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endChemistry, C++, Physics, Maths, Biology, Social Science Home Biology C++ Chem
istry IP Maths Physics Social Science Home > Chemistry > Chemistry Project to St
udy Effect of Metal Coupling on Corrosion Chemistry Project to Study Effect of M
etal Coupling on Corrosion To study of the effect of metal coupling on the rate
of corrosion GYANESH TIWARI Roll No.6261924 XII (SCIENCE) CONTENTS I. A
cknowledgement II. Certificate III. Aim IV. Materials Requi
red V. Theory VI. Procedure VII. Observations VIII. Conclusion
s IX. Precautions Acknowledgement It is my duty to record my sincere thanks
and deep sense of gratitude to my respected teacher Mr. Sanjay Mish
ra for his valued guidance , interest and constant encouragemen
t for the fulfillment of the project. Gyanesh Tiwari Class- XII (science)
6261924 Certificate Certified that this is the bonafide
work of Gyanesh Tiwari of class XII of K.V. A.F.S Rajokri N.D. 38 . He
has performed these experiments during academic year 2009-10. The student s initi
ative, cooperativeness & participation during the practical classes were excel
lent. His aesthetic presentation, visual appeal, expression & neatness were exce
llent. His content accuracy, creativity, originality & analysis of different per
ception were excellent. Mr. Sanjay Mishra T.Signature:- AIM To study of the effe
ct of metal coupling on the rate of corrosions. Materials required: Apparatus: B
eakers-15, Iron sheets of 2# size-6, Aluminium rods of 2# size-6, Brass rods of
2# size-6, Zinc sheets of 2# size-6, Measuring cylinders, Chemical Balance, Weig
ht Box. Chemicals: Hydrochloric acid and Sodium hydroxide. Theory: Corrosion is
a serious problem of some metals like iron, zinc, aluminium and alloys like bras
s which are commonly used in day to day life. Apart from reducing the life of ar
ticles made up of these metals or alloys the chemical substances formed out of c
orrosion have serious public health problems. Replacement of machines or their p
arts and many other articles in industrial and public dealing lead to huge expen
diture. Hence, how to reduce or avoid corrosion of articles made up of metals or
alloys has been a major subject of study in the field of chemistry and electro-
chemistry. Procedure: (i) Mix 9 ml. of conc. HCl with 241 ml. of water to form 2
50 ml. of solution. (ii) Take this solution in seven different beakers. (iii) Ma
rk each beaker serially from 1 to 7. (iv) Take the weights of three iron sheets,
three aluminium rods, three brass rods and three zinc sheets. (v) Now keep iron
sheets, aluminium rods, zinc sheets and brass rod in separate beakers. (vi) The
n take iron + brass, iron + aluminium, iron + zinc, aluminium + zinc and brass +
zinc and keep them in different beakers. (vii) Allow the reactions to occur for
24 hours. (viii) Note the maximum and minimum temperatures. (ix) Now at the end
of reaction take out the metals and keep them in sun for sometime so that they
get dried up quickly (x) Take the weights of each specimen and note the differen
ce. (xi) Similarly repeat 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 and 8 steps in a basic solution. Observa
tions: S.No. Specimen (with acid) Initial Weight (in gm) Final Weight (in
gm) 1. Brass 8 5 2. Iron 8 6 3. Zinc 8 6.50 4.
Aluminium 8 7.10 5. Iron + Aluminium 15 12.30 6.
Brass + Zinc 15 13.00 7. Iron +Zinc 15 14.10 Specimen (
with Base) 8. Brass 8 5.80 9. Zinc 8 6.20 10.
Iron 8 7.10 11. Aluminium 8 7.60 12. Brass +
Aluminium 15 12.90 13. Brass + Zinc 15 13.60 14.
Iron + Aluminium 15 14.40 Results : 1. The rate of corrosion observe
d in acidic medium or the mass consumed during the corrosion is in the decreasin
g order from brass to aluminum. Brass has the highest corrosion rate while alumi
nium has the least corrosion rate. Brass > Iron > Zinc > Aluminium 2. When coupl
ing of these metals was done each couple showed some difference in their corrosi
on with respect to each metal kept alone. Iron + Aluminium couple has the highes
t rate of corrosion while iron +Zinc couple has the lowest rate of corrosion. Ra
te of corrosion of each couple is in the order of Iron + Aluminium > Brass + Zin
c> Iron + Zinc 3. Rate of corrosion in basic medium is in the decreasing order f
rom Brass to Aluminium. The order of rate of corrosion is as below: Brass > Zinc
>Iron > Aluminium 4. When these metals were coupled the rate of corrosion was i
n the decreasing order from Brass+ Aluminium > Brass + Zinc > Iron + Aluminium 5
. Temperature and time of reaction were constant i.e., temperature was 21 C and t
ime of reaction was 24 hours. Conclusions: Corrosion is a serious problem of som
e metals like iron, zinc, aluminium and alloys like brass which are commonly use
d in day to day life. Apart from reducing the life of articles made up of these
metals or alloys the chemical substances formed out of corrosion have serious pu
blic health problems. Replacement of machines or their parts and many other arti
cles in industrial and public dealing lead to huge expenditure. Hence, how to re
duce or avoid corrosion of articles made up of metals or alloys has been a major
subject of study in the field of chemistry and electro-chemistry. The study of
the rate of corrosion of different metals or alloys showed gradual decrease in t
heir masses in acidic medium. The decrease is in the order of brass, iron, zinc,
aluminium. The present experiments are in full agreement with the well known el
ectro-chemical reaction. Some of the typical reactions as occur with iron are il
lustrated. (a) The reactions at respective electrodes are: At cathode: Fe . Fe2+
+ 2e. in acid the equilibrium is HCl . H+ + Cl . At anode: The water which is i
n equilibrium H2O . H+ + OH. Here the Fe2+ cation will readily take Cl- and form
FeCl3. While H+ of acid will be reacting with another H+ of water and will form
H2 gas. While OH. anion will also react with some of the iron and will form Fe(
OH)3 which is observed in the form of rust. (b) The e.m.f of these metals are in
the order of Al:Zn:Fe . The values are e.m.f Al .Al3++3e- Zn .Zn2++2e- Fe . Fe
2++ 2e- 1.66V 0.76V 0.44V Brass which is an alloy of zinc and copper has the e.m
.f. 0.42V during the forward reaction or oxidation reaction. While in backward r
eaction the e.m.f. value is .0.42. This is because during oxidation reaction the
e.m.f values of zinc and copper are .0.76 and + 0.34, respectively. That is why
the value differs. (c) In acid there are replaceable H+ ions which react with m
etals and H2 gas is evolved. This is because all the metals are highly electrone
gative in nature. When these two come in contact they react very easily and form
stable compounds. Thus the rate of corrosion is very high. The rate of corrosio
n in basic medium is very less as compared to acidic medium. This is shown becau
se of following factors: (i) Ex: sodium hydroxide .NaOH which is in equilibrium
with Na+ and OH. ions. NaOH . Na+ + OH When NaOH comes in contact with water th
e two ions immediately dissociate. The hydrates Na+ ions will take the H+ ion. T
he electropositive characters here will be the main factor in the slow rate of c
orrosion. Na being more electropositive than the metal mentioned above, most of
OH- ions will be taken by Na+ when compared to the other metals i.e., the rate o
f corrosion is slow with Na+ \ Fe2+ || OH\OH- While H+ + electron = H H + H = H2
gas. (ii) The availability of e- is very less for the conversion of H+ to H2 ga
s state. That is why there will not be replaceable H ion. If there is no replaceab
le H+ ion then the corrosion will be possible. Hence the rate of corrosion is ve
ry slow. Bibliography:- 1) NCERT text book 2) WIKIPEDIA 3) APC Lab Manual Email
id: Now in LPU, a 2010 Presentation. Thank you. Comments (0)T
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