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Core 1

Homework Booklet

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 1: GCSE revision

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Simplify the following expressions:

 (i) 2 x + 3 y – x + 5y + 4 x (ii) 5 a – 2 b + 3 c – 2 a + 5 b (iii) 4 p + q – 6 p – 5 q + 5 p + 4 q

2. Multiply out the brackets and simplify where possible:

 (i) 3(2 x + 3 y ) (ii) 4(3 a – 2 b ) – 3( a + 2 b ) (iii) p (2 p – q ) + 2 q ( p – 3 q )

3. Multiply out these expressions.

 (i) ( x + 1)( x – 3) (ii) ( x + 2)(2 x + 1) (iii) ( x – 3)( x – 4) (iv) (3 x + 2)( x – 2) (v) (2 x + 1)(4 x – 1) (vi) (1 – 2 x )(1 + x ) (vii) (3 + 2 x )( x – 1) (viii) (5 x – 3)(2 x + 5)

4. Factorise the following expressions:

 (i) 10 ab + 5 ac (ii) x ² + 4 xy – 8xz 2 (iii) 3 s²t – 9 s³ t + 12 s²t ²

5. Simplify the following as much as possible:

(i)

(iii)

2

4 2 ab a b

2

2

x

y

  y xy

2

x

6. Factorise:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

2

3 2 xy x   xy xy 2 xy 6 y

4 a b 2 a b a b

3

2

2

4

2

2

7. Simplify:

2

b

2

(i)

(ii)

a

a b a b

y x 3

3

2

2

ax ay

(

x

)(

3

y

)

2

(ii)

(iv)

12 9 pq p qr r

2

2

3

a bc 6 a c

2 a

b

3

2

8. Solve the following simultaneous equations:

(i)

2

2

x + 5 y = 11

x y = 5 (ii)

1 of 2

x + 2 y = 6 4 x + 3 y = 4

01/06/15

AQA C1 Algebra 1 Exercise

 (iii) 3 a – 2 b = 4 (iv) 2 p – 5 q = 5 5 a + 4 b = 3 3 p – 2 q = –9 (v) 5 x + 3 y = 9 (vi) 3 a + 2 b = 1 y = 3 x – 4 9 a – 4 b = 4

9. Solve the following linear inequalities.

(i)

(iii)

(v)

(vii)

3 5 2 x x x

1  3 2 10 7 7 x

3(2 3 x ) 5 x 1

(ii)

(iv)

(vi)

5 3 4 x x x

11 3 1  6 2 5x x 7 9 4 x

(viii) 1 3 (7 6 x ) 2 x

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 1: GCSE revision

Exercise level 2

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Write as single fractions:

 2 x 3 x (i)  (ii) (iii) 5 x  2 x  2 1  2 (iv) 12 8 (v) 1  1 (vi) p q 2. Solve the following equations: (i) 2 x – 3 = 8 (ii) (iii) 3 – 2 a = 3 a – 1 (iv) (v) 2(1 – z) + 3( z + 3) = 4 z + 1 (vi)

3. Simplify:

(i)

2(

x

2)

2

3

x

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

( x y )

a

1

x b 3

( x y )

1

x

2

x

xy yz

3

z

x

3

a

2

b

4 x

3

x

4 3

a 2

2

b

b a

5

3

x

x 3

5

6

3 y + 2 = y 5 3( p 3) = 2(2 p + 1)

2

b

1

3

b

5

4

4. Solve the following linear inequalities:

(i)

(iii)

(v)

5( 4(2 x x   3) 5)   2(2 3(3 x x  1) 3)

1

2

(43 x ) 2 x

1

(ii) 2(1x ) 3 x 4

(iv)

(vi)

2

x

1

x

4

x 3 3

1



2 2 x

3

5. Solve the following simultaneous equations:

 (i) x  y  1 (ii) 3 2 x  y  7 (iii) y  5 x  8 (iv) x  3 y  0

y  

x

7

y

3

2

x

 

x

1

3

y



2

x y

0 1 of 2

1

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AQA C1 Algebra 1 Exercise

(v)

2

 

p

p

4

3

14

q

q



5

(vi) 3

u u   2 6 v v   46 26

6. The largest angle of a triangle is three times as big as the smallest angle. The third angle is 20° greater than the smallest angle. Find all three angles of the triangle.

7. In a restaurant, there are 24 tables, some of which seat four people, and the rest seat 6 people. The restaurant can hold 114 people altogether. How many tables seat four people?

8. Michelle is doing a Statistics project on the heights of students in her class. She has written:

Mean height of boys = 165 cm Mean height of girls = 159 cm Mean height of whole class = 162.2 cm There are 30 students in Michelle’s class. How many boys and how many girls are there?

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 1: GCSE revision

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. Some friends are planning an evening out, and they are calculating whether it is cheaper to travel by bus or taxi. The bus fare to the event is calculated by the bus company at 40p per mile, and each customer would have to pay separately. The taxi company charges £1.20 per mile, plus a standing charge of £3.00 for each journey, though the taxi would hold up to 6 persons all for a single charge.

 (i) Write down a formula for the charge B pence by the bus company if an individual travels a distance of x miles, and also a formula for the charge T pence by the taxi company for the same journey. (ii) In fact, 6 friends are planning to travel together to the same event. Using your formulae from part (i), find the distance travelled at which the choice of bus or taxi is equally priced. (iii) If, on a second occasion, a group of 10 friends travel together, at what distance does the journey ‘break even’?

2. John is less than half his mother’s age, though the sum of their ages is greater than sixty. John was born on his mother’s twenty-sixth birthday. By expressing these facts as two inequalities and one equation, find the range of possible ages for John.

3. An arena is to be built for an event, surrounded by crush barriers each of which is 2 metres long, as in the diagram. The arena is to be square, and there is an ‘approach’ corridor created as in the diagram, which is 2 metres wide, and so one barrier is omitted from the edge of the square arena. The edge of the square arena is made from x crush barriers, and the side of the approach corridor from y barriers. (i) Devise a formula for the total number of barriers used. (ii) The arena and the approach corridor is to be carpeted using a ‘red carpet’. Find a formula for the area of carpet required. (iii) There are 100 barriers available. If the approach is to be 16 metres long, what is the biggest possible size of the square arena? What is the area of the red carpet used?

4. When a train accelerates from rest to 30 ms -1 , the formula

v (0.3)t

1

gives the

speed v ms -1 after t 1 seconds. The train then travels 9 km at constant speed, where the distance travelled d metres, the speed v ms -1 , and the time taken t 2 seconds are

v 30 (0.1)t d v.t

related by

3

2

. Finally, the train slows to a stop, during which the formula

applies.

The train departs on time, and is timetabled for 14 minutes for the journey between start and stop. Does the train arrive early or late, and by how much? 1 of 1

01/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 2: Surds

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Write these in terms of the simplest possible surd.

 (i) 8 (ii) (iii) (iv) 216 (v) (vi)  48
300

2. Simplify the following

(i)

(iii)

1 2 3 2 2  2 5 3

332  5

3 (ii) 5 2 2 32 3 3    (iv) 18 72 98

3. Multiply out the brackets and simplify as far as possible.

(i)

(iii) 1 2 3 2 
3 2 513 5

(ii) 2 332 3  (iv)

3  2
2

4. Rationalise the denominators of the following.

 (i) 3 3 (iii) 1  2 2 (v) 2 2  2 (ii)

(iv)

1 of 1

1 5

1 3 1

18/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 2: Surds

Exercise level 2

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Write these in terms of the simplest possible surd.

(i)

(ii)  12 15

(iii) 10 24 15

2. Multiply out the brackets and simplify as far as possible. 35
3
2  2
2 
(i)
 2
2 
8
(iii)
 
 2
1 2
3 
5
(v)  7 
2  7  2 
(ii)
(iv) 3 33 3

3. Rationalise the denominators of the following.

 (i) 1  3 2  3 (ii) (iii) 1  2 3  2 (iv) 1
2
5
3
5
6
3
6
3

4. Express each of the following expressions as a single rational fraction, leaving a rational denominator.

 2 3 (i) 7  2 (ii) (iii) 3 x x  4 (iv)  1
2
3
2
2
3
1
1
x
y
x
y

1 of 1

18/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 2: Surds

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. When a simple pendulum swings gently, the period in seconds of the swing is given by the formula

T

2 L
g

where L is the length of the pendulum in metres, and g is a constant which is the acceleration due to gravity. (Throughout this exercise, it is sufficiently accurate to use the approximation g = 10 ms -2 .)

The diagram shows an experiment in which PQ is a simple pendulum, with a pendulum bob at Q, and the pendulum swinging L metres below the point P. The end of a string of length 20 metres is fixed to the bob Q and passes over a peg at the fixed

point P, around another peg at point B, with the other end fixed at A. Point A is 3 metres below point P, so that ABP is a right-angled triangle. The length L can be changed by sliding the point B along the horizontal line AC. The length of AB is x metres as in the diagram. P
L m
C
B
x m
A
Q
 (i) Write down a formula for L, the length of the pendulum PQ, in terms of x. (ii) Find the period of the pendulum when AB = 4 metres. Give your answer in surd form. (iii) Write down a general formula for the period in terms of x. (iv) Find the period of the pendulum when AB = 8 metres. Give your answer in surd form. (v) If the period of the pendulum is T 1 when the length is L 1 and the period is T 2 when the length is L 2 then find a formula in terms of the lengths for the ratio of the time periods. Check that your answers to parts (ii) and (iv) above are consistent with your formula. 1 of 1

18/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator for this exercise.

 (i) x ² + 5 x + 6 (ii) x ² + x – 12 (iii) (iv) x ² – 6 x + 8 (v) 2 x ² + 3 x + 1 (vi) (vii) 4 x ² – 8 x + 3 (viii) 4 x ² – 25 (ix)

2. Factorise:

(i)

(iii)

x

x

2

2

4 x

4( x 1)

(ii)

(iv)

2

17 x 60

x

3 x 11x 6

2

2

x 9

3 x ² + x 2 6 x ² x 12

3. Solve these quadratic equations by factorising.

 (i) x ² + 4 x + 3 = 0 (ii) x ² + 5 x – 6 = 0 (iii) x ² – 6 x + 8 = 0 (iv) x ² – 7 x – 18 = 0 (v) 2 x ² + 5 x + 3 = 0 (vi) 2 x ² + x – 6 = 0

(i)

(iii)

2

x

2 x 2 x 3 0

4 x 10

2

(ii)

(iv)

2

x

3

x

2 3 4 x x 1  2 0 0

5. Write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates of the vertex of each of the following quadratic graphs:

(i)

(iii)

y

y

 

2 x x  1 4

  2 2

1 5

(ii)

(iv)

y

y

  3x x 2 1 3

2

2

6. A quadratic graph has minimum point (-1, 2). Find the equation of the graph.

7. A quadratic graph has maximum point (2, 5). Find the equation of the graph.

8. Write each of the following quadratic functions in completed square form:

 (i) x ² + 2 x – 3 (ii) x ² – 6 x + 1 (iii) x ² + x + 1 (iv) – x ² + 5 x (v) 2 x ² + 4 x + 3 (vi) 3 x ² + 8 x – 2

9. Using your answers for each of the quadratic functions in question 8, write down the coordinates of the minimum or maximum point (the vertex) of the graph y = f ( x ).

 (i) x ² + 2 x – 3 (ii) x ² – 6 x + 1 (iii) x ² + x + 1 (iv) – x ² + 5 x (v) 2 x ² + 4 x + 3 (vi) 3 x ² + 8 x – 2 1 of 1

16/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Exercise level 2

Do not use a calculator for this exercise.

1. Factorise:

(i)

2

ax 2 ax 3a

(ii)

2

2cx c (6 a b ) x 3abc

2. Simplify these expressions where possible.

(i)

(iii)

(v)

2

x

x 6

2

   4 x x x    2 2 3

x

2

x

x

2

2

x

x

1 3

3

x

3

2

2

x

1

(ii)

(iv)

(vi)

2

x

4

x

4

2

x

x 6

4

2

x 4

x

x 2

 

1

1

4

x

2

x

3

2

x

2 x   1

x

6

2

2

x

3. Solve these quadratic equations by factorising.

(i) 4 x ² 3 x 10 = 0

(ii)

6 x ² 19 x + 10 = 0

4. Solve the following quadratic equations, where possible. Give answers in exact form.

 (i) x ² + 2 x – 2 = 0 (ii) x ² – 3 x + 5 = 0 2 x ² – 5 x – 12 = 0 3 x ² + x + 1 = 0 4 x ² + 10 x + 5 = 0 (iii) 2 x ² + x – 4 = 0 (iv) (v) x ² – 5 x – 3 = 0 (vi) (vii) 4 x ² + 12 x + 9 = 0 (viii) (ix) x  2 1 (x) 2 x  7 x  4 x

5. Without solving the equation, state how many solutions there are for each of the following quadratic equations:

(i)

(iii)

(v)

3

5 x

x

x

2

2

3 6 2 x x 3 5 0   0 0

2

(ii)

(iv)

(vi)

2

4

5 x x 8 x 10

2

3 8 x x   2 4   0 0

x

2

2

6. The length of a rectangle is 3 cm greater than its width. The area of the rectangle is 40 cm². Find the length and width of the rectangle.

 7. Write x ² + 4 x + 1 in the completed square form. (i) (ii) Hence write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates of the vertex of the graph y = x ² + 4 x + 1.

(iii)Sketch the graph.

 8. Write x ² – 3 x + 1 in the completed square form. (i) (ii) Hence write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates of the vertex of the graph y = x ² – 3 x + 1.

(iii)Sketch the graph. 1 of 2

02/06/15

AQA C1 Algebra Section 3 Exercise

9. Write x 2 11 x + 24 in factorised form.

(i) (ii)

Sketch the graph of y = x 2 11 x + 24, labelling the values of x where the graph crosses the x -axis.

(iii)Use your graph to write down the solution of

2

x

11x 24 0

10. By completing the square, find the coordinates of the vertex of the

(i)

(ii)

graph

By putting the two expressions equal to each other in a single equation, find where the two graphs below cross:

2

y x x 1

2

y y x

x

5

x

3

  1

(iii)Interpret your result by sketching the graphs.

2 of 2

02/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. The garden shown in the diagram is in the shape of a rectangle, with an attached triangular area. It is surrounded by a continuous fence, and the dimensions shown are measured in metres. x
m
(x + 4)
m
(x + 2)
m
 (i) Write down a formula for the area A m 2 of the garden. (ii) Find a second formula for the length P of the fence in metres, leaving a square root in your formula. (iii) The area of the garden is 200 m 2 . Find the length of the fence, giving your answer to 3 significant figures.

2. In a cinema, there are n rows of seats set out in a rectangular block 300. After the cinema is enlarged, half as many rows plus two more are added, though with 5 fewer seats in each new row. This gives the cinema 120 extra seats. How many seats are in each of the old and new rows?

3. When a stone is thrown upwards over the edge of a cliff, its height h metres above the point where it was thrown after t seconds is given by the formula

h 20t 5t

2

How many seconds after it is thrown does the stone pass the cliff edge on the way downwards? How long after it is thrown will the stone hit the sea which is 50 metres below the clifftop? (Give your answer to 3 significant figures.) How could you interpret the other solution of your quadratic equation?

4. A rectangular enclosure is to be constructed against a long straight wall. The enclosure is to be built using 100 metres of fencing.

 (i) Let the width of the enclosure be x metres. Draw a sketch, and write down a formula for the area of the enclosure. (ii) By completing the square, find the maximum possible area that can be enclosed, and find the dimensions of the enclosure to give that maximum area. (iii) Sketch the graph of your formula for the area. Interpret and explain the values of the intercepts of the graph with the x-axis in terms of the shape of the enclosure. 5. Write the expression (i) x 2 8x  c in completed square form. (ii) The equation x 2 8x  c  0 has real roots. Using the completed square format, find a condition in the form of an inequality for c. (iii) How must this condition on c be amended so that the equation above in part (ii) has real unequal roots? 1 of 2

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AQA C1 Algebra Section 3 Exercise

 (iv) Sketch two graphs showing an example of two real equal roots in (ii) and two real unequal roots in (iii) above. (v) By considering your sketch graphs, explain why there is no value of c which gives two real positive roots.

6. A rectangular car park has a perimeter of 184 metres, and the diagonal of the car park measures 68 metres.

 (iv) By labelling the length of the car park as x metres, formulate an equation and check that x = 24 satisfies the equation. Hence find the dimensions of the car park. (v) Sketch the graph of the quadratic expression in part (i), and interpret each intersection with the x-axis in terms of the car park.

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 4: Further use of quadratics

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Solve the following quadratic inequalities.

(i)

(iii)

(v)

2

x

x

3 x

2

   4 2 5 x x x 12 15 2    0 0 0

2

(ii)

(iv)

(vi)

2

x

4 2 x x

   7 5 4 x x x   3 6 3    0 0 0

2

2

2. Solve the following simultaneous equations.

 (i) 7 x ² + y ² = 64 (ii) 3 x ² – 2 y ² = –5 x + y = 4 y – x = 1 (iii)p ² + pq = 2 (iv) 8 a ² – b ² = 2 q – p = 3 2 a + b = 1 1 of 1

01/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 4: Further use of quadratics

Exercise level 2

1. Solve the following quadratic inequalities

(i)

(iii)

3x 10 0

1x 2x

2

x

2

(ii)

(iv)

2

2x 10

x

x(x 3) x 8

2. Solve the following simultaneous equations.

(i)

(iii)

x

3

2

y

3 xy

9

0

x

y

2

y

2

4 x

y

2

2

xy

160

(ii)

3 x

xy 8 y

 

10

3. In each of the following questions, find where the two graphs cross, and show the crossing points on a sketch.

 (i) y  3 x  2 y  x 2  3 x  (iii) y  2 x  2 x 2  y 2  25

9

(ii)

y

y

 

6

2

x

4

3

x

2

x

4. Find the set of values of k for which each of the quadratic equations below have no real roots.

(i)

(ii)

x

x

2

2

5x kx   k k   3 0 0

5. In each of the following parts, use a sketch of appropriate quadratic graphs to solve the quadratic inequalities, and indicate on the sketch the values of x which represent the solution.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

2

x

2x 8   x 2x 3   x 0 6

x

5x 6 0

2

2

2 1 of 1

01/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Section 4: Further use of quadratics

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. The diagram shows a plan of a square lawn, with a rectangular flowerbed cut from it. The flowerbed is half the length of the lawn. The lawn is x m long, and the flowerbed is y m in width.

I have 100 m of plastic ‘lawn edging’ which I intend to use on all 4 sides of the lawn, and also all 4 sides of the flowerbed. I also have a packet of grass seed, which states that it will cover 279 m 2 . What should be the dimensions of each of the lawn and flowerbed?  y
X

2. A room in a new hotel is designed so that its length x metres is 3 metres greater than its width. Because of the budget for carpet, the area is to be no more than 88 square metres, while for display purposes the perimeter of the room must be at least 30 metres. Write down two inequalities, and find the possible values for x .

3. For centuries, people have used the properties of right-angled triangles to set out building works accurately.

In the diagram, a 40 m length of rope is used to set out a right-angled triangle ABC. The length of rope AC is h m, and the length of rope AB is 2 m shorter than AC. The length of the remaining part of the rope BC is x m. The area of the triangle ABC is 60 m 2 . Find the possible dimensions of the triangle. C
A
B

4. A fishtank is 30 cm deep, and is formed from a cuboid with horizontal dimensions x cm by y cm. Find formulae for the surface area (the tank has no lid) and the volume of the tank. If the surface area is 6300 cm 2 and the volume is 45000 cm 3 , find the size of the tank.

5. A work of art includes a large cone. The volume of the cone is to be at most 25 cubic metres, and the length of the slant height of the cone is to be less than twice the radius. Write down two inequalities, and find the maximum height of the cone, to 3 significant figures. 1 of 1

01/06/15

AQA Core 1 Algebra

Topic assessment

Do not use a calculator in this test.

1. Write the following in terms of the simplest possible surd.

(i)

(ii) 2. Simplify: 288 98 
32
(i)
75
10 
24
(ii)
1 23 2 2
(iii)

(iii) 96





3. Rationalise the denominators of the following and simplify as far as possible

(i)

(iii) 12 6 1 2

(ii)

(iv) 2
3
3
1
2
3
2





4. Solve each of the following quadratic equations, if possible, giving answers in exact form.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

2 x ² x 3 = 0 3 x ² 2 x + 4 = 0

x ² + 5 x 1 = 0



5. Write the quadratic expression x ² + 4 x + 5 in the form A ( x + B )² + C.

(i)



(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

Hence write down the coordinates of the minimum point of the graph y = x ² + 2 x + 5.

Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation x ² + 4 x + 5 = 0.

What does the value of this discriminant tell you about the solutions of the

equation x ² + 4 x + 5 = 0?

Sketch the graph of y = x ² + 4 x + 5, and explain how this confirms your answer to (iv).









6. By factorising, solve the equation

(i)

2 x

2

x 6 0 .

(ii) Sketch the graph of

y 2 x

2 x 6 , showing the coordinates of any points

where the graph cuts the coordinate axes. 1 of 2

10/01/13

AQA C1 Algebra Assessment

Find the value of k .

(i)

(ii) Solve the equation

2 x

2 5 x k 0 has equal roots.

2 x

2 5 x k 0 .

8. Write the expression

(i)

2 x

2

2 x 1 in the form

2

a ( x p ) q

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation

2

2 x 2 x 10 .

9. Solve the following inequalities.

 (i) 2 x + 3 < 1 – x (ii) 3( y – 1)  5 y – 8 (iii) x ² + 2 x – 15  0 (iv) 2 p ² – 7 p + 3 > 0 (v) z(2 – z) < z – 12

2

x

(3k 1) x k 0 has no real roots.

Find the possible set of values for k .

   .        

11. Find the coordinates of the points where the graphs of x + 2 y = 13 and x ² y ² = 9

intersect.

12. The line y 3 x k is a tangent to the graph Find the value of k .

2 of 2

y

2

2 x 5 x 6.





Total 100 marks

10/01/13

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 1: Points and straight lines

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1.

(a) For the points A(3, 1) and B(7, 4) calculate

 (i) the gradient of AB (ii) the gradient of a line perpendicular to AB (iii) the midpoint of AB (iv) the distance AB

(b) Repeat part (a) for the points A(-2, 9) and B(3, -1)

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Given the points A(3, 1), B(6, y) and C(12, -2) find the value(s) of y for which

 (i) the line AB has gradient 2 (ii) the distance AB is 5 (iii) A, B and C are collinear (iv) AB is perpendicular to BC (v) the lengths AB and BC are equal

The point E is (2, -1), F is (1, 3), G is (3, 5) and H is (4, 1). Show, by calculation that EFGH is a parallelogram.

Sketch the following lines.

(i)

(iv)

y 4y x   x 3 12

(v) (ii) 3y y   2x x  1 6 0

(iii)

(vi) 5y x  15 y 5 2x

Find the equations of the lines (a)-(e) in the diagram below. y (a)
4
(d)
(b)
(c)
-4
4
x
-4
(e)

The following questions are about the coordinate geometry of the following

points:

(i) Find the lengths of the line segments AE and AB.

(ii) Find the gradients of each of AB, AC, AE, DE, and CD.

A (2, 2),

B (3, 1),

C (4, 4),

D (5, 5),

E (6, -1),

F (7, -3)

 (iii) State which of the lines in part (ii) are parallel or perpendicular to each other. (iv) What is the angle between AC and BF? 1 of 1

08/06/15

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 1: Points and straight lines

Exercise level 2

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. P is the point (2, 1), Q is (6, 9) and R is (10, 2).

 (i) Sketch the triangle PQR. (ii) Prove that triangle PQR is isosceles. (iii) Work out the area of triangle ABC.

2. Find the equations of the following lines.

 (i) parallel to y  4 x 1 and passing through (2, 3) (ii) perpendicular to y  2 x  7 and passing through (1, 2) (iii) parallel to 3 y  x 10 and passing through (4, -1) (iv) perpendicular to3 x  4 y 12 and passing through (-3, 0) (v) parallel to x  5 y 8  0 and passing through (-1, -6)

3. Find the equation of the line AB in each of the following cases.

 (i) A(1, 6), B(3, 2) (ii) A(8, -1), B(-2, 3) (iii) A(-5, 2), B(7, -4) (iv) A(-3, -5), B(5, 1)

4. A quadrilateral has vertices A(3, 5), B(9, 7), C(10, 4) and D(4, 2).

 (i) Sketch the quadrilateral. (ii) Find the equation of each of the quadrilateral’s sides. (iii) Use your equations to show that ABCD is a rectangle.

5. Three points are A (-1, 5), B (1, 0), and C (11, 4).

 (i) Find the gradient of BA. (ii) Find the gradient of BC, and show that BA is perpendicular to BC. (iii) Find the equation of the line through C, parallel to BA. (iv) Find the equation of the line through A, parallel to BC. (v) By solving two equations simultaneously, find the coordinates of point D, the remaining vertex of the rectangle ABCD. 1 of 1

08/06/15

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 1: Points and straight lines

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. A triangle has vertices E(2, 5), F(4, 1) and G(-2, -3).

(i)

(ii)

Find the midpoint of each side and hence find the equations of the three medians. (Medians are the lines from the midpoint of each side to the opposite vertex).

Show that the point

4

3

,1

lies on each median.

2. The sides of a triangle are formed by parts of the lines y 3 x 11 , 3 y x 3 and

7 y x 37 .

 (i) Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle. (ii) Show that the triangle is right-angled. (iii) Work out the area of the triangle.

3. ABCD is a parallelogram. The equation of AB is y 4 x 3 and the equation of

BC is y 2 x 1.

 (i) Find the coordinates of B. (ii) The coordinates of A are (3, 9). Find the equation of AD. (iii) The coordinates of C are (7, 15). Find the equation of CD. (iv) Find the coordinates of D.

4. The perpendicular bisector of AB, where A is (4, 2) and B is (10, 12), crosses the axes at points P and Q. Find the area of triangle OPQ.

5. Point A is (3, 1) and B is (8, 4). A line passes through B perpendicular to AB, and meets the axes at points P and Q. A second line through A perpendicular to AB meets the axes at R and S. Find the area of PQRS. What shape is it?

6. Point A is (5, 2), B is (1, 5), and C is (6, 6). Point D lies on AB, with CD perpendicular to AB. Find the coordinates of D.

7. Point A is (4, 5), B is (2, 1), C is (7, 1), and D is (-1, 5).

 (i) Find the midpoint of AB and CD. (ii) Find the gradients of AB and CD. (iii) What shape is the figure ACBD? (iv) Find the area of figure ACBD. 1 of 1

08/06/15

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 2: Circles

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Find, in the form circles.

2

x y

2

px qy c , the equation for each of the following

 (i) centre (0, 0), radius 6 (ii) centre (3, 1), radius 5 (iii) centre (-2, 5), radius 1 (iv) centre (0, -4), radius 3

2. For each of these circles, write down the coordinates of the centre and the radius.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

2

x

 

x

x

x

2

y 100

   3 2 4

 

2

2

2

   y y y    4 7 5

 

2

  

2

2

16

  4 20

3. For each of these circles, find the coordinates of the centre and the radius.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

x

x

x

2

2

2

   y y y

2 2 2

2  6 4 x x x 10 3 5 y y 3 0 20 0 0

4. The point C is (4, -2) and the point A is (6, 3). Find the equation of the circle centre C and radius CA.

5. The points A (2, 0) and B (6, 4) form the diameter of a circle. Find the equation of the circle.

6. A circle passes through the points Q(0, 3) and R(0, 9) and touches the x -axis. Work out two possible equations.

7. From the following equations, which represent the Cartesian equation of a circle? For each circle, find the coordinates of the centre, and find the radius.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

4 3 x x 6 11 y 51 65

4 x 8 y 48 x 16 y 104

8

x

x

y x   2 4 y y

2

2

2

2 2

2 2

2 1 of 1

04/01/16

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 2: Circles

Exercise level 2

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Show that the line y 4 x is a tangent to the circle x

(i)

2

(ii)

Show that the line 4 y 3 x 25 is a tangent to the circle

y

2

x

2. The line 2 y x 10 meets the circle Calculate the length of PQ.

2

x

y

2

65 at P and Q.

2

8 . 25 .

y

2

3. The points P (-2, 6), Q (6, 0) and R (5, 7) all lie on a circle.

 (i) Show that PR is perpendicular to QR. (ii) Explain why the result from (i) shows that PQ is a diameter of the circle. (iii) Hence calculate the equation of the circle. 4. Write down the equation of the circle centre (0, 0) and radius (i) 17 . (ii) Show that the point P(-4, -1) lies on the circle. (iii) Find the equation of the tangent at P. (iv) The line x  y  3 meets the circle at two points, Q and R. Find the coordinates of Q and R. (v) Find the coordinates of the point, S, where the tangent at P intersects the line

x y 3 . 1 of 1

18/06/15

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Section 2: Circles

Exercise level 3 (Extension)

1. Find k so that point P 3,

27 lies on the circle 2

x

2

y k

2

. If P, Q, and R lie

on the circle, and triangle PQR is equilateral, write down the coordinates of the two vertices Q and R.

 2. P is point (2, 1) and Q is (10, 5). Find the midpoint M of PQ, and hence write down the equation of the circle with PQ as diameter. (i) (ii) Line L 1 has equation y  3x 15 . Find the points U, V where line L 1

intersects the circle. What is the angle PUQ? (iii)Line L 2 has equation y 2x 5 . Point R lies on line L 2 . Find angle RPQ.

3. A set of circles all pass through the points P (1, -3) and Q (5, 7). Show that all their centres lie on a straight line, and find its equation.

4. A gardener is planning an exhibition garden based on a design made up of circles

and straight lines. She decides to create a plan, using coordinate geometry, where each unit on her graph represents a distance of 1 metre.

 (i) Write down the equation of a circle centre C (5, 0), with radius 5. (ii) On her plan, she draws two straight paths from point P (20, 0) to points Q and R on the circle. Point Q has coordinates (a, b). If she draws PQ so that CQ and PQ are at right angles, what is the length of the path PQ? (iii) Find the gradients of the lines CQ and QP in terms of a and b, and hence find the position of Q, and then R. (iv) Write down the shape of PQCR, and find its area. 1 of 1

18/06/15

AQA Core 1 Coordinate geometry

Topic assessment

Do not use a calculator in this test.

1. A line l 1 has equation 5 y 4 x 3 .

(i)

(ii)

Find the gradient of the line.

Find the equation of the line l 2 which is parallel to l 1 and passes through the point

(1, -2).





2. Describe fully the curve whose equation is

2

x

y

2

4 .



3. The coordinates of two points are A (-1, -3) and B (5, 7). Calculate the equation of the perpendicular bisector of AB.

4. Show that the line y = 3 x 10 is a tangent to the circle

2

x

y

2

10 .





5. The line y 2 x 3 meets the x -axis at the point P, and the line 3 y 4 x 8 meets the x -axis at the point Q. The two lines intersect at the point R.

 (i) Find the coordinates of R. (ii) Find the area of triangle PQR.

6. The equation of a circle is

2

x

2

y 4 x 2 y 15

 (i) Find the coordinates of the centre C of the circle, and the radius of the circle. (ii) Show that the point P (4, -5) lies on the circle. (iii) Find the equation of the tangent to the circle at the point P.











7. The coordinates of four points are P (-2, -1), Q (6, 3), R (9, 2) and S (1, -2).

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

Calculate the gradients of the lines PQ, QR, RS and SP. What name is given to the quadrilateral PQRS? Calculate the length SR.

Show that the equation of SR is 2 y = x 5 and find the equation of the line L through Q

perpendicular to SR.

Calculate the coordinates of the point T where the line L meets SR. Calculate the area of the quadrilateral PQRS.













8. AB is the diameter of a circle. A is (1, 3) and B is (7, -1).

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

Find the coordinates of the centre C of the circle. Find the radius of the circle. Find the equation of the circle.

The line y + 5x = 8 cuts the circle at A and again at a second point D. Calculate the







 coordinates of D.  Prove that the line AB is perpendicular to the line CD. 

Total 60 marks 1 of 1

10/01/13

AQA Core 1 Polynomials Section 1: Introducing polynomials

Exercise level 1

Do not use a calculator or graph-drawing package for this exercise.

1.

2.

3.

Given that

f( x ) x

3

 (i) f( x ) + g( x ) (ii) f( x ) – g( x )

2 x

2

3

5 x 4 and g( x ) x 3 x

2