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Companioni favorabili

Asmatui
Broccoli
Busuioc
Caisi
Cartofi

Castraveti

Ceapa
Ceapa de frunze
Cercelusi
Cimbrisor
Cimbru
Coltunasi (nasturei)
Conopida
Coriandru

Companioni nefavorabili
Marar, Coriandru, Ridichi
Capsuni
Rosii, Sparanghel, Patrunjel,
Caisi
Busuioc, Vetrice, Pelin
Rosii, Salvie
Mazare, Fasole, Varza,
Meri, Ciresi, Castraveti (cu
Porumb dulce, Fasole lata, exceptia soiurilor timpurii),
Coltunasi (clopotei), Craite, Dovleci, Floarea soarelui,
Degetei, Hrean, Vinete
Rosii, Zmeura, Rozmarin
Cartofi (doar soiurile
timpurii), Fasole, Telina de
frunze, Salata, Porumb
dulce, Varza creata (savoy
cabbage), Floarea soarelui,
Coltunasi (nasturei)
Morcovi, Sfecla rosie,
spanac peren (mangold),
Salata, Musetel, Gulioare,
Cimbru
Patrunjel, Meri, Morcovi,
Rosii
Busuioc, Agrise, Rosii
Varzoase
Fasole, Ceapa
Meri, Varza, Conopida,
Broccoli, Varza de Bruxelles,
Gulioare, Gulii, Ridichi,
Castraveti, Dovlecei
Telina de frunza, Fasole,
Capsuni
Vetrice, Coltunasi (nasturei)
Marar, Asmatui, Anason,
Fenicul

Craite
Degetel
Dovlecei
Dovlecei
Dovleci
Fasole
Fasole lata
Fasole oloaga
Fenicul
Garoafe
Gladiole
Guava
Gulii
Gulioare
Hrean
Isop
Lamai
Limba-mielului
Marar
Mazare
Menta
Meri
Micsunele
Morcovi

Varza, Morcovi
Salata, Cartofi, Rosii,
Trandafiri, Fasole
Meri, Cartofi, Rosii
Floarea-soarelui
Cartofi
Coltunasi (nasturei)
Porumb dulce
Cartofi
Morcovi, Castraveti, Varza,
Salata, Mazare, Patrunjel, Rosii, Salvie
Conopida, Spanac, Cimbru
Cartofi, Porumb dulce
Sfecla rosie, Cartofi
Fasole, Rosii, Gulioare,
Marar, Coriandru
Pelin
Zambile
Capsuni, Fasole, Mazare
Lamai
Coltunasi (nasturei), Mazare
Sfecla rosie, Ceapa
Rosii, Fasole, Anason
Pomi fructiferi, cartofi
Vita de vie, Varza
Ridichi
Guava
Capsuni
Morcovi, Rosii, Varza,
Fenicul, Coriandru
Cartofi, Ridichii, Morcovi,
Ceapa, Arbagic, Usturoi,
Gulii
Gladiole
Varza, Musetel
Patrunjel
Ceapa de frunze, Coada
calului, Degetel, Micsunele,
Iarba, Cartofi
Coltunasi(nasturei), Usturoi,
Ceapa
Meri
Mazare, Ridichi, Salata,

Musetel
Napraznic
Oregano
Pastarnac
Pelin
Pepeni
Peri
Porumb dulce
Praz
Ridichi

Rosii

Ceapa de frunze, Sfecla,


Ceapa, Praz
Menta, Varza, Ceapa
Vita de vie
Varza
Mazare, Cartofi, Ardei,
Fasole, Ridichii, Usturoi
Caisi, Varza
Porum dulce

Iarba
Fasole lata, Cartofi, Pepeni,
Rosii, Castraveti, Dovlecei,
Vetrice
Morcovi, Telina de frunze
Salata, Mazare, Asmatui,
Coltunasi (nasturei)
Sparanghel, Telina de
frunze, Patrunjel, Busuioc,
Morcovi, Ceapa de frunze,
Craite, Degetel, Usturoi,
Porumb dulce

Ruta (vinarnt)
Salata
Salvie

Morcovi, Varza, Capsuni

Spanac
Spanac peren (mangold)
Sparanghel

Mure, Cartofi
Rosmarin, Cartofi, Gulioare,
Fenicul, Caisi, Capsuni,
Marar
Salvie, Busuioc

Morcovi, Ceapa, Capsuni,


Sfecla rosie, Varza, Ridichi,
Craite

Sfecla rosie

Morcovi, Telina de frunze,


Chimen
Fenicul, Salvie

Busuioc, Ruta (vinarnt),


Pelin

Ceapa, Spanac peren


(mangold), Gulioare, Salata, Fasole inalta
Varza, Fasole oloaga
Capsuni
Ceapa, Sfecla rosie,
Lavanda
Rosii, Patrunjel, Busuioc

Telina de frunze
Trandafiri
Usturoi

Rosii, Marar, Beans, Praz,


Varza, Conopida
Usturoi, Patrunjel, Ceapa,
Rezeda, Craite
Mazare, Fasole, Varza,
Capsuni

Trandafiri, Meri, Piersici

Varza

Varza de Bruxelles
Vetrice
Vita de vie
Zambile

Fasole, Sfecla rosie, Telina


de frunze, Menta, Cimbrisor,
Salvie, Ceapa, Rosmarin, Ruta (vinarnt), Capsuni,
Marar, Cartofi, Oregano,
Rosii, Usturoi
Isop, Pelin, Coltunasi
(nasturei), Vetrice, Coriandru
Coltunasi (nasturei)
Varza, Trandafiri, Zmeura,
Vita de vie, Piersici
Napraznic, Dud, Isop,
Busuioc, Vetrice
Garoafe

Vegetables[edit]

Vegetables
Common
name
Alliums

Scientific
Helps
Helped by
name
Allium
fruit
carrots
trees,nightshades
(tomatoes,
capsicum
peppers,
potatoes),
brassicas
(cabbage,
broccoli,
kohlrabi, etc.)

Attracts

Repels/Distr
Avoid
acts
slugs,
beans, peas,
aphids,carrot parsley
fly, cabbage
worms[1]

Comments
Alliums are a family
of plants which
include onions,
garlic, leeks, shallots,
chives, and others.

carrots

Asparagus

Brassicas

Asparagus
officinalis

Brassica

Beans

Phaseolus

Beets

Beta
Vulgaris

Tomatoes[2]

Aster Family flowers,


Dill, Coriander,
Tomatoes, Parsley,
Basil, Comfrey,
Marigolds,
Nasrurtiums

geraniums, dill,
potatoes, cereals alliums (onions,
(e.g. corn,
shallots, garlic, etc.),
wheat)
rosemary, nasturtium,
borage
Beets, Brassicas,
carrots, celery,
chard, corn
(see Three
Sisters),
cucumber,
eggplant, lettuce, Eggplant, Summer
peas, potatoes, savoury
radish, rosemary,
spinach, summer
savory, dill,
radish,
strawberries, and
mint.
bush beans,
Catnip, Garlic, Mint
lettuce, kohlrabi,
onions and
brassicas

coupled with
Basil seems to
encourage
lady bugs

Onion, Garlic,
Potatoes,
Gladiolas

wireworms

mustards,
nightshades
(tomatoes,
peppers, etc.)

Brassicas are
a family of
plants which include
broccoli, Brussels
sprouts, cabbage,
cauliflower, Chinese
cabbage, kohlrabi,
radish, and turnip.

California
beetles

Tomatoes, chili
peppers,
alliums
(onions, garlic,
etc.)

Hosts nitrogen-fixing
bacteria, a good
fertiliser
for some plants, too
much for others

Runner or pole Good for adding


beans[2]
minerals to the soil
through composting
leaves which have up

Broccoli

Brassica
oleracea

geraniums, dill,
alliums, rosemary,
nasturtium, borage

Cabbage

Brassica
oleracea

geraniums, dill,
alliums, rosemary

Carrots

Daucus
carota

Tomatoes,
Alliums (onions,
chives, etc.),
lettuce

alliums (leeks,
shallots, etc.),
rosemary,
wormwood, sage,
beans, flax

assassin
bug,lacewing,
parasitic wasp,
yellow jacket
and other
predatory
wasps

to 25% magnesium.
Runner or pole beans
and beets stunt each
other's growth.
Rosemary repels
cabbage fly, geraniums
trap cabbage worms,
mustards,
same general
Tomatoes,
companion profile as
peppers
all brassica (cabbage,
kohlrabi, Brussels
sprouts, cauliflower,
etc.)
Rosemary repels
cabbage flies,
mustards,
geraniums trap
Tomatoes,
cabbage worms, same
peppers,
general companion
strawberries,
profile as all brassica
and pole/runner
(cabbage, kohlrabi,
beans
Brussels sprouts,
cauliflower, etc.)
Dill, parsnip, Tomatoes grow better
radish
with carrots, but may
stunt the carrots'
growth. Beans (which
are bad for tomatoes)
provide the nitrogen
carrots need more than
some other vegetables.
Aromatic companion
plants repel carrot fly.
Sage, rosemary, and
radishes are

Celery

Apium
graveolens

Corn / Maize Zea mays

beans

recommended
by some as companion
plants, but listed by
others as incompatible.
Alliums inter-planted
with carrots confuse
onion and carrot flies.
For the beneficial
insect-attracting
properties of carrots to
work, they need to be
allowed to flower;
Otherwise, use the
wild carrot, Queen
Anne's Lace, for the
same effect. Flax
produces an oil that
may protect root
vegetables like carrots
from some pests.
Aster flowers, can
transmit the aster
yellows disease

Cosmos, Daisies,
Snapdragons

corn, Aster
flowers

Sunflowers, legumes
(beans, peas,
soybeans etc.),
peanuts, cucurbits
(squash, cucumbers,
melons, etc.),
amaranth, white
geranium, lamb's
quarters, morning
glory, parsley, and
potato[2]

Provides beans with a


trellis, is protected
from predators and
Tomato, Celery
dryness by cuncurbits,
in the three
sisters technique

Cucumber

Nasturtiums, radishes,
marigolds,
Beneficial for
sunflowers, peas,
ground beetles
beets, carrots, and
Dill

Cucumis
Sativus

Common
Scientific
Helps
name
name
EggplantorA Solanum
Beans, Peppers
ubergine
melongena
Allium
ampelopras Celery, apple
Leek
um v.
trees
porrum

Lettuce

Lactuca
sativa

Mustard

Cabbage,
Brassicaceae
cauliflower,
,Sinapis
radish, Brussels
alba
sprouts, turnips

Scientific

Attracts

Marigolds, tarragon,
mints
carrots

Radish, Kohlrabi,
beans, carrots

carrots, alliums, mints


(basil, oregano, etc.)

Nightshades Solanaceae

Common

Helped by

Helps

Helped by

Attracts

Tomato, Sage

Repels/Distr
acts

Avoid

Comments

Marigolds will deter


nematodes.
cabbage
Legumes
Same companion traits
worms,
(beans, peas,
as all alliums (onions,
aphids, carrot etc.), Swiss
garlic, shallots, chives,
fly, others
chard
etc.)
Mints (including
hyssop, sage, and
celery, cabbage,
various "balms") repel
cress, parsley
slugs, a bane of lettuce
and cabbages
Same general
companion profile as
all brassica (cabbage,
various pests
kohlrabi, Brussels
sprouts, cauliflower,
etc.)
beans, black
Nightshades are
walnuts, corn, a family of
fennel, dill,
plants which include
brassica
tomatoes, tobacco,
(broccoli,
chili peppers
cabbage,
(including bell
cauliflower,
peppers), potatoes,
etc.)
eggplant, and others
Repels/Distr
Avoid
Comments

name

name

acts

Onion

Tomatoes,
brassicas
Allium cepa
(broccoli,
cabbage, etc.)

Carrots

Peppers

Solanaceae,
marjoram
Capsicum

tomatoes, geraniums, Tomato


petunias
Hornworm

Potato

Parsnip

Solanum
tuberosum

Pastinaca
Sativa

aphids, carrot
Beans, lentils,
fly, other
peas, parsley
pests

Horseradish

fruit trees

a variety of
predatory
insects

beans, kale
(cabbage,
Brussels
sprouts, etc.)

Same companion traits


as all other alliums
(chives, garlic,
shallots, leeks, etc.)
Pepper plants like high
humidity, which can
be helped along by
planting with some
kind of dense-leaf or
ground-cover
companion, like
marjoram and basil;
they also need direct
sunlight, but their fruit
can be harmed by
it...pepper plants
grown together, or
with tomatoes, can
shelter the fruit from
sunlight, and raises the
humidity level.

Atriplex, carrot,
cucumber,
onion,
Horseradish increases
raspberries,
the disease resistance
squash,
of potatoes
sunflower,
tomato
The flowers of the
parsnip plant left to
seed will attract a
variety of predatory

Pumpkinand Curcurbita
otherSquash spp

Radish

Raphanus
sativus

Spinach

Spinacia
oleracea

corn, beans

Buckwheat, catnip,
tansy, radishes

squash, eggplant,
cucumber,[2] lett
uce

Spiders,
Ground
Beetles
flea
beetles,cucu
mber beetles

Peas, Beans

insects to the garden,


they are particularly
helpful when left
under fruit trees, the
predators attacking
codling moth and light
brown apple moth.
The root also contains
Myristricin, which is
toxic to fruit flies,
house flies, red spider
mite, pea aphids, a
simple blender made
extraction of three
blended parsnips roots
to one litre of water
through a food
processor (not one for
preparing food) and
left overnight, strained
and use within a few
days.
Radishes can be used
as a trap crop against
flea beetles,
Curcurbita can be used
in the three
sisters technique
Radishes can be used
as a trap crop against
flea beetles
The peas and beans
provide natural shade
for the spinach

Tomatoes

Solanum
roses, peppers,
lycopersicu
asparagus
m

basil,[3] oregano,
parsley, carrots,
marigold, Alliums,
Tomato
celery, Geraniums,
Hornworm
Petunias, Nasturtium,
Borage, any type of
onion or chives

asparagus
beetle

Black walnuts inhibit


tomato growth, in fact
they are
negativeallelopathic to
all
other nightshade plants
(chili pepper, potato,
tobacco, petunia) as
well, because it
produces a chemical
called juglone. Dill
attracts tomato
hornworm.

Black walnut,
corn, fennel,
peas, dill,
potatoes,
beetroot,
brassicas
(kohlrabi,
Growing tomatoes
cabbage, etc.),
with Basil does not
rosemary
appear to enhance
tomato flavour but
studies have shown
that growing them
around 10 inches apart
can increase the yield
of tomatoes by about
20%.[3]

Herbs[edit]

Herbs
Common name
Basil

Scientific name
Ocimum basilicum

Helps

Helped by

Attracts

tomato,[3] peppe chamomile, butterflies


rs, oregano,
anise
asparagus,
petunias

Repels /
Avoid
Distracts
asparagus
common
beetle,
rue
mosquitoes, thri
ps and flies

Comments
is said to make
tomatoes taste
better, chamomile
and anise are
supposed to

increase the
essential oils in
many herbs like
basil

Borage

Borago officinalis

Almost
everything,
especially
strawberry,
cucurbits
(cucumber,
gourds),
tomatoes and
cabbage

Caraway

Carum carvi

Strawberries

Parasitic wasps,
parasitic flies

Chamomile

Matricaria recutita

Basil, Wheat,
Onion, Cabbage,
Cucumber

Hoverflies, wasps

Chervil

Anthriscus cerefolium

Radish, lettuce,
broccoli

Cilantro / Coriander Coriandrum sativum


Chives

spinach

Predatory insects,
honeybees

many pests

aphids

beans, peas tachinid fly

Allium schoenoprasum Apples, carrots, carrots


tomatoes,
brassica
(broccoli,

Predict a square
metre for its adult
size. Borage is the
magic bullet of
companion
plants[citation
needed]

radish

aphids, spider
mites, white
dill
flies and potato
beetle
cabbage
beans,
worms, carrot peas
fly, aphids

Growing near herbs


will increase their
oil production.
loves shade,
fortunately it grows
well with shadetolerant food plants;
will make radishes
grown near it taste
spicier
Will cross-pollinate
easily with dill and
ruin both plants.
Same companion
traits as all alliums
(onions, garlic,
shallots, leeks,

etc.)said to prevent
apple scab after 3
years planting at
base of apple trees

cabbage,
mustard, etc.),
many others
Common name

Dill

Fennel

Scientific name

Anethum graveolens

Helps

Helped by

Attracts
Tiger Swallowtail
butterflies/caterpillars,
Hoverflies, Wasps,
Ladybugs, Tomato
Hornworm,
honeybees,
Ichneumonid Wasps

Cabbages, Corn,
Lettuce, Onions,
Cucumbers

Foeniculum vulgare

Dill

Dill

Garlic

Allium sativum

Apple trees, Pear


trees, Roses,
Tarragon
Cucumbers,
Lettuce, Celery

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

Cabbage, grapes

Lavender

Lavandula
AngustifoliaLavandula
DentataLavandula
Stoechas

Chamomile,
Lettuce,
Brassicas,
Onions,
Tomatoes,

Repels /
Distracts
Aphids, spider
mites, squash
bugs, cabbage
looper

Avoid

Comments

One of the few


plants said to grow
carrots,
with fennel. Will
tomatoes,
cross-pollinate
cilantro
easily with cilantro
and ruin both.

Fennel
is allelopathic to
most garden plants,
ladybugs, syrphid
Almost
aphids
inhibiting growth,
fly, tachinid fly
everything
causing to bolt, or
actually killing
many plants
Deters rabbits,
Aphids,
Beans,
same companion
cabbage looper,
cabbages, traits as all alliums
ants, rabbits,
peas
(onions, chives,
cabbage maggot
shallots, leeks, etc.)
Cabbage moth
Stimulates growth
honeybees, butterflies larvae,Cabbage
of grapes.
Butterflies

Oregano,
Thyme,
Marjoram, Sage,
Rosemary, Basil,
Lemon Balm,
Squashes

Lovage

Levisticum officinale

Almost all plants beans

Oregano

Origanum vulgare

Tomatoes,
peppers, many
other plants

Petroselinum crispum

Asparagus,
corn/maize,
tomatoes

Parsley
Common name

Peppermint

Rosemary

Scientific name

Helps

Brassica
(cabbage,
Mentha piperita
kohlrabi,
broccoli, and the
other kales)
sage, cabbage,
Rosmarinus officinalis beans, carrots,
thyme

Ichneumonid Wasps,
ground beetles (good)

basil

rhubarb

aphids

Swallowtail
Butterflies, wasps,
flies
Helped by

Attracts

Alliums,
lettuce
Repels /
Distracts
cabbage fly,
ants, cabbage
looper

bean beetle

Avoid

Is thought to
improve the health
of almost all plants,
like borage and
geraniums, is
considered a
"magic bullet" of
companion planting
provides ground
cover and muchneeded humidity for
pepper plants if
allowed to spread
among them
Sacrificially attracts
insects that predate
upon tomatoes
Comments
Repels cabbage
flies, has same
general companion
properties as other
mints
Deters cabbage
flies, repels many
bean parasites

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Southernwood

Artemisia abrotanum

Spearmint

Mentha spicata

Summer Savoury

Satureja hortensis

Stinging nettle

Urtica dioica

Tansy

Tanacetum vulgare

rosemary,
cabbage, beans,
carrots

honeybees, cabbage
butterfly

cabbage
flies, carrot fly,
black flea
beetle, cabbage
looper, cabbage
maggot

Deters cabbage
flies, repels many
bean parasites

ants, aphids

Controls cabbage
moths and malaria
mosquitoes.
Controls ants and
aphids, has same
general companion
properties as other
mints.
also delays
germination of
certain foul herbs

Fruit trees

Green beans,
onions,
Chamomille,
mint, broccoli,
cannabis sativa,
tomatoes,
valerian,
angelica
archangelica,
marjoram, sage
& peppermint
beans, cucurbits
(cucumbers,
squash, etc.),
corn, roses

aphids

honeybees

flying
insects(Ichneum
onid Wasps),
Japanese
beetles, striped
cucumber
beetles, squash

Is reputed to
generally repel
insects (except for
nectar-eating
types). This herb
should not be
consumed, as it is

bugs and ants

Everything, but
Artemisia dracunculus especially
eggplant

Tarragon

Cabbage and
broccoli

Thyme

quite toxic.
Its scent is disliked
by most pests, and
this plant is also
thought to have
Nurse Plant
properties,
enhancing the
growth and flavor
of crops grown with
it.
Deters white fly

Flowers[edit]

Flowers
Common
Name

Latin Name

Geraniums Pelargoniumspp.

Lupin
Marigold

Helps

Helped
by

Attracts

Roses, corn,
peppers, grapes

Cucurbits,
brassica, lettuce, summer
Lupinus
Honeybees
rosemary, dill, savory
strawberry
AsteraceaeCalendulaTagetes most plants,
snails
especially
tomatoes and
peppers,
cucurbits

Repels /
Distracts

Avoid

Tomatoes,
leafhoppers, Tobacco,
Japanese
Eggplants
beetles
and other
nightshades

Comments
A trap crop, attracting pests away
from roses and grape vines, distracts
beet leafhoppers, carrier of the curly
top virus, keep away
from Solanaceous plants like
eggplant, and tobacco

tomatoes and This wildflower is a legume, hosting


other
bacteria that fixes nitrogen in the soil,
solanaceae
fertilizing it for neighboring plants
nematodes,be
et leaf
hoppers,
other pests

Marigolds are a wonder-drug of the


companion plant world, invoking the
saying "plant them everywhere in
your garden". French marigolds
produce a pesticidal chemical from

their roots, so strong it lasts years


after they are gone. Mexican
marigolds do the same, but are so
strong they will inhibit the growth of
some more tender herbs. Certain
Varieties of marigolds (Tagetes) can
help manage eelworms (Root-knot
nematode) when planted the year
before [1].

(cucumbers,
gourds, squash),
brassicas
(broccoli, kale,
cabbage)

Petunia

Petunia x hybrida

Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus

Tagetes has also been found effective


against perennial weeds such as
Ranunculus ficaria (Celandine),
Aegopodium podagraria (Ground
elder), Glechoma hederacea (Ground
ivy), Agropyron repens (Couch
grass), Convolvulus arvensis (Field
bindweed), Equisetum arvense
(Field/Common Horsetail) and other
'starchy' weeds.[citation needed]

cucurbits
(squash,
pumpkins,
cucumbers),
asparagus
Many plants,
especially
cucurbits
(melons,
cucumbers,
gourds), beans,
tomatoes, apple

predatory
insects

leafhoppers,
Japanese
beetles,
Is a trap crop almost identical to
aphids,
geraniums in function
asparagus
beetle
aphids,
radish[citatio Both work as trap crops for aphids, is
cabbage
n needed],
among the best at attracting predatory
looper,
cauliflower insects[citation needed]
squash bug,
white fly,
cucumber
beetles

trees, brassicas
(broccoli,
cabbage, etc.),
radish[citation
needed]

Sunflower Helianthus annuus

corn, tomatoes

aphids

Was grown as a companion for


corn(maize) before modern
Europeans arrived in the Americas,
supposedly increases their
production, ants herd aphids onto
sunflowers, keeping them off
neighboring plants

Tansy

cucurbits
(cucumbers,
squash, etc.),
raspberries and
relatives, roses,
corn

ladybugs

sugar ants,
Japanese
beetles,
cucumber
beetles,
squash
bugs, mice

Toxic to many animals, don't plant it


where livestock browse

predatory
wasps,
ladybugs,
hoverflies,da
mselbugs

Tanacetum vulgare

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

many plants

Zinnia

Zinnia

beans, tomatoes,
peppers

May increase the essential oil


production of some herbs. Also
improves soil quality, use the leaves
to enrich compost, or as mulch.
whiteflies

Attracts hummingbirds that eat


whitflies, attracts pollinators

Other[edit]

Other
Common
Name
Alfalfa

Latin
Name
Medicago
sativa

Helps Helped by
Cotto
n

Attracts
assassin bug, big-eyed
bug,Ladybug, parasitic

Repels /
Distracts
Lygus bugs

Avoi
d

Comments
Used by farmers to reduce cotton pests, a good crop to
improve soil; fixes nitrogen like beans do. Also breaks up

wasps

hardpan and other tough soil.

Trees[edit]
Common
Name

Latin
Name

Help
s

Helped by

Attract
s

Repels /
Distracts

Avoid

Comments

Cedar because
of apple-cedar rust.
Apple

Malus
domestica

Apricot

Prunus
armeniaca

Walnut

Juglans

Clover, Chive, Garlic, Leek,N


asturtium, Southernwood,Daff
odils, Comfrey

Walnut because its


roots produce
growth inhibitors
that apple trees are
sensitive to[4]
peppers

European Alder (sacrifice


plant)

A fungus that peppers are prone to can


infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm.
Black walnut is harmful to the growth of
all nightshade plants, includingDatura or
Jimson weed, eggplant, mandrake, deadly
nightshade or
belladonna, capsicum (paprika, chile
pepper), potato, tomato, andpetunia.

How to Grow Strawberries Indoors From Seeds


Instructions

1
Pick five or six ripe Alpine strawberries in the late summer after they turn completely red and emit a strong, sweet fragrance, or acquire the
strawberries at a farmer's market or specialty shop.

2
Place the strawberries and 3 cups of water into a food processor. Set the food processor to its lowest setting. Process the strawberries for 10 to
15 seconds.

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Let the strawberry slurry sit for five to 10 minutes. Scoop out and discard any seeds floating on the surface of the water, as they are likely
unviable.

4
Pour the strawberry slurry into a wire mesh colander. Run water over the strawberry pulp. Remove and discard any large chunks of flesh.

5
Pick out the tiny, light-brown seeds stuck to the sides of the wire mesh colander. Dry the seeds on a sheet of paper towel for a half hour.

6
Store the seeds in a plastic bag. Place the bag inside the freezer for two weeks in late winter about mid-February to cold stratify them. Let
them warm up to room temperature before sowing.

7
Combining one part acid compost, one part coarse sand and two parts potting soil creates a suitable growing medium. Drizzle water over the
soil while mixing it until it feels moderately moist.

8
Fill 3-inch seedling pots full with the moistened soil mixture. Pressing the soil firmly into the seedling pots with the flat of your thumb
evens the surface.

9
Sow two Alpine strawberry seeds in each seedling pot. Place the seeds on the surface. Spread a 1/8 inch thick layer of acid compost over the
seeds. Firm the compost.

10
Place the potted strawberry seeds on a bright, unobstructed windowsill with at least four hours of sunshine each day.

11
Mist the strawberry seeds with a spray bottle whenever the soil feels dry in the top half-inch. Do not let the soil dry out for more than 24
hours between waterings.

12
Watch for germination in 14 to 21 days. Keep the strawberry seedlings in their original pots until they put out three sets of mature leaves.

13
Transplant the strawberry seedlings into permanent 6-inch diameter ceramic or plastic pots filled with the soil mixture. Use 6-inch-diameter
pots with a depth of 10 to 12 inches and several drainage holes.

14
Place the strawberry plants where they receive six to eight hours of sunlight each day. Find a mix of direct sunlight and indirect, diffuse light
when choosing a planting location.

15
Water the strawberry plants to a depth of 1 inch once a week. Increase water to 2 inches each week once the plant sets fruit

Read more: http://www.ehow.com/how_10034544_grow-strawberries-indoors-seeds.html#ixzz2sOAHL6vh

List of pest-repelling plants


Plant

Pests

artemisias

repels insects,[2] including ants, cabbage looper, cabbage maggot, carrot fly, codling moth, flea beetles, whiteflies, the Cabbage
White, and the Small White, as well as mice[3]

basil

repels flies, including mosquitoes[2][4] and the carrot fly, plus asparagus beetles and whiteflies[3]

borage

repels tomato hornworm and cabbage worms[2]

castor bean

repels moles[3]

catnip

repels ants, flea beetles, aphids, the Japanese beetle, squash bugs, weevils,[2] the Colorado potato beetle, the cabbage looper,
[3] and cockroaches[4]

chamomile

repels flying insects[4]

chives

repels carrot fly, Japanese beetle,[2] and aphids[3]

chrysanthemums repel roaches, ants, the Japanese beetle, ticks, silverfish, lice, fleas, bedbugs, and root-knot nematodes[2]
citronella grass

repels insects, may deter cats[5]

citrosa

repels insects,[5] including mosquitoes[4]

clovers

repel aphids and wireworms[3]

common lantana repels mosquitoes[1]


coriander

repels aphids, Colorado potato beetle, and spider mites[3]

cosmos

repel the corn earworm

crown imperial

repel rabbits, mice, moles, voles and ground squirrels[6]

dahlias

repel nematodes[2]

dill

repels aphids, squash bugs, spider mites,[2] the cabbage looper, the tomato hornworm, and the Small White[3]

eucalyptus

repels aphids, the cabbage looper, and the Colorado potato beetle[3]

fennel

repels aphids, slugs, and snails[3]

fever tea

repels mosquitoes[1]

four o'clocks

attract and poison the Japanese beetle[2]

French marigold repels whiteflies, kills nematodes[2]


garlic

repels aphids, Japanese beetle, carrot fly, codling moth, snails, root maggots,[2] cabbage looper, Mexican bean beetle, peach tree
borer, and rabbits[3]

geraniums

repel leafhoppers, the corn earworm, and the Small White[3]

hyssop

repels the cabbage looper and the Small White[3]

larkspurs

repel aphids[3]

lavender

repels moths, fleas, and flies, including mosquitoes[4]

leek

repels carrot fly[3]

lemon balm

repels mosquitoes[4]

lemon thyme

repels mosquitoes[4]

lettuce

repels carrot fly[3]

lime basil

repels mosquitoes[1]

Mexican
marigold

repels insects and rabbits[2]

myrrh

repels insects[5]

narcissus

repel moles[3]

nasturtiums

repel whiteflies, squash bugs,[2] aphids, many beetles, and the cabbage looper[3]

onion

repels rabbits, the cabbage looper, and the Small White[3]

oregano

repellent to many pests[3]

parsley

repels asparagus beetles[3]

peppermint

repels aphids, cabbage looper, flea beetles, squash bugs, whiteflies, and the Small White[3]

petunias

repel aphids, tomato hornworm, asparagus beetles, leafhoppers,[2] and squash bugs[3]

radish

repels cabbage maggot and cucumber beetles[3]

rosemary

repels cabbage looper, carrot fly, slugs, snails, and the Mexican bean beetle[3]

rue

repels cucumber and flea beetles

spearmint

repels fleas, moths, ants, beetles, rodents,[4] aphids, squash bugs, and the cabbage looper[3]

spiny amaranth

repels cutworms

stone root

repels mosquitoes[5]

summer savory

repels bean beetles[3]

tansy

repels ants, many beetles and flies, squash bugs, cutworms, Small White, and Cabbage White[3]

thyme

repels cabbage looper, cabbage maggot, corn earworm, whiteflies, tomato hornworm, and Small White

tobacco

repels carrot fly and flea beetles[3]

tomato

repels asparagus beetles[3]

venus flytrap

ingests insects[4]

I had a little trouble at first this year germinating alpines (for the first time), but finally got it right on the second try.
Clear deli container with lid (just like you used), no holes at all
Moist seed starting soil, about 2" in the container
Add seeds
Lightly sprinkle sifted peat moss through a screen (like from a screen door) onto the strawberry seeds (just barely covering them).. very lightly
Gently spray with a mister. The peat is so dry it will normally bubble-up in places as water attempts to soak through the fine peat.
Put lid on container and set underneath fluorescent tube shop lights in basement for 14 hours/day
Mist again on the 2nd day
Mist every other day thereafter, replacing clear lid each time.

Strawberries germinated about 2 weeks later with the misting regime under the lights.
After several weeks I transplanted the 1/4" wide plants into 6-packs and let them grow several more weeks with careful watering (don't let the leaves get wet
once transplanted and out of the deli container).
Believe it or not, this is exactly what worked for me. I do the same exact procedure for lettuce too.

Plant

Companion

Incompatible

Alfalfa

Practically pest and disease free; alfalfa is prized for its ability to fix the soil
with nitrogen. It also accumulates iron, magnesium, phosphorous, and
potassium. It has a long taproot that can penetrate most soils and improve
them.

Amaranth

Corn and cabbage family; amaranth hosts predatory ground beetles;


camouflages the odour of the cabbage family, thereby deterring predators

Anise

Coriander; anise hosts predatory wasps that consume aphids

Apple

Black Walnut Tree, Hawthorn

Artichoke

Sunflower, tarragon

None

Asparagus

Tomato, parsley, basil, carrots

Chive, garlic, leek, onion

Basil

Beans, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collard, kale,


marigold, pepper (capsicum), tomato, asparagus - with tomatoes and
asparagus plants, it repels flies, aphids, mites and mosquitoes and can help
with tomato hornworms and asparagus beetles.

Rue, sage

Beans

Most vegetables and herbs, carrots, cucumber, lettuce

Onions, garlic, sunflowers

Beetroot, beet

Lettuce, beans (except runner beans), kohlrabi, onions, cabbage family; adds
minerals to the soil and adds magnesium if composted; garlic and mint help beets to grow better

Borage

Tomatoes, strawberries; deters tomato worms, adds trace minerals to soil,


increases proximate plants disease resistance, enhances flavour of
strawberries, self seeds

Broccoli

Basil, beans, cucumber, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, marigold, mint,

Grapes, lettuce, rue

nasturtium, onion, potato, radish, rosemary, sage, thyme, tomato


Cabbage family (includes
broccoli, brussels sprouts,
cauliflower, kale)

Aromatic herbs, celery, beets, onion family, chamomile, spinach, chard

Caraway

Good next to shallow rooted crops, loosens compacted soil with deep roots,
Dill, fennel
flowers attract parasitic wasps

Carrots

Pea, lettuce, rosemary, onion family, sage, tomato; can benefit from being
grown near flax

Catnip

Deters mice, flea beetles, Japanese beetles, squash bugs, weevils, ants, etc.;
attracts cats

Celery

Onion and cabbage families, tomato, nasturtium , beans, leek, spinach

Parsnips, carrot, parsley, corn

Chamomile, German

Cabbages, cucumbers, onions (improves flavour), aromatic herbs; hosts


hoverflies and wasps, increases oil production from surrounding herbs and
tonic for all plants it grows near

Chives

Roses; prevent mildew, deters green flies and repels aphids

Chrysanthemums

Kills bad nematodes, repels Japanese beetles (white flowers)

Clover

Grapes, apples; attracts beneficial insects, great for green manure, attracts
predators of woolly apple aphid

Comfrey

Avocado, fruit trees; accumulates calcium, phosphorous and potassium; can


be used as a slug trap

Coriander

Anise; deters spider mites, aphids, potato beetle

Corn, sweetcorn

Potato, beans, pea, pumpkin, cucumber, squash, climbing beans, amaranth,


melons, peanuts, parsley, soybeans, sunflower, morning glory, white
geranium

Tomato, celery

Cucumber

Beans, sweetcorn, pea, sunflowers, radish, celery, lettuce, dill, beets, carrots,
Potato (bad both ways), aromatic herbs,
nasturtium; when grown with sunflowers, the stems provide support for the
sage
cucumber vines

Eggplant

Beans, marigold, garlic, pea, pepper (capsicum), potato, spinach, tarragon,

Dill, strawberries, tomato, pole beans

Dill, caraway, celery, parsnips

Fennel

thyme
Garlic

Collard, raspberry, roses, apple trees, pear trees, cucumber, lettuce, celery;
garlic accumulates sulphur (a naturally occurring fungicide); good against
codling moths, Japanese beetles, root maggots, snails, and carrot root fly

Grapes

Hyssop, basil, beans, peas, blackberries, chives, elms, mulberry trees; plant
Radishes, cabbage
clover with grapes to increase soil fertility

Horseradish

Potatoes; deters potato bugs, blister beetles, and helps make potatoes more
disease resistant

Hyssop

Cabbage, grapes; deters cabbage moths and flea beetles; can be used to
encourage bees to return to their home (rub on the hive)

Radishes

Lavender

Fruit trees; flowers provide nectar, attract beneficial insects, deters whitefly
and codling moth

Leek

Carrot; can repel the carrot fly

Legumes

Lettuce

Carrot, radish, strawberry, cucumber, spring onions (scallions), marigolds,


beans, collards

Broccoli, fava bean, grains

Marigolds(Calendula)

A major pest deterrent: Keeps soil free of nematodes; discourages many


insects. Plant freely throughout garden; known as the "workhorse of pest
deterrents"[3] Deters whiteflies. French marigold is less potent than
Mexican marigold

Be careful using Mexican marigold near


cabbages and beans as it can have a
herbicidal effect; avoid planting
marigolds next to beans at all

Marjoram

Improves flavour of all vegetables and many herbs

Melons

Corn, nasturtium, radish; oregano protects it from pests

Potato

Mint

Cabbage and tomatoes; deters white cabbage moths

Very invasive once starts growing, can


crowd out other plants

Nasturtiums

Tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, and under fruit trees; deters wooly aphids,
whiteflies, squash bug, cucumber beetles and other pests of the cucurbit
family; attracts predatory insects

Radishes, cauliflower

Onion family

Bean, pea

Beets, carrot, lettuce, cabbage family, summer savory, cauliflower, celery, Beans, peas, asparagus, gladiolus
chamomile, collard, cucumber, dill, kale, pepper (capsicum), potato, radish,
rose, squash, strawberry, tomato; inter-crop with leeks and carrots to confuse

carrot and onion flies; onions with strawberries help protect strawberries
from disease
Oregano

Beans - enhances flavour; cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumbers, grapes -

Parsley

Tomato, asparagus, rose

Mint

Pea

Carrots, radish, turnip, cucumber, corn, beans; peas fix nitrogen in the soil

Onion family, gladiolus, potato

Pennyroyal

Brussel sprouts, broccoli, cabbage; deters ants, aphids, ticks, fleas, and
cabbage maggots

Poisonous to cats, do not plant where


cats can access it

Pepper

Bean, carrot, marigold, marjoram, onion family, tansy, tomato

Petunias

Tomatoes and everywhere; repel asparagus beetle, leafhoppers, some aphids,


Mexican bean beetles, tomato worms, other garden pests

Potato

Pumpkin, squash, tomato, cucumber,


Beans, corn, cabbage family, marigolds, horseradish; horseradish planted at
sunflower, fennel, kohlrabi, melon
the edges will of a potato patch will provide overall protection; comfrey will
family, parsnip, swede/rutabaga, turnip;
help protect from scab
tomatoes can transfer blight

Pumpkins

Corn, melon, squash, marigold (deters beetles), nasturtium (deters bugs,


beetles), oregano good overall pest protection

Potato

Radish

Pea, nasturtium, lettuce, cucumber, beans, cabbage family, carrot, chervil,


collard, grapes, melon family, onion family, squash

Hyssop

Rhubarb

Cabbage family, beans (protects from black fly), columbine flowers, onion
family, garlic, roses; deters red spider mite from columbines

Rosemary

Cabbage, beans, carrots and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and
carrot flies

Rue

Roses, fruit, figs, raspberries (deters Japanese beetle), lavender.

Cucumber, cabbage, basil, sage

Sage

Cabbage, carrots, rosemary; repels cabbage moths, carrot flies, and ticks

Cucumber, rue, onion family

Southernwood

Cabbage, garden in general, virtually pest free but watch its crazy growth

Spinach

Strawberry, fava bean, beans, peas

Squash

Nasturtium, corn, marigold

Potato

Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts,


cauliflower, kohlrabi

Strawberry

Borage, beans, lettuce, onion, sage, spinach, thyme

Summer savory

Onions, garlic, beans; enhances flavour of beans, onions, and protects from
bean beetle; loved by honey bees

Sunflower

Beans, corn, squash; attracts hummingbirds which eat whiteflies; great as


decoys for aphids away from corn

Potato

Tansy

Fruit trees, roses and raspberries. Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles,
striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, mice, and ants; can be invasive and
is toxic for livestock

Tarragon

Plant throughout garden; few pests like it!

Thyme

Cabbage; repels cabbage worms, flea beetles, whitefly, and cabbage


maggots

Tomato

Onion family, nasturtium, marigold, asparagus, carrot, parsley, cucumber;


basil improves flavour, growth and repels flies and mosquitoes

Potato, fennel, cabbage family, apricot,


dill, black walnut tree (walnut wilt),
corn (attacked by same worm), pole
bean, kohlrabi

Turnip

Pea, onion family

Potato

Wormwood

Deters animals when planted as a border; deters black flea beetles, cabbage
Peas, beans
worm butterflies.

Yarrow

Plant near aromatic herbs to increase production of essential oils; has natural
insect repelling properties and is great for compost (speeds up break-down)