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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

CHAPTER 09 - TOWING AND TAXIING TABLE OF CONTENTS

REFERENCE

SUBJECT

CHAPTER 09

09-00-00

09-00-00 PB 001

TOWING AND TAXIING - GENERAL TOWING AND TAXIING - GENERAL - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

09-10-00

09-10-00 PB 201

09-10-00-584-001-A

09-10-00-991-02000-A

09-10-00-991-01900-A

09-10-00-991-00100-A

09-10-00-991-00200-A

09-10-00-991-02200-A

09-10-00-584-002-A

09-10-00-991-00500-A

09-10-00-991-00700-A

09-10-00-991-00800-B

09-10-00-991-01300-B

09-10-00-584-006-A

09-10-00-584-007-A

09-10-00-584-005-A

09-10-00-584-008-A

09-10-00-584-009-A

09-10-00-991-02300-A

09-10-00-991-02400-A

TOWING TOWING - MAINTENANCE PRACTICES Towing Towing - Hazard Area Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing Towing Forces Limit Towing Loads and Angles with towbar Limit Towing Loads and Angles without towbar Towing with the Nose Gear from the Front

N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box Towing Attachment Towbar Installation Towbar Removal Towing with the Towbarless Tractor Push Back Towing by the MLG Towing with Tires Deflated Towing with a Towbar by the Nose Gear from the Front with Battery Power only Towbarless Towing by the Nose Gear from the Front with Battery Power only Towbarless Towing Hazard Area Towbarless Towing Forces

09-20-00

09-20-00 PB 201

09-20-00-585-001-A

09-20-00-991-00100-B

09-20-00-991-00400-D

09-20-00-991-00500-D

09-20-00-991-00600-D

09-20-00-991-00700-D

09-20-00-991-00800-B

09-20-00-991-00900-B

09-20-00-991-01000-D

TAXIING TAXIING - MAINTENANCE PRACTICES Taxiing Minimum Turning Radii Jet-Engine Exha ust Velocity: Take-off Power Jet Wake Temperature: Take-off Power Jet-Engine Exhaust Velocity: Ground Idle Power Jet Wake Temperature: Ground Idle Power Dangerous Engine Areas: Minimum Idle Dangerous Engine Areas: Take-off Thrust Dangerous Areas for the Ears

AES

T.O.C.

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REFERENCE

09-20-00-585-002-A

AES

SUBJECT

Taxiing with Tires Deflated

T.O.C.

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TOWING AND TAXIING - GENERAL - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

** On A/C ALL

1.

General

This section gives information related to the towing and taxiing of the aircraft. It is divided as follows :

.

TOWING

.

TAXIING

A. Towing You can tow the aircraft by the main landing gear (refer to ARM 07-40-02) or the nose landing gear. You can tow the aircraft with deflated tires.

B. Taxiing This section gives information related to the danger areas around the engines. You can taxi the aircraft with deflated tires.

AES

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TOWING - MAINTENANCE PRACTICES

** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-001-A Towing

WARNING :

MAKE SURE THAT WHEN THE AIRCRAFT MOVES WITH ITS POWER ON THE GROUND

 

- NO PERSONS GO WHERE THE AIRCRAFT CAN CAUSE THEM INJURY OR CAN KILL THEM

- NO OBJECTS STAY WHERE THE ENGINES CAN BLOW THEM AWAY OR CAN PULL THEM INTO THE ENGINES BY SUCTION.

WARNING :

OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOW TRACTOR, TOWBAR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR AND NO PERSONS SIT OR STAND ON THE TOWBAR.

NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

-

WARNING :

DURING TOWING/TAXIING OPERATIONS (LOW-SPEED OPERATIONS INCLUDED), EACH PERSON IN THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE IN A SEAT AND THE SEAT BELT MUST BE FASTENED. IF THE SEAT BELT IS NOT FASTENED, THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY IF THE AIRCRAFT STOPS SUDDENLY.

 

1. Reason for the Job

This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration.

It is also permitted to use this procedure to disengage the aircraft from the gate area in these conditions:

.

a push back with one or several turns or stops and starts and

.

a forward tow without turns or multiple stops/starts.

NOTE :

Operational towing, i.e. towing an aircraft, loaded with passengers, fuel, and cargo, from the terminal gate or

parking area, to a remote location is not permitted.

NOTE :

For aircraft with cabin and/or cargo-compartment(s) floor panels removed, smooth and low-speed towing is

recommended.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Referenced Information

REFERENCE DESIGNATION 05-57-00-200-001-A Aircraft Stability (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)
REFERENCE
DESIGNATION
05-57-00-200-001-A
Aircraft Stability
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00100-A - Towing Forces)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles with towbar)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles without towbar)

AES

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3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-869-077-A

A. Not Applicable

4. Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-050-G

A.

Towing

CAUTION :

OBEY THESE PRECAUTIONS WHEN YOU TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND WITH THE ENGINE REMOVED AND THE FAN COWLS INTALLED:

 

- THE THRUST REVERSER MUST BE REMOVED.

- THE FAN COWLS MUST BE CLOSED AND LATCHED.

A PERSON MUST WALK BESIDE THE FAN COWLS TO PREVENT FAN COWL SWINGING DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS, DAMAGE TO THE NACELLE STRUCTURE CAN OCCUR.

-

 

CAUTION :

DO NOT TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND IF THE ENGINE COWLS ARE

OPEN. MOVEMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT WITH THE COWLS OPEN CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE COWLS AND THE NACELLE STRUCTURE.

(1) Towing (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)

NOTE :

We recommend that you use a towbar that has a damping system.

NOTE :

For the requirements related to towbars and towbar tractors, refer to AC 5-8-0.

(a)

You can use the NLG towbar fitting to tow or push the aircraft:

.

at maximum weight,

.

with the engines between zero and idle.

(b)

Do not tow the aircraft if the dimension H is more than 300 mm (11.8110 in.). If you do, you can cause damage to the cams that make the nose gear wheels go back to the center position. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)

(c)

All persons must be at a minimum distance of 3 m (9.84 ft.) from the wheels and the tractor while the aircraft moves. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)

(2) Speed Limits

(a)

Door closed and locked or removed:

1 For a tractor with a towbar, a maximum speed of 25 km/h (15.5 mph) is permitted.

2 For a tractor without towbar, a maximum speed of 32 km/h (19.8 mph) is permitted.

(b)

Passenger/crew doors fully open and locked and/or cargo doors open in vertical position:

1

The maximum speed permitted is 10 km/h (6.21 mph).

(c)

In wind conditions, calculate the pe rmitted towing speed before towing:

AES

1 Measure the wind speed.

09-10-00 PB201

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2 Do a check of aircraft stability (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A) or (Ref. TASK

05-57-00-200-001-A).

3 Subtract the measured wind speed from the wind speed limit shown on the stability curve. This gives the maximum permitted towing speed.

(3)

Approximate Towing Loads (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00100-A - Towing Forces)

(a)

When you push the aircraft rearward with the engines at idle, you must add the engine thrust resistance to the towing loads.

 

NOTE :

The engine thrust resistance at ground idle is 525 daN (for each engine in operation).

 

(b)

Use these coefficients for the friction between the tires of the tow tractor and the ground to calculate the minimum tractor weight:

 

.

Dry concrete or asphalt: 0.80

.

Wet asphalt: 0.75

.

Wet concrete: 0.57

.

Hard snow: 0.20

.

Ice: 0.05

(4)

Limit Loads and Angles (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles with towbar) (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles without towbar)

AES

(a)

In all the towing configurations, the safety pin locks the control lever on the interphone box in the disengaged position.

(b)

The maximum permitted steering-angle on each side of the aircraft centerline is:

.

+/- 95 degrees with towbar,

.

+/- 85 degrees without towbar.

(c)

During towing, the towing angle must not be more than the angle shown on the FWD NLG doors.

 

NOTE :

Step (c) is applicable for aircraft that have the wheel steering-angle marking on the FWD NLG doors.

(d)

Use a towbar with:

.

The towing shear pins, calibration 9425 daN (21188.2388 lbf) for the protection of the landing gear against too high loads,

.

The safety shear pin, calibration 826 m.daN (6091.45 lbf.ft) for the protection of the landing gear against too high torsion.

 

NOTE :

When the engines are not installed, tow the aircraft smoothly.

NOTE :

It is permitted to tow the aircraft with the floor panels of the cabin and/or cargo

compartment(s) removed.

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** On A/C ALL TOW BAR TOW TUG 3m
** On A/C ALL
TOW BAR
TOW TUG
3m

AES

(10ft)

HAZARD AREA: NO PERSONS DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT.MANUAL ** On A/C ALL TOW BAR TOW TUG 3m AES (10ft) CAUTION AREA: NO OBSTACLES

CAUTION AREA: NO OBSTACLES DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT.AES (10ft) HAZARD AREA: NO PERSONS DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT. N_MM_091000_2_FAM0_01_02 FIGURE 09-10-00-991-02000-A SHEET 1

N_MM_091000_2_FAM0_01_02

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-02000-A SHEET 1 Towing - Hazard Area

09-10-00 PB201

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** On A/C ALL

AES

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ** On A/C ALL AES H FIGURE 09-10-00-991-01900-A SHEET 1 Maximum Extension of

H

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-01900-A SHEET 1 Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing

N_MM_091000_2_EAM0_01_00

09-10-00 PB201

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** On A/C ALL

TOWING FORCES

BREAKAWAY

6% MTW

ROLLING

3% MTW

BREAKAWAY

6% MTW

ON SLOPE

+ 1% MTW PER 1% SLOPE

ROLLING

3% MTW

ON SLOPE

+ 1% MTW PER 1% SLOPE

F
F

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00100-A SHEET 1 Towing Forces

N_MM_091000_2_AAM0_01_00

09-10-00 PB201

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** On A/C ALL

MAXIMUM GEAR LOADS daN lbf A 9425 21188 B 29000 65200 B B B B
MAXIMUM GEAR LOADS
daN
lbf
A
9425
21188
B
29000
65200
B
B
B
B
95°
95°
A
A

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00200-A SHEET 1

Limit Towing Loads and Angles with

towbar

N_MM_091000_2_ABM0_01_00

09-10-00 PB201

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** On A/C ALL

MAXIMUM GEAR LOADS daN lbf A 9425 21188 B 29000 65200 B B B B
MAXIMUM GEAR LOADS
daN
lbf
A
9425
21188
B
29000
65200
B
B
B
B
85°
85°
A
A

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-02200-A SHEET 1

Limit Towing Loads and Angles without

towbar

N_MM_091000_2_ACM0_01_00

09-10-00 PB201

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** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-002-A Towing with the Nose Gear from the Front

09-10-00-584-002-A Towing with the Nose Gear from the Front WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING

WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOW TRACTOR, TOWBAR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR AND NO PERSONS SIT OR STAND ON THE TOWBAR.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

1. Reason for the Job

To push the aircraft rearward or tow the aircraft forward. This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration.

It is also permitted to use this procedure to disengage the aircraft from the gate area in these conditions:

.

a push back with one or several turns or stops and starts and

.

a forward tow without turns or multiple stops/starts.

NOTE :

Operational towing, i.e. towing an aircraft, loaded with passengers, fuel, and cargo, from the terminal gate or

parking area, to a remote location is not permitted.

NOTE :

For aircraft with cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) floor panels removed, smooth and low-speed towing is

recommended.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Fixtures, Tools, Test and Support Equipment

REFERENCE No specific QTY AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S) DESIGNATION No specific 1 TOWBAR No specific
REFERENCE
No specific
QTY
AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S)
DESIGNATION
No specific
1
TOWBAR
No specific
1
TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE)
D23156000
1 PIN-SAFETY

B. Referenced Information

REFERENCE DESIGNATION 05-57-00-200-001-A Aircraft Stability 09-10-00-584-001-A Towing 10-11-00-555-015-A
REFERENCE
DESIGNATION
05-57-00-200-001-A
Aircraft Stability
09-10-00-584-001-A
Towing
10-11-00-555-015-A
24-41-00-861-002-A
Procedure for the Installation of Wheel Chocks on Aircraft
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the External Power
24-41-00-861-002-A-01
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the APU
24-41-00-861-002-A-02
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from Engine 1(2)
24-41-00-862-002-A
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the External Power
24-41-00-862-002-A-01
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the APU
24-41-00-862-002-A-02
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the Engine 1(2)
29-10-00-863-002-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System

AES

09-10-00 PB201

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REFERENCE 29-23-00-860-001-A DESIGNATION Disconnection of the Isolation Coup ling of the Power Transfer Unit (PTU)
REFERENCE
29-23-00-860-001-A
DESIGNATION
Disconnection of the Isolation Coup ling of the Power Transfer Unit (PTU)
29-24-00-863-001-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System with the Electric Pump
31-60-00-860-001-A
32-00-00-481-001-A
EIS Start Procedure
Installation of the Safety Devices on the Landing Gears
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00700-A - Towing Attachment)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00800-B - Towbar Installation)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01300-B - Towbar Removal)

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-210-057-A

A. Inspection

(1)

Make sure that the safety devices are installed on the landing gears (Ref. TASK 32-00-00-481-001-A).

NOTE :

It is optional to install the landing-gear safety devices when you tow or push the aircraft during flight operations (to put the aircraft in posit ion for the flight crew at arrival or departure).

(2)

Make sure that the aircraft is stable (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

(3)

Make sure that the engine cowls are closed.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-066-B

B. Special Conditions for Towing with Engine(s) Removed

CAUTION :

OBEY THESE PRECAUTIONS WHEN YOU TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND WITH THE ENGINE REMOVED AND THE FAN COWLS INTALLED:

- THE THRUST REVERSER MUST BE REMOVED.

- THE FAN COWLS MUST BE CLOSED AND LATCHED.

- A PERSON MUST WALK BESIDE THE FAN COWLS TO PREVENT FAN COWL SWINGING DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS, DAMAGE TO THE NACELLE STRUCTURE CAN OCCUR.

(1)

Make sure that the caps are installed on the disconnected pylon lines.

(2)

If engine 2 is installed and engine 1 is removed:

. Make sure that the engine 2 thrust reversers are not serviceable (Ref. TASK 29-23-00-860-001-A).

NOTE :

When the engines are not installed, tow the aircraft smoothly.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-050-A

C. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Do an EIS start procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-001-A).

(2)

On the N/W-steering deactivation electrical-box 5GC:

(a)

Set the ground-towing contro l lever to the towing position. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

(b)

Install the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000). (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

AES

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(3) On the lower ECAM DU, on the MEMO page:

. the N WHEEL STEERG DISC indication comes into view.

Subtask 09-10-00-480-050-B

CAUTION : MAKE SURE THAT THE TOW BAR HAS :

- A DAMPING SYSTEM

- A CALIBRATED SHEAR PIN

- TWO CALIBRATED TURN SHEAR PINS. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE LANDING GEAR.

D. Installation of the Towbar

NOTE :

This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration only and is not for operational

towing. Do not use a towbar tractor to tow the aircraft to a dispatch area near the runway threshold.

NOTE :

For the requirements related to towbars and towbar tractors, refer to AC 5-8-0.

(1)

Install the TOWBAR on the tow fitting. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00700-A - Towing Attachment)

(2)

Connect the towbar to the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE). (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00800-B - Towbar Installation)

Subtask 09-10-00-080-059-A

E. Removal of the Wheel Chocks

(1) Remove the wheel chocks from the main landing gear wheels and nose landing gear wheels.

Subtask 09-10-00-861-050-A

F. Energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-

A-02).

Subtask 09-10-00-860-052-A

G. Set the Lighting System and the Communication System to this Configuration

(1)

On the panel 25VU:

.

set the EXT LT/NAV & LOGO switch to ON,

.

set the EXT LT/BEACON switch to ON,

.

set the INT LT/DOME switch to BRT.

(2)

VHF system

.

If communication is necessary between the aircraft and the control tower, on the RMP (Radio Management Panel) 11VU, push the VHF1 pushbutton switch. On the panel 60VU, connect a boomset.

(3)

On the panel 108VU, connect a boomset to the FLT INT socket. This lets you speak to the cockpit.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-053-A

H. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

WARNING :

OBEY THE HYDRAULIC SAFETY PROCEDURES.

WARNING :

MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVEL RANGES OF THE FLIGHT CONTROL SURFACES ARE

 

CLEAR BEFORE YOU PRESSURIZE/DEPRESSURIZE A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

AES

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CAUTION : PUT THE PARKING BRK CONTROL SWITCH IN THE OFF POSITION BEFORE YOU TOW OR PUSH BACK THE AIRCRAFT. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR.

(1)

Hydraulic pressurization

(a)

On the panel 400VU, make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple- indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

(b)

If necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system:

.

with the electric pump: (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A).

.

or with a ground power supply: (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A)

(2)

On the panel 110VU, set the PARKING BRK control-switch to OFF.

(3)

During towing, make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

. if necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A).

NOTE :

If you energized the aircraft electrical circuits with the engine, do not pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system.

4. Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-051-A

A.

Towing

WARNING :

DURING TOWING/TAXIING OPERATIONS (LOW-SPEED OPERATIONS INCLUDED), EACH

 

PERSON IN THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE IN A SEAT AND THE SEAT BELT MUST BE FASTENED. IF THE SEAT BELT IS NOT FASTENED, THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY IF THE AIRCRAFT STOPS SUDDENLY.

 

WARNING :

MAKE SURE THAT WHEN THE AIRCRAFT MOVES WITH ITS POWER ON THE GROUND

- NO PERSONS GO WHERE THE AIRCRAFT CAN CAUSE THEM INJURY OR CAN KILL THEM

- NO OBJECTS STAY WHERE THE ENGINES CAN BLOW THEM AWAY OR CAN PULL THEM INTO THE ENGINES BY SUCTION.

(1) Tow slowly and smoothly. (Ref. TASK 09-10-00-584-001-A)

NOTE :

The shock absorber reaction can cause the aircraft to move forward and rearward when you stop

the wheels. Because of this, make sure that there is sufficient space around the aircraft when you tow with the nose gear.

NOTE :

During the towing operations, put:

.

one person in the cockpit to operate the brakes if necessary

.

two persons to monitor the wing tips.

5. Close-up

Subtask 09-10-00-210-058-A

A. Visual Inspection

(1) After you complete the towing operation, make sure that the nose wheels are aligned with the aircraft centerline.

AES

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Subtask 09-10-00-860-054-A

B. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Put the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) in position: (Ref. TASK 10-11-00-555-015-A).

(2)

On the panel 110VU:

(3)

. set the PARKING BRK control switch to ON.

On the panel 400VU:

.

make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

.

if necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A).

Subtask 09-10-00-080-050-A

C. Removal of the Towbar (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01300-B - Towbar Removal)

(1)

Remove the towbar from the fitting of the NLG.

(2)

Remove the tow-lever safety pin.

(3)

Make sure that the ground-towing lever goes to its initial position.

(4)

On the lower ECAM DU, on the MEMO page:

. the N.WHEEL STEERG DISC indication goes out of view.

Subtask 09-10-00-869-055-A

D. Set the Lighting System and the Communi cation System to this Configuration

(1)

On the panel 25VU:

.

set the EXT LT/NAV & LOGO switch to OFF,

.

set the EXT LT/BEACON switch to OFF,

.

set the INT LT/DOME switch to OFF.

(2)

On the panel 60VU, disconnect the boomset. Release the VHF1 pushbutton switch if there is communication between the control tower and the

cockpit.

(3)

On the panel 108VU, disconnect the boomset.

Subtask 09-10-00-942-051-A

E. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1) Remove the ground support and maintenance equi pment, the special and standard tools and all other

items.

Subtask 09-10-00-862-050-A

F. De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-

AES

A-02).

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** On A/C ALL

A A TOWING LEVER
A
A
TOWING LEVER

TOWING POSITION (NOSE WHEEL STEERING DEACTIVATED)

NORMAL POSITION (NOSE WHEEL STREERING OPERATIONAL)

SAFETY PIN

(TOWING POSITION)

N_MM_091000_2_AGM0_01_00

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00500-A SHEET 1 N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box

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** On A/C ALL A B A B
** On A/C ALL
A
B
A
B

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00700-A SHEET 1 Towing Attachment

N_MM_091000_2_ALM0_01_00

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** On A/C ALL

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ** On A/C ALL AES FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00800-B SHEET 1 Towbar Installation

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-00800-B SHEET 1 Towbar Installation

N_MM_091000_2_AMP0_01_00

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** On A/C ALL A 1 TOW BAR DISCONNECTION A 2 TOWING LEVER RESET TO
** On A/C ALL
A
1
TOW BAR DISCONNECTION
A
2
TOWING LEVER
RESET TO FLIGHT
POSITION
TOWING LEVER
NORMAL POSITION
(NOSE WHEEL STEERING
OPERATIONAL)
SAFETY PIN
(TOWING POSITION)

AES

FIGURE 09-10-00-991-01300-B SHEET 1 Towbar Removal

N_MM_091000_2_AXP0_01_00

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** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-006-A Towing with the Towbarless Tractor

WARNING :

WHEN YOU TOW THE AIRCRAFT WITH A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE

 

BRAKE PEDALS SHALL ONLY BE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. IF YOU APPLY THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS, YOU CAN CAUSE:

- OVERLOAD TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR

- DAMAGE TO THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR

- INJURY TO MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.

IF THIS OCCURS, YOU MUST REFER TO AIRBUS.

WARNING :

OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR.

NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

-

CAUTION : WHEN YOU USE A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, MAKE SURE THAT YOU OBEY FULLY ALL THE

INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS PROCEDURE. IF YOU DO NOT, THE TRACTOR CAN CAUSE IMPORTANT SCRAPING OR OTHER DAMAGE TO THE NLG AND TO THE AIRFRAME STRUCTURE AROUND THE NLG.

1. Reason for the Job

This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration.

It is also permitted to use this procedure to disengage the aircraft from the gate area in these conditions:

.

a push back with one or several turns or stops and starts and

.

a forward tow without turns or multiple stops/starts.

NOTE :

Operational towing, i.e. towing an aircraft, loaded with passengers, fuel, and cargo, from the terminal gate or

parking area, to a remote location is not permitted.

NOTE :

For aircraft with cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) floor panels removed, smooth and low-speed towing is

recommended.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Fixtures, Tools, Test and Support Equipment

REFERENCE No specific QTY AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S) DESIGNATION D23156000 1 PIN-SAFETY
REFERENCE
No specific
QTY
AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S)
DESIGNATION
D23156000
1 PIN-SAFETY

B. Referenced Information

REFERENCE DESIGNATION 05-57-00-200-001-A Aircraft Stability 09-10-00-584-001-A Towing 10-11-00-555-015-A
REFERENCE
DESIGNATION
05-57-00-200-001-A
Aircraft Stability
09-10-00-584-001-A
Towing
10-11-00-555-015-A
24-41-00-861-002-A
Procedure for the Installation of Wheel Chocks on Aircraft
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the External Power

AES

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REFERENCE 24-41-00-861-002-A-01 DESIGNATION Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the APU
REFERENCE
24-41-00-861-002-A-01
DESIGNATION
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the APU
24-41-00-861-002-A-02
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from Engine 1(2)
24-41-00-862-002-A
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the External Power
24-41-00-862-002-A-01
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the APU
24-41-00-862-002-A-02
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the Engine 1(2)
29-10-00-863-002-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System
29-23-00-860-001-A
Disconnection of the Isolation Coup ling of the Power Transfer Unit (PTU)
29-24-00-863-001-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System with the Electric Pump
31-60-00-860-001-A
31-60-00-860-002-A
32-00-00-481-001-A
EIS Start Procedure
EIS Stop Procedure
Installation of the Safety Devices on the Landing Gears
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-941-053-A

A. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

WARNING : WHEN YOU TOW THE AIRCRAFT WITH A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS SHALL ONLY BE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. IF YOU APPLY THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS, YOU CAN CAUSE:

- OVERLOAD TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR

- DAMAGE TO THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR

- INJURY TO MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.

IF THIS OCCURS, YOU MUST REFER TO AIRBUS.

(1)

On the N/W-steering deactivation electrical-box 5GC:

 

.

set the ground-towing control l ever to the towing position.

(2)

Install the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000). (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

(3)

Do an EIS start procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-001-A).

(4)

On the lower ECAM DU, on the MEMO page:

 

.

the N WHEEL STEERG DISC indication comes into view.

 

NOTE :

It is optional to install the landing-gear safety devices when you tow or push the aircraft during flight operations (To put the aircraft in position for the flight crew at arrival or departure).

(5)

Make sure that the safety devices are installed on the landing gears (Ref. TASK 32-00-00-481-001-A).

(6)

Make sure that the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) are in position at the MLG wheels.

(7)

Make sure that the engine cowls are closed.

Subtask 09-10-00-210-062-A

B. Aircraft Stability

(1) Make sure that the aircraft is stable (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

AES

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Subtask 09-10-00-941-067-B

C. Special Conditions for Towing with Engine(s) Removed

CAUTION :

OBEY THESE PRECAUTIONS WHEN YOU TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND WITH THE ENGINE REMOVED AND THE FAN COWLS INTALLED:

- THE THRUST REVERSER MUST BE REMOVED.

- THE FAN COWLS MUST BE CLOSED AND LATCHED.

- A PERSON MUST WALK BESIDE THE FAN COWLS TO PREVENT FAN COWL SWINGING DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS, DAMAGE TO THE NACELLE STRUCTURE CAN OCCUR.

(1)

Make sure that the caps are installed on the disconnected pylon lines.

(2)

If engine 2 is installed and engine 1 is removed:

. Make sure that the engine 2 thrust reversers are not serviceable (Ref. TASK 29-23-00-860-001-A).

NOTE :

When the engines are not installed, tow the aircraft smoothly.

Subtask 09-10-00-480-055-B

D. Installation of the Towbarless Tractor

CAUTION : AIRBUS STRONGLY RECOMMENDS THAT THE OPERATORS OF TOWBARLESS TRACTORS CAREFULLY ALIGN THE CLAMPING DEVICE OF THE TRACTOR WITH THE NOSE LANDING GEAR AXIS. THE GAP BETWEEN THE CRADLE AND THE TORQUE-LINK IS VERY SMALL AND A MISALIGNMENT CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE TORQUE-LINK PIN. A SIMPLE ALIGNMENT DEVICE ON THE TRACTOR (MARKING, METAL INDICATOR, ETC. SUPPLIED BY THE MANUFACTURER OF THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR OR MANUFACTURED LOCALLY) CAN HELP THE DRIVER.

(1)

There are special approval procedures for towbarless tractors. Before towing, make sure that the towbarless tractor is approved for the towing of this aircraft. For more information on the towbarless tractors, refer to the SIL 09-002.

(2)

Set the aircraft type on the to wbarless tractor, if necessary.

(3)

Remove the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) fro m the nose landing-gear wheels.

(4)

Align the clamping device of the tractor with the NLG axis.

(5)

Lock on and lift the NLG.

(6)

Make sure that the nose landing gear is correctly on the center of the tractor platform and cannot be disengaged from the tractor.

(7)

Remove the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) from the main landing-gear wheels.

Subtask 09-10-00-861-051-A

E. Energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-

A-02).

Subtask 09-10-00-860-061-A

F. Set the Lighting System and the Communi cation System to this Configuration

AES

(1)

Lighting system on the panel 25VU:

. set the EXT LT/NAV & LOGO switch to ON,

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.

set the EXT LT/BEACON switch to ON,

.

set the INT LT/DOME switch to BRT.

(2) Communication systems

(a)

(b)

VHF system

. If communication is necessary between the aircraft and the control tower, on the RMP (Radio Management Panel) 11VU, push the VHF1 pushbutton switch. On the panel 60VU, connect a boomset.

Flight interphone system

. On the panel 108VU, connect a boomset to the FLT INT socket. This lets you speak to the cockpit.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-066-A

G. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

WARNING :

OBEY THE HYDRAULIC SAFETY PROCEDURES.

WARNING :

MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVEL RANGES OF THE FLIGHT CONTROL SURFACES ARE

CLEAR BEFORE YOU PRESSURIZE/DEPRESSURIZE A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

4.

AES

CAUTION : PUT THE PARKING BRK CONTROL SWITCH IN THE OFF POSITION BEFORE YOU TOW OR PUSH BACK THE AIRCRAFT. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR.

(1)

(2)

(3)

Hydraulic pressurization

(a)

On the panel 400VU, make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple- indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

If necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system:

.

.

(b)

with the electric pump: (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A)

or with a ground power supply: (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A)

On the panel 110VU, set the PARKING BRK control-switch to OFF.

During the towing operation, make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple- indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

. if necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A).

NOTE :

If you energized the aircraft electrical circuits with the engine, do not pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system.

Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-055-A

WARNING : WHEN YOU TOW THE AIRCRAFT WITH A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, THE PARKING BRAKE OR

THE BRAKE PEDALS SHALL ONLY BE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. IF YOU APPLY THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS, YOU CAN CAUSE:

- OVERLOAD TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR

- DAMAGE TO THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR

- INJURY TO MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.

IF THIS OCCURS, YOU MUST REFER TO AIRBUS.

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WARNING : DURING TOWING/TAXIING OPERATIONS (LOW-SPEED OPERATIONS INCLUDED), EACH

PERSON IN THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE IN A SEAT AND THE SEAT BELT MUST BE FASTENED. IF THE SEAT BELT IS NOT FASTENED, THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY IF THE AIRCRAFT STOPS SUDDENLY.

CAUTION : PUT THE PARKING BRK CONTROL SWITCH IN THE OFF POSITION BEFORE YOU TOW OR

PUSH BACK THE AIRCRAFT. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR.

A.

Towing

NOTE :

You can use this towing procedure to disengage the aircraft from the gate area. No other operational towing is permitted.

(1) Tow slowly and smoothly. (Ref. TASK 09-10-00-584-001-A)

NOTE :

During towing operations, put one person in the cockpit to operate the brakes if necessary.

NOTE :

You must do a normal towing operation on an applicable ground surface only.

5.

Close-up

Subtask 09-10-00-210-061-A

A. Visual Inspection

(1) After you complete the towing operation, make sure that the nose wheels are aligned with the aircraft

centerline.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-062-A

B. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

On the panel 110VU:

.

set the PARKING BRK control-switch to ON.

(2)

On the panel 400VU:

.

make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

.

if necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A).

Subtask 09-10-00-080-056-A

C. Removal of the Tractor

(1)

Remove the nose landing gear from the towbarless tractor.

(2)

Put the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) in position: (Ref. TASK 10-11-00-555-015-A).

Subtask 09-10-00-860-063-A

D. Set the Lighting System and the Communi cation System to this Configuration

(1)

On the panel 25VU:

.

set the EXT LT/NAV & LOGO switch to OFF,

.

set the EXT LT/BEACON switch to OFF,

.

set the INT LT/DOME switch to OFF.

(2)

On the panel 60VU, disconnect the boomset.

Release the VHF1 pushbutton switch if there is communication between the control tower and the

cockpit.

AES

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(3) On the panel 108VU, disconnect the boomset.

Subtask 09-10-00-942-057-A

E. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Remove the ground support and maintenance equi pment, the special and standard tools and all other items.

(2)

Remove the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000).

(3)

Set the ground-towi ng control lever to the normal position.

(4)

On the lower ECAM DU, on the MEMO page:

(5)

. the N WHEEL STEERG DISC indication goes out of view.

Do an EIS stop procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-002-A).

Subtask 09-10-00-862-051-A

F. De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-

AES

A-02).

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** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-007-A Push Back Towing by the MLG

A/C ALL Task 09-10-00-584-007-A Push Back Towing by the MLG WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOW TRACTOR, TOWBAR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR AND NO PERSONS SIT OR STAND ON THE TOWBAR.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

NOTE :

For aircraft with cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) floor panels removed, smooth and low-speed towing is recommended.

1. Reason for the Job

This task gives the instructions related to the push back of the aircraft with a tractor (TANA 42 push back tractor) at the MLG.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Referenced Information

REFERENCE 71-00-00-710-043-A DESIGNATION Normal Engine Automatic Start Procedure
REFERENCE
71-00-00-710-043-A
DESIGNATION
Normal Engine Automatic Start Procedure

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-941-054-A

A. Safety Precautions

(1)

Make sure that the interphone between the crew and the departure agent operates correctly (it must be possible for the departure agent to speak to the crew at all times).

(2)

The departure agent must be forward of the aircraft and out of the engine dangerous areas during the push back operations.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-064-A

B. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

(2)

On the N/W steering deactivation electric box 5CG:

. make sure that the towing lever is in the normal position.

On the panel 110VU:

. Set the PARKING BRK control switch to OFF.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-055-A

C. Positioning of the Tractor

(1)

Make sure that the tractor does not hit and cause damage to the MLG structure or other equipment.

(2)

Put the tractor in position.

AES

NOTE :

If you must do a turn during the aircraft push back operation, you must put the tractor in position at the inner or outer gear. You must do this with an aircraft Nose Wheel Steering limite of +/- 45 deg for 90 deg turns and +/- 30 deg for ”S” turns.

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(3) When the tractor is in position on the MLG, ALL personnel must go out of the work area.

NOTE :

The tractor has a remote control system, use this system for the aircraft push back operation.

Subtask 09-10-00-710-050-B

D. Engine Start

WARNING : MAKE SURE THAT WHEN THE AIRCRAFT MOVES WITH ITS POWER ON THE GROUND

- NO PERSONS GO WHERE THE AIRCRAFT CAN CAUSE THEM INJURY OR CAN KILL THEM

- NO OBJECTS STAY WHERE THE ENGINES CAN BLOW THEM AWAY OR CAN PULL THEM INTO THE ENGINES BY SUCTION.

(1) Start the engine 2 (Ref. TASK 71-00-00-710-043-A).

NOTE :

Start the engine 1 at the end of the push back operation after the departure agent removes the tractor from the MLG with the remote control system.

4. Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-057-A

A. Aircraft Push-back

5.

(1)

The crew controls the aircraft direction during push back, with the steering wheel. They obey the instructions of the departure agent.

(2)

During push back towing, emergency stop is possible. Two procedures are possible:

 

.

Stop the tractor.

.

Apply aircraft brakes.

(3)

During push back towing, obey the guiding instructions of the departure agent.

Close-up

Subtask 09-10-00-860-065-A

A. Safety Precautions

(1)

At the end of the pushback operation, make sure th at the aircraft is parallel to the taxiway axis.

(2)

On the panel 110VU:

. Set the PARKING BRK control switch to ON.

Subtask 09-10-00-942-058-A

B. Disconnection of the Tractor

(1)

With the tractor remote control system, disconnect the tractor from the MLG.

(2)

Remove the tractor from the work area.

AES

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** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-005-A Towing with Tires Deflated

A/C ALL Task 09-10-00-584-005-A Towing with Tires Deflated WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV

WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOW TRACTOR, TOWBAR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR AND NO PERSONS SIT OR STAND ON THE TOWBAR.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

NOTE :

For aircraft with cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) floor panels removed, smooth and low-speed towing is recommended.

1. Reason for the Job

The nosewheel steering is kept to a limit when:

. You tow the aircraft with one or more tires deflated on one or more landing gears.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Referenced Information

REFERENCE 09-10-00-584-002-A DESIGNATION Towing with the Nose Gear from the Front
REFERENCE
09-10-00-584-002-A
DESIGNATION
Towing with the Nose Gear from the Front

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-869-078-A

A. Not Applicable

4. Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-054-A

A. Towing

(1)

One tire is deflated on one or more gears (a maximum of three deflated tires)

.

Tow the aircraft by the nose gear only. The maximum permitted lateral angle of the towbar is plus or minus 10 degrees (Ref. TASK 09-10-00-584-002-A).

(2)

One tire is deflated on one main gear

.

Tow the aircraft by the nose gear only. The maximum permitted lateral angle of the towbar is plus or minus 40 degrees (Ref. TASK 09-10-00-584-002-A).

(3)

Two tires are deflated on the same main gear

. Tow the aircraft by the main gear only (refer to ARM 07-40-02). The towbar must not move laterally.

AES

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** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-008-A Towing with a Towbar by the Nose Gear from the Front with Battery Power only

by the Nose Gear from the Front with Battery Power only WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY

WARNING : OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOW TRACTOR, TOWBAR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR AND NO PERSONS SIT OR STAND ON THE TOWBAR.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

1. Reason for the Job

To push the aircraft rearward or tow the aircraft forward with a towbar but without APU power and/or engine power and/or external power.

NOTE :

This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration only.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Fixtures, Tools, Test and Support Equipment

REFERENCE No specific QTY DESIGNATION AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S) No specific AR FLASHLIGHT No specific
REFERENCE
No specific
QTY
DESIGNATION
AR
CHOCK - WHEEL(S)
No specific
AR FLASHLIGHT
No specific
AR
No specific
1
SAFETY CLIP - CIRCUIT BREAKER
TOWBAR
No specific
1
TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE)
D23156000
1
PIN-SAFETY

B. Referenced Information

REFERENCE DESIGNATION 05-57-00-200-001-A Aircraft Stability 10-11-00-555-015-A 24-41-00-861-002-A Procedure for the
REFERENCE
DESIGNATION
05-57-00-200-001-A
Aircraft Stability
10-11-00-555-015-A
24-41-00-861-002-A
Procedure for the Installation of Wheel Chocks on Aircraft
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the External Power
24-41-00-861-002-A-01
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the APU
24-41-00-861-002-A-02
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from Engine 1(2)
24-41-00-862-002-A
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the External Power
24-41-00-862-002-A-01
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the APU
24-41-00-862-002-A-02
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the Engine 1(2)
29-10-00-863-002-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System
29-23-00-860-001-A
Disconnection of the Isolation Coup ling of the Power Transfer Unit (PTU)
29-24-00-863-001-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System with the Electric Pump
31-60-00-860-001-A
31-60-00-860-002-A
32-00-00-481-001-A
EIS Start Procedure
EIS Stop Procedure
Installation of the Safety Devices on the Landing Gears

AES

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

REFERENCE (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area) DESIGNATION (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00100-A - Towing
REFERENCE
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)
DESIGNATION
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00100-A - Towing Forces)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles with towbar)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00800-B - Towbar Installation)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00700-A - Towing Attachment)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01300-B - Towbar Removal)

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-941-059-A

A. General Towing Conditions

(1)

Tractor and towbar

 

NOTE :

We recommend that you use a TOWBAR that has a damping system.

NOTE :

For the requirements related to TOWBAR and TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) refer to AC

5-8-0.

 

(a)

All persons must be at a minimum distance of 3 m (9.84 ft.) from the nose wheels, the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) and the TOWBAR while the aircraft moves. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)

(2)

Speed Limits

 

(a)

A maximum speed of 25 km/h (15.5 mph) is permitted with all the doors closed and locked or

 

removed.

 

(b)

A maximum speed of 10 km/h (6.21 mph) is permitted with the passenger/crew doors fully open and locked and/or the cargo doors open in vertical position.

(c)

In wind conditions, calculate the pe rmitted towing speed before towing:

 

1 Measure the wind speed.

2 Do a check of aircraft stability (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

3 Subtract the measured wind speed from the wind speed limit shown on the stability curve. This gives the maximum permitted towing speed.

(3)

Approximate Towing Loads (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00100-A - Towing Forces)

(a) Use these coefficients for the friction between the tires of the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) and the ground to calculate the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) weight:

AES

.

Dry concrete or asphalt : 0.80

.

Wet asphalt : 0.75

.

Wet concrete : 0.57

.

Hard snow : 0.20

.

Ice : 0.05

NOTE :

For the weight calculation of the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) refer to AC 5-8-0.

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

(4)

Load and Angle Limits (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles with towbar)

(a)

The towing angle must not be more than 95 deg. on each side of the aircraft centerline.

NOTE :

The internal mechanical stops limit the maximum angle to plus or minus 95 deg. Damage will occur on the landing gear if the towing angle is more than this value, and more landing gear inspections will be necessary.

(b)

Shear pin calibration (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00800-B - Towbar Installation)

.

Towing shear pins: 9425 daN (21188.2388 lbf) for the protection of the landing gear from too high loads.

.

Safety shear pins: 826 m.daN (6091.45 lbf.ft) for protection of the landing gear from too high torsion loads.

(5) Inspections

(a)

On the panel 110VU, make sure that PARKING BRK control-switch is set to ON.

(b)

Make sure that wheel chocks are installed.

(c)

Make sure that the safety devices are installed on the landing gears (Ref. TASK

32-00-00-481-001-A).

CAUTION :

DO NOT TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND IF THE ENGINE COWLS

ARE OPEN. MOVEMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT WITH THE COWLS OPEN CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE COWLS AND THE NACELLE STRUCTURE.

(d) Make sure that the engine cowls are closed.

CAUTION :

DO NOT TOW THE AIRCRAFT IF THE DIMENSION H IS MORE THAN 300 MM (11.8 IN.). IF YOU DO, YOU CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE CAMS THAT MAKE THE NOSE GEAR WHEELS GO BACK TO THE CENTER POSITION.

(e)

(f)

Measure the dimension H on the NLG.

(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)

. The dimension H must not be more than 300 mm (11.8110 in.).

Make sure that the aircraft is stable (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

NOTE :

It is permitted to tow the aircraft with the floor panels of the cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) removed.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-064-B

B. Special Conditions for Towing with Engine(s) Removed

CAUTION : OBEY THESE PRECAUTIONS WHEN YOU TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND WITH THE ENGINE REMOVED AND THE FAN COWLS INTALLED:

- THE THRUST REVERSER MUST BE REMOVED.

- THE FAN COWLS MUST BE CLOSED AND LATCHED.

- A PERSON MUST WALK BESIDE THE FAN COWLS TO PREVENT FAN COWL SWINGING DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT.

AES

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS, DAMAGE TO THE NACELLE STRUCTURE CAN OCCUR.

(1)

Make sure that the caps are installed on the disconnected pylon lines.

(2)

If engine 2 is installed and engine 1 is removed:

. Make sure that the engine 2 thrust reversers are not serviceable (Ref. TASK 29-23-00-860-001-A).

NOTE :

When the engines are not installed, tow the aircraft smoothly.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-058-A

C. Special Conditions for Towing of Aircraft Supplied with Battery Power only

(1)

The maximum towing time is 1 hour.

(2)

Personnel necessary

(a)

One person must be in the cockpit to operate the brake pedals.

(b)

Two persons must monitor the wing tips (If necessary).

(3)

Lights

(a)

The external lights are not available.

(b)

Only the emergency cockpit lights are available.

NOTE :

If you tow the aircraft at night or in low daylight conditions, use a FLASHLIGHT to move

in the aircraft.

(4) Signalling Make sure that the aircraft is illuminated in accordance with the local airport regulations.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-057-A

D. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK

24-41-00-861-002-A-02).

(2)

On the ELEC control panel 35VU:

.

push the BAT1 and BAT2 pushbutton switches

.

the OFF legends go off.

(3)

Do an EIS start procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-001-A).

(4)

On the N/W-steering deactivation electrical-box 5GC:

(a)

Set the ground-towing contro l lever to the towing position. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

(b)

Install the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000).

(5)

On the lower ECAM DU:

.

on the MEMO page, the N WHEEL STEERG DISC indication comes into view,

.

on the ELEC page, do a check for connection of the BAT1 and BAT2, then wait for BAT1 and BAT2 disconnection, this shows that the batteries are fully charged.

(6)

Hydraulic pressurization

AES

WARNING : OBEY THE HYDRAULIC SAFETY PROCEDURES.

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WARNING : MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVEL RANGES OF THE FLIGHT CONTROL SURFACES ARE CLEAR BEFORE YOU PRESSURIZE/DEPRESSURIZE A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

(a)

On the panel 400VU, make sure that the accumulator pressure indication of the Yellow brake-

pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green

 

range.

(b)

If necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system:

.

with the electric pump: (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A)

.

or with a ground power supply: (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A)

NOTE :

The brake accumulator capacity is limited:

.

use the brake pedals only in an emergency,

.

use the parking brake only when necessary.

Subtask 09-10-00-480-057-A

CAUTION : MAKE SURE THAT THE TOW BAR HAS :

- A DAMPING SYSTEM

- A CALIBRATED SHEAR PIN

- TWO CALIBRATED TURN SHEAR PINS. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE LANDING GEAR.

E. Installation of the Towbar

NOTE :

For the requirements related to TOWBAR and TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) refer to the AC 5-8-0.

(1)

Put the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) in position in front of the NLG aligned with the aircraft centerline.

(2)

Install the TOWBAR on the tow fitting. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00700-A - Towing Attachment)

(3)

Connect the TOWBAR to th e TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE).

(4)

Apply the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) hand brake.

(5)

Remove the wheel chocks from the main and nose landing gear wheels.

(6)

On the panel 110VU, set the PARKING BRK control-switch to OFF.

Subtask 09-10-00-865-050-A

F. Open, safety and tag this(these) circuit breaker(s):

PANEL 49VU DESIGNATION ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV FIN LOCATION 1KC2 A02 49VU ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV 1KC1
PANEL
49VU
DESIGNATION
ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV
FIN
LOCATION
1KC2
A02
49VU
ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV
1KC1
A01
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/ELAC1/NORM/SPLY
15CE1
B11
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SEC1/NORM/SPLY
21CE1
B08
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/FLP/CTL AND
6CV
B07
MONG/SYS1
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SLT/CTL AND
5CV
B06
MONG/SYS1
49VU
ANTI ICE/PROBES/PHC/1
2DA1
D03
49VU
NAV/STBY/HORIZON
5FN
F12

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

PANEL DESIGNATION FIN LOCATION 121VU EIS/HORN/SPLY 2WC P09 122VU ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY 8XU T31 122VU
PANEL
DESIGNATION
FIN
LOCATION
121VU
EIS/HORN/SPLY
2WC
P09
122VU
ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY
8XU
T31
122VU
ELEC/GEN1/OFF/BTC1 SPLY
5XU
T28
122VU
ELEC/GCU/2
2XU2
T27
122VU
ELEC/GCU/1
2XU1
T26

Subtask 09-10-00-862-055-A

G. De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-

A-02)

Subtask 09-10-00-860-072-A

H. Set the Communication System to this Configuration

(1)

VHF system If communication is necessary between the aircraft and the control tower:

.

on the RMP (Radio Management Panel) 11VU, push the VHF1 pushbutton switch.

.

on the panel 60VU, connect a boomset.

4.

(2)

Procedure

On the panel 108VU, connect a boomset to the FLT INT socket. This lets you speak to the cockpit.

Subtask 09-10-00-584-059-A

A. Towing

WARNING : DURING TOWING/TAXIING OPERATIONS (LOW-SPEED OPERATIONS INCLUDED), EACH

PERSON IN THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE IN A SEAT AND THE SEAT BELT MUST BE FASTENED. IF THE SEAT BELT IS NOT FASTENED, THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY IF THE AIRCRAFT STOPS SUDDENLY.

CAUTION : PUT THE PARKING BRK CONTROL SWITCH IN THE OFF POSITION BEFORE YOU TOW OR

PUSH BACK THE AIRCRAFT. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR.

(1)

Release the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) hand brake.

(2)

During the towing operations, make sure that:

(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02000-A - Towing - Hazard Area)

.

there is nobody in the hazard area,

.

there is one person in the cockpit to operate the brakes if necessary,

.

there are two persons to monitor the wing tips if necessary.

 

NOTE :

The shock absorber reaction can cause the aircraft to move forward and rearward when you stop the wheels. Because of this, make sure that there is sufficient space around the aircraft when you tow by the nose gear.

(3)

Tow slowly and smoothly, refer to paragraph 3.A. for the speed limits.

AES

09-10-00 PB201

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@A318/A319/A320/A321

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

(4) During towing, make sure that the accumulator pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple- indicator is correct: the pointer must stay approximately in the range above 2000 psi (137.8951 bar). If the pointer is at 2000 psi (137.8951 bar) or below, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK

5.

29-24-00-863-001-A).

Close-up

Subtask 09-10-00-210-068-A

A. Visual Inspection

(1) After you complete the towing operation, make sure that the nose wheels are aligned with the aircraft centerline.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-074-A

B. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Apply the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE) hand brake.

(2)

On the panel 110VU:

.

set the PARKING BRK control switch to ON.

(3)

Put the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) in position: (Ref. TASK 10-11-00-555-015-A).

(4)

Remove the TOWBAR from the TRACTOR (TOWBAR TYPE).

(5)

Remove the TOWBAR from the fitting of the NLG. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01300-B - Towbar Removal)

(6)

Remove the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000) of the ground-towing control lever.

(7)

Make sure that the ground- towing control lever goes back to its initial position.

(8)

Energize the aircraft electrical circuits from an external power source: (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002- A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-02).

NOTE :

Airbus recommends that you energize the aircraft electrical circuits with external power, and start the cycle for a full charge of the batteries.

If the battery voltage shown on panel 35VU is less than 23V, the aircraft system will disconnect the battery(ies).

.

The aircraft system cannot charge the battery(ies) again

.

It will be necessary to replace the battery(ies) (For the restoration procedure, ref. CMM

243851).

Subtask 09-10-00-865-051-A

C. Remove the safety clip(s) and the tag(s) a nd close this(these) circuit breaker(s):

PANEL FIN LOCATION 49VU DESIGNATION ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV 1KC2 A02 49VU ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV 1KC1
PANEL
FIN
LOCATION
49VU
DESIGNATION
ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV
1KC2
A02
49VU
ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV
1KC1
A01
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/ELAC1/NORM/SPLY
15CE1
B11
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SEC1/NORM/SPLY
21CE1
B08
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/FLP/CTL AND
6CV
B07
MONG/SYS1
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SLT/CTL AND
5CV
B06
MONG/SYS1
49VU
ANTI ICE/PROBES/PHC/1
2DA1
D03

AES

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

PANEL DESIGNATION FIN LOCATION 49VU NAV/STBY/HORIZON 5FN F12 121VU EIS/HORN/SPLY 2WC P09 122VU
PANEL
DESIGNATION
FIN
LOCATION
49VU
NAV/STBY/HORIZON
5FN
F12
121VU
EIS/HORN/SPLY
2WC
P09
122VU
ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY
8XU
T31
122VU
ELEC/GEN1/OFF/BTC1 SPLY
5XU
T28
122VU
ELEC/GCU/2
2XU2
T27
122VU
ELEC/GCU/1
2XU1
T26

Subtask 09-10-00-861-054-A

D. Put the aircraft back to its initial configuration.

(1)

On the ELEC control panel 35VU:

.

push the BAT1 and BAT2 pushbutton switches

.

the OFF legends go off.

(2)

Do an EIS start procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-001-A).

(3)

On the lower ECAM DU:

.

on the ELEC page, wait for BAT1 and BAT2 disconnection, this shows that the batteries are fully charged.

.

on the MEMO page, the N.WHEEL STEERG DISC indication goes out of view.

(4)

On the panel 400VU:

.

make sure that the pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

.

if necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A).

Subtask 09-10-00-869-080-A

E. Communication System

(1)

On the panel 60VU, disconnect the boomset. On the RMP, release the VHF1 pushbutton switch if there was communication between the control tower and the cockpit.

(2)

On the panel 108VU, disconnect the boomset.

Subtask 09-10-00-942-060-A

F. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Do an EIS stop procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-002-A).

(2)

De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK

24-41-00-862-002-A-02).

(3)

Remove the ground support and maintenance equi pment, the special and standard tools and all other

AES

items.

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

** On A/C ALL

Task 09-10-00-584-009-A Towbarless Towing by the Nose Gear from the Front with Battery Power only

WARNING :

OBEY THESE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING MOV EMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT (TOWING, PUSHBACK OR TAXIING). MAKE SURE THAT:

- THE PATH OF THE AIRCRAFT IS CLEAR OF PERSONS, EQUIPMENT AND OTHER OBSTACLES.

- NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, LANDING GEARS, ENGINE NACELLES OR BELOW THE AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE.

- ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONS ARE ON THE TRACTOR.

NO PERSONS GO NEAR THE AIRCRAFT BEFORE IT IS FULLY STOPPED. THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

-

WARNING :

WHEN YOU TOW THE AIRCRAFT WITH A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE

BRAKE PEDALS SHALL ONLY BE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. IF YOU APPLY THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS, YOU CAN CAUSE:

- OVERLOAD TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR

- DAMAGE TO THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR

- INJURY TO MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.

IF THIS OCCURS, YOU MUST REFER TO AIRBUS.

CAUTION : WHEN YOU USE A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, MAKE SURE THAT YOU OBEY FULLY ALL THE

INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS PROCEDURE. IF YOU DO NOT, THE TRACTOR CAN CAUSE IMPORTANT SCRAPING OR OTHER DAMAGE TO THE NLG AND TO THE AIRFRAME STRUCTURE AROUND THE NLG.

1. Reason for the Job

To push the aircraft rearward or tow the aircraft forward with a towbarless tractor but without APU power and/or engine power and/or external power.

NOTE :

This procedure is for towing of the aircraft in maintenance configuration only.

2. Job Set-up Information

A. Fixtures, Tools, Test and Support Equipment

REFERENCE No specific QTY DESIGNATION AR CHOCK - WHEEL(S) No specific AR FLASHLIGHT No specific
REFERENCE
No specific
QTY
DESIGNATION
AR
CHOCK - WHEEL(S)
No specific
AR FLASHLIGHT
No specific
AR
No specific
1
D23156000
1
SAFETY CLIP - CIRCUIT BREAKER
TRACTOR TOWBARLESS
PIN-SAFETY

B. Referenced Information

REFERENCE DESIGNATION 05-57-00-200-001-A Aircraft Stability 10-11-00-555-015-A 24-41-00-861-002-A Procedure for the
REFERENCE
DESIGNATION
05-57-00-200-001-A
Aircraft Stability
10-11-00-555-015-A
24-41-00-861-002-A
Procedure for the Installation of Wheel Chocks on Aircraft
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the External Power
24-41-00-861-002-A-01
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from the APU
24-41-00-861-002-A-02
Energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits from Engine 1(2)
24-41-00-862-002-A
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the External Power

AES

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AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

REFERENCE 24-41-00-862-002-A-01 DESIGNATION De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the APU
REFERENCE
24-41-00-862-002-A-01
DESIGNATION
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the APU
24-41-00-862-002-A-02
De-energize the Aircraft Electrical Circuits Supplied from the Engine 1(2)
29-10-00-863-002-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System
29-23-00-860-001-A
Disconnection of the Isolation Coup ling of the Power Transfer Unit (PTU)
29-24-00-863-001-A
Pressurize the Yellow Hydraulic System with the Electric Pump
31-60-00-860-001-A
31-60-00-860-002-A
32-00-00-481-001-A
EIS Start Procedure
EIS Stop Procedure
Installation of the Safety Devices on the Landing Gears
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02300-A - Towbarless Towing Hazard Area)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02400-A - Towbarless Towing Forces)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles without towbar)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)
(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

3.

Job Set-up

Subtask 09-10-00-941-060-A

A. General Towing Conditions

(1)

Towbarless tractor

 

NOTE :

There are special approval procedures for the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS. Before towing, make sure that the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS is approved for the towing of this aircraft. For more information on the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS refer to SIL 09-002.

 

(a)

All persons must be at a minimum distance of 3 m (9.84 ft.) from the nose wheels, and the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS while the aircraft moves. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02300-A - Towbarless Towing Hazard Area)

(2)

Speed Limits

 

(a)

A maximum speed of 32 km/h (15.5 mph) is permitted with all the doors closed and locked or

 

removed.

 

(b)

A maximum speed of 10 km/h (6.21 mph) is permitted with the passenger/crew doors fully open and locked and/or the cargo doors open in vertical position.

(c)

In wind conditions, calculate the pe rmitted towing speed before towing:

 

1 Measure the wind speed.

2 Do a check of aircraft stability (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

3 Subtract the measured wind speed from the wind speed limit shown on the stability curve. This gives the maximum permitted towing speed.

(3)

Approximate Towing Loads (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02400-A - Towbarless Towing Forces)

(a) Use these coefficients for the friction between the tires of the tow tractor and the ground to calculate the tractor weight:

AES

.

Dry concrete or asphalt : 0.80

.

Wet asphalt : 0.75

.

Wet concrete : 0.57

.

Hard snow : 0.20

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(4)

. Ice : 0.05

Load and Angle Limits (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02200-A - Limit Towing Loads and Angles without towbar)

(a) The towing angle must not be more than 85 deg. on each side of the aircraft centerline.

NOTE :

(5) Inspections

The internal mechanical stops limit the maximum angle to plus or minus 95 deg. Damage will occur on the landing gear if the towing angle is more than this value, and more landing gear inspections will be necessary.

(a)

On the panel 110VU, make sure that PARKING BRK control-switch is set to ON.

(b)

Make sure that wheel chocks are installed.

(c)

Make sure that the safety devices are installed on the landing gears (Ref. TASK

32-00-00-481-001-A).

CAUTION :

DO NOT TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND IF THE ENGINE COWLS

ARE OPEN. MOVEMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT WITH THE COWLS OPEN CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE COWLS AND THE NACELLE STRUCTURE.

(d) Make sure that the engine cowls are closed.

CAUTION :

DO NOT TOW THE AIRCRAFT IF THE DIMENSION H IS MORE THAN 300 MM (11.8 IN.). IF YOU DO, YOU CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE CAMS THAT MAKE THE NOSE GEAR WHEELS GO BACK TO THE CENTER POSITION.

(e)

(f)

Measure the dimension H on the NLG.

(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-01900-A - Maximum Extension of the Nose-Gear Shock Absorber during Towing)

. The dimension H must not be more than 300 mm (11.8110 in.).

Make sure that the aircraft is stable (Ref. TASK 05-57-00-200-001-A).

NOTE :

It is permitted to tow the aircraft with the floor panels of the cabin and/or cargo compartment(s) removed.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-065-B

B. Special Conditions for Towing with Engine(s) Removed

CAUTION :

OBEY THESE PRECAUTIONS WHEN YOU TOW OR MOVE THE AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND WITH THE ENGINE REMOVED AND THE FAN COWLS INTALLED:

- THE THRUST REVERSER MUST BE REMOVED.

- THE FAN COWLS MUST BE CLOSED AND LATCHED.

- A PERSON MUST WALK BESIDE THE FAN COWLS TO PREVENT FAN COWL SWINGING DURING AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT OBEY THESE INSTRUCTIONS, DAMAGE TO THE NACELLE STRUCTURE CAN OCCUR.

(1)

Make sure that the caps are installed on the disconnected pylon lines.

(2)

If engine 2 is installed and engine 1 is removed:

. Make sure that the engine 2 thrust reversers are not serviceable (Ref. TASK 29-23-00-860-001-A).

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NOTE :

When the engines are not installed, tow the aircraft smoothly.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-061-A

C. Special Conditions for Towing of Aircraft Supplied with Battery Power only

(1)

The maximum towing time is 1 hour.

(2)

Personnel necessary

(a)

One person must be in the cockpit to operate the brake pedals.

(b)

Two persons must monitor the wing tips (If necessary).

(3)

Lights

(a)

The external lights are not available.

(b)

Only the emergency cockpit lights are available.

NOTE :

If you tow the aircraft at night or in low daylight conditions, use a FLASHLIGHT to move in the aircraft.

(4) Signalling Make sure that the aircraft is illuminated in accordance with the local airport regulations.

Subtask 09-10-00-941-062-A

D. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK

24-41-00-861-002-A-02).

(2)

On the ELEC control panel 35VU:

.

push the BAT1 and BAT2 pushbutton switches

.

the OFF legends go off.

(3)

Do an EIS start procedure (Ref. TASK 31-60-00-860-001-A).

(4)

On the N/W-steering deactivation electrical-box 5GC:

(a)

Set the ground-towing contro l lever to the towing position. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

(b)

Install the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000).

(5)

On the lower ECAM DU:

.

on the MEMO page, the N WHEEL STEERG DISC indication comes into view,

.

on the ELEC page, do a check for connection of the BAT1 and BAT2, then wait for BAT1 and BAT2 disconnection, this shows that the batteries are fully charged.

(6)

Hydraulic pressurization

WARNING :

OBEY THE HYDRAULIC SAFETY PROCEDURES.

WARNING :

MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVEL RANGES OF THE FLIGHT CONTROL SURFACES ARE

 

CLEAR BEFORE YOU PRESSURIZE/DEPRESSURIZE A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

(a)

On the panel 400VU, make sure that the accumulator pressure indication of the Yellow brake- pressure triple-indicator is correct: 3000 psi (206.8427 bar). The pointer must be in the green range.

(b)

If necessary, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system:

AES

. with the electric pump: (Ref. TASK 29-24-00-863-001-A)

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. or with a ground power supply: (Ref. TASK 29-10-00-863-002-A)

NOTE :

The brake accumulator capacity is limited:

.

use the brake pedals only in an emergency,

.

use the parking brake only when necessary.

Subtask 09-10-00-480-058-A

E. Installation of the Towbarless Tractor

CAUTION : AIRBUS STRONGLY RECOMMENDS THAT THE OPERATORS OF TOWBARLESS TRACTORS CAREFULLY ALIGN THE CLAMPING DEVICE OF THE TRACTOR WITH THE NOSE LANDING GEAR AXIS. THE GAP BETWEEN THE CRADLE AND THE TORQUE-LINK IS VERY SMALL AND A MISALIGNMENT CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE TORQUE-LINK PIN. A SIMPLE ALIGNMENT DEVICE ON THE TRACTOR (MARKING, METAL INDICATOR, ETC. SUPPLIED BY THE MANUFACTURER OF THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR OR MANUFACTURED LOCALLY) CAN HELP THE DRIVER.

(1)

Set the aircraft type on the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS if necessary.

(2)

Remove the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) fro m the nose landing-gear wheels.

(3)

Put the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS in position in front of the NLG, aligned with the aircraft centerline.

(4)

Align the clamping device of the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS with the NLG axis.

(5)

Lock on and lift the NLG.

(6)

Make sure that the nose landing gear is correctly on the center of the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS platform and cannot be disengaged from the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS.

(7)

Make sure that the TRACTOR T OWBARLESS hand-brake is applied.

(8)

Remove the wheel chocks from the main landing gear wheels.

(9)

On the panel 110VU, set the PARKING BRK control-switch to OFF.

Subtask 09-10-00-865-052-A

F. Open, safety and tag this(these) circuit breaker(s):

PANEL 49VU DESIGNATION ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV FIN LOCATION 1KC2 A02 49VU ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV 1KC1
PANEL
49VU
DESIGNATION
ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV
FIN
LOCATION
1KC2
A02
49VU
ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV
1KC1
A01
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/ELAC1/NORM/SPLY
15CE1
B11
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SEC1/NORM/SPLY
21CE1
B08
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/FLP/CTL AND
6CV
B07
MONG/SYS1
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SLT/CTL AND
5CV
B06
MONG/SYS1
49VU
ANTI ICE/PROBES/PHC/1
2DA1
D03
49VU
NAV/STBY/HORIZON
5FN
F12
121VU
EIS/HORN/SPLY
2WC
P09
122VU
ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY
8XU
T31
122VU
ELEC/GEN1/OFF/BTC1 SPLY
5XU
T28
122VU
ELEC/GCU/2
2XU2
T27

AES

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PANEL DESIGNATION FIN LOCATION 122VU ELEC/GCU/1 2XU1 T26
PANEL
DESIGNATION
FIN
LOCATION
122VU
ELEC/GCU/1
2XU1
T26

Subtask 09-10-00-862-056-A

G. De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-862-002-

4.

A-02)

Subtask 09-10-00-860-076-A

H. Set the Communication System to this Configuration

(1)

(2)

VHF system If communication is necessary between the aircraft and the control tower:

.

.

On the panel 108VU, connect a boomset to the FLT INT socket. This lets you speak to the cockpit.

on the RMP (Radio Management Panel) 11VU, push the VHF1 pushbutton switch.

on the panel 60VU, connect a boomset.

Procedure

Subtask 09-10-00-584-060-A

A.

Towing

WARNING :

DURING TOWING/TAXIING OPERATIONS (LOW-SPEED OPERATIONS INCLUDED), EACH PERSON IN THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE IN A SEAT AND THE SEAT BELT MUST BE FASTENED. IF THE SEAT BELT IS NOT FASTENED, THERE IS A RISK OF INJURY IF THE AIRCRAFT STOPS SUDDENLY.

 
 

WARNING :

WHEN YOU TOW THE AIRCRAFT WITH A TOWBARLESS TRACTOR, THE PARKING BRAKE

OR THE BRAKE PEDALS SHALL ONLY BE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. IF YOU APPLY THE PARKING BRAKE OR THE BRAKE PEDALS, YOU CAN CAUSE:

- OVERLOAD TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR

- DAMAGE TO THE TOWBARLESS TRACTOR

- INJURY TO MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.

IF THIS OCCURS, YOU MUST REFER TO AIRBUS.

CAUTION : PUT THE PARKING BRK CONTROL SWITCH IN THE OFF POSITION BEFORE YOU TOW OR PUSH BACK THE AIRCRAFT. THIS IS TO PREVENT HIGH LOADS WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE NOSE LANDING GEAR.

(1)

Release the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS hand-brake.

(2)

During the towing operations, make sure that:

(Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-02300-A - Towbarless Towing Hazard Area)

.

there is nobody in the hazard area,

.

there is one person in the cockpit to operate the brakes if necessary,

.

there are two persons to monitor the wing tips if necessary.

 

NOTE :

The shock absorber reaction can cause the aircraft to move forward and rearward when you stop the wheels. Because of this, make sure that there is sufficient space around the aircraft when you tow by the nose gear.

(3)

Tow slowly and smoothly, refer to paragraph 3.A. for the speed limits.

AES

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(4) During towing, make sure that the accumulator pressure indication on the Yellow brake-pressure triple- indicator is correct: the pointer must stay approximately in the range above 2000 psi (137.8951 bar). If the pointer is at 2000 psi (137.8951 bar) or below, pressurize the Yellow hydraulic system (Ref. TASK

5.

29-24-00-863-001-A).

Close-up

Subtask 09-10-00-210-069-A

A. Visual Inspection

(1) After you complete the towing operation, make sure that the nose wheels are aligned with the aircraft centerline.

Subtask 09-10-00-860-077-A

B. Aircraft Maintenance Configuration

(1)

Apply the tractor hand-brake.

(2)

On the panel 110VU:

.

set the PARKING BRK control switch to ON.

(3)

Remove the nose landing gear from the TRACTOR TOWBARLESS.

(4)

Put the CHOCK - WHEEL(S) in position: (Ref. TASK 10-11-00-555-015-A).

(5)

Remove the PIN-SAFETY (D23156000) of the ground-towing control lever. (Ref. Fig. 09-10-00-991-00500-A - N/W-Steering Deactivation Electrical-Box)

(6)

Make sure that the ground- towing control lever goes back to its initial position.

(7)

Energize the aircraft electrical circuits from an external power source: (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002- A-01) or (Ref. TASK 24-41-00-861-002-A-02).

NOTE :

Airbus recommends that you energize the aircraft electrical circuits with external power, and start the cycle for a full charge of the batteries.

If the battery voltage shown on panel 35VU is less than 23V, the aircraft system will disconnect the battery(ies).

.

The aircraft system cannot charge the battery(ies) again

.

It will be necessary to replace the battery(ies) (For the restoration procedure, ref. CMM

243851).

Subtask 09-10-00-865-053-A

C. Remove the safety clip(s) and the tag(s) a nd close this(these) circuit breaker(s):

PANEL 49VU DESIGNATION ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV FIN LOCATION 1KC2 A02 49VU ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV 1KC1
PANEL
49VU
DESIGNATION
ENGINE/2/HP FUEL SOV
FIN
LOCATION
1KC2
A02
49VU
ENGINE/1/HP FUEL SOV
1KC1
A01
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/ELAC1/NORM/SPLY
15CE1
B11
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SEC1/NORM/SPLY
21CE1
B08
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/FLP/CTL AND
6CV
B07
MONG/SYS1
49VU
FLIGHT CONTROLS/SLT/CTL AND
5CV
B06
MONG/SYS1
49VU
ANTI ICE/PROBES/PHC/1
2DA1
D03
49VU
NAV/STBY/HORIZON
5FN
F12

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PANEL DESIGNATION FIN LOCATION 121VU EIS/HORN/SPLY 2WC P09 122VU ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY 8XU T31 122VU
PANEL
DESIGNATION
FIN
LOCATION
121VU
EIS/HORN/SPLY
2WC
P09
122VU
ELEC/GEN2/OFF/BTC2 SPLY
8XU
T31
122VU
ELEC/GEN1/OFF/BTC1 SPLY
5XU
T28
122VU
ELEC/GCU/2
2XU2
T27
122VU
ELEC/GCU/1
2XU1
T26

Subtask 09-10-00-861-055-A

D. Put the aircraft back to its initial configuration.

(1)

On the ELEC control panel 35VU:

.

push the BAT1 and BAT2 pushbutton switches