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19/1/2017

IdeaConnection

Datosdeproyecto
Nombredelproyecto
Nmerodelproyecto
Autor
Descripcin
Fecha
Normadediseo

18/01/2017
AISC36010

Material
Acero
Hormign

A36
4000psi

CON6
Conexin
tem
Nombre
Descripcin
Anlisis
Normadediseo

CON6
Tensin,deformacin/Cargasimplificada
AISCLRFD

Elementosestructurales
Nombre
M3

Seccin
1
CON1(HEA260)
1
CON1(HEA260)

M2

Direccin
[]
0.0

Inclinacin
[]
15.0

Rotacin
[]
0.0

Desplazamiento
ey
[mm]
0

Desplazamiento
ez
[mm]
0

0.0

90.0

0.0

Secciones
Nombre

Material

1CON1(HEA260)
1CON1(HEA260)

A36
A36

Material
Acero
Tornillos

A36
1/2A325

Tornillos/Anclajes
Nombre
1/2A325

Conjuntodetornillo

Dimetro
[mm]

1/2A325

13

fu
[MPa]
825.0

reabruta
[mm2]
127

Cargas
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IdeaConnection

Nombre
LE1

Elemento

Pos.

M2

Final

N
[kN]
10.0

Vy
[kN]
0.0

Vz
[kN]
20.0

Mx
[kNm]
30.0

My
[kNm]
0.0

Mz
[kNm]
0.0

Resultados
Resumen
Nombre
Cargasaplicadas
Placas
Tornillos
Soldaduras

Valor
100.0%
8.2>5%
111.8>100%
57.2<100%

Estadodelaverificacin
Aceptar

Incorrecto!
Incorrecto!
Aceptar

Placas
Espesor
[mm]

Nombre
M3bfl1
M3tfl1
M3w1
M2bfl1
M2tfl1
M2w1
STIFF1a
STIFF1b
STIFF2a
STIFF2b
EP1
WID1
WID1
STIFF3a
STIFF3b

Cargas
13
13
8
13
13
8
13
13
13
13
10
8
8
13
13

LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1

Ed
[MPa]
223.5
228.9
190.2
227.4
226.8
223.6
224.5
224.6
224.2
224.3
239.9
223.7
225.8
36.6
92.3

Pl
[%]
0.0
2.7
0.0
2.0
1.7
0.1
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.5
8.2
0.2
1.2
0.0
0.0

Estadodelaverificacin
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar

Incorrecto!
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar

Datosdediseo

lim
[1e4]

fy
[MPa]

Material
A36

248.2

500.0

Explicacindelsmbolo

Smbolo
Pl
Ed

Explicacindelsmbolo
Deformacin
Ec.tensin

Verificacindedeformacin,LE1

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IdeaConnection

Tensinequivalente,LE1

Tornillos

B1

1/2A3251

LE1

Ft
[kN]
47.3

B2

(1/2A3251,)

LE1

3.9

17.1

6.7

48.2

0.0

Aceptar

B3

(1/2A3251,)

LE1

65.8

13.7

111.8

38.6

0.0

Incorrecto!

B4

(1/2A3252,)

LE1

28.1

3.3

47.7

9.3

0.0

Aceptar

B5

(1/2A3251,)

LE1

44.0

3.8

74.7

10.8

0.0

Aceptar

B6

(1/2A3253,)

LE1

35.6

5.5

60.4

15.5

0.0

Aceptar

Nombre

Calidad

Cargas

V
[kN]
16.9

Ut t
[%]
80.3

Ut s
[%]
47.8

Ut ts
[%]
0.0

Aceptar

Estado

Datosdediseo
RnTraccin
[kN]

Nombre
1/2A3251
1/2A3252
1/2A3253

RnCortante
[kN]
58.9
58.9
58.9

RnAplastamiento
[kN]
35.3
35.3
35.3

91.4
82.9
83.2

Explicacindelsmbolo

Smbolo
Ft
V
RnTraccin
RnCortante
RnAplastamiento
Utt
Uts
Vcbg
Utts

Explicacindelsmbolo
Fuerzadetraccin
ResultantedelasfuerzascortantesVy,Vzeneltornillo.
ResistenciadelostornillosatraccinAISC36010tablaJ3.2
ResistenciadelostornillosacortanteAISC36010tablaJ3.2
ResistenciaaldesgarrodelaplacaAISC36010J3.10
Utilizacinatraccin
Utilizacinacortante
Falloderesistenciadelbordedehorimgn,AISCGuiadediseo01
InteraccindelatraccinyelcortanteAISC36010J3.7

Soldaduras
Material

Espesor
[mm]

STIFF1a

E60xx

12.5

Leg
size
[mm]
18.1

STIFF1a

E60xx

7.5

STIFF1a

E60xx

12.5

tem

Borde

M2
bfl1
M2w
1
M2tfl
1

Cargas

Fn
[kN]

Rnw
[kN]

Ut
[%]

102

LE1

44.9

350.9

12.8

Estadode
la
verificacin
Aceptar

10.6

182

LE1

87.0

237.1

36.7

Aceptar

15.8

102

LE1

126.6

262.1

48.3

Aceptar

Longitud
[mm]

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IdeaConnection

Material

Espesor
[mm]

STIFF1b

E60xx

12.5

Leg
size
[mm]
15.8

Rnw
[kN]

Ut
[%]

15.4

89.2

17.2

Estadode
la
verificacin
Aceptar

STIFF1b

E60xx

7.5

LE1

59.6

256.6

23.2

Aceptar

STIFF1b

E60xx

102

LE1

74.2

355.2

20.9

Aceptar

STIFF2a

18.1

102

LE1

8.9

87.6

10.1

Aceptar

7.5

10.6

182

LE1

56.0

172.6

32.4

Aceptar

E60xx

12.5

15.8

102

LE1

83.1

339.6

24.5

Aceptar

STIFF2b

E60xx

12.5

15.8

102

LE1

7.5

87.1

8.6

Aceptar

STIFF2b

E60xx

7.5

10.6

182

LE1

35.5

134.7

26.4

Aceptar

STIFF2b

E60xx

12.5

18.1

102

LE1

61.5

332.1

18.5

Aceptar

M3bfl1
M3tfl1
M3w1
WID1
WID1

E60xx
E60xx
E60xx
E60xx
E60xx

5.0
5.0
3.8
7.5
7.5

7.3
7.3
5.3
10.6
10.6

260
260
246
145
250

LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1
LE1

48.2
106.9
39.2
19.5
6.0

351.8
269.3
270.7
170.5
114.2

13.7
39.7
14.5
11.4
5.3

Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar

WID1
WID1
WID1

E60xx
E60xx
E60xx

7.5
7.5
7.5

10.6
8.2
7.7

320
100
100

LE1
LE1
LE1

18.3
53.5
37.8

340.1
93.6
82.7

5.4
57.2
45.8

Aceptar
Aceptar
Aceptar

STIFF3a

E60xx

12.5

17.7

102

LE1

11.1

267.6

4.2

Aceptar

STIFF3a

E60xx

7.5

10.6

177

LE1

6.0

122.5

4.9

Aceptar

STIFF3a

E60xx

12.5

17.7

102

LE1

3.2

89.2

3.6

Aceptar

STIFF3b

E60xx

12.5

17.7

102

LE1

17.2

267.6

6.4

Aceptar

STIFF3b

E60xx

7.5

10.6

177

LE1

4.5

163.6

2.8

Aceptar

STIFF3b

E60xx

12.5

17.7

102

LE1

11.3

350.2

3.2

Aceptar

Cargas

Fn
[kN]

102

LE1

10.6

182

12.5

18.1

E60xx

12.5

STIFF2a

E60xx

STIFF2a

tem

Borde

M2
bfl1
M2w
1
M2tfl
1
M2
bfl1
M2w
1
M2tfl
1
M2
bfl1
M2w
1
M2tfl
1
EP1
EP1
EP1
EP1
M3
bfl1
WID1
EP1
M3
bfl1
M3
bfl1
M3w
1
M3tfl
1
M3
bfl1
M3w
1
M3tfl
1

Longitud
[mm]

Explicacindelsmbolo

Smbolo
Fn
Rnw
Ut
Espesor
Legsize

Explicacindelsmbolo
Fuerzaenlasoldadura
ResistenciadelasoldaduraAISC36010J2.4
Uso
Espesordegargantadelasoldadura.0significaqueelespesorsetomadelelemento.
Tamaodelasoldadura

Pandeo
Cargas
LE1

Factor
[]

Forma
1
2
3

12.03
12.82
18.39

Listadodematerial
Operaciones
Nombre
CUT1
STIFF1

Placas
[mm]
P12.5x126.3
229.6(A36)

Forma

Soldaduras
[mm]

Nr.
2

Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=12.5
Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=7.5

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Longitud
[mm]

Tornillos

Nr.

409.0
363.2

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Nombre
STIFF2

IdeaConnection

Placas
[mm]
P12.5x126.3
229.6(A36)

Forma

Nr.
2

Soldaduras
[mm]
Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=12.5
Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=7.5

Longitud
[mm]
409.0
363.2

EP1

P10.0x260.0
408.8(A36)

Doblecordnde
soldadura:a=5.0
Doblecordnde
soldadura:a=3.8

520.0
245.9

WID1

P7.5x209.7241.5
(A36)

Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=7.5

914.8

P7.5x100.0323.1
(A36)

P12.5x126.3
225.0(A36)

Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=12.5
Cordndesoldadura
simple:a=7.5

409.0
354.0

STIFF3

Tornillos

Nr.

1/2A325

Soldaduras
Tipo
Cordndesoldadurasimple
Cordndesoldadurasimple
Doblecordndesoldadura
Doblecordndesoldadura

Espesor
[mm]

Material
E60xx
E60xx
E60xx
E60xx

12.5
7.5
5.0
3.8

Longitud
[mm]
1227.0
1995.2
520.0
245.9

Tornillos
Nombre
1/2A325

Recuento
6

Dibujo
STIFF1

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STIFF2

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EP1

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IdeaConnection

WID11

WID12

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IdeaConnection

STIFF3

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IdeaConnection

M2,CON1(HEA260)Alasuperior1:

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IdeaConnection

Listadodematerial
Tornillos
Nombre
1/2A325

Recuento
6

Configuracindelanorma
tem
Coeficientedefriccin
Deformacinplsticalmite
Evaluacindelatensindelasoldadura
Detallado
Distanciaentretornillos[d]
Distanciaentretornillosyelborde[d]
ResistenciaderoturadelconodehormignETAG

Valor
0.25
0.05
Tensinmedia
No
2.66
1.25
S

Unidad

Referencia

TheoreticalBackground
CBFEMversusComponentsmethod
TheweakpointofstandardComponentmethodisinanalyzingofinternalforcesandstressinajoint.CBFEMreplacesspecificanalysisof
internalforcesinjointwithgeneralFEA.

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IdeaConnection

CheckmethodsofspecificcomponentslikeboltsorweldsaredoneaccordingtostandardComponentmethod(Eurocode).
ForthefastenersboltsandweldsspecialFEMcomponentshadtobedevelopedtomodeltheweldsandboltsbehaviourinjoint.Allpartsof
1Dmembersandalladditionalplatesaremodelledasplate/walls.Theseelementsaremadeofsteel(metalingeneral)andthebehaviourofthis
materialissignificantlynonlinear.
Therealstressstraindiagramofsteelisreplacedbytheidealplasticmaterialfordesignpurposesinbuildingpractice.Theadvantageofideal
plasticmaterialis,thatonlyyieldstrengthandmodulusofelasticitymustbeknowntodescribethematerialcurve.Thegrantedductilityof
constructionsteelis15%.Therealusablevalueoflimitplasticstrainis5%forordinarydesign(199315appendixCparagraphC.8note1).
Thestressinsteelcannotexceedtheyieldstrengthwhenusingtheidealelasticplasticstressstraindiagram.

Realtensioncurveandtheidealelasticplasticdiagramofmaterial
CBFEMmethodtriestocreatetomodeltherealstateprecisely.Theanalysisplate/wallsarenotinterconnected,nointersectionsaregenerated
betweenthem,unlikeitisusedtowhenmodellingstructuresandbuildings.Meshoffiniteelementsisgeneratedoneachindividualplate
independentlyonmeshofotherplates.
Weldsaremodelledasspecialmasslessforceinterpolationconstrains,whichensuretheconnectionbetweentheedgeofoneplateandthe
surfaceoredgeoftheotherplate.
Thisuniquecalculationmodelofboltprovidesverygoodresultsbothforthepointofviewofprecisionandoftheanalysisspeed.Themethod
protectedbypatent.
Thesteelbaseplateisplacedlooselyontheconcretefoundation.Itisacontactelementintheanalysismodeltheconnectionresistsfullyto
compression,butdoesnotresisttotension.

Stressstraindiagramofcontactbetweentheconcreteblockandthebaseplate
Twoapproachesofmodellingweldsareimplemented.
Thefirstoptionofweldmodelbetweenplatesisdirectmergeofmeshesofweldedplates.Theloadistransmittedthroughaforcedeformation
constrainstooppositeplate.Thismodeldoesnotrespectthestiffnessoftheweldandthestressdistributionisconservative.Stresspeaks,
whichappearattheendofplateedges,incornersandrounding,governtheresistancealongthewholelengthoftheweld.Toeliminatetheeffect
ofstresspeaksthreemethodsforevaluationoftheweldcanbechosen:
Maximalstress(conservative)
Averagestressonweld

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IdeaConnection

Linearinterpolationalongweld
Thesecondapproachusesanimprovedweldmodel.Aspecialelastoplasticelementisaddedbetweentheplates.Theelementrespectstheweld
throatthickness,positionandorientation.Idealplasticmodelisusedandtheplasticitystateiscontrolledbystressesintheweldthroatsection.
Thestresspeaksareredistributedalongthelongerpartoftheweldlength.
Boltedconnectionconsistsoftwoormoreclaspedplatesandoneormorebolts.Platesareplacedlooselyoneachother.
Acontactelementisinsertedbetweenplatesintheanalysismodel,whichactsonlyincompression.Noforcesarecarriedintension.
Shearforceistakenbybearing.Specialmodelforitstransferringintheforcedirectiononlyisimplemented.IDEAStatiCaConnectioncancheck
boltsforinteractionofshearandtension.Theboltbehaviorisimplementedaccordingfollowingpicture.

Bolttension
Symbolsexplanation:
Klinearstiffnessofbolt,
Kpstiffnessofboltatplasticbranch,
Flt limitforceforlinearbehaviourofbolt,
Ft,Rdlimitboltresistance,
ullimitdeformationofbolt.

Boltinteractionofshearandtension
TheconcreteblockinCBFEMismodelledusingWinklerPasternaksubsoilmodel.Thestiffnessofsubsoilisdeterminedusingmodulusof
elasticityofconcreteandeffectiveheightofsubsoil.TheconcreteblockisnotdesignedbyCBFEMmethod.Onlytheminimaldimensionofblock
underthebaseplateisdeterminedtoavoidtheconcreteconebreakout.

Loads

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Endforcesofmemberoftheframeanalysismodelaretransferredtotheendsofmembersegments.Eccentricitiesofmemberscausedbythe
jointdesignarerespectedduringtransfer.
TheanalysismodelcreatedbyCBFEMmethodcorrespondstotherealjointveryprecisely,whereastheanalysisofinternalforcesisperformed
onveryidealised3DFEM1Dmodel,whereindividualbeamsaremodelledusingcentrelinesandthejointsaremodelledusingimmaterialnodes.

Realshapeandtheoretical3DFEMmodelofjointofverticalcolumnandhorizontalbeam
Internalforcesareanalysedusing1Dmembersin3Dmodel.Thereisanexampleofcoursesofinternalforcesinthefollowingpicture.

Courseofbendingmomentandshearforceonhorizontalbeam.MandVaretheendforcesatjoint.
Theeffectscausedbymemberonthejointareimportanttodesignthejoint(connection).Theeffectsareillustratedinthefollowingpicture.

Effectsofmemberonthejointin1DmembersmodelandCBFEMmodel.CBFEMmodelisdrawnindarkcolor.
MomentMandforceVactintheoreticaljoint.ThepointoftheoreticaljointdoesnotexistniCBFEMmodel,thustheloadcannotbeappliedhere.
ThemodelmustbeloadedbyactionsMandV,whichhavetobetransferredtotheendofsegmentinthedistancer.
Mc=MV.r

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Vc=V
InCBFEMmodel,theendsectionofsegmentisloadedbymomentMcandforceVc.

Welds
Filletwelds
Thedesignstrength,Rnandtheallowablestrength,Rn/ofweldedjointsareevaluatedinconnectionweldcheck.
=0.75(LRFD)
=2.00(ASD)
AvailablestrengthofweldedjointsisevaluatedaccordingtoAISC36010tableJ2,5:
Rn=FnwAwe
Fnw=0.60FEXX(1.0+0.50sin1.5)
where
Fnwnominalstressofweldmaterial,
Aweeffectiveareaoftheweld,
FEXXelectrodeclassificationnumber,i.e.,minimumspecifiedtensilestrength,
angleofloadingmeasuredfromtheweldlongitudinalaxis,degrees.

Forendloadedfilletweldswithalengthupto100timestheweldsize,itispermittedtotaketheeffectivelengthequaltotheactuallength.When
thelengthoftheendloadedfilletweldexceeds100timestheweldsize,theeffectivelengthshallbedeterminedbymultiplyingtheactuallengthby
thereductionfactor,,determinedasfollows:
=1.20.002(l/w)
where
lweldlength,
wsizeofweldleg.
Whenthelengthoftheweldexceeds300timesthelegsize,w,theeffectivelengthistakenas180w.

CJPgroovewelds
AISCSpecificationTableJ2.5identifiesfourloadingconditionsthatmightbeassociatedwithJPgroovewelds,andshowsthatthestrengthofthe
jointiseithercontrolledbythebasemetalorthattheloadsneednotbeconsideredinthedesignoftheweldsconnectingtheparts.Accordingly,
whenCJPgrooveweldsaremadewithmatchingstrengthfillermetal,thestrengthofaconnectionisgovernedorcontrolledbythebasemetal,
andnochecksontheweldstrengtharerequired.

Bolts
Tensileandshearstrengthofbolts
Thedesigntensileorshearstrength,Rn,andtheallowabletensileorshearstrength,Rn/ofasnugtightenedboltisdeterminedaccordingto
thelimitstatesoftensionruptureandshearruptureasfollows:
Rn=FnAb
=0.75(LRFD)
=2.00(ASD)
where
Abnominalunthreadedbodyareaofboltorthreadedpart,in2(mm2)
Fnnominaltensilestress,Fnt,orshearstress,Fnv,fromTableJ3.2,ksi(MPa)
Therequiredtensilestrengthincludesanytensionresultingfrompryingactionproducedbydeformationoftheconnectedparts.

CombinedTensionandshearinbearingtypeconnection
Theavailabletensilestrengthofaboltsubjectedtocombinedtensionandshearisdeterminedaccordingtothelimitstatesoftensionandshear
ruptureasfollows:
Rn=F'ntAb(AISC36010J32)
=0.75(LRFD)
=2.00(ASD)
Fn't=1,3FntfrvFnt/Fnv(AISC36010J33aLRFD)
Fnt=1,3FntfrvFnt/Fnv(AISC36010J33bASD)
where
Fntnominaltensilestressmodifiedtoincludetheeffectsofshearstress
FntnominaltensilestressfromAISC36010TableJ3.2
FnvnominalshearstressfromAISC36010TableJ3.2
frvrequiredshearstressusingLRFDorASDloadcombinations.Theavailableshearstressofthefastenershallbeequalorexceed
therequiredshearstress,frv.

Bearingstrengthinboltholes

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Theavailablebearingstrength,RnandRn/atboltholesisdeterminedforthelimitstateofbearingasfollows:
=0.75(LRFD)
=2.00(ASD)
Thenominalbearingstrengthoftheconnectedmaterial,Rn,isdeterminedasfollows:
Foraboltinaconnectionwithstandard,oversizedandshortslottedholes,independentofthedirectionofloading,oralongslottedholewiththe
slotparalleltothedirectionofthebearingforce
Whendeformationattheboltholeatserviceloadisadesignconsideration
Rn=1.2lctFu2.4dtFu(AISC36010J36a)
Whendeformationattheboltholeatserviceloadisnotadesignconsideration
Rn=1.5lctFu3.0dtFu(AISC36010J36b)
where
Fuspecifiedminimumtensilestrengthoftheconnectedmaterial,
dnominalboltdiameter,
lccleardistance,inthedirectionoftheforce,betweentheedgeoftheholeandtheedgeoftheadjacentholeoredgeofthematerial,
tthicknessofconnectedmaterial.

Preloadedbolts
ThedesignslipresistanceofapreloadedclassA325orA490boltwithoutofeffectoftensileforce,Ft,Ed.
PreloadingforcetobeusedAISC36010tab.J3.1.
Tb=0,7fubAs
DesignslipresistanceperboltAISC36010par.3.8
Rn=1.13TbNs
Utilisationinshear[%]:
Uts =V/Rnwhere
As tensilestressareaofthebolt,
fubultimatetensilestrength,
slipfactorobtained,
Nsnumberofthefrictionsurfaces.Checkiscalculatedforeachfrictionsurfaceseparately.
Vshearforce.

Anchors
ConcreteCapacityDesign(CCD).IntheCCDmethod,theconcreteconeisconsideredtobeformedatanangleofapproximately34(1to1.5
slope).Forsimplification,theconeisconsideredtobesquareratherthanroundinplan.TheconcretebreakoutstressintheCCDmethodis
consideredtodecreasewithanincreaseinsizeofthebreakoutsurface.Consequently,theincreaseinstrengthofthebreakoutintheCCD
methodisproportionaltotheembedmentdepthtothepowerof1.5.
Ncbg=324fchef 1,5An/An0forhef <11in
Ncbg=316fchef 1,66An/An0forhef >=11in
where

=0.70,
3=1.25consideringtheconcretetobeuncrackedatserviceloads,otherwise=1.0,
hef depthofembedment,
Anconcretebreakoutconeareaforgroup,
An0concretebreakoutconeareaforsingleanchor.

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