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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) ________ is the early operating system developed by Microsoft.


A) MS-DOS
B) Linux
C) Serial-ATA
2) ________ replaced MS-DOS.
A) Serial ATA
C) Mouse

B) Linux
D) Microsoft Windows

3) The ________ is the most common input device.


A) keyboard
B) monitor

C) printer

1)
D) Windows 7
2)

3)
D) mouse

4) The traditional QWERTY keyboard has been shown to cause


A) ergonomic vein problems.
B) repetitive-stress injuries.
C) relaxation-caused injuries.
D) repetitive-related sores.

4)

5) The typical mouse uses ________ to detect movement.


A) reflected light
B) coaxial cable
C) digital signals
D) microwave signals

5)

6) The most common pointing input device is the


A) touchscreen.
B) mouse.

6)
C) touchpad.

D) trackball.

7) The wheel located between the two standard buttons on a mouse is used to
A) scroll.
B) jump to different Web pages.
C) click and select items.
D) click in Web pages.

7)

8) A touchpad responds to
A) light.
C) clicking.

8)
B) the sense of heat from fingertips.
D) pressure.

9) The pointing device that comes built-in on a laptop computer can be any device EXCEPT a
A) trackpoint.
B) mouse.
C) trackball.
D) touchpad.
10) Which input device resembles an upside-down mouse?
A) trackpad
B) trackball
C) touchpad

D) trackpoint

11) A ________ uses pressure as a user presses it with a stylus to send signals.
A) graphics tablet
B) trackpoint
C) touchpad

D) trackball

12) Bar-code readers use light to read


A) UPSs.
B) POSs.

9)

10)

11)

12)
C) UPCs.

D) optical marks.

13) A standardized test that you may have taken in school could have been scored by a(n) ________.
A) magnetic ink character reader
B) bar code reader
C) scanner
D) optical mark reader

13)

14) A key on your keyboard can be used in combination with another key to modify meanings of
keystrokes. For example, holding the Shift key while pressing the "S" key types a capital S, while
Ctrl+S tell a Windows application to
A) scroll.
B) save the current document.
C) shift.
D) search the current document.

14)

15) OCR stands for


A) original character reader.
C) optical coding recognizer.

15)
B) optical character recognition.
D) ostensibly characterized reader.

16) OCR is
A) hardware.
C) software.

B) firmware.
D) an output device.

16)

17) A smart phone is a(n) handheld ________ input device.


A) tablet
B) analog
C) detachable

17)
D) multi-touch

18) Before a computer can recognize handwriting, an input device must


A) digitize the information.
B) be programmed.
C) optimize the information.
D) show the information on a screen.

18)

19) A ________ is used to create a digital representation of typed text, handwritten text, graphics, and
objects.
A) video digitizer
B) videoconferencing device
C) bar-code reader
D) scanner

19)

20) Employees who reside in different parts of the country and need to meet regularly, can use
computer technology known as
A) videoconferencing.
B) video scanning.
C) video-display software.
D) video digitizing.

20)

21) ________ can interpret voice data into words that can be understood by the computer.
A) Word recognition software
B) Speech recognition software
C) Talking software
D) Speech input hardware

21)

22) A limitation of software that digitizes voice data is that it


A) cannot be used on laptop computers.
B) must be trained to recognize individual voices.
C) can only be used on high-end computers.
D) is not very reliable.

22)

23) For a computer to recognize and understand analog data, it first must be
A) digitized.
B) analyzed for viruses.
C) analyzed by the ALU of the CPU.
D) sent to a mainframe for interpretation.

23)

24) The display size of a monitor is measured


A) horizontally.
C) vertically.

24)
B) diagonally.
D) from center to the furthest corner.

25) The higher the resolution of a monitor, the


A) larger the pixels.
C) closer together the pixels.

B) less clear the screen is.


D) further apart the pixels.

25)

26) The display screen is also called a


A) DVD.
B) resolution.

C) pointing stick.

26)
D) monitor.

27) An advantage that LCD monitors have over CRT monitors is that LCDs are
A) use less energy.
B) less expensive.
C) more difficult to steal because they are considerably larger.
D) used only on laptops.

27)

28) The three additive primary colors in a computer display include


A) green, brown, yellow.
B) yellow, blue, white.
C) red, green, blue.
D) red, green, black.

28)

29) A pixel is a
A) point of ink on an inkjet printed page.
C) point of ink on a laser-printed page.

29)
B) light beam used as an input device.
D) picture element or dot on a screen.

30) An advantage that impact printers have over nonimpact printers is that impact printers
A) are quieter than nonimpact printers.
B) are much less expensive.
C) can print multipart forms.
D) are smaller than nonimpact printers.

30)

31) The most common color printers are


A) inkjet.
B) lasers.

31)
C) dot-matrix.

D) line printers.

32) In a laser printer, what creates electrical charges on the drum that then attracts ink to those areas?
A) digitized beam
B) laser beam
C) pixels
D) magnetic beam

32)

33) Engineering blueprints are typically printed on a


A) scanner.
C) laser printer.

33)
B) digitized tablet.
D) plotter.

34) For a faxed document with text to be edited, it must be processed by ________ software.
A) fax modem
B) Word
C) modem
D) OCR

34)

35) If a user with an older tower system wants their computer to accept microphone input, they must
install removable
A) sound cards.
B) speakers.
C) synthesizers.
D) audio software.

35)

36) The science of creating work environments that are safe and efficient for workers is known as
A) ectonomics.
B) ergonomics.
C) ergocentric.
D) environmental.

36)

37) Input and output secondary storage devices include all of the following EXCEPT:
A) USB
B) magnetic tape drives.
C) CD-ROM.
D) RAM.

37)

38) A common storage device on mainframe computers, but not common on PCs, is a
A) hard drive.
B) CD.
C) tape drive.
D) DVD.

38)

39) Unlike optical storage, magnetic tape is


A) sequential.
C) random.

39)
B) written with a laser beam.
D) laser read.

40) How is a magnetic disk drive read?


A) in sequential blocks
C) sequentially

B) randomly
D) through a laser beam

41) Most new computers do not come with


A) CD-ROM drives.
C) internal hard drives.

B) DVD drives.
D) floppy drives.

40)

41)

42) CD-RW stands for


A) compact disc, read-only then write.
B) compact disc-rewritable.
C) compact diskette with random write capability.
D) compact diskette, read, write.

42)

43) ________ is a type of erasable, reliable, and compact memory that is a viable alternative to disk
storage.
A) RAM chip
B) Flash memory
C) CD-RW
D) DVD

43)

44) A(n) ________ uses laser beams rather than magnets to read and write bits of data
on a reflective aluminum layer of the disc.
A) USB drive
B) optical disc drive
C) magnetic tape drive
D) floppy drive

44)

45) Which of the following is an example of a legacy port?


A) interface port
B) Ethernet port
C) USB port

45)
D) parallel port

46) This relatively new interface standard for connecting computers to most external peripherals is a
A) parallel port.
B) FireWire.
C) Serial-ATA.
D) SCSI port.

46)

47) What is it called when you can remove and replace devices without turning off your computer?
A) Plug-N-Play
B) Bay swap
C) Hot swapping
D) USB swapping

47)

48) ________ allow(s) drives to be built into a computer system.


A) The Motherboard
B) Ports
C) Expansion slots
D) Bays

48)

49) A USB port allows a user to


A) connect up to 126 devices.
B) install software in a matter of seconds.
C) add an additional monitor and printer simultaneously.
D) add hardware through more advanced expansion slots.

49)

50) ________ is a high-speed connection developed by Apple.


A) Hot swap
B) USB
C) LAN

50)
D) FireWire

51) FireWire allows


A) power to be provided to iLinks.
B) only one device to be connected.
C) the cloud to function.
D) multiple devices to be connected to the same port.

51)

52) Compatibility, with regard to computers, refers to


A) being versatile enough to handle the job.
B) software that is likely to cause problems.
C) the software doing the right job for the user.
D) the software being able to run on the computer.

52)

53) Connectivity for a new computer means


A) allowing a printer to be connected to it.
B) connecting a mouse, a keyboard, and a printerall essential hardware pieces for the average
user.
C) having a modem and/or network connection to communicate with other computers.
D) connecting the software to the hardware of the system.

53)

54) Three technological trends are already changing the way people think about and use computer
peripherals:
A) wireless technology, SATA and the Internet "cloud."
B) computer networks, FireWire and the Internet "cloud."
C) wireless technology, computer networks, and the Internet "cloud."
D) wireless technology, computer networks, and tablets.

54)

55) Lately Microsoft's digital domain has been threatened by this Web-based company:
A) YouTube.
B) Google.
C) Facebook.
D) Yahoo!.

55)

56) Most wireless keyboards use this technology to send signals to the rest of the system:
A) USB.
B) LAN.
C) Blu-ray.
D) Bluetooth.

56)

57) This variation on keyboard design displays keys that react to touch or movement:
A) laser projections.
B) wireless keyboards.
C) QWERTY keyboards.
D) one handed keyboards.

57)

58) This type of pointing device requires batteries and uses tiny radio transmitters to send signals:
A) scrolling mouse.
B) game controller.
C) touch screen.
D) wireless mouse.

58)

59) The following are all examples of game controllers:


A) touchpad, track point, console, and joystick.
B) joystick, cartridge, and remote control.
C) touchpad, joystick, and stylus.
D) joystick, gamepad, and Nintendo Wii remote.

59)

60) This is a tool that you would use to enter your handwriting into a tablet PC:
A) pointer.
B) track stick.
C) pen.

60)
D) stylus.

61) Most mice have two or more buttons; the right mouse button is usually used for
A) issuing other commands.
B) dragging.
C) clicking and dragging.
D) opening applications.

61)

62) This device, a tiny handle, located in the middle of a keyboard (usually on laptop computers) is
called a
A) trackball.
B) trackpoint.
C) trackpad.
D) mouse.

62)

63) ________ technology allows users to use multifinger or multihand gestures to accomplish complex
tasks quickly.
A) Wireless mouse
B) Laser
C) Multi-touch input device
D) Think pad

63)

64) Microsoft's Surface, a computer embedded in a table with a large touch-sensitive tabletop that
serves as the monitor, is based on this type of technology
A) futuristic.
B) historical.
C) laser-touch.
D) multi-touch.

64)

65) This device, when dragged across a line of printed text acts as an OCR and recognizes and stores
the text to be transferred to your computer:
A) pen scanner.
B) POS terminal.
C) yellow sticky pen.
D) highlighter.

65)

66) Bar code readers use ________ to read universal product codes (UPCs), inventory codes, and
other codes created from patterns of variable-width bars.
A) light
B) OCR
C) dark
D) lasers

66)

67) ________ translates the user's handwritten forms into computer-readable characters.
A) Handwriting recognition software
B) Scanners
C) Digitizers
D) Optical mark readers

67)

68) Digital cameras store bit patterns on ________.


A) film
B) audio files
C) negatives
D) flash memory cards or other digital storage media

68)

69) This device captures an analog video signal and converts it to a digital signal that can be stored in
memory and displayed on a computer screen:
A) midi port.
B) video transducer.
C) video digitizer.
D) synthesizer.

69)

70) These systems are helpful to people who cannot use their hands while they work:
A) videoconferencing.
B) speech recognition.
C) OCR readers.
D) analog-to-digital converter.

70)

71) An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) converts electrical charges into


A) midi files.
B) analog clusters.
C) .wav files.

71)

D) discrete values.

72) These are designed to monitor physical conditions, such as temperature and humidity:
A) punch cards.
B) lock boxes.
C) microphones.
D) sensors.

72)

73) Most monitors fall into these two categories:


A) video projectors and non-gas plasma.
B) cathode-ray tube and liquid crystal display.
C) video projectors and desktop.
D) video and analog.

73)

74) The two main types of nonimpact printers are


A) laser and photo.
C) dot matrix and plotters.

74)
B) dot matrix and photo.
D) laser and inkjet.

75) Optical disc drives use ________ rather than magnets to read and write bits of data on a reflective
aluminum layer of a disc.
A) black light
B) laser beams
C) ultrasound
D) electrical currents

75)

76) The acronym WORM stands for


A) write-office, read-most.
C) write only recordable memories.

76)
B) write-once, read-many.
D) work overtime, reap money.

77) The following are tips for computer users to protect your health EXCEPT:
A) choose equipment based on its color.
B) rest your eyes 15 minutes for every 2 hours at your computer.
C) stretch during breaks.
D) if you type a lot of text consider using voice recognition software.

77)

78) The typical hard disk consists of several


A) platters.
B) tapes.

78)
C) layers.

79) Magnetic disks are divided into


A) semi-reflective layers.
C) tracks and sectors.

B) heads and fragments.


D) rays and cones.

D) fragments.
79)

80) The main difference between DVD and CD technology is


A) DVDs are larger than CDs.
B) the pits are packed much closer on a DVD.
C) DVDs spin much faster than CDs.
D) information is written on both sides of a CD.

80)

81) This type of drive is popular for storing data files created on publicly used computers (such as at a
school):
A) hub.
B) PC card.
C) CD.
D) USB flash drive.

81)

82) This type of memory card is used in MP3 players, smart phones, and many other electronic
devices:
A) flash memory.
B) thumb.
C) CMOS.
D) jump.

82)

83) The process of creating colors by combining colored lights is called ________ color synthesis.
A) Hexadecimal codes
B) Monochrome
C) RGB
D) additive

83)

TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.
84) Most sound cards have synthesizers on them.

84)

85) One way to describe resolution is by indicating the number of columns and rows of pixels, such as
1,024 x 768.

85)

86) Colors on a monitor are formed by adding different amounts of red, yellow, and blue.

86)

87) Laser and inkjet printers typically produce documents that have high-resolution outputusually
600 or more dots per inch.

87)

88) A Blu-ray uses a blue-violet laser to pack almost six times as many bits on a disc as a DVD.

88)

89) A CD-ROM drive is the oldest type of optical drive.

89)

90) The problem with disk drives and their moving parts is that they will eventually fail.

90)

91) Unlike optical storage, magnetic tape can store massive amounts of information in a small space at
a relatively low cost.

91)

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
92) Computer professionals sometimes use the acronym ________ for input and output.

92)

93) Data _________rate is the major difference between USB 1.0 and USB 3.0.

93)

94) When an instructor writes on a(n) ________ whiteboard, all information can be sent to a
PC, simplifying and streamlining the note-taking process for meetings and classes.

94)

95) The technology that recognizes individual characters on a printed page, so they can be
stored and eventually edited, is known by the acronym ________.

95)

96) A(n) ________ scanner can capture and digitize images from photographic negatives and
slides.

96)

97) Videoconferencing requires the communicating computers to have ________ so the


participants can see each other.

97)

98) ________ recognition software is invaluable for people with disabilities who are unable to
use their hands.

98)

99) The ________ of a computer monitor refers to the total number of pixels displayed on the
screen.

99)

100) In relation to a computer's monitor, DPI stands for ________ per inch.

100)

101) The type of monitor used on laptop computers is a liquid ________ display.

101)

102) ________ printers are popular with home users and others whose printing needs are light
to
medium.

102)

103) An inkjet printer used to print high-quality photographs is called a(n) ________ printer.

103)

104) A(n) ________ printer, also known as an MFP, combines a scanner, a laser or inkjet
printer, and a fax modem into one device.

104)

105) A(n) ________ modem translates documents into signals that can be sent over phone
wires and decoded by a receiving fax machine.

105)

106) If a computer user wishes to play music, the computer must include a(n) ________ card
and speakers.

106)

107) Carpal ________ syndrome is a painful affliction of the wrist and hand that results from
repeating the same movements over long periods.

107)

108) A magnetic disk, hard disk, or a floppy disk, uses ________ access.

108)

109) Today, many people say DVD stands for ________ versatile disc because these
high-capacity discs are used to store and distribute all kinds of data.

109)

110) A dual-layer DVD can hold up to ________ GB of information.

110)

111) ________ memory is a type of erasable memory chip that is low energy, quiet, and
portable.

111)

112) ________ ink character readers can read those odd-shaped numbers printed with
magnetic ink on checks.

112)

113) The hard plastic antitheft cards attached to clothes at department stores are called
________ tags.

113)

114) ________ scanners, also known as slide scanners, are used to scan slides and negatives.

114)

115) Drum ________ are high-end devices that are used by museums and high-end publishing
where image quality is critical.

115)

116) The ________ ratio is the fractional relationship between the width and height of a display.

116)

117) Many output devices take bit patterns and turn them into nondigital movements or
________.

117)

118) Controllers with force feedback, also known as ________ feedback, can receive signals
from a computer and give tactile feedbackjolts, scrapes, and bumpsthat matches the
visual output of the game or simulation.

118)

119) Magnetic devices such as the ________ diskette have all but disappeared due to the
advances in optical disc and flash memory storage technology.

119)

MATCHING. Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1.
Match the term on the left to its corresponding definition on the right.
120) serial port
A) used to plug a monitor into the video
board
121) parallel port

120)
121)

122) video port

B) has a data transfer rate of more than 3


Gbps

123) USB 3.0

C) a USB device can work on a PC or a Mac

124) interface standards

D) a connection standard developed by


Apple

124)

E) sends/receives one bit at a time

125)

F) agreed on benchmarks so devices can be


used on all hardware

126)

125) platform independent


126) FireWire

122)
123)

G) sends/receives bits in a group


Match the term on the left to its corresponding definition on the right.
127) DVD-ROM
A) play movies, and so forth, play music,
record, and erase data
128) DVD-RW
B) play a movie, and so forth, rewritable
129) CD-RW
C) play music, cannot write to it
130) CD-ROM
D) play music, only readable
131) CD-R
E) play music, rewritable
132) Burn
F) record to disc
133) DVD/CD-RW
G) play a movie, and so forth, not recordable

10

127)
128)
129)
130)
131)
132)
133)

Answer Key
Testname: UNTITLED42

1)
2)
3)
4)
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50)

A
D
A
B
A
B
A
D
B
B
A
C
D
B
B
C
D
A
D
A
B
B
A
B
C
D
A
C
D
C
A
B
D
D
A
B
D
C
A
B
D
B
B
B
D
B
C
D
A
D
11

Answer Key
Testname: UNTITLED42

51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
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60)
61)
62)
63)
64)
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100)

C
D
C
C
B
D
A
D
D
D
A
B
C
D
A
A
A
D
C
B
D
D
B
D
B
B
A
A
C
B
D
A
D
TRUE
TRUE
FALSE
FALSE
TRUE
TRUE
TRUE
TRUE
I/O
Speed
smart
OCR
slide
webcams
Speech
resolution
dots
12

Answer Key
Testname: UNTITLED42

101)
102)
103)
104)
105)
106)
107)
108)
109)
110)
111)
112)
113)
114)
115)
116)
117)
118)
119)
120)
121)
122)
123)
124)
125)
126)
127)
128)
129)
130)
131)
132)
133)

crystal
Inkjet
photo
multifunction
fax
sound
tunnel
random
digital
9.4
Flash
Magnetic
RFID
Film
scanners
aspect
measurements
haptic
floppy
E
G
A
B
F
C
D
G
B
E
C
D
F
A

13