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Water Emulsifiable/Dispersible

Reactive Prepolymer

ADIPRENE BLM 500

PRODUCT DATA

Urethane
Prepolymers

ADIPRENE BLM 500


ADIPRENE BLM 500 is an MDI based urethane prepolymer with
blocked isocyanate curing sites, which can be activated by heating. The
blocked curing sites allow protracted storage of the polymer in the
presence of moisture and active vulcanizing agents. Diamine-cured
ADIPRENE BLM 500 yields vulcanizates having improved performance
over common TDI based urethane materials.
MDI is one of the most commonly used diisocyanates in industrial
polyurethane applications. However, blocked MDI prepolymer and its
application are very limited. Conventional MDI prepolymers generally
contain more than 10% free MDI, due to the need of using excess amount
of the diisocyanate in prepolymer preparation. Blocked prepolymers are
highly viscous and gel-like in appearance. This is from the high tendency
of crystallization of the blocked MDI.
ADIPRENE BLM 500 is a novel blocked system based on low free
isocyanate technology. With Chemturas unique process, the residual
MDI in the unblocked preoplymer is below 0.5%. The resulting blocked
prepolymer has very good processing characteristics, such as low viscosity
and melting point. Moreover, the widely used curative for conventional
MDI prepolymer is 1,4 butanediol (BDO).
Amine cured MDI
polyurethanes are preferred for many demanding applications, expecially
those requiring toughness and modulus retention at high temperature.
Thus, blocked MDI prepolymers open to the opportunity to use amine
curatives, for end-use properties not achieved by conventional MDI
urethanes.
Materials made from ADIPRENE BLM 500 have high tensile strength
and high elongation, and especially have excellent tear strength. They are
also low in viscous damping indicating low heat generation and more
durability in dynamic applications. ADIPRENE BLM 500 is well suited
as a vehicle for abrasion resistant coatings for fabric and rubber, and for
solvent-resistant adhesives.

ADIPRENE BLM 500


POLYMER PROPERTIES
TABLE I
Typical Properties of ADIPRENE BLM 500 Prepolymer
Physical form .......................................................... Viscous liquid
Color ....................................................................... Light yellow to amber
Isocyanate content, %
Blocked ............................................................. 4.17 4.63
Free ................................................................... 0.2 max.
Specific Gravity at 77F (25C).............................. 1.08
104F (40C) ........................... 1.07
Viscosity (Brookfield), cps (Pas)
@ 122F (50C) ................................................ 12,000 35,000 (12 35)
Raw prepolymer storage stability ........................... Excellent at room temperature. ADIPRENE
BLM 500 tends to freeze slowly when
stored at 75F (24C) or below. It is
unharmed by freezing and may be thawed
by storing overnight at 125F (52C). After
thawing, the liquid should be thoroughly
mixed before it is used.
Solubility................................................................. Soluble in most common solvents such as
toluene, ethyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone,
and trichloroethylene. Solubility is limited
in aliphatic solvents and alcohols.
Handling Precautions .............................................. During heat cure, the blocking agent (methyl
ethyl ketoxime), a volatile flammable liquid
(b.p. above 302F [150C]), is evolved and
provisions must be made for removal of this
vapor. Trace amounts of diphenylmethane
diisocyanate may also be released during
cure. The blocking agent and diphenyl
methane diisocyanate are irritants and
harmful; exposure to and inhalation of their
vapors should be avoided.
Note: These data are presented to describe ADIPRENE BLM 500 and are not intended to serve as specifications.

ADIPRENE BLM 500


TYPICAL VULCANIZATE PROPERTIES
VULCANIZATE PROPERTIES
Cured films of ADIPRENE BLM 500 urethane rubber are tough, highly extensible and have a
high modulus. Table II shows the comparison of amine cured Adiprene BLM 500 and BL 16 (a
TDI based prepolymer), and BDO cured conventional MDI prepolymer. Using Lonzacure
MDEA and MDA, cured BLM 500 is tougher than BL 16/MDA, and much tougher than
conventional MDI prepolymer/BDO, in terms of higher hardness, modulus and tear strength.
Material from de-blocked/cured BLM 500 prepolymer also provides improved dynamic
performance. Figure 1 demonstrates much lower damping at both low and high temperatures of
material obtained with Adiprene BLM 500 (MDI based) vs. Adiprene BL 16 (TDI based.).
TABLE II
Property Comparison of Chain Extended
BLM 500 vs. BL 16 and conventional MDI.

Curative

B635*

BLM 500

BL 16

BDO**

MDEA*** MDA****

MDA

Hardness, Shore A .................................89........................ 95 ............. 97 .....................95


100% Modulus, psi ..............................1100.................... 2200 ......... 2100 .................1650
300% Modulus, psi ...............................----..................... 3800 ......... 2400 .................3650
Tensile, psi ...........................................6110.................... 6350 ......... 4250 .................5400
Elongation at break, %..........................390...................... 410 ........... 600 ...................455
Split Tear, pli .........................................80....................... 145 ........... 210 ...................130
Vibrathane B 635 is a conventional non blocked MDI/PTMEG prepolymer.
1,4 Butanediol.
4,4 methylene-bis-2,6 diehylaniline
4,4 methylene dianiline
Figure 1. BLM-500 vs BL-16; Damping Property Comparison
0.2
0.18

BLM-500/MDA
BL-16/MDA

0.16
0.14
0.12
Tan Delta

*
**
***
****

0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220
Temperature, C

ADIPRENE BLM 500


COMPOUNDING
CURING SYSTEMS
When unblocked by heat, the regenerated NCO groups in ADIPRENE BLM 500 react with any
of the materials (containing active hydrogens) normally used as isocyanate reactants. Thus
polyols and polyamines can be used as curatives. Polyols are quite slow in reacting with this
prepolymer, so the most useful curatives appear to be aromatic diamines such as 4,4 methylene
dianiline, and 4,4 methylene-bis-2,6 diethyl aniline.
ADIPRENE BLM 500 is unblocked by heating at 212 to 266F (100-130C) for a period of time
depending upon film thickness; a ten-mil (0.25mm) film of freshly mixed prepolymer and MDA
is fully cured after one hour at 266F (130C). Aged blends will cure somewhat faster.
Vulcanization of ADIPRENE BLM 500 in sections thicker than about 20 mils (0.50 mm) is
impractical because of the difficulty of removing the blocking agent from thick films without
blowing and subsequent porosity.

COMPOUNDING
Coatings and adhesives can be prepared in a wide viscosity range by diluting ADIPRENE BLM
500 with such solvents as toluene, xylene, ethyl acetate, or propylene glycol monomethyl ether
acetate. Table III shows the viscosity/solvent level relationship of a blend of ADIPRENE BLM
500 and propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PMA).

TABLE III
Viscosity of Solvent Solutions of
ADIPRENE BLM 500
ADIPRENE BLM 500, 100 parts by weight
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, phr

Viscosity at 104F (40C), cps (Pas)

0............................................................................................
20..........................................................................................
40..........................................................................................
60..........................................................................................

70,000 (70)
3,000 (3.0)
650 (0.65)
250 (0.25)

A typical solvent-diluted composition is shown in Table IV. This composition can be prepared
as follows: mix ADIPRENE BLM 500 and propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate at 104F
(40C); melt the MDA at 212F (100C) and add to the ADIRENE BLM 500 solution with
continuous stirring. MDA may also be added as a solution in solvent.

ADIPRENE BLM 500


SOLVENT INFORMATION
TABLE IV
Solvent Diluted Composition
Parts by weight:
ADIPRENE BLM 500 .............................................................................. 100
PMA (Propylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate).............................. 60
Methylene dianiline .................................................................................. 10
A substrate having a ten-mil (0.25mm) coating of the formulation in Table IV was heated at
158F (70C) for 20 - 30 minutes to drive off the solvent, followed by one hour at 266F (130C)
to cure the prepolymer. Properties of this cured coating are listed in Table II. Higher
temperature, for example 302F (150C), may shorten the time to cure the prepolymer.
Pigmented coatings can readily be prepared with ADIPRENE BLM 500.
Solventless mixtures of ADIPRENE BLM 500 and MDA can be prepared by melting the MDA
at 212F (100C) and adding it with continuous agitation to ADIPRENE BLM 500 which has
been warmed to about 158F (70C).a Viscosity vs. temperature of ADIPRENE BLM 500 is
given in Table V. Storage life will be reduced if ADIPRENE BLM 500 is heated above 176F
(80C). It may be necessary to heat solventless blends during application to achieve a workable
viscosity. A blend of ADIPRENE BLM 500 and 10 phr MDA will remain fluid at 158F (70C)
for more than one hour.
ADIPRENE BLM 500 should also be considered in adhesive applications. The ability to be
applied without solvents is a desirable feature in such applications. The cured film has a high
degree of resistance to dry cleaning solvents and provides a flexible bond to fabric-to-fabric and
flock bonding applications.
TABLE V
Viscosity of Adiprene BLM 500
Temperature, F (C)
122 (50)
140 (60)
158 (70)

Viscosity
13600 cps
6700 cps
510 cps

If the ADIPRENE BLM 500 or the agitator is not warm, molten MDA will crystallize before going into
solution. The resulting crystals will dissolve at an extremely slow rate.

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REV: 12/04dd:7/05dd