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^EL TRIUMPH!

\MONG THE Jews


Ex Libris

C. K. OGDEN
HER MAJESTY THE CJIEES.

May all love o'erehiulow thee : AliE there thuiiilcrs moaning in the distance ?

Are there s|)cctrc.< niovinc in the darkness


?

The I'lVf 111'


all thy Huna cncouipass thee.
Trust the Lord of Liglit U> guide her iw-ople
The I'lve { .ill thy (laiightiTS cherish thee,
Till the thunders pass, the s|>ectres vanish.
Tlie line iif all thy peojile cumfort thee, And the Light is Vietor, anil the Harknc!
Till (iixl'.i love set thee at HLs side agaiu. Dawns into the Jubilee of the Agea.
TE.N.SY.SOS.
;

AN APPEAL TO THE QUEEN AND CHRISTIANS IN ALL LANDS.


who
AS t

ill
lie iiitliicnce

station is
of tlios(!

imsju-ukahly great cither


arc liij^lu'st. Our caiiiest
Ihroiighoiit the
desire
I'nited
is that
Kingdom
(
'hristians
and all
for f;(H)(l or for evil, we
were ))OSNible
wisli it other lands, woidd bring the cause of the Jew
for Her Majesty to say to tiie Lords and from th(- background to the front that they ;

Gentlemen of the Commons : would place it Ar< in their loving thoughts


"It is my lieart's desire and pi-ayer to f Jod, and prayerful efforts; that they would inscribe
that the close of.'my reign may be celebrated upon their banners, "We are not ashamed
specially by the conversion of myriads of of the lospel of 'hrist, for it is the power of
<
(

Jewish and Cientile souls; tliat all my God unto salvation to Tin; Jew I'insT and
Christian subjects, and all other Christians also to the Greek." \Ve think llmt would be

y'^f^.<

ll.li.H. rHE lit KK KKNT,


" Our Queen's belovdd sire, whose
lofty views,
Evincctl conip.xssion for the outcast Jews
And not nninindful of the feeling shown,
(iod sets His roy.ll race upon e.arth's liighest throne I

throughout the world, would begin from now a memorial worthy of Christians in every
to use all the means in their power to lead part of our globe and of Lrit.iin's noblest
the Jews to CHRIST, for His s.ike, for their .sovereign a memorial that would glitter
;

own sake, for our sjike, and for the world's u|ion her brow like the morning star upon
sake, inasmuch as they are to be the honoured the foreiie.-id of the .sky, the pledge of
instruments in the hand of the Divine Spirit biaghtening, broadening d;iy a memorial ;

in bringing all grades of heathendom into the that would hasten the coming of the glori-
great Father's Kingdom, in order that His ous Jubilee of a regenerated and rejoicing
will,which is right and which is liest, may world.
be done on earth as it is ilnne in Heaven."
^0^y/<.- '-<

W^^,^^
One of tfir founda' oj the British Society, nud the fut/ur >/ Lonl Ilttfchdl, tlu jrrt^tut Lonl Chanalior
of England.
Y/irtt^T^ K^^i^ Tt^Z^

Tht honoured Minijilir of EceUtton Sfuart Church, Bdgravia, and our esttemrd'PraidfnI.
:

Memories or Gosi'i-i Tkiumfhs


AMONG TUB Jl:WS

DURING Tiiii Victorian Era.

liY

Rev. JOHN DUNLOP,


SECRliTARV OK THL UKITISH .SOCIKTY KOK THK JKWS AND EDITOR QK THIC JEWISH HliKALD.

Mitb 250 portraits an^ SUustrations.

o r r/2
UAS, ISPAHA
S N -I c' "1
by SneHSETAI

Eonlion

S. W. PARTRIDGE & CO., 9, Paternoster Row.

JOHN SNOW & CO., 2, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row.

I 894.
TO THE

Lovers of Israel
AND
Friends of the British Society for the Jews,

ON both sides or the Atlantic,

THIS Jubibee Volume


IS

DEDICATED
IN BROTHERLY AFFECTION AND ESTEEM,
AND WITH DEVOUT GRATITUDE
TO OUR Heavenly Father,

for mercies,

all bearing his beautiful likeness,

countless as the summer's sunbeams,

bestowed upon us every day,

for more than

Fifty Years.

PREFACE.
sending forth this Jubilee volume we have to express our regret that its publication
IN
has been so long delayed, on the one liand through illness and absorbing secretarial
and editorial duties, and on the other hand, from causes which it was not in our power to

obviate.

We are sorry also that for want of space we have been obliged to give portraits of
pi-eachers and missionaries without sketches, and crush out articles and illustrations

enough to fill a volume equal in size to this. Then, once more, the lives and labours of
such representatives of the Society as the Revs. John Gill, M.D., Josiah Miller, M.A.,
Robert Grant Brown, Principal McAll, <fec. ; and such spiritual sons as the Rev.
Abraham Ben Oliel, and his brother, the Rev. Maxwell Ben Oliel, Dr. Schulhof,
Dr. Benzion, Mr. J. B. Lazarus, Mr. C. D. Jo.seph, of Jerusalem, and the Revs.
John Wilkinson, and James Adler, of the Mildmay SILssion, would take more than
one volume to do them justice; and yet we have only been able to insert a brief account
of the work of the last two named.
Many years ago Mr. Wilkinson wrote to the office for copies of the Annual Reports,
Jewish Heralds, lectures, sermons, &c., which the Society had published. A parcel of
these was sent to him in due course, which he studied diligently, and afterwards, in his
own way, reproduced in the discharge of his difficult and important double task as the
Society's able and earnast Missionary and Deputation. The Jubilee volume contains
some fine specimens of these early literary products of the Society ; it also includes many
striking incidents of Jewish conversion, and all the telling arguments in favour of Jewish
Missions. In fulfilling our task as editor, our aim has been for the glory of God and the
good of His people Israel, to make the book an impressive and inspiring record of the
British Society's Jewish Mission work and we ; entertain the conviction that we have
succeeded. The book proves that the London and British Societies are the illustrious
mothers of modern Missions to Israel. In a word, our Jubilee volume is a storehou.se of
interesting and instructive facts and figures, arguments and illustrations, adapted alike to the

aged and the young, which unmistakably show that the work of Jewish evangelization during
the last 50 years has Iieen so rich in spiritual results that it deserves and demands from
the members of the C'hiistian Church a million-fold more support than it has yet received.

Again, in perusing the book, we would affectionately ask all our readers to bear in
mind, and carry along with them to the end, the following important considerations :

(1.) That the golden sheaves presented in it are only a few taken from ten
thousand reaped by our faithful missionaries in our home and foreign fields during the
past half-centui-y.

2017711
"

xii. Preface.

(2.) Not long ago, an eminent scientist stated that " Two-thirds of the i-ays emitted
by the sun fail to arouse in the eye the sense of vision. The rays exist, but the visual
organs requisite for their translation into light do not exist. And so from this region of

darkness and mystery which surrounds us rays may now be darting which require but the
development of the proper intellectual organs to translate them into knowledge, as
far surpassing oiu-s as ours surpasses that of the wallowing reptiles which once held
possession of this planet." Even so it should not be forgotten that the results of our
work ai-e more concealed than revealed. Sir Humphrey Davy, when
necessarily far
complimented on the discoveries he had made, said, " Yes, I have made many discoveries,
but the greatest discovery I ever made was Michael Faraday." So, too, what a discovery
Barnabas made when he found Saul of Tarsus, the Jew and what a significant act was ;

his when he took him by the hand and spoke a good word on his behalf Such has been, !

and such is, the mission of the British Society. Even now there may be trophies of the
Society about to show themselves ; men filled with an irrestrainable enthusiasm for Christ
and souls, men all aglow with the white heat of Christian love and Christian consecration,
men like Eabinowitz and Lichtenstein who, as tools in the Lord's basket, are handle
upward ready to His hand for the accomplishment of wonders of grace unprecedented
in the history of the Church, for the realization of
' Scenes surpassing fable, and yet true 1

Scenes of accomplished bliss, which who can see,

Though but in distant prospect, and not feel


?
His soul refreshed with foretaste of the joy

(3.) Astronomers inform us that the heavenly bodies, with moon revolving round
planet, and planet round sun, in obedience to some mighty cosmical force, are all moving
forward century by century, in one dh-ection, to a definite point in space. Even so, the
speculations of philosophy, the discoveries of science, the achievements of art, the march
of armies, the preservation of the Jews amid unspeakable persecutions, the propagation of

the Gospel among them, these and sumlai- events, under Divine propulsions, consciously
or unconsciously, to the agents themselves, are all moving forwai-d to a fixed period,

even the time when every one of the prophecies concerning Israel's glory and joy
shall be fulfilled.

The unparalleled sufferings of the D^WDI? " The Ancient People," literall)', " The

Everlasting People," have a bright as well as a dark side. The stars of faith and hope
have never entirely set in Israel's sky ; and they have always burned brightly in the deep,

dreadful night of persecution. The darker the night of sorrow grew, the brighter the

promised stai-s shone through. So will it be till, with lessening ray, they usher in
millennial day.

" There are times," said Benjamin Franklin, " when an artist can scarcely distinguish
between a rising and a setting sun." HappUy, this is not our position in regard to
Christianity. Those who are best acquainted with its progress among Israel's sons and
daughtei-s are fii-mlj' persuaded that Christianity is not a setting but a rising sun, and
that solely on account of this, there is a golden future for them, and through them for the
world. Nothing can be more certain than that which is past. Just as sure, then, as the
events which happened yesterday, the supreme mission of the Jewish nation, namely, the
;

Pref(ux. Tail.

evangelization of humanity, will be realized by and by, through faith in a ci-ucified, living,
loving, coming Christ. If it bo absolutely certain that the children of Isiael have
experienced sufttn-ings inexpressibly severe, it is no less certain that they will sing for joy
the " song of Moseys and the Lamb " on Mount Zion, and all the nations round alwut will
sing with them.

Let us then listen to all the voices in Holy Scripture, and from the various Mission
FieliLs, at home and abroad, summoning us to greater sympathy, prayerfuhie.ss, liljerality,
and exertion ; telling us, as with trumpet tongue, that the rea.sous for maintaining and
extending the operations of the British Society never before were so strong as they ai-e at
the present moment ; that it is our solemn duty, and our unspeakable privilege, to increa.se

the number of our missionary stall', inasmuch iis thereby we shall bo helping to bring
nearer the period "when Israel shall blossom and bud and fill the face of the world
with friut."

(1.) In fine, it is our growing cenviction that the time will soon come when we shall

see the plants and trees, the flowers and fruits of our beloved Society in the full sweetness

and perfection, the unspeakable grandeurs and glories of the eternal summer made by the
presence of Jesus in the fields of Heaven.

Man's life here is like a rain-drop upon the bough, among ten thousand of its

sparkling kindred; any moment it may fall and disappear. Sudden as the coming of a
shower, as the twinkling of an eye, all our splendid oppoi-tunities may be gone for ever.
What is done for Jews and Gientiles by each of us should be done quickly and with both
hands, earnestly.

For your own sake, then, dear readers for Israel's siike for the world's sake above
all for Christ's sake, who died for us all, do something at once; pray, give, work, and
thereby you will hasten the advent of His day and share in its indescribable beauty
brightness and blis.s

" Out i)f the diirk, the circling sphere


Is roiuiding onward to the light

We see not yet the full day here,

But we do see the p.iling night.

And hope that lights her fjwieless fires.


And faith, that shines a heavenly will.
And love, that courage re-inspires,
These stars have been above us still.

Look backward, how much h;i.s been won !

Look round, how much is yet Ut win !

The watches of the night are done ;

The watches of the day begin."

J. DUNLOP,
96, tiiiEAT RissELL Stbekt, Secretary and Editor.
Bloomsbi'ht .S(<uark, London, W.C.

CONTENTS.
THK JL'BII.EE OF THE BKITISH TWO PROMINENT MEMBERS OF
SOCIETY The Service on Siimky OUR FIRST
Evcuiiig Tliu COJIMITTEE: Rev.
Seriiiou by Dr. Adams John Cumming, D.D., and Rev. Joseph
" .",'"'"' tlie Baptist's Message tu Fletcher, D.D
Cbrist"
BajitLsm of a Jewish Family, ng 123
and the Lord's Supjwr The Meetiiig REV. THO.\IAS BINNEY, LL.D.. D.D.,
on Monday, November 7th Hymn one of the Founders ... 123 124
written for the occasion The Presi- REV. JOHN PYE SMITH, D.D., LL.D.,
dent's Address The Secretary's Ac- iVit., the First Lecturer on behalf of the
count of the founding of the Society, '''"ciety 1261.30
and Suiimiary of fifty ye^irs' grand
work Addresses by Dr. Xeuman, Dr. REV. FRANCIS AUGUSTUS CO.X,
D.D., LL.D., on "The National Charac-
Adams, Kev. Aaron Sternberg, Rev.
of the Jews " ....
t<?ristics 132 142
William Walton Clark of New York-
Letter from Dr. Edmond Letters from REV. THOMAS ARCHER, A.M., D.D.,
two of the first .Subscribers 127 on " The Dl-ipersion of the Jews " ... 142154
THE LA.ST DAYS OF MR. McCHEY'NE 2830 REV. JAMES BENNETT, D.D., on
SERM(JX BY MH. ilcCHEYNE "The Present Condition of the Jews" 154172
30-34
THE BIBLE IN JACOB'S WELL ... REV. J.^ C. BURNS, A.M., D.D., on
34,35 "The Encouragement which Christians
UEV. J. DUXLOPS TRIBUTE To Dl{ have to undertake the Conversion of
ANDHEW BOXAR 36-39 the Jews'' 173176
IXCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF REV. REV. JOHN HARRIS, D.D., on "The
RlDl.EV HEItSCHELL 40-47 Glory which will redounil to God from
OK. NiiKMAN .MACLEOD'S TRIBUTE the Conversion of the Jews " 177 181
To MR. HER.SCHELL 47,48 JOSHUA AVILSON. ESQ., one of the first
.Members of Committee
IJR. BURDER, THE BRITISH 182
.SOCIETY'S FIRST CHAIR.MAN, THE SOCIETY'S FIRST TWO MIS-
AND IJRS. HENDERSON AND SIONARIES (1.)Rev. B. David-
HAMILTON, THE FIRST TWO son, ,is a Missionary in London The
SECRETARIES 49-92 Society's Hebrew Christian Prayer
.MH. (;EOK<iE YONGE, THE FIR.ST Union, founded in 1843 by Mr. Her-
I iEN ERAL SECRETARY B r e f schelland Mr. David.soii Jlr. Davids.jn
i

Sketch by his Brother, Rev. W. C.


as an Author As the Principal of the
Yimge An the Jews which
A|>i>eal for
i^ociety'sJewish Mission College An
appearcil in the Congregational Maga- Visiting Superintendent of the Mission
Stations His Testimonies to Mission-
zine for 1829- A Sample of the
aries at Home and AbroadAs >Us-

Secretary's Letters Two Letters to
the Young LelUr to the Editor of
sionary in Vienna Typical passages
the Jtwinh UenilA, on What has Iwcn
from his Journal A Remarkable Fact
done by the Society f Circidar Letter As the Suijeriutendcnt of the S<x;iety'a
to the .Missionaries- Letter to Mrs. Home at Leyton HLs Dejith there the
Herschell, introducing a resolution of instrumental cause of the Conversion
.Sympathy of Jews. (2.) Mr. IsKvKi, Nai'HTai.1,
92112 Manchester His first Efforts and Suc-
REMINISCENCES OF REV. W^ C. cessesThe Story of the Life and
VO.NGE His Birth, Education^ Death of S., one of the first company
-Ministry, &c.A Siiecimen of his of Converts The Life, Cnversioii and
Letters on Ijehalf of the British Society Baptism of D. Three Typical Extracts
His .Sermon ..n "The Fall and Restora- from Mr. Naphtali's Journals His De-
tion of Jacob" All Extract from his parture, aged 86 1S2 198
Book, '-The New TesUment Seer "
The Committee's Resolutiiin cjf Sym-
(JENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE
jKithy with Mrs. Youge on the FIRST FOUR MISSIONARIES ... 199
occasion
of her HusJKind's Death -His
Chrift- REV. JOHN JACK 200
like Ixjve, the Secret of His Success in REV. PHILIP J.\FFE -His early Hfe
winning Jen-ish and Gentile Souls II -2 II!) Led to visit Englanil Meeting with

A AA

s\-i. Conte)its.

PAGE.
two Christian ladiesConverted when Mr. Hershon's Letter to Mr. Viney
reading the New Testament Engaged Sketch of Mr. Hershon's Life and
as a Missionary
In the Society's College
Labours His Birth, Parentage, aud
Xuremberg, his Principal Mission
First Home A Wimderer and Penni-

Field Cases of Conversion: A Jew less on his Way to Jerusalem An
Converted through a Lost Bible example of real Brotherhood -In
Jew's Conversion, Persecution and Beyrout, Jerus.alem, and London
Eecognition Mr. Jafl"^'s triumphant Maker of Tools for Missionaries and
Departure 201 i08 Slinisters His "Treasures of the Tal-
A, CLUSTER OF FIRST FRUITSThe mud The Talmud under the Figure
"

British Society the Mother of the of a Bride The Temple Destroyed and

Netherland Society Letters from Dr. Foxes walking on Zion, reasons for
Rejoicing Mr. Hershon's peaceful
Capadose Interesting incident related
by Dr. Capadose 209211 Departure 211249
THE STORY OF THE CONVERSION REV. HENRY ALLON, D.D. Officially
OF A JEW 211214 connected with the Society from 1845,

SIR CULLING EAEDLEY-EARDLEY,


until his death in 1892
His powerful
BAKT. His Jewish and GentUe
and touching Appe,^l to the Jews ... 249 253
Descent His Marriiige and Motto His REV. JOHN ALDIS On the List of the
First and Last Services
for the Society Societj-'s Officers as early as 1845 His
1,000 the of result
his last Speech at the Nineteenth Annual
Offer
His Christian Catholicity His Meeting, held in April, 1862Two
Touching Letters written by Him to
Laliours on behalf of Oppressed Jews

and Gentiles His Sudden Illness and the Secretary in 1892-3 ... 254-257

Death Reminiscences of Sir CuUing DR. COLLYER As a promising Student
Eardley, by A. J. Arnold, Esq., the and a successfid Minister His Gift
General Secretary of the EvangeUcal of Forty-one HjTnns to the Society
Alliance 21-1223 Three of them as a fair Sample of the
THE HON. AND REV. BAPTIST NOEL CoUection. JAMES MONTGOMERY,
His with the British
connection Chiistian Journalist, and Poet His
Society
Notes of his Address at the
Conversion His Estimate of Himself
Tenth" Annual Meeting 223 226 His present of Four Hymns Died in
his Sleep, on the 30th of April, 1854 ... 257 '261
REV. W. M. BUNTING, the British
Third Hon. Secretary- His
Society's THE FIRST GROUP OF PRE.\CHERS
Early Days and Conversion The kind- Rev. Dr. Smith, of PoplarRev.
ness of Thomas Farmer Mr. Bunting's Richard Hamilton, LL.D., D.D., of
Home and Ministry iu Hackney A Leeds Rev. James Hamilton, M.A., of
Portrait of him as a Mixlel Hearer His Regent Square, London ... ... 262 264
Secretarial Connexion with the Evan- JOHN LEIFCHILD. D.D. The turning
gelical Alliance and the British Society
points in His Sphitual History His
His Love of Dumb .-inimals

His
Last Days His Early Interest in the
Wit and Humour His Peaceful Depar-
Society
His Speech at the Fourth
ture His Father, Dr. Jabez Bunting, a .\nuu;il Meeting... ... ... ... 264 271
Member of Committee Three Extracts FOE THE YOUNG The
from Mr. Bunting's Poetical Works ... 226 231 Prayer of a
Hebrew Boy who became a Missionary
THOMAS FARMER, Esti. His Birth of the Britl-ih Society, 1846 271
and Boyhood In His Father's Fact<iry
His Second Birth His Christian THE SECOND GROUP OF MISSION-
Schwartz
Activity The EtUtor's Tribute Mr. ARIES. (1.) Rev. G. F.
Farmer's Interest in the British Society His liabours in Rotterdam Three
His Last Days and Death 231235
Interesting Cases Touching Incidents
of Conversion in Breslau and Dresden.
THE FIRST EDITOR OF THE (2.) Mr. Cohen's Conversion His
JEWISH EEkALDRev. Richard labours successful at Home and Abroad
Alliott, Earnests of His Future
LL.D.

In Lyons Interesting Case of a con-
Career Co-Pastor Pastor in Lambeth
In the Professor's Chair- -The Ser-

verted Infidel In Marseilles, he was
the means of leading many to Christ,
\ice he rendered the Society as
and among them the Aunt of Sir Moses
Preacher, Tut<ir, and Editor of the
Montefiore -The storj- of Her life pre-

Jewish Hcruld Rea.sons why we should
pared by us for publication at Mr.
Seek for the Conversion of the Jews ... 236 2-10

Cohen's request Two letters to Her
REV. J. VINEY AND MR. HERSHON
Nephew The preface to Her Will.
Mr. Viney's Interest in the Society (3.) Mr. William Manning, Missionary
Closing of his Lecture on
pa-ssages m
Palestme, 1847 The Society's first
'
The Characteristics of the Jewish
Fruits in Palestine Pointing out to a
Ritual ''

His Letter to the Editor con- Rabbi the only way of Peace
taining Touching References to Two Jew in Jaffa led to Christ Christian
Young Jews. Epstein aud Herahou conversations with a Rabbi in quiet spots
"

Contents.

I'AOK.
nniuiul Jerusalem A Jewish Keimily REV. JOHN HARTLEY Brief Sketch
iiii|ire8!<e<l witli tlie fJospel Making of his Career .is a Wesleyan Minister ... 341
known CliriHt (o Jews in llic Moun- FOE THE YOUNG Mr. H.artley's Ad-
tiin.i hiviuK
Caniviui.serei- -A
aii'l

.Selnpl
W'ukini;
begun
in ^lie
in liey-
dress on the .lews ,., ... ... 342 350
ruut, with sixteen pu[)tl.s Seventeen FOR THE YOUNG More Incidents of
hu|iefnl Inquirers during one year (onv.rsiciu Tbi' Conversion and Death
Summary <>t the re.'ults of the of a Christian Jewess A Jewish Lady
Converted by a Little Boy, a Collector
Mission for the Krsl nine years of its
existcnee ... 272301 for the Society A Hebrew Child loving

TH K .SECOND ailOUP OK PKKACHERS



Jesus Conversion and Christian Career
of Mr. Herm.ann Liebstein ami Itev.
Dr.
Archer
Bennett, Dr. Kaffles, and Dr.
301307
Issachar Flecker ;!51 357
A REPRESENTATIVE (iROlJP OF
A PAKABLE FOR THE YOUNG ... 307-309 DEPARTED FRIENDS: William
AXOTllKlt(iKulIlM(KMlSSIoXARIES VVeightman, ,Iohn Harvey, Miss l{ead-
Rev. 1*. K. (joTTHKii., of Wiirtemberg, house,
Members
David
of
Bil.son, John
the New.ark Auxiliary, es-
Bilson, all

and some of liis unsjihiried Asaistiints


His Kirth ami early Training Conver- tablished in 18.50 ... 357, 358
sion, Baptism, Separation from his THE THIRD GROUP OF PREACHERS:

Family. &c Eng-.igeil as a Missionary Rev. William Arthur, M..\, Rev.
of the British Society Ordination and Ridlev Hersehell-Rev. Ridph Ward-

Departure Hit Marriage Hi.s Meeting law, f).D 359303
with hU Father and Alother The first FOUR OF THE SECOND BAND OF

Convert From Constatt to Stuttgart
A Jewish Child's Confession of Christ STUDENTS AND THEIR LABOURS
A Brave Young Jewess Incidents of IN THE MISSION FIELD (1.) Itev.


Jewish Conversion Testimonial to Mr. John Wilkinson,
interesting Cases A
Jew dying in
London Two
Gcjttheil Christmas Tree with 850

Children present More Spiritual Chil- Jesus. (2.) Rev. Dr. GlN8iiBH(i
dren of the Mission A De^if and Dumb Extracts from his Journals His great

Jewish Family Three Extracts from Work: The Ma.ssorah- The M.assorah
his last Journal
His Pe.ieeful Dismis- sent to Vienna by a Queen's Messen-
sion
An Account of his Funeral by Rev.
ger Mr. Salkinson's connection with
J. M. Fl.ad, liLf Companion in Labour... 309 320
the Ma-ssorah Letter of the Secretary.
(3.) Rev. Isaac Sai.kinson Sketch -

FOUR OF THE FIliST BAND OF of his Life His Hebrew Version of the
STUDENTS TRAINED IN THE " Philosophy of the Plan of Salvation "
SOCIETY'S COLL E (i E (1.) Mr. His Translation of " Paradise Lost
\ViLi,l.v.M BiiCTN^JKit His early Home- Missionary in Vienna - His Hebrew New
life Le,avin'^ Home after the Death Testiiment prepared for, .and the Gift of,
of his Parents Judaism Found Want- the British Sixjiety
Facsimile of the
ing Divinely Guided Frankfort, his First S|>eeimen of it sent to the Secre-
Chief .Mission .SUition Results His
tary The Secretary's successful efl'oi-t
Last D,ays. (2.) Mr. Jamks Brun- to secure its Publication Testimonies
SP.R His Early Life Conversion and to its Worth
Rev. James Adler, of the
Baptisui The Mission in Paris, the Mildmay Mission, one of Mr. Salkin-
the kinil permanently established
first of son's Spiritual Cliildren. (4.) Rev. M.
Paris, the Sceu9 of his Uibours for L. Mor.Lis
Selections from his Journals
Twenty-nine Y&irs- -Many Converts
and Letters His Early Life. Conver-
A Striking Instance of Divine Guid.ance. sion, anil Labours as a Missionary
(3.) Rev. James Lowitz Bom in the Specimens of Conversions ... ... 363 390
Ancient Capital of Poland Directed to THE COST OP THE COLLEGE FROM

England Then to C'hrist Then, after 1847 TO 1853 390, 391
a Successful Course of Training at the
Society's College, sent to North Africa I'REACHKIIS FROM l.-^SS To THE
His Work in Algiers At the Kiosque CLOSE OF THE JTBILKE 391400
in the Paris Exhibition in 18'J7, where
he distributed 20,00<t New Testaments
.MORE PItAYEli WANTi:i FOR ISRAEL ) 401

among the Jews, iVe. (4.) Dr. Lasbron DR. FtliST AND PUOFESSOR PA-
An Orphan and a Fugitive A Mis- LOTTA-Dr. Furst's Baptism -The
sionary .Student at the Society's College St<jry of the Gift of a Shilling ti a \)cxir
A Member of the Church Leaving young Jew Two Incidents from Mr.

the College ^The loss of a Child lejuling Palotta's Journ.il ... 401403
to the oj>ening of a ScIumi], &c. Modern DR. BICKEItSTETH, Exeter.
]5ishoi> of
Miracles: Instances of Direct Answers 404
conuecteil with the Si>ciety since 1856
to Prayer
His Last D.iys The Funeral
Service Dr. Laseron's Monument: The REV. B. F. JACOBl, MRS. and MI.SS
Deaamess's Institution .and Hospital, JACOBI, Konigsberg Saved from
Tottenham, Loudon 320340 Suicide luid leil to Christ- For tho

Contents.

PAGE. PAGE.
Young : Touching Death-bed of a MISSION HOUSE IN EAST
Hebrew ChiW
Christian 40.5, 40(i LONDON (with portrait of the Donor) 439, 440

THE LATE REV. SAMUEL ISAAC THE MISSION HOUSE PURCHASED,


GREEN One i)f tlie Society's Spiritual AND OPENED Our Medical Mission
sous in Victoria A Si)ecimen of his for the Jews, the first of the kind estab-
Letters ... 407, 408 lished in London (with portrait of the
REV. H. PHILIP, M.D., D.D., formerly present Superintendent) 441, 442
Medical Missionary in Palestine, and REV. J. DUNLOP'S JEWISH CLOCK

theu in Italy Services and Sewing The Voice of the Clock Facsimile of
Classes in the Ghetto of Rome For a postcard sent by Mr. Spurgeon con-
the Young A Jewish girl in the Ghetto
:

cerning the Clock The Clock and the
who had found Jesus Jews and Society commended by Mr. Spurgeon... 443445
Jewesses in the Ghetto confessing their

love to Christ A Jewess dying as she
THE RABINOWITZ MOVEMENT F.
Yeats Edwards, Esq., and Rev. John
held the hand of Dr. Philip His own Dunlop, the Society's Treasurer and
Departure 408420
Secretary, present at its inaugur.atiou in
MR. NEUMANN, formerly the master of a
Kischiuew Tlie Parable of the Wheel
large school in the Danubiau Provinces, given to Mr. Dunlop at the close of
afterwards and still a faithful Missionary the Conference ... 44,''.-44S
in HamburgA Specimen of his REV. GEORGE FRIEDMAN AND DR.
method Conversation with a Jew on
:

the Incarnation A Soul Winner 420, 421


FROHWEIN, our Missionaries in
Wilna, Russia ... 449
IMPORTANT TESTIMONY TO THE
SOCIETY'S WORK IN 1862 421424 IS THERE NO ROOM FOR THE
WANDERING JEW? 449
DR. & MRS. ZUCKERKANDL. Rust-
chuk; REV. L. & MRS. ROSENBERG, B. J. S. MAP OF RUSSIA, showing
Adrianople 422 Pale of Jewish Settlement 450

REV. PAULUS CASSEL, D.D., Berlin SIR GEORGE WILLIAMS, for many
His Life
and Work Interesting Anec- years a Valued Friend of the Society,
dote His Last Words ... ... 424, 425 and the Chairman of om- First Jubilee
PORTRAIT OF REV. M. NACHIM,
Meeting, at Exeter Hall His Excellent
and Inspiring Address, and the Con-
formerly a successful Missionary in
cluding Pas.sages of his fine Address to
Botushany, Roumania, afterwards and
the members of the Y.M.C.A. at the
now in Loudon ... 425 beginning of the Jubilee Year, 1894 ... 451452
REV. LEON ZUCKER, Missionary in
London 426, 427
OUR LATE PRESIDENT, W. G.
HABERSHON, Esq 453
FOE THE YOUNG- The Story of the
Work .among (Irjihans, 18li4 A young OUR PRESENT PRESIDENT, REV.
Convert's gre.ate.st trial ... 427432 J. HILES HITCHENS, D.D., Minister

PORTRAITS OF REV. P. DWOKKO-


of Eccleston Scjuare Church A
Successful Preacher, and
Lecturer,
WICZ, Dresden ; MR. E. WEISS,
Writer of Books Extract from his
Pressburg REV. C. A. SCHON-
;
Admirable Address at the Jubilee
BERGER, Vienna; REV. A.KAMERAS, Meeting in May, 1893 454-456
Vienna ... 430
PORTRAITS OF THE PRINCIPAL, DR. SAPHIR'S PLEA FOR THE
TEACHERS AND PUPILS OF THE SOCIETY'S MISSIONARIES, COM-
SCHOOL IN LEMBERG For the MITTEE, AND WORK 457, 458
Young Poem : The hapjjy Death of REV. JAMES H. RIGO, D.D., a Valued
a Scholar... 432434 Hon. Secretary and Vice-President 458
PORTRAITS OF REV. ISRAEL AND A DEPARTED HON. MEMBER OF
MRS. FRIEDBERGER, Birmingham ; COMMITTEE, the Late Rev. William
REV. THOMAS WIGLEV i: MR. Tyler, D.D 459
HESSEL LEVINSOHN, Manchester... 435
REV. W. L. ROSEDALE. LL.D., a
THE HOME Ff)R AGED CHRISTIAN Model Member of Committee and a
ISRAELITES AND TWO OF ITS Representative Vice-President ...
FIRST INMATES The Death of Mr.
PhUipson, aged 95 436438 DR. J. E. NEIIMAN, the Society's
Spiritual Son and Treasurer ...
PORTRAIT OF REV. PREBENDARY
CALTHROP, M.A., the Friend and F. YEATS EDWARDS, Esq., Acting

Spiritual Teacher of the Inmates 438 Treasurer... ...

FOR THE YOUNG The Story of the REV.JOHN DUNLOP, SecrcUuy ...

Fallen Leaf 438, 439


CONCERNING THE PORTRAITS OF
THE STORY OF THE GIFT OF A THE TREASURER, ACTING TREA-
THOUSAND POUNDS FOR A SURER, AUD SECRETARY
Contents. XIX

OVn VISIT TO A.MKHICA AND FOE THE YO0HG Little Sarah ami
CANADA IN l.H-r, BKAKlNi; KRflT Little ls;mc 47748.';
NOW 469
PORTRAITS OF OCR MISSION
INVASION OF ol'R MISSION , DEPUTU:S Revs. Aaron SU-rnbcrK
HorsE BY THK AMERICANS, / and Uaac Lcvinsobii ... ... ... 482
1890 470-472 OUR JUBILEE VISIT TO OUR
A REPLY To THK NKW CHIEF MISSIONARIES AND TO RABBI
RAIUtl IN 1891. ivhieU r.iiiiiiiis Un- LICIITENSTEIN 485486
answered up to date ... ... ... 472, 473 CONCLUDING PART OF THE
JUBILEE REPORT 486-487
ME.MBE1!S OF COMMITTEE AT THE
BEGINNING OF THE JUBILEE LAST WORDS 487
YEAR, 1892 474 A JUBILEE GROUP OF AVORKERS
REPRESENTATIVE MEMBER OF The last four added t<i our Staff... 488
COUNCIL AT THE COMMENCE- THE NEGLECTED JEWS: A Poem
MENT OF THE JUBILEE Rev. by the President 489
F. \V. Browu, M.A., of Clifton 475
THE GLORIOUS INGATHERING
THE SECRETARY'S ASSISTANTS... 470 FOR ETERNITY 490
\

'-T
^Vlcmories of 6ospc( (triumphs among tbc 3lcixis.

THE JUBILEE OF THE BRITISH SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION


OF THE GOSPEL AMONG THE JEWS.
THE SERVICE ON SUNDAY EVENING, ajar ; the harmonies and the melodies of the
NOVEMBER C, 1892. fountains and the waterfalls of Heaven the ;

sweet murmurs of the streams of the river


SPECIAL service in connection with the which makes glad the City of God.
A Sunday
on
Jubilee of tlie British Society was lield
eveninj:, November Gth, ]S'J2, in
It was fitting that He who came to effect
this deliverance should commence His ministry
Eccleston Square Churcli, Belgravia, London. in the year of Jubilee. As He read in the
There was a very larjje and attentive synagogue of Nazareth the appointed Sciip-
congi-egation. The preacher wa.s the Eev. ture. He could .say of it foi- the first time,
W. J.Adams, M.A., D.C.L., and late Rector " This day is this Scripture fulfilled. The
of AH Saints', Dorchester. His subject was, Spirit of tlie Lord God is upon ^lo; because
" John tlie JJapti.'ft's Message to Christ," as
the Lord hath anointed Me to pi'each good
recorded in Matthew xi. 2-5. From that ti<lings inito the meek ; He hath .sent Me to
text Dr. Adams delivered the following bind up the broken-hearted ; to proclaim
admirable sermon, in wdiich lie pressed home liberty to the captives, and the opening of
the duty of Christians to interest themselves the prison to them that are bound to pro- ;

in the well-being of the Jewish people. claim the acceptable year of the Lord."
But how was it, it may be askeil, that
The Sermon. shoi-tly after this proclamation, John the
was a glad day in Israel when the
It Ba[)tist, 1 1 is great fore-runnei-, appeared to
trumpet, sounding loud and long, from the doubt the Saviour's mission ? The ques-
Temple, proclaimed that the year of Jubilee tion is an important one, inasmuch as it has
had dawned. The bond-servant and the .attiacted the attention of the Jews, and
captive hasted to l)e free ; the piison doors encouraged them in their rejection of the
were opened injuries were forgiven and
: Mc.ssiahship of Je.sus.
enmities were forgotten alienated inheii-
; Now, in the first place, it is .all but impos-
tances returned to their original possessors ;
sible that John could have asked this question
and the very land had rest. with reference to any misgivings of his own.
Hut a greater Jubilee was at hand. A His mother, Elizabeth, was aware of the
Jubilee which shoidd reach higher, and supernatural character of the Saviour's bii-th,
peneti-ate deeper, and embrace a vastly wider and John, much of whose boyhood was prob-
range and nobler order of blessing. One ably spent in the company of Chri.st, could
which should not only aH'ect the relations not have been ignorant of the mystery which
between man and man, but between man enshrouded Him. Moreover, as the time
and God. Nor .slioidd it be for one nation drew near for the Saviour to enter upon His
only, but for the whole human race. public mini.stiy, a Divine impulse had come
For, }ieyond a doubt, the deliverance which upon John, and he issued forth as His fore-
the Go.spel brings Ls the ghuldest and the runner to pre]>aie His w.iy. In this cap.icity
greatest thing known on earth gladder : he hail pointed Him out to the peojile as the
than the song of the lark, which rises as it Lamb of (iod, who should take away the .sin
sings; gramler than the upward flight of of the world. He had borne testimony to
the eagle, as with iinHinching gaze it .soars Him as one inlinitely greater than himself,
maje.stically to the skies heaven's own music
; of whose increase there should be no end,
upon earth floating down through the gates and at His bapti.-m in the Jordan had seen
Memories of Gospel Triuviphs among the Jews.

Leaven opened, and heard the Divine voice this time to the re-estabUshment of their
proclaiming Him to be the Anointed One, ancient dominion, and then missed it as by a
and the well-beloved of the Father. hair's-breadth, is lamentable to contem-
it
The
rational conclusion, therefore, Ls that plate. no part of my plan to dwell
But it is
John's question was not put for his own upon that. The Sa\"iour, in His reply, does
satisfaction, but rather for the benefit of his not refer to the temporal kingdom, but
disciples. speaks only of the more spiritual de,signs of
But how, it may
be asked, came iJie;/ thus His coming, and of the proofs of His
to entertain doubts as to the Messiahship of Messiahship in general. And it is to these I
Chri-st ? The answer lies in the disappoint- wish now to di-aw your attention.
ment they felt in reference to the coming of John's disciples may be regarded as repre-
" The Kingdom." John had summoned the senting the Jewish nation at large. The
people to repent, because '' the Kingdom of Jews are still asking the question, "Art
Heaven was at hand." As though he had Thou He that should come, or do we look for
said ;
" The righteous King is near. But another ? " Christendom has answered that
you are not prepared to receive Him. Break question in the affirmative, and a mighty
off your sins by nghteousness for He will Church, which has existed for 2,000 years,
not spare. His fan is in His hand, and He enlightening the nations and gathering them
will throughlj' purge His floor and burn up into her fold, is satisfied with the credentials
the chaff with unquenchable fire. These of Jesus Christ. But the Jewish people still
words ice hear with little emotion, but among n-ithhold their faith. It is the special work
the Jews, burning with expectation, who had of this and kindred Societies, in the name of
been watching for this kingdom for centuries, the universal Church, to urge upon the Jews
and who were now eagerly looking for its the claims of Jesus. And it may be well for
immediate manifestation, they must have us Gentile Christians to embrace an oppor-
sounded like the blast of a trumpet, and as tunity like the present for considering how
startling as the shock of an earthquake. Xor weighty and sulficient those credentials are,
was it John only who had preached the near and how solid are the foundations on which
advent of the kingdom. When John was our faith is built. And, also, it may be well
silenced the Saviour Himself made the same for the benefit of our dear brethren (brethren
announcement. The people were roused, and henceforth in a truer and nobler sense) of
the whole land was moved. And now, John, the House of Israel, who are this night to be
just as the great event seemed to be at hand, enrolled among the disciples of Jesus, to pass
was cast into prison, and lay captive in under review the claims of the Prophet of
Herod's fortress of MachtPi-us. If Je.sus had Xazareth.
reallj"^ come to set the captives free, and to The Saviour appealed to His words and to
open the pi-ison doors, why did He not His works. " Go and show John again the
deliver His own Fore-runner? They had, things which }'e do /tear and see." Let us
indeed, heard the Saviour's wondrous words, then consider first the utterances of Jesus
and seen His mighty works, but where was Christ, and mark
the kingdom ? What signs were there that
He was about to " build up the Tabernacle I. THE MAGNIFICENT CLAIMS WHICH JESUS
of David which was fallen down ? " and that MADE.
the " Lord God was about to give Him the
Throne HLs father David ? "
of 1. T/ie Claim of Universal Dominion.
And so
they go to John, as he lay, solitary Prophecy foretold this of Messiah, Dan. vii.
and depressed, in Herod's dungeon tell him 13, U. The Father promised it, Ps. ii. 8.
their doubts and fears, and suggest, " ^\'llat The Saviour therefore asserted it. John
if we have mistaken the chai-acter of Messiah's xii. 32. " I, if I be lifted up
from the
mission ? Is Jesus really the Messiah who earth, will draw all men unto Me,' And
"
is to restore the kingdom to Israel ? immediately after the Ascension this amazing
" Go to Him," says John, " and tell Him claim began to be justified. The descendant
of the expectations of the people and of your of Shem subdued the sons of Japhet, Here
own disappointment, and learn from His own is a descendant of the House of Israel in
lips whether He be the Messiah or no. Ask whom representatives of all the races of the
Him plainly, Art Thou He who should
' earth have found and adored their King, He
"
come, or look we for another i '
has bent before His throne the a\sthetic sons
How near the Jewish people weip at of Greece, who in His Cross of ignominy have
The Jubilee Meetings of the British Society.

discovered a glory which none of their most fact that Jesus Christ does console the
gifted artists could rival. Before His sceptre troubled hearts of men. Wehave the testi-
have bowed the citizens of imperial Rome, mony of the poor and needy, the oppr&ssed
and when, in the ruin of that empire, bar- and the aftiicted in all ages since the words
barous races issued foi-th fi-om the far-olY were uttered, that Jesus has done and is
East, those restless souls bowed down in the doing what prophecy declared Messiah would
dust befoi-e a Majesty of which they liad do " He shall bind up the broken-hearted."
never dreamed. lie restrained the bmtality
:

3. Ilis claim to forgive sins. " That ye


of the Middle Ages, when, in the Eenaissance, may know that the Son of Man hath power
the antiquity which men had re-discovered on earth to forgive sins." This is what He
into.Nicated their minds. He took hold of said of Himself and that too in immediate
:

the Luthers and Calvins of the age. And in connection with the startling enijuiry, " Who
the succeeding age of .science, Coper- can forgive sins but God only ? " No one
nicus and Euler, Newton and Pascal, ever appeared on earth who dared to advance
and other great souls, devoted their genius to so tremendous a claim -a claim which the
Christ and their fellow-men. And so it is inward consciousness of millions, in calm
to-day. Ho is drawing all men unto Him. peace and tramjuility of mind has stamjied
Ami<l a meiciless hail of criticism, and under as ab.solutely true
for "the blood of Jesus
the full glare of the electric light, that Christ cleanseth from all sin," is the testi-
Sublime Figure stands calmly towering above mony of souls everywhere delivered from its
all human conceptions and ideals of grandeur, galling bondage.
unapproached and unapproachable. The little 4. Xor is this all.
Not only does Jesus
child born ii. IJethlehem is the great leader offer Himself as a spiritual deliverer from
of human thouglit, of h\iman enterpri.se, and inward and present misery, but He uses
of human progress. His name is above all language announcing a more mysterious
others the greatest. It is spoken in every power. He foretells an authority and
language, and is enshrined in the sacred dominion extending into the future woild.
rece.sses of the hearts of myriads, who would In language which must have startled His
gladly lay down their lives for His di^ar hearei^s and to which certainly they were
name. Even those who h.'tve withheld from unaccustomed. He declared, " Many will s;y
Him the homage of Dignity, have acknow- unto Me in that d;iy, Lord, Lord, have we
letlged that He and He alone is worthy to not prophesied in Thy name ? And in Thy
wield the sceptre of universal empire. " Rest, name have ca.st out devils ? And in Thy
then, upon Thy Throne, O thou victorious name done many wonderfvd works ? And
One ; for from hencefo'th, between Thee then will I profess unto them, I never knew
and God men will no longer distinguish." you, depart from !Me, ye that work iniquity."
Eenan, "Vie de Jesu." Now here is an assumption of power and
And the triumphs of the past and of the authority so august as to be incompatible
present are a sure pledge of the future. with the limitations of humanity. Clearly
" His Name shall endure, iVrc. Ps. Ix.xii. 1 7. He teaches that His power is not bounded
It is true there have been Alexanders who have by earth and time and His teaching is
aimed at universal empire. Hut they tought in perfect harmony with and indeed is the
it by force of arms ; He claimed it as a right. nece.s.sary crown of His marvellous life and
2. His Claim to impart Consolation. If death, His resurrection and glorious ascen-
we could only shake olf the deadening force .sion. That " before Him should be gathered
of familiar woriL*, we should be awed by the all nations" is in keeping with the state of
sense of greatness conveyed in such words as pre-eminent power and glory to which He
these " Come unto Me, all ye that are weary
: has ascended.
and heavy laden and I will give you rest." and 5. T/ie claim of Godhead.Awed as we are
should feel that we were li.stening to a Being by the consciousness of majesty and great-
such .IS never before, and never since, spoke in ness pertaining to One who claims to be the
human language. And mark the peculiarity future Judge of mankind, we have not yet
of the promise. Not as other teachers and reached the summit of His greatness not
philosophers have said, ' Take comfort and until we hear Him a.serting an absolute
consolation from .such and such truths and efjuality with God. " I and my Father are
such consiilerations," but, " Take comfort one." " I am Alpha and Omega, the begin-
from .V*-." " /will give you rest." You have ning and the ending, which is .and whicli
the great, the manifest, the incontestable was and which is to come, the Almighty."
B 2
"

Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

I am aware that theologians draw a distinc- that unlike all others, the teaching of
tion between Divinity and Deity, and the Jesus Christ is unchanging in the authority
assertion lias been made (as by Dr. Wendt, it possesses over the minds of men. In
the most recent of German writers on this every age and in every clime and in every
subject, in his work on " The teaching of race, His gospel exercises a marvellous power
Jesus") He did not claim Deity. True,
tliat and charm rules the conscience, subjugates
;

He may not have used the word, but He the will, and captivates the heart. The
claimed, asserted and exercised the preroga- spell which enchanted the hearers of the
tives of Deity
a fact which His enemies Lord to exclaim, " Never man spake like
perceived and made a ground of their con- this Man," has fallen upon the whole human
demnation of Him, that He being (to all race, and while Mohammed and Buddha
appearance only) a man, made Himself God. speak only to their own immediate disciples
That Jesus taught that He was the Son of and have no message for mankind at large,
God in a pre-eminent sense .and stood in the children of Shem and of Japheth and of
a near and unique relationship with the
Ham the Slav and the Saxon the German
Godhead cannot be denied if His words and the Latin, in countless millions listen to
are to be justly interpreted. Jesus as to One who speaks with authority
and as a teacher sent from God. Why is
II. THE SUBLIME CHAKACTEB OF HIS this?
TEACHING. 3. The originalili/ of His teaching. In
1. Its immutability/. He
alone of all three .short sentences what sublime views He
Teachers and Prophets foretold the per- gives of the Godhead CJod is love.
! God is
petual duration and abiding character of His light. God is a spirit.
teaching. Standing one day in view of the What value He stamps upon the human
Temple, He contra.sted its tenjporary ex- soul. His thrilling and unnnswered challenge
istence with the abiding nature of His own runs down the ages. " What is a man

words " Heaven and earth sliall pass away profited if he shall gain the whole world and
but Mywords shall not pass away." And lose his own soul, or what .shall a man give in
yet it is remarkable that when He uttered exchange for his soul ? "
this prediction and for many years after, not What beauty and sacredness does He hang
one of His words was written down They ! around the blow of infancy and childhood ?
were only confided to the memory of a few " Suffer the little children to come unto Me,
poor simple men, who liardly understood and forliid them not, for of such is the
them. If the threat of Diocletian to buin Kingdom of Heaven !

up all the Christian books, had been realised, With what wisdom He assessed the true
immediately new copies would have been value of earthly possessions. Instance the
written, taken from the memories and hearts reply to the man in Luke xii., and the
of countless thousands of believers who had parable which followed.
preserved them saci-edly as their greatest In general, with regard to the teaching of
earthly treasure. The teaching of Christ, Jesus Christ, I fearlessly throw out this
preserved in four little frail books, has challenge : Where else will you find a
become the glorious heritage of succeeding teaching to surpass it? Nay, where else
generations of mankind, who will preserve it will you find a teaching to compare with it ?
.so long as man shall continue on the earth Think of the Sermon on the Mount Think !
;

until it has taught its last lesson and of the Parables Can you improve upon
!

conferred its last blessing on mankind. the beauty, the pathos, the solemnity, the
2. abiding inflitence.
Its You may say eloquence of the Parables of the Good
perhaps that in this perpetual preservation Samaritan or the Prodigal Son 1 If you
of the recorded teaching of Christ, there is wanted to alter the teaching of Jesus Christ,
nothing very remarkable or peculiar to where would you begin ? " Blessed are the
Himself. The writings of other teachers, pure in heart, for they shall see God."
poets, philosophers, the Homers and the Would you alter that ? " Be ye therefore
Platos have been preserved too and have perfect, even as your Father which is in
come down to us from ancient times and are Heaven peifect."
is Would you lower that
now the common property of mankind. And inspiring utterance ? Surely His words are
it may be asked in what respects does the burning, living, stimulating, life-giving words,
preservation of the teaching of Jesus Christ and if the teaching of Jesus Christ could be
differ from that of others ? I reply in this blotted out from the memory of mankind,
.

Thi' .hihilei' Meetings of I/a' Jiritis/i Society.

a morally (Jeforined race won Id arise, niton the lame man shall Irap as an hart, and
whose (lark sky siifli sacred stars as duty, (he tongue of the diuub shall sing. "Go
lovo, faitli, jiardon, eternal life, would set to and show John again, the things ye do
rise no more. see."
3. The modern tendenoj is to undervalue
in. THE STUrESDOUS WORKS HE WIIOUOHT. the miracles. It may be that in former days
1 Mark tlm rich jrroduialUi/ of the list. too much stress wa.s laid upon them as
" The blind receive their sight ; and the evidences of the truth of Chri.stianity, to the
lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the neglect of the jiroof which arise.-? from the
deaf hear, the dead are raised up." Jjong subject matter and teaching of the Gospel.
familiarity Jjut on the
with the mar- other hand, we
vellous cata- must beware of
logue blunts uiiderva luing
our minds to the enormous
these extraordi- significance of
nary triuiiipiis the miracles
over the forces and the tre-
of nature. mendous issues
Witliout any at stake. For
set harangue either Jesus
about the gran- Christ dill stop
deur of His thefuneral pro-
office, or the cession at the
dignity of His Gate of Nain,
nature, or the and in the
greatness or |ir(>scncc of the
ditliculty of the uiouincrs .and
iiiiiacles He the iriultitude
was out to
al which followed,
work, he pro- say " Young
ceeds with infi- man, I .say unto
nite ease to put thee arise," or
to the ]iroof his He did not.
amazing power. Either He did
But alas! His go to the gra\e
stupendous of Lazarus and
works become cry " La/.arus,
as familiar to come forth," or
us as tlie events He (lid net.
of ordiiiarylife, It He did not,
and the career then His whole
of tlie most life wa,s an im-
extraordinai-y jjosture the
;

Being t hat ever Gospel is a


lived on earth
Tlie Founder of ttie London Sucictij and the Forerunner of the British Sociili/.^^ , ! ^ .

is regarded laith IS vain.


with an interest almost inferior to the halo Jiut if He did, then He fulfilled the predicted
which encircles the great men of our own acts of Messiah, and He was that which these
day,who are yet unworthy to stoop down mii'acles were wrought to prove.
and unloose the latchet of the sandals of 4. The cavils (f the Jews that the miracles
Jesus Christ. were pious frauds is easily brought to an
These miracles fulfiUed proj)hec>j.
2. This i.ssue. Let the Jews produce the evidence
is important, for if Je-sus had wi-ought no that God wrote with His own haml the
miracles, how could He have claimed to be Tables of the Law and delivered them to
the Messiah ? " Thy dead men shall live." Moses on Sinai, and we will put alongside of
Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, this evidence the proofs that God raised
and the ears of the de-af shall be unstopped : Jesus from the dead. Let the Jews give ua
; :

MeraOries of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

the evidence of the truth of the magnificent word of exhortation. Let this adorable
miracles by Moses which it is asserted were Redeemer be more and more the joy of your
the means of the deHverance of their fathers life; tell out abroad His wondrous love. His
from Eg3'pt, and we will supply the evidence mighty acts of grace, lift Him up in the
which estabhshes the miracles of Jesus Christ. estimation of all around you defend His
;

And we are willing to call in as umpires to honour and maintain His cause; and, above
decide the question as to the side on which the all, show forth His praise by a holj' and con-
gi-eatest amount of evidence lies, any of the sistent life.

great lights of learning who are not committed The Society which now appeals for your
to either faith and we have not the shadow
; support has been greatly honoured in bringing
of a doubt as to what the decision will be, into the fold of the Good Shepherd very many
that tliere is not more convincing pioof for of the scattered sheep of Israel. It is worthy
one than the other, and also that the mii-acles of your sympathy. I say this with a confi-
of Christ are more glorious than those of dence born of knowledge. Through your
Moses wider in their range ; fuller in their prayers and encouragement, it shall yet be
love more significant in their teaching
; instrumental in turning increasing multitudes
appealed to a higher realm of thought and ; of the children of Israel to the Lord their
wrought for a Diviner purpose, because upon God.
their truth depends the true salvation of
mankind. Baptism of a Jewish Family, and the
5. Nor can Jews and Sceptics any logger
denounce the Gospels as unhistorical. Lords Supper.
Will they be more destructive in their After the sermon, the pastor, who is also
criticism than Eenau ? Are they more the president of the British Society for the
competent than he to decide the question of Jews, the Rev. Dr. J. Hiles Hitchens,
the authenticity of the Grospels ? Sceptic as baptized five Jewish converts to the Christian
he was, with poison in his golden goblet to religion, viz., Joseph Gibson, Abigail Gibson
pour into the sweet and pure wine of the (his wife), and their family, Sarah, David,
Christian verity, he yet was over-ruled to and Dinah. The adult candidates audibly
render it one great service. He compelled responded to several questions as to their
Europe, by the fame of his genius and the voluntary submission and heartfelt accep-
brilliancy of his language, to listen once more tance of Christ. They were then baptized
to the story of the marvellous and unrivalled with water from the River Jordan. The
life. He turned the eyes of men once more to ordinance of the Lord's Supper then followed.
the cross on Calvary and laughed to scorn the The Revs. Dr. Adams, Dr. Hiles Hitchens, E.
recklessness of the German criticism which O. C. Roeder, and Paul J. Turquand took
had denounced the Gospels as nottrustworthy, part in the service. The area of the church
and the story of Jesus as a myth. It is not was filled with Communicants.
too much to say that Renan has settled this
question for generations to come, and
triumphantly defeated the daring attempt to
destroy the faith in the glorious revelation of THE MEETING ON MONDAY, NOV. 7.
God and for thi.s, his unwilling testimony to
;

the substantial accuracy of the Gospel history The Jubilee Meeting was held on Monday
we may well be thankful, for scepticism has evening, November 7th, in Lower Exeter
uttered its last word, and that word is Hall. The e.steemed president of the Society,
"faith." the Rev. J. Hiles Hitchens, D.D., ably
In conclusion, let me say to our brethren occupied the chair, and in his opening
of the House of Israel who are now to be address gave a splendid keynote to the
admitted by Baptism into the Church of meeting. Mr. Henry Evans, the organist and
God, go to your people, and the synagogue, choir-master connected with our President's
and tell them what a glorious Redeemer you church, and members of his choir, rendered
have found say to them, \Ve have found Him
;
us excellent service by leading us in sacred
of whom Moses in the Law and the Prophets song.
did write. May you be faithful to Him The meeting was begun by singing the
even unto death, that you may receive fiom following beautiful hymn, which was written
Him a crown of life. for the occasion by a long tried and valued
To all this congregation let me give the friend
The Jubilee Meetings of the British Society,

Joyful the year of Jubilee, Now a Jubilee a festival of Jewish


is
In Huniiy days of ynre, origin. Moses was directed by God
to enact
Wlifii tniMipet-l>liusts Jiuloan hills
a law that there should be not only a Sab-
Kcluied from ahure tn shore.
Xiiw Hilenee reigiis, anil diirkeniug clouds batical year, but that at the end of every
Shallow the goodly land ;
seventh Sabbati<-al year there should be a
Scittered throughout the world's wide sweep, solemn season of rest and rejoicing known as
iHrael's once favoureil band.
the Jubilee. Appropriating this idea, we in
Their wondrous history we trace,
modern times have had festivals at the expi-
With keen pathetic zest, ration of fifty yeai-s of a monarch's reign, a
Longing to guide their weary feet man's life, a Christian minister's career,
Wliere they may safely rest, and a society's history.
Beneath the cross of Him whose name
They scornfully despise
As
this Society is for the benefiti of the
:

Oh ! Saviour dear, by healing touch, Jews, I want, for a min\ite or two, to carry
< )pen their blinded eyes. your thoughts back to the Jewish Jubilee,
and deduce from it one or two practical
We thank Thee, Lord, for quicken'd zeal, lessons.
For yearning, tender love
First the Jubilee year among the Jews
Flooding the hearts of Christian men,
Their sj'uipathy to prove, of old was to be one of rejoiciny. It was
With the conipasiiion Jesus felt proclaimed by a flourish of trumpets through-
For Israel's wandering sheep. out the land. Happy greetings between
With Him we pray, " Father,
With Him in pity weep.
forgive,
man and man prevailed. The slaves were
freed, were worn, and festive
garlands
With reverent joy our Jubilee, amusements abounded. Now we want
Wecelebnite to-day. this Jubilee year of our Society to be
For faithful service, generous gifts, one of rejoicing. AVe do not meet here
Tro()hies Thy grace display.
with gloomy spirits and downcast faces.
We praise Thee, Giver of all good,
Yet plead with courage bold We are glad. We are grateful. We are
Fulfilment of Thy gracious pledge free. For the first time for long we
Hy prophet-seers foretAjld. meet delivered from all the discomfort and
annoyance covered by that ugly little word
Great Spirit, missioned from above
To spread pure Christly light.
debt. We rejoice to-night that the Society

Oh Ha-sh the truth on Hebrew minds.


!
was ever founded. We rejoice over the
Put doubting thoughts to flight. great things has accomplished. We rejoice
it
Come cloud or sunshine, calm or storm, at what is now being done, and the noble
Onward our motto be. band of men now at work. We rejoice at the
Our rallying watchword, sharp and clear,
" For Christ and Victory " I
prospect of seeing still greater things than
K. P. R.
these. Indeed, we are reivdy to sing our
Jubilate with a clear, loud voice, and a hope-
The Rev. E. BaylifTe, B.A. (h.te of
S. ful, happy heart.
Bristol, now
London), offered earnest
of Then, secondly, the year of Jubilee was
prayer, and the Rev. T. Wigley, secretary one of rest. The Jews were not to sow nor
at Manchester, read impres-sively the 67th reap, nor gather their grapes. So there is a
Psalm. sense in which we wish tliis year to be a year
of rest- -not the rest of indolence, inactivity,
The President's Address. and indifference, but the re.st of complacency,
confidence, reinvigoration, and hope
the rest
We have gathered tliis evening to celebrate of the faith in the unchanging promi.se and
tlie Jubilee of the " Briti.sh Society for the fidelity of God. In the pass of Giencoe there
Propagation of the Gospel among the Jew.s." is, or there used to be, a seat wth the words,
Fifty year.s ago, several devout men like " Rest and be thankful." It was not intended
Ridley Herschell (the father of the present that they who accepted the advice should
Lord Chancellor), Dr. Andrew Bonar, and remain for ever there, but that they should
Robert M'Cheyne, felt that notwithstanding pause, review the way, and brace themselves
all the efforts made on behalf of tlie Jews, up for a renewed effort thiough the [iiuss.
enough wa,s not being done for a race of Just so, we say, let this year be one of i estful,
people so honoured of God. Soon November confiding reviewal of God's goodnes.s to His
7th, 1842, this Society was established, to be people, and to us as a society, which shall lead
worked on purely undenominational lines. to fresh and more forceful endeavours to

Memories of Gospel Triumphs anioiig the Jexvs.

bring men to Christ.


. We have rest from the founding of the Societ}-, and a vivid
pecuniaiy anxiety and needless worry let us
; summary of the 50 yeare' grand work :

" rest in the Lord, and wait patiently for Him,"


and He will grant us the desires of our hearts. MEMORIES OF C40SPEL TRIUMPHS
But thirdly, the Jubilee year was to be one AMONG THE JEWS DURING THE
of restitution. Houses and lands were to be VICTORIAN ERA.
restoi'ed to' their rightful owners. We want
this Jubilee year to be one of restitution. All that I can do this evening is to
Every now and then you see in our daily select two or three golden threads out of
papers a paragi-aph headed " conscience- the outside fringe of this vast subject, and
money," on i-eading which you find that some set before you some of the Forerunners,
person, whose name is given, has sent to the Founders, and a few of the first and last
Chancellor of the Exchequer a certain sum of Fruits of the British Society. The first
money which he feels he ought to have paid thread is the work of Joseph Samuel C. F.
before into the Treasury of the country. Frey, who was at once the Founder of the
Now, if professedly Christian men and London Society, and one of the Forerunners
women will look back over their past, and of the BritLsh Society. The second thread is
then look at their obligations to the Jew, the Mission of Inquiry into the state of the
they will iind they have done little, perhaps Jews in Palestine and other lands, undertaken
nothing, for Israel. Think of these wonderful by Dr. Black, of Aberdeen, Dr. Keith, of
people, whose history runs like a golden St. C3'rus, Robert M'Cheyne, of Dundee,
thread through the tangled skein of every and Andrew Bonar, of Collacc. The third
nation's life ; think of their contributions to thread is the conversion and consecration of
literature, art, science, and politics ; think Ridley Haim Herschell, who was to the
that from them came our Holy Redeemer, British Society all that Mr. Frey was to the
and through them came our Book of books ;
London Society, and something more.
and then think "what return have I made ?"
Take the sum into the precincts of the cross The First Thread.
of Jesus. There calculate, as in Christ's Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey was born on
presence, what you owe, and let this be the September 21st, 1771, in Maynstockheim,
year of restitution
the Jubilee. near Kitzingen, in Franconia, Geimanj'.
Sirs, Christ, the young Jew, loved His There were several links in the chain of his
Jewish brethren. He sought their conversion conversion and jireparation for his great work
lirst. He told His disciples to begin at among his brethren.
Jerusalem. Peter, entrusted with the Gospel 1. His uncle had embraced Christianity
keys, opened the dooi's to the Kingdom of and had lived and died a Christian.
Heaven first to the Jews. Yes, Christ's 2. His sister's deliverance from death, in
heart was set upon the well-being of His answer to the fervent supplications of his
race, and can we who wish to follow His ljiou.s father, made a deep imjiression upon
example be indifferent. When Bruce of him when a boy, and continued to influence
Scottish fame died, he wished his heart to be him powerfully even when he had become,
interred in the holy sepulchie at Jerusalem. like Mnason, an old disciple. He says: "One
Douglas, his brave warrior-servant, placed of my sisters, aged about five j-ears, after an
the heart in a casket and set out with the illness of a few days, wa-s found wrestling
precious relic. Being almost overcome by the with death. My father, who was then in his
Moors as he passed thiough Spain, he took the study, or place of devotion, being informed of
casket from beneath his garment and threw it, simply replied, All is well,' and remained
'

it among the men who were opposing him, undisturbed. About two hours afterwartls
shouting that where the heart of Bruce went, my sister was found dead. My
father, on
a Douglas wouUl follow. Shall not this spirit being immediately made acquainted with the
fire us 1 The heart of Christ went out to fact, said '
I will come and see her.' About
His Jewish biethren. He yearned for their four hours after this, whilst all the family
salvation. Shall not we follow Him ? Let and friends were in the deepest distress, mj'
us begin to-night and make this Jubilee year dear father entered the room, approached
memorable. the bed, touched the child's hand, and said
' My beloved To
daughter, how are you ? '

The Rev. Dunlop, the Secretary, gave


J. our great astonishment, at that moment,
the following deeply interesting account of the child opened her eyes, which had been
'

Till' ,1 iili'dee Meetings of tlw British ^SorlHi/.

covered over, and atiked for a drink (if water. who will come again (to reign over the earth a
My sister {iriidimlly recovered, and J have not tliou.sand years), and judge the whole world
yet been infornie<l of lier <leatii. O, liow in lighteousnes."
gi'eat is the power of ])myer! Lord increase 4. ]n going fioni Ilandnn'g to Schwerin,
my faith, and give me a greater portion of he met and had conver.sat ion with a Jewish
the spirit of piayer and supplication." teacher, who had found Christ, and wjia
3. W'lien lie was lea\ing lioine at the age delighted to give a r(Mi.soii of the hope that
of twenty-one, the farewell words of his godly was burning in his soul like a .star. Ho took
fatlier .sank deep into lie:ut. lie describes out his Bible and rea<l, " Behold, the days
the scene thus:
"On the day of my de-
liis

come, saith the Lord, that I w-ill make a new


parture, my dear fatlier accompanied me a covenant with the house of Israel, and with
little waj' out of the town, and at the moment the house of Judah, not accor<ling to the
of parting he laid his hands upon my head to coven.'int that I made with their fathei-s in
give me a part- the day that I
ing blessing. fl took them by
The words he the hand to
made use of bring them out
\v ere t h ii s of tlie land of
deeply im- Kgypt, which
pressed on my My covenant
mind, and will they brake, al-
never lie for- though 1 was
gotten by me. a husband to
They were them, .saith the
these : '
The Lord V)ut this
:

Angel of the shall be the


Covenant be covenant that
with thee.' I will make
Little did I with the house
think that he of Israel:
alluiled to the After those
Aiiijel Jr/toiiih, days, saith the
who appealed Loi-d, I will
to the patri- write My law
archs Abra- in their inward
ham, Isaac, parts, and
and Jacob; write it in their
that spoke to he a its: and
Moses out of will be their
the liery bush ;
God, and they
that gave to shall be My
Israel the law people." " You
from !Mount perceive," .said
Sinai ; and of REV. BOBEBT M. M'clIEY.NE. he, "that the
whom Jehovah covenant of
Himself Behold, I send an angel before
said, '
ceremonies should be succeeded by another
thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring and better covenant. It is evident, therefore,
thee into the place which I have piepared. that the former has ceased, for sacrifices, which
Beware and obey His voice provoke
of Ilini, ; were the life of all other ceremonies, as well as
Him not,
//<; for
trill not pardon ijoiir Jerusalem, the jilace where they were to be
transijresBions : for My Xaine is in Ilim oflered up, are both no more the new
'
;

Neither did I then conceive what I now firmly covenant must have been ratified, and this was
believe, viz., that that very Angel Jehovah is done when Jesus died on the cross and the
Jesus of Nazareth, Who, in the fulness of veil of the temple was rent from the top to
time, was born at Bethlehem, died on Mount the bottom." This part of Scripture which
Calvary to atone for our sins rose again for ; had been so brought Ijefore Mr l-'rey's notice
our ju>tilication for ever liveth at the right
; for the fii-st time, and read and explained
hand of God to make interce.ssion for us, and with the accent of Christian connction,
10 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jetvs.

greatly impressed him and formed one of the his future sphere and work, and which was
important turning points in his Hfe. afterwards literally fulfilled.
5. His meeting with the Kev. Dr. Haupt
at Wismar, to whom he went weekly for
" Dream. I read in a paper, that the two
brethren, Palm and Ulbrieht, a.s well as myself,
instruction, where he saw for the first time
were to preach in London that the Jews in
:

in his life a copy of the New Testament, and partioidar were fin a most affectionate manner)
where by comparing the Messianic prophecies invited to the discourse which I was to deliver.
of the Old Testament with the fulfilment, The appointed day approached an immense
;

recorded in that New Testament, he was crowd collected, and I was enabled to preach to
soon convinced that Jesus is the Christ. them with great freedom, and to lift up my
voice like a trumpet. I thought that the effect
6. His meeting with a gentleman who of this discourse was, that I was afterwards
gave him a letter of recommendation to the desired to stay in London, to preach bc)th to Jews
Rev. Mr. Cortum, the Lutheran pastor, of and Christians : to which
replied that I could
I
New Brondenburg. Mr. Cortum showed him not ]iossibly part with my
dear brethren. Palm
great kindness, supplied his temporal wants, and Ulbrieht, and let them go alone but that;

gave him Christian instruction twiceaweek,at if the directors would send for another mission-

length baptized him on the 8th of May, 1798, ary, to accompany those brethren, I would con-

and gave him, according to the custom in sent ; and with which the directors having
complied, I resolved to remain in England."
Germany when a Jew is baptized, new names.
The names wei'e Christian Frederick Fi-ey ;
The Directors of The London Missionary
Christian, to indicate the religion he had Society decided that Mr. Frey should remain
embraced Frederick, which means rich in
; in England and labour among his brethren.
peace, to express his good wishes for him ;
But as he knew nothing of the English lan-
and the surname Frey, which means free, to guage, they resolved that he should be sent
remind him of the text of the sermon preached to the Missionary Seminary in Gosport under
on the occasion " And ye shall know the
; the care of the Rev. David Bogue, in whose
truth, and the truth shall make you free." church we had the pleasure of pleading the
" If the Son, therefore, shall make yow free, claims of the British Society some years ago.
ye shall hejree indeed." There, under that noble Tutor, Mr. Frey was
7. His meeting with Messrs. Michaelis trained and thoroughly equipped for his life
and Thormon, two experienced disciples, who work. In May, 1805, he left Gosport to
took him by the hand and pointed out to him begin his labours among his brethren in
the life that should be lived by those who London, under the auspices of the Directors
call themselves Christians. of 7'/ie London Missionary Society. On July
8. On Saturday, June 22nd, 1799, he 6th, 1805, at their reque.st, he began weekly
arrived at Berlin, where, as in other places, lectures at the Rev. Mr. Bell's chapel, Jewry
he earned his living as a shoemaker, and Street, Aldgate, which was attended by num-
where he was led to enter the Missionary bers of Jews, some of whom were blessed, and
Seminary there, in order to be trained for by Christian ministers, among whom was the
mission work. In June, 1801, while he was Venerable John Newton, who was seen
there, the Directors of T/ie London Missionary bathed in tears. At this time Mr. Frey was
Society had wi'itten for three missionaries to the only gospel preacher in the world to his
be assistants to Dr. Vander Kemp in Africa. own brethren. The difficulty of finding em-
The thi'ee brethren chosen, after earnest ployment for, and dispensing temporal relief
prayer by the Superintendent, the Rev. Mr. to needy converts, caused such friction among
Jaenicke, were brothers Palm, Ulbrieht, and some of the Directors, that it led to the resig-
Frey, who left Berlin for London on the 11th nation of Mr. Frey, and to his formation,
of July, 1801. On Tuesday, September 15th, along with others, of the London Society jor
they reached Gravesend. Messrs. Palm and PromotiiKj Cliristiunity amongst the Jews"
Ulbrieht were allowed to proceed to London which was begun on the 4th of August, 1808,
soon after their ariival, but Mr. Frey was with a committee composed of C'hristians of
obliged to wait behind for two days until a diflferent evangelical denominations. That
passport was forwarded. Thus detained and committee purchased the lease of the French
unable to speak a word of English, he felt Protestant Church, situated at the corner of
much depressed. In the evening he prayed Church-street and Brick-lane, Spitalfields,
very earnestly for guidance. About two and called it "The Jews' Chapel." There
o'clock a.m., he had the following striking Mr. Frey began a lecture which attracted
dream, which had much to do with determining large congregations, among whom were from
;

The JvMlee Meelinf/a of the British Society. 11

two to three hundred Jews, a considerable " Here, my Boul, thy trust repose.
Jeans is forever tliine
If
ininiber of whom publicly confessed Christ ;

Not death itself, tliat last of foes,


by baptLsin. Here again the difficulty of Can break a uuiuii so Divine."
finding employment for the converts seemed
almost insurmountable. Hei-e, also, another Thus, with firm footing in the Eock of
problem pressed for solution, which culmin- Ages, with not a cloud above, not a fear
ated in the voluntary withdrawal of all the within, in perfect peace, J. S. Christian
Nonconformists from the institution, and its Frederick Frey ascended to the star-domed,
reconstruction on a Church of England basis, many-mansioned City of Glory, more than a
when the Rev. Lewis Way stepped forward conqueror, through llim that loved him and
and gavelU,000, by which the debt, which gave Him.self for him.
threatened its extinction, became a vanished
quantity, and which laid the foundation of The Second Thread.
its future stability and success. Mr. and Mrs.Woodrow built up in Glasgow,
This change led also to Mr. Frey's separa- by the aid of the Divine Spirit, a sweet home
tion from the Society which he had been the from which there went up fervent believing
means of forming, and which he lovingly prayer, and went out untiring practical
called his own child
a child which he sympathy on behalf of God's ancient and
never ceased to pray for, and in whose grow- everlasting people, for about forty years.
ing prosperity he greatly rejoiced. Mr. Woodrow was the author of a solid
During his nine years of mis.sionary labours book on unfulfilled prophecy. It was he
here, he had preached the Gospel to his who stirred up the General Assembly of the
brethren and advocated the claims of Jewish Church of Scotland to send forth a deputa-
mi.ssions through all parts of England, tion to inquire into the condition of the Jews
Wales, Scotland and Ireland, with blessed in Palestine and other lands. He was the
financial and spiritual results. wTiter of the admirable address which the
After this God had a great work for His General Assembly adopted as their letter to
servant to do in Americii, where for a time the sons and daughters of Abraham, scattered
he was the able and faithful pastor of a throughout the world, which was translated
Presbyterian Church in New York, and into several languages and circulated among
afterwards of Baptist Churches in Newark the Jews in many lands, even by ilrs. Woodrow
and Sing Sing where he was the means of
; herself, in spite of her widowhood, the
founding and fostering IVie American Society infirmities of age, and the fatigues produced
for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews by long journeys in foreign countries.
where, from hLs arrival in 1816 to 183", he The deputation sent forth by the General
had been privileged to travel upwards of A.ssembly in 18.'j9, consisted of Dr. Black,
50.000 miles and preach five thousand one Dr. Keith, Robert MCheyne, and Andrew
hundi-ed and forty-seven times, with good Bonar. Mr. Woodrow was unable to go
grounds for the conviction that hundreds of through illness.
souls had been spiritually and permanently Robert M'Cheyne w.as the instrument of
blessed. doing a great work for God in Dundee. Even
During the last nine months of his life, his look in the pulpit had led to thesaU-ation
as he was walking through the valley of dark of souls. And yet his health became so
shadow, he was sometimes in unspeakable impaired that he was obliged to withdraw
bodily p lin, and yet he could exclaim with from his pulpit and his flock. He went to
Paul, " Goi hath not given me the spirit of hLs old home in Edinburgh, with the pillar of
fear, but of power, and of love and of a cloud and fire going before as a guiding,
sound mind." He made the remark again guarding, and gladdening light. The most
and again, " My JewLsh brethen have often momentous results often hang upon the
said that I was a hypocrite, and that I should slenderest threads, that God, the Almighty
never die a Christian but / ;'//( Uiem to know
: Maker, Mover, and Master of the Universe,
that the;/ vere miitaktn.'' A few hours before may have all the glory. Our venenilile
his death he was asked, " Are the skies still friend, Dr. Andrew Bonar, in his Ix-autiful
bright before you ? " "0 yes / have never Memoir Jl'Cheyne, gives one of those
luvl a doubt."
;

Soon after this he was asked


of
threads in the following passage " He :

in regard to his standing in Christ and his (M'Cheyne) was still hoping for, and
peace in the prospect of death, and he replied, submissively asking from the Lord, speedy
" Unshaken." restoration to his people in Dundee,
12 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

and occasional!)- sending to them an epistle filled with joy and wonder. His medical
that breathed the true pastor's soul when ; friends highly ap})roved of the proposal, as
one da}', as he was walking with Dr. Cand- being likely to conduce very much to the
lish, conversing ontlie Mission to Israel which
removal of his complaints, the calm, steady,
had lately been resolved on, an idea seemed excitement of such a journey being likely to
suddenly suggested to Dr. Candlish. He restore the tone of his whole constitution."
asked Mr. M'Cheyne what he would think of It was now burnt in upon M'Cheyne's heart

KEY. ANDREW A. BOXAR, D.D.


Author of " Narratire of A Mission to the Jews," "Memoir and Remains of En: Rohert M. M'Oieyne,"
and other works.

" being useful to the Jewish cause, during his that he ought to respond to what he was
cessation from labour, by going abroad to convinced was a Divine call to him to arise
make personal inquiiies into the state of and visit the Holy Land on behalf of the
Israel ? " The idea thus suggested led to all Jews. But some of his people could not bear
the after results of the Mission of Inquiry. the thought of parting with their beloved
Mr. M'Cheyne found himself all at once pastor, and they did all they could to persuade
called to carry .salvation to the Jews as he him not to go. It was hinted that the soul-
had hitherto done to the Gentiles, and his soul saving work at home would be hindered if he
The Jiihilce MeetiTiga of the British Society. 13

left them. But after he had the assurance to me in many a dark hour. God has
that his lifeloiiff friend, Andrew Bonar wonderfully presei-ved us through your
would accompany him, nothing could move prayers. In the south of the Holy Ljind
him from his jiurpose. They went, and it we were daily expj.sed to the plague. Every
was while they were away on th:;i/ mission of night we heard the wail of the mourners going
love to the Jews, that a revival burst forth al)out the streets of Jerusalem yet no plague
;

in Kilsyth anil in Mr. M'Cheyne's Church, came near our dwelling."


Dundee, the lilcssed ett'ects of wiiich will not
hefully known until the books are opened in HERE IS ANOTllEK.
the great Hereafter. " Of the Holy Land I can only say, like the
In Mr. M'Cheyne's Tenth Pastoral Letter, Queen of Sheba, '
that the half was not told
headed and dated, Ereslau in Prussia, me.' I shall always reckon it one of the
October 16th, 18.39, there are two or three greatest temporal blessings of my lot, that I
word pictures which show that afflictions are have been led to wander over its mountains,
included in the catalogue of God's choice.st with my
Bible in my hand to sit by its
benedictions that His tenderest mercies
; wells, and to meditate among its ruined
often come to us hidden under the wings of cities. Not a single day did we spend tliere
His roughest winds. without reading, in the land itself, the most
wonderful traces of God's anger and of
HEKE IS OXE OF THESE FICTURES. His love. Several times we went to the
" From the day we left Egypt till we came Mount of Olives, to the (iarden of Geth.se-
to !Mount
Lebanon, for more than two njane, to the Pool of Siloam, and to the
months we were con.stantly journeying from village of Bethany, and every stone .seemed to
place to place, living in tents, without the speak of the love of God to sinners. These
lu.xury of a chair or a bed. In these circum- places are probably very little altered from
stances, with my weak body, and under a what thej' were in the days when Jesus
burning sun, you must not wonder at my tabernacled among men, and they all seemed
.silence. At the foot of Mount Carrael I to say, ' Hereby perceive we the love of God,
began one letter to you, and again in sight of because He laid down His life for us.' "
the Sea of Galilee I began another, but When Dr. Black, Dr. Keith, Robert
neither did I get finished. Last of all, M'Cheyne and Andrew Bonar returned, they
before leaving the Holy Land, I set apart a had a story to tell which stirred the C'hiistian
day for writing to you, but God had another heart of Great Britain and Ireland to its
lesion for me to learn. He laid me down very depths.
under a burning fever, bringing me to the In 1841, Mr. M'Cheyne visited Ireland on
verj' gates of death. Indeed, my dear people, behalf of Israel. He was on the platform on
I feel like whom the Lord Jesus
Lamrus, the great day of the union of the Irish
raised from the tomb. I feel like one sent a Presbyterian Synods. During his visit he
second time with the message of salvation, pleaded the cause of the Jews from various
to speak it more feelingly and more faithfully pulpits, and aa the re-sult of his appeals
to your heart.s, as one whose eye had looked a memorial was presented at the sitting of
into the eternal world. In all our wanderings the First A-s-sembl}-, founded on which they
you have been with me by night and by day. sent forth, in 1842, their first little company
Every scene of Immainiel's land brought you of missionaries to seek the lost sheep of the
to my remembrance, becau.se every scene tells Hou.se of Israel.
of Jasus Christ and Him crucified. In the Dr. Black's fall from the back of his
wilderne.ss, in Jeru.salem, beside the Sea of camel, and his fear that he would not be
Smyrna, on the Black Hea, on the
Galilee, at ah)le to endure the fatigue of a journey into
Danube, you have len all with me. I have, Galilee, led him and his fellow traveller. Dr.
day and night, unceasingly laid your case Keith, to return home by Constantinople
before God. It has been one of my chief and the Danube, and to vi.sit Vienna and
comforts, that though 1 could not preach Pesth. In I'esth Dr. Keith was seized with
to you, nor come to you, I could yet pray for an illness which continued itntil they made
you. Perhaps I may obtain more for you in the important discovery that there was a
this way, than I could have done by my wide door open in Hungary for a Gospel
personal services among you. Another joy to Mi.ssion to the Jews. So, when enthusiasm
me has been, that I know all of j-ou who on behalf of Israel was awakened, as it had
pray, pray for me. This has been a lamp never been before, by such discourses as
a : "

u Memories of Gospel Trin'm.'pha among the Jews.

Dr. Bonar and Mr. M'Cheyne delivered, a NATIONAL SCOTCH CHURCH, REGENT
specimen of which will be found on page 30, SQUARE.
it was resolved to begin a Mission, not in LoxDOK, Korember 7th, 1842.
Palestine but Ln Hungary, not in Jerusalem
A meeting called by circular was held.
but in Pesth. This order leceived the stamp Present
of the Divine approval in glorious results.
Rev. Dr. Buhdee. Hackney.
There went forth to labour among the Dr. Fletcher, Stepney.
Jews in Pesth. Dr. Duncan, Mr. Smith, and Dr. Hexdersos, Highbury College.
specially the Rev. W. Wingate, who is still John CusiiusG, CYown Court.
living, aged 84. and who is an honoured James C. Burns, London Wall.
member of the British Society's Committee. Wm. Yonge, Brentford.
RiDLET Her.scheli. Ishngton.
Mr. Wingate was the means of the conver-
Peter Lorimer, Islington.
sion of the Sapliir family. At the celebration
James Hamilton, Regent Square.
of the Juliilee of the Free Church of Scotland Messrs. Geo. Yongb.
Jewish Mission, held on the evening of the Wm. Hamu-tox.
24th of May, 1S89, Dr. Saphir said " I : Alex. Gillespie, Junr.
remember the first Sunday held in
service.s Joshua Wil-son.
the hotel for the English residents at Pesth, John Low.
when Dr. Duncan and Mr. Smith and Mr. Fred L. Wollaston.
John Frasee.
Wingate e:epovnded the Scriptures. The Dr. A. P. Stewart.
subsequent meetings, both in English and in
With the Rev. Alex. Flj'te, Alness, and Rev.
German, are distinctly in my recollection, so
Robt. M. M'Cheyne, Dundee, ^dsitors.
simple and outwardly unattractive, but so full
Dr. Burder being called to the chair, tAe
of light and power, bringing the me.ssage of
meetiny teas opened with prayer by Mr. M'Cheyne.
the love of God to eager listeners."
* * That prayer was soon followed bj' prac-
"It is forty -six years this month of 2>Iay tical,loving sympathy, for it was thi-ough
since, in common vnth my dear fatlter, then Mr. M'Cheyne, Dr. Andrew and Dr. Horatius
more than sixty years old, and my mothtr, my Bonar, that the first donation of .500 came
brother, and three sisters, I was baptized into to hand, which enabled the Committee to
the holy nameof our covenant God. That begin operations.
day shines forth in my
memory above all
The Third Thread.

other days of my life a day of intense
solemnity, sweetest peace, and nio.st childlike The third thread we find in the conversion
assurance of the love of God in Christ Jesus, and ministry of the Rev. Ridley Herschell.
which bound all the members of my family Ridley Herschell was born at Strzelno, a
in a new and closer unity." small town about thirt}' English miles distant
In a letter by the late Dr. DeUtzseh, from Thorn, in Poland. As in the case of
there is an appropriate and touching appli- Mr. Frej', there were many links which led
cation of a beautiful image of Scripture to to the conver.sion, and to the ministry of Mr.
the Saphir family as the tirst-frnits of the Hei-schell, both among Jews and Gentiles.
Free Church Jewish Mission in Buda-Pesth. 1. The great lesson of reverence for God

Dr. Delitzsch says:


''Buda-Pesth showed in and His Word, which he learned from both
a striking way that there is a remnant in his father and mother, and her parting
Israel according to the election of gi-ace words to him when he left his home to
remnant according to the promise of Zion's become a student at the Berlin University.
Eestorer: 'I will lay the foundation with He says " She clasped me in her arms, and
:

"
Sapphires.' said to me, If you walk in the ways of God,
'

Our venerable father, Mr. Wingate, who we are sure to meet either in this world or in
gave himself to the work among Israel the world to come but if you depart from
;

in 1841, and who has been devoted to it for the ways of God, and forget His laws, evil
upwards of fifty years, regards the British shall follow you even in this world, and we
Society as the child of the Pesth Mission. shall
never meet never either in this
In 1842, Mr. M'Cheyne paid a visit to world or in the world to come.'
London, and was present at the formation of 2. The second cluster of links may be
the British Society. said to be his second visit to London, when
On the first page of the first Minute Book he lodged with a Christian landlady who
of the Societv, we read : remonstrated with him for reading bad books;
The Jubilee Meetings of the British Society. 1.:

who nursed him with the care of a loving the first time. He says, " I cried out, '

mother when lie was seriously ill who put; God ! have no one to help me, and I dare
I
his bad books in the fire --the best i>l;ice for not approach Thee, for I am guilty help, ;

them
who, before he left, presented to him oh help me; for the sake of my father
a New Testament, which he threw aside Abraham, who was willing to offer up his
without looking at it. and gave him a letter sou Isaac, have mercy upon me, and impute
of intruduction to a Christian friend in Paris, his righteousness unto me.' But there was

BEV. WIU.I.\.M WING.ITE.

which turned up long after, when it saved no answer from God no peace to mj'
him from de.spair, and inspired him with wounded spirit."
hope. 5. saysHe " One morning I went to
:

3. The news of the death of his beloved purcha.sean article in a shop, little knowing
motlier, whose tenderness to him he remem- that God had there stoi-etl up for me the
bered with the deepest gratitude and '
pearl of great price,' which He was about
affection. to give me without money and without
'

4. After that heavy stroke, and thinking price.' The article I purchased was wrapped
of his sinfulness, he prayed extempore for up in a leaf of the Bible, which contained a
16 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

portion of the sermon on the mount. The connection between the sufferings of Jesus
shopkeeper was, probably, an infidel, who and my sins. . Were I to relate the
. .

thought the Bible merely waste paper but ; impressions made on me by the various
Gofl over-ruled the evil for good. As I was portions of the gospels and epistles, it would
walking home, my eyes glanced on the rather be a commentary on the New Testa-
words :Blessed aie they that mourn, for
' ment, than a statement made to my brethren
they shall be comfoited.' This arrested my according to the flesh, of the way in which
attention, and I read the whole passage with God led me to believe in Jesus of Nazareth.
deep interest. The more I examined into the truth of
" Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs
' Christianity, the more did the question
is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they appear to be narrowed into a small compass ;

that mourn, for they shall be comforted. Jesus of Nazareth was either the promised
Blessed aie the meek, for they shall inherit Messiah, or an impostor and deceiver. The
the earth. Blessed ai-e they which do New Testament is either a revelation from
hunger and thirst after lighteousness, for God, or an invention of lying and wicked
they shall be filled. Blessed are the merci- men. After mature deliberation, I was
ful, for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed forced to come to the conclusion that Jesus
are the pure in heart, for they shall see God, is the Messiah, and that the New Testament

Blessed are the peace- makers, for they shall is, equally with the Old, the Word of God.

be called the children of God. Blessed are " But this conviction, so far from bringing
they which are persecuted for righteousness' peace with it, .seemed at first to increase the
sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.' trouble of my soul tenfold. All the hatred
(Matt. v. 310.) and prejudice with which I had been
"I was much struck with the sentiments accu.stomed to view Christianity, instead of
contained in this passage, and felt very being subdued, were rekindled in full vigour ;

desirous to see the book of which it was a and my heart shrunk with aversion from
portion I had no idea what book it was,
;
that which my understanding was fully con-
never having seen a New Testament. A few vinced was true. I will not dwell long on
days after, God directed my footsteps to the my state of mind at this period those who ;

house of an acquaintance, on whose table lay have experienced it, need not to be told its
a copy of the New Testament. Impelled by anguish and to those who have not, the
;

curio.sity, I took it up, and in turning over account would be unintelUgible. What man '

the leaves beheld the very passage that had knovveth the things of a man, save the spirit
interested me so much. I immediately of man that is in him ? The heart knoweth
' '

borrowed it, and began to read it with gieat its own bitterness.'
avidity. At quite bewildered,
first I felt '
One day I cast myself upon the ground,
and was so shocked by the coristant recur- and wept bitterly before the Lord, entreating
rence of the name of Jesus, that I repeatedly Him to give me peace. I besought Him
cast the book away. At length I determined that He would give me to feel what Paul
to read it through. When I came to the experienced when he said ' Being j\istified :

twenty-third chapter of the gospel of by faith, we have peace with God through
Matthew, I was astonished at the full dis- our Lord Jesus Christ.' (Rom. v. 1.) Long
closure of the nature of Pharisaism con- did I continue my supplication remembering ;

tained in it and Christ's lamentation over


; that Elijah, when on Carmel, sent seven
Jerusalem in the concluding part O Jeru- :
' times before he received the answer to his
salem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prayer but still no peace came. Suddenly
;

prophets, and stonest them which are sent these words of Jesus came into my mind :

unto thee, how often would I have gathered '


Hitherto ye have asked nothing in my
thy children togethei-, even as a hen name.' (John xvi. 24.) I cannot describe
gathereth her chickens under her wings, and the reluctance I felt to pray in the name of
ye would not aflected me even to tears.
!
'
Jesus and yet I saw how inconsistent was
;

In reading the account of the crucifixion, the this reluctance, with the belief that He is the
meekness and love of Jesus of Nazaieth Saviovir of the world. The struggle of that
astonished me and the cruel hatred mani-
; moment can never be forgotten. At length
fested against him by the priests and rulers I was enabled to cry out Lord, I believe
:
'

in Israel, excited within me a feeling of com- that Jesus is the Messiah, the Redeemer, and
passion for him, and of indignation against King of Israel, who was wounded for our
his murderers, But I did not as yet see any transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities ;

The Jiihilee Meetings of the British Socictij. 17

for His sake have mercy upon me ami give promoters." Then came the establishment
me peace." No sooner had I oflered this of the British Society in 1842, not in opposi-
prayer than my burden was removed the ; tion to the London Society, which was then
peace of God that passeth all understanding doing a good work on Church lines, but to
entered into my
soul I felt that I was
; employ agents which the London Society's
redeemed from destruction, that God loved ('(inimittce could not engage, and to occupy
me, that Christ hail die<l for me, and washed fields which they were unable to touch, and
me from all my sins in His own blood that ; like the combining atom in Nature, to bring
guilty and sinful as I was by nature, I was together the remaining forces which were
now justilied freelj' by giace, through the
' scittered, when Mr. Frey left for America,
i-edemj)tion that is in Christ Jesus.' and, indeed, to gather Christians of all Evan-
(Rom. iii. 24.)" gelical Denominations into one grand Unity,
Such is Mr. Herscliell's own account that would pray, and give, and work with
of the reality of that change wliicli untiring devotion for t\w spiritual and tem-
gives our life a value and our death a poral well-being of Israel, in harmony with
glory ;that change, which led to the the principle, " Spread out the thunder into
performance of deeds that still swell the its several tones, and it becomes a lullaby
music of life and heighten the harmonies of for children, but send it forth in one quick
Eternity. By and by, he ])ublicly confessed peal and the loyal sound shall move the
Christ by baptism and although the news
; Heavens."
of that event brought down the awful curse At the first meeting of ommittco already
of some of his relatives in Poland, he had referred to, the first re.solution was moved by
afterwards the great joy of leading to the the Ilev. Ridley Herschell, seconded by the
Saviour five of his own brothers, one of Rev. Dr. Cumming, and carried unani-
whom was an honoured deputation of the mously :

British Society, the Kev. Louis ller.schell, " Tliat a Society be formed, to bo called The
and another, the Rev. D. A. llerschell, li.is liRrrisH Society for the PROP.iG.vnoN of the
been for many years an able and faithful Gospel among the Jews."
minister of the Gospel* in London.
It has been often said that it takes a Other resolutions followed, such as :

thousand pounds to convert a Jew. Well.


"That the Society consist of Christians of
How much did it cost to convert these six evangolicul principles interesteil in the Propaga-
brothei-s ? Xothing. And what has been tion of the (iospel anions; the Jews.
the gain to the Christian Church? Infinite. Tliat tile more iuunediatetieUl of the Society s
For he who turns a sinner from the error of operations bo London, and the larger towns of
his ways hath achieved a triumph that will tlieCuitod Kingdom.
last when the proudest monuments of earth That the Society shall maintain a friendly
corresiiondonco and co-operation with the
have faded away like a garland in the final
Cliurcli of Scotland's Mission to the Jows.
conUagration. That the Association corilially invite the co-
After that change came the preacher of operation of all knidrod institutions.
peace and the planner of .schemes of useful- That an aiuiual subscription of ten shillings
ness for the glory of God and the good of constitute nionibership and a donation of five
;

Israel. He started in 1841 "A Jew.s' jiouuds, memliorsliip for life."


Benevolent P'und, with the view of alleviat-
ing the suflerings of destitute foreign Jews,
At the first [lublic meeting held in 1843, it

and giring such aid to believing Jews as the was resolved,

means at command might render practic- " That while deeply sympathising with the
cable." He began, also, a Home for Christian Jewish iioople in the uniiarallelud suflcrin^rs to
Jews, or Jews who desired in.struction in the which, in conse((uon(e of their rejection of the
Christian religion, which " had succeeded Messiah, they have been subjected, the Society
joyfully coi.t -iiiplates. in tlie predictions of
beyond the most sanguine expectations of its
Holy Writ, and in the signs of the times, the
approach of a brifihter jieriod in tlieir history,
* Tlie Key. D. A. Herschell fwys : -'Rirlley II.
when, cordially receiviii}; Him as their Sii\-iour
HnschcU was the fourth of a family of twelve, viz.,
ten 8on ami two daughtei-s. and he w.is the means of
and King, they shall richly jiarticipate in the
three nephews of two blessinf;s<if redemption: and the Society regards
leadiTig five brothers to Christ ;

I am it to bo the siiecial and solemn duty of all


dece.-Uied brothers have also become Christians.
the youngest and unly surviving member uf the Christians strenuously to co-operate for pro-
twelve.' moting the si>iritual welfare of Israel."
18 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among Die Jeics.

interesting record of the beginning of the


work. To excite the best sympathies of
Gods people on behalf of the Jews, the
Society instituted prayer meeetings, where
earnest supplications were offered for the
conversion of Israel ; and secured the delivery
and subse<juent publication of a course of
lectures, by eminent ministers, on the history,
condition, and prospects of the Jews. The
proper work of the Society was vigorously
undertaken in different directions, under the
guiding genius of Herschell, whose interest
lemained unabated tOl the close of his earthly
life, when he a.scended to the^s^ew Jerusalem,
in perfect peace, triumphing in Christ.
Lectures directly addres-sed to the Jew, on
subjects of special interest to him, were
dehvered in London. An edition of the New
Testament, and a pamphlet containing the
principal Mes.sianic prophecies were issued in
Hebrew. An acknowledgment was made
Church of Scotland,
of the liberality of the
by presenting the Jewish Committee of the
Free Church with 1,000 copies of the latter
publication. And lastly, the four missionary
agents employed by the Society reported
successes already attained.

BEV. BIDLET n. HBRSCHEUL

At the next public meeting, held in 184-1,


a i-esolution was passed expressing sorrow and
indignation at the craelties inflicted on the
Jews in Ru'vsia, and heartfelt sympathy with
the unhappy suflterei-s.
These significant and suggestive declara-
tions of the founders contain key-notes which
have come sounding down thi-ough the years,
ever fuller, clearer, and more melotlious, so
that thousands of Christians of all denomina-
tions have been drawn by them, cheerfullv
and liberally, to support Jewish Missions.
To these key-notes of sympathy, hope and

duty, we would add one more the key-note
of privilege: for we regard it not only as our
solemn duty, but our unspeakable privilege,
unitedly and with all our might, to give the
Gospel to the Jews. May these four splendid
key-notes be speedily stnick deep down in
the hearts of all Chi-istians, so that, as the
Jewsare now atti-acting wide-spread attention,
and interesting fields are constantly being
prepared for the reception of the good seed,
there may be forthcoming, dui-ing this
Jubilee year, means sufficient to sustain
nobly and double or even treble our pi-esent
Missionaiy stafl'. REV. D. A. HEKSCHELL,
The fii-st Report of the Committee is an The only Surviving Brother of the Rev. Ridley Ucrschdl.
;

The Jubilee Meetings of the British Society. 10

Tlie gi'owing interest among God's people Society is now healthier, wealthier, wiser,
in the seed ofAbraham, and the consequont moi'e aggressive, more persuasive and perse-
ever enhxrging sympathy with and help in vering than it has been at any former period
the work of tlie Society, have enabled the of its history. There never was a time when
Committee to extend the Society's opeiations. it Wiis more spiritually prosperous and
Tlit^e are carried on in the siime spirit of faith financially sounder than it is at the present
and prayer they were begun, and,
in wliieh moment.
praise be to God, with the same ble^sed Tlicro are some facts not generally known,
issues. which ought to be widely circulated. Foi
in.stance, it is not generally known that the
A Glance at Fifty Years. liev. Dr. Ginsburg, of the British Museum
We can no more measure the progi-ess of and author of tlie " Massorah " the late ;

the work in a year than we can


.Societj''s llev. Isaac Salkinson, the British Society's
measuie the growth of a plant in a day. Let Missionary, and author of the Hebrew New
us, therefore, take a glance at the work of Testament the Kev. John
; Wilkin.sou,
the liist half-century. The progre.ss in Diiector of the Mildmay INIission to the
science, in art, in industry, in morals, and in Jews, and others whom we might name,
Missions, has been luiprecedented during the were trained in the British Society's Mission
reign of the Queen (God Almighty bless ('olle</e. It is not generally known that the
hei', and all near and dear to her, long may Salkinson-Ginsburg Hebrew New Testament
she live). The Victorian age is not only was [)repareQ for the Committee of the
the age of science, but of jNIii-sions, both British Society, that the first specimens of it
to Jews and fJentilcs. The Queen's father were sent by the late Mr. Salkinson to the
was a lover of the Jews, and our last fifty present Secretai-y; that the work wiis offered
years of national prosperity have been inti- by him first to the Committee of The British
mately connected with fifty years' efibrt for and Foreiyii Bible Socitty, who declined it,
the temporal and spiritual well-being of as they felt bound to do all in their power
God's ancient people. All the elements out to circulate the splendid edition of the New
of which the Jiritish Society was established Testament prepared by the late Dr. Delitzsch
were active forces when our Queen bpgan to that the Secretar}- then ofi'ei;ed it to the
reign and as the Society was formed in 184'J,
; Committee of The Trinitarian Bible Society,
it may be regarded as one of the fairest and irit/ioiit vKvney and tvithout ])rice, and they

most fruitful of the missionary products of accepted it. So that one of the finest instru-
the Victorian era. As a tiny spark becomes ments at present in the hands of Jewish
a gre.it fire, and a. little seed a mighty forest, Missionaries was under C!od furnished by
so this Society, small in its beginning, has our beloved Society. It ought also to be
gi-own slowly, but surely, in strength and widely known that Lydia Montefiore the
usefulness during nearly the whole of the aunt of Sii- Moses Montefiore, was brought
Queen's reign. Fifty years ago it began with to a knowledge of the Truth through one of
one agent ; and now there are at home and in the devoted missionaries of the British
foreign lands

'JG missionaries, and a great Society.
many voluntary assistants.
The income during its first year's exist- Brief Summary of Results.
ence was only i.'9l!7, including the noble gift
of .500 from the General Assembly of the It has been stated, on good authorit\-, that
Church of Scotland. The receipts during the there are 2,000 Hebrew-Christians in Berlin,
Jubilee year bid fair to be the most cheering and 3,000 in Great Britain and Ireland.
of any since the Society was formed. There are few Jewish families among us here
The fire which w;is kindled 5(1 years ago, who have not, at leJist, one relative who is a
by the Hand of (iod, burns in the bosom of convert to Christianity. Some
a yeai-s ago,
the British Society as brightly this Jubilee Hebrew-Christian I'rayer I'nion was formed
day as it did then, notwithstanding all the in I>ondon, which has upon its roll hundreds
eftbrts of its declired fees and pretended of members, including Students of Divinity,
friends to extinguish it. It is no fo.ssil river Lay Missionaries, and ^linisters of the
like the Eig, in Scotland, which is now only Gospel. Branch Unions have been estab-
a fragment of its former greatness but ; lished France,
in Germany, Roumania,
rather like the Clyde and the Thames in their Rus.sia,Sweden, Turkey, Palestine, and in
beneficent progress towards the sea. The the Northern and Southern Statesof America.

; !

20 McDiories of Gospel Triv/iajjhs amoivj the Jews.

It lias also been stated, by those who have Nevertheless, by the aid of inference, much
carefully considered the matter, that about light is thrown upon that great fact, even in
1.500 Jews leave the Synagogue for the the old. Laws that do inculcate upon man
Church of Christ every year. Professor the duty of taking cognizance of the short-
Tholuck " affirms that more Jews have been ness of his life here, can only become in-
converted to Christ during the present telligent when that life is considered to be
centuiy, than during the whole of the only preparatory. We
read of seven days,
Christian era previous." The estimate is, of seven weeks, of seven years, and seven
that within the century, and especially times seven years. It is to be observed that
during the Victorian era, which is the era of
the fii-st is six days and the seventh is
missionarj- extension, 100.000 Jewish souls sabbath, but the second is not six times six,
have been brought to Christ. These are but seven times seven weeks (sabbaths in-
cheering statem,ents, and we are persuaded cluded) and so, likewise, we have six
;
that the British Society has been one of the years, and the seventh year is sabbath. But
greatest of the Christian forces which have it is only at the end of seven times seven
contributed to these grand results. j-ears that jubilee was proclaimed. This
This Jubilee day, therefore, ought to be a counting of portions of our appointed time
day in which we should call upon all that is in thLs life is alluded to by the Psalmist
within us and around us, to unite in songs when he prayed, "So teach us to number
of thanksgiving, anthems of praise, to that our days that we may apply our hearts unto
God who has been crowning us every day for wisdom." This jubilee, which w-e celebrate,
50 years, with loving kindnesses and tender is a fit occasion to reflect upon the days,
mercies. weeks and years that have gone and passed,
With such reasons for deepest gratitude to consider how we have spent our ordinary
for the past and the present, and the surest daj's, what use we have made of privileged
and brightest hope for the future, let us this days, days that have brought with them
evening, in the strength of the Lord, make a special mercies, and have been to us true and
new start. While the JubUee trumpet is natural sabbaths.
sounding, let our movement be. Forward The Ilev. J. B. Barraclough, M.A., the
Forward that we may hasten, if possible,
! Founder of the " Hebrew Christian Prayer
the coming of Christ our King in His great L'nion," and Mr. F. Yeats Edwards, our late
power and glory. Treasurer, lifted us by prayer to the Gates
of Heaven.
" Forward March ! The Truth shall triumph,
!

And the Idol greed be drowned.


*
'
Speech of Rev. Dr. Adams.
Then the Just shall reign for ever,
And the God-Man shall be crowned.
I am deputed by my friend, the Rev. D.
Where His life-blood stained the ground.
Then shall Tyrants fall for ever, A. Hei-schell, of Brixton, to express to this
Brauded deep with guilt and shame meeting his deep regret at being unable to
While the slaves they wronged shall gather, be present. He is, unfortunatelj', suffering
Round MessLih's throne, and Xame. from a severe attack of bronchitis. Now,
Then above the night of chaos
!

Love shall sing with flag unfurled :


for many reasons, it would have been agree-
'
God has lifted up His People !
able to us all to have had Mr. Herschell
"
'
Christ Ls King of all the world.' among us on this interesting occasion. For,
in the first place, he has taken a Ufe-long
Address by Dr. Neuman. and practical interest in the work of this
Societv. He belongs to a family, all of
Dr. Neuman, the Society's Treasurer, whom have been or are, distinguished mem-
spoke as follows on the spiritual meaning of bers of the House of Israel. And his brother,
the jubilee. I consider this gathering to the late Bev. Ridley Herschell. was one of
have in it more of a devotional character the honoured founders of the British Society.
than that of a formal or legal one, and, Nor is this all, for Mr. Herschell's name is
therefore, I would say a few words regarding associated with a remarkable work. For
this our jubilee,which may have a practical more than 30 }-ears, in addition to the pas-
and spiritual bearing. torate of a large London congregation, JNlr.
In the Scriptures of the old dispensation Herschell was engaged in circulating the
the reality of a hereafter is not so plainly Scriptures, especially the New Testament,
stated as in the Scriptures of the new. among our British seamen at home and
The Jubilee Meetings of the Bntish Society. 21

abroad. For this purpose he has visited many would not be in harmony with distinct pro-
lands, undergone many hibours, and suffered phetic intimations upon that very subject.
many privations, and it was while travelling " Ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye
to attend a meeting in Wales for the further- children of Israel." And again, " I will take
ance of this object that he caught the com- you two of a family and one of a city and will
plaint from which he is now suffering. Now bring you to Zion." It Ls important to notice
all this, as the work of an honoured Hebrew this divinely ordered peculiarity of Jewish
Christian, it is well for us to remember and missionary work, so that we may not be
to bo thankful for, on an occasion like the disappointed if we do not see those results
present. which strike one in other mission fields. A
On this my first appearance on the plat- more marvellous change is predicted con-
form of the British Society I am pleased to cerning Israel than of any other people,
find myself surrounded by so many friends. when " a nation shall be born in a day ; "
I amparticularly glad to see present so many but the time is not yet.
representatives of the venerable London Fiuther, the advance of Christianity is un-
Society with which I was at one time deniable. I do not mean that there are not
officially connected. With the missionaries those who doubt of the progress which
of that Society I have a very close know- Christianity is making among the Jews. But
ledge, and not a few of them are valued these doubtei-s are not found among the Jews
friends. It is not too much to say of them themselves. They are the best judges of the
that thej' are men of learning, of ability, of inroads which Christianity is making in the
and of untiring energy men before
piety, : synagogue. And it would be easy for me to
whom no Jew can stand in controversy. produce their evidence, and that, too, in a form
And I should like to pay my humble tribute the most unexceptionable. Jewish Rihbis in
of respectful appreciation of those mis- their sermons and Jewish editors in their
sionaries of your Society with whom I have newspapers are everywhere loudly comjjlain-
had the privilege of becoming acquainted. ing of the defection of many of their people,
I would venture to say of the faithful and rallying their forces to meet the aggres-
labourers of the two Societies that I sive efforts of the missionary.
am at a loss which to admire most, their And, the advance of Christianity
finally,
fitness for their work or their devotion to it. is universal. is not, of course, uniform,
It
And now to refer more particularly to the but from no mission station is there a cry of
work itself. A
long period of time is failure. And this is true not only of the
re<iuired in order to judge fairly of the great centres of Jewish population, both in
progress of any spiritual work. jubilee A our own country and abroad, but all along
year is, therefore, a favourable opportunity the line. On border lands, in remote and
for pa.ssing our work under review. And in semi-civilized parts, where the lonely mis-
looking back over the period during which sionary is keeping watch and guard over the
this Society has been carrying on its opera- Christian camp, there is heard the cry, " the
tions and comparing the religious attitude of morning cometh." Night may intervene, but
the Je-wish peopjle towards Chri.stianity at the day is at hand.
the commencement of that period with their It is an interesting fact that the attention
attitude to-day, we see a marvellous change of the Jewish community isbeing increa.singly
for the better. The progress has been drawn towards our Anniversai-y Meetings.
gradual, undeniable, and universal. I would Now, more than ever, we notice the
emphasize each of these descriptive terms. attendance of Jews at the mLssionaiy
Let us first look at the growth of the meetings of our various local associations.
result for which we this day thank God. This watchfulness over our work is surely
In the mission to Lsrael, you will not, as is an indication that that work is considered
frequently the case in missionary work among worthy of their attention. An instance of
the heathen, meet with conversions in any what I refer to came under my own experience
large nunil:ers. The cjise of the Jew is a few weeks ago. I was deputation to a town
peculiar and q\iite different from thnt of any in the north of England, where there is an
other people among whom the Chiuch of God important Jewish community. The public
islabcuiing, inasmuch as they are alrtady meeting was largely attended, and I recog-
passessed of a Divine revelation, to which nized the presence, as I thought
and my
they very naturally and tenaciously cling.
surmise proved to be correct of many Jews.
Moreover, such multitudinous convei-sions Towards the close of the meeting, a card waa
'

Memories of Gospel Triumphs amon;/ (he J<''"VS.

handed up to me on the platform. I saw at why do you not, a,s a religious people, seek,
once that it was a Jewish name, and, turning in an organized and earnest way. to reclaim
to a clergyman of the town who sat near me, us from our error ? I repeat that I have
I asked if he knew the name. He said, never heard of any direct effort on the part
" Yes He is a pioxis and learned Jew." He
; of the synagogue to win over either the
was invited on to the platform, and in the heathen or Christian world to that pure faith,
presence and hearing of many of the which it is your boast that you alone pos s&ss."
audience who remained behind, I had with He repUed, " The truth to which we Jews
him a most interesting and important dis- are e.specially bearing witness is the unity of
cussion. Among the various points which God. And our witness though silent is a
came under review, it may suffice to mention solemn protest against the polytheisms of the
one. " I have listened," said the Jewish heathen and the Triune God of the
gentleman, " to your speech with great Christians." I replied, ' The world is hardly
interest, and I may say the same of my co- likely to be converted by a mere silent
'

religionists who are here. I, for one, do not witness. It will need something much more
blame you Gentile Christians for seeking to vigorous than that. You must imitate your
win us Jews to the Christian faith. It is own prophets and cry aloud and spare not.'
'

clearly your duty to do so in obedience to ^Moreover, the Mohammedans boast tliat they
the command of j-our Founder. But I wish are specially appointed as witnesses for the
to piit before you one fact which you will ' unity of God,' and you are only, therefore,
admit to be true. God gave to us Jews the placing yourselves on a level with them in this
mission and commission to be His witnesses matter. I must remind you further of what,
in the world. ' Ye are my witnesses, saith a.s a man of leai-ning you must know full

the Loi'd of Hosts.' Kow, I submit, can it well, that your forefathers believed in the
be right ou your part to assume an office doctrine of the Trinity. You modern Jews
which you youi-selves admit God gave to our have departed from the ancient faith. The
fathers ? And not only to assume that office Sohar clearly teaches the Di\-inity of the
in i-eference to the world, but also in Messiah and the Trinity of the Godhead."
reference to the 'witnesses' themselves ? " I "We have done something more," replied
replied, " Your objection is plausible, but I the Jew, ' than bear silent witness, for you
think I can give to it a satisfactory answer. will admit that we Jews have given to the
I admit, to the fullest extent, that God did world the Old Testament Scriptures." I said,
constitute your nation as His witnesses in " True, God inspired holy men among your
the world. But I make the admission with fathers to write His revelation and that book
soiTow, inasmuch as it constrains me to put, we have received from you and all honour be
for your thoughtful and candid consideration, to you for it. But, observe, it was from con-
one or two questions in reference to your vex ted, believing, and Christian Jews that we
witness-bearing. I want to know where, received those Scriptures. These were the
and how. and to whom, and of whom you fii-st converts to the Christian faith and they

Jews are bearing witness ? There is a brought these Scriptures into the Christian
heathen world crying out for light that Church with them and from them we have
light which you profess to have. I have yet received them. But now as then, your
to learn that either India, or China, or nation as such, isdoing nothing to spread
Japan, or Afiica have heard any svitness for throughout the world those Scriptures which
God sent out from the synagogue. Why do you believe contain the only inspired revela-

you not following the example of us tion of the true God and the way of accept-

Christians seek to enlighten these dark ance with Him."
nations with the true knowledge of God ? I am sure that such friendly discussions
It is in vain for you and a self-comdemna- are productive of much good, but the general
tion, to boast of your being appointed by God attitude of the Jewish community convinces
to be His witnesses, while you are making me more and more that the open door now
no eifort to fulfil your high commission. set before the Church of God may not be open
And to leave the case of the heathen, look long. This is emphatically the day of oppor-
at Christendom. As consistent Jews, you tunity. The Jews are everywhere becoming
must believe that we Chi-istians are in deadly increa>ingly re.stive under aggressive mission-
error. Nay, we are even guilty of idolatry, ary effort. Inflated with the idea of their
for we are worshipping as divine One whom own sacred mission, they cannot lirook being
you believe to have been only a man. Now, themselves the objects of missionary labour.
I

The Juhilee Meel'iHijH of Ike Britinh Sociely. 23

Incrwused jwlitical iuHuence and social eleva- Dunlop, the Secretary of the British Society
tion foster their national pride by placing for the Propagation of the Gospel among the
them more and more on an equality with the Jews." (Cheers.) Although our Secretary
nations among whom they dwell, and the has given us .so many masterly reports, year
terrible persecutions to which they are ever after year (I speak from knowledge), this
and anon toijuenchthe aspira-
sulijected, fail evening, I think he has surpa.s.sed himself.
tions which burn within them all tend to (Applause.) !Mr. Sternberg handed to the
narrow the field and shorten the time for the Cliairman a X'lO note entrusted to his care
Christian missionary. We are probably on by a lady whose name was not given. Mr.
the eve of a conflict such as the Church of Sternberg's words on the unspeakable sufl'er-
God has never yet witnessed. The Jews ings of Jewish men, women, and children in
wei-e the earliest and tlie bitterest foes of Russia were so touching that the reporters
the Christian faith. They will be its last stopped taking notes and sat enchained.
and most formidable antagonists. For this Tiirough his kindness, we are glad to be
struggle they are themselves preparing. able to give our readers his translation ofthe
Will the Church of God prepare too ? Alas ! pathetic addre.ss of the young Russian Jewess
there are but few .signs of this. Our mis- who appeared in tiie pieturescpie dress of her
sionary societies to Israel are but meagrely country, and whose beautiful simplicity, sin-
supported and what support is received is cerity, and sympathy won all hearts. In
got with surprising difficulty. Let us strive introducing her, he said, she had resided at
anil pray and determine that it shall be Moscow, and though anxious to complete her
otherwise. Let us be more faithful to our medical studies at St. Petersburg, was com-

Redeemer and theirs until that hour shall pelled to leave Russia. She arrived in
come when He shall say to Israel, " Arise, England in an exhausted condition, and
shine for thy Light is come and the glory of was sheltered and cared for by Mrs. Stern-
the Lord is risen upon thee." berg.
Dr. Adams proposed the following resolu-
MR. .Sternberg's traxslatiox of the
tion, which was seconded by the Rev. Aaron
Sternberg, supported by the Rev. Wm.
ADDRESS OF THE RUSSIAN JEWESS.
Walton Clark, and uuanimou.sly carrieil :
As a Russian Jewess, I speak in the
" That this meeting thanks Almighty interest of iny son-owing and afflicted people.
The words of Jeremiah maj- fitly be applied
God for the formation, successful
career, and present work of the
to us at this time " All her people sigh,
they seek bread. Is it nothing to you all ye
British Society for the Jews it ;
that pass by Behold and .see, is there any
?
earnestly commends the Society to
sorrow like unto my sorrow ? " The awful
the generous interest and support
and humiliating sights which I have wit-
of the Christian Churches and
nessed, depressed my spirits, and, for a time,
;

expresses sorrow and indignation at


the cruelties inflicted on the Jews
my health entirely gave way. Oh, if I could
only approach our own Czar, who is the
in Russia, and heartfelt sympathy
father of nearly one hundred millions of
with the unhappy suflFerers."
people, I would fall at his feet and implore
him to vLsit the Jewish pale of settlement.
Speech of Rev. Aaron Sternberg.
He woidd then be convinced of the calamity
Mr. Chairman and Christian friends, that has overtaken those of my nation who,
deem ita grejxt privilege to be permitted to in his name, have been mercilessly deprived
Btand here on the occa.sion of our jubilee of their homes in the interior of Russia, and
meeting in Exeter Hall, and I feel con- sent to the already overcrowded pale, where
strained to congi-atulate the Secretary on his only disease and death are awaiting them.
wonderful .sketch of the history and progress I am told that Ru.ssia could easily accom-
of the British Society. A
friend said to modate twenty more millions of Jews, if
me :
" I only know of two men who.se they were allowed to settle in any other pai-t
report-s have been so profoundly interesting of the empire. What crime have we com-
that people first listened to them and after- mitted that the poisoned arrows of perse-
wards read them with avidity. The one was cution .are suffered to pierce us on eveiy side
the late Rev. Dr. Moodj' Stuart, Convener by the enactment of special laws against us 1
of the Jewish Committee of the Free Church We are loyal subjects. In our synagogues
of Scotland, and the other Is the Rev. John we pray fervently every sabbath for blessings
;

24 Memones of Gospel Tnumpha among the Jeics.

from On High to descend upon the Czar and to say a good word for my people. Thank
his exalted imperial family. When oiu- you for wiping awaj' many a tear from the
native land is in aflliction, we sorrow. eyes of those who came broken-hearted for
When the people are suflering, we sufler refuge to your sacred and hospitable shores.
with them. Our Jewish hearts melt in pity May God richly reward you. (Applause.)
for those stricken by famine and even the
; The Chairman stated that the Board of
poorest of us have sent some little token of the Society had sent a letter of remonstrance
sympathy to the stai-ving peasants. and entreaty to the Czar, but had received no
It is not true, as alleged by official response. He called attention to Isaiah xlix.,
Kussia, that the people hate us. I know 24, 25, 26, as indicating the divine inten-
that, as a people, they do not hate us. Many tions concerning the favoured people.
may despise us, as a i-esult of the exceptional Diu-ing the progress of the meeting, a
laws directed against us, causing the people telegram was received from the Communi-
to look upon us as a kind of Pariahs, as cants' Class assembled in Christ Church,
outcasts, that ought to be despised. Teddington, of which the Rev. E. Theodore
Hitchens Ls Minister, expressing good wishes
A JEWISH MAIDES'S PRATER FOR HER CZAR.
for the Society and rejoicings over its past
Our Father, who art On High, may it history.
please Thee to guide and fill with Thy Light While the collection was being taken, the

REV. A. STERSBKRG. MBS. STERSBERG.

and Love, the heart of the man in whose following hymn, which was brought by the
hands are the lives and happiness of my Secretary from Vienna, was sung with great
sorrowful and unhappy brethren and sisteis, spirit :

and of the poor and good Stundists. Dear Hail to Jerusalem I

Heavenly Father, be pleased to give him to .Hail to Jerusalem I


realize his enormous responsibility as in the Arise from the ashes of mourning and sing,
light of the Day of Judgment, and forgive Set up the throne again,
Bring forth the diadem.
him the wrongs and cruelties committed in Prepare thou th-! way for David Thy King.
his name, who also is subject to the King Long thou wast desolate, poor and foi-saken,
of kings. Amen. By Heathen and Christian aud Mussulman scorned,
Theie is a promise made by Cod Himself. Xuw the time hastens for thee to awaken
As a bride with her jewels thy beauty adorned
She quoted it in Hebrew in Engli.sh it is
: :

'
I will bless them that bless thee, and cui-se Trumpet of JubUee,
Sound over laud and sea
him that curseth thee ; and in thee shall all ;

The year of Jehovah accepted draws near ;


families of the earth be blessed." Russia will Let not the South keep back,
3'et be blessed if she seeks to bless poor my Let not the North be slack ;
afflicted brethi-en and sisters. Israel is waiting your aid to come home

I do not stand here to accuse anyone, but The remnant of Jacob shall be as a lion,
To tread down in fury and auger his foes

my heart bleeiLs for the w-rongs done to us Ephraim and Judah shall come back to Zioii,
because we are Jews, and I ask you kindly And woe to the nation, that dares to oppose.
.

Thu Jubilee Meetings of the British Society.

Then sliall the wiMoriiesa God in thy Saviour now


Put (in her gala dress. Then let the Gentiles Ijow,
Ami lilies nnd roses bedeck Sharon's plain, Bringing their fr)rce3 to build up thy walls
;

IViice like a river. Zion the joy and the praise of all nations,
Shall flow on for ever, Uidiant with beauty and splendent with gold,
Eschol bring forth her rich clustera again : Sapphires ami Kinjralds are thy found itions,
The Lord is thy She[iUerd no harm can befall thee, iSluMLid are they who thy atones shall behold

TOUNO RUSSIAN JEWESS.

From the Kast and the West He thy children No s<in or moon is there.
will bring, Glory shines everywhere.
Xo longer the nations an imtcjwt will call thee, Sorrow and suH'ering and crying have ceased,
But Zion the city of earth's greatest King. God makes his dwelling place
Xow with his chosen race.
City ..f Holine.-*s, ^Tan inna his enemy <leath is relea.se<l.
City of righteousnes.s. K.'joico then with Zion and speed the glad
Past La thy mourning, no tyrant enthralls, tidings,
26 Memcnnes of Gospel Tnunvphs ninon;/ the Jeivs.

On wiugs of the wind and in tUunder-Iike the Jews, but they want all the blessings for
strains tliemselves.
Till all creatiun sings Hail the King of kings But howto reach the Jew is the question
!

Jerusalem triumphs ! Immanuel reigns.


before us. The best way, and only effectual
W. U. H.
way, to win him to Christ, is to fhow him
Address of Rev. Wm. Walton Clark, from his own Scriptures that Jesus of Nazareth
was their promised Messiah, the Son of
of New York. David, the Son of Abraham. Speak not
We have just listened, with great interest, at first of the Christ of the Gospels,
to an account of the work in London, and I or of the but of the Chi-ist
Epistles,
have been a-sked to speak of the work in New in the Old Testament. This was the theme
York, and to set before you some of the best of Paul and the theme of Apollos. For
ways of leading the Jews to Christ. About three Sabbath days Paul, in the synagogue,
twelve years ago a Hebrew Christian C'hni-ch reasoned with the Jews out of the Scriptures,
was organized in New York City, under the showing that Jesus was the Christ. And
auspices of many of our leading clergymen. Apollos mightily con^in^ed them of the
Rev. Jacob Freshman, a converted Rabbi, same truth. This was the theme of that
was chosen the Pastor, and has laboured blessed interview on the road to Emmaus
faithfully in the building up of God's king- between our Lord and the two disciples.
dom among His chosen people. Services Last week I saw in the National Gallery a
are held every Lord's Day and dui-ing the large and beautiful pictuie of this famous
week, and a goodly number of converts have interview. One could almost hear the
been baptized and admitted into the commu- Master "expounding unto them in all the
nion of the Church. Scriptures the things concerning Himself."
But the most remarkable work has been 1. The Lam of Moses.
In Genesis He is
done in the West side by a Polish Jew, by the Seed of the Woman. In Exodus He is
name Hermann Warszawiak. This devoted the Passover Lamb. In Leviticus He is the
man has made house-to-house visitation for High Priest. In Numbei-s the Rock
two years, and it is no uncommon thing to smitten and the Serpent uplifted. In
see 700 or more at his services. Over 16,000 Deuteronomy the Prophet like unto IMoses.
copies of the Salkinson Hebrew New Tes- 2. The Prophets.
In Isaiah, He is the
tament have been circulated through his Branch, the Ensign, the Child, the Son,
efforts, and it is estimated that full}' 50,000 the Man of Sorrows, the Redeemer, and the
Jews have listened to his preaching. Rev. Dr. Leader of His people. In Ezekiel He is
Schauffler says "The largest male audiences
: the Shepherd and the Plant of Renown.
that this city affords are now to be seen In Daniel He is the Hilessiah, the Prince.
listening to him, and not for a thousand In Joel He is the Hope of His People. In
years has God shown such favour to one Micah He the Ruler in Lsrael. In
is
preaching to the Jews," and he further de- Haggai He the Desire of All Nations.
is
clares that " this is the most important work In Malachi He is the Sun of Righteousness.
for the Jews in the whole world." 3. The P.mliiis.
Here Jesus is described
In the sight of God there are three classes as the Lord's Anointed, the Son of God. the
of people the Jew, the Gentile, and the Shepherd, the Lord of Hosts, and the King
Church (1 Cor. 1032). All Scripture is of Glory.
addressed to one or another of the three In Proverbs He is the Friend that sticketh
classes. The Old Testament is for the Jew, closer than a brother. In the Canticles He
the New Testament is for the Church, while is the Rose of Sharon, the Lily of the Valley,
some portion of each Testament is for the the Chiefest among Ten Thousand, and the
Gentile. One altogether lovely. Well may the Master
The great bulk of the Bible is for or about say, Search the Scriptures, for they are they
the Jews. The great blessings in the Old that testify of Me. In the Old Testament
Testament are for God's ancient people. we read of His sufi'erings. His Pa.ssion, His
And, strange to say, that mo.st Christians, death, His burial, His resurrection, and His
failing to appropriate the spiritual blessings ascension.
of the New Testament, want to absorb the He is the Holy One, the Wisdom of God,
temporal blessings of the Old Testament, the Word of God, the Redeemer, Mediator,
which were not promised to them. They Advocate, Messiah, the King of Kings and
are willing to concede all the cursings to Lord of Lords. If we look for Jesus in the

The Jah'dee MeettwjH of the lirifMh Socb'iy.

OKI Testament we will find llim. Let us take meetings of the British Society in 1842. It
one impression after another of Ilis lovely wa-s held at Craven Chapel. Dr. Hamilton,
face, and the King Himself will stand out Dr. Leifchild, and many other celebrated
in all His beauty. ministers anil friends of the Jews were
In Prang's chromoestablishment, in Boston, present. My
sympathy for the latter was
a visitor was shown a large number of stones first aroused by the preaching of the Uev. J.
from which were produced the famous pic- Denham, .at St. Mary-le-Strand, and when I
tures of this renowned studio. It took over afterwards joined the t'hurch at Craven
twenty impressions from as many stones to Chapel, I did all in my power to induce Dr.
complete a picture. No single stone would Leifchild to take an interest in them. It
give any idea of what the portrait in figure would too long a story to tell yon how I
lie

was to be. But one impre.s.sion after another did this, but I so far s\u-ceeded, that I had
would produce the desired result, presenting the pleasure of handing to him .5 as my
that bleniling of colouring and matchless e.x- contribution to the funds of the Society
pression for which this establishment was befoi-e it wa.s brought to the notice of the
famed. public. Some time afterwards I had to
And so let a succe.ssion of impressions leave Craven Chapel, and I then attended
of Jesus Christ be taken from the Ijaw, the the ministry of the Bev. Ridley Herschell.
Prophets, and the P.siilms, and we will be led While there, I was glad to learn that an
to e.xclaim as we see Him lifted up on the au.xiliiiry of the British Society had been
Cro.ss, Ecce homo, ecce Deus, Behold the JIan, established at Craven.
Believe me, dear ]Mr.
beho!d the God. Then will the luibelieving Dunlop, very sincerely yours, Anne Neuman.
Jew- be led to cry out with joy unspeakable, P.S.
I .should have liked to have said
" We have found Him of whom Moses and the more about the Rev. J. Denham. His
prophets did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the tender I'eferences to the Jews and to their
Son of Joseph." (Cheers). ciuel treatment by Gentile nations, were most
This memoiable meeting was most appro- touching. I often wish nonconformist
priately closed with the Do.xology. ministers woidd more frequently do the
same.
Letter from Dr. Edmond. lOti, Bui.vroN Hill, S.W.
60, BeUES1-oIU> llOAD,N. December i)i\\, 1892.
Ith November, 1892. Dear Christian Friend, As this month's
ilv Dear Mh. Dunlop, llernld has to-day been read and interest
I was much obliged by your letter increased, sympathy is afresh excited. Being
informing me of the meeting of your British a subscriber and worker in earlier days in
Society to be held this evening, and inviting a small degree for the Jews from 1842, I feel
my presence. 1 had hoped to answer it by it a pleasure to send for the relief of the

pei-sonal appearance, but I feel that I must famishing Jews all I can spare. Many
forego that satisfaction. Let me say, there- pressing cases are coiistantly coming before
fore, iu this form, that I was exceedingly the eye. But praj'er ascends and prevails.
gratified to learn from you that in every To it there is no limit. " A.sk what ye will
respect your Society is at present prosperous and it .shall bo done, for Jesu.s'.sake " I see !

and hopeful. And may we not say that the the Jeinlsh lleraUl through the Auxiliary
cause which you and other associations have connected with the chapel I belong to here
at lieart is in a hopeful hour? Surely the Trinity Congreg.ational Chapel. The January
eastern skies are reddening towards morn.- number will be looked for as extra interest-
Believe me, Yours very truly, John Edmoxd. ing. In 1842, at the Society's hou.se, Black-
friars Road, Ml-, and JNIrs. Yonge formed a
ladies' committee of which, while it continued
Letters from Two of the First or till dear Mrs. Yonge w-as suddenlj- called
Subscribers. home, I was a member. Most who thus were
34, Albion Koad, S. Hamp.stead, united probably have followed in the tniin to
Xoveiiiber, 1892. glory, and I expect naturally to be called
Dear Mr. Dinlop, shortly, being now 85 years of age. I hoj)e
I am sorry I have not been well much help iu money, itc, will reach you in
enough to answer your note sconer. the.se trying days.
Yours faithfully, C. Njsw-
I was present at one of the lirst public SOM SHAur.

28 Memories of Gospel Trmrnphs among the Jeivs.

THE LAST DAYS OF MR. M'CHEYNE.


By the late A^'DREW A. BOyAIi, D.D.

RETURNING to liLs beloved flock on 1st and it God to bless that sermon to
pleased
in good health, but much
March, my soul. was not so much what you
It
exhausted, he related, next evening, at his said, as yovu- manner of speaking that struck
prayer-meeting, what things he had seen and me. I saw in you a beauty in holiness that
heard. During the next twelve days he was I never saw before. You also said something
to be found going out and in among his in your prayer that stiuck me very much.
people, filling up, as liis manner was, every It was, ' Thou knoirest that we love Thee.'
inch of time. But he had been much Oh, Sir, what would I give that I could say
weakened by his unceasing exertions when in to my blessed Saviour, Thou knowest that

"
the north, and so was more than ordinarily I love Thee !
'

exposed to the typhus fever that was then Next evening he held a meeting in St.
prevailing in his parish, .several cases of Peter's, w^th the view oforganizing his
which he visited in his enfeebled state. people for collecting in behalf of the Free
On Sabbath, the 5th, he preached three
Protesting Church, the disruption of the
times ; and two days after, I find him Establishment being now inevitable. He
writing to his father " All domestic matters
: spoke very fervently and after the meeting
;


go on like a placid stream I trust not with- felt chilled and unwell. Next morning he
out its fertilizing influence. Nothing is felt that he was ill ; but went out in the
more improving than the domestic altar, afternoon to the marriage of two of his flock.
when we come to it for a daily supply of soul He seemed, however, to anticipate a serious
nourishment." To the last we get glances attack, for, on his way home, he made some
into his soul's growth. His family devotions arrangements connected with his ministerial
were full of life and full of gladness to the work, and left a message at Dr. Gibson's
end. Indeed, his very manner in reading house, asking him to come and see him. He
the chapter reminded you of a man poring believed that he had taken the fever, and it
into the sands for pieces of fine gold, and was so. That night he lay down upon the
from time to time holding up to you what he bed from which he was never to rise. He
deUghted to have found. spoke little, but intimated that he appre-
On Sabbath, the 12th, he preached upon hended danger.
Heb. ix. 15 in the forenoon, and Eom. ix. On Wednesday, he said he thought that
22, 23, in the afternoon, with uncommon he would never have seen the morning, he
solemnity and it was observed, both then
; felt .so sore broken, and had got no sleep ;

and on other late occasions, he spoke with but afterwards added, " Shall we receive
peculiar strength upon the sovereignty of good at the hand of the Lord, and shall we
God. These were his last discom-ses to his not receive evil also I " He seemed clouded
people in St. Peter's. That same evening in spirit, often repeating .such passages as
he went down to Broughty Ferrv, and '
My moisture is turned into the drought of
preached upon Isaiah Ix. 1 '
: Arise, shine,"
summer ;" " My bones wax old, thi-ough my
etc. It was the last time he was to be en- roaring all day long." It was with difficulty
gaged directly in proclaiming Clu'ist to sin- that he was able to speak a few words with
ners and as he began hLs ministiy with souls
; his assistant, Mr. Gatherer. In the fore-
for his hire, so it appears that his last dis- noon, Mr. Miller, of Wallaeetown, found him
course had in it sa\ang power to some, and oppressed with extreme pain in his head.
that rather from the holin&ss it breathed Amongst other things they conversed upon
than from the wisdom of its words. After Ps. cxxvi. On coming to the 6th verse, Mr.
his death, a note was found unopened, which M'Cheyne said he would give him a di\'i.sion
had been sent to him in the course of the of it. 1.
What ig sowed ''Precious .seed."
following week, when he lay in the fever. 2. The manner of sowi 11// it "Goeth forth
It ran thus " I hope you will pardon a
: and weepeth." He dwelt upon " weep^th,"
stranger for addr&ssing to you a few lines. and then said, " MinLstei-s should go forth at
I heard you preach last Sabbath evening, all times." 3. The Jruit " Shall doubtless

The Liud Diiys of Mr. M-Cheync. iiO

come ngaiii witli icjoiciiif;." ^Ir. Miller cften was he heard speaking to or praying
pointed to the certainl)/ of M'Clieyne
it ; 31r. for his people. " You must be awakened in
assented, " Yes douhtlens." After praying time, or you will be awakened in everlasting
with him, Mr. Miller repeated Matt. xi. 28, torment, to your eternal confusion." " You
upon which Mr. M't'heyne clasped liLs hands may soon get me aw.iy, but that will not save
with gi-eat earnestness. As he became woree, your souls." Then he prayed, " This parish,
his medical attendants forbade him to be Lord, this people, this whole place " At!

visited. Once or twice he asked for me, and another time, " Do it Thyself, Lord, for Thy
was heard to speak of " Smyrna" as if the weak servant." And again, as if praying for
associatinns of liLs illness there were recalled the saints, " Holy Father, keep through
by his burning fever now. I was not at Thine own name those whom Thou hast
that time aware of his danger, even the given me."
rumour of it had not reached us. Thus he continued most generally engaged,
Next day, he continued sunk in body and while the delirium la.sted, either in prayer or
mind, till about the time when his people met in preaching to his people, and always appa-
for their usual evening prayer- meeting, when rently in happy fi-ame, till the morning of
he requested to be left alone for half an hour. Saturday, the 25th. On that morning, while
When his servant entered the room again, his kind medical attendant, Dr. Gibson, stood
he exclaimed, with a joyful voice, " My .'oul by, he lifted up his hands as if in the attitude
is escaped as a bird out of the snare of the of pronouncing the blessing, and then sank
fowler ; the snare is broken, and I am down. Not a groan or a sigh, but only a
escajied." His countenance, as he said this, quiver of the lip, and his soul was at rest.
bespoke inward peace. Ever after he was As he was subject to frequent sickness, it
observed to be happy and at supper-time
; was not till within some days of his death
that evening, when taking a little refresh- that serious alarm was general!}' felt, and
ment, he gave thanks, ' For strength in the hence the stroke came with awful suddenne.ss

time of weiikness for light in the time of upon us all. That same afternoon, while

darkness for joy in the time of sori'ow preparing for Sabbath duties, the tidings
for comforting us in all our tribulations, that reached me. I hastened down, though scarce
we may be able to comfort those that are in knowing why I went. His people were that
any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we evening met together in the church, and such
ourstlves are comforted by God." a scene of sorrow has not often been wit-
On Sabbath, when one expre.ssed a wish nessed in Scotland. It was like the weeping
that he had been able to go forth as usual for King Josiah. Hundreds were there the;

to pi each, he replied, " My thoughts are not lower part of the church was full ; and none
your thoughts, neither are Jly ways youi- among them seemed able to contain their
ways, saith the Lord " and added, " I am
: sorrow. Every heart seemed bursting with
preaching the seniion that God would have gi-ief, so that the weeping and the cries could
me to do." be heard afar ofT. The Lord had most
On Tuesday (the 21st), his sLster repeated severely wounded the ]>eople whom He had
to him several hymns. The last words he before .so peculiarly favoured and now, by
;

heard, and the last he seemed to understand, this awful stroke of His hand, was fixing
were those of Cowper's hymn, " Sometimes deeper in their souls all that His servant
the light surprises the Christian as he sings." had spoken in the days of bis peculiar
And then the delirium came on. ministrj'.
At one time, during the delirium, he said Wlierever the news of his departure came,
to his attendant, '' Mind the text (1 Cor. xv. every Christian countenance was darkened
58) :
'
Be steadfast, unmoveable, always with sadne.ss. Perhaps never was the death
abounding in the work of the Lord,' " dwell- of one, whose whole occupation had been
ing with much empha.sis on the last clau.se, preaching the everlasting Gospel, more felt
^^
forasmuch as ye know thai your labour is by all the saints of Gcd in Scotland. Not a
not in rain m
the Lord." At another time few also of our Presbyterian brethren in
he seemed to feel himself among his brethren, Ireland felt the blow to the very heart. He
and said, " I don't think much of policy in himself used to say, " Live so as to be
church courts no, I hate it
; but I'll tell; mLssed " ami none that sjiw the tears that
;

you what I like, faitlif\ilness to God, and a were shed over his death would have doubted
holy walk." His voice, which had been that his own life had been what he recom-
weak befoi-e became very strong now ; and mended to others. He had not completed

30 Memories nf Gospel Triumphs among the Jens.

more than twenty- nine years when G^d took come into the woi Id a surety for lost sinners,
him. is despised, uncared for men
are ashamed
Onthe day of his burial, business was of it. Who
are not ashamed of it ? little A
quite suspended in the paiish. The streets, company, those whose hearts the Spirit of
and every window, from the house to the God has touched. They were all like the
grave, were crowded with those wlio felt that world, and of it but He awakened them to
;

a prince in Israel had Jallen and many a ; see their sin and misery, and that (Jhrist
careless man felt a fccnt awe creep over his alone was a refuge, and now they cry,
harilened soul as he cast his e^'e on the solemn " None but Christ None but Christ God !

spectacle. forbid that I should glory save in the Cioss


His tomb m:iy be seen on the pathway at of Christ." He is precious to their heart
the north-west corner of St. Peter's burying-
He lives there He is often on their lips He
groiind. He has gone to the " mountain of is praised in their family
they would fain
myrrh and the hill of frankincense, till the pioclaim Him to all the world. They have
day break and the shadows flee away." His felt in their own experience that the Gospel
work was finished His heavenly Father
! is the power of God unto salvation, to the
had not another plant for him to water, nor Jew first, and also to the Greek. Dear
another vine for him to train and the ; friends, is this your experience ? Have you
Saviour who so loved him was waiting to received the Gospel, not in word only, but in
greet him with His own welcome '"
Well : power ? Has the power of God been put
done, good and faithful servant enter thou : forth upon your soul along with the word ?
into the joy of thy Lord." Then this word is yours, I am not ashamed
But what the voice to us ?
is Has this of the Gospel of Christ.
been sent as the stroke of wrath, or the One peculiarity in this statement I wish
rebuke of love? "His way is in the sea,
you to notice. He glories in the Gospel as
and his path in the great waters, and His the power of God unto salvation, to the Jew
footsteps are not known." Only this much first, from which I draw this doctrine, That
we can clearly see, that nothing was more the Gospel should be preached Jir^t to the Jeios.
fitted to leave his character and example \. Because judgment will begin with them.
impressed on our remembrance for ever than Rom. ii. 6 10.
his early death. There might be envy while " Indignation and wrath, to the Jew first."
he lived theie is none now. There might
; It is an awful thought that the Jew be will
have been some of the youthful attractiveness the first to stand forward at the bar of God to
of his graces lost had he lived many years ;
be judged. When the great white throne is
this cannot be impaired now. It seems as if set, and He sits down upon
it from whose
the Lord had struck the flower from its stem, face the heavens and earth flee away when
ere any of the colours had lost their bright the dead, small and great, stand before God,
hue, or any leaf its fragrance. and the books are opened, and the dead are
judged out of those things that are written
in the books, is it not a striking thought that
OUR DUTiT TO ISEAEL. Israel blinded Israel
poorjudgment will be the first
to stand in before tied ?
A Sermon Preached by the late Rep. Robert M.
When the Son of Man shall come in His
M'Chpyne, November 17th, 1S30, after
returning frnm a Mission to the glory, and all the holy angels with Him, when
Jews in Palestine, etc. He shall sit upon the throne of His glory, and
before Him shall be gathered all nations, and
" To the Jew first." Ron. i. 16.
He shall separate them one from another, as
a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats,
MOST Christ.
people aie ashamed of the Gospel when the awful sentence comes forth from
iif ashamed of
?V(e wise are His holy lips, "Depart ye cursed," and when
it, because it calls men to believe, and not to the guilty many shall move away from before
argue t/ie great are ashamed of it, because
; Him into everlasting punishment, is it not
it brings all into one body ; the rich are enough to make the most careless among you
ashamed of if it is to be had without
it, pause and consider, that the indignation and
money and without price the gay are ; wiath shall first come upon the Jew that
ashamed of it, because they fear it will their faces will gather a deeper paleness, and
destroy all their mirth and so the good : their hearts die within them more than
news of the gloiious Sen of God havinsr others ?

Sei'tnoii liij llic late licr. Rolx'ii M. M^Chej/ne. 31

Why is this ? Because tlipy liave had the stream from the everlasting hills. then,
more liglit than any other people, (iod cl)oso think for a moment, you who sit luider the
them out of the world to be His witnesses. shade of faithful ministers, and yet remain
Every prophet was sent first to them every ; unconcerned and unconverted, and are not
evangelist and apostle had a message for brought to sit under the shade of Christ,
theui. Mes.siah came to them. lie siiid, think how like your wrath will bo to the
" I am not sent but to the lost sheep of tiie inibclieving Jew ( And think, again, of the
House of Israel." The word of (Jod is still marvellous grace of Cln-ist, that the Gospel
addre.s.-ied to them. They still have it pure is first to you. The more that your sins aro
and unadulterated in their hands yet they ; like scarlet and like crimson, the more is tho
have sinned against all tiiis light against l>lood free to you that washes white as .snow ;
all this love. " O Jeru.salein, Jerusalem, fortius is still His word to all His ministers,
thou that killest the pro[)hets, and stonest Begin at Jerusalem.
them which are sent unto thee, how f)ften 2. It is like God to care first /or lite Jews.
would I have gathered thy children together, It is the chief glory and joy of a soul to be
even as a hen gathereth her chickens under like (ii)d. You remember this was the glory
her wings, and ye would not! Their cup of that condition in which Adam was created.
of wrath is fuller than that of other men " Let us make man in our image, after our
their sea of wrath is deeper. On their very likeness." His understanding was w'ithout
faces you may read in every clime that the a cloud. He
.saw, in some measure, as God
curse of God is over them. seeth. His will flowed in the .same channel
Is not this a reason, then, why the Gospel with God's will. His aifections fastened on
should first be preached to the Jews ? They the same objects which God also loved.

are ready to perish to peri.sh more dread- When man fell, we lost all this, and became
fully than other men. The cloud of indig- children of the devil, and not children of
nation and wrath that is even now gathering God. But when a lest soul is brought to
above the lost, will brc:tk iir.st upon the head Chri.st, and receives tlu; Holy Ghost, he puts
of guilty, unluip|)y, unbelieving Israel. And off the old man, and puts on the new man,
have you none of the bowels of Christ in which after God is created in righteousness and
you, that you will not lun fast to them that true holiness. It is our true joy in this world
are in so sad a case? In an ho.spital, the to be like God. Too many rest in the joj' of
kind physician runs fiist to that bed where being forgiven but our truest joy is to be
;

the sick man lies who is neare.st to die. like him. O rest not, beloved, till you are
When a ship is sinking, and the gallant renewed after this image, till you partake of
have left the shore to siive the sinking
s;iilors the Divine nature Long for the day when
!

crew, do they not stretch out the arm of help Christ shall appear, and we shall be fully
first to those who are readiest
perish to like Him, for we shall .see Him as He is.
beneath the waves ? And
not do shall we Now, what I wish to insist upon at present
the same for Israel ? The billows of God's i.s, that we should be like God, even in those
anger are ready to dash first over them things which are peculiar. \\"e should be
shall we not seek to bring them first to the like Him in imderstanding, in will, in holiness,
Rock that is higher than they? Their case and also in His jieciiliar affections. " Love is
is more desperate tlian that of other men of God, and every one that loveth is born of
shall we not bring the Good Physician to God and knoweth (iod. He that loveth not,
them. Who alone can bring health and cure ? knoweth not God, for God is love " but the

for the Gospel is the power of God unto whole Bible shows that God has a peculiar
.salvation, to the Jew first, and also to the afl'ection for I.srael. You remember when
Greek. the Jews were in Egypt, sorel}' oppressed by
I cannot leave this head without .speaking theii- taskma.sters, God heard their crj% and
a word to those of you who are in a situation appeared to Moses. " I have seen, 1 have
very similar to that of Israel ; to you who .seen the afUiction of My people, and 1 have
have the Word of God in your hands, and heard their cry, for I know their sorrows."
yet are unbelieving and un.saved. In many And again, when (od brought them through
re.spects, Scotland may be called God's second tlie wilderne.s.s, Mo.ses tells them why He did
Israel. No other land has its Sabbath as it. Deut.
vii. 7 The Lonl did not set His
:


Scotland has no other land has the Bible as love upon you, nor choose 3'ou, because ye

Scotland has no other land has the Gospel were more in numlier than any people, for
preached, fi-ee as the air yre breathe, fresh as ye were the fewest of all people, but because
"

32 Memories of Gospel TriumphIS (IIIUJI If) the Jeivs.

the Lord loved you." Strange, sovereign, population. The moment you give a tract,
most peculiar love !
He loved them because or a Bible, it is carried to the pri&st, and by
He loved them. Should we not be like God in tiie priest to the government, and immediate

this peculiar attachment ? punishment is the certain result. But the


But, you say, God has sent them into door is open to the Jews. No man cares for
captivity. ICow, it is true, God hath scat- their souls and therefore you may carry
tered them into every land

" the precious
;

the Gospel to them freely.


sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how The same is the case in Egypt and in
are thej- esteemed as earthen pitchers !
Palestine.
But what says God of this ? ' I have left You dare not preach the Gospel to the
Mine house, t have left Mine heritage, I have deluded followers of Mahomet but j-ou may
;

given the dearhj beloved of My


soul into the stand in the open market-place, and preach
hand of her enemies." It is true that Israel the Gospel to the Jews, no man forbidding
is given, for a little moment, into the hand you. We visited every town in the Holy
of Her enemies, but it is as true that they Land where Jews are found. In Jerusalem,
are still the dearly beloved of His soul. and in Hebron, we spoke to them all the
Should we not give them the same place in words of this life. In Sychar we reasoned
our hearts which God gives them in His with them in the synagogue, and in the open
heart ? Shall we be ashamed to cherish the bazaar. In C'haifa, at the foot of Carmel,
same affection which our heavenly Father we met with them in the .synagogue. In
cherishes ? Shall we be ashamed to be Zidon, also, we discoursed freely to them of
unlike the world, and like God, in this Jesus. In Tyre, we visited them in the
peculiar love for captive Israel ? sj'nagogue, and at the House of the Eabbi,
But vou say, God has cast them off. "Hath and then they returned our visit for when ;

God cast away His people which He foreknew ? we had laid down in the khan for the heat of
God forbid The whole Bible contradicts
!
'"'
mid-day, they came to us in crowds. The
such an idea. Jer. xsxi. 20 " Is Ephraim : Hebrew Bible was produced, and passage
my dear son ? is he a pleasant child ? for after passage explained, none making us
since I spake against him, I do earnestly afraid. In Saphet, and Tiberias, and Acre,
remember him still. Therefore my bowels we had the like freedom. There is, indeed,
are troubled for him I will surely have
: perfect liberty in the Holv Land to carry the
mercy upon him, saith the Lord." " I will Gospel to the Jews.
plant them again in their own land assui-edly, In Constantinople, if you were to preach
with My whole heait. and with My whole to the Turks, as some have tried, banishment
soul." " Zion said. The Lord hath forsaken is the consequence but to the Jew you may
;

me, and my Lord hath forgotten me. Can carry the message. In Wallachia and Mol-
a woman," itc. "And so all Israel shall be davia, the smallest attempt to convert a Greek
saved, as it is written. There shall come out would draw down the instant vengeance of
of Zion the DeHverer, and .shall turn away the holy Synod, and of the government.
ungodliness from Jacob." Now the simple But in every town we went freely to the
question for each of you is, and for our
Jews in Bucharest, in Foxany, in Jassy,
beloved church, should we not share with and in many a remote Wallachian hamlet,
God in His peculiar affection for Israel ? If we spoke, without hindrance, the message to
we are with the Spirit of God should
filled Israel. The door is wide open.
we not He loves ? should we not grave
love as Ill Austria, where no missionary of any
Israel upon the palms of our hands, and kind is allowed, still we found the Jews
resolve that through our mercy they also may willing to hear. In their synagogues we
obtain mercy ? always found a sanctuary open to us, and
3.- Dscaiise there is peculiar access to the often when they knew they could have
Jews. exposed us, they concealed that we had been
In almost all the countries we have visited, theie.
this fact quite remarkable indeed it seems
is : In Prussian Poland, the door is wide open
in many places as if the only door left open to nearly lOO.OOll Jews. You dare not
to the Christian missionary is the door of preach to the poor Rationalist Protestants.
preaching to the Jews. Even in Pi-otestant Piussia this would not be
We spent some time in Tuscany, the freest allowed but yo>i may speak the Gospel to
;

state in the whole of Italy. There you dare the Jews. By the law of the land every
not preuuli the Gospel to tlie Roman Catholic church is open to an ordained minister and ;
"

Sei'mon by the late Rev. Robert M. M'Cheyne. 33

one of the missionaries assured me that he for the sons of men." Just as we have
often preached to 400 or 500 Jews and found, among the parched hills of Judea,
Jewet^ses at a time. Sclioolti for Jewish that the evening dew, coming silently down,
ciiildren ai-e also allowed. We
vi.-ited three gave life to every plant, making the gra.ss
of them, and heard the children taught the to spring, and the flowers to put foi-th their
way of salvation by the Kedeemer. Twelve sweetest fragrance, so shall converted Israel
years ago the Jews would not have come be when they come as dew on the dead, dry
near a church. woild.
If the.se things be true, and I appeal to all Zechariah viii. 23 " In those days it .shall
:

of you who know these countries if it is not come to pass, that ten men shall take hold,
if the door in one direction is shut, and out of all languages of the nations, even
the door to Israel is so widely open Oh, do shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a
you nof think that God is .saying by His Jew, saying, We
will go with you for we :

providence as well as by word, "Go rather have heard that God is with you." This
to the lost sheep of the hou.se of Israel ? never has been fulfilled but as the Word of
;

Dj you think that the Church, knowing God is true, this is true. Perhaps someone
these things, will be guiltless if we do not may say, " If the Jews are to be the great
obey the call for the Gospel is the power of missionaries of the world, let us send missions
;

God unto salvation, to the Jew first, and also to them only. We
have got a new light
to the Greek. let us call back our missionaries from India.
4. Jiecatiae they will give life to the dead They are wasting their precious lives there
trorld. in doing what the Jews are to accomplish."
I have often thought that a reflective I giieve to tliink that any lover of Israel
traveller, pa.ssing through the countries of should so far pervert the truth as to argue
this world, and observing the race of Isi-ael in this way. The Bible does not say that
in every land, might be led to guess, merely we are to preach only to the Jew, but to the
from the light of his natural reason, that Jew first. " Go and preach the Gospel to
that singular people are preserved for some all nations," said the Saviour. Let us obey
gieat purjiose in the world. There is a His Word like little children. The Lord speed
singular fitness in the Jew to be the mis- our beloved missionaries in that burning
sionary of the world. They have not that clime ! The Lord give them good success,
peculiar attachment to home and country and never let one withering doubt cross their
which we have. They feel that they are pure minds as to their glorious field of
outca-sts in every land. They are also inured labour! All that we plead for is, that in
to every clime; they are to be found amid sending out mis.sionaries to the heathen we
the snows of Ru.ssia, and beneath the burning may not forget to begin at Jerusalem. If
sun of Hindostan. They are also, in some Paul be sent to the Gentiles let Peter be
measure, acquainted with all the languages sent to the twelve tribes that are scattered
of the world, and yet have one common abroad; and let not a by-corner in your

language the holy tongue, in which to
hearts be given to this cause let it not be
communicate with one another. All these an appendix to the other doings of the church,
things must, I should think, suggest them- but rather let there be written on the fore-
selves to every intelligent traveller as he front of our hearts, and on the banner of
passes through other lands. But what says our beloved church, "To the Jew first," and
the Wr/rd (if God ? "Beginning at Jerusalem."
Zechariah viii. 13 "It shall come to pass,
: Lastly, Because there is a great revmrd.
that as ye were a curse among the heathen, " Blessed he that blesseth thee
is cursed is
;

house of Judah and house of Israel, so he that curseth thee." " Pray for the jjeace
will I save you, and ye shall be a blessing." of Jerusalem they shall prosper that love
;

To this day they are a curse among the her." We have felt this in our own souls.
nations, by their unbelief
by their covetous- In going from country to country we felt
ness but the time is coming when they
; that there was One before us preparing our
shall be as great a blessing a-s they have been way. Though we have had perils in the
a curse. waters, and perils in the wilderness, perils
Micah v. 7 " And the remnant of Jacob
: from sickness, and perils from the heathen,
shall be in the mid.st of many people as a still from all, the Lord has delivered us and ;

dew from the Lord, as the showers \ipon the if it shall please God to restore our revered

gra.ss, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth companions in this missioi" in peace and
34 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

safety to their anxious families, we shall evangelistic as God would have us to be not
then have good reaf on to say, that in keeping only dispense the light on every hand, but
His Comniandment there is gi-eat reward. dispense it first to the Jew ?
But your souls shall be eni-iched also, and Then shall God revive His work in the
our chui'ch too, if this cause find its right midst of the years. Oar whole land shall
place in your affections. It was well said by be refreshed as Kilsyth has been. The
one who has a deep place in your affections, cobwebs of controversy shall be swept out of
and who "is now on his way to India, that our
our sanctuaries the jarrings and jealousies
church must not only be evangelical, but of our church be turned into the harmony
evangelistic also, if she would expect the of praise and our own souls become like
blessmg of God. May I not take the liberty a well-watered garden.
.of adding to thLs striking declaration, [Extracted, by permission, from the Memoir and
that we must not only be evangelistic, but Remains of the Rev. R. M. M'Cheyne.]

THE BIBLE IN JACOB S WELL.


Bv THE LATE ANDREW A. BONAR, D.D.

BONAR engaged a very


MR.Jew affable for nearly two miles, till they arrived at a
to show him the road to Jacob's covered well, which is marked out by tradi-
Well, who, after leading him through the tion as the memorable spot. It is imme-
town, gave him in charge to another that diately below the rock}' path by which we
knew the place. They went out at the had travelled the day before, at that point of
Eastern Gate and proceeded along the Vale the road where we tui-ued from the spacious
of Sychai-, keeping near the base of Gerizzim plain into the narrow vale, lietween Ebal
and Gerizzim. The guide removed a large
* From " Narrative of a Mission to the Jews." stone that covei-s the mouth of the low vault

Th<' Bihh- J.iroh's IIW/. .35

Imilt over tho welland thou thrusting him-


; (Weiu-y tlidu KitHt Reeking mc ;

selfthrough the narrow aperture, invited Cniuifieil--Tliou setst me free ;

Let iiut iu-li pains fruitless be


Mr. Bonar to follow. This he accordingly !)

did; and in the act of descending, his Jiiblo But nothing can equal tho simple words of
escaping from his breast-pocket fell into tho the Evangelist, "Jesus therefore being
well, and was soon heard plunging in tho
wearied with his juuniey sat thus on the
water far below. The guide made very sig- well."
nificant signs that it could not be recovered,
" for the well is deep." The small chamber
over the well's mouth appears to have been
carefully built, and may have been originally
the lodge which is often found round the
mouth of Eastern wells, affording a resting-
place for the weary traveller. Hut the w(^ll
itself iscut out of the rock. Mr. Calhoun,
who was hero lately, found it seventy-five
feet deep, with ten or twelve feet of water.
In all tho other wells and fountains which
we saw in this valley tho water is within
reach of the hand, but in this one the water
seems never to rise high. This is one of tho
clear evidences that it is really the Well of
Jacob, for at this day it would require what
it re(|uiie<l in tho days of our Lord, an
" avrXtifia," ".something to draw with, for
it was ilcep."* On account of the great
One evening, after our visit toSychar, Mr.
M'Ch(!yne referred to tlu; Bible which I had
depth, the water would be peculiarly cool,
dropped into Jacob's Well. We were then
and the associations that connected this well
resting from our journey in our tents. Soon
with their father Jacob no doubt made it
after he penned on a leaf of his note-book
to be liighly esteemed. For the.so reasons,
the following fragment :

although there is a fine stream of water close


by the west side of the town, at least two My own loved Bil)Ic. must I |i;irtfrom tliei',

gushing fountains within the walls, and the Companion i>t' my toil.s by lanil and .se.a ;

Man of my oouusi'I.h. sootber of di.Mtress,


fountain Kl Defna nearly a mile nearer tho Ouide of tbruugli tbis world's wilderne.s
ni}- step.-s !

town, still the people of the town very natu- In darkest niglil.^*, a lantui-n to my feet ;
rally reverenceil and freqiiented Jacob's In glad.some days, ;is ilroppiug lioncy sweet.
Well. This maj' in j)art account for tho Wben first I jiartcd from my quiet borne,
At tby oonnnand, for Israel's good to roam.
Samaritan woman coming so far to draw Tby gentle voiee said, For .leru.salem pray,
*'

water, even if the conjecture be disregarded Sosball .Tebovab prosper all tliy way."
that the town in former times extended much Wben tbrougli tbe lonely wilderness we straved,
farther to the east than it does now. The Sighing in vain for palm-trei!s' eooling sbade,
narrative itself soems to imply that tho well Tby words of comfort luisbed each rising fear,
"Tbe sbadow ofThy mighty Hoek is near."
was situated .a considerable way from the And wben we pitched our tents on Judah's bills
town, lie who " leads the blind by a way Or thoughtful nmsed Ijeside Siltia's rills ;

which they know not," drew t\w woman that Whene'er we clindieil Mount Olivet, to gaze
day by the invisible cords of grace, past all Upon the sea, where stood in ancient days
other fountains, to the well where she was to
The heaven-struck Sotlom
Sweet record of tbe past, to faitli'.s glad eyes,
meet with one who UAd her all that ever she Sweet proniiser of glories yet to rise * !

did
the Haviour of the world and the Saviour
[This story of the Bible in Jacob',s Well has
of her .soul.
The Romish hymn seemed peculiarly im- influenced thou.sandsof tlie young to give and
pressive when remembered on this hallowed collect for the Jewish Mission. Eu.]
spot :

It is a somewhat curious occurrence, that the


Qii!reu8 me .serlisti la.s.sii8,
remnants of this Wble were found and drawn up
){e(lemisti oruceni p.is.'^n.'^.
from the bottom of the well, in .July, I.SIH. liy Dr.
Tautus labor iion sit co^us !
Wilson and his fellow-traveller, who enii>loyed a
Samaritan from Sychnr to descend and examine tho
1 John iv. 11. well.
D 2

36 Memories of Gospel TrlunipJts among the Jeivs.

REV. J. DUNLOP'S TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF


DR. ANDREW BONAR.

good pro\4dence of God, Dr. Andrew


tlie Was ordained to the ministry at Collace in
IN Bonar, before he passed away, was per- 1838. Went on the mission of inquiry to
mittetl to give the last finishing touches to a Palestine and the Jews in 1839. On return-
new and improved edition of his Memoii- of ing, carried on my ministry in the Free Church
the Eev. R. M. M'Cheyne, which Las only at Collace till the year 1856, and then
been recently published. The preface to this removed to Glasgow. Was Modei-ator of the
incomparable edition is dated Glasgow, July, Fi-ee Chinch General Assembly at its meet-
1892. It is in larger type than the pre\"ious ing in Glasgow in 1878. It seems strange
edition ; it has got facsimiles of Mr. that such a ministry as Mr. M'Cheyne's
M'Cheyne's hand-wi-iting, and an appendix should be finished in seven years, while his
with important additional information. biographer has passed his jubilee. But the
At the urgent request of friends. Dr. Lord's '
thoughts are not our thoughts.'
Bonar has furnished some interesting notes John the Baptist in sis months fulfilled his
of the membei-s of a society which waj; called course as the prophet whom the Master
The Exegelical, on account of its object. declared to have been greater than all the
Dr. Bonar, his brother Horatius, Mr. prophets who went before him while to
;

M'Cheyue, Dr. Somerville, and fourteen John the Apostle sixty years were given for
other students belonged to the Exegelical. his work.
They were all attending the Theological " 1. Horatitis Bonar, D.D. Born in 1808.
Classes in the Divinity Hall, in Edinburgh, He was ordained to the ministry in 1837.
and during the four sessions, they met on After a preparatory season of mission work
the Satui'day mornings, at half-past six in Leith, under Dr. James Lewis, Kelso was
o'clock, for prayer and exercises in exegesis, the first scene of his labours ; and very soon
&c. On one of these occisions, Mr. M'Cheyne the Lord gave him many souls for his hire.
read an essay on " Lebanon Its Scenery There it was he ^Tote his earli&st hymns, and
and Allusions," and later in life he " spoke I believe it was there, in the writing of hymns
of himself as indebted to this society for for the young in the Sabbath school, that he
much of that discipline of mind on Jewish discovered the gift with which the Lord had
literature and Scripture geography which endowed him. And there, too, the Kelso

was found to be so useful in the ilission of Tracts,' and many of his most useful books were
Inquiry to the Jews in after days." ^vritten. He removed to the Free Church,
Dr. Bonar very appropriately introduces Grange, Edinburgh, in the j-ear 1866. He
these charming little biographies of his was Moderator of the Free Church General
brethren by the follo^^ing interesting par- Assembly in 1883, and was able to continue
ticvilai-s respecting himself and his brother all his usual work till two yeai-s before his
Horatius :
death, which took place 31st July, 1889.
" Spared, by the good hand of God upon One grand characteristic of his ministry was
me, until now, 1892, when nearly every one his unwearied setting forth of the blessed
of the eighteen friends who formed our hope of the Lord's Premillennial Coming,
morning-meeting have passed away, and but e%'en more, the Gospel in its simplicity,
having been urged to give some brief notes fulness, and freeness,
in his preaching, in
in regard to each of these friends, I shall try his writings, and in his hymns. ' Believe

to do so very briefly, taking each in alpha- and live,' and ' God's way of peace,' have
betical order. All I need to .say of myself bten much owned of God. On the day of his
may be easily stated. Born in 1810. Born funei-al in the Canongate churchyard, a
again and fully brought to Christ in 1830. young gentleman quietly said to me ' It :

Studied Divinity under Dr. Chalmei-s and wa.s about eight years ago I was led to rest

Dr. Welsh, teachers I will never forget. in Christ as I read your brother's hymn,
Licensed by Jedburgh Prasbytery. and
' I }iear the words of love,
laboured for eighteen months there as mis-
I gaze upon the blood :
sionary, and then, during two yeai-s, in Dr. I see the mighty sacriBce,
Candhsh's parish, St George's, Edinburgh. Aud I have peace with God.'"

Rer. ./. Diinloj/s Tribute to the Memcn^y of Dr. Andreiv Bonar. 37

UNCONSCIOUS BEAUTY AND INFLUENCE. before his fellow Christians. Wlio is it of


our sacred poets that sings, as he would
During 1890, the Rev. H. C. G. Moule,
have sung ?
Principal of Kiilley Hall, Canibriilge, liadthe
great privilege of hearing Dr. Bonar speak in " How long .shall Jacob's offspring prove
public, and talk in private. The impression Tile sad suspension of Thy love '.

Arise, C) God. and let Thy gniue


left wji.s that he ' was one of the very sunniest
Shed its glad l)eani.s on .Jacob's race.
Christians he hail ever met, and one of the Itestore the long lost, .scattered band,
wi.sast." When the subject of his intellectual And call them to their native land.
and pliysical vigour was referred to, he re-
" Did you notice thLs week the death of his
marked :

" Scripture says that Barzillai was a very elder brother


the last of the family ? But
God's ways are net our ways the one brother ;
aged man, even foui-score years old so I ;
is taken away in his thirtieth year, and the
know by God's Word that I am a very aged
other in his eighty-second. But the God of
man. but I don't feel it a bit."
Israel has ftirried on His work marvellously,
The lowe.st moral deformity and the highest
even when those were called away whose
spiritual beauty are alike unconscious. Sam-
sickle seemed the sharpest and whose arm
son was unconscious that through sin he had
seemed the strongest for cutting down the
lost his strength. Moses wa.s unconscious,
fields that were " white and ready to
that through Communion with God on the
Mount, his face was bright.
harvest."
Believe me, dear Brother, youi-s
truly in Him " Whose we are and Whom we
Dr. Bonar wa-s unconscious of physical
serve,'' Andrew A. Bonar.
decay and dissolution, because he was tilled
with the brightne.ss of the glory of God, by "Glasgow, \9,th Xov., 1892.
continually looking into the face of Jesus as
he beheld it in the perfect mirror of the Bible.
" My dear Mr. There was
Dunlop,
never a very good likeness* of R. 51'Cheyne.
The enclosed is ;us good as any, but it was
DR. Sonar's last two letters to mr. duxlop. taken after his death.
It seems only yesterday since our vener- " As to myself, I fancy the one I enclose
able friend pa-ssed through the press that will serve your purpose as well as any other.
beautiful edition of the immortal " Memoir," You are welcome to both. I only hope they
and penned those two lovely letters, which a will be of use to you.
Yours truly, dear
voice from within says give here in full, as Brother, Andrew A. Bonar."
his sudden, trium])hant departui-e has in-
vested every word of them with a new pathos DR. BONARS PEACEFUL DEPARTURE.
and power which we now most deeply feel
We have been favoured with the following
but cannot expr&ss :
most interesting account of Dr. Bonar's last
" Glasgow, 29,th October, 1892. hours, by hLs daughter :

" Dear Mr. Duxlop, Had I been able, I " My father .seemed to be in his usual
should have reckoned it .a great privilege to health on Wednesday (Decemboi- 28Lh),
be at the Jubilee Meeting of your Jewish and visited for some hours in the
Society. But I fear I could not undertake afternoon. In the evening he took part in
the journey to London at this season for, ;
his weekly prayer-meeting, when many
though I still divide the work of the ministry noticed the earnestness of his [ji-ayers. Ne.\t
with my colleague, I do not take on hand morning he awoke with a chill and was ill
extra services. And further, I suspect my all day, though we did not feel alarmed about
voice would not at all be such as would reach him. On Friday he was no better, and con-
an Exeter Hall audience. One rea.son for my tinued to grow gradually weaker all day,
colleagueship was the unquestionable fact that sinking very rapidly after seven o'clock. His
my congiegation felt the lowness of my voice. mind wa.s clear and full of his much-loved
" What memories you call up by your work. In the morning he spoke of several
reference to Robert M'Cheyne in 1S42 !
things to lx> attended to on the coming
How he loved Israel ! I often felt rebuked Sabbath, and rememl)ered that a collection
by the tone of his prayei-s in their behalf for the Jewish Jlission was to be taken that
such j-earning earnestness when pleading day. He often put his h.md to his li< nd. but
witli God for them, and such affectionate
ompa.-*ion when advocating their cause * For the likeiurr-
! ; " :

38 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

when we asked him if he were siiflering, he " We Uve in deeds, not years in thoughts, not breaths.;

said No, only ver^- tired.'


'
About sis In feelings, not in figures on a dial,
:

o'clock he called us all together for family


We should count time by heart-throbs He most
lives
worship. We sang the 23rd Psalm, and Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best."
he joined in it as he usually did. Then our
brother-in-law read Psalm 62, and was
As we look back upon him, and then
forward and upward, we see
just to pray when my father
beginning
" Life's race well rim,
folded his hands, and broke out into a pi-ayer
' Oh, Lord, Thou
Life's work well done.
in a clear, distinct voice :
Life's crown well won."
art our Eock and our defence.' Tlien
followed confession of sin and prayer for Dr. Andrew Bonar's departure wasa trans-
acceptance through the merits of the gi-eat lation, an ascen.sion It had less to do with !

Intercessor, with a committal of us all to the the dark pageantry of death and the funeral
Ix)rd's care for the coming night. Then he than with the lushing wheels and the pranc-
bade us each good night.' He never said
ing footsteps o the chariots and horses of fire.
'
good-bye.' He did not .seem to know he It reminds us of our Sa\iour's words to His
was dving, and we did not speak of it to him. disciples, ' I ascend to My Father and your

Living or dying he was the, Lord's. As one Father, to My God and your God." It was

wrote : the onward, upward journey of immortal,


uninterrupted, ever broadening, brightening
" ' He was
the dark vaUey and did
in Life in Eternal Light.
not know was not so much that God
it. It And so now a voice, sweeter than Apollo's
was with him, as that God had been one with lute, comes to us ironx the heights of glory
him this long time, and sustained him equally " I shine in the light of God, my
at all times without disturbance, and needed His likeness stamps brow, my
no special call at an emergency.' Thro' the shadows of death feet my have trod,
" For a time his weakness and restlessness And I reign in glory now.
No breaking he,irt is here,
were very great, then he gi-ew more quiet,
No keen and thrilling pain.
and lay gently bi-eathing awaj- his life. At No wasted cheek where the frequent tear
half-past ten o'clock he closed his eves, and Hath rolled and left its stain.

gentlj' '
fell asleep '
in Jesus, so gently, that " I have found the joy of Heaven,
we hardly knew when life was gone. A look I am one of the Angel band

of beautiful peace, almost of delighted sur- To my head a crown of gold is giv'n,


prise, rested on his face, as if he had suddenly And a harp is in my hand.
Ihave learned the song they sing,
and unexpectedly found himself in the Whom Jesus hath set free,
presence of his Lord and Saviour, and had And the glorious walls of Heav'n now ring
heard the welcome Come from the hps of ' ' With my new-born melody.
Him with Whom he had walkedall these yeai-s, '
No sin, no grief, no pain.
and Who now '
received him into glory.' Safe in my happy home ;

My fears all fled, my doubts all slain,


'
There no stranger, God, shall meet Thee, My hour of triumph come.
though, in courts above
Strsiiiger, ; friends ot my mortal years.
He who His rest shall greet thee,
to The trusted and the true,
Greets thee with a weU-knoicn love.' " Ye are walking still in a valley of tears,
But I wait to welcome you.
Whothat reads this touching nan-ative " Do I forget Oh, no .'

of Dr. Bonar's last hours, will not exclaim For memory's golden chain
" Let me die the death of the righteous, Shall bind my heart to the hearts below
and let my last end be like his.'' Death !
Till they meet and touch again.
Each Unk is strong and bright,
To him there was no death !
And love's electric flame
' Flows freely down like a river of light
Can that man be dead
Whose Spiritual influence is still upon his kind ?
To the world from which I came.
He lives in glory ; and his speating dust " Do you mourn when another star
Has more o life than half its breathing moiUd^." Shines out from the glittering sky
Do you weep when the raging voice o war
" More of life ? " Yes all round and all ;
And the storms of conflict die .'

through. Measured by the highest standard, Then why should your tears run down,
And your hearts be sorely riv'n,
not by yeai-s, but bj' loving thoughts, feelings, For another gem in the Saviour's crown,
and deeds, his was a long, sublune Ufe. And another soul'in Heaven ?
liev. J. Dvnlojj's Trihvti' to the Memory of Dr. Andrew Bonar.

!
n^i^^r HALLELUJAH !
40 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OP REV. RIDLEY HAIM HERSCHELL.*


Drawn from an admirable memoir written hy his daughter, and printed for 2>rirate circulation.

such trying circumstances her thii-d sou,


HIS BIRTH.
Haim, of whose useful life we propose to give
THEones yeai-s I8O0 to 1808 were memoiiible
Prussian history.
in NajMjleou
a very brief sketch, was born on the 7th of
April.
was the height of his power, and all
at
HIS EARLY WAXDERINGS FROM HOME.
Germany was at liis feet. After the battle
of Jena the fortified towns of Prussian Trained up most carefully and devoutly in
Poland were ganisoned by French soldiers ; all the sacred observances of the synagogue,
and when subsequently to the victory at and accustomed to mingle with the Jewish
Eylau, Xapoleon put his army into winter students and other guests who wei-e freely
quarters, the cavalry were posted in the welcomed to his father's table every Sabbath-
towns and villages along the valley of the day, young Haim at eleven years of age
Vistula, from Thorn to the Baltic, the carried into execution a bold project for so
supplies for these troops being extorted from young a child, characteristic enough of the
the inhabitants of the occupied districts. energy and enterprise which distinguished
Thus it happened that in the spring of 1807 him through life. Having set his heart on
a French camp was stationed at Strzelno, a being a rabbi, he determined to leave his
small town about thirty English miles from father's house and travel alone to a rabbinical
Thorn, and situated in the midst of a rural school at a great distance, the fame of which
district. At the approach of the foreign had reached him and it is remarkable that
;

army the greater part of the inhabitants of from this time he w-as never entirely depen-
the small towns and ^dllages fled for security dent on his parents. Going on foot the
to the larger towns; for property, and, greater part of the way, receiving the hospi-
indeed, life, were scarcely safe in the more tality which in those days was always freely
remote districts, and the unsettled state of accorded to every traveller by Jewish families,
the country rendered communication almost and on one occasion facing a band of robbers
impossible, even between places at no great and diverting their attention from the little
distance from each other. stock of money he carried by asking one of
In Strzelno, at the time to which we refer, them for a piece of bread, he reached his des-
only four Jewish families remained, and one tination, and having introduced himself to
of them was that of Judah of Strzelno, as he the presiding rabbi as desirous of an engage-
was designated, in accordance viith the ment to teach three languages Hebrew,
ancient custom which prevailed even up to
German, and Polish he became installed
that period among the Jews, of using only in a .Jewish household as tutor to two little
the fii-st name. In the spring of 1807 Judah pupils. Here he spent two years, and, after
was absent from home, having gone to returning for a time to his fathei's dwelling,
Warsaw on business, and his return was so proceeded, at fourteen years of age, to Pieter-
much delayed by the difficulty of travelling, kowo Trebonalski, the former abode of his
that his w ife was kept in a state of the utmo.st grandfather HiUel, to place himself under
anxiety as to her husband's safety. All the Rabbi Aaron, one of the sect known as the
inhabitants of the little town, indeed, were Cha.sidim, who "seek and find in every
in terror for tiieir lives and property, for the picture, in every story, symbolical, allegorical,
soldiei-s had lighted .a large camp-fii-e in the or cabalistical meaning," .so that they
streets, in close proximity to the houses, and spiritualize the whole Bible. Two years
'either accidentally or by design a cannon-ball passed in this kind of study ended in a severe
was fired into the very room where Judah's illness brought on by the unhealthy character
wife was lying, which not only destioyed of the neighbourhood, and leading him once
much of the furnitirre, but actually struck again to his parents" roof. Wenext find
the waU close to the head of her bed. In him encountering the strange influences of
* For an account of the spiritual crisis of Mr.
I'niversity life at Berlin, and then about
Herschell's life-histoi'y see p. 1825, stiirting on foot for Hamburg, a walk of
Incidents in the Life of Rev. Ridley Haim, llerachdl. 41

200 miles, l)ut contriving, when his feet were there he received from his generous hoste.s.s a
too sore for further piogress, to arrange with present of 250 francs, with lettere from some
a voitiirier who was conveying a huly and of his fellow-boarders, by delivering which
gentleman to Hambm-g, for a seat on the he made the acfjuaintance of several
box, provided the consent of the hirer was Chri.stian persons in England, among whom
obtained. This led to a conversation with was Hannah More. lie desired now the
the gentleman, Herr Heintz, who was so companionship .and sympathy of those who
pleatied with him that he invited him to take like himself, desired to follow Jesus Christ.
a seat inside the carriage, entertained hiui at For this purpose he .sought and gained ad-
llamlmrg, paid his fare to England, and gave mission into an institution which had recently
him introductions to several of his acijuaint- been established for the reception of Jewish
ances in London, and, among the rest, one to converts and intjuirers in London, conducted
the Duke of Wellington, which it does not by Mr. Erasmus Simon, a Christian Jew, and
appear that JIaim ever used. un<li-r the superintendence of a committee, of
From Hamburg, after a seven days' which the Bishop of London was a member.
voyage, he reached the English metropolis, Here he gave himself to the study of the
which was afterwards to become his home New Testament especially, and at the same
and the sphere of his devoted labours. After time, according to Rabbinic law, contributed
this he is again in Berlin and then in Paris, to his own maintenance by manual labour.
where, while living a gay and thoughtless Although he now experienced spiritual re.st
life, he was thrown into deep grief through and joy, the enemy, ius might be expected,
the death of his beloved mother, and this, did not forget him and his former associates
;

together with a second illness, led to a power- were so enraged at his forsaking their ways
ful awakening of conscience. Referring to that one fellow actually carried about a loaded
this period, he siiys, " I had no place nor pistol for several d.ays, and watched for an
rest. with Job, The arrows of
I could say ' opportunity to take his life. But this did
the Almighty are within me, the poi.son not frighten him, and on the Ltth of A])ril,
wheieof drinketh up my spirit.' " 1830, he was baptized in St. James's, West-
minster, by the then Bishop of London, with
HIS DELIVERANCE FROM DESPAIR.
eleven other inmates of the Home, and took
In his spiritual distress he sought help the name of Ridley from one of his sponsors,
from a Komish archbishop and although
; the Rev. Henry Colborne Ridley, rector of

neither the prelate nor a distinguished lay Hambledou, Bucks. Friends at Clifton, to
member of the order of Jesuits, to whom he whom Ridley had been introduced by Dr.
was transferred for instruction, had succeeded Grey, Bishop of Bath and Wells, and of
in bringing any peace to his troubled soul, whose families he had l)ecome an object in
the fact that he had become an inquirer into great admiration throutrh his intere.sting ex-
Chi-istianity at once awakened the bitterest positions of the Scriptures, urged him to take
anger in his relati\-es, and severed him from orders in the Established Church but con-
;

all further means of temporal support. One scientious objections stood in his way, and,
afternoon, after walking about the Chamjas indeed, the perilous influence of the excite-
Elysfees in despair, not having ta.sted food all ment into the midst of which he had Vjeen
day, he returned to his lodgings to seek for thrown warned him that, for the present at
something that he could exchange for a bit least, sechhsion was what he needed. He-
of bre.id, when his eye lighted upon a letter therefore returned to the in.stittition in
which he had long ago brought from London, London, resumed his former humble occupa-
addressed by his former landlady to a tions, and exerted himself in a variety of
Christian woman who kept a respectable ways for the good of his Jewish brethren.
lx)arding-house in Paris. Making use of In September, IS.'Jl, Mr. Herschell was
this as his introduction, he was kindly man-ied to Miss Mowbray, the daughter of a
welcomed, rescued fi-om despair, and filled merchant in Leith, a young lady whose
with Christian jieace and hope. This perhaps friendship he had made at some meetings
was the night when he was led to pray in often attended liy Kdward Irving for reading
the name of Jesus, and when the light from and conversations on the Scriptures, and who
on high Ijroke in upon his .soul. Jle was for two-and-twenty years was the faithful,
now strongly recommended to seek a home in wi.se, anilloving companion of all his
England, and while pondering the (pie.stion cheiiuered history of toil and .self-denial,
Jiow he was to obtain the means of getting freely devoting every power of her highly-

42' Memcn'ies of Gospel TnuTnphs among the Jeivs.

cultivated mind and all the characteristic congregation in Scotland, but belieWng that
energy and refinement of her soul, to the his call from God at present was to the work
greut object which he had nearest at heart of the Evangelist, and not to the pastorate,
the glory of Christ in the salvation of though the appointment promised every
Israel. pixjspect of life-long comfort, he declined it.
Not many montlis afterwards, however, he
A LITTLE BIRD WITH A MESSAGE.
took a temporary engagement as a home
In the next few yeai-s we
find Mr. Her- missionary in the little village of Leigh, near
a home for Jews
schell seeking to establish the mouth of the Thame.-;, where many a
inWoolwich, where, in a year and a half, he happy Christian in after days bles.sed God for
received more than a hundred, whose temporal having been brought out of darkness into
and spiritual wants he did his best to supply, marvellous light through his faithful and
his wife not only acting a.s a missionarj' solemn ministry, and where in the latter
among",them, and often reading and explaining yeais of his life he received many a party
the Hebrew Bible to them, but many a time of delighted children, teachers, and others,
preparing their mealii with her own hands. whom he invited for a holiday out of the
Such an undertaking as this naturally in- smoke and toil of London life.
volved heavj- care, and sometimes it was all When a curate was appointed to Leigh,
.she could do to sustain the mind of her Mr. Herschell left for Brampton, in Hunt-
husband under his anxieties. In one of his ingdonshire, another little missionary station,
moments of depression, however, he was supported by Lady Olivia Sparrow, but car-
cheered in a very singular way. His rying with him, as a proof of the love he had
attention was aiTested bj- a tapping sound at won, a Bible and Prayer-book, purchased by
the window, and -after this had been several the penny subscriptions of 700 fishermen.
times repeated, he opened the window to In two years the aguish nature of the soil
ascertain the cause, when a frightened little in this neighbourhood obliged him, " by dili-
bird flew in and alighted on his hand. " This gent prayer and meditation," to seek divine
is a message from God," he said to himself ; direction as to another abode. Thus he was
" ye are of more value than many sparrows," guided to Founders' Hall Chapel, in Loth-
and so fresh hope sprang up in his heart. bury, where he began to preach in December,
It was about this time, too, that a Hebrew 1838. There the " Rabbi," as some people
letter written by Mrs. Herschell to her called him, used to stand with a small pocket
father-in-law at Strzelno, opened the way for Bible in hand, and with a solemnity, sim-
a happy reconciliation between her husband plicity, and earnestness which fixed every eye
and his Jewish relatives,which led to his in the densely-crowded place, delivered what
visiting the synagogues ina large number of everyone felt to be the real Word of Life.
continental towns, preaching the Gospel to
many hundreds of his brethren, and after- FOUNDING AND FOSTERING THE BRITISH
SOCIETY.
wards publishing his " Brief Sketch of the
Jews." Among were many Jews, and
his hearers
thej' not only came to listen when he
HOME MTSSIOXAEY. preached, but they literally besieged his
The year 183i was spent in a humble door, and would watch for his coming out,
dwelling at Camden Town, and was a time to ask relief in their poverty. Within six
of hard struggle for a maintenance. But months persons were sent to him from Con-
whUe he worked indefatigably as a teacher, stantinople, Bucharest, Berlin, and Basle,
giving lessons in Hebrew and German, he wholly or nearly penniless, besides crowds
did not relax his efforts for the salvation of who found their way to him without being
souls. In October of that year, he wrote, sent. To such an extent was he tasked in
" The Lord has graciously opened a way of this that he said, " This life of a parish
way
usefulness for me. I have the use of a large burdened with the additional duty of
oflicer,
infant school, in a very poor, dirty, and low finding funds for relief, I am unable to
situation, where I expound the Scriptures endure longer ; health, energy and spiritual
twice a week. I had j-esterday upwards of usefulness mu.st sink under it if continued."
fifty persons, many workmen and work- But though the over-taxed labourer uttered
women, and also two or three ladies with the cry of distress, he did not remit his exer-
fine trimmed bonnets I" In January, 1835, tions. In 1841, after a second tour of
he had an offer to become the minister of a evangelization among the Continental Jews,
Incidents in the Life of Rev. Ridley Haini Ihrsckell. 43

.1 " .li'ws' Benevolent Fund" was established, thickly-populated neighbourhood. It was at


by means of wliich, in seven
four 3'ears, the opening .service in that place that the Rev.
individuiils liiul been enabled to proceed to Thomas Binney preached his celebrated dis-
America, and forty to retni'n to the Con- coui-se on " Conscientious Clerical Noncon-
tinent seventy-five wcreassisted in business,
; formity," and there for six years Mr. Hei-schell
and nearly 5IM) received casual aid. About carried on his mini.stry, until the place was so
the same time Mr. ITerschell opened a 1 Ionic, inconveniently crowded, that it became neces-
where, in the course of time, hundreds of .sary to think of eidargement. This, however,
believing and inquiring Jews were welcomed was impossible, the chapel being too clo.sely
and aided both temporally and spiritually, surrounded with houses, and the only alterna-
and then followed the birth of the " British tive was to seek for a new site, and to build.
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel One day, when in the west of London, Mr.
among the Jews," in the Scotch Church, Herschell noticed that ,a large livery stable, in
Regent S(piare, on the 7th of November, a situation which seemed all he could desire
1842, and he continued to be its devoted for opportunities of iisefulness, was to be sold.
friend to the last days of his life. No man His fir.st step was to " tell God," and very
ever s;>t on its committee who.se counsels soon afterwards his friend. Sir Culling Eardley
were more valued or whose active service Eardley, generously ofiered to procure the
was more faithful and unremitting than hi.s. property. On the Sth of April, 184.5, the
In May, 1S44, after returning from a vi.sit foundation-stone of Trinity (Jhapel was laid,
to Palestine, Mr. Herschell brought out the amid a vast concourse of deeply- interested
fir.st number of Tlie Voice of Isriiel, a peiiodi- spectators and on ii bright May day in
;

cal intended to serve as a medium of mutual 1846 the building was opened for worship.
comnumication between Jewish converts, and Dr. Leifchild preaching in the morning, and
as their united testimony to the great car- the Rev. Thomas Binney in the evening.
dinal truths of Christianity. In the conduct Connected with this edifice 'there sprang up
of this interesting journal, during its cour.se a Home for Jews ; a Sunday-school, with
of four years, its editor was constantly aided many hundreds of children, which became
by the untiring hand and eyes of Mrs. Her- under the superintendence of j\tr. Habershon,
schell for not only did every manuscrijjt
: a power for good among the vast masses
pass through her hantls before it was .sent to that crowd the region of the Great
the press, but she had to read about thirty Western and other institutions of a simi-
;

Jewish publications every month, most of larly benevolent and Evangelical character.
them in (Jerman. Here for twenty years Mr. Herschell
wrought incessantly among Jews and
GIFT OK A BIBLE IN EIOHT L.^NOU.VfJES. Gentiles, int(>nt upon the good of all
It was in the toils that Mr.
midst of these whom he could reach. The first seven
Heischell and his excellent wife were cheered summers hardly brought a cloud upon his.
by a token that their united efforts for the happy and earnest life, but in the autiimn of
good of Israel were not in vain. Si.xty 1853 a terrible grief befell him. Bereaved
" members of the house of Israel who of his dearly loved wife, he wrote to his
believed in the Lord Jesus Christ as their children,
" To be separated from such a
Messiah and Saviour " had .subscribed to bosom friend, coun.sellor,guide, exemplary
present tlieir friend and benefactor with a Christian, and such a devoted wife, is hard
hand.some Bible in eight languages, and the to bear. And oh, my darling children, how
addre.'^s accompanying it bore signatures to be Ix)th father and mother to them is
which were <lateil from all the civilized coun- difficult and need I say that ni)'
indeed ;

tries of the world. The same year (1S4.5) in brothers have lost a mother, and the poor
which he received this expression of love, Jews have lost a mother in Israel Alas ! !

Mr. Her.schell took a journey to the chief for us, alas Lord, my trial is bitterne,ss
!

cities of America, where, at the earnest itself, but Thou wilt sweeten it, yea, Thou
request of the American Society for Amelior- dost already enable me to feel the peace
ating the Condition of the Jews, he stirred which passeth all understanding. I sorrow
up a wide and fervent interest on behalf of not as these who have no hope."
Lsrael. In April, 1839, he had removed For some months after this terrible blow,
from Founders' Hall to Chadwell Street Mr. Herschell kept steadily at work, but it
Chapel, Islington, which he thought ofi'ered soon became evident that ho needed rest and
a good field for work, as" being in a poor and recreation. With him, howevei-, rest only
,

44 Mmwries of Gospd Triumphs among the Jews.

meant a change in the scene of labour, and unable, during the last few weeks of his
so we find him, when it was determined that life, to conver.se for any length of time, and
he should go again to Palestine, stopping on we so little apprehended this sad blow, that
his wayto Paris, inviting to his hotel the we did not treasure up what he said, as we
most earnest pas/eurs, the Monods, should have done, could we only have fore-
Grandpierre, and others, and laying before seen what was before us. The last woids of
them a proposal to have a meeting of affection and intelligence are very precious.
Protestants to organize an association for the Little more than the general impre.ssion
distribution of tracts, and for preaching in remains. That which to me seemed the
different languages, similar to one that he great characteristic of his state, might be
had set on foot in England in 1851. As it best described by the words, Perfect Peace.'
'

was expected that there would be a great He had no apparent wish to depart, and yet
gathering of all nations at the French no shrinking from the summons ; and he
Exhibition of 1855, the plan was well often thanked God that he was able to feel
leceived, and measures were taken to carry such perfect acquiescence in the Divine will
it out. So, too, in Jerusalem. There he respecting him. During his whole illness,
held a meeting at the house of the Bishop down to the last night of his life, he always,
to consider the feasibility of establishing a 1 efore letiring to bed, engaged in prayer
model farm and agricultural school for the with such members of his family as were
benefit of converted Jews, and he lived to )iresent; and more than one of us remarked
see the scheme fully i-ealized. that those pi'ayers seemed to become more
In 1855 Mr. Herschell was married to childlike and trustful, often but very few
Miss Fuller Maitland, who ministered to his words, anil yet expressive of the mo.st perfect
comfort and happiness with the tenderest qontidence in God. His congregation, as far
devotion to the end of his life. But this as I remember, was never forgotten, and in
was no reason to him for any i-elaxation of the last prayer I ever heard him of.er, only
his accustomed labours, and so we find him two days before his death, one of his petitions
through the remaining ninr) years of his was, that if he was spared, it might be to tell
course, going on still, ho'di. g fast and holding his people once more of the love of Christ.
forth the Word of Liio both to Jews and And though all these utterances weie but
Gentiles, at home and abroad. what had been natural to him for years, yet
there seemed to be a more intense realization
HIS LAST DATS SPENT IN THE INTERESTS OF THE than ever of God's presence and glory. He
BRITISH SOCIETY. would at times, after lying long silent, utter
His last days of active labour in this an ejaculation of thanksgiving, or of pi'ayer ;

world were spent in the service of the British and latterly he used to like to sit in the
Society for the Jews. As soon as Italy was twilight, as he said, very expressively, talking
liberated his thoughts turned to the state of to God ; because he seemed to feel that he
the Jews in that country and after a
;
liked that better than formal prayer
just to
journey there at the end of 1860, he advised sit and realize the Divine presence, and then
the establishment of a Mission at Leghorn, speak to God, like Moses, as a man speaketh
the residence of many influential Jews. to a friend the utterance of the lieart going
This Mission was greatly prospered and in ;
forth to the Father. But it would create a
1863 he again travelled in Italy for the false impression if I were not to add that, as
purpose of arranging, if possible, a Mission through his life, so too in his latter days, he
to the Jews in other large towns. This was did not exclusively so occupy his thoughts,
in fact the close of his ministry on earth, but he had to the last a deep intere.st in the
for on his way home he was attacked with things around him and on the day before he
;

fatal illness. died he had all the news read out to him,
and when I saw him on the previous Satur-
HIS LAST WORDS.
day, having been absent for six weeks, he
No notes were taken during his illness made me tell him of all my doings, and
of any of the things he said. have onlyWe inquired with as much loving inteiest as
reminiscences, afterwards put down in ever how I had got on and he smiled too,
;

writing, by diflerent members of the family, with all his old appreciation, at what was
which are liero given just as they were .amusing and pleasing in the story. He was
received :
full of kindly interest in the concerns of the
"Owing to his bodily weakness, he was many friends who relied upon his advice. It
'

Incidents in the Life of Rev. Ridley Haim Herschell. 4.J

was a great pleasure to him to be at Brighton, dwelling upon this. To know that God is
and he looked from his bed at the great my Father, and Jesus Christ my Saviour,
expanse of sea, and was constantly gazing at this is my comfort now.' At different times
it .iiid noting all the changes. A friend has when I was with him he spoke of various
told mo since his death, that one day, while incidents in his early life, and always with
they were looking at the sea, she repeated an exclamation of thanksgiving for God's
the text, All thy waves and tiiy billows are
' merciful dealings with him. fortnight A
gone over me,' on which he immediately before his death, when I was at Brighton, he
replied, ]Jut remember, it is '' t/i>/ waves,"
' read and prayed with us tis usual before
and ' </(// billows " that is the comfort of
; retiring to rest. That evening he chose his
"
it ; oh ! if it were any one else's !
' favourite psalm, the twenty-third, and then
One good-bye on
of his brothers, in saying he sjiid It is wonderful to look back and
:
'

one occasion expressed a hope that he would sea how literally true it is that goodness and
soon be better. " I shall be better," he mercy have followed me all the days of my
replied, " but not here. I have placed myself
life wonderful Every step has been mercy.
!

in the arms of my loving Father, who has Before I knew the Lord He kept me from
fed me and kept me during all my pilgrimage, falling. What dangers He has preserved me
and has bound me up in His everlasting from precipices on the brink of which 1
covenant in Christ." stood ready to phuige down but He pre-
Another member of the family says : vented me. I should have made shipwreck
" What struck me most of all was his great over and over again if He had not saved
humility. On one occasion when he was
me in Irving's time, and at other periods.'
told that his congregation had met to ofl'er His wife remarked to him, It is a great '

prayer for his recovery, he exclaimed, Who blessing you have held on your way,' to
am I, Lord, that Thy people should thus which he quickly replied, J/e held me, I '

plead with Thee for my poor, unworthy life ? did not do it myself. Goodness and mercy !

But since it is so, grant, Lord, if it be Thy You can't set yourself to believe this to
will, that I may be laised up again in answer reflect upon it as a task
you must realize it
to their prayers, that they be not discouraged. as you look back upon your life. I shall
Not my will, but Tliine, O Lord, be done.' always be thankful for this illness. If God
He had often pre\iously pi-ayed for patience, raises me up
again 1 shall always rejoice that
and for relief from suffering, but this was I have pas.sed through it. I cannot alwaj's
the lirst time that I had heard anything like think sometimes I feel dull and stupid still
; ;

a petition for recovery." 1 have glimpses. At night when I lie awake,


"Great thankfulness for God's mercies, or sit up and look into the lire, 1 feel very
and an intense rt^alization of His love, were happy !

most ob.servable words during his


in all his " Thus we see that patience was having her
illne.ss," is the testimony of one of his children. perfect work, that the sutVering one might
" He once
siiid to me, If ever I preach again
'
become perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
I will tell the people more of the love of God. "On the 6th of March, 1864, my father
It is not the doctrine of election or any other went to Brighton, with the hope that the
doctrine
as a doctrine that gives me com- sea-breezes might e.xert a beneficial influence
fort now but to know that Gad is my
; upon hLs health. This hope was not realized,
Father. I rest simply on the love of God ;
but he was much more cheerful during his
that is all my religion now.' A friend one sojourn there, and thoroughly enjoyed the
day remarked to him that it must be a bright clear atmosphere, and delighted to
comfort to him to think of the good he ha<l watch, as he could do from his bed, the
"
been the means of doing, and added, men- varying aspects of the ever-changing sea.' '

tioning by name one who had been converted At home he had not liked to refu.se to
under his teaching many years bjfore, and .see many kind friends who came to express

who had since been the means of bringing their sympathy and love while others he ;

the truth to othe:-s, 'You mu;t ba happy in wished to converse with, trusting that God
having teen the means of 's c inversion, woulil bless to their souls the few words
even if lie were the only one.' He sever.al uttered l)y him And thus
in his weakness.
times alluded to this afterwards, saying, he sometimes got wearied beyonil his strength.
'
This is no consolation to me. Of course I But at Bi-ighton he was able to be more
am thankful if God has ma<'o me of Bome use quiet, and .seldom saw anyone except the
in the world but I have no pleasure in
: members of his own family, whom he always
MR. HERSCHELL'S MESSAGE TO HIS HEBREW CHRISTIAN
BRETHREN, AND HIS FAVOURITE PSALM.

*lt3pri Tiyn N"!''!?"'?^ " THE LOKD IS MT SHEPHERD." Pso^m arm.


Incidents in the Life of Rev. Hi i lie;/ Hniin HeracheU.

wi'lcouied witli liis old wai'inth and adection. intimately we werj ac.juainted the happy
Daily he rose Irom his bed, and sat up in an days I spent under his roof when, year after
aimohair in his bedroom only once he ; year, I preached for him in the chapel the ;

ventured to a sitting-room on another floor, frankness of our intercour.se, and the oppor-
and he wsis not able to repeat the attempt. tunities which I had in family and in public
Very little change was observed in his con- life in hours of sorrow and of joy, at the
;

dition nntil the evening of the 13th April. fireside and when travelling together, of
Alter praying as usvwl, with his wife, who knowing him thoroughly in every pha.so of
was alone with him, he got up from his chair his iimer and outer life and how sincere
;

to walk a few steps to the bed, but fell in the was my regard for him. And yc^t, as [ call
attempt. He got up again immediately, to remembrance the.se past years, there are
and succeeded, though with some difficulty, few incidents I can i-ecord which are likely
in undre.s.-ing. His hand and one side were, to interest any beyond the circle of his more
he complained, benumbed, but ho passed a immiidiate friends. I can no doubt give a
quiet night, and continued in the .same state full account, for example, of our journey, in
till about three o'clock on the afternoon of 1847 to Prussian Poland, when he visited
the following day. Two of his brothel's had Czerski and Post, whom I first met in his
gone to Brighton that day to visit him. In house; but that narrative was published by
spite of the doctor's prohibition, he insisted me in Eiiamjelical i'hristendoni, and what-
on seeing them for a few minutes, as well as ever interest it had was derived more from
one of his children who had arrived at the public than from personal events. Nor could
same time. Soon after three o'clock in the I trust myself in recording what, I doubt not,
afternoon he was suddenly seized with you will have done more correctly incidents
extreme oppression of breathing, which he r hjive heard from him at different times
recognized as the summons to depart. Hut regarding his own life, which in many ways
he wa.s perfectly self-possf>ssod, though was so i-emarkable. Yet there ai'e a few-
labouring sorely for breath, and told his impressions of his character and ways made
daughter that he was dying; he diiected her upon me that I must briefly indicate.
where to find something she thought " He was very sincere in his religious con-
might relieve him, and explained to her the victions, without any pretence or an atom of
warning he had had in the attack of the fanaticism, but simple, devout, truthful,
previous night. He noticed the distress of eai'nest.
those who .stood near, looking on the suH'er " Never was there a more loving '
family
ing they could do nothing to alleviate, and man.' His love for his children, his open-
suggested, more apparently for their satis- nesi< and frankness to them, his unfailing
faction than his own, that one of them sympathy with them in all that could ailect
should fetch the doctor for as soon as that
; their good and happiness, from the veriest
gentleman arrived, he accosted him with the trlde up to the most momentous concerns of
word.s, ' I am dying." He gave an emphatic their eternal well-being
all was so unaf-
as.sent, when in the midst of his struggles for fectedly real and hearty, combining the
breath it was remarked, " God is near you." authority of the father with the alxindon
In mercy the agony was not long protracted ; and joyous fellowship of the companion, as
in about three quarters of an hour the I have never seen surpassed and very .seldom
bi-eathing became more and more quiet, eijualled.
till at four o'clock it ceased, and the happy " Your father was a loyal man in his
also
spirit was set free. fiicndships. He on at all
could be relied
times for genuine sympathy, wi.se counsel,
DR. NORMAN MACLEOD'S TRIBUTE and for active exertion.s in helping any friend
TO MR. HERSCHELL. in trouble. He had admiral)le tact in
" My
dear Mrs. Sanderson, You have managing any delicate or diflicult business,
asked me to write for the memoir of your arising from his good sen.se, knowledge of
dear father any of my reminiscences of him mankind, and warm sympathie.s. I h.ul tho
which may be helpful to you in the pleii-sant best opportunities for noticing the.se and
but .sad task your love to him has prompted, other similar traits in our journey to Poland
and which is shared by Mrs. Her.schell and alre.-uly alluded to. Could Czerski and Post
every member of your family. I have the write to you, I feel a-ssured they would
greatest satisfaction in complying with this gratefully record all he had done for them, not
request, for you know how long and how only at the time of our visit, but before and

48 Memories of Gospel Triuinp}is among Die Jervs.

smce. His sympathies also were remarkably and how much it affected me as shedding a
catholic, and it would, I am sure, form a light on the character of both him and them.
deeply interesting portion of j'our memoir, I remember also, when saiUng up the Rhine,
could it be there told in how many ways he in winter, a few years ago, along with our
came into contact \vdth God's work through common friend Saphir and others, how a Jew,
men in every
living part of the Continent, in when we mentioned your father's name, and
how many ways he influenced it by personal asked he knew him, expressed, in the
if
intercourse with all parties, all ranks, and all most manner, his respect and affection
livelj-
conditions of men. The report, could it be for him, declaring him to be a good and kind
furnished, of any one of the private parties man.
or conversfizioni, such as I have attended in " The last time I saw your father was the
London, Paris, or Berlin, would illustrate night before leaving London en route for
his catholic sentiments and influence. Palestine. I found him alone with his present
" There is another point in his character devoted and much-loved wife. Let me here
which 1 must mention, though I feel that I sa}' in passing that I only saw your dear
am taking up too much of your valuab'e space, mother once, and that I know htr cliiefly
and that is his feeling towards his ' brethren from your own memoir of her. I found
according to the flesh '

the Jews. You jour father better than I had anticipated,
know that I did not agree with him in some and rallied him on what I really thought was
of his views regarding the future of Israel. a despondency as to his health, resulting
But I never knew a ' Christian Jew who ' from his long weakness. We spent, as usual,
had such a genuine love of the Hebrew Jew,'
' a very plea-sant, and I hope profitable even-
with a more constant desire for his i;oOd, or a ing together, and the talk about my journey,
more charitable, generous, chivalrous feeling connecting my prospects with his retrospects,
towards him. I have more than once had so roused him up that I fully expected he
the means of testing their feelings towards would recover, and did not attach the solemn
him both at home and abroad, and have been meaning I might otherwise have done, to the
delighted to see how thoroughly Jews appre- last words with which he parted from me
ciated and trusted him. I shall never forget '
Farewell he ^aid, you are going to the
!
' '

a supper-party in Posen to which we were Old and 1 am going to the New Jerusalem,
both invited as guests, where all present, and, thank God, I go without the slightest
including some of his own nearest relatives, uneasiness or alarm, but in perfect peace.'
were Jews in religion as well as blood. I There he Ls, and there may we meet with
carefully noticed, and marked with peculiar
him. I remain, yours affectionately,
pleasiue, how he was respected and honoured, 'N. ^Iacleod."

THE TENT FALLS, BDT THB IMMORTAL PILGRIM HOLDS ON HIS WAY.
-
The British Society's First Chairman and First Two Secretaries. 49

THE BRITISH SOCIETY'S FIRST CHAIRMAN, AND FIRST TWO


SECRETARIES.

AT November tlio pivliiiiiiiiirymeeting, hold on


7th, 1842, in tlie National
langviage and good conduct on the part of
parents are to children, what dew, .soft j'ain,
Scotch Churcli, Regent Square, the Rev. Dr. good air, and sunshine are to plants and
Jiiirder, of Hackney, was called to the chair. fiowers, the beneficial eflects of which are not
Tlie Rev. R. M. M'C'heyne opened the meet- the less real on account of tlieir being im-
ing with prayer. One of the resolutions perceptible.
wa.s moved by the Rev. Dr. Hondeison, of Henry has recorded in his diary some re-
Highbury College, and one by the Rev. collections of instructions received in his
James Hamilton, of the Scottish Church, boyhood. His mother was a lineal descendant
Regent Si|uare. Dr. Henderson and Mr. of the pious and lienevolcnt John iMachin,one
Hamilton were unanimously reque.sted to act of the two thousand of the year 1GG2. It is
as .secretaries. The meeting was closed with believed that in every successive generation
praj'er, led by the chairman, the Rev. Dr. during the following two centuries, among
Burder. Believing that our readers the women of the fanjily especially, the faith
would like to know something about the which " dwelt first " in Mr. Machin was
British Society's first chairman and first two manifest. Henry specifies the affectionate and
honorary secretaries, we have done what we tender earnestness with which his mother
could and succeeded in obtaining accurate spoke to him about (iod and the Saviour.
information in regard to how they lived, how He .says, " My
heart, I believe, was often
grandly they advocated the good cause, and deei)ly touched but whether by sympathy
;

when their work was accompli.shed, how they with her feelings, or by tiie grace of God, I
passed away in perfect peace, trusting in Jesus. cannot venture to determine." He also re-
cords the exalted opinion he entertained of
The First Chairman. the saintly character of Ijoth his parents, and
states that his early impressions of religion
REV. HENRY lORSTER BURDER, D.D. and of religious people were all favourable to
BiOGHAPHiCAi. Sketch bt the Rev. Joh.n
his best interests, as he very naturally, while
BURDEK, M.A.
a child, regarded his parents as fair specimens
CHRISTIAN PARENTS. of Christians generally.
Henry Forster Burder began at a very early
age in some measure to appreciate the piivi- SOLEMN DEDICATION AT THE AGE OF TEN.
lege of having such a father as George Burder, Henry
also mentions a remarkably solemn
the author of " The Village Sermons," one of hour which his father spent with him in his
the foundorsof the London Missionary Society boyhood. He says, " In the evening of
and the chief originator of the Religious November 27, 1793, when I completed my
Tract Society. It is true that Mr. Bui-der's tenth year, my father converseil with me in
too numerous ])ublic engagements did not his library vei-y seiiously, and urged me, if I
allow him to act as a jjrivate tutor in his own could do it, to make
a solemn dedication of
family but Henry was fond of reading, and
; myself to God, and to do it by a written docu-
had abund.-ince of good books at hand, al- ment. I reflected deeply on this advice, and
though no great number of such as in more endeavoured, with earnest prayer, to examine
recent days have been expressly prepared for my own heart, with a view to ascertain
the young. Henry's parents, moreover, were whether I was fully prepared for fo solemn
far more careful than some even religious an act. The result was that on the 14th of
pei-sons are, that their table-tiilk should be at the following month, 1793, I wrote and
least innocuous even when not ex])re.ssly signed a short paper, and my father, with
serious. Tlieir habit was not only to abstain much solemnity, signed it as a witness, and
from the use of words of doubtful pro]iriety, wrote within the envelope the following
but also to avoid the introduction of such words: " Tlie enclosed was written by Henry
topics as, though innocent, were not fit for Forster Burder, and he declared to uii- on
the ears of children and youth. Blameless December 14, in my library, that he had
so Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

seriously thought of and signed it with


it, much attached to his diligent pupil, and took
sincerity, as his act and deed. May his great pains with him.
review of it in yeai-s to come aflbrd him So strong was Henry's desire to gain
pleasure Grod forbid it should be a ^vitness
! knowledge, so encouraging was his progress
against him and if ever he should depart
; at school, and .so good was his general con-
from it, may a sight of this paper be the means duct, that man}- parents would have deemed
of bringing him back again George Burder,
! it proper that he should have spent a year or
his affectionate father." two more at some college-like school ; so that
Some of our readers may remember that in case he should after that time appear to
the good Philip Doddridge recommends young be a suitable candidate for the Chiistian
Christians so to act. The writer, having ministry, he might be the better prepared
known Heni-y Forster Burder from his child- for entering a theological eoUege. His father,
Qood to his death, deems it right to express his however, seems to have been of opinion that,
conviction that nothing absolutely inconsistent as it was not unlikely he might after all
with this document was observable irikis whole enter on commercial life, it would be well for
life. What inward emotions, desires, and him to prepare for it. Accordingly, he was
motives constitute his interior character, could articled to a whole-sale firm, whose business lay
certainly be known only to the Omniscient. partly in Nottingham and partly in London.
Persons who decline preparing such a doc- He was first located in Nottingham, where
ument will do well to inquire whether their he attended the ministry of Mr. Alliott,
objection against it is founded on its appear- father of the late Dr. Alliott, and of Mr.
ing to them incompatible with the Chi-istian Alhott, of Bedford. After a while his
system, or because, in fact, they have not ser\-ices were required in London, and he
been brought to a decision in favour of giving then became a member of the church at the
then- hearts to God. If this be the case with Weigh-house Chapel, of which Mr. Clayton,
them, surely their personal piety is, to say the senior, was minister. About this time he
least, very questionable. was brought to a full decision, not only
About the time last mentioned, a little for serving Grod, but, if possible, for serving
incident occui-red, which, though in itself him in the Christian ministry ; and then liis

trivial, was indicative of character. Henry father gave his full consent that he should
and a younger bi-other, though generally very enter on a coiu-se of study.
good friends, one day had a quan-el, and the Mi\ H. Burder was for some time a student
younger, being very angry, struck his brother in Hoxton Academy, afterwards called High-
in the face ; but the observable circumstance bury College. In 1804, in company ^vith
to which we call the attention of our juvenile his two friends, George Payne and Joseph
readei-s is, that the elder bi-other, though the Fletcher, he went to Glasgow. These dear
stronger of the two, did not return the blow, friends occupied the same lodgings, and were
but contented himself with giving a friendly mutually useful to one another. They soon
admonition. The younger brother never became acquainted, not only with Mr. Ewing
forgot this, and there is reason to believe that and Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Wai-dlaw, but with
he was the better for it. several other Christian persons, at whose
houses they were welcome friends as often as
heney's schools, colleges, tutohs, asd they could find time to call. Their more
mixistebs. worship, especially in the
usual place of
Goodschools in Coventry at that time morning of the Lord's Day, was the large
were very scarce but in addition to what
; Tabernacle in which Mr. Ewing preached,
could be learned in a common school, Henry whose Oriental and Biblical knowledge, in
obtained some valuable classical knowledge connection with his love of the Gospel, ren-
from Mr. Brooks, a minister of the Estal> dered his Sabbath morning lectures on the
lished Church, in Coventry, and a good Old Testament peculiarly instructive and
scholar. In his twelfth year, Henry became edifying. At the termination of three sessions
a boarder in the school of the Rev. John every one of the three took the degree of
Eyre, at Hackney. While there, Mr. EjTe M A., and in subsequent years the diploma
resigned his school to the Rev. Charles Buck ; of D.D. was sent to every one.
but neither of these gentlemen was actually
a teacher in the school. The actual teachere
TfTOR AXD PASTOR.
were Mr. WeUs Mr. Fitzgibbon, and Monsieur Mr. Burder, after finishing his studies at
Bizet, a French refugee. Mr. WeUs was Glasgow, accepted an invitation to a tutorship
The Bntisk Society's First Chairman. 51

at Wymondly, which ho resigned at the .wtd of man. These topics accordingly were
expiration of one year. He afterwards prominent, both in his preaching and in his
became assistant to the Rev. Samuel Palmer, prayers, and the result in some measure
at Hackney, and after the death of Mr. corresponded with the efforts made. The
Palmer became his successor. During several church in St. Thomas' Square was as "afield
years Dr. Burder contrived to tind time to which the Lord had ble.ssed."
take part in the tutorship at Highbury; but But alas, at length " roots of bitterness
at length deemed it right to resign that spning up," and occasioned deep regret both
important work, that he might secure more to the pastor and to the flock.
time for pastoral visitation. Those circumstances, in connection with his

BEV. HENRY POBSTER BCKDEU, D.D.

Dr. Burder set out on his work on right advanced age, induced him to resign his
principles. ] le determined, after the example charge, after a pastorship of about forty
of holy Paul, to '" know nothing among the years.
people but Jesus Christ, and Him crucified."
Moreover, he had a deep conviction of the PRESENT OF XI ,000.
vast impoitance of the work of the Holy Joy and sorrow are often close companions
Spirit, both for the commencement and the in human life and the combination of joy
;

maturity of the truly Christian life in the and sorrow characterized the meeting of
Memories of Gospel Trivmjjhs <i.mong the Jews.

Dr. Burder's friends at Hackney, when, on the whole his illness became more threaten-
completing the 70th year of his life, and about ing. But he was mercifulh' dealt with. He
the 40th of his ministry, he said to them suffered very little bodily pain, and, as his
Fareiiiell, and received from them, witli their son sent word to relatives at a distance, his
affectionate thanks, the substantial present mind was unclouded. He had not only
of XI, 000, which was not the less valued on habitually peace, but often joy, and sometimes
account of the benevolent purpose to which, what might almost be called " joy unspeak-
at his request, the interest of the money was able and full of glory."
to be yearly applied. He was thankful to his son, his daughter-
Dr. Burder was favoured with generally in-law, and
his grand-daughter, for their un-
good health, and with a large share of failing care and attention but, above all,
;

domestic happiness, although no stranger to was he thankful to the Giver of all good, for
anxiety and grief. the blessings of a long life and the hope of
everlasting life. He died early on the morn-
TWICE MARRIED. ing of December 29, 1864.
In the year 1810 he married Ann, the
eldest daughter of Joseph Hardcastle, Esq.,
THE son's DESCRIPTION OF HIS FATHER'S

of Hatcham House, New Cross, London, a


DEPARTURE.
lad}^ who sustained through life a consistent H. H. Burder, Esq., who watched his
Christian character, and could say, when near father's last hours, wrote " dear :
My
death, " I have a foretaste of the felicity of father was only confined to his room about
heaven." She was taken from her sorrowing six weeks. He did not appear to sufler pain,
husband and family as early as in 1827, except from weakness, which at times was
leaving a daughter and three sons. very great. During the last few days and
In the year 1833 Dr. Burder married nights (especially), he was continually
Mary, the eldest daughter of the Rev. J. pra^ing. We frequently heard him say,
Tayler, of Whitlinge, Worcestershire, a union " Ah ! my dear Lord, when will the Throne
in which the whole family rejoiced ;and be open ? " And, " Jesus, Jesus, liave mercy
proportionably did they sympathize with the on me!" Then, "After the warfare the
husband on the occasion of her death, which crown," which he repeated several times with
took place in 1859. a kind of plaintive confidence. Once he rose
up in his bed ; he was looking upwards, and
DR. BURDER LIVING WITH HIS ELDEST SON.
the expression of his face was most beautiful
In one lespect Dr. Burder's mournfulne.ss, as he exclaimed with great earnestness and
after the death of this excellent person, was unutterable joy, " I see Him Jesus, my !

gieater than it had been after his first Saviour and God !
" On
the Wednesday lie
bereavement. On the former occasion one or seemed insensible, or nearly so, but free from
more of his children were with him whereas,
; pain. His kind medical attendant. Dr.
in the latter case, they were all usually Mitchell, was with him until 12 o'clock. He
at a distance, and he consequently felt the did not appear to have moved, and those
solitude the more deeply. Besides this, on who watched him with sorrowing hearts,
tlieformer occasion, urgent business almost heard only a gentle sigh as his spirit left his
daily obliged him to leave his solitary room ; body, and then the Throne he so longed to
whereas, in the latter, he was much alone. behold was unveiled, in all its glory, and the
But after a while he very judiciously Saviour he so much loved, and so faithfidly
accepted the invitation of his eldest son at served, we doubt not, received him into ever-
Hatcham, where he was again in the midst lasting rest."
of a family. In this situation he contentedly
and thankfully remained, until called up to OUR DEBT TO THE JEWS.
A LECTURE, BY THE REV. H. F. BURDER, D.D., OF
the "house not made with hands."
HACKNKV.
On November 27, 1864, the day on which Komaus xi. 30, 31.
he completed his 81st year, the family con-
For as ye in times past have not believed (rorf, yet
gratulated him on his healthful appearance have noio obtained tncrei/ throwjh their unbelief;
and continued activity but the end was then
; even so have these also now not believed, that
near. Very shortly after that day he became throu'jh your mercy they clso iiuiy obtain merey."

seriously unwell ; and though, by the blessing If those to wliom the present lecture is
of God on the means Dr. Mitchell recom- addressed weie labouring under vulgar pre-
mended, he once or twice partially rallied, on judices against the Jewish people, I might
:

The British Society's First Chairman. 53

deem it necessary to attempt to conciliate commission the limiting and interdicting


their kindly feelings and benignant sympa- words, " with the exception of the Jews ? "
thies, in favour of the nation which has too It is true that they rejected and crucified the
often been treated with contempt. Such Lord of Glory. But are we under the painful
prejudices, however, prevalent as they still necessity of concluding, that in consequence
are, I will not impute to the assembly of of their enormous and atrocious guilt, iLiey
Christian friends now convened. The asso- ai-e excluded from that commission of
ciations of thought with this ancient and grace and mercy ? So far from the least
interesting people, which are cherished in inclination to pass a sentence of exclusion
1/our minds, my brethren, are such, I trust, was the compassionate Saviour, that, before
as are suggested by a familiar acquaintance He left our world. He expressly enjoined upon
with the sacred oracles. In those faithful His apostles, that repentance and remi.=sion of
records you trace the origin of this peculiar sins should be preached in His name among
people to the most renowned of all the all nations, beginning at Jerusalem " anil ;

patriarchs, " the friend of God," the father how distinctlyand correctly theapostles under-
of the faithful. You find their history stood their Lord's intention is sufficiently
spreading over a period approaching a dura- apparent from the records of the day of
tion of four thousand years, embracing the Pentecost. Those intrepid witnesses of the
most .signal and stupendous of Divine intei'- resurrection and ascension of their Loi-d did
positions, and enrolling in its annals a not hesitate, indeed, to charge upon the
glorious succession of prophets, historians, inhabitants of Jerusalem the awful guilt of
and poets, gifted not with imaginary but ha\nng crucified and slain David's Son and
with real in.spiration, and bearing their pre- Lord yet when pricked in their hearts with
;

dictive testimony to Him who in the fulness pungent anguish, they exclaimed, " Men and
of the time arose out of the stem of Jesse brethren, what shall we do ? The apostle
and the root of David, whose name is Peter .said to them. Repent and be baptized,
"Wonderfid, Counsellor, the Mighty God, every one of you, in the name of Jesus
the Father of the everlasting age, the Prince Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall
of Peace." receive the gift of the Holy Ghost ; for the
Dark, however, and dreary has been for promise is unto you and to your children.
many ages, and is still, the condition of this Then they that gladly received His Word
singular people. Disper.sed they still are were baptized and the same day there were
;

over almost all countries, dwelling, to a great added unto them about three thousand souls.
degree, ''alone, and not reckoned among the And they continued steadfastly in the
nations " looking .still with vain and delusive
; doctrine and fellowship."
apostle's Thus
hope for the advent of Mes.<iah the Prince ;
commenced the Christian Church, formed,
reading the Scriptures of the Old Testament not in part, but altogether of Jewish con-
with a veil upon their minds, and closing verts. What a glorious beginning at Jerusa-
their eyes against the light ar.d evidence of lem to the joy of the heart of our enthroned
;

the glorious Gospel. Redeemer Has there ever been poured out
!

Let, then, our prayers continually ascend upon the Gentile, world such an efTusion of
up to the God of Abraham, that the veil may the Holy Spirit as was then poui-ed out at
be removed, and that they may discern and Jeru.salem on the seed of Abraham ?
acknowledge Him whom their fathers cruci- And what was afterwards the conduct of
fied tobe their Lord and Christ. May the that ambassador of Christ, who may be pro-
blessed Spirit of truth and grace now enable nounced the greatest of the apostles, in regard
tis to clearly perceive, and deeply to feel to the abundance of his revelations, the
"our obligations to labour for the conversion extent of his labours, and the splendour of hLs
of the Jews." That we may take first the triumphs ? Although the apostle of the
lowest, yet the widest ground, let me Gentiles, yet, wherever he opened his com-
endeavour to exhibit mission, he took his station first in a syna-
First, The obligations to labour for the gogue of the Jews, if a synagogue was to be
conversion of the Jews, as a part of the found, and afterwards addressed himself to
human Jamily. the Gentiles. Here, then, my brethren, is
" Go ye into all the world," said our our authority, and our encouragement to
ascending Saviour, " and preach the Gospel preach the Ctospel to the Jews. Can you
to every creature." Is there any intimation doubt that in thus fulfilling the commission
which would authorize us to append to this of his Lord, the apostle Paul acted under a

54 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

strong sense of obligation? Can you doubt delivei-ed him from the hand of his enemies,
whether the obligation which rested upon /lim he " Is there yet any of the house of
said,
i-ests also upon its'i And if the apostles, aim- Saul, that I may show him kindness for
ing at the conversion of the Jews, began their Jonathan's sake ? " Ought we not thus to
efforts at Jerusalem, ought not we, in pursuing feel towards the hoiLse of Israel, in this the
the same grand object, to begin our labours day of their adversity and depression ?
in Britain, and in the very heart of Britain And there is an interest in our father
our own great metropolis ? Are not the Jews Abraham which even his own descendants do
in England a component part of the subjects not feel, which it is our heart's desire and
of our own empire ? Do they not profess pi"ayer that they men/ feel, and even feel with
allegiance to the BritLsh crown ? Are they not an intensity of gi-atitude and delight surpas-
contributoi-s to Britain's wealth and pros- sing our own. Hear the benignant apostle,
perity ? As fellow-subjects, do we not owe pouring out his heart's desire " for his
them much good-will ? On Christian prin- brethren, his kinsmen, according to the
ciples, do we not owe them our best and flesh who," said he, " are Israelites ; to
;

kindest wishes, our best and kindest efforts whom pertain the adoption and the glory
to bring them to the faith of Christ, that they and the covenants, and the giving of the law
may be " fellow-citizens with the saints and and the promises whose are the fathers
:
;

of the household of God, built on the founda- and of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ
tion of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever."
Himself being the chief corner-stone." Yes ; was the crowning glory of the Jewish
it
We admit, we feel, we act under the nation, that from them, as to His human
obligation to send the Gospel to the heathen ;
nature, sprang the true Messiah, " the seed
but can we maintain any consistency of of the woman," the Son of David, Who,
principle or conduct, or attempt any justifi- as to His Divine nature is, " God over all,
cation of ourselves, either before God or blessed for evermore." As such, may the
before man, if we admit not, if we feel not, house of Jacob be prepared to receive Him,
at least in an equal degi-ee, the obUgation to to ti'ust in Him, and to obey Him And if, !

labour for the conversion of the Jews ? in heaven, saints redeemed by His precious
Let me direct your thoughts : blood sing a song of ecstatic praise and
Secondly, To the debt we owe to the Jews, ardent love, transcending that which even
for the benefits w/iich we ourselves have received unsinning seraphs uplift to His honour,
from their ancestors. what must be the love and gi-atitude of
There was established with their great redeemed Israelites ? If we Gentiles claim,
progenitor a covenant, in which we ourselves, by reason of the humanity of the Son of God,
if partakers of the tiue faith, are compre- a nearer affinitj* to Him tlian angels can
hended. " In thee," .said Jehovah to Abraham, boast, what must be the thrilling nearness of
" shall all nations be blessed." " 80 then,"
the tribes of Israel of the tribe of Judah ?
argues the apostle, " they who are of faith And think, my brethren, how much we
are blessed with faithful Abi-aham," who, owe them on the scoie of Di%'ine revelation.
in a spiritual sense, is designated " the father Of Moses it is said by Stephen, " He received
of us all ;
"
and thus " the blessing of Abra- the lively oracles to give unto us " and from ;

ham comes on us Gentiles, through Jesus the days of Moses to the days of Malachi,
Christ, that we may receive the promise of " Holy men of God spake and wrote as they
the Spii-it through faith, being the children were moved by the Holy Ghost." " All
of God, by faith in Christ Jesus. And if Scripture was given by inspiration of God."
Christ's, then are we Abraham's seed, and How inimense then is the debt of gratitude
heirs according to the promise." which we owe to the writers of the holy
Now, consider, dear brethren, under what volume, who faithfully discharged their high
an amount of obligation we lie ; what a debt and sacred trust Think what we owe to
!

of gi-atitude we owe to the liwng representa- the inspired historian of tlie creation, of the
tives of their patriarchal ancestors, and, in first ages of the world, and of the piomulga-
the sense explained, of our own. Can we be tion of the holy law What do we not owe
!

unwilling to admit the obligation, or uncon- to the incomparable psalmist of Israel for
scious of any glow of gratitude, impelling to those songs of Zion which, with marvellous
some kindly and practical expression ? How adaptation, meet every changeful feeling of
natiual and how lovely was the feeling the heart, and cheer us on, in every stage of
evinced by David, when, the Lord having our- earthly pilgrimage, and will not be

The Bntish Society's First GhaiA'vian. 55

obsoU'te or forgotton, even among the new Portugal, and many other countries, have
songs of tlie New Jerusalem ! W'liat tlo we been the scone of their protracted sullerings.
not owe to the sublime Isaiah for tlie gaspel Do we not owe to them, then, ample compen-
of the Old Testiimeut ;to the dauntless ? and how can we
sation for injuries so greiit
Danii'l, the man greatly beloved of Heaven, attempt that comjiensation so efficiently or
who was entrusted with the unsealed roll of availaldy, as by endeavouring to bring them
future destinies and to the other holy
; into the fold of the good She[)herd, Who
prophets who were honoured as witnesses for giveth to His sheep eternal life, and Who has
Goil, to bear their successive testimony to the said of His flock, " They shall never perish,
appioach of Jlim who, at length, came to be neither shall any one pliu-k them out of My
" a light to ligiiton the Gentiles, and the "
hand ?

glory of His people Israel." Let mo place before you


And have not the Jewish people beea the Thirdly, the obligation to labour for the
faithful conservators and guardians of the conversion of the Jews, arising from our
Old Testament Scriptures? " Unto them," permutitivn of the ynilt vJi'wh they are contracl-
says the apostle, "were committed the ing bij their rejection of ('hrist. We are alive
oracles of God." Does the apostle insinuate to the claims of the heathen. We
pity their
the slightest doubt as to the fidelity of their ignorance, their wretchedness, and theii'
transmi.ssion ? Neither docs he nor his guilt. Even they, affirms the apostle, are
Lord. The Saviour Himself gives His " without excuse," because they overlook and
sanction and authority to the lx)oks of disregard the evidences of Jehovah's power
Scriptvne which liad been received into the and Godhead, which are visible on the face
Jewish canon, and which were read by Him- of nature, and thus wilfully reject the light
self and lis apostles in the various .synagogues
1 the}' have. On this ground the apostle
of the Jews. " These are the words," said asserts, that " as many as have sinned with-
Jesus, " which I spake unto you, that all out law," that is, without the written law,
things must be fulfilled which were written "shall perish without law ;" having sinned
in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, anil against the liiw of their own con.science, and
in the Psalms, concerning me." " Search the their own heart, and having fallen fai- .slioit

Scriptures ; for in them ye think ye have even of their own defective standard. Should
eternal life and these ai-e they which t&stify
: not, then, our compassion be still more
of me." How great then is the obligation powerfully moved by a contemplation of the
under which we are laid to the Jewish people fearful responsibility of the Jewish nation ?
for preserving and transmitting, in all their Oh, that thf'i/ would consider, and that vm
purity and genuineness, the Ixjoks of inspira- ourselves might consiiler more deeply and
tion ! feelingly the solemn and spirit-stirring words
And do we not owe to them still more than of the venerable Simeon, when taking up
even Were not the a/iostles of our
tliis? the infant Jesus in his arms, he sid<l, " Be-
Lord and Saviour of the Jewish nation ? Do hold this child is set for the fall and rising
we not owe to them and to the evangeli.sts, again of many in Isi-ael ; and for a sign
as the penmen of the Holy Spirit, the books which shall be spoken against that the
;

of the New Testament, containing the full thoughts of many hearts may be revealed."
and entire conveyance of the glorious Gosjiel " Everj' Jew when Chri.st ctime," says an
of the grace of God, and the complete revela- aoite writer, "had the alternative placed
tion of His mind and will ? Do we not owe before him, to fallby unbelief, or to rise by
to them, under the agency of the Holy Spirit, faith. And wherever Christ is preached,
the establishment and propagation of the same result follows, as to every indi-
Christianity in tlx? world ? and are we not vidual. Let no one suppose, whether Jew or
thus indebted to them for our churches, our Gentile, that he can reject the gospel through
privileges, and our hopes of immortality ? infidelity, or neglect it through indiflerence,
But have Christians acted towards the and remain irresponsible. He that will not
Jewish people under a grateful impres.sion of ri.se through the appointed Redeemer, must

the benefits they have received ? How was fall under His sentence as a judge." Never
it during many of the ages which are pfust ? has there been such a test of the moral
Century after century the Jews were .state of the heart of man, or of the spirit of
oppre.s.sed, per-secuted, and harassed by every oljedience or disobedience to God, as the
form of exaction, outrage and barbarity. reception or the rejection of the Lord Jesus
England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Ohri.st.
"

56 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

Whatare we to think of the moral state character of the predictions and assurances
of the intidel among oui-selves. who has given us by the apostle Paul in his Epistle to
never studied with careful attention, with the Romans. In the chapter from which
seriousness of mind, and with honesty of our text is taken, he thus writes " I say :

purpose, the oracles of God ? And what must then, have they (the Jewish people) stum-
we think of the moral state of any one of bled that they should (utterly and finally)
the Jewish nation, who has never entered on fall ? God forbid but rather through their
;

the study of the Kew Testament, never care- fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for
fully compared it with the Scriptures of the to provoke them to jealousy. Now if the
Old Testament, never earnestly implored of fall of them be the riches of the world,
the God of Abi-aham, the light and guidance and the diminishing of them the riches of
of His promised Spirit, to dispel from his the Gentiles how much more their f ulue.ss ?
;

mind all darkness, and error, and prejudice, . For if the casting awaj- of them be the
and to lead him into all truth ? Can we re- reconciling of the world, what shall the re-
press our fears that many of them are ceiving of them be, but life from the dead ?
neglecting altogether the means of instruc- Shall it not give a new animation and a
tion and conviction which God has placed glorious revival to the Gentile Church ? The
within their reach ; and that thej- are spend- apostle afterwards asserts, that " blindness
ing their days in -wilful ignorance of the in part is happened to Israel, until the ful-
character and claims of Christianity, amidst ness of the Gentiles be come in and so all
;

the blaze of hght which is thrown around Israel shall be saved. As concerning the
them by ourlvew Testament, our sanctuaries, gospel, they are enemies for your sake but ;

and the living example of thousands, w^ho as touching the election, they are belo%-ed for
reflect in their holj- character and useful the fathers" sakes. For the gifts and call-
lives the light of the gospel of Christ. ing of God are without repentance. For as
Is it not the dictate of Christian mercy is
; ye in times past have not believed God, yet
it not the imperative requirement of Chris- have now obtained mercy through their un-
tian benevolence, that we should endeavour belief even so have these also now not be-
;

with blended kindness and faithfulness to lieved, that through your mercy they also
put them into possession of the views which may obtain mercy.'
we deliberately entertain of their responsi- Now, without attempting to plunge into
bility and their guilt, and to place before the depths of this interesting subject, it is
them most pei-suasively the claims of the important to observe, that some great princi-
true Redeemer of Israel ? ples and some powerfully impelling motives
Let us well consider : are here represented by the apostle, as having
Fourthly, The obligation arising out of the a direct bearing on the conversion of the
disclosure of the purposes of God, to briny thf. Jews. I will endeavom- to state them with
Jewish peopk into the church of Christ. cle;\rness and conciseness.
I am fully aware that it is not in predic- The that the fall and rejection of
first is,
tions of the future, that we ai-e usually to the Jewish people, in consequence of their
seek a guide to duty or a directory of con- unbelief, are neither total, so as to involve
duct. Over many of them there Ls inten- without exception the entire nation; nor /ijio/,
tionally thrown a veil of obscurity, one so as to exclude the prospect of their con-
object of which may be to prevent any version to Christ.
agency on the part of man, with an express 2. Their rejection of the Gospel, in the first
design to impede their accomplishment. age of Christianity, and their persecution of
Disclosures, however, of the purposes of God its propagators, was overnded for its more
may be given with so much clearness, and rapid extension among the Gentiles, so that
may be so ob^^ously interwoven with inti- they were gainers by the loss of the Jews.
mations of our duty, as to be evidently de- 3. Asense of the benefits thus received
signed for our practical guidance and en- should urge Gentile believers, on principles of
com-agement. Such, if I mistake not, are genuine benevolence and incumbent gratitude,
the revelations which are given us of the to endeavour to impart their most valued
future history and destinies of the Jews, and privileges to the nation from which the}- were
especially of their conversion to the originally derived.
Christian faith, and their full participation 4. Such an attempt, instead of being ^-ision-
of the .spiritual privileges which we ourselves ary and hopeless, has the sanction of the
enjoy. Such appears to me to be the Divine will, the encouragement of the Divine
The British Society 8 First Chairman. 57

purpose, and the assurance of ultimate suc- He has placed upon record promises such as
cess. those which we read in the prophecies of
5. Asthe blindness of Israel has never been Zechariah " I will pour upon the house of
:

total in its extent, we need not defer our David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem
attempts at their conversion, as if, for the the Spirit of grace and of supplication and :

pressent, such attempts were hopeless a ; they shall look upon Me whom they have
partial success, in the conversion of indi- pierced, and shall mourn as one moumeth for
viduals, having by Divine grace been already, hLs only son, and shall be in bitterness, as one
in numerous instances, attained. that is in bitterness for his first-born. In
6. The conversion of the Jews, as a nation, that day there shall be a fountain opened to
to the faith of Christ, is to be effected, as soon the house of David, and to the inhabitants of
as the fulness of the Gentiles is brought into Jerusalem, for sin and for uncletiuness. They
the Church. And here let me observe, that shall call on ily name and I will hear them.
we should guard against exaggerated notions I will say. It is My people, and they shall say,
of the extent of that preparatoiy fulness The Lord is my God." Let that glorious
which might induce us to place it at too remote effusion of the HoJy Spirit take place, and
a period. Is there sufficient reason to sup- how bliss-inspiring must be the results And I

pose, that even during the millennium itself, who can estimate the efficient in.strumentalit}'
the entire population of the world will be truly of the converted Jews, in their turn, in pro-
converted to God ? If that supposition be moting real, vital, spiritual religion among
entertained, let me ask, out of what materials the Gentiles them.selves " What shall the
!

and under what circumstances, could arise effect be," asks the apostle, " but life from
"
that awful outbreak of wickedness which will the dead ?
succeed the millennium, as is clearly set fortli Such, as it appears to me, are some of the
in the twentieth chapter of the Book of the most binding and sacred obligations under
Revelation? It Ls enough, I conceive, to sup- which it becomes the imperative duty of all
pose that the mass of the people, during the Christians, and all Christian Churches, to
millennium, will be real Christians. If, then, pray earnestly, and to labour diligently, for
even during the millennium, " thefulne.ssof the the conversion of the Jews.
Gentiles" will not consist exclusively of real Are they not an important and interesting
Christians, much less can we suppose that part of the human family, to every division
such will be the case before the commence- of which the Redeemer's commission
ment of that happy period. In the sense, extends ?
then, intended by the apostle, will not " the Do we not owe them a heavy and unpaid
fulness of the Gentiles be brought in," when debt, for the benefits which we have received
Christianity shall have been fully introduced from theii nation ?
into everj' land, in its purity and in its power, Ought not our compassion to Ije deeply
and when, by the ample eflfusion of the Holy moved by the persuasion which we feel of the
Spirit, multitudes shall have become obedient guilt they are contracting by their rejection
to the faith of Christ ? of Christ ?
7. It appears to be the design of God, that And has not God Himself summoned and
through the agency of the Gentile church, His encouraged us to aim at their conversion, by
ancient people should be converted to Christ. the purposes which He has disclosed, and by
" As ye have obtained mercy," says the the promises recorded in His Word ?
apostle in our text, " through their unbelief, Aid now, beloved brethren, ought not all
even so have these not believed, that through these considerations to tell, with combined
your mercy they also may obtain mercy." and resistless force, on our consciousness of
Does not this plainly intimate, that by the culpable neglect ? There may, probably, be
great mercy of God your instrumentality Ls to but very few of us perhaps there may not
;

be employed, and to be rendered successful in be any, who, on examining themselves by the


the conversion of the Jews ? Can you desire, principles which I down, and
have now laid
then, dear brethren, or even conceive of a supported b)' the Word can lay their
of Grod,
greater encouragement or a more powerful hand upon their heart, and saj-, " Verily, /
incentive to enter on the labours of this bles- am not guilty concerning m)' brother."
sed and benignant undertaking ? " Be ye Ought we not to humble ourselves before
merciful, even ;is your Father in heaven is God, and with grief and .self-aba.sement to
merciful." Think what mercy towards the acknowledge our culpable omission and
seed of Abraham He must have in store, since neglect of incumbent and imperative duties,
;

58 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

towards our brethren of the house of Israel ? the finest heavenly tints, and learns to serve
Let. then, the painful consciousness of past God best. This was pre-eminently the case
negligence urge us now to prompt, to liberal, with young Henderson, as the sequel will
to vigorous, and to prayerful exertions, to show.
promote an object so momentous in itself, so In Edinburgh he laboured diligently in
accoi-dant with the will of God, and so calcu- connection with the church under the
lated to bring relief to our own self-upbraid- pastoral care of the Rev. John Aikman
ing hearts ? and so efficient were his occasional services
If we were conscious of owing a debt deemed, that he was recommended to the
which had been long unpaid and even unac- notice of Messrs. Haldane, under whose
knowledged, would not the thought of its auspices he was provided with the college
unceasing accumulation press heavily and tuition that was requisite to promote his
sevei-ely upon our minds ? What then more extensive usefulness. While pursuing
should be the workings of the heart and the his studies he became acquainted with Dr.
dictates of the conscience in regard to the Patei"son, who was to be his companion
Jews ? li pecuniary contributions in support thi-ough many years of Christian service,
of missionaries to them have been due from and his friend throughout the course of a
us, ever since we have had the responsibilities long life.
arising out of property or income, is it not In August, 1805, the two were ordained
our incumbent duty to inquire into the extent to missionary service in India, and pro-
of our obligation, and to act under tlie con- ceeded on their route, via Copenhagen, as it
viction that we are deeply in arrears ? was only in Danish or other foreign vessels
Should not thLs thought tell with powerful that English missionaries could at that time
efl'ect on the conscience and on the contribu- obtain a passage to the British pos.sessions in
tions of the affluent and should it not
; the East. Their intention of prosecuting
constrain them to pour into the treasury of their voyage to Asia was, however, frustrated,
the Society for which I now plead, offerings one hmdi-ance being interposed after another
which bear some proix)rticn to the estimate to detain them in Xoithern Europe. Un-
of past and lamented omissions ? wilHng to lo.se theu- time, and spiiit-stii-red
1 rejoice that the basis of an efficient when they saw a so-called Christian city
co-operation in this good work has been wholly given to all manner of .spiritual
recently laid in a union of Christians and of idolatry, they put forth active efforts in cir-
Christian ministers, firmly attached to the cidating tracts amongst the Danes, as well
gi-and essentials of ourmost hoh' faith. as in preaching to the English at Copenhagen
Feeling that we are one in our glorious and Elsinore. The great destitution of
and exalted Saviour, let us take solace and Scriptm-e was the next thing that arrested
delight in the thought, that in the one ample theu- attention. On this subject they entered
fold of the one great and good Shepherd, into correspondence with the British and
" there is neither Greek nor Jew, circum- Foreign Bible Society. The institution was
cision nor uncircumcision, lx)nd nor free, but then comparatively in its infancy, but wa.s
Christ is all and in all." And now, to the ah-eady in a position to respond to their
loved and glorious name of Him who loved appeal, and disposed to accept as its agents
us and gave Himself for us ; to the Father of the men whom Providence had thus sent
mercies, the Giver of the unspeakable gift ;
forth to prepare the way.
and to the Holy Spirit, the Sanctilier, be The ware in which Denmark became in-
equal honour and glory and power, now and volved with England on the one hand, and
for ever. Amen. Sweden on the other, often retarded the pro-
gress and impeded the plans of the liboui-ers ;
but, with an equal amount of prudence and
The First Secretaries. of zeal, they succeeded in turning even
apparent hindrances into eventual further-
EEV. EBEXEZER HENDERSOX, D.D.
ances of their work. Dr. Hendei-son's
Ebenezer Hendei-son was bom in the waiting-time at Gottenberg, <tc., was not
city of Dunfermline, in Fifeshire, on lost, inasmuch as it enabled him to perfect
November 12th, 1784. He was brought his acquaintance with the Scaudina^'ian
up in a godly home, and was early led to languages, to pursue his study of the original
give himself to the Saviour and His cause. text, and to superintend the press-work for
Youth is the season when the soul takes on various editions of the Bible.
Tltp Brilish Society s First Two Secretaries. 59

In the year 1814 lie jirocccdod to Icclaml, C/.ai', returned home to seek a new com-
wliere he remained for tliirteou months, mission, indiflerent whether it was in the
travfllinj,' from district to district with the Bible or the missionary service, and whether
Word of life, and welcomed, to use his own it were to the wilds of Siberia, or among the
words, " as an angel from heaven." then He pagodas of China, so long as Ids Master's
visited many of the chief towns in Denmark, honour could be subserved by him. Thin
on the dignitaries hoth of the stiitc
waitiiij; was in the year 182.5, and the need of a
and cliurch, witli a view to the
of tlio succes.sor in Dr. Bogue's place, to train tlie
formation of Bible Auxiharies, in which mi.ssionary students at Gosport, led to liis

>'>'

ijqrtsefiacif

REV. EUENEZER HENDERSON, D.D.

attempt he met witli ultimate success. speedy appointment to that post, and his
Bussia was the ne.xt land wliich occupied subsequent removal with tlioj^students to the
him in " bibUcal researches." That mighty Mi.s.sion College then established at Hoxton.
empire lie travei-sed, passing fiom Peters- In 18.30 he was invited to occupy a similar
burg and Moscow, onward through tiio and yet wider si)h(ire, in reference to
Crimean and Caucasian territories, to students for tlie mini.stry at home. Of
Astraclian and Tilhs. Highbury College he was theological tutor
After liis return to St. Petersburg, tlie for nineteen years. The testimonies of
imperial favour having been withih-awn from I'espect and affection, reverence and grati-
the Society, Dr. H., finding that there was tude, entertained towards him by tlie many
no work for him to do in the city of the who thus passed beneath his influence, sho\y
:

60 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

that his firmness was attempered with kind- peace and joy. He said again and again
ness, no less than his characteristic gentle- " God is the strength of my heart and my
ness was accompanied by an tincompromising portion for ever."
adherence to truth, rectitude, and tidelity. Dr. Henderson's lecture on "The Con-
His Sabbaths in the meanwhile were well version of the Jews," which we reproduce,
tilled with preaching engagements, often sets forth the supreme object of the
three in the day. His leisure time in the British Society, and ought to be read and
week he devoted to authorship ; and as his studied by every Christian.
" Iceland " and his " Eesearches in Russia "
had borne witness of his " journeyings THE COJTV'ERSIOX OF THE JEWS.
often," so his " Lectures on Inspiration," lus A LECTURE BY THE BEV. E. HESDERSOS, D.D., OF
" Defence of the Great Mystery of Godli- HIGHBURY COLLEGE.
ness," and his various Commentaries on the Jeremiah xxxi. 18 20.
Prophets, remain as a memorial of his " / have surely heard Eiihrnlm bemoaning himself thus:
theological and critical labours. Thou hast chastised in, and I was chastised, as a
buUoek unaccustotned to the yoke : turn Thou me,
Dr. Henderson rendered invaluable service
and I shall be turned ; for Thou art the Lord my
to the British Societj- from its beginning in God. Surely after that I was turned I repented ;
1842. It was he who arranged the first and aftertliat I was instructed, I smote upon my

course of lectures "to wliich he himself so thiijh : I was ashamed, yea, even confounded,
because I did bear the reproach of my youth. Is
ably contributed, and which went so far to
Ephraim my dear son > is he a pleasant child ?
gain over the intelligent sympathy of the
for since I spake against him, I do earnestly
Christian community." It was he who pre- remember him still : therefore my bowels are
pared the first reports and appeals which troubled for him ; I will surely have mercy upon
were printed at the request of the Committee him, saith the Lord."
" with a view to awaken throughout the In whatever light we view the Jewish
Churches a deeper interest in the circum- people :
whether we regard the peculiar
stances and claims of the descendants of relation in which they stood to Jehovah ;

Abraham." To his pen we are indebted also whether we contemplate their connection
for " Scriptui-al Selections " from the Old with the introduction of the Christian
Tastament, all pointing to the Messiah, economy or, whether we take into con-
;

which were published in Hebrew, German, sideration their subsequent history and their
Dutch, and English, and which have been future destiny, we cannot fail to be pene-
a means of great blessing to many Jewish trated with feelings of intense interest on their
souls. behalf. Depositories of the most ancient
The effect of his devotion to the cause of hLstorical and religious records conservators ;

Jewish evangelization as Honorary Secretary of holy, good, and just laws, and of prophe-
of the British Society cannot be measured. cies which, though tremendous in many of
From the hoiu- of his surrender to Christ, their bearings upon themselves, are big with
when a lad, his life had been spent in many the most brilliant hopes for the human
ways for the good of others. family witnesses of the unity, holiness,
;

When we review his work as an agent of justice, mercy, and other sublime attributes
the Bible Society, as a Biblical commentator, of the Deity ; objects of continuous super-
as an evangelical pastor and preacher, as a natui-al interposition observers of an appro-
;

friend of the Religious Tract Society, and as priate typical ceremonial and, examples of
;

Honorary Secretary of the British Society signal Divine retribution


they stood forth
for the Jews, from 18-12 until he ascended to conspicuoush^ to view in the very centre of
the upper sanctuary very earlv on the
the world a pharo.s, the light of which was
Sabbath morning of May 16th, 1858, we feel reflected on the gloom of sui-rounding poly-
constrained to exclaim As " a burning and
: theism, superstition, and idolatry. While
a shining light," he was the instrument of the faint light of nature and the glimmer-
Divine brightness and bHss to many souls. ings of tradition only tended to render the
How did he die ? " More than a con- darkness in which the Pagan nations were en-
queror through Him that loved him." One veloped more palpable, the Hebrews enjo3-ed
star of God's Word lighted up the valley the glorious manifestations of God as their
with the brilliancy of a sun. In spite of
Sun and Shield aflbrding them all needful
the difficulty of speech, through the enfeeble- instruction, and according to them his omni-
ment of paralysis, he was able to make his potent protection and blessing. We study
dear ones understand the source of his their laws, and we recognize in them the
The British Society's First Tivo Secretaries. 61

gi-and outlines of moral obligation, and the lands, by the inhabitants of which it was
wisely-adapted foreshadowings of better embraced ;and it has come down to us,
things to come. We
chant the Psalms of presenting the most incontestible proofs of
the sweet singer of Israel, and our hearts its Jewish origin, in the idiomatic structure
thrill with exquisite delight. peruse the We of its language, and in the peculiar cast of
ethical aphorisms aud maxims of his illus- its doctrines and institutions. If we are
trious successor, and become pos-^e-ssed of a Christians, wo have unquestionably become
body of the soundest practical wisdom. We such, instrumentally, through the testimonies
read the prophets, and admire the Divine
and reasonings of Jews testimonies and
prescience which announced through those reasonings, in which no Haw, either in point
holy men the fortunes of states and empires, of integrity or of logic, has ever been
ages before they came into existence, and detected.
especially the blessed advent, the mediatorial And, though the great body of the nation
work, and the spiritual kingdom of the great have to this daj' rejected Him, inwhom such
Messiah. multitudes of their brethren formerly
'i'here are, however, other aspects of the
i
believed, and in whom they have taught us
Jews which are highly calculated to excite to believe as the only Messiah ; and have, in
our interest. Abraham, tiie progenitor of been expatriated, and subjected
couseiijuence,
their race, was constituted the father of the to the most awful calamities they have, ;

faithful from among all nations, by the nevertheless, served, by their preservation of
promise of Him in whom he believed as it ; their sacred books, and by their very
is written " I have made thee a father of
: experience of the miseries which we deploi-e,
many nations." (Gen. xvii. 5 Rom. iv. 17.) ; to throw aiound the cause of Christianity a
Jesus of Nazareth, our Divine Lord and wall of defence which the boldest attacks of
Saviour, the Author and Finisher of our Infidelity have never been able to over-
faith, on whose only merits and mediation thi-ow.
we depend for eternal life, was as to his Who, that is conversant with the history
human nature a Jew. The apostles, whom of thehuman race, but must be struck with
he selected to pi-opagate His Gospel, were astonishment at the perfectly anomalous
all Jews. The members of the churches condition of the Jewish people. While the
of Judea, which were in C'hiist, were made celebrated luttions of antiquity the
up almost exclusively of the same people. Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians,
And there can be little doubt that, at lir.st, the Romans, the Carthaginians, the Egyp-
a great proportion of those originally for- tians, the Goths, and others, have all in
ming the churches in other countries were their turn disappeared from the theatre of
Hellenistic Jews. the world, the Jews .still remain as dLstinet
To the fact that Christianity was originally as ever ; a people dwelling alone among the
founded, professed, and propagated by Jews, nations. For nearly eighteen centuries they
the attention of that people has never been have been in a .state of exile from their
sufficiently directed. Yet it is beyond all country, and disper.sed over the face of the
contradiction. A
number of credible Jewish earth without a king, without a central

witnesses men of integrity and disinterested- government, without territorial possessions ;

ne.ss, came forward in Jerusalem, the metro- and, what is more, without temple, without
polis of the nation, and boldly challenged prophet, without priest, without altar,
theu- contemporaries, who were privy to the without sacrifice the objects of universal
;

traiLsactions, to a denial of their- averments execration and scorn ; afHicted, oppressed,


respecting the birth, life, death, and resurrec- robbed, tortured, and subjected to every
tion of Jesus. Their challenge was not species of cruelty which the fiendish
accepted. On the contrary, an acknowledg- depra\dty of man could invent. Look at
ment was made by the Sanhedrin, that the Judea capta. Behold her still sitting under
miracles wrought by the apostles, in proof of the palm-tree, with one hand i-lacklv reclin-
their divine commission, could not be called ing over her knee, while with the other she
in question. And what was the consecjuence ? supports her drooping head, and covers her
Not only did many myriads Troaai fivptucig
weeping eye.s the very image of incon.solable
Acts 20) of the Jews believe, but a
xxi. grief. Listen to her plaint "Is it nothing
:

great multitude even of the priests became to you, all ye that pass by ? Behold, and
obedient to the faith. Fi'om Judea the see if there be any sorrow like unto my
Hebrew converts carried the Gospel intoother sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith

62 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

the Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his 1. That by the conversion of the Jews,
fierce anger.' (Lam. i. 12.) we do not understand a political or national
And are the Jews always to remain in regeneration, either in their present dis-
these circmustiuices of exile and oppression ? pereion, or on their restoration to Palestine.
Is Judah's harp never to he taken down from That the members of the Hebrew community,
the willows ? Is it never more to be tuned to speaking of them generally, require to be
the sweet sti-ains of Zion's melody and song ? elevated in the scale of society c;\nnot
Is no melioration to take place in their eoudi- admit of a doubt. Whatever exceptions
tion ? Is the penal sentence never to be exist, and we rejoice to know that there are
reversed ? Is the malediction of heaven
splendid exceptions individuals, who, in
never to be removed ? Are they to drag out point of intellectual cultui-e, blandness of
their present unsettled and unhappy exist- mannei-s, and respectability of character,
ence till the end of time ? Are there no may compete with most of those who profess,
blessings in stoi"e for them ? Is there no and call themselves Chri.'itians yet it is un-
;

hope concerning them, that the Lord will do deniable that the cruel and shameful mock-
them good at their latter end ? Hath He eries, the grievous oppressions, and the long-
cast them oft' for ever ? These, my brethren, protracted persecution to which as a people
are questions which must touch the tenderest they have been exposed, together with the
chords of every Christian heart, and which peculiar modes of obtaining the means of
Christian sympathy and love must earnestly subsistence to which they have been com-
desii-e to have answered in favour of that pelled to have recourse, have exerted a most
ancient, and once pri\"ileged, but now sunk unhappy influence both upon their outward
and sufiering people. This answer, however, manners and upon the tone and feelings of
must depend upon the reply to be given to their minds. Add to which the eSect of the
another question, viz., L'pon what condition puerile and cramping studies with which, as
is a change in their cii'cumstances to be di.seiples of the Talmud, they have been more
expected ? Now, the only reply which the or less occupied. Such is particularly the
Scriptm-es warrant us to make is this thfir : case in Poland and other countries on the
conversion to God. While they continue in continent of Europe as well as in the East,
an unconverted state, they must inevitably where the rights of men, as members of
remain under the frown of the Almighty. civil society, are denied to them, and where
While they walk contrary to Him, He will, the oppressive yoke of rabbinical intolerance
according to His unalterable declaration, is most severely felt. To elevate them to
walk conti-ary to them. And this brings me their proper rank as citizens and in every
to the subject of the present lectuie the : Avay to advance then- ci^-il improvement, are
coyvERSiox OF THE Jews, in discussing which not only objects of the highest ambition with
I shall many of them.selves, but are regarded by
First
Explain what we rsDERSXASD by some of our own statesmen as matters of
THE COXVEB.SIOX OF THE JeWS. lesrislative soHcitude and enactment.

Secondly I SHAiL state the gbocnds Now, without for a moment disputing the
OS which we expect that their coxvek- abstract right of every Israelite to the full
SIOX WILL ACTCALLY BE EFFECTED and, : enjoyment of all ci\-il privileges, in common

Thirdly I shall advert to ose or two with his fellow-citizens, or contending that it
QUESTIOXS COXXECTED WITH ITS OCCURREXCE. is not our duty towards them, as our neigh-
I. In the first place, I am to Explaix bours, living in the midst of us, to do all that
WHAT WE USDEBSTAXD BY THE COX-VERSIOX lies in our power to improve their outward
OF THE Jews. and social condition, yet I may be pei-mitted
That the phrase requires explanation, and to express my firm and honest conviction,
that it is highly important we should possess founded upon the analogy of the Divine
clearand definite ideas upon the subject, all conduct towards them, as recorded in their
must be aware who are familiar with the fact, own Scriptirres, and exhibited in their subse-
that it is viewed in different lights bv quent history, that no complete political
difTei-entminds, according as their habits of emancipation can legitimately be expected by
thought are shaped and formed by their them, or can possibly be effected by others on
religious connexions, or by the political and their behalf, while the cause continues to
social relations which thej- respectively which their banishment from Palestine is to
sustain. To prevent all misconception or be attributed.
mistake, I observe But supposing their external condition
The British Society's First Two Secretanes. 63

were to be entirely changed ; supposing they Christianity. By embracing the former they
were to be placed in every respect upon the would become posse.ssed of little else than a
same footing with the native inhabitants of meagre scheme of pm-e negatives, and thus
the countries in which they sojourn or even ; place themselves in a position alike ho.stile to
supposing them to be carried back to Canaan the legation of Moses and the true dignity
itself, and put in possession of every advan- and claims of the Messiah by surrendering :

tage which the restonition of their forfeited themselves to the latter, they would be
iidieritance niigiit allbrd sudi a cliange, brought into a bondage to tradition and
though tlie only conversion n^-lfn which the usages, fiibles and falsehoods, .scarcely less
gi-eat body of tlie nation anticipate, would foolish and debasing than tho.so taught in
fall infinitely short of wliatwe understand by the Talmud, or imposed upon them by the
the term. We believe, that were they to authority of the rabl)ins. So far from wish-
enjoy all conceivable worldly happiness, with- ing to see the posterity of Abiaham attaching
out being the subjects of that conversion themselves to any such systems, we make it
which we contemplate, they would still be in matter of earnest prayer to God that they
the gall of bitterness, and in the bonds of may be preserved from their pernicious
iniquity. To u.se the emphatic language of influence, and that they m.ay embrace and
Zophar: " In the fulness of their suUiciency hold nothing but what bears the unequivocal
they would still be in .straits." (Job xx. 22.) stamp of Divine Truth, and has a blessed
2. Again :By the conversion of the tendency to sjinctify and save their souls.
Jews, we do not understand a philosophical 4. Moreover, by the conversion of the Jews
emancipation, such as that contemplated by we understand something very different from
Moses Mendelssohn and many of his school. a merely speculative reception of the doctrine
Tired of the yoke, and disgusted with the of Christ. Were nothing more than this in-
absurdities of Rabbinism, and, admitting tended by the term, it would be compara-
into his mind the influence of certain deistical tively a matter of very small moment whether
notions, which had become prevalent in a Jew became converted or not. It is
France and Germany, that philosopher true, there would be an avoidance of the
advanced principles which not only shook the awful blasphemies which are indulged in
foundations of tlu; Talmud, but struck at the when the miserable fabrication, the Toldoth
root of all revealed religion. Having been Jeshu is being read there would be a dis-
;

written in a tluent and refined style, his carding of the prejudices which so fatally
works created among his Jewish brethren a blind and enslave the Jewish mind there ;

taste for the German literature of the day, would be a systematic harmonizing with the
in cultivating which, numbers of them im- creed of the overwhelming majority of pro-
bibed the principles of Infidelity, and ulti- fessing Christians :

but, as a subject of the
mately sank down into a state of pure Dei.sm. moral government of God, the convert would
From this school sprang a division of the be in no degree benefited by his knowledge,
Hebrew people, who were bent on obliterating more than multitudes of Gentiles who avow
the religious peculiarities of their ancestral their belief in Christianity, and are prepared
ci-eed; but who, along with the dross of accurately to propound, and ably to defend
human traditions, tlu'ew away the precious its several doctrines, but have never felt their
metal of Divine Truth
invalidating the
: practical influence, nor attained to the
authority of Scripture and, by bringing
; slightest discoveiy of their spiritual excel-
everything to the test of what they called lence and beauty. Light they possess, but
rea.son, rejected or explained away whatever it is of that description respecting which
surpa.ssed their comprehension, or whatever our Saviour declares " If the light that is
:

they could not reduce to the operation of in thee be darkness, how great is that dark-
mere natural causes. On such an emancipa- ness " They have no spiritual perception,
!

tion as this we cannot congratulate them ; no saving apprehension of Divnne Truth.


such couvei-sion we cannot but deeply deplore, They belong to a class of which the apostle
as at once subversive of all that is essentially speaks when he says " The natural man
:

religious in the Old Testament faith, and receiveth not the things of the Spirit of
productive of universal .scepticism and un- God for they are foolishness to him neither
; ;

belief. can he know them, l)ecause they are spirit-


3. Nor by the conversion of the Jews do uallj' discerned." To true conversion this
we mean the assumption either of a pseudo- spiritual discernment is indi.spensably neces-
rational, or of a superstitious system of sary. Its absence can be compensated by no

64 Memo'nes of Gospel Tnumplis artumg the Jews.

however bright by
intellectual conceptions, : Satan iinto God. For whatever cucum-
no orthodoxy, however strict and severe. stantial differences may otherwise exist
5. Once more by the conversion of the
: between them, there exists no difference
Jews, we do not understand a mere adoption as it respects their moral relations to the
of the Christian name and profession. A Most High. Jews and Gentiles are alike by
Jew may adopt these, just as a Mohammedan nature in a state of rebelhon against His
or a Pagan may do, from low and sordid holy and righteous government. They
motives. He maj' have so conducted himself cherish principles which ai-e subversive of
amono- his brethren, as entirely to have for- all moral order and happiness. Not only
feited their confidence. He may have become are they destitute of love to God and good-
an outcac^t from their society, and thus have ness, but they are filled with positive hatred
been compelled to endeavour to make his of holiness, as existing in Him, or in anv of
way among Christians or, he may be ac-
;
his creatures with whom they are brought
tuated by the consideration of some special into contact. They delight in the practice
pecuniary advantages, which he expects to and enjoyments of sin, and strive, as much
secure by professing his belief in the Gospel. God in the world.
as possible, to live without
And he may withal make a very specious They are universally under the controlling
profession; and, by practising upon the influence of supreme self-love, or a supreme
credulity of those to whom he applies, he regard to the gratificati<m of their depraved
mav attain the object which he has in view. tastes and feelings. Now, conversion in-
Instances have been known of Jews who volves a complete change in all these
have repeatedly submitted to baptism respects. The subject of it, whether Jew or
betaking themselves to diflerent and distant Gentile, throws down the arms of his hos-
places, in which they imagined they would tilitv, and submits, cordially, practically, and

not be detected, and obtaining in each coun- unconditionally to the authority of God.
tenance and support from the followers of He transfers the affections of his heart from
Christ. Were such the converts whom we earthly and sinful objects, on which they
wished to make, there would be no lack, if had been supremely fixed, to Jehovah, as the
we only held out to them the suitable induce- Great Exemplar of spiritual excellence, and
ments. Against all the arts and schemes of the only adequate, because the only satisfy-
such hollow-hearted pretenders it behoves ing portion of the immortal soul.
Christians ever to be vigilantly npon their Conversion is a tuining-point in a man's
guard, and never for a moment to listen to existence. Till he reaches it, the whole of

any proposals on the part of Israelites pro- his life proceeds in an ubiquitous, downward
fessing Christianity whom they have reason course. He removes continually further and
to suspect of hypocrisy or double-dealing. further from the source of life and blessed-
No bribe or lure sbould be held out to induce ness; and, with accelerating rapidity, approxi-
the Jews to assume the Christian name; on mates the regions of eternal death. His
the contrary', all applicants should lie faith- guilt is every moment accumulating, and his
fully warned of the folly of supposing that habits of moral turpitude liecome more and
godliness is to be regarded onl_v as it may be more obdurate. At conversion, on the other
subsei-vient to worldly gain ; or that, by hand, he stops in the course he has been
making a profession of the Gospel, they will pursiung recoils with horror from the yawn-
;

infallibly better their circumstances in life. ing gulf at his feet becomes sensible of the
;

Entirely renouncing all such notions of absolute insecurity of everything around him
conversion, as repugnant to the Word of to which he may cling discovers that there
;

God and ruinous to the souls of those who is no refuge for him except in the mercy of

cherish them, I proceed to state wherein that God whom he has slighted and con-
that conversion really consists, to the expe- temned and in the exercise of deep humilia-
;

rience of which it is our hearts' desire and tion and powerful emotions of penitential
prayer to God the children of Jacob may be sorrow, he earnestly implores, and graciously
brought. obtains forgiveness thi-ough the mediation of
I observe, then, that by the conversion of the Redeemer. He becomes a new creature
the Jews, we understand essentially the same in Christ Jesus old things are passed away
; ;

thing that is intended when we speak of the behold, all things are become new. Reconciled
conversion of the Gentiles,
namely, the to his offended Maker and Judge, and en-
spu'itual change implied in turning from joying the ethcaciously restorative inliuences
darkness to %ht, and from the power of of the Holy Spii'it, he commences a new life.
;

The British Society's First Tv:o Secretaries, C.J

Like Enoch, he hencfforth walks with God. perseveringly and most cordially given their
His coiivei-sjition is in lieavi-u. He sets his adhesion, except the crucifixion of the inno-
afi'fctions upon tliiiijis which are alx)ve. cent Jesus of Nazareth. With this guilty
Thither his footsteps tend. His fruit is unto act they stand accusetl in the annals of the
lioliness, and the end everlasting life. world. Nor are there wanting testimonies
Of the nature of the conversion of the in their own writers which go to substantiate
Hebrew people, as well as of the manner in the charge. In the Talmudic tract, entitled
which it is to take place, we are furnished " Yoma," fol. 9, col. 2, the question is a.sked :

with an afl'ecting and instructive illustration " Why was the second temple destro3-ed ? "
in the words of the text. The language, you One of the principal causes a.ssigned in the
perceive, is descriptive of gi'eat .spiritual answer is, D:n nN"w' ':SD : "On account
trouble, or the exercise of deep godly .sorrow, of the hatred vnthnut cause." Now it will be
springing from convictions of the intrinsic recollected that this is the very charge
malignity of theii- guilt. Proofs of the brought l)y our Saviour against his enemies
greatnes.s of this guilt they discover in the those of his own nation in the .sixty-ninth
severity of the punishment with which, as a Psalm, a p.salm which Abenezra himself
people, they have been visited, and in their admits to be pi-ophetical of the Messiah :

indomitable perseverance in the evil which " They hated me without a cause." Cotton
has drawn down upon them the inflictions Mather, in his "Faith of the Fathers,"
of Divine wrath. " I have surely heard relates of Rabbi Solomon Marochan. that,
Eph:-aim bemoaning himself thus Thou : speaking of the crimes of the Jews, he said,
ha.st chastised me, and I was chastLsed, as a " The Projihet Amos mentions a fourth
bullock unaccustomed to the yoke." Jv"orcan crime of selling the Ju.vt One for silver, for
we conceive of anything more powerfully which we have teen our captivity. It
in
calculated to operate upon their minds, and, by manifestly appears to me, that for selling
the blessing of the Holy Spirit, lead to their that Just One we are justly punished. It is
conversion, than a serious examination of the now one thousand years and more, and all
question, " What adequate cause can be this time we have made no good hand of it
assigned for our long-protiucted and un- among the Gentiles, nor is there any likeli-
exampled chastisement ? Our fathei-s, who hood of our ever any more turning to good.

were guilty of idolatry the greatest crime Oh, my God I am afraid lest the Jesus
!

they could possibly commit against God, whom the Christians worship be the Just
as their King and Lawgiver were only One we sold for silver."
punLshed with a captivity in Babylon of That a discovery of the guilt contracted by
seventy- yesirs' continuance but, though we
; this nefarious act will be the principal cause
have ever since entertained the utmost of the heart-rending gi'ief in which the Jew.s
abhorrence of idols, and have not, as a people, will indulge when converted to God, we are
l>een chargeable with gi-eater vices than expres-sly taught, Zech. xii. 10 14. What
other nations, yet the captivity in which we a scene that will be, when they shall thus be
at present are has hasted more than five-and- seen universally bewailing their conduct
twenty times seventy. What can that crime towards their bles.sed Redeemer Instead of
!

be, which our ance.stors committed, and of sneering at, or turning away with contempt
which, to this day, we have not repented, from Him as the Talui, or Crucified One,
that the hand of the Lord has lain, and still behold them humble at the foot of His cross !

lies, so heavily upon us? Whatever it is, it With their mental eye intensely fixed upon
must be some act or deed of a most ati-ocious the pierced Messiah, wounded for their
character, which they pei-peti-ated before our transgressions, and bruised for their iniquities,
dis[)ei-sion
an act or deed in the approval
their grief will be poignant their lamenta-
of which we have immovably jjersisted, and tions loud and aflecting. They will bitterly
the guilt of which we have obstinately refused reproach themselves for their blindness and
to acknowledge." obduracv, their impenitence and unbelief
Now it must be convincingly e\ndent to and be utterly confounded at the part which
every Jew who impartially rends the history they have acted. When the Spirit of God
of his nation, that there is not any one shall convince them of sin, because they
public or national act of their fathers before have not believed in Jesus, all their other
the destruction of the second temple by iniquities will be absorbed in the 3"] ^l-'S
the Romans, from which period all their the yreut trnnsgressiin of crucifying the Lord
calamities are dated, to which they have of Glory. How
strikingly are their fieling-
(iO Memcries of Gospel Triumphs among the Jems.

IDOLATRT RESCLTIXG IS DEATH. E:(lci(l vi. i, 5.


'I'lic /Irilisli Soriclif's Fl rul Tiro SdcretaHes. 67

emloilii'tl ill tlio Imii^iimj;i' of K|iliraiiii : II. I [iroceed now- to state Tfie ckounds
" Surely utter tliat I was tiirnoil, 1 refionti'd ;
ON Wllll'II WE EXPECT THAT THE CONVERSION
and after tliiit I was instructed, 1 smote or 'I'liE Jews will actually ue effected.
ipon mv thifzli : was ashamed, yea,
I 1. And
here I observe, that our first
even coiit'ouiuk'd, lucause I did bear the ground the possibilifi/ of its occurrence.
is

reproach of my youth " lie smote upon !


To .some this may appear to be low, and,
liis tliigh
a most expressive token of the indeed, altogether unnecessary ground. ho, W
holy self-indif;iiation, of whieli he was con- it may be asked, for a moment doubts of its

scious, at the state of unbehef in which he possibility ? To this I reply The Jews not :

had lived from his earliest days. only doubt, they ab.solutely deny it. That,
It also deserves our notice, that, afraid in the latter day, they shall bo brought to
lest, after all, his conversion iiiif.'ht not be repentance on account of their sins in
found genuine, and might merely have sprung general, they readily admit but, that they ;

from a desire to escape from punishment, shall ever be convinced of the divinity of
Ephraim earnestly prays for the exi'rcise of Jesus, or bo induced to acknowledge Him as
converting giace, fiom the deep conviction the promised Messiah, and to trust in His
that nothing but the effectual working of death upon the cross for the pardon of their
the omnipotent power of God could th(^roughly sins, are ideas which they allege they never
produce the change, and inspire him with can admit. Upon the grand turning-points
supreme love to God and His ways. " Turn between them and Christians, they consider
thou me, and I shall be turned for thou ; theuLselves impregnable. No arguments can
art he Lord my God."
t ever move them no motives ever induce a
;

W'iien tli(^ Jews shall ha\e become the change of mind. And, unquestionably, no
subjects of this Divine and saving cliange, one who reflects upon the jiertinacity with
they will no longer look to the merits of which, as a people, they hold out against all
Aliraham.or to circumcision, or to any of the attempts to prevail u(ioii them to embrace
thousand things prescribed by the rabluns for the Go.spel of Christ, but must admit the
acceptance with (!od but turning away from ; justice of the apparently harsh language of
the righteousness of all creatures, and entirely Luther, " ein Judeiiherz ist stock, stein, eiseii,
renouncing their own righteousness, they will teitfel h'lrdt." * Indeed, one of these terms
place their reliance solely upon the righteous- has been admitted by a Jewish rabbi himself
ness of God, which is by faith of Jesus to be appropriately de.scriptive of the Jewish
Christ, unto and upon all them that
all, mind, in reference to the truth as it is in
believe. They no longer draw near to
will Jesus. Arguing with the late Mr. Thorpe,
God with their mouth, and honour him with of Bristol, he pointed to the hearth, and
their lips, whih^ their hearts are far from said, " Mr. Thorpe, do you see that stone?
Him, but they will worship the Father in The fire will not melt it water will not :

spirit and in truth. They shall be the cir- dissolve it. Such is the heart of a Jew."
cumcision, which worship God in the .spirit, And what is by the Jews themselves
and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no con- regarded as impossible, seems by many pro-
iidence in the flesh. They shall be a holy fessing Christians to be viewed in neai'ly the
j)eople trees of righteousness, bringing forth same light. You no sooner broach the sub-
fruit to the praise and glory of God. ject of the conver.sion of God's ancient
I would only add, that, although, as you people, than you are either met with the
must have perceived from the desciiption I qualified avowal. To tell you the truth we
have given of conversion, it must necessarily have no gi-eat faith in any such event " or ;

from its nature be personal, i.e., it must be you are gravely told that it does not come
realized in the actual experience of individuals, within the range of po.ssible occurrences.
yet when we speak of the Jews, we refer to Now we at once frankly admit, that,
that people in the aggregate, or to the great viewing the subject merely as a matter of
body of the nation, as consisting of indi-
human calculation viewing it as that which
viduals who shall have thus been converted. a man may eflect in himself, or which one
It will include not a convert here and a con- man may efiect in another, we should
vert there ; not a mere remnant, accoiding certainly consider the case of the Jc^ws to be
to the election of gi-ace, as was the case in desperate beyond all remedy. With man it
the days of the apostles, but the vast multi-
tude of the people, according to the same * The heart of a Jew is stock, stone, irou, devil
gracious election. hurd.
!

68 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

is impossible. No operations of the natural the Amorites, the Syrians, and other neigh-
mind no force of mere moral suasion ; no
; bouring nations ? It was to wean them
arguments, however powerful no proofs, : from their earthly objects of attachment, re-
however convincing no eloquence, however
; claim them from their idolatrous compliances,
distinguL^hed, can produce that i-adical and teach them to cleave to the worship and
change of heart which is es<ential to con- fear of their God. Did He peimit the kings
version. But, brethi-en, we are never to of Assyria and Babylon to carry them away
forget that though " with men this is impos- from their father-land, and locate them in a
sible :with Gk)d all things are possible." land of gi-aven images ? It was that He
Wliat saith the Lord by the mouth of the might efl'ectually cure them of their prone-
prophet ? " Behold, I am the Lord is there : ness to idolatry, and teach them, in all
anytliing too hard for me ? " Let the house coming time, to acknowledge no God but
of Israel be hai-d-hearted as they may be Himself. In all the painful dispensations
it that the stone to which the rabbi compared with which He visited them He had ever a
the Jewish heart is its fittest emblem, hath gracious end in view. His ultimate thoughts
not God expressly promised " A new heart : towards them have always been thoughts of
also will I give you, and a new spii-it will I peace, and not of evil, to give them an un-
put within j-ou and I will take away the
; expected end. Have we not, therefore,
STOSY HEAKT out of your flesh, and I wUl every reason to hope that such is His purpose
give you an he<art of flesh." (Ezek. xsxvi. respecting them still ? The very fact of their
26.) Though, as it respects man. the bruise wonderful preservation amid all the annihi-
of Jacob is incurable, and his wound grievous; lating elements of then- present dispersion,
yet, " I will i-estore health unto thee, and I ought to go far in satisfying us that " there
will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the Lord.'' Lshope" in their end." (Jer. xxx. 17.) As
(Jer. XXX. 12, 17.) The apostolic weapons the Lord hath brought all this evil upon
are what they were
still " not carnal," and them, and yet sustained them under it, is it
consequently weak and inefficient, " but not that He maj' bring upon them all the
mightj' thi-ough God to the pulling down of good which he had promised them ?
strongholds casting down imaginations and
; (2.) Again We derive our hopes respect-
:

every high thing that exalteth itself against ing the conversion of the Jews from the
the knowledge of God, and bringing into present attitude of the Christian Churoh in
captivity every thought to the obedience of relation to that people. How
much more
Christ."' (2 Cor. x. 35.) What the Gospel, closely have Christians been brought into
in the hand of the Spii-it efl'ected in the contact with them !How much knowledge
apo.stolic age, it may effect still. If thousands has been acquired of their number, the
and tens of thousands of Jews were subdued countries where they live, the sects into
by it then, why may thousands and tens of which they are diwded, their prejudices,
thousands not be subdued by it still ? The changes of opinion, language, literature, <tc.
Lord's arm is not shortened that it cannot How minutely in every point of view have
save, nor is His ear heavy that it cannot the circumstances of their condition been
hear. " God is able to gi-afi' them in again." investigated ! Instead of being any longer
(Rom. xi. 23.) the objects of universal neglect on the part
2. But I pass on to notice another gi-ound of Christians, they are now regarded with
on which we base our hopes of the conver- deep and lively commisei-ation. A
tender
sion of the Jews
Its prolahiUtij. It is not concern has been awakened on their behalf.
merely possible ; it is in a high degi-ee pi-ob- They are not now looked upon as a people
able. Xow this proljability may be
inferred doomed to perpetual blindness and obduracy
(1.) From
the analogy of the Divine con- of heart or, as being beyond the influence of
;

duct towards the Jews in every part of their tho.se means to the use of which God hath
former history. Did the Lord permit them promised his blessing but viewing them in
;

to be enslaved and oppressed in Egypt ? It the light of fellow-sinners, involved in guilt,


was that He might be glorified by rescuing and standing in need of the gi-eat salvation.
them from the grasp of its tyrant king. Did Christians are anxious that their feet should
he lead them about for forty years in the be directed into the way of life. Hence the
wa-ste howling desert of Ar-abia ? It was to sf)ecial and fervent prayers in which they
train them for the enjoyment of the rest in have been excited to engage on their own
Canaan. Did he frequently suffer them to behalf; hence the individual efforts which
be harassed by the PkUistines, the Moabites, have been made for diffusing among men
The British Society's First Two Secretaries. 69

the> light of the Gospel. Hence the the Jewish world itself numerous phenomena
foniiiition of Societies, haviiiji: for their ul)j('ct which portend a speedy and important
the coiivei-sion of Israel to God. Of tlieso revolution in their circumstances, and many
the oldest and most extended in its opera- which point to theu' conversion as the grand
tions, composed of members of tlie Church of event in which they may be expected to ter-
Eiifjiand, at
support.s the present time minate. I have already adverted to the
upwards of fifty missionaries and agents in opinion-; broached by Mo.ses Mendelssohn.
dilfercnt parts of the world. By means of Now, without in the least retracting wliat I
its Auxiliaries, Branch Societies, and As.so- have advanced respecting the infidelity in
ciations in almost every jiart of England, an which, in many the.se opinions
instances,
extensive interest in liehalf of the Jews has issued, 1 believe it may
confidently be
lii'en excited and many thousand petitions
: a.s.serted that, in another point of view, the
daily ascend to the throne of grace for the impetus given by that celelnated philo.sopher
Divine blessing upon Israel. Nor has a less to the minds of his Jewish lu-ethren has been
degree of intei'est been excited in tlie Church ])roductive of consequences which cannot be
of Scotland. No sooner was an appeal made contemplated without satisfaction, both as it
to the .sympathies of her members, than it respects the good which has already been
was instantly responded to; and a zeal and a experienced, and the more extensive benefits
iilx'rality have been displayed which evince which may yet be expected to accrue from it.
a determiuation that, if in that division of Not only have the trammels of rabbinical
the island but little comparatively had authority been burst asunder, the absurd
previously been done, the reproach shall now fables of the Talmud given to the winds, and
lie wiped away, and noble elTorts made in the veil of superstition rent in twain ; but by
promoting the common object. The numerous many the exclusive claims of Mo.ses and the
attendance u[M>n the lectures delivered upon ]iro[)hets have been admitted, a desire for
the subject may also be adduced in proof of intellectual and religious improvement has
a revived concern for the salvation of the been created, and studies are being pursued
seed of Jacob, and leads us to anticipate the wiiich must prove highly favourable to the
co-operation and support of many Englisli interests of truth and righteou.sness. The
Christians who have not hitherto been em- very opposition which is made by the
barked in the benevolent undertaking. members of the old school excites to more
And are all these movements in the Church extended inquiry and if what is now going
;

of God to be regarded as visionary and forward among the Jews in this metropolis
chimerical ? Has He excited His people .so and in many cities of Germany only continue
generally to inquire of Him concerning this its course, there can be no doubt that the
thing, and will He not listen to their impression produced will ere long be felt
supplications? Ha-s He raised holy and through the whole Hebrew community.
s|)iritual expectations which he does not It is a remarkable feature in the history
intend to fulfil? Do HLs servants take of this people, that within the last twenty
pleasure in the stones of Zion, and favour years, their attention has been specially
the dust thereof ? and are we not taught to drawn to the study of the prophecies. No
n-g.ird this as a token that the time to longer intimidated by the interdict of the
favour Zion, yea, that the set time is come ? rabbins, tliey calculate the prophetic ])eriods:
(Ps. cii. 13, II.) Has He drawn the hearts and finding that most of the.se periods have
of so many thousands towards Judah's expired, many of them have been conducted
scittered ones, and encouraged them to to the conclusion that the Mes,siah must
persevere in the liberal things which they either have already come, or that His advent
have devised for their good, and will He leave is just at hand. Dis.s;vtisfied with the past,
them to conclude that they have merely they fix their eyes intensely on the immediate
Ijeen sparks of their own kindling, and that
future carefully watching every springing
the issue of all their exertions will be that event, and praying with gi-eater earnestness
they must lie down in the sorrow of dis- than ever that the Lord would turn again
appointment ] We
dare not entertain the the cjiptivity of Jacob.
idi'.i. Xo, brelhri'ii, we
thank tiod, and
will Another promising feature is presented iu
take coui-age, persuaded that our labo\n- shall the diminution of the ancient prejudices
not be in vain in the Lord, and that in due which the Jews liave continued to cherish
time we shall reap, if Ave faint not. against the name and religion of Je.sus.
(3). Farther, we tind in the horizon of \\'hile the great majoiity are still as much as
Memories of Gospel Tnumphs among the Jews.
Til- Ilrili.sh Societ/j'i; Fit; I Two Seen tur lea. 71

ever wciMiil lc> lli sr |iri'jii(li{es, there are attention is in that particular portion of the
Miimlicrs wlio Jiavo sliaki-n thcni ofl', and 15ook of tho Pioplict deremiali which com-
nut cuily do not oliject to, but oven couit pri.ses the thirtieth and thirty-lirst chajiters.
convi'i'sjition with Christians upon subjects That tlie.se chapters treat of a restoration of
connected witli rclifjion. Many ot" them the llebi'ews yet future, and not of their
listen with candid attention to what may bo restoration from Babylon, will appear con-
advanced respecting; our Redeemer, and clusively evident to all who will give them an
manifest a disposition to embrace whatever attentive perusal. Now, not only is Ephraim
can be proved to them to be tlie Truth of introduced in our text as repenting, and con-
God. fessing his guilt, whereupon the J^ord declares
Tlio eagerness witli wliich the Jews apply his tender compassion towards him, conclu-
for, and tlie rea<liness with wliich tliey ding with the absolute assurance, " I will
receive Chiistian books, and especially the surely have mercy uiion him, saitli the
New Testament, as well as the extent to Loril; " but at the thiity-Crst ver.se Jehovah
which these books are actually read, are also promLses to make a new coven.-int with the
circumstances wliich inspire the hope that house of Israel and with the house of
the day is not disUmt when the evidence of Jiidah. " Behold, the days come, saith the
the Divine autiiority of the Gospel will be Lord, that I will make a new covenant with
discovered by tliem, and the glorious scheme the house of Israel, and with the house of
of redemption which it reveals be highly Judah." That this new covenant is the
appreciated and cordially embraced. Indeed, same with that usually called the covenant
every year is la-inginj; more and more to of giace, manifest from the nature of the
is

light the fact that tliere are multitudes of ble.ssings which it secures. These are not
Jews wlio have liecome convinced of the mei-e temporal mercies, such as were granted
Messiahship of Jesus, and who are only under the Sinaic Covenant, but spiritual and
waiting for what they deem favourable saving mercies Divine illumination, renova-
opportunities of coming out, and making an tion of heart, pardon of sin, and the enjoy-
open proftwsion of faith in His name. ment of God as an everlasting portion.
Add to all these considerations what must They are, in fact, the distinguishing ble.ssings
greatly rejoice the heart of every true of the Gospel, which flow to the guilty
follower of Christ the Lord
that within the through the mediation of the Son of God.
last forty years many hundreds of the To a participation in these blessings, in all
children of Abraham have aflbrded satis- their fulness, we Gentiles have been admitted.
factory evidence of genuine convei-sion to They are dispensed to us by the ministiation
God, and of these, upwards of thirty are at of the Spirit. But the making of the cove-
the present time employed either as minis- nant here predicted by Jeremiah has not yet
ters of the Gospel, or as missionaries among taken place. For those with whom it w-as to
theii- lirethren according to the fle.sh. be made are expressly declared to be the
Wlio now can view the altered position of house of Israel, and the house of Judah
Juilaism, or contemplate the fuither changes phrases wliich are never employed by the
which may speedily be anticipated, without prophets to designate any but the Hebrew-
perceiving that it is in a transition state, and people. When the apostle (piotes the pro-
without regarding it as highly probable that, phecy in the eighth chapter of his Epistle to
ei-e long, the leaven which has begun to bo the Hebrews, it is not for the purpose of
introduced into it will leaven the whole showing tlmt the new covenant had actually
lump, and Israel redeemed, will celebrate the been made with Israel and Judah, but in.
song of Mo.ses and the Lamb ? order to prove from their- own Scriptures
3. But leaving these probabilities, I that the old covenant was abolished. Ho
hasten to the consideiation fif the last ground leaves tho ))eriod of their actual investment
on which our expectation of the conversion with the bles.sings of the Gospel undetermined.
of tlie Jews is built its absolute certainty. The Divine declaration by the mouth of the
Upon this point only be necessary to
it will prophet, therefore, furnishes us with an infalli-
produce one or two of the many positive and ble guarantee that the Jews, as a iicople, are
uncontradicted testimonies of Scripture in yet to become the subjects of new covenant
which it is a.sserted, since thej' cannot fail to privileges and blessings. The time will
compel the assent of every unprejudiced a.ssurei1ly arrive when God will put His law
mind. in their inward parts, and write it in their
The first to which I \\(.ulil request your hearts ; when He will be their God, and they
Memm^ies of Gospel Tnuviphs among the Jews.

shall be His people when they shall, all


: In addition to these unequivocal testi-
know Him ; when He will forgive their monies from the Old Testament, in which
iniquityand remember their sin no more. the certainty of the futiue conversion of the
Another remarkable prediction respecting Jews is set forth, I must advert to two in
the conversion of the Jews is contained in the New Testament, in which it is as un-

Ezekiel xxxvi. 24 28, which we have equivocally taught. The first of the.se is
already in part quoted. " For I will take 2 Cor. iii. 16. After describing the state of
you from among the heathen, and gather j-ou moral blindness or hardness in which they
out of all counti'ies, and wall bring you into now are, declaring that '" even unto this day,
your own land. Then will I sprinkle clean when Moses is read, the vail is upon their
water upon you, and ye shall be clean from : hearts," the Apostle contrasts with it a
all your tilthiness, and fi'om all your idols, futui-e condition, when the vail shall be re-
will I cleanse you. A new
heait also will I moved. " Nevertheless," he says, " when
give you, and a new put within
spirit will I it," i.e., the Jen-ish people, " shall turn from
you : and I will take away the stony heart the Lord," i.e., the Lord Jesus Christ, " the
out of your flesh, and I will give you an vail shall be taken away."
heart of flesh. And I w-ill put My Spirit The same doctrine is taught in the cele-
within you, and cause you to walk in my brated argument of the apostle in theeleventh
statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments, chapter of his Epistle to the Romans an :

and do them. And ye shall dwell in the argument which it is impossible for all the
land that I gave to your fathei-s; and ye arts of sophistical subtlety to turn aside
shall be ily people, and I will be yoiu- God." from its direct and conclusive bearing upon
Here the bestowment of convei-ting and the subject. He first shows that the rejection
sanctifjTng gi-ace is connected, not with the of the Jews is neither total nor final, verses
return of the Jews from Babjlon, but with 1 11 :
" I .say then, hath God cast away HLs
their being gathered out of all countries, people ? God forbid. For I also am an
and brought anew into a church relationship Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe
to God, when the Messiah is to be their of Benjamin. God hath not cast awav His
Prince for ever. people which He foreknew. Wot ye not what
I will only adduce one other prophecy from the Scriptures saith of Elias ? how he maketli
the Old Testament, as aflbrchng an indubit- iuterce.ssion to God against Isi-ael, saying Lord,
able proof of our position. You will find it they have killed Thy prophets, and digged down
in Eosea iii. 4, 5 '
For the children of
: Thine altars; and I am left aloneand they seek
Israel shall abide manj' days without a king, my life. But what saith the answer of God
and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, unto him ? I have reserved to Myself seven
and without an image, and without anephod, thou.sand men who have not bowed the knee
and without teraphim Afterward shall the
: to the image of Baal. Even so then at this
children of Israel return, and seek the Lord present time also there is a remnant accord-
their God, and David, their king and shall ; ing to the election of grace. And if by gi-ace,
fear the Lord and His goodness in the latter then it Ls no more of works otliei-wise grace
:

days." The former of these verses contains is no more grace. But if it l;e of woi-ks, then
a de.scription of the circumstances of the is it no more grace otherwise work is no
:

Israelites in their present dispersion. To no more work. What then ? Israel hath not
otlier period of their history can it with any obtained that which he .seeketh for but the ;

pi-opriety be applied. They hare no civil election hath obtained it, and the rest were
polity, either under regal or princely rule. blinded (according as it is written, God hath
They have no priest, no sacrifice and at the ; given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that
same time, no idolatrous statues, no images they should not see. and ears that they should
or tutelary deities. And in this condition not hear) unto this day.
; And David saith,
they have been " many days," even eighteen Let their table be made a snare, and a ti-ap,
long centui-ies. In the latter veree, a blessed and a stumblingblock, and a recompense
reversal of their circumstances is expressly unto them let their eyes be darkened, that
:

predicted. After this protracted anomalous they may not see, and bow down their back
period shall have elapsed, they shall again alway. I say then. Have they stumbled that
seek the Lord their God, and Messiah their they should f.all ? God forbid but i-ather
:

King, the illustiious descendant of David, through their fall salvation is come unto the
whose name, which signifies The Beloved, Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealous}-."
he figiu-atively bears. He next reasons that their full reception
:;

The British Society's First Tivo Secretaries. 73

back into tlio Clnircli will lie an iiinui'iifc Isaiah in the tifty-ninth chapter of his
benelit to the (ieutiles, lli 15
if tlio : "Now prophecies) 25
: 32
" For I would not,
:

fall of tiieui lie tlic riches of the woilil and brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this
the tliiiiinishing of them the riches of the myst(ay, lest ye should bo wise in your own
Gentiles, how uiuch more their fulness ? conceits that blindness in part is happened
;

For I speak to j'ou Gentiles, inasmuch as I to Israel, until the fulness of the Gcnitiles be
am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify come in. And .so .all Israel shall be saved :

uiine ollice if by any means I may provoke


: as it is written. There shall come out of Sion
to emulation them which are my flesh, and the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodli-
might save some of them. For if the casting ness from Jacob for this is my covenant
:

away of them be the reconciling of the nnto them, when I shall take away their sins.
world, what shall the receiving of them be, As concerning the Gospel, they are enemies
but life from the dead?" He then proves for yoin- sakes but as touching the election,
:

that in their relative capacity they are still they are beloved iov the Fathers' sakes. For
holy, or separated from tlie rest of the woild, the gifts and calling of God are without re-
and destined for the service of God, ver. IG : pentance. For as ye in times pa.st have
'
For if the fii-stfruit be holy, the lump is also not believed God, yet have now ob-
holy and if the root be holy, so are the
: tained mercy through theii- unbelief
branches " and that, although foi- the present
; even so have these also now not be-
they are without the pale of the true Church lieved, that through your mercy they also
their place being occupied bj' Gentile be- may obtain mercy. For God hath concluded

lievers, yet. on their renouncing their unbelief them all in unbelief, that He might have
they shall be reinstated. 17 24 " And if : mercy upon all."
some of the branches be broken oft", and thoii, With these jjassages of inspired writ present
being .i wild olive tree, wert grafted in among to his view, with what shadow of consistency
them, and with them partakest of the root C!xn any Christian deny the future conversion
and fatness of the olive tree boast not ; of the posterity of Jacob? It is asclearly re-
against the branches but if thou boast, thou
: vealed as any doctrine of Scripture and con- ;

bearest not the i-oot, but the root thee. Thou se(iueritly, demands
to be received, not as
wilt say then. The branches were broken ott' a matter of human speculation, but .as the
that r might be gralVed in. Well because ; Word of that God who worketh effectually in
of unbelief they were broken off, and thou all them that believe.
standest by faith. Be not highminded, but III. Beforeconclmling, there are two
fear : for if God spared not the natural questions coiniected with
intimatel}' the
branches, take heed lest he also spare not subject, to which I must briefly advert
thee. Behold therefore the goodness and namely, whether the conversion of the Jews
severity of God on them which fell, severity
:
; will take place before or after their return to
but toward thee, goodne.ss, if thou continue in Palestine? and, whether it is to be etfected
His goodness otherwise thou also shall be
: by the blessing of (Jod's H0I3' Spirit upon
cut oil'. And they also, if they abide not in the vise of ordinary means or by the inter-
;

unl)elief. shall be grafted in for God Ls able ; vention of renewed miraculous agency ?
to graft" them in again. For if thou wert cut The practical bearing of these questions
out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, upon the efl'orts of Christians to promote
and wei-t giafl'ed contrary to nature into a (
'hiistianity among the lo.st sheep of the
good olive tree how much more .shall these.
; house of Israel must be obvious. For, if
which be the natural branches, be grafted they are not to be brought to the knowledge
into their own olive tree ? " To remove nil of the truth till after they shall have been
doubt upon the subject, he further declares I'estored to their own land, it must be in a
in e.xpress terms, that the state of judicial great measure fruitless to engage previously
insen.sibility inwhich the Jews now are, is in any attempts to effect their conversion.
only to be partial or limited in duration it : Seed may indeed b(> sown knowledge may be
;

is only to contiinie till a widely-extended con- increased ; and thus preparations may be
version of the Gentiles shall have been made for the future accompli.shment of the
ett'ected, and then, through the reciprocal work but we shoidd Ijc warranted to e.xpect
;

action of the merciful favour shown to the no actual or immediate ^aving success. And,
latter, the great body of tin- Hebrews shall be if they are to be converted by miraculous

brought to a saving participation of the bles- agency, then it would be impioasly pre-
sings of the Gospel, (an event anticipated by sumptuous to venture into the province of
The British Society's First Two Secretaries. 10

Almighty God, aud arrogate to our agency virgin Israel, turn again to these tiiy
of
what He has reserved tor the excliisi\e cities." Thus, too, the building of the city
exertion of His own power. of Jerusalem, predicted in the concluding
That the Jews will be restored to the hind verses of the chapter, is represented as conse-
of their fathers is a question upon the dis- quent upon the making of the New Covenant
cussion of wliich I cannot now enter. I may, with the house of Israel, and with the house
however, simply state my lirm conviction of Judah.

that such will actually be the ca-se a con- At the same time, it does appear from
viction |iroduced by an impartial study of Isaiah Ixvi. that certain members of the
the prophetic oracles, in which, as appears to Hebrew family will, in their unconverted
me, are numerous pas.siiges which on the state, follow their believing brethren to
contrary hypothe.si.s admit of no consi.stent or Palestine. Some of them will vainly
satisfactory interpretation and confirmed by
; attempt to restore the temple and the temple-
the continued miraculous preservation of worship, with the whole .sacrificial system
that people in an unamalgamated state, and connected with it. The.se, however, will, in
the impo.ssibility of their obtaining a settle- all probability, be few in numl^er, and will
ment in any other country under heaven. only be spared for the Siike of the righteous,
H now we inquire what opinion we are to until they either shall have perished along
hold respecting the order of connection with the final Antichristian confederacy, or
between their conversion and their restora- been converted from the error of their ways.
tion, there can, I conceive, bo no doubt that, So far, therefore, are the representations
as to the great body of the nation, the former of Scripture from teaching the subse(|uent
will j)recede the latter. Such is the order conversion of the Jews, that, on the con-
ob.-erved in the prophecy of Moses, recorded trary, they unequivocally teach the indis-
Dent. XXX. 1 5. The prayer of Solomon at pensable necessity of su( h conversion in order
the dedication of the tem|)le proceeds upon to their national restoration.
the same jirinciplc, I Kings viii. 4(5 51. With respect to the second question,
Nor can we discover any congruity whatever touching the employment, or non-em|>loy-
in the removal of the curse, while the cause ment of miraculous agency in effecting this
of its infliction remains in all its force. If great work, while it becomes us with all
the Jews have been expatriated, and dis- humility and modesty to speak of what God
per.^ed among all nations for their rejection may, or may not do, I may be permitted to
of the Messiah, it would be contrary to the say that I can find nothing in the Bible
known principles of the Divine government which leads us to expect the renewal of the
that they should be restored during the con- age of miracles. Of an abundant outpouring
tinuance of their impenitence and unbelief. of the influence.s of the Holy Spirit, both
But we are not left to rest our conclusion upon Jews and Gentiles in the latter day, wo
either upon analogy, or upon those pa-S-siges there read ; but these influences are never
of Scripture in which their restoration only represented as operating indej)endently of the
upon their repentance is taught as a general use of means. It is thiough the mercy of
doctrine. There are pa.ssages prophetic of the Gentiles that the Jews are to obtain
the very events in question, in which the mercy. (Rom. xi. 31.) I am aware that
same order is clearly maintained. Thus in there are prophecies which have been othei--
Jer. xxxi. 9, it is predicted " They shall
: wise construed ; but 1 am convinced, that on
come with weeping, and with supplications careful examination, apart from .all precon-
will I lead them "
;
language evidently ceived opinions and systematic prejudice.s,
descriptive of the penitential .son-ow and they will be found either to refer to what
devotional exerci.ses with which they shall took place under the theocraticil dispensiv-
procesd from the places of their dispersion. tion, or that they are clothed in highly
This order is likewise observed in verses figurative language, borrowed from some of

18 21, in which, after describing the con- the distinctive features of that economy.
vereion and repentance of Ephraim, and The Church which the Saviour loved, and
announcing the con.sequent exerci.se of the for which he gave Himself, whether made uj)
mercy of his God, the prophet thus addre.s.ses of Jews or Gentiles, is to be -sjinctified and
him.self directly to regenerated Israel " Set: cleansed with the w-ishing of water by tiik
thee \ip waymnrks, make thee high heaps : VVoHi). (Eph. V. 2G.) It is th.- Gospei,
set tlii.ie heart towanl the highway, even which is " thepower of God unto salvation,
the way which thou wentest turn again. O
: to every one that believeth to the Jew
;
(6 Memories of Gospel Triuviphs among the Jews.

first, also to the Greek." (Rom. i. IG.)


and caged eagle, impatient of the ob.structing
Even in the apo.stolic age, which was in so bars that fettered it to earth. We consider
distinguished a mar.ner an age of miracles, tliat James Hamilton, from early years, and
the use of means was not superseded. The onward, was physically and mentally over-
ambassadors of Christ preached the things taxed. He was so, as a boy at school as a
;

concerning the kingdom of God, in oitler student at college as a preacher proclaiming


;

that men might believe, and believing, might the glad tidings ; as a pastor feeding the
be saved and no intimation is any whei-e
; flock; as a son of consolation weeping with
given that this order of instrumentality bereaved and suffering ones; as a platform
would ever be changed. speaker; as a man of wise counsel, whose
Our ultimate conclusion then is, that if advice was often sought. In all these rela-
the Jews are not to be restored until they tions, James Hamilton's labours were exhaust-
are converted, and if they are not to be con- ing. He was a diligent and constant .student,
vei'ted except by means of the Gospel, it is a brilliant writer, a zealous pi-omoter of the
the duty of all who ai'e in possession of this cause of Christian Missions both to Jews and
Gospel to contribute by every means in their Gentiles, and among the foremost of the band
power towards its propagation among them, of holy men who formed and afterwards cher-
that they may become acquainted with Him ished and fostered the Evangelical Alliance.
who is the subject of its testimony, and be He was taken from us in his fifty-third yeai'.
saved in Him with an everlasting salvation. And yet, into that comparatively brief life,
And surely it is only necessary faiily to what an amount of u.sefulness was concen-
bring the case of the outcasts of Israel before tiated !and how little of it, with all his
the view of Gentile Christians, and directly natural delicacy of constitution, was free
to appeal to their spiritual sympathies on fi-om active services ! He went to Glasgow
their behalf, in oi'der to excite that pity University as eaily as his eleventh year.
^^hicll the deplorable circumstances of theii' His undergraduate course extended over
condition demand and to call forth into
;
several sessions, during which he had as
zealous activity that .self-.sacrilicing lo\"e fellow students Ai'chibald Tait, the late
which the contemplation of the love of Christ Archbishop of Canterbury, and Halley " The
is eminently calculated tt) inspire. Men and Successful Student," whose memoir was
Brethren Iielp.!Hasten to the relief of the written by Dr. Norman McLeod. Then
spiiitual destitution of tiiose whose rejection came the Divinity and Church History
has been tlie occasion of onr being favoiii'ed Classes in successive years. Next, his recog-
with the Gospel of reconciliation. They are nition as a Licentiate of the Church of
now perishing, as we must have been but for Scotland, a jsastoral charge foi' some time in
the knowledge of the Saviour whom that the country, two or three years moi'e as the
Gospel reveals. Let us do what in us lies to Minister of Roxborough Church, Edinburgh,
rescue them from perdition by furnishing and then his translation to the National
them with the means of grace, and uiging Scotch Church, Regent Square, London,
upon them the necessity of fleeing from the where he exercised his ministry for twenty-
wrath to come to Him whom their forefathers five years. Thus, with pauses caused by
crucified and slew, but who is exalted a illness and occasional summer sojourns out
Prince and a Saviour for to give repentance of town at the seaside, oi- on the continent,
to Israel and forgiveness of sins. And to considerably more than a quarter of a cen-
Him he ascribed all honour and gloiy, tury was spent in the active service of his
dominion and power, now and for ever. Lord, and in diflusing far and wide the
Amen. savour of Messiah's name.
In social and brotherly intercourse with
his fi'iends ; in the reception and welcome
given by him to strangers from afar, includ-
REV. JAMES HAMILTON, D.D. ing American Christians who had loved him
Sketch by Dr. Weir. for his writings and learned at first sight to
honour him for his own sake ; as the host at
James Hamilton seems never to have his own table, or the guest at the hoard of a
been robust, his figure was tall, but not f lend
1 ;at the meeting of Presbytery or
stalwart, and ever and anon he gave signs, Synod, gentle and courteous amid diversities
during his public career, that the intellect in of opinion and warm debates ; among the
its intense exercise, was somewhat like a savants of the metropolis, for he was promi-
The /'rtl.ish Society's First. Tn;, Secretaries.

nent among the geologists and botanists, and "the saint, th(^ t'alher and IIh' Inisband," at
a Fellow of tli Linneiin Society; in all these the I'auiily altai\ iMay the Gcid of all con-
sjiheres he showed the virtues which endear, solation, (Miiiilort (heir hearts ! May they
ami that gladseiiie, chaste, and radiant wit, dwell continually henoath the shadowing
which was I'lee IVoni all hiUerness. Jle was wings of the Almighly 1

pre-eminently " A tiooi) Man," anil a ti-iio Janus Jlaiiiilton was the first London
Christian (jlentleman. Minister, who, when waited on by our excel-

HEV. JA.MKS hamu.ton. n.D,

. And in his own family ciicle, what a lius- lent missionary, Mr. Naphtali, endorsed the
band and a father was there How did liis
I idea of establi.shing an unsoctarian evan-
children see in him the reflected image of the gelical mission to the Jews, in which true
" (ieiitle Jesus," and how beautiful was the Christians of every denomination might co-
Keligion of the Cross thus made in their operate, and which they might aid by their
eyes ! W(^ mourn, and thous;xnds are mourn- contributions and their ])rayers. He then
ing also with that bereaved circle; no more opened his vestry for the representative
will they hear his cheerful tones as he comes gathering of eminent and godly men,
back from jiublic toll, or kneel with him as including Robert M'Cheyne. who in faith
; ' '

Memories of Gospel Triumphs among thf Jeu-a.

and love laid the foundations of ' The for, he reverted to the directions he had given
British Society for the Propagation of the earlier in the week, respecting his funeral.
Gospel among the Jews." Amid his multi- On his brother inquiring if he had any other
plied pastoral and public engagements Dr. wish that he desii-ed to express, he said, I '

Hamilton devoted much time to this Society, have not an earthly desire my only desire is :

and delivered many powerful addresses on its soon to be gi-atified.' Later in the morn-
behalf, thus nourishing and strengthening it ing his brother, the Eev. W. Hamilton,
in career of usefulness.
its He was one of arrived from Stonehouse. He was able to
the Honorary Secretaries from the beginning, receive him with all his old afTection, and to
and rendered noble service towards the converse with him at intervals during the
enlargement of its funds and resources. day. Towards the evening he said to him,
'
There is one line in that hymn which begins
with The hour of my departure's come
'
' !

Dr. Hamilton's Last Words. which exactly describes my feelings at this


" On Wednesday, and again later in the time
week, to his biother, Mr. Andrew Hamilton, '
I le-ive the world without a tear,
who, from the time of his removal to Margate, Save for the friends I love so dear.'

had been constantly ^\ith him, he gave direc- On his brother reminding him of his father's
tions respecting his funeral, expressing a favourite verse which he frequently repeated
wish, that should a service be thought useful in the pulpit,
or desirable, a minister of some denomination '
Jesus the vision of Thy face
I

other than his own should take part I ;


'
Hath overpowering charms ;

have always,' he said, loved those who loved


'
I scarce would feel Deaths cold embrace.
the Lord Je.sus.' And thus in death, as in If Thou wert in mine arms !

life, he testified that his affection for the


he replied, Xo, I had forgotten it but there
'
;

followers of Jesus was broader than the is no cold embrace.'


limits of his own denomination. " About ten o'clock, he grew rapidly worse,
" On the evening of Thui-sday, he took
again complaining of oppressive tightness in
leave of his son-in-law. About seven o'clock, his chest. To his brother William he said,
the hoiu- of the weekly prayer-meeting, after '
Would you feel my pulse and teU me if it
speaking tendeily to his daughter, Mrs. has stopped, for I feel that I am sinking
Wills, Mrs. Hamilton read to him the very fast perhaps, as it is getting late, it
;
paraphrase miffht be well to send for Dr. Williams, for I
'
Where high the heavenly temple stands ;
should not like to disturb him if he were once
in bed.'
and afterwards, at his request, they sang
Mrs. Cousins' beautiful paraphrase of the
' A little after thLs he took an aflectionate
fai-ewell of hisdear wife, adding, The Lord '

dying words of Samuel llutherford. When


bless you and keep you, and l>e ever with
they reached the last verse, as if the words
you to which she replied, As He is with
!
'
'

had touched a chord to which he must re-


spond, he joined, in a voice weak indeed, and
vou.' A
sweet smile of assent lighted up
his features as he said, 'And with you!'
feeble, yet distinct
After a short interval he clasped his hands
'
I stand upon His merit upon his breast, saying, '
Come, Lord Jesus,
I know no other stand
Not e'en where glory dwelleth.
;
COME griCKLT.'
In Immanuels land.'
" After this he spoke little, save to recog-
nise gratefully the Httle attentions rendered
" On Friday, he spoke little. His symptoms
to him in his extreme weakness, and to ex-
were evidently aggi-avated and, though he
press his anxiety that his dear wife should
;

still -wore the same placid, patient aspect, it


not sufler through her loving care of him.
was plain that he was much distressed. In By-and-bye the shadows gathered but with
;
the evening, and, indeed, throughout the day, away
them came the Master, and carried
he had become so prostrate, that even the and his reward.
His dear servant to his rest
exerti.jn of speaking for a few moments was " He fell asleep in Jesus on Sabbath
almost more than he could bear. a quarter past
morning, Nov. 2-tth, at
" Xoxt day, Saturday, was to be his last on
three."*
earth. In the morning, after an aflectionate
reference to his son James, then absent at Extracted from In Memoriam, a small volume
school in Scotland, and who had been .sent printed for private distribution.
'I'lii Hrilisli Siicirh/'s FIvnI Tiro Secretaries. 79

that divide them. But when the rising ocean


The Closing Similitude from Dr.
begins to lip over the margin of his lurking-
Arnot's " Life of James Hamilton."
pl.ice, one pool joins another, their various
.VII i.s nut lu.st to till- world wlii'ii j;ooil
;i
ten.ants meet, and, by-and-by, in place of
man (lies; liis ch;iracti'i- remains lu'hind ti> their little patch of standing water, the}' have
the community, as certainly as tlie
L'lirich
the ocean's boundless (ields to roam in. When
richman's wealth remains behind to increase
the estate of liis lieir. We watch with
the tide is out - when religion is low the
faithful are to be found insulated, liere a few
expectant interest the swelling of a rose-bud and there a few, in the little standing pools
in the spring we luxuriate in the posses-sion
;
that stud the beach, having no dealing with
of the full-blown tlower while it lasts, and their neighbours of the adjoining pools,
we sigh in sadness when its glory departs. calling them Samaritans, and fancying that
Hut, moved by a proplietic instinct, we their own little communion includes all that
gravely gather the shed leaves from the They forget for
are precious in God's sight.
ground, and deposit them in a place of safety ;
a time that there is a vast and expansive
and soon we make tlu! glad discovery that in
ocean rising every ripple, every reflux,
these leaves, even when withered, we retain
for enjoyment the fragrance of the rose in
brings it nearer
a mightier communion,
even tlu! communion of saints, which is to
the dull winter days that follow, when we cngnlf all minor considerations, and to enable
can no longer look \ipon the living flower, the fishes of all pools, the Christians, the
fi-esh and dewy on its leafy stem.
Christ-lovers of all denominations, to come
togethei-. When, like a flood, the Spirit flows
into the churches, church will join to church,
Dr. Hamilton on " Christian Union." and saint will join to .saint, and all will
One the great thoughts from which
of rejoice to find that if have
their little pools
sprang the British Society for the Propaga- perisheil it is not by the scorching summer's
tion of the Gospel among the Jews, which drought, nor the casting in of earthly rubbish,
is as unsectarian as the light, the rain, but by the influx of that boundless sea whose
and the dew, has been beautifully put by glad waters touch eternity, and in whose
Dr. llanu'lton in the following passage, ample depths the saints in heaven as well as
extracted from his little book, " The Dew of the saints on earth ha^'o room enough to
Herman." range. Yes, our churches are the standing
" Heaven is Uw abode of unity, and when pools along the beach, with just enough of
the spirit of \inity comes into a sjul or into a their peculiar element to keep the few inmates
church, it cometli from above. The Comforter livitig diu'ing this ebb-tide period of the
brings it down. Discord is en earth, or from church's history. But they form a very little
beneath. The divisions of Christians show fellowship, the largest is but little ; yet is
that there is .still mncn carnality amongst there .steadily flowing in a tide of universal
them. The more carnal a Christian is, the life and love, which, as it lips in over the
more sectarian will he be ; and the more margin of the little pool, will stir its inhabi-
spiritual he is, the more loving and forbearing tants with an unwonted vivacity, and then
and self-renouncing are you .sure to find him. let them loose in the large range of the
And it is with Christian communities as with Spirit's own communion. Il.ippy church !

individual Christians. \\'lien the tide is out, furthest down upon the strand nearest the !

you may have noticed as you rambled along rising ocean's edge Happy church whose
! !

the rocks, little pools with little tishes in sectarianism shall tirst be swept away in this
them. To the shrimp in such a p.xil his foot- ininidation of love and joy whoso com- !
depth of salt water is all the ocean for the munion shall fir^t bi eak forth into that purest
time being. He has no dealings with his ami holiest, and yet most comprehensive of
neighbour shrimp in the adjacent pool, all communions
the communion of the Holy
though it may be only a few inches of sand Ghost Would to Cod that church were ours!"
!

=JR=
,80 Meinories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

Tlic Dcsfi iiiifioii of the Jews. 81

THE DESTINATION OF THE JEWS.


nv THK KEV. JaMKS HAMIl.TiiN, MINISTER OF THE NATIONAL SCOTCH cnfRCB, UKGENT SQCARE.

Luke xxi. 21.

"Jerusalem ahtU he trodden down of the Gentiles, CNTII. the times of tJie Gentiles lie fulfilled."

Romans xi. 25, t^ti.

" ISlindness in part is happened to Ismel, niitil the fulness ff the Gentiles lie rnmt in. An<l sn nli Israel
sliall lie saved."

submitting a few remarks on the to arrive in should his next despatch


itain
IN Destination of the Jews, liave selected I relate to some
lii
which has occurred in
affair
;

tliese two passages, not because they are the the meanwhile, you would not expect that
fullest predictions on this momentous mattei-, this .second letter should repeat all the details
but l)ecause they are among the latest. When of its predeces.sor. It would be enough if he
you s:iy that Israel will yet be restoied and did not intimate any change of plan it
converted, and quote in support of your would be more than enough if he made the
position Old Testament predictions, their most casual reference to the subject if he ;

force is often evaded on no other jiretext but said, for instance, " When I take my journey
"
because they are found in the Old Testament, homewards," or, " as soon as I .set out ;

as if the Old Testament were not as authori- however .slight the allusion, you would know
tative as tlie New
or as if the Old were all to expect him still. And when the Psalms,
ful611ed and finislied the instant the New and Isaiah, and Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, and
began. Hut leaving the Old Testament Daniel, and Micah, and Zechariah, and
entirely out of view, tiie destination of the Mabichi when the ld Testament is full of
; <

Jews might lie sutlieicntly gatheied from .Jud.ih's i-i'storation and conversion of all
what Chri.st and his ins|>ired apostles have the accompanying signs and sub.sequeul
told us. Had we no .Scriptures but the eflects, it is enough for us if Luke, and Paul,

Gospels and Epistles, it would be extremely and John if the New Testament penmen
probable that the hou.'^e of Judah should till writing on another errand and a new
their old seats again, and absolutely certain emergency, do not supersede or disallow the
that they should Itecome the conspicuous and predictions of their predecessors. It is more
favoured people of ( Jod once more. than enough, when I find by frequent
However, I confess that I have no desire allusions and explicit statements, that they
thus to narrow the field of presumption and a.ssume and .sanction the whole.
proof. I would read these New Testament Abstaining from all speculations regarding
prophecies in the light of the Old, and fill up the period when, and the agencies by which
these more recent hints from the ampler the residt is to be brought about, it will be
information of earlier predictions. 1 would, the object of this lecture to show
on the one hand, learti more fully what I. That the Jews are to be restored to

God's purpose is, and on the other, would their own land and ;

ascertain that this purpose is not yet fullille<l II. That they are to be converted.
in other words, that it is God's purpose In other words, the destination of the
.still. The New Testament allusions to Jews includes their restoration and con-
return are cursory and few, but
Israel's last version.
it isenough that there are allii.sions. If yon I. God's jiurpose to restore the Jews.
It is

get a letter from a friend in India telling "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the
that he proposes to take .a journey home, and Gentiles, till the times of the Gentiles be
fixing the very time of hi.s intended depai-- fulfilled ; " in other words, when the Gentile
ture, describing the route he intends to lease is out, Jerusalem shall be trodilen down
pursue, the length of time which he is no more.
likely to tarry at such a place, and the W'hen a gi-eat city is overthrown, and the
bvisine.ss which he hopes to transiict at such first outbur.st of sorrow ilies aw.-iy, it is
another place, and the time when he hop&s eitlier quietlj- rebuilt and re-occupied, or
G
82 Memories of Gospel Trmmphs among the Jen's.

foi-saken and forgotten. In either case it Xineveh and Babylon ? And what emotion
is only one generation which suflej-s. If a beyond a vague and impersonal sadness, a
new city rise on the ruins of the old. the general impression of the melancholy, a
conquerors and the conquered usually blend sense of dreariness without any touch of
more or less together, and in some future tenderness, is ever called forth among the
age they live promiscuously and rejoice in broken shafts of Palmyra, and empty rock-
common on a soil which their fathei-s nests of Petni ? Wliere are the people who
moistened with one another's blood. What have the hereditary right to sit downi among
modern Roman lays it the least to heart that such ruins and recognising emblems of
the grass waves in tlieatras where his fore- departed glory, the right to weep because
"
fathers sate the long summer day, and their ' hou.se is left unto them desolate ?
laughed, and cheered, and shouted or, who
; Where are the old inhabitants ? They were

JEWS AT THE WAIUNG ILACE, MOUa>I>G JERUSiLE.\l'S RUDJ, AND TRATIXG FOR ITS RESTORATIOS.

feels it personalhj that the bramble grows not exterminated, and yet they have
out of the riven altar on which Romulus or vanished. Merged in the nations, and
Numa laid the struggling victim ? The mutually commingled, there is no pi-ecipitate
chain of identity is broken, and the new which can decompose them and bring them
race is clean severed from the old. If, on out in their original di.stinctne.ss again.
the other hand, no new city be suffered to The house is desolate ; but no one feels that
arise, if the shock which evertm-ned its walls the house so no one mourns its desola-
is his,
have also dispersed its people, like the tion. But thereis a city whose case is quite
shattered fragments of the avalanche, they peculiar. Captured, i-avaged, burnt, razed
soon melt and are lost atoms in the stream to the foundation, dispeopled, carried captive,
of some mightier population. Where is the its deported citizens sold in slaveiy. and
bosom in which Troy awakens the faintest forbidden by severest penalties to visit their
throb of patriotic feeling? What nation native.seats again though eighteen centuries
;

pays its pUgi-imnge to the swampy sites of have passed; and strangers still tread its

The DestliKil'njii of tin' Jews. 83

liiilloweil soil. tliMt c-ity is still the iiiM<rnet


of iiiiiny ami awakens frniii time to
lieiirts,
time pangs of as keen emotion as when its
fall was recent. Ever and anon, and from
all the winds of heaven Zion's exiled children
come to visit her, and with eyes weeping sore
hewail her widowhood. No city was ever
honoured thus. None else receives pilgrim
ages of atlection from the fiftieth genera
tion of its outcast people. None else after
centuries of dispersion could at the first c;ill
gather beneath its wings the whole of its
wide-wandering family. None else lias
po.s.se!;sed a spell sutlicient to keep in re-
motest regions, and in the face of the
mightiest inducements, its people still
distinct ; and none but itself can now be re-
peopled with precisely the same race which
left it nearly two thousand years ago. The
rea.son of this anomaly" must be sought, not
in Jeru.salem, but in the purpo.ses of Ood.
Here are two familiar facts. The Jews
are still distinct, and to the Jews Jeni.salem JKW OF .lEHl'S.M.EM.

still is dear. What is the final cause the


Divine rea.son for these singular facts i Why, from the islands of the sea. And He shall
when all other scattered nations mix and .setup an ensign for the nations, and shall
mingle- -wliy is it that, like naphtha in .a a.ssemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather
fountain, or amiicr floating on the sea, this together the dispersed of Judah from the
people, sh.iken hither and thither, are found, four corners of the earth."
after all their tossings and jumblings, " For 1 will take you from among the
separate and immiscible ^ And whj', again, heathen, and gather you out of all countries,
when every other forsaken city after an age and will bring j'ou into your own land.
or two is foigotton by its people why has Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you,
Jeru.salem such .strong affinity for its outcast and ye shall be clean from all your filthi-
;

population, that th(> city refuses any other ness, and from all your idols will I cleanse
permanent inhabitants, and the old inhabi- you. A
new heart also will I give you, and
tants refus(> any other .settled home Why .' a new spirit will I put within you and 1 ;

these anomalous and mutually adapting facts, will take away the stony lieait out of your
unless ( lod has .some jiurpose with the place flesh, and I will give you an he.-irt of llesh.
and with the jjcople, and >inless the place And I will put My spirit within you, and
and the people have yet something to do cause you to walk in ^ly .statutes, and ye
with one another ? shall keep i\Iy judgments, and do them.
This prounijition becomes an absolute Ami tje dwell in the html that I r/are to
sltall
certainty when wo consult the sure Word of i/oii r fatlters ; ami ye shall he Mi/ people, ami

propliecy and, in order not to confuse your


; J 71-111 he yinir God."
ideas and oppress your memories with a "Therefore shall Zion for your sake be
multitude of tjuotations, 1 would by way of plowed a.s a field, and Jerusalem shall become

specimen select the following three : heaps, and the mountain of the house as the
" In that day there shall be a root of high places of the forest. But in the last
Jes.se, which shall stand for an ensign to the days it shall come to pa.ss, that the mountain
people to it shall the Gentiles seek
; and : of the house of the Lord shall be established
His rest shall be glorious. And it shall come in the top of the mountains, and it shall be
to pass IN Tii.VT iwv, that the J>ord shall set e.xaltedabove the and people shall
hills;
His hand ag.-iin the second time to recover the fiow unto it. And many nations shall come
remnant of His people, which shall be left, and say, Come, and let us go up to the
from A.ssyria, and from Egypt, and from nioinitain of the Lord, and to the house of
Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, the God of Jacob; anil Ho will teach us of His
and from Shinar, and from Hnmnth, and ways, and we will walk in His paths; for
o 3
84 Memories of Gospd Triumphs among the Je^cs.

the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word and Egyptians, have fought for the Holy
of the Lord from Jerusalem." Cit}-. and posses.sed it all by turns ;but
I would only further remark, that agree- never any of them been able to keep it long.
ably to these prophecies, no nation has been And whilst in their struggles for its custody,
allowed to settle in Jerusalem. It has all the Gentiles have trodden Jerusalem down,
along been " trodden down " of the Gentiles ;
the pei'secuted people whose it is. await in
but no one set of the Gentiles has been calm a.ssurance the day when the Lord him-
aUowed to tread it long time together. It self shall put them in perpetual possession.
has been 'successively occupied by the Looking to the present languid and
Romans, the Pei-sians, the Saracens, the withered aspect of the country, it may be a
Turks of the Seleucian jace, the Egyptian (juestion with some whether a literal restora-
caliphs, the Latin Christians, the Egyptian tion to Palestine would be a blessins to the

GARDEN" IN" THE HOLY LA>"D.

caliphs a second time, the Mamalucs, and Jews. On that question we deem the people
the Turks of the Ottoman i-ace." And by themselves the best judges, and if they
this ceaseless change of occupants, it has desire it, it must be a blessing a blessing
been very plainly hinted that all were in- because they desire it. The question with
truders and usurpers, and that the rightful the exile is not whether his native land or
owner had not yet appeared so much so,
: his place of banishment be the fairest and
that I greatly err if it be not the conviction most fruitful but all the question is, how
;

of the present posses.sors, both Frank and he shall get home. But independently of
Moslem, that they are the locvni tenentes, this, Palestine is "a goodly land." Its
sitting there by sufTerance till the way be intrinsic resources are far from despicable,
ready for the retiu-n of the ancestral lords. and its position, relatively to other lands,
Christians and Infidels, Papists and perhaps the mo.st advantageous in the world.
Mahometans, Franks and Saracens, Turks Spread out beneath a sky whose severest
The DestiiKilioit of the Jews. 85

aspect is mikl, and wlioso suinmei' g low is a land of lirooks of watei-, of fountains, and
only intense enough to elaljorate those depths that spring out of valleys and hills ;

aromatic liai'vests unknown in more moist a land of wheat and barley, and vines, and
ami chill}' climes, Palestine used to he a land fig-trees, and pomegranates, a land of oil-
of sj)ri>;htly music and long livers. In those olive and hone)'." The long desolations have
regions where the air is sluggish, life is dried up many of its fountains, blasted its
dull, and men do theii' work in silence. 15ut vines, anil sadly thinned its fig-trees ; but
in healthful muscular energy is
climes, the bee still murmurs on the fragrant clifl's

redundant, and the animal spirits overflow, of Carmel, and the sleek olive yields its fat-
and the prodigal excess of life and power ness in Gethsemane. The ruthless natives,
escapes in joyous shouts and nimble move- and more ruthless strangers, have not been

ments, in leaping and dancing, in melody able to exterminate the cedars of Lebanon ;

and song. And just as you infer, not more sycamores giow by the wayside as when

from its long livers those gay old " grass- Zaccheus chunbered up to catch a glimpse of
hoppers " than from its merry singers, the illustrious stranger; and the Arabian

MOUNT CABMEL.

that ancient Attica must have been a genial pitches his tent beneath the Terebinth, like
lifesome land, jw you may gather, not more his father Abraham when angels visited him
from the frecjuency of fourscoie and ti\escore at Mamre. The almond-tree flourishes along
among its patriarchs, than from the abun- the Jordan, and like a |)yranud of silver
dance of its popidar minstrel.sy and daily cleaves the azure of a cloudle.ss spring, even
music, that Palestine was a cheerful anil .as when its glad signal announced to the
salubrious land. From the matron at the youth of Judah the winter and its
past,
well, to the watchman on the walls, from snowy lilossoms on leafless branches reminded
the strain that gushed with earliest spring, the monarch-preacher that his own almond-
to the shout which clo.sed the vintage, there tree would soon be flourishing. Jericho was
were tokens unei|uivocal of life in its sun- the city of palm-trees in the days of Closes.
shine, and inspiration in its air. And The palm-leaves of Jericho carpeted the path
perhaps nothing can show the change more of the Prince of Peace on the only triumphal
solemnly than that a land once so vocal procession thisworld ever gave him. Jericho
should be so silent now. And as it was a is the city of palm-trees still. 'l"he trees
salubrious, so itwas a fertile land. In its who.se boriowed foliage spread a canopy of
better days it was ' the garden of the Lord. Kreen o\er Jerusalem at each Feast of
86 Memories of Gospel Triumplts among the Jews.

Tabernacles, have not entirely vanished. of melon-seed, and is rewarded with the
And even those humbler glories of the field, must delicious produce in the world. The
which no goodlj' land can want, may still be mountain ranges to the north are as green
recognized. Sharon has not lost its rose, and as when the bulls of Bashan rioted on their
among the hills of Galilee you still may dripping slopes. And the very thistle-
gather the gorgeous amaryllis, descendant of forests, which dense and tall usurp its plains,
tho.se very lilies to which the Divine Teacher show that these plains are capable of yield-
pointed one autumn evening eighteen hun- ing again their heaps of com. In short, the
dred years ago, and bade his disciples " con- Lord has only to tui'n that captivity like
sider" them. A traveller speaks with streams in the south, to fill the channel of
rapture of the delicious odour which sprang that dry and thirsty land with the stream of
at every footstep from Jerusalem to Jafi'a, its returning population, in order to clothe it

JUirsALK.M.

when the long-looked for rains had revived on ever)' side with the fertility and glories of
the rosemary and other .scented tiowers. unexpected spring. ]^et but the seed of
IlasselquLst was charmed with the jasmine Jacob people it once more, and its pa.stures
of Palestine, a trivial circupistance, were it will be clothed with flocks, and its valleys
not that a prophecy of many a sweet Jewish will be covered over with corn. And whilst
home and rural dwelling may be enfolded in the little hills exult on every side, the people
that flower. But what is economically of that went forth weeping shall doubtless come
far more moment, amidst all the recklessness again rejoicing.
of its tramjiling invaders, and all the re- There Ls only one circum.stance moie
sourceless poverty of its abject cultivators, which I would mention in this connexion.
the soil gives .symptoms of its exuberant It is that the geographical position of Pales-
fertility. The lazy boor on the sea-coast tine will make it now far more important to
scratches the mould and flings in a handful the people who possess it than it ever was
The Di'stl Kdtioit of the Jetrs. 87

before. So remarkably situateil is it, tliat it original transgression they can render a
forms tlie bridge botwoeii two coiitiniMits, ])ureand acccptablo obedience to that law.
and a gateway to a third. Were the pojiul:i- They have wrong ideas of sin, for they fancy
tioii and tlie wealth of Eiin)[>o, Asia, and that tho fasts, and jirayers, and teai-s of the
Africa condensed into single points, Palestiru^ sinner can atono for insults olVored to the
wonld bo the centre of their common gravity. almighty Majesty and sin-repelling llolinej-s
And with tho amazing facilities of modern of (iod. And they have wrong ideas of
intercourse, and the prodigious extent of (iod himself; for his ama/.ing gift of a free
modern trallic, it is not easy to estimate the forgiveness is too magnificent for tlicm to
commercial grandeur to which a kingdom receive it, and the condescension of the
may attain, planted as it were on the very Son of Cxod in coming down and dying is too
ape.x of the whole world,
with its thiee divine for them to believe it. If the Jew.s
continents spread out beneath its feet, and had right views of tho law of Cod, of sin,
with tlie Ifed Sea on one side to bring it all and the Saviour, they would be converted.
tho golden treasures and spicy harvests of Wo believe that tho Spirit of God will give
th(> Kast, and the Jlediterr.-mean lloating in them such views ere long. Eut whether
on tlie other side all tho skill, and enterprise. theii- conversion is to precede or accompany

vn-:w i]i- jKRUsAi.r.M kkdm .\ii>i;nt ziun.

and knowledge of the ^\'est. For the .sake or follow their rest()rati(/n, or rather whether
of higher ends it seems the purpose of (Jod .some of them may not be converted before
to make the Holy Land a mart of nations; the restoration, and tho remainder after-
and by l)ringing tlie forces of the Gentiles ward and what are to bo the agencies
;

to Jeru.salem, to send the blessing of emiiloyod, whether there is to be a .second


Abraham among the Gentiles. jior.sonal appearing of the Son ot God
II. I now [lass on to prove a point with- beforehand, or whether the work of their
out which the restoration of the Jews would conversion is to be consummateil solely by
be a blessing neither to themselves nor to the plenteous outpouring of the Spirit,
the world. I mean their conversion. without whose working the bodily presence
There are some thing.s from which the of tho Son of (Joil would make little impres-
Jews do not need to be converted, e.i/., sion on corru]it huiiianity and whether the
;

they are not idolaters, and do not need to be time is now fully come these (jue.stions I
;

turned from image-worship. They are better do not at present iliscuss, on some of them
than some called Christians in this respect. having formed no conclusive judgment, and
But they are self-righteous. They have because on all of them you will more readily
mean ideas of God's holy law, for they think come to a clear light and sound conclusion if
that with hearts and hands tainted by the you be first fully persuaded of the fact that
88 Mcinuricti of Gospel Trmmphs anion;/ the Jews.

the Jews are to be conveited. And here, as famOies that remain, every family apart, and
ia the former instance, I prefer quoting, their wives apart. In that day there shall
without comment, the sure woid of prophecy. be a fountain opened to the house of David,
" Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, It shall and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin
yet come to pass that there shall come and for uncleanue.ss."
people, and the inhabitants of many cities ;
" For I would not, brethren, that ye should
and the inhabitants of one city shall go to be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should
another, saj-ing, Let us go speedily to pray be wise in your own conceits that blindness in
;

before the Lord, and to seek the Lord of part is happened to Israel, until the fulness
Hosts I will go also. Yea, many people
; of the Gentiles be come in. And so all
and sti-ong nations shall come to seek the Israel shall be saved. These also have not
. .

Lord of Hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray believed, that through your mercv they also
before the Lord. Thus saith the Lord of may obtain mercy. For God hath concluded
Hosts, In those days it shall come to pass, them all in unbelief, that he might have
that ten men shall take hold, out of all mercy upon all."
languages of the nations, even shall take But I feel that I would
not be doing
hold of the skii-t of him that is a Jew, justice to my subject if I ended here.
I
s;iying. We will go with you ; for we have doubt not that the Jews are to be the
heard that God iswith you." possessors of Palestine and the people of
God again. This is their destination but ;

this is not all. As was truly said in the


opening lecture, " The Jews possess no pre-
i-ogatives for themselves. Whatever im-
munities and distinctions they enjoy, they
hold for the world." So is it with their
destination. God has great things in store
for Israel, for he has great things in storo
for all mankind. And to understand the
destination of the Jews you must go back to
the day of their original segi-egation from
the nations, and rec^ill God's promise to the
Chaldean shepherd, " In thee and in thy seed
shall all the fainiUes of the earth be blessed."
A promi.se already most bounteously fulfilled
in the " one " seed, " that is Christ " but a;

promise whose riches, as prophecy assures us,


are far from being exhausted yet. From
Isaiah, and Zechariah, and Paul, it is very
" And it .shall come to pass in that day, plain that Israel's restoration is to be the
that I will seek to destroy all the nations world's elevation that Israel's injfatherins:
that come against Jerusalem. And I will
... ; ~
is to conicide with the world's great harvest-

pour upon the house of David, and upon home. Their fall was a blessing to a few of
the inhabitants of Jeru.salem, the .spirit of our Gentile families ; their rising again in
gi-aee and supplications
and they shall look
; their fulness will be a blessing to the whole.
upon Me whom they have pierced, and they How it may produce its full effect of blessing,
shall ]\Iourn for Him, as one mourneth for I cannot tell ; but, with Bible help, may
his only son, and shall be in bitterness for ofl'er the following hints :

Him, as one that is in bitterness for his first- 1. The restoration and conversion of the
born. In that day shall there be a gi-eat Jews will be striking facts. Whether
mourning in Jeru.salem, as the mourning of efiiected in the more ordinary ways, or, as is
Hadadrimmon in the valley of ilegiddon. almost certain, with miracles intermingled,
And the land shall mourn, every family the result will be abundantly remarkable.
apart ; the family of the house of Da\-id It is not probable. Many of the Jews sneer
apart, and their wives apart the family of
; at the devout expectation of their brethren,
the house of Nathan apart, and their wives that they will yet be planted as of old in
apart; the family of the house of Levi Palestine. Many of them smile at the idea
apart, and their wives apart the family of
; of a restoration, simply because there are
Shimei apart, and their wives apart all the ; such hindrances in the way. Very well
The Destlitation of Ih/e Jetrn. 89

AVlicu the restoriitioii takts place it will be .selfthe .same to the Greek which it had
all the more wonileif 111. "When the Lord j)i-ovedto the barbarian^ The cause got
turns the captivity of Zion, you will be like a new impul.se, the Gospel got a new trial,
theui that dream. Your own mouth will be and the work of evangelization went on with
(illed witli huij^htor, and it will beBaid among new .success in Britain. If this wa.s the reflex
the Gentile.s, The Lord hath done f;reat influence of a few Pagans converted, what
things for them." The event is not probable. would be the effect of like c(mvei-sions among
You do not all expect it youiselves, and the Jews? Woulil it not be as life from the
many Cientiles do not. 80 it will be very dead to tlie once more drooping Churches of
surprising when it does take place. Again, Christendom ^ The Gospel has already
much as many of the Jews desire a restora- proved itself the jxiwerof (Jod and the wisdom
tion, and coniidently as some look forward to of God unto the salvation of Gentiles, and
it, they all with one accord deprecate con- that on a .somewhat extensive scale. But to
version, and are confident that such a com]ilete the case, let it prove itself the power
calamity never can befall them. Now, of all of God and the wi.sdom of God unto the
prophetic truths, this i.s the plainest and salvation of the Jews. They are confessedly
most positive and when it does take place
;

when over the face of most staggering


dilliculties and stupendous prejudices, the
great consummation is brought about when,
probably all of a sudden, the world sees the
spectacle of the inhabitants of Jeru.salem
with glistening eyes looking to the; Pierced
One, and sees all Israel actually saved, a
result so strange mu.st needs be striking.
The moment the veil is rent from Isiael's
eyes, the veil will be rent from a thou.sand
prophecies and, read in the light of restored
;

and regenerate Judah, the Word of God will


sparkle with unwonted corruscations, and
like deep-coloured gems that look dusky in
cloud-light, many of its dark sayings will
brighten up into its divinest truths, when
the beam breaks forth from Salem. And it
is not .so much the new evidence as the new
impulse which this event will give. It is
not so much that it will merely illustrate or
fulfil the prophecies, iis that it will arrest
the world and animate the faithful, and by
giving palpable reality to the things of faith
FIG TKEK AND KllUIT.
make unbelief as impracticable as it is al-
ready inexcusable. It has been admirably the hardest and most impracticable materials
shown in a recent es.say, that foreign missions on which it has yet been brought to bear.
have exerted a most quickening power on Are they beyond its influence? In the infancy
domestic Christianity and that every
; of chemistry half the sub-stances in nature
triumph of the Gospel abroad has pioneered were reckoned insoluble, not because there
a corresponding victory at home. WIkmi was no power in nature to dissolve them, but
(Jhnstendom was stagnant, when preaching because men were ignorant of that power, or
had come down to a few meagre common- knew not how to apply it. And after the
places, when ministers preached with slight poor alchymist had laboured in the fire,
expectation that they were to impre.ss or heated his furnace seven times, and spent all
change their hearers, and when hearei'S his acids and alkalies, there still remained in
heard with no intention of being im- the alembic a relentless mass which laughed
pressed or changed, woril came home that at all his labours; a tiresome earthy residuum,
the Gospel was proving itself the power a capitl vwrluma, which woidil neither eva-
of God unto .salvation among savages, porate, nor melt, nor burn. But as knowledge
Indians, Esquimaux, and South !ea grew, solvents multiplied, till the intractable
Islandei-s. Why should it not prove it- substances became very few". Still, however,
;

90 Memories of Gufipel Trivmphs among the Jeics.

men would say that a thing was as hard as the converging focus, whence truth shall
adamant, that 3011 might as soon melt marble issue and whither inquiry shall return from
;

or fuse platiiuim as make an impression on which the Word of the Lord shall go forth, and
that thing. But these comparisons are no to which all tribes of awakened people shall
longer significant. There is a power in nature
go up the missionary metrojsolis of the
which can melt marble, fuse platinum, and world.
burn the adamant. In the infancy of 3. And a third and more important way in
evangelic effort, even Christians looked which I believe that Christianity is to profit
despondingly on some sections of the human by the conversion of the Jews, in which all
family ; and it was a grave question with families of the earth are to be blessed in
some whether it was better to extirpate Abraham, isthat in that converted nation
cannil)als or evangelize them whether the; we may e.xpect to see a reproduction of
Gospel should be preached to the Indians Christianity in its noblest and purest style ;
and a lai-ge mass, consisting of Negroes, and the graces of the Gospel exemplified as they
Hottentots, and " Chineses," were set aside have not been since the day when the very
as utterly out of the question, a caput chiefest Christians were Jews. It ought ever
mortumn, of which nothing could be made. to be remembered, that whether for the
These despondencies, which were unlawful purposes of ulterior conversion of the world,
from the moment it was said, " Preach the or for the elevation of the existing Church,
Gospel to ererij creature," have now been the instrumentality most needed is a normal
eftectually refuted by the partial success of piety of the highest type a living Chi-istianity
;

the Gospel on every creature partial, but


; so full-gi-own, and so full-hearted, that no
.still enough to show that every creature is a man shall despiseit, and no man shall mistake
fit subject for the Gospel to act upon. But I it. And in reading the prophecies I see
can quite see in some brethren a suspicion many proofs that legenerate Pale.stine is to
that the Hebrew .subject will prove refractory present the woi-ld with a living epistle largely
that there is a peculiar impi-acticability written of this fii-st-nite Christianity. The
about the Jew. Be it even so that the Jew's
: paradisaic scenes of peace and harmony
heart is the hardest of all hearts that ; delineated, streets without violence, and
peculiar hardness has happened unto Israel. sanctuaries without profanation ; the wor-
There is a power, an agent which can dissolve shipping concourse and the rapt adoration,
this stony heart and just allow that they
; and the manifested presence of Jehovah the ;

are the most obdurate people in the wojld, blending of Sabbath sanctity with week-day
and it follows that when the Gospel has actixaty, bespeak a piety of the most exalted
proved itself the power of God, and the wisdom order. And I stagger not at the promise
of God to the salvation of the Jews, it will becaiise of what the Jews are now I believe
be seen how omnipotent is the Gospel of that they are much maligned, and I also
peace in the hand of the Spirit of Love. believe that they are not too moral. But I
When the Jews are converted, it will be a also believe that, though everything which
most singidar event the final evidence of
; prejudice has suspected and malignity
the Gospel's Divine original, and a mighty invented were true, the miracle of grace,
impulse to its spread. which makes them a pattern to all people,
2. But, secondly, the Jews are likely will only be the more adorable. I do not
themselves to be most energetic and efKcient stop to say that if they be abject, persecution
evangelists. I.saiah says (ii. 2, 3), that, "in has made them so ; nor do I interpose the
the last days the law shall go forth out of names of ReuchUn and Benezra and
Zion, and the word of the Lord from Neander in ariest of that sweeping sentence
Jerusalem." And Zechariah says, " Many which would adjudge them to irretrievable
people and strong nations shall come to seek degradation. But I fall back on the un-
the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray questionable fact that the finest specimens
before the Lord Ten men out of all
. . . of redeemed and regenerate humanity which
languages of the nations shall take hold of mother eaith has ever borne upon her surface,
the skirt of him that is a Jew, .saying, We or I'eceived into her bosom, are the men
will go with you for we have heard that God
; gathered to their fathei-s in the sepulchres of
is with you.' (viii. 22, 23.) Jerusalem, by Israel, the saints that sleep in Palestine.
that time possibly the great centre of wealth I do not forget that the Church's finest
and influence, will be the source of light and models and most stimulating examples are
evangelization ;the emanating fountain and men who answered to the name of Jew.
Tlw Destination of the Jews. 91
92 Memones of Gospel Triumphs amoixj the Jews.

And jubt as from the indevotion of a prayei- sun which bad fii-ed him at the fii-st so ;

lestruining and irreverent age, I look back looking round on our glow-worm regiment,
to the son of Jesse praising seven times a to the leeward side of the hedge, and then
day, and soliciting the lyre familiar with his looking out on dark Britain, and a darker
ecstasies, to a strain moie seraphic yet, till world, I am ready to exclaim, " The Lord
the labouring lyre could do no more, and his send us another Jew like Paul 1And then,
'

own awe-struck hand trembled into silence : when I look round on the Church of Christ
so from the stinted devotion and phlegmatic comminuted into a thousand fragments, and
praises of our Gentile churches I look for- every day shattering more and more the
ward in hope to the day, when other Davids stone which ought to till the earth
when I
shall lead the choir, and sweet singers of think how fallen out by the way are the
Israel sound the key-note of the Church's pilgrims, the brethren journeying to the
gi-atitude ; and if without the temple puniji. same land of peace and love, I look back
at least with Hebrew fervour, we shall with wistfulness to the Daniels and Johns of

answer one another Praise ye the Lord, for
better days who exerted such healing and
His mercy endureth for ever.
harmonizing influence on all their coevals,
And just lus from the selfishness and and when I think of it as one most likely
caution, and wary worldly wisdom of source of Christian union, I pray the Lord
modern preaching, I look back with amaze- to hasten in His time the day when Epbraim
ment at that meteor of mercy, that burning shall no longer envy Judah, but from
and shining light, wlio self -forgetful and self- Ephraim and Judah, converted and restored,
spending, flamed round the benighted earth, shall come forth a company, the models of
knowing and making nothing known but THE Church, the missionaries of the
Christ, then exhausted, shot back into that WORLD.

MR. GEORGE YONGE, THE FIRST GENERAL SECRETARY.

{From 1842 to 1867.)

BRIEF SKETCH BY HIS BROTHER, THE REV. W. C. YONGE.

''
rilHEEE were three years diflerence teacher. The spirit, the uniformity, the
_L between us, and so it may be con- consistency of m}' brother in that relation,
ceived that in boyhood, I must have known could not but be marked, and the fruits of
him as the elder, loving
and fostering the his labour have, in most remarkable instances,
younger. To me, knowing, from my own remained, proving that what he asked in the
experience, what human nature is, and name of Jesus, he received. His distinctive
having a consciousness that I greatly be- success was, perhaps, in those who had been
trayed it, it is indeed a wonder that I do under his caie in the school, but with whom
not remember a single instance of misdoing he managed to preserve an acquaintance
in my dear brother through all his days. afterwards. No pains, and no cost, were too
But notwithstanding his unexceptionable much with him to accomplish this. For how
moral character through life, he loved to many years he was a deacon of the church
think of himself as a sinner saved by gi-ace. at New Court, I know not. I think he was
It fell to his lot to be at a school in Margate, so in the year 1823. Dr. Winter knew how
under the Eev. ]Mr. Lewis, a Baptist to value him, and succeeding ministers found
minister, and it is presumed that there he him their encourager. He was one with
received his religious bias. I remember the whom there could be no variance. He had bis
rewards he won there. When,
in the year judgment, but he knew how to appreciate
1809, the Sunday School at New Court was the opinions and intentions of others. I
originated by William F. Lloyd, he, with my was present with him at the preliminary
dear departed sister, was among the first meeting, in Dr. Hamilton's church in Regent
teachers, and I presently became an assistant Square, with a view to the foimation of the
The Destination of the Jews. 93
The First General Secretary. 95

Bi-itisli Sneiety for the Propao;ation of the PASSAGE.S FROM THE APPEAL FOR THE JEWS
Gospel ainimg tlie Jews. Years before, WUICH APPEARED IN 1829.
eflbrts had been made, an address pubhshed
THE JEWS.
in tlie Evavydical Jfayazine, correspondence
To the Editors.
lield with leadiiij; ministers, but my brother
was the one, notwithstanding his character- The subject to which I would invite your
istic diflidcnco, to bring it to a jn-actical attention, one which has occupied many
is

bearing and it has been a mutual happiness


;
anxious moments of my life, and from the
to experience how eflbrts, weak indeed as firet time 1 became interested in the (juestion,

compareil with tlie magnitude and interest now thirty years since, I have continued to
of the object, have been encouraged by the read the Scriptures from a very different point
Church, and owned and blessed of God. of view to that which had previously been
1

" il y biother's passiige through the Valley accustomed; with members of the Hebrew-
was well and cheerfully ciiai-aeterized by him nation constantly before my eyes, and meet-
I walk
'
I cannot run.' Medical advice ing them, as everyone may, at the corners of
prevented the visits of others than the family, every street, I see the vexacity of God exem-
but his long and gradual decline was charac- plified, and His justice manifested in the
terized by peace and even joy in the Holy fulfilment of those awful denunciations of
Ghost. wrath for transgression contained in His
" On Friday, the 16th of August, 1867, hi.s Word, and the consetjuent dispersion of a
eartlily remains were connnitted to the grave nation, once beloved and chosen as His
in Kensal Green Cemetery, close to the pecidiar people. Uut I cannot read those
resting-place of bis friend and c()mi)ani()n in remarkable delineations of wrath thus exem-
labour, llev. llidley Although,
II. Ilei-schell. plified, without also tracing the loving kind-
by his own direction, no one beyond the ness and mercy of God in the miiLst even of
circle of his immediate rcLitives was invited threatened and deserved judgments. The
to attend, the little ch.ipel was filled with Spirit of (lod foresaw that there would be a
worshippci-s, among whom were many mem- dereliction from His law, and a departure
bers of the Committee, with all the Agents from His paths and proclaimed that this
;

and Mis.sionaries of the Society stationed in nation, who were once to be considered in the
London, and several other attached friends eyes of all nations a-s " a great, imse, atid
who had been associate.s in the bonds of understanding people," in consequence of the
Chui'ch fellow.ship and Chiistian sympathy. wise, and righteous, and holy statutes given
The ser\ice was conducted by the Kev. James to them by the God of their fathers, would
Rowland, of Henley-on-Thames.' become the scorn and contempt of all nations;
The address referred to by the Rev. W. a proverb, a by-word, and a reproach of the
C. Yonge in the foregoing sketch, appeared people amongst whom they should be called
in the January number of the ('onr/ret/atioiial to dwell yet has He ever accompanied every
;

Magazine for 1829, in the form of a long sentence of His w-rath with invitations to
letter to the editors. That a[)peal to retiu'n and repent, and with the promises of
Christians, on behalf of the Jews, we had the abounding mercy and compa.sion, exceeding
pleasure of reading lately, in a volume of even their former condition. For He has
that journal, which belonged to Mr. George said that then " He will gather them, even
Yonge himself. At the top of the page were they ca-st out to the outmost parts of
where the letter begins, he had put in a heaven, and bring them into the land which
little slip of paper, evidently for future their fathers pos.sessed, and will midtiply
reference. them, and do them good, more titan their
In searching among Mr. Yonge's papers falhers." There is no people upon earth,
for details of his life anil work, we were therefore, which have such special promises,
delighted to find a manuscript containing the and none upon which Christian labour may
whole of that addres., entitled ' The Jews," be bestoweil with more hope of success. God
clearly and beautifully written with his own will surely work with them who seek their
hand, signed " Monitor," and with pas.siiges w^elfare, and who endeavour to bring back
of it specially emphasized, as if intended His people to a sense of their departure from
for reproduction. These pa.s.sages we give Him and it may be believed that they are,
;

here, as we consider that they had much nt the present time, chiefly wrought u|)on by
to do with the formation of our beloved the frigid conceits of their rabbis; the strange
Society. and outree interpretation of Isaiah liii. being,
;

96 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

that they themselves are tlie party predicted, their only Ciod and Saviour ; their Bible
sufiering for the sins of other nations. It and those Missionarias who fii-st promulgated
may be questioned whether the knowledge the grace of God to o\ir pagan ancestors i
they possess of the Scriptures of truth, Do you imagine. Gentlemen, that the Apostles,
limited, I admit, because chiefly confined to or apostolic men, sent to you were so sent
the Pentateuch, does not supply a lietter without cost ? or that the Scriptiu-es were
foundation on which to erect a superstructure, transcribed for j'our information without
a li\-ing edifice of souls, to the glorv of God expense ? Are we not also in possession of
our Sa\-iour. than to any other people on the the personal spoOs of the people of Israel,
face of the earth. and yet boasting ourselves as being the Zion
But, Gentlemen. I would remind our of the whole earth, and pretending to the
Christian friends of the mass of misery which glory of being the most enhghtened and
exists amongst the Jews resident in this polished Christian nation of the habitable
countr}', even from the influence of our own globe ? And, after all. Gentlemen, I would
statute and municipal laws ;shut out, as ask. What have we done for the Jews ? the
they also are, from parochial relief, and very people we have robbed and spoiled, and,
therefore not capable of reaping the common as an evidence of our sincere repentance, like
advantages of society, to which, a.s a body, Zaccheus of old, to whom restitution must be
they proportionally contribute. Nor are made ? Xothing, and less than nothing. We
they allowed, by the laws of the land, the might now have been on the point of reaping
law of God in reference to the Sabbath, or the fruit of any labour bestowed, had not the
seventh day, which they feel bound to observe, pi'inciple of duty been sacrificed in the sur-
and their ownrabbinical injunctions of fasts render of dissenting privileges, from which
and festivals, todevote more than 200 out of moment either to preach or pray on behalf
the 305 days of the year to their daily main- of the Jew has been deemed a work of supere-
tenance. I know that many of these people rogation
feel it to be a burden to be compelled to s\ich After a reference to the Tendon Society,
observances, but, conscientiously so acting, and the voluntary withdrawal of the Non-
and not led away so completely as manv conformist members from it, the wi-iter con-
suppose in this world's dirt and dross, as if tinues in the language both of praise and
their whole soul were bound up in its gain, reproof, thus :

I would ask, Are they not then precisely the But, admitting every disadvantageous cir-
characters on which Christian benevolence cumstance, were the principles of love on
might hope to act with infinite force ? I am which the dissenting body originally acted
not ambitious of the distinctive title of fanatic good and I would contend that they had
;

and enthusiast, which there is too much been for years the main support of the
reason to beheve have been so denounced, Society on what gi-ound, I would ask, have
;

even from the assumed chair of God, on those they departed from their first love, and cast
who have presumed to advocate such a cause. out the daughter of Zion as a widow or
" y^importe." I shall remain precisely the woman forsaken, unless they can prove her
same being in believing that of the Jews to recent crimes, and are compelled to adjudge
be the cause of God and of truth. All that her to final separation ? Alas Gentlemen,
!

occurs to my mind at this moment is. whether I fear that we are enveloping ourselves in
our Dissenting or Congregational friends are webs of our own wea\"ing, and forget that
not bound more deeply to consider whether the same beloved wife of youth is perishing
they have dischai-ged the character of the for lack of comfort. Oh she is still precious
I

Good Samaritan, or are now, or have been, in the sight of Gcd ;though the gold has
poiu-iug oil and wine into the wounds of their become dim, and the fine gold changed, she
afflicted brother, Isi-ael and whether they
; will shine in the future day in the resplendent
have conducted him to the inn, and pledged glory of her Sa^iour's righteousness, and in
themselves to the Great Giver of all good, the beauteous garments of His holiness.
that they would provide, out of the abund- It would be to impeach your general know-
ance bestowed on them by the God of mercies, ledge of ecclesiastical afTairs to suppo.se you
those means needful for their distressed ignorantthat the Missionary Society embraced
friend and neighbour. the Jewish cause as one of their objects in
Xeed your recollection, Gentle-
I call to the early stage of their proceedings, and
men, the which Christians have
benefits appointed a missionary to that people ; that
received at the hands of the Jewish nation ; they sacrificed this object only in considera-
Till' First diiieral, Secretary. 97

tion of a separate Institution being estab-


lished, anil Iadmit tliat tiiero were, as there
may be still, sufficient grounds for such a
reparation of objects. Nor are the Jews to be i^^^^H
considered in the light of heathen. The
ramitiaitions of Jewish society require an
almost intense and exclusive applic;ition of
mind. It is a question to be studied per se,
and without due attention not easily tangible,
and must therefore be met in every form and
shape, chameleon-like, into which the Christian
character dare enter. I would not, however,
forego a duty because it may be dillicult, for
" such as thy day is, so thy strength."
Abandoned, however, as this cause has been
during many years, I would again call,
through your pages, on the worshippers of
the True God to arouse from their slumbers,
and rally round the standard of the Cipss,
that they may carry conviction and truth
into the Jewish camp. If they can do no
more than advance to the outposts, and
invite its intrenched possessors to their festive
board, in the language of conciliation and
love, they will have fuUillcd the righteous
injunctions of their Saviour, for even com-
passion Ls dear to His loving heart. If ye
did it, might He not say to one of these, as
to one of my kinsmen, ye did it to Me but ;

full fraught with the eternal ble.ssings of the


Gospel, and the declaration that His Word,
preached or distributed, shall not return to
Him void, there is every encouragement to
proceed in this cause. Surely I might appeal
to the honourable and venerable names of
many departed this life, and of many still
living, who were the first to advocate the
cause, and entered upon it con amore -et cum
spirilu. They did run well, what doth
hinder ? It may indeed be said, as it hath
been said, " If the Lord would open windows
in heaven, then might this thing be " and !

miracles, as aforetime, may be required.


Means, however, are in our hands let these
;

first be tried, because God works by means,


and never fails to ble.ss the eiTorts of His
servants. If report speak truth, there is
now a work silently proceeding which may
astonish and confound the minds of gain-
sayers, perhaps such as may not have taken
place since the Apostolic times.
Monitor.
98 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeius.

able buildhig in which the people of God


TWO LETTERS TO THE YOUNG.
have once worshipped, or some " man of God "
I.
has dwelt. Anti(piity gives to almost shape-
WTial can the Yoiing do for the Jews ?
less masses an attractiveness which no grace
I am
glad that this inquiry is addressed to or form of modern art could supply. You
me by young Chiistians for the cause of
; love, too, the stafl" on which your fathers
Israel has much to commend it to their atten- leaned ; and there is no Bible like that which
tion, and its best hope, under God, rests on has come down to you through a long series
the zeal and devotedness of such as you are. of pious ancestry. But where is the object
My dear young friends, you have hitherto that c.an compete with the nation of Israel
stood as spectators, but must now enter upon for antiquity ? Before the earliest historian,
the course of holy effort for the good of souls. Moses wrote, and with the most ancient of
You will soon receive from the dying hands empires the Hebrews were contemporary.
of your fathers the torch which they have Do we not owe reveience to them also as the
borne as they ran. You must bear it onward people whom God chose for His own to
and aloft. It will brighten as you advance ;
whom he assigned a land for their everlasting
and when you close your career, God will posse.ssion
whom He has preserved amid the
raise up others to succeed you. I rejoice that file and the flood to whom Himself, by the
in seeking to enlist your best powers on hving voice and the handwriting of God, gave
behalf of the Jew, I have no need to with-
laws whom He fed by daily miracle, and
draw your attention from other objects of
guided by the nightly tire before whom He
Christian benevolence and .sympathy. You divided the river and the sea
for whom the
must take no diminished interest in any one .stars fought in their courses, and the sun and
good thing to which your fathers have given moon stood still in the heavens ? Trace, too,
their sanction you must, by grace, carry out
: the illu.strious list of sages and holy men
every wise plan which it was only in their whose names stand on the page of their his-
hearts to accomplish you must tend the
; tory, and with whom the Most High held
very field they have sown, and rejoice in the converse, as " a man with bus friend." Read
hope of the same harvest. But the cause of their poetry
revisit theii' temple, " beautiful
the Jews, and of their conversion to God, has for situation, the joy of the whole earth "
not received its due meed of attention and ; and as you wander among its ruins, you will
it is for you, whom tlie Shepherd of Israel not treat as a people unworthy your venera-
has gathered into His fold in the morning of tion the scattered tribes of Israel.
your days, to take it up, and make it pecu- But I would awaken the more tender feel-
liarly your own. The origin and antiquity of ings of your nature, and thei'efore I ask your
the Jewish nation, their language and cus- love for Israel. They are the kinsmen, the
toms, their connexion with tlie greatest brethren of your Redeemer. It was a Jew
empires of the world, and their singular that was "fairer than the sons of men."
preservation, ought to attract youthful study They were the lips of a Jew that said, " Come
and research while, in addition to these,
; unto Me, and I will give you rest." They
most affecting appeals are made to your were Jewish tears that fell at the grave of
spiritual sympathies and to your Christian Lazarus, and JewLsh aims that enfolded the
expectations, by the prophecies of God con- smiling infants of Judea. It was as a Jew
cerning them, and His conduct towards them. that your Saviour lived and suffered, agonized
" He shall dwell alone, and shall not be and (lied and in that nature He ascended to
;

reckoned among the nations," points out heaven. Identify the Jewish suppliant of
Israel as the object of an attention challenged your Christian affection with Him whom
by no other. And " Blessed is he that you esteem the " altogether lovely," and my
blesseth Thee," gives, or ought to give, all the claim for your love will not be disallowed.
force of personal interest to every thing that All the penmen of your Scriptures and the
affects their welfare. first preachers of the Gospel were Jews. The
My dear young friends, let me reply to words which brought you to a Saviour's feet
your inquiry, first, by proposing another. the precepts which guide your way the
What ought you to feel towards the Jews ?
promises which soothe your spirit the hand
Ought not your emotions on seriously con- that lifts the veil of futurity and shows you
templating them to be those of deep and holy the Lamb in the midst of the throne and the
reverence ? You feel a mystic awe as you countless myiiads there were all of the
survey the ivy-crowned walls of some vener- people for whom now I ask your love and ;
The First General Secretari/. 99

'; --^
:

100 Memories of Gospel TnwmpJis among the Jews.

forwhom else could it be asked with so much in themselves one of the strongest evidences
reason and emphasis ? of the fulfilment of prophecy, and conse-
Again I a-sk your compassion and your
: quently of the truth of Scripture, which
piti/. A man of lofty int<?llect, fallen into with almo.st gi'aphic accuracy describes them
the decrepitude of age, and the imbecility of in Dent, xxviii. 25, 29, 37, 49, 64. 65 " The :

childhood a man of renown, and once the


; Lord shall cause thee to be smitten before
idol of popular worship and affection, now thine enemies thou shalt go out one way
:

poor, foi-sakei), despised, friendless; the against them, and shalt flee seven ways before
inmate of the poor-house, dying without one them and shalt be removed into all the
:

kind hand to closehis eyes, or one gentle accent kingdoms of the eai-th. And thou shalt . . .

to bid his spirit go in peace, and borne to his grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in
lonely grave without any of all his former darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy
friends to shed over him a single tear such : ways and thou shalt be only oppressed and
:

would move your pit}' but see how these ; spoiled evermore, and no man shall save
features of distress are combined, and this thee. And thou shalt become an aston-
. . .

interest increased, in the condition of fallen, ishment, a proverb, and a byword among all
outcast, forsaken Israel, " whom no man nations whither the Lord shall lead thee. . . .

hath and no man wUl save." No


pitied, The Lord bring a nation against thee
.shall
uninspired appeal can equal that of the from far, from the end of the earth, as
prophet. Hear him as he speaks of Zion swift as the eagle flieth a nation whose ;

and her children " She weepeth sore in the


: tongue thou shalt not understand. . . .

night, and her teai-s are on her cheeks And the Lord shall scatter thee among
among all her lovers she hath none to com- all people, from the one end of the earth
fort her." " All her people sigh, they seek even unto the other and there thou shalt ;

bread they have given then- pleasant things


; serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy
for meat to relieve the soul. See, O Lord, fathers have known, even wood and stone.
and consider for I am become vile."
;
" The And among these nations shall thou find no
elders of tlie daughter of Zion sit upon the ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have
gi-ound and keep silence. The virgins . . . rest but the Lord shalt give thee there a
;

of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the trembUng heai't, and failing of eyes, and
gi'ouud." " Thy prophets have seen vain and sorrow of mind."
foolLsh things for thee ; and they have not But let us now more directly, and tinder
discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy the influence of emotions thus enkindled,
captivity." " How is the gold become dim! inquire what j'oung Christians can and ought
how is the most fine gold changed The ! to do.
precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine 1. Lay the subject of the Jews more
gold, how are they esteemed as earthen seriously and devoutly to heart. If a
pitchers " " The crown is fallen from our
! Christian is to look at all beyond the
head woe unto us that we have sinned
: ! enclosure of his own soul, and if he is called
For this our heart is faint for these things ; to seek the salvation of any, the Jew presents
our eyes are dim."* Dear young friends, himself as a first object. The Jews " are not
the history of centuries past, and the state cast off that they should fall " finalh'. God
of the Jews at present, verify the picture. " is able to graft them in again," and He
Once more would a voice arrest you amidst will do it. The first preachers of the Gospel
your privileges, "Is it nothing to you all : were commanded to begin at Jerusalem, and
ye that pass by ? Behold, and see if there be God signalized the beginning there by the
any sorrow hke unto my sorrow which is conversion of at least five thousand souls.
done unto me, wherewith the Lord hath God is now bringing them, as He promised,
afflicted me in the daj' of His fierce anger."t " one by one," and " one of a city and two of
I might go on and show 3-ou how we owe a famil}-, to Zion." The evangelization of
a debt of gratitude, if not to the Jews, at the world hinges on the conversion of the
least on their account as the careful de- Jews, and of this event nationally there can
positaries of the Old Testament Scriptures be no dotibt. On no portion of futinity does
as the living and ever-teaching types of the the light of prophecy beam so brightly as it
Church of God in every age, and as affording does on their recovery. The period has com-
menced and must be far advanced, the con-
* Lamentations i. 2, 11 ; ii. 10, 14 ; iv. 1 ; y. 10.
clusion of which will see "all Israel saved."
t Lamentations i. 12. Is it possible that the Christian can have
;

The First General Secretary. 101

nothing to do with this ? Can tlie j'oiing hearts before Him. Ai-m yourselves with
Christian forget the Jew and be blameless i holy fortitude. Let the keen edge of satire,
Carry the subject, then, into your closets and the shaft of ridicule, fall on the shield of
spread it before God in prayer ; be a party .scriptural faith. Meet tlie luke-warmness of
interested in everything that concerns the the age with the helmet of salvation, and
Jews; and bo always ready to plead for them aim directly at the heart of unbelief with
in your familiar intercourse with fellow- tiie Sword of the Spirit. Go, and the Lord
Clvristians. will bo with you.
2. Further, let me urge you, jis a part of Once more, let hope inspire you. Realize
your duty to the Jews, to read and increase to yourselves the spiritual deliverance and
your knowledge of all that concerns them. final conversion of the Jews as a thing
No study ought to be more interesting, and infinitely to be desired, and with all your
certainly none will yield a more beneficial hearts yield to the e.xpectation which the
result. I believe that if we pursued this Scriptuie warrants. Indulge the hope that
course, our Christianity would be improved ;
Jacob, though he be small, shall yet arise ;
the levity with which prophecy is sometimes that the olive tree, though it has been scathed
treated woidd be subdued we should Jiave
; by the lightning, shall yet strike its roots
more exalted views of the Cod of Israel, and deeper into the earth, and that " it will
worthier and more compreliensive ideas of blossom and bud, and fill the whole earth
His government and we should be prepared,
; with its fruit." And anticipate tlie day when
by an enliglitened advocacy of the cause of it shall be .said to you, and to
the friends
all
the Jews, to put to silence the ignorance of of Judah "Sing with gladness for Jacob,
:

foolish men, and to advance a cau.se dear to anil shout among the chief of the nations."
the heart of the Son of (iod. Oh, forget for a moment intervening days
3. Summon to the cause of Israel those and years; pass bj' the series of events which
principles wliich are the germ of Christian may yet occur, and dwell on the happy scenes
character
the very life of your religion. blended with Israel's restoration, and of which
Let love to your risen Lord constrain and that restoration will form one of the brightest
impel you here. In every converted Jew a gems. How full will be the joy how irre- !

subject is won to Him who is his rightful .sistible the mutual love how deep, how
!

Sovereign. AJew converted is an illustrious overwhelming, how ecstatic the emotions that
proof of the power of your Saviour. That shall centre around the Lamb once slain !

Jew feels, as no other can, for the conversion This will be the Joy of the Lord. Oh, to have
of his brethren, and he is qualified to become,
helped it forward to have blessed one child
more tlian any other, an instrument of good of Abraham Talk we of sacrifice with such
!

to the world. Is it. think you, the mind of a view before us? In such a cause what self-
Christ, that while the perishing condition of denying efibi't can be too great ?
the heathen awakens your sympathy, the But the day is not yet. The voice of the
Jew should be neglected ? Bridegroom is only heard in the distance.
Exercise y'rtiVA. Tlie ca\iso is encompassed Still it is His voice, and the note of prepara-

with ditliculties discouragements are fre- tion may be discerned let us joyfully hail it.
:

quently presented but it has the sanction of


; Young people, .see that you not only have the
Heaven, and the promise of the God of oil in the lamp, but that you are awake and
Abraham for its security. Come, then in ; doing.
the spirit of faith meet every opposition, And me appeal to your devotional
lastly, let
and in the strength of God you shall feelings. You sometimes love to meet as " a
overcome. band whose hearts the Lord has touched."
little
It demands your moral courage. Through Be your frequent employ on those occasions
it
indiflferenceor misapprehension and, per- to plead with God for the fulfilment of His
haps, more through the error of
still own promises concerning the benighted Jews,
regarding circumstances and individuals now perishing in sin. Perhaps in answer to
more than the testimony of God, the con- your players some wanderer may lay down
version of the Jews is contemplated by many his weaj)ons of rebellion at the crass some
professing Christians as distant, if not soul may be won to Christ
some one engaged,
altogether chimerical and liopeless. My like Said of Tarsus, to preach the faith he
dear young friends, read the mind of God once laboured to destroy. The prayer of
concerning Israel in His wi-itten Word, and youthfid zeal will wing its way to the Angel
consider 'well His ways. Pour out your who stands at the " golden altar," and may
; "

102 Memories of Gospel Trivmphs among the Jews.

be returned in blessings on the heads of those (Ps. evi. 47). " Pray for the peace of
who know Him not. jeiusalem they shall prosper that love thee"
:

That yoii may plead m/tiilh, acquaint your- (Ps. cvii. 6). " And many people shall go
selves with the promises of God, as recorded and say, come ye, and let us go up to the
in His Woi'd and rememlier that they are all
: mountain of the Lord, to the house of the
" }'ea and amen in Christ Jesus and follow ; God of Jacob, and He
teach us of His
will
out the prayer of faith, by contiibuting ac- way.s, and we will walk
His paths for in :

cording to your ability in aid of efforts made out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the
for the spiritual good of Israel. Seek out Word of the Lord from Jerusalem " (Isaiah
the.se children of Abraham yourselves. Put ii. 3). " Foi' the Lord will have mercy on
the tract or the Word of God into their hand.s Jacob, and will yet choose Isr.ael, and set
make the youthful Jews especial objects of them in their own land and the strangeis :

your solicitude and prayei's ; and let all your shall be joined with them, and they shall
spirit and conversation recommend the Gospel, cleave to the house of Jacob. And the people
that by your cheerful, consistent, affectionate shall take them and bring them
to their
piety, you may, by the Divine blessing, subdue place and the house of Israel shall possess
:

prejudice, excite to holy jealousy ; and win them in the land of the Lord for servant's
the soul. and handmaids and they shall take them
:

Ponder such passages as the following and ; captives, whose captives they were and they ;

as you read let your hearts go up in Ijelieving shall rule over their oppressors " (Isaiah
prayer to the God of Abraham. " Ye that," xiv. 1, 2). " In that time shall the present
as youthful disciples, make " mention of the be bi-ought unto the Loi-d of hosts of a people
name of the Lord, give Him no rest till He scattered and peeled, and from a people
establish and till He make Jerusalem a praise terrible from their beginning hitherto a ;

in the earth." " And ye shall be unto Me a nation meted out and trodden under foot,
kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. whose land the rivers have spoiled, to the
These are the words which thou shalt speak place of the name of the Lord of hosts, the
unto the children of Israel " (Exod. xLx. 6). mount Zion" (Isaiah xviii. 7). "He shall
" For thou art an holy people unto the Lord cause them that come out of Jacob to take
thy God the Lord thy God hath chosen thee
: root :Isi'ael shall blossom and bud, and fill
to be .a .special peojile unto Himself, above all the face of the earth with fruit " (Lsaiah
people that are upon the face of the earth " xxvii. 6). "Comfort ye, comfort ye My
(Deut. vii. G). " And to make thee high above people, saith your God. O Zion, thou that
all nations which He hath made, in praise, and bringest good tidings, get thee up into the
in name and in honour; and that thou mayest high moimtain O Jerusalem, that liringest
;

be an holy people unto the Lord thy God as good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength ;

He hath spoken"(Deut. xxvi. 19). "Oh, that lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities
the salvation of Israel were come out of of Judah, Behold your God " (Lsaiah xl. !

Zion when the Loi-d bringeth back the cap-


! 1, 9). " Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I
tivity of His people, Jacob shall rejoice and will lift vip Mine hand to the Gentiles, and
Israel shall be glad " (Ps. xiv. 7). " Awake, set up My
.standard to the people and they :

why sleepest Thou, O Lord ? arise, cast us shall bring thy sons in their arms, and
not for ever
ofl' .Wherefore hidest Thou
. . thy daughters shall be carried upon
Thy face and forgettest our affliction and oiu' their shoulders. And kings shall be thy
oppre.ssion " (Ps. xliv. 2.3, 24). " Do good in nursing fathers, and theii' cjueens thy
Thy good pleasure unto Zion build Thou : nui'sing mothers they shall bow down
;

the walls of Jerusalem " (Ps. li. 18). " Thou to them with their face toward the earth,
shall arise, and have mercy upon Zion : for and lick up the dust of thy feet and thou ;

the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is shalt know that I am the Lord for they :

come. For Thy servants take pleasure in shall not be ashamed that wait for j\Ie
her stones, and favoui- the dust thereof. So (Isaiah xlix. 22,23). " For the mountains
the heathen shall feai' the name of the Lord, shall depart, and the hills shall be removed ;

and all the kings of the earth Thy glory. but Mykindness shall not depai-t from thee,
When the Lord .shall build up Zion He shall neither shall the covenant of peace be My
appear in His glory " (Ps. cii. 1 3, 16). " Save lemoved, saith tlie Lord that hath mercy on
us, O Loi'd our God, and gather us from thee" (Isaial liv. 10). "Whereas thou
among the heathen, thanks unto Thy
to give hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man
holy name, and to triumph in Thy praise" went through thee, I will make thee an
Hie First Geua'cd Secretary. 103

eternal excellency, a joy of many genera- shall be no more thy light by day ; neither
ticiis. . . . Violence shall no more be heard for brightness shall the moon give light unto

TDRKISB SOLOIEBS STATIONED IS THE CHTRCH OF THE HOLT SEPULCHRE, JEBCSALESI.

in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thee but the Lord shall be unto thee an
,-

thy borders but thou shuU aiil thy walls


: and the days of thy mourn-
fverla.sting light,
Salvation, and thy gates Praise. The sun ing shall be ended" (Isaiah Ix. 15, 18, 19,
104 Memories of Gospel Triuviphs among the Jens.

20). "And their seed shall be known among thus saith the Lord, Sing with gladness for
the Gentiles, and their oflspiing among the Jacob, and .shout among the chief o? the
people all that see them shall acknowledge
I nations publish ye, praise ye, and say, O
:

them, that they are the seed which the Lord Lord, save Th}- people, the remnant of Israel
hath blessed " (Isaiah Ixi. 9). " I have set . .Hear the Word of the Lord, O ye nations,
.

watchmen upon thy


Jerusalem, walls, O and declare it in the isles afar oft', and say,
which shall never hold their peace day nor He that scattered Israel will gather him and
night ye that make mention of the Lord,
;
keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. . . .

keep not silence. And give Him no rest, till And it shall come to pass, that like as I have
He establish, and till He make Jerusalem a watched over them, to pluck up. and to break
praise in the earth. And they shall call . . . down, and to throw down, and to destroy,
them. The holy people. The redeemed of the and to afflict, so will I watch over them to
Ijord and thou shalt be called, .Sought out,
; build and to plant, saith the Lord. But . . .

A city not for.saken " (Isaiah Ixii. 6, 7, 12). this shall be the covenant that I shall make
" Oh that Thou wouldst rend the heavens, with the house of Israel after those days, :

that Thou wouldst come down, that the saith the Lord, I will put My law in their
mountains might flow down at Thy pre- inward parts, and wiite it in their hearts,
sence " (Isaiah Ixiv. 1 ). " Rejoice ye with and will be their God, and they shall be My
Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that people. And they shall teach no more every
love her rejoice for joy with her, all ye that
: man his neighbour, and every man his brother,
moiu-n for her. . And I will set a sign
. . saying. Know the Lord for they shall all
;

among them, and I will send those that know Me, from the least of them unto the
escape of them unto the nation.s, to Tarshish, greatest of them, saith the Lord for I will ;

Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, forgive their iniquity, and I will remember
and Javan, to the isles afar oft", that have not their sin no more. Thus Siiith the Lord,
heard My fame, neither have seen My glory ;
Which giveth the sun for a light by day, and
and they shall declare My glory among the the ordinances of the moon and of the stars
Gentiles" (Isaiah lx\-i. 10, 10). "Go and for a light by night, which divideth the sea
proclaim these words toward the north, and when the waves thereof roar The Lord of :

say, lletuin, thou backsliding Israel, saith hosts is His name If those ordinances depart
:

the Lord and I will not cause Mine anger


; from before Me, saith the Lord, then the seed
to fallupon you : for I am merciful, saith of Israel also shall cease from being a nation
the Lord, and I will not keep anger for before Me for ever" (Jer. xxx. 7, 10, 28,
ever. . And I will give you pastors ac-
. . 33 36). " And I wnU make an ever-
cording to !Mine heart, which .shall feed you la-sting covenant with them, that I will not
with knowledge and undei-standing " (Jer. turn awaj' from them, to do them good but ;

iii. 12, 15). " Behold the days come, saith the I will put Mj' fear in their hearts, that
Lord, that I will raise unto Da\id a righteous they not depart from ile " (Jer.
shall
Branch, and a king shall reign and prosper, xxxii. 40). " Behold, I will bring it he;ilth
and .shall execute judgment and justice in the and care, and I will cure them, and will
eai-th. In His days Judah shall be saved reveal unto them the abundance of peace and
and Israel shall dwell safely, and this is His truth. And I will cause the captivity of
name whereby He shall be called, " The Lord Judah and the capti\'ity of Israel to return,
our Righteousness " (Jer. xxiii. 5, G). '
For and viiW build them, as at the first. And it
I will restore health unto thee, and I will shall be to Me a name of joy, a praise and
heal thee of thy wounds, stxith the Lord ;
an honovn- before all the nations of the earth,
because they called thee an outc^ist, saying, which shall hear all the good that I do unto
This is Zion, whom no man seeketli after. them and they shall fear and tremble for
:

Thus saith the Lord, Behold, I wall bring all the goodness and for all the prosperity
again the captiwty of Jacob's tents, and have that I procure unto it. The voice of . . .

mercy on his dwelling-place and the city ; joy, the voice of gladness, the voice of the
shall be builded upon her own heap, and the bridegioom, and the voice of the bride, the
palace shall remain after the manner thereof. voice of them that shall saj*. Praise the
And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving Lord of Hosts for the Lord is good for His
; ;

and the voice of them that make meny and : mercy endureth for ever and of them that ;

I will multiply them, and they .shall not be shall bring the sacrifice of praise int" the
few ; I will also glorify them, and they shall house of the Lord. For I will cause to return
not be small" (Jer. xxx. 17 19). "For the captivity of the land as at the first, saith
Thi' First (iencml Secret'iry. 105

the Lord" (Jer. xxxiii. C, 7, 'J, 11). "My Jacob,and the mercy to Abraham, which Thou
sheep wandereJ fchiough all tlie monntains, hast sworn unto our fathers from the days
and upon every lii<;h hill yea, My Hock was
;
of old" (Micah vii., 1820). "Brethren,
scattered upon all the face of the earth, and my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel
none did search or seek after them. . . . is, that they might be saved. For I bear
And I will make tliem and the places round them record that they have a zeal of God, but
about My hill a blessing and I will cau.se ; not according to knowledge " (Rom. x. 1, 2).
the shower to come down in his sea-son there ;
" Now if the fall of them be the riches of the
shall be showei-s of blessing" (Ezek. xxxiv. world, and the diminishing of them the riches
G, 26). "A new heart also will I give you, of the Cientiles, how much more their fulness.
and a new spirit will I put within you and : . . For if the casting away of them be the
.

I will take away the stony heart out of your reconciling of the world, what shall the
fl&sh, and 1 will give you an heart of Hesh." receiving of them be but life from the dead?
(Ezek. .\x.\vi. 26). " Thou shall ascend and . . For I would not, brethren, that ye
.

come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye
to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, sliiiuld be wi.se in your own conceits; that
and many people with then " (Ezek. xxxviii. blindness in part Is happened to Lsrael, until
9). " Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion : the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And
for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the mid.st .so all Israel shall be saved as it is written,
:

of thee, .saith the Lord" (Zech. ii. 10). There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer,
" And it shall come to pass, that as ye were and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.
a curse among the heathen, O house of Judah, . . For as ye in times past have not believed
.

and house of Israel so will I save you, and


: God, yet have now obtained mercy throiigh
ye shall be a blessing fear not, but let 3'our
: their unbelief Even .so have the.se also now
:

hands be .strong " (Zech. viii. 13). "And I not believed that through your mercy they
will pour upon the house of David, and upon also may ol)tain mercy. ... the depth of
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge
grace and of supplication and they shall : of Gotl how unsearchable are His judgments,
!

look upon Me Whom they have pierced, and and His ways past finding out" (Rom. xi.
they shall mourn for him, a,s one mourneth 12, 15, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33). "And not as
for his only son, and shall be in bitterness Mo.ses, which put a vail over his face, that
for him, as one that is in bitterness for his the children of Israel could not steadfjustly
firstborn. In that day there sh.all be a great look to the end of that which is abolished :

mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning But their minds were blinded for until
:

"
of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon this day remaineth the same vail untaken
(Zech. xii. 10, 11). In that day shall there away in the reading of the old te.stament ;

be upon the bells of the horses lioliness unto which vail is done away in Christ. But even
the Lord and the pots in the Jx)rd's house
; unto this day, when Moses Ls read, the vad is
shall be like the bowls before the altar. Yea, upon their heart. Nevertheless when it .shall
every pot in Jeru.-^alem and in Judah shall be turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken
holiness unto the Ix>rd of ho.sts and all they : away" (2 Cor. iii. 1316).
that sacrilice shall come and take of them,
and .seethe therein and in that day there
:

shall be no more the Canaanite in the house


n.
of the Lord of bests" (Zech. xiv. 20, 21). My Dear Young Friesds, You know we
" And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the are very fond of remembering last words.
midst of many people as a dew fi-om the Ix)rd, If any of you have ever left your father's
as the showei-8 upon the gi-ass, that tarrieth house to be away for a long time, you often
"
not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men thought of that last loving look from your
(Micah V. 7). " Who is a God like unto mother's eye and the last words of that dear
;

Thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and pa.sseth father have followed you day and night.
by the transgression of the remnant of His Still more impressive is the orphan's recol-
heritage ? He retaineth not His anger for lection of the last advice of a pious parent
ever, because He delighteth in mercy. He just before the moment when, for the first
will turn again, He will have conipa.s.sion time, that orphan felt himself alone in the
upon us; He will subdue oiu- iniijuities ; and world.
Thou wilt ca-st all their sins into the depths Those of you who are familiar with your
of the sea. Thou wilt perform the truth to New Testament, and who have learned to
106 Memories of Gospel Tnumphs among the Jeivs.

admire the character of the Lord Jesus Because, perhaps, their own timid spirits
Christ, even if you cannot yet s;\y that you ivould have sent them anywhere else than
love Him (O that you would love Him for ! into the midst of Jerusalem to preach the
you will not be safe, nor happy, nor holy, Gospel. Because, perhaps, their own natural
until you do), have hung upon His words, feelings would have withheld them from
and, fancying j'ourselves, perhaps, among lirst prei^enting news of mercy to those who
the listening throng, have said, " Never man had .so cruelly treated their Master and
spake like this man " And those of you
! Friend. StiU more probably, because the
who, by grace, have yielded your hearts to Saviour would show the love of His own
Him have been ready devoutly to exclaim, forgiving heart to those " who with wicked
" It is the voice of my beloved ; " you have hands had crucified and slain" Him. And
been delighted to follow in His footsteps, to because He would testify to all mankind
catch the utterance of HLs heart, as He that His Gospel, accompanied by the power
moved through the varied scenes of His of His Hpii'it, was able to soften and change
mortal history, until all the tale of woe
even JewLsh hearts hearts capable of a
was ended, and " It is finished Father, into
: crime never committed by any other people
under heaven. Yes, and because He would
have inhabitants of Jerusalem, converted
sinners of Abraham's seed, to be the mes-
sengers of redeeming love to a perishing
world. (See Isaiah Ixvi. 19.)
You know, my dear friends, that the Jeru-
salem of which Jesus spake was soon after
laid in ruins, and the ploughshare driven
over the Zion where Jehovah had dwelt ; but
f&t-: not until in Jerusalem multitudes had heard
and received the Gospel to the salvation of
their souls, nor until from Zion had gone
forth messengers over the whole known world
to tell " the story of peace " through the
blood of the Crucified One. The city that
now occupies the site of ''the city of the
Great King, the beauty of all lands." possesses
none of its ancient glories. Held, though
with a trembling hand, by a ^lahommedan
government, it is trodden under foot of the
Gentiles. The ways of Zion do mourn. Her
children sit in the dust, or wander around
some fragment of her walls, to pour out
their mournful supplications where once " the
WALLS OF JERUSALEM. tribes went up, the tribes of the Lord, unto
the testimony of Israel, to give tlianks unto
Thy hands I commend My spirit," proclaimed the name of the Lord."
that ' the Man of Sorrows" had completed Yes, my dear children, the people live.
the work of human redemption, and that from Distinct fiom every other, they live among
thenceforth He was to ' see of the travail of all nations ; for Jehovali had said of them,
His soul and be satisfied." He rose from the "The people shall dwell alone, andshall net be
gi-ave : for a little while He blessed the reckoned among the nations." You laay
chosen few of His friends by intercourse read their history in the language of their
with them, and then leading them out to a inspired leader more than three thousand
spot endeared by many a hallowed recollec- years ago. (Lev. sxvi., Deut. xx%-iu).
tion, He was parted from them, and a cloud You may learn the heart of God concerning
received Him out of their sight. And them in the writings of the Prophets. And
amongst the latest words caught by their in the same sacred records yo>i may ascertain
listening ears were th&se " Let repent-
: the facts of their- future conversion to Christ
ance and remission of sin be preached in of their becoming a blessing to the whole
My name among allnations, beginnhir) at world, and of their restoration mingling
Jerusalem." And why this special dii-ectiop ? with the glories of that day when the Lord
The First General Secretary. 107

Jesus Christ, once proelaimeil liy a heathen stilltrue of them, " They will not come unto
f;overnor Kiiif;of the Jews, sliall wear on His Je.sus, that they might have life." They
brow tlio ' many crowns " of all the world, cling profe.ssedly to the hooks of Mo.ses, and
and when "on His vesture and on His thigh yet the words of Moses will accuse them
the name shall 1)0 read
King ot Kings, and before God, and insure their condemnation ;
L<jrd of Lords." because, " had they believed Moses, they
I said that the Jews are scattered through- would have believed Jesus ; for he wrote of
out the earth. They are in Asia, in Africa, Him." (See John v. 45.)
in America. There are in Constantinople Death comes into their dwellings, my
80,000, in Russia 2,000,000, in Poland children, and it is a dark and cheerless day ;

80,000, in Austria 670,000, in Holland nn cm-tain hope of futurity sheds a ray of

DAMASCUS.

3.0,000. and in England .30,0(10; 20,000 of light in that chamber. The dearlj' loved and
whom are generally to be found in London. honouied parent " gives up the gho.st," and
They live quite distinct from us, many of there Is no an.swer to the awful in(|uiry,
them in a part of London almost entirely " Where is /(/ " They live without Christ
Jewish. Happily there is far more of very many of them moral, amiable, benevo-
mutual courte.sy and kindnes.s between us lent, and intelligent but as they go down
;

than when I was a boy. We have ceased to to the shades of death, I hear the voice of
despise and calumniate them because they
the Son of David the Son of God -exclaim.
are Jews anil they, by reading the New
;
" E.xcopt ye believe that I am He, ye shall
Testament, have been led to respect our die in your .sin.s."
Saviour's character and to admit e his dis- My dear young people, .shall we suflFer the
courses. But in heart they are opposed to Jew thus to live and thus to die, and in our
the Truth, which, on the authority of God's own country, and at our own door ?

Word, we believe can alone save them. It L* Why does be not believe Moses and his own
The First Geiirral Hccrclnvii. 109

prophets, so as to bo Icil hy their writhigs to very affecting view of the present spiritual
i>i>lievo in Jesus?Bucause "the veil" of ig- condition of the Jews; and think it indi- I

iioiiiiK'otmd projudicc is upon his heart; and cates tho course which ('hiistians are to
lieeaiise, hy listening to " the traditions of ])nrsne for their hclj). They are to speak to
Mien, he makes (he Word of tiod of none them to let them know tho Truth of God ;

.llVc-t." and to cry eaniestly in pray<M- and sup|ilica-


Jlas the veil ever been removed, and are tion for th(^ Holy Spirit to breathe \ipon the
the Jews ever persuaded to lay aside their .souls dead in trespas.ses and sins, that they
traditions ? may wake and live, and become a faithfid
Yes, on the day of Pentecost, three band of soldiers for the Lord and His
thousand were " pricked to the heart," and Christ.
turni'd to the Lord. At the gates of Damascus My dear friends, tho people of God are
a young man, full of enmity against Christ, doingthis, and even the children in Christian
a Hebrew of the Jlelirows, and one who, families and in our Sundav-schoolsare uniting
after the straitost sect of tlu^ Jt-ws, had lived ill the work. Will you bo persuaded to join
a Pharisee, was laid at the foet of the Saviour with them ?

l>y a sinirie word; and he who just l>8fore V^ou have learned much from le.ssons of
had asked a commission to halo the discijiles Jewish piety in the JJible. The Saviour, of
of J'isusto prison, now, in the spirit of a wlidiii you love to hc.ir and think, was in
little child, in(|uires of that very Jc^sus, human nature a Jew; and that precious
" Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" My book, which speaks comfort to you in sorrow,
dear children, " The Gospel is the power of guides your feet in the way of peace, and
God \into salvation to everj' one that believeth, opens for you the prospect of heaven, if you
to the Jew first, and also to the Greek." love and follow the Saviour, was written,
And I coidd tell you of many instances, even under the influence of the Spirit of God, by
in our own day, in which it has pleased God. Jews.
Iiy means of His Word, to awaken the con- Cultivate, then, very kind and alTectionate
science, to melt the heart, and to savi; the feelings towards them. liear them upon
soul of the Jew. your hearts when you pray and spare a ;

To this I may
add, that it is much more few of your pence to enable Christians to
easy now to gain the attention of the Jews send them tho New Testament, and men of
to the truths of the New Testament than it God to preach to them the (iospel. Believe
was. Vei-y many of them rend it. Some me to lie, my de.ar young friends, yours with
have purchased it for themselves. Many of Christian alVection, Geokiie Vo.ncie.
their children areallowed to receive Christian
instruction, and a very lai'ge number of
intelligent and thoughtful Jews have dis- LETTER TO THE EDIl'nlt OF THE .IKWISII
carded their volumes of traditions and com- UERAI,1>.
mentaries, which they call the Talmud,
]\'Ii(i,l has been done bij the Society ?
altogether.
Now, my dear children, 1 want you to lay ]My Deaii Sir,
Ob.servations on the eflbrts
tho.se brief and plain statements to heart, of other Societies for the ev.mgeli/.ation of
and seriously to incpiire whether you cannot Jews which have recently met my eye, have
and ought not to do something for the salva- induced mo to make a more careful review of
tion of the poor, the peiishing Jews- the the history and present position of lliln
decendaiits and relics of the holie.st and institution. Having been entrusted by the
happiest people the woild ever saw, of whom successive committees with the direction and
Jehovah spake as "the dearly beloved of oversight of its agencies from the commence-
His soul," and who are still " beloved for the ment, I may perhaps be (lualilied to form
fathers' .sakos ; " " to whom pertaineth the some accurate estimate, however I may fail
adoi)tion, and the glory, and the covenants, in giving adequate impressiveness to the
and the giving of the law, anil the service of statement.
(Jed, and the promises whoso are the ; I may, in the first place, bear testimony
fathers, and of whom. as concerning the flesh,
, to the adherence of the Society to its original
(
'hri>t came, Who
overall, God blesseil for
is unsectarian and catholic spirit, and to the
ever." (Rom. Eea<l very seriously
i.\. l, 5.) uniform endeavour of its committees to pre-
the thirty -seventh chapter of Ezekiel to the serve and awaken a spirit of prayerful
tenth verse. It will ''ive vou a true and dependence on the Holy Spirit appealing ;
110 Memm'ies of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

tor support to Christians of every name for mission fields nine approved and well qualified
the one object of Israel's convei-sion to " the labourers, besides three who are completing
obedience of faith." And, secondly, I may their education under private tuition.
refer to the fact that the eflfort has been made A question has been sometimes proposed
exclusive of any temporal relief to necessi- as to the number of Jews convertd by our
tous Jews. instrumentality. For an answer I may refer
This principle has not been preserved to each of our annual reports, and to the
without self-restraint, but while it has not pages of our monthly periodical for a reply
interfered with the actings of private to the former inquiry. As I have retraced
benevolence, it has preserved the Society these instances, and followed, so far as I
from imposition and misrepresentation. could, the histories of those who seemed to
Xo one can be more painfidly aware than have been led by our missionaries to the
myself of the manifold imperfections which faith of Jesus it has been a source of
;

have attended the conducting of this unspeakable delight to find several of them
Society and yet when I regard it as having
; among our own missionaries, some studying
presented a new appeal on behalf of an for the Christian ministry, and others con-
unpopular cause, to those whose hearts were sistent members of Christian churches and ;

pledged to other missions, I cannot but of some to retain precious testimonies that
rejoice with thankfulness at the progress it in death Christ was their hope and joy.
has made, and at the hold which it now has Several have gone with the tide of emigra-
on Christian sympathy and devotion. The tion, bearing with them, I believe, to new
committee of the Church of Scotland pre- climes, the gospel of the Lord Jesus in hearts
sented us with e500 at our commencement. renewed by His spirit.
But with the exception of that, and a I have been in constant intercourse with
donation of 600, we have not received any the missionaries, and can remember scarcely
very large gifts or bequests. The whole of any instances in which we have witnessed
our income has been expended, and we are the apostasy of those whom once we num-
entirely dependent on Christian liberality bered among the believers in Jesus.
for sustaining and extending the effort. But to my own mind these results, grate-
The Society has at different times employed fully as they should be lecorded in our
about thirty agents, and has for some years holiest memories, form but a very small
sustained a college, for the board, lodging, portion of the satisfaction with which the
clothing, and education of pious young men, progi-ess of the Society should be regarded.
chieflj' Israelites, for the work of missions The Word of God has been widely dissemi-
among the Jews. It has also, assisted by nated and cordially received ; sometimes as a
occasional gi-ants from the British and gift, in many
instances by purchase. The
Foreign Bible Society, and from the Religious truths of the gospel have been proclaimed to
Tract Societ}', distributed very extensivelj", thousands of listening ears, pressed home
the Word of God, and scriptural publications with earnestness on the heart and conscience,
appropriate to its object. and, as I believe, recommended bj' con-
The Society commenced its course in 1842, sistent piety. A
spirit of mutual confidence
with one missionary. It has now one mis- and respect has been engendered between us
sionar}- at Beyrout, two at Tunis, one at and our elder brethren. They read the
Fi-ankfort, one at Breslau, one in Wirtem- words of the Saviour, and admire them :

berg, one just leaving for Strasburg, one in they study His character, and honour Him.
Bavaria, two in Lyons and the south of Should it please God to awaken their con-
France, one in Paris, eight in London, one sciences, the}' will thus kiiow the way of
in Manchester, one in Birmingham and salvation ; and when they feel their danger
Hull, and one in Devonshire. Of the.se, they will not doubt as to where their con-
eight were educated in the Society's college. fidence must be placed.
Although the committee have been compelled I am quite conscious that we have hitherto
to relinquish this branch of its undertaking, done little in comparison with what ought to
chiefly because of its expensiveness, and the have been attempted. Limited resources
inability of the Society, with its present have made us timid and in the want of
;

resources, to provide for the support of an spontaneous co-operation on the part of some
increased number of missionaries, I believe whose help would have borne us onward, we
we may well praise the Lord that it has have sometimes exposed ourselves to the
existed, since it has supplied for the J ewish rebuke, " Why are ye so fearful, O ye of
I

Till- First (leiwral iSecrclnri/. Ill

littlo fiiitli/" J think :i iiioro clicoiiiii; day immediate instruction into regions far and
is ojii'iiiiij; upon us ; ami assurciUy a day of near. Tell us of the actual state of the
passing over us. Can
soli'tnn rt'spousiliility is Jewi.sh mind in relation to Judaism, Christi-
wo neglect the .Jews and be <;uilt]ess ? Does anity, and (so-called) Kutionalism, and what
not thi' honour of oui- l^ord reiinire that we amount of spiritual impression ha.s been
shouhl enorgetically, in faith and love, pursue rc;ili/.ed.

tlie jjood of Israel ? In the contlict gathering I .am not more desirous to present to the

around ns, would it not be worth our utmost public now cases, than I am to hear of the
ondeavoius to have the Jews on our side ? satisfiictory state of those which you have
Is not the Jew the missionary for the world ? been enabled to report from time to time.
I have drawn much moie largely on your And I shall al.so be glad to afford to the
space than I intended. I write as a witness Committee an early opportunity for consider-
of what has attended the progress of the ing any suggestions as to modes of operation
Society and with the deepest convictions of
;
for strengthening or improving the agency of
the scriptural character of our enterprise, the Society.
and of the scri])tural warrant of our succes.s, Let me avail myself of this opportunity to
I would fain jdead for prayer, for counsel, solicitconstant, earnest, individual and social
for binthcrly conlideuce and co-operation, prayer for those inlhicnees so deeply needed
with all who love tlie Lord Jesus Christ, and for ourselves and for those among whom you
de.siie His universal reign. Keserving a few labour. And, O, let us take home to our-
remarks for a future note, I remain, my selves the solemn charge of the Great Mis-
dear sir, youi-s most sincerely, Geo. Yonge, sionary, " Let your light so shine before men,
Eesident .Secretary. that they may see your good works and
glorify your Father who is in heaven." Re-
member Jesus Chri.st exalt Him ! To Him
CIRCULAR LETTER TO THE MISSIO^JARIES. I hiinibly lecommend you and yours. Your
My Dear Sir, Having just entered on a brother in the Lord, Geo. Yoxge.
new year, and on the la.st quarter of the January Wth, 1864.
Society's year, we
are solemnly invited to
stand still, and to review the way by which
the Ix)rd has led us, and especially in refer- LETTER TO MRS. HERSC'IIELL IN'TRODfCI.VC A
ence to the work entrusted to us. The RESOLUTION OF SYMPATHY.
mercies be.^towed on us, the fears dispelled, Dear Madam, In conveying to you the
the hopes inspired, and the prospects realized, enclosed copy of a resolution agi'eed to by
should now be contemplated " before the the committee at the la.st meeting, they are
Lord," and the results concisely and truth- most anxious that I should so present it as
fully presented to those who have followed us to render it most expressive of tlieir deepest
with their prayers and sustained us by their sympathy and most respectful feelings.
contributions. I gather from observation, I .should have declined the office from
and from your oc;'asional reports, very much consciousness of incompetence to fulfil it
to assure me of the progress of our cause, and acceptably, but for the experience I have
of the gr.idual fidfilment of thn prophecies, had of your kindness. Allow me, then, to
in the faith of which, and in dependence on speak to you of the deep an<l hallowed
tiie Holy Spirit, we have passed through alleclion I have for many years cherished of
another period of service. ^Ir. Ilerschell, and from whom I have
General conclu-sions may well awaken received so many lessons of spiritual instruc-
gratitude, but real details fi-oui each por- tion. I shall indeed miss his paternal
tion of the fielil are needful to identify the instructions, and we shall all regret his
members of the Society with the cause itself. vacant chair in the Committee Room.
Will you, therefore, take a little time for a Thousands will mi.ss he has
liim to whom
thoughtful review and a diligent impiiry. been a coun-sellor and a friend, but he lives
Please to let me know what information you
unto God and yet speaketh to us by his
have gained of " the propagation of th-; Gospel example and his written words.
amoH'j the Jeim" and especiall}- what facts May every blessing attend your path untU
have pas.sed under your own eyes, indicating his home is again your home ff)r ever.
the awakening, converting, and confirming remain, dear madam, your obliged and
intluences of the Holy Spirit on those around obedient .servant, Geo. Yoxce.
you, and those who have gone from yoiir A]>ril i:>th, 18Gt.
a

112 Mertiories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

THE RESOLUTION. conversation he was the reprasentative of


" That the Committee record on their Christian piety to the Jew, and the type of
Minutes with deepest sorrow, the removal, a Christian Israelite to the Church.
by the hand of God, of their reveied and '
His memory will be precious to us. His
beloved friend and associate, the Rev. Eidle}- last active service was one on which he had
Hei-schell. long set his mind. He had taken a second
" The Society originated in his an-ange- visit to our station at Leghorn he fulfilled
;

ment with the Committee of the Genei-al his mission and came home to die. Those of us
Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1842, who had the piivdege of visiting him in the
and he continued to watch its progress, to interval of his lingering departure were
direct its movements, and to exert hLs best deeply affected by the calm and filial i-epose
energies in its service, until the voice that of his spirit as he spake of the probable
has summoned him to the work said, It is '
issue of his illness. It was like the .spirit of
enough,' and bade him enter into rest. his devotion
a child with his father
From his position among the converted traveller at the threshold where all within
Israelites, he was exposed to manj' anxious was peace.
and peculiar trials, but he had the joy of " We are glad to leave this simple anil
gathering around him several of his own imperfect testimonial in the hands of the
family, and many othei-s who have witnessed bereaved widow and family, assui-ing them
a good confession and proved themselves able of our sympathy in their sorrows and con-
ministei-s of the Kew Testament. His pub- solation, and with them lejoicing in hope of
lications were well adapted, as mattei-s of eternal reunion with the departed where they '

fact, and e.speeially by the unction of cannot the,' and 'are as tlie angels of God.'
evangelical piety which pervaded them, to " The Committee do indeed wejp with those
awaken prayerful and intelligent concern who weep, and e.speeially with her who,
for the spiritual state of the people of the united with their endeared friend in the
God of Abraham. His prayers in the com- tenderest bonds, was one with him in tliis
mittee-room were distinguished by much of and every work of faith and labour of love ;

that deep solemnity and filial devotion which but we listen to this voice from Heaven
breathed in the psalms and prayei'S of his which .so distinctly says, 'Blessed are the
inspired forefathers ; and his counsels were dead who die in the Lord, from henceforth ;

ever urged with kindness and


fraternal Yea, saith the Spirit, for they rest from
temper, and were, we believe, the result of their labours and their works do follow them.
much secret intercoui-se with God. It is not " Signed on behalf of the Secretaries and
too much to say of him, that in hLs life and Committee. "Resident Secretary."

REMINISCENCES OF REV. W. C. YONGE.


FROM THE " CONGREGATIONAL YEAR BOOK."
WILLIAM CLARKE YONGE, of occupied in business as a law-stationer,
Henley, was born at Andover, which required and received his constant
Hants, July 1st, 1793, where his parents attention ; but, while diligent in business,
then resided. The family shortlj- afterwards he e^adenced to all who knew him best that
removed to London, and were long known as " he was serving the Lord." For several
residents in the Strand. j-eai-s before he became a stated minister, he
Mr. Yonge had the advantage of a good exercised his gifts of preaching in itinerating
boarding-school education, and the gi-eater labours in the neighbourhood of London ;

advantage of the pious example and teach- and at length, in 1835, he undertook the
ing of his elder brother, and of an only sister charge of a small interest at Strandon-the
long since deceased and greatly through
; Green, near Kew Bridge, from whence he
their influence, while under the ministry of removed to
Brentford first to Albany
Dr. Winter, at New Court Chapel, he Chapel, and afterwards to Boston Road.
became a member of that Church when Here he continued, respected and beloved by
about eighteen years of age. He soon dis- all, for twenty-two years. During a con-
tinguished himself as a teacher in the siderable part of this period he added to his
Sunday-school, and a devoted visitor of the other labours of love that of assisting in the
sick poor. The early part of his life was preparation of Jewish converts for missionary

Reminisee'nces oj Rev. 11'. C. Vonge. 113

work, by instnictin},' them in Hebrew, iiiid


in teaching them the way of the ' l^onl
more perfectly." For this most vahialile
work he had for many prepared liim-
)'ear.s

self. Feeling deeply interested in the con-


vei-sion of the Jews, and witii that view as
much as for liis own more intimate acquaint-
ance with tlio Scriptures, lie devoted himself
to the study of the Hebrew, and was one of
the earliest studi'uts of that language at the
Lomlon irniversity, under the (Ustiuguished
profes-sor, llyman llurwitz. He joined the
Philo-Juda^ln Societj', at that time one of
the few institutions formed in aid of the
conversion of God's ancient people and ;

when, in the year 1842, the Ri'ilish Society


for the Propagation of the CJospel among
the Jews was formed, bv the united efforts
of the late Rev. Ptidley Herschell, Dr. K.
Henderson, Dr. James Hamilton, and others,
and of which his lat(> brother, Mr. Cieorge
Yonge, was until liis death the resident
secretary, he lent to the cause his un-
remitting and devoted energies.
After lea\Tng Erentford, in LS.jO, he
resided at Henley-on-Thames, occasionally
a.ssisting the Hev. J. IJowland in the
ministry, but not having any stated charge.
There, however, as well as at Brentford, Ik;
was ever known, and will ever be remem-
bered, as indefatigable in his visitations
among the poor. He was a man of prayer,
and the universal testimony of him by
those who knew him when in business and
wlien he had (iiiitte<l it, and to tlie end of

his days -wjis, that he was a hfily man. His
illness was protracted, but he was sustained
and cheered by the presence of his gracious
Jjord and Mastei-. ]}y one saj-ing on liis
dying-lied, his state of mind as well as hi.'^
general character may be judged of " I can- :

not speak of ecsta.sy and triumphs as some


do, but I have the le(/aci/ Chri.st left to His
Church Peace. Lord, I am thankful for
that." " Peace I leave with you."
Mr. Yonge died at Henley, jNIay 8tli,
1870, aged seventy-seven years, and was
buried in Henley Cemetery.

Letter in the Jewish Herald,


December, 1847.
Mr. William Yonge, like his l)rother, the
Secretary, was an admirable letter writer.
We have chosen, for reproduction here, one
of his letters which contains some interesting
pei-sonal allusions, and shows with what
wisdom, zeal and liberality, he ti-ied to

114 Memories of (lospel Triuiiiiths among the Jews.

tlielaok of knowledge, and to say, '


No man been conducled with a harmony between the
"
careth for my soul '?
' resident teacher and other tutors, and the
We would urge upon our friends who are six students in the house, and two
employed in advoc;iting the cause of the boarded without, which has given the most
Society, to begin the year by a renewed favouraljle assurance that those training
effort. Are not some of them discouraged shall, by the blessing of God, be workmen
because of the coldness of those from whom fitted for their work. The amity in which
they expected a warm co-operation, and the students dwell, and their concerts for
because of the plausible, but unchiistian and prayer, indicate that it is a school of prophets'
inconsistent objections, by which they find sons, as well as of the sons of the prophets.
their enterprise assailed ? Let the exercise It has been my privilege to have a sort of
of prayer, and the study of the commands nursery, through which some passed to labour
and promises of God's Word, clieck dis- before the college was formed, and through
couragement. The linger of .'corn may be which now some pass to college. Thirteen
pointed against this work, but it is a Divine have been with me, three of whom aie still
work, and it shall be established. The seed under my instruction one, indeed, supported
;

may lie long buried in the JewLsh heart, bat by private funds, but a young man of strong
it is the seed of the kingdom, and it is recommendations. I have found my labours
incorruptible. " The husbandman waiteth with them to be profitable to myself. I give
for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath them aliout two hours every morning and ;

long patience for it, until he receive the having, previously to engaging in the ministry,
early and latter rain " and shall tee, who
: taken Hebrew lessons at the London Uni-
are watching for a harvest of souls, grow versity, I have had no student yet to whom
weary in our expectations ? I could not be of some service in gi-ammatical
Again we would solicit an attentive Hebrew and whom I could not also help in
;

peru.sal of the letter which follows. Greek and in English as required, together
" My
Dear Fkiend I was concerned to with the rudiments of Latin. The students
hear yesterday that the British Society is so with me are lodged and boarded in the town
deeply in debt to the treasurer. What is to at 12s. per week. They have 2s. a week
be done ? Has the Society made out its themselves for washing, &c., and this, with
claim on the confidence and support of the the occasional cost of a garment, is all their
churches and will the churches now with-
; expense. Being somewhat at liljert}', a test
hold themselves from such an enterprise ? is afl'orded of their disposition for their
" As to what the Society has done, and destined work, as also their ability; and
what it is now doing. It has existed ioi-Jive hitherto they have secured the Christiaix
years. Its income has risen from .427 to regard and confidence of those who have
JJ2,000. It has trained, and is employing, observed them. The question used to be :

fourteen Jewish missionaries, and one '


How can we hel]) the Jews, and do that
Christian missionary. It has pi'inted many which shall tend to their conversion for there
:

thousands of tracts, and circulated a large requires a specific agency on their lielialf?'
number of copies of the W^ord of God. It Now this question is surely answered, and
has a foreign missionary at Frankfort at the inquiry is returned ' How shall wo con-
:

100, and secures the services of an agent duct that which your judgment as practicil
at Jaffa, at a moderate remuneration. Its Christians approve, unle.-s we have that which
object is purely religious, although those doeth all things, namely, money ? I feel
'

intimately connected with its operation, fiud ashamed that this should requite to be so
themselves pressed by the temporal I'esults much dwelt upon surelj', it can only be be-
;

arising from the success of their enterprise cause the exigency is unknown. The com-
the change of connection and pursuit with mittee must deal with the matter with a
Jews who become Christian;, producing, of conviction that they must bear the burden
course, considerable difficulty, at least for a till the constituency relieve them. As one of
time. This, however, has not been per- the committee, you will intimate that I am
mitted to encumber the Society. The Jeinish ready to advance ten pounds to the help of
Herald has a wide circulation, and has been the current expenses. May the Lord appear
the means of diifusing a knowledge of the in this exigency and, as it is a new reason
;

Society's object and operations. The College, for appeal, may it prove an occasion of larger
founded during the past year, and ardently resources !
Yours, afl'ectionately.
sanctioned at the last annual meeting, has

Reminiscences of Rev. 11'. C. Yonr/e. 115

The Fall and Restoration of Jacob. See the good and the evil respectively deline-
Uv Ukv. \V. C. VUNGK. ated but shun not to ask for a Laban too.
;

"By whom shall Jacob arise ? for he ia gmall." It may Ix) that the pei-secutor shall not
A iiiitA vii. 2, 5. fail to find out, as between Jacob and Ijiban,
Twice tlie homely propliet iiKiiiircs tliis, thiit what has damaged Jiicob chiefly, has
jinil the Lord wa.s pleased witli the been those images belonging to the House
iniiiiiry. He was anxious for .some better of Laban. There has been little good for
advocate than himself, but the Lord accepted Jacob to gain from Labiin, and there has
his advocacy. In the cau.se of benevolence, been direful c\i\ !

as we treat with that God who is love, while " By whom shall Jacob arise ? for he is
within the sphere of Scripture, we have per- small." He has reached a crisis. His face
fect liberty. Ls away from the land of his sojourning now.
Jacob Ls fallen, and has been long fallen : He is not without wealth, but he is not at
and, in some he is small.
sen.se, home. He Ls still subject to rapine and
The (juestion is an individual one " By violence but he can plead much inde{)en-
;

whom sliall he arise?" dence and many virtues. He has lost the
The example may excite the reader's purity of the faith of Abraham, and the
emulation. We ask not of what tribe the " Fear of Isaac " Ls not prevalent with him.
descendant and representative of him who The weaker part of Jacob has admitted some
wi-estled with God and gained the name of Gentile abuses and he is too much like
;

Israel is. If he want IsraeVs spirit, he ha.s Micali, of Bethlehem Judah, who thought
Jacob's nature, and he knows Jacob's trouble. all Wius well because he had " a Levite for
Whenever a Jew presents him.self, there is a his prie.st."
picture of him who, not without ofleiice, Hed And, woi-st of all Oh, how depressing is
hi.s father's house, and was a hapless sojourner, this ! -the Shiloh of Israel is not as yet the
but not foi-saken of God. Laban did not Peace-maker of Jacob The gra.sshopper
I

deserve the honour pat upon him he was a ; yet consumes him, and the fire thiit devoured
mercenary, crafty man he made Jacob serve ; the gi-eat deep yet eating up a part.
is
his turn. HLs question was, " By whom Say then, reader " By whom shiill
!

shall Laban rise, that he may te greater?" Jacob ari.se, for he is small ?
And by the Jew he rose. But still God made As yet, with J;icob jit hLs crisis, the stone
him serve the Jew. Laban could not, even of Israel was but iis a pebble, The lovely
with his ill gi-ace, be the means of Jacob's Joseph was quite in his childhood. By a
rising without advantage to himself. Joseph, Jacob should arise by-and-bye
Jacob fell under the hand of Laban, and There is many a Joseph now growing up,
yet with Liiban he increased. He got his who shall sutler bondage, if it is necessary,
family he got his flocks and he who fell
; ; in order to secure the liberty and promotion
by Liiban w;vs raiscfl by Laban. How much of Israel, witli his sons, in the hitter day.
more to Laban's credit if it had been with The members of the Jewish nation, who
his design I .shallbe promoted to honour that they may
Laban would amalgamate with Jacob, if combine their brethren with them in honour,
Jacob could not with Laban and the com- ; must be conducted through schools likethose
bination gave Liiban an advantage, but no of Joseph, and ilo.ses, and Daniel, and of
thanks to Laban that it gave Jacob one. many be.sides. God makes not champions
Jacob dearlj- bought every advantage. He without drilling them to their work. There
maintaineil his independency, sind grudged are such, but they are in their minority. " By
not to presei-ve it iit much cost. His family, whom .shall Jacob arise?" Amos would plead
though numerous, was not beholden to he was an husbandman, and no prophet ;

Ijiban. but he contended for Jacob, and he was


Strange are the blendings of moral appli- honoured with succe.ss. He said, " By whom
ances and delinquencies The subtilty of a ! shall Jacob arise " And God said, " Thy
'.

Jacob forsiikes not an Israel, but with Israel sympathy sh;ill have its reward." It is true
thei-e is a plainness notwithstanding He ! the decreed calamity came but the.sjnnpathy ;

hius an instinct by which he miide himself of Amos wi-ought its good: and the near
rich but hLs wealth fails not to benefit a
; aspect of woe was relieveil l)y the distant
Laban. rising of that day so beautifully depicted at
Reader behold in Jacob, as yet not Israel,
! la.st :

a type of a people now his own descendants 1
" Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,'
!

IIG Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivs.

that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, chickens under her wings, and ye would not ?"
and the treader of gi-apes him that soweth thinks with thee and feels with thee, too
seed and the mouutains shall drop sweet
;
Thou canst not pray, but thou art in com-
"

wine and all the hills shall melt. And I will pany with him (the Apostle of the Gentiles)
bring again the captivit)' of my people of who now waits and watches for the arrival
Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, of ' all Israel " destined to be saved, ^^'hy

and inhabit them and they shall plant vine-


;
shoiUd we want the feeling with' which,
yards, and drink the wine thereof they shall
;
eighteen hundred years ago, a Paul yearned
also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. over those whom he knew, as a people, to be
And I will plant them upon then- land, and rejected ? Why not be thankf iil as he was.

JACOB BLESSING HIS SONS.

they shall no more be pulled up out of their that "there is a remnant?" And while time
land which I have given them, saith the Lord has brought us abundantlj' nearer to the

thy God." ix. 13 15. period of theii- gathering as a people, how
Reader hast thou proposed the question rich are the earnests of God's gracious pur-
I

"By whom .shall Jacob arise, for he is pose !

small?" Know thou that thou canst not Oppression has not fused Jews and Gentiles
begin to think rightly of Jacob, but He who into one mass, nor seduction drawn them into
wept over Jerusalem, saying, ' O Jerusalem, luiitv. But pure Christianity can make us
Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, substantially one. It did so in the first age
and stonest them which are sent unto thee, of the Church, it can do so again. Jews,
how often would I have gathered thy chil- though mi.xed with us iu the nation, are as
dren together, even as a hen irathereth her much a distinct object of operation as any

Reminiscences of Rev. W. C. Von^e. 11'

"3s birta flging" (i.e., as fairts ticfcnli^.tijcir gouiig iBitjj tl)cir toings) "so toill t|)C 3Lorii

of J^osts protect Kctusaltm," &t. isaiah xxxi. 5.


;

118 Memcn'ies of Gospd Tmnnphs among the Jews.

tribe of the human family can be. however " Arise, O Lord ! and have mercy upon
sepai-ated by distance and disjoined by Zion for is not the time to favour her
;

tongue but they are at our door, and they


; yea, the set time, come since thy servants
;

understand our speech. take pleasure in her stones, and favour the
" By whom shall Jacob arise ?" "
dust thereof i

Reader hast thou a Jew in thy locality ?


!

Fray fcr him, and furnish him with a tract


of the British Society. It may be that thou An Extract from Mr. Yonge's Book,
hast STOipathy, which operation shall draw " The New Testament Seer."
out, and which God shall honour. "How amazing has been the forbearance
If you have the Society's designs and of God for nineteen centuries with the
operations, in miniatiu-e. in your eye or under Gentiles, and pecidiarly with the Gentile
your hand, then help others to do for the Church. Let it be asked, What should have
hke object, what you cannot attempt. The been ?
work is a noble one one that, like the re-
;
" The church should have been united, but
building of the walls of Jerusalem, in it has been divided.
Nehemiah's time, has long been neglected. It should have been spiritual, liut it has
Yea, past efforts have been such that the been carnal.
enemy may say, " if a fox got up he shall " It should have been humble, but it has
even break down " all that has been attempted. been proud.
But there is better hope now. The founda- " It should have repudiated idolatry, but it
tion for the rebuilding is pure Truth. Those has adopted it.
combining, though of different garb, do so " It should have been 'not of this world,'
upon one principle the}' recognize the
; but it has been of the world.
Scriptures alone. Their aim is to build the It should be propagating the truth, but it
wall, and then leave the forming of the isrestraining it.
households to those who shall succeed to their " It was always said that if the Jew did
operations. They form no Church. They not continue in unbelief, he should be
aim at no distinctive denomination. Whether restored but the Church directly and in-
they ask singly or unitedly " By whom ;

directly ob.sti-acted theJew. They should


shall Jacob arise ? " their aim is an indi\-idual have been provoked to jealou.sy, by seeing
restoration and they wait to \'iew with
; how the Gentile Church was adorned by her
gladness, how one and another shall be Bridegroom but the}' have seen that which
;

domiciled in the church of God. Theirs is professed to be the Church dressed as a


rather the work of bringing in others ; harlot. And the real Church has not
must aim to keep in and estabHsh. Laban's A responded to the tears of Jesus, or the heavi-
fare towards Jacob is not that of the Church ness of Paul."
but a Jethro's may picture it. Liberal man !

He loved to visit Israel in the wilderness,


for he honoured Moses, and woidd gladly THE COMMITTEES RESOLUTION OF SYMPATHY
have .sojouined with him and have shared his WITH MRS. TOXGE.
burden. He advised for Jacob's better rule, At a meeting of Committee held on the
and to help his more legitimate helper. He 18th May, 1870, the following resolution
returned bles.sed to his own land. He left was unanimously carried :

with them an Hobab, who could be " instead " The Secretary having referred to the
of eyes " to lind Israel water when it was recent decea.se of the Eev. W. C. Yonge,
needed ; and bj- a Hobab could Jacob arise who departed this life on the 8th of May,
on his way to his home. Hobab's posterity the Committee requested him to convey to
fared well for his love to Israel. None ever Mrs. Yonge our expression of their heart-
served the welfare of Jacob in vain. It is felt sympathy, and to assure her that they
not left to Egypt to pay the wages of those share most deeply in her bereavement, for
who help Jacob God Himself will do it ?
; they feel that the cau.se of Israel, and this
Who, then, will come forth to the help of Society in particular, has lost one of its very
the Lord, to the help of the Lord on behalf best and most endeared friends."
of the feeble ? There is living now, we are glad to saj',
By whose mei-cv shall Jacob find mercy ? a Hebrew Christian, eminent for cultiu-e
Who shall have " the Gentiles' fulnes.s,'' and grace, who, many years ago, as a student
along with " the salvation of Israel ?" preparing for mis.sion work in connexion
"

Two Promment Members of our First Committee. 119

with the British Society, Civme under the liiiii, the power of Christ Who is love. The
blessed Christian influence of Jlr. W. Yonge phrase " God of love," means much, but the
in his liouie at iin^iitford. We iisked our averment " God m love," infinitely more.
friend to prejiaro for us a short memoir of The Father is love the Son is love the
; ;

Mr. Yonge. In order to gratify our wish, Spirit is love the Triune Jehovah is love.
;

he sat down and tried and tried again, Mr. Yonge was distinguished aliove many of
but failed. Tlieu after these unsucctssful his brethren because of the large measure of
attempts, ho came to us and .^aid :
" I am this love shed abroad in his heart. He could
sorry I cannot comply with your recjuest. say " All thoughts, all passions, all delights,
:

My own early life hail been so intei'wo\en Whatever stirs this mortal frame All are the
with Mr. Yonge's, and our friendship so in- ministers of this love, And own its sacred
timate and sacred, tliat I cannot write about flame." This was the secret of his intense
it. But I will mention one thing which you interest in God's ancient and everlasting
may use. Very shortly before Jlr. Yonge's people. It was not his learning, but his love,
departure, at his special re(iucst, 1 paid liim that won the hearts of the students under
a visit at his home in Henley-on-Thames. his care, and the missionaries and the com-
The communion was unspeakablj- pe.iceful mittee, and all others with whom he came
and blissful and the memory of it is .still
; in contact. This love urged him out with the
fresh and fragrant. Smiling as he looked up power of a flood in the direction of the Jews;
and rubbing his hands together for joy at constrained him to make many sacrifices for
the glorious prospect before him, he ex- them inspired him to think, feel, give, live,
;

claimed Dear friend, I wanted to tell you


'
and if necess<iry, to die on their behalf.

:

that I have received a summons. I am The three brothers Yonge George,


going away soon to see my dear Redeemer.' William and Walter, consti-ained by the love
Our friend and many othei-s, both Jews of Christ, worked in connection with the
and Gentiles, had received impulses from British Society for the conversion of souls,
Mr. W. Yonge that would last as long as for many years, and in due season passed
eternity. Whence came they ? They came from their peaceful deathbeds on earth to
from the power of a new personality within thrones in Heaven.

TWO PROMINENT MEMBERS OF OUR FIRST COMMITTEE.


REV. JOHN GUMMING, D.D.

JOHN GUMMING was born in the parish Dr. Cumming's power as a preacher soon
of Fintray, Aterdeenshire, on the 10th attracted a very large congregation at Crown
of November, 1807. He was educated at Court; and in 1S47 the church was rebuilt,
the Aberdeen Grammar School, and in 1822 at a cost of J5,()()0. It was opened in 1848,
became a student at the University. In with sittings for a thou.sand persons. The
1827 he graduated M.A. He then studied income from pew-rents reached A'1,500 but ;

in the Divinity Hall, and during vaciitions Dr. Gumming refused to receive more than
acted as a private tutor. He was licensed i'OOO, the remainder paying oft' the debt in-
to preach the Gospel on the 3rd of May, curred for rebuilding. He afterwards rai.sed
1832, by the Aberdeen Presbytery. Soon fluids by which schools in Little Ilussell
afterwards, while acting as tutor in Ken- Street were added in 1849, and Ragged
sington, he was inWted to preach in the Schools, with a church, in Brewer's Coiut, in
Scottish National Church, Crown Court, 1855. Dr. Gumming died on the 5th of July,
Covent Garden. On the 18th of Aug\ist, 1881, and his remains were buried in Kensal
1832, he received a call from the Church. Green Cemetery.
In 1833 he married Elizabeth, daughter of
STILL SPEAKING.
James Nicholson, one of the eldei's. The
church was then very small and inconvenient, Dr. Gumming " being dead yet speaketh."
and the minister's income not over i!200. In He took an active part at the formation of
1844 he received from the EiUnburgh Uni- the British Society on the 7th of November,
versity the degree of D.D. 1842. He seconded the tiret resolution;
1-0 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jeivt

MOSES ON MOUKT KSGAH.


Tii;i I'rtitiiliiciil Mi-iahers of our First Committee. 121

and warred for supremacy. In rapid


succession the Roman, the Persian, the Arab,
the Turk, the robber, have taken possession
of Palestine and the poor
;
Jew
the fig-tree
l)lasted -lias a home anywhere and every-
where, but least a home in his own home ;

has pos.sessions everywhere, but none in that


land, which is held by title-deeds more lasting
than tho.se of the aristocracy of England ;

liis title deeds are in E/.ekiel, in Jeremiah, in

the Psalms, and must last and live


Isiiiah, in
and ever. You have then in the Jew,
for ever
wherever you find him, a bla,sted fig-tree, a
iiiiraclestricken nation; a people scathed by
a curse which cleaves to them and consumes
them the people of the weary foot, the
;

exiles of the earth ;in it, and not of it, as if


their very existence was a symbol of what
God's people should lie in the world, and
not of the world.
'
They are like the gulf sti-eam, which flows
fi-om America to our Wf'stern shores ;
dis-

tiiictfrom the ocean in colour and warmth,


REV. JIIIIN tr.M.MI.NlJ, U.I). yet flowing through it.
" They have been sprinkled like millions of
spcond and the fourth
nioveil tlie and did ;

what he coidd to give the Society a good globules of (juicksilver over the length and
start. breadth of the world every drop reflecting
;

He was a distinguished (iospcl prciiplier


bright beams from the past, and mirroring
and lecturer, a very al)Ii! controversialist, a forth the morning of a gloi-ions future."
fearle.ssexpounder and defender of evan-
gelical truth, a loving fathei- and faithful UEV. JOSEPH FLETCHER, D.l>.
friend, a Christian patriot and philanthro-
Joseph Fletcher was born on the 3rd of
pist, and the author of many excellent liooks
December, j784, at Chester, where his father
on such subjects as Pojjery, Protestantism,
Prophecy, Palestine and its Wonderful
People, iSic. lie has left behind him up-
wards of a hundred publications, all more or
less characterized by (.'hristian earnestness
and eloijuence. As a specimen of his
manner and matter we gi\-e the following
passages on

The Land and the People.


"Palestine itself, at this moment, seems
almost overspread by the cur.se. Its cities
are the cities of the dead its every ;

acre is covered with the tombs of departed


ages ; it has a .soil fit to grow corn that
would positively crowd and overflow all the
granaries of the world but it cannot provide
;

corn enough to feed its miserable, its starved


and wretched pea,santry. At this very
moment there is no Mount Nebo, or Mount
PLsgah, from whidi a successor of Moses c:in
see a goodly land overflowing with milk and
honey. On every part of that land the iron
hoof of the Arab steed, and the naked foot
of the papal monk, have trod in succetision, KEV. JOSKrH n.KTCUHH, D.D.
; ;

122 Memories of Gospel Triumphs among the Jews.

was a goldsmith. In his boyhood he was I were away !


" and soon after, " I .shall be
deeply impressed by the Gospel, and after with my Lord this day " !

attending the Grammar School of his native He felt great consolationin hearing of the
city, prepared for the ministry in the united prayers of his flock on his behalf
Independent Church by stiid3'ing, first at and though he seldom prayed audibly foi-
Hoxton and then at the University of himself he often did so for his family, and
Glasgow, where he took the degree of M.A., for the universal triumph of Christ's gospel.
in 1807. Once, referring to his beloved children, he
Receiving a call from the Congregational supplicated " The Lord bless them, pre-
:

Church of Blackburn, Lancashire, he began serve them, guide them, comfort them.
his ministry the same year, and continued Father, I will that they also whom Thou
there till 1823, when he became pastor of hast given me be with me where I am."
the Independent Church, Stepney, London. Being asked by his dear wife if he was
Dr. Fletchei' published tracts and treatises afraid of death, he replied, "Oh, no I know ;

that won considerable fame. His lectures in whom I have persuaded


believed, and am
on the " Principles and Institutions of the that He is able to keep that which I have
Roman Catholic Religion " were highly com- committed unto Him until that day."
mended by Dr. John Pye Smith, Robert Expressing some anxiety about his family,
Hall, and others. In 18.51 the senatus of Mrs. Fletcher said, "The Lord will provide for
the Universit}' of Glasgow conferred on him us." He replied, emphatically, "lie will."
the degree of D.D, His interviews with his friends, and par-
ticularly with Mr. Hankey, Mr. Garman
DR. Fletcher's last words.
(his medical attendant), and Dr. Burder,
The utterances which fell from his lips, were all very touching, and evinced the firm-
whether in prayer, or praise, or devout ob- ness of his faith, and the calm, undisturbed
servation, all savoured of a mind emanci- tranquility of hope. After the last-
his
pated from earth and filled with heavenly named friend and college companion had
aspiration. Often did he repeat those prayed with him, he faintly remarked, " As
touching and appropi'iate lines : one whom his brother comfortethi" and, on
" Yet a season, and we know seeing him retire, he quoted the expressive
Happy entrance shall be given, lines
All our sorrows left below. " One there is, above all others,
And earth excliauged for heaven." Best deserves the name of friend
His Ls love beyond a l>rother's
Once his beloved daughter gently asked him
Costly, free, and knows no end.'
;

if he wanted anything ? His reply was,


" There wants nothing, my dear girl, but In a great agony of suffering, but a short
more conformity to the mind and will of our period before he entered into glorious rest,
best Friend." he poured out the following tender tind
importunate pra3'er " O Christ, forgive
That his views of affliction were the re- :

verse of gloomy, was rendered obvious by me ! Immaculate Jesus, help me " On !

the following .striking remarks " He has ; the night before his decease, the storm of
put that," said he, " into the cup of affliction bodily anguish had subsided and on his ;

which enables us to enjoy it ;" and, after a daughter asking him if he were in much pain,
short pause, " He has taken away all the he softly whispered " No " which was the !

gall, and all the bittei'ness, and has given us last expression that fell from his mortal lips.

all the sweetness and all the e.xcellency." On Thursday moi-ning, the 8th June, his
On one occasion, when obviously in deep spirit fled peacefully, as on angels' wings,

thought, he exclaimed, emphatically, " It is into the bosom of his Lord.


a great thing to be habitually right " !

He seemed to triumph in the thought of INSCRIPTION ON THE MONUMENT IN ABNEY


the resurrection-body, and, in an energetic PARK CEMETERY.
tone, quoted the words of Paul to the Philip- Sacred
pians :
" Who .shall change our vile body, to the ilcnwry
that it may be fashioned like unto His own of the

glorious body," &c.


REV. JOSEPH FLETCHER, D.D.,
Of Stejiney
On his la.st earthly sabbath he observed, Born
;

at Chester, Dec. 3rd, 1784


" I wonder what my Lord's will is; it may ;

Died, June 8th, 1843.


be for life, or it may be for death. I wish " -A. Faithful Minister of Christ." Co/, i. 7.
Ret: Thomas Binney, LL.IK, D.D. 123

DR. FLETCHER ONE OF THE FOUNDERS. We regret that we cannot trace the lives
Dr. Fletcher's niimo stands next to Dr. and departures of all who attended that
BurJer's on the tirst page of the Society'.s meeting at which the Society was formed.
fii-st minute book. They went together to But we have succeeded with ten of the num-
the fJhisgow I'niversity, they were college ber. The tirst called to his rest and reward
companions and life-long friends. At that was Robert M'Cheyne, which took place on
fii-st meeting of Committee, Dr. Fletcher the 25th of March, 1843. The second was
seconded the third re.solution. At the second Dr. Fletcher, who fell asleep in Jesus on the
meetingjWhich was held on the 5th December, 8th of June, 1813. We can imagine the.se
1S42, the first Sub-Committee, consisting of two glorious spirits meeting in the New Jeru-
Dr. Fletcher, Mr. llerschell, Dr. Hendei-son, salem and expressing to each other their joy
Ivev. James Hamilton, and ilr. George that they were divinely directed and stimu-
Vonge, was appointed to prepare a scheme of lated to take part in the formation of the
lectures and make tlie requisite arrangements British Society. And many a time since
for their delivery. Thus in this way and by then we can imagine them looking over the
the aid of Dr. Fletcher the tirst operations celestial battlements and watching \rith
of the Society were commenced, which like unspeakable delight myriads of Jews and
pebbles dropped into lakes, have lieen pro- Jewesses emerging out of the darkness and
ducing changes that for 50 years have been death of Judaism into the light and life of
moving outward in e.xpanding rings and Christianity through the agencies which they
rippling with joy even the watei-s which the were privileged to begin in 1842.
angels drink.

REV. THOMAS BINNEY, LL.D , D.D.

THOMAS BINNEY wa^ Iwrn at New- Fletcher at the Stepney Meeting. The
castle-upon-Tyne on the 30th AprU, thoughtful, elocjuent and winsome discourse
1798. After a period of tiution at an of the preacher drew Mr. Binney at the close
ordinary school, he wa,s apprenticed for seven of the service into the vestry, in order that
yeiirs to a bookseller. In giving an account he might state his difficulti&s and get them
of his early life, Binney stated that his hours removed. Dr. Fletcher saw at once that he
with the Newca-stle bookseller were for ten had before him a young man endowed with a
years fi-om seven in the morning until eight mind that required special treatment. He
in the evening, and for five years from seven saw that mere ti-ains of rea