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# NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A

2 DOF STRUCTURE

## NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A 2 DOF STRUCTURE

Problem Description
The purpose of this exercise is to study the Normal Modes

## of a simple 2 degree of freedom mass-spring structure. The

structure is formed with 3 springs, each with spring constant
value of 1000. The two end nodes of the springs are
constrained while the middle nodes are attached with 0D
masses.
User will submit this model to MD Nastran for a normal

eigenvectors.

Table WS2-1
Node ID

Node Coordinate

[0,0,0]

[1,0,0]

[2,0,0]

[3,0,0]

Figure WS2-1

1000

20

1000

40

1000

## Suggested Exercise Steps

1. Create the nodes according to the values given in
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Table WS2-1.
Connect the nodes with bar elements.
Create 2 point elements to the two middle nodes.
Assign a spring properties to the bar elements with spring
constant of 1000.
Assign mass properties to the point elements.
Create the boundary conditions.
Submit the model to MD Nastran for analysis.
Attach the .XDB results file.
Post Process results create an animation of the mode
shapes.

a

## Create a new database called

ws2.db:
a.
File / New
b.
Enter ws2 as the File name.
c.
Click OK.
d.
Select Default for
Tolerance.
e.
Select MD Nastran as the
Analysis Code.
f.
Select Structural as the
Analysis Type.
g.
Click OK.

e
f

## Step 1. Elements: Create / Node / Edit

f
Create 4 nodes using coordinates
shown in Table WS2-1:
a.
Elements: Create / Node /
Edit
b.
Uncheck Associate with
Geometry.
c.
Uncheck Auto Execute.
d.
Enter coordinate listed in
Table WS2-1.
e.
Click Apply.
f.
Click on the Node Size icon
to show the nodes.

b
c
d
e
6

## Create 3 bar elements to connect the

nodes together:
a.
Elements: Create / Element /
Edit
b.
Select Bar in the Shape pull
c.
Pick the nodes from the
screen to create 3 bar
elements.
You do not need to press apply if
Auto Execute is checked

## Create a point element at the two

middle nodes:
a.
Select Point in the Shape
b.
Select the two middle
nodes.
If Auto Execute is checked, there
is no need to click Apply.

## Assign the Spring Element Properties

to the bar elements:
a.
Properties: Create / 1D /
Spring
b.
Enter spring for the
Property Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Properties.
d.
Enter 1000 for the Spring
Constant.
e.
Select UX from the pull
down menu for Dof at Node
1 and Node 2.
f.
Click OK.
g.
Click on Select Application
Region.
h.
Click in the Select Members
box, and select Bar
Element selection tool from
the menu. Select all the bar
elements.
i.
j.
Click Apply.

d
e

b
c
g
j

f
i

## Assign the Mass Element

Properties to the point elements:
a.
Properties: Create / 0D /
Mass
b.
Enter m1 for the Property
Set Name.
c.
Select Lumped for
Options.
d.
Click on Input Properties.
e.
Enter 20 for Mass.
f.
Click OK.
g.
Click in the Select
Application Region.
h.
Click in the Select
Members box, and select
Point Element selection
the Point element on the
left.
i.
j.
Click Apply.

h
b
c
d
i

h
j

10

## Assign the Mass Element

Properties to the point elements
(Cont.):
a.
Enter m2 for the
Property Set Name.
b.
Click on Input
Properties.
c.
Enter 40 for Mass.
d.
Click OK.
e.
Click on Select
Application Region.
f.
Click in the Select
Members box, and
select Point Element
selection tool from the
element on the right.
g.
h.
Click Apply.

f
a

b
e

f
g
h

11

## Create the boundary condition:

a.
Displacement / Nodal
b.
Enter fixed for the New
Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Data.
d.
Enter <0,0,0> for both,
Translations and
Rotations.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click on Select
Application Region.
g.
Change the Geometry
Filter to FEM.
h.
Select the node at each
end.
i.
j.
Click Apply.

a
d
g

h
i

c
f

i
j
12

13

## Create the boundary condition (Cont.):

a.
Displacement / Nodal
b.
Enter make_1d for the New
Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Data.
d.
Enter <,0,0> for Translations
and <0,0,0> for Rotations.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click on Select Application
Region.
g.
Change the Geometry Filter
to FEM.
h.
Select the two nodes in the
middle.
i.
j.
Click Apply.

d
g

h
i

b
e
c

f
j
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15

## Submit the model for analysis:

a.
Analysis: Analyze /
Entire Model / Full Run
b.
Enter mass2_k3_ex for
the Job Name.
c.
Click on Solution Type.
d.
Select NORMAL
MODES.
e.
Click on Solution
Parameters.
f.
Ensure the value for
Wt.-Mass Conversion is
1.0.
g.
Click OK.
h.
Click OK.

b
f
e
c
h
g
16

## Submit the model for analysis

(Cont.):
a.
Click on Subcases.
b.
Select Default in the
Available Subcases
field.
c.
Click on Subcase
Parameters.
d.
Change the Number of
Desired Roots to 2.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click Apply to apply
the Default subcase.
g.
Click Cancel to exit
h.
Click Apply to submit
the model to Nastran
for analysis.

e
f

17

a
h

## Attach the XDB result file:

a.
Analysis: Access
Results / Attach XDB /
Result Entities
b.
Click on Select Results
File.
c.
Select
mass2_k3_ex.xdb.
d.
Click OK.
e.
Click Apply.

a
c

b
e
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## Create a Deformation of the first mode:

a.
Results: Create / Deformation
b.
Select Mode 1.
c.
Select Eigenvectors, Translational
in the Select Deformation Result box.
d.
Click on the Display Attribute icon.
e.
Increase the thickness of the Line
Width using the pull down menu.
f.
Click Apply.
g.
Increase the node size by typing
node_ size(30) in the Command
Line. Press Enter.

d
b

f
19

## Step 9. Results: Create / Deformation (Cont.)

e
b
Create an animation of the mode shape:
a.
Preferences / Graphics
b.
Make sure the Hardware Rendering option is
checked.
c.
Click Apply.
d.
Click Cancel.
e.
click on the Animation Option icon.
f.
Select 2D option in the Animation Graphics
field.
g.
Check Animate.
h.
Click Apply.

g
h
20

## Step 9. Results: Create / Deformation (Cont.)

21

Summary
Summary of Frequencies and Modes for project _______________
Mode

Freq
(Hz)

Description

22

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