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The USSR National Standard

CAST IRON AND STEEL SHOT FOR INDUSTRIAL USE


GENERAL SPECIFICATION
GOST 11964-81

Formal Edition
E

USSR State Committee of USSR for Production Quality Control and Standards
Moscow

Units
Value

Symbols
International
russianRussian

Denomination
Main CI Units

Length
Weight
Time
Current
Thermodynamic
temperature
Quantity of
substance
Light strength

Meter
Kilogram
Second
Ampere
Kelvin
Mol
Candle

m
kg
s
A
K

mol

cd

rad
sr

Additional CI Units
Plane angle
Solid angle

Radian
Steradian

DERIVATIVE CI UNITS HAVING SPECIAL DENOMINATION


Units
Value

Symbols
Denomination

international

Russian

Frequency
Force
Pressure
Energy
Power
Quantity of
electricity
Voltage
Capacitance

Herz
Newton
Pascal
Joule
Watt
Coulomb

Hz
N
Pa
J
W
C

Volt
Farad

V
F

Resistance
Conductivity

Ohm
Siemens

Magnetic flux
density
Magnetic induction
Inductivity
Light flux
Illuminance
Radio nuclide
activity
Absorbed dosze of
ionizing radiation
Equivalent dozse
of radiation

Weber

Wb

Tesla
Henry
Lumen
Lux
Becquerel

T
H
lm
lx
Bq

Gray

Gy

Zievert

Sv

Expression
through using
main and
additional CI
units
s-1
m kg s-2
m-1 kg s-2
m2 kg s-2
m2 kg s-3
s
m2 kg s-3 -1
m-2 kg-1 s4
2
m2 kg s-3 -2
m-2 kg-1 s3
2
m2 kg s-2 -1
kg s-2 -1
m kg s-2 -2
cd sr
-2
m cd sr
2

s-1
m2 s-2
m2 s-2

CAST IRON AND STEEL SHOT FOR INDUSTRIAL USE


General Specification
GOST 11964-81
Effective from 01.01.83
Non Observance ofFailure to comply with the this sStandard is will be prosecuted under
the law.
Theis present sStandard is valid forshall be applicable to cast iron and steel shot, split and
chopped, designed for the following:

For shot-blast cleansing of forgings, cast items, and steel mill products;

For surface strengthening of heavy-duty items such as shafts, carriage springs,


springs and cogwheels;

For temper rolling of rollers of mills and for other process actions specified in
Attachment 1.

This e present sStandard defines the requirements to thefor shot produced for for national
industrial use and as well as for export purposes.
1. TYPES OF SHOT
The shot shall be made to the type specified in Table 1.

Type
Cast iron shot
Improved cast iron shot
Split cast iron shot
Cast steel shot
Improved cast steel shot,
Split steel shot
Split, improved steel shot,
Wire - cut steel shot,

Designation
(DChL)
(DChLU)
(DChK)
(DSL)
(DSLU)
(DSK)
(DSKU)
(DSR)

Table 1
OKP code
41 9611
41 9612
41 9621
41 9013
41 9614
41 9623
41 9624
41 9631

1.1a

Improved cast iron shot is made of cast iron shot with further tempering that leads to the
improvement of the shot performance in comparison to thewith ordinary cast iron
shot.

1.1b

Improved cast steel shot is made of cast steel shot with further tempering and heat
hardening that leads to the improvement of the shot performance in comparison to
the ordinary cast steel shot.
.

1.1a and 1.1b (Introduced additionally, Rev. No.1)


1.2

Split cast iron shot and split steel shot are made by splitting cast iron shot and
steel shot.

1.2a

Split iImproved split steel shot is made by splitting improved cast steel shot.
(Introduced additionally, Rev. No.1).

1.3

Wire - cut steel shot is made of a wire, by cutting the wire into partssegments. The
length of a part segment shall be equal to the wire diameter.

2.
2.1

THE MAIN PARAMETERS OF SHOT

The main parameters of cast steel shot and improved cast steel shot shall comply
with those specified in Table2, whereas the main parameters of split steel shot
shall comply with those specified in Table 3, ;

Shot
Number

Screen Hole
sizeSize of
Mesh, mm

03

0.315

05

0.500

08

0.800

1.000

1.4

1.400

1.8

1.800

2.2

2.200

2.8

2.800

3.2

3.200

3.6

3.600

Screen Hole
SizesSize of
Mesh for
Classification,
mm
0.200
0.315
0.500
0.630
0.315
0.500
0.800
1.000
0.630
0.800
1.250
1.400
0.800
1.000
1.400
1.600
1.250
1.400
2.200
1.600
1.800
2.800
1.800
2.200
3.200
2.200
2.800
3.600
2.800
3.200
4.500
3.200
3.600
5.500

Table 2
Permissible Amount of the
remnants on a sieveScreenings
on a Sieve, %
Not Less Than*
Not More Than
85
70
85
70
90
80
90
80
95
80
90
80
95
80
95
80
90
75
94
85
-

12
1
12
1
6
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

* For a lesser smaller size of meshscreen, the total of shot remnants screenings on
both screens are specified.

Shot
Number

Size of Mesh,
mm

Shot
Number

Screen hole
size, mm

03

0.315

05

0.500

08

0.800

1.000

1.4

1.400

1.8

1.800

2.2

2.200

Size of Mesh for


Classification,
mm
Screen hole
sizes for
classification,
mm
0.200
0.315
0.630
0.313
0.500
1.000
0.630
0.800
1.400
0.800
1.000
1.600
1.250
1.400
2.200
1.600
1.800
2.800
1.800
2.200
3.200

Table 3
Permissible Amount of
Screenings on a Sieve, %
Not Less Than*
Not More Than
Permissible amount of the
remnants on a sieve, %
Not less than*
Not more than
75
65
75
65
80
70
80
70
80
70
85
75
85
75
-

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

* For a lesser size of mesh, the total of shot screenings on both screens are specifiedFor
lesser screen, the total of shot remnants on both screens are specified.

Notes for Tables 1 and 2. The screen hole mesh size is a nominal size of a screen
hole mesh (clear nominal size of mesh aperture in light).
(Revised version. Rev. No.1 ).
2.2

2.2

(Excluded. Rev. No.1).

2.3

2.3
Wire-cut shot shall be made to gauge numbers 02; 03; 04; 05; 06; 07;
08; 1; 1,2; 1,6; 2,2; 2,8; 3.

2.4

The sizes of a screen holemesh, sieve plate and screen and mesh numbers and
numbers of screening mats are given in Table 4.
The Size of a
screen
holeMesh*

Screen numbersSieve Plate Number


GOST 6613
GOST 3826

0.200
0.315
0.500
0.630
0.800
>1.000
>1.250
>1.400
>1.600
>1.800
>2.200
>2.800
>3.200
3.600
4.500
5.500

02
0315
05
063
08
1
1.25
1.6
-

05
063
08
1
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.2
2.8
3.2
4.5
5.5

Table 4
Numbers of screening
matsSieve Plate of
Type 1 Number of
Type 1 as per GOST
214
08
10
14
16
18
22
28
32
36
45
55

* see notes to Tables 2 and 3.

2.5

A shot Ddesignation of a shot shall contain the following information:

DenominationDescription;

Denomination of Type denomination;

Shot Number;

The Mminimum hardness value as described in section Section 3;

Reference to the present standardStandard.


An example of designation of improved cast iron shot, No. 1, 4, with a hardness of
455 580 HV is .
Shot 1,4 455 GOST 11964-81
2.4, and 2.5. (Revised version. Rev. No.1 ).
3.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

3.1

3.1
The density of the shot of all numbers and sizes shall be not less than 7,200
kg/cm2. (Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).

3.1a

Hardness of cast iron shot shall be 545 830 HV.

3.1b

Hardness of improved cast iron shot shall be 455 580 HV.

3.1c

Cast steel shot, improved cast steel shot, and improved split, improved steel shot are
produced in two hardness ranges, namely 365 545 HV and 545 - 830 HV.

3.1a 3.1c (Introduced additionally, Rev. No. 1).

3.2

3.2
Heat treatment technique for cast shot is shall be defined by the
manufacturer.
(Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).

3.3

3.3
Physical and mechanical properties and chemical composition of the wirecut shot shall comply with those of the wire of which this shot was made as per
GOST 9389.

3.4

Chemical composition of shot shall be defined by the manufacturer.

3.5

The microstructure of improved cast steel shot Microstructurally, improved cast steel
shot shall consist of tempered martensite and bainite.

3.6

The Mmicrostructureally, of improved cast iron shot shall consist of secondary


sorbite, troostite and carbide phase as abeing part of eutectic.

3.7

Cast shot shall be round-shaped.

3.8

Split shot shall be shaped as irregular polyhedron. The facets of such polyhedron
may have spherical surfaces.

3.9

Wire-cut shot shall be shaped as a cylinder with the diameter equal to the height.

3.10

Permissible content of shot with displaying shape deviations, shrink microporosity,


blisters and cracks shall be undernot exceed that specified in Table 6.

3.11

Shot shall be deemed to be defective in shapeShape deviations are deemed as such


when:

for in case of cast shot: if shot length is by 70% longer more than its transverse axis;

for in case of wire-cut shot: - if shot length is by 20% longermore than its diameter;

sintered shot particles are deemed as to be one shot particle.


3.11a 3.12
following:

Shot shall be deemed to be defective whenis considered defective in case of the

The the area of shrink microporosity occupies more than 40% of the shot;

The the area of the biggest blister occupies more than 10% of the shot cross section;

The length of the biggest crack is more than 20% of the shot diameter.
(Introduced additionally, Rev. No.1).
3.12

Contamination of one type of sShots of different types may not be admixedby shot of
other types is not allowed, except for split shot, in which, the content of cast shot
shall not exceed 3% of the main bulk of shot.

3.13

Shots of different numbers may not be admixedContamination of each shot number by


shot of other numbers is not allowed.

3.14

Contamination Foreign particles admixture inof shot by foreign particles shall not
exceed 0.5% of the main bulk of shot.

Shot
Type

Table 6*
Permissible Content of Shot, %, not More Than
With Shape
With Shring
With Blisters
With Cracks
Deviations
Microporosity
10
10
10
10
5
10
10
10

5
5
10

10
10
-

10
10
-

15
15
-

* Table 5 is excluded. Rev. No. 1.

3.15

For weather protection against atmospheric corrosion, cast and wire-cut shot shall
be coated with an anti-corrosion matter agent (by inhibition, passivation, oxidizing,
etc).
(Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).

3.16

Shot shall be made to Category No. 3, Fabrication Type U and T as per GOST 15150.

3.17

In case of export supplies, shot shall have accompanying forms (documentation)


complying with GOST 6.37. The set of the accompanying forms shall be established
as specified in a purchase order by the export trading company.
4.

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

4.1 In order to check for the compliance with the present SpecificationsStandard, the
manufacturer shall perform acceptance tests.
4.2 During acceptance tests, the shot is subject to random checks for compliance with the
following requirements:

4.3

Cast iron shot and cast steel shot shall be checked for granular
characteristics, hardness, density, shape, shrink microporosity, blisters, and
cracks;

Improved cast iron shot and Improved improved cast steel shot shall be
checked for granular characteristics, hardness, shape, shrink microporosity,
blisters, cracks, and microstructure.

Split shot - shall be checked for granular characteristics;

Wire-cut shot shall be checked for granular characteristics and shape;

The amount of random checks shall depends on the amount of containers or packs in a
lot:

In a lot of up to 100 packs, 2 packs shall be checked;

In a lot of between 101 through to to 500 packs, 4 packs shall be checked;

In a lot of more than 500 packs, 8 packs shall be checked.

A lot is a quantity of packs or containers of shot that was cast and passed in-house
quality checks in one go.
4.2 and 4.3 (Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).
4.4

A sample weighing no less than 0.5 kg shall be taken from a pack or a container with a
weight ofequal to or underless than 500 kg, if a container holds more than 500 kg of
shot, then the sample shall not weigh less than 2 kg.
4.5 The samples taken from packs or containers shall be combined in a single sample and
thoroughly mixed, and after that, an average sample of 0.5 kg is shall be taken by
quartering the single sample.
4.6 The obtained average sample shall be split further, and then a sample of 0.1 kg shall be
taken.

4.7 If the portions of random checked shot fail to pass the checks for compliance with
these Specifications, the quantity of containers/packs to be random checked shall
be twice as many as shown above.
4.8 The results of the repeated checks shall be deemed final and valid for the whole
lot.
5.

CHECK METHODS

5.1

For granular characteristics checks, screen analysis as per i.4.6 shall be performed by
processing the sample on screen analyzers or manually, using a set of screens (sieves)
having the sizes as specified in Tables 2 and 3. In doing so, the sieves shall be
arranged in the top-down order, the biggest size being on top.

5.1.1

The duration of sample screening is 5 min.

5.1.2

The contents of screenings percentage wise, obtained on each check screen, shall be
defined using laboratory scales with the error of 0.1.
The results shall be evaluated using the values of the permissible value of remnant
screenings as per Tables 2 and 3.
Rejection value for each number is derivedshall be based on the aggregate of
screenings on two bottom screens;
Permissible screenings content (on a screen), that defines the shot number, is
optional.

5.2

To check for shape deviations, shrink microporosity, blisters, cracks, hardness


and microstructure, a sample to be tested is prepared in the following way:
From the lab sample that has passed the screen analyses as per i.5.1, 40 shot
particles are taken from the check screen.
The particles are flooded poured with melt plastic and kept material liquid until a full
polymerization. The sample is ground to 50% of shot particle diameter and
polished
until
the
polished
surface
gets
Rz = 0,.05 micrometer as per GOST 2789.
5.1.2 and 5.2 (Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).

5.2.1

The checks for shape deviations, shrink microporosity, blisters, cracks, and
hardness shall be made on a non etched sample.

5.2.2

The Mmicrostructure checks shall be made on a re-polished sample., tThis sample


also shall be also etched in 4% solution of nitric acid in ethyl alcohol.

5.3

The checks for shape deviations, shrink microporosity, blisters, and cracks shall
be made at 8-fold magnification under microscope.
The Mmicrostructure checks shall be made at 500-fold (at least) magnification
under microscope.: as per GOST 8233 for steel shot and as per GOST 8233, as per
GOST 3443 for cast iron shot as per GOST 3443.

5.4

5.5

Vickers hardness number of shot shall be defined as per GOST 2999 using 10 shot
particles numbering 2,8 - 3,6, the particles are to be taken on a per lot basis.

5.5.1

Hardness of shot is shall be defined using the point that is nearest to the shot
diameter centercentre.
Seven oOf ten the 10 shot particles, 7 particles shall have hardness values
matching those specified in table Table 5.
The hHardness of split shot isshall be defined using the hardness value of the cast
shot which was a source material for the respective split shot was made of.

5.5.5.5.1

(Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).

5.6-5.6.4 (Excluded. Rev. No.1).


5.7

In order to define density of shot, a weighed portion of 0.05 through to 0.10 kg shall be
taken from an average sample and placed in a measuring sleeve (cylinder) made to
Class 1 or 3 as per GOST 1770 with the a holding capacity of 50-100 ml and filled with
distilled water to the midpoint. The density will be derived using relationship of the
weighed portion against water head rise in the cylinder after placing the weighed
portion is placed and full air is taken off completely take-off.
6.

LABELLING, PACKAGING, TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE

6.1
Indelible Lmarkingabelling shall be made onof shot packages toshall contain the
following information:

manufacturers name or trade mark

designation of shot

weight.
It is allowed to make labelling marking on labels, tags or nameplates fastened to the
packages by any fastening method.
(Revised version. Rev. No. 1 ).
6.2

Shot shall be packed in metal containers capable to hold 40 through to 5,000 kg of net
weight of shot.

Also, shot may be packed in wooden boxes capable to hold 25 through to 500 kg of net weight
of shot, or .
Besides, shot may be packed in 4-layered paper bags (as per GOST 2226) with the holding
capacity of 25 through to 40 kg of net weight of shot. The interior surfaces of the
wooden boxes shall be covered by with 2-layered packing paper as per GOST 8828.
6.3

Packaging shall fall under Category KU-2 as per GOST 23170 and ensure undamaged
state of shot as per 6 (OZh2) storage conditions requirements (GOST 15150) covering
within 12 months.
Besides, packaging shall ensure undamaged state of shot as per 6 (OZh2) storage
conditions requirements under GOST 15150, considering climatic factorsweather
impacts, and undamaged state of shot as per GOST 23170, (Factors C) requirements
when considering mechanical impacts.

6.4

Packaging of the shot intended for export shall comply with GOST 23170 requirements.

6.5

Shot may be transported by any transportation means.

6.6

Under GOST 15150, conditions for shot transportation and storage, considering climatic
factorsin terms of weather impact, shall be to Class 4 (Zh2) for the countries with
moderate climate and of Class 6 (OZh2) for the tropical countries.

7.

MANUFACTURERS GUARANTEESWARRANTY

7.1

The manufacturer shall guarantee that shot meets the requirements of the present
Specifications provided that the customer meets the requirements of transportation and
storage.

7.2

The guaranteed warranty storage period for shot shall be 12 month since the production
date.

7.3

For export purposes, the guaranteed warranty storage period shall be 12 month since
the date of the goods crossing the national borders of the USSR.
ATTACHMENT
(Recommended)

PROCESS OPERATIONS, FOR WHICH THE SHOT IS APPLICABLE


Shot type
Number of shot Scope of application
, ,
,

03; 05

, ,
, ,
, ,
,

08

, ,
, ,
,

08

, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
,

08; 1; 1.4
1; 1.4; 1.8

Cleansing of small casting items for measuring


devices, accounting machines, typing machines,
electric devices, sewing-machines, and for small
items of other machines prior to and after heat
treatment.
Preparation of item surfaces to be galvanized or,
enamelingenamelled of surfaces,; cleansing of cutting
tools and sheet shapes made of carbon steel, steel
of low carbon and alloy steel.
Cleansing of small casting items in at machinebuilding facilities in case of strict requirements to
roughness of surfaces, ; cleansing of surfaces of
big cast items and non-ferrous castings and
machine-building components after heat treatment,
; cleansing prior to painting and galvanizing, ;
cleansing of shaped steel products of all steel
grades, including high-strength ones.
Strengthening of torsion shafts of up to 30mm in
diameter, carriage springs with the flat bar
thickness of up to 30mm, cylindrical helical springs
with a diameter of steel coils of more than 5 mm,
flat items of less than 100mm in length and 10mm in
thickness, and complicated geometry items of less
than 100mm in length.
Strengthening of carriage springs with the flat bar
thickness of 10 up to 20mm
Cleansing of medium - sized casting items in
machine-building, ; cleansing machine-building
components after heat treatment and prior to
painting and galvanizing, ; cleansing of cast
components of pumps and compressors, ;
cleansing of cast components of railroad cars and
diesel engines, ; cleansing of medium - sized
castings for machine tools of all types, large
hammers and press-machines, electric motors, ;
cleansing of small and medium sized cast steel
items and big non-ferrous castings and cleansing of
medium sized castings, rolled metal sheets of

, ,
, ,

1; 1.4; 1.8

, ,
,
, ,

2.2; 2.8; 3.2; 3.6


2.2
2.2; 2.8; 3
3.2; 3.6

medium and big large thickness.


Strengthening of torsion shafts of from 30 mm up to
80mm in diameter, carriage springs with the flat bar
thickness of more than 20mm, cylindrical helical
springs with a diameter of steel coils of more than 5
mm, and complicated geometry items of more than
100mm in length.
Cleansing of medium, heavy and extra heavy steel
and cast-iron castings for diesel engines, hydraulic
turbines, air blowers, turbine generators, rolling
mills, blooming mill, cylinder banks in automobiles
and tractors
Used as a half-finished product in producing
and types of shot

(Revised version. Rev. No.1 ).


Attachments 2 and 3 were are excluded. Rev. 1.
OTHER INFORMATION
1.
The present standards Standards were developed and introduced by the USSR
Ministry of Heavy Machine-Building, Power and Transportation Equipment Industry O.f
USSR
Performed by:
A.V. Gerassimenko, A.V. Shishigin (head Head of the pProject)
2.
3.
4.

APPROVED and VALIDATED by the Decree Resolution of the USSR State Committee of
USSR for Sstandards No. 4264 , dated 17 September.09. 1981 No. 4264.
To replace GOST 11964-66
Reference documents for rules andcodes and standards:

Title of rules and standards which


areCodes and Standards rReferenced to
GOST 214-83
GOST 3826-82
GOST 6313-86
GOST 25393-82
GOST 25395-82

Item Number
2.4
5.6

5.
Re-issued (in august August 1989) to include with Revision No. 1 approved on January
1989 (IUS 4-89)