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NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A

2 DOF STRUCTURE

NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A 2 DOF STRUCTURE

Problem Description
The purpose of this exercise is to study the Normal Modes

of a simple 2 degree of freedom mass-spring structure. The


structure is formed with 3 springs, each with spring constant
value of 1000. The two end nodes of the springs are
constrained while the middle nodes are attached with 0D
masses.
User will submit this model to MD Nastran for a normal

modes analysis and observe the two eigenvalues and


eigenvectors.

NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A 2 DOF STRUCTURE

Problem Description (Cont.)


Table WS2-1
Node ID

Node Coordinate

[0,0,0]

[1,0,0]

[2,0,0]

[3,0,0]

Figure WS2-1

1000

20

1000

40

1000

NORMAL MODES ANALYSIS OF A 2 DOF STRUCTURE

Suggested Exercise Steps


1. Create the nodes according to the values given in
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Table WS2-1.
Connect the nodes with bar elements.
Create 2 point elements to the two middle nodes.
Assign a spring properties to the bar elements with spring
constant of 1000.
Assign mass properties to the point elements.
Create the boundary conditions.
Submit the model to MD Nastran for analysis.
Attach the .XDB results file.
Post Process results create an animation of the mode
shapes.

CREATE NEW DATABASE


a

Create a new database called


ws2.db:
a.
File / New
b.
Enter ws2 as the File name.
c.
Click OK.
d.
Select Default for
Tolerance.
e.
Select MD Nastran as the
Analysis Code.
f.
Select Structural as the
Analysis Type.
g.
Click OK.

e
f

Step 1. Elements: Create / Node / Edit

f
Create 4 nodes using coordinates
shown in Table WS2-1:
a.
Elements: Create / Node /
Edit
b.
Uncheck Associate with
Geometry.
c.
Uncheck Auto Execute.
d.
Enter coordinate listed in
Table WS2-1.
e.
Click Apply.
f.
Click on the Node Size icon
to show the nodes.

b
c
d
e
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Step 2. Elements: Create / Element / Edit

Create 3 bar elements to connect the


nodes together:
a.
Elements: Create / Element /
Edit
b.
Select Bar in the Shape pull
down menu.
c.
Pick the nodes from the
screen to create 3 bar
elements.
You do not need to press apply if
Auto Execute is checked

Step 3. Elements: Create / Element / Edit

Create a point element at the two


middle nodes:
a.
Select Point in the Shape
pull down menu.
b.
Select the two middle
nodes.
If Auto Execute is checked, there
is no need to click Apply.

Step 4. Properties: Create / 1D / Spring

Assign the Spring Element Properties


to the bar elements:
a.
Properties: Create / 1D /
Spring
b.
Enter spring for the
Property Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Properties.
d.
Enter 1000 for the Spring
Constant.
e.
Select UX from the pull
down menu for Dof at Node
1 and Node 2.
f.
Click OK.
g.
Click on Select Application
Region.
h.
Click in the Select Members
box, and select Bar
Element selection tool from
the menu. Select all the bar
elements.
i.
Click Add and OK.
j.
Click Apply.

d
e

b
c
g
j

f
i

Step 5. Properties: Create / 0D / Mass

Assign the Mass Element


Properties to the point elements:
a.
Properties: Create / 0D /
Mass
b.
Enter m1 for the Property
Set Name.
c.
Select Lumped for
Options.
d.
Click on Input Properties.
e.
Enter 20 for Mass.
f.
Click OK.
g.
Click in the Select
Application Region.
h.
Click in the Select
Members box, and select
Point Element selection
tool from the menu. Select
the Point element on the
left.
i.
Click Add and OK.
j.
Click Apply.

h
b
c
d
i

h
j

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Step 5. Properties: Create / 0D / Mass (Cont.)

Assign the Mass Element


Properties to the point elements
(Cont.):
a.
Enter m2 for the
Property Set Name.
b.
Click on Input
Properties.
c.
Enter 40 for Mass.
d.
Click OK.
e.
Click on Select
Application Region.
f.
Click in the Select
Members box, and
select Point Element
selection tool from the
menu. Select the Point
element on the right.
g.
Click Add and OK.
h.
Click Apply.

f
a

b
e

f
g
h

11

Step 6. Loads/BCs: Create / Displacement / Nodal

Create the boundary condition:


a.
Loads/BCs: Create /
Displacement / Nodal
b.
Enter fixed for the New
Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Data.
d.
Enter <0,0,0> for both,
Translations and
Rotations.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click on Select
Application Region.
g.
Change the Geometry
Filter to FEM.
h.
Select the node at each
end.
i.
Click Add, and click OK.
j.
Click Apply.

a
d
g

h
i

c
f

i
j
12

Step 6. Loads/BCs: Create / Displacement / Nodal (Cont.)

13

Step 6. Loads/BCs: Create / Displacement / Nodal (Cont.)

Create the boundary condition (Cont.):


a.
Loads/BCs: Create /
Displacement / Nodal
b.
Enter make_1d for the New
Set Name.
c.
Click on Input Data.
d.
Enter <,0,0> for Translations
and <0,0,0> for Rotations.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click on Select Application
Region.
g.
Change the Geometry Filter
to FEM.
h.
Select the two nodes in the
middle.
i.
Click Add, and click OK.
j.
Click Apply.

d
g

h
i

b
e
c

f
j
14

Step 6. Loads/BCs: Create / Displacement / Nodal (Cont.)

15

Step 7. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run

Submit the model for analysis:


a.
Analysis: Analyze /
Entire Model / Full Run
b.
Enter mass2_k3_ex for
the Job Name.
c.
Click on Solution Type.
d.
Select NORMAL
MODES.
e.
Click on Solution
Parameters.
f.
Ensure the value for
Wt.-Mass Conversion is
1.0.
g.
Click OK.
h.
Click OK.

b
f
e
c
h
g
16

Step 7. Analysis: Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run (Cont.)

Submit the model for analysis


(Cont.):
a.
Click on Subcases.
b.
Select Default in the
Available Subcases
field.
c.
Click on Subcase
Parameters.
d.
Change the Number of
Desired Roots to 2.
e.
Click OK.
f.
Click Apply to apply
the changes made to
the Default subcase.
g.
Click Cancel to exit
the Subcases menu.
h.
Click Apply to submit
the model to Nastran
for analysis.

e
f

17

a
h

Step 8. Analysis: Access Results / Attach XDB / Result Entities

Attach the XDB result file:


a.
Analysis: Access
Results / Attach XDB /
Result Entities
b.
Click on Select Results
File.
c.
Select
mass2_k3_ex.xdb.
d.
Click OK.
e.
Click Apply.

a
c

b
e
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Step 9. Results: Create / Deformation

Create a Deformation of the first mode:


a.
Results: Create / Deformation
b.
Select Mode 1.
c.
Select Eigenvectors, Translational
in the Select Deformation Result box.
d.
Click on the Display Attribute icon.
e.
Increase the thickness of the Line
Width using the pull down menu.
f.
Click Apply.
g.
Increase the node size by typing
node_ size(30) in the Command
Line. Press Enter.

d
b

f
19

Step 9. Results: Create / Deformation (Cont.)

e
b
Create an animation of the mode shape:
a.
Preferences / Graphics
b.
Make sure the Hardware Rendering option is
checked.
c.
Click Apply.
d.
Click Cancel.
e.
Return to the Create / Deformation form, and
click on the Animation Option icon.
f.
Select 2D option in the Animation Graphics
field.
g.
Check Animate.
h.
Click Apply.

g
h
20

Step 9. Results: Create / Deformation (Cont.)

21

Summary
Summary of Frequencies and Modes for project _______________
Mode

Freq
(Hz)

Description

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