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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


B.E. 4th Semester- Instrumentation & Control Engineering
Instrumentation & Control Engineering (17)

Semester IV
Subject
code

Teaching Scheme (Hours)

Subject name

Theory Marks

Tutorial/ Practical
Marks
Viva (V)
PA(I)

Total
Marks

Branch
Code

20

150

17

30

20

150

17

30

30

20

150

17

70

30

30

20

150

17

70

30

30

20

150

17

80

20

100

17

3
10

3
33

80

20

100

17

Credits

ESE(E)

PA (M)

70

30

30

70

30

70

2141706 Analog Signal Processing

2141006 Simulation and Design Tools

2140002 Design Engineering - I B

0
18

0
2

Theory

Tutorial

Practical

2141703 Numerical Techniques & Statistical Methods

2141708 Control System

2141704 Measurement & Instruments

2141705 Industrial Measurement I

Total

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING (17)

NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES & STATISTICAL METHODS FOR IC ENGINEERING


SUBJECT CODE: 2141703
B.E. 4th Semester
Type of course: Engineering Mathematics and Statistics
Prerequisite:
(1) Solution of quadratic equations and conditions for types of roots.
(2) Basic factorization.
Rationale: This subject deals with common numerical techniques widely used in engineering
applications and some of the statistical methods
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Examination Marks
Total
Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
PA (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
3
2
0
5
70
20
10
30
0
20
150
L- Lectures; T- Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P- Practical; C- Credit; ESE- End Semester
Examination; PA- Progressive Assessment
L

Teaching Scheme
T
P

Credits
C

Content:
Sr. No.

Topics

ERROR ANALYSIS:
Round-off errors and truncation errors in numerical
computation, error propagation, and numerical instability.
SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE
PROBLEMS
Linear interpolation (method of false position) Newtons
method - Statement of fixed point theorem Fixed point
iteration: x=g(x) method Solution of linear system by
Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon method Iterative
methods: Gauss Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods
Inverse of matrix by Gauss Jordon method Eigen value
of matrix by power method
INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION
Lagrangian Polynomials Divided differences
Interpolating with a cubic spline Newtons forward
difference formulas.
NUMERICAL DIFFERENTION AND INTEGRATION
Derivatives from difference tables Divided differences
and finite differences numerical integration by
trapezoidal and Simpsons 1/3 and 3/8 rules Rombergs
method Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature
formulas Double integrals using trapezoidal and
Simpsons rules

semester +

Teaching
Hrs.

Module
Weightage

10

12

12

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5

10

semester +

INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY


DIFFERINTIAL EQUATIONS
Single step methods: Taylor series method Euler and
modified Euler methods Fourth order Runge-Kutta
method for solving first and second order equations
Multistep methods: Milnes and Adams predictor and
corrector methods.
INTRODUCTION TO STATISCTICAL PARAMETERS
Significant figures, scientific notations, average- Mean,
Mode, Median, geometric mean, harmonic mean, rootmean-square and root-sum-squares average, Logarithmic
representation of signal levels, Data classes, Variation
Gaussian curve, standard deviation, variance
PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Introduction to probability; Random Experiments, Sample
Space, Events and their probabilities; Some basic results
of probability, Conditional probability, Random variables:
Probability distributions; Expected value & variance of a
probability distribution; Discrete probability distributions:
Binomial, Poisson. Continuous probability distributions:
Exponential, Normal.
SAMPLING, SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION &
INTERVAL ESTIMATION
Simple random sampling, point estimation, introduction to
sampling distributions, sampling distributions of
,
Sampling distribution of sample proportion , Properties
of point estimation, Other sampling methods, Interval
estimation: Population mean: known, unknown,
Determining the sample size. Sampling distribution of
variance.
STATISTICAL INFERENCES, TESTING OF
HYPOTHESES , -TEST
Introduction, Test of significance for large samples:
Difference between small & large samples, Two-tailed test
for difference between the means of two samples, Standard
error of the difference between two standard deviations,
Test of significance for small samples: The assumption of
normality,
Students-distribution;
properties
and
application of t-distribution, testing difference between
means of two samples (Independent samples; Dependent
samples) Definition of chi-square, degrees of freedom; chisquare distribution, Conditions for applying chi-square
test, Uses of chi-square test, Misuse of chi-square test.
NETWORK ANALYSIS
Network definition, Minimal spanning tree problem,
Shortest route problem, Maximum flow problem concepts
and solution algorithm as applied to problems. Project
planning and control by CPM network, Probability
assessment in PERT network.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND SCHEDULING
Project management (CPM & PERT)
Network concepts, components, rules for network
construction, critical path method (CPM) and Project

12

12

10

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evaluation and review Techniques (PERT)

Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):


R Level
21

Distribution of Theory Marks


U Level
A Level
21
14

N Level
7

E Level
7

Legends: R: Remembrance; U: Understanding; A: Application, N: Analyze and E: Evaluate


and above Levels (Revised Blooms Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The
actual distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table
Reference Books:
1. Richard A. Johnson, Miller & Freunds Probability and Statistics for Engineers, eighth
edition, PHI
2. Gerald, C.F, and Wheatley, P.O, Applied Numerical Analysis, Sixth Edition, Pearson
Education Asia, New Delhi, 2002.
3. Balagurusamy, E., Numerical Methods, Tata McGraw- Hill Publishing Company, New
Delhi 1999.
4. Joe D. Hoffman: Numerical Methods for Engineers and Scientists, Second edition, Taylor
and Francis (2001).
5. Anderson, Sweeney, Williams, Statistics for business and economics, 9th edition, Thomson
Publication.
6. S P Gupta, Statistical Methods, 30th edition S Chand
7. Operational Research -An Introduction -Fifth edition by Hamdy A Taha -PHI New Delhi
8. J. K. Sharma, Operations Research - Theory and Applications by 4th Edition, Macmillan
Publishers India ltd.

9. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K. and Gunavathy, K., Numeric Methods, S. Chand


Co.Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.
10. Burden, R.L and Faires, T.D., Numeric Analysis, Seventh Edition, Thomson Asia
Pvt. Ltd., Singapore, 2002
11. Saumyen Guha and Rajesh Srivastava: Numerical Methods for Engineering and
Science. Oxford Higher Education (2010)
Course Outcomes:
After learning the course, student should be able to decide which numerical method is appropriate to
resolve his/her technical problems and how to interpret solution obtained.

One must be able to understand which probability distribution is applicable to the set-up of
field of interest or to the design of experiment.

Students must be able to realize goodness of fit of various distributions.


Students must be able to check various research claims.
Student must be able to have vision about utility & necessity of Numerical Methods and
Statistical Methods in field work.

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Tutorials
(1) Examples based on various numerical methods to solve transcendental equations.
(with an aim: student must be able to understand which method is appropriate to which
type of example)
(2) Examples based on numerical integration and differentiation.
(3) Examples based on solution of various differential equations.
(4) Examples based on solution of various partial differential equations.
(5) Examples based on Fundamental concepts of Statistics like, Mean, Median, Mode,
classifications, frequency distribution, Variance, Standard Deviation.
(6) Examples based on probability, conditional probability, independent events.
(7) Examples based on Binomial, Poisson distributions
(8) Examples based on exponential, Normal distributions.
(9) Examples based on Interval Estimation
(10)
Examples based on hypotheses Testing
(11)
Examples based on chi-square distributions
List of Open Source Software/learning website: scilab, SPSS / SAS software / Matlab Statistical
Tool Box.
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos,
animations, pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work The faculty will
allocate chapters/ parts of chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The
power-point slides should be put up on the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of
the students of the group, the name of the faculty, Department and College on the first slide. The best
three works should submit to GTU.

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING (17)
CONTROL SYSTEM
SUBJECT CODE: 2141708
B.E. 4th Semester

Type of course: Core


Prerequisite:
1. Calculus
2. Ordinary differential equations
3. Complex variables
4. Linear system concepts
5.Laplace transform
Rationale: To prepare students Basics of Control Engineering
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Examination Marks
Total
Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
PA (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
4
0
2
6
70
20
10
20
10
20
150
L- Lectures; T- Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P- Practical; C- Credit; ESE- End Semester
Examination; PA- Progressive Assessment
L

Teaching Scheme
T
P

Credits
C

Content:
Sr. No.
1

semester +

Topics

Teaching
Hrs.

BASIC CONCEPTS OF SYSTEMS AND CONTROL 2


LOOPS:
-Types of systems, continuous, discrete, Linear Time
Variant, Linear Time invariant, Lumped and Distributed
parameter systems, Linear vs non-linear systems, Systems
with delay, Open loop control system with examples,
Close loop control system With examples and its merits
over open loop system Effect of both on stability, gain And
Speed response of system.
Laplace
Transformation
and
Inverse
Laplace 2
Transformation: A Brief Overview., understanding transfer
functions, problems
14
MATHEMATICAL MEDELING
Mathematical Modeling of some real world systems: DC
Servo Motors, Liquid Level Systems, Thermal Systems,
Introduction to modeling using State Space. Block
Diagrams and Signal Flow Graph Analysis. Block diagram
reduction techniques. Modeling of gear system,
Mechanical-Electrical Analogy, linearization techniques.

Module
Weightage
5

20

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4

5
6

TRANSIENT AND STEADY STATE RESPONSE:


Introduction: Type and Order of The Systems, Transient
Response Analysis, First and second order systems, Unity
Feedback Systems, Stability Criteria, BIBO Stability,
relative and absolute stability, Routh-Hurwitz Criteria for
Stability, Steady State Errors, Impulse and Step, Ramp,
Responses of first and second order systems, Analysis of
Transient Response Specifications: peak overshoot, settling
time, rise time, peak time etc., mathematical analysis and
problems.
ROOT LOCUS TECHNIQUES: Plot Locies of root from
transfer function, Stability criteria and system response
study from root locus, problems
FREQUENCY RESPONSE TECHNIQUES :
Nyquist criteria, Nyquist plots, Bode plots and effect of
gain margin, phase margin on system parameters,
Bandwidth, Polar plot and stability criteria, Nichol chart
and its application., constant M, N circles, understanding
systems with delay and their analysis in frequency domain,
problems
Introduction to state space analysis.
Modeling in state space, transfer function to state space
and vice versa. Eigen values, state transition matrix.,
problems

10

15

15

12

25

15

Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):


R Level
21

Distribution of Theory Marks


U Level
A Level
21
14

N Level
7

E Level
7

Legends: R: Remembrance; U: Understanding; A: Application, N: Analyze and E: Evaluate


and above Levels (Revised Blooms Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The
actual distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table
Reference Books:
1. NAGRATH & GOPAL : Control system engineering, New age International Publication (1996)
2. B.C. KUO
: Automatic control systems, Prentice Hall of India Ltd, 1995
3. OGATA KATSUHIKO
: Modern Control Engineering, PHI,1996
Course Outcomes:
After studying this subject students will be able to:
1. Control system modeling: modeling of electric, mechanical and electromechanical systems, using
differential equations, transfer functions, block diagrams, and state variables;
2. Control system analysis: analysis of properties of control systems, such as sensitivity, stability,
tracking, in time and frequency domains
List of Practical:

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1. Introduction to Matlab/Scilab
2. To find Unit step, ramp, impulse response of first and second order system using matla/scilab.
3. To derive the open loop and closed loop poles and zeros for varieties of the systems. Draw
their Pole-zero map and check the system stability.
4. To draw the step response of overdamped, under damped and critically damped system for the
second order system having different value of damping factor.
5. To find out time domain specification of second order system using matlab/Scilab.
6. To study state space presentation of a system. And to convesion from TF to State Space etc.
7. To plot root locus for a given system using matlab/Scilab. To derive the value of gain from
Root Locus for system marginal stability.
8. To draw Bode plot for a given system using Matlab/Scilab. Derive GM, PM and stability
from the plot.
9. To draw Nyquist plot for a given system using matlab/Scilab.
Major Equipment:
MATLAB/SCILAB software
List of Open Source Software/learning website:
http://nptel.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=108102043
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Control_Systems/Root_Locus
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Control_Systems/Bode_Plots
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nyquist_stability_criterion
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos,
animations, pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work The faculty will
allocate chapters/ parts of chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The
power-point slides should be put up on the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of
the students of the group, the name of the faculty, Department and College on the first slide. The best
three works should submit to GTU.

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING (17)
MEASUREMENT & INSTRUMENTS
SUBJECT CODE: 2141704
B.E. 4th Semester

Type of course: Core


Prerequisite:

Basic Electrical Engineering, physics

Rationale: To prepare students for experiments and design with various electrical, electronic
measurements and instrumentation systems.
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Examination Marks
Total
Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
PA (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
4
0
2
6
70
20
10
20
10
20
150
L- Lectures; T- Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P- Practical; C- Credit; ESE- End Semester
Examination; PA- Progressive Assessment
L

Teaching Scheme
T
P

Credits
C

Content:
Sr. No.
1
2

3
4

5
6

semester +

Content

Total
Hrs
2

Introduction: Types of instruments: Indicating, recording, integrating,


etc.
Analog DC and AC meters: Electromechanically meter movements,
6
PMMC, Analog DC ammeters, Analog DC voltmeters, Analog AC
ammeters and Voltmeters, Analog multimeters, Special purpose analog
meters, Use of basic meters, meter errors, problems. Extending the range
of meters, Loading effects and their elimination, true rms voltmeters.
Digital Meters: DVM and Digital multimeter, vector voltmeters, 7 6
segment and LCD display. Analog to Digital Converters and Digital to
Analog Converters,
Oscilloscope: Oscilloscope subsystem, Principle of Operation, Cathode
8
Ray Tube ,Display subsystem, Vertical deflection subsystem, Dual
trace/Dual beam feature,
Horizontal deflection subsystems, oscilloscope probes, oscilloscope
controls, Front panel of an oscilloscope, Lissajous patterns
oscilloscope photography, Digital storage oscilloscopes (DSO), Power
scope. Attenuation probes, problems
Time & Frequency Measurement: Time Measurements, Frequency
3
measurement, Harmonic Analysis and spectrum analyzers, Frequency
Mixer problems.
Power & Energy Measurement: Power in AC-DC circuits, single4
phase power measurements, Poly-phase power and
measurements, Electrical energy measurements, Power measurements
problems

% Weightage
4
10

10
15

10
10

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7

8
9

10

Measurement of Resistance & Bridges : Resistance and resistor,


resistor type, measurement of resistance, Wheatstone Bridge, Making
balanced Wheatstone Bridge measurement, Low value
resistance measurement (Kelvin Double Bridge), problems.
Measurement of Capacitance, Inductance, and Impedance: Hays
Bridge, Schering Bridge, Maxwell bridge, Anderson Bridge, Q-factor,
Capacitance and capacitors, capacitor circuit models
and losses, capacitor types, color coding of capacitor, Inductor and
Inductance, Inductor structure, Transformers,
Impedance, Capacitance and Inductance, Capacitance and Inductance
measurement, complete impedance measurement, frequency
measurement, problems.
Current and Potential transformers, testing, and applications.
A.C. Signal Sources: Sweep Frequency generators, Pulse generators,
Function generators, Oscillators
Interference Signals and Their Elimination: Capacitance interference,
inductive interference and shielding,
electromagnetic interference and shielding, conductive coupling
interference, ground loop interference and input
guarding to reduce it internal noise.
Measurement of Power factor and frequency with analog and digital
meters. Magnetometer. Miscellaneous measurements: speed, velocity.

20

3
3

5
6

10

Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):


R Level
28

Distribution of Theory Marks


U Level
A Level
28
7

N Level
7

E Level
-

Legends: R: Remembrance; U: Understanding; A: Application, N: Analyze and E: Evaluate


and above Levels (Revised Blooms Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The
actual distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table
Reference Books:

1. Wolf & Smith, Student reference manual for Electron ic and Instrumentation measurement,
PHI Publication.
2. E.W. Golding and F.C. Widdis, Electrical measurements and measuring instruments, Pitman
Publishing.
3. Bemard Oliver and John Cage, Electronic Measurement s and Instrumentation, Tata Mcgraw
Hill.
4. William d.Cooper, Albert d. Helfrick, Electronic Instrumen tation and measurement
techniques, Prentice Hall.
5. A.K.Sawhney, A Course in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation,
Dhanpatrai Publication.
6. H.S. Kalsi, Electronic instrumentation.
7. Kim Fowler, Electronic Instrument Design, OUP, USA, 1996.
Course Outcome:
After learning the course the students should be able to:

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1. Operate modern electrical and electronic instruments like DSO, Digital Multimeter,
and other digital and analog instruments.
2. Find faults and test various instruments and justify their use in systems.
3. Carry out Engineering design of various meters or select instruments for various
applications.
List of Experiments: (Outlines)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Find the unknown resistance with Whistone bridge.


Find unknown capacitance with a.c. bridge.
Measure power in single/3-phase circuit.
Extend the range of given ammeter.
Perform experiment on energy meter and learn to take readings.
Operation of CRO, DSO for voltage, current and frequency measurement, Lissajous patterns,
phase angle measurements.
7. Find unknown inductance with given a.c. bridge.
8. Find low resistance with Kelvin double bridge.
9. Understanding functioning of modern digital multimeters and their computer interface.
Design based Problems (DP)/Open Ended Problem:
Design Multi range voltmeter and ammeter by extending ranges of given meters.
Major Equipment:
CRO, DSO, AC/DC bridges, Power and Energy meters, load trolley, etc.
List of Open Source Software/learning website:
http://nptel.iitk.ac.in/courses/Elec_Engg/IIT%20Bombay/Electrical%20and%20Electronic%20Measur
ements.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_meter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_power
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos,
animations, pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work The faculty will
allocate chapters/ parts of chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The
power-point slides should be put up on the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of
the students of the group, the name of the faculty, Department and College on the first slide. The best
three works should submit to GTU.

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING (17)
INDUSTRIAL MEASUREMENT I
SUBJECT CODE: 2141705
B.E. 4th Semester

Type of course: Core Engineering


Prerequisite: There is no prerequisite knowledge required for this course.
Rationale: Industrial Instrumentation is a unique part of industry that deals with the measuring of
variables that influence materials production and equipment during the development of a product.
Every Instrument engineers have to deal with various types of Instruments in the working
environment. This course describes the working principles of these measuring instruments
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Examination Marks
Total
Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
PA (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
3
0
2
5
70
20
10
20
10
20
150
L- Lectures; T- Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P- Practical; C- Credit; ESE- End Semester
Examination; PA- Progressive Assessment
L

Teaching Scheme
T
P

Credits
C

Content:
Sr. No.
1

semester +

Topics

Teaching
Hrs.

INTRODUCTION OF MEASUREMENTS : - Definition 5


of Instrumentation.
- Static char. : - Accuracy, precision, resolution,
Sensitivity, Scale, threshold, Hysteresis, Drift, dead zone,
repeatability, Linearity, etc.
- Dynamic characteristics: Speed of Response, lag, errors,
fidelity, Response of 1st & 2nd order system.
- Types of errors etc., - Terminology and Specifications
of instruments,
- Measurement standards :- Time, frequency, Voltage,
Current, 3-15 psi etc., ANSI, ASME, ADA, BS, DIN,
CSMR, FCI, API, ISI, and introduction Reliability and
safety.
Transducers: Classification
5
Electrical Transducer- Resistance, capacitance, inductance
type , piezoelectric, transduction, etc.
Mechanical transducers, Selection of Transducer
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT: Types, Selection, 10
Installation, Calibration Temperature measurement using
physical parameter-Electrical type temperature sensorRTD, RTD resistance measurement with Wheatstone
Bridge Circuits: two wire circuit, three wire circuit,
four wire measurement circuit, RTD resistance

Module
Weightage
6%

10%

21%

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measurement with Constant Current Source -ThermisterThermocouples-laws of thermocouple-fabrication of


industrial thermocouples-signal conditioning -cold junction
compensation-special techniques for measuring high
temperature using thermocouples-Radiation methods of
temperature measurement
PRESSURE MEASUREMENT: Types, Selection, 10
Installation, Calibration , Units of pressure-manometersdifferent types-elastic type pressure gauges-Bourdon tube
bellows-diaphragms- Bell Gauge Measurement of
pressure using Electrical transducer as secondary
transducer- vacuum pressure measurement-Mechanical
gauges-Mcleod gauge-thermal conductivity gaugesIonization gauge cold cathode and hot cathode types.
Differential
pressure
measurement-flapper-nozzle
assembly. Piston type pressure measurement; Dead Weight
Piston Gauges
LEVEL MEASUREMENT: Types, Selection, Installation, 10
Calibration, Electrical methods-Resistive, Inductive &
Capacitive-Measurement of Level using Gamma raysUltrasonic Methods- Measurement of Liquid level using
Float type-Displacer type-Air-Purge system, Soild Level
measurement-Hydrostatic types. Level Switches.
FLOW MEASUREMENT :Types, Selection, Installation, 10
Calibration, Types of flow; Units of flow volumetric and
mass flow ; Importance of flow measurement , Mechanical
Flow meters: Variable head type flowmeters- variable area
flowmeters, Mass flow meters, Electrical flow meters- EM
flowmeter turbine flowmeter- Ultrasonic flowmeterVortex flowmeter- Direct and Indirect methods-openchannel & solid flow measurement- Flow Meter Selection
and Designs.

21%

21%

21%

Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):


R Level
21

Distribution of Theory Marks


U Level
A Level
21
21

N Level
7

E Level
-

Legends: R: Remembrance; U: Understanding; A: Application, N: Analyze and E: Evaluate


and above Levels (Revised Blooms Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The
actual distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table
Reference Books:
1. Instrument Engineers Handbook: Process Measurement and Analysis by B. G Liptak.
2. Handbook of Applied Instrumentation by D. M. Considine and Sidney David Ross, McGraw
Hill Publicaiton.
3. Encyclopedia of Instrumentation and Control by D. M. Considine, Kriege Publication Co.
4. Instrumentation Reference Book by Walt Boyes, Butterworth Heinemann Publisher.
5. Introduction to Instrumentation and Control by A. K. Ghosh, 4th edition, PHI publications
6. Industrial Instrumentation by K. Krishnaswamy and S. Vijayachitra, New Age International
Publication.

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7. Measurement Systems: Application and Design by E. D. Doeblin, McGraw Hill Publication
Course Outcome:

After learning the course the students should be able to learn basic measurement principles of
temperature, level, pressure and flow sensors.
Student should be able to define various measurement terms, and to state and define
resolution, sensitivity, accuracy and precision etc, and to classify measurement errors
Students should be able to identify the type of sensor and their relevant specification .etc
which can be use in a particular process parameter measurement selection.

List of Experiments:

1. Characterization of Thermocouples.(J/T/K/R/S)

Equipment: Oven, thermocouples, Multimeter, thermocouple reference table, Thermocouple


simulator,

2. Characterization of RTD (PT100)

Equipment: Oven, PT100 probe, RTD simulator, Temperature indicator, Multimeter

3. Measurement of flow using rotameter

Equipment:Rotameter

4. measurement of flow using DP cell

Equipment:Differential Pressure Transmitter,or Manometer etc

5. Flow coefficient of Orifice:

Orifice installed in a pipe of a liquid fluid, Manometer or DPT.

6. Flow Coefficient of Venturi:

Venturi installed in a pipe of a liquid fluid, Manometer or DPT.

7. Measurement of Level using Capacitance type of Level Sensor


8. Calibration of pressure gauge using dead weight pressure tester and preparation of
report

Equipment: Dead weight pressure tester setup, Standard weight set.

Major Equipment: specified with list of experiments: Dead weight tester, universal calibrator,
Temperature bath, Voltage/ current Simulator, RTD/ Thermocouple calibrators, Flow meters, etc.
List of Open Source Software/learning website:
http://nptel.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=108105064
http://www.onlinevideolecture.com/electrical-engineering/nptel-iit-kharagpur/industrialinstrumentation/?course_id=514
https://www.isa.org
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos,
animations, pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work The faculty will
allocate chapters/ parts of chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The
power-point slides should be put up on the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of
the students of the group, the name of the faculty, Department and College on the first slide. The best
three works should submit to GTU.

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING (17)
ANALOG SIGNAL PROCESSING
SUBJECT CODE: 2141706
B.E. 4th Semester

Type of course: Core Engineering


Prerequisite:
1. Fundamental of Basic electronics
2. Electronics devices like transistor, diode etc.
Rationale: This subject deals with how to process sensors output and make it suitable for next stage of any
measurement system.
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Teaching Scheme
L
T
P

Examination Marks
Total
Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
PA (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
4
0
2
6
70
20
10
20
10
20
150
L- Lectures; T- Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P- Practical; C- Credit; ESE- End Semester
Examination; PA- Progressive Assessment; OEP-Open Ended problem; AL-Active learning;
Sr
No
.
1

Credits
C

Content

Total
Hr

4 Hr
Introduction to OP-AMP
1.1 Basic ideas about:- Dual input-balanced output differential amplifier, inverting and
non inverting inputs, Dual input-Unbalanced output differential amplifier, Single
input-balanced output, Single input-Unbalanced output differential amplifier.
1.2 Basic Introduction to block diagram of a typical op-amp, Basic introduction to
equivalent circuit of the 741 op-amp, Schematic symbol and 8 pin functions and power
supply of op-amp
1.3
Equivalent circuit of op-amp, Open loop op-amp configuration, The differential
amplifier, The inverting amplifier, The Non-inverting amplifier, positive saturation
output, negative saturation output.
1.4 Definition and explanation to the terms of op-amp as:- Input offset voltage, input
offset current, Differential Input resistor, Input capacitance, Offset Voltage Adjustment
Range, Input voltage range, Common mode rejection ratio, supply Voltage rejection
ratio, output voltage swing, output resistance, output short circuit current, supply
current, Slew Rate, Average temperature Coefficient of input offset voltage(and
current), Long-term input offset voltage(and current).
:- Basic ideas about compensating network for offset voltages compensation , CMRR
compensation, SVRR compensation, temperature compensation
3 Hr
An Op-amp with Negative feedback (closed loop)
2.1 Introduction, Block diagram representation of feedback configuration
2.2 2.2.1. Voltage series feedback amplifier (Non-inverting amplifier with feedback),
Derivation of closed loop voltage gain, voltage follower.
2.2.2. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier(Inverting amplifier with feedback),
Derivation of closed loop voltage gain, current to voltage converter.
2.2.3. Differential amplifier with one op-amp, voltage gain

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6%

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3

General Linear application


3.1 DC amplifier:-

3.2

3.3
3.4

3.5
3.6
3.7

8 Hr

11%

3.1.1:- Inverting amplifier, Non-Inverting amplifier, Differential amplifier


3.1.2:-Inverting amplifier with external offset voltage-compensating network,
Non- Inverting amplifier with external offset voltage-compensating
network, Differential amplifier with external offset voltage-compensating
network
AC Amplifier:3.2.1 :- AC Inverting Amplifier
3.2.2 :- AC Non-inverting Amplifier
3.2.3 :- AC amplifier with single supply voltage (similar to clampers)
The Peaking amplifier
Summing Scaling and Averaging Amplifier
3.4.1 :- Inverting configuration:-Summing amplifier, Scaling amplifier,
Averaging amplifier
3.4.2 :- Non-Inverting configuration:- Summing amplifier, Averaging amplifier
3.4.3 :- Differential configuration:- A Subtractor, Summing amplifier
Voltage to Current converter with floating load, Voltage to current converter with
grounding load, Current to voltage converter
Very High Input Impedance circuit:3.6.1. DC-Coupled voltage follower
3.6.2. AC coupled voltage follower with input resistance bootstrapped
The Integrator, with its 0db gain frequency (fb) and gain limiting frequency
derivation(fa),
The differentiator, with its 0db gain frequency(fa) and gain limiting freq
derivation(fb),

Comparators and Converters


4.1 Basic comparator, Zero Crossing Detector, Schmitt Trigger,
4.2 Comparator Characteristics, Limitation of OP-AMP as Comparator
4.3 OP-AMP as Voltage Limiter:- Positive voltage limiter and Negative voltage limiter
4.4 CLIPPER:4.4.1:- Positive clippers, Negative clippers
4.4.2 :- small signal half wave rectifiers
4.5 CLAMPERS:- Positive and Negative clampers
4.6 Absolute Value output circuit, Peak Detector, Sample and hold circuit
4.7
Digital to Analog Converter(DAC):4.7.1 :- D/A converter with binary - weighted resistor
4.7.2 :- D/A converter with R and 2R resistor
4.8 Analog to Digital Converters (ADC):4.8.1 :- Successive approximation A/D converter
4.9 Voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converters
4.9.1 :- V/F Converter:- 1) 9400 V/F converter equivalent circuit, connection
diagram, waveforms and its working. 2) V/F Design procedure,
3) Single supply operation
4.9.2 :- F/V Converter :- 1) 9400 F/V Design procedure 2) Single supply operation

8 Hr

20%

Active and Passive Filters


5.1 Introduction to active and Passive filters, Introduction to low pass and high pass filters
5.2 Low pass Filters:5.2.1:- Passive First order low pass filter with its transfer function,
5.2.2 :- Active First order low pass butter worth filter with its transfer
function, filter design
5.2.3:- Active Second order low pass butter worth filter with transfer

6 Hr

12%

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function, filter design
5.3

5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7

High pass Filters:5.3.1 :- Passive First order high pass filter with its transfer function
5.3.2 :- Active First order High pass butter worth filter with its transfer
function, filter design
5.3.3 :- Active Second order High pass butter worth filter with transfer
function, filter design
Higher order active filters :- Third order and fourth order low pass butter worth filter
Band Pass Filters :- 1) Wide Band Pass Filter and 2) Narrow band pass filters
BandReject Filters :- 1) Wide band-reject filter and 2) Narrow band-reject
filter(Notch Filter)
All Pass Filter

OSCILLATORS
6.1 Introduction to oscillator, Oscillator principles, Oscillator Block diagram
6.2 Phase Shift oscillator, Wien Bridge Oscillator, Quadrature Oscillator, Square wave
Generator, Triangular Wave Generator, Sawtooth Wave Generator
6.3 Voltage - Controlled Oscillator NE/SE 566

5 Hr

12%

3 Hr
Specialized IC Applications
7.1 The 555 Timer:7.1.1 :- Introduction to 555 timer Ic, 555 timer pin connection diagram and
block diagram
7.1.2.:- 555 timer as a Monostable Multivibrator :- operation and circuit
diagram
7.1.3 :- Monostable Multivibrator applications :- 1) Frequency divider, 2)
Pulse stretcher
7.1.2.:- 555 timer as an Astable Multivibrator :- Operation and circuit diagram
7.1.3 :- Astable Multivibrator applications :- 1) Square wave oscillator, 2)
Ramp generator
3Hr
7.2 Instrumentation amplifier
7.2.1 :- Instrumentation amplifier using three op-amp for resistive transducer and
bridge
7.2.2 :- Instrument amplifier for High gain and High input impedance (Text Book 3page 161)
7.2.3.:- Instrumentation amplifier using RTD. Circuit design for converting the change
in resistance of RTD into 0 to 5 V output with compensation of offset voltages, CMRR,
temperature compensation for the range of 30oC to 200oC.

20%

7.3

4 Hr
Special Purpose amplifiers
Logarithmic amplifier, Isolation amplifier, chopped stability amplifier, Programmable
Gain amplifier, Matching sensor to circuit (Text Book 3- page 139)

4 Hr
Compensating networks for op-amp (Practical op-amp)
Input offset voltage, offset voltage compensating network design, Input offset current,
Input bias current, Total output offset voltage, Thermal drift, Effect of variation in
Power supply voltages on offset voltage, Common mode configuration and Common
mode rejection ratio.

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Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):
R Level
21

Distribution of Theory Marks


U Level
A Level
21
14

N Level
7

E Level
7

Legends: R: Remembrance ; U = Understanding; A = Application and above Levels (Revised Blooms


Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The actual
distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.

The Art of Electronics (second edition) by Paul Horowitz and Winfield Hill, Cambridge University Press
Op-amps and Linear Integrated Circuits by Ramakant A. Gayakward, Prentice Hall India.
Design with operational amplifiers and Analog integrated circuits by Sergio Franco, McGraw Hill
Introduction to biomedical equipment technology (fourth edition) by Joseph J Carr and John M. Brown

Course Outcome:

After learning the course the students should be able to design amplifier and filter for signal conditioning.
Students should be able to design the signal conditioning circuit for RTD using instrumentation amplifier.
Students should be able to find appropriate op-amp application for the application.

List of Experiments:
1. To study and perform inverting and non-inverting and differential amplifier using op-amp without
feedback.
2. To study and perform offset voltages and its compensation network.
3. To study and perform CMRR configuration and its compensation network.
4. To study the effect of temperature co-efficient and its compensation network
5. To study and perform inverting and non-inverting and differential amplifier using op-amp with
feedback.
6. To study and perform summing amplifier and subtractor
7. To study and perform voltage to current converter with grounded load and with floating load
8. To study and perform current to voltage converter
9. To study and perform comparator circuit using op-amp and make PWM wave forms.
10. To study and perform Schmitt trigger circuit using op-amp.
11. To study and perform positive and negative clippers
12. To study and perform positive and negative clampers
13. To study and perform the integrator and the differentiator
14. To study and design first order low pass filter and high pass filter using op-amp.
15. To measure Frequency using Wien bridge oscillator.
16. Design and study of monostable, and astable multivibrators using IC555.
17. To study and perform Instrumentation amplifier using RTD. Design a Circuit for converting the change
in resistance of RTD into 0 to 5 V output with compensation of offset voltages, CMRR and
temperature compensation for the range of 30oC to 200oC.
Note:- All The Student must have to make a working model (circuit board) of 7.2.3 in a lab session
with all compensation component in the group of 1/2 students and submit it.

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Open Ended Problems:

Major Equipment: specified with list of experiments


741 IC, OP07, Voltage regulator IC, NE555 IC, CRO, Function Generator
List of Open Source Software/learning website:
http://nptel.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=117103063
http://www.learnabout-electronics.org/Amplifiers/amplifiers60.php
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos, animations,
pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work The faculty will allocate chapters/ parts of
chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The power-point slides should be put up on
the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of the students of the group, the name of the faculty,
Department and College on the first slide. The best three works should submit to GTU.

semester +

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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
ELECTRONICS (10), ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION (11),
ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (12)
SIMULATION AND DESIGN TOOLS
SUBJECT CODE: 2141006
B.E. 4th SEMESTER

Type of Course: Introduction of various Simulation and Design tools for Electronics
Prerequisite: Basic knowledge of computer programming and Analog and Digital Electronics.
Rationale: The course provides introduction to Simulation and Designing softwares for electronics. Using
simulation software the students can design and analyze various analog and digital circuits. The students can
design PCB layout for the desired circuits using PCB design tools. Using MATLAB/SCILAB various
waveforms can be generated and various electronics systems can be implemented.
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Teaching Scheme
Credits
L
T
P
C
0

Content:
Sr.
No.
1

Examination Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
ESE (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
0
0
0
50
30
20

Topics
Introduction to PSpice software
General purpose circuit simulation using Schematic Editor,
Introduction to netlist command based SPICE simulation, basic
netlist commands. Basic circuit analyses: DC, AC Transient.
Introduction to PCB Design software
Schematic Entry, Netlist Creation, Working with component
libraries, Design of Boards, Layout of Parts, Optimizing Parts
Placements, Pads and Via, Manual and Auto Routing, Handling
Multiple Layers
Introduction to SCILAB
Introduction to SCILAB, use SCILAB functions. Writing simple
programs using SCILAB, handling arrays, files, plotting of functions
etc. Writing SCI files for Creation of analog & discrete signals,
plotting of signals etc. Simulation of electronic circuits using
SCILAB

Total
Marks
100

Teaching
Hrs.

Module
Weightage

20

56%

08

22%

08

22%

Reference Books:

Modelling and Simulation in Scilab/Scicos By. Stephen L. Campbell et. Al. Springer

(This subject aims Learning by doing so best practice is use software and its help document and guidance
from faculty, however above book is suggested for SCILAB)

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Course Outcomes:
After successful completion of the course students should be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Design the electronics circuits using software tools like NGspice/LTSpice/Multisim.


Simulate various analog and digital circuits using NGspice/LTSpice/Multisim
Able to design PCB for given circuit using PCB Software like EAGLE, ExpressPCB,OrCAD.
Use open source SCILAB tool and write simple programs
Plot various waveforms using SCILAB.
Simulate basic electronic system blocks using SCILAB

List of suggested Experiments:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Simulation of one rectifier circuit and one clipper/clamper circuit.


Simulation of any one transistor biasing circuit.
Simulation of CE single/double stage amplifier circuit.
Simulation of any one power amplifier circuit.
Simulation of any one JFET/MOSFET amplifier circuit.
Simulation of any one negative feedback circuit.
Simulation of encoder/multiplexer circuit.
Simulation of decoder/de multiplexer circuit.
Simulation of any one flip-flop circuit using gates.
Simulation of any one register/counter circuit.
Design of PCB for any one circuit from experiment 1 to 6.
Design of PCB for any one circuit from experiment 7 to 10.
Plot the sine, cosine, triangle and exponential waveform using SCILAB.
Plot sampled sine, cosine, triangle and exponential waveform using SCILAB.
Study of Simulink. (only source and sink available in Simulink library).

Design based Problems (DP)/Open Ended Problem:


The student has to carry out any one project based on the following topics :
Design of any complex analog or digital or hybrid circuit, implement it using simulation software
and design the PCB for the same circuit.
Generate and observe basic signals using XCOS.
Design of GUI for any analog or digital circuit using SCILAB
Major Equipments:
Personal Computers with necessary simulation and design tools
List of Software/learning website:
NGspice, LTSpice,MULTISIM, Orcad, Proteus or other open source PCB design tools, SCILAB
Website: http://www.scilab.org/ (To download SCILAB open source software)
http://www.linear.com/,
http://www.expresspcb.com/
http://ngspice.sourceforge.net/

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