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XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v

]≈n-bn-te°v

A_vZp√m ASn-bm¿

hnh¿Ø\w

A_vZp¬ P∫m¿ aq∂n-bq¿

{]km-[\w

Ub-temKv sk‚¿, tIcf

hnX-cWw:

Ckvem-anIv ]ªn-jnwKv lukv

tImgn-t°mSv, Fd-Wm-Ip-fw, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw, Xriq¿, IÆq¿

{]kvXm-h\

\ne-hn-ep≈ Ckvem-anI IrXn-I-fn¬ an°Xpw apkvenw-Isf Dt±-in®p cNn-°-s∏-´-h-bm-Wv. CXc kaq-l-ßsf Dt±- in®p cNn-°-s∏-´h Xs∂ Ah-cnse km[m-c-W-°m-sc BI¿jn-°p-∂-hbpa-√. Ckvem-an¬ P\n-®p-h-f¿∂ Hcmƒ°v Aapkvenw ktlm-Z-c-ß-fpsS a\x-im-kv{Xhpw Nn¥m-co-Xnbpw ]q¿W-ambn {Kln-°pI {]bm-k-I-c-am-bn- cn-°pw. apkvenw Fgp-Øp-Im¿ CXc kaq-l-ßsf Dt±-

in-s®-gp-Xnb IrXn-I-fpsS s]mXp-hmb t]mcm-bva-bm-Wn-

Xv. Aapkvenw kaq-l-Øn¬ P\n-®p-h-f¿∂, ]pcp-jm-bp- ns‚ A¿[-`m-K-hpw B kaq-l-Øn¬ Xs∂ sNe-h-

gn® A_vZp√m ASn-bm-dpsS IrXn-Iƒ Aapkvenw ktlm- Z-c-߃°v IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-I-am-hp-sa-∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-

√. A\p-`-hhpw AXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv.

˛{]-km-[-I¿

A_vZp√m ASn-bm¿

]{Xm-[n-]¿, cmjv{So-b-t\-Xm-hv, Ihn, {KŸ-Im-c≥, Ne-®n-{X-Im-c≥, \mS- I-c-N-bn-Xmhv F∂n-ß-s\-bp≈ _lp-apJ hy‡n-Xzßfm¬ Xan-g-IØv {]kn-≤-\mWv A_vZp√m ASn-bm¿. 1987 Pq¨ 6˛\v Ckvemw Bt«-jn® At±lw Xs‚ Ckvem-am-t«j IY hnh-cn-s®gp-Xnb "Nnssd-»m-sse-bn- en-cp¥p ]≈n-hm-bn¬ hssc' F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ hnh¿Ø-\-amWv "XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v'. ASn-bm-dpsS "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' F∂ ]pkvXIw hmbn®v DØ-tc-¥y-°m-c-\mb {io. Kp]vX D∂-bn® kwi-b-ßfpw AXn\v ASn-bm¿ \evInb adp-]-Snbpw IqSn Cu IrXn-bn¬ tN¿Øn-´p-≠v. 1987 sk]vXw-_-dn-emWv Xangv ]Xn∏v {]kn-≤o- I-cn-®-Xv.

1935-˛¬ tImb-º-Øq-cn-\-SpØ Xncp-∏q-cn-emWv ASn-bm-dpsS P\-\w. 1955-˛¬ sa{Sn-°p-te-j≥ ]co£ Ign™ DSs\ Fw. Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bpsS "apc-simen' Zn\-]-{X-Øn¬ k_v FUn-‰-dmbn tN¿∂p. hnZym¿Yn-bm-bn- cns° Xs∂ At±lw [mcmfw teJ-\-ß-sf-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. 1949-˛\v tijw Fgp-Xnb teJ\ß-fmWv hnZym-`ymkw Ign™ DSs\ "apc-simen'bpsS kl-]-{Xm-[n-]-cm-hm≥ At±lsØ klm-bn-®-Xv. "apc-sim-en'-bn¬ "abn¬]oen' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ At±lw ssIImcyw sNbvX tImfw hmb-\-°m-sc, {]tXy-In®v bph-P-\-ßsf h√msX BI¿jn-®p. tUm. Fw. Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bm-bn-cp∂p ]{Xm-[n-]¿. "apc-sim-en-'bn¬ ]Xn-t\gv h¿jw ASn-bm¿ tPmen sNbvXp. kz¥-ambn ]Xn-t\gv \mS-I-ß-sf-gp-Xn. Ah-bn¬ A`n-\-bn®p. 1982-˛¬ "`mcy' F∂ At±-l-Øns‚ Ihn-Xm-k-am- lmcw ]pd-Øp-h-∂p. Xma-kn-bmsX AXns‚ Cw•ojv ]Xn∏pw Cd-ßn. "Fs‚ abn¬' F∂ as‰mcp Ihn-Xm-k-am-lmcw \nc-h[n `mj-I-fn-te°v hnh¿Ø\w sNø-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. \S≥, kwhn-[m-b-I≥, \n¿am-Xmhv F∂o \ne-I-fn¬ kn\n-am-cw-KØpw ASn-bm-dpsS hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-™p. Xan-gv\mSv k¿°m-dns‚ "Isse-am-aWn' kmlnXy Ahm¿Uv 1982-˛¬ ASn-bm¿°mWv e`n-®-Xv.

cmjv{So-b-Ønepw ASn-bm¿ Xt‚-Xmb hy‡nXzw krjvSn-®n-´p-≠v. hnZym¿Yn-bm-bn-cns° Xs∂ {ZmhnU Ig-I-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´ At±lw

1949-˛¬ ]m¿´n-bn¬ tN¿∂p. ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bnse Icp-Ø-\mb cmjv{Sob t\Xm-hmbn Un.-Fw.-sI. t\XrXzw At±-lsØ I≠p. ]m¿´nsb kw_- ‘n-°p∂ F√m Btcm-]-W-߃°pw adp-]Sn ]d-bm-\p≈ NpaXe ASn- bm¿°m-bn-cp-∂p. Un.-Fw.-sI.°v Xan-gv\m-´n¬ thtcm´w e`n-®-Xn¬ ASn- bmdpsS ka¿Y-amb XqenI hln® ]¶v A\¬]-am-Wv. ASn-b-¥-cm-h- ÿ-°m-e-Øv, 1976-˛¬ Un.-Fw.-sI. a{¥n-k-`sb tI{µw ]ncn-®p-hn-´p. AdÃv sNø-s∏-tS-≠-h-cpsS enÃn¬ H∂m-a≥ ASn-bmdm-bn-cp-∂p. "ank' {]Imcw At±-lsØ AdÃv sNbvXp.

{]Ir-Xym-Xs∂ cq£-amb hna¿i-I\m-bn-cp∂ ASn-bmsd Pbn-en-e- S-®-t∏mƒ Ahn-sS-bp≈ A\o-Xn-I-sfbpw At±lw i‡n-bm-sb-Xn¿Øp. Pbn-e-[n-Ir-X¿ At±-lsØ th≠-hn[w ssIImcyw sNbvXp. henb Ip‰-hm-fn-Isf D]-tbm-Kn®v At±-lsØ a¿Zn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. XpS-sc-Øp- S-sc-bp≈ a¿±-\ta‰v At±-l-Øns‚ hbdv s]m´n IpS¬ ]pd-Øm-hpI hsc sNbvXp. ac-WsØ apJm-apJw I≠ \nanjw!

At∂mfw \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-bmbn Pohn® ASn-bm¿ ssZh-sØ-°p-dn- t®m¿Øp. XS-h-d-bn¬sh®v aX-{K-Ÿ-߃ hmbn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. ssP\-a- Xw, _p≤-a-Xw, {InkvXp-a-Xw, lnµp-a-Xw, Ckvemw Ch-sb-°p-dn-s®-√m- ap≈ {KŸ-߃ At±lw hmbn-®p. XS-h-d-bnse `oI-c-Zn-\-ß-fn¬, Ckvemw am{Xta At±-l-Øn\v ss[cyw ]I¿∂p-≈q. CXv At±-lsØ Ckvem-ap-ambn ASp-∏n-®p. Pbn¬ tamNn-X-\mb tijw At±lw cNn® "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' temI-{]-i-kvXn-bm¿Pn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. 1977-˛¬ Pbn¬ tamNn-X-\mb tijw Fw.-Pn.BdpsS AÆm Un.-Fw.-sI- bn¬ tN¿∂p {]h¿Øn-®p. At±lw sXc-s™-Sp∏v am\n-s^tÃm \n¿amW IΩn-‰n-bn-te°v sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. sXc-s™-Sp∏v \n¿amW IΩn‰n AwK-sa∂ \ne°v aZy-\n-tcm[w AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ IΩn-‰n-bn¬ ASn-bm¿ Bh-iy-ap-∂-bn-®p. CXns‚ t]cn¬ Fw.-Pn.-B-dp-ambn CS-™p. dh\yq hcp-am\ {]iv\w D∂-bn® Fw.-Pn.-B¿ ]m¿´n-bpsS {]Jym-]nX sse\n¬\n∂v amdn. AtXmsS ASn-bm¿ F.-sF.-F.-Un.-Fw.-sI-bp-ambn hnS-]-d-™p.

Ckvem-ans\ Ipdn® ]T-\-Ønepw {KŸ-c-N-\-bn-ep-amWv ASn-bm¿ ]n∂oSv {i≤ ]Xn-®-Xv. "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckveman'\p tijw 14 IrXn-Iƒ At±lw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. "\otcm´w' F∂ t]cn¬ Xm≥ Xs∂ ÿm]n® {]kn-≤o-I-c-Wm-e-b-amWv ASn-bmdpsS IrXn-Iƒ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv. 1996 sk]vXw-_¿ 19-˛\v aZn-cm-in-bn¬ At±lw ac- W-s∏-´p.

D≈-S°w

XS-h-d-bn-se-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-apºv

11

XS-h-d-bn¬

12

D¬Ir-jvS-amb A[ym-]-\-߃

14

"Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw'

16

]cy-S-\-߃

18

hntZ-i-ß-fnse A\p-`hw

20

GI-ssZ-hm-Z¿iw

23

em Ceml C√-√mlv

25

apl-Ω-Zp¿d-kq-ep-√mlv

26

a\p-jy-\n-b-ahpw ssZhnI \nb-ahpw

28

\nkvXp-e-amb Bcm-[-\m-{Iaw

31

Ad-_n-`m-jbpw \a-kvIm-chpw

36

]≈n-bn-te°v A\p-_‘w

39

1. DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬\n-s∂mcp IØv

42

2. {io. Kp]vX°v hn\-b-]q¿hw

47

3. tNmtZym-Øcw

59

6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1. XS-h-d-bn-se-Øp-∂-Xn\p apºv

Xan-gv\m-Sv tImb-º-Øq¿ Pn√-bnse Xncp-∏q-cn-ep≈ tImss´-°mSv apkv- enw-Iƒ KWy-ambn A[n-h-kn-°p∂ {]tZ-i-amWv. Fs‚ P\\w Ahn-sS- bm-b-Xp-sIm-≠mWv F\n°v Ckv-em-an-s\-°p-dn® Adnhv e`n-®Xv F∂v ]d-™p-IqSm. P\-\w-sIm≠pw P≥a-ÿ-ew-sIm≠pw Ckvem-anI ⁄m\w ssIh-cp-∂n√. Ip´n-°m-eØv sImgp-Øp-cp≠ ico-c-{]-Ir-Xn-bp≈ Fs∂ Ab¬ho-Sp-I-fnse apkvenw DΩ-am¿ FSp-Øp-sIm-≠p-t]mbn Ifn-∏n-°m- dp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. hnti-jn®v, ]cn-∏p-Im-c≥ kmln-_ns‚ `mcy. Ah¿°v Ft∂mSv h√mØ kvt\l-am-bn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS aSn-bn-emWv Rm≥ hf¿- ∂Xv F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXn-i-tbm-‡n-bm-hp-I-bn√. Cu kvt\l-amWv Ckvem-ans\ kw_-‘n®p F\n°v Adnhv X∂Xv F∂pw ]d-™p-IqSm. kvt\lw sIm≠p-am{Xw Ckvem-anI ⁄m\w kzmb-Ø-am-hp-I-bn√.

Fs‚ {]mY-anI hnZym-e-b-Ønse Iq´p-Im-cn¬ ]ecpw apkv-enw-I-fm- bn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS kulrZw \ndw amdmØ ]pjv]wt]m-se-bm-bn-cp∂p. Hcp Znhkw Ifn-°p-tºmƒ Fs‚ Im¬\Jw ]dn™v c‡-sam-en-°p- ∂Xv I≠v AlvaZv F∂ Ip´n hnXpºn hnXpºn Ic™p. ssIenbpSpØv Ip™n-sØm-∏nbpaWn™v Ah≥ Ic-bp∂ Zriyw Ct∏mgpw I¨ap- ºn¬ ImWp∂p. Cu kw`hw t]mepw Hcp kvIqƒ hnZym¿Yn-bpsS DZm- Ø-amb kvt\l-hmbv]v F∂ \ne-bn¬ Fs‚ lrZ-bsØ kv]¿in-®-X- √msX Ck-vem-ans\ Ipdn®v ]Tn-°m≥ F\n°v t{]cW \¬In-bn√. kvt\l-hm¬k-eymZn hnIm-c-߃ sIm≠p am{Xw Ckvem-an-I-⁄m-\-ap- ≠m-hp-I-bn√. sslkvIq-fnepw tImtf-Pnepw Fs‚ Iq´p-Im¿ apkvenw- Iƒ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS kvt\lw aqI-amb tXß-embn, a[p-cn- °p∂ Hm¿a-I-fmbn a\- n¬ XnI´n hcp∂p. F¶nepw AsXm∂pw Ah- cpsS Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ {]tNm-Z-\-am-bn√. Iem-eb Pohn-X- Øn\v tijw cmjv{Sob PohnXw Bcw-`n®p. JmCsZ an√Øv Ckvam- bn¬ kmln_v, kndm-Pp¬ an√Øv F.sI.F. A_vZp- aZv kmln_v t]mep≈ apkvenw t\Xm-°-fp-ambn CS-]-g-Im≥ Ah-kcw e`n®p. Ah- cpsS am\y-amb cmjv{Sob kao-]\w, Xangv `mjm kvt\lw XpS-ßn-bh Fs∂ AZv`p-X-s∏-Sp-Ønbn´p≠v. ]t£, Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ ]T-\- Øn-te°v Ah-cp-am-bp≈ kplr-Zv_-‘hpw Fs∂ \bn-®n√. Fs‚ {KŸ-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

7

ti-J-c-Øn¬ Nne Ckvem-anI {KŸ-ßfpw D≠m-bn-cp∂p. Hcn-°¬ am{Xw adn®pt\m°n. ]n∂oSv Zo¿L-Imew sXm´pt\m°n-b-tX-bn√. F¥p- sIm≠v?

hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Cg-tN-cmØ H‰-sbm‰ hmIy-ß-fp≈ Hcp ]pkvX-

I-am-bmWv F\n°v tXm∂n-bXv. ss

lnµp-aX ssZh-Io¿Ø-\-ß-sf-t∏m-se-b√; `K-h-Xv-Ko-X-sbt∏mse Bfl hnNm-c-Wm-]-c-º-c-bp-a√. Cß-s\-sb-√m-am-bn-cp-∂n´pw hnip≤ Jp¿-B-t\mSv Hcp aXn∏v tXm∂n-bn-cp∂p.

]nXm-hns‚ kmbm” kZ-

n-fn-s\-t∏mse XpS¿°-Y-I-fn√.

p-Iƒ

Fs‚ ]nXmhv Hcp Iayq-WnÃv Xo{h-hm-Zn-bm-bn-cp∂p. aX-ß-sfbpw thZ-ß-sfbpw At±lw \nin-X-ambn hna¿in-°p-am-bn-cp∂p. hnti-jn®v, Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn-®m-hp-tºmƒ At±-l-Øns‚ hna¿i\w CSn-an-∂¬t]m- se Bbn-cp∂p. ]nXm-hns‚ kmbm” kZ- p-I-fn¬ Rm≥ Nmb sIm≠p- sIm-Sp-°p∂ ]ø-≥. apkvenw-Ifpw Nne-t∏mƒ B kwhm-Z-ß-fn¬ ]s¶- Sp-°m-dp≠v. ]nXm-hns‚ cq£-amb hmZ-߃°v Ah¿ im¥-ambn adp- ]Sn \¬Ipw. AXns\ ]p—n-°p-Ibpw ]cn-l-kn-°p-I-bp-am-bn-cp∂p ]nXm- hns‚ ]Xnhv. Cu ]cn-Xxÿn-Xn-bnepw ˛ Hcp Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im-cs‚ aI-\m- bn-cp-∂n´pw ˛ Ckvem-an-t\mSv A\m-Z-chv tXm∂p-I-bp-≠m-bn√. cmjv{So-b- cw-KØv Rm≥ bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-tfm-sSm-∏-am-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. aX-ß-sfbpw thZ-ß-sfbpw X≈n-∏-d-bp-∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-fmb Fs‚ t\Xm- °ƒ. F∂n´pw Ckv-em-an-t\mSv \nµm-]q¿h-amb Hcp at\m-`mhw F∂n-ep- ≠m-bn√. cmjv{Sob thZn-bn¬, apkv-enw-eoKv t\Xm-°-tfmSv Rß-fpsS {]ÿm-\-߃ i{XpX ]pe¿Øp-Ibpw AXn-s\-Xnsc cq£-amb hna¿i- \-ß-fp-Xn¿°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn-´p≠v. AXn¬ ]¶m-fn-bmbn Rm-\pw apkvenw- eoKv t\Xm-°sf ITn-\-am-bm-t£-]n-®n-´p≠v. Rß-fn¬ Nne¿ {Ia-hn-cp- ≤-ambn Ckvem-an-s\bpw Bt£-]n®p. ]t£, Rm≥ am{Xw F¥p- sImt≠m AXn¬\n∂pw hn´p-\n∂p. eoKv t\Xm-°sf hna¿in-°p-I-b- √msX Rm≥ Ckvem-ans\ Bt£-]n-®n-cp-∂n√. Ckvem-ans\ a\- n- em-°n-bXpsIm-≠mWv AØ-c-samcp kao-]\w kzoI-cn-®Xv F∂v ]d- bm-\m-hn√. Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ka-{K-amb Adnhv As∂m∂pw F\n- °p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ apgp-In-t∏m-bn-cp∂ Fs∂ Ft∏m-gmWv Ckvemw BI¿jn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bXv? Cu tNmZy-Øn\v XS-h-d-bmWv adp- ]Sn ]d-bpI.

2. XS-h-d-bn¬

1976: Xan-gv\m-´nse Un.Fw.sI. Kh¨sa‚ v ]ncn-®p-hn-S-s∏´p. ankm- N´-a-\p-k-cn®v Fs∂bpw AdÃv sNbvXv Pbn-en-e-S®p. ]q¿h hntcm-[- ߃ a\- n¬ sh®p-sIm≠v Pbn-e-[n-Ir-X¿ XS-hp-Imsc ]oUn-∏n-°p∂ Ime-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. hnti-jn®pw Rm\m-bn-cp∂p {]Ya Cc. Cu a¿Z-\-

8

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

߃ Fs‚ F√p-Ifpw Rc-ºp-Ifpw amwk-t]-in-Ifpw Ipg®n´ Ifn-a- Æns‚ cq]-Øn-em°n. Iqcn-cp-´n¬ acW K¿Ø-Øn-te°v Rm≥ \oßn- s°m-≠n-cp∂p. apSn \c-°p-∂-Xn\p aptº Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn\p A¥yw Ipdn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-sW∂v F\n°v tXm∂n. CXmWv Ah-km-\-Zriyw, CXmWv A¥y-izmkw F∂p IcpXn ]c-h-i-\mb kµ¿`-߃ ]eXpw IS-∂p-t]mbn. {ItaW `£Ww, hkv{Xw, hmb\ XpS-ßn-b-h°v kuI- cy-߃ e`n®pXpSßn. XS-h-d-bn¬ ap∏Xv \mfp-Iƒ ]n∂n-´-t∏mƒ [mcmfw kuI-cy-߃ h∂pXpSßn. ]t£, lrZ-b-Ønse {hWw am{Xw DW-ßn- bn√. Xe-tbm-´n-°-IØv Bbncw amSp-Iƒ Nhn-´n-sa-Xn-°p∂ t\mhv. ac- W-°-b¿ am{Xw C\nbpw Fs‚ Igp-Øn¬ Ipcp-°n-bn-´n√! Bbn-c-am-fp- Iƒ tN¿∂v Fs∂ {]l-cn-°p∂ Hcp Zriyw Fs‚ D]-t_m-[-a-\- n¬ ÿm\w ]nSn®v CS-°nsS _ln¿K-an°pw. shÆn-em-hp≈ cm{Xn-I-fn¬ IÆ-S®v Dd-ßm≥ InS-∂m¬ Bbn-c-am-fp-Iƒ tN¿∂v Fs∂ {]l-cn-°p∂ Cu Zriyw Xe-°p-≈n¬ Hcp `oI-c-kw-Ko-X-tØmsS Db¿∂p-hcpw. Rm≥ ssIIm-en-´-Sn®v Ae-ap-d-bnSpw. hmbn¬\n∂v HcpXcw Dan-\o¿ ]pd-Øp- hcpw. \mhv ISn®p t]mIp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nph∏pw sh≈bpw, sh≈bpw Nph- ∏p-ambn \pc-®p-s]m¥pw. lmhq! B Zn\-߃, shÆn-em-hp≈ cm{Xn-Iƒ ˛ `oI-c-X-bpsS Xmfi-h-am-bn-cp∂p.

thZ-]-T\w

Cßs\ sh¥p-\o-dnb Fs‚ {hWn-X-lr-Zbw thZ-ß-fn-te°p Xncn- ™p. ac-W-`o-Xn-bpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ k¿h {KŸ-ßfpw hmbn-°m≥ XpS- ßn. Nne thZ-߃, CXp ambm-temIw, Cu temIw ]cn-Xy-Pn-°pI F∂m- Wm-h-iy-s∏-´Xv. B D]-tZiw Fs‚ lrZb {hW-Øn¬ kqNn-Ip-Øn -Nn- In-’n-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Bbn-cp∂p. Nne thZ-ß-fpsS hN-\-߃ hntZi BtLm-j-ß-fn¬ kw_-‘n-°p-tºmƒ I≠p-ap-´p∂ A]-cn-Nn-X-sc-t∏mse Bbn-cp∂p. Fs‚ apJw Ah°v ]cn-N-b-an√; AIw Adn-bn√; lrZ-b- Øns‚ tcmZ-\hpw B thZ-hm-Iy-߃°p a\- n-em-Ip-∂n√. Nne thZ- ߃ Hscm‰ ]pWy-hm-fs\ am{Xw ]pI-gvØn-∏-d™v a‰p-≈-h-sc-sb√mw ]m]n F∂m-t£-]n®p. Rm\pw ]m]n-bmtWm? {hW-Øn-\p-≈n¬ CXv as‰mcp {hW-amtWm?

F∂m¬ Hcp thZw am{Xw Xm≥ Bcm-sW∂v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø∂p. ""Rm≥ thZ-amWv.'' ""Aß-s\-bmtWm?'' ""kwi-bn-t°≠.'' ""XpS¿∂v F¥mWv sNtø-≠Xv?'' ""`b-`‡n ssIs°m-≈pI.'' ""BtcmSv? Xpdp-¶n¬ Fs∂ ASn®p ]c-h-i-\m°n {hW-s∏-SpØn Ct∏mƒ `oj-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-h-tcmtSm?''

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

9

""A√, \ns∂bpw AJne Ncm-N-c-ß-sfbpw krjvSn®p kwc-£n-®p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ ssZh-tØmSv''.

""icn; `b-`‡n ssIs°m-≠m¬ F¥m-Wp-≠m-hpI?''

""t\¿am¿Kw ImWn-®p-Xcpw.''

Cßs\ ]d™ thZw GXmWv? AXv hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\m-bn-cp∂p:

""CXv thZ-{K-Ÿ-amWv. kwi-b-an√. `‡-∑m¿°v CXv k≥am¿K-Zm-b-I- amWv.'' hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse {]Ya hmIy-am-WnXv.

hnhm-l-k-Ωm\w

1962˛embncp∂p Fs‚ hnhmlw. A∂v Rm≥ lnµp-hm-bn-cp∂p. `mcy {InkvXym-\nbpw. apkvenw Ihn-bmb Sn. Jmknw "\_n-\m-b-I≥' F∂ Ncn{X {KŸw R߃°v hnhm-l-k-Ωm-\-ambn \evIn-bn-cp∂p. "Cu hnhm- l-k-Ωm\w \n߃°v "{]tbm-P-\-s∏-Ss´' F∂v AXn-e-t±lw Ipdn-®n- cp∂p. "{]tbm-P-\-s∏-Ss´' Fs∂-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂t√m, AsX-¥p-sIm-≠mWv Fs∂m-∂pw At∏mƒ Rm≥ Npgn-™m-tem-Nn-®n√. F∂m¬ Pbn-en¬ B {KŸw F\n°p {]tbm-P-\-s∏´p. \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n-bpsS Poh-N-cn{Xw Bg-Øn¬ ]Tn-°m≥ XpSßn. B›-cy-I-c-amb Hcp tNmZyw At∏mƒ Fs‚ a\- n¬ \msº-SpØp. CsX¥v; hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ho≠pw hmbn- °p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bp-≠t√m! ssZh-Øns‚ hN-\-߃°pw Hcp a\p-jys‚ Ncn-{X-Øn\pw XΩn-se-¥mWv C{X ASp∏w? hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ ASn- ÿm\hpw {]hm-N-Is‚ PohnXw AXns‚ ]I¿∏p-amtWm? hnip≤ Jp¿- Bs‚ hymJym-\-amWv \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n F∂ hmIyw F{X A\z¿Yw!

XS-h-d-bnse ]pe¿Im-e-߃ hnNn-{X-amWv. kqcy-\p-Zn-®mepw Cs√- ¶nepw, ag s]bvXmepw a™p-s]-bvXmepw, IrXyw Bdp-a-Wn°v XS-hd hmXn-ep-Iƒ Xpd-°-s∏-Sp∂ i_vZw Pbn¬hm-kn-Iƒ°v kzmX-{¥y-Øns‚ aWn-\m-Z-amWv. Nne¿ HmSpw; Nne¿ BSpw; Nne¿ ]mSpw; Nne¿ ]Xps° shfn-bn-te°v Xe-\o´pw; a‰p Nne¿ Hmtcm-∂m-tem-Nn®v AI-Øp-X-s∂- bn-cp∂v kzX-{¥-hmbp izkn°pw. Ch-sc-t∏m-se-bn-cp∂ Fs∂ hnip-≤- Jp¿-B\pw \_n-N-cn-Xhpw ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-°m≥ XpSßn. apJhpw ssIIm- ep-Ifpw Igp-In-h∂v ]pkvXIw \nh¿Øn hmbn-°m-\n-cn°pw. aÆn-\-Sn- bnse ⁄m\-Øns‚ hnØv shfpØ apf s]m´n ]Xps° s]mßn-h-cp- ∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Rm≥ t_m[-hm-\mbn. CXp-hsc hmbn-®-dn-™n-´n-√mØ F¥v AZv`p-X-ß-fmWv Ah-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv?

3. D¬Ir-jvS-amb A[ym-]-\-߃

bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-fpsS Iq´n¬ Hcp Ipbn-embn hf¿∂ Fs‚ A¥-cw- KØv Ckvemw bp‡n-hn-Nm-c-Øns‚ tImIn-e-\mZw apg-°n-b-Xmbn F\n-

1 0

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

°-\p-`-h-s∏´p. (bp‡n-°p-]-cn-bmbn Nne bmYm¿Yy-ß-fp-s≠∂v ]n¬°m- eØv Ckvemw Fs∂ t_m[y-s∏-SpØn). hnti-jn®v, {]hm-N-Is‚ Ncn- {X-Øn¬ ImWp∂ kw`-h-߃ amb-Itfm a{¥-X-{¥-]p-cm-W-ßtfm A√; adn®v, GXv km[m-cW a\p-jy∂pw ]n≥]-‰m-hp∂ Imcy-ß-fm-sW∂v Rm≥ I≠p. At±lw amXm-hns‚ K¿`-Øn-en-cns° Xs∂ ]nXmhv A¥- cn®p. ]n∂oSv amXmhpw \jvS-s∏´p. AXn\p tijw kwc-£n-®p-t]m∂ ]nXm-a-l\pw \jvS-s∏´p. Cßs\ \jvS-ß-fpsS {]Xn-cq-]-amb Hc-\m-Y- \mbn sNdp∏w apX¬ At±-l-Øn\v Pohn-t°≠n h∂p F∂ Ncn{Xw hmbn-®-t∏mƒ Rm≥ ]q¿W-ambpw At±-l-Øn¬ BIr-jvS-\m-bn-°-gn-™n- cp∂p. Pbn-en¬ Rm\pw A\m-Y-\m-bn-cp-∂p-ht√m.

Xs∂ h√msX hmgvØn-∏-d-bp-∂-h-tcmSv "DW° sdm´nbpw Im™p- e¿∂ Imc-°bpw Xn∂p-h-f¿∂ ]mh-s∏´ hn[-h-bpsS aI-\mWv Rm≥' F∂ {]hm-N-Is‚ hn\-bm-\zn-X-\m-bn-s°m-≠p≈ adp-]Sn hmbn® Fs‚ IÆp-Iƒ Cud-\-Wn™p. Ckvemw XmXzn-I-ambn Fs∂ BI¿jn-®-Xv ]n¬°m-e-ØmWv. Pbn-en¬ Fs‚ lrZbw Ih¿∂Xv {]hm-N-Is‚ BI¿j-I-amb Ncn-{Xhpw DZvt_m-[-\-ß-fp-amWv. `bw A[n-Imcw hmWn- cp∂ B XS-h-d-bn¬, \n¿`-b-\mbn Pohn® At±-l-Øns‚ Ncn{Xw hmbn- °p-∂Xv Hcp {]tXyI B\µw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p. \n¿`-bXzw Pbn-en-\p- ≈n¬ Xs∂ H∂p ]co-£n-®p-t\m-°m≥ B B\µw {]tNm-Z\w \¬In. Pbn-ens‚ cu{Z-Xbpw \njvTp-c-Xbpw Ipd-bp-Ibpw Cu {]tNm-Z\w i‡n t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-t∏mƒ, Xe \nh¿Øn \S-°m≥ Icp-Øp-In´n. \n¿`-b- ambn kwkm-cn-°m-\p≈ ss[cyw, ]m´p-]m-Sm-\p≈ am\-knI \ne XpSßn F√mw ssIh∂p. \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n aptJ-\-bmWv Pbn-en-\p-≈n¬ CsX√mw F\n°v e`y-am-bXv.

Ckvemw Pohn-X-hy-hÿ

{]hm-N-I≥ Ct∂-hsc Rm≥ "hmbn-®-dnbmØ' hnNn-{X-a-\p-jy-\mbn F\n-°-\p-`-h-s∏´p. hnc‡n ssIs°m-≠-h¿ am{X-at√ aX-ÿm-]-I-cmIq? Ct±lw IpSpw-_-Po-hnXw `wKn-bmbn \bn-®p-sIm-≠n-cns° Xs∂ aX- t\-Xm-hp-amtWm? {]Xn-`m-im-en-I-sfbpw ]fin-X-]m-cw-K-X-scbpw kvX_v[- cm-°pw-hn[w al-ZzN\ß-f-cp-fnb Ct±-l-Øn\v FgpØpw hmb-\bpw hi- an-√m-bn-cp-∂p-hs{X. cmjv{S-`-c-Whpw A[n-Im-c-]o-Thpw Fs¥-∂-dn-bm-Ø- h-ct√ Bfl-⁄m-\n-Iƒ? Ct±-ltam Atd-_y-bpsS `c-Wm-[n-]≥? Htc- k-abw Bfl-PvRm-\nbpw cmjv{S-X-{¥-⁄\pw. CsX-ßs\? Ct±-l- Øns‚ `c-W-co-Xn-t]mepw CXc `c-W-co-Xn-I-fn¬ \n∂v hyXn-cn‡w. C°m-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn® At\z-jWw "Ckvemw' F∂ a[p-tcm-Zm-chpw DZm- Ø-hp-amb k≥am¿K-sØ-°p-dn® Kth-j-W-Øn¬ Fs∂-sb-Øn®p.

Ckvemw F¥m-sW∂ ASn-ÿm\ hnhcw Pbn-en¬sh-®mWv Rm≥ hmbn®p a\- n-em-°n-bXv. AXn\p apºv Ckvemw GtXm Hcp aXw; {]hm- N-I≥ B aX-Øns‚ ÿm]I≥ Ft∂-S-tØm-fta a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp- ∂p≈q. Ckvemw GI-ssZ-hsØ am{Xta Iogv-h-W-ßm-\-\p-h-Zn-°p-∂p≈q.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1

1

_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\sb AXv \ncm-I-cn-°p∂p F∂ hkvXpX XS-h-d-bn¬ sh®mWv Rm≥ icn°pw a\- n-em-°n-bXv. ine-Iƒ, ]S-߃ XpS-ßn-b- hsb apkvenw-Iƒ ]qPn-°p-∂n√ Fs∂-\n-°-dn-bm-am-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ AXns‚ s]mcp-sf-¥m-sW∂v Adn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n√. Pbn-en¬ sh®mWv AXns‚ Imc-Ww Rm≥ hmbn®p a\- n-em-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bXv. Ckvemw tIhew Hcp aX-a√; aX-Øns‚ hnh-£nX hcp-Xn-bn¬ AXp s]Sp-∂n√; Ckvemw Hcp PohnX hyh-ÿ-bm-sW∂p Rm≥ a\- n-em°n. Cu temIhpw Chn-SsØ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-ßfpw hen-s®-dn™v Hfn-t®m-SWw F∂√ Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. temIØv sNbvXp-Xo¿t°≠ _m[y-X- Iƒ apd-{]-Imcw \n¿h-ln-°m-\mWv Ckvemw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv F∂v Pbn-en¬ sh®p≈ Cu ]mcm-bWw Fs∂ t_m[y-s∏-SpØn.

A\o-Xn-s°-Xn-cmb kacw

cma≥ `cn-®m-se¥v, cmh-W≥ `cn-®m-se¥v ssZhsØ [ym\n-°pI F∂p ]d-™p-sIm≠v A\o-Xn-I-sfbpw A\ym-b-ß-sfbpw Ah {]tbm- K-h¬°-cn-°p∂ B[p-\nI hn\m-i-Ime `c-W-Iq-S-ß-sfbpw I≠v AS- ßn-bn-cn-°m≥ Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n√. "A\o-Xn-s°-Xnsc t]mcm-Sp- ∂-XmWv ssZh-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ Hcp `mKw' F∂ Ckvem-ans‚ {]Jym- ]\w hmbn-®-t∏mƒ Ccp tXmfp-Ifpw Ipepßn Rm≥ hnXp-ºn-t∏mbn. Ckvem-an-s\bpw {]hm-N-I-s\bpw C\n-bp-tasd ]Tn-°-W-sa∂ hn⁄m- \-Zmlw Bfn-∏-S-cm≥ XpSßn. ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-Xm-\p≈ Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ \\™ angn-I-tfmsS Pbn-en¬ sh®p Rm≥ tiJ-cn-®n-´p≠v.

Pbn¬ PohnXw Ah-km-\n-°m-dmbn. \m´n¬ kzX-{¥-ambn Pohn-°m≥ Ah-kcw e`n-°p-∂- h-cpw-Im-eØv Ckvem-ans\ IqSp-X¬ Bg-Øn¬ ]Tn- °Ww F∂ ZrV-\n-›-b-tØm-sS-bmWv Rm≥ Pbn-en¬\n∂v ]pd-Øp-h- ∂Xv. ]t£, Fs‚ B{Klw DSs\ k^-e-am-bn√. cmjv{Sob \Zn-bn¬ bm{X-sN-øm-\p≈ h©n Pbn¬ Ihm-S-Øn¬ Xs∂ Fs∂ ImØn-cn-°p- I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Ckvemw F∂ hnØv am{Xw Fs‚ lrZ-b-Øn¬ \\pØ aÆn¬ D≈p-W¿∂ \n{Z-bn-te¿s∏´p.

4. "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw'

{]t£m-`-߃, tImfn-f-°-߃, hnP-bm-c-h-߃, sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ XpSßn cmjv{So-b-cw-KsØ Im´m-dns‚ IqewIpØn-sbm-gp-°n¬ ]¶m-b- an-√mØ tXmWn-t]mse Rm\pw FSp-sØ-dn-b-s∏´p. Ckvem-an-s\- w-_- ‘n® Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ Fs‚ {KŸ-ti-J-c-Øns‚ Hcp aqe-bn¬ InS∂p. AtX- °p-dn® Hm¿a-Xs∂ C√m-Xmbn.

AXn-\nsS Hcp- Zn-hkw Fs‚ Hcp apkvenw kplrØv h∂p. Xs‚ aIs‚ ]c-nt—-Z\ I¿a(kp∂Øv)tØmS-\p-_-‘n-®p≈ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ Rm≥ {]kw-Kn-°-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏´p. F¥mWv {]kw-Kn-°pI? {KŸ-

1 2

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

∏p-c-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ tXSn hmbn®p; {]kw-Kn®p. {]kw-K-I\v aq∂v Ah-ÿ-I-fp-≠mhpw. H∂v, {]kw-K-Øn-\p-apºv a\- n¬ hcp∂ Bi- b-ß-fpsS {Iao-I-cWw. c≠v, {]kw-K-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ Gdntbm Ipd-t™m h∂p-t]mb hm-°p-I-sfbpw {]I-Sn-∏n® A`n-{]m-b-ß-sfbpw Ipdn® ZpxJw,

aq∂v, {]kw-Kn®p Ign-™-tijw AøSm

hymIp-e-s∏-S¬. Fs‚ tÃPv {]kw-K-ß-fn¬

A°mcyw ]d-bm≥ hn´p-t]m-bt√m F∂m-tem-Nn®v F\n°v Hcn-°epw hnj-an-t°-≠n-h-∂n-´n√. Dt±-in-®-sX√mw {]kw-Kn°pw. F∂m¬ Cu apkvenw kplr-Øns‚ IpSpw-_m-tLm-j-Øn¬ AZv`pXw kw`-hn®p. Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v apgp i‡n-tbmsS {]kw-Kn®p Xo¿Øn´pw C\nbpw Gsd ]d-bm-\n-cn-°p-∂t√m F∂v Fs‚ a\ v a{¥n®p. Ckvemw kap-{Z- amWv; AXn¬ \n∂v Rm≥ tImcn-sb-Sp-ØXv Hcp ssI°p-ºnƒam{Xw.

{]K¬`-\mb {]kw-K-I≥ F∂ Fs‚ Ka Ckvem-ans‚ apºn¬ Xe-Ip- Øn-hoWp.

{]kw-Kn®p Xo¿Øn-´n-s√-¶n-se¥v? Ah-ti-jn-®-sX√mw Fgp-Xn-°- fbmw F∂v Rm≥ Xocp-am-\n®p. Aßs\ Fs‚ ]{X-amb "\otcm´'- Øn¬ Hcp teJ-\-sa-gpXn. ho≠pw B AZv`pXw kw`-hn®p! teJ-\-sa-gp- X-nbn´pw Ckvemw anI-®p-\n-ev°p∂p. c≠m-aXpw teJ-\-sa-gpXn. F∂n´pw Ckvemw anI-®p-Xs∂ \nev°p∂p. Aßs\ aq∂m-aXpw \mem-aXpw A©m-aXpw teJ-\-ß-sf-gpXn. Cu teJ\ ]c-º-c-bmWv "Rm≥ kvt\ln- °p∂ Ckvemw' F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp ]pkvX-I-ambn ]n∂oSv ]pd-Øp-h- ∂Xv. Cu ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ ssI∏n-Sn°pw HXp-ßmØ BIm-iw-t]mse hnim-e-ambn hncn-™p-\n∂p Ckvemw ]p©n-cn-XqIn.

"Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' hfsc Ffnb coXn-bn-emWv {]kn- ≤o-I-cn-®Xv. \yqkv{]n‚n-ep≈ A®-Sn-. sI´pw a´pw BI¿j-I-am-bn-cp-∂n√. B IrXn ]n¬°m-eØv temI apkvenw-I-fpsS {i≤-bm-I¿jn-°pw F∂v Rm≥ Xosc {]Xo-£n-®n-cp-∂n-√. temIØv KWy-am-sbmcp hn`m-K-Øns‚ {i≤-bm-I¿jn-°m≥ am{Xw B IrXn-bn¬ F¥mWv Rms\-gp-Xn-bn-cp- ∂Xv? Ckvem-anI ]fin-X-∑m¿ Ct∂mfw ]d-™-Xn-ep-]-cn-bmbn H∂pw AXn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bncp-∂n√. Ckvem-anI am¿KsØ hnhn[ aX-ß- fp-ambn Xpe\w sNbvXn-cp∂p. hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\ns\ a‰p ]e thZ-{K-Ÿ- ß-tfmSpw Xmc-Xayw sNbvXn-cp∂p. apl-ΩZv \_n-bp-ambn hnπ-h-\m-b-I- ∑m-scbpw temIw hmgvØp∂ hy‡n-Xz-ß-sfbpw am‰p-c®p G‰hpw DZm- Ø-am-XrI \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-tS-Xm-sW∂v ka¿Yn-®n-cp∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w Ckvemw [¿aØns‚ XXz-ßfpw BZ¿im-\p-jvTm-\-ßfpw Fs‚ ssh⁄m-\nI ]cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠v {]Im-in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn- cp∂p. a\- m-∂n-[y-tØmsS B IrXn-bpsS cN-\-bn-te¿s∏-´Xp sIm- ≠mhmw ssZhm-\p-{K-l-Øm¬ AXv temI-{]-ikvXn t\Sn-bXv. AXv kztZ- iØpw hntZ-iØpw apkvenw-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n® hnhn[ BtLm-j-]-cn-]m- Sn-I-fn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ F\n°v Ah-k-c-sam-cp°n-Ø-cn-Ibpw sNbvXp.

A°mcyw ]d-bm≥ hn´p-t]m-

bs√m

F∂m-tem-Nn®v

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1 3

5. ]cy-S-\-߃

apkvenw-I-fpsS £W-a\p-k-cn®v CXc kwÿm-\-ß-fnepw hntZi cmPy-ß-fnepw \S-Ønb ]cy-S-\-߃ apkvenw-Isf kq£va-ambn \nco- £n-°m-\p≈ kµ¿`-sam-cp°n. CXp-hsc apkvenw-Isf Aßs\ \nco- £n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn-´n√; kplr-Øp-°ƒ, a\p-jy¿ F∂ s]mXp-kz-`m-h- Øn¬ am{X-amWv Ahsc I≠n-cp-∂Xv. ]pXnb ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Ckvemw {]Zm\w sNbvX {]Im-i-Øn-eqsS apkvenw-Isf kq£va-\n-co-£Ww \SØn, hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚ A[ym-]-\-ß-f-\p-k-cn®v Ah¿ {]h¿Øn- °p-∂pt≠m? {]hm-N-Is‚ EPp-am¿K-Øn-eq-sS-bmtWm Ah¿ \S-°p-∂Xv? ]co-£m-lm-fn¬ Igp-I-°-Æp-I-tfmsS \S-°p∂ A[ym-]-Is‚ `mh-Øn- em-bn-cp-∂n√ apkvenw-Isf Rm≥ \nco-£n-®Xv. Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ Hmtcm \√ Imcyw ImWp-tºmgpw, D¬km-l-Øn¬ H®-sh-bv°p∂ _mes\- t∏m-se-bm-bn-cp∂p Rm≥. Mvlm! Cu apkven-an¬ hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚ GI-ssZ-h-kn-≤m¥w cqV-aq-e-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p-ht√m! lmbv! Cu apkven- an¬ {]hm-N-Is‚ B hninjvS KpW-ap-≠t√m! CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ sIm®p sIm®p {]Im-i-_n-µp-°ƒ ImWp-tºmƒ henb kqcys\ I≠-Xp-t]mse BÀm-Zn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Hcp-t±-iy-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Cu apkvenw-I-sf-t∏mse sIm®p sIm®p {]Im-i-ßsf kzmwio-I-cn®v ]q¿Wtim-`-bm¿Pn-°m≥ F\n°pw Ign-bWw.

apkvenw-Iƒ°n-S-bnse BZ¿i-`-{ZX

Ae-b-Sn-°p∂ a\ pw ae-]n-f¿°m≥ t]m∂ ImTn-\yhpw \ne-\n- ev°p∂ cmjv{Sob temIØv Cu sIm®p-sIm®p shfn-®-߃ Xs∂ F\n°p henb Bizm-k-ambn A\p-`-h-s∏´p. apkvenw-Isf kq£va-\n- co-£Ww \S-Øn-b-t∏mƒ Ah¿°pw a‰p-≈-h¿°p-an-S-bn-ep≈ {]I-S-amb Hc-¥cw {i≤-bn¬s∏´p. ssZhw Ht∂-bp≈q F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ apkvenw-

Iƒ ZrV-Nn-Ø-cm-bn-cp∂p. Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ A`n-{]m-b-`n-∂-X-I-fp-s≠-¶nepw Ah Cu hrØ-Øn\p ]pd-Øm-Wp-≈Xv. Hcp apkvenapw c≠v ssZh-ß-

_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ kzoI-cn-°p-∂n√. AXp-

fp≠v F∂v kΩ-Xn-°p-∂n√.

t]mse Htcsbmcp -thZw ˛ hnip-≤-thZw ˛ Jp¿-B≥ BsW-∂-Xnepw A`n-{]m-bm-¥-c-an√. apl-ΩZv ssZh-Zq-X-\m-sW∂ Imcy-Ønepw c≠p-]- £-an√. ssZhw, thZw, {]hm-N-I≥ Ch aq∂nepw GI-a-\-t msS AN- ©-e-ambn hnizm-k-a¿∏n-®-h-cmWv apkvenw-Iƒ F∂p t_m[y-am-b-t∏mƒ Ah¿°n-S-bn-ep≈ A`n-{]m-bm-¥-c-߃ at\m-hn-j-a-ap-≠m-°m≥ am{Xw hen-sbmcp Imcy-ambn A∂pw C∂pw F\n°v tXm∂n-bn-´n√.

at\m-lc sshcp[yw

as‰mcp khn-ti-jX, Hmtcm apkvenapw apkvenw-I-f-√m-Ø-h-cn¬ \n∂v GsX-¶n-ep-samcp hn[-Øn¬ hyXy-kvXX ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂p. "at\m-l-c- amb Hcp sshcp-[y'-am-bmWv AXv F\n°v A\p-`-h-s∏-´Xv. C\n Ah

1 4

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

Hmtcm-∂mbn t\m°mw. ssZh-Øn-s\m-gnsI a‰m¿°pw Iogvh-W-ßp-I-bn- √; F∂m¬ a\p-jysc A¿l-amb hn[-Øn¬ BZ-cn-t°-≠-Xp≠v F∂ Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ DØ-a-KpWw Rm≥ k‘n® Hmtcm apkven-anepw I≠p. Ign™ ImeØv Rm≥ _‘-s∏´ apkvenw-I-fnepw Cu DØa kz`mhw I≠n-cp∂p. Hcmƒ kº-Øntem kzm[o-\-Øntem ]m¿´n-bntem k¿°m¿ Xe-Øntem D∂-X-\m-sW-∂p-sh®v Hcp apkvenw Abm-fpsS Imev°¬ hoWp sI©n, ]√n-fn®v ]pdwssI XShn \nev°p-∂Xv Rm≥ I≠n-´n√. h√ apkvenw bphmhpw A_-≤-Øn¬ CXp-t]m-ep≈ {]hr- Øn-bn-te¿s∏-´m¬ apkvenw kap-Zmbw H∂-S¶w t£m`n-s®-gp-t∂‰v {]Xn- tj[w {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂ kw`-h-߃ ]e-Xp-ap-≠m-bn-´p≠v. AXp-I≠v Rm≥ a\w Ipfn¿s° kt¥m-jn-®n-´p≠v. a\p-jy≥ a\p-jy-cpsS Im¬°¬ hogp- ∂Xv hnh-c-t°-SmWv Ft∂ Rm≥ a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p≈q. F∂m¬ AXv ssZh-Øn¬ ]¶v tN¿°-emWv; a\p-jy≥ ssZh-Øn\v am{Xta Iogv- h-g-ßmhq F∂-XmWv Ckvem-anI k¶¬]w. Cu XXzw Kw`o-c-ambn Fs‚

a\- n¬ Xd®p. Bflm-`n-am-\-Øns‚ {]iv\-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ F√m Ime-

L-´-ß-fnepw a\- n-em-°-s∏-´p-t]m∂ Hcp-Imcyw ssZh-kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ `mK-ambn Ckvemw {]Xn-jvTn-®n-cn-°p∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w a‰p-≈-hsc BZ- cn-°p∂ Imcy-Øn¬ apkvenw-Iƒ ap≥]-¥n-bn-em-sW∂p Rm≥ I≠p. H∂p t\m°pI, ]p©n-cn-°pI, hcq F∂p hmbm¬ ]d-bpI. Cu Af-hn- ep≈ "kvt\l-{]-I-S\'߃ am{X-amWv Rm≥ ioen-®n-cp-∂Xv. hfsc Db¿∂ acymZ ssIIq∏n Ipºn-SpI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p.

\njvI-f¶ kvt\lw

]c-kv]cw im¥nbpw kam-[m-\hpw t\cpI, lkvX-Zm\w sNøpI, Benw-K\w, AXnYn k¬°mcw, eLp-hmb Bh-iy-ß-fn¬ t]mepw A∏- t∏m-gp≈ ]c-kv]c klmbw CXp-t]m-ep≈ lrZy-amb kz`mh KpW- ߃ Hmtcm apkv-en-anepw D≈-Xmbn Rm≥ I≠p. G‰-°p-d-®n-ep-I-fp- ≠m-hp-sa-¶nepw Cu kZvKp-W-߃ s]mXpsh F√m-h-cn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Ckvem-ans‚ XmXznI khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ am{X-a√ Fs∂ BI¿jn-®Xv; Rm≥ k‘n® Hmtcm apkvenapw Hmtcm-hn-[-Øn¬ Ckvem-ans\ {]Xn-\n- [o-I-cn®psIm≠v Fs∂ BI¿jn®p F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXn-i-tbm-‡n- bm-hn√. t]sc-SpØp ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ ]Xn-\m-bn-c-°-W-°n\v hcpw. tIc-f-Ønse apkvenw-Ifpw Ah-cn¬ s]Sp∂p.

ZA-vhØv \K-dn¬

GXm\pw h¿j-߃°p-apºv tIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂v Hcp £Ww In´n. "\m≥ ImX-en°pw Ckvemw' F∂ IrXn "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' F∂ t]cn¬ ae-bm-f-Øn-te°v hnh¿Ø\w sNø-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p. tIc-f- Ønse ae-∏p-dØv (ZA-v-hØv \K¿) tN¿∂ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-bpsS ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ B IrXn {]Im-i\w sNtø-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. AXn-\m- bn-cp∂p £Ww. ae-∏p-dØv Atß-b‰w B\-µ-Zm-b-I-amb Hc-\p-`hw Fs∂ ImØn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS kvt\l-{]-I-S-\hpw BXn-Yy-a-cym-Zbpw

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1 5

Fs‚ {]Xo-£bv°v D]-cn-bm-bn-cp∂p. Xan-g-IØv ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°p aosX `ojWn Xqßn-\n¬°p∂ Ime-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS F√m s]cp-am-‰-Ønepw Hcp "AI-∂p-\nev]v' D≈-Xm-bmWv Fs∂-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂Xv. F∂m¬ Ckvem-ans‚ km¿h-eu-In-I-km-tlm-Z-cy- t_m[w AØcw hnL-S\ at\m-`m-hw tIcf aÆn¬\n∂v ]q¿W-ambpw AI-‰n-b-Xmbn I≠p. t`Z-Nn-¥bpsS t\cnb Ce-b-\°w t]mep-an√. kmtlm-Zcy hnIm-c-Øns‚ kz¿Ko-bm-cmaam-bn-cp∂p B ktΩ-f\w.

BUw-_c {]I-S\w, BIm-i-h-f-b-߃, Ia-\ob tXmc-W-߃, i_vZ- tIm-em-l-e-߃; Rm≥ I≠p-]-cn-N-bn® ktΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS Nn{Xw CXm- bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ "ZA-v-h-Øv\-K¿' hb-en¬ ssht°m¬ \ncØn AXn-\p- aosX ]mb-hn-cn®v ktΩ-f-\-∏-¥-sem-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv I≠v Rm\-¥w- hn´p. Bc-h-an-√msX, `wKn-bmbn, A®-S-°-tØmsS \oßp∂ ktΩ-f\ {]Xn-\n-[n-Isf I≠v Fs‚ IÆp-Iƒ hnkvabw ]q≠p. ktΩ-f-\-Øn-s\- Øn-b-h¿ \a-kvImc ka-b-am-hp-tºmƒ Xß-fpsS km[-\-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ Aß- s\-Øs∂ ktΩ-f-\-∏-¥en¬ hnt´®v "hpZq' sNøm≥ ˛ AwK-ip≤n hcp- Øm≥ ˛ ]pd-s∏-Sp∂p! \a-kvIm-c-Øn-\p≈ ]pd-∏mSpw Hcp k\ym-k-amtWm? Ckvem-an¬ k\ym-k-an√ F∂p Rm≥ a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp∂p. ChnsS \a- kvIm-c-Øn-\p≈ _ms¶men apg-ßp-∂-tXmsS km[-\-ß-sf√mw hnt´-®p- t]m-Ip∂ Zriyw Fs‚ A¥-cw-KØv B\-µm-Xn-tc-I-ap-f-hm°n. ssZh- Øn\p apºn¬ F√mw ]cn-Xy-Pn-°p-∂-h¿ F∂v Fs‚ lrZbw a{¥n-®p- sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.

Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv Rm≥ B ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ {]kw-Kn-t°- ≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv. AXn-\p-th≠n Ckvem-anI {KŸ-߃ Bg-Øn¬ ]Tn-t°- ≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Ckvem-anI {KŸ-߃ hmbn-°pw-tXmdpw "⁄m\-sh- fn®w' hym]n-°p-∂Xv F\n°v ImWm-\mbn. ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ {]kw-Kn-®- t∏mgpw ]gb A\p-`-hw-Xs∂ Bh¿Øn®p. {]kw-Kn®p Ign-™-t∏mƒ "C\nbpw Gsd ]d-bm-\p-≠t√m' F∂ tXm∂¬! Ckvem-an-s\-°p-dn®v ]q¿Wambpw {]kw-Kn-°m-\m-bn√. Fs‚ hn⁄m-\-K¿hv Ckvem-ans‚ apºn¬ ho≠pw Xe-Ip-\n®p.

6. hntZ-i-ß-fnse A\p-`hw

]m°n-ÿm-\n¬\n-∂p≈ £Ww h∂-t∏mƒ Rm≥ a[pc Pbn-en-em- bn-cp∂p. "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' ]m°n-ÿm-\nse kn‘n `mj- bn¬ hnh¿Ø\w sNø-s∏-´n-cp∂p. temI kn‘n ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ AXv {]Im-i\w sNtø-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Idm-®n-bn¬ \S-°m-\n-cp∂ B ktΩ- f-\-Øn-te-°mbncp∂p £Ww. U¬ln hgn Fb¿_-kn¬ Idm-®n-bn¬ FØp-tºmƒ "_‘w kpJ-I-c-a-√mØ Hcp cmPy'tØ°v {]th-in-°p- ∂-Xm-bmWv Rm≥ Icp-Xn-bXv. F∂m¬ Ak-Zp-√m -`q-t´m-sb-t∏m-ep≈

1 6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

kplr-Øp-°-fp-ambn CS-]-g-In-b-t∏mƒ cmjv{Sob _‘-߃°p-]-cn-bmbn kvt\l-a-kr-W-amb Ckvem-anI _‘w H∂p-≈-Xmbn A\p-`-h-s∏´p. cmPym-Xn¿Øn-Iƒ, hnk-Iƒ Ch-sb√mw AXn-P-bn-°p∂ hniz-km-tlm- Z-cy-Øns‚ Hcp Xp≈n Aar-XmWv Rm≥ AhnsS sh®v \pI¿∂Xv. ]m°n- ÿm-\n¬ sN√p-tºmƒ Rm≥ Hu]-Nm-cn-I-ambn Ckvemw Bt«-jn-®n-cp- ∂n√. F∂n´pw ]m°n-ÿm-\nse apkvenw ktlm-Z-c≥am¿ Dujva-f-amb kvt\lhpw kmtlm-ZcyhpamWv Ft∂mSv {]I-Sn-∏n-®Xv. Idm-®n-bnse Hcp ]©-\-£{X tlm´-en-em-bn-cp∂p kn‘n `mjm ktΩ-f\w. ktΩ-f- \-a-fi-]-Øn¬ {]th-in-®-t∏mƒ, Xangv coXn-bn-ep≈ Fs‚ hkv{X-[m- cWw ImcWw F√m-h-cp-sSbpw {i≤ F∂n¬ ]Xn™p. Xosc ]cn-N-b- an-√m-Ø-h¿t]mepw "A -emap Asse°pw' F∂v A`n-hm-Zyw-sNbvXv kzbw ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn. kemw ]d-bp-∂-Xn¬ anI®p \nev°pI F∂ Ckvem-ans‚ D]-tZiw ]men-°m≥ Ah¿ XnSp°w Iq´p-I-bp-≠mbn.

Fs‚ IrXn-tbm-sSm∏w thsdbpw Ipsd IrXn-Iƒ {]Im-i\w sNøp- I-bp-≠mbn. Rm≥ {]kw-Kn-t°≠ kµ¿`w h∂-t∏m-gmWv ]m°n-ÿm≥ {]kn-U≠v knbm-D¬ lJns\ tÃPn¬ k‘n-°m-\n-S-bm-bXv. At±-l- sØ-°p-dn®v `oIc h¿W\-Iƒ am{Xsa Rm≥ tI´n-cp-∂p≈p. ]t£, tÃPn¬ At±-l-Øns‚ s]cp-am‰w Hcp bYm¿∞ apkven-an-t‚-Xp-t]m- se-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p. kn‘n `mj-°m-cpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ Fs∂ s]m∂mS(AivdIv) AWn-bn-°p-Ibpw sXm∏n-bn´v Xcn-Ibpw sNbvXp. kvac-W-°mbn Hcp D]-lm-chpw X∂p. Xan-gn¬ Xs∂-bmWv Rm≥ {]kw- Kn-®Xv. Ckvem-an-Im-Z¿ihpw Xan-gv\mSpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w Rms\-SpØp ]d™p. kn‘n `mjbpw Xan-gpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-sØ-°p-dn®pw Rm≥ kqNn-∏n®p. Xan-g-IØv \n∂v Fs‚ IqsS h∂ Pao¬ AlvaZv kmln_v {]kwKw samgn-am-‰n.

Idm®n ktΩf-\-Øns‚ c≠p-aq∂p Znh-k-߃°p-tijw Fs‚ ]m°n-ÿm≥ ]cy-S\w Ah-km-\n-t°-≠-Xm-bn-cp∂p. Ipd®v Znh-k- ߃IqSn ]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ ]cy-S\w \S-Øm-\p≈ Fs‚ B{Klw Rm≥ {]I-Sn-∏n®p. At∏mƒ {]kn-U≠v knbm-D¬ lJv At±-l-Øns‚ AXnYn- bmbn ]cy-S\w XpS¿∂p-sIm-≈m≥ tÃPn¬ -Xs∂ {]Jym-]n®p. Aßs\ Idm-®n-bn¬ \n∂v XpSßn emtlm¿, s]j-hm¿, Ckvem-am-_mZv (Xe- ÿm\w), Iz‰, sslZ-cm-_mZv, N°¿, taml≥P-Zmtcm XpS-ßnb ÿe- ߃ kµ¿in®p. ÿe-߃ kµ¿in-®-Xn-t\-°m-tfsd Ckvem-anI lrZ- b-ßsf ]c-Xp-I-bmWv ]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ Rm≥ sNbvXXv. F√m-bn-S-ß- fnepw AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ \√ lrZ-b-߃ \nd-™n-cn-°p-∂Xv Rm≥ I≠p. Hmtcm apkven-apw Hmtcm Ckvem-anI kz`mhw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂-Xmbn ˛ {]tbm-K-h¬°-cn-°p-∂-Xmbn ˛ ImW-s∏´p.

Ckv-em-am-t«jw Xzcn-∏n® tNmZyw

]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ FØn-b-Xp-ap-X¬ Xncn®p bm{X-]p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp-hsc Hmtcm tbmK-Ønepw kµ¿`-ß-fnepw {]Xn-[z-\n-®Xv Htc tNmZy-am-bn-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1 7

cp∂p: Ckv-em-an-s\-°p-dn®v C{X-sbms° {]kw-Kn-°p∂ Xm¶ƒ F¥p- sIm-≠mWv Ckvem-am-t«-jn-°m-ØXv? sslZ-cm-_m-Zn¬ tN¿∂ Hcp tbmK-Øn¬ {]kw-Kn®v Cd-ßn-h-cp-tºmƒ Hcp hr≤≥ Fs∂ sI´n-∏p- W¿∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ hm¿[Iyw B ssIhn-d-b-en¬ A\p-`-h-s∏´p. as‰mcp coXn-bn¬ At±-l-Øn\pw tNmZn-°m-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv AtX tNmZy- amWv: Ft∏m-gmWv \mw acn-°pI F∂v \ap-°-dn-bn√; AXn-\p-ap-ºmbn \mw k∑m¿Kw kzoI-cn-t°-≠-Xnt√? AXn\p Rm≥ {ian-®p-sIm-≠n-cn- °p-I-bmWv; \nßfpw ssZh-tØmSv {]m¿Yn-°pI F∂p Rm≥ adp-]Sn \evIn. ]m°n-ÿm≥ bm{X-bn¬ I≠Xpw tI´-Xp-amb Imcy-߃ ChnsS hnh-cn-°m-\p-t±-iyan√. Ah km[m-cW hnj-b-ß-fmWv. Fs∂ hln- ∏n® Cu tNmZy-®p-a-SmWv ]m°n-ÿm≥ ]cy-S-\-Øns‚ {]tbm-P-\-ambn F\n-°-\p-`-h-s∏-´Xv. ]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ \n∂v Xncn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºmbn "tUm¨' F∂ Cw•ojv ]{X-Øn\v A\p-h-Zn® A`n-ap-J-Øn¬ Fs‚ at\m-KXn Rm≥ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bp-≠mbn. Ckvem-anI am¿K-Øn¬ {]th-in-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Rm≥ Fs∂ ip≤o-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I- bmWv. Ct∏mƒ ip≤o-I-c-W-Øns‚ A¥y-L-´-Øn-emWv.

Xan-gv\m-´n¬ Xncn-s®-Øn-b-tijw apkv-enw-Iƒ \S-Ønb \_n-Zn-\m- tLm-j-ß-fn¬ IqSp-X-embn kw_-‘n-®p-t]m∂p. tbmK-ß-fn¬ {]kw- Kn-°m≥ [mcmfw hmbn-t°-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. hmb-\bpw {]kw-Khpw sIm≠p \ndp-ØmsX Ah ]pkvX-I-ß-fmbn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CtXm-sSm∏w as‰mcp tPmenbpw h∂ptN¿∂p. Ckvem-ans\ kw_-‘n®v sslµh ˛ ss{IkvXh kplr-Øp-°ƒ ho´n¬ h∂p ]e tNmZy-ß-fp-ap-∂-bn®p; kwhmZw \SØn. AØcw kwhm-Z-߃ ]e-scbpw Ckvem-ans‚ A`yp-Z-b-Imw-£n-I-fm°n am‰p-I-bp-≠mbn.

c≠v temI-߃

ASpØ hntZ-i-bm{X, atejy, kn¶-∏q¿ XpS-ßnb cmPy-ß-fn-te-°m- bn-cp∂p. B \mSp-I-fnepw apkvenw kplr-Øp-°-fn¬ ]ecpw Ckvem-anI lrZ-b-ß-fpsS Ag-Im¿∂ Zriy-߃ ImgvN-sh®p. Ah-cpsS A¥ p‰ s]cp-am‰w, Rm≥ ]mcm-bWw sNbvX Ckvem-anI XXz-ß-fpsS \nZ¿i-\- am-bn-cp∂p. Ckvem-ans\ kw_-‘n® ]T\w hymI-c-W-am-sW-¶n¬ Ah- cpsS s]cp-am‰w kmln-Xy-am-bn-cp∂p. kn¶-∏q¿ ˛ atejym bm{X-bn-emWv c≠p hyXykvX temI-ß-fp-ambn k‘n-°m≥ Ah-k-c-ap-≠m-bXv. kn¶- ∏q-cn¬ apgps° Rm≥ apkv-enw-I-tfm-sSm-∏-am-bn-cp∂p. ate-jy-bn¬ hnhn[ kaq-l-ß-fp-ambn kl-h-kn®p. CXn-eqsS c≠pw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw F\n°v t_m[y-ambn. apkvenw-Iƒ°n-S-bn-em-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ at\m-l-c ]qt¥m-´-Øn¬ Dem-Øp-∂-Xpt]m-se-bm-bn-cp∂p. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS IqsS-bm- bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ Ahn-S-hnsS H‰-s∏´ ]q°-fp≈ Hcp s]cp-h-g-nbn-eqsS \S- °p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cp∂p. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv kn¶-∏q-cn¬ sh®p Rm≥ Dss®-kvXcw DZvtLm-jn-®Xv. ""Fs‚ Ckvem-am-t«jw Ct∏mƒ, K¿`m-h-ÿ-bn-emWv. {]k-h-a-SpØ Hcp K¿`n-Wn-bpsS \ne-bn-emWv Rm\p-

1 8

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

≈Xv. sshImsX {]khw \S°pw.''

Ckvemw kzoI-cWw

Xan-gv\m-´n¬ Xncn-s®-Øn-bXp apX¬ Ckvem-ans\ am{Xw e£y-am°n Fs‚ h≠n HmSn-°m≥ Rm≥ {i≤n®p. Fs‚ Ckvem-am-t«-jØn\p apºv Hcp kw`hap≠mbn. "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckveman's‚ lnµn ]Xn∏v hmbn®p Hcp DØ-tc-¥y-°m-c≥ Ckvemw kzoI-cn-®n-cp∂p. ]e \mSp-Ifpw kµ¿in® tijw At±lw Fs∂ ImWm≥ h∂p. I≠ DSs\ At±lw tNmZn®p: Rß-sf-sb√mw Ckvem-an-te°v BI¿jn-°m≥ t]m∂ hn[w {KŸw cNn-°p∂ Xm¶ƒ F¥p-sIm-≠mWv C\nbpw Ckvem- am-t«-jn-°m-ØXv? Hcp tNmZy-am-b√ CsX-\n-°-\p-`-h-s∏-´Xv; lrZ-b-Øn¬ B™pXd® Hcp ap≈p-t]m-se-bmWv. Znt\\ Cu tNmZyw Rm≥ t\cn- ´p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p. Aßs\ Fs‚ lrZbw Hcp ap≈n≥Iq-Smbn amdn. B thZ-\-tbmsS Hcp cm{Xn Rm≥ Dd-ßm≥ InS∂p. Rm≥ hnip-≤-hm-Iy-ap- cp-hn´v Ckvem-am-t«-jn-°p-∂-Xmbn F\n°v kz]v\-Z¿i-\-ap-≠mbn. ASp- Ø Znhkw 1987 Pq¨ Bdn\v sNss∂ "aA-vaq¿ akvPnZn'¬ sh®v Rm≥ ssZhn-I-am¿K-Øn¬ tN¿∂p. A_vZp√ F∂ t]¿ kzoI-cn®p. C{Xbpw Imcy-߃ am{X-amWv Fs∂ Ckvem-an-te°v BI¿jn-®-sX∂v ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn√. Ckvem-anse GsX√mw XXz-ßfpw A\p-jvTm-\-ap-d-I-fp-amWv Fs∂ B aX-Øn-te°v BI¿jn-®-sX∂v XpS¿∂p hmbn°mw.

7. GI-ssZ-hm-Z¿iw

Ckvemw Fs∂ BI¿jn-®-Xn\v ]e Imc-W-ß-fp-ap≠v. H∂m-a-tØXv GI-ssZh kn≤m¥w (XuloZv) Xs∂. \mkvXn-Icpw bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-fp- am-bn-cp∂ {ZmhnU t\Xm-°ƒ _lp-ssZh kn≤m-¥sØ IS-∂m-{I-an®p- sIm-≠n-cp∂p. ssZh-ß-fpsS ta¬ sI´n-®-a-bv°-s∏´ IY-Isf Ah¿ ]cn-l-kn®p. "Ht∂ Ipew Hcp-ht\ tZh≥' F∂ Bibw bp‡n-hmZn t\Xm-°ƒ°n-S-bn¬ BZy-ambn apg-°n-bXv AÆm-Zp-sc-bmWv. Cu Bibw ]q¿W-ambpw F\n°v kzoIm-ctbm-Ky-ambn tXm∂n. \nco-iz-c-Xzhpw bp‡n- hm-Zhpw, {]]-©-Øn-s‚bpw AJn-e-N-cm-N-c-ß-fp-sSbpw Ne-\-ß-sf-°p- dn®v a\- n-em-°p-∂Xv hscbpw F\n°v lrZy-ambpw shfn-®-ambpw A\p`- h-s∏´p.

tKmf-ß-fpsS DZv`hw Fhn-S-∂mWv; Ne\w Fßs\? hyh-ÿm-]nX- ambn Ah Id-ßp-∂-Xns‚ s]mcp-sf¥v? tKmf-߃°-∏pdw F¥m-Wp≈- Xv? CXp-t]m-ep≈ Bbncw tNmZy-ß-fp-b¿∂-t∏mƒ \mkvXn-Icpw bp‡n- hm-Zn-Ifpw imkv{X-⁄sc A`bw {]m]n®p. ]t£, B imkv{X-⁄≥am- cpsS ÿnXntbm? BZyw sX‰mb kn≤m-¥-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw ]n∂oSv Ah \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. `qan Dcp-≠-X√ F∂v Hcn-°¬ ]d™p. ]n∂oSv `qan Dcp-≠-Xm-sW∂v I≠p-]n-Sn®p. kqcy≥ `qansb {]Z-£nWw shbv°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv alm-im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿ hsc Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂Xv. \yq´≥ t]mepw AWp-hns\ hn`-Pn-°m≥ km[y-a-s√-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

1 9

∂mWv ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv.

\mkvXn-I -kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ Zu¿_eyw

ssZh-amWv {]]-©sØ krjvSn-®-sX∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ, \mkvXn-I¿ ]Xn-hmbn tNmZn-°m-dp≠v ""\o It≠m'' F∂v. F∂m¬ Ah¿ hnizm-k- a¿∏n® imkv{X-⁄≥am¿ ]d-bp∂ IY-Iƒ hmbn-°p-tºmgpw CtX tNmZyw {]k-‡-amWv. kqcy-\n¬\n∂v `qan ]nd∂p; `qan-bn¬ \n∂v N{µ≥ ]nf¿∂p! BZyw ag! ]n∂oSv ]md-Iƒ! aÆv! AWp, Poh≥, AXn¬\n∂v ]cn-W-an®v ]cn-W-an®v Ipcßv! Ipc-ßn¬\n∂v a\p-jy≥. CXp tIƒ°p- tºmƒ ""\n߃ It≠m'' F∂ tNmZyw \ymb-amWv. kqcy-\n¬\n-∂mWv `qan ]nd-∂-sX-¶n¬, a\p-jym-cw-`w- ap-X¬ Ct∂mfw as‰mcp `qan kqcy- \n¬\n∂v s]m´n-sØ-dn-°m-ØsX-¥p-sIm-≠mWv? `qan-bn¬ Hcp AWp ]cn-W-an®v Ipc-ßm-hp-Ibpw ho≠pw ]cn-W-an®v a\p-jy-\m-hp-Ibpw sNbvX- Xp-t]mse a\p-jy-\n¬ \n∂v thsd Pohn-h¿K-߃ CXp-hsc DZv`-hn- °m-Xn-cp-∂-sX-¥p-sIm≠v? `mhn-bn¬ DZv`hn-°ptam? CXp-t]m-ep≈ Bbncw tNmZy-߃ Np‰n-h-cn-bp-tºmƒ \mkvXn-I¿ ]X-dp-∂Xv Rm≥ I≠n-´p≠v.

\mkvXn-I¿ hnizm-k-a¿∏n® imkv{X-⁄-∑m-cn¬ ]ecpw ssZh-hn- izm-kn-I-fm-bn-cp∂p F∂Xv IqSp-X¬ IuXp-I-I-c-amWv. AJn-e-{]-]- ©sØ AS-°n-`-cn-°p∂ Hcp alm-i-‡n-bp-s≠∂ Xocp-am-\-Øn-se-Øm≥ Fs∂-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ \n¿_-‘n-X-cm-hp∂p. Afi-I-Sm-l-ßsf hnSpI. \mw Pohn-°p∂ Cu `qan-bpsS LS\, EXp-t`Zw, Poh-Pm-e-ß-fpsS kwhn-[m\w XpS-ßn-b-h-bn¬ Hcp kpµ-c-amb \nb-ahpw {Ia-hp-ap-≈-Xm-bn-Im-Wp∂p. CsX-¥p-sIm-≠mWv F∂p-tNm-Zn-®-t∏mƒ \mkvXn-I¿ "{]IrXn' F∂p efn-X-ambn adp-]Sn ]d-s™m-gn-bp∂p. {]IrXn (Nature) F∂-Xns‚ icn- bmb A¿Yw Aÿn-c-am-bXv F∂√; \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xv ˛ am‰-an-√msX XpS-cp-∂Xv ˛ F∂mWv. AXn-\m¬ \ne-\n¬t°-≠n-bn-cp∂ ]e Poh-Pm- e-ßfpw ÿm]-\-ßfpw \in-®p-t]m-b-sX-¥p-sIm-≠mWv? A¿l-X-bp-≈Xv kzbw AXn-Po-hn°pw F∂v \mkvXn-I-im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿ (Um¿hn-s\-t∏m- ep-≈-h¿) ]d-bp∂p. ]t£, \in-®p-t]m-b-h-bpsS Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n- ®m¬, Ah-bn¬ ]eXpw Ct∏mƒ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-sb-t∏mse Xs∂- bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ImWmw.

CXn-s\-°mƒ ck-Icw, ]pen-Iƒ°v Cc-bm-hp∂ am\p-Ifpw am\-pIsf th´-bm-Sp∂ ]pen-Ifpw hwi-\m-isØ t\cn-Sp∂p F∂-XmWv. a\p-jy≥ X\n°v ASnaI-fm-bn-cn-°p∂ Poh-Pm-e-ßsf kwc-£n®pw i{XpX ]pe¿Øp-∂-hsb kwlcn®p-sIm-≠pan-cn-°p∂ {]hr-Øn-Xs∂ "A¿l- X-bp-≈Xv kzbw AXn-Po-hn°pw' F∂ \mkvXn-I-kn-≤m-¥Øns‚ _e- lo-\-X°v ZrjvSm-¥-amWv. CXp-t]mse \nc-h[n \mkvXn-I-kn-≤m-¥- ߃ Fs‚-bp-≈n¬ acn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Rm≥ t_m[- hm-\mbn. Adnhv hf-cpw-tXmdpw a\p-jy≥ \mkvXnI-\m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn°pw F∂ hmZw s]m≈-bmWv. kq£va-amb Adnhv e`n-®m¬ \mkvXn-I-kn-

2 0

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

≤m¥w ac-W-a-Sbpw F∂-XmWv icn.

_lp-ssZ-hXzw No™ hnØv

XpS¿∂v BkvXn-I¿ F∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-hsc t\m°mw. Ah¿ \mkvXn-I¿s°-Xn-cmbn hmZn-°p-tºmƒ, ""AS-°n-`-cn-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-bp- ≠t√m'' F∂p `wKn-bmbn hmZn°pw. "AsX' F∂p kΩ-Xn-®m¬ ]n∂o- sS-¥mWv \S-°pI F∂-dn-bmtam? apΩq∂v ssZh-߃! \∂mev Cuiz-c- ∑m¿! F∂n-ßs\ s]cp°n temI-P-\-kw-Jy-sb-°mfpw ssZh-ß-fpsS FÆw h¿[n-∏n°pw. a\p-jy≥, arK-߃, ]£n-Iƒ Poh-\p-≈-Xpw- C-√m- ØXpw F√mw ssZh-߃!! XpS¿∂v GXmWv hen-b- ssZhw F∂ hnj- b-Øn¬ tLmc-kw-L-´-\-ambn. Aßs\ Xß-fpsS CjvS-ssZ-h-Øn\v alXzw h¿[n-∏n-°m≥ IY-Ifpw ]pcm-W-ßfpw Na-bv°p∂p. CXns‚ as‰m-cp- hn-]-ØmWv Xß-fpsS ssZh-ßsf Db¿Øm≥ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS ssZh- ß-fpsS ta¬ \oN-amb IY-Iƒ Na-bv°¬. Cu hymP-I-Y-I-fpsS ]cn- WXn F¥m-sWt∂m? ssZh-hn-izmkw Xs∂ I≈-°-Y-bmbn amdp∂p. _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izm-kØn¬ ssZh-hn-izm-k-sØ-Xs∂ \in-∏n-°m≥t]m∂ "No™ hnØp'-Ifp-≠v F∂v CXn-eqsS a\- n-em°mw.

F∂m¬ Ckvem-an¬ Htc-sbm-cp ssZhw F∂ B-ibw Xs∂ Kw`o- c-ambn Xe-bp-b¿Øn-\n¬°p∂p. GI-ssZ-h-Øn\p ka-amtbm ]¶m-fn- bmtbm thsd-sbmcp i‡n-bp-an√ F∂v Ckvemw Xo¿Øv {]Jym-]n-°p∂p. GI-ssZ-h-Øn\p Xpey-ambn GsX-¶nepw hkvXp-°-sftbm hy‡n-I- sftbm k¶¬]n®v Ah°v hgn-s∏´m¬, Aßs\ hgn-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ \ntj- [n-Ifpw Ahn-izm-kn-I-fp-amWv, Ckvem-ans‚ ZrjvSn-bn¬.

8. em Ceml C√-√mlv

""em Ceml C√-√mlv'' ˛ A√m-lp-hns\ IqSmsX thsd ssZh-an√˛ F∂v {]Jym-]n-°p∂p Ckvemw. Cu kXy-hm-N-I-Øn\v c≠v Awi-ß- fp≠v. H∂v, _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\sb CXv \ncm-I-cn-°p∂p. c≠v, GI-ssZhm- cm-[-\sb ÿnco-I-cn-°p∂p. C\nbpw Bg-Øn¬ Nn¥n-®m¬, "em Ceml' F∂-Xns‚ s]mcpƒ thsd ssZh-߃ C√ F∂p am{X-a√; GI-ssZ-h- sam-gnsI thsd Hcp D∂X i‡n-bp-an√ F∂p-amWv. A·n, Im‰v, sh≈w XpS-ßn-b -i-‡n-I-fm-bmepw; `c-W-IqSw, \nbaw, ssk\yw, t]meokv XpS- ßnb i‡n-I-fm-sW-¶nepw hmƒ, hn√v, Aºv, tXm°v, t_mw_v, AWp- t_mw_v XpS-ßnb acWw hnX-°p∂ i‡n-Ifm-bmepw; B[p-\n-I-b- {¥-ß-fm-bmepw; hn⁄m\w, {]ikvXn, kzm[o\w, hnZym-`ymkw XpSßn {]]-©-Øn¬ ImW-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp i‡nbpw bYm¿Y-i-‡n-b√. ]c-a-amb i‡n-b√; GI-ssZ-h-amWv ]c-a-i‡n F∂v Cu kXy-hm-NIw {]Jym]n- °p∂p. A·n, Im‰v, sh≈w XpS-ßnb i‡n-Iƒ AXn-cp-I-hn-bp-tºmƒ h≥i-‡nI-fm-sW∂v tXm∂pw. ]t£, Ahbv°v AW-bpI, ASßpI, h‰pI F∂o ac-W-߃ D≠v. ac-W-a-S-bp-∂h°v alm-i-‡n-I-fm-hm≥ km[y-a√.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

2 1

`cWw, \nbaw, t]meokv t]mep-≈h P\-ßsf {Iao-I-cn-°p∂ i‡n- I-fmbn apt∂m´p t]mIp-tºmƒ Ipg-∏-an-√msX \oßp∂p. a¿ZI-i-‡n-I- fm-b-t∏mƒ Ah [qfn-I-fm-bn-am-dnb kw`-h-߃ Ncn{Xw FSp-tØm-Xp∂p. On∂-`n-∂-am-bn-t∏m-Ip-∂h Ah-ew-_n-°mhp∂ i‡n-I-fm-hm≥ ]mSn√. hmƒ, hn√v, Aºv, tXm°v AWp-t_mw_v XpS-ßnb Bbp-[-߃ acWw hnXbv°p∂ i‡n-Iƒ Xs∂. ]t£, Cu Bbp-[-ß-sf√mw \ncm-bp-[- cmb P\-ß-fpsS apºn¬ \njv{In-b-am-b-Xmbn Ncn{Xw ]d™p Xcp∂p. \njv{In-b-am-bn-t∏m-Ip-∂h alm i‡n-bm-Im≥ tbmKy-a√.

Bfpw A¿Yhpw Bbp-[-ßfpw ssIh-i-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ km{am-Py-ßfpw `c-W-Iq-S-ßfpw Ca-sh-´p∂ t\cw-sIm≠v XI¿∂p Xcn-∏-W-am-bn-´p≠v. B `c-W-Iq-S-ß-fpsS kvamc-I-ß-fmbn Ac-a-\-bpsS Ip´n-®p-h-cp-Ifpw \jvSm-h-in-jvS-ßfpw C∂pw ImWmw. \in-®p-t]m-Ip-∂h ssZh-am-Im≥ ]‰p-I-bn√. imkv{Xo-b -I-≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-߃ hfsc henb i‡n-bmbn tXm∂s∏-Sm-sa-¶nepw Ah-bpsS ]cm-P-b-ßfpw \n›-em-h-ÿbpw Ah- bv°p-]-cnbm-bn Hcp i‡n-bp-s≠∂v DW¿Øp∂p. ]cm-P-b-߃ h≥i- ‡n-Iƒ°v `q-j-W-a√. hnZym-`ym-khpw hn⁄m-\hpw Hcp- i-‡n-bm-bn- tXm∂mw. F∂m-¬ ]e hnZym-`ymk hnN-£-Wcpw hn⁄m-\-]-Sp-°fpw Ah-cpsS A⁄X-bpsS t]cn¬ ]n¬°m-eØv Ah-tl-f-\m-]m-{X-am-bn- ´p≠v. Nne¿°v PohnX-Im-e-Øp-Xs∂ {]i-kvXnbpw kzm[o-\hpw hn\- jvS-am-b-Xmbpw, ]e¿-°pw ac-Wm-\-¥cw Du\w-X-´n-b-Xmbpw ImWmw. AXp- sIm≠v temIØv ImW-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp- i-‡nbpw ]q¿W-a√; A]q¿W-amWv; Ah-sbm∂pw bYm¿Y i‡n-I-f-s√∂v "em Ceml C√√m' F∂ kXy- hm-NIw hy‡-am-°p∂p. Cu kXy-hm-NIw AXns‚ apgph≥ A¿YtØmSpw ]q¿W-hn-izm-ktØm-Spw IqSn Rm\p®cn-®-t∏mƒ F\n- °p-≈n¬ c≠p ^e-ß-fp-f-hmbn; Hmtcm \nan-jhpw `uXn-I-i-‡n-Isf `b-∂v \Sp-ßn-bn-cp∂ Fs‚ lrZ-bØn¬-\n∂v Cu kXy-hm-NIw AØcw `b-∏m-Sp-I-sf-sb√mw XpS-®p-\o°n. AtXm-sSm∏w as‰m-cp- `bw a\- n-ep-≠m°n! ssZh-`bw. Aß-s\ A√m-lp-hn-s\- am{Xw `b-s∏´v Ah\v Iogvs∏-Sm≥ Rm≥ k∂-≤-\mbn.

9. apl-Ω-Zp¿dkq-ep-√mlv

kXy-hm-N-I-Øns‚ c≠mw -]-IpXn ""apl-Ω-Zp¿dkq-ep-√mlv'' F∂- XmWv. CXv apl-ΩZv {]hm-N-I-\m-sW∂ tIhe Adn-bn-∏√. ssZh-`-b- Øn-eqsS as‰√m `oXn-I-sfbpw AI-‰n-b-h¿ Cu temIØv Fß-s\-bmWv Pohn-t°-≠Xv F∂ tNmZy-Øn-\p≈ adp-]-Sn-bm-WXv. "apl-Ω-Zp¿dkq-ep- √mlv' F∂ hmIy-Øn-ep≈ "dkq-ep√m'bpsS s]mcpƒ a\p-jy-cpsS sFln-I-Po-hn-X-Øn-\m-h-iy-amb ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-߃ Ah¿s°-Øn-®p-sIm- SpØ ssZh-Zq-X≥ F∂mWv.

sFln-I-Po-hn-X-\n-b-a-߃ \n¿an® ]e-scbpw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Is≠- Øp∂p. \nb-a-hn-Zym¿Yn-Iƒ°v C°mcyw \∂m-b-dnbmw. tdma≥\n-b-a-߃,

2 2

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

a\p-\n-baw, I¨^yq-jkv \nbaw XpSßn \otj ap-X¬ ln‰ve¿ hsc ]ecpw ]e-hn-[- \n-b-a-߃ \n¿an-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Ch-bn¬ ]e \nb-a- ßfpw Ime-Øns‚ Id-°-Øn¬ B‰n¬ s]mßn-sbm-gp-Ip∂ ih-ß-fmbn amdn. Ch-sc√mw F¥v tbmKy-X-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-emWv Cu \nb-a- ߃ Bhn-jvI-cn-®Xv? kz¥w Adn-hns\ Ah-ew-_n®v \nbaw \n¿an-®- Xmbn Ah¿ kzbw Ah-Im-i-s∏´p. F∂m¬ {]hm-N-I≥ \¬Inb \nb- a-߃ kzbw Bhn-jvI-cn-®-h-b√. "hlvbv' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ ssZhn-I- k-tµ-i-Øn-eqsS e`n® \nb-a-ß-fmWv apl-Ω-Zv\_n a\p-jy-cm-in°v \¬In-bXv. "hlvbn's‚ ]n≥_-e-an-√m-Øh a\p-jy-\nba-ß-fmWv. hlvbv Ds≠-¶nte ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-ß-fmIq. shfn-]m-Sn-eqsS e`n® ssZhn-I-\n-b- a-߃ apl-ΩZv(k) temI-Øn\v FØn®p Ft∂-SØv At±-l-Øns‚ alXzw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n√. Fß-s\-bmWv hnizmkw sImt≈-≠Xv? hnizmkn ssZh-Øn-\p-th≠n sNøp∂ Bcm-[-\m-I¿a-߃ A\p-jvTn- t°-≠-sX-ßs\? P\\w apX¬ ac-Ww- hsc, DW¿s∂-gp-t∂¬°p-∂- Xp -ap-X¬ Dd-ßp-∂-Xp -h-sc-bp≈ Hmtcm Im¬sh∏pw Fß-s\-bp-≈-Xm- bn-cn-°Ww? a\p-jy-tcmSpw CX-c -Po-hn-I-tfmSpw Fßs\ h¿Øn-°Ww XpSßn Pohn-X-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ afi-e-ß-fnepw ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-ß-f-\p- k-cn-®p-sIm≠v Pohn-°p-∂-Xns‚ amXrI {]hm-N-I≥ ImWn-®p-X∂p.

DZm-Ø-am-XrI

ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-߃ tIhew D]-tZ-i-ß-f√; ]I¬In-\m-hp-I-f√; Dt´m- ]y A√; GXp km[m-cW a\p-jy∂pw A\p-k-cn-°m-hp-∂-h-bmWv Ah- sb∂v kz¥w Pohn-X-Øn-eqsS sXfn-bn® apl-Ω-Zv\-_nsb ssZhw-Xs∂ Ahs‚ hnip-≤-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ {]iw-kn-°p∂p. ""hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v {]hmN- I\n¬ DØ-a-amb amXr-I-bp≠v''. "amXr-I' -F-∂p-am{Xw ]d-bmsX "DØ- a-amb amXrI' F∂p ]d-™Xv {it≤-b-amWv. Hcp sNdnb ]ng-hp-t]m-ep- an-√msX ]mT-߃ ]Tn-°p∂ hnZym¿Ynsb I≠v A[ym-]-Is‚ a\w Ipfn¿°p-tºmƒ B hnZym¿Yn-bpsS cq]w DØ-a-am-bmWv A[ym-]-I\v tXm∂pI. AJn-e-{]-]-©-Øn\pw A\p-{K-l-am-bmWv Cu {]hm-N-Is\ \ntbm-Kn-®-sX∂v A√mlp {]Jym-]n-°p∂p. ae-°p-Ifpw a\p-jycpw \_n- bpsS t]cn¬ kzemØv sNm√-W-sa∂v Ah≥ B⁄m-]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p.

Xs‚ ka-Im-enIsc am{X-a√, ]n¬°m-e-°mscbpw ssZhn-I-\n-b-a- ߃°-\p-kr-X-ambn Ncn-°p∂ bYm¿Y hnizm-kn-I-fmbn {]hm-N-I≥ am‰n-sb-SpØp. ssZhw At±-lsØ A¥y-{]-hm-N-I-\mbpw ]q¿W-\-_n-

bmbpw A\p-{K-l-Øns‚ {]hm-N-I-\mbpw Db¿Øn-°m-´p∂p. CXp IqSp- X¬ hy‡-am-hm≥, temI-N-cn-{X-Øn-te°v t\m°n-bm¬ aXn. tbip-{In- kvXp-hns\ H‰n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ Xp\n-™Xv At±-l-Øn-s‚ injy-\m-bn- cp∂p. tbip-{InkvXp ]e-t∏mgpw Xs‚ injy-∑msc ""A¬]hn-izm-kn-

Itf; kmØmt\'' F∂p hnfn-®-Xmbn ss

nƒ ]d-bp∂p.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

2 3

DZm-l-c-W-an-√mØ Ncn{Xw

F∂m¬ {]hm-N-I≥ Xs‚ kJm-°sf(k-lm-_n-I-sf) IqSmsX e£- °-W-°mb P\-ßsfbpw ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-߃ am\n®p Pohn-°p-∂-h-cm°n am‰n-sb-SpØp. CXm sh´n-Øn-f-ßp∂ Hcp-Zm-l-cWw: aZy-]m\w hne-°n- s°m-≠p≈ ssZhn-I-\n-baw Ah-X-cn®-Xmbn tI´-\n-anjw aZy-N-jIw Npt≠m-S-Sp-∏n-°p-∂-h¿ AXv hen-s®-dn-bp∂p. ho´n¬ kq£n-®n-cp∂ aZy- Ipw-`-߃ s]cp-hgnbn¬ Fdn-™p-S-°p∂p. aZo\m \K-c-Øn¬ B¿°pw th≠mØ aen-\-h-kvXp-hmbn aZyw Hgp-Ip∂p. CXn\v kZr-i-am-sbmcp kw`hw am\-h-N-cn-{X-Øns‚ GSp-I-fn-ept≠m? Cßs\ GXp Imcy- Ønepw ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-߃ hy‡-am-bm¬ DSs\ AXn\p Iogvs∏-Sp∂ hnizm-kn-Isf At±lw hm¿sØ-SpØp. At±-l-Øns‚ ImeØv Pohn- ®n-cp-∂-hsc am{X-a√, ]n¬°m-e-°m-scbpw. Cu Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠nepw Xan-gv\m-´nse ]e apkvenw `qcn-]£ {]tZ-i-ß-fnepw t]meo-tÃ-j-\p- Iƒ Xs∂ C√ F∂ hkvXpX F¥mWv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv? Dt≈-S-ß- fn¬ Xs∂ Ip‰-Ir-Xy-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ ^b-ep-I-fn¬ ]e Ip‰-ßfpw ImW-s∏-Sp-t∂-bn√. 1400 h¿j-߃°v tijhpw ssZhnI \nb-a-߃°p Iogvs∏-Sp∂ kaq-l-ßsf ˛DΩ-Øns\˛hm¿sØ-SpØ alm-a-\p-jy-\mWv \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n F∂t√ Cu A\n-tj[y bYm¿Y-߃ hnfw-_-c-s∏-Sp- Øp-∂Xv. Hcn-°¬IqSn Hm¿°pI: "em Ceml' F∂Xv F√m `b-∏m-Sp- Ifpw XqsØ-dn-bp∂p. "C√-√mlv' ssZh-`-b-ap-≠m-°p∂p. "apl-Ω-Zp¿d- kq-ep-√mlv' sFlnI temIØv Fßs\ Pohn-°-W-sa∂v ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p.

10. a\p-jy-\n-b-ahpw ssZhn-I-\n-b-ahpw

a\p-jy-\n-b-a-ß-fn¬ c≠p hi-ß-fp≠v. H∂v, ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-Øn¬-\n∂v ISw-hm-ßn-bh. c≠m-a-tØXv, a\p-jy≥ kzbw \n¿an-®h. sIme, sIm≈, tamjWw XpS-ßnbh Ip‰-ß-fm-sW∂v hn[n-®Xv Ccp-]-Xmw-\q-‰m-≠ntem ]o\¬tIm-Up-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bmb ]Xn-s\-´mw-\q-‰m-≠ntem A√. Ah-sb√mw Ip‰-ßfpw in£m¿l-hp-am-sW∂v BZy-Im-e -ssZ-hnI \nb-a-ß-fn¬X- s∂-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. a\p-jy-\n-b-a-߃ ]n∂o-Sh kz¥am-°n. ]o\¬tImUv Bhn-jvIr-X-am-hp-∂-Xn-\p-apºv Ch-sb√mw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v B¿°pw ]d-bm-h-X√. in£-Iƒ hyXykvXß-fm-bn-cn-°m-sa-¶nepw Ah Ip‰-ß-fm-bnØs∂ Fs∂∂pw a\- n-em-°-s∏-Sp∂p. as‰mcp clkyw, ]o\¬tIm-Up-I-fm-hn-jvI-cn® \nb-a-hn-im-c-Z≥am¿ ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-ßsf (aX- \n-b-a-߃) Ah-ew-_n-®p-sIm-≠mWv X߃ \nb-a-\n¿amWw \S-Øn-b- sX∂v kzbw kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p-s≠-∂-XmWv.

F∂m¬ a\p-jy-\n-b-a-ß-fpsS adp-hiw ImWpI. "]e Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ c£-s∏-´mepw Hcp \nc-]-cm[n in£n-°-s∏-S-cpXv' F∂v a\p-jy-\n-baw tLmjn-°p∂p. ]t£, \nc-]-cm-[n-I-fmWv Cu \nb-a-ß-fm-e-[n-Ihpw

2 4

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

in£n-°-s∏-´-sX∂v temI-N-cn{Xw ]d-bp∂p. Ncn-{X-an-cn-°s´, ChnsS Iogv- h-g-°-sa¥mWv. t]meo-k-[n-Im-cn°v Btcm Fgp-Xn-s°m-SpØ lc-Pn- bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬, As√-¶n¬ At±-l-Øns‚ tkzjvS-{]-Imcw Hcmsf 24 aWn-°q¿ tem°-∏n¬ sh°m≥ A[n-Im-c-ap≠v. \nc-]- cm[nt]mepw 24 aWn-°q¿ in£n-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ hgn-sh-°p∂p Cu a\p- jy-\n-baw. XpS¿∂v PUvPn-bpsS apºn¬ {]Xnsb lmP-cm-°p∂p. Cbmƒ Pmayw A\p-h-Zn-°-s∏-Sm≥ A¿l-\√; ]Xn-\©v Znhkw dnam-≠n¬ sht°-≠-Xp≠v F∂v t{]mkn-Iyq-j≥ X°-Xmb Ip‰-]-{X-tØmsS Bh- iy-s∏-´m¬ {]Xnsb dnam-≠n¬ sh°m≥ PUvPn DØ-c-hn-Sp∂p. Ip‰w-Np- a-Ø-s∏-´ Bƒ \nc-]-cm-[n-bmImw. AXv a\p-jy-\n-b-a-Øn\v {]iv\-a√. 24 aWn-°q¿ t\csØ tem°∏pw 15 Znh-ksØ dnam≠pw in£-bt√? C¥y-bpƒs∏sS ]e cmPy-ß-fnepw as‰mcp \nb-a-ap≠v. PUvPn-Xs∂ Bh-iy-an√. D∂-X-t]m-eo-k-[n-Imcn hnNm-cn-®m¬ aXn, Hcmsf Abmƒ \nc-]-cm[n Bbn-cp-∂mepw Hcp-h¿jw apgp-h≥ Pbn-en-enSmw. Cßs\ \nc-]-cm[n Hcn-°epw in£n-°-s∏-S-cpXv F∂ XXz-{]-kwKw \njv^-e- amIp∂p.

Ip‰w \S-∂n-´pt≠m F∂pw AXn-\p-t±-iy-ap-≠m-bn-cpt∂m F∂pw a\p- jy-\n-baw At\z-jn-°p∂p. ]t£, B "Dt±iyw' F∂ Ip‰-hnØv \o°w- sNøm≥ a\p-jy-\n-baw H∂pw sNøp-∂n√. AXv Rß-fpsS ]Wn-b√ F∂p ]d-™v Hgn-™p-am-dp∂p. hnj-s®Sn hf¿∂m¬ apdn°pw. AXp am{X-amWv Xß-fpsS _m[yX. hnjs-®Sn D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ hnjhn-Øv \n¿aq-e\w sNø¬ Xß-fpsS tPmen-b√ F∂v a\p-jy-\n-baw ]d-bp-∂p.

ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-Øns‚ imkv{Xo-bX

F∂m¬ ssZhn-I-\n-baw Ip‰-a-t\m-`m-hsØ ˛ hnj-hn-Øns\˛ ]m]w- F∂v t]cn-Sp∂p. ]m]w thsd, Ip‰w thsd. ]m]w hnØpw, Ip‰-w A- Xns‚ D¬]-∂hpamWv. ]m]-a-\-ÿnXn F∂ hnØns\, ssZh-`bw F∂ If-]-dn-bn-eqsS \n¿aq-e\w sNøm-\p≈ i‡n ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-Øn-\p≠v. a\p-jy≥ Ip‰-ß-fn¬\n∂pw hn´p-\n¬°p-∂-Xns‚ apJy-Im-cWw a\p-jy- \n-b-a-ß-tfm-Sp≈ `b-∏m-Sm-sW∂v Hcp ]fin-X∂pw A`n-{]m-b-an√. ]≈n- °q-S-Øn¬ t]mbnØpS-ßmØ {]mb-Ønepw hnZym-e-b -]m-T-ß-fnepw Ip‰w- sN-øm-\p≈ at\m-`mhw "]m]'-am-sW∂v ]Tn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv A[n-I-]-£hpw Ip‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fn¬\n∂v AI-∂p-\n-ev°p-∂Xv. P\-߃ \nb-asØ `b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-s\-°m-tfsd ssZhsØ-bmWv `b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. \nba -`o-j-Wn-sIm≠v Ip‰-ßsf XSp-°m-\p≈ {iaw £Wn-I-^-eta Df-hm°q. ssZh`-b-Øn-eqsS Ip‰-t{]-c-W-Isf C√mbva sNøemWv imiz- X-^-e-ap-f-hm-°p∂ coXn.

a\p-jys‚ IÆv, apJw, hmb, sNhn, \mhv, ssIIƒ XpS-ßn-b Ah- b-h-ß-fmWv Ip‰w sNøp-∂Xv F∂p Icp-Xp-∂Xv A_-≤-amWv. `Mensrea' F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ Ip‰-{]-h-WX tIhew Ifn-a¨aq-f(Mudbrain)-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-amWv F∂ [mc-Wbpw icn-b√. B[p-\n-I -a-\-»m-kv{X-⁄-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

2 5

∑m¿ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ D]-t_m-[ a\- ns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-amWv Ip‰-Ir-

Xy-߃ F∂ hmZhpw sX‰mWv. ssii-hw, _meyw, Iuamcw Cu aq∂p {]mb-°m-tcbpw kq£va-ambn \nco-£n-°pI. ]c-t{]cW IqSm-sX-Øs∂ Cu {]mb-°m¿ Xn∑-bpsS `mK-tØ°v Nmbp-∂Xv ImWmw. \in® Iq´p- sI´pw kl-hm-khpw a\p-jys\ NoØ-bm°pw F∂Xv icn-Xs∂. F¶n¬

\√ Np‰p-]m-Sn¬ hf-cp-∂-h¿t]mepw Xn∑-bpsS `mK-tØ°v s]s´∂v

Nm™-pt]m-hp-∂-Xmbn \mw ImWp∂p. {]IrXym Xs∂ Xn∑-bn-te°v Nmbp∂ Bflmhv D≈-h-\mWv a\p-jy≥ F∂v Ckvemw ]d-bp∂p. AtX- k-abw Xn∑-bn¬Xs∂ apgpIn°nS-°p∂ {]Ir-X-a√ Ah-t‚Xv. Xn∑ sNøp-tºmgpw, AXv sX‰mWv, AXn¬\n∂pw hn´p-\n¬t°-≠-Xp≠v F∂v shºp∂ am\-kn-Im-h-ÿ-bmWv a\p-jy-∂p-≈Xv. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWp∂ hfsc henb Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒt]mepw Xßsf kzbw i]n-°p-∂-Xmbpw \mw

hmbn-®n-´p≠v. C∂pw Aß-s\-Øs∂.

ASp-ØXv, Xn∑-bn¬\n∂pw AI-∂p-amdn \∑-Iƒ A\p-jvTn®v Bfl- im¥n ssIh-cn-°p∂ a\p-jys‚ aq∂m-asØ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv. Cu aq∂- h-ÿ-I-sfbpw hni-I-e\w sNbvXp ]m]w, Xn∑, Ip‰w F∂o hgn-tI-Sp-

I-fn¬\n∂v Fßs\ hn´p-\n¬°m-sa∂pw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p. ssZhnI \nb-a-߃°v Iogvs∏-S-emWv hgn-tI-Sp-I-fn¬\n∂pw c£-s∏-Sm-\p≈ GI- am¿Ksa∂v Ckvemw Xd-∏n®p ]d-bp∂p. F∂m¬ a\p-jy-\n-b-a-߃ "CXv \ap-°m-h-iy-an-√mØ thebmsW'∂p ]d™v ssI Igp-Ip-I-bmWv sNøp- ∂Xv. a\p-jy-\n-b-a-Øns‚ as‰mcp Ipdhv AXv in£ am{Xw \¬Ip∂p F∂-XmWv. \∑ sNøp-∂-h¿°v Hcp kΩm-\hpw \¬Im≥ a\p-jy-\nbaw apt∂m´p hcp-∂n√. F-∂m¬ ssZhn-I-\n-baw, \√ Imcy-߃ sNøm-\p≈ a\-ÿn-Xnsb k¬°¿a߃ ˛ ]pWyw ˛ F∂v hnfn-°p∂p. ]pWy-߃°v

Cu temI-Øpw ]c-tem-IØpw kΩm-\-ß-fp-s≠-∂-dn-bn®v Ip‰-Ir-Xy-

ßfpw ]m]-ßfpw XSp-°p∂p. Cßs\ {]IrXym Xs∂ Ip‰-Ir-Xy-ßsf XSp-°m-\p≈ i‡n a\p-jys‚ ]o\¬tIm-Up-Iƒ°pt≠m? F¥p-sIm≠v

CXv km[n-°p-∂n√ F∂v \nb-a-hn-Z-Kv[-tcmSv tNmZn-®p-t\m-°pI. ""AXv

aXm-Nm-cy≥am-cp-sSbpw kaql ]cn-jvI¿Øm-°-fp-sSbpw tPmen-bmWv'' F∂m-W-h¿ adp-]Sn ]d-bpI. AXm-bXv, ssZhnI \nb-a-Øns‚ ta≥abpw

a\p-jy-\n-b-a-Øns‚ tIm´hpw Ah¿ kzbw kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p-sh-∂¿Yw.

ssZhnI \nb-a-Øns‚ ta≥a-bmWv \mw CXp-hsc I≠Xv. temI- Øp≈ F√m P\-hn-`m-K-߃°pw {]hm-N-I≥am¿ hcn-I-bp-≠mbn. Ah¿ ssZhnI \nb-a-ßfpw sIm≠p-h∂p. ]t£, ]e kaq-l-ßfpw B ssZh \nb-a-߃sIm≠v F¥p sNbvXp-sht∂m? Nne¿ ssZhnI \nb-a-ßsf t]S-I-Øn¬sh®v \mSp \osf Npa-∂p-\-S∂p. D≈n-en-cn-°p-∂Xv FSp-Øp- t\m-°m\pw AXv apdp-sI-∏n-Sn®v Pohn-°m\pw Ah¿ ad-∂p-. a‰p-Nn-e¿, ssZhn-I-\n-b-a-ßsf ssIsbm-gn®v CXc \nb-a-߃ kzoI-cn®p. thsd- Nn-e¿ sNbvXXv a\p-jysc P\-\-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ th¿Xn-cn®v, Hmtcm PmXn°pw {]tXyIw \oXn-I-fp-≠m°n "AXv ssZhnI \nb-a-amWv' F∂v hymP P¬]\w \S-Øp-I-bmWv. F∂m¬ apkvenw-Iƒ am{X-amWv

2 6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

Xß-fpsS {]hm-N-I¿ sIm≠p-h∂ ssZhnI \nb-a-Øn¬ am‰-Øn-cp-Ø-ep- Iƒ hcp-Øm-ØXv. Xß-fpsS aX-\n-b-a-߃ am{Xta X߃°v th≠- Xp≈q F∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂ thsdmcp aX-°mcpw temI-Øn√ F∂v ]dbmw. ImcWw, a‰p aX-\n-b-a-߃ {]mIr-Xhpw A{]m-tbm-Kn-I-hp-am- sW∂v B aX-°m¿°v Xs∂ Adnbmw. F∂m¬ apkv-enw-Iƒ X߃°v Xß-fpsS aX-\n-b-a-ßtf th≠-Xp-ffq F∂ \ne-]m-Sn¬ Dd®p\n¬-°p∂p; {]Jym-]n-°p∂p; AXn-\p-th≠n {]t£m`w \S-Øp∂p. Ckvem-ans\ ]cn- N-b-s∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßp∂ ImeØv Cu \ne-]mSv Fs∂ B›-cy-`-cn-X-\m°n. F∂m¬ kq£va \nco-£Ww \S-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ap-kvenw--I-fpsS \ne-]mSv \ymbw am{X-am-sW∂v t_m[y-s∏´p. F{X AZv`p-X-I-c-amb \nbaw. \sΩbpw AXn-semcm-fm-°n-bm¬ F{X-am{Xw am[p-cy-a-\p-`-hn°mw F∂ Nn¥-bp-Zn®p. Aßs\, apkven-am-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºv Xs∂ Ckvem-anI \nb- a-߃°-\p-k-cn®v Rm≥ Pohn-°m≥ XpSßn.

11. \nkvXp-e-amb Bcm-[-\m-{Iaw

apkven-am-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºp-Xs∂ hnip≤ Iena Rm≥ lrZn-ÿ-am°n. ip≤o-I-cn-°-s∏´ ico-c-tØmsS shSn-∏p≈ ÿeØv \a-kvI-cn-®p-Xp-Sßn. kpJ-I-c-amb A\p-`q-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. BZyw Rm≥ A©v t\cw \a- kvI-cn-®n-cp-∂n√. {]`m-X-Ønepw {]tZm-j-Ønepw Ipfn-®-tijw \a-kvIcn- ®p. \a-kvI-cn®p Ign-bp-tºmƒ a\- n¬ Hcp kwXr]vXn A\p-`-h-s∏Spw. lrZ-b-Ønse thZ-\-I-sf√mw ssZh-Øn\p apºn¬ Cd-°n-sh®v lrZbw \ndsb Ahs‚ A\p-{Klw \nd-®Xv t]mep≈ Hcm-\µw. \a-kvIm-c- Øns‚ apd-Ifpw, AXn¬ sNm√p∂ A[ym-b-ß-fp-sSbpw hN\-ß-fp-sSbpw kmchpw a\- n-em-b-t∏mƒ \a-kvIm-c-Øns‚ alXzw ]ns∂bpw h¿[n®p.

{]m¿Y-\bpw ]qPbpw sXmgnep-sa√mw a‰p aX-ß-fn-ep-ap≠v. F∂m¬, Ckvem-an¬ \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v apºmbn sNøp∂ AwK-ip≤n F∂n¬ AZv`p- X-ap-f-hm°n. tZl-ip≤n F√m \akvIm-c-߃°pw Bh-iy-am-sW-∂Xv F{X hnip-≤-amb k¶¬]-amWv. ssI, hmb, aq°v, apJw, Im¬, inckv F∂n-ßs\ thKw Agp-°m-Ip∂ `mK-ß-sf√mw Hmtcm \a-kvImc thf- bnepw Igp-IpI F∂Xv Gsd Btcm-Ky-I-c-at√? Rm≥ Iq´n-t\m°n. apJhpw a‰p `mK-ßfpw Hcp -\-a-kvIm-c-Øn\v aq∂p XhW Igp-Ip∂p. A©v t\c-ß-fnse \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v Hcp-Zn-hkw ]Xn-\©v XhW. C{Xbpw XhW Igp-Ip-∂Xp sIm≠p am{X-a√ apJw {]tim-`n-°p-∂Xv. ip≤n-h-cp-Ønb tijw ssZh-Øns‚ apºn¬ \n∂v bmsXmcp a[y-h¿Øn- bp-an-√msX t\¿°p-t\sc Ah-\p-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv B {]Imi(\q¿)ap≠m-Ip-∂Xv F∂mWv Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂Xv. XÆo¿ Ipf (luZv)Øn\v Np‰p-an-cp∂v hnizm-kn-Iƒ Xßsf ip≤o-I-cn-°p∂ Zriyw F{X at\m-l-c-amWv! AXn¬ Hcp kq£va cl-kyhpw ImWmw. Nne aX-ß-fn¬ ho´n¬ \n∂v ip≤n-h-cpØn tZhm-e-b-Øn-te°v t]mhp-I-bmWv

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

2 7

]Xnhv. hgn-Ifn¬-sh®v hrØn-tI-Sp-I-fm-bm¬ ]n∂oSv ip≤n-sN-øm≥ kwhn- [m-\-sam-∂p-an√. a‰p Nne aX-ß-fn¬ Aº-e-°p-f-ß-fp≠v. ]t£, AXn¬\n∂v ip≤n-h-cpØn Aev]w Zqcw \S-°Ww. F∂m¬ apkvenw ]≈n-I-fn¬ AwK-ip-≤n-h-cpØn GXm\pw Nph-Sp-sh-°p-tºmƒXs∂ \a- kvI-mc-ÿ-e-sØ-Øp∂p. thsd Hcp aX-Ønepw {]m¿Y-\°v apºv Z¥- [m-h\w, aq°v ipNn-bm-°¬, ImXns‚ ]n≥]pdw hrØn-bm-°¬ t]mep-

≈h

Hcp hnj-bta A√. F∂m¬ Ckvemw C°m-cy-ß-fn¬t]mepw IWn-

iX

]men-°p∂p.

ASp-Ø-Xmbn, \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ a\p-jys‚ \ne Fs∂ Ccp-Øn-®n- ¥n-∏n®p. ]mh-s∏-´-h≥, ]W-°m-c≥, cmPmhv, {]P F√m-hcpw ssZh- Øns‚ apºn¬ Xpey¿. Fß-s\-bmWv Ch-sc√mw ssZhØn-\p-ap-ºn¬ Xpey-cm-Ip-∂Xv? Htc amXm-]n-Xm-°-fpsS (BZw˛l∆) k¥m-\-ß-fmWv F√m a\p-jycpw. BZw aÆp-sIm≠v krjvSn-°-s∏-´-h-\mWv. At∏mƒ F√m-hcpw aÆp-Xs∂. F¶n¬ a¨X-cn-Iƒ°p XΩn-se¥v D®-\o-NXzw? ssZh-Øns‚ apºn¬ \n¬°p-∂-h-cpsS Alw-`m-hsØ Hcp-]n-Sn -a-Æm°n, a\p-jys‚ Ffn-abpw ssZh-Øns‚ al-Xzhpw {]Jym-]n-°p∂p Ckv-em- anse -\-a-kvImcw. \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ AWn-\n-c-°p-tºmƒ AS-°tØmSpw HXp-°-tØmSpw Hcp ASn-a-sb-t∏mse \nev°Ww; Xe-\n-h¿Øp-Itbm tatem´p-t\m-°p-Itbm Acp-sX-∂p≈ Ckvem-anI hn[n a\p-jy-\n¬ ho≠pw hn\-b-ap-≠m-°p∂p.

XIv_o¿ apg°n Ccp-I-c-ßfpw ImXp-Iƒ°-cnsI hncn-®p-sh-°p-∂- Xn-eqsS F¥m-W¿Y-am-°p-∂Xv? \mYm, Cu ka-bØv F√m-‰n-s\bpw

Rm≥ ]cn-Xy-Pn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. \ns‚ apºn¬ Ft‚-Xmbn H∂p-an√. \o am{Xw! A√mlp am{X-amWv hen-b-h≥ F∂v hnizmkn {]Jym-]n-°p∂p. ""A√mlp AIv_¿''˛ ssZhw am{X-amWv hen-b-h≥ ˛ F∂p ssIIƒ sNhn-tbm-Sp- tN¿Øp sh°msX sNm√n-t\m°n: i_vZw ]e Zni-I-fn-te°v NnX-dp-I- bm-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ ssIIƒ ImXp-I-tfm-S-Sp-∏n®v D®-cn-®-t∏mƒ B "A- √mlp AIv_¿' Fs‚ sNhn-I-fn-eqsS Kw`oc i_vZ-tØmsS Cdßn \m-

Un, Rcºv, amwk-t]-in-Iƒ, Aÿn, lrZbw, akvXnjvIw XpSßn "Fs‚

Al-¶mc' Ah-b-h-ßsf AS°p∂ i_vZ-ambn hym]n®v Fs∂ sNdnb a\p-jy-\m°n. AXn\p tijw Xe Ip\n®v Hc-Sn-a-sb-t∏mse ssI sI´n \nev°p∂p. `b-`‡n a‰p aX-ß-fn-ep-ap-≠mImw. ]t£, ZrjvSn Fhn-sS-

sb-√m-am-bn-cn°pw? hn{Klw, ]ptcm-ln-X≥, ]mXncn, Acn-I-Øp-≈-h¿, Ah-cpsS sNbvXn-Iƒ Cßs\ inYn-e-amb t\m´w. F∂m¬ ChnsS \a- kvIm-c-Øn\p t\XrXzw hln-°p-∂-bm-fpsS i_vZw am{Xw. ZrjvSn Xmsg. sXm´-SpØ ÿe-tØ-°p-t]mepw t\m°p-∂n√. Jp¿-B≥ hmIy-ß-tfm- Xp∂p. AXn¬ ssZhsØ al-Xz-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-tXm-sSm∏w a\p-jys‚ \n m-

cX hy‡-am-°p∂p.

hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse "A¬^m-Xnl' A[ymbw BZy-ambn ]mcm- bWw sNbvX-t∏mƒ F∂n¬ Ae-b-Sn-®p-s]m-ßnb hnIm-c-߃ Fs¥m-

2 8

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

s°-bm-bn-cp-s∂t∂m? F√m kvXpXnbpw ssZh-Øn\p am{Xw

sb-¶n¬ \a-kvI-cn-°p∂ Ch¿°v kvXpXn-sb-hnsS? B kvXpXn-b¿ln°m- Ø-h¿°n-S-bn-emWv ka-Xz-ap-≈Xv! AJn-e-sØbpw krjvSn®v ]cn-t]m- jn-∏n®v ]cn-]-Iz-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-h≥ ssZhw Hcp-h≥ am{Xw. At∏mƒ, a-\p- jy¿ {]]-©-Ønse [qfn-I-fn¬ [qfn am{Xw. [qfn-Iƒ ]c-kv]cw hnth- N\w Iev]n-°p-∂Xv F{X aqVXzw! Af-h‰ Imcp-Wy-Zm-Xmhpw \nkvXpe- \mb kvt\l\n-[nbpw A√m-lp-am{Xw. Imcp-Wy-Øn¬ ]cn-an-Xnbpw kvt\- l-Øn¬ t`Zhpw Iev]n-°p∂ a\p-jy¿ Ah‚ apºn¬ F{X \n m-c¿!

""hn[n-Zn-\-Øns‚ A[n-]-Xnbpw Ah≥ Xs∂.'' ac-Whpw ]X-\-hp- ap≈ Cu a\p-jy¿ imiz-X-\mb Ahs‚ apºn¬ \n¬°p-∂Xv Fß-s\- bm-bn-cn°pw? ""\mYm! \ns∂ am{Xsa R߃ hW-ßp-I-bp≈q.'' AsX,

\ns∂ am{Xw. \a-kvIm-c-Øns‚ AWn-bn¬ R߃°n-S-bn¬ cmPm-°- ∑m-cp-≠mImw; t\Xm-°-∑m¿ \nev°mw; apX-emfn \nev°mw; ]pdw-tem-IØv Fs∂ hW-ßpI F∂v hnc-´p∂ A[n-Im-cn-I-fp-≠mImw; \mYm \ns∂

am{Xw hW-ßp∂p! a\p-jy¿°v hW-°-an√, \n\°v am{Xw;

""\nt∂mSv am{Xw R߃ klmbw tXSp∂p''; \nt∂mSv am{Xw. a\p-jy-

cpsS klmbw ÿmbn-b√. Bsc-¶nepw Ip‰w ]d-™m¬ klmbw Ipd- ™p-t]mIpw. tIm]w h∂m¬ Rm\mWv henb HuZm-cy-hm≥ F∂v tem-

Iw apgps° sN≠-sIm´n Adn-bn°pw. henb ]W-°m¿Xs∂ as‰mcp

ImeØv bmN-I-∑m-cm-Ip∂p. \otbm, Fs∂ Af-∂v Fs‚ ]cn-{i-a-߃°v A¿l-amb {]Xn-^ew \¬Ip∂ HuZm-cy-hm-\mWv. AXp-sIm≠v R߃ \nt∂mSv am{Xw klm-bhpw tXSp∂p. ""\o Rßsf sNm∆mb am¿K- Øn¬ \S-tØ-Wta.'' kpJ-߃°p-th≠n GXp am¿Khpw tXSp-∂-h- cmWv R߃. \ndsb e`n-°p-sa-¶n¬ am¿K-sØ-∏‰n Nn¥n-°mØ h{I- a-\-kvI¿. AXp-sIm≠v \o Xs∂ Rßsf t\cmb am¿K-Øn¬ \bn- t°-Wta! ""\o A\p-{K-ln-®-h-cpsS am¿K-Øn¬.'' Ncn{Xw, R߃°p- apºv Bcp-ta-Xp-an-√mØ iq\y-X-bm-bn-cp-∂n√. \ns‚ A\p-{Klw kn≤n-

am{Xw

Aßs\-

\ns∂

®-h-cpsS at\m-l-c-amb ae-c-Wn-bmWv Ncn-{X-Øns‚ Hcp hiw. B at\m- l-c-amb ]qam-e-bn¬ Rß-sfbpw Xpº-a-e-cm°n tIm¿Øn-StW \mYm!

B am¿Kw ""\ns‚ tIm]-Øn\p ]m{X-am-bh-cp-tSXpw am¿K-{`wiw kw`-

hn-®-h-cp-tSXpw A√!'' a\p-jy-N-cn-{X-Øns‚ as‰mcp `mKw ssZh-tIm-]- Øn\p ]m{X-am-b-h-cp-tS-XmWv; am¿K {`wiw kw`-hn-®-h-cp-tSXv. apX-em-fn- bpsS tIm]w aqew iº-fhpw `£-Whpw XS-b-s∏Spw. cmPm-hns‚ tIm]w XS-h-dbpw inc-tO-Zhpw. Ch-s°√mw AXo-X-ambn ssZh-Øns‚ tIm]w Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \mw hmbn-°p∂p. XI¿∂-Sn™ kaq-l-N-cn{Xw; Nmº¬ Iq\-Iƒ! ih-°p-gn-Iƒ!!

^mØn-l-bpsS Cu Ah-km\ `mKw HmXp-tºm-sg√mw F∂n¬ CSn- an-∂-en-dßn, tZlw InSnew sIm≈m-dp≠v! Cu hN\w HmXn-Øo¿Øv, "Bao≥' ˛ Rß-fpsS {]m¿Y\ kzoI-cn-t°-Wta ˛ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Fs‚ Np≠p-I-ƒ hnXpºpw. i_vZw CSdpw. tcmam©-ap-≠mIpw. IÆp- Iƒ \n›-e-ambn ac-hn-®p-t]mIpw.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

2 9

ASp-ØXv, "dpIq-Av' F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ Ip\n-b-emWv. Rm≥ ]cnN- b-s∏´ a‰p aX-ß-fn-sem∂pw Cu cq]-Øn¬ Hcp hW-°-apd D≈-Xmbdnbn- √. Im¬ap-´p-Iƒ ]nSn-®p-sIm≠v Rm≥ Ip\n-bp-tºmƒ Fs‚ apJ-tØ°v -c‡w {]h-ln-°p∂p. D—zm-k-Øn\v I\w IqSp∂p. Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ Ad_n- bn-emWv ]d-bp-∂Xv. c‡-Øn-s‚bpw Poh-izm-k-Øn-s‚bpw km£y- tØmsS Rm≥ Ip\n-™p-\n∂v samgn-bp∂ B hmIy-Øns‚ s]mcp-sf- ¥mWv? ""al-Xz-ap≈ Fs‚ \mYs\ Rm≥ ]cn-ip-≤-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p''. bmYm- ¿Yyw Xs∂. ip≤n-sNbvX DS¬, shSn-∏p≈ hkv{Xw, ip≤n-bp≈ ]≈n, ip≤nbp-≈-h-cpsS \nc CtXm-sSm∏w hnip-≤-lr-Z-b-Øn¬\n∂v {]h-ln- °p∂ c‡-Øn-s‚bpw izmk-tIm-i-Øn¬\n∂v Db¿∂p hcp∂ Poh-hm- bp-hn-s‚bpw km£y-tØmsS Ip\n™v Fs‚ \mYs\ Rm≥ ]cn-ip-≤- s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. F{X s]mcp-Ø-ap≈ hmNIw. aq∂p XhW CXp-cp-hn´p "dpIqC'¬ \n∂p \nh-cp-tºmƒ F¥mWv apg-ßp-∂Xv? ""ssZhw, Xs∂ kvXpXn-°p-∂-h-cpsS kvXpXn kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.'' Cu {]Jym-]\w Fs‚- bp-≈n¬ hnizm-k-Øns‚ Hcp \Zn-sbm-gp°n. ssZhw ImWp-∂pt≠m, tIƒ- °p-∂pt≠m Fs∂m∂pw hnNm-c-an-√msX sNøp∂ ]qPm {]m¿Y-\mZn I¿a- ߃sIm≠v F¥p {]tbm-P\w? Chn-sStbm, Xs‚ Bcm-[\ ssZhw kzoI-cn-°p∂p F∂ t_m[w \a-kvIm-c-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ h¿[n-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂Xv. "dpIqC'¬ \n∂v \nh-cp-tºmƒ DSepw lrZ-bhpw \nh-cp∂p. \nh¿∂m¬ Alw-`mhw IS-∂p-Iq-Sm≥ km[y-X-bp≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv DSs\ Cßs\ Dcp-hn-Sp-∂Xv; ""Rß-fpsS \mYm, \n\°v am{X-amWv k¿h kvXpXnbpw.'' {]i-kvXn-bmWv a\p-jy≥ tXSn-Ø-nc-bp∂ Im\¬Pew. ssZh-sØ-Xs∂ sh√p-hn-fn® [n°m-cn-I-sf√mw {]i-kvXn-bpsS ASn-a- Ifm-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv "k¿h kvXpXnbpw' ssZh-Øn\v am{Xw \evIn a\p-jys\ {]i-kvXn-bn-√mØ \n mc hkvXp-hm°n \n¿Øp-∂Xv. ho≠pw "A√m-lp-hmWv hen-b-h≥' F∂v ]d™v Fs‚ tZlw `qan-bn- te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂p. "kpPqZv' F∂ kmjvSmw-K-{]-Wm-a-Øn-te°v t]mIp-tºmƒ hnam\w Xd-bn¬ Cd-ßp-∂Xpt]m-ep≈ Hcp {]Xo-Xn-bmWv F\n-°p-≠m-Ip-∂Xv.

Fs‚ ico-c-Øns‚ `mc-°q-Sp-X¬ ImcWw kpPqZv sNøm≥ BZy- L-´-Øn¬ h√msX {]bm-k-a-\p-`-h-s∏´p. XS-h-d-bn¬ \nt∂‰ a¿Z-\-߃ ImcWw Ccn-°p-tºmƒ CS-Xp-Im-en-\p-≈nse Aÿn-Iƒ sRcn™p i_vZ-ap-≠m°pw. h√m-Ø-th-Z-\-tbmsS ap´p-IpØn inc v Xdbn¬sh®v Ccp-ssI-Ifpw ImXp-Iƒ°-cnsI sh°p-tºmƒ Ccp-]m-Z-߃, ap´p-Iƒ, D≈w-ssI-Iƒ, s\‰n, aq°v F∂o F´v AwK-߃ Xd-bn-e-a-cp∂p. \neØv InS-°¬, Xd-bn¬ Dcp-f¬ (ib\-{]-Z-£nWw) XpS-ßn-bh hW-°-Øns‚ IqSp-X¬ Db¿∂ cq]-ß-fmbn tXm∂mw. F∂m¬ {iaw, {i≤, a\p-jy\v Xm≥ Bcm-sW∂ icn-bmb t_m[w D≠m-°¬˛ C°m-cy-ß-fn-se√mw anI-®p-\n¬°p-∂Xv Ckvem-anse kpPq-ZmWv F∂v F\n°v t_m[y-am- bn-´p≠v. s\‰n-bpw- \m-kn-Ibpw Xd-bn-e-a-cp-tºmƒ \b-\-ßfpw Ahn-sS- Xs∂. Np≠p-Ifpw `qan-°-cnsI. lrZbw Ip\n-™p\n-ev°p∂p. Xe \ne-

3 0

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

Øp-sh®v lrZbw Ip\n-°p-∂-sX-¥n-\p-th-≠n-bmWv? B c≠v Ah-b-h- ß-fmWv ssZhw a\p-jy\v khn-ti-j-ambn \evInb c≠v A\p-{K-l-߃. a\p-jy\v temI t\XrXzw (Jnem-^Øv) e`n-®Xv a‰p Ah-b-h-߃ aqe- a√. arK-߃°pw ]£n-Iƒ°pw Pe-Po-hn-Iƒ°pw CXc Ah-b-h߃ a\p-jy-s\-°mƒ _e-h-Øm-b-h-bmWv. a\p-jy-in-c- n-\p-≈nse _p≤n- bmWv Ahs‚ `c-W-tI{µw. h≥tXm-Xn¬ _p≤n-\¬I-s∏´ arK-ß-fp≠v. ]t£, a\p-jy-_p-≤n-bpsS khn-ti-j-`mKw ˛ Nn¥n-°m\pw Btem-Nn°m- \p-ap≈ tijn ˛ a‰p Poh-Pm-e-߃°n√. Cu hnti-j-_p-≤n-bp-am-bmWv ssZhw a\p-jy\v temI t\XrXzw \¬In-bXv. B _p≤nsb AXv \evIn- b-h\v ]q¿W-ambpw Iogvs∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv inc- p-\-an-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS sNøp- ∂Xv. Poh-ssN-X\yw \ne-\n¿Øp∂ am{¥n-I-s®-∏mWv lrZbw. Cu lrZ- b-sØbpw ssZh-Øns‚ apºn¬ Ip\n-°p∂p Ckvem-anse Bcm-[-\m- {Iaw. akvXn-jvIhpw AXn-te°v c‡w {]h-ln-°p∂ lrZ-b-hp-amWv ssZh-Øn\v hn]-coXw {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Iem-]-`q-an-I-fmbn amdm≥ Gsd km[y-X-bp≈ Ah-b-h-߃. ssZhsØ [n°-cn®v Pohn-®-h-cpsS Ncn{Xw hmbn-®m¬ Ah-cmcpw hnh-cw-sI-´-h-cm-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v ImWmw. hnip-≤- Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ C_v-eokv hfsc henb _p≤n-Po-hn-bm- bn-cp∂p. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWp∂ ssZh[n°m-cn-Iƒ, CuPn-]vXns‚ GI- O{Xm-[n-]Xn, \wdqZv t]mep-≈-h-sc√mw Db¿∂ _p≤n-im-en-I-fm-bn-cp∂p. hnZym-`ymk˛ssh⁄m-\n-I-a-fi-eß-fn¬ Ah-scms° henb \n]p-W- ∑m-cm-bn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS _p≤n-i‡n k¿hi‡-s\-t∏mepw FXn¿Øv [n°mcw {]h¿Øn®p. Cu iX-I-Ønepw CØcw "_p≤n-cm-£-k≥amsc' ImWmw. AØ-c-°m-cpsS inc pw _p≤nbpw lrZ-bhpw hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v h∂p-`-hn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv inc v Xd-bn¬sh-°p∂ Cu Bcm-[-\m-cq]w G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-b-sX∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp∂p. ico-c-Øns‚ ]e `mK-ß-sfbpw Nen-∏n-°p∂ tI{µ-a-fi-e-amWv inc v. AXp-sIm≠v inc- p-sIm-≠p≈ Cu hW°w F√m Ah-b-h-ß-fp-sSbpw hW-°-am-sW∂v ]d-™mepw icn-bmWv.

kpPq-Zn¬ F\n°v Hcp {]tXyI A\p-`q-Xn-bp-≠m-Ip∂p. F√m-h¿°pw Aß-s\Ø-s∂-bmtWm Fs∂-\n-°-dn-bn√. inc- pƒs∏sS F´v AwK- ߃ Xd-bn-em-Wt√m. \b-\-߃ angn-®n-cn-°p∂p. tZlw ChnsSØs∂- bm-Wp-≈Xv. F∂m¬ a\ v Rm≥ \a-kvI-cn-°p∂ ÿew hn´v tatem- ´p-b-cp∂p. KK-\-ho-Yn-bn¬sN∂v, AJne {]]-©-sØbpw Xm≠n {]Im- ihpw Ccp´pw Ie¿∂ hn¨]-c-∏n¬, ssZh-kvtXm{Xw t\¿Ø kwKo-X- tØmsS {ihn-°p∂ A\p-`hw Hmtcm \a-kvIm-c-Øn-ep-ap-≠m-Ip∂p. At∏m-gmWv "]c-tam-∂-X-\mb Fs‚ \mYs\ Rm≥ ]cn-ip-≤-s∏-Sp- Øp∂p' F∂ Fs‚ Np≠pI-fpsS Bh¿Øn-®p≈ a{¥w. "A√mlp AIv_¿' F∂ i_vZ-amWv B kpJm-\p-`q-Xn-bn¬ \n∂v Fs∂ hnfn-®p- W¿Øp-∂Xv. ]n∂oSv \nh¿∂n-cn-°p∂p; ho≠pw kmjvSmwKw. hm\m-tcml- Ww; kpJm-\p-`qXn; ssZh-a-l-Xz-ap-W¿Øp∂ a{¥w!

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

3 1

AXn-\p-tijw \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ Fs∂ tcmam©w sIm≈n-°p∂ `mKw Ccp-∂p-sIm≠v (AØ-ln-ømØv) {]m¿Yn-°p-tºm-gmWv. A√m-lp- A-√msX Bcm-[-\-°¿l-\mbn Bcp-an√ F∂v {]Jym-]n®v Nq≠p-hn-c¬ Db¿Øp-tºmƒ F¥mWv A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂-sXt∂m? B hnc-en¬ \ns∂mcp an∂-ep-≠m-Ip∂p. B {]Imiw lrZ-b-Øn¬ {]Xn-^-en®v _p≤n- bn-te°v ]S-cp-∂Xp t]mep≈ Hcp {]XoXn. tZl-am-k-Iew sshZypXn hym]n®v D≈n¬ {]Imiw ]c-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse. Hmtcm \a-kvIm-c-Ønepw ssZh-tØm-Sp≈ {]m¿Y\-I-fnepw (ZpB) km[m-cW Pohn-X-Ønepw, emC- eml C√-√mlv F∂ hmIyw tIƒ°p-tºmƒ tcmam-©-P-\-I-amb Cu A\p-`q-Xn-bp-≠m-Ip∂p. CXp-t]mse, \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ "apl-ΩZv' F∂

\maw D®-cn-°p-tºm-sg√mw B\-µm-Xn-tc-I-ap-f-hm-Ip∂p. F√mw Ign™v

A -emap Asse°pw h dlva-Xp-√mlv F∂v ]d™v \a-kvIm-c-

Øn¬\n∂v hnc-an-°p-tºm-gmWv Cu temI-tØ°v Xncn-®p-h-∂-Xmbn tXm∂p-∂Xv. Cu AZv`p-X-I-c-amb A\p-`qXn Bkz-Zn-°m-\p≈ Ah-kcw apkvenw-I-f-√m-Ø-h¿°v F∂mWv ssIh-cnI F∂ Nn¥ Fs∂ kZm

aYn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. \a-kvIm-c-Øns‚ kpJm-\p-`qXn Bkz-Zn-°m≥ XpS-ßnb \mƒ apX¬ ImWp-∂-h-tcm-sS√mw Rm≥ ]d-bp∂p: ""ktlm-

Zcm,

CXp aµ-am-cp-X-\mWv. Bkz-Zn-°m≥ hcq; ]qt¥-\mWv \pI-cm≥

hcq.''

12. Ad_n `mjbpw \a-kvIm-chpw

\a-kvImcw XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ Ad_n hN-\-ß-fp-cp-hn-Sp-∂Xv Gsd {ia- I-c-ambn A\p-`-h-s∏´p. hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse Hcp hm°v t]mepw F\n°v hmbn-°m-\-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n√. Xan-gnepw Cw•o-jnepw Fgp-Xnb H∂p-c≠p kq‡-߃ am{Xta ]cn-N-b-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p≈q. \a-kvIm-c-Ønse Jp¿- B≥ ]mcm-bWw Ad-_n-bn¬ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°-Wsa-∂pt≠m? Ah-c-h-

cpsS `mj-bn¬ \a-kvI-cn-®m-se-¥mWv? Cßs\ tNmZn-°p-∂-h-cp-≠mImw.

im¥-ambn hni-Zo-I-cn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øm¬ Ah¿ bmYm¿Yyw {Kln-°p-sa- ∂mWv Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂Xv. Ad_n `mj-bn-emWv Jp¿-B≥ Ah-Xo¿Wam- b-sX-∂Xv icn. F∂m¬ B ssZhnI thZ-Øns‚ `mj Ad_n `mj°pw hg-ßp-∂-X√. hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Xs∂ Ad_n `mjm-\n-]p-W≥amsc A°m-eØv sh√p-hn-fn®p: ""\n߃°m-hp-sa-¶n¬ CXn\v Xpey-am-sbmcp hN\w \n¿an®p sIm≠p-hcq.'' A°m-esØ Ad_n `mjm-]-Sp-°ƒ H∂n®p {ian®pt\m°n, ]cm-P-b-s∏´p F∂-XmWv Ncn{Xw. F¥m-WnXv hy‡-am-°p-∂Xv? hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Ad-_n-bn-em-sW-¶nepw bYm¿-Y- Øn¬ AXns‚ `mj ssZh-`m-j-bmWv. A√m-lp-hns‚ `mj. Aev]w hni-Zo-I-cn°mw. Ad_n ]e cmPy-ß-fn-tebpw kwkm-c-`m-j-bmWv. ]t£, Hmtcm cmPyØpw Hmtcm hn[-Øn-em-WXv. AtX-k-abw, hnip≤ Jp¿- B≥ F√m cmPy-ß-fnepw Htc hn[-am-Wp-≈Xv. ]mcm-b-W-Ønepw sFI-

3 2

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

cq]yw ImWmw. Kƒ^v \mSp-I-fnse tPmen-°p-th≠n Ad-_n-`mj ]Tn- °p-∂-h-cp-≠t√m, Ah-tcmSv hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse Hcp kq‡-Øns‚ A¿Y-a-t\z-jn®p t\m°pI. Ah¿ Dua-I-fmbn ssI ae¿Øp-∂Xv ImWmw. ssZh-`m-j-bn¬ ssZhw Cd-°n-b-XmWv hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥. AXv

F√m a\pjy¿-°pw kz¥-amWv. B¿°pw A\y-a√.

thZ `mjm-]-T-\-Øns‚ {]k‡n

hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Ah-c-h-cpsS `mj-I-fn¬ hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXv, B

X¿P-a-Iƒ \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ ]mcm-bWw sNøm-at√m; ss{IkvX-hcpw

CXc aX-ÿcpw A\p-h¿Øn-®p-h-cp∂ Cu k{º-Zmbw apkvenw-Iƒ°pw

kzoI-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xt√ F∂v Nne¿ tNmZn-t®°mw. AXn\p≈ adp-]Sn, hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ \qdp iX-am-\hpw Aß-s\-Øs∂ `mjm-¥cw sNøpI km[y-a√. ImcWw, Jp¿-B≥ ssZh `mj-bm-sW-∂Xv Xs∂. AXns‚ Bibw hy‡-am°mw. hnh-cWw \¬Imw. hymJym-\n°mw. F∂m¬ IWn-i-amb `mjm-¥cw km[y-a√. hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Ønb ]fin-X≥am¿ Xß-fpsS X¿Pa-Isf hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\mbn ]cn-N-b-s∏- Sp-Øp-∂n√. Ihn-Iƒ ]d-bm-dp≠v: ""Hcp IhnX aqe-`m-j-bn¬ ]mcm-bWw sNbvsX-¶n¬ am{Xta AXns‚ Bghpw AgIpw a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp- I-bp≈q.'' £Wn-I-amb Ihn-X-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ A`n-{]m-b-am-WnXv. Hcp

iXm_vZw t]mepw \ne-\n¬°mØ Ihn-X-Iƒ ]mcm-bWw sNøm≥ Ah-

bpsS aqe-`mj ]Tn-t°-≠-Xp-s≠-¶n¬, 1400 h¿j-ambn \ne-\n-ev°p∂,

temIm¥yw hscbpw AXn-\p-ti-jhpw \ne-\n-evt°≠ ssZh-`m-j-bpsS

Imcyw ]d-tb-≠-Xpt≠m? ssZh-`m-j-bpsS thKhpw `mchpw F{X-am-{X- am-bn-cp-s∂t∂m? ssZh-`mj hnip-≤ -Jp¿-B≥ hmIy-ß-fmbn Ah-Xo¿W- am-Ip-tºmƒ, Icp-Øp‰ ico-c-tØm-Sp-Iq-Snb {]hm-N-I≥, hnb¿Øv apJw \ndsb apØp-a-Wn-Iƒ Xqßn-\n-∂n-cp-∂-Xmbn \mw hmbn-°p∂p. Hcn-°¬ \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n H´-I-∏p-d-Øn-cns° ssZh-`mj Ah-Xo¿W-am-b-t∏mƒ AXns‚ `mcw Xmßm-\m-hmsX H´Iw \new-s]m-Øn-b-Xmbn Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWmw. Cu kw`-h-ß-fpsS B¥-cm¿Yw {Kln-°p-∂-h¿ Ad-_n-`mj ]Tn-°m≥ D’m-l-tØmsS apt∂m-´p-hcpw. Cu D’m-l-amWv F\n-°p- ≠m-bXv. Hcp `mj ]Tn-°p-tºmƒ AXns‚ en]n, Bte-J\ coXn, D®m-

cWw XpS-ßn-bh BZyw `ojWn Db¿Øpw. F\n°pw AØcw A\p-

`hw Xs∂-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. Ad_n D®m-cWw Fs‚ \mhn\v hg-ßn-bn-cp- ∂n√. heØp \n∂v CS-tØm´v Fgp-Xp-∂Xpw {]bm-k-ap-≠m°n. F∂m¬

""CXv ssZh-Øns‚ `mj-bmWv. ]mcm-bWw sNbvtX Xocq'' F∂ ZrV-

\n-›-b-Øns‚ apºn¬ Ad_n `mj kmh-[m\w sN√-°n-fn-bmbn tXmfn-

en-cp∂p.

Bdm-bncw \mgn-I-°-∏p-d-Øp-\n∂p h∂v B[n-]Xyw hmW-h-cpsS

`mj ]ecpw sXmgpXp ]Tn®p. GXm\pw Bbncw cq]m iºfw e`n°pw

F∂p tI´-]msS ]ecpw A\y-`mj hoWp-In-S∂v ]Tn®p. ]cy-S-\-߃ kpJ-I-c-am-°m≥ "ap∏Xv Znh-k-ß-fn¬ Hcp `mj' hmßn hmbn-°p∂p.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

3 3

F¶n¬ Bflob PohnXw CuSp-‰-Xm-°m≥ klm-bn-°p∂ ssZh-`mj ]Tn-°p-∂-Xn¬ am{Xw F¥m-Wn{X Bekyw?

as‰m∂v: Cu B[p-\nI temIØv GI-`m-jm-]-T\w sIm≠p aXn-bm- °p∂ \mK-cnI P\-k-aqlw Fhn-sS-bm-Wp-≈Xv? \K-c-hm-kn-I-fpsS kwkm-c-Øn¬ ]Ip-Xnbpw Cw•o-jmWv. Cßs\ t\m°n-bm¬ Bcpw GI-`m-jm-X-Xz-aw-Ko-I-cn®v Cu temIØv Pohn-°p-∂n-s√∂v ImWmw. Pohn- X-Øn¬ CSp-°hpw Bh-iyhpw t\cn-Sp-tºmƒ F√m-hcpw CX-c `m-j- Iƒ ]Tn-°m≥ k∂-≤-cm-hp∂p. GXpw ASn-t®-ev]n-°p-tºm-gmWv Ipg∏w. ssZh-`mj ASn-t®-ev]n-°-s∏-´-X√; A\p-{K-ln-®-cp-f-s∏-´-XmWv. Hcmƒ- t°m c≠p-t]¿t°m Hcp `mj-°m¿t°m cmPy-\n-hm-kn-Iƒt°m A√; apgp-h≥ a\p-jy-cm-in°pw th≠n ssZhw \ap°p I\n-™-cp-fnb H∂ns\ \mw X´n-sØ-dn-∏n-°p-∂Xv ]¥n-bmtWm F∂v Fs‚ a\ v ASn-°Sn tNmZn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. ss{IkvX-h-sc-t∏mse, As√-¶n¬ a‰p-≈-h-sc- t∏mse X¿P-a-Isf thZ-ambn Icp-Xm-hp-∂-XmtWm? adp-]Sn hy‡-amWv:

B thZ-߃ ssZh-a-cp-fnb `mj-I-fn¬ ˛ km£m¬ cq]-Øn¬ ˛ \ne-hn- en√. {]hm-N-I-∑m-cpsS Ncn-{X-I-Y-Ifpw D]-tZ-i-ß-fp-am-Wh. AXp-sIm≠v ss{IkvX-h-cpsS k{º-Zmbw A\p-[m-h\w sNøp-∂-Xn¬ {]k-‡n-bn√. as‰mcp khn-ti-jX, hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ GXm\pw t]¿°p-am{Xw ]mcm- bWw sNøm-\-h-Im-i-ap≈ thZ-a√. Hcp hn`m-K-am-fp-I-fpsS IpØ-I-bm- °n-sh®v a‰p-≈-h¿°v hne-t°¿s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏´ {KŸ-hp-a√. F√m-hcpw ]mcm-bWw sNøm≥ th≠n Ah-Xo¿W-am-b-XmWv. Jp¿-B≥ F∂m¬ "]mcm-bWw sNøm≥ A¿l-am-bXv' F∂v kmcw. C°m-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn®v t_m[-hm-\mbn Rm≥ Ad_n `mj ]Tn-°m-s\m-cp-ßn-b-t∏mƒ AXns‚ Bcw-`-co-Xn-Xs∂ ]pXp-a-bp-≈-Xmbn tXm∂n. ssZh-\maw˛ _nkvan-√mlv˛ D®-cn-®p-sIm-≠mWv ]mTw XpS-ßn-bXv. ""Cu {iaw F\n°v Ffp-∏-am-°n- Ø-ctW \mYm'' F∂v A[ym-]-I≥ {]m¿Yn-°p-tºmƒ hnZym¿Ynbpw G‰p- sNm-√p∂ {]m¿Y-\-bmWv Fs∂ IqSp-X¬ B›-cy-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv. Hcp aX-Ønepw Cß-s\-sbmcp {]m¿Y\m-]m-T-ap-≈-Xmbn F\n-°-dn-bn√.

Ffp-∏-am-°tW F∂v \mw {]m¿Yn-°p∂p. "Cu thZsØ \mw Ffp- ∏-am°nsh®n-cn-°p∂p' Fs∂mcp hN\w hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ ImWmw. \ΩpsS {]m¿Y\-Iƒ°v ssZhw t\c-sØ-Øs∂ DØcw \¬In-bn-´p- ≠t√m! Fs‚ Kpcp-\m-Y≥ {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw, Rm≥ AtX‰psNm√p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ, "Ffp-∏-am-°p-∂Xv' F\n-°p-am-{X-amtWm; A[ym-]-I∂pw tN¿ØmtWm? F\n°v tcmam-©-ap-≠mbn. hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ°v am{X-amtWm ]T\w {ia-Icw? A[ym-]-I∂pw AXv {ia-Icw Xs∂-bmWv. "Ffp-∏-am- °tW' F∂ {]m¿Y\ A[ym-]-I≥ kzbw ad-∂p-sIm≠v Dcp-hn-Sp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Ad_n `mj hnZym¿Yn-Iƒs°√mw henb {]bmkw IqSmsX A`y-kn-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂-sX∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂p. CtXm-sSm∏w as‰m-∂p-IqSn a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xp≠v. Ad_n `mj ]q¿W-ambpw ]Tn®v Ad_n ]fin-X-\mb tijta Ckv-em-am-t«-jn-°m≥ ]mSp≈q F∂n√. BZyw, sIm®psIm®p hm°p-Iƒ hmbn-®m¬ aXn, A√mlp AIv_¿,

3 4

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

emC-eml C√-√mlv, apl-Ω-Zp¿d-kq-ep-√mlv t]mep-≈h. ]n∂oSv "A¬lwZp' F∂p XpS-ßp∂ A[ymbw. AXn\p tijw a‰p sNdnb sNdnb A[ym-b-߃˛Cß-s\-bmWv Rm≥ ]T\w XpS-ßn-bXv. Ct∏mƒ hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ X∏n-∏n-Sn®v kmh-[m\w ]mcm-bWw sNøm≥ F\n°v Ign-bp-∂p≠v. k¿h kvXpXnbpw A√m-lp-hn\v.

13. ]≈n-bn-te°v

apkv-en-am-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºp Xs∂ Ckv-em-anI A\p-jvTm\ apd-I-fn¬ Rm≥ BIr-jvS-\mbn. tZlØv Ipsd sh≈w tImcn-sbm-gn-°¬, AYhm sh≈-Øn¬ InS-°¬ CXm-bn-cp∂p Rm≥ ioen® Ipfn-bpsS cq]w. Hcp tcma-Iq]w \\-bm-Xn-cp-∂m¬ Ipfn ]q¿Wam-hp-I-bn-s√∂ Ckvem-anI A[ym-]-\-a-dn-™-t∏mƒ Rm≥ tImƒa-bn¿sIm≠p. Fs‚ Ipfn-bpsS {Iaw Xs∂ amdn.

hkv{X-[m-cWw tIhew "BUw-_-c-{]-I-S\'ambn-cp∂p F\n°v. hkv{Xw \neØv hen-®n-g®psIm≠m-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ \SØw. F¶n¬ am{Xta \S-Ø-Øn\v Kw`o-c-`mhw ssIhcq F∂m-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ [mcW. hkv{X-[m-c-W-Øn¬ hn\-bhpw shSn-∏p-amWv ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-sX∂pw hkv{Xw \neØv hen-®n-g®v \S-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ Ckv-em-anI imk-\- Iƒ°-\p-kr-X-ambn Rm≥ hkv{X-a-Wn-bm≥ XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ Fs‚-bp- ≈nse K¿hpw Al-¶m-chpw \nt»jw XpS®pam‰-s∏´p.

Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn-°mØ Nne Zpxkz-`m-h-߃ F∂n-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. apkv-en-am-Ip-∂-Xn\v apºp Xs∂ Rm≥ Ah Hmtcm-∂mbn ssIsh-Sn-bm≥ XpSßn. AsX√mw Isøm-gn-®-t∏mƒ Fs‚ tZl-Øn¬Xs∂ {]I-S-amb am‰-ß-fp-≠mbn. Zp¿K-‘hpw AXn-km-chpw IÆns‚ Nph∏p \ndhpw kwkm-c-Ønse Ipg-®nepw A{]-Xy-£-ambn. icocw ip≤-ambn; Ckvemw Fs‚ izmkw t]mepw kpK-‘-ap-≈-Xm°n am‰ntbm F∂v Rm≥ AXn- i-bn-®p-t]mbn. kwkm-c-Ønepw s]cp-am-‰-Ønepw Ckv-em-anI A[ym-]- \-߃ ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ap-≠m°n. apc-SØw, Alw-`mhw, FSp-Øp-Nm´w XpS- ßn-bh hfsc Db¿∂ KpW-ß-fm-bmWv apsº√mw Rm≥ Icp-Xn-bn-cp- ∂Xv. am\y-amb kwkm-c-Øn\pw kuay-amb s]cp-am-‰-Øn\pw Ckvemw Du∂¬ \¬Ip-∂-Xp-I≠v AXv Rm≥ ]co-£n-®p-t\m°n. ]n∂oSv F∂n- te°v Rm≥ Xncn™pt\m°n-b-t∏mƒ "a\p-jy-Xzhpw hnim-e-a-\-kvI- Xbpw' lrZ-b-Øn¬ ]qØv \nd™v \nev°p-∂Xp I≠p. Npcp-°-Øn¬, ImeØv I¨an-gn-°p-∂Xv apX¬ Dd-ßp-∂Xp hsc-bp≈ Fs‚ Hmtcm sNbvXn-bnepw Ckvemw ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-≠m°n. C{Xbpw Imcy-߃ apkven-am-ImsX Xs∂ Ckvem-anI kz`m-h-co-Xn-Iƒ Rm≥ kzmb-Ø-am- °n-b-t∏m-gp-≠mb am‰-ß-fmWv. ]cn-]q¿Wamb Hcp am¿Kw Fs∂ ]cn]q¿- Wam-°n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. AhnSw apX-emWv Rm≥ Ckvem-anI {KŸ-ß-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

3 5

sf-gp-Xm≥ XpS-ßn-bXv.

C{Xbpw Fgp-Xp∂ Xm¶ƒ C\nbpw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv apkven-am-Im- ØXv F∂ tNmZy-ß-fp-Zv`-hn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp∂p. DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬ \n∂pw sX∂n-¥y-bn¬ \n∂pw hntZ-i-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-ambn h∂ Cu tNmZy-i-c߃ Hcp IqSp-Xo¿Øv Fs∂ AXn¬ IpSp°n. B ic-]-RvPcw ]n∂oSv ]≈nsb e£y-am°n \oßm≥ XpSßn! hnip-≤-hmIyw (Iena) D®-cn°p- ∂ A\p-`hw tcmam-©-P-\-I-amWv. 1987 Pq¨ 6-˛\p sNss∂ aÆSn aAaq¿ akvPn-Zn¬ sh®v t]in Camw C¬bmkv F\n°p hnip-≤-hmIyw sNm√n- Ø∂p; Rm≥ AXv lrZ-bw-K-a-ambn samgn™p. A_vZp√m F∂ \mahpw kzoI-cn®p.

kl-[¿an-Wn-bpsS Ckvem-am-t«jw

Fs‚ Ckvem-am-t«-j-Øn¬ kt¥mjw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v Xan- g-I-Øp-\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-\n∂pw F\n°v A\p-tam-Z-\- k-tµ-i-߃ h∂p Ipan™p. ]t£, Fs‚ a\- n¬ kz¥w kl-[¿anWn Ckvemw Bt«- jn-®n-´n-√t√m F∂ hyY-bm-bn-cp∂p. Fs‚ `mcy {InkvXym-\n-bmWv. Fs‚ Ckvem-anI _‘-sØ-°p-dn®v Ah¿ t_m[-h-Xn-bmWv. ]t£, ""tbip ssZh ]p{X-\√; {]hm-N-I≥ am{X-amWv'' F∂ Ckvem-an-Im-[ym-]\w Aw- Ko-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ah¿ aSn-Im-Wn®p. F\n-°-dn-bm-hp∂ hni-Zo-I-c-W-߃ ]e-t∏m-gmbn Rm≥ Ah¿°v ]d-™p-sIm-SpØp. D≈Xp ]d-™m¬, Fs‚ kl-[¿anWn Ckvemw am¿Kw ]pW-cm≥ Rm≥ s]´ ]mSv \rØ- kw-KoX hmZy-߃°v Xmfw {Iao-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ {ia-I-c-am-bn-cp∂p. kv{XoIƒ Ckvem-am-t«-jn-°pI F∂Xv al-Ømb ssZhm-\p-{K-l-am- bmWv Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂Xv. A√, \nß-fpsS `mcy C\nbpw Ckvem-am-t«- jn-°m-ØXv F¥psIm≠m-sW∂v "DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-t_m['tØmsS tNmZn- ® Hcp kplr-Øns\ Rm≥ Iq´n-s°m≠p t]mbn Ah-cpsS tNmZy-߃°v adp-]Sn \evIm-\m-h-iy-s∏´p. Fs‚ `mcy tNmZyw XpSßn. AhnsS \n∂p Fgp-t∂-‰p-t]mb kplrØv ]ns∂ Xncn-®p-h-∂n√. ]e-t∏mgpw F\n°v au\w ]men-t°-≠n-h∂ Ah-cpsS Nne tNmZy-߃°v Rm≥ adp-]Sn Is≠Øn. F\n°v km[y-amb coXn-bn¬ Ah¿°v Rm\Xv ]d-™p- sIm-SpØp. F¶nepw DSs\ ^e-sam-∂p-ap-≠m-bn√. Rm≥ ]d™p: icn, Fs‚ \a-kvImcw \o {i≤n-°pI. Ah¿ Fs‚ \a-kvImcw kq£va- ambn \nco-£n-°m≥ XpSßn. Rm≥ "hpZq' (AwK-ip≤n) sNøp-∂Xv, GIm- {K-X-tbmsS \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v \nev°p-∂Xv, \a-kvI-cn-°p-∂Xv F√mw Ah¿ ]e-X-hW \nco-£n®p. ""\mYm! Fs‚ kl-[¿an-Wnsb \ns‚ am¿K- Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-ØtW!'' F∂v \nd-an-gn-I-tfmsS Ccp-Icw \o´n Rm≥ ssZh-tØmSv {]m¿Yn-°p-∂Xpw Ah¿ I≠n-´p-≠m-hWw. Hcn-°¬ Ah¿ a\- p-I-eßn ]d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn: ""\n߃ thW-sa-¶n¬ Hcp apkvenw kv{Xosb hnhmlw sNbvXp-sIm-≈pI. Fs∂-sbm∂p Hgn-hm-°n-Ø-∂m¬- aXn.'' ap∏Xp h¿j-ambn XpS-cp∂ \ΩpsS Zmº-Xy-_‘w th¿s∏-Sp-Øm≥ km[y-a-s√∂p Rm≥ ]d™p. Fs‚ IÆp-Iƒ \nd™p Xpfp-ºp-∂Xp

3 6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

I≠-t∏mƒ Ah¿ Ckvem-am-t«-jn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®-Xmbn hm°p-X∂p. 1987 BKÃv 8˛\p _en-s]-cp-∂mƒ kpZn-\-Øn¬ Ah¿ hnip≤ hmIy-ap- ®-cn®p. ^mXzna F∂ t]¿ kzoI-cn®p. ho≠pw Hcp {]Xn-k‘n. Ah- cpsS Ckvem-am-t«jw c≠v amk-Øn\p tij-am-b-Xp-sIm≠v ho≠pw \n°mlv (hnhml DS-ºSn) sNtø-≠-Xp-s≠∂p ]d-b-s∏´p. BKÃv 21- ˛\v AXpw \S∂p.

hnizm-kn-I-tfmSv Hc-`y¿Y\

Ct∏mgpw Fs‚ a\ v Ae-b-Sn-°p-I-bmWv. IpSpw-_-Ønse a‰w-K- ßfpw Ckvem-am-t«-jn-t°-≠-Xp-≠t√m F∂ B[n Fs∂ Ae-´p∂p. Znh-khpw ]e kµ¿`-ß-fn-embn Ahsc Rm≥ Ckvem-an-te°v £Wn- °m-dp≠v. ]t£, Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿i-\- Øn\n\nbpw CSw e`n-®n-´n√. Fs‚ IpSpw-_mw-K-߃ apgp-h≥ Ckvem-

am-t«-jn-°m-\mbn kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ {]m¿Yn-°-W-sa∂p Rm≥ A`y¿Yn-

°p-I-bmWv. Ah¿ hcptam Ct√

Fs‚ ]mX Fs‚ ]m-Z-߃°p

Iosg. Fs‚ t\{X-ßtfm, k≥am¿K-Ønse hnime N{I-hm-f-Øn¬. Fs‚ c£n-Xmhv Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xp-hsc Cu ssZh-Zm-k≥ {]bmWw XpS¿-

]n∂oSv Fs‚ c£-I≥ F\n°v "Ag-Im¿∂

∂p--sIm-t≠-bn-cn°pw A¥yw' \¬Ipw.

?

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

3 7

A\p-_‘w i

DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬ \ns∂mcp IØv

Isse-am-aWn A_vZp√m ASn-bm-dpsS "\m≥ ImX-en°pw Ckvemw'* hnhn[ `mj-I-fn-te°v hnh¿Ø\w sNø-s∏-´n-´p≠v. {]kvXpX IrXn-bpsS lnµn ]Xn∏v hmbn® \yqU¬ln-°m-c-\mb H.]n. Kp]vX Nne kwi-b-߃ D∂-bn- ®p-sIm≠v ASn-bm¿°v Zo¿L-amb Hcp IØv (lnµn-bn¬) Fgp-Xp-I-bp-≠mbn. kplr-Øp-°-fn¬ Nne¿ AXv ]cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw AXn\v adp-]Sn Fgp- Xp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Kp]vX-bpsS IØpw A_vZp√m ASn-bm-dpsS adp-]-Sn-bp- amWv Xmsg:

{io. ASn-bm¿,

F√m aX-ß-fp-sSbpw {KŸ-߃ Xm¬]-cy-]q¿hw hmbn-°p∂ Hcm- fmWv Rm≥. k¿ha-X-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw icn-bmb [mcW DƒsIm-≈-W- sa∂v AXn-bmb Xm¬]cyw F\n-°p≠v. Ckv-em-an-s\-°p-dn®v a\- n-em- °m≥ hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ c≠p-aq∂p XhW ]mcm-bWw sNøp-I-bp-≠mbn. AXn\p ]pdsa, Hcp-]mSv Ckv-em-anI {KŸ-ßfpw hmbn®p. Cu hmb\ hgn, Ckv-em-an-t\m-Sp≈ Fs‚ aXn∏v h¿[n-°p-Ibpw sX‰mb [mc-W- Iƒ \oßp-Ibpw ]pXnb hnh-c-߃ ]eXpw e`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xm¶ƒ cNn®v \kow-K-mkn lnµn-bn-te°v hnh¿Ø\w sNbvX "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' F∂ IrXnbpw hmbn-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. AXn¬ Xncp-\_n (k)sb°p-dn®v Xm¶ƒ Fgp-Xn-b-X-{Xbpw Rm≥ AwKo-I-cn- °p∂p. At±-lsØ C\nbpw hmgvtØ-≠-Xm-bp≠v F∂pw a\- n-em- °p∂p. {]kvXpX IrXn hmbn-®-t∏mƒ ]pXnb Iptd tNmZy-ßfpw Fs‚ a\- n¬ \msº-SpØp. Ah ChnsS Ipdn-°p∂p. Zb-hmbn Xm¶ƒ Ahbv°v adp-]Sn Xc-W-sa∂v At]-£n-°p∂p. Fs‚ [mc-W-I-fn¬ h√ ]ng-hp-ap-s≠-¶n¬ AX-I-‰m\pw bmYm¿Yyw {Kln-°m\pw AXp-]-I-cn-

3 8

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

t®°pw. Xm¶-fpsS ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ Ggmw t]Pn¬ "thZ-Øns‚ A¿Yw ImgvN-bn¬\n∂v ad-bv°-em-sW'∂v {]kvXm-hn®p ImWp∂p. thZw "Adn- hns‚ `fimc'-amsW∂pw AXn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p∂p. t]Pv ]Xn-aq-∂n¬, ""aX-ß-fp-sSbpw hnπ-h-ß-fp-sSbpw Ncn-{X-Øn¬, Ah-bpsS \mb- I≥am¿s°√mw FXn¿∏p-Iƒ t\cn-tS-≠n-h-∂n-´p-s≠-¶nepw \_n-Xn-cp- ta-\n-°p-≠m-b{X cq£-amb FXn¿∏v a‰m¿°pw t\cn-tS-≠n-h-∂n-´n√''F∂v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. Xncp-ta-\n°v C{X-b-[nIw FXn¿∏p-Iƒ t\cn-tS-≠n- h-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? a‰p≈ aX-ßsf {]t_m-[\w sNbvX-h¿ Xß- fpsS ktµ-i-߃ kvt\l-]q¿hw {]N-cn-∏n-®-t∏mƒ Xncp-ta\n Xs‚ Bi- b-߃ "PnlmZn'-eqsS a‰p-≈-h-cn¬ ASn-t®-ev]n-°m≥ Xp\n-™-Xt√ CXn\p ImcWw? ]Xn-aq∂mw t]Pn¬ Xs∂, "Nn{X-߃, ine-Iƒ, hn{K- l-߃ F∂n-hsb Bcm-[n-°-cp-sX∂ Bibw Xncp-ta-\n-sb-t∏mse temIØv as‰mcp hnπ-h-Im-cnbpw {]t_m-[\w sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn-s√'∂v ]d-bp∂p. CtX Bibw Xs∂-bmWv Bcy-k-amPw ÿm]-I≥ kzman Zbm-\-µ\pw ]d-™Xv. F∂m¬ At±lw t£{X-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hn{K-l- ßsf \n¿am¿P\w sNbv-Xn√. t]Pv 14˛¬ ]d-bp∂p: ""djybn¬ Iayq- WnÃv `c-W-amWv. AXp ssZhsØ \ntj-[n-°p∂p. F∂m¬ hn{K-l- ßsf \in-∏n-°mt\m \o°w sNømt\m AXn\p N¶q‰w C√.'' ChnsS "N¶q‰w' F∂ {]tbm-K-Øn\v {]k-‡n-bn√. djy-bn¬ Kh¨sa‚n\v kz¥w i‡n-bp-]-tbm-Kn®v AXp sNøm-am-bn-cp∂p; ]t£, sNøp-∂n√. Ckv-em-ans‚ A[ym-]-\-߃ k∑m¿K-Zm-bIw Xs∂. F∂m¬, ssIbq- °p-sIm≠v hn{K-l-ßsf \in-∏n-®Xv Ckv-em-an\v A]-Io¿Øn-I-c-ambn. djy-bn¬ hn{K-l-ßsf i‡n-bp-]-tbm-Kn®v \o°wsNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn√. ImcWw, a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Bcm-[-\m-kzm-X{¥yw ASn-®-a¿Øp-∂Xv a\p-jy-

kw-kvIm-c-Øn-\p-Xs∂ hncp-≤-amWv. ]pdw

(t]Pv \º-dn√): ""Xncp-

ta\n ssZh-am¿Kw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ A[ym-]-I\pw ssk\ym-[n-]-\p-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu c≠p khn-ti-j-X-Ifpw At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ am{Xta ImWp- ∂p≈q F∂v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. alm-`m-cXw Xm¶ƒ hmbn-®n-´nt√? KoX D]-tZ-in-°p∂ IÆs\ tI´n-´nt√? IÆ-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬,

]Xn-\mdv tk\m-Z-f-ß-fpsS ta[m-hn-bm-bn-cp∂p At±-l-sa∂p Xm¶ƒ a\- n-em-°n-bn-´p-≠mhpw.''

t]Pv 23˛¬, ""ap\n-amcpw Ejn-amcpw ssZhsØ {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm≠v Be-]n® KoX-ß-fpsS kam-lm-c-amWv thZ-߃'' F∂p ]d-bp∂p. thZ- ߃ \mep≠v. Hmtcm∂pw Hmtcm {]tXyI Bi-b-߃ DƒsIm-≈p∂p. ssZh-Io¿Ø\w IqSmsX KWnXw, imkv{Xw, Pohn-X-Z¿i\w, AJn-e-N- cm-N-c-kr-jvSn∏v F∂n-ßs\ sshhn-[y-am¿∂ hnj-b-߃ thZ-ß-fn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-´p≠v. thZ-߃ ]Tn-°m≥ Xm¶ƒ A¬]-k-abw Is≠- ØWw. 23˛mw t]-Pn¬ ""A√mlp eulp¬ au^qfn¬ kq£n® {KŸ- amWv Jp¿-B≥'' F∂p ]d-bp∂p. ssZhw Acq]n, Ah\v Ah-b-h-ß- fn√ F∂v Jp¿-B-\n¬ ]d-™n-´p≠v. Aß-s\-bp≈ Hcp i‡n Jp¿- Bs\ "eulp¬ au^qfn'¬ Fß-s\-bmWv sh®Xv? {]hm-N-Is‚ P\- \-Øn-\p-apºv F¥p-sIm≠v ssZhw AXn-d-°n-bn√. a\p-jy-N-cn{Xw

¬

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

3 9

Xncpta\n P\n-°p-∂-Xn\pw tImSm-\p-tImSn kwh-’-c-߃°p apºv Bcw- `n-®n-cns° hnti-jn®pw? AtX- t]-Pn¬Xs∂: ""eulp¬ au^q-fnse

B {KŸ-Øn¬\n∂v Aev]m-ev]-ambn hnip-≤-am-em-J-bmb Pn_v-co¬

A√m-lp-hns‚ ZqX\v FØn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p!'' F¥p-sIm-≠mWv A√mlp AXv \_n°v t\cn´v \¬Im-Xn-cp-∂Xv? H∂n®v Hcp {KŸ-ambn \¬ImsX F¥p-sIm-≠mWv A¬]m¬-]-ambn \¬In-bXv? apgp-{K-Ÿhpw H‰-b-Sn- °pXs∂ Cd-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wt√m? t]Pv 26: ""A√m-lp-hn¬\n∂v Ah- Xo¿W-amb Jp¿-B≥ BZy-ambn ]mcm-bWw sNbvX hy‡n "DΩn'˛- FgpØpw hmb-\bpw Adn-bm-Ø-h≥˛Bbn-cp∂p. Fgp-Xm\pw hmbn-°m-

\pw hi-an-√mØ Hcmƒ°v {Kln-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-¶nepw \nc-£-c≥ Fß-

s\-bmWv ]mcm-bWw sNøpI? t]Pv 30˛¬: ""thZw kwkvIr-X-Øn-e√:

AXn\pw apºp≈ `mj-bn¬ cNn-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cn°mw.'' Rm≥ Adn-t™- S-tØmfw thZw kwkvIr-X -`m-j-bn¬X-s∂-bmWv cNn-°-s∏-´Xv. AsX- gp-Xnb Ejn-am¿ kwkvIrXw \∂mbn hi-ap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. kwkvIr-X- Øn-\p-apºv Hcp `mj D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ B `mj GsX∂v ]d-bmtam?

t]Pv 34: ""Nne hn`mKw Bfp-Iƒ thZw ]mcm-bWw sNøp-∂Xpw tIƒ°p-∂Xpw in£m¿l-ambn IW-°m-°n-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Ah¿°v B in£ \¬I-s∏-´n-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Ncn-{X-Øn¬\n∂v a\- n-em-hp-∂p≠v.'' Xm¶-fpsS Cu ho£Ww icn-Xs∂. aX-sØbpw thZ-ß-sfbpw kzm¿YXm¬]-cy-߃°p-th≠n D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Hcp-sº-´-h¿°mWv in£-\¬In-bn-cp-∂Xv. Ah-sc√mw ZpjvS-cm-bn-cp∂p. thZw F√m-h¿°pw hmbn-°m-\p-≈-X√ F∂p thZ-Øn¬ Fhn-sSbpw ]d-™n-´n√, kzman Zbm- \-µ≥ Fgp-Xnb "kXym¿Y{]-Imiw' t\m°pI. 52˛w ]pd-Øn¬: ""aqkm \_n°v H‰-b-Sn-°mWv XudmØv \¬I-s∏-´Xv. F∂m¬, hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ apgp-h≥ H∂n-®-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn√'' F∂p ]d-bp∂p ! Jp¿-B- s\-t∏mse XudmØpw ssZhw \¬Inb thZ-{K-Ÿ-at√? AsX-sb-¶n¬ c≠n-\p-an-S-bn¬ F¥p-sIm≠v Cu hyXymkw? c≠v I¬]-\-Isf (Jp¿- B\pw Xudm-Øpw) Cd-t°≠ Bh-iy-sa¥v?

t]Pv 49˛¬ : ""Ckvemw {]N-cn-®-Xv hmfp-sIm-≠m-sW∂ hmZw A_- ≤-P-Sn-e-amWv'' F∂v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. F∂m¬ t]Pv 74˛¬ ""kImØv \ntj-[n-®-h¿s°-Xn-cn¬ H∂mw-J-eo^ hmsf-Sp-°p-I-bp-≠mbn'' F∂pw ]d-bp∂p. AtX-`m-KØv Xm¶ƒ ho≠pw Fgp-Xp∂p: ""kImØv \ntj-[n-

°p-∂-h¿˛Ah¿ apkv-enw-I-fm-bn-cp-∂mepw icn˛ Ckv-em-ans‚ hmƒ Ah¿- s°-Xn-cmbn Dbcpw.'' CXn¬ GXmWv icn? "Ckv-em-ans‚ hmƒ' F∂p ]-d-™-Xns‚ s]mcp-sf-¥mWv? a\km kzoI-cn-t°≠ BZ¿i-at√ aXw? ChnsS hmfn\v ÿm\-sa-hnsS? F¨]sØ´mw ]pd-Øn¬ ""`mc-Xo-b - cm-Pm-°-∑m¿ ssk\n-Im-{I-aWw \SØn CX-c- cm-Py-ß-fn¬ Xß-fpsS

aXw {]N-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. Pmh, kpam{X, Itºm-Unb F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ C∂pw

lnµp-a-X-Øns‚ kzm[o\w Zriy-amWv; hn{K-l-ß-fp-ap-≠v'' F∂v Fgp-Xn- bn-cn-°p∂p. Pmh, kpam{X, Itºm-Unb F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ am{X-a√, Ad- _p-\m-Sp-I-fnepw hn{K-l-߃ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v. lnµp-aXw C¥y-bn¬

4 0

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

]cn-an-X-am-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂-Xn\v CsX√mw ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fmWv. F∂m¬ C¥y≥ cmPm-°-∑m¿ CX-c -\m-Sp-I-fn¬ ssk\n-Im-{I-aWw \SØn Xß- fpsS aXw {]N-cn-∏n-®-Xn\v sXfn-hp-I-fn√. AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ kw`-h-߃ Xm¶ƒ hmbn-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬ B cmPm-°-∑m-cpsS hnh-c-߃ sXfn-hp-k- lnXw ]d-bpI.

{]nb-k-tlm-Zcm, Ckv-em-ans\ Rm\pw kvt\ln-°p∂p! hnip-≤-Jp¿- Bs\ kz¥w aX-{K-Ÿw-t]mse IW-°m-°p∂p, BZ-cn-°p∂p. a‰p aX- ß-sf-t∏mse Ckv-em-an-s\bpw Jp¿-Bs\bpw Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p-∂Xv NphsS ]d-bp∂ Imc-W-ß-fm-emWv.

1. a\p-jys\ \√ a\p-jy-\m-hm≥ klm-bn-°p∂p.

2. k¬I¿a-߃ sNøm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p∂p.

3. AK-Xn-I-sfbpw Ai-c-W-scbpw klm-bn-°m≥ DZvt_m-[n-∏n-°p∂p.

4. kImØv sImSp-°m≥ A\p-im-kn-°p∂p.

5. ssZhw GI\pw k¿h-i-‡\pw Icp-Wm-a-b\pw Bcm-[-\-°¿l-

\p-amWv; Ahs\ am{Xta Bcm-[n-°mhq; Ahs‚ apºn¬ am{Xta Xe- Ip\n°mhq; a‰m-scbpw as‰m-∂n-s\bpw Bcm-[n-°-cp-sX∂v DZvt_m-[n- ∏n°p-∂p.

6. kvt\l-Øns‚ ktµiw {]N-cn-∏n-°p∂p. kmtlm-Z-cy-Øn-eq∂n \ne-sIm-≈p∂p.

7. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS KpW-Øn-\p-th≠n XymKw kln-°m≥ DZvt_m-[n-∏n- °p∂p.

8. \ap°v {]nb-¶-c-amb hkvXp ssZh-am¿K-Øn¬ A¿∏n-°m≥ Bh- iy-s∏-Sp∂p.

9. hn[n-hn-e-°p-Isf am\n®p Pohn-°m≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p.

10. Bcm-[-\-bpsS EPphpw bYm¿Y-h-pamb coXn ImWn-®p-X-cp∂p. Zn\w-{]Xn A©p-t\cw ssZhsØ \a-kvI-cn-°m≥ B⁄m-]n-°p∂p.

11. Ckvemw DZvt_m-[n-∏n-°p∂p: ""a\pjym, ssZhw ]c-a -Z-bm-ep-hm-

Ip∂p. \ns‚ t]mcm-bva-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°m\pw ]m]-tam-N-\-Øn-\pw -th≠n

Ah-t\mSv {]m¿Yn-°pI. Ah≥ Xo¿®-bmbpw \n\°v s]mdp-Øp-Xcpw. Ah≥ F√m-‰n\pw Ign-hp-≈-h-\t√m.''

12. Ckvemw Bscbpw sNdn-b-h≥, hen-b-h≥ F∂ hnth-N-\-Zr-jvSn- tbmsS t\m°p-∂n√. A\o-Xnsb FXn¿°p∂p.

13. \oXn ÿm]n®v \ne-\n¿Øm\pw _m[y-X-Iƒ \nd-th-‰m\pw Jp¿- B≥ hy‡-ambn A\p-im-kn-°p∂p.

14. Jp¿-B≥ B⁄m-]n-°p∂p: ""GI-\mb \mYs\ ]q¿W-hn-izm-k-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

4 1

tØmsS apdp-sI-]n-Sn-°pI. Ahs‚ B⁄-Iƒs°mØv {]h¿Øn-°pI.''

C∆n-[-ap≈ DZvt_m-[-\-ß-fpsS Hcp `fim-c-amWv hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥. F{X-X-hW hmbn-®mepw ]pXn-b-]p-Xnb Bi-b-߃ AXn¬\n∂v Is≠- Øm≥ Ign-bp∂p.

{]nb ktlm-Zcm, apkv-enw-I-fpsS hm°p-Iƒ Ah-ew-_-am°n Xm¶ƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬, ssZh-am¿K-Øn¬ Ckv-em-ans\ bYm¿Y-ambpw kvt\ln-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬, P\-߃°v Ck-v-em-ans‚ icn-bmb cq]w ]cn- N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ Bth-i-amWv Xm¶ƒ°p-≈-sX-¶n¬, Xo¿®-bmbpw Xm¶ƒ°v Ckv-em-ans\ kvt\ln°mw. ]t£, A\p-hm-N-Isc Atem-k- c-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hm°p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°m-Xn-cn-°pI. ""Fs‚ hoSmWv F√m hoSp-I-sf-°mfpw DØaw. Fs‚ \mSmWv F√m \mSp-I-sf-°mfpw t{ijvTw, Fs‚ aX-amWv F√m aX-ß-sf-°mfpw DZmØw'' F∂n-ßs\ Hcmƒ ]d- bp-∂-Xmbn k¶-¬]n-°pI. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ AXv apdn-th¬]n- °p∂p. Ah-cpsS a\- n¬ Fcn-®nepw Akzm-ÿyhpw A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂p. a\p-jy-{]-Ir-Xn-bm-WXv. Xm≥ \n m-c\m-sW∂v tIƒ°m≥ Bcpw CjvS- s∏-Sp-∂n√. a‰p-≈-hsc CIgvØn \ap-s°m-cn-°epw Db-cm≥ km[y-a√. Xm¶-sfmcp ]{Xm-[n-]-cmWv. Xqen-I-bpsS i‡n Xm¶ƒ°-dnbmw. Xm¶ƒ ]fin-X-\mWv. Ckvem-an\v al-Ømb tkh-\-a¿∏n-°m≥ Xm¶ƒ°v Ignbpw. F∂m¬ Ckv-em-ans\ tkhn-°p∂p F∂ Imc-W-Øm¬ CXc [¿a-ß-fpsS Ipd-hp-Iƒ tXSn-Øn-ctb-≠-Xn√. Ckv-em-ans‚ al-XzsØ tXSn-∏n-Sn®v P\-߃°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-ØpI. Fs‚ Cu A`y¿Y-\sb Xm¶ƒ sX‰mbn a\- n-em-°p-I-bn-s√∂v Icp-Xp∂p. Fs‚ Ipdn-∏n¬ Fs¥-¶nepw ]ni-Ip-s≠-¶n¬ Ft∂mSv £an®v Xmsg hnem-k-Øn¬ adp- ]-Sn-sb-gp-X-W-sa∂v At]-£n-°p∂p; Xm¶-fpsS FgpØv Fs‚ A_-≤- ßsf Zqco-I-cn-t®°mw.

Xm¶-fpsS ktlm-Z-c≥, H.]n. Kp]vX, _n 2-˛_n 75, P\-Iv]pcn, \yq U¬ln ˛ 110 058

4 2

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

A\p-_‘w ii

{io. Kp]vX°v hn\-b-]q¿hw

_lp-am-\y-\mb {ioam≥ Kp]vX°v t£amiw-k-Iƒ!

Xm¶-fpsS Fgp-Øp-In´n. Rm≥ Xan-gn¬ Fgp-Xnb "\m≥ ImX-en°pw C-kvemw' lnµn-bn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p-s≠∂v am{Xta Adn-™n-cp-∂p≈q. B {KŸw lnµn-`m-j-°m-c-\mb Xm¶-sf-t∏m-ep-≈-h-cpsS Nn¥sb sXm´p- W¿Øn F∂v Xm¶-fpsS IØv hy‡-am-°p∂p. ]pkvXIw hmbn-®-t∏mƒ Xm¶-fpsS a\- n¬ Nne kwi-b-߃ \msº-Sp-Ø-Xmbn kqNn-∏n-°p-I- bp-≠mbn. AXn\v adp-]Sn {]Xo-£n-°p-∂-Xmbpw Fgp-Xn-°≠p. F√m Adnhpw XnI-™-h-s\∂ K¿thm-sS-b√ Xm¶ƒ°v adp-]-Sn-sb-gp-Xm≥ Rm≥ Hcp-ßp-∂Xv. adp-]-Sn-sb-gp-Xm-\p≈ Ignhv ssZhw F\n°v I\n- ™-cpfpw F∂ hnizm-k-tØmsS Rm≥ XpS-ßp∂p.

Adn-hns‚ `fimcw

"\m≥ ImX-en°pw Ckvem'ans‚ Ggmw-t]-Pn-ep≈ Hcp hmIysØ ]cm-a¿in®v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn-°p∂p: "thZ-Øns‚ A¿Yw ImgvN-bn¬ \n∂v adbv-°¬' F∂m-sW∂v B hmN-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂p. AtX-k-abw, "Adn- hns‚ `fimc'amWv thZw F∂pw ]d-™n-´p≠v. c≠pw XΩn-se-ßs\ s]mcp-Ø-s∏Spw?

Xangv `mj-bn¬ thZ-Øn\v "assd' F∂pw t]cp≠v. "assd' F∂m¬ {]Xy-£-Øn¬ ImWp∂ hkvXp-hn-\p-≈n¬ ]tcm-£-amb as‰mcp s]mcpƒ AS°w sNbvXXv F∂¿Yw. Hmtcm XhW ]mcm-bWw sNøp- tºmgpw ]pXnb ]pXnb XXz-߃ Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bpI F∂-XmWv DØa thZ-{K-Ÿ-Øns‚ e£Ww. apØp-Iƒ ASn-Ø-´n-ep≈ kap-{Z- tØmSv CXns\ D]-an°mw. apØpIpfn-°p-∂-h≥ Hmtcm XhW apßn-bp- b-cp-tºmgpw ssII-fn¬ hnhn-[-Xcw apØp-®n-∏n-I-fp-≠mhmw. ]t£, Ic- bn¬ \n∂v kap{Zw ho£n-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v ASn-Ø-´n-ep≈ apØp-Iƒ ImWm-s\m-°p-∂n√. apØp-®n-∏n-Iƒ kap-{Z-Øn¬ Fs∂-¶nepw Hcp-\mƒ

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

4 3

C√m-XmImw. F∂m¬, ssZhn-I-thZw Imem-Imew apØp-Iƒ ]c-∂p-In-S- °p∂ ]mcm-hm-c-amWv. "ImgvN-bn¬\n∂v ad-bv°¬' F∂ {]tbm-Khpw "Adn-hns‚ `fimc'hpw XΩn¬ Fßs\ s]mcp-Ø-s∏Spw F∂mWv ASp- Ø-tNmZyw. s]mXp `fim-c-߃ t]mepw ]q´n-sh-°p-I-bmWv ]Xnhv. s]´n-Ifpw Xmgp-Ifpw \ne-h-d-Ifpw ZrjvSn-bn¬\n∂v `fim-csØ ad-®p- sh-°p-∂-Xn-\m-Wt√m. AXp-sIm≠v "ImgvN-bn¬ \n∂v ad-bv°epw' "Adn- hns‚ `fim-chpw' XΩn¬ sshcp-[y-an√.

kvt\lhpw PnlmZpw

\_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n°v A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-t°-≠n-h-∂-Xp-t]m-ep≈ ]co-£-W- ߃ a‰m¿°pw t\cn-tS-≠n-h-∂n-´n√ F∂ A`n-{]m-b-tØmSv hntbm-Pn- °p∂ a´n¬ Xm¶ƒ Ipdn® hcn-Iƒ Fs∂ AZv`p-X-s∏-SpØn. ""Xncp-ta- \n°v C{X-b-[nIw FXn¿∏p-Iƒ F¥p-sIm-≠mWv A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-t°-≠n- h-∂Xv? a‰p aX-ßsf {]t_m-[\w sNbvX-h¿ Xß-fpsS ktµ-i-߃ kvt\l-]q¿hw {]N-cn-∏n-®-t∏mƒ Xncp-ta\n Xs‚ Bibw "PnlmZn'eqsS a‰p-≈-h-cn¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-°m≥ Xp\n-™-Xt√ CXn-\p-Im-c-W''-sa∂v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn-°p∂p. Xm¶-fpsS Cu sX‰n-≤m-cW \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n-bpsS Poh-N-cn{Xw icn-bmb hn[-Øn¬ ]q¿Wambn ]Tn-°m≥ Ah-kcw e`n- °m-Ø-Xns‚ ^e-am-sW∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp∂p. Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS Poh-N-cn{Xw c≠p L´-ß-fmbn Xncn°mw. H∂v, a°m-\-K-c-Øn¬ Xncp-ta\n kvt\l- ]q¿hw Ckv-em-ans\ {]t_m-[\w sNbvX-Imew. c≠v, a°m-\-Kcw hn´v aZo-\-bn¬ sN∂-t∏mƒ kwPm-X-amb "{]Xn-tcm-[- k-a-c-Imew'. Cu c≠p Ime-L-´-ß-fn¬ G‰-hp-a-[nIw ]co-£-W-߃ t\cn-´Xv a°m-Po-hn-X-Øn- emWv. F{X-am{Xw £a-tbmSpw kvt\l-hn-Im-c-tØmSpw IqSn-bmWv Ckvemw {]t_m-[\w sNbvX-sX∂v hy‡-am-°p∂ GXm\pw DZm-l-c- W-߃ t\m°pI.

BZy-ambn Xs‚ D‰-h¿°p-th≠n Hcp hncp-s∂m-cp-°p-I-bmWv At±lw. hncp-∂ns‚ kam-]-\-Øn¬ Ckv-em-ans‚ ktµiw Ah¿°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. At∏mƒ, CXp-]-d-bm-\mtWm Rßsf £Wn-®p- h-cp-Øn-bXv F∂v tNmZn®v ]cn-l-kn-°p-I-bmWv Ah¿ sNbvXXv. CXmtWm ASn-t®¬]n-°¬? hnip≤ a°-bn-te°v Xo¿Ym-S-\-Øn\v hcp∂ Ab¬\m-´p-Imsc kao-]n®v k≥am¿K-k-tµiw lrZ-b-kv]r-°mbn At±lw hnh-cn-®p-sIm-SpØp. B`n-Nm-c-I-\mb apl-Ω-Zns‚ hio-I-cW a{¥-߃ tI´p-t]m-I-cp-sX∂v i{Xp-°ƒ FXn¿{]-Nm-cWw \SØn. AXw- Ko-I-cn® "Xpss^¬' ImXp-Iƒ ]™n-sh-®-S-®p-sIm-≠mWv a°-bn-te°v h∂Xv. F∂n´pw F¥p-≠mbn? hnip≤ {KŸ-Ønse {ih-W-kp-µ-c-amb hN-\-߃ At±-l-Øns‚ ImXp-Iƒ°p-≈n¬ Xpf-®p-I-bdn k≥am¿KØns‚ al-Xz-ap-W¿∂p. kXy-km-£y- h-N\w Dcp-hn´p Xpss^¬ Ckvemw Bt«-jn®p F∂mWv Ncn{Xw. CXmtWm ASn- t®¬]n-°¬, CXmtWm bp≤w?

thsdmcp kw`hw: Ab¬ ]´-W-amb XzmC-^n-te°v At±lw

4 4

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

k∑m¿K-Øns‚ ssIØn-cn-bp-ambn sN∂p. \obmtWm ssZh-Zq-X≥! ssZh- Zq-X∂p Rß-fpsS ASp-tØ°v hcm≥ Hcp Igp-X-sb-t∏mepw hml-\- ambn In´n-bnt√ F∂p ]cn-l-kn-°p∂p, Ahn-SsØ ]uc-{]-[m-\n-Iƒ. AXp-am-{Xtam? sXcp-hp-Ip-´n-Isf hn´v At±-lsØ Is√-dn-bn-°p∂p. {]hm- N-Is‚ tZlw apdn™p c‡w hm¿s∂m-gpIn. F∂n´pw B inem-lr-Z- b¿ a¿Z\w \n¿Øn-bn√. CXp-I≠v a\w-s\m¥ Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS ZØp-]p- {X≥ thZ-\-tbmsS ]d-bp∂p: ""\_ntb, Cu A{I-an-I-fpsS ]´-WsØ i]n-®p-I-f-bpI.'' c‡-Øn¬ Ipfn-®p-\n∂ Zmcp-W-amb B Ah-ÿ-bn¬ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ {]hm-N-I≥ F¥p ]d-™p-sht∂m? ""im]w sNmcn-bm- \√ Rm≥ h∂Xv. C∂v Cu ]´-W-hm-kn-Iƒ ssZh-k-tµiw \ntj-[n®v \sΩ t\mhn-®n-´p-≠mhmw; F¶nepw \msf Chcpw Ch-cpsS ]n≥ap-d-°mcpw k≥am¿Kw kzoI-cn-®p-Iq-Sm-bvI-bn√.''

{]nb-ap≈ Kp]vXm, Cu Ncn{X kw`-h-߃ Xm¶ƒ hmbn-®n-´nt√? CXn¬ Fhn-sS-bmWv ASn-t®¬]n-°¬? Fhn-sS-bmWv bp≤w? Ckvemw a°-bn¬ {]N-cn-®-t∏mƒ AXn¬ AWn-\n-c∂ ]ecpw ]mh-s∏-´-htcm ASn-a-Itfm sXmgn-em-fn-Itfm Bbn-cp∂p. Ah-cpsS apX-em-fn-am¿ (bP- am--\≥am¿) B ]mh-ßsf ASn®p; a¿Zn®p; IÆp-Iƒ IpØn-s∏m-´n®p; Np´p-]-gpØ aW-en¬ InSØn s\©n¬ ]md Ib-‰n-h®p; Imep-Iƒ c≠pw c≠p H´-I-ß-fp-ambn _‘n®v Ahsb hn]-co-X-Zn-i-bn¬ HmSn®v icocw No¥n-sb-dn™p. CØcw {Iqc-a¿Z-\-߃°v Xs‚ A\p-N-c-∑m¿ hnt[- b-cm-b-t∏mgpw kwb-a\w ]men-°p-I-bmWv \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n sNbvXXv. Ah- K-W\, \nµ, IpØp-hm°v, ]cn-lmkw Ch-bpsS Hcp ic-h¿j-am-bn-cp∂p BZy-L-´-Øn¬. At±lw \S-°p∂ hgn-Ifn¬ ap≈p-Iƒ hnXdn, N∏p-N- h-dp-Iƒ tZl-Øn´p. At±lw \a-kvIcn-°p-tºmƒ H´-I-Øns‚ No™ IpS¬ Igp-Øn¬ Nm¿Øn. Cßs\ Fs¥√mw!

{]nb-Kp]vXm, Cu a¿Z\-ßfpw {]bm-k-ßfpw Ht∂m ct≠m h¿j- am-bn-cp-∂n√. \o≠ ]Xn-aq∂p kwh-’-c-߃ a¿Z\-ßfpw {]bm-k-ßfpw kln-®p-sIm≠v Ckv-em-anI {]t_m-[\w \n¿h-ln® Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ {]hm-N-I-s\-bmtWm kvt\l-]q¿hw BZ¿i-{]-Nm-cWw \S-Øn-bn√ F∂m-t£-]n-°p-∂Xv? H∂p-IqSn hy‡-ambn ]d-™m¬, {]hmN-I\v ISpØ ]co-£-W-߃ t\cn-tS-≠n-h-∂Xv a°-bn¬ Ckvemw {]t_m- [\w sNbvX Ime-Øm-Wv. aZo-\-bn-se-Øn-b-Xn-\p-tijw XØp-ey-amb ]co-£-W-߃ A\p-`-hn-t°≠n h∂n-√. aZo-\-bn¬ a‰p Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]co-£-W-ß-sf-bmWv t\cn-tS≠n h∂-Xv. AXn-sem-∂mWv, apkv-enw-I- sfm-∂m-bn-t®¿∂v aZo-\-bn¬ ÿm]n® Ckv-em-anI cmjv{SsØ ssk\n- Im-{I-a-W-Øn-eqsS D≥aq-e\w sNøm≥ a°m-hm-kn-Iƒ Xøm-dm-bXv. i{Xp- ssk\yw B{I-a-W-Øn\v Hcp-ßn-h-cp-tºmƒ {]Xn-tcm[ ka-c-a-√msX as‰¥p c£m-am¿Kw? C°mcyw hy‡-ambn {Kln-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Xm¶ƒ°v Cu sX‰n-≤m-cW D≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂n√. as‰mcp Imcyhpw {it≤-b-amWv; Ckvemw hy‡-ambn {]Jym-]n-°p∂p: "aX-Øn¬ _e-{]-tbm-K-an√.' _e- {]-tbm-K-ans√∂n-cns° ASn-t®¬]n-°-en\p ]gp-sX-hn-sS? Ckvemw ]pXp-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

4 5

Xm-bp-≠m-°nb Hcp aX-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ "ASn-t®¬]n-°¬' kw`-hy-am- sW∂v ˛ hmZ-Øn-\p-th≠n ˛ kΩ-Xn-°m-am-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ hkvXpX AXm-bn-cp-∂n√. Ckvemw GI-ssZ-hsØ am{Xw Iogv-h-W-ßp∂ ]ucm-

Wn-I-a-X-amWv.

cwKw Iø-S-°n-bXv. CSbv°v \pg-™p-I-b-dnb Cu Ir{Xn-a-Xz-߃ \o°n

]gb aXsØ A\p-kva-cn-°p-I-bmWv apl-Ω-Zv\_n sNbvXXv. CS-°m- eØv, A√m-lp-hns\ am{Xw Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xn\p ]Icw emØ, a\mØ,

D XpSßn Ipsd s]¨ssZ-h-ßsf k¶-ev]n®p Bcm-[\ XpSßn.

"lp_p¬' F∂ Nph∂ Icn-¶¬ ssZh-Øn\v khn-ti-j- i-‡n-bp-≈- Xmbn k¶¬]n-°-s∏´p. Hmtcm Ipe-Øn\pw Hmtcm ssZh-߃! kqcy≥, tKmf-߃, IpXnc, Igp-I≥ XpSßn F√mw Bcm-[y-h-kvXp-°ƒ! CXm- bn-cp∂p {]hm-N-I≥ BK-X-\m-hp-tºm-gsØ Ahÿ. At±lw DZvtLm- jn®p: Ch-sbm∂pw ssZh-ß-f√. GtI-iz-c≥ (A√mlp) am{Xta ssZh- am-bp≈q. B DZvtLm-j-W-am-Is´ ssZhnI ktµ-i-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn- ep-am-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ASn-t®¬]n-°¬ F∂ Btcm-]-W-Øn\p Xs∂ ]gp-Xn√. CS-°m-eØv IS-∂p-Iq-Sn-b-hsb \o°wsNø¬ F∂-XmWv

icn-bmb {]tbmKw. CXv Ad-_v\m-´n-te°v am{Xw _m[-I-amb Imcy-

_lp-

a√. temI-sØßpw GI-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\-bmWv

_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\bpw hn{K-l-]q-Pbpw CS-°m-e-ØmWv

BZy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv.

ssZh ˛ hn{K-lm-cm-[-\-Iƒ DS-se-Sp-ØXv CS-°m-e-ØmWv. AØcw Bcm- [-\m-ap-d-Iƒ ssIsh-Sn™v GI-ssZ-hsØ am{Xw Bcm-[n-°m≥ Ckvemw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂p. Cu au-enI bmYm¿Yyw a\- n-em°n Ckvemw aXw

"PnlmZn'eqsS ASn-t®¬]n-°-s∏-´-XmWv F∂ A`n-{]mbw Xm¶ƒ Xncp- Øp-sa∂p hniz-kn-°p∂p. C\nbpw ktµ-l-ap-s≠-¶n¬ alm-flm-Km‘n Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ ]e t\Xm-°≥amcpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv Xm¶ƒ hmbn®p t\mt°-≠-Xp≠v. B ]fin-X-∑m-sc√mw "Ckvemw hmfp-sIm≠v {]N-cn- °-s∏-´-XmWv' F∂ Ip{]-Nm-c-WsØ i‡n-bmbn \ntj-[n-®n-´p≠v.

hn{K-l-`-RvP\w

]Xn-aq∂mw t]Pn-se-gp-Xnb "Bcm-[-\°p ]S-߃, ine-Iƒ, hn{K-l- ߃ XpS-ßnb bmsXm∂pw Bh-iy-an√. temIØv Hcp hnπ-h-Im-cnbpw {]hm-N-I-s\-t∏mse Cu Bibw {]t_m-[\w sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn√' F∂

`mKsØ Xm¶ƒ tNmZyw sNøp-I-bp-≠mbn. Bcy-k-am-P -t\-Xmhv kzman Zbm-\-µ≥ Cu Bibw ]Tn-∏n-°p-I-bp-≠m-sb-¶nepw t£{X-ß-fn¬\n∂v hn{K-l-ßsf \o°w sNbvXns√∂v Xm¶ƒ XpS¿s∂-gp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. CXn¬ F¥p tNmZy-am-Wp-≈-sX∂v F\n°v ]nSnIn´p-∂n√. hn{K-l-ßfpw ]S-ßfpw Bh-iy-an-s√∂p ]d™ kzman Zbm-\µv F¥p-sIm≠v Ahsb \o°w sNbvXn√ F∂v Ft∂mSv tNmZn-®n´v Imcy-apt≠m? \_n-Xn-cp-

ta\n a°-bnse IA-v_m-e-b-Øn¬ \n∂v hn{K-l-ßsf \o°w sNbvXXv

kw_-‘n®v Xm¶ƒs°t¥m sX‰n-≤m-c-W-bp-s≠∂v Rm≥ i¶n-°p∂p. Xm¶ƒ IA-v_m-e-b-Øns‚ Ncn{Xw ]Tn-°p-∂Xv \√-XmWv. IA-v_m-

ebw \n¿an-®Xv C_vdmlow (A{_lmw) \_n-bmWv. hn{K-l-ßtfm Nn{X-

ßtfm AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. Ime-tasd sN∂-t∏mƒ hn{K-l-ßfpw ]S-

4 6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

ßfpw IAv_m-e-b-Øn¬ "ASn-t®¬∏n-°-s∏-SpI'bmWp-≠m-bXv. 360 hn{K- l-߃˛ 360 ssZh-ß-fmbn ˛ GI-ssZ-h-Øns‚ B `h-\-Øn¬ IpSn-bn- cp-Ø-s∏´p. Chsb \o°w sNøp-I-bmWv ˛ as‰m-∂p-a√ ˛ Xncp-ta\n sNbvX-Xv; a‰p aX-°m-cpsS Bcm-[-\m-e-b-߃ Itødn hn{K-l-ßtfm ]S-ßtfm XI¿°p-∂Xv Ckv-em-anI [¿aa√.

Xm¶-fpsS \mem-asØ tNmZy-Øn\v tNmZy-Øns‚ kz`m-h-a√ D≈Xv; Ckv-em-ans‚ t]cn¬ Hcp Ip‰m-tcm-]Ww sXmSp-Øp-hn-´n-cn-°-bmWv sNbv- Xn-cn-°p-∂Xv. ""djy-bn¬ Iayq-WnÃv `c-W-amWv. AXv ssZhsØ \ntj- [n-°p∂p. F∂m¬ hn{K-l-߃ \o°w-sN-øm≥ AhnsS B¿°pw N¶q- ‰-an√'' F∂ hmN-IsØ hn]-co-Xm¿Y-Øn-emWv Xm¶-sf-Sp-ØXv. \mkvXn- I Kh¨sa‚m-bn-cp-∂n´pw hn{K-l-\n¿am¿P-\-Øn-\p≈ N¶q‰w F¥p-sIm- ≠p-≠m-hp-∂n√? ImcWw hy‡-amWv; hn{K-l-ßsf \o°wsNbvXv Acq- ]n-bmb ssZh-sØ- am{Xw Bcm-[n-°p∂ coXn ImWn-®p-sIm-SpØv as‰mcp Bcm-[-\-mapd ]Icw sh°m≥ IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn\v Iøn-en-cn-s∏m-∂p-an-√. F∂m¬ Ckvemw GI-ssZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬\n∂v hn{K-lßsf \o°w sNbv- Xp. AXn-\p-ff i‡nbpw {XmWnbpw Ckv-em-an\v kz¥-am-bp≠v F∂mWv B `mK-Øns‚ kmcw. Xm¶ƒ H∂p-c≠v hcn-I-sf-SpØp hymJym-\n®v, Ckv-em-ans‚ t]cn¬ A]-Io¿Øn-bm-tcm-]n-°p∂p. A]-Io¿Øn F¥m- sWt∂m Fß-s\-bm-sWt∂m hy‡-am-°p-∂n√. GI-ssZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬ \nc-h[n hn{K-l-ßsf {]Xn-jvTn-®-Xt√ bYm¿YØn¬ A]-Io¿Øn-Icw? adn®v, Ahsb \o°w-sN-bvXXv Fß-s\-bmWv A]-Io¿Øn-I-c-am-hpI? a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Bcm-[-\m-kzm-X{¥yw ASn-®-a¿Øp-∂Xv a\p-jy-kw-kvIm- c-Øn\v hncp-≤-am-sW∂ Xm¶-fpsS A`n-{]mbw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-tXm- sSm∏w hn{K-lm-cm-[-\bpw Nn{X-]q-P-bp-sams° "aµ-⁄m\'-amsW∂p lnµp-a-Xm-Nm-cy≥am¿ Xs∂ {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p-≈Xv Xm¶-fpsS khn-ti-j- {i≤ BI¿jn-t°-≠Xps≠∂p DW¿Øp∂p.

ssZhw Acq-]n-bm-sW∂v Ckvemw ]d-bp∂p. ssZh-Øn\p cq]-I-ev- ]\ \S-Øp-∂-hsc ITn-\-ambn Bt£-]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. IÆp-sIm- ≠v ImWm≥ km[y-a-√mØ ssZhsØ `mh-\m-hn-em-k-a-\p-k-cn®v hn{K- l-ßfpw ]S-ß-fp-ambn cq]-s∏-SpØn ""CXmWv ssZhw'' F∂v Bcp -]-d- ™mepw AXv anYy-bm-sW∂v Ckvemw {]Jym-]n-°p∂p. B anYy-Isf ]qPn-°-cpXv F∂v AXm-h-iy-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Cu ine-bn¬, Cu ]S-Øn¬ D≈-h-\mWv ssZhw F∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv ssZh-\n-tj-[-am-bmWv Ckvemw ImWp-∂Xv. Kp]vX tIm]n-°ptam, i¿a IpWvTn-X-s∏-Sptam F∂p IcpXn Cu ASn-Ø-dsb Ckvemw am‰p-I-bn√. hn{K-l-ß-sfbpw ]S-ß- sfbpw ]qPn-°m-\p≈ kzmX{¥yw a‰p-≈-h¿°p-≠mImw. F∂m¬ Ah¿ bYm¿Y-amb Acq-]n-bmb ssZh-sØ-hn´v anYym-ssZ-h-ß-sf-bmWv ]qPn- °p-∂Xv F∂v ]d-bm-\p≈ kzmX{¥yw Ckv-em-an-\p≠v. A\y-cpsS Bcm- [\m kzmX{¥yw Ckvemw Hcn-°epw [zwkn-°p-∂n√ (\_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n- bpsS Ckv-em-an-I-cm-jv{S-Øn¬ hyXykvX Bcm-[-\m-k-{º-Zm-b-ß-tfm-Sp- Iq-Snb hnhn[ aX-°m¿ sskzc-ambn Pohn-®n-cp∂p). F∂p-sh®v kz¥w

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

4 7

BZ¿isØ kzbw sRcn-®-a¿Øm≥ Ckvemw Xøm-d√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Ckv-em-anI thZ-{KŸw Cßs\ {]Jym-]n-°p-∂Xv: ""Rm≥ Bcm-[n-°p∂ ssZhsØ \nß-fm-cm-[n-°p-∂n√; \nß-fm-cm-[n-°p-∂-hsb (hn{Klw, ]Sw) Rm\pw Bcm-[n-°p-∂n√. \n߃°v \nß-fpsS aXw. F\n°v Fs‚ aXw.''

apl-Ω-Zv\-_nbpw {ioIr-jvW\pw

"apl-Ω-Zv\_n GI-ssZ-h-kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ A[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w ssk\ym-[n-]-\p-am-bn-cp∂p. Cu c≠v khn-ti-j-X-Ifpw At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ am{Xta ImWp-∂p≈q' F∂ Fs‚ hcn-I- fp-≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xm¶ƒ \nµbpw ]cn-lm-khpw [z\n-°p∂ Nne tNmZy- ߃ D∂-bn-®n-cn-°p∂p.

Kp]vX: Xm¶ƒ alm-`m-cXw hmbn-®n-´nt√?

Rm≥ : A¬]-sams°, "c≠mw `mcXw' F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp Kth-jW {KŸw cNn-®n-´p≠v!

Kp]vX: KoX-sNm-√p∂ IÆ-s\-°p-dn®v tI´n-´nt√?

Rm≥: Aev]-sams°; Bflm-hn-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ IÆs‚ ]cm-a¿i- ߃°v A]-{K-Y-\-sa-gp-X-nbn-´p≠v.

Kp]vX: IÆ-s\-°p-dn®v Xm¶ƒ ]Tn-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬ IÆ≥ ]Xn-\mdp

tk\m-Zf-ß-fpsS ta[m-hn-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂v a\-

Rm≥: icn-Xs∂! At±lw ssk\ym-[n-]-\m-bn-cp∂p. ]t£, GI- ssZ-h-kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ {]t_m-[-I-\m-bn-cpt∂m? KoX ]q¿Wambpw GI- ssZ-hm-Z¿iØn¬ Du∂p-∂n√. AXn¬ \nc-h[n ssZh-߃ IS-∂p-h-cp- ∂-Xmbn ImWmw. a\p-jy-\mbn P\n-®-h≥ `K-hm≥ IrjvW-\m-hpI F∂- Xv Ckv-em-ans‚ ssZh-k-¶-ev]-Øn\v hncp-≤-amWv. IÆ≥ GI-ssZ-h- kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ {]t_m-[-I-\-s√-∂n-cns° \_nsbt∏mse c≠p khnti- j-X-Iƒ At±-l-Øn¬ Hcp-an-°p-∂n√. CXv AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ Xm¶-fpsS a\ v ]mI-am-hptam Ft¥m?

thZ-ß-fpsS ktµiw

thZ-߃ bYm¿Y-Øn¬ ap\n-amcpw Ejn-amcpw ssZh-sØ-°p-dn®v Be- ]n® KoX-ß-fpsS kam-lm-c-amWv F∂ Fs‚ Hcp hmN-I-ap-≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xm¶ƒ thZ-ß-sf-Ip-dn®v hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂p: ""thZ-߃ \mep≠v. Hmtcm- ∂pw {]tXyIw Bi-b-߃ DƒsIm-≈p∂p. ssZh-Io¿Ø\w IqSmsX KWnXw, imkv{Xw, Pohn-X-Z¿i\w, AJn-e-N-cm-N-c-kr-jvSn∏v XpS-ßnb sshhn-[y-am¿∂ hnj-b-߃ thZ-ß-fn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-´p≠v.'' XpS¿∂v thZw ]Tn-°m≥ Xm¶ƒ Aev]w k-abw Is≠-Ø-W-sa∂pw Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cn- °p∂p.

thZ-]-T\w \S-Øn-b-Xn-\p-tijw Rms\-Øn-t®¿∂ ho£-W-amWv

n-em-°n-bn-´p-≠mhpw.

4 8

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

Fs‚ IrXn-bn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv. thZ-߃ ssZh hN-\ßf√ F∂mWv A∏-d-™-Xns‚ A¿Yw. Ejn-am-cp-sSbpw ap\n-am-cp-sSbpw hN- \-ß-fmWv Ah-bn-ep-≈-sX-∂-Imcyw Kp]vX \ntj-[n-°p-I-bn-s√∂p Icp- Xp∂p. thZ-ß-fn¬ Xm¶ƒ hnh-cn-®-Xn-ep-]cn hnj-b-ß-fp-s≠∂v Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p∂p. AJn-e -h-kvXp-°-fp-sSbpw krjvSn-tbm-sSm∏w NmXp¿h¿- Wyw krjvSn-®-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v thZ-߃ ]d-bp-∂Xv Rm≥ hmbn-®n-´p≠v. (EtKzZw; ]pcp-j-kq‡w)

eulp¬ alv^qfv

Ccp-]-Øn-aq∂mw ]pd-Øn¬ ""hnip-≤-{KŸw eulp¬ alv^q-fn¬ kq£n-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p'' Fs∂-gp-Xn-b-Xns\ kw_-‘n®v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn- °p∂p: ssZhw Acq-]nbpw Ah-b-h-ß-fn-√m-Ø-h-\p-am-sW∂v Jp¿-B-\n¬ ]d-™n-´p≠v. Aß-s\-bp≈ Hcp i‡n Jp¿-Bs\ eulp¬ alv^q- fn¬ Fß-s\-bmWv sh®Xv?

DØcw: Acq-]n-bmb ssZhw Xs∂-bm-Wt√m cq]hpw emh-Wy-hp- ap≈ {]]©w krjvSn®v Id-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv. B alm-i-‡n°v Jp¿Bs\ eulp¬ alv^qfn¬ sh°m≥ {]bm-k-s∏-tS-≠-Xpt≠m? ssZ- h-Øns‚ as‰mcp t]cmWv k¿h-i-‡≥.

tNmZyw: a\p-jy-N-cn{Xw tImSm-\p-tImSn kwh-’-c-߃°p-apºv Bcw- `n-®n-cns° ssZhw F¥p-sIm≠v apl-Ω-Zp-\-_n°v apºv Jp¿-B≥ Ah- X-cn-∏n-®n√?

DØcw: Ckv-eman-I-N-cn{Xw Xm¶ƒ ]Tn-t°-≠-Xp≠v. {]hm-N-I-\p- apºv BK-X-cmb aqkm-\_n, ZmhqZv \_n, Cukm-\_n F∂n-h¿°v bYm- {Iaw XudmØv, k_q¿, C©o¬ F∂o thZ-߃ ssZhw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p- sIm-Sp-Øn-´p≠v.

Jp¿-B≥ Hcp-an®v Ah-X-cn-°m-Xn-cp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v?

""eulp¬ alv^qfnse B {KŸ-Øn¬\n∂v hnip-≤-am-em-J-bmb Pn_v-co¬ A∏-t∏mƒ AXns\ A√m-lp-hns‚ ZqX-\n¬ FØn-®p-sImSp- Øp'' F∂ hmNIw D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v F¥p-sIm-≠mWv A√mlp AXv \_n°v t\cn´v \¬Im-Xn-cp-∂Xv F∂v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn-°p∂p.

DØcw: AXv Ahs‚ lnXw. hnip-≤-Jp¿-B-\n¬ Htc hmN-Iw-Xs∂ Bh¿Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p≠v. AtXm¿an-°p-∂Xv \√-XmWv: ""A√mlp kq£va- ⁄m-\n-bmWv.''

tNmZyw: H∂n®v Hcp {KŸ-ambn \¬ImsX F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Aev]m- ev]-ambn \¬In-bXv, apgp-{K-Ÿhpw H‰-b-Sn°v Cd-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wt√m?

DØcw: Cu tNmZy-Øn\v ssZhw-Xs∂ Ahs‚ hnip-≤-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ adp-]Sn \¬In-bn-´p≠v. "Hcp-an-®-h-X-cn-∏n-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ \n߃°Xv Zp¿h- l-am-bn-cn°pw F∂-Xn-\m¬ \mw AXns\ A¬]m¬]-ambn Ah-X-cn-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

4 9

∏n®p' F∂v Ah≥ hy‡-am-°n-bn-cn-°p∂p.

samgn-bepw ]mcm-b-Whpw

t]Pv Ccp-]-Øm-dnse, ""A√m-lp-hn¬\n∂v Ah-Xo¿Wamb Jp¿-B≥ BZy-ambn ]mcm-bWw sNbvX hy‡n DΩnøv ˛FgpØpw hmb-\bpw Adn-bm-Ø-h≥ ˛ Bbn-cp∂p'' F∂ hmIyw D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn- °p∂p: Fgp-Xm\pw hmbn-°m\pw hi-an-√mØ Hcmƒ°v {Kln-°m≥ Ign- bp-sa-¶nepw \nc-£-c≥ Fß-s\-bmWv ]mcm-bWw sNøpI?

DØcw: hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ]e-X-hW Xm¶ƒ ]mcm-bWw sNbvX-Xmbn ]d-bp∂p. \nc-h[n Ckv-em-an-I-{K-Ÿ-߃ hmbn-®-Xmbn Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp- I-bp-≠mbn. F∂n´pw Xm¶ƒ "hlvbn's\°p-dn®v tI´n-´nt√? "hlvbv' (ssZhn-I-k-tµiw) Xncp-ta-\n-bn-te-°mWv Cd-ßpI. B ktµ-isØ At±lw ssZh-\n-›-b-a-\p-k-cn®v hmbsIm≠v samgn-bp-tºmƒ Xs∂ At±-l-Øn\v AXv lrZn-ÿ-am-Ip∂p. A\p-bm-bn-I-fmWv AXv tcJ-s∏- Sp-Øn-sh®v ]n¬°m-eØv {KŸ-cq-]-Øn-em-°n-bXv. Fgp-Øp-t\m°n hmbn- °p-∂Xpw lrZn-ÿ-am-bXv samgn-bp-∂Xpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw \ymb- ambpw Xm¶ƒ°v a\- n-em-Ip-sa∂v Icp-Xp∂p.

kwkvIr-Xhpw {]mIr-Xhpw

]pdw ap∏-Xn¬ "thZw kwkvIr-X-Øn-e√; AXn-\p-ap-ºp≈ `mj-bn¬ cNn-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cn°mw' Fs∂-gp-Xn-b-Xns\ ]cm-a¿in®v Xm¶ƒ tNmZn- °p∂p: Rm≥ Adn-t™-S-tØmfw thZw kwkvIr-X-`m-j-bn¬ Xs∂-bmWv cNn-®Xv. AsX-gp-Xnb Ejn-am¿ kwkvIrXw icn°pw hi-ap-≈-h-cm-bn- cp∂p. kwkvIr-X-Øn-\p-apºv Hcp -`mj D≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ B `mj GsX∂p ]d-bmtam?

Ejn-am¿ thZsØ BZyta tcJ-s∏-SpØn sh®n-cp-∂n√ F∂p a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xp≠v. hmsam-gn-bmbpw I¿Wm-I¿Wn-Ibm a\-x]m-T-am-°n- bp-amWv thZw \ne-\n-∂p-t]m-∂Xv. thZ-Øn\v "{ipXn' F∂p t]cp-≈Xv {it≤-b-amWv. kwkvIrXw ]n¬°m-e-Øp-≠mb `mj-bm-sW-∂-Xn\v B t]cp-Xs∂ km£n-bmWv. kwkvIrXw F∂m¬ ]pXp-Xmbn \n¿an® `mj F∂¿Yw. kwkvIr-X-Øn\p apºp-≠m-bn-cp∂ `mj-bm-Wv {]m-IrXw (]g- bXv). AXn-\pw apºp-≠m-bn-cp∂ `mj-bmWv en]n-bn-√mØ a\-\-co-Xn-bn- ep≈ thZ-`mj. en]n-bn-√mØ kwkm-c -`m-j-Iƒ C∂pw ]te-SØpw I≠p-h-cp∂p.

thZw ]mcm-bWw sNbvX-h-cpsS KXn

ap∏-Øn-\m-emw -]p-d-Øn¬, Nne hn`mKw Bfp-Iƒ thZw ]mcm-bWw sNøp-∂Xpw tIƒ°p-∂Xpw in£m¿l-ambn IW-°m-°-s∏-´n-cp∂psh∂v Ncn-{X-tc-J-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p∂p Fs∂-gp-Xn-b-Xns\ ]cm-a¿in®v Xm¶ƒ Ipdn-°p∂p: ""Xm¶-fpsS Cu A`n-{]mbw icn-Xs∂. aX-sØbpw thZ- sØbpw kzm¿Y -Xm¬]-cy-߃°p-th≠n D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Hcp-sº-

5 0

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

´-h¿°mWv CØcw in£-Iƒ \¬In-bn-cp-∂Xv. Ah-sc√mw ZpjvS-cm-bn- cp∂p. thZw F√m-h¿°pw hmbn-°m-\p-≈-X√ F∂v thZ-ß-fn-sem-cn-SØpw ]d-™n-´n√. kzman Zbm-\µv Fgp-Xnb "kXym¿Y {]Imiw' hmbn-°pI'' F∂v Xm¶ƒ D]-tZ-in-®n-cn-°p∂p.

{ioam≥ Kp]vXm, Xm¶-fpsS Cu ]cm-a¿iw hnNn-{X-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. thZw ]mcm-bWw sNøm≥, AYhm {ihn-°m≥ apXn-cp∂ F√m-hcpw ZpjvS-cm-hp-∂-sX-ß-s\-bmWv? ⁄m\w t\Sm≥th-≠nbpw Hcmƒ°v AXv sNøm-at√m. F¥mWv thZ-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂-dn-b-W-sa-¶n¬ thZw ]Tn-°-W-at√m. C°m-cy-Øn¬ Xm¶ƒ sXfn-h-t\z-jn-®n√. {iocm- a≥ `cn-®n-cp∂ ImeØv Pw_qI≥ F∂ iq{Z≥ thZ-]m-cm-b-W-Øn\v apXn¿∂p in£ hmßn-b-Xmbn \mw hmbn-°p∂p. kzman Zbm-\µv henb ⁄m\n-bm-bn-cp∂p. lnµp-a-X-Øns‚ Zu¿_-ey-߃ Xs‚ ⁄m\-am¿K- Øn-eqsS aqSn-sh-°m-\p≈ {ia-amWv At±-lw- \-S-Øn-bXv. F√m-hcpw thZw hmbn-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂v thZ-Øn-sem-cn-S-Øp-an-s√∂v kzmanPn ]d- ™n-cn°mw. F∂m¬ At±-l-sØ-°mƒ henb ⁄m\nbpw At±-l-Øn- \p-apºv Cu cmPyØv Pohn-®n-cp∂ tZl-hp-amb a\p Xs‚ "a\p-kvar-Xn'- bn¬ ]d-bp-∂-sX-¥m-sW∂v hmbn-®p-t\m-°n-bn-´pt≠m? Kp]vXsbt∏m- ep-≈-h¿ thZ-]m-cm-bWw \S-Øp-Itbm {ihn-°p-Itbm sNbvXm¬ Ah¿°v "a\p-[¿aw' A\p-im-kn-°p∂ in£m-hn-[n-Iƒ hmbn-®p -In-S- ∂m¬ cm{Xn Dd°whcn√.

Jp¿-B≥ am\-h-cm-in°v

Aº-Øn-c-≠mw- t]-Pnse "aqkm-\-_n°v H‰-b-Sn-°mWv XudmØv \¬I- s∏-´Xv. F∂m¬ hnip-≤- Jp¿-B≥ apgp-h≥ Hcp-an®v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bp- ≠m-bn√' F∂ hmIy-sØ-∏‰n Xm¶ƒ tNmZn-°p∂p: "Jp¿-Bs\-t∏mse XudmØpw ssZhw \¬Inb thZ-{K-Ÿ-at√? AtX-sb-¶n¬ c≠n-\p-an-S- bn¬ F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Cu hyXymkw? c≠p I¬]-\-Isf Cd-t°≠ Bh-iy-sa¥v?'

hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ apgp-h≥ Hcp-an®v F¥p-sIm≠v Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n√ F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v t\csØ adp-]Sn ]d-™-XmWv. c≠p Iev]-\-Iƒ Cd-t°≠ Bh-iy-sa-¥mWv? \ymb-amb tNmZyw. aqkm-\-_n°v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏´ thZsØ At±-l-Øns‚ P\-߃ (PqX-∑m¿) apdp-sI∏n-Sn-®n√. am{X- a√, B thZsØ Hcp Nmcs‚ IpØ-I-bm-°ns-h®p. Abmƒ kzbw AXns\ ]n≥]-‰p-Itbm a‰p-≈-h¿°v ]I¿∂p-sIm-Sp-°p-Itbm sNbvXn- √. temI-Øn-s\m-∂m-sI-bp≈ kºq¿Wamb Hcp thZw˛hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ˛ aplΩ-Zv \_n-bn-eqsS Ah-Xo¿Wam-th-≠-Xp≠v F∂Xv ssZh-ln-X- amWv. hnhn[ Ime-L-´-ß-fn¬ {]tXyIw thZ-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-Xp- t]mse.

aX-ßfpw hmfpw

t]Pv \m¬]sØm-º-Xn¬, "hmfp'sIm≠mWv Ckvemw {]N-cn-∏n-®Xv

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

5 1

F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv sX‰mWv F∂v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. ]t£, Fgp-]- Øn-\memw t]Pn¬ "kImØv \ntj-[n-®-h¿s°-Xnsc H∂mw -J-eo^ hmsf-SpØp' F∂pw Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p∂p. AtX A[ym-b-Øn¬Xs∂ ho≠pw Fgp-Xp∂p: kImØv sImSp-°m-Ø-h¿ ˛ Ah¿ apkv-enwIfm-bn- cp-∂mepw ˛ Ckv-em-ans‚ hmƒ Ah¿s°-Xnsc Dbcpw'. Cu `mKw D≤- cn®v, CXn¬ GXmWv icn? Ckv-em-ans‚ hmƒ F∂p-]-d-bp-∂-Xns‚ A¿Y- sa-¥mWv? a\km kzoI-cn-°-s∏-tS≠ BZ¿i-at√ aXw? ChnsS hmfn\v ÿm\-sa-hnsS Fs∂√mw Xm¶ƒ tNmZn-°p∂p.

Ckvemw hmfp-sIm-≠√ {]N-cn-®Xv F∂Xv Hcp kXy-amWv. Ckv-em- an-I-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ hmfp-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂Xpw kXyw-Xs∂. \_n-Xn-cp-ta\n Xs∂, ]S-®-´-b-Wn™v hmtf¥n bp≤w \S-Øp-Ibpw apdn-th¬°p-Ibpw sNbvX kw`-h-߃ \mw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ hmbn-°p∂p. ]t£, AsX-¥n-\p- th-≠n-bm-bn-cp∂p? Ckv-em-ans\ \in-∏n-°m≥ i{Xp-ssk\yw hmtf-¥n- h-∂-t∏mƒ Ckv-em-an‚ c£-°v-th≠n hmfp-b¿∂p. i{Xp-ssk\yw hmfp- I-fp-ambn hcp-tºmƒ apkv-enwI-sf-√m-hcpw \ncm-bp-[-cmbn \n∂n-cp-s∂- ¶n¬ F¥m-bn-cp∂p kw`-hn-®n-cn-°pI? Ckv-em-an-s\°p-dn®v Kp]vX°v ]mcm-bWw sNøm≥ H∂pw Ah-ti-jn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n√. AXp-t]mse, apkv- enwI-fmb Hcp-hn-`m-K-am-fp-Iƒ Ckv-em-ans‚ A©v \n¿_-‘m-\p-jvTm-\- ß-fn¬ H∂mb kImØv \ntj-[n-®p-sIm≠v cwK-Øp-h-cp∂p. cmjv{S- tØmSv kacw {]Jym-]n® Cu hn`m-K-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv H∂mw-J-eo^ hmsf-Sp-°p-∂Xv. CXv AXn-{I-an-Iƒs°-Xn-cmb cmP-\o-Xn-bmWv. as‰mcp Imcyhpw Xm¶ƒ a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xp≠v. aX-ß-fpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ hmfn\v Fs¥-¶nepw Hcp ÿm\-ap-≠m-bn-cn°pw. lnµp-a-X -ssZ-h-ß-fn¬ _lp- `q-cn-]-£hpw Bbp-[-]m-Wn-I-fm-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ XXz-sa-¥mWv? ZpjvS- ∑msc \n{K-ln-°m\pw injvS-∑msc c£n-°m\pw hmƒ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp- Øp∂p. F∂√, B XXzw Alnw-k-bp-sSbpw kvt\l-Øn-s‚bpw {]Xo- I-am-bmWv IW-°m-°p-∂Xv. kvt\l-Øns‚ {]t_m-[-I-\m-bmWv tbip-

{InkvXp hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. Hcp Ihn-f-Ø-Sn-®m¬ at‰-I-hnfpw Im´n- s°m-Sp-°pI F∂m-Wt√m At±lw ]d-™Xv. AtX tbip-{InkvXp ssZh-a-µncw NqXm-´-°mcpw s]m≥hm-Wn-`°mcpw Iø-S-°n-b-t∏mƒ tIm]- tØmsS Ahsc NΩ-´n-sIm-≠-Sn®p F∂mWv Ncn{Xw. tbip-hns‚

injy≥ ]o‰¿ hmƒ Icp-Xn-sh-®n-cp-∂-Xmbpw ss

®n-´nt√? Alnw-km-hm-Zn-I-fmb Xan-gv\m-´nse Na-W¿ ssih-aX-°m-cmb

n-fn¬ Xm¶ƒ hmbn-

Xncp-⁄m-\ -kw-_-‘-cpsS aT-Øn\p Xosh-®Xpw AXn\p {]Xn-Im-c-ambn FÆm-bncw Na-W¿ Igp-hn-te-‰-s∏-´Xpw Ncn-{X-kw-`-h-amWv.

CsX√mw ChnsS ]cm-a¿in-®Xv F√m aX-ß-fpsS Ncn-{X-Ønepw "hmƒ' D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂v A\p-kva-cn-∏n-°m-\mWv. a\km kzoI-cn-t°≠ BZ¿iw Xs∂-bmWv aXw. ]t£, Hmtcm aX-Ønepw hmfn\v AXnt‚- Xmb ]¶p≠v. Ckv-em-ans‚ hmƒ {]Xn-tcm-[m-h-iy-Øn\pw kmaq-ly-\oXn \S-∏m-°m-\p-amWv D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv.

5 2

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

]S-tbm´ØneqsS aXw {]N-cn-∏n® C¥y≥ cmPm-°-∑m¿

]pdw F¨]-sØ-´n¬ "`mc-Xob cmPm-°-∑m¿ ssk\n-Im-{I-aWw \SØn CX-c- cm-Py-ß-fn¬ Xß-fpsS aXw {]N-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. Pmh, kpam{X, Itºm-Unb F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ C∂pw lnµp-a-X-Øns‚ kzm[o\w Zriy- amWv; hn{K-l-ß-fp-ap≠v' F∂ `mKw D≤-cn-®v Xm¶ƒ ]d-bp∂p: CXp icn-Xs∂. Pmh, kpam{X, Itºm-Unb F∂n-hn-S-ßfn¬ am{X-a√, Ad- _v\m-Sp-I-fnepw hn{K-l-߃ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v. lnµp-aXw `mc-X-Øn¬ ]cn-an-X-am-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂-Xn\v CsX√mw ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fmWv. F∂m¬ C¥y≥ cmPm-°-∑m¿ CX-c -\m-Sp-I-fn¬ ssk\n-Im-{I-aWw \SØn aXw {]N-cn-∏n®p F∂-Xn\v sXfn-hp-I-fn√. AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ kw`-h-߃ Xm¶ƒ hmbn-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬ B cmPm-°-∑m-sc-°p-dn®v hnh-c-߃ sXfn- hp-k-lnXw ]d-bpI F∂v Xm¶ƒ Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p.

{ioam≥ Kp]vXm, Rß-fpsS Xan-gv\m-´nse alm-cm-Pm-°-∑m¿ IS¬ Xm≠n ssk\n-Im-{I-aWw \SØn aXw {]N-cn-∏n-®-h-cmWv. t£{X-ßfpw {]Xn-a-Ifpw ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Gsd D’p-I-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. B \mSp- I-fnepw AtX kao-]-\-amWv Ah¿ kzoI-cn-®Xv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Ah- cpsS Ombm-]-S-ß-fn¬ "ssih-a-XsØ IS¬Xm≠n {]N-cn-∏n-®-h≥' F∂v Bte-J\w sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂Xv. ]n¬°m-eØv {ioe¶ `cn® ]pXp-t°mss´- Im-cpsS cmP-]-c-ºc ]pXnb t£{X-߃ ]WnXv ssih-aXw {]N-cn-∏n-®- Xmbpw Ncn-{X-ap≠v.

Ah-km-\-ambn

{]nb-s∏´ Kp]vXm! Xm¶-fpsS IØns‚ Ah-km-\-`m-KØp Ipdn® Bi-b-ß-fn¬ NneXv lrZy-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs\ kz¥w aX-{K-Ÿ-sa-∂-t]mse IW-°m-°p∂p, BZ-cn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-™-Xn- t\m-sSm∏w hnip-≤-Jp¿-B-s\bpw Ckv-em-an-s\bpw F¥p-sIm≠p kvt\ln-°p∂p F∂-Xn\v ]Xn-\mev Imc-W-߃ Xm¶ƒ Fgp-Xn-bn-cn- °p∂p. hfsc kt¥mjw. ]t£, CsX√mw ]d-™-tijw ""A\p-hm-N- Isc Atem-k-c-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ Imcy-߃ Fgp-Xm-Xn-cn-°pI'' F∂pw D]- tZ-in-®n-cn-°p∂p.

CXp-hm-bn-®-t∏mƒ F\n-°mZyw tXm∂n-bXv, Fs‚ Adn-h-\p-k-cn®v AØcw Imcy-ß-sfm∂pw Rms\-gp-Xn-bn-´n-√t√m F∂mWv. F∂m¬ Xm¶- sf-gp-Xnb DZm-l-cWw I≠-t∏mƒ Imcyw ]nSn-In´n: "Fs‚ `h-\-amWv F√m `h-\-ß-sf-°mfpw DØaw. Fs‚ \mSmWv F√m \mSp-I-sf-°mfpw t{ijvTw. Fs‚ aX-amWv F√m aX-ß-sf-°mfpw DZmØw F∂n-ßs\ Hcmƒ ]d-™m¬ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ AXv apdn-th-¬]n®v Fcn- ®nepw Akz-ÿ-Xbpw D≠m°pw' F∂v Xm¶ƒ ]d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn. CXv Fs∂ ]q¿thm-]cn AZv`p-X-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. \ns‚ `h\w tami-amWv, Ft‚- XmWv DØaw. \ns‚ \mSv tami-amWv, Fs‚ \mSmWv t{ijvTw; \ns‚ aXw alm-tam-i-amWv, Fs‚ aXw am{X-amWv D∂Xw F∂n-ßs\ ]d-

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

5 3

™n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ AXv Fcn-®nepw \o‰-ep-ap-≠m-°m≥ km[y-X-bp-≠m-bn- cp∂p. as‰mcp Imcyw: "Rm≥ kvt\ln-°p∂ Ckvemw' cNn-®-Im-eØv Rm≥ apkven-am-bn-cp-∂n√. (F¨]-tØgv Pq¨ Bdn-\mWv Rm≥ Ckvem- am-t«-jn-®Xv). \njv]-£-\mbn \n∂p-sIm-≠mWv AXv Rms\-gp-Xn-bXv F∂n-cns° Atem-k-c-ap-≠m-°m≥ \ymb-an√.

Hcp clkyw ]dbmw: apkven-amb tijw B IrXn-bn¬ {]Im-in- ∏n® ]e ho£-W-ßfpw AtX [z\n-bn¬ ]d-bm≥ F\n°v km[n-°p∂n- √. Aßs\ ]d-b-cpXv F∂v Ckvemw hne-°p∂p. ""a‰p aX-ÿ-cpsS Bcm-[y-h-kvXp-°sf iIm-cn-°-cpXv. Ah¿ A√m-lp-hn-s\bpw iIm-cn- t®°pw'' F∂v Ckvemw ]d-bp∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Xm¶ƒ \n¿tZin® {]Imcw Ckvem-ans‚ khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ Is≠Øn {]Im-in-∏n-°m-\p≈ DZy-a-Øn¬ C\n-bp-≈ -Imew sNe-h-gn-°m≥ F\n°v ssZhm-\p-{K-l-ap- ≠mIpw F∂pXs∂ Cubp-≈-h≥ hniz-kn-°p∂p.

kvt\l-]q¿hw Xm¶-fpsS A_vZp√m ASn-bm¿

5 4

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

A\p-_‘w iii

tNmtZym-Øcw

tNmZyw: F¥mWv Ckvemw?

DØcw: ssZh-Øn-\p≈ kºq¿W k-a¿∏-W-amWv Ckvemw. Ckvem- an\p kam-[m\w (im¥n) F∂¿Yhp-ap≠v.

tNmZyw: Ckvemwa-X-Øns‚ ssZhw BcmWv?

DØcw: A√m-lp-hmWv Ckvem-anse Htc-sbmcp ssZhw. krjvSn-°p- ∂Xv {_“mhpw kwc-£n-°p-∂Xv hnjvWphpw kwl-cn-°p-∂Xv inh-\p- am-sW-∂mWv sslµh-cpsS hnizmkw. Ch¿°v {Xnaq¿Øn-I-sf-∂p -]- dbpw. F∂m¬ Ckvem-an¬ krjvSn-°p-∂Xpw kwc-£n-°p-∂Xpw kwl- cn-°p-∂-Xp-sa√mw Htc ssZh-amWv. Ah-\mWv A√mlp.

tNmZyw: lnµp-a-X-Ønse inh≥ ˛ ]m¿hXn, hnjvWp˛e£van, {_“mhv˛kc-kzXn F∂n-h-sc-t∏m-ep≈ tPmUn-Iƒ Ckvem-an-ept≠m?

DØcw: C√. A√m-lp-hn\v ]¶m-fn-I-fn√. `mcym-k-¥m-\-ß-fn√. ssZh- Øn\v ]p{X-I-f-{Xm-Zn-I-fp-≈-Xmbn Icp-Xp-∂-Xp-Xs∂ Ip‰-amWv. ssZhw GI\pw XpW-bm-h-iy-an-√mØ alm-i-‡-\p-am-sW-∂mWv Ckvemw ]d- bp-∂Xv.

tNmZyw: A√m-lp-hn\v cq]-apt≠m? Ahs‚ hn{K-ltam ]Stam Dt≠m?

DØcw: C√. ine-bntem ]S-Øntem Bhn-jvI-cn-°m-\m-hmØ AkvXn-Xz-amWv A√mlp. ssZhsØ ine-bnepw Nn{X-Ønepw cq]-s∏-Sp- Øn-b-h¿ Ahs\ t\cn¬ I-≠n-´pt≠m? C√. ssZh-sØ- Im-WmsX {]Xna-Ifpw Nn{X-ßfpw \n¿an®v CXmWv ssZhw F∂v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp- ∂Xv hymP-hm-Z-amWv. Cu hymP-ssZ-h-ßsf Bcm-[n-°-cp-sX-∂mWv Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. ine, ]Sw XpS-ßnb anYym-ssZ-h-ßsf ]qPn- °p-∂Xv Ckvem-an¬ alm-]m-]-amWv. sIme, sIm≈, Ifhv, hy`n-Nmcw

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

5 5

Ch-sb-°m-sf√mw Kpcp-X-c-amb ]m]-am-WXv. GXv ]m]hpw s]mdp-°- s∏Smw. ]-t£, hn{K-l-ß-sfbpw Nn{X-ßsfbpw ]qPn-°p-∂Xv s]mdp-°- s∏-SmØ ]m]-amWv Ckv-em-an¬. AXn-\m¬ hn{K-l-ßfpw ]S-ß-fp-ap≈ t£{X-ß-fn¬ bYm¿Y apkv-enwIƒ Z¿i-\-ßtfm ]qPm-I¿a-ßtfm \S- Øp-I-bn√.

tNmZyw: hn{K-ltam ]Stam Cs√-¶n¬ GIm-{K-X-tbmsS ssZhsØ sXmgm≥ Ign-bptam?

DØcw: F¥p-sIm-≠n√? A√m-lp-hns‚ {]Xn-a-bn-√msX, Nn{X-an- √msX temIØv \qdp-tImSn apkv-enwIƒ Znt\\ A©p-t\-c-ß-fn¬ \a- kvI-cn-°p∂p. `b-`-‡n-tbmsS kmjvSmwKw \an-°p∂p. AsX-ß-s\- bmWv? lnµp-a-X-Ønse ]q¿h-Im-e -E-jn-am-cn¬ ]ecpw hn{Klw {]XnjvTn- ®m-bn-cpt∂m ]qP \S-Øn-bXpw X]- -\p-jvTn-®Xpw? Ah¿ GIm-¥-cmbn ssZhsØ [ym\n-®n-cp-∂-Xmbn \mw hmbn-°p∂p. hn{K-l-ß-sfbpw ]Sß- sfbpw ]qPn-°p-∂-Xns\ "aµ⁄m\'sa∂mWv cma-enwK ASn-Iƒ hnti- jn-∏n-®Xv.

""\´-Iss√ ssZh-sa‚dv \mep ]pjv]w Nm‰ntb Np‰n-h≥Xv apWp-ap-WpØv sNm√pw a¥ncw GXSm''

F∂mWv NnØ¿Iƒ ]mSn-bXv. AXp-sIm≠v hn{K-ltam ]Stam {]Xnjv- Tn®v AXn-\p-ap-ºn¬ Ip\n-s™-¶n¬ am{Xta ssZh-mcm-[-\-bmIq F∂n√.

tNmZyw: apkv-enw-Iƒ ap≥h-i-Øp≈ Nph-cn-te°v Xncn-™m-Wt√m \a-kvIcn-°p-∂Xv?

DØcw: sI´n-S-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \n∂p-\-a-kvI-cn-°p-tºmƒ ap≥h-i-Øp≈ Nph-cn-te°v Xncn™p \a-kvIcn-°p-∂-Xmbn tXm∂pw. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ a°-bnse ssZh-`-h-\-Øn-te°v Xncn-™mWv \akvIcn-°p-∂Xv. Xpd- mb `qanbn-eqsS k©-cn-°p-tºmƒ \a-kvImc ka-b-am-bm¬ B ]cn-k-c-Øp≈ ip≤n-bp≈ GXp- ÿ-e-Øp-sh®pw \a-kvI-cn°mw. IS-tem-c- \K-c-ß- fn¬ IS-∏p-d-Øp-sh®pw \a-kvIcn-°m-dp-≠t√m. AhnsS Npa-sc-hnsS? Npa- cn-te°v Xncn™v \akvIcn-°pI Fs∂m-∂n√. a°-bn-ep≈ ssZh-`-h-\- Øn-te-°mWv Xncn-bp-∂Xv.

tNmZyw: a°-bn-ep≈ B ssZh-`-h-\-Øn¬ A√m-lp-hns‚ hn{K-ltam ]Stam Dt≠m?

DØcw: C√. B ssZh-`-h\w (IA-v_) C_vdmlow (A{_lmw) F∂ ssZh-Zq-X≥ \n¿an-®-XmWv. {]Xn-aI-sfbpw {]Xn-cq-]-ß-sfbpw sXmgm-Ø-h¿°p-th≠n \n¿an-°-s∏´ B ssZh`h-\-Øn¬, CS-°m-eØv hn{K-l-ßfpw ]S-ßfpw IpSn-tbdn. Ahsb apl-Ω-Zv\_n \o°wsNbvXp.

5 6

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

tNmZyw: F¶n¬ ""Cuiz¿ A√mlv tXtc\mw''˛ Cuiz-c≥, A√mlp F∂nh ssZh-Øns‚ c≠p \ma-ß-fmWv˛ F∂ CucSn apkv-enw-Iƒ AwKo-I-cn-°nt√?

DØcw: Cuiz-c\v cq]w Iev]n-®m¬ AXv AwKo-I-cn-°p-I-bn√. Xe- bn¬ KwK, Igp-Øn¬ \mKw, Iøn¬ iqew CXmWv Cuiz-c-s\-°p-dn®v `mh-\-sb-¶n¬ AXv kzoIm-cy-a√.

tNmZyw: cma\pw dloapw H∂m-sW∂pw AwKo-I-cn-°nt√.

DØcw: a\p-jy-\mbn P\n® "cmw' AYhm "cma≥' "dlow' F∂, P- \-\tam ac-Wtam C√mØ A√m-lp-hn\v ka-am-hp-I-bn√. a\p-jy-\mbn P\n® Bscbpw ssZh-ambn apk-venw-Iƒ AwKo-I-cn-°p-I-bp-an√. "a\n- X\pw ssZh-am-Iemw' F∂ k¶ev]w apkv-enw-Iƒ°v A\y-amWv. ssZhw a\p-jy-\mbn Ah-Xm-c-sa-SpØp F∂ hnizm-k-sØbpw Ckvemw \ncm- I-cn-°p∂p. a\p-jy-cn¬ \n∂v D¬Ir-jvS-cmb Nnesc ssZhw Xs‚ ZqX≥am-cmbn Xnc-s™-SpØv a\p-jysc kwkvI-cn-°m-\mbn \ntbm-Kn®p F∂mWv Ckv-em-ans‚ A[ym-]\w. AXp-sIm≠v a\p-jy-\mbn P\n-®- cm-a≥ (cmw) dlo-an(A√mlp)\v Xpey-am-Ip∂ {]iv\-an√.

tNmZyw: CsX-¥mWv, \mw ]d-bp-∂-Xn-s\√mw Dcp-f-°p-t∏-cn-sb-∂- t]mse ]d-bepw {]h¿Øn-°-ep-amtWm Ckvemw?

DØcw: Aß-s\-b√. apkv-enw-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂Xv sslµ-h¿°v Dcp-f- °p-t∏-cn-bmbn tXm∂p∂p; adn®pw. \mK¿tIm-hn-en¬ \n∂v t\m°p-∂- h¿°v sNss∂ hS°v B{‘m AXn¿Øn-tbmSv H´n-\n-ev°p∂ Hcp hnZq- c -{]-tZ-i-ambn tXm∂pw. sNss∂bn¬ \n∂v t\m°p-∂-h¿°v \mK¿tIm- hn¬ sX-°v tIcfm AXn¿Øn-tbmSv H´n-\n-ev°p∂ Hcp hnZq-c- {]-tZ-i- ambpw tXm∂pw.

tNmZyw: Ckvemw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ GI-ssZh kn≤m-¥-amtWm icn AtXm _lp-ssZ-h-Xztam?

DØcw: Bbncw ssZh-ß-fp-s≠∂p tXSn-b-e-bp∂ "Adn-hn-en-Iƒ' (hnh-cw sI´-h¿) F∂m-Wt√m `mcXn ]mSn-bXv. ""Htc ssZhw s]møSm; Bbn-cw ssZhw Xm≥ saøSm'' F∂v h√-hcpw ]mSn-bn-´pt≠m? GI- ssZh- kn-≤m-¥-°mcpw Bbncw ssZh-ß-fp≠v F∂v Pev]n-°p-∂-hcpw XΩn¬ Hcp kwhmZw \S-∂m¬ GI-ssZ-h-kn-≤m-¥-°mtc hnP-bn-°p-I- bp≈q. At\-Iw ssZh-ß-fp-s≠∂v hmZn-°p-tºmƒ B ssZh-ß-fn¬ "GXmWv henb ssZhw' F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ hntbmPn∏p-≠mhpw. Hmtcm- cp-Ø¿°pw Xß-fpsS hmZsØ \ymbo-I-cn-®p-sIm≠p IY-Iƒ Na-bvt°- ≠n-hcpw. Aß-s\-bp≈ IY-I-fn¬ Nne-XmWv; hnjvWphpw inh\pw XΩn-

ep≈ kwL-´-\hpw {_“m-hns\ apcp-I≥

_lp-ssZ-h-

kn-≤m-¥-Øns‚ _e-lo-\-X-sb-bmWv CsX√mw Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂Xv. AXp- sIm-≠mWv lnµp-a-Xm-Nm-cy-∑m-cn¬ Nne¿, "]c-{_“w' F∂pw "Hcp PmXn Hcp ssZhw' F∂pw ]d-bm≥ XpS-ßn-bXv.

CSn-°p-∂Xpw.

XS-h-d-bn¬\n∂v ]≈n-bn-te°v

5 7

tNmZyw: Ckv-em-an¬ ssZh-Øn-\-√msX a‰m¿°pw Bcm-[-\-bnt√? Bcm-[y-\mb a\p-jy≥ F∂p ]d-bmtam?

DØcw: ]mSn√. a\p-jys‚ Bcm-[\ A√m-lp-hn\p am{Xw Ah-Im- i-s∏-´-XmWv. a\p-jy≥, Ah≥ Bcm-bn-cp-∂mepw Bcm-[\ A¿ln-°p- ∂n√.

tNmZyw: a\p-jy-cn¬ Nne-sc-°p-dn®v "\S-amSpw ssZhw', "I¨I≠ ssZhw', "lrZ-b-ssZhw', "Ipe-ssZhw' Fs∂ms° ]d-bm-dp-≠t√m?

DØcw: AXv sX‰mWv. a\p-jy≥ a\p-jy≥ am{X-amWv. ssZhw ssZhhpw. P\n®p Pohn®p acn-°p∂ a\p-jy≥ ssZh-Øn\p ka-am-hp-I- bn√.

tNmZyw: tbip-{In-kvXp-t]mepw ssZh-a-s√t∂m? At±lw ssZh-]p- {X-\t√?

DØcw: A√. tbip-{InkvXp Xs∂-°p-dn®v Hcn-°epw ssZhw (I¿Øm-

hv) F∂v hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xmbn ss

\nß-fpsS ssZh-hp-amb GI-ssZ-hsØ hW-ßpI' F∂mWv tbip- {InkvXp ]d-bp-∂Xv. ssZh-Øn\v a°tfm A\-¥-c-°mtcm Cs√∂p Ckvvemw hy‡-am-°p∂p. tbip ssZh]p{X-\-s√∂p Ckvemw Xd-∏n®p ]d-™n-´p≠v. ssZh-Øm¬ \ntbm-Kn-X-\mb ZqX-\mWv tbip. At±-lsØ {]k-hn® a¿bw ]pWy-h-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂p. ]t£, ssZh-am-Xm-h√. Ckv-em- ans‚ Jfin-X-amb \ne-]m-Sm-WnXv.

tNmZyw: Ah-km-\-ambn, ssZh-sØ-°p-dn®v Ckvemw F¥mWv ]d- bp-∂Xv?

DØcw: ssZhw GI-\m-sW∂ AkvXn-hm-c-Øn¬ Ckvemw AN-©- e-ambn \ne-sIm-≈p∂p. ssZh-Øn\p tXmgn-am¿, `mcy-am¿, amXmhv F∂n- ß-s\-bp≈ k¶-¬]-ßsf Ckvemw \ncm-I-cn-°p∂p. ssZh-Øns‚ Ah- Xm-c-߃, ssZh-]p-{X-∑m¿ F∂o k¶-¬]-ßfpw AXw-Ko-I-cn-°p-I-bn√. hn{K-lm-cm-[\ s]mdp-°-s∏-SmØ ]m]-amWv Ckvvem-ans‚ ZrjvSn-bn¬. GI-\mb ssZhsØ, CWbpw XpW-bp-an-√m-Ø-hs\, k¿hi-‡s\, A©p-t\cw \a-kvI-cn-°pI F∂mWv Ckvemw I¬]n-°p-∂Xv. ssZh- k-¶-¬]-Øn¬ Hcp ss\¿a-eyhpw Kmw`o-cyhpw Ckvem-an¬ \ap°v Is≠- Ømw.

!!!

ImWn√. "Fs‚ ssZhhpw

n-fn¬