such infor
Communication with the program
is easy. The lower right side of the Homework Helper: mation as population, capital, nick
name, motto, date of entry into the
screen is the communications window. Writing And Homework Union, per capita income, and six other
Usually a one word command is suffi
cient, and often one keystroke is all Helper: Math Word topics.
The first section features a scrolling
that's required to convey your inten Problems map of the United States. You type in
tions. A reference card listing available
the name of a location, and the map
commands is included with the game. Mathematical word problems and stu
scrolls to that point and then highlights
Dungeons and Dragons devotees dent essays and book reports are sub
the designated spot. One option, called
will enjoy the Ultima series, and even ject areas that many youngsters have
"Heligame," lets you pilot a helicopter
beginning adventurers will find them trouble mastering during their junior
around the country as you race against
selves captivated by the charm and de and senior high school years. Spinna
time to find various places. Maps U.S.A.
tail of Ultima IV. Don't worry about ker is offering two Homeivork Helper
has a total of 3,000 locations to learn.
getting lost; hints are available by call educational programs for the Commo
Randomized questions can include the
ing the customer service department at dore 64 that provide coaching and prac
entire country, or can be narrowed to
Origin Systems, and a hints book will tice in both areas for grades 7-12.
geographic sections of the U.S. There's
soon be available. Even the characters Math Word Problems is divided into
enough variety to make this an effective
in the game will often give you hints three areas: a tutorial section about the
aid for youngsters in school or home
and point the way for your further ad five lypes of word problems and how to
ventures. Although Ultima IV is one of create equations with each; a hands-on
the most complex adventures I've seen, section containing a series of problems RadarSofl
to be solved; and a helper section that ACK, Inc.
the game is quite easy to play.
655 John Mutr Drive #E411
Lord British has created what may aids the student in solving his or her
San Francisco, CA 94132
be the ultimate challenge in graphics own homework problems, and then
and text fantasy role-playing adven- shows how to print them out. The step-

60 COMPUTED Gazeiro April 19S5



Complete planetarium. Over 100 of the best COMMODORE C128 80-CHARACTKR CABLE.
celestial sights. Easily locate galaxies, nebulae, No need for RGB! monitor. 80 char, on reg,
best-selling gamps, utilities new release. Visa.
binaries, globular., constellations, etc. Exciting monitor. Just S9.95 + $2 s/h to: UNITED
MasterCard. Frw brochure. Ront-A-Disk, 90B 9th
graphics and animation allow you to find and RESEARCH, 7723 R'Horse Ln., Roeme, TX 78006
Avt, Huntington, WV 257G1 (304) 522-1665
follow Halley's Comet Thru )an. of 87. Includes
polar alignment. Own the besl and most MISCELLANEOUS
Free membership in SVV club. Top British
C64 progs. Member's discount. Introduct. offer: complete of its kind. Order now, prompt ship INDEXES TO LEADING COMMODORE MAG
membership, catalog & reviews (no strings.) Arrow ment! Money back guarantee. For Commodore AZINES. Introductory offer! Vol. 1-1982/84. Vol.
Express. Box 205-G4, Rossland, BC BOC 1 YO 64/128, Apple II, lie, Disk $23.95. Free catalog. 2-1984/85, S6 each or $9 both. Send ck/mo to:
Astroware. Bos 542, Sparta, NJ 07871 PCdes.Box 563. Dayton, OH 45409
thpC64. SX, orC12B. sheel lor SASE-PtRm REAL PINOCHLE. Double-deck, 4-handcd EASY SCRIPT USERS - Quit digging in the
lor S106.95 (CA m. odd 6% sis «). I.AWCO, partnership for 1 player. For C64, PC, E.S. Manual! For a quick reference check list
Dept. CJ, Bon Z01J9, Maneca, CA 9533fi PCjr. On disk S20. Jim Bernard. 301 send $1.00 to Simple Solutions,
Forest Dr.. Bellevue, ME 68005 P.O. Box 0452, Charleston, SC 29404
Uses Punter & Xmixitm Protocols, 27 M»g. HORSE RACING ANALYZER - Uses data from a 64 SPEEDSCRIPT 3.X INFO: Cmd. summary
Categories, Doting Board & More! 164.95 daily racing form. Rates horses. Predicts outcome. sheet, 3.2 bug fin, add-on / enhancement info.
(DBS) 71S-645-I979 ' (Voice) 718-336-2343 Tested and proven to work. Disk S49. Breeder's Order by mail only. Send $1 today to- HELIMZ,
L&S Computer*, PO Box 392, Bkln, NY 11229 Club. 1635 Willey Rd.. Memphis, TN 38119 POB Z2hll. GRKKNSBORO, NC 27420
Genealogy Program for ihe C64 "FAMILY AT LASTI TRULY AFFORDABLE SOFTWARE!: For 64 SpsedScript 3.X: /SPEEDMATE/ tutor
TREE" will produce Pod:gree Charts, Family For C-64 and C-12B users. Disk with 10 - cultomlier /SPEEOPAK/, the SS enhancer
Group Records, Files. Indexes, programs + auto loader ONLY S15.00. Send (ses Feb. 86 CG p.106). Disks $15 ob. Send
Searches of Ancestors. I.DS version available, S1.00 tor catalog (refundable) to: D.BJ. Check or MC/V number - exp. dale: UPSTAHT-
"The Best" genealogy program lor Ihe 64. Software, 597 Main St., Lewiston, ME 04240 G4, POB 22022, Greensboro, NC 27420.
$49.95, GDNEAIOGY SOFTWARE, PO0 1151, ORDERS ONLY: 1-B0O-62B-282B Eit. 67B
PORT HURON, MI 48061, (519) 344-3990.
Animal Records maintained with "PETIGREE" ADEQUATE GAME ON THE 64. FRANK HUBER,
for Ihe QbA. Produces Litter. Awards. Breeding. A-3 OLD POST RD.. FT. WORTH, TX 76118
Show, Individual Records, Pedigree Charts.
S69.93. CENEALOGY SOFTWARE, POB 1151, "DIGITAL WARS" the computer game that
PORT HURON, Ml 4B061, (519) 3J4-3990
allows you to do battle with your computer.
For your C6J. $19.95 each. E'. Johnson.
FREE SOFTWARE CATAJ)GI 238 E 2100 S, Salt Lake City, Utah 84115
Call Toll-Friw 1-800-554-1162, Teve*, Inc.
Save 1/3 off retail prices We carry SSI,
Elect. Arts, Infocom, and many more!
+ S2 s/h. Includes 1040, 2106, 2441, A,B,C.
D,E,G,SE,W,1040A. Yearly updates $10.
SPECIAL ED. PROGRAMS FOR THE 64. Specify disk or tape. Steve Karasek, B55
Learning Handicaps, Physical Disability, Divcrsey, St. Louis, MO 63126, 314-961-2052.
Early Learning. Send (or Tree Brochure:
SCIENCE OUTREACH - Km. 3, 1731 Howl Ave.
n-110, 5acramento, CA 95825. (916) 427-72JS


Decision Analysis or Mul. Alternative $24.95.
People Analysis for Mgm:. & Sales $21,95.
R. Lewter & Assocs., 510'i Linda Lou Dr.,
Carmichael, CA 95608

PLAY TVs ■■WHfctl OF ^

COM 64/128. Great fun lor all ages. Send COMPUTEI's Gazette Classified is a low-cost way to tell over
S14.95 to Mike Day. 4747 Snow Dr.. San Jose.
275,000 microcomputer owners about your product or service.
CA 95111. Indicate Tape or Disk.
Rates: S25 per line, minimum of four lines. Any or all of the first line set in capita)
TEACHERS-GRADES EASE. Easy to use electronic letters at no charge. Add S15 per line for boldface words, or $50 far the entire ad set
gradebook for C-A4. Prints gradebook pages & in boldface (any number tif lines.)
progress reports. $14.95 — $2 p.h. Terms: Prepayment is required. Check, money order, American Express, Visa, or
SOFTWARR. 11919 Barryjee, Houston TX 77070 MasterCard is accepted. Make checks payable lo COMPUTE! Publications,
Form: Ads are subject to publisher's approval and must be either typed or legibly
C64 Passvvord protection, personalized ID
printed. One line equals 40 letters and spaces between words. Please underline
screen. DOS Wedge, Help Screen, and more!!
words to be set in boldface.
Replace your kernal rom with our COM-LOCK II
General Information: Advertisers using post office box numbers in their ads must
supply permanent address and telephone numbers. Orders will not be acknowl
free brochure: TJK Systems, P.O. Box 236,
edged. Ad will appear in next available issue after receipt.
Mil ford, Michigan 48042
Closing: 10th of the third month preceding cover date (e.g., June issue closes March
SCRIiiltLii draws, loads, saves, + prints
10th], Send order and remittance to: Harrv Blair, Classified Manager, COMPUTERS
pictures, Budgeteer financ?s home budget.
Gazette, P.O. Box 5406, Greensboro, NC 27403. To place an ad bv phone, call Harry
Each is S14.95 (T/D). For Plus 4, 12H, +16.
Blair at (919)275-9809.
Budgeteer also on 64, John W. Rice, 51429
NollCB: COMPUTE! Publications cannot be responsible for offers or claims of
Rice Run Rd., RccdsvilLe. OH 45772 advertisers, but will attempt to screen out misleading or questionable copy.

COMPUTE'S Gazelle April 1986 61

RGB Monitor

(Order Now) Plus Separated Composite Video (Order Now)

$1 3995
Perfect for 80 column use on the Cl 28
plus includes green screen option
and alt controls accessed from Ihe
front of ihe monitor, ''""' ■'■
With S59.9S Tlm«worlcs Word writ. 11

SALE $45095
•C128 Disks 79'ea." Wordprocenor savings applied

■ Paperback Writer 64 $39.95 • 340K1571 Disk Drive S259.00

■ 10" Corns!ar 10X Printer S14S.D0
Plus $14.5.0 5SH ^H| V S • Voice Syntheitzer $39.95
•13" Color Monitor S1S9.95 «1I" Amber Monitor JT9.95




COUPON with avery COMMODORE 64
You poy only U39.9S when you order the powerful This oil-new revolutionary 12SK computer uses all
84K COMMODORE f>i COMPUTER! LESS the value ol Commodore 64 ^oflwnrc and attes:_"n:' plus oil CPM
MONITOR we tall! Thl* coupon ahowi you
Ihe SPECIAL SOFTWARE DISCOUNT COUPON we pack programs lormatled rar 1\iq di^k drive. Phi W*
with your computer that allows you to SAVE OVER Include a SSf.93 Tlmvwork* Werdwrltor
S350 oil software mlo print M Wilh only SICK) ot Wardprot*$$er. (Your ■■■■: cost is $229.05 wilh
laving* applied, your net computer con is 539.951' wardproces&or tavmgi applied}
Lut $349.00, SALE **■*.00.


Get these 51, Double Sided Floppy Disks tpeciolly
Double Sided. Single Duk Drive Eor C-128 allows you
designed for ihe Commodore I7S Computer (1571 D»jk
to use C-12S mode pfui CPM mode. 17 'imes rosier
□ rive}. 100', Certified. lifetime Warranty Hams Hit la I* Coupon
than 1541. plus runs all 15* I formal*.
Automatic Lint Cleaning Liner included. I Bat ol TO •
Paperback Wrii.r 61 199 00 S3'.95 119 9 5 List J349.00. Sale »?*9.00.
S9 90 (99" bo.). 5 Boies of 10 ■ S44 50 (39' ea.). 10 131.9S
Papirback Dntobaiafi* 119.00 5 J : 9S
Bo.osof 10-S79.M(791ea.). Paperback Dictionary 134.95 (11.95 110.00
Th* Print Shop Ut.ii W7.9S 136.95 SUPER AUTO DIAL MODEM $34,91
Hallay't Project »9.9S 135.95 134.95 Easy to use. Just plug Inlo your Commodore 64
13" COLOR MONITOR I1S9.»5 P roc lie etc (»pr»ad ihiret) tS'.95 119.95 114.95 Compuler ond you're ready to Iranimil and racoivo
Vou poy only S159.95 when you order this 13" COIOR Voic* Commond Modulo 179.9i 139.9S 134.95
rnessages. Eoner to uie lhan dialing your lefephone.
MONITOR. LESS the value ol ihe SPECIAL SOFTWARE NLn* Prmcat in Amber (3J.9S 134.95 121.95
|U^t push one key on your compuler1 Indudfli
£up*r Bowl Sunday 130.00 119.9S 117 95
DISCOUNT COUPON we pock wilh your monitor ihol 111 95 (13.95 eaclusive easy To uie program tor up ond down
Flip 1 File D.ik Jil.r [21 95
allows you lo save over $250 off software sale Pra jQfitick II! 95 113.95 110.00 loading to primer and dish drives 8*§t In U.S.A.
prices!1 Wilh only 5100 ol savings applied your net Com purer Care Kit m.95 (29.95 III.95 Ull S?9.0O, SALE tW.«. Coupon S24.95.
color monitor cost is only S59.95 {16 Colors). Dull Caver S B.95 t 6.95 ( 1.60
FileWriler [by
Ccdiwrilir) 139.95 H9.95 (71 9 5 VOICE SYNTHESIZER $39.95
Premium Quality 120-140 CPS O-* Traublaihoat & For CoTimodore-64 computer). Just plug il in ond you
Corns tar 10X Printer S148.00 Popoir Guide 134.95 JI5.9S (1395 can program words and sonlentes. ad|usl volume and
financial Plonner — pitch, moke talking odvonture gomes, sound action
The COMSTAR I0X gives you a 10" carriage. 110-140
Sylvia Porler 159.95 136.95 135 95
game-, and cuslomiiod tdlkios11 PLUS ($19.95 value)
CPS. 9 x 9 dol mom* wilh double strike capobilily lor
\Q i 18 dot mapn* (near lelter quality 1 high resolution TEXT TO SPEECH progrom included FREE, juit lype a
bit imoge (120 v lid dol matrix), underlining bock (See over 100 coupon Hems in our catalog! word and hear your tomputor talk — ADD SOUND TO
spacing lefl and right margin letting Ime lower 7ORK , SCOTT ADAMS AND OTHEfl ADVENTURE
Write or call for
defenders with super ond subscripts, prims standard GAMES!' (FJiskartcpB-] List $B9.00. SALE *1MJ
itolic. block graphics and special characters. Ir gives
you print quality and JffOlures found on printers 12" MAGNAVOX (NAP) 80 COLUMN
costing twice os much1' (Centronics Parallel MONITOR WITH SOUND S79.V5
Interlace) list S399.00 5at» »1«.00.
Super High Resolution green screen monitor. 80
columns k 24 lines, eaiy lo read, plus speaker for

oudio sound included. Fanioslic value List $129.00
Now you program 60 COLUMNS on Ihe screen at onu Snlo 179.9). ICI3Q cable 519,95, C6J. Atorl coble
time! Converts your Commodore fcj lo 80 COLUMNS
when you plug In the 60 COLUMN EXPANSION
BOARD11 PLUS 4 tlol eiponder1 llmltad Ouenllllti Computer Clubs PRINTER/TYPEWRITER COMBINATION 1224.45
Salo («.«. Coupon i39.9S.
"JUKI" Superb lelter quality, daisy wheel
We Offer Big Volume Discounts printer typewriter combination. Two machines in one
» COLUMNS IN COLOR — just a flick of the switch. 12" e*fra large carriage.
CALL TODAY! typewriter keyboard automatic margin control and
relocate key. drop In cassette ribbon! (90 day
warranty) Centronics parallel or R5337 serial port buili
fines! available lor Ihe COMMODORE 64 computer1
in [Specify). LISIS3J" '-All UVI J',. nxl.Oiy i
DISPLAYS 4U or 80 COLUMNS IN COLOR or black ond All Pronto'* produdi carry a minimum 90 day warranty.
while! Simple to Operate, powerful te<l edillng. If anything folk wiihln 90 day* from the dale of purdiQiar 14" RGB & COMPOSITE COLOR MONITOR 1154.41
complete cursor ond insert delete key controls line simply spnd your produc* lo ut vio United Parcel Sorvke Musi be used to get 80 columns in color with 80
and paragraph insertion, automatic deletion. prepaid. We will IMMEDIATELY send you a replacement at column computers (CIIB - IBM ■ Apple).(B&B Coble
centering, margin setiings and output to all prmiersi no charge via Uniied Parcel Service prepaid. Thi* worronty S19.95) Add (tj.50 shipping.
List S99.00. SALE *M.M. Couoon 529.95. proves once again lhat Wa iattm Our CuttQmQrt. List 5399.00. SALE IH9.TS.

8 a.m. - fl p.m. C.S.T. Weekdays
BEST SERVICE IN U.S.A. • ONE DAT EXPRESS MAIL 9 a.m. - 12 noon C.S.r. Saturdays

Add SI0.00 for shipping, handling and insurant*. Illinois residents

please add 6'/."/. lo- Add $20.00 tor CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. ALASKA APO-FPO orders. Canadian orders must be in U.S.
CANADA. Encloio Cashier Check. Money Order or Personal Check. We Love Our Customers
Allow IJ days for deliver y. 2to7 days for phono orders. I darexpres*
Bo* 550, Borrington. Illinois 60010
mail] Prices S Availability subject to change without notice.
VISA - MASTER CARD — C.O.D. No. C.O.O. to Canada, APO FPO
312/382-5244 to order
Computer Cleaners
Your Choice I / ■. D I 3 I ^^ I Your Choree

n$G95 /2^.._ Rr:^«95


SALE So/e 9
& CLEANING KIT Sfl|e $9#95
Reduce eye fatigue by increasing the clarity of your TV or
monitor screen. This kit contains a hard wax formulation to
cover surface imperfections on TV screens and monitors. This
restores maximum optical clarity, making what you see mor'-
distinct. Plus high absorbency cloths and an auto static spray
cleaner allows you to cleon your screen on a regular basis to
keep your screen looking better than new. (This is a must for
those who watch monitors or TVs for extended lengths of
time.) List $19.95. Sale S9.95.

Reg. $19.95.
• 60% of all drive downtime is directly related to poorly maintained drives.
• Drives should be cleaned each week regardless os use.
• Drives are sensitive to smoke, dust & all micro patricles.
• Systematic operator performed maintenance is the best woy of ensuring
error free use of your computer system.
L J.
This unique twin slot jacket design gives twice as many "wet-dry"
cleanings per rotation as other leading brands. Non abrasive, 100% lint
free, random fiber cleaners capture dust, smoke particles and disk oxide
build up which insures you against disk and data loss from dirty disk drive
heads just like you must clean your albums and tape players you must
clean your disk drive beads to keep your disk drive working well. {24
cleanings per kit.) List SI 9.95. Sale 59.95. r :

Now you can clean your computer keyboard fast,
efficiently, and safely. The keyboard cleaning solution is
exclusively formulated to remove skin oils, dust, and dirt
that can destroy your equipment. Plus this non residue
solution with anto-static properties will not build up like
ordinary household cleaners so you can clean as much as you
like without worry. Plus the lint free, high obsorbency, non-
abrasive cloths will not scratch or mar your equipment as they
pick up dirt and grime in a matter of seconds.
List $19.95. Sale (9.95.

Add S3.00 lor shipping, handing and insurance. Illinois residents

pleoso odd (,'.;% io«. Add S6.00 for CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII ALASKA APO-FPO o ders. Canadian orders musi be in U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Coshiors Check. Money Order or Personal Check.
We LiO'oe Our Customers
Allow 14 days far delivery. 21o 7 days for phone orders. 1 day express 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Borrington. Illinois 600)0
mail' Prices aovoilcbililysub[i'tl 1o change wilhoul notice.
312/382-5244 to order
• Lowest Prices • Best Service • In Stock Quick Delivery


0054 Roll Paper. 8Vi" Standard letter size (4'/i Thick S6.95 S4.95
— 350 Ft.) Use wilh any Printer!
0052 Dolu»o Printer Paper. 9'i" x 11" (1100 Sheets) $16.95 S14.95
Tractor or continuous feed, for all standard 80 Column
0051 Deluxe Micro Perf Printer Paper. Fanfold $24.95 519.95
micro pert., no tractor
0053 15" Deluxe Printer Paper. 15" x 11" (1100 S19.95 $17.95
Sheets) Tractor or continuous feed fits all 1 5" Printers.
0056 5000 Self Adhesive Mailing Labels. Best S24.95 $14.95
quality single width - 3'/i" x 15/16". (Tractor/Friction)

Extra Ribbons For Printers List
0043SlarMicronics 10" or 15" S6.95 S4.95
0044 Box of 12 S71.40 S39.00
0TT4 Rileman 10" Cortridge $14.95
1308 Ritemon 15" Cartridge S19.95
148fr 10 ComSiar 160 Cortridge SU.95 S9.9S
002S Smith Corona Faslext 80 Ribbon 5 PKG. .. 539.95 S17.95
3465 MPP1361 [one cartridge} Sid.95 ■;:.. <>;
00M Smith Corona Dl 00, D200 Prinler Ribbon.. . SI 9.95 S12.9S
100* Carton Prinler Ribbon 10" or 15" $24.95 114.95
0034 15'i Cam-Star 160 Cartridge 519.95 J14.9S

Commodore Ribbons.
24*S Cartridge Ribbon for MPS QB3 Prinler S19.95 114.95
M116 Cartridge Ribbon for MPS 803 Printor ... Sid.95 J9.95
07J9 Cartridge Ribbon tor MPS B01 Printer... $19,95 *14.9S
0017 Cortridge Ribbon for 1525 Printer S14.95 18.9J
List Sale
Olympia Compact II Ribbons. Juki Ribbons.
S39.95 124.95
0048 Correctable S7.95 S5.95 2345 Correctable (Box of 6)
1346 Lift-off (Box of 6] S12.95 (8.9$
0041 Lift Ofl Eroser Ribbon. Musi use wilh S9.9S
MS0 Correctable (Bo* of 2) 514.95
Correctable Ribbon SI 1.95 *9.95 >B.9J
2481 Long Life (Box ofl] . .. $13.95
00SO Long Lilu Ribbon (Noti Correctable] $11.95 S9.«

List Sale
Extra Daisy Wheels for Juki 2200 Printers
S27.00 SIB.95

2400 Horold Pica (PICA]
S27.00 $18.95
2401 Horald Elite (ELITE)
S27.00 S18.9S
1402 Carroll Pica (COURIER)
2403 Primus 10 (ORATOR) $27.00 $18.95
S27.00 $18.95
2404 Helen 12 (SCRIPT)
£27.00 SIB.95 i
240J Mini Ma|estic (MICRON)

Extra Daisy Wheels for Olympia Compact II Printers List

1011 Herald Pica (PICA) S27.00 $18.95

S27.00 S18.9S
5012 Horald Elite (ELITE)
$27.00 $18.95
5013 Carroll Pico (COURIER)..
S27.00 S18.95
5014 Primus 10 (ORATOR)
S37.00 $18.95
J01I Helen 12 (SCRIPT) Camwil' Plastr. Puniv/heni
S27.00 $18.95
5016 Mini Majestic (MICRON).

Add S3.00 tor shipping, handling ond insuronce. Illinois reiidents

pleose odd 6'/.% tax. Add S6.00 tor CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII ALASKA APOFPO orders. Canadian orders must be In U.S.
CANAOA. Enclose Coshinn Cheek, Money Order oi Personal Check.
Allow 14 days lor delivery 2 lo 7 days for phone orders, I day oipress 23293 N. Pepper Rd.. Borrington Illinois 60010
moll1 Prices & avoMobility iub[ec1 lo lhange withoul notice.
VISA - MASTER CARD - C.O.O. No. CO D. to Canodo. APOFPO 312/382-5244 to order
Famous Smith Corona National Brand


Below Wholesale Cost Prices!!!
• Speed: 120 or 160 characters per second • Friction Feed/Tractor Feed — Standard
• 80 character print line at 10 CPI • 1 Line Buffer, 2K Buffer on 160 CPS Plus LQM
• Six pitches • Graphics capability • Centronics compatible parallel interface
• Features Bidirectional Print, Short!ine Seek, Vertical And Horizontal Tabs

Check These
Features & Prices
120 CPS 10" Printer


160 CPS + Letter Quality

Mode 10" Printer

Thi s i s a sample of our emphasized
near-letter-quality print. $499.00

italic print There is standard data

processinq quali ty pr int

(IBM — Commodore) SPECIFICATIONS (Apple — Atari — Etc.)

SIl./W.lQht Char. Matrix Size Interface!
Height 5.0<" Width 16.7" 9H x 9V {Standord) to 10H k 9V Parallel S bit Cenlionics compatible
Dapth 13.4" Weight 18.7 Ibi. (Emphasized 8 Elongate) 120/160 CPS Plus NLQ: RS232 Serial Inc. Char, Coding Printing Feature! Character Mode
ASCII Plus ISO Bi-directional. Short line seeking. Vertical 10 x 8 Emphasized; 9 x 8 Standard; 10 k 8
Print Duller Slrr, Tab*. Horizontal Tabs Elongoted: 9x8 Super/Sub Script (1 pojS)
lMCPSi 132Bytes(l line) FormiType Character Set
120/160 CPS Plus LQM:2K Fonfold, Cut Sheet. Roll (optional) 96 ASCII
No. of Char. In Char. Sat Mai Papar Width 11x7 International Char.
96 ASCII Plus International 11" Una Spacing
Graphltm Capability Feeding Method 6/.8/12/72/144 LPI
Standard 60, 72, 120 DPI Friction Feed S(d.; Tractor Feed Std. Character Spacing
Horizontal 72 DPI Vertical Ribbon 10 cpi normal; 5 cpi elongated normal; 12cpl
Pilch Cossette — Fobric inked ribbon compressed; 6 cpi elongated compressed;
10, 12. 16.7, 5. 6. B.3, Proportional Spacing Ribbon Lite 16.7 cpl condensed; 8.3 cpi elongated
Printing Method 4 million characters condensed; 5.12.5 cpi elongated proportional
Impact Do) Matrix
Cartridge Ribbon — Lisl SI 9.95. Sals 112.49.
Atari 559.00 Commodore $39.95

Add SI*.50 lor shipping, handling and insurance. Illinois rendenis

please odd 6V,% tax. Add 5^.00 lor CANADA. PUERTO RICO, HAWAII
ALASKA. APOFPO orders. Canadian orders mu$t be in U.S. dollars, WE
Coshlers Chvdi, Money O-der nr Peisonol Check. Allow 11 doyj We Lio-ve Our Customers
delivof)'. 2 lo 7 days lor phone orders. I da/ express moil! Prices S 22292 N. Popper fid., Barringlon, Illinois 60010
Auallobllity subject to thong.) without notice.
312/382-5244 to order

List Price $399

• Superb Computer Business Printer combined
with the deluxe electronic typewriter!
• Two machines in one — just o flick of the switch!
• Superb letter quality correspondence — home,
office, word processing!
• 12" Extro large carriage
• Drop in Cassette Ribbon, 6 for S24.95, 2 for $9.95
• Precision daisy wheel printing — many type
styles! S18.95
• Pilch selector— 10, 12, 15CPI, Aulomotic
Letter Quality Printer/Typewriter relocate key!
• Automatic margin control and setting! Key in
• Centronics parallel or RS 232 Serial interface
built-in (specify)

O Olympia "Combination"
World's Finest

List$™ Sale$32995
• Superb computer printer combined with world's
Finest electronic typewriter!
• Better than IBM selectric — used by world's largest
• Two machines in one — just a flick of the switch!
• Superb letter quality correspondence — home,
office, word processing!
• Extra Large Carriage — 14 1/8" paper usage!
• Drop in cassette ribbon — express lilt off correction
or eraser up to 46 characters!
• Precision daisy wheel printing — many type styles!
• Pitch selector— 10, 12, 15 characters per inch,
" Automatic relocate key!
• Automatic margin control and setting ! Key in
Executive Letter Quality Printer/Typewriter • Electronic reliability, built in diagnostic test!
• Centronics parallel interface built-in.

75 Day Free Trial — 90 Day Immediate Replacement Warranty

Extra Daisy Wheels for Olympia Printers. S39.95

Horold Pico (PICA)
Herald Elite (ELITE)
$18.95 Primus 10 (ORATOR)
Helen 12 [SCRIPT)
Carroll Pico (COURIER) EACH Mini Majestic (MICRON)

Add SIJ.50 for shipping, handling and insurance, Illinois residenls

pleoso odd 6'.. ','. Ion. Add 125.00 (or CANADA. PUERTO RICO. HAWAII.
ALASKA. APO-FPO ardars. Conadipn orders must be in U.S. dollars. WE
We Love Our Customers
Cashiers Chock. Maney Order or Personal Check. Allow 14 doy*
dalivoiy. t lo 7 day! lor phone orders. 1 doy express moll! Prices & 23292 N. Pepper Rd., Barrington, Illinois 60010
Availabililysiibnici tocliajigc> wiIIioltI notice,
VISA - MASTERCARD — CO.D, No C.O.D. loConodo or APO-FPO 312/382-5244 to order

(Premium Quality) (Premium Quality)

• Built In Speaker & Audio • Beautiful Color
• For Video Recorders Contrast

• For Small Business • High Resolution

• Sharp Clear Text
• Apple-Commodore
-Atari - Aplus 3000 -etc. • Anti-Glare Screen
• One Year Free • 40 Columns x 24 Lines
Replacement Warranty1 • Front Panel Controls

List $32900
13" Color Computer Monitor'
Super High
*C6<!/Atari composite cable S9.95
C128 RGB/Composite BO column
coble $19.95.
Sale 15995
Add $14.50 Shipping
Allows use of C-128 ond C64 mode - composite and 80 column RGB
mode. Must be used to get 80 columns in color with 80 column List S399.00

259 95
computers. Specially designed for use with the C129's special composite
v.deo output, plus green screen only oplion swilch. (add SU 50
shipping) Sale
Sale $7995
Super high resolution composite green screen monitor. 80 columns x
24 lines, easy to read, plus speaker for audio sound included. List $129.00
Fantastic value, limited Quantities.

Turn Your Monitor into a TV Set Without Moving9 Your Computer

Elegant TV Tuner with dual UHF/VHF selector switches goes beiween "
your computer ard monitor. Includes mule, automatic fine tuning £ JM 4% A C *
and computer-TV seleclor switches. InpuK included (or 300 ohm 75 C**l j-w ▼ #■ EB " J
onm.andUHF.Canbeusod wilh cable IV and VCR's. Fcmtastic List SI 29 95 OQIc ■# ^M
Value. Limited Qjantities. ■ m

15 Day Free Trial - 90 Day Immediate Replacement Warranty


Add SI0.00 fnr shipping, handling and insurance, Illinois roiidsnls

please odd 61/. •/. Ion. Add S20.00 lor CANADA, PUERTO RICO,
HAWAII. ALASKA. APO-FPO orders. Canadian orders must bo in U S
CANADA. Enclose Cashier Check. Money Order or Personal Check.
Allow I * day* tor delivery. 2 \o 7 days tor phono orders, 1 doy exprois 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Borringlon, Illinois 60010
malll Prices & Availability subjecnn change without nolle*.
VISA - MASTER CARD — COD. No. COD. lo Conado, APO-FPO 312/382-5244 to order
Economy Model or C-128 Cadillac Quality
We have the lowest prices!

*ECONOMY DISKS For use witn Commodore 64, Atari, Apple.

Good quality 5'/*" single sided double density with hub rings.
BulkPac 100 Qty. 59'ea. Total Price $59.00
Box w/sleeves 10 Qty. 79" ea. Total Price 7.90

A- C-1 28 Computer Disks tV

CADILLAC QUALITY (Double Sided. Double Density) Specifically designod for use with C-128
* Each disk certified • Free replacement lifetime warranty • Automatic dust remover • Works with IBM PC
For those who wont cadillac quality we hove the C-128 Floppy Disk. Used by professionals because they con rely on C-128 Disks to store
important data and programs without fear of loss! Each C-128 disk is 100% certified (on exclusive process) plus each disk carries on
exclusive FREE REPLACEMENT LIFETIME WARRANTY. With C-12B disks you can hove the peace of mind without ihe frustralion of program
loss after hours spent in program development.


Some floppy disk manufactures only sample test on a botch basis !he disks they sell, and then claim they ore certified. Eoch C-128 disk is
individually checked so you will never experience dota or program loss during your lifetime!


We are so sure of C-12B Disks that we give you o free replacement warranty against failure to perform due 1o faulty materials or
workmanship for as long as you own your C-128 disk.


Just like a record needle, disk drivo heads must travel hundreds of miles over disk surfaces. Unlike other floppy disks the C-12B smooth
surface finish saves disk drive head wear during the life of the disk. (A rough surface will grind your disk drive head like sandpaper).
The lint free automatic CLEANING LINER makes sure the disk-killers (dust & dirt) ore being constantly cleaned while the disk is being
C-128 Disks are definitely the Cadillac disk in the world
Jusi to prove it even further, we are offering these super LOW INTRODUCTORY PRICES
1 Box of 10 - $9.90 (99( ea.) 5 Boxes of 10 - $44.50 (89( ea.) 10 Boxes of 10 - $79.00 (79' ea.)
All disks come with hub rings and sleeves in on ottractive package.

Make Your 1985 Income Tax Report Easy!

This program includes:
• An easy to use menu-driven program that will enable you to prepare and complete your
Federal income lax returns, yet requires no prior knowledge of computers or accounting.
• A CPA-tested manual, written in easy-to-understand. people-friendly English, abundantly
illustrated to help moke tax preparation and tax law understandable.
• Full prompting — you will be guided through the tax preparation process by thoughtful,
easily-understood instructions (prompts) from your computer display screen.
• Password protection — To prevent unauthorized access to your confidential data.
• A Special Backup Feature — which quickly generates extra backup copies of your recorded
information to guard against the loss of important data.

List $49.00 Sale $29.95

Add S3 00 for shipping, handling ond imu'ance. Illinois residents
please odd 4'/.% lax Add S6.00lor CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII ALASKA APO-FPO orders. Conadion orders musl bo m U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Coshiers Check. Money Order or Parsonol Check.
Allow 14 doys lor delivery. 1 lo 7 days lor nhonn orders, I day express 22292 N. Pepper Rd.. Barrlngton. Illinois 60010
moil! Price! & gvoilobiiily subjeci 'o (hango wilhoul noiico.
VISA MASTERCARD — COD. No COD. toConada. APO-FPO 312/382-5244 to order
Commodore 64 Commodore 64
List $99.00 List $99.00

Sale Sale
Telecommunications $2995
Coupon $24.95 Low&s ice U^S-A. Coupon $24.95


Complete Auto Dial

Telecommunications Package
"The only telecommunications package you will ever need."
(Exclusive. Easy To Use Features)


• Only Good Color Graphic Database Service in the U.S.A. (C-64)
Quantum Link Software Plus First Month FREE (See the Protecto Catalog On-Line) 59.95 value

* 300 Baud Modem * Auto Dial * Auto Answer • Upload & Download
Reach Out and Access Someone
• Educational courses • News Updales and Information
• Financial Information • Popular Games • Electronic Shopping
• Banking at Home • Research and Reference Materials
The Complete Telecommunications Package offers you all this plus ...
• Auto Log-on • Stores on Disk Downloaded Files
• Dialing from Keyboard ■ Reads Files from Disk and Uploads Text or Program Files
• On-line Clock • Select Any Protocol (access almosi any computer or modem)
• Capture and Display High Resolution Characters • Plus Much, Much Mare
• Download Text, Program or Data Files ^t ^^^ ^^^ ^^
*. ■ 5 *% m m 9S C'.H'f'•:•/! $24 05
List $99.00 Sale .^m^W
We are so sure this is the only telecommunications package you will need we will give you 15 days Free Trial.
Viewtron Membership sold separately — $9.95.

Add 53.00 *or shipping, handling and insurance. Illinois rcsidenis

pleose odd 6'/.% lo«. i=dd 56.00 (or CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. AlASKA. APO-FPO orders. Conodion orders musl be in U.S.
CANADA Enclose Cashiorr Check, Money Order or Personal Chock. 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barringion. Illinois60010
Allow 14 days lor dollvory, 11o 7 days for phone orders. ) day r-knross
mall I Prices S ovoiloblllly s jbjoci la cdanan wllhoul notico.
312/382-5244 to order
Commodore 64

Coupon $34.95 Coupon $34.95

MODULE $39 S4A95

Keyboard Replacement Voice Recognition

The Voice Command Module is a speech recognition device that lets you
give commands to your Commodore-64 with your voice instead of a
keyboard. This unit converts the sound waves generated when you folk into
digitol data that is stored in the computer memory. When you speak to your
computer, the words you speok are matched against the data stored in
memory and Ihe result is converted to on instruction for the computer to
perform. This is perfect for programmers and first time users alike. Six
programs are included to help you get acquainted with the world of speech

SOS — Speech Operating System — This is the general utility program

which helps you to build o speech file made up of a set of words.
Card File Program — This is □ data bose much like an index card file
which you can control with your voice. You can store recipes, addresses,
phone numbers or any kind ol information you need to have filed. Up to 100
files may be kept on a single disk.
Aeronaut Came — This game challenges you to land a hot oir balloon on
5 different landing pads without crashing into anything or running out of
fuel. The balloons altitude is controlled by your voice which adds or
removes hot air from the balloon.

Word Mix Punle — Here you must match words much like Concentration.
If you guess correctly you win. No hands on the keyboard are needed since
the speech recognition unit does the keyboard work from your voice.
Speech Graphic* — Demonstrates how the voice command module USER Port

works. Here you can graphically see what your speech looks like on the

Demo Program — This is o simpler version of the Aeronaut game that

shows you how a simple program is mode when listed.
PLUS: You get easy lo use instructions for making your own programs in List $79.95
BASIC or machine language using the voice command module.

All Six Programs Included FREE SpocIcil ,ntroductOry Price $39.95

VOICE SYNTHESIZER — You con program any words or sentences • Adjust
volume and pilch ■ Receive Modem messages ' Make adventure gomes that talk
• Real sound action games • Make customized talkies • Plugs into cartridge port. SALE
Plus FREE Text to Speech Software. (See Below) List $89.00. Sale $39.95. FREE (19.95 Software

TALKING MODEM PROGRAM — This program allows all words sent to your modem to be spoken. Fantastic for modem gomes and
receiving reports. List $24.95. Sale S16.9S. (Disk/Tape)
TEXT TO SPEECH SOFTWARE — Allows you to simply typo what you wantto hear! ! Also allows you lo add sound 8 voice to SCOTT
ADAMS & ZORK" ADVENTURE GAMES. List $29.95. Sale S19.95. (Disk).

Add $3.00 for shipping, handling and insuronce. Illinois residents

pleoie odd 6'/.% ran. Add S6.00 for CANADA. PUERTO RICO,
HAWAII. ALASKA. APO-FPO orders. Ccnodion orders must be in U.S.
CANADA, Enclose Cashiers Check. Money Order or Personal Check.
Allow 14 days for delivery. 2 to 7 doys for phone orders. 1 day express 22292 N. Pepper Rd.. Barrington. Illinois 60010
maill Prices & availability subjecl to change vilhout noiica.
VISA- MASTERCARD C O.D. .No. C.O.D. toConodo. APO-FPO 312/382-5244 to order
Commodore Software Sale


GAMES Address
□ 5950 HARDBALL [0} $29.95 S18.95 City State Zip
■ S952 LAW OF THE WEST (D) 29.95 18.95
D S954 FIGHT NIGHT (DJ 29.95 18.95 Visa/Mastercard No.
( ' 5956 PSi 5 TRADING CO. (01 29.95 18.95
0 S9S8 THE 0AM BUSTERS (DJ 29.95 18.95
Exp. Date Phone
O7S7 RIVER RAID (D) 139,95 118.95
. 0761 PITFALL II — LOST CAVERNS (Dj . 39.95 18,95 (T) Tope, (C) Cartridge, (D) Disk.
Phone Orders
. . 0934 ON COURT TENNIS (0) 39.95 18.95
'- 0940 GHOST BUSTERS (0) 39.95 22.95 Strategic Simulations, Inc. 8 toSC.S.T. - M-F
3580 GREAT AMERICAN RD. RA;E(D] .29.95 20.95 C 2995 RDF 1985 (D) S34.95 S20.95

□ 3582 MASTER OF THE LAMPS (Dl 29.95 20.95 . 2996 COMBAT LEADER (Dl 39.95 23.95
D 3584 COUNTDOWN/SHUTDOWN (D).. 29.95 20.95 '-. 5997 GEOPOLITIQUE ID) 39.95 24.95
1 I 3568 MIND5HAD0W (O) 29.95 20.95 2998 BALTIC 19B5 (D) 34.95 20.95
( : 3590 STAR LEAGUE BASEBALL (0) .... 29.95 20.95 LJ 3008 RINGSIDE SEAT (DJ 39.95 23.95
I I 3592 ALCAZAR (□) 29.95 20.95 I 3009 THE COOSMIC BALANCE (0) ...39.95 33.95
IJ 5196 LITTLE PEOPLE PROJECT (t>) 31.95 24.95
Q 5198 FAST TRACKS (0) 34.95 20.9S
I I 3012 RAILS WEST (D) 39.95 26.95
Brodarbund [' 3013 TIGERS IN THE SNOW (D) 39.95 33.95
American Educational Computer
2900 MASK OF THE SUN (0) S39.95 $23.95 3014 PROFESSIONAL TOUR GOLF (D) . .39.95 23.95 ._ 24B3 ELEM, SCIENCE FACTS (D) S29.95 $14.95
□ 2901 OPERATION WHIRLWIND (DJ 39.95 22.95 . 3015 50 MISSION CRUSH (01 39.95 33.95 ".; 2492 VOCABULARY WORD BUILD (DJ .. 39.95 14.95
I 2903 LODE RUNNER ID) 34.95 19.95 II 3016 PRESIDENT ELECT <D| 39.95 23.95 3493 GRAMMAR WORD SKILLS (Dl.... 39.95 14.95
■ 2904 THE CASTLES OF DR. CREEP" (DJ. .. 29.95 18.95 "3017 BROADSIDES (0) 39.95 24.95 3494 WORLD GEOGRAPHY FACTS (DJ. 29.95 14.95
□ 2904 WHISTLERS BROTHER (0] 29.95 I B.95 -.3018 COMPUTER QUARTERBACK (0).. 39.95 24.95 _ 2495 SPANISH VOCAB. SKILLS (01 .. .29.95 14.95
303? STEALTH (D) 29.95 22.95 ' 3020 COMPUTER AMBUSH (DJ 59.95 37.95 '' 2496 FRENCH VOCAB. SKILLS (D) 29.95 14.95
LJ3041 RAIDONBUNGELINGBAf (D) ..19.95 18.50 . 3021 COMPUTER BASEBALL (D) 39.95 23.95 . . 2497 WORLD HISTORY (D) 39.95 1 4.95
. i 2905 KARATEKA (DJ 29.95 23.95 L3030KNIGHTSINTHEDESERT(D) 39.95 23.95 I : 2498 U.S. HISTORY FACTS (DJ 29.95 14.95
U 303B CHAMPION LODE RUNNE( |D) , .34,95 26.95 I ' 3031 FIELD OF FIRE (O) 39.95 23.95 I i 3499 BIOLOGY FACTS (Dl 19.95 14,95
I ! 5158 BANK STREET WRITER ID] 49.95 32.95 I : 2519 U.S. GEOGRAPHY FACTS (D) 29.95 U.95
LI5330BANKSTREETSPELLER(D] .19.95 32,95 Suncom I I 2520 U.S. GOVERNMENT FACTS (DJ. , , 39.95 U.95
I1 5332 BANK STREET FILER (0) 49.95 32.95 I 3876 PARTY QUIZ (0) 149.95 SI4.95 IJ 2521 AEC SPELLING (D) 39.95 24.95
! I 5334 BANK STREET MAILER (0) 49.95 3I.9S I 3880 GENERAL EDITION (D) 39.95 14.95 □ 3745 PHONICS (O) 39.95 24.9!
: 38B2 GENERAL EDITION III 39.95 14.95 □ 3747 LEARN TO READ (D) 39.95 31.95
Dataioft L 38B4 SPORTS EDITION (Dl 39.95 14.95 I 3749 READING COMPRENSION (D) ...39.95 24.95
3025 BRUCE LEE (D) S34.95 SIB.95 '.: 3886 EDUCATION EDITION (Dl 39.95 14.95
... 3026 PAC-MAN (D) .34.95 18.00 ' 3BB8 BIBLE EDITION (D) 39 95 14 95 Doiignware
3027 MIGHTY CONAN |D) 34.95 18.00 0834 GRAMMAR EXAMINER (D) 139.95 S24.95
-. 3028 MR 00! (D| 34.95 18.95 .. 0B2B SPELLAKAZAM (D) 34.95 19.95
3029 OiG DUG (0) 34.95 18.95 0832 STATES 8 TRAITS (D) 44.95 37.95
_ 3035 POLE POSITION (0) 34.95 18.95 U 0B36 SPELLICOPTER (D) 39.95 24.95
." 5216 ALTERNATE REALITY 39.95 25.95
. 52!0 ZOHRO (0) 29.95 18.95 .. 25IB THE BODY TRANSPARENT (DJ .... 44.95 27.95
Electronic Arts IJ 0139 FILEWRITER (D) $39,95 $39 95 LOCATIONS (D) 44.95 27.95
'~ 0706REPORTWRITER (D) 39.95 29.95
I . 3830 DR. JS LARRY BIRD (D| $29.95 $33 95 "... 2063 MATH MAZE (D) 39.95 26.95
1 3832 FINANCIAL COOKBOOK D) .... 39.95 27.95 . . 0707 ADVENTUREWRITER (D) 49 95 39 95 ■5100AlGEBRAI(D) 39.95 2B.95
- 070S ELF ID] 39.95 29.95 5102 REMEMBER (D) 69.96 49.95
:. 3834 MAILORDER MONSTERS (D).. ..34.95 22.95
' 3640 THE SEVEN CITIES OF GOLD (D).. 29.95 23.95 0709 DIALOG (D) «9.95 39.95 Z S104 WEBSTER'S NUMBERS (D) 39.95 28.95
_ 3B42SKYFOX (Dl 29 95 23 95 D 0784 MENUWRITER [DJ 39.95 29 95 5)05 SPELLINGS READ PRIMER (DJ ..,.39.95 24.95
■ 5174 CARRIERS AT WAR (0) 42.95 32.95 C 2550 SPEEDWRITER (DJ 49.95 39.95 _ SI 06 ALGEBRA 3 (D) 39.95 38.95
_ 5176 REARCH fOH THE STARS I, (D) .. .37.95 2S 95 . . 2551 HOME INTEGRATOR (D] 29.95 19.95 5107 ALGEBRA 3 (D) 39.95 28.95
"'5160 HEART OF AFRICA (0) 29.95 23.95
_ 51B2 MOVIE MAKER (D) 29.95 33,95
Softcync Mindicape
5184EUROPEABLAZE(0) 42.95 34,95 " I 5930 ACCOUNTANT. INC. (D) $99.95 S64.95 I 510B KEYBOARD CAOET (0) 39.95 35.95
. 5186 M.U.L.E. (D) 19.95 16.95 , I 5933 PERSONAL ACCOUNTANT (0) . . . 34.95 36,95 ] 51 10 BANK STREET MUSIC WRITER (O) 39.95 25.95
__■ 51BB MURDER ON ZINOERNEUf |O) ...19.95 16.95 D 5934 MODEL DIET [D| !9,95 23 95 I 51I2CROSSWORD MAGIC (DJ 49.95 29.95
I 5190 MUSIC CONSTRUCTION SliT (D).. 19.95 16,95 " ] 5936 TRIO (D) 49.95 45.95 I 5114 THE PERFECT SCORE (D) 69.96 45.95
. 519! PINBALL CONSTRUCTION SET (D) 19.95 16.95 . I 5936 KID PRO QUO (D) 29.95 23.95 J 51I6COLORME/RAINBOWBRITE(D . 34.95 IB.95
'. 5194 RACING CONSTRUCTION SET (D) 29.95 22.95 ... 5940 DESK MANAGER (D| 39.95 28.95 i ' 51 IB THE HALLEY PROJECT (D) 39.95 25.95
Epyx Timeworlcs LOST KINGDOM (DJ 29.95 18.95
. 0337 WORLD'S GHEAT FOOTBALL (DJ $39 95 $23 95 — 0176 INVENTORY MANAGE (0) . . . $69 95 $38 95 ' ' 5132 HANK STREET STORYBOOK (D| . 39.95 25.95
033B WINTER GAMES (D) 39.95 20.95 "" 0180 ACCOUNTS. RECEIVABLE _ 5910 THE DOLPHINS RUNE (D| 39.95 1B.95
0339 THE EIDOLON (D 39.95 20.95 INVOICING (DJ 69.00 38.95 " 5913 THE LUSCHER PROFILE (DJ 39,95 25.95
. 0310 KORON1S RIFT JD) 39 95 20 95 0182 ACCOUNTS PAYABLE .. S9I4 QUAKE MINUS ONE (D) ... 39.9S IB.95
0360 JET COMBAT SIMULATION (Dl . . .39.95 20.95 CHECKWRITING (0) 69 00 38 95 : 5916 THE LORDS OF MIDNIGHT (D). . . 39.95 IB.95
... 0364 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES (Dl . .39.95 16.95 □ 0184 PAYROLL MANAGEMENT (D).... 69.00 38.9$ □ 591B SHADOWFIRE (D) 29.95 I B.95
' 0365 WORLDS GREAT BASEBA X (D) . . 34.95 20.95 □ 01BB GENERAL LEDGER (D) 69.00 38.95
0382 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAME1! II (D) . 39.95 20.95 1: 0207 ELECTRONIC CHECKBOOK (DS T] 39.95 19.95 Weekly Reader
P 0750 PITSTOP II (D) 39.95 22.95 I 0231 MONEY MANAGER (DSI) 29.95 19.95 I.. 2511 STICKYBEAR BOP (D) $34.95 SI9.95
, 2046 IMPOSSIBLE MISSION (0), . , 34 95 16 95 I . 0235 DATA MANAGER (DBT) 29.95 19.95 I i 2512 STICKYBEAR NUMBERS (DJ 34.95 19.95
■ 2066 ROBOTS OF DAWN (D) 39.95 15.95 L 0928 EVELYN WOOD SPEED READ (DJ .69.96 33 95 I : 2513 STICKYBEAR BASKETBOUNCE (D) 3J.95 19.95
. ' 2070 BARBIE (DJ 39.95 1B.95 □ 3743 SVLVIA PORTER (DJ 59.95 3B.95 LJ 2514 ETICKYBEAROPPO5ITES(D1 34 95 19,95
3074 G.I. JOE ID} 39.95 18.95 □ 2515 STICKYBEAR ABC (D) 34.95 19.95
1085 8REAKDANCE [D] 39,95 16 95 C128 Software From Tlmeworki
L 3S16 STICKYBEAR SHAPES ID) 34.95 19.95
2305 SCRABBLE (DJ 39.95 24.95 . 5022 WORD WRITER/ : 2600 PIC BUILDER (DJ 29,95 19,95
. 3004 CHIPWITS (D) 3*.95 15.9S SPELL CHECKER (01.. $69.96 $59.95 ' 5136 STICKYBEAR SPELLGRABBEH (DJ .29.95 19.9S
. . 3005 BALLBLAZER (Dl 19.95 24,9S . 5024 DATA MANAGER II |D| 69.96 49.95 : 512B STICKYBEAR TOWN BUILDER (D) . 29.95 19.95
.3006 RESCUE ON FRACTALUS! (DJ....29.95 20.95 5026 SWrFTCALC WITH SIDEWAYS (D). 69.96 J9.95 5130 STICKYBEAR MATH (D).. , 29 95 19,95

Add S3.00 far shipping, handling and insurance. Illinois residents

please add 6WK tax. Add S6.00 lor CANADA, PUERTO RICO
HAWAII, ALASKA. APO-Fi'O orders. Cpngdian orders must be in U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Ca»hlB'» Chock, Money Order or Portonol Check. We L>ove Our Customers
Allow 14 days (or delluary 2 ID 7 doys for phons oroVi, 1 day O'preis
mail! Prices & availnbJIHy sub-Jed lo change vviihoulnatifv 22292 N. Pepper Rd.. Borrington, Illinois 60010
312/382-5244 to order

F| ; I ■ Floppy Disk ^^^fcC*


Premium Quality Floppy Disks
Lifetime Guarantee

, . EXPIRES 6-30-86
BOX OT 10 with hub rings, sleeves and labels
Famous Brand FUJI Floppy Disks for those who care about keeping their data.
List S29.95
Reg. Sale 14 90 PER BOX/10

Single Sided — Double Density for commodore 64, Atari, Apple

* finA«S«il HAM|Buy2BoxesforS29.70and Net
Special Deal
Buy 2 Boxes (or $29.70 and
we will give you 1 Box Free
You Get 3 Boxes for S29.70
Cost Each

$12.95 $12.95

Ffoppy Disk Filer

Everyone Needs a Floppy Disk Secretary

• Dust and Dirt particles can hurt your disks

• Most disks go bad due to mishandling in storage
• Proper filing of your disk collection will reduce
unnecessary handling of your disks
The Floppy Disk Filer is on inexpensive hard plastic Fliptop case thot will allow for easy filing, and protect your disks
from dust, smoke, and dirt. Plus, the Floppy Disk Filer will keep all your disks out of unwanted hands and in one place
where you can easily find them. (Holds Over 50 Disks)

List $24.95 Introductory Sale Price $14.95 * Coupon $12.95

Add $3.00 for shipping handling and insurance. Illinois residents

please odd 6V.% In.. Add S6.00 for CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. ALASKA, APO-FPO orders. Canadian ordorj mjsi bo in U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Cashier* Chock, Money Order or Porsonai Check
Allow 14 days lor delivery. 2 Io7 doys for phono or do Ft. T day express 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barrington, Illinois 60010
mail! Prices A availability subject to change without nolle*.
VISA — MASTER CARD -CO. D. No. C.O.O. to Canoda. APO.FPO 312/382-5244 to order
Four Times faster Than 95 SAVE75% On
300 Baud Modems Phone Charges

Auto Dial • Auto Answer • Operates at 300 and 1200 Baud * Save Money
• Transmit and Receive Faster * Save Time * Access Bulletin Boards
• Talk to other Computer Users * Fully Hayes Compatible * Easy To Use

Originally selling for over $300, the Avatex modem can put you and/or your business in touch with the
world of telecomputing. With your Avatex 1200 modem you con reach "on-line" business and financial
services, professional and educational data bases, or dial up information services. You can play
interactive games, "talk" via simulated citizen-band'Style conversalians. exchange mail electronically ...
even operate yoitr own bulletin board service. Whether you're o newcomer or have years of experience in
data communications, you're sure to discover something new ond fascinating each time you put your
Avatex 1200 modem on-line.
The Avatex modem auto dial auto answer requires only an RS-232C interface to hook up to ony computer
(IBM; Apple: Atcri; Commodore, Sold Below; etc.). With on-line data bases like Viewtron and Quantum
Link charging $6.00 and more per hour you must buy a 1200 baud modem to save money. You can
transmit/receive in 15 minutes what normally takes 1 hour at 300 baud List $329.00. Sale $79.95.

Power Indicator — Liglvs up when your HS Indicator — High Speed indicator lights 300/1100 Button — Gives you push-button
modem's power is on. up when your modem operates at 1100 bps. control for selling Ihe communication speed
TR Indicator— Terminol Ready indicator is MC Indicator - Modem Check indicator lo 0 lo 300 bits per second (in position) or to
on when your modem receives the correct lights up when your modem is on but not in 1200 bits per second (out position) when you
signal (doia terminal ready signal) Irom operation. The MC indicator also Hashes lo place a call. Your Avotex 1200 modem will
your computer. (If your computer does nol indicate an error during oulomalic lesis. oulomaticolly adjust the communication
provide IhtS signal, the TR indicator lights speed to answer an incoming coll.
up when you've "forced" Ihe dalo terminal TM Indicator — Test Mode indicator lights regardless of Ihe position of this button,
ready signal from your modem.)
up when you ore testing your modem.
ON/OFF Button — Turns the power to the
SD Indicator — Send DotD indicator lights Rl Indicator — Ring indicator (lashes when modem on and off.
up when your modem transmits dato, your modem detects on incoming call.

RD Indicator— Receive [laia Indicator DATA/VOICE Button — Lets you switch Interfaces
lights up when your modem receives data from talking (out position) to data transmis Commodore RS232C $24.95
sion (in posilion] ond back again.
over the telephone line. Aplus 3000 RS232C S59.95

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please odd 61,.". lo*. Add J6.00 far CANADA. PUERTO RICO
HAWAII. ALASKA. APO-FPO orders. Conadion orders musl be in U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Cashieis Chink. Money Order or Porional Check. We Love Our Customers
Allow MdaysEordclivery. 2 "o 7 dnys for phone order v I day exprei;
22292 N. Pepper fid., Barrington, Illinois 60010
moil! Price! £ availability sutjoct lo change wilhoul notice.
312/382-5244 to order
Economy* to Arcade Quality

Low As Low As

$8.95 SALE $8.95

Ultimate Arcade Quality Model
2 Year Warranty
& V1C-20
List $24.95

Coin Controls Sale

Rated No. 1 5200 Joystick
Allows keypad hook-up

List S29.95 Sale 524.95

Professional Single Button

Cadillac Economy Model
List $12.95
'Three Way Firing
Coupon Price $8.95

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We Love Our Customers
CANADA. Enclose Cashiers Check, Money Order or Personal Check.
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Full Size Piano/Organ
$69 KEYBOARD *69


Keyboard — 40 Keys (A-C) in professional gauge spring loaded to give the feel and response of o real keyboord
instrument. Polyphonic.
Registers (with the Conductor) — Organ, Trumpet, Flute, Clarinet, Piano, Harpsicord, Violin, Cello, Bass,
Banjo, Mandolin, Calliope, Concertino, Bagpipe, Synthesizer 1, Synthesizer 2, Clavier 1, Clavier 2, which can be
played over a 7 octave range. Programmable sounds as well.
Recording (with the Conductor) — Three track sequencer (recorder) with over-dubbing and muititimbral
(different instrument sounds at the same time) effects.
Interface — Built in interface for Commodore 64, Commodore 128, plugs right in to joystick porf no. 2 and user

Finish — Table Model in white high-impact material, with carrying handle, protective key cover, and built in
music stond. Size 29 1/8x 9 9/16 x 3-11 /16, weighs 9 pounds, <£«|«a SAQ flfl

The Conductor Software The Printed Song

List S29.95 Sale $19.95
List $29.95 Sale $19.95 With the Printed Song program your music can bo printed out in music
notation, which other musicians con read and play. Any music rocorded
The Conductor teaches how a composition is put Together, note by note.
Instrument by instrument. You learn to ploy 35 pre-recorded songs from with the Conductor program can be printed by the Printed Song.
Bach 1o Rock. Then you con compose your own songs and record them Tho Printed Song Requires: • Commodore 64 or Commodore 128 with
right onto your (loppy disk. disk drive ond printer compatible with ifie Commodore graphics mode
such as the Commodore MPS 803, 15)5, and 1525.* The Conductor
Teaches: Recording Functions: program.

• Scales • Monitor: Let: you use o trock to

• Bass lines play music live, without
■ Fomiliar Beginner Songs such recording it. The Music Teacher Software
os "Jingle Bolls" • Record: Records o trock as you List $39.95 Sale S29.95
• Easy classical songs such as play. Tho Music Teacher leaches a boginnor how to road music and play it
"Bach Minuet" and Ravel's • Playback: Lets you hear correctly and in rhythm on the musical keyboard.
"Bolero" whatever has been recorded or The Music Teacher will have you reading and playing musical notes in
• Advanced classics like "A Mid looded into the track You may minutes with fun and excitement.
summer's Night Dream" by ployback one track while Features: • Trumpet, organ, violin, ond synthesizer instrument sounds.
Mendelssohn recording another to build • Built in metronome. • Pouse/Play control. • Set'Up menu for
• Popular hits such as "Thriller" layers of instruments, customizing The Music Teacher.
Craole New Instrument Sounds • Mule: Turns a trock off. This is
Teaches: • How to rexid notes on the treble and bass musical slaffs.
• Choose from pulse, sawtooth, useful when you woni !o listen
• The names of the notes. • Where the notes are on the keyboord.
triangle and noise ond sound to o record one or two tracks ai
• How to play whole notes, holf notes, quarter notes, eighth notes ond
a time.
sources. sixteenth notes in combinations in both 3/4 ond 4/A lime. • How to ploy
• Save: Stores a track to the disk. in different tempos.
• Control the sound envelope
with attack, delay, sustain ond ■ Load: Loads a track from disk.
Requires:* Commodore 64 or Commodore 128 with disk drive. • The
release limes. • Protect: Wrile protects a trock. Commodore Piano Musical Keyboard
• Ring Modulation and The Conductor Requires:
Syncronization effects, ■ Commodore 64 or Commodore
' Set Low pass, band poss, and 13B with disk drive. The Technician
high pass filter frequencies. ■ The Commodore Piano Muslcol list J29.95 Sale 524.95
Keyboard is required to study Contains programs, and BASIC source listings for reoding the
the reading and playing of Commodoro Piano Musical Keyboord. and for reading and creating music
muskol notes. files for tho Conductor.

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pleose add 6WX to«. Add S20.QO (or CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. ALASKA, APOFPO orders. Conodian orders musi be in U.S.
CANADA. Enclose Cashier Chock, Money Order or Personal Check. We Love Our Customers
Allow U days for delivery, 2 to 7 days for phone orders. T day express
22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barrington, Illinois 60010
moil! Prices £ Availability subject to change without nolle*.
312/382-5244 to order
C-64Sale MINDSCAPE C-64Sale

Craisword Magic — Creole your own The Perfect Scorei Computer Preparation ColorMe with Rainbow Brlte Picture
crossword puzzles. A unique way lo For The SAT — T.he most complete Computer Disk — Your young children con enjoy
study any subject in any language. program for preparing for the SAT test. This hours of creativify as they drow and
Crossword Magic con be used again and package contains fix double sided disks color. They can draw freehand or use
again by every member of ihe family. covering all sections of the test. limed exam predrawn pictures from the Rainbow
(Disk) List $:•>"'; Sale S39.95. included. (Disk) Brite picture disk included with ColorMe
list S69.96. Sale*4S.95. Coupon$42.95. (ltd. qty.) (Disk) list S34.95. Sale S18.95.

The Halley Project: A The Luicher Prodis — Wouldn't it be

Mission In Our Solar great if you could run a personality
System — Pilots ore profile on those who confuse you most?
needed for a top-secret To understand Ihe troits behind the
spoce exploration mission.
Only the most skilled will
reactions of your spouse, child, parents,
in-laws, or best friend? If someone has
you in a quandry then this program will
be accepted. To qualify Know t^"-

you must pass a series of help you lo answer the probing

tests. As you trovel question, "whot makes him tick?" Wilh
through the solar system 35 years of research on the theory of
your only guide is a how psychologically revealing o
rodorscope and an ability person's color and shape choices can be,
to navigate by the stars. Mindscape created Ihe program The
(Disk) ListS39.95. Luscher Profile lo reflect thol discovery.
SaloSlS.95. (Disk) List S39.95. Sale S28.95.
Coupon S24.95.

The Lords Of Midnight — The land of Quake Minus One — You must stand up to Shadowfire — This gome allows you
Midnight is controlled by Doomdark and a vicious terrorist group bent on gaining 100 real-time minutes to rescue
your mission in causing his fall from control of the Tilan Power Station ond Ambassador Kryxix and demolish the
power is to destroy the source of his causing an extremely destructive enemy slorship. The aliens that confront
strength, The Ice Crown. Battle 32,000 earthquoke. You have only ten hours to you are beyond the realm of the most
panoramas creolures. Courage and figure out a solution to this proboble vivid imagination The pace is lost and
bravery will hopefully see you through. devastation. First you must destroy four Ihe action intense. (Disk) List $19.95.
(Disk) List SI 9.95. Sale S16.95. Titan computers, then stop the quoke. (Disk) Sal* 116.99.
List $19.95. Sale H6.9S.

i *

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pleoie odd 6'.\ ta*. Add S6.00 lor CANADA. PUERTO RICO,
HAWAII, ALASKA APO-FPO orders. Canadian orders musi be in U.S.
CANADA, Enclose Cashiers Check, Money Order or Personal Check. We Love Our Customers
Allow I J doys tor delivery, 2 lo 7 days for phanu orders. I day express 22292 N. Pepper Rtl , Barringion, Illinois 60010
moll I PrkasB availability subjaer Tot Kongo wilhoul notice.
312/382-5244 to order
Commodore 64

Buy 1 Get One 1 /«* fnln Dpinnll

(at Sale Price!)

Expires 4-30-86 Limit one free program per customer

Weekly Reader
Commodore 64 Commodore 64

Buy any Weekly Reader program from Profecto and choose another Weekly Reader program FREE!
($29.95 value)

Stickybcar Typing — Stickybear makes learning the keyboard both easy 6 fun for anyone. A 3 game format provides
different levels so that as typing skills improve so does the level of difficulty. Stickybear Keypress is geared to the needs
of the child or the beginner, the stress is on the keyboard. To increase typing speed and accuracy the fast-paced
Stickybear Thump will provide a real challenge. Stickybear Stories ollows further practice with real text for timed
practice. Everything from jokes, slories and bright amusing grophics moke This one of the most delightful typing programs
ever, plus you can keep track of your progress and store on disk. (Disk) Lisl S29.95. Sale S19.95.

S s
c c
6 6
4 4
Stickybear Spellgrabber — 3 games in one: Picture Spell Stickybear Math — Kids team math skills as they help
contains over 200 word/picture combinations. Word Spell the Stickybeor Family out of sticky joms. For every set of
is a scramble game, players recreate words shown on the addition and subtraction problems youngsters get right,
screen. Bear Dunk involves guessing o word to save Stickybear gets a step closer to getting out of the jam.
Stickybear from a dunking. (Disk) List S29.95. Sale S19.95. (Disk) List $29.95. Sale $19.95.

Stickybear Town Builder Kids Stickybear Reading

■ -—^rz^~. ■ t
develop essential map skills as 3 fun activities thot build reading
they build a town with roads,
"■ [''■{■■■ ■ comprehension skills. Match The
parks, airports, bridges, etc. and Words: Kids practice vocabulary
save on disk. That's just the first as they match up word and
game. In Take A Drive, picture sets. Find The Word:
Compass-reading and directions Turns the words in □ sentence
are stressed. With Find The Keys, into animated action. Build A
follow clues to locate mystery Sentence: Children choose a
keys. (Disk) List S29.95. subject, a verb and an object,
Sale 519.95. then watch them turn into o
picture. (Disk) List S29.95.
W— kJ, b*du F -—» L*i - ,n

Sale $19.95.

Add S3.00 for shipping, handling and Iniuronce. Illinois lesidanls

pleose odd 61/.','. la*. Add $6.00 foi CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. ALASKA. APO-FPO orders. Canodian ardors must be in U.S.
CANADA Enclose Cashier* Check. Money Order or Personal Check. We L,ove Our Customers
Allow Mdoys for delivery, 1 To 7 day* tor phone orders. I day express 22293 N. Pepper RcJ., Barrington, Illinois 60010
moil I Prices & availability subject 1o thonge without notice.
312/382-5244 to order
Fast Load Cartridge — Load, save
and copy disks five times faster than
normal. It plugs into the cartridge
port ot the Commodore 64 and goes
m computer smtwai-e

to work automatically loading disks

Commodore 64 with ease. And that's only the Commodore 64
beginning. It can copy a single file, First 1000
First 10O0
copy the whole disk, send disk Purchasers of
Purchasers of
commands, and even list directories Epyx product from
Epyx product from
without erasing programs stored in Protecto will
Protecto will
receive a Free
memory. (Cartridge). List $39.95. receive a Free
Scrabble game Sale $23.95. Scrabble game
SZ9.95 Value $29.93 Value

Buy 1 Get 1 FREE to 1st 1000 Limilod Quantifies Limit 1 per Customer


=■1 " '•■" -■■

Rescue on Fractals!

Arcade Games Around

Rescue On Fractalusl - Your mission is to fly your Jet Combat Flight Simulator Flight simulation
Valkyrie Fighter through ihe Jaggi defenses ond rescue the programs are the most requested in the country. The key to
downed Eihercorps pilots. Sounds easy, bui don'! [el it fool a good one is realism, the sensation of being in the cockpit
you. It's tough enough just to navigate the mountains ond — guiding the plane through take-offs, landings ond oir to
canyons of Fractalus, but try doing it while destroying air — air to ground combat. You are an Air Force pilot and
enemy gun emplacements or dodging suicide soucers. We your mission is critical. Your success in completing your
supply the Long Range Scanner, Dirac Mirror Shield and orders depends on how quickly and accurately you react.
Anti-Motter Bubble Torpedoes ... YOU supply the skill and Very intense — Fantastic Graphics, animation and control
guts! One Player. (Disk) List $29.95. Sale S20.95. elements. (Disk) List $39.95. Sale 520.95.

The Eidolon — The Eidolon is an ancient time machine that

Slimmer Games II — The original Summer Games was last
Summer's No. I seller. Carry on the tradition with another
transports you to on unusual world. II allows you control
chance to "Go for the Gold!" Introducing Summer Games II
over the strange creatures you encounter. You moy even
with 8 new Olympic events including Kayaking, cycling,
change the flow ot time. (Disk) List S39.95. Sale S20.95.
fencing, diving, track & field, gymnastics and equastrian.
The World's Greatest Football Game — This one has it The excitement of Olympic competion is present in this new
oil — strategy, action, three views of the field. It's in a class version os it was in the original. Great graphics and sound
all its own! Finally, a footbol! game that not only puts you effects. This one's o winner! (1 to 8 players). (Disk)
on the field, but also on the sidelines in the coach's shoes. List $39,95. Sale $20.95.
Use the "Playbook" or design your own offensive ond Koronis Rift — The setting is a remote planet surrounded
defensive plays. Then, grab the joystick and put your by radiation. To discover the secrets of the Ancients you
strategy to the test. You control key players to run a sweep, must battle alien guards. For protection you must obtain
make a tackle, throw a pass and even kick a fieldgoal. All weapons from the ruins of interplanetary civilization. (Disk)
the action and all the strategy moke this your favorite List $39.95. Sale S20.95.
football game. (Disk) List $39.95. Sale $23.95.
Ballblazer — Unique split-screen, 3-D graphics give you
Winter Games — Eyperience the challenge of six winter and your opponent a first person view of the field of play.
sporting events. In the Bobsled, you're right in the tube You race across the playfield in your Rotofoil trying to
careening along the wolls. At the SkiJump, you control your copture the ball and fire il through the goal before your
form in take-off, flight ond landing. In Figure Skating, opponent. The winner is the player with the most points at
timing counts for the transitions, the jumps ond landings. the end of the timed competition. Hold onto your joystick
Choreogroph your own routine in Free Slyle Skating. Hot and keep that finger on the fire button, this is the type of
Dog Aerials push your ogility to new heights. The Biathlon two player head-to-head oction you've been waiting for.
challenges your enduronce in cross-country skiing. There's Two Players. (Disk) List $29.95. Sale S20.95.
even an opening ceremony, complete with nationol
anthems. One to Eight Players.
(Disk) List $39.95. Sale $20.95. Super Graphics
Add S3.00 iar shipping, handling and insurance. Illinois resident
please add &'.>% Im. Add 56.00 tor CANADA. PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII. ALASKA. APO-FPO orders Canadian order! must be in U.S.
CANADA Enclose Cashiers Check. Money Order or Personal Check.
Allow lidoys for delivery. 2io7doyslor phone orders. 1 day express 32292 N. Pepper Rd.. Borrmgton. Illinois 60010
moil I Prices & ovailobLllly subieci 10 change wlihoui nolle*.
VISA — WASTER CARD -COD No C O.D. la Canoda. APOFPO 312/382-5244 to order
Buy any one of these Electronics Arts
classics, get another from this list Free!*
• Dr. J fi Larry Bird Go One-on-One ■ Financial Cookbook • Music Conslr. Sot • Pinball
Consir. Set • Seven Cilies o) Gold • Movie Maker • M.U.L.E. ■ Mail Order Monsters
* Racing Destruction Set
1 Manufacfu 1 Mail-In oMsr a-phrsi 3-31 -Sfr, That* 9 Urla* only

Carriers At War — Recreate five Europe Ablaze — A strategy

cruciol battles of WWII, or make up program with you as the
your own. Play the role of the great commander of the air force,
CARRIERS leaders such os MocArthur, Halsey Planning the bombing missions,
and Yama-mofo. There are 7 built-in plotting the course and setting the
AT WAR baffles such os Pearl Harbor and speed. The geography and weather
Midway and you must foce the same conditions are historically accurate.
challenges that arose in the original Design your own scenario to keep
battles. Accurate bottle conditions, the play exciting. Will you change
including intelligence reports, speed the course of history? (Disk) List
of movement and fatigue levels. $42.95. Sale $34.95.
(Disk) List $42.95. Sale $32.95.

Sky Fox — Fly the unfriendly Super Boulderdaih — The exciting

skies in this incredibly sequel to one of the most action
realistic flight simulation packed strategy games ever. With
program. You are fighting to 16 new maze levels, so complex and
protect your home base with challenging that you will soon
five kinds of weapons and become a fan. The original was an
working gauges. The high award winner with characters like
speed animation and the enchanted wall and the boulders
breathtaking graphics are up that fall when you least expect it.
to arcade stondards. Features You must find the way through the
5 skill levels and 15 different caves while gathering jewels, all the
scenorios, each requiring o time working against the clock.
different strategy. This best (Disk) List $29.95. Sale S22.9S.
selling gome is o sure winner. (Disk)
List S29.95. Sale $23.95. Commodore 64
Coupon $22.95. SALE
Action Graphics
Touchdown Football — Heart Of Africa — The
Enjoy football all year long exiting sequel to "The Seven
with this fast action ^ihmphttMMMHtJMtt Cities Of Gold" has you
program that brings all the * exploring the Dark Continent
elements of the game to in the 1890's. Your mission is
your home computer. It's to find the lost temple of
all here, the realism of Ankh-Ankh. You'll encounter
great graphics and sound 9.
cannibals, slave traders,
that put you on the turf with hunger and wild animals, to
the NFL all stars. 100's of nome a few. Historically ond
plays for both the offensive geographically accurate, so
and defensive teams, plus you gain education as you
the ability to ploy o game against another fan or the hove fun. (Disk}
computer. (Disk) List $29.95. Sale $22.95. List $29.95. Sale $23.95.

Racing Destruction Set — Movie Maker — Create your

Put yourself behind the wheel own animated movies
of the vehicle of your choice, complete with sound effects.
build the racetrack and add Animate your own drawings
the obstacles. Then prepare or select from an endless
for the race of your life. This supply of built-in pictures.
split-screen, computer slot After you're finished, save
car racing set is for two your creations on disk. Up to
players. You'll encounter oil six characters per movie and
slicks and weapons ond have 10 built-in movies to let your
to be on guard for ice, and imagination run wild. (Disk)
hairpin turns. (Disk) List $29.95. Sale $23.95.
List S29.95. Sale S22.95.

Add S3.00 for shipping, hondting and insurance- Illinois resident

please add 6V.K tax. Add $6.00 (or CANADA, PUERTO RICO.
HAWAII, ALASKA. APO-FPO orders. Conodinn under* musl be in U,5.
CANADA. Enclose Cashiers Chetk. Money Order or Personal Chock, We Love Our Customers
Allow Id days for delivery, 2To7daysfor phone order?. idayexpreM
moil! Prices S availability subject lo change without police. 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barrington, Illinois 60010
312/382-5244 to order
Kevin Mykytyn and Mark Tuttle

Consider yourself warned: This game is very a ball on the top level, you may un
intentionally change the course of a
difficult to master. Even the most ardent game- cube on the middle or bottom level.
players will find it a great challenge. For the 64; If you then try to correct the move
ment of the ball on the bottom lev
a joystick is required.
el, you may accidentally divert the
The top two platforms have
ball on the top platform. It's
"Dunk" will challenge any previ
ous conceptions you may have had openings through which a ball can
about your joystick. Pressing up fall to the next level. During the
may move your player down while course of the game, 25 balls enter And If That Wasn't Hard
pressing left may move you right. the playing field from the top of the Enough
And just when you think you have screen. Each lands somewhere on There is one more thing you must
the pattern mastered, it changes. the top platform and begins lo roll take into consideration when mov
The game is written entirely in toward either the left or right edge, ing each of the cubes. The cube on
machine language, so "MLX," pub whichever is farthest away. The ob the middle level, the red one,
lished frequently in COMPUTE!'* ject of the game is to steer the balls moves exactly the same as the joy
GAZETTE, is required to type it in. into the openings so they fall to the stick: You press up and the middle
After loading and running MLX, next level. When a ball reaches the cube moves forward; pull to the left
answer the prompts for starting and bottom platform, try to knock it into and the middle cube goes left.
ending addresses with CO00 and one of the scoring slots on the
The cubes on the top and bot
C74F respectively. Type in Dunk righthand edge (scores are indicat
tom levels are less accommodating.
and save it to tape or disk. To run it, ed by the numbers 1, 2, and 3). A They may move correctly, the same
type LOAD "filename",8,1 (disk) or ball that goes over the edge yields
as the middle cube. Or they may
LOAD "filename", 1,1 (tape) and no points. move in the opposite direction. It
SYS 49152. You control three small cubes, takes a little while to learn how
one on each level, for steering the each of the cubes behaves. Even
balls into the holes. To push one of after you've gotten the knack, every
A Few Rules the balls with your cube, position time you score a point, the patterns
The gameboard consists of three the cube on top of the ball and then change.
square platforms, stacked one on move the cube in the direction you
another. Each platform has four want the ball to travel. This may
edges, which you must avoid. Any not seem very difficult, but remem Scoring Strategies
time a ball falls off the edge, it's lost ber that you're controlling all three The numbers on the right of the
forever and you score no points. cubes at the same time. If you push screen keep track of the number of
BO COMPUTE'S Gazelle Apnl 1986
balls remaining, the number of hits ball to the bottom level, you may as
{balls which have scored), the num well get 3 points for it.
ber of misses (balls that have fallen The maximum number of balls
off the edge), number of points, and you'll see on the screen at one time
the high score. is five, and five balls are hard to
To score points you must suc keep track of—especially when
cessfully steer a ball from the top they're moving in different direc
platform to the middle and bottom tions on different platforms with
levels and then knock it into one of the joystick running backwards.
the scoring slots. The maximum The solution is to simplify, to con
number of points is three, so the solidate the balls into blabs. We rec
highest score possible for 25 balls is ommend that you learn iht1 art of
The player \& about to score on the
75. Actually, any score over 40 is bottom platform, but elsewhere things
steering balls so they collide with
incredible, and a score over 50 ap aren't going so well. each other, and subsequently stick
proaches a miracle. Don't expect to to each other to form a blob. Blobs
get many scores over 5 the first few of two or three balls are common
times you play. place, while a blob of five is some
Although this first strategy track of two or three balls on sepa thing few mortals have seen. This
may sound obvious, it's very im rate levels is too hard. final tactic is one that will make a
portant: Watch only one ball at a Second, always try to score as bad dunker good, and a good
time when you're beginning to much as possible with the balls on thinker great.
learn the game. Trying to keep the bottom level. If you've guided a See program listing on page 170.

Turbo Copy
A. M. Cutrone

This utility is a must for all 1541 disk drive

owners with Commodore 64's. It copies an entire
disk in only four and a half minutes—and
formats the disk as it copies.

are used by a program. Thus, if you

wish to back up a disk that contains
Commodore owners know that the Using It Correctly only one or two short files, you
1541 disk drive is extremely slow. The program is written entirely in might save time by using a file-
It's especially frustrating when machine language. "MLX," pub copy program instead of Turbo
you're copying disks. Using a copy lished frequently in COMPUTE!^ Copy.
program is much easier than having GAZETTK, is required to type it in. it's necessary that you have
to load, switch disks, and save for After loading and running MLX, only one peripheral active on the
each program. But a normal copy answer the prompts for starting and serial line. If you have a printer or
program can take up to 20 minutes ending addresses with 0801 and extra disk drives, they must be
to copy a single disk. Now there's a 1210 respectively. Type in Turho turned off. If you use a printer inter
better way. "Turbo Copy" tempo Copy and save it to disk. To run it, face, make sure that it is turned off
rarily turbocharges your 1541 disk type LOAD "filename",?, and RUN. also (better yet, disconnect it entire
drive to make a copy in just four Turbo Copy copies all sectors ly). Failure to do this will cause Tur
and a half minutes. That's a speed from the source disk to the destina bo Copy to work incorrectly. Also,
increase of over 400 percent. tion disk, whether or not the sectors make sure that there are no other
COMPUTEIs Gazette April 1986 81
programs or cartridges in the 64 of the screen will change and the Copy. Turbo Copy automatically
when you use Turbo Copy. Turbo red light on the disk drive will flash. formats each sector as information
Copy uses all available RAM in the Normally, the flashing red light in is written. You can use a new disk
64, so any programs, even hidden dicates a disk error, but you should right out of the box. There is also
ones, might cause it to crash. So, ignore it when using Turbo Copy. very little that can go wrong while
before using Turbo Copy, shut off After about 30 seconds you'll using Turbo Copy. All normal read
the 64, remove any cartridges, hear an audio cue and be prompted errors can be read by Turbo Copy,
make sure that any printer inter to insert the destination disk (the but unlike other copy programs,
faces are not connected for power disk you are copying to) and press Turbo Copy goes on when it finds a
(like those that use the cassette RETURN. Make sure the destina read error. It doesn't even bother
port), and that every peripheral on tion disk doesn't contain any pro stopping to tell you it has found a
the serial port is turned off except grams unless you don't mind if read error {although the drive will
for one disk drive. those programs are erased. knock). Turbo Copy is equipped to
Turbo Copy is easy to use. One minute later, you'll be deal with such errors.
After running the program, you'll asked to switch disks again. The Writing, on the other hand, is a
see a title screen. After a short wait, same happens two more times until different story. Since Turbo Copy
the disk drive will knock, assuring the copy is complete, at which time formats the destination disk as it
you that all is well. You're then you'll be asked if you want to make writes, the only way a write error
asked to place the source disk (the another copy. If you type Y, Turbo could occur is if there was no disk in
disk you want to copy from) into Copy will restart. Any other re the drive, the drive door was left
the drive and press RETURN. To be sponse will result in a reset of the open, or a write-protect tab was on
safe, make sure you've covered the machine. the disk. These conditions cause
wriie-protect notch on Ihe source disk Turbo Copy may seem as Turbo Copy to stop and ask you
io avoid accidentally writing to it. though it has a tendency to knock either to quit or to start again.
You'll note that the drive keeps the drive for no apparent reason. It If a read error was found when
spinning. Don't be alarmed; this is does this to properly align the reading the source disk, Turbo
normal for Turbo Copy. After you read/write head after a different Copy will skip over the correspond
press RETURN, Turbo Copy begins disk is placed in the drive. Consider ing sectors when writing to the des
reading the contents of the disk into this normal behavior. tination disk. If the destination disk
memory. Each time a sector on the It's not necessary to format a was previously unformatted, this
disk is read into memory, the color disk before you use it with Turbo will effectively put a read error on
the destination disk in the same
spot as was found on the source
disk. If the disk was already format
ted, the track or sector will be left
alone, although the IDs will proba
bly not match. This might cause a
read error when the drive tries to
access the track or sector and finds a
different ID.

How It Works
Turbo Copy works in conjunction
A powerful word processing system for the Commodore 64. with the disk drive to effectively
Includes,- On scraen :,t-iiiir.' help display ■ 30 Fonts ready la use speed up data transfer more than
Font editor/creator included • BACK-UP DISK INCLUDED
f\an- lhB*u:n=i dh taut If* four times. Basically, this is done by
reprogramming the disk drive to
Word ProcviiJng Fuiurtt ■ ■!■■, r.i ..:
* 1-0 irtrtm IDtUDl [nr bo 1
send two bits of data at a time in
»i(N ir» Nin tin mtul n*

-ord.^.*D umillMftS t»*1*."5

stead of one.
.1 .]»t.T.jl V Aqfitri
Foni 4 CNiriclir S»t Cfi
Normally, a single bit is sent
nr »r.a l|#t'*l fl1«lT over the data line of the serial port.
Turbo Copy sends and receives two
F ofm le:ic r «l« rn«'^ing uhtjtt'ilinq jadjuitatl fll — "-jit |han
10 piithe^ — morr rnjn 10 Inn
+ Ed'T' ^0 fnrrrrijnds ni'uuK<
ugiu, milt, cltar. cajf*
bits of data, one on the data line,
Heads a-0 -"lit tun*!- PHGcSEa ictcing iiwi — £ondfn»td ff'l —
and one on the clock line. More
than half of Turbo Copy is sent to
the disk drive and stored in its
Bauhous H tT RAM. It is this data that tells the
Block Msirpa in News Split disk drive what to do. Because the
Print ieopboId drive has to be reprogrammed, it
will not function correctly for nor
C€LC 1C Italic Mu2Slox3 Tech
mal operations after you leave Tur
English Typewriter
bo Copy. It must be turned off and
Fill urn unopsp t sdfi
then on again.
r. ,and more
See program listing on page 111.
( Arnold HoiU ■ S*im* K& ■
All About CP/M
On The 128
Howard Golk

CP/M is one of the oldest operating systems—but times. However, ROM- based oper
ating systems have a few disadvan
one of the newest available for Commodore users. tages. Because the OS is stored on
This article, especially for new 128 owners, in chips, it must be relatively small.
cludes lots of practical examples, useful tips, and ROM-based systems also are more
difficult to upgrade or expand since
helpful notes on available CP/M software. this requires adding or replacing
chips in the computer.
The Commodore 128 brings some each model (PET, CBM, 64, VIC-20,
An alternative is a RAM-based
thing very new to Commodore us and so on) contains its own custom
operating system like CP/M. Rath
ers: CP/M (Control Program for ized operating system. Because
er than put the machine code that
Microcomputers). Although CP/M software written for dedicated op
makes up the operating system on
was briefly available for the 64, it erating systems is not transportable
chips, the code is on disk instead.
was a poor version which con from one machine to another, each
RAM-based operating systems can
formed to only a few of the stan model requires its own library of
generally be much larger than those
dards for truly compatible CP/M software. PET programs didn't run
which are ROM based—which
software. With the 128 and 1571 correctly (if at all) on 8032s or VICs
means you can have many more
disk drive, a 100 percent compati and vice versa. Many other popular
commands and utilities. Upgrading
ble version of CP/M has arrived. computers also have dedicated op
RAM-based operating systems is
You're probably aware of the thou erating systems: Apple II, Atari,
much easier—you simply add or re
sands of programs that run under and Timex/Sinclair to name a few.
place files on the system disk. The
CP/M. But before you invest a lot CP/M, however, is a trans
disadvantage to this kind of OS is
of time and money, there are a few portable operating system. It was
that you amass a lot of system
things you should know about not written for any one particular
disks. These can sometimes be a
what CP/M is—and more impor computer. The idea is that pro
source of frustration when you're
tantly, what it is not. grams written for an Osborne can
doing routine jobs like copying
theoretically be run on a Kaypro,
files. Disk capacity is also a prob
A Fundamental Difference Sanyo, Heathkit, or any other com
lem, since the OS can easily use up
puter with CP/M. The early CP/M
All computers have an Operating half the space on a disk. But once a
machines employed a standard
System (OS). The OS handles all program is running, the system disk
eight-inch disk format (1BM-34).
the primary input, output, and is no longer required and can be re
(Incidentally, the first CP/M ma
housekeeping operations. When moved. In fact, the system disk is
chines were very expensive because
you type LOAD and press RE useless while an applications pro
they required 64K of memory, a
TURN on a Commodore 64, you're gram is running.
massive amount at the time, to
instructing the OS to locate and
read in a program from tape or disk. CP/M Vs. Commodore
Commodore operating sys
The OS is responsible for all com
tems are ROM based. The entire OS CP/M has many interesting advan
munication between your programs (which is mostly a collection of tages over dedicated operating sys
and peripherals, such as the disk small machine language programs) tems like Commodore's. Not all of
drive and display screen. is stored on chips inside the ma these advantages are features of
There are many different kinds chine. This method of storage has CP/M particularly. Many are the
of operating systems. Commodore many advantages. The computer results of the efforts toward com
computers have always had dedi generally performs fast and all sys patibility with dozens of different
cated operating systems, that is, tem commands are available at al! computers by clever hardware and
COMPUTEf's Gazette April 1986 83
software developers. printer control codes yourself for ries of commands is a batch file.
Commodore users are accus printers not on the list. With CP/M Batch files can even use vari
tomed to software that needs no in computers, everything is handled ables as parameters. That way the
stallation. You just insert the this way. The screen, printer, disk same batch file can perform a long
program disk, type something like drives, memory capacity, and key series of system functions on differ
LOAD""",8,1, and you're on your board are all redefinable. ent groups of files. In a sense, then,
way. This is rarely the case with CP/M is both an operating system
CP/M programs. CP/M Command Structure and a simple programming lan
guage. Under CP/M you can write
Software packages for CP/M CP/M is disk-based. Much of
programs that run other programs.
computers must be installed for the CP/M is located on the disk in the
particular hardware they're to run form of COM files (command files). As an example, suppose you have a

on. Since this process is required for When you type a command on the batch file on your system disk
compatibility, it gives every pro keyboard, the computer looks for a called "PURGE.SUB" that
gram the capability for a large de program on the disk by that name.
gree of customization. For example, With CP/M commands, you PIP B:$2 = A:S1
you can generally run CP/M soft can place a parameter after the
ware with any combination of disk command, and the operating sys The "$1" and "$2" are vari
drives. You tell the software which tem will pass that parameter to the ables. When you type the batch file
drives to use and how to access command program. For example, if name followed by one or more
them. This eliminates a problem you type "DUMP MYFILE", the parameters, the parameters will take
common to dedicated operating "DUMP.COM" program is loaded the place of the variables. If you
systems. All too often your soft into memory and "MYFILE" (the type: PURGE SOMEFILE ANY-
ware expects specific hardware de parameter) is passed to it. In this FILE, the result would be the same
vices to be used. If your hardware is case the DUMP program will send as if you had typed:
unusual in any way, you may be the contents of "MYFILE" to the PIP B:ANYFILE = A:SOMEFILE
stuck. For example, some Commo screen. ERASE AiSOMEFILE
dore programs are designed to op With CP/M, many applica "PIP" will copy SOMEFILE
erate with a dual disk drive, but not tions programs depend on the oper- from drive A to drive B and rename
two single drives. ating system for part of their it as ANYFILE. "ERA" erases SOME-
When you install software, you operation. Don't be surprised if a FILE on drive A. One of the nice
provide it with the codes and pa program you buy requires you to features of CP/M is that you can re
rameters used by your hardware to supply your own text editor to cre name commands. Try this:
do such things as clear the screen ate and update data fiies. CBASIC
and move the cursor. Business soft from Digital Research is such a pro
ware is usually without color, yet gram. The CP/M disk itself in Now you can use "COPY" in
color can be added to many CP/M cludes a general-purpose text editor stead of "PIP". All other aspects of
business programs by the user. This called "ED.COM", but reviews of the command remain the same. Of
is possible because CP/M pro this program are not exactly course, if you used the PiP com
grams must be installed for your raves—just typing up a grocery list mand in any batch files (like the
terminal (screen). While you're can be a nightmare. Nonetheless, it one above), they would have to be
identifying the codes to use for does allow you to manipulate text changed. Alternately, you can have
things like reverse, underline, etc., files. both by making a copy of "PIP-
you can insert a few color codes. One immediate use for a text .COM" instead of renaming it (that
Software is not easy to install if editor is to create batch files. These is, PIP C0PY.COM = PIP.COM).
you're new to computers (it's often are completely new to Commo
difficult for experts, too). CP/M re dore-only users—and they're ex The Transition
quires a lot more dealer support, es- tremely useful. All computers CP/M's design seems rather alien if
pecially when installing the include commands for formatting you learned on a Commodore sys
software. This is one of the reasons disks, copying files, erasing files, tem. The disk system will no doubt
you'll find CP/M software to be loading programs, and so on. Many be frustrating, especially with only
mfcre expensive than software for common housekeeping jobs require one disk drive. Since CP/M is disk
the Commodore 64. New 128 own you to sequentially execute a series based, your disks are cluttered with
ers will quickly learn that many of these commands. Each time you "system utilities." To execute most
good CP/M programs can success perform a routine task (like making CP/M commands, a COM file must
fully be installed only by the dealer. backup disks) you must type the list be on the disk you're using. This
Since the early days of Com of commands in one at a time. With can be maddening—often a Catch
modore, users have often preferred CP/M, you can put a long list of 22 situation. You place utilities
non-Commodore printers. Because these commands into a disk file, (COM files) on disks, execute them,
of this, software developers for then execute all the commands in then erase them to free up disk
Commodore computers began pro the file by simply typing the file space. You could, of course, just
viding several versions of their pro name (you may have to precede the leave all your COM files on all your
grams—each for a different printer. filename with the word SUBMIT— disks, but there would be little or no
Eventually, these developers pro depending on how your system is room left for your programs and
vided a method of defining the set up). The file that executes a se data.

B4 COMPUTE'S Gazette April 1986

The CP/M operating system size boat, chances are there's a outstanding spreadsheet, powerful
takes disk drives very seriously. CP/M program out there to do it. enough to be used even to work out
Commodore's disk operating sys Before you begin digging through math routines in your BASIC or
tem (DOS) stores only a few items the heap of available CP/M pro Pascal programs. Like NewWord,
of information about files on a disk. grams, let's look at a few items SuperCalc is an "enhanced" version
Only the name, type, and size of which might be of interest. of another program, VisiCalc {from
the file are stored in the disk's di WordStar from MicroPro. Near VisiCorp). SuperCalc's documenta
rectory. CP/M disks have a much ly every CP/M computer system tion is built-in to the program itself.
more sophisticated directory. Com contains a copy of this extremely You can press the "?" key any time
modore users will find a lot of new powerful word processing pro for instructions.
features with CP/M directories: gram. It's so popular that it's almost dBASE from Ashton-Tate. This
Here's a sample: become part of the CP/M standard. is a simplified programming lan
guage designed specifically for
database applications. You can
Directory for Drive A: User 0
leam to program dBASE in a frac
tion of the time required to learn an
Name Bytes Recs Attributes Prot Update Access actual computer language.
DITS BAK Ik 1 Dir RW read 09/01/82 13:04 09/01/82 13:07 What is CP/M best for? Busi
SETDEF COM 4k 29 Sys RO 08/25/82 13:07 09/01/82 03;30
ness. Word processing and data
PURGE SUB Ik 1 Dir RO none 10/02/85 14:50 10/02/85 14:50
base programs run especially well
Total Bytes 6k Total Records - 31 Files Found — 3 under CP/M. The 80-column
Total Ik Blocks 6 Used/Max Dir Entries for Drive A: 11/64 screen is considered a must for busi
ness applications. You won't find a
lot of arcade-style games for CP/M,
You can mark individual files There is a close copy of WordStar but you will find some excellent
as "read only" and prevent them called NewWord (from NewStar and lengthy adventure games (by
from being altered or erased. You Software). It has some interesting John O'Hare). In general, graphics
can hide files so they do not show advantages over WordStar, especial programs are few and far between.
up in the disk's directory. You can ly for systems with advanced fea Although we've mentioned
even give files a password. CP/M tures like those found on the new BASIC and Pascal, you can get al
will tell you the date and time a file 128. When properly installed, New- most any language for CP/M, in
was created and last updated (or Word shows bold and underlining cluding Forth, C, PILOT, Logo,
the last time it was read). CP/M on the screen. It's a true "what you COBOL, FORTRAN, and many
even knows if a file has been al see is what you get" word more. There are hundreds of user
tered since the last time it was cop processor. groups for CP/M also. Most offer
ied, which is a handy feature when MBASIC-80 from Microsoft. free advice, technical information,
updating backup disks. There are thousands of programs and public domain software.

CP/M computers often em written in MBASIC. Commodore

users will quickly notice the lack of Hands On
ploy hard disk drives. To help orga
nize the potential thousands of files a screen editor. Many programmers Let's switch on your Commodore
on one disk, CP/M allows you to
use WordStar (or another text editor) 128 with the CP/M disk in the
break up the directory into 16 "user to enter and edit BASIC programs. drive. The computer will automati
areas." Essentially, the computer This is possible because MBASIC cally come up in CP/M+ mode
treats each directory as a different can optionally read and write pro (also known as CP/M 3.0).
disk. To change user areas, type: gram files in text form (nontoken- If you do not have an RGB
USER n where n is a number from
ized). This also makes it easy for monitor connected to your 128,
0 to 15. User areas can be trouble BASIC programs to write other something is rather odd from the
some. When reformatting an old BASIC programs. start. The 40-column screen shows
disk, you might erase important Turbo Pascal from Borland In only half of the computer's screen.
ternational. Many 128 owners will The other half is sitting invisibly off
files because they're listed in anoth
er user area. To see the entire direc
have purchased their machines to the right. If you move the cursor
tory, type:
specifically to run this fast and more than 39 characters to the
powerful language. It has many right, the screen will shift over for
outstanding features and sells for you (to move more quickly, hold
under $50. If you write large pro down the CTRL key and press the
grams, consider Pascal as an alter cursor-right or cursor-left key on
Mountains Of Software native to BASIC. Many consider the top row of the keyboard). Why
Why use CP/M anyway? Soft that Turbo Pascal is fast becoming only half a screen? Because most
ware—and lots of it, thousands of the definitive language for CP/M CP/M computers have 80-column
programs that do a multitude of (and MS DOS) computers. Turbo is screens. Also, many CP/M pro
things. If you need a program that even suitable for developing ad grams format their output for an
calculates the net capacity of an vanced programs like woTd proces 80-column screen.This strange
oval salad bowl, or the number of sors and spreadsheets. compromise was the result. It's best
toothpicks required to build a full- SuperCalc from Sorcim. An either to buy an RGB monitor or to
COMPUTE'S Gszeflo April 1986 85
connect the 80-column output to a tain file naming guidelines. The The "SID" program—a ma
monochrome monitor. {See your system also contains a standard chine language debugging utility—
Commodore dealer for a special ca ambiguous file naming system that will then load and run. To exit, type
ble. The 80-column cables are allows you to specify a group of "q" and press RETURN.
available from at least three files that have something in If the program you want to run
sources: Batteries Included, Cardco, common. is not in machine language (or com
and Microvation.) If you already The asterisk is a wildcard. As piled), the proper language inter
own a color monitor, you can get 80 the name implies, anything will preter must be loaded first. A
columns (in black and white only) match it. Suppose your disk con program written in BASIC will gen
with such a cable. tains the following files: erally have an extension of ".BAS".
CP/M filenames contain three


identified by a letter. The first drive SPOOL.PRN DEB1.TXT MARY.TXT MLPGM.ASM
is drive A, the second is B, and so SID.COM
on. The drive letter is always fol If we type:
lowed by a colon. In filenames, the
drive letter identifies the location of
the computer will respond with:
the file.
FILENAME The filename can
be from one to eight letters long. It The asterisk can be used along with letters:
can contain the letters A to Z, num
bers 0-9, and a few punctuation
symbols. To be safe, do not use
punctuation symbols in filenames.
Usually, case is not important.
CP/M translates iowercase to up Another wild card is the question But you must first load a program
percase for all CP/M utilities. How mark. The asterisk matches items of such as MBASIC. You can do it all at
ever some programs {like MBASIC- any length. The question mark will once by typing:
80) allow upper- and lowercase match only one letter. In other MBAS1C PROGRAM
filenames, but if used, CP/M utili words, *.* is the same as
ties will not be able to access them. ????????.???. Here's an example where PROGRAM is the name of
using wild cards: the BASIC program you wish to
.EXT A three letter extension is
load. MBASIC will be loaded, then
optional (with a few exceptions). It DIR V?A7
the BASIC program. The BASIC
usually identifies the type of the BUDGET.CAL MAIL.DAT
program will then run automatical-
file. For example, all word process Only those files with an "A" in the ly. To exit MBASIC, type
ing files could have an extension of second position of the extension are "SYSTEM".
".TXT" (for "text"). Or ".DAT" for displayed.
data files, ".BAS" for BASIC pro
grams, ".LTR" for letters, etc. You
The Bottom Line
Running Programs
can make up all the extensions you CP/M is a little cranky, somewhat
The first programs you'li probably sluggish, and rather unforgiving.
need. A few are reserved for the
run are those found on the CP/M But it has endured the test of time.
system (like ".COM") and others
disk. You might spend hours trying The CP/M world is very complete:
are used by applications programs.
to load programs in order to run Every imaginable program, gadget,
If you do not specify a drive them. If you're used to a Commo and utility is available in one or
letter, the default drive is used. This dore, you'll see dozens of strange more forms for CP/M.
is the drive identified in the system error messages if you try typing
Commodore's 128 version of
prompt: things like:
CP/M conforms to all the CP/M
A> means "A" is the defaull drive. LOAD "PROGRAM" standards if it's run with the 1571
B> means "B" is Ihc default drive. or LOAD PROGRAM
disk drive. However, if you run this
You can change the default version with a 1541 disk drive, be
drive by typing the desired drive or EXECUTE PROGRAM.COM sure to bring a lunch. This configu
letter followed by a colon (you or RUN PROGRAM.COM ration is very, very slow. Even a
would type the "B:" in this or ACCESS PROGRAM
simple directory listing is extraordi
example): None of these work. CP/M narily slow.
A>B: automatically loads and runs a pro Speed is not the only factor.
B> gram when you type its name. Your The 1541 cannot read the disks
Now the system will assume CP/M disk contains a program from other CP/M computers. With
called "SID.COM". To run this pro out this capability, CP/M is practi
drive B whenever a drive letter is
not specified for a file. gram you need only type its name cally useless. But with the 1571 and
All the CP/M commands out (excluding ".COM"): a 128, all the speed and versatility
lined in the 128 manual follow cer- SID of CP/M is available. ■ )

86 COMPUTE'S Gazelle Apnl 19B6

Directory Filer
Rodney L. Barnes

Reorganize your disk directories just as you like screen will display the disk name
and the first 40 filenames, the first
with this easy-to-use utility. It deletes, locks, and one of these highlighted by a blue
unlocks files, lets you move filenames where you bar.
wish, and insert dividers to group files together. Here's where the fun begins.
By using the cursor keys you can
For the Commodore 64, Plus/4, and 16. move the cursor bar around the
screen to any filename. Pressing
How often have you searched the Some may think that these dis HOME returns the cursor to the top
directory of a disk for a particular advantages are not terribly signifi- of the left-hand column. If your
file, certain you have the right disk, cant considering that these disk holds more than 40 files, press
yet unable to find that file? Or may solutions are quicker and more ing N (for Next) or P (for Previous)
be you've had difficulty running a convenient than renaming and displays the balance of the filenames.
program because you don't recall copying. But there's a better way. To lock a file, press the less-
which file is the "boot program." "Directory Filer" came about than key (<). (A locked file cannot
When a file is saved to disk, it's list as a solution to the problems just be scratched through normal meth
ed in the first available directory lo discussed and also as a way of ac ods.) You'll see a less-than sign ap
cation, not always the location you cessing the undocumented ability pear to the right of the line with the
might wish it to be. A file that has to "lock" files against deletion. This filename. Press the same key on a
been scratched creates a gap which program can also insert dividers locked file and it will be unlocked.
may become the next available lo into the directory without using To delete a file, press the space bar.
cation. After a while, finding a par disk space, and it automatically re An ARE YOU SURE? (Y/N)
ticular file can be difficult. moves any gaps left by scratched prompt appears. Press Y to delete
There have been several pro programs. It lets you organize a di the file, N to reconsider. (Note: Use
grams published lately which were rectory by moving individual file this command with some caution.
designed to solve these problems. names around using the cursor Pressing the space bar will delete a
All of them have provided more controls. filename whether it is locked or not.)
convenience than the usual proce To insert a divider at any point in the
dure of renaming and copying, but Quick And Easy directory, press the hyphen key {-).
each has its disadvantages. Some of Directory Filer is written for the To move a filename to another
these programs alphabetize the di Commodore 64 in BASIC (with a location, press RETURN and the se
rectory so that you can find files small machine language routine in lection will be stored in a buffer and
more quickly. This is helpful (if you the DATA statements beginning in the name displayed. Move the cur
know the name of the file), but any line 1500). If you have a Plus/4 or sor to where you wish to insert the
files which are part of the same pro Commodore 16, type in Program 1 filename and press RETURN again.
gram may get separated. You can and add the following lines: The selection will be moved from
end up with the boot at one end of KF 10 NS="ZZ":COLOR 0,1:COLOR its original position and inserted
the directory and other program above the filename highlighted by
parts scattered throughout. The the cursor bar. A filename can be
FE 15 C=0:FORA=133TO136:FORB=0
program still works, but what if you TO3STEP3:C=C+1:KEYC,CHRS moved from screen to screen in the
want to copy it to another disk? (A+B):HEXTB,A case where there are more than 40
Which files make up which After typing in the program, filenames. Once the reorganization
program? save a copy. To use Directory Filer, is complete, press fl and the new
Other solutions suggest saving load it and type RUN. You first see directory will be written to disk.
a "dead" file (a filename of 16 hy a request to insert the disk you wish Then you can quit or reorganize an-
phens) as a divider used to separate to organize. (From this point on, other directory. Once you're
different types of programs or to set you may abort the program at any through, listing the directory in
apart a program made up of several time by pressing STOP.) After in normal fashion—without Directory
files. This practice uses up disk serting the disk, press RETURN, as Filer in memory—will show that it
space. Although it uses only one prompted, and the program will really is this easy.
block per divider, it still adds up. read in the directory. The next See program listing on page 107.

COMPUTE'S Gazette April 1986 87

On The 128
Jim Vaughan

to illustrate our example. Now,

Creating windows is fast and easy on the 128.
move the cursor to any point in the
This tutorial covers the basics—what windows upper left part of the screen, press
are and how to use them. Also included is a ESC and then T (ESC is the first
gray key on the top row of the key
program that allows you to save the text area
board). Don't hold down the ESC
beneath a window. key; press it once and release it,
then press T. Now move the cursor
to any point in the lower right side
The Commodore 128 is a powerful Creating Your First Window of the screen and press ESC and
and versatile machine. Besides hav then B. You've just created your
A window is simply a section of the
ing 128K of user memory, 80- or screen that you partition off for first window—but it doesn't look
40-column screen output, and a like much, right? Now, press
your exclusive use. When you're in
powerful BASIC (7.0), it also has a a window, the computer acts as if SHIFT-CLR. Voila! Type in a few
built-in Commodore 64 and full commands (DIRECTORY, for ex
that portion of the screen is all there
CP/M capability. ample) and see how the window
is. A program listing, a disk directo
While new programs for the keeps the screen output within the