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Who are the most vulnerable? Why are they considered vulnerable? What is the agenda for you to
reduce the vulnerability?
With the increase in the number of disasters in Indonesia since the 2004 tsunami had passed, in 2008, The
National Disaster Management agency was established, and by 2012, all provinces in Indonesia reviews
their established regional disaster management agency. Indonesia's efforts to adapt to climate change
made through small steps as in 2009 Indonesia Launched Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap
and Indonesian President SB Yudhoyono's second terms of office announce a pledge to cut Indonesia's
emissions by 26 percent by 2020 using the state budget or by 41 percent with international aid.
The above items affecting local governments to launch new planning towards climate change adaptation
with some guidance in the form of National Midterm Development Plan (RPJMN) which is made by the
central government, with priority targets to increase capacity adaptation and mitigation of Impacts of
Climate Change :
1. The Increased readiness of the construction sector in the face of planning and budgeting;
2. Decrease in carbon emissions;
3. The strengthening of the capacity of human resources, institutional capacity and increasing
alternative funding for the implementation of activities to adapt to climate change.
Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR) released for Medium-Term Development Plan
2010-2014 and for subsequent national development plans until 2030. This mark a new era to update local
government with the guidance from the RPJMN and ICCSR.
Bandar Lampung, where I currently live, has developed new Regional Midterm Development Plan
(RPJMD) 2010-2019 with plans of adapting to climate change. The Development and Planning Agency of
Kota Bandar Lampung, has been working with nongovernmental organization like Mercy Corps and
Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) to study and assess vulnerability in the city which marked climate change
vulnerable community that will be addressed in the plan :
Climate Change Element
Rising temperature
Immersion by flood

Immersion by sea level rise

Drought in dry season


Coastline, river
basin and dense
Coastal area (26

Agriculture, fisheries,
health, and fresh water
fisherman and children
who lives at river basin

Vulnerable Subject
Poor people, fisherman, elderly
people, children and women
Poor people, fisherman, elderly
people, children and women

Agriculture, fresh water

reserve and health
resource, infrastructure,
health, economy and

Farmer, poor people, elderly

people, children and women
Poor people living beside hills
and maountain

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK EG1 (A.Baiquni M. 81625425)




vulnerable people



Table 1. The Vulnerability Asesment in Kota Bandar Lampung1

Figure 1 The Mayor inspect the effect of local tornado or puting beliung in Tanjungkarang Timur 20111

In the table we note that the vulnerability in question by the implementation team of vulnerability studies
consist only in the range of human or human community. Some segregation were in age and sex, namely
children, women, and elderly people. There were also the factor of area divisions, namely farmers and
fishermen. I can conclude that for living creatures other than humans in the mitigation planning is only
threatened marine life in coastal areas because of increase sea level, saltwater intrusion and in
Although I am not in the least concerned about human population that will still persistently there all over
the world, it is the humanity aspect that brings the focused more on human. While animals and plants are
being neglected, cities will try to prevent loss of life (human lives) and their functioning system. This is
empathy towards the poor and the vulnerable with the emblem of innocent lives at stake . All of this is
being embedded in the mitigation plan by the city government.
In mitigation plan, the agenda to flood prone areas is to improve the physical condition of drainage
channels by increasing and all kinds of activities that improve the drainage system, the physical
construction of drainage channels in the form of development takes precedence, creation of a dike on the
rivers, preparation of water storage ponds in areas that have potential flooding, The execution of the
activities of reforestation and counseling to community who live in areas that have the potential danger of
While mitigation on potential landslide areas is restrictions on development of public infrastructure and
facilities in areas prone to landslides especially in areas with slope> 40%, close and prohibit mining
activities across the hills and mountains as well as the revitalization other protected areas, the application
of strict sanctions for perpetrators of destructive activities and protected areas.
To prevent abrasion and seawater intrusion, the city will built breakwaters, brackish water filtration, water
utilization and inventory monitoring for sea biota. For drought season, water supply management,

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK EG1 (A.Baiquni M. 81625425)

maintenance and infrastructure development for clean water, provision of public hydrants and water
tanks, and water treatment technology development will be carried out.
Water saving and reusing water, will be done through: land acquisition for dam site and reservoir,
construction and maintenance of dams and ponds, the application of Rainwater Harvesting, as well as
biopori and storage of water in the primary drainage (main drain). Biopores tools have been trademarked
by IPB so it will be good to have them as working partner.
The impact of disasters resulting change in behavior is a form of adaptation. Adaptation during the floods
by the population ranging from stay at home, move to an area that is not affected by the flood, leveemaking, deepen the waterways, raised floor, increase food supply and reduce fuel use. Adaptation to
drought in water scarce areas like Teluk Betung are buying water for their daily needs, reduce the
consumption of water, pumping water from the nearest source, relocating to areas that do not suffer from
drought and perform rituals to ask for rain. Social bond within the community plays an essential role to
adapt to disaster.
As for myself, to reduce vulnerability in the private context, there are steps that can be done that is not too
hard to do and hard to do. The first thing is just practice our religion teaching constantly. That is to see our
neighbor whether they have enough food for the day or not, or having difficulties that we can help. This is
a simple step, and yet in the long run will have more effect on the social lives and prosperity of the
environment. There is a saying that you can live with only silaturahim (that is to know and visit your
friends and family with the intention of establishing good relations).
Secondly to reduce my carbon footprint, I will promote riding a bicycle with good attitude. Why with
good attitude, because it will bring respect and people will be interested in trying it for themselves.
Nowadays Bandar Lampung is cramped with local minibus (angkot) and with an increase in business
activity; many people can purchase private motorized transport for themselves thus exacerbate the
change. The act of cycling could bring relieve to some of the traffic hours. The main problem of cycling
in the tropical region is sweat; therefore it is uncommon to see people cycling in the heat of the day. The
usual thing other than would be to try to build low energy agenda, changing light bulb, reduce
consumption, and plant trees and vegetables in my own property. Also that is very important is to share
and invite friends and families to watch environmental movies like inconvenient truth or home.
The last is for the lack of government response on time to the disaster that occurred in the community.
This probably stems from the fact that the government is so busy with paperwork and budget which only
can be arranged two times a year. They cannot fulfill their duty to serve people. So for this kind of
problem, the whole system that is so rigid in the government must become flexible, and when it is time
for action the government will be fast to response. To adapt to climate impact the government need to act
by building a safety measure, like preparing residential housing for refugees in the coastal impacted areas,
or by policy. One of the policies that were in my mind is adding 2 trees per person, then adopt it for life. I
can only spread ideas to the government officers and hopefully it will be fruitful later.

References :
1. Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN). 2011. Strategi Ketahanan Kota Bandar
Lampung terhadap Perubahan Iklim 2011 2030.