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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: power budget handover

RF Power Control
and Handover
Algorithm: BSC
handovers

RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: power budget handover


Power budget handover procedure ensures that the MS is always handed over to the cell with the
minimum path loss, even though the quality and the level thresholds may not have been exceeded.

The parameter EnablePowerBudgetHO indicates whether the power budget is used as a criterion for
a handover. The power budget handover is enabled when the value is 'yes'.

The figure below shows the process leading to the handover.

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: power budget handover

Figure: Power budget handover

Target cell evaluation

If the power budget handover is enabled, the BSC evaluates the radio link properties of the adjacent cells
in order to find a target cell for the handover at every HoPeriodPBGT interval. The range of the
parameter HoPeriodPBGT is from 0 to 63 SACCH multiframe periods.

The BSC uses the power budget evaluation algorithm for target cell evaluation (equations 1 and 2). The
power budget evaluation algorithm calculated according to radio link properties is based on the following
strategy and order:

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: power budget handover

EQUATION 1.
AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) > RxLevMinCell(n)
+ MAX(0, Pa)

where Pa = ( MsTxPwrMaxGSM(ADJ)(n)
- P )
if adjacent cell is GSM 900 or GSM 800
Pa = ( MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(ADJ)(n)
- P )
if adjacent cell is GSM 1800 or GSM 1900

EQUATION 2.

PBGT(n) > HoMarginPBGT(n)

where PBGT(n) = ( B - AV_RXLEV_DL_HO -


( BsTxPwrMax
- BS_TXPWR )) -
( A - AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) )
where B = MsTxPwrMaxGSM(BTS)

if serving cell is GSM 900 or 800


B = MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(BTS)

if serving cell is GSM 1800 or 1900


A = MsTxPwrMaxGSM(ADJ)(n)

if adjacent cell is GSM 900 or 800


A = MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(ADJ)(n)

if adjacent cell is GSM 1800 or 1900

The values of AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) and AV_RXLEV_DL_HO are obtained with the averaging defined
before (see Radio link measurement processing in BTS and BSC ).

The parameter RxLevMinCell(n) (set for each of the 32 adjacent cells) is the level which the signal
level AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) of the adjacent cell (n) must exceed before the handover is possible. The
range is from -110 dBm to -47 dBm.

The parameter MsTxPwrMaxGSM(BTS) or the parameter MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(BTS)


depending on a frequency band is the the maximum transmission power that an MS is permitted to use on
a traffic channel in the serving cell. The parameter MsTxPwrMaxGSM(ADJ)(n) or the parameter

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: power budget handover

MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(ADJ)(n) depending on a frequency band is the maximum transmission


power that an MS is permitted to use on a traffic channel in the adjacent cell (n). P is the maximum
transmission power of the MS. The range of the MS transmission power in GSM 900 and in GSM 800 is
from 5 to 43 dBm, in GSM 1800 from 0 to 36 dBm and in GSM 1900 from 0 to 33 dBm. The parameters
MsTxPwrMaxGSM(ADJ) and MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(ADJ) can be defined for each of the 32
adjacent cells.

The parameter HoMarginPBGT(n) (set for each of the 32 adjacent cells) is the margin which the
power budget PBGT(n) of the adjacent cell (n) must exceed before the handover is possible. It is also used
as a threshold to prevent repetitive handovers between cells. The range is from -24 dB to 63 dB and the
step size is 1dB.

BsTxPwrMax -BS_TXPWR is the difference between the maximum downlink RF power permitted in the
serving cell (parameter BsTxPwrMax ) and the actual downlink power due to the BS power control
(BS_TXPWR). The range of the BTS transmission power is from 30 dB to 0 dB of attenuation from the
maximum peak power of the base station transmitter.

The BSC evaluates the power budget equation (2) for each of the adjacent cells that satisfies the basic
equation (1). The measurement results of the adjacent cell must satisfy both equations (1 and 2) before the
power budget handover is possible. The adjacent cells which meet the required radio link properties are
ranked according to the priority levels.

Back to Overview to RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm.

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