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Community Forest Certification in Indonesia:

opportunity and challenge

DIDIK SUHARJITO

Bali, 18 November 2016

Community Forest Certification in Indonesia: opportunity and challenge D IDIK S UHARJITO Bali, 18 November 2016

Outline

1. Characteristics of Community Forests in Indonesia

2. Community Forest certification

3. Landscape approach in CF management

Classification of landuse in Indonesia

Forestlands

Lands
Lands
Non ‐ forestlands
Non ‐
forestlands
Permanent forests
Permanent
forests
Wet paddy fields
Wet paddy fields
Dry paddy fields
Dry paddy fields
Horticultural crops
Horticultural crops
Farm forests/ agroforests
Farm forests/
agroforests
Forestlands Forests
Forestlands
Forests
Non ‐ forestlands
Non ‐
forestlands
Permanent forests
Permanent
forests
Non ‐ permanent forests
Non ‐
permanent
forests

Property rights of forests in Indonesia

State forests

Customary Forests forests Private forests
Customary
Forests
forests
Private forests
Permanent forests
Permanent
forests
Non ‐ permanent forests
Non ‐
permanent
forests

Property rights of CFs in Indonesia

State forests: CF, VF, PF

CFs
CFs

Customary forests

Private forests (household owned forest)

Trees

On forests

Outside forests

CF on private lands

CF on private lands (household owned lands) in Indonesia have been developed and continuously enlarged (see Table 1).

Number of tree species cultivated on private forest s(see Table 2)

Number of forest household in 2013 (BPS 2015): 6,8 million (40.5 % of agricultural households), mostly in Java (75 %); 6.4 million cultivating trees.

6,8 million (40.5 % of agricultural households), mostly in Java (75 %); 6.4 million cultivating trees.

Number of forest household (million) and number of tree species cultivated on private forest (million)

Tree species

ST2003

ST2013

 

FH

Tree

FH

Tree

Teak Albizia Mahagony Acacia Rosewood Pine Peronema sp Sandalwood Jabon

 

3.05

79.71

2.51

167.39

2.32

59.83

2.82

328.83

2.31

45.26

1.18

32.02

0.21

2.35

0.16

5.82

0.02

1.01

0.01

0.07

 

0.10

23.46

Number of tree cultivated by FH (x million) by region, ST2003 & ST 2013

Region/island

Albizia

Teak

Jabon

ST2003

ST2013 ST2003 ST2013 ST2013

Sumatera

4.79

10.49

7.30

3.13

2.71

Java

50.10 305.92

50.05 103.12

17.45

Bali, NTB, NTT

1.12

4.70

9.98 24.36

0.43

Kalimantan

3.13

5.01

3.84

1.73

0.43

Sulawesi

0.73

2.59

8.09 33.20

2.37

Muluccas & Papua

0.11

0.12

0.46

1.84

0.07

Indonesia

59.98 328.83

79.71 167.39

23.46

Number of forest household around forest area 2013 (BPS 2015)

Island

No. FH (million) No. household member (million)

%

Sumatera

0.45

6.15

18.9

Java

4.84

15.86

48.9

Bali Nusa Tenggara

0.65

2.6

8.0

Kalimantan

0.08

2.3

6.9

Sulawesi

0.36

3.2

9.9

Moluccas

0.02

1.0

3.1

Papua

0.02

1.4

4.2

Indonesia

6.42

32.4

100

Hutan jati rakyat di Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Sulawesi Tenggara

Private forest (Community and Perhutani/State enterprise partnership) in District of Sragen- Central Java

Private forest (community & private enterprise partnership) in South Kalimantan

Private forest in District of Damsol-Central Sulawesi

Forestland size: < 0.5 ha/hh

Wood based industries in Java have been established and developed since long time ago;

Several large and medium scale forest industries have established partnerships with forest farmers.

Timber supply from household owned forests in Java, have also helped the large scale wood based industries who are facing shortages of raw materials in current years.

Transporting log from forest management unit to processing unit: job opportunities for driver and the transportation service business

Unfinished and finished products: sawn timber, bare core, board, chest, pallet, rafter, pole, furniture have being exported to Korea, Japan, Middle East, Europe and others

furniture have being exported to Korea, Japan, Middle East, Europe and others Women works in the

Women works in the wood based industries

CF on state forests

12.7 million hectares of HKm, HD, HTR and HA will be developed until 2019 (see Table 4)

Based on the map of state forestland indicating for SF, total areas: 13.46 million ha:

in protection, production, and

conservation

forests

13.46 million ha: in protection, production, and conservation f o r e s t s CF

CF in form of agroforest

State forestland planned to be allocated for Social Forestry development in Indonesia 2015 2019 (x1000Ha)

Region

Protection Production Conservatio

PF

Total

Forest

Forest

n Forest

partnership

Sumatera

1,264.8

2,266.2

150.5

922.4 4,602.9

Java

21.1

9.3

30.3

Bali, NTB,NTT

713.0

416.9

0.4

24.6 1,154.8

Kalimantan

1,104.5

1,884.6

266.5

1,000.5 4,256.2

Sulawesi

144.9

798.2

7.8

55.4 1,006.3

Moluccas & Papua

861.9

1,185.3

232.9

131.4 2,411.6

Indonesia

4,109.3

6,560.4

658.1

2,134.3 13,462.1

Household livelihood systems

CF is part of households livelihood systems;

Family’ labors allocated in & outside family’s economic activities;

Family’ labors work forest management and other economic activities in and outside villages

activities; • Family’ labors work forest management and other economic activities in and outside villages

Community Forest certification

Development of CF certification system has to consider the characteristics of CF: permanent or non permanent forest; property rights; socio economic aspects;

CF certification enhance social capital of the communities: knowledge, local institutions, collective action (at watershed level or wider) for managing the forests sustainably, ecological function efectively, and socio economic equitably;

In the watershed or landscape level, trust and solidarity among stakeholders could strengthen farmer groups, farmer association and networking toward mutually beneficial collective action (CA);

CA could enhance the effectiveness of ecological forest function.

Collective action could be encouraged by strengthening local institutions

Adequate social capital is crucial to reach beyond the lowest hanging fruit
Adequate social capital is
crucial to reach beyond the
lowest hanging fruit

COC of CF’ products could help how to solve problems beyond the FMU certification e.g. how to encrease price of forest products.

Thank you