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E-ASIA

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CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


from the

PEN TSAO KANG

Nu t~~~A.D.1596 .

3rd. Edition
01

Botanical, Chemical and Pharmacological


Reference List
Compiled by

BERNARD'

E.

READ,

Ph. D.1ff~!

Head 01 the Division 01 Physiological Sciences,


Henry Lester Institute 01 Medical 'Research,
Shanghai, China.

Published by the Peking Natural History Bulletin, 1936.

Sales Agent:'-The French Bookstore, Orand Hotel de Pekin, Peiping.

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CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

iii

INTRODUCTION TO THIRD EDITION.


The large number of researches upon Chinese .Materia Medica undertaken during the
last decade necessitates a new edition of this reference list. Experience has shown the need
for more detailed reference to botanical synonyms and chemical constituents hitherto con
sidered unimportant. Extended studies in this field show the value of comparative data
from India. Japan, The Philippine Islands. Indo-China, Malay and other continents, for
they hold much in common through trade and interchanges of culture.
~
A morc thorough study of the Chinese Iiter~turc has added 80 new articles to the
list, making a total of 898 vegetable drugs in the Pen Ts'ao Kang 1I'lu. The identity of
pr;ctically all of them has been established by examination of the crude drug, field collee
tions of botanical specimens, and from the recorded studies of numerous workers, reference
to whom is made as fully as possible, though the limitation of the size of this publication
compels us to adopt abbreviated symbols much shortcr than those generally used.
Dr. Chao Chii.huang and others have started good pharmacognostic studies of Chinese
drugs. Such studies are intimately bound up with botanical reports such as are published
by the Biological Survey. 1\'rore specific field work is needed in each province to establish
beyond dispute the scientific identity of the various specics which appear on the Chinese
markets. Commonplace things like oranges, the brassicas, pears, aconites, epiphytcs, fungi
&c need clarification, basic knowledge of their identity concerns the economics, public
health, cultural studies and experimental research in this country.
To cxtend the uscfulnc3S of this rcference list there have been added largcr indices of
Chinese names and bolanical synonyms. Each heading has thc standard botanical, English
and Chinese names; botanical synonyms arc given in brackcts; where varied species occur
on the market they are indicated by separate subheadings. \Vhere an author has cited an
entirely different identity. it is quoted in thc last column of our list with its reference.
The romanised forms of all the Chinese names are given in the index. The original Chinese
classic, in which a drug was first introduced into Chinese medicine, is givcn in brackets
under the proper Chinese' name.
The more scientific development of the physiological viewpoint in modern medicine
has brought an enormous literature upon vitamins and plant principles hitherto disregarded. This list includes so many of the common vegetables, fruits, nuts and cereals that it
bas been deemed of value to cite as much as possible of their chemistry and literature
referring to their usc, for with the present trends the fullest knowledge is required of man's
dietary and drug environment. The few preliminary studies made suggest an entirely new
evaluation of ancient medicine; a remarkable number of these drugs contain varying quan
tities of tile vitamins, aml tne relative importance of such plant principles as the carotins,

iv

BERNARD E. READ

xanthophylls, flavones, cholines &c as possible precursors of vitamin substances in the


animal organism is a matter of present world wide investigation with already known striking results.
Grateful acknowledgement is herewith made of the help rendered in the preparation
of this manuscript by Mf:Ssrs. C. Y. Yii, P. S. Chao and K. L. Chang.

BERNARD E. READ.
Shanghai, 19:15.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

PROVINCIAL ABBREVIATIONS
Anhwei. .....

............ An.

Central China ....


Chekiang

Fukien

" ... ,

'fungo

.. CC.

Kweichow ................

K\vangtung .,

. ... Kwei.

. . Che.

Manchuria

.... .Fu.

.'..... Hai.

Hainan ..

North China

. Ho.

Honan ....

.............. . 1-1un.

Hunan.

Hupch .......

. ... Hup.

. .... Kan.

Szechwan ..
West China

..Sze.
.WC.

Yunnan..

.. Ku.

Kiangsu

... Sung.

Shensi ........................ Shc.

. ".... Knan.
... Ki.

SC.
..... Sha.

Shantung

Kiangnan.
.

NC.

..

Shansi ..... ' .....

Kansu .

Kiangsi

Man.
. ... Mon .
.

South China.

... ...... ........ . Hop.

Hopei

". . . . . . . .. .

1IIongolia ...............

.. Yun .

Common .................... Com.

...... Si.

Kwangsi

ABBREVIATIONS FOR PARTS OF PLANTS


alk -

sh -

shoot

alkaloid

in -

inner

bd -

bud

juice

51 -shell

bk -

bark

kl -

kernel

sk -

bn -

beans

If -leaf

sm- stamens

br -

branch

01 -

sp -

ess. oil -

essential oil

oil

skin
scape

pe- peduncle

51 -stem

ex -

exudation

pi -

planl

tb -

fl

flower

pn- pollcn

tg -

tegmcn or husk

fl

fruit

pp- pulp

~h

thorn

tuber

rh- rhizome

vn- vine

hb -

herb

rt-root

wu.- wood

hd -

head

su.- sced

gl -

glucoside

vi

BERNARD E. READ

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ABBREVIATIONS
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AGM.
AlP.
AIPT.

AJP.
A J Phys.
Agr Tok.

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American Journal of Pharm.acy. Philadelphia, 1829.
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Imperial College of Agriculture. Tokyo, Bulletin and Journal,

,894,
Am Ch J.
AmJ MSc.

AMP.

American Chemical Journal. Baltimore, 1879-1913.


American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Philadelphia, 1827.
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Analyst.
Ann Ch.
AP.
Ap Ztg.
BA.
BC.
Ber.
Ber Bot.
Ber Ph.

The Analyst. London, 1876.


Liebig's Annalen der Chemie, I8ol0.
Acta Phytochimica. Tokyo, 1922.
ApOtheker-Zeitung, ]886.
Biologi\::al Abstracts. Philadelphia, ]927.
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BerPhys.

Bcrichte der gesamte Physiologic und experimentelle Pharrna


kologie, Berlin.
Bulletin Imperial Institute, London.
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Berliner klinische \Vochenschrift. Berlin, 1l)6-t.
British Medical Journal. London, 1857.
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BIlL.
BJ.
BKW.
BMJ.
BN.
Bot.

BP.
BPC.
BPI.
Br.
BSe.

The Botanical Magazine. tililffoltOlli\:i, TokY9, ,887


British Pharmacopoeia, 1932.
British Pharmaceutical Codex. London, 1923.
see (U.S.)
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Bulletin de la Societe Chimique. Paris, 1858.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


B S Ph.
CA.
CCSJ.
CD.
Ch.
ChEM.
Ch J Phys.
CUIJ.
Ch N M J.
Ch Ztg.
Chern Gaz.
CJK.
Ch NHA.
CJSA.
CM].
CMP.
CMSJ.
eRAS.
CRN.
CZGM.

eu AS.

vii

Bulletin des Sciences Pharmacologiques. Paris, I8qg.


Chemical Abstracts. Easton, Pa., 1907.
Chinese Chemical Society Journal, 1933, Peiping.
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K'ao. Commercial Press, Shanghai 1919.
Chinese Economic Monthly or Bulletin.

Peking, 1923.

Chinese Journal of Physiology. Peking, 1927.


T3iHi!l~*;tlW Chiba Medical Society Journal, Japan.
Natiunal Medical Journal of China. Shanghai. 1915.
ChemikerZeitung. Gothen, 1877.
.
Chemical Gazette and News. London, 1842.

Chau Ju-Kua's Chu Fanchi, 13th century, English translation,


F. Hirth and W.W. Rockhill, SI. Petersburg, IgII, tll:ifclll
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China Journal of Science and Arts. Shanghai, 1923.
Chinese I\'ledical Journal. Shanghai, 1887.

"Chinese Medicinal Plants". Tokyo, 1929.;I\ljf!l!!J!lli!io


Medical Society Journal.

Jj!'iH\!I~1'!t;tl1l.l; Chosen

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R. N. Chopra, Indigenous Drugs of India, Calcutta, 1933.
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Il/,I,l'UI!I*ltW
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DH.
ES.
FE.
FEATM.
FH.

Diels, L:
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see (U.S.)
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FHP.
FIB.
HISJ.
Fr ex.
G.
Gaz.
H.

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Far Eastern Association of Tropicall\ledicine, 1925.


Forbes and Hemsley: Index Florae Sinensis. The Journal of

the Linnean Society: 23, 26, 36 (r886, r888 and rg03).

Han.

HC.

~~IJ/HI\Ill*
~~m~1'!t;tlW

London, 1879.

Formosan Board of Industry Bulletins.


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French Pharmacopoeia. Paris, 1908.


Giles, H. A.: Chinese English Dictionary, 1892.
Japanese Government Gazdte, Tokyo.
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Henry, A.: Chinese Names of Plants. Jonrnal of the Royal
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.

'i\":w.

viii
HCA.
HCM.

HF.
HHP.
HN.
HPA.
HTA.
IC.
ICSJ.
!DI.
IJMR.
IMM.
IMP..
Imp Med Tokyo:
!RIB.

J.
JAe:S.
Jahrcsb.
JAMA.
JAPA
JAVJ.
JB.
JBG.
JBIP.
JCS.
JIEC.
JIM.
JJAG.
JJBR.
JJIC.
JJMS.
JMMJ.
JMW.
.JNEM.
.JNMJ.
JOM.

BERNARD E. READ
Helvetica Chimica Acta.
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Hcnry;T. A.: The plant alkaloids. London, 1924.
The Journal of the SoCiety of Chemir.al Industry. Japan. 18g8.
Journal of the Indian Chemical Society, Calcutta, 1923.
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l\Etteitungen der medizinischen Fakultiit der kaiscrlichen Univeisitlit zu ToI.-:Yo.
ImIDt$WHQ.~ Industrial Research Institute Bulletin, J~pan.
J\ll\!l'~~ Japanese authors.
journal of the American Chemical Society. Easton, Pa., 1879.
Dragendorff's: Jahresberichte.
Journal of the American Medical Association. Chicago, 1~83.
Jourilal of the American Pharmaceutical Association.
w..JIl:~l.(l\!I'P!J]W. Army Vctinerary Journal, Japan.
Journal of Biochemistry, Tokyo, 1922.
Journal of Biological Chemistry. New York, 1906.
Papers of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research,
Tokyo, 1925.
Journal of the Chemical Society, London, 1848.
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, \Vashington,
1 9 21 .

"**1HIHt*-a-w

J *r"ll1J.*a~it'~

Japanese Journal of Internal Medicine,


.Japanese Journal of Agricultural Chemistry.
The Journal of Japanese Botany.
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Japan Medical World. Tokyo, J921.
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S

;ftfilJf,.i@f~;miiZ.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

ix

JPET.

Japanese Pharrnac~poeia. Tokyo, 1921.


Journal de Pharmacie et de Chirnie, Paris.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimential Therapeutics. Bal

JPJ.
JPS].

~~~r~.

JP.

JPG.

JSC!.
JSHJ.
JSS!.
Reio.
Klein.

KO.
KPSJ.
Kyoto
Lancet

Lour.
M.
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MMW.

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NE.

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Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry. Manchester, 1882.

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Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute. J:il:Hl?'-!\;f-l~l!If~J!Ji
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Handbuch .def Pflanzenallalyse, G. Klein, 6 vals. Wien, 1932.
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EI *fl~;o;ril!At~\'fg}\

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BERNARD E. READ
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RT.
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xi

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Etude sur la medicine Chinoise. Journal de med. de Bordeaux, 1863
Sino-lrallica, Chicago, 1919.
Recherches sur la medecine chinoise. Paris, 1813.
Chinese Toxicology. Proc. N. China Br. Roy. As. Soc. 1874.
Heil- und Arznei-Mittel in China. \Vien. Med. W. Sehr. 1899.
The conifers of China.
The countries our drugs c.ome from-China. Pharmaceutical J., Ig22.
Rec. de memo de merl. mil., 186-1-,3 ser., XII.
The Inorganic Nati\c Drugs of T~inanfu. China M.J'1 18gl, Vol. 5 NO.4.
Sixteen native inorganic drugs. China M.J., r888, Vol. 2, p. 116.
Chinese names of Canton plants. China Review, 1886, 1883.
La medicine en Chine. Paris, 1860.
China l\LJ., 1923, Vol. 37, 147, 481, 589, 925, &c.
Reference list of Chinese Materia l\ledica, Peking, 1923. 2nd edilion 1927.
Enumeration of the Ligneous Plants of Korthern China. Boston, 19 2 3.

CHINESE ,rEDlCINAL PLANTS


Shearer, Goo.,
Soubeiran, L., de

Collection of plants from Kiukiang.

xiii

Journal of Botany. 1875, Sept.

Thiersant, Dabry, La matiere medicale chez les Chinoh;, Paris, 1874.


Die chinesischc Medizin. Arb. der Kaiserl. Russ. Gesandtseh. in Peking
Tatarinoff, A..
tiber China u. s. w. Aus clem fUSS. von C. Abel und T.A. Meolenburg h. Berlin. 1858.
Catal~ous Medicamentorum Sinensium. Petrepoli..1856 (Russian and
Tatarinov, A.,

Latin).
Bibliography of Chinese materia medica, China M.J. 1890. 4. II7.
"Macao and China." Boston, 1836.
Chinese superstitions relating to child birth (Drugs used). China M.J.,
'9,8, 32, p. 533.
.
Vincent, E.,
La medicine en Chine au XX sicclc. with bibliography.. Paris, 1915.
Vordermann, A.G., Chinese !\'1cdical Preparations. Trans!. by Schlegel. Touang 'PaD, Oct.
189

Thomson, ].c.,
Trade lists
Tsay, Q.,

Whiteney. \tV.N.,

List of treatises on and list of many medicines. Trans ..A. Soc. of Japan.

Williams, S.W.,
Wong. K.c.,

Vol. XII.
Middle kingdom. New York, 1899. Vol.~, p. 370-379'
Chinese Medical Literature, China lIL]. '9,8, 32. 154: 33. 53: 34.630:
35.472: 3777: 39. I09g: 41.695: 42. 884: 43. II93:

Wong, K.C. and


Wu,L.T.
Yvan.

History of Chinese Medicine, Tientsin Press, 1932.


La pharmacie en Chine, 1847- Chine~c Chemical Manufacturers, Jour.

N. China Br. Roy. As. Soc. 1869'7.


Zwaan, Kleiweg de, Heilknnde der Chinesen und Japaner.
Additions :Siebold, de P. F.

Flora Japonica, 1835-1870.

Thunberg, C. P.,

MiscelIaneous papers regarding Japanese plants. 1780 to 1820.

Tokyo reprinted, 1932.

Tokyo reprinted 1935


Thunberg, C. P.,
Wu Wei-erh,

Flora Japonica, 1874. Tokoy reprinted 1933.


Chinese Materia Medica, Tientsin, 1934 (Chinese)

eh'en T'sunjcn.

rf';tN*Jr!.\l!&}1*mf.IJl! ~H~jf
Chinese illustrated Materia Medica, Shanghai 1935 (Chinese)_

Ch'en T'sun-jen,

Dictionary of Chinese Materia Medica, 1935 ?hanghai. (Chinese)

,ft~~~*~HI;'
2

vols.

J*1i'f::

xh'

BERNARD E. READ

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF
WESTERN .JAPANESE AND CHINESE DATES

i!!ilfl'

I~! 1ft Jim

A.D.

PJlFo rplFo

-1808- -

i!!iIfl'IU 1ft lim i!!ilfl'


A.D.

iVliil J\5,m

--188,;

A.D.

B* 1ft

lim

1-

PJliil J\5M1

-- -

18

11

1903

30

29

i!!i1ff[UIIftIim

--1-

A.D:kiE~Jim

- --

--

1919

1809

1880

19

12

1904

37

30

1920

1870

1837

20

13

190i,

~8

31

1921

10

10

1871

10

1838

21

14

1900

39

:12

1922

11

11

1872

11

1339

22

1::'.

1907

40

33

1923

12

12

1873

12

1890

23

1tJ

34

1924

13

13

1874

13

1891

24

17

192'-,

14

14

A.D.
1875

PJlFo :1f;jII
8

1870

1908

- -A.D.

41

PJliil :awe

1892

2;")

13

1909

42

189::l

20

19

1910

43

189-1

27

20

1911

44

A.D.

A.Dw,HIl ~Iim

--'-1920

15

1927

10

1877

10

1895

28

21

1878

11

1890

29

22

1912

192U

1879

12

1897

30

23

1913

19:)0

1880

13

1898

31

21

1914

1981

:kiE ~Iim

---

--

17

1928
4

18

20
21

19

1881

14

1899

32

25

1915

1932

1882

15

1900

33

20

1910

1933

22

1883

10

1901

34

27

1917

1934

23

1884

17

1902

35

28

1918

1935

10

24

10

CONTENTS
.... 1
Chinese Introduction . .
. .. III
Introduction to third edition . ..
. .. V
Abbreviations ..
Bibliographical Abbreviations . ............ VI
Secondary References to Materia Medica ..... XI
Comparative Table of Western, Japanese and
. .. ......... XIV
Chinese Dates ..

,..,'"1

species No.
DIVISION I. SPERMATOPHYTA 779
I
Sub-division I. ANGIOSPERMAE 768
I
Class I. DICOTYLEDO:-lAE
630
I
Faro.
Faro.

Compositac
Campanulaceac

50
4 13

'S

Faro.
Fam.
Fam.
Faro.

3 Cucurbitaceae
4 Dipsacaceae
5 Valerianaceae
6 Caprifoliaceac
7 Rubiaceac
8 Plantaginaceae

Farn.
Fam.
Fam.
Faro.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

9 Acanthaceae
10 Gesneriaceae
n Orobanchaceac
12 Pedaliaceae
13 Bignoniaceae
1..1- Scrophulariaccae
15 Solanaceae
16 Labiatae
] 7 Verben aceae
18 Boraginaceae
19 Convolvulaceae

IV.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

20 Asclepiadaccae
21 Apocynaceae
22 Gentianaceae
23 Loganiaceae
240leaceae

V.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

25
26
27
28
29
30
31

II.

Fam.

Fam.

III.

Styracaceae
Ebenaceae
Plumbaginaceae
Primulaceae
Myrsinaceac
Ericaceae
Pirolaceae

No. of Page

VII.

Fam.
Faro.
Faro.
Fam.
Fam.
Faro.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

44 Thymelaceae

VllI.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

45
46
47
48
49
50
5I

Violaceae
Bixaceae
Tamaricaceae
Dipterocarpaccae
Guttiferae
Theaceae
Dilleniaceae

71
71
73
73
74
75

IX.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

52
53
54
55
56
57

Sterculiaceae
Bombacaceae
Malvacaceae
Tiliaceae
Vitaceae
Rhamnaceae

78
78.
78
80
80
83

X.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

58 Balsaminaceae
59 Sabiaceae
60 Sapindaceae
61 Hippocastanaceae
62 Celastraceae
63 Aquifoliaceae
64 Anacardiaceae
65 Buxaceae

141

:~ I

25

I
2

25
27
30
36
4 38
5 39

I~

22

35 Balanophoraceae
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

65
65
65
66
67
68
68
68
69
70

Halorrhagaceae
Oenotheraceae
Myrtaceae
Combretaceae
Lythraceae
Alangiaceae

Punicaceae
Elaeagnaceae

77

40
42
42
43
45
2 47
48
50
50
50
51
53

No.
53
54
62

Fam. 32 Cornaceae
Fam. 33 Umbelliferae
Fam. 34 Araliaceae

3
7 '9 .
9 20 '
I
22
23
23
23
24

species
2
27
6

VI.

7
I

2
2
9
I

85
85
86.
87
87
88
88
92

xvi

XI.

XII.
XlII.

BERNARD E. READ

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

No. of
speCIes
66 Euphorbiaceac IZ
67 Polygalaceae
I
68 Meliaceae
2
69 Burseraceae
5
70 Simarubaceae
I
71 Rutaceac
2I
72 Zygophyllaceae 2
I
73 Linaceae
2
74 Oxalidaceac

Fam.

75 Leguminosac

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
_Fam.
Fam. 8z Cruciferac
Fam. 83 Ca ppar.idaceae
Fam. 84 Papaveraceae

XV.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

XVI.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

No.
92
97
98
98
IOO
IOO

XX.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

XXI.

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

14 2

XXII.

14\
Fio

Farn.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

XXfII. Fam.

lOS

I2
I

5
85 Lauraceae
IO
86 Myristicaceac
I
8] Calycanthaceae
I
88 Magnoliaceae
8
8gl\1enispermaceae 5
90 Berberidaceac
4
9r Lardizabalaceae I
9z Ranunculaccac 16
93 Nymphaceae
5
94 Caryophyllaceae 8
95 Basellaceae
96 Portulacaceac
97 Phytolaccaccac
98 Arp.aranthaccac
99 Chenopodiaceae

109 ]uglandaceae
IIO Myricaceae
III Salicaceae
lIZ Chloranthaceae
II3 Piperaceae
II4 Saururaceae

4
I4
I

206

4 Iridaceae
4
5 Discoreaceae
3
6 Amaryllidaceae 3
7 Liliaceac
31
I
S Stemonaceae
9 Juncaceae
3
10 Pontederiaceae
I
II Commelinaceae
2
12 Eriocaulaceae
I
I
13 Lcmnaceae
IO
14 Araceae
15 Palmae
9
6
16 Cyperaceae
J7 Gramineae
39
18 Hydrocharitaceae z
2
19 Alismataceae
zo Typhaceae
I

2I2
21 4
2I5
216
225
225

Subdivision II. GYMNOSPERMAE II

262

XXIV. Fam.

262
266
269
269

IOg
109
I2g
qz
'43
'43
I.4..J.

] ~)o

]54
Ijg
]60

160
16 3
165
I66
167
J7 2
174
17 6
I76
176
177
179
181

XVII. Fam. 100 Polygonaceac


21
XVlII. Fam. lor Aristolochiaceae 3 188
Faro. 10Z Loranthaceac
2 I89
Fam. 103 Santalaceac
2 18 9
Fam. 104 Urticaceae
4 IgO
Fam. 105 Moraccae
1O 19 1
Fam. r06 Ulmaceae
I95
Fam. 107 Fagaceae
XIX.
19 6
Fam. 108 Betulaceae
I99
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

species No.
206

Class II. MONOCOTYLEDONEAE I38

53
4
I
2
I

XIV.

No. of Page

Page

~~i

20I
202
203
z0 5

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

I Orchidaceac
2 Zingiberaceae
3 Musaceae

Fam.
Fam.
Fam.

~~i

226
227
227
227
228
231
235
237
261
261
262

DIVISION II. PTERIDOPHYTA 19

27

XXV. Subdivision I. LYCOPODIALES


Fam. r Sclaginellaceae
I
2
Fam. z Lycopodiaceae

27
27

Subdivision ll. EQUISETALES


Fam. I Equisetaceae
I
Subdivision III. FILICALES IS

27
27I

DIVISION III. BRYOPHYTA

274

Sub-division 1. MUSCl

274

DIVISION IV. THALLOPHYTA 5'

275

Subdivision I. LICHENES

275
276
28 3
285

Sub-division IL FUNGl

Subdivision III. ALGAE


UNIDENTIFIED
Romanization Index
Index of Common Names
Latin Index

7
32
I2
3'

289
36 3
37 I

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


SPERMATOPHYTA
ANOIOSPERMAE.OICOTYLEDONAE
___

~_,r,~~~~;'E ~~~~l Cu~~'~~rul:_~:.:.::~BTI-+I

1---1

1- I

t
COMPOSITAE (50) Chu
*,i. h.'c

.'1 REMARKS

- - - - - -I sd1
1-----1
1. AchilIeasibirica.
I -- Hop. St. 5: BN. 12;4: FH. 1. \VP.
Ledeb. (G. Br.

IKu.
I

S!'h

rica, Lcdeb.)
(M).
SIBERIAN MllFOIl
or YARROW.

(*~)

25%.

I
Inuhn 45%

1~'4'l~
!li!~701lI1J

Ivain. A.

Phytostenn.

If

l;~3 L:';; t~r.l~~;1 ~~: I


~2: Am Ch J. 190~. 32.'

ARTeftllSIA

IJa.
FH 1.

3. 1i2
USD 1158 DH GRi TC
WIG. 37. 263, ~95, 8GI I
8i I
WP !J60
AJP
1890 62 122, lR9i 69
4tG PJ 192i 119. r,2i
CMP 2 JSSI 1920 1
92 JPSJ li)~9 49. 18'),
49. 94 PT Bornemann
1889 1. 27G PT Czapek
190'). 1. 120
Ap Ztg

5'1

ESS.011.

st

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oli"''',
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I~~: ~~li.- ~~g: ~i9\i:~/;~~ I


I Hup 11918.439. GU:;; 1920. 464"
Man 83i: Schim. 1905. 86;
11907. H; 1923. G: CD.

I
-1-

1917.89, 3iG, i4G: Mos-

~~~ (lhR:~~k l~~i: "Hll'l

Es~

BERNARD E. READ

I
4. A. apiacea, Hce. M t1:
(BN. M.)
Ch'ing
(A. aorolallmn
Hao
Th.) (M.)
C*,",)
SOUTHERN WOOD 11 ii'l

IDe

~Ji

;t:~

If

Bitter substance.
Ess. oil.
Abrota
nine, alk.

st
rt

Ku.
Hop.
Kan.
Fu.
Che.
Hup.
Man.

REMARKS

St. 50: EN. 017: FH. 1.


441: Br. 3. 150: HCM.
18: WP. 1251: USD.1224:
Ph Ztg. 1883. (;93: Ph
Ztseh Russ. 1883. 634:
HTA. 439: Jahresber.
1833. 135li:

~ ~:z

_'_d 1
I-_T_un--,g_'1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - 5. A.capillaris. Th. ~Mt:; If No santonin Sung:. St. 50: BN. 80G: FH. 1
Tung. 442: Br. 3. 14-8: eM].
(M. J. eh. G.) Yin Ch'en
An.
1923.37. 150: DH. G80:
(A. ajJiaaa, Hcc.)
f-hn
st
CMP. 4: HI. 1890. 4.
(W.)
(;M"')
1297,1339:
EVERDREEN
ARTEMISIA.
6. A. japonica, Th. t~ ~:z
(M.J. Ch. HC. Mu HaD

G.)

sh

Com.

sd

Nosantonin Man.
An.
Ku.

St. 51: B:-I.463: FH. 1.


443: Br',3, 152:

(JJIJ~!O

JAPANESE ARTE- 'I'>f~fiJi;


MISIA.
7. A. Kciskeana,
tit lHi
Miq. (~I. J.)
Au Lii
COTTAGE THHCH. C*~D

_ _ _ _ _I...:;:lJI........"IAl"---

8. A. StclIcriana,
Bess. (M.J.)
B~ACH WORMWOOD.

S ~:1: sd
Pai HaD rt
C*",) sh

St. 51: B).l'. 1071: FH. 1. A. vulgaris.


444: Br. 3. 143: CM]. L. (1)
1923. 37. 1,10:

I_ _-'--

St. 52: EN. 3IG: Br. 2.


251: CMJ. 1923.37. 150.

Com.

!/!$. Jl,lf.

ill till.

_____ .Jf< to;.


9. A. vUI5"aris, L.
(M. HC. G.)
(A. iudica,
Willd.) IMP.
(A.jxmimlala.

i.k

1~:

'it'':

Roxb.) IMP.

-il~

COMMON MUO

,,~~

WORT
(A. ndcaris,
L. vaT. indica,
Max. (H.M. Ch.

J.)

If

Ai
(}lIJ-j:fk)

sd

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Com.
with
"cineoL"
Nos::l.ntonin

St. 52: BN. ~BG: Br. 2


247; 3. 147: _ FH. I. 446:
WP. 1244: 1MI'. 700: DH.
(;80: CM]. 1923. 37.150:
JPSJ. IU24. 510. 636:
USD. 1224: NSD. 1076:
H. 192:J 20. 73: \DI. 37:
IMM. 84: CRN 464: CMP.
3: HCM. 18: MI. 558:
BilL. 1913.11. 43(;: Z.
Phys. Ch. 1913. BB. 334:
JNEM. 1927. 10. U6:
JMMJ. 1926. 2. 45: JSHJ.
1926. 20. 3895: Schim.
1904.97; 1903. 81; 1908,
146; 1913. 20:

"Afsantin".
Ind.
"Beiluss",
Ger.

CHINESE MEDICINAL

PLA~TS

IC~~:~EI~~~~ I(;O:~~:U-I ~~~l-I

LATIN NAME

10. Asterfastigia. Y:
rl
Ius. Fisch. et No Wan
Max. (M.J.) (* ~)

Sung. St. 5G: BN. 70: F. H. 1'1


Man. 410: Br. 3. 189:
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tI ~
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fil.

m.-~-f--h-bI i TUng.! St.. 500: BN. ijH: FH. 1"1


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rung
Man. 141".
Hop.

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(M.J.)

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L. (M.J)

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PURPLE ASTER. '(* ~)
f.f ~
~ 11'1

-1. -

Sapnnm

Hop 141G HOI 20 CMP 5


\yP 1217 JSSI 1929 1.2.
103, JpsJ 1929 49. 18~

0.1%
Ess. oil.

Sung. St. ".,7: FH. 1. 4lG: Br. 2..


Hup. 229' eRN. HHi: WP. 1211"
Hop. JJIe. 1~)2H. 31. 214B:
Tung.!

5.10"/0
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Man.
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trinervius, ,II; F.:/;i.lu


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PURPLE ,URYSAN
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rt
14. Atractylis
lit
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(A.chi",,";s,
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St. 57: BN. 1273: FH. 1.


-t59: Bot. 1911. 25. 352;
46.435; 296.~: \yP. 1258:
DH. fi85: eMP. 5: HeM.
21: JPSJ. 1892. 128.957:
129.1047; 1920.464. 90:1;
473.565; 1924. 509. 539;
511. xvi; 514. 1001:
CZGM. 1925. 2. 1: Arch.
Ph. 1903. 241.22: CMSJ.
83. 1008: Han. 255: Br.
2.2G:

REMARKS

BERNARD E. READ

I
JU.ill1,":

15. Bidens pilosa,


L. (M.J. Ch.)
(B.jxl1vijlora,
Willd.) (St)

Hup.
Hop.

hb

Kuei
Chen
Ts'ao

REMARKS

St. G8: BN. 859: FH. 1. CI. NSD. 488:


435: DH. G72: AMP. 195: USD. 1224:

Tung.

B. bipjlUuUD.,

Ki.

L.

ill)
- - - - --,- --- --1-------;_-BLACK JACK.

<J\i

1G. B. tripartita.
L. (J.M. St.)

!KHe1,': hb

Lang Pa

SWAMP BEGGAR-

Hop.
Hup.

T'Ra'l

TICKS; WATER(r>ll }'fl,


HEMP.
Iml1l1lt,\: I

_ _ _-:1,_ _-:1-_I

I :ltlflIf

17. Blumea bal

I._-I
lbarneoL

Hai

(~rrra. DC'll~~i~~

(Cor;{[;;:( L.)

I<r>ll

}'fl

BLUMEA CAM-

~~:":" I
(C.
(M.

Chin

fl

Chan

I~~I~n:s~~
Ash 8%.
Carotin.

(WlI'I 1
1'f ~S -','(

MARIGOLD.

f};{,qE

Ku

oil.

T~'ao

L.)
Ch. B:-I.)

ar'l'eJlSis,

J.

{(t'S:/.'(

18. Calendula of
ficinalis, L.
(St. M.)

crls-;i1l l1ff

pus, L. (M.
Br.St.)
PLUME LESS
THISTLE.

J.

'*

<*~)

rif~X'

St. 80: B!"I. 599: CRN.


HO: WP. 1256: DH. G8S:
USD. 1:J0-1: BPe 251:
N3D.. 1820: Ml. 3119. 539:
Z. PI1- Ch. 19n. 163.229:
JPC. 1904. 6. 121: AJP.
1891. 477: Ann. Ph. l8:JG.
187G.882:

rt

Fci Lien

iIM!..\:.
.3tUIL
,3tH.\!. ~

;
St. G9: FH. 1. 420: DH.
GG5: HOI. 24: ClIP. 7:
WP. 1220: IMP. G78:
Han. 394: CJK. 194: IMM.
119: CRN. 4G3: NSD. 372:
USD. 272: HIP. 018: PJS.
1909. 4A. 127: PJ. 1874.
4. 710; 829: 1902. 14.
:H5: Pcrfum. Rce. 1912.
3.341: Schim. 1910. 149;
1908. 154: 1909. 2. 149;
1914.105; lV2G. 8:

19. 28=!: Z. Apoth Ver.

I
19. Carduus

St. G8: FH..1. 43G: Br. 2'1


85: BN. 7G5: JPSJ. 1904.
265. 183j 273. 905: eRN.
4G8:

fl

Man.

St. 92: FH. 1. -I-GO: Br.

Sze.
NC.

3. 11,7: DH. G89: NSD. L. USD. 21.


H)2: BN. 726:
1506. C. A~-

C. MariaJillS,
tcurs.L.

IMP. 710:
eRN. -!.7:z:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERE:-l'CE

RE:\IARI{S

St. 94: Fl-!. 1. 336, 430:


Br. 2. 37. 216; 3. 176:
BN. 105: DH. 158: TC.
38. 622: CMP. 8: ]JBR.
1928. 4. 195: CRN. 472:

C. ann/um,
L. WI'. 1268.
inulin.
Cf. No. !-t5.

LATIN NAME

Ku

20. Carpcsium
abrotanoidcs,
L. (M. j. Br.
G. Ch.)

Tu~g.

Hup.
I

PIO'S HEAD.

.H~Ui

ffil1El,':

liJiI<1;\: WJf;!ll;':
20a. C. abrotanoi 1lfl ili sd
de>, L. (M. J. Hao Shih
St. G. Ch.)
(/;11*)
21. Carthamus
tinctDrius.L.
(M. ].G.)
PARRD]" SEED or
SAFFLOWER.

i~~8 1~~~i.35i9~~7 t~:

I
I

i*-\iJ'/ii ~ it
lItiliitf. ~fllil/J
6i 11 -G;lIf3i'

fl

100:

fM'ILJoM!. 1'f1!lfiJlIli,

Ditto

Ditto

Cf. (143);
Seed of (:10).

St. 94: FH. 1. 470: B,. Adulterant

Carthamin. Tib.
Sanorgelb. CuI.

7tt: CMP. U: DH. liMB:


\VP. 12,)9: C:\'P. 715:
jCS. 19\0.97. HI,.: USD.
1306: NSD. 389: TC. 27.
1202; 1910. 31. 1177:

for saffron
"Saflor"
Ger.
'
"Zurtum"
Amh.
'

~~~Ci~~~t I~Il~~~i~~ ~~;~ i~~~111bar'"


o

sd

sh

Fatty oil
25%. Lip.
ase. Pro
tcin 14%.

JCSI. 1898. 989; 1910.


:W: \-Vat. 131, 210: Ch.
NHA. 1935. 1. 75: ]JBR.
4. 142: Ann. Ch. 18H3.
136. 155: 18W. 58. 357;
1865. 136.11;;; 1844. 52.
371. JPC. 1844. 191;
249: Laufer 32....: Ann.
Chim. 1849.25.337: Proc.
Imp. Acad. Tokyo. 1929.
5.32:
JSCI. 1898. 17.989; 1900.
19. 104; 1919. 38. T3G:
Ch. Ztg. 1904. 28. 867;
1900. 24. 272: 1902.26.

~~a~~2' 1~~~3.

:7. Ig~~ I

Z. Land. Ver. Oest. 190..1-.


7. 643. Oil Fat Ind. 1926'1
6. 11: India Agr. Mem.
Ch. 1924. 6. 223: CC.
1n5. 2. 17G8; 1928. 2.
1504; 1030. 1. 3841;
1911. 2. 290:
j

BERNARD E. READ
1 REMARKS

22. Cenlipeda
minima, I\.unt1..e (C. orbicu
laris, Lour.)
(M.)
(Myriogy""
mi1lZdc,

TrM'Zi

hb Ess. oil.
Sung.
Myriogyne Tung.
Acid.
Ki.
Bitters.

Shih Hu

Sui
(i"l~)

7<.M~

~r-I1ll'Zi
Lcss.)~~it1t~

51.275: FH. 1. 440: BN. Cf. 204.


329: \vP. 1253: IMP. 696:
DH. G81: IMM. 188: MI.
434: HOI. 31: CRN. 474:
Z. Apolh. Ver. 1878. 16.
489:

$illjJ.}!,':

(M):
SNEEZE WEED

-----1------'1-1---1------------

23. ChrysanthcWi t.~ hb Adenine


mum corona
T'ung
Choline
riuro, L. (1\'1. Hao
Vito (I'
Ch. J. HC. G.($ !iii)
Br.)
(C. Noxturglu"i.

CuI.

~:z

Desf.)(M)
(C. S~gdum, L.)

St. lOr,: FH. 1.437 : B~. C. Ciu(rar.


8n2: IMP. 694: DH. G75: M. I. 453,
IDL 77: \VP. 1288: pyrctl1rosin.
Wil. 345: Br. 2. 253:
CR, . 475: Z. P!:ys. Ch.
1913.81.334: Ch J Ph.
Itl35. 9...n.

(HF. \V.M.)
DARDEN DAISY

- - - - - I - - - ! - - ---~--I--------I---:t-J. C. DecaisncaUllIn,

JLlI=-!,'(

Ki.

hb

51. 407

Matsum. Chiu Niu

(J.)

T5'ao
(U;iI~",)

~5.

C. Dec.1.isllca
nt.lffi, Ma.....
(~I.J.)

EN. 32:

""f-;t

Ch'ien
Nien Ai

(M"')
2G. C. indicum, L. rof lllj
(Ch. BN.)
Yeh Chii

If

(jM1D

WINTER ASTER,

'r;

ii;!;

Ess. oil.
Anthocyanm.
Chrysan.
themin
7

%.

Com.

51. lOG: HI. 1. 437: BN.


98R: IMP. 693: DH. ;75:
\vP. 1238: NSD. 107;:
HCM. 32: MI. 378: CMP.
13: JpsJ. 326.331: CRN.
475: ESC. 1900.23.21(;:
Ann. Ch. 19IG. 412. 13G:
Ber. 1928. 61. 2503:
Schim. 1887.4.37: 1888.
4.4G:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

LATIN NAME

27: C. sinense,
Sab. (J. Br.
Cb. M.)

CURVSAI'fTIIEMUM.

~j

Cht'
(*~D

W '1~
*W
*- '!

*-a

j[

hb Ess. oil.
Adenine.
Choline.
Stachydrine.

r~

:Wi

RE~iARKS

4~8:

IRup:
Hop

St. 106: FH. 1.


BN. "Riono101>5: WP. 1237: Agr.
kiku"
Jap.'
Tung. Tok. 190U. 1. 4G7: NE.
1925. 8. 409: HOI. ~~:
]PSJ. 1909. 326. 317
Schim. 1909. 10. 27: Z.
Phys. Ch. 191~. 8. 334:
Br. 2. 77, 227; 3. 141:

Wj<$!J'
i't1 iRli

'*'

1It
~ Jilt
JIi]

7.11.

~ Ihb

I
I
Com,
Hup.

28. Cniclls chinen- 'Ci


sis, Maxim
K'u 'Lao
(G.M.)
(Cirsiumcld1le1lse, (})IJ~fk)
G. & C.)(F.H.) Yo] ~

(Cardw-s 1.,1,,,..
loJus, Lour.)(M)

fi

St. lIn: 1'1-1.1. 4tH: Br. CirsiUIIJ


3. W4: EN. U87: DR. ovalifolillm,
li~9:
F & S
Br. 3. ltU; C. llipponicus,
(EN.)
.Max.

t~

TUISTLE.
29. C. japonicus
II'" iiJi rt
Max. (M.J.Br.) Hsiao Chi
(Cirsiwn Jopo- OJI] ~;O hb
tu',wn, DC.){M)

CAT 'UISTLE.

till R\ij
JM l\)J

~:lJi1;\:

'flll:li'!l!f%I:1E
l1Jlf97 I--_I-

3-0-.-C,-sp-ic-atu-s,-:'-*-a-,j rt

St. !l8: FH. 1.461: HCM.


Ku.
Hop. 39: Br. 3. 162: BN. 95:
Hup.
Sung.
Fu

L
ze

Max (M ]) Ta Chi
(Crr"um Sp,ca. (glJ 1;;') If
lum, Matsum.) 1M jlij

(MJ

(C. frluUl1us,Max.)
(Br)
.
TlOER 'UISTLE.

!!~

iii

Jl!I Aii
l1Jlf'lV
~:lJi:t,':

'f1ll1,':
!l!HJ:1E

1--

INC

I
I

.1

St. 119: BN. 65: CMP. 14: C. an:ensis,


L. USD. 20.
1506: NSD.
HCM. 39: Br. 3. 162:
'492: WP.
i 1262: gl. alk.

BERNARD E. READ

_____ :It:_~~~~~E\~~:~ ICO~~~:iUl H~~'!


31

Echmops da
illl JAt I rt
huncus, Fisch Lou Lu
(M G J)
~"')I hb
(E spha" 0"
,'~f lli.1
pluUlIS, Mlq )
~ ,",
(BN S1 )
SIJ, llhliiA' I
E echmailts)
(IMP)

c*

I i!OP.! St. 100: FH. 1. 45D: BN.

SIP,' hOllosl,gia

"

110: M. 338:
BN. D08: E.
rilro, a1k. MI.

II'u,

1009: HTA. H.l3:


Sung. 709: DH. 085:

[I

Ift~P.

q. v. Br. 3.

3D4:

GLOBE TUiSTLE

34. E. japonicum,

i'I' 00

Th. (eh.)

Tsc Lan

THOROUGH
JAPANESe
WORT,

7,'(. Vi'
IC.*
~,',()
:JI1I!fiG1'1'

1) i\\i

1~~~1
r!PL

1
sd'
rt

I
i

Che.
Ku.
Fu.
Hul'.

j'""'

St. 107: BN. 130: FH. 1. E. ayajJaJla,


403: Br. 2. 229; 3. 132: Vent.
HCM. 02: CMP. 15:
IDI. 124:
*M"JiIl~
CRN. 488:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

35 Gnaphahum
multlceps,

Wall (J Ch)

JR:lillI''-1

5hd Ch'u

IChe
Ku ISt. 107: .FH. 1.427: CMP. G.obtusifo.
IG: eRN. 493: BN.
L. USD.

rt I

12~G' Hum,

ls'ao

See

(GLt",::/I:;~;,
(~, 1~)11~
If
"P', H ) (FH) J1{ Jj:

IMP. 082:

20.1310:

~~
Hup

{jj',Jj:1,\

ijl~: k~;:l

Tung

1!It,i:.. l~

r{ ~

'1l' fit
-----1--36 Gynura pm
nattflda, DC

:::
San

---1---1-------1

-1;

rt

eh'.

(M J HC) (lilJ 13)


(G. jolx",ica, Mak.) I!J t',i
If
(CMP.)
ftt:j'~J!
37. Inula britan-

1Pfl!l1E

rt

Hup
lung

St. 201: FH. 1.4-18: BN. G. auran!. DC.


2!L DH. 084: HeM. 72: WI'. 1257CMP. 15:
inulin in rt.

COIll.

St. 219: 'VI'. 1218: FH. 1. I. numwsa,


..[.:~8: Br. 3.158: BPC. 15-4: H. HdP. u82:
DH. 000: USD. WO: HOI.
77:

_
inulin

nica, DC. (M. H.suan Fu

Ch. J')
Hua
N)l\)
Rupr.) (FH.
fttMrW
St.)
1i:~11E
a
(I. i p.OlliCa, Th,.; lli.1iim.:'it If
(HCM.FH)
1!.i FJt
ELECAMPANE.
:R: jf.i II

(I. chi"ensi"

(*

,
Flavone

_ _ _ _ ,,2 fiL
38.. Lactnca
lacirIiata,
Mak. forma

indivisa, Mak.
(J-)

30. L. sativa, L.
(BN. St.)

hb

Szc.

hb

CuI.

HsieH Jen
Chang

(m-Ts'ao;r<)
1,!; 1.
Wo Chtl

(it
LETTUCE.

lilIiJdU;O:

7Ji)

FH. 1. 48:): St. 220: Wil.


3-15: BN. 1207: WP.
l:H>J: BIP.

i!1; .'tR
'fftt'tR

722:

Arch.

Ph. ISH. 89. 153: SP.


20 .: USD. 613: IDI. 171:
CRN. 501: JpsJ. 1013.
375. 465: USD. 013:
FHP. :154: BPC. 603:
Monat. Ch. 1020. 004: PJ.
lUO-L 186; HI05, 548:

sd

II

Malay MJ. 1934. 9. 2:


Analyst. 10 W. 170: BILL.
1010. 37: JBC. 1028. 79.
400: JPC.1007. 25.40. Ph.
Weekbl. 19:10. 67. 913:
c.J. Ph. 1028. SRI. 100:

BERNARD E. READ

10

REMARKS

39a. L. Scariola.
B ii hb
L. var. sativa. Pai Chii
Bisch. (H. M. 01. iii)
Ch.) L.
:0
WILD urrrUCl!.
10 SR

Com.

St. 229: WP. 1266:


JIEC. 1913. 5. 477:

JJl.SR hb
j r n St 03 [.
g
(M. J.)
Kua
Ts'ai_ __ _ _ _
g,_.an_a_.A_la_Xi_rn+._H_ua_n
. 1.'484:'
_(LamjJsalla
APogo"ddes.Max)('!t %])
(M. HN. G. St.) :mr.SR

40. L. Thunber-

BN 1135' FH
1.

I
'1

41. MacroclinidiUIr >11. fllll rt


verticillat.um Kuei Tu
Fran. (St.)
Yu
U)f :.$:)

Com.

1st. 2"a:
BN.

Br. 3. 95:

~60:

~fg;1,\:

-----1--- 42. Senecio campestris, DC.


(M.J.)
OOO'S TONOUe.

~~llli~~:

She
Ts'ao

](Oll

(W:.$:)

- - - --1---------1---st

Hop.
Ku.
Che.
Ki.
Hup.

St. 403:

FH. 1.450.

Sze.

43. S. nikaensis,
Miq.(J.)
(S. /la/mal,,,.
Pall.) (St.)
(S.7zn1wrms;s,
L.)(J.)

She.
Hop.

St. 403: FH. 1. 455:


Br. 3.155:

S.laiijo/ius,
alk.
HTA.426:
MI. 461:
CRN.527.
7 species.

S.vulgaris.
a1k. MI. 461

11

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN NAME

IC~~~~~EF\~~_:~-+I_CO-"~,,,-~~::::I~_U-+I--,I~A.:.oA~-,-I-!-I

44, S, scandens,
T Jl!.& I fl
Ham,(Ch.HG.jCh'ien Li
(S. c/u'llellsis.

DC,) (M.)
OERMAN IVY.

Chi

If

Com.

Darutin
bitters.

11, fill

(S~},c~~~~P.) t~+1i~

St. 407: FH. 1. 433: BN. "Katam


1300: IMP. 684: U5D. 21. pan",
1470: DH. li70: JpsJ. India.
1887.64. 24:1: Br. 2. 38:

~~~; ~7;C~~9 5~JI~~:

DE FLACQ 1_I_Ji:_1'_\:
'llq 1'1' j
_UERBE
M_ak_.1_(C_A_IP_.)

1_

tlimJ5R

-+_'R_E'_IA_R_K5_

St. 403: FH. 1. 457:


SP. 171. 450:

Tung.

('1ft ill)

45. Siegesbeckia
:It, '!& If
orientalis, -L. Hsi Hsien
(J. G. Ch.)
(Jilf;$oJ
(S. brachiala,

Ki.
Hup.

2I~4.7:. BMJ.
v

1887. June

46. Solidago
virga-aurea,
L. (J. St.

HCM.)
ODLDEN ROD.

?lJl1.f'tV',\

hb
LiuChi
Nu Ts'ao sd

Sung. St. 41;)' HCM. 131: FH. Senecio


1. 40ti: IMP. 6i4: Br. 3. palmatus,
167. BN. 1315: USD. 21. Pall.
(M. BN.)
1484: WP. 123U: CRN.

Saponin.

Wf ;$oj

!Y

52D: Ph. Centh. 1tl25.66.

10)

~24:

J7 Jll:

il1~~:
-----1---1--1--- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 47. Sonchus oler 'Mi 5R rt
aceus, L. (J. [('u Ts'ai sd
HM.)
(;$0 ~'!\(J fl
(S. ciliatus,
hb

Hup.
to
Ku.
Tung.

St. 414: Br. 2. lTD; 3.


4lO: BN. U90: FH. 1. 487:
IMP. 724: CRN. 529:
AMP. 211: DH. 692:
USD. 1620:

hb Inulin 24% Com.

St. 429: BN. 1270: FH.


1. 478: WP. 1266: IMP.
720: DH. 690: BPe. 1094:
IUSD. 1111: FHP.351:
Klein. 2. 251, 885: CMP.

Lam) (M)

SOW TUISTLE.
(a) Lactuca denti
culata, Max.
(M. Br. Ch.)
48. Taraxacum
officinale,
Web. (M.J.)
(T. dms/e01us,
Des!.) (M.)
DANDELION.

M!a-9t
P'u Kung
Ying

Inosite.
Choline.! NC.

(fJf;$oJ
IJI. m1~:

Resin.
Xantho
phyll.

'.'Ul
~!i'fl;\:

'~c." i

22: "ViI. 3-1-5: eRN. 532:

IDI. 311: PJ. 1885. 15.


832; 1916. 97, 157: BMJ.
1912. 1. 1181; 1913. 1.
1256: FB. 188: NSD.
1581: BA. 1927. 1. 7615:

S. aroensis
L.
WP. 1262
lactucerol:

12

BERNARD E. READ

_LA_Tl_N_NM_IE_;I_C_'~_~~_~_l:.I~~:~lco~~-r;~U~1 HT~~'I

I,
I

L
b-

-----b---I49. Tassilaga Far- ~~~t fI


fara, L. (HN. K'uan
G.M.)
ung Hua
COLTSFOOT.
<>j;:~)
(a) (Petasilcs ja. rJI ~
ponicus, Miq.;
~m
(J. Hosie. BN.)
~
lil!

Phytosleri. Chc.
nes.
Sha.
Faradio!.
Tannin.

wn
.m

m
31i

1<

JJ{;

f~

i'It i-!. I

-------'---+--j-f----

50. Xanlhium
Strumarium.

.~

Jj:
Hsi Erh

I It

,I

L. (J. Br. Ch.)C>j;:~)


COCKLEOUR or
1i1J ~
CLOTBUR.
'M ,~,

:rr
1#.m

Jj:
Jj:
Jj:

Mf Jj:
11= il:\
fil! ~,

$i'I*

lUAlifj

;'ffj'i!t$ti
1IMi1!l 1i\:

Jill' ~ii
~M;1;':
~

Fa139%

Resin 3.3%
Xanthostrumarin
39%
Vil.C,.

If
sl
fI

I RE~IARKS

REFERENCE

MI: 4G7; 581: J. Ch. S.


1912. 100. 2411; 1913.
103. 399: CC. 1927. 1.
232G: Monat. Ch. 1926

~~9.G~~~:A~~~h~hH~g~~:~
~Si. 1~~'21;(;r;~9/~9l:

1913.85. lfio: Arch. Ph.


1839. 69. 50; 70. 78;
1861. 155. G; 1850. 111.
193; 1861. 157. 8: Z.
Phys. Ch. 1913. 8. 270:
Z. Angew. Ch. 1894_ 14:
HCA. 1930. 13. lOG3:
Science. 1934.80. 142:
4~-(;: FH. 1.447: HCM.
l~li: Br. 2. 87; 3. 200:
10-:.5: WP. 1254: 8pe
1128: IMP. 70t: CRAS.
IV09. 149. 999: AJP.
I ~87. 59. 340: DH. 684:
usn. U~:~ I: NSD. Hi5i:
MI. 471: HIM. 183: CRN.
5~t): Arch. Ph. 192..1-. 262.
281: BSC. 1910. 7. 940:
Ann. Ch. Phys. 1911. 22.
5: Ph. Monat. 1924. 25:

SI.

B~.

--1--------1---Com.

SI. 4G1: FH. 1.4:13: BN.


1207: Br. 2. 2'"}6; 3. 175:
WP. 1223: IMP. 684: IMM.
905: CRN. 538: DH. GG9:
l\SD. 493: HCM. 139: MI.
476: Ber. 1881. 14.2587.
Apolh. ZIg. 1891. 133:
AMP. 194: S. Africa Vel.
1913. 2. 195: JpsJ. 1887:

~ri:l02i\.~~: ~~~.l~~~: .

Klein 3. 1239: Ch.


1035.9. 47

Ph.

CHI:-lESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

13

LATIN NAME

CAMPANULACAE

(4)

\ REMARKS

ftitl!fl

K~~e~,

-1--1---:---1---151. Adenophora

111 t!!

rt

(A. -;:trtidllata,

Fisch.)

BL~~~I:ELiH)

Miq. (G. Ch.


J.M.)
"AREBELL.

!
i

e.G..

Ji

1t

rc;.
52. A. remotifolia,

Ku.

w:l~./,\:

:x:

l()(

Hop. St. 15: FH. 2. 13: BN.


Ho.
145V: CZGM. lU24. 2.
She.
299: Br. 2.42; 3. 29:
Sung.

rt

Ch'i 1\i
(gl)

Hop.

Si.

_:~::j{tw. j

~ ~g

St. 15: FH. 2. 14: Br. 3.


27: BN. 448: CZGM. 1D24.
2. 2~ I: Bot. 355. 205:
Sung. HCM. 5: CMP. 25: JSSI.
19~0. 1.5.58.

Saponin.

polymorpha, S:la Shcn


Ledeb. VaL (* W~D
latifolia, Her I 8 $
deL (He. G. ~I 11,
M. BN.)
eye ~

1;~)

+~
ilitllitil!
ajjjjl~

53. Lobelia

'i"iiiHi

Hup.

hb

radicans, Th. Pan .,tlien

(M.J. Ch.
HC.)
LOBELIA.

Sze.
Tung.

Lien
(M i'I)

St. 246: BN. 262: FH. 2. CRN. 504; 6


~:
species: L.
stssilifolia.

Lamb. WP.
1209: Ch. J.
Ph. 1929. 3.
279:

M. Platycodon
grandiflorum,
A. DC.

iii til!
Chieh

I rt' Saponin

Ken~

(J.W. HC. BL(*


Wil.)
KIKIO KOOT.
til!

;;fA

~~)

iI'!
1i(

71

C~f,H.18

1\

Inulin.
Ash 1%

r
m.

St. 337: FH. 2. 5: DH.


G55: BN. 785: Br. 3. 31:

CZGM.

1924.

2.

383:

JpsJ. 1920. 457. 255:

HCM. 110: Kyoto 1918.


15. 76; 244; 665: TPJ.
26. 9: ,TSSI. 1929. I. 2. I
102: Wil. 320: CMP. 23: I
LN. 1928.681.68:

14

BER. ARD E. READ

_ _ _ _---:-IC-'-~=~Mc.;,;:E:~E~~~~I Cu~~~I~ru1 HTAA~l-1

CU(~~~BITACEAE I[~!~
55.

II_ _

I__~I

~a:~':~:~alt:rr!~ [~

56. Benincasa

:E~~~RD

;:;/::~~a.
:~tr:.~i
_

: _ ._ _ :1

JJi,

sk

Wax 26%

If

Resin 20%

f3 )f,.
7j(;Z

sd

(::.i~~~,.~~~i;.lr*lg~)

Ch.)
W"ITE OOURD,

-1

IHop. IBN. 3f>O: FH. 1. 320:


I

(AM;a::d~;:J.)!(r.;s'ajfi)
Miq.) (FH)

1 REMARKS

ill!;!t pp

ICu!. ~ St. 6i: FH. 1.


,i{~: ~~:

1
315: BN. "TolYan"
Jap."
.

t:t;: ~:tcJ::~

167.191: WP. 1203: IDI.


'45: HOI. 22: Wi!. 3:10:

~~; ~t:
B,.

i~~il :~4~~2t~R'i~~:;

1681. i2: MalayMJ. 1934.


9. 2: PJS. 1929. 38, 1:

-----:1---'-1---:--------1
57. Cilrullusvul il!i JJi, sd
garis. Schrad. Hsi Kua
(Ch. M.)
(B JIl)
(Cuannis Citro]
1&)J\.
Ius, 5or.) (Br.)
(Cuwbita c., L.)
(Wi!.)
WATER MELON.

Fat32%
Cu!.
Protein G%
Resin 2%
Cueurbito!.
Pentosan.
Citrullin.
Urease.
Vitamin
B2.

St. 110: FH.l. 318: BN.


419: Laufer 438: IMP.
600: WP. 1197: Br. 2.
197: DH. 649: USD. 13!)1:
IDI. 85: CMP. 26: AMP.
180: JpsJ. 1910. 341.
462; 348. 97: JM1A.
1929.93.1413: CRN. 4i6:
MI. 386: TC. 35. 519:
JIM. 4. 69: Klein 3. 1253:
Ber. 1930. 2881; Biach.
Zt. 1929. 267: JNMJ. 29.
154: JAmCS. 1896. 18.
1061; 1910.32. 367: CA.
1927. 21. 2052: PJ. 1905.
74. 760: JOM. 1926. 3.
53; 1920. 5. 35: BSPh.
1917. 24. 277: MMJ.
1925. 3. 55: 1934. 9. 2:
Ch. Ztg. 1910. 60. 21:
ZNG. 1903. 6. 492: J.
Russ. Ph. Ch. Ges. 1902:
34.695: BILL. 1916. 14.
!GO; 1925.23.145; 1918.
16.399: CC. 1917.2.302:
Ch. J. Ph. 1928: SRI. 163:
Am JMSc. 1926. 171. 111:

"Arbuse",
Ger.
"Suika",
Jap.

15

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLA TS


REFERENCE

pp

Ber. 1930.63.2881: ZNG.


1903.6.492: ESCal. 1894.
155: CRAS. 1893. 117.
753:
Landw.
Versch.
189G. 46. 47B: JIEC.
1917. 9. 7G2: Ch. J. Ph.
1928. SRI. 1G:J; 1935. 9.
47: Bioch. Z. 1929. 212.
2G7: Proc. Imp. Acad.
Tokyo. 1930. 6. 15: LN.
1928. 681. 73: Buch. Repert. 1839. 22. 107:

Carotin.
Vito CI.
Lycopin.
Malic acid.
CitruIlin.
Ash 0.2%
Dextrose
in j. r.%

sk

IWax.

---'------1--58. Cucumis Me1o. \W IIi.


L. (Br. M.J.)
T'ien
(C. COIlO!1WIl, Th)
(M)
MUSK MELON or
CANTALOUP

pp

Kua

ceo

'*it

j/j)

IIi.
JJ\.

Water 97% Com.


Ash 0.5%
Sugars
1.3%
Protein 1%
Protease.
Vitamins
A~.BI.CI.

pe
fl

vn
If
sd

Fat 27%
Ash 4.0%
Galactan.

St. 134: FH. 1. 317: BN. "Maku947: WP. 1202: IMP. 596: wauri"
DH. 650: TAl. 1894. 8. I. Jap.
71, 130, 187, 241. 332,
713: Br. 2. 197: Ch. J. Ph.
1927. 1. 33; 1928. SRI.
164; 1935. 9. 47: CRAS.
1885.100.751; 1887. 104.
1293; 1905. 140. 320;
1914.159.512: IDI. 103:
CMP. 26: HCM. 45: MI.
429: Wil. 339: CRN. 480:
LN. 1928. 681. 20:
JBC. 1923. 36. 79: BSPh.
1919. 26. 105: ZNG. 1903.
6. 1025: JAmCS. 1920.
42. 2398: Sper. Agrar.
Ital. 1890. 18. 580:

-----1---1-- ---1--1-------1'---59. C. Melo. L. var. ~ IIi. pp


ConomoD,
\"uehKua
Mak. (J)
CIlll l'i)
(e. C0l1D111011.
IIi.
Th.) (BN)
~ IIi.

60. C satlvus. I.
(M. J. Ch )
CUCUMBER

Protein
0.7%
Vito CI.

IHu
fjJj IIi. ~ Ash 0 4%
Kua
Fat 0 2%

C$ jj;j;)
&. JJ\.

Pentosan
Vlt. C,.

rt

Com.

St. 134: BN. 1123:


Br. 2. 197: Ch. J. Ph.
1928. SR1. 153; 1935. 9.
47:

CuI.

St. 135: FH. 1. 317: BN.


670: IMP. 598: WP. 1201:
DH. 650: USD. 1524: IDI.
104: CRN. 480: AMP.
182: Laufer. 300: Wil.
339: Br. 2. 197: LN.
1928. 681. 70: Bioch. Zt.
1929. 206. 109: ZNG.

Kiuri"
Jap.

16

BER"lARD E. READ
REFERENCE

If

6 I. Cucurbita
JJi It
Pepo, L. (M. Nan Kua
J. G. Ch.)
(WI l'I)
(C. aurQlIJia.
!i~JA1
Willd)(M)
PUMPKINS. GREEN
WHITE AND
RED.
(a) C. maxima.

Urea.

IFat
Ash 0.7%
0.2%

REMARKS

1903. 6. 529: CRAS. 1905.


140. 320: Ch. J. Ph. 1928.
SR 1. 163; 1935. 9. 47:
PJS. 1929. 38. 37: Oest.
Bot. Zt. 1927. 76. 195:
Ber. Bot. 1928. 45. 582:

CuI.

Protease.
Carotin.
Pentosan

0.7%
Vit.A~.BI.

C1

Duch. (Br. M.

W.)
SQUASH.
(b) C. moschata.
Duch. (M. J.)
CRooKNECK
SQUASH.

St. 136: FH. 1. ~17: BN. "Kurbis"


Ger.
li26: WP. 1203: USD.830:
IMP. G03: DH. G.,:!: AJP. "Kabocha"
Jap.
19lO. 82. 484: BPI. 204:
AJP. 1907.19.475: JpsJ.
19lO. 341. 40:1: USP X:
1D1. 104: MI. 3ul: CRN.
480: JACS. 19lO. 34u:
JCS. 1913. 399: Ph. Post.
19L8. 5GI: Ch. J. Ph.
L928. SR 1. IG4: 1935.
9. 47: HIM. 2G8: CRAS.
1885. 100. 751; 1887.
104. 1293; 1905. 140,
320; 1912. 893; 1914.
159.512: JPC. 1849. 16.
19: Z. Ph. Ch. 192G. 151.
286; 152. )GO, 164; 1929.

184. 93: Klein 3. 1252:


LN. 1928. 681. 70: Malay
MJ. 1934.9.2: PJS. 1929.
38.1:

-----1---1-- ---1--1--------1---62. Lagenaria


vulgaris. Ser.
(M. J. W.)
(Crtfu6ila
logelJan'a,

J3.\.
Hu Lu

(B
~

pp Sugar G%

J.K

sd

If
fl

L.)WP.
BOTTLE GOURD.

-----1--

Vito C,.
Saponin.

-1----

63. L. vulgaris,
'& ~ sd
Ser. vaT-clava- K'u Hu
la Ser. (J. G.)
~) PI'
CALABASH
~iif~ ~~

(*

CuI.

Fat.

J!l)

I CuI.

St. 13G: FH. 1. 314: Br.


2. 200: BN. 1272: WP.
1203: Malay MJ. 1934,9.
2: USD. 13:;[: I~'P. 584:
DH. 651: BPI. 204: WI.
172: CRN. 501: Wil. 340:
Arch. Ph. 1886. 8G3:
Klein 3.1141:

--------1---B:-i. 876: St. 13G: Ch.J. J&!lI!: pal


P. 1928. SRI. 163: As p'iao ~
ahove.
broken
gourds.

17

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

l~ ~~~~l CO~~~l~ru-1 HT~~(-\

64.. Luffa cylin. I N*' )J\.


drica. Roem. Szu Kua

pp I Saponin.
Mucilage.

~~"~~;P;~,:~.!(~N*'~)

CuI.

~8~: ~~~~ fS~:5~~:5~~~:

i,[;.an.
Protein 1.5
Vito C" B:.

Mill.)
I X jI,
;{fi)J\.
(L. petola.
Ser.) M.
lft)J\.
(L. acu/anlt'da, 1!J. ii:!
Roxb.) G.M.

32: Wil. 340: CMP. 28:


JNEM. 62: Ber. Ph. 1904.
14. 175, 180: AJP. 1884.
6: AnnCh. 1890. 250.
289; 1892. 271. 60: AMP.
180: Agric. Lccl~cr 1911.
5. 147: Ch. J. Ph. 19:]8.
SRI. 163; 1935. 9. 47'
Malay M]. 19:34. 9. 2:
PJS. 1929. 38. 1:

If

VEGETABLE
SPONGE or
LOOFAU

65. Momorclica
'Mi)J\. If
Charantia, L. K'u Kua
(M. J. G. W. (;J!Y: -m;) sci
Br. Cll.)
1.\iilht!i. fl
WILD CUCUMBER. if'!\~fiJlj

Fat 0.16%
Momordi
cin.

pp Protein
0.6%
Vito C,.
1__ ~

-,...----1
66. M. cochin
*lIit.:r
chinensis, Spr. Mu Pieh
(W.G.M.J.)
Tzu
(M.mixta,Roxb')(1lI1

'll\')

(FH)
(Mwicia cochin

if'If

I*

sci

Fattyoil.

REFERENCE

St. 248: FR. 1. 315: BN. L.ofrrculala.


1092: WP. 1195: IMP. contains alk.
MI. 424:

SC.

St. 265: FR. 1. 3 [,5: ES.


58.30: 107.29: BN. 685:
WP. 1208: DR. 647: IMP.
590:!D1. 191: 1MM. 557'
CRN. 508: AMP. 180:
ROL 90: M1. 431: BeL
Ph. 1904. 14. 308: Arch.
Ph. 1863. 153. 111: Br.
2. 202: Apoth. Zt. 1929.
44. 1480:
Ch. J. Ph. 1928. SRI. 163;
1935. 9. 47: LN. 1928.
851.70: Malay MJ. 1934.

_ _ 1.:::9.~2"-:
Che. St. 265: FR. 1. 315: BN.
Ri.
202: IMP. 593: eRN. 508:
Tung. RCM. 90: PJ. 1920. 101.
43: WP. 1208: JpsJ.
1883. 13. 506; 1919. 453.
897: PJ. 1920. 104.43:

chit/tlms,
Lour.) (M)

67. Thladiantha
I
)J\.
dubia Bge. (M. Wang
G. Br. Ch.)
Kua
(TricMsallthes
CUCftmeroitks,

Max.) (CMP.
BL)

(J$;~)

.m..

ill j i
~~JJ\.

,1!i[@)J\.
!l1fJ;1!)J\.
~i1i!di!i'(

jff.:f1t.:r

~~~c~

rt
sd

Hop.

St. 431: FR. 1. 316: BN.


246: Br. 2. 202; 3. 308:
CMP.29:

"Kiuri"
Jap.

1----

18

BERNARD E. READ

68. Trichosanthes fli II


multiloba,
Kua Lou
Miq. (Br. M.)
~)
(T. iajxmim.
Ii
R11.) (~1. J.)
lJi. ow.

sci
st
rt
If

(*

:.y

(1'. Kh-il,xdi,

Max.) (G. W.
Br. Peking.)

-11;

jill
(f

She.
Hup.
Com.

St. 441: FH. 1. 314: BN. CRN.534,


7n: HOI. 135: ID!. 121: 6 species.
CMP. 30: Br. 3. 306; 2.
201: JSS!. 1929. I. 2.
101: .J.JMS. 19'10. 5. 71:
fMM3~.

In.

lJi.

7Utf)}.

Jii,j~.

~I;

------1---- ---1---1--------1---69. T. palmata.

sillFf

rt

Roxb. (Br. M.) Pai Yao


(7: pube,a. BI.)
Tzu

(J;lf

DIPSACACEAE

(1)

*)

Trichosanthin.
Pigments.

~I~n~-'f'

Fu K'e
70. Dipsaous
lit ~ rt
japonicus,
Bsii Tnan
Miq. (Br. M.)
~I\I)
(D. aspfr Wall.) JW Vi
(M. HC.)
fll' fl'

Hup.
Hop.

(*

(D. dlillmsis,

Bat.) (D.M.)
TEAZEL

Ri.
Ran.
Hop.
Hup.
Tung.

St. 442: FH. 1. 313: DH.


G5:1: Br. 2.201: IMP. 578.
IMM. 865: MI. 470: CRN.
5:)4: WP. 120.6: PJ. 1890.
20. 109: Ph. India 2. 72:
Ph. Centh. 1892. 944:

I
St. 15-1.: FH. 1. 399: BN. D. aroellsir,
15~9: Br. 3. IG~i 2. 72: glucoside
JSSr. l!1'10. l. 5. 52:
WP. 1194.
La"u'tm~

albtulJ, L.
'T-M.) q.v.

'fiR Jl
Wi 1~:

:----;--;--------;----

-----:--~-

VALERIANACEAE

(3)

J&~:-'f
I
ct.iang

I I

K'e
'i 1. Nardostachys

--1t-t~-It-~:-rt-:--Ec:,-<-'-O-il- :--Yu-n-.-:-S-t.-2-78-:-l'H-.-1.-'1-98-:-IM-P-. - - -

Jatamansi.
Kall SUllo
DC. (M.)
Hsian~
(Vain-hum I.
(IJII 'iO
Jon.) (WP.)
l,'llli~
(V. spica. Yah!.)
(WP.)
SPiHNARD

1-2%

Sze.

665: 'V.P. 1193: usn.


1506: DH. 645: NSD.
1075: ID!. 200: IMM.
58,;: CRN. 509: CMP. 33:
JpsJ. 1907. 302. 355:
JSS!. 1929. I. 2.100: Ph.
Ztg. 1887. 465: Laufer
41)5: Ph arm. Ind. 2. 237:
Wat. 638: Schim. 1907.
05; 1920.75:

19

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLA?>TS


REFERENCE

72. Patrinia
scabiosaefolia.
Link. (M.J.G.)

J& 'IJf

rt

Pai
Chian~

C;;f;;

~)sh

'Mi 5R
'Mi ifll
iT J&
Ill! Jj\}

REMARKS

Ess. oil. 8% Hop. St. 312: FH. I. 397: BN.


Che. 911; CMP. 31: DH. 645:
Sung. Br. 3. 199:
Ku.
Hup.
Tung.

JJl! -It
llj 1~:
- - - - - : - - - --;----:---c-----~--~- - - 73. P. villosa,
Juss. (Ch.)
(Valmanavillosa,

Th.) (M.)

~J~~ hh
P'an Tao -j

Fu.
Hup.
Ku.
Che.

Tseng
CIij~)

FH. 1.

~98:

Cf.
An'sema

sen'atu.m.

Ki.

Tung.

~69:

74. Diervilla
Uk tJ! If
japonica. DC. Yang Lu
(M. J.)
UJf;;f;;)

Sugars.
Glucoside.
Emulsin.

70. Lonicera
!fl. ~ vn
japonica. Th. Ten Tung
(M. J. Br. Ch.)())IJ ~)
(L.,hillt1lsis,
1it!lRilli
Wats.)
:l.Hsijji
lIONEVSUCKlE
~Rtl:ijji
or WOODBINE. ldi~Wf.
1\:tmijji

Saponin.
Hop.
Tannin 8% Ku.
Ash 8%
Hup.
Fu.
She.

HOP'iS.p. 149: FH. 1.


BN. Poisonous.
Fu.
1183: Br. 3. 52H: WP. "Joro", Jap.
1190: USD. 1362: Arch.
Ph. 1907. 245. 200:
St. 246: FH. 1. ~G4: BN.
451; WP. 1188: HeM.
84: CMP. ~3; JJ~IS. 1930:
5.71:

CRN. 50-I.
L. gla1lca:
L. xyloste1l'"
USD. 1474
glucosid.

Sze.

1itii(ffit

:ti:gjljfji
~i'i!~~

- - - - - 1 - - - 1 - ---:--I-------I---~
76. Sambucus
~ ~ rt
javanica, Bl. Lu Ying fl
. (Ch.HC. Br. C;;f;; ~) st
G.)
fl
(S.,hinJ!'lSis,
Lindl.) (M)
JAVANESE ELDER.

Chlorogen
acid.

Ki.
Tung.
Hup.
Fu.
Sze.
Yun.

St. 39~: FH. 1. 348: Br. Nonpoison3. 2IG: DH. 641: WP. ous.
1187: Klein. 3. 408: Ann.
Ch. 1908. 358.327; 1911.
379. 110: JPC. 1905. 22.
154, 210, 219, 385:

20

BERNARD E. READ

77. S. racomosa,

Ilf
')1
li'l1't*

Lt&1't*

~l~;.AL thi~~u Ku

(5. sidxrld
;ana 81.)
(St. M.)
RED ELDER'
BERRY.

(./)f

Emulsin.

*.

*l\ii;!

3.

Hup.

St. 39a: FH. 1.348: BN.

Man.

1894. 152. 987: CRAS.


1905. 141. 16, 598, 1193:

~~:' ~~:~: Bf;H. G;t~ J~~:

Sugar.

wd

- - - - - . - _ . , - 1 - - - -1 - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - 78. S. thunb.r.
giana, Bl.
(Br. St.)

jjj

jlfst

'lZ

S~lUO

Tiao

!I.)L
rt

(S.}"".,,;e., BI.)(~rJ . i..


(M. CMP.)?
,.\\: :',':
CHINESE ELDER.

:n:

f.f'H"~\:

79. Viburnum
dilatatum,
Th. (M.J.G.)

~ ~

III

Chia J\ti st

Wi
l]l~

*)
j'j

Ki.
Tung.
Hup.
Fu.
Sze.
Yun.

51. 39~: FH. I. ~48: BN. S. "i1lr.,


127G:
eRN. 525;
Br. 2. 78; 3. 219: CMP. USD. 1370:
34:
Poisonous.

----.!--!-------I---4,,~:

Ku.

St.

Hup.

9~8:

FH. 1.

~';I:

BN.

Ki.

V.joelidum,
[MM. 88G;
CRN.537:

'Ii! 7\';
80. V. opulus, L. trrf~*
(M. HM.)
Che
CRANBERRY
Shang
BUSH. or
Mu
WILD (iUELDER (f)f
ROSE.

st

*)

Szo.
Wax.
Tannin.
Valerie
acid.
Resin.
Viburnin.
Ca Malate.

FH. 1. ~,,4: BN. 9:)~: 51.


45~: USD. 21. 11.58: USP.
VIII: JAPA. 1918. 944;
1922.11. ;;29: AJP. 1895.
378; ~94; JMIA. 1916.
67. 490: WP. 1188: Ann.
Ch. 1845. 55. 3~0: Arch.
Ph. 18H. 90. 269:

-----1.-RUO:ACEAE (9)

~~~~l,;t
ITs'aoK'o

81. Damnacanthu
indicus,
Gaortn. (Ch.)

{)(Lf~E

Fu Niu
Hua

(Ill!

if)

I\';\OC:;fl1~E

fl
If

rt
br

Ki.
Hup..

St. 14~: FH. 1. 38G: BN.


535:

&rberis
Sieboldii,
Miq. (J)

2L

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

\C~l~~~~EI~~:~1cu~~~~rt!. HT~~'

I~

82. Gardenia flo


=f sd
rida. L. (J.Wthih Tzu
l'!!)
Br. Ch.)
(G. gra"dif/ora'J:*
S. & Z.) (FH) jig Ill'.
ClfINESE fELlO
if! X fl
8ERRf.
or
GARDENIA.

*1

(*

Gardenin.
gl. (cracin).
Cracetin.
Ess. oil.
Chlorogen.
in, gl.

Fu.
Hup.
Sze.
Tung.
SC.

REFERENCE

nEMARKs

St. 183: FH. 1. 383: Br. AMP.


2. 12i; 3. 500: BN. n21:
3 species:
Hanbury 241: CJK. 202: IMP. 651
JpsJ. In22. 485. 66i:
3 species:
HCM. 68: BPG. In:1o. 2G8. ~t{ljk'i
1:1: IMM. 386: CRN. 4n 1:
FIB. 4. 115: HCA. W28.
11. i16: CMP. 3i: WP.
1168: HCA. W28. 11.
716: JCS. 18n. 31. 551;
187n. 35. 688: USD. 14-0U:
Klein. 3. 122U, 1330: j.
Prakt. Ch. 1857. 72. ;;94;
1855. 64. 10: Arch. Ph.
1930. 268. 13:

-----1-------11--1-------1--83. G. radicans.
7j(~-T
sd
Thbg. (Br. 51. Shui
M. W.)
Chih Tzu

.Mannite.

SC.

Fat.
Pigment.

St. 183: Br. 3. 500: BN. Small


21n. WP. I1G8: Arch. Ph.
variety of
18G5. 172.75:
82.

t'l\)

(U;;j

-----1---- -----

-------1----

84. Genipa ame


:fll\j~=f
sd
rieana, L. (J.)Tu Chiao

FH. 1. 383: DH. U31:


WP. 116n: Z. Oest. Apoth.
18n6.22i:

(Gankma gemjJa,

Sw)

Tzu

(ff?

jfi)

j;lf

=f

Genipin.
Mannite.

SC.

Tannm

- - - - - 1 - - : - - - - ---~--------'---Tung. St. 221: FH. 1.38.>; IMP. I. alba,


85. Ixora chinen. fFf:* wd
sis. Lam. (M. Mai Tzu

j.)
(I. co<ci,,,a,
Curt.) (FH)

Mu

br
If

Fu.

658: BN. 135n. IMM. 4i7: Burro.


CRN. 4nn: Ind. M. Gaz. glucosid.
18i8.281:
WP. lli8:

Hup.

St. 450: NSD. 138i: DH.I N. cadam!>a


Gt8: HCM. n I: Br. 3. 3~t: I CRN 5On.'
Ml. {55: JpsJ. Int8. 48. 1 IMM: 58n:'
54; 554. 321: Ch. Cent.
I n28. 2. 55: CMP. 3n:
CMSj. 6. 333: JJMS.
In3!. 5.86; In32. 6. (12i):
WP.116U:

(I:lf:*)
Tl=f:*

86. Nauclea rhyn. f(J iI'Ji rt


chophylla,
Tiao
Miq. (j. M.
T'eng
H.)
(glJ U)
(Curoupariar.,
Mats.) (J)
(U,,,ariar.)

Rhyncho.
phylline.

SC.

BERNARD E. READ

22

IC~~~~~E ~~:~ CO~~~~TU'1 HT~~I


87. Paederia

I!J:

~~;.J~~)a, BL (.~Ch~)

(P. foelula,
Thunb.) (St.
FR. Br.)

88. Rubia cor


difolia, L.

1'fi

114:

1~:

rt

C~~~i:.

iii

rt

1._ _

Glucoside- NC.
munjistin. Cc.

P~~~;~:in~

EPJ.)1i:4~:
1_ _1

If

Ch'il
Chich
Ts'ao

(/lid

~)

f;J1&
f;Jllr.

~!gfjlt

~~~~D~. ~~b: t~ci~ l;~~:

iMllJiiti

_ _ _ _ Lf ~
89. Serissa foetida IUrHPYj'J:

St. 381: FH. 1. 393: BN.


80::!: Br. 3. 325: ]PS].
WP. 1131: Ml. 43:l: NSD.
1387: JCS. 189:1.63. 1157:
Ann. Ch. 18G4. 130. 325'
CMP. 40: CRN. 52:): HCM:
t:JU: AMP. 177: PJ. 1878.
10;;4: Bel'. 1877. 10.790:
Ann. mcd. Hist. Hl3-l. 6.
No.3'

!Xi
r~

jlll !fit
!M;VF!,\
lfil.fl.ift\

comm. (St.)

nEMARI{S

~~P. ~k~.: ~ll::. ~~,J~.I~(~2:215: ~e ~n

. '----eh'ien

lil/
jf;

St. 299: FH. 1. 389: WI'. I Root of

Ku.

Tung. Klein. 3. 1227: BN. 237: q. v.


Br. 3. 215:

~~~'. ~~~~~ta (;~'~)

Ch. G. HC.)
MADDER.

Indol.

Chlorogenin Ku.
51. -I-O-k FH. 1. 391: DH. Mcrcurialis
gl.
Ki.
lj~8: BN. 1251: Klein. 3. /~iocarjJa,
Hup. 1~27;
S & Z. (J.)
Fu.
Tung.

st

-----I-=:Ii,'Oc-""'j;;;-; - 1 - - - 1 - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - M
PLANTAGINACEAE
(1)

Ch'e
Ch'ien
K'e

-----1---1- ---1--------1---90. Plantago


Jji Mol sd Fat 10%. Com.
Ch'e
. Resin.
major, L. (H.
J. Br. eh. 1\L) Ch'ien
Plantagin.
var. asiatica,
DC.(Wi\.Br.)C* j'O) rt Aucubin. gl
(RhinanPLANTAIN.
'M" ill:
thin)
hb Choline.
K. salts
Lf ill
Lf j1j'
0.5%.
Adenine.
J1i1iii':\'i
Citric acid.
jlll :t<.
Oxalic acid'
li\1:t<.
Vito C,.
I
Aucubin.

m~

St. :l3,5: FH. 2. 31G: BN.


484: Br. 2. 257: 3. 211:
WP. 1145: DH. G18: USD
155;,):
NSD. 1261: IMP. 1O~9:
HIM. G92: CRN. 517:
Al\IP.173: Klein 3.1175:
CMP.41: HCM. 109: MI.
5G3: AJP. 1886. 58.418:
l898. 70. 189: JPSJ.490
lUi; 192-t. 514. 5, lOW:
1908. 315. 477: KMSJ.
385.59: JPC. 1907. 2.
254: Cc. 1917. 1. 347:
1920.3.353: JSCI. 1887.
49: Ch . .T. Ph. 1935.9.47:

CI-llNESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

LATIN NAME

ACANTHACEAE
(3)

91. Justicia Gendarussa, L.


(M. H.)
(Cmdarussa "d
garis, Nees.)

(FR.)

1f.l!l*f.!f

Chiieh
Ch'uang
K'e
~

'jl;

rt

Ch'in
Ch'iu

Alkaloid,
justiciine.

Sze.
St. 225: FR. 2. 245: WP.
Tung. 11~3: DH. 017: eRN. 50\'
IMP. 972: IMM. 38V: JPSJ.
1895.166. lOiV: MI,' 418:
JSSI. IV2V. I. 2. VO

C* *L~)
1ff ;!\
~

------~I--,---:-~I-------I----

92. J. procumbens, 1f.l , JI.I< st


1.. (Ch. J.)I
Chireh
If
Ch'uanl{

C*

I Ku.
St. 225: FR. 2. 240: BN.
Tung. 1454: IMP. 490: CRN.
Szc.
501:
Fu.

~)I

1f.l~j' I

'if ~
#f.I1IH~

_ _----'-__ I__f~_t_'(_I-~:---98. Strqbilanthes ,t.~~ .ili:l


flaccidifolius, !\fa Ian
Nees.(M.J.
Cl;fi
Ch.)

hb

Indigo.

1--------.1---Ku.

*)

St. 217: BN. 8i)[: Br. 2.


91: Klein. 3. IVG3: HI.
2.240:

- - - - - 1 - - - 1 - - 1 - - -I
GESNERIACEAE (1)

~?o;i~!.t
T'aiK'e

-----1---1-1-1--1--------
94. Lysionotus
pauciflorus,
Max. (J.)

jlIiW<lttll!:

CJml

St. 501: FR. 2. 225:

rt

Che.
Hup.
Sze.

rt

Hop. St. 2f.!:-l: FH. 2.221: EN. O.1'a/um.,


Sung. 414: CZGM. 1924. 2. G3G: glucoside: M1.
Sze.
Br. 3. 40: JJBR. 1. VI: 4:J8; WP.
She.
CMP. 43:
1111; CRAS.

TzuPei
Chin
P'an
~)

OROBANCHACEAE JI]1i\':f.t
(2)
Lie[::n g

95. Orabanche
ammophyla,
Meyer (St.)
95a Boschniakia
glabra, C. A.
Mey. (J. BN.)
BROOMRAPE.

1l:Ji'!'i'i'
Jou
Ts'ung
lung

C*

~)
1l:J,f~~

m1'iJf.t

fu~

~~"L

183V

24

BERNARD E. READ
CHINESE PART CUNSTlTU-

NAME

USED

E~TS

96. Orabanche
?>iIJ '&\" rt
coerulcscens. LlehTang
Steph. var. ty.C1l1l 'a:)
pica, Beck.
M'lt'f
BN. J.)
1,qii~
(0. anwUlpl';la

t~":*-l

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Hop. BN. 348: FH. 2.221: St. O.11tiIlM,


Sutt.
Sung. 293:
glucosides,
Sze.
She.
Klein 3.
1236:
Man.

1tf~

vaL) (M. St.)

PEDALIACEAE (1)

tiIlll!'ll

Hu Ma

K'e
97. Sesamum indio till
cum, L. (Ai. lin
J. Ch.)
(;$:
(S.orientale,L.) E
SESAME
7i
or TEEL.
'j"J

ilh

nli

liIi

Oil 54.62%. CuI.


Protein
21%.
Ash 5%.
Cu 1.7
mg%.
Ca oxal:
1%.
Pentosan.
Phytin.
Lecithin.
Choline.

St. ~04: FH. 2. 2B6: BN. Cf. Linum.


fJ74: Br. 2. 207; 3.377: HeM.8B.
DH. 61B: WP. 1138: BP:
~1!;jlfa
CH. P: Laufer 288: Mf.
~1!;lf,\,u
272: eMP. 44: eRN. 527:
IMP. 952: AMP. 172:
Klein. 3. 408: JpsJ. 1900:
218. 329: TC. 1888. 9.
Ex. 75: JACS. 1924. 46.
775: Agric. Led. 1911.
5: Ch. J. Ph. Iu:lB. 7.
186: In8. SRI. 1f>5: PJ.

hb

Mucilage.

JPC. 1903. 17. 272: Z.


Phys. Ch. 1894. 19. 38;
1912. 81.53: Land. Vcrs.
O'St. 1901. 4. 131; 1904.
7. 643: CRAS. 1903. 137.
202: J. Prak. Ch. 1881.
23. 481: 1882. 26. 440:
JEC. 1927. 75. 213: CC.
1929. 1. 2841: Mem.
Dept. Agric. 1907. 1.2:

01

Olein48%
Lino137%
Palmitin
8%
Stearin 5%
Phytostcrin
Scsamin.

pJ. 1891. 639: 1893. 700 Also


Monat. Ch. 1889. 10.242: oil-cake.
Ch. Ztg. 1893. 17. 121;
1902. 26. 1014: 1903. 27.
316, 1030; 1912. 36.
1272: JSCI. 1901. 20.
1083: Cc. 1904. 1. 45:
ZNG. 1899. 2. 705; 1901.
4. 873; 1905. 10. 347:
Bioch. Zt. 1928. 197. 1;
201.454:

It

l\1a

il)
Jl1j
~

;l;
~i

liIi

1888.19.492:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

L!~T1N NAME IC~l~~~~EI,_~~_;~+1C_O-=~~:....:N~:.::~_U-+I--=I~A.:..:A~:....:l-ll

#.iIU-'t
BIGNONIACEAE (4) Tzu
Wei
K'e

25
-+_R_E'_IA_R_KS_

- - - - - 1 - - - f---:--~-:--I--------,
98. Catalpa Bun
gei, C. A. Mey.
(M. Br. Ch.)
C. ovata, Don.
(CMP)
98a. Lindera Tzu
mu (St)
99. C. Kaempleri,
S. et Z. (HC.
G.)

.f$

Uk
Ch'iu

(=1ft ill)
III

sinensis, Lam
(M.)

tJ:

'If
inbk

St. D8; 2..j 2: FH. 2. 2il....: BigllQlu'a

Sung. DH.
Che. OIP.
She.
-H9:
I<wci.

~)

*::E

1(1

100. Incarvillea

Hop.

bk
If

Tzu

C*

K 25% 01
ash in It.

Lour.) (FH)

Ash Alkaloid.

Man.

Hao

'&'
~I"
Ji\: nIX.
VI1 [t

fi!t!!

SCROPHULA-'

RIACEAE (9)Shen K'

I ~W<X

(lkrj;<,ti, AI.,

r*

i'l1)1

7Fi,iil1~:

=-~1:>:

St. 68: PH. 2. 2S5: eRN. T. stalls,


~G~: IMP. 990: HCM. 28: alkaloid,
BN. 1109: Br. 2. 88; 3. WP. 113G,
302:
Ml. 4G7:

Ne.

Che.
Ki.
Hup.

T.wulu/a/a,
IMP.

:--1---l---il-------1f---

102. Bacopa Mon


ruera, Hayata. Pa Chi
(J.)
T'ien
HBK.) (M)
(Gra/io/a AI.-, L.)

1225:

St. 21G: FH. 2. 23G: BN.


-172: CRN. ~97: CRAS.
189:1. 1123: ]PC. 1891.
3:;01:

Hop.

Chiao

5iL l'I

USD. 1309: catalpa,L.


Br. 2. 3~1; 3. glucoside.
Klein. 3.

St. 98: FH. 2. 23;': USD. WP. 1133:


I'l09: NSD. 313: CMP. 4~:
]JBR.3. 78: JpsJ. 561.

Hup.

Wi -40

,m";r
(FH.) Lam.)

-l~:

L1;}O: Br. 2. 8....2; 3. riO:

101. Tecoma gran #. /iJ. II


diflora Loiscl. Tzu Wei st
(HC. Br. M.) C* ~1) rt
(BiK1lOlU'ag.
~ 1!~
If
Delaun) (Br.
IW ;J!i
FH.)
[t Hif
(Big/willa clu'
-j)( iii.
(Camp,i, aduj;<a"

(no:

rt

l~ lTung
z e 5t

338 FH 2. 18G DH
GO~ CZGM 1925 3.231
, I D I 1,1 CRN 495 JS51

II

1930 I 5.33 Br 3.52


I'Ialay
MJ 193~ 9. 2

Hc~r Ill;
5t 338
Hb,
alkalOid.

tannm, resm.

Po/ygalaRtitlii, F& S.

(St. Hooper.
Br.)

BERNARD E. READ

26

REFERENCE

,Iii!

103. Paulownia
I
imperialist S. .'f';ng

(p~~;~!~;~,
H. Bn.) (M.)

Ilf

(~:n

in sd.
fl

m bk
m

Ui

104 Pedlculans
ElI ,t!; hb
glonosa. Biss Llll Hao
etMre. (J M )(jj\- )i'l)
(P.sc,jJJmm
I ~.'k
carolillum. L.)

(St. Br.)

Paulownia Che.
acid; fat
Hup.

7::.1

~
1.::
W-AA:!Z

I
'

~ ~"%'''T

-----1---[-1---- - - - - - 105. P. resupinata, !!B\:;~ hb


L. (J.) (Br. J.) lla Hsicn

(a) Incarvillea
sinensis, Lour.
(100) (M)

Hop.
Man.
Shc.
Hup.
Ku.
Mon.

Hao

(*

~)

.'.iit4i;,,:

.\!~~~~
*;fi1i1~:

REMARKS

St. 312: FH. 2. 180: BN.


784: Br. 2. 348: 3. 480:
WP. 1133: DH. G04: JPSj.
1912.372.108: TC. 1899.
2. 107, 314, 393; 1921.
42. 1272: Arch. Ph. 1902.
240.57: CRAS. 1858. 47.
214: BSC. 18G5. 3. 41, 50:

,---

St. 31~: FH. 2. 214; EN. P. /JaI'lstr;s,


8::9: Br. 2. :.laO.
glurosid.
MI, 1JMR.
lV27. 15.49:
CRN. 513:
WP. 112G

~1i~
lOG PIcrorhIza
KUIToa, Bth
(M G HN)

____

107. Rehmanlll'
glutmosa, LIb
(M.G.Br.)

tillj\'l;:l!~ rt

Picrorhizin She.
11>%.
Koko.
Cathartic
acid 9%.

HuHuan
LIen

(Illl ft)

HCM. 107: IMP. 933: CRN.


515: CMP. 249: DH. G07:
BP. 1914: B. . G78: WP.
112G: BPe. 841: JpsJ.

~I-~-~-Al-+I--:---I----j-1-91-8.-4-33-. ~_1I_'

Pharm. Ind. 3. 12: JSSI,


1930. 1. 5. _17_1_:
27:
_44_G_::

,f,

ill!

III

I HuanilJ fl

1(*""e:"~lsdrt
,_

flI! !lili

Hop.
Che.

St. 150; 371: FH. 2.193: R.M,a,


BN. G72: CMP. 48: HCM.
Max.
1~~: DH. G07: FEABI. (J. M. Br.)
1925. 6. 994: JpsJ. lU20. NOT
460.

556;

1924.

GOG:

JSSI. 1929. 1. 2.99: Br.


2. 92; 3. 185:

Digitalis.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

108. Scrophularia 1f.


Oldhami,Oliv. Hsuan rt
Shen
(J.)
FIOWORT.
(*~)

Hop.

iIt~il

27

ISt.152:440:
FH. 2. 179: BN.
Br. 3. 58: eMP. 49:

S. ,UJ<fo,a,
scrophularin.
HCM. 129: ]SSI. 1929. 1. Ml. 460.
2.97: Pl 1896. 56. 101,
423: CZGM. 1925.3.441:

;&},i
)!.;';J!.~,

f.il1i-'<, !Iff

nlil!if<, .l1b
!!ill.

109. Siphonostegia JIL illJ.~.r, rt


chinensis, Bth. Kuci Yu hb
(M.].Br.BN.)
Ma
(a '!i)

110. Veronica An- 7](::.;tiR rt


agallis, L. (M. Simi K'u
BN. Ch.)
Mai
(a) Saussurca af llJ;i\ i.'IE)
finis, Spr.
iWjl:~
(G.M. Ch.)
<f'i'itiIJ
(b) Prenanthe,
Tanakae,
Koidz. (J)
WAfeR SPEEDWELL.

Fu.

St. 160: BN. 908: FH. 2. Cf. Echinops


202: Br. 3. lGG: DH. 607: No. 31; St.

RhinanHop. St. 2S0: FH. 2. 198: DH.


thin, gl. Hup. G07: B'-!. 217: IMP. 93G
(aucubin.) Tung. WP. 112:): Klein. 3. 123G:
BSC. 1924. 6. 665: Ph.
Monat. 1922. 3. 149:

V.offidna/is,
alkaloid,
saponin.
WP. 1123:
MI. 5GG:

eRN. 537.
3 species.

nl

-----f---:-:------I--------I----

hii
Ch'ieh

SOLANACEAE (10)

K'e
-----~

1i 1. Capsicum ano llti l1l<

hb Ess. oil.
malum, Fr. et Lung Chu
(;jj? ill) sd
Say. (BN.)

CuI.

St. 413: Br. 2. 364:

So/QJlWllSjJ.,

(St.)

;Jj; l1l<
112. Datura alba,
Nees. (G. M.)
(D. falWJ,a, L.)
WP. FH.

St\l\;Mii
Man 1"0
. Lo

(~I'J)

Jil!.\j)fi~

IlJ7Jii'f

sd I Hyoscine
0.24%.
I Hyoscya
mine
0.02%.
Fat 11%.

Com.

St. 1....5: FH. 2. 17fi: BN. D. meld.


914: Br. 2. 3G4: CM].
is also sold.
1922.36. 304: BPC. 553: "Dhutura"
WP. 1110: P]S. 19IG.
Ind.
11A. 257: 1927. 32.275:
1928.37. 25i: USD. 1061:

28

BERNARD E. READ

_____ lc~l~~~~~l~~:~ CO~~l;~'U- H~~l'


fl

Hyoscine
0.5%.
Hyoscya.
mine
0.04%.

!DI. Ill: MI. 549: AMP.

b~~ ;~r:'~i:~C6~~J~r

1891. 112. 509; 1912.


367.921; 1918.435.349;

I, 1924. 504.89: HI. 1894.

18. 5UO: PJ. 1887. 18.319:


Ann. ,Ch: 1898. 1~9.: Arch.
Ph. 1906. 68; 192U. 264.
140: Apoth. Ztg. 1892.
458; 1905. 20. 6U9: JSCI.
1911. 15. 152.

----:----1---1--1----1-- I
JJiiJ.w~ sd
113. D. stramo
Feng
nium. L. (5t.
M. FH.)
Ch'ieh
Erh
(a) D. tatula, L.
(WP.BN.)
(JIll 1::1)

THOKNAPPLE

114. Hyoscyamus
niger, L. (M.)
HENBANE.

fj\\7Jii~

J:( ;W sd
Lang
Tang

(*

l'l!)

IT

IJj

~fiIJ'f
~ I;!f

Fat 2;'%. Com. I St. In: FH. 2. 171i: BN.


Malic acid.
IOii: IMP. 911: IMM.
Alkaloids
i~2: \ViI. li2: CR~. 127:
0.4%.
!DI. 113: C~IP. 52: AMP.
ItiU: CH. P: B. P: Ch.
JPh. 1935. 9. 77: WP.
1106: U5D. 21. IOt9:
AJP. 1919. 91. Il; 74.
44U: JPC. 1892. 8: PJ.
70.90:

Fat 35%.
Alkaloids
0.6"1..
Hyoscy.
pierin, gl.
Choline.
Atroscine.
Resin.
Hyoscya.
mine.
Hyoscine.

5t. 211: Fl-!. 2. Iii: WP.


1037: AJP. 1908.80.459:
IMP. 918: CRN. 497: J5C1.
1897.16.515: Trans. Ch.
5. 1910. 1329; 1913. 722:
Ann. Ch. 18~:L 7. 270;

In Japan
ScojxJlia
iatonica,

Max.
JpsJ. 1884.
28.218; 255:

i~g: 1~~~~8~r~i/~~~: ~~~~8:\56:

U5D. 576: J()M. 1923. 1. ~~~~93~::1.


19: 5MR. 191>: .N5D. 830: 213: '450 .

~~~Tg. ~~~.' ~2:

15;;,'

9g

, ~~~r
~~;; ~~~I.1.:/;~;
I 230. 228; 232. 132, -to!);

,11. ::~~.1::.8~4:;3~~1::
I

91. 68: P J. 1890. 21. 183; I


213; 1883:

~~~: l~;4.

. ..a.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

115. Lycium chi

l,ffry

f~

~~n~~,. ~i\L(Jtl~~~OU)
(L. barbarum,

(M.)

MA~~~~ONV

L.),C*.

Rap. I St. 200: FR. 2.. 175: BN. L.'lJu!gaf'e,


USD.
~~P. g~~B~o;~ 3~J~.3lg~~: Dun.
21.1069.
Sung DR. 588: RCM. 85: CMP.
Tung. 5~: RPA. 1926. 1. 167:

If

st

~~)

I ll!l'[otl.li

sd

~~ ~ ;I~
i1t i:E

!;;~

t,l;

$Il

~,

29

Szc.

II~~: p~9 i~75.3~~6. ;~~:

I m~' 5;:8Z . 1i!~ys:8g

i 1911. 75. 262: CRAS.


178, 22:J: Arb. Ph.
l'Inst. >lerlin 1910. 9. 117:
BSPh. 1921. 28. 503: Ch.
J. Ph. 1928. SRI. 162:

'Jill 'it
I ll!l ~1i.
Jl!l {Iii

: 192~.

I {lliAt'
_ _ _ _ _;WIlJ:,ft
116. Physalis AlkeJ M'. ,it ISd
Suall
kengi, L. (M.
J. Br. G.)
Chlang
C"INESE LAN
C* *~)
TERN or
Mi H~
WINTER C"ER~Y. 1'1 Iii1i
'I',' ltt If

oJ,ft1fft1;O:
lieN1,':

"R,i'@J,"-

Betaine.
Physalien.
Zeaxan
thin.
Hystonin.
Citric acid.
PhY5alin,
bitter.

5h

X:'RtJ* 5t
f1}ff<IJIJ* rt
C/J, :/'1)
-----

~'i'>if:i

117. Solanum DUIJI'~ !iii ft


camara, L.
l{'u
(W.G.)
Ch'ieh
8ITrERSWEET. ICY ill)

Hop. St. 319: FH. 2. 173: BN.


Hup. 1302: Br. 2. 45; 3. 196:
Ku.
DH. 59B: USD. 1548: WP.
Sung. 110,;: NSD. 1487: MI.
444-: Klein 3. 1253: HCA.
1929. Z. PhY5. Ch. 1927.
163. 229: 12. 499: Ber.
1930. 63. 1489: MI. 4~~:
CMP. 55: BSP. 1921. 28.
503: J. Prak. Ch. 1852.
55. 323:

------1-----Solanine.
Solancine.
Dulcama.
rin.
Fat 2~%.
Carotin.
Lycopin.

Yun.
Tung.
Hop.
Hup.

St. 411: FH.2. 169: DR.


593: BPC. 399: FHP. 404:
WP. 1089: USD. 1618:
NSD. 562: FB. 86: SP.
501: IMP. 891: PJ. 1902.
69. 160: !DI. 299: CRN.
528: MI. 30G, 394, 592:
HTA. 428: ZNG. 1906.12.
113: Analyst. 1929. 54.
153: Ber. 1930. 63. 787:
Ch. New. 1911. 104.2: Z.
PhY5. Ch. 1927. 163. 229:
BSP. 1912.
19. 283:
CRAS. 1856. 978; 1921.
173. IG8: Arch. Ph. 1835.
299; 1857.335; 1875. 289:

"Judenkirsche", Ger.
"Coqueret"
Fr.

30

BER'IARD E. READ

119. S. Melongena,
iiii
L. (M.J. Ch.) Ch'ieh
(S. ",,,fenl,,",,

(1lIl

Dun.) (FH.
WP.)
EOOPLANT or
BRINJAL.

'lli

120. ~. nigrum, L.
(M. J. Br. G,
Ch. HC.)
COMMON NIGHT
5HAOE.

~R

Beringelid. Com. St. 412: FH. 2. 1G9: BN. "Aubergine"


TrigonelG95: Br. 2. 2G+: ES. 68.
Fr.
line.
29: WP. 1090: DH. 591' "Nasu"
Choline.
MI. 3GG: IMP. 895: !DI.
Jap.
Viis. AI,
300: CRN. 529: Ch. Ztg. "Terong"
1806.22.975: TC. 1921.
B I , CI.
Malay
Ft. Fat
142. 1G: Kyoto 1921. 18.
11182: JPSJ. 1921. 42. 11:
0.1%.
Protein
BMJ. 1895. Apr. G: Ber.
2.2%.
1909. 19. 194: Ch. J. Ph.
1928. SRI, 1G4; 1935. 9.
47: LN. 1928. 681. 70:
Malay MJ. 1934. 9, 2:

sd

Saponine.
Solanine.

fl1l:f1l\.
l,':1It1 qJ

Lung
K'uei

(Ji!f

fi
fi

*)
~
~

;Rijfi'f-

7.l< iiii
~i'!!1,':

~If'

lJjt1,':

~1IIl

It#1?

LABIATAE (22)

hb

'!If)

rt
If
sh
st

r",m.

St. 413: FH. 2. 171: BN.


141G: Br. 2. n: USD .
. IGI9: MW. 8n: N3D.
5G+. WP. 1090: DH. 591:
CMP. 5G: FHP. 405: FB.
86: HTA. 427: PJ. 188G.
Nov. 27: 1909. 65. 422:
AMP. 1G3: IMP. 889:
CRN. 529: !DI. 300:
AEPP. 1895.36. 3GI: Ph.
Cent. 1892. 712: Arch. Ph.
1891. 229, 527: JPC. 1820.
6. 374: 1821. 7. 414:
Klein 3.1140:

Iif~:n
Ch'un
HsingK'e

-----1-------1--1--------1---121. Ajuga pyg'


1i'tfli/J,1X' If
sc. BN. GO,:
~{t~

;~~'

A. Gr.

~~~:a:; I.

Hsiao
Ts'ao
(~

ill),

Jap. name.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

122.. Brunella vul

!l:t';:I,':

~~riiIt: &M.J. H~~'a~'U

Br.)
BEAI. ALL or
CARPENTER
WEED.

If lESS. Oil.] Hup.

st

C* 15\)
5' 1iJ
71 lit
l!!~ jJij

Man.

123. Eischoltzia
'It \).'j hb lESS. oil 2% Hop.
Eischolzia- H~p.
cristata, \~i1Id. H~iang ,l.u

LE~{~INBr.)

C~t~)

I Ketone.

~~*

'iff

KI.

1078: DH. 57.1: IMP.


10:)8: CRN. 4G9: MMJ.
9. 2()7: JMMJ. 1928.
~2~7:
Ph. Post. 1913. 46.
(,2,,: J. Russ. Ph. Ch. Ges.
190:).35.831. JOM. 1928.
3.2G7:

I St.

lUI: FH. 2. 277: BN. E. patrini,


7::2: Br. 3. lR:1: HeM. Garcke.
(BN.)

~~~~~~. ~~14Wi52.1~~~:

~:i/9i;o. 288 ii {~if

St. 75: FH. 2. 299: BN. (Pru"ella)

~~~;:r~u~~ ~~n. ~~~. ;t:~sD~ri56~':~~:

I'

ill~.I,I.

31

398. 2G1; 191G. 415. 781;


1918.431. I; 1922. 485.
565: Klein. 3. 650:

II

!l'I Wi rt
124. Lamium
album, L. (hi.) Hsii Tuan
(L.j>,HoM"""
C* ~"')
Royle.) (M.)
~ trr
WBITE NETTLE.
r& 'If

nli Ii.
M :1(0:

125. Leonurus
macranthus,
Maxim. (M.J.)

ff 5;R

sh

Tsan
Ts'ai

Cf!l'ill)

'--1----'--1-------1----

126. L. sibiricus, L. ;E .ijJ st


(St. M. J. W. Ch'ung sd
Ch.)
Wei
SIBERIAN
C*~)
MOTBERWORT. :e:IWW
or LION'S TAIL.:e: OjJ
j{
l(jj

In

!l!f7i;loil-'
til Joi,(,
}(

,\J.:

~:j;Ui\:

'~lll::li(

Il::tIiI,"

1!li'f

Leonurine.
Leonuri.
nine.
Ess. oil.
Fatly oil.

Man.
Hup.
Hop.
Tung.

St. 235: FR. 2. 302: IMP.


10....3: BN. 807: Br. 2. 34;
2()0; 3. 154: WP. 1038:
Ber. Ph. 1904. 14. 372:
DH. 574. MI. 42: Ikai
Jibo 1928 2. 1771: PJ.
1895. 54. 181: CMP. GI:
CRN. 503: 1'01. Ph. Jap.
1930: 11.
153: JJMS.
1930. 4. 7; 1932. 8. (G7):
ChCSJ. 1934. 2. 337:
Acad. Sinica 1932. 8. Oct:
KO. 15: PSBM. 192(). 24.
4: ChNHA. 1935. 1.
10~:

32

BER:-.1ARD E. READ

~1,\:1f

I
I

2~7;

127. Lophanthus
rt If. ess. oil Hop. I, St.
252: FH. 2. 288: Lysimachi.
rugosus, Fisch.
P'ai
0.5%
1Sung. DH. 572: \VP. 107~; eMP.
sikokitwlJ,
(J.)
Ts'an
:Man'I;)9:BSC'I~I~' 15~_~~2: Miq.
(Agas{adu r.,
HSiang
I
Http. Schlm. HI 1:). Apr. i.t>:
(BN. St:)
Kuntze.)
CIIII I'l)
I
Sze.
(192.)
(L. chill~llsis.
Tung.
'
Walp.) (FH.)
128. L. rugo,us.
FiS(;h. (St.
HCM. BN.)

'<if

Ilf

(~"

iIi)1 br

'jff
Huo
Hsiang

I Ess. oil
0.5%

I Hop. I-St. 2+7. 252: HI. 2. 288: 51.drys


I

rruiJ;1J!!'i'f

- - - - - 1 - - -1
129. Mentha arvensis. L.

(AP~~~,1. var.
j;ijJerascms,

"'~Po HofJi ~I Ess.0.8%oil.

Cri:t::rpI!i~)

FJE~I';~.(BN.) {;~~

st

Sung. DH. 572: WP. 107n: bdollica,


OIan.IOIP. 09: BSC. 191~. 15. Benth. KO.
Hup. :1-~2: Schim. 1915. Apr. 18.
Sze.
~5: B~: 1514; St. 2~7:
Tung. HOI. 80:

Hop. 51. 263: FH. 2.281: BN. KO. 16


Tung. 1~.~2: WP. 1067: DH. 58~; 4 varieties

~:~~~~. ~~~: i~r-18~~3~M~M~2:}~r


Menthenon.

1885. 388; 493;

Limonene.

;~~O.2~;: ~~~kl~~~: ~~~:

1It~UH"'i

130. Mosla grosse- lfj ';;;; II


serrata,
h'i Ning' &
Maxim. (M.J.)(:lfr ill) st
(a) Plectanthus R !i\\
glauco-calyx. ilfa!~
vaT. japonicll5.
Maxim. (J.)

Manchuria.

188(i.

190.1.276.135: 1910.337.
I~I: 346. 89~: 364. 611.
441. 9~9: 1923. 493. 17~:
499.725: AJP. 1925. 97.
658; HCM. 89: TC. 32.
1O~7: JJIC. 1919. 22.
296: 969: 18. 41: 7. 1297:
J. Pro Ch. 1917. 96. 245:
KO. 16: Perf. Record
1925. 16. 146: Ch. EB.
1929.14.16: JAPA. 192~.
12. 1075: JBC. 1922. 54'1
439:
Ess. oil
0.2%.
Thymol.
CymoI.
Carvacrol.

Myristicin.
Mosl~n.

Ku.

I St. 268: FI-I. 2. 280. BN. "Himeshiso"


1~60: CMP.
65: NSD.
Jap.
I07~: DJ-I. 585:
JpsJ.
1891. 107. 3. 189: 1919.
450. 66~: 459. ~89: 1921.
475: WP. 1073: ]JIC.
1919. 22. 382. KO. 16:
Klein 3. 576; 588: JSCI.
1919. 38A. 877:

CHI~ESE

33

MEDICINAL PLA:<ITS
REMARKS

REFERENCE

131. M. punctata,
Max. (J).
(Ch.)

111i'~

Shih
Hsiang
Jon

(1lIl '!'i)
11 ~

sh
st

Sze.
Che.
Ki.
Hup.

Ess. oil.

HUP

St. 2G8: FH. 2. 281: WP.


1074: Perf. Rec. 1920. 11.
I!: Schim. 1920. 42: KO.
IG: Klein 3, G~8:

sd

:{jjff'-I:-;:-

131a. M. punctata,
Max. (J. Ch.) 3hih Ch'i
Ning

('1ft

Ess. oil, 1%
Mujone.
Sesquiter.
pen.

.!

ii!),

St. 208: FH. 2. 281: WP.:


1074: PerL Rec. 1920.11.
II: Schim. 1920.42: KO.
~~hI~~~n 3. G48: BN. 337

-----1--132. Nepeta Gle


IIi~1i\:
If
choma, Bth. ChiHsiieh st
(~f. Br.)
Ts'ao
(Gkchoma hd,ra(* ~)
cea, L.) (M.J.) Ml,~:t:i
OROUND IVV or
jll!~-I,\:
FIELD BALM.

Ess. oil.
Hop. St. 281: FI-!. 2. 290. EN.
Glcchomin. Hup. 945: Br. 3. 137: WP.
JOS2: DH. ;HS: AIL lS;):
Ku.
Sung. AJP. 1928. 100. I!;:.: KO.

I N. l".,ifoHa
HCM. 94:
-I species in
India, CRN.

~~~Ar~h~;C\;.0~9~:: I ~agk:IMP.

77.290:

;]!tf1i~:

If:J !W

133. N. japonica,
~:j1 l'J st
Maxim. (M.J. Chia Su hb
Br. EN)
~)I n

(i

~q ;l~
Jjl,

St. 393: FH. 2. 263: BN.


808: Br. 3. 136: CMP. 68:
WP. 1031: KO. 16: Klein
3. 620. JPSJ. 1921. 476.
869:

Ess. oil
1.8%.
l\lcnthone.
Limoncne.

SaMa p!<bia,
R. Br.
Br. 3. 13!;:
Sec 139.

-----1---;--1----1--1-------1---134. Ocimum basilicum, L.


(M. J.)
SWEET BASiL,
ORAND BASILIC.

1iIi

~ Ihbsd

Ess. oil.

1.0 Le

Ocimen.

(~ ~)I

Pinene.
Terpin.
hydrate.
Cineol.

~
~-'f1~:

'i"r

Hop.
Ku.
Ki.
Tun;.

St. 289: FH. 2. 266: BN. jifi j1li


1495: USD. 1514: DH. AI K'ANO
58a. Laufer 586: \VP.
1075: IMP. 1011: CRN.
511: ID!. 208: CRAS.
1897. 124. 300: 1904.
139.928: lD05. 141.272;
140. 4i15, 667: JSC!.
1918. 604: 1904. 1235:
1905. 1253: JCS. 1897.
72. 429: BSCC. 1898. 19.
151: 1905. 23. 1121:
Arch. Ph. 1897. 235. 176:
C.C. 1911. 1. 223: Schim.
1903. 33: 1906. 10. 12:
1925. 54: 1929. 70. Klein
3.574:

34

BERNARD E. READ

l~j.aL.O.(M.basilicum,
Be. Ch.)

1.1~:

m;
hb
Hsiin
sd
(al) l\'Ielilotus in Ts'ao
rt
dicus. All. (J) (g'l 1fOj
(a2) M. arvcnsis, 18~?f
Wallr. (Br).
W. 1.'(
1f 1,'(

Ess. oil.

Hop.
Ku.
Ki.
Tung.

-','(

~!ti
y.u~nt(

BNI

St. 289: FH. 2. 200:


O. s.aJldum.
1495: USD. 1514: DH' I L.
5RG: Laufer fi"O: \VP. IMP. 101~.
lOi5: IMP. 1011: CRN. Cf. l.y,;"",
fill: lD1. 208: CRAS.
duo., q. v.
VW7. 124.300: lVO.J.. 139.
928: 1905. 141.272; 140.
-tfi.'i, G67: JSCI. 1918.604:
190-L 123;'): 1905. 1253:
JCS. 189i. 72. 429: BSCC.
1898. 19. 151: IV05.23.
1121: Arch. Ph. 189i.
235. jiG: C. C. 1911. 1.
223: Schim. 1n03. 33'
WOG. 10. 12; 1925. 5..J.:

1929. 70. Klein 3. 574; St.


2G2: Be. 3. 129: lDl. 188:
CRN. 50G: Br. 2. 230:

nan'l

135. Perilla
~.~
If
kinensis,
Su
Docne.
(g'l H)
(J.G.Ch.M.)
~ iii
(P. f'~dt:scmr. ," 1Jf. ~:~
Brelt-var.
H 1
pa, Dxne.)
(P. a,c,da. nth.)
(Be. FJ-L)
I
(a) P ocimoidcs I

Ess. oil.
Perillol.
Resin.
Fattyoil.

0"'1

~~:t~~'(~~~a:
St.)

--:--=----:

Sze.'
Ku.
Ki.
Tung.

St. 313: FH. 2. 270: BN.


111-4: Br. 2. 50: 3. 138:
CMP. iO: WP. lOi8: HOI.
102: Schim. IV 10. 10. 13G:
1921. 35: 1929. 72: Klein
3.583: JCS. 1920. 118.
750. Parf. Moderne 1919.
12. 20: KO. Ii: JpsJ.
1911. 347. I: 1nI9. 446.
2Ga: UJ20. 460. 535: 462.

~~~ ;:i~.1:4~~2~~~[~:~~

i
:~~2;~'3~~': 24~ ChCSJ.
1_:1_- - - 1 - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - -

I:1G. Rosmarinus I i!i:!';W hb I Ess. oil. 21. Exot. BP: PG: St. 381: BN. 819:
officinal is. L. l\h Tich
Rosmarin.
FH. 2. 288: FHP. 438:
(M. J.)
Hsian~
Cineol.
USD. 1534: WP. 1026:
ROSEMARY.
(flt)1!)
Borneol.
eRN. 523: MI. 542: AMP.
1G1: BilL. 192i. lOi: PJ.
1879.10.212: 327: 1891.

21. 93i: 190i. 79. 599;


G9ii: 1910.85.341: Schim.
1904. R2: 1891. 4. 41:
IS!';. 10. Gn: 189i.l0.
51: 1902. 4. 80: 1n03. 4.
70: eh. Drug. 190G. 68.
Gi I: Arch. Ph. 189i 235.
1)85: Perf. Roc. 192:\. 14.
2:;t: Klein 3. 591: Perf.
Modern. 1924. 232:

CHINESE 1lEDlCINAL PLANTS

137. Salvia,
fil.)!{,!f. If
japonica, Th. Shu Wei f(
(M. J.)
Ts'ao
(S. em,u:rms,
Benth.) (FR.)
(S. Forlwu:i,

CI)
Wi

Benth.) (FR.)

I.~

Ce.
SC.

~O

35

St. 392: FR. 2. 284: BN.I S. offieillalis,

~;;~~. ~~r2~i~~~n~:c21~:r.1U~~: ~;9.


1457:

16 species.

w~li!I

!f-

7./< lFr

3-~i-2:-F-R-.2-.-28-G-'-D-R.-II-B-I~-r.-7G-'3-,

-13-8.-s.-m-ul-tio-r'-:--:PJ--!l!-' : - - - - I -- -.-I--.
HOp St
rhiza,Bge.(M. Tan SheD
G. PS.)
*1J[)
(S. ,uPFolliea,
,iI;!l!

Ku.
Ki.

C*

577: Br. 3. Gl:


192,;. 3. 549:

ClGM.

w!l!

Sung. HCM. 127: Wi!. 320: JSSI.


1980. I. 5. 47: KO. 17:

(a)ta~;;:'e';;,~\\!. ~:~

~~~191i}42. ~;l02R~~:

Miq.) (Br.)
(Wi!.)

~ j~
9;~1,~

115.1182:

139. S. plebeia,
R. Br. (J.)

I Com.

(5. brachiala,
Roxb.) (M.)

140. Sentellaria
baicalensis,

Georg. (J.M.)
(S. macr.,dha,

Fisch.) (BN.
FR. Br.)
(S. viscidula,
B.e) (G.M.)
SrULLCAP.

iYi.:1I'

rt

Huang

i"J

~)

JJl)

Jill

r,fi(

~1i ~
*~:11'

Vi X

~p Wi
~t'n\\

"{- :11'
~ :11'
~_~:11'

JlU:1I'

Hop.

sd

species.

I
I

[~:~'. ~?;~8: ~R3. ~H,;2~: ~:/:::':~mr. L.


89:1: WP. 1042: DH. "77: (Ch. J.) q.v.

St.- 400: FR. 2. 294: B)/.,

Sung. 1139: Br. 2. 2H2: 3. 72:


Ess. oil.
SP. -4-50: DH. 571: HC~1.
Baicalin.
129: CMP. 78: \yP. 1079:
flavone.
Klein 3. R55: 2. 929, fJH:
Baicalcin.
Ce. 1889. 2. 100: Rh. Ztg.
Scutcllarin,
1901. 96,;: Ml. 400:
(Woogonin).

Ch'in

C*
~f
*-

S. imlir.a.
CR~. :")27:

S. lal,,-i/lora,
L.
USD. 21. 970:

BMJ. WIG:
JpsJ. 1891. 109. 20,.: "Wo.on"
1919. 485: 1920. 464.
Jap.
901: Inl: 51. 15: Dr.
188_9.3. "21: Imp: MCd'l
Tokyo. 1899. 1.30" AP.
1923. 1. 105: Ino_ 5.
1 99: 1931. 5. 219: KO. 17:
JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. U7:
1
IllER. 192 2. 36~ 18: Ch_
0
(RA. 193a.
1, G"

36

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

REMARKS

St. 422: FH. 2. 300: BN. S. f>arviflora,


231: var. japonica, .Ma eRN. 530:
xim. KO. IR:
IMP.
,'I1osla
gl'osreun'afa,

Max., (J)
(130)

142. S. Sieboldi,
Miq. (M.J.
Ch.)
C"INESE ARTI. C"OKE.

1.Q,R

rt

Ts'ao
Shih
Ts'an

Stachyose.
Arginine.
Choline.

(fit ill)
ll!!

StachyHop.
drine, alk. Hop.

VitB.

:I: iii

iJ'~-f
i1ii ~
ll!!!l\.~

St. 422: FH. 2.301: WP. "Crosnes",


1030: BN. 811: DH. 575: Fr.
HTA. 16: HCM. 97: MI.
361: CRAS. 190:). 136.
1569: 1922. 175. 252:
Ber. 1890. 23. 1692,
1699: 1891. 24. 2705:
1893. 26.939: 1896. 29.
1882, 2065: 1909. 42.
4654: Apoth. Ztg. 1894.
554: Ph. Ztg. 1890. 35.
151: eh. Ztg. 1890. 14.

87: Z. Phys. Ch. 1909. 60.


155: 1910.67. ,09: 1913.
85. 209: Land. Vers.
1888. 35. 472: 1892. 40.
277: 41. 123: "1896. 48.
33: 1902. 55. 419: PJS.
1929. 38. 1:
VERBENACEAE

(8)1,1'~ll!1;(nl
MaPlcn
Ts'ao K'e

'-.1---.1--1-------1--143. Caryopteris
r~ 1~:
rt
divaricata,
Yu Ts'ao
Max. (M.)
ill)
(Ckrock"dro" d., ,Ii;.fJf
I
S. &Z.) (FH.) Iii 11Ii

(1ft

:E;

~'f

Ki.
Hup.

St. 150: BN. 1389: FH. JF;!Ji


2. 263: JACS. 1919. 41. Digitaria
1~84:

58:

eRN. 504: Br. 2. sallguillalis,


St. 150:
(Panicttms.

~i

I.). WP. 75.


1285:

'F
'F

-----1---1-'---1--1-------1--144. Clerodendron ifH+I'MIU If 'Carbohy.


trichotonum. Hao Chou
drate-N.
Thunb.(M. J.) Ch'ang rt
(C. villo5'W1/., BI.)
Shan
sh
(WP.)
(~~)

Ku."

BN. 757: Br. 2.358. KO'I


18: WP.
1025: Ann.
Botany 1926. 40.491:

:17

CHI 'ESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

IC~~~~~E ~~:~l CO~~:;:U. ~~~-1

LATIN NAME

145. Lippia no
difera, Rich.
(J.)
(Phyla chilltllris,
Lour.) (FH.)
FOO'PRUIT

:0 J1:

I hb I

Shih
Hsien
15')

(llill

REFERESCE

I Sze. i FH. 2. 251: DH. 564: I L. asper.


Hup. I IMM. 514: IMP. 98G:
AMP. 155:
Tung.'
L. scab. gl.
WP. 1020.
Ml. 422:
Arch, Ph.
1907.245
349: Ess.
oil. USD. 21.
1365:
I'

I
146. Premnamicro- 1{fj ;g,.
phylla. Turcz. Fu Pei

(P.(~J~l"..ca,

IChe
Fu..

fl

1(;"I'~)

I~:.

I -,

Miq.) (FH.BN.1
Br.)

147.

~~~~~~.Ofl~1.l tr~~r~~
J.L. Br. Ch.)

~:~~~~~. Com.

If

Ts'ao

Invertin.

~!O
~n~!~:

(8iJ

l!ll.l!lil;\:

VERVAIN.

sh
rt

St. 353: FH. 2. 256: BN. Flower of


';Jj; Ij, R
1295:
Br. 2. 358: 3. 387:
Ch'ih hsiao
tou (P)

CRN. 5W,
G species.
St. 452: Wil. 288: FH. 2.
252: BN. 851: Br. 2. 358:
3. 214: IMP. 987: WP.
1024: DH. 564: AMP.
153: CMP. 76: CRN. 536:
MI. 565: JPSJ. 1908.316.
593: Arch. Ph. 1908. 246.
272: Wat. 142: Klein 3.
1218: ZEPT. 1918. 19.
483: AEPP. 1924. 101.
46: Ch. Ztg. 1908. Apr:
JPC. 1908. 27. 49; 101:
KO.18:

_ _ _ _ _ ._ _ f-- ---~I--I-------!----

148. Vitex Ne
:
jilJ sd
gundo, L. (J. Mu Chingl

(V~~';':~ifOlia}~
s. & Z.)

=)

II' jilJ

,~

149. V. sp. (St.)

I!i\!
I

(fJf

Iii

rt I
st I
: j I

Jill I

t~~~

Ess. oil.
Resin.

JiIJI

Sze.

St. 456: FH. 2. 258: Wil. V.lit/aralis,


94: DH. 566: WP. 1023: gl. MI. 475.
138: CMP, 75: MLPB.
1900. 31: Pharm. India
3. 72: KO. 18: Br. 3. 532:

i Sung. St. 494:


i Sha.

sd

*)

IHop.

I~~~~oid, r~ng. ~~: 46I2;1ll'.IP8:~:9: ~~~:

BERNARD E. READ

88

_____ r~~~~~~E ~~~~lco~~~iuIHT~~'-1


150. V. trifolia.
vaT. Qvata,

(*

IGGf'): Scbim.

SchaU< } (Br ) I

REMARKS

5t. 457: FR. 2. 258: BN. "Hamago"


Tung. 1::J:l7: \OVP. 1023: DH. Jap.
567: IMP. 998: CR>I. 5~7:
IMM. 892: CMP. 7G: U5D.

jilJ sd Ess. oil


Man
camphen.
Ching
Alkaloid.
j;'[)
'traces.

Mal" (J.)
(V. I.. L. vaL
tun/oliotala.

5un~.

I I

L.'!iii

189+.

14'

JJIC. 240. 191:

J5Cl.
1921. 411: MLPB. 1900.
31: KO. 18: Klein 3. 598
Br. 2. 358: 3. 532:

'1'

I
~ijg'il'(

]51. Eriuichiull1
pedunculaTe.

DC.

(~1.

NC.
CC.

Chi

Ch'an~

Br.)

Bthe.) (~I.)

~~~;:t\~a~n. r~ ~h'
:

Gurke (Yabe)IOJt

I
St. Ilia: FH.2. 153: Br. wastiron
2. 5G; 3. ""02: AJP. 1898. tn"via/e,

70. 346: WP. 1017: Ber. Takeda. var.

Ts'ao
(}JI) i!i<}

(T";gollotis p.

152.

hb Alkannin.

1887. 20. 2-128: Pharm. glalloulosflm.

I Centh. 1696. 37. H8:

-:1 ~~~-

sd i

*)

Koch. (J)

~~J,?~UI'

FH 2.150 Dll 5Gl

51. 94:
Br. 3. l76:

I
1

----I

I-1.--Shlkonm

15g Llthospcrmum
11\
rt
ofhemale, L 1 zu TS'aol

(!

;~;)~:tt~~e l ~):

(l-S;~;r)a,(;,

I ~ 1Ji

OROOMWEll.

'III!

I
I

NC.

St. 24,"): FH. 2. 15k DH.


;)U3' BN 110..).' Br 2. 80'

11051:

]NEM. 36.
1930. 1. 5. 45':
1818. 9. 439: Arch.
1858. 146. 278: KO.
Ber. 1878. 11.2146:

I
I

]~l.

-I----i-
I

Sheng

(E~i;~;lL~,p .. I~~id' T;~a~


i

hb

Szc.

h~~~~r:7;n~~:~.

I ~~i~'4~/ili~'l818;~:

Ifo.

d:.JE.t.R

J 51.. Trigonotis

Dc.) (BN.)

cc.

ment

~ml,\:

----pcdullcularis.

-1.--------I

VIOlet pig-

1 St.

535

..j.-I-3: FH. 2.

l"':~:

29:
PJ.
Ph.
18:

BN.

Bothriosfrrmum ftllelfum,

F. & 1\'!. var.


asjJemgoicks,

Maxim. (J)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

IC~~~~E ~~:~ CO~~~I;U'1 ~~~I'1

39

I RE~'1ARI\S

-------1

---'--Im"'H;='}a=f:--:I:='"+:........::::.c.=--+:"::':':':'--'--1
IHua K'e 1_,1___ 1 1
I
-----

CO--NY-O-LY-U-.

LACEAE (5)

tcg,Ria. Br.!
155 Cal,'t'um
Se p

(HC. Br. Ch.

mH-su.a~nt ',; rt
Hua I

(~~;""J'" s., (~ ~)I


L.)

(Cct:;~)ca,

,fJli ~l! I
~~m

flEDGE BINDWEED $~';l},/,'O:

~1iII;;':

~\!tHtJ'j-

fI

IGRlesu~o
~~

I ~rOaPn"1 ~~._ 80:

117.;'%

"
Hup.

I~~~v~~-:;.

Szc.

FH. 2. U;.J: DH. 1 Purgative.


aat: WP. 1009:, CMP. 78: I USD. 21.
JpsJ. 548. 881: JdePh. 598;

~~2~2. 925~~1~. B1i(iO~T

Phys. Ch. IV~.'. 143. V:


Klein 3. 9:l8; ~:J~:

.J species.

40

BERNARD E. READ

Protein
1.3%.
Fat 0.1%.
Cu, 0.57
mg%.
Ipomoein.
Phylo.
sterol.
I
PhYloSlero'l
1m.
Carotene. i

Bull. Agric. Jap. 1928. 4.


'1191, G48: JBC. 1915. 21.
503: 41. 553: 1931. 93.
119: Ber. 1890. 25. 45G:
I Ber. Ph. 1910. 20. 481:
!eM]. 1924. 38. 125: Ch J
Ph. 1933. 7. 18G: 1928.
I

SRI. Hi5: Te. 1890. 11.

30 ex: BOI. 1889. 24.


3i: Arch. Ph. 1909.247.
1tl-/.: Science 1935. 81.
53G: Malay MJ. 1034. 9.
2:

159.1.
I ;f,;'f'f- sd 8% Resin I Hop.
!I Ch'icn
I pharbitisin. i Che.
]acq.
eh.)
Niu.;
Fixed oil I Ku.
(Phm-bitis h., L.)" Tzu
I I <:.%:.
I Hup.
( M . ) O ) ' j ~k)
AnlhGcy,
Tung.
I'

Br. 3. 298: 2.
I51.19-1-:189:
Klein 3. 802: FH. 2.

I'

~~C;~i~~~OiS')1 ~~~
~10RNINO

1i

ASClEPIADACEAE

Ind.

~~~~lini:8~~. ~~~; J~~Y

I
'

.1882. 8. 292:
01;8: 19lU.
1922. 479. 1:
515: PhZcnt.
2i1: KO. 19:

1912. 362.
452. 821'
19:]5. 520.
1887. 28.
M1. 4+-1:
eRN. 4f.H.lj 51-1-: Proc. Imp.

~1~~d;::kY~D1;2G1~' ~~t

Arch. Ph. 18%. (22-1) -159


JJIC. 192i. 30. 205: PJ.

(7)

'j\i)J+:!,I:

OlORY

amllS.

11iI;:~K1,,:

INDIAN JALAP'

"Kaladana",

IGO: BN. 029: NSD. 871:


BPC., 58G: CMP. 80: WP.
1012: SP. 213: Sei1.

:;;6: 1.1~~82~55:

JSS1.

I ~lfJwn I I
L~(':IO

i Hop.
i

Sung.

!51. -15-1: Fl'. 2. 10-1: CMP.


i

V. ammi"a
81: BN. ~12: Br. 2. HI;:;; tu.m. M. & D.

Ii,;:, I~""g";,~Oi,,:"

1"J

I'fu .,

41
LATIN NAME

161. C. caudatum,

ICf~~;~E I~~~~ CO~~~~U'I ~~~I'l

I E'll',I I rt ICynan-

(;~~;i; V.:~L) P~~!~u ~~


Miq.) (FH.) (* ta\)'1

:&~

'E

Sung 1St 480


t

119.781: TMW. 1912.

AEPP.
67. !l8: MI. 388:

Er.~fJ i rt

162. C. japoniCUI1l)

Hun. I FH. 2. 107: BN.


Bogs. l335: KO. 20:

Hems!. (BN.) Pai Lungl


(V;'ueloricum.j.,
Hsii I
M. & D.)
(jill )
(FH. BN.)

26'1

g91:9~f.. :;.2~R~J~r

1 197. H53:

FH 2. 105 Br

~OO~4KOC~:~: ]ll~~~. 1

I cotoxin.

1912.
.
3L7;

II

E Jii) rt

163. C. japonicum.
Hemsl. var.

Pai

~~a~:"%"i')' 1,;,:"i~OI

(V~~t~a)(tr:) ~
164.C. sibiricul1l,
R.Br. (M.)
(VillceLuxicum s.,
Decne.) (M.)

ok

I'

(~I~tu:~t
(C~IP.)

4,;4: FH. 2. 10,:


HCM. 48: BN. 305: Br.
3. ~i: KO. 20:

St.

-I---I-l--

1,.".II-rt

2U- U-:-Br-.-3.-2-15-:h -'P-. I-S-1.-

Nii
(~II

!i<)'

~I--_I--_I_----_-_I_--_

t ~r; ~~ i
~r;/~h&,h.(~ *)1 I
~~~t:~~\~

Icc.

Ch'ing

------1'"
lH5.

I ~m~
I'"

. 166. Pycnostell1la I

:f;lt~ll'P

(tc~s~l1;~)1 C~~~,g
Ch',in ,g

I
rt

I
I

(P. pauimlai"m,
KS.) (M.)
1(* ~'ID
(Ascltpjasp.,
I Sil,f;f1l!l1
Bunge.) IFrI.) );'HiIJ~

Sung ,

(P~=:)j., I
I
l\ijJillUfA!

(Mi;::f(FH.)

~~P. ~i: ~/::'~8:; k~.: i:~~:

I
I

---I-H-OP-+~-~-I~-u~-~.-~~-b-:-i.ogiN.I--~~:~

Man

I
I

BERNARD E. READ

42

i
I

Ku.

~~'.

I St..140: FH. 2. 99: BN.I T. fragrans.

1l17:

'f~~~'8~~~;

Che.
Hup.
She.
Sze.
Kan.
Tung.

'liillW1f.'j-

GEN~IA:A~E~E(3): LU~~eTa"I_I
169. Gentiana
scabra, Bge.
(Br. M.)

'iill 111

rt: GentroSung. St. 18G: FH. 2. 184: BN. i Japanese var.


Lung Tan
picrin.
Che.
1417: Br. 3.91: DH. 580: Bu.eygtri,
~%),
,Gentianose. Hup. HOI. 69: MI. 40;): CMP.' Max.

C*

(G~~~'{(;i-I.) ,lit

(a)F~~lb(~~a~;.J'

(b) G. oliveiri,
DC. (M. Br.) ,
GENTIAN.

'tiff!

IG:~~~,~

------- -

485: 1913. 382. 1175:


1914.390.911: WP.973:
CZMG. 1928. 6. 67:

several
species.

-----

170. Limnanthem- ~ SR hb i
urn nymphoi.
Hsing I rt I
des, Hoffm. et Ts'ai,
I
Link. (Ch. Br. Wf *)'

~ ~:

Vent.)(M.FH.), bM!ir,~
FRINGED WATER I 'll'Ff~
L1LVor
,1i'I:illi'f'
FLOATING "EART.I l'f ~ I

J~~ICR;ri2949;~i~~4 2~: I~i~;H spe-

~;~ 5~~'; ~~;'lm6G.I~~~: C~~~~~t has

,'I
'I

?~blsia n..

I Tung.

, Fu.

Ku.
I

Ki.
Hup.
Hop.

St. 2+1: FH. 2. 1+2: Br.


2.222: BN. 93U, var. ja.
ponicum, Miq. eRN. 503:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

43

I';~~~~~EI~~~~ICU~~T;~U. t~~~l'l

LATIN NAME

I n,~

8U~:B~;~ or I(~~)

BOOBEAN.
MARSH TREFOIL.

Menyan- I Pond. St. 263: BN. 1223: CMP.


thin, g!. - ,
186: DH. 532: IMP. 855:

171. Menyanthes
?;ii hb
trifoliata, L. IShuiTs'a;

~;~liatin,!

~~?;ii

~::~~e~~:

i~~iH7~; I~R~G9~0~F~:

(Loganin)

:t7i~

Saccharase.
Emulsin.
Trimethyl.

USD. 1~88: PJ. 1910.85.


ll
I tl~3:
11911. 152. 169~: Apoth.
Zt,3'. 1901. 16. 281: Ber.
: Ph. 1926. 37. 720: 1927.

lii;I. 51g 'ci1t

~~~~~~.

11~5: ;~\:1. J4~:9;li/;Oi6~:

,1913. 7. 529: Klein 3.


120G; 1:!32: 4. 867; 81G:
Ch. News. lD12. 105.25:
191(;. 113. 85: Ph. Zeit.
Russ. 1862. 28: Arch. Ph.
18~2. 80. 153; 67: 18GI.
158. 2103 1865 174. 37

-'----- -i-- -1-- -- 1--1:::':'" "" '"

,11'fra

LOGANIACEAE (4)1

~_I
l'iH(\!~ Ilf

172 BuddleIa la :
ponica,Hcms!. Tsui Yii

(l~}".f!ora,

fl

(~s'a)
Il\lf.(\:n;

H. &A.)(St.)

_ _ _ II

I_i_

'.

I'

!She.

~f I---'--i----I

173. B. officinalis, ffn;;UE fl


Max. (HC. G.) Mi Meng
{D. madagascariHua I

(~:)Hance.) (~~~)I:
I

St 76 FH 2. 119 BN. B. salviafolia,


13G1: KO. 21:
AMP. 140:

SC
I

I i ,

[{an.
I Hup.

: ~~~i.

I St.

.: _

75: FH. 2. 120: DH. B. v.,iabi/is,


531i: BN. 883: HOI. 26: Hems!.
KO. 21:
Flavonolo'II

i ~i~;3.~
482:

BERNARD E. READ

174. Gelsemium

I!P.I

rt

Alkaloid.

elcgans, Bth. Kou Wee If


(M. Br.)
C>Ii: ~~)
(Ml!dicia degalls, !l!f t~
Gord.) (FH.) ~i;;
(Leptoptl!ris suma- tilr~~~:
trana, Blume.) ~m.rt'
(FH.)
'Pi. ij~

*J!

.1<.1I':1E

i.

~*fIi1

Fu.
St. 185: FH. 2. 117: JPSJ. Poisonous.
Yun. 188-1. 109; 212: Br. 3.
Tung. 280. WP. 900: DH. 532'
PJ. 1887. 82-1: ChJP.
1931. 5. 131; 181; 27U;
3-15: BPC. -181:

175. Strychnos Nux


sd I StrYclll.line. Exot.
vomica, L.
Fan t\'lu
Brucine.
(J.M.)
Pieh
Igasunne.
NUX VOMICA.
CM )
Loganine.
A'~iFf
Tannin.
:-zr~eHe.fi.

)!,;killj

,I':

Chlorogcn

acid.
Copper.

111\

_
Laufer. 4W: Ch. P: BP:
USP: EN. ~50: St. 425:
FIIP. ~8-1: WP. 961: IMP.
836: eRN. 248: IDI. 302:
Wot. -172: KO. 21: DH.
"%: JSCI. IVII. 151: CA.
WIG. 1-10-1; 800: JPSJ.
li:'\UI. 112. ;;47; W07.
3eO. 1-11: usn. 720: H.
I 1908.11. 179: MI. 31-1:
1;ul: Ch. Ztg.IUO~. 2~
"70: HTA.
178: AJP.
If)O:~. 75. 258; 1907. 79,
I; IUI8. 90. 0~3: JCS.
tR50. 2. 241; 1880. 37.
2~';; 1881. 39. 45G; 188-1.
I-IOU: PJ. 188B. 13. Go-l;
1053; 188-1. 15. 0; 1883.
14. 290; 1025; G21; 1890.
IOG7; 49~; 191-1.93.120;
1

1916.97.458; 1902. 3--t3;

,W2-1.

112. G70; 1877.


IDOO. 11. 82: Ann.
Chim. Phys. 1818.8. 3n;
1819. 10.142; 113; 18-18.
24. G5: Arch Ph. 18-1G. 96.
28-1; 1881. 218. 18';;
1888. 226. 8DD; 1889.
227. 158; 1855. 134. 15;
18D7. 235. IIlIl; 190D.
i 247. W7; 1892. 230. 3-10;
I ;)i');"); a-H); 1887.225. Rl--t;
,18DO. 228. 813; 18D2.
230. 5-1D; ID02. 240. 0-11:
J. Prakt. Ch. 18-18. 44'1
185: CRAS. 1858. 46.
12B-I; 1900. 130. I-Ill;
WOO. 131. 27G: Pr. Ch. S. I

-14,,,

Poisonous.

The Pen
T'sao
habitat
jJIiJIl~i

may refer
to Szechuan.

CHI~ESE

MEDICINAL PLANTS

45

REFERENCE

1902. 18. 220: Ber. 1908.


41. 1711; 1889. 22. 609:
Ch. News. 1881. 43. 289:
Apoth. Ztg. 1897. 12. 17:
JPC. 1878. 28. 189; 1853.
25. 202: 1907. 25. 225:
Schwciz. Apoth. Ztg. 1923.

61.398: Klein 3. 407:

176. Forsythia sus


pensa. VahI.

I~ 5l!l I

(M.]. Br.)
. (LilacjxrsP.nsa,

Lien

lS~':; s(~P.) I~

1!

Fo~;:;~L (FH.)
177. Fraxinus

It
If

ISaponin.
Phillyrin.
i

Ch'iao
.C* t$)

llll

I!i.

Sung. SI. 177: FR. 2. 82: BN. In Japan.


94G: RCM. GG: CMP. 88: n:YP~riq{11'
WP. 953: DR. 525: Br. Ascyroll, L.
R~p.
She.
2. n; 3. 217: KO. 21:
(M.)
JJMS. 1932. 6. (9(;): Klein
3. 1140: Kew Bull. 1909.
897: Han. 245:

Kan.

gl.

rt!
st

~~,g~ll'J. tH~,

bk

She.

bungeana, DC.Ch'in P'i

var. pubiner- C* k~)


vis,BI.
W I!i.
. (BN. FR.)
SHENSI ASH
H'1.
la) F. bungeana, ~ WI
DC.(FR.Br. iii: H

m;+;
:u

M.)

P1!KINO ASH.

ti f.
ti jIf

-----I---f-178. Jasminum
grandiflorum,

S*~

Pai Su

L. (~I.J. Br.)
Rsin
TRUE JESSAMINE. Cf! )

~::: I~""

fl

St. 178: FR. 2. 85: BN. IMP: CRN.


827: Br. 2. 378; 3. 486: 491:!DI.
HCM. GG:
133:
2 species
F. ~xctlsior,
glucoside.

--f---------1---Ess. oil
0.18%.
Benzyl
acetate.
Linalool.
]asmon.
Indol.

':::~~"l

CuI.

St. 222: BN. 830: IMP.


7G5. DR. 527: CRN. 500.
Br. 2. 378: FR. 2. 79:
!Dl. 1G8: WP. 958: Wat.
107; 441: Ber. 1889. 32.
5(;5; 705: 1899.32. 2G11:
1900.33.1585: 1901. 34.
291; 291G; 2281: 1902.
35. 24: 1904. 37. 1457:.
JSCI. 1902. 25. 1: 1909.
28. 227: Schim. 1898. 4.
27: 1899.4.27: lV21. 28:

"Jati"
Sanscrit.
This is
the white
species.

4G

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

1929. 70: 1930.47: USD.


21. 1404: BSC. 1900. 23.
555: 1899.21.226: 1920.
27. 8G2: CRAS. 1R99.
128. 314: 192-1. 179.
1193: Ch. Zig. 192G. 50.
782: CD. 1929. 110.778:
Klein 3. 61G: Han. 151:

179. J asminum
nudiflorum,
Lind!. (J.M.
HN. G.)

l!l!;iF11;

Syringin,
g!.
Jasmi.
florin.
Jasmipi
crin.

Ying
Ch'un

Hua
(/.Sieboldia"lt11J, CM l'l)
B!.)(FH.)

180. J. officinale,
L. (M.G.St.)
YELLOW
JESSAMINE.

'1<~~ fl
Huang
Su
Hsin
CM l'l)

Ess. oil.
Benzyl
acetate.
Indol.

J. Sambac,
Ait. (J.M.)
(Nyc/muM'S.,
L.)(FH.)
SAM8ACor
ARABIAN
JESSAMINE.

'i(

fl
itlj
Mo Li
CM l'l)
~ 11;

rt

fJ:.A If
182. Ligustrum
lucidum, Ait. Nil Chen
(HC. Br. G.
~)
Cb.)
.A fJ:
(L. ovalifolium,
~ W sd
Hassk.) (FH. ti 1M
Br.)
(al L. japcnlcum,
Thbg. (Br.
BN.)
WftlTE WAX TREE.

C*

She.

I~'

~~~~~nil'l
ester.

181.

IKu.
Hop.

Ess. oil.
Waxes,

St. 222: WP. 957: FH. 2.


79: Schim. 1929. 51:
Laufer. 329: Bueh. Repcrt
Ph. 183-1. 48. 101: IMP.
765: Klein 3. 657: eRN.
500: Han. 151: DH. 527:

Jl\\

;y;

Yeh hsi ming


(Jessamine)
"Yasmin"
Pers.

IjKu.
Yun.

St. 222: FR. 2. 80: WP. "Mali"


957: BN. 698: Br. 2.378: Burmese.
Tung. JSCI. 1909.28.227: Ber.
1901. 34. 2281: 190-1.37.
1457: DH. 52G: IMP. 761:
IDI. 1G8: CRN. 500: CMP.
90: FIB. 1. 1GI:

C2S H SS

C32 H lit.i

Syringing!.
Emulsin.
Invertin.

St. 222: FH. 2. 79: B"I.


578: WP. 9a7: ]PC. 190G.
24. 529: 1907. 25. :;i3:
1909. 29. 33G: Ml. -I!U:
KO. 21: Klein. 3. 825,
1231:
.

IHup.
Ku.
~

St. 23G: FH. 2. 92: Br. 2.


S78; 3. 51G: BN. G7: WP.
An.
95S: CJSA. 192". 3. 9G:
Sze.
JpsJ. 1892. 130. 1182:
Tung. 1899.206. S25: HCM. 82:
Ml. 421: Wi!. 358; S88:
CMP. 90: KO. 22: JPC.
190G. 24. 145: Wat. 14S:
Klein 3. 847: 4.873: Han.
G8:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

183.0leaeuropaea, ij!}IU ft
L. (M.P.)
h'i Tun oil
OUVE.
Kuo

If.ll\ttfl

Yang
Kan
Lan
(Ch P.)
C;jfr ill)

184. Osmauthus
:*}.j! fl
fragrans.
Mu HSll
Lour.
~)
(J.M.G. Ch. Br.) N H
(01,. /-' Th.)
tt ~/',
(FH.M.)
111: H
"CASSIA
:I'J- H
FLOWEJlS."
fI! H

C*

ITYRACAEAE (2)

Oil 22%.
Pers.
(Olein 9a%) Syria
Sterines.
Lipase.
Chlorophyll.
eu; Zn.

47

BP: USP: Wat. 117: Ch. Exotic.


P: CMP. 91: BN. 533:
BPC. 75-1: KO. 22: WP.
953: USD. 21. 773: PJ.
1908. 27. 71-1: Klein 3.
800. 12a-l: 4. 873: JCS.
1908.93.891; 90-1: JpsJ.
324. 144: MI. 437:

Oil 0.1%.
Protein
O.G%.

CuI.

St. 108: FH. 2. 88: Br. 2.


a8-1: BN. 192: KO. 22:
DH. 52G: Ch. JPh. 1928.
SRI, 17G: WP. 953: USD.
21.1499:

Resin 80%.
Benzoic
acid.
Cinnamic
acid.
Vanillin.
Ash 2-5%.
Lubanol.

Exot. St. 42G: Ch. P: USP: BP:


Suo
JP: FHP. 301: DH. 522:
matra WP. 594: CJK. 198: Br.
&
3. 4G7: BN. a7G: !DI. aOG:
Laufer 464: Ml. 527:
AnKlein 3. 797: PJ. 1897. 4.
1-116: 1898. 507: CD.
191-1.173: 1907. Nov. 30:
BPC. 193: CRN. 531:
\Vat. 155: Pari. Moderne
1925. lB. 117; 1-13: 192-1.
17. 75; 208: Arch. Ph.
1843. 83. IG9: 18-15. 93.
12: 189a. 231. 43; 95;
-IGI; 500: 1877.211.317:
18G1. 157. 153: 1892.
230. 85: 188-1. 222. 372:
1872. 200. 205: 192G.
264. 131; 3G8: 1914.
252. 241: 1925.263.3-17:
1880. 216. 280: 1921:
259. 1; GO: Monat. Ch.
19 L8. 39. 219: 1920. 41.
-123: J. Prakt. Ch. 1839.

~,@.1i-ffl
~~i;;'~
K'e

185. Styrax
:'tC'@'1i-IEX.
Benzoin, Dry- An Hsi ud.
and. (M.J.Br.) Hs;an~
BENZOIN.
CMf

*)

"An hsi"
refers to
Parthia its
original
source.
"Gum Ben
jamin".

48

BERNARD E. READ

_____

IC~~l\~~E ~~:~ CO~~,~~U'I ~~~'l

REFERENCE

REMARKS

---~---~118' 411:Apoth. Ztg.19. 21.'1


36. 321: 1913. 28. GG9:

~~ASie~~.H. 1~:7. 1~~~ I


1922. 22: 283: Ann. Ch. ~
" "..' " ,",.
18G. Styrax japo'I' J#fJiTH'
nicum, S. et Mo Ch'u
Z. (J.)
Tzu
JAPANESE STORAX (:Jfr

EBENACEAE (4)

sd

ill)

Saponin,
CuI Hll:.'
OZ8-

Egonol oil.

S. Sea! EN. 1313: JPSJ. 1914.


Exot. 384. 105: t9t!). 395. 1;
400. .J;)7: 1927. 545.557:
WP. 948: TC. 25. 1052:
1907. 28.727: CMP. 9'1:
IRIB. 4.73: ]JIC. 1929.
32. 324: Folia Jap. Ph.
1929. 9. 12: Inn. 9.
202: Arch. Ph. 1914. 252.
fiG: Keijo J. Mcd. uno. 1.
71: JMiIIJ. In9. 9.113: I
1930. 10. 25G:
I

S~!~~t
K'e

187. Diospyros
tl';t;ti ft
Embryopteris, Pei Shih
Pers. (St.)
(00 'i\')
(D. gluii"osa.
fJli
Koen.) (IMP. k >!iii

(DI~~~olia)
(IMM.)

VARNIS" PERSIM
MON.

188. D. Kaki. L. f.
(J.G. Ch. M.)

:t

Hop.
Hup.
Ki.
She.
Kan.

St. 151: IMP. 757: CRN. "Tinduka"


481: IDI. 115: WP.943: Sanscrit.
FHP. 403: DH. 521: IMM.
307:

Lycopin.
Tannin.
Sugars 16%.
Mannite.
Malic acid.
Shibuol.
Viis. AI,
Cl

Hop.
Hup.
Ki.
She.
Ho.
Kan.

EN. G45: Br. 2. 315: 3.


'+2G: St 152: FH. 2. 091:
HCM. 53: CMP. 94: WP.
943: DH. 52t: G.I]. 1921.
35. 247: BPI. 204. 10:
JB. 1922. 1. 181: 1923.
2.291: 1924.3. 2GI; 801:
CJSA. 1924. 2. 5u9: JPSJ.

1 l\!
!fi;R;;M!

j;!i
Shih

I ft

(Di~~~,,,,ms, BI.)ICJJ1J ~)I'


PERSIMMON or
DATEFIO.

Sugar.
Tannin
15%.

til;':l'ii
Shih Shuang
is the sugary
excrcscense
from the
dried fruit.

CHINESE MEDICINAL

49

PLA~TS

--+-IC-,--~~-,--~,E.:.::[~-,--E:l_~A_s:~--,-I_CO....:.~;-,--;l-,--~~~,---U--c',I_HT:..:.:~:..:.:~-,-I _ _R_E_FE_R_EN_C_E_ _

_ _LA_T_IN_N_A_M_E

10xydase.
Zeaxanthin.

1900. 220.
1906. 28.
Tokyo. 1902.
189~. 2. 101:

529: JACS.
688: Agr.
5. 236; 327:
Kyoto 1923.

rt

7.7: 1925. 8. 2:.11: Ann.

bk
cal

Chim. Appl. 1927. 17.


~15: TJPSJ. 1. I: DIG.
190:l. 5. H5: 190G. 11.
533: PJS. 192:J. 22. 77:
1929. 38. 1; 9: Ch. J. Ph.
1928. 2. ~1: SRI. 169: KO.
I 22: \Vat. -H)2:

DATEPLUM.

(~ill)
~ lU

l'# m.
4'llIltlli

16%.

6.5%.
Fat 0.8:;'.
Oxidase.

tI:ftim.

*I

190. Maba ebenus..


wd Black pig. Hai
Spr. (St. Br.) Wu Mu
ment.
nan,
(/If. ,,_plica.
(MIl I"l )
Humic
YUH.
Forst.) (M. J. .f.\lli*
acid.
&
Exot.
G.)
.f>lX*
E80NY WOOD.
~

-70-:-B-~'-1

I::-'-St-.-15-3-:-FH-.-2-.
Pciping name
Sung. ~;J5: \yP. 9~3: CRAS.
,'I),

Ti1tf.li

.f.~

L.I tt~'f ~ Su~ars


I C~~~n i ~!r~;~i:cid. ~~~~.
Chun

Klein 4.

1899: HCA. 1932. 15. ~90:


LandW' Ver. 189~. 45.
~35: CC. 1912. 2. G19:
1927.2. 1851: 19:19. 2.
177: Malay MJ. IH3t. 9.
2

I
.

189. D. Lotus.
(J.M.)

REMARKS

:1

I Protein 2.:.l

m.

g~~. 1 :6~~ ;~~~ 1~;~:

305: Wi! 2. 73: BPI. 20~:


DH. 521: Ch. J. Ph. IH28.
SRI. 169: HCM. 50: ZNG.
1902. 5. 11';: BA. 1927.
I. 7365: Klein 4. 899: 3.
637: Tokyo Bot. M. 1900.
14.179; 285: JACS. 1906.
28. 688: Wat. 387:

Hei Tsao

St. 250: FH. 2. 71: WP. Exotic woods


9~2: BN. 789: CJK. 210: include:Laufer. -485: Arch. Ph. Diospyros
1899. 237. 3G9: Ber. cbenum.
\Vien. Acad. 1879. 80. Kon.
July: Wat. 392: DH. 520: Wat.392:
from Ceylon:

D.

mdanD-

:t:ylon. Roxb.
E. Indies: &
D. jJengrina,

Gurke (M.)
B~.) &c.

fiO

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

PLU~l~AGINACEAElc~ti~gl

;~;=b,go ~. r~:~ ~ :I~rt-:-p-lu-m-ba-.


1

Z~vlanl(;a,

*) hb

PRIMULACEAE (1)

{lP;':'jff

-_. -

!Dr. 250: WP. 92G: AMP. Wu mien ma


I~G: IJMR. 1933. 20. 777:
CMP. 96: FIB. 1. 223: J.
Ind. CS. 1928. 5. 419:
J]MS. 1932. 6. 259: Pb.
Post. 1889. 22. J.l5: KO.
22: Klein 4 33: JMA
Formosa 1914. 114. 43;:
1927. 266. 599: Jap. J.
Obst. 1933. 16. 254: PJ.
1884. 86:

~t.Xft

Ying
~s'aoK'

------ ~ St.

----1---1-------1---Tung. St. 202: FH. 2. 57: BN.


891: DH. 512: HCM. 87,
L. foenum-graccum,
;t~1t.~: Ling Hsiang Ts'ao.

rt

P'ai

Ts'ao
Hsiang
(klQ 1'1)
-

I~-

tIi<it'Ht

193. Ardisia crena l1l<J;~j!


ta, Sims. pI. ChuSha
J.)
Ken

Lind!.)(!!)

194. A.

l(lliI

1'1)

rt

WP.923
3 species
contain
saponin.

---:--:.-------:----

:R!INA~EA~I?~~~I~~n l_1_1
(A. tmHg;'lOsa,

B-N-.-1-1I-8:-C-h -P-o-iso-no-us-

NMJ. 192f"i. 12. 1: MI. CMP. name


-147: IMP. nG: CRN. 3G4:
~ ilii Iii

1"on.
(JJI

(H;I.)

-~

~-G-:

-I-T-m-,g-.I -FH-.-2-.

ginc.

Pal Hua

REMARKS

__

Che. St. 4.1: FH. 2. 63: BN. IMP. 744.


Hup. 950: WP. 924: DH. 514: A.colora/a,
Fu.
KO. 22:
Roxb.
Tung.

hortor~;::- ~;;;.. ~:I-r-t+I---I~y-u-u.-I-S-t. -4'-2:-B-N-.3-90-:-K-0.-2-2:+I---

Max. (J.M.sL)P,) Llallg

ICh~hl1~",)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

195. A. japonica.
B1. (M.J.G.)
(A. c!u'~/uis,
Benth.) (FH.)

ilIi1lt4'

zu Chin

rt

I Fu. I St. 472: FH. 2. 63: BN'I


Che. 1100: HCM. 14:

Niu
15')

Hup.

(ill

Sze.

196. Maesa Dorae. *i~ l!J If


na. B1. (M.
u Ching st
].G.)
Shan
(M.eoriaaa.
(~15')
Champ.)(FH.)

ERJCACEAE (7)

Sc.

St. 253: FH. 2. 59: BN. M. p;r;folia.


458:

Miq.
saponin

Klein 3.1139:

~iIDl~t:f.l
Tu Chuan

I I

HuaK'c

llI!~lli\1-~:

197. Cassiope Ste1


leriana, DC.
Tl Wu

I Com IBN 367


.

rt
hb

~~~~

(BN.)

51

C.selagilloitks,

Hook.
FH. 2.16:

t!lll 1'1)
-----1--- -r--------'--i-------i---198. Leucothoe
Grayana,
Maxim. (M.)

*'!IiiJi rt
Mu Li Lu s11

('iIr ill)

Grayano.
toxin.

Hup.

'IIi~iX
~

JJli

199. Lyonia japo- tl


nica, D. Don. Shen Mu

('!It ill)

(J)(AluJrom~da

j"

Th.)
(Pieri,j . D.

If

Androme-

Ku.

dotoxin.

An.

Asebotin.
Asebopurpurin.

Che.

Asebo-

....)

1'-' ' "


.*

2~G: FH. 2. 16: KO. Dw""di,un


22: TAt. 1907. 21. 569: lalmndfolium,

St.

IU08. 22. 62~: AEPP. DC. (J.)


lU12. 67: Ill: BN.IUU: (Legume)
CMP. U6: WP. Ull:

C!lHI40;~

in If.

BN. U24: FH. 2.17: KO.


2~: WI'. 910: USD. 1248:
Ml. ~57: CMP. U8: JpsJ.
188~. 13.
508: AEPP.
IU02. 208: PJ. 188~. 540'
Ber. 1884. 16. 276U: HI.
24. 16: JAVJ. 109. 567:
Arch. Ph. 188~. I: 1885.
U14: Rec. trav. Ch. 1882.
1. 224: 1886. 5. ~I~:
Klein 3. 1224: 1174:
CRAS IUS!. 193.748:

1--1-------1---

200. 1. ovalifolia. til


wd Androme-I Che.
?Don. (J).
Li M2
I'dotoxin.
Hup.
(Pi""0 .. D.
(lff;il)
Don.) (St.)

St. 319: FH. 2. 17: BN' Vacdn;,,,,.


1286: DH. 508: IMP. 731: flir/,un. Thb.
KO. 23: JPET. 1922. 20.
17: WP. 910:
I

62

BERNARD E. READ

_____:C~l:~~EI~~~~ CO~~T;~UI HT~a;- \

Ilf

200a. L. ovalifolia.
*!!l
D. Don. (G.
Nan Chu st
Ch. BN.)
Clll! 'j!f) sd
(A1Jd"oJ}~dt~ o.
m::R~
rt
Wal\.) (E"I.) mtl:jl,\:*

Ku.
Che.

!IJ 11\;
;fii

'*

1,~*~k
iffiJJII*
'f JfJj

1 REMARKS

St. 277: EN. 626: FH. 2. Nandi,,,,


17: Ml. 393; 4~-I: HTA. domestica,
203: CMP. 250: Ber. 1883. Thb. is
16. 2769: 188-1. 17. 441: m~l'f
Apoth. Ztg. :906.21.848: Tbe heavenly
Ch. MJ. 4. 870: TM. 24. bamboo.
543: JpsJ. 31. 34-1: 522. CPM. 250
695: 300. lH: 534. 653: gives
1926. 535. 7-12: 536.833;' m~~
843: 541.210.544.529:

i~g~

tj} ti'l
_ _ _ _ III\,g~!!l1
201. Rhododen
dron indicum.
Sw. (M. HC.
G.)
(A.aka i1Uii"m.,
L.) St.

a. var. ;gJlescms,
Sweet (M.W.)

~l1Jf(

Yang
Shan
Hung
CM I"l)

H*l1Jj[

-1----1---1-------:---fl

Andro
hills.
medotoxin.
Ericolin.

Yang
Shan
Hung.

h. var. nuura,,- tilg~t


fl
tkllm, l\bxim. I'u chua.n
(M.J.)
hua
CAPI I"l)
c.

;;:ri,KaM"

~~~~h

Maxim. (M.J.)

ehu
C~ I"l)

RHODODENDRON.

KO. 23: DH. 507: FH. 2'1 CRN. 522


25: Klein 3. 1220: St. 48 species
3i5: WP. 911: Arch. Ph.
1885. 223. 905: 1889.
227.16-1; 1891. 229. 552.
Ber. 1883. 16. 1;,02:

fl

hills.

BN.459; Br. 3. 272: FH.


2.25:

hills.

BN. 130: St. 375: FH. 2.


25:

fIlIlil:i
---I--I----:---I--------j----

Icc,

202. Rhododendron:p
If Rhodo
Metternichi, S. hih Nal
toxin,
et Z. (J.M.)
C*~)
C3,HsoO,o
(R. hY1Jl~mlJl"~s
i.j sd
Makino; var.
~nt(lJl~J'U1',

Mak.) (KO.)

St. 376: BN. ~28: Br. 3.


528: KMSJ. 39.2099: 40.
155: CMP. 99: WP. 909:
KO.23: OMSJ. 1928. 40.
138:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

53
REMARKS

203. R. sinense.
Sw. (HF. Ch.
M.)

(Azal,. ,;"",sis,
Lodd.) (FH.)
(A.mollis,
Blume.)
(A.j.pmic.,
Gray.)
AZALEA.

$i!IIilil I
Yang
Chih Chu

Andro
medotoxin.
(Asebo.
toxin.)

C* If'n

St. 375: BN. 402; 408:


FH. 2. 30: 1'0. 23: WP.
909: JPET. 1922. 20. 17:
Bot. 1914. 28. 29: CMP.
99: Ch. NMJ. 1934. 20.
1000: Ch. JPh. 1927.1.
157: 1931. 5. 115: Arch.
Ph. 1883. 221.813: 1884.
222. 905: 1885.223. 905:
1889. 227. 1U4: 1891.
229. 552:

Sha.
Hop.
Ho.
An.

$~1i:J,'i.

~l!Ililil

1Iililll

1lIJ$1~
;\'t~$1~
;f5m;1~

tt

R. glabri1lS,
Nakai,
var. aurrum.
Nakai.

(CMP.)
R. Htomewel~
liamcm,RW'l

(M.Wil.)

IJU;fJ,Y'!'lI
PIROLACEAE (1)

Lu 1" i
Ts'aoK'e

204. Pirola ellip

J!H~!,\:

- ---1----------1--tka, Nutt.

(M.J.)
(p:j.jJ01uc.,
Sieb.)

hb Ericolin.
Arbutin.
Ts'ao
Urson.
Gallic acid.
CW! 1'1)

Lu T'i

1j.:'~.:E!~:

~Ht

I St. 3U2: HeM. 120: AJP. P.1-otUJuiijofia


Fu.
18~1. 11. 549: WP. 90G:
(St.)
Hup. Ml. :,90: CMP. 102: Klein. (P. m<!dia,
Tung. 3.845: 4. 8GG:
Sw.)(HCM.)
Si.

Ki.

Sze.

jJ}j1~:

She.

- - - - - 1 - - - 1 - - ----- - - - - - - - - - - - - - CORNACEAE (2)

tlJ~ff-f

Shan Chu
YiiK'e

.m

205; Comus macro- t~


phylla, Wall. Sung
(M.G.)
Yang
C~

Ku.
Hup.
Hu.

wd

bk

Cflorida,

St. 128: FH. 1.345:

alkaloid,

WP.903.
USD.383:

ml

tr.'f*

I tlJ~f

206. C. officinalis,
sd
S. et2. (J. Br.Shan Chu
Ch. HN. G.) I Yii
OOOWOOD.

l(i~i)1
i\f
JiJ,

)l

!J<

IGallic,
Tartaric, ISung.
&
Malicacids.l
I

St. 128: FH. 1. 345: BN'I AI.erota/Pit""


111: Br. 2. 32G; 3. 503: oJficit~a1',
[)~;. ~~~\:6': 2~i:lP. I Nakai (J.)

I ~~l

'I

54

BERNARD E. READ

_____:lcr~l:~~~E ~~:~ cU~~~~'U4 1~~~1UMBELLIFERAE (27)

~JUn

San Hsing

~I_-K_'e

207. Angelica
1J!;
anomala. Pall. Pai Chih
(M.J.Br.)
~']()
. (A. glabra,
B ~
Makino.)
~} -ff
(A. ,-elracla, FS.) r:r:;~
(A. jap(71/ica,
'If iIi!i
Gray.)
~
ANOEUCA.
gg

rt

Ess. oil
0.1%_
Angelicotoxin.
PheI
landrene.
Oxypentadccylic
acid.

c*

;\; M*
#J

~-:tl--';';17%W~-

ZOt) A. klUstana,
MaXIm (M)

El:1o ;'
-'- ~15~ lj'1
1u h.. ual

Hop.
Ki.
Man.
Hup.
Ku.
Sze.

If

208 A grosseserrata, Max


1 u Huo
(Br )
C<$: ~'")
(A polyclada,
flf
Er )
j!I'JJGJlo'
(A ",aeqTmbs,
ijlbt~:?!1
Max) (M Br) IifH~ti

-----

~:_:

I_ _
St. 41: FH. 1. 333: BN.
304: Br. 2. 234; 3. lOU:
JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. 88: WP.
888: JpsJ. 1894. 152.
9:;1: 445. 2-18: CMP. 10:;:
HCM. 12: TM. 1917. 31.
22-1: Imp. Med. Tokyo.
1917. 8, a17: Schim.
1889. 4. ~; 10. 4: 1895.
4. 10: 1907. 10. 11: KO.
23: Klein 3. 580: Ph.
Zenth. 1928. 69.35:1:

~14

Hop - St
FH 1.33-1 DH
494 CMP 1:;" BJ 1928
22. S:J1J HCM 104 Br
2.21-1 WP 888 KO 2-1
JSSI 1929 1. 2. 90

HCM. 104
Peuadamtm
decurshwn,
St. 314'
BN.1371,
Archmlgelica
gmdmi, DC.

--~-

rt

Ess 011
Sugars

51

5t -470 FH 1. 33.J.

I!i\i( 1!(
BN.1525.

Ess. oil.
Resin.
Lactone.

Szc.
Hup.
Ki.
Tung.

St. 1:)3: FH. 3.4:;U: BN.


1221: Br. 2. 2;>; 3. !J~:
USD. IG20: DH. 49-l:
MMW. 1890. 46. 79G:
1910. 1. 23: HOI. 12
Wil. 320: CMP. 113: JSSI.
1930. 1. 5. au: WP. 888:
KO. 24: MI. 1-17: Pd.
1923. 111. 18; 500: eMJ.
1917. 31. 423: 192-1. 38.
3U2: PEBM. 1923. 20.
a9:;: TM. 191G. 30. 149:):
Imp. Mcd. Tokyo 1917.
8.317: JpsJ. 1920. 455.
-12: 192;;. 493: Klein 3.
UGI: Schim. 1924.3: USD.
21. 1497: Ch NHA. 19a5.
1. 51; Gl; CZGM 1927. 5,
98:

NC. Br. 2.2:;.


LigusticullJ
acuJilolmm
S. et Z. (J.G.
BN.)
Japanese.
For
'ffi liil
see
A,-alia
emlaia,
Thb.
Trade
extractEUMENOL.

r~'ao

(IIDJ~)

210. A. polymorpha, Maxim.


var. sinensis,
0liv. (HN.
M.)
(A. sinellsis,
Diels.)
(A. atwmala,
var. dzinellsis,
USD.)

'lli'

~J)}

fang I
Kuei
~)

(*'i

M
l!J (iJi
X 1!l\

rt

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

\C~~~~E ~~~~I CO~~~U. HT~~-I


'XO.
iI'i
Ch'lang

211. L.
A. (M.)
sylveslris,

I rl I

I RE~IARKS

REFERENCE

Hop.! Ko. 24: BN. 833:

I,SU.bh..
ca.din
of 20,~.

Huo

~)i

C
_ _ _ _I

. __ .. _.. _

'~.!.~ wr

212. A. Yabeana.
I sd
Mak. (50.)
Ma Ch'in sh

*).
~r

CMf

4-

Jt

fiij

Ponds. Laufer lUG says this is


Viola pinnala, L. bul hu
ch'in he refers to celery or
parsley, Apium pctrosclinum, L. d. Br. 2. a71;

IDfillilf

. __
Apiin.
Ess. oil
17%
Apigenin.
Mannite.
Inosite.
VitsA;!B
Co

hb

213. Apium graveolens, L.


(M.)

CELERY.

1
__

214. Bupleurum
falcatum. L.
(J. HN. Br.
Ch. M.)

Schim. 18V;>. 10.59: UIOO.


105: 19to. 95. HCA.
W23. O. 852: Apolh. Ztg.
IUD l. 10. GO: Klein 3.
929: Phann. C. UHl. 52.
Gol: Ch JPH. lUt,~. SRI.
100: 1933. 7. 187: In:;.
9.47:

Aspargin.
Glulamin.
Choline.
Linase.

~-I----

rl I Saponin
0.5%.
~) sh

Jfi

::: ffi

SIC:;:~~~A

_ _

i~:U~~~:,i~;.~~1:J~~ I

:~O~Ing),

J1tC~)/;Il
Ch'ai Hu

C*jill

3. 397.

Sung. Sl. 42. FH. 1. 328: USD.


1310. Br. 3. n97: WI'.
87G: IMP. G20: CRN. ~G:J: i
AMP. 1:13: Laukr 402: 1
DH. 487: Wil. :!-I;;: JBC. !

NC.

:iii 1i':

Sl. 70: FH. 1. 327: BN.


200: Br. 2. 183; 3. 7:.
DH. 480: HCM. 27: CMP.
107: IMP. 620: RT. 1869
3&.

U8:

Jps]. 48.

20~:

553. 24G: KO. t;;: FMSJ.


150. 334; 310: JJMS. 5.
17:

I
I

215.

~.,:~~~alin. -;C~*17':'a~,' :~ __ --_.-II

Schm. (Br,
M.J.)

Hu

C*

~!)

l
I

Fu.

Br. 2. 18:i: BN.


CMP. 107: KO. t5:

U2'i:

BERNARD E. READ

5G

REFERENCE

21G. Coniosc1inum
univittatum,

~~.c~St.
UEMLOCK
PARSLEY.

"it}

ISzc.

if.l I rt \
~

Hsiung

(~'iU~)
/if]

JII

SI. 123: Fl-I. 1: BN. -IG,.:


Br. 2. 2:-;5: 3. 102: eMP.
10K: WP. 8i2: DH. -199'
C:\IJ. I91O. 30. 377: TM.
19lti. 3a. 935: Imp. Med.
Tokyo 191i. 8. 31i: JPSJ.
1920.455.40: 1921. 477,
U5l: 1U2. 482. a 10:
1923. 493. 143: liJ2-L
514: 935.246: Apoth. Ztg
191i. 55.22G: JSS1.1929:
1. 2. 93: KO. 25: PNA.
193-12, 1:

il~'

'ft *-

UJ!f4lWl

217. Coriandrum
sativum, L.
(M.)

CORIANDER.

/ifl ?i<' 'I


Hu Sui .
Oir. Jiili),
.1f

sd

/ifl 5t
Nl 'I<

Fat 19%.
Protein
'11%.
Starch
10.5%.
Ess. oil
0.3%.
II

li,CUJ.
I

Ash 5%.

Pcntosan.
K. Malate
-1%.
VitC+++

Protein
1.8%.
Fat 0.3%.
Vito C3.

218. Cryptotaenia
japonica,
DC.) (FH.)

'.=:
San yeh

(C~::~'\~~) OJIJ

1ft)

hb I

I Com.

St. 12i: FH. 1. 33G: BN.


ui3: Br. 2. 18-1: BP: Ch.
P: DHf>OO: IMP. 032:
USD 383: WP. 900: 128:{:
Ebers Papyrus: J. Ind. IS.
1925.8A.182: BIlL. 191 i.
15. 301: HeM. -I:): Ml
2Uu; 551: BPC:CMP. Ill:
eRN. 478: Wil. 3../.;"): Ch
JPh. lU28. SRI. lui: KO
:W: Apoth. Ztg.!9 03. 18.
Go-l: Arch. Ph. 183:i. 52.
113: CRAS. 1893. 116.
l-1uO: Bcr. 1891. 24. 20G:
1892. 25. 1180: 1881. 14.
2-185: AJP. 1908. 80. 15:
Ann. eh. 1852. 84. 351:
Schim. 1892. Apr. Ii:
1909 Oct. 32: 1925. Ii:
192i. 22: 18V5. Oct. 12:
1924. 20: 192G. 23: Land
w. Verso 192..J.. 103. 103:
1893. 42. GO: CC. 1929.
2. 30i8; 5~-I: PJS. 1929.
38. 9: Ph. Ccnth. 1929.
70. 789: ZNG. 190G. 12.
395: Laufer. 297:
BN. 2i: FH. 1. 32V:

REMARKS

HCM. 103Pelladrvltlm.

NJjl1'} is
incense made

from 1'31i!;
and 1!lR
(G.)

Japanese
drug is
Ctu"dium
offici"ale,
Mak. (J. KO.
CMP.)

CHINE.~E

I ~l((f.li
~~~'. ~iSI.I F~u(~)

rt

219. Daucus.

CARROT.

MEDICINAL PLANTS

Carotin

CuI.

g:~23~~

1'(MIl ED

Fats 0.3%.
Protein 1%.
Stcrins.
Choline.
Sugars G%.
Pectin.
Xantho
phyll.
Pentosan.
Malic acid.
Ash 1 to
8%.
CU,0.5

1st. 1H: FR. 1. aa6: BN.

~~~: U~~. 1210G~~k ~~:

IMP. Ga~: CR, . _~82: Ch


JPh. 103.1. 7. 181: 1928.
SRI. lOO: Laufer 451:
AMP. 1a5: Wil. 3~2:
Pilann. India 2. ISG: Te.
38. 022: CA. 192:i. 17.
2aW: CMJ. 1921. 35. 257:
LN. 1928. 681. G8: Klein.
3. 12-l-!): 4. 29lj: Cent.
Agric. Ch. 189~. 23. 843:
189;'. 24. 783: Ch. Ztg.
1895. 19. 1273: 1905. 97:
1906. 30. 401: 1899:

~~A~. Bl

i
I

; C2. Gl'

~~5S.5~~~~ruo~~~~. ~~~~~

189li. 48. 33: Landw.


Vcrs. 1901. 4. 131: I: Z.
Phys. Ch. 1906. 48. 469:
189;'. 20. 5l1: 1908.
56. 223: 1910. 64. ~7:
191:~.
86.
2-1.5: Ber.
18%. 29. 1882: 191~.
47. 1853: 1906. 39. ~378:
1907.40. 3G81: Ann. Ch.
1907. 355. 8: 18H. 62.
380: 1852.83.325: 1861.
117.200: Proc. Roy. Soc.
72. !G5: JACS. 1929. 51.
296~: CRAS. 1885. 100.
751: 188G. 102. 1119;
1a19: 1912. 803: 1925.
181. 1168. BSC. 1887.46.
6~: JSCI. 1920. 39T.246:
J. Prakl. Ch. 1847. 40.
297: J. Agric. Res. 1925.
30. ~G9: Monat. Ch. 1886.

I~9fr3~c881g:2~e:" ~~:
~~~~~;e.

I. Sd

Ash 8:5%'1

ESS.Oll.

1%.

11904.22.417: 1912. 30.


;::1: Malay ~IJ. 19:1-1-.9.:2: I
Ph. Centh. 1911. 52. G61: I
i Bcr. 1907. 40. 3771. BSC.
1907.1. 1001: J. Prakt.
Ch. 18~9. 47. 393: Par
fum. Modern. 1929. 22.
1

67

"Ninjin"
Jap.

BERNARD E. READ

58
LATIN NAME

I I

IC~~~~E ~~~~ CO~~U-I ~~~-I


I

I
I

LimOnenc.1
Pinene.:
Cincol.
I
Carotol.

I"~ '~r=-I

220. FemIa fetida,'

1"1 1A

I,

fU

Resin 31%.IE::'::- 173

~:-:S~II

"Angoza"

'197: IMP. G29: CRN. 171:.


Laufer 353: CJK. 22+:
~ Schim.

1912. 25:

Sans.

FHP.

281: Klein 3. 793: JPSJ,


188G. 55. 377: 1889.
89. 571:
1918. 440.

ASAFETIDA.

BN,'

~ri. ~~5 P~~~~D t Ji~: "~~~~u"

acid.

Organic S.

REMARKS

~~~; ~;;: f;~j 11i21~\~~: I

9tH: 1920. 538. 1003:

Gum 3G%.
Ferulic

Itfr"lNtn

BN.)

: 807: Schim. 1907. Oct 63: !


, Klein 3. GG4; G32: Arch. I
Ph. 1890. 228. 85: 1909.

'

~ef' (St. G. ICZr W;)~ ex E~s'5jt

(F. scor<>dosma,
Benth. et
Trim.) (M.

REFERENCE

807 ..M!. 525: Ann. Ch.

1849.

23:

18GG.

64: I

' Arch. Ph. 1880. 224. 53-1:

'I

: I i : g~\2~~~JpI1:91i8~~:

g.

I ~~0{SC:5. l~gi:
i:;~ I
,Mar: 1910.85.147: 1912.[
'188. 205: 89. 139: 1913.
.90.218: 91. 11: CD. 1910'1
: 77. 205: 1912. 80. 269:
.81. 202:

i
I
~

'

I!,'

---I

II

221. Ferula galba- ~ ~~


niflua, B. etB.iPieh

(Laufer.)
OALBANUM.

Clj~

'! -

'I

Ess. 0:15%. 'ia,


Ash 8%.
Lc,

:
I
I

2!.

" USD.
13,11: BP. 1898: I Hind.
. BPC. 4/4. FHP. 320. St.

vant. i 17-1-. eRN. +89: MW. 855:

!~-

rt-! ~~~~12~;t ~~~:. : ~i:~: 11~~:: L~~~~r. 1~~3~ I~~:~da.bi:

i WP.
:

890:

DH.

495:

;~~~~830~' ~~. Pli \8;~i I

19-1: 1915.41. R;')G: Com


! merce of Ancients 1807. p. i
I

'6D2: Bull. Ph. 1811. 4. D7:


I Ch. Ztg. 1893. 17. 175: I

~~;. ~hIi~~si. irgo: iie~: I

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

59
RE~'IARI<S

60

l'

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

224. Nothosmyr
nium japo
nieum, Miq.
(M.)

IC~I~f\~iE I~~:~ ICO~~~U~ I~~~.


"':<$: rt
Kao Pen sd
(:<$: ~)
~

fit

JI!. ;tJi

SC

I REMARKS

REFERENCE

1.1ISlIryrmumjJerWP 882
jolla/um,

1St 28G Dil 493 FH


329 USD 14GG CMP
114' TC 49 534 PJ
1891, 1095, 1149 Br 3.
105 2. 413 KO 2G

ess OIl
Hupeh drug
ugustlCwn
S'Z1Ullse,

Ohv (St Br

M)

22G. Peuecdanum

Ill!

iiJl

Nodakcni.:n. Hup.
gl.
Ki.

rt

decursivum,
Ch'ien
Maxim. (J.M.)
Hu

(8 1J

C~OH210!i'

7!t)

Ess. oil.

Tannin.
Sugars.
Fatty acids.
Spongoste.

roI.
227. P. gr.avcolens, iii lJl sd Ess. oil 4%. NC.
Bth. et Hk.
Shih Lo
Terpenes. CuI.
(M.J.)
(IJII l1f)
Limonene.
(A1letkum pal/eo- 11' '[Jj.: J
Carvone.
Ims, L.)
1.1ll~
Fatty oil
DILL.
117%.
Mucilage.

I I
,
! sh

Amines.
Emulsin.

Ess. oil
1.5%.

~~~g~~'1
drcne.

Ash 9.7%.

B~.I

St. 314: FH. 1. 335:


G~3: WP. 893: CMP. 115:
HCM. 103: JPC. 19~8. 8.
522: CA. 1927.21. 1817:
JCSJ. 1927. 48. 88: TC.
48. 88; 457: 49. 1l0, 115,
415,580: JSSI. 1929. 1.
2. 91: CCSJ. 1934. 2.
329: KO. 27:
St. 17G: FH: 1. 335: B, .
loW8: DH. 498; WP. 897:
1275: IMP. G31: CRN.
514: BP: BPC. 128: IDI:
Pharm. India. 2. 129:
USD. 145: MI. 550; 2GO:
CMP. 104: Laufer 383:
Analyst. 1928. 209: CC.
I92G. 2. 2123: Schim.
1897. 13. 1927.25: BIlL.
1927. 118: KO. 23: Klein.
3. lj.J;}: 4. 873:

t::-calls
this
Fomirolum.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

IC~:~~~E ~~~~ ICO~~:;~U'I ~~~-I

I
228. P. japonicum.' FJi ~
Th. (M. St.) I Fang

I
I

61

REFERENCE

REMARKS

rt

II

,. " .-'" i::I :1


I

Hup. , St 3!5 BN 450 KO 27


I Br 2. 184 3.238

K'uei

I(~ ~iPI

calycma, Max, Chlh Chu


I HSIang
carpa. Kom (WI 1'1)

rt

var brachy-

KO 27

FH

1. 329. P. CRN.515

dlverslfoha, DC

11--I

Sother species
in Indian
med.

~~d' (St. M.)


(a) S. Monnier;'
. L. (C,lidiwn

t!;

(St)

J1* sd Ess.

She

,(~'u~)

I tl;t!;;f"
~

"",,.um.Cuss.) J@l
(Br. G. Ch.
)i;

:O~:.

Sze

--------+----

(J.)

230. Schnum
japonicum.

231.

I 1.3%.

Ki.
St 120 BN 968 Br. 2.
Tung. 184: 3. 104: FH. 1. 333:

i ~~~~~Ol.

~~~. ~6~: 6~~~Hd~SJil9: lW~:

011

'Camphene. Fu.
Terpineol.
I

~*

J1*

874: JPC. 1921. 23. 41:


KO.26: Schim. 1921. 46:
Han. 233: Klein 3. 623:

II: : II

An.

St. 402: KO. 27:

Mi Wu hb
(;;$: ~)

1I

~_

Gracilaria
&fm!mJUide,

#i Ii

Grey.

_ _ _ _-IliiJi Wi: --:-'- - - 1 - - - + - - - - - - - [ - - - 232. Sese!i Liba!III ;1i; hb Hesperidin. Hop. St. 405: FH. 1. 330: Br. IMP. 626.
notis.Koch(M.
].}

Hsieh
Hao
j!;)

Sung. 2.252: KO. 27: BN.449- CRN. 527,


var. lancifolia, DC. Klein S. ;tuJicum.
3. 850:

ott.

Wi

233. Siler divari-

JjiJ.

If

Hk. (M.J. Br.) (;<f;:Feng sdII

catum. Bth. et

(Si"loco<h'um d.
Turc.) (M.)

Fang

~)

!rJi
@I

Fi

~I
~

fJ!

tt

I a '!J\:;

'loP. St. 407: FH. 1. 332: BN.


450: KO. 27: Br. 2. 184:
3. 79: CMP. 116: LN.
1928. 681- "BOFU".
Jap.

II

HCM. 104,
Proudallum
j>ranuPlorum.

WP.871.
S. Irilo6wn.
contains
ess. oil.

BERNARD E. READ

62

236 A cordata,
Th. (M J G )
(A ,tfulu,5. el
Z) (M)

237 Panax Gm

~~il~ rt

Chohne
Ho
Goanme
Xanlhme I

fl

'n ran
Kne.
(!III 1'1)

51. 45: BN. 40: Br. 2'1


344; 3. 99: DH. 503: PJ.
1896.56.442: JSSI. 1929.
1. 2.90: WP. 867: JOC.
1915. 21.507; 661:

1$11

~~ng. ~t Ch ) It: s~)

::::-j-M-an-II'5-1.-3-01-:-Fl-f.-1-.-33-8,-4-90-.1-C-R-N.-5-13-,-

g I l l ~~.1~:3~~l~:/i~b~\J~~ :~l,nu:tlCq.CMP. 121: WP.866; Iin India.


(A~::"~"'~,- j~ ~ I ~::O~qUl'
g9~:8~~" :.5~b7~~k1.1~::
folta, A Gr)
A m
Ion.
732: 1888. 19. 7: 1902.

ey
(P Sduu,eng

A ~

"I'"

I
I

I ppaannaacexsnapo"1

3IG:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

IC~:~~~EI~~~~ICO~~r;~U-1~~~-I

(ParUlXq., Linn.). I!.


(FH.)
jjiJIt

lI':

1,-'<

;m t~ I If I

~ffiiji,1J'J'I

\ REMARKS

i 68. 31G: 1904. 72. 752:.


11910. 85. 10: 192G. 63.
G71. AJP. 1890. 62. 338;

I Pentose.

:t.!;

OINSENO.

G3

REFERENCE

~~? ~o;\i~Y. m~. ~~~~

'12'19J1i.
10: 292.
190.2'
5~9:242.
294.

327'
923:
19J8. 314. 35l: 331. 549:

~~~~74~~~45.7;~~: ;;~g:

~GI;.

1027:

192:i.

SOL

I 78:.!: AIPT . 14.5: Ann.Ch1


185~.

90. 231: CEM.


102a: 1929.
15. 32G:
CZGM. 1924.2.190: HIT.
1917.8.317: Kyoto 1905.
2.191: HI. 1917. 31.
317; 331: TC. 27. 987:
JMW. 19.22.2. IGG: Tokyo I
med. news 1927. 116. 1:
1923. 2328. 1: Jap. No
1kai 192:). 12. 1: Keio.

I
I

I'

;~;~: ~~{7ig2~;il~~~; I

~~;~~:'Gi:i8. W. 20i~: I

Science

LDlO.

31.

790:

JMMJ. 1930. 9.310; 282:

m~~ (1~;~2JI~. g~~)!


15.795: ChNM]. 1918. 4'1
CMS]. 50. 13: 1927.
78. 501; 525; 551: 1928.
85. 125; 8G. 183: 1929.
19. G8; 1050; 1101: Keijo
I JM. 1930. 1. 347 to 748:
Fol. Pharm. Jap. 1930.
9.283: 1931.11. 238: KO. '
28: USD. 21. 1316: Klein
3. 1138; 1230: Royal Soe.
London 1714. 28.237: J.
Botany, London 1849. 2.
320: Kew Bull. 1892. 107:
190:).4: 1907. 73: BSPh.
1904. 129; 200: BPI.
1912.150.17: ESCornell,
1904. 219. IG8; 190G. 94:
1915. 363. 65:

1 97:

I
I

64

BERNARD E. READ

REMARKS

I
238. Fatsia papy.

jili 1IJt, *1 pn

rifera, Bth. et 'I T'ung I inHk. (M.)


T'o Mu st
(Td,ajx",,,,,,p.. (ll; 11<),
Koch.) (M.W.) Ji!i 1,';. I
(Ara/ia p.,
3
Hook.) (Br.
~1I!'m
BN.)

1nositc.

RI~~::'ER

~ lllilllI

239. Hedera HeliJ1'i(;


L. (M.J)
Ch'ang
(var. co/eRica,
Ch 'un
C. Koch) (BN.) T'en~
COMMON IVV.

Hup. St. 172: FH. 1.341: BN.


,943: Br. 2. 57: 3. 330:
I,
NSD. 240: DH. 503: WP.
863: Wil. 361: HOI. 64:
,CMP, 119: Keio. 3.11: 4.
14,: KO. ::3. Wat. 487'
I hJcm 2. 2:)4-

Hederin.
gl.
Inosite.

Carotin.
Chlorogen

I~~1J

acid.

,linMc~7lh
!

Cutose.
I Ash 2%.
Zn, Mn,
Cu, As.

sd

Hederin.
Fat. oil.
Pigment.

st

Gum.
Resin.

~m.1
I
I

B~.

FH. 1. 3H:
886: Br. St. 458,
2. 345: DR. 503: IMP Vilis
636: WP. 869: MI. 407: illC(m,stans
NSD. 240: CMP. 120:
AMP. 130: USD. 1421:
JpsJ. 1899. 213. 1066:
527.7:1: B11J. 1912.1. 61:
1 JPET. 1913. 4: CC. 1899.
2. "10: ]JMS. lU32. 6.
(96): Ph. Weekbl. 1921.
58. 1482: 1920. 57. 194:
Ber. 1910.43.1321; 1327;
3611: 1917.50.303: 1921.
54. 3142. Ann. Ch. 1908.
358.327: Arch. Ph. 1909.
247.184: 1912. 250.434:
1849. 69. 62: 1888. 226.
953: 1875. 206. 299:
CRAS. 1887. 104. 1290:
1889.109.911: 1899.128.
1463: 1885.100.19: 1885.
101. 1067: 1881. 92. 3GO:
Bull. Ph. 1812. 504: ESC.
1890. 2. 127: 1881. 35.
2~1: PJ. 18i6. 275: 13.
382: 1877. 8. 20G; 205:
Klein 2. 254; 3. 93G; 1139:
Arch. Ph. 1888.226.953:
CC. 1928. 1. 2098: Oes
terr. Ch. Ztg. 1919. 22.
92:
Bull. dePharm. 1812.504:
WP.869.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

BAlANOPHORA_1
CEAE (1)
240. CYllomorium
coccineum,

(Br. M.)

! ill' lID

L.I SO Yang
ill)

St. 61: WP. 866: B:. 3.ISt. 61. 42: ]551. 1929. I. 2. ,,4: Balmwplwra.
sp.

Sze.

rt

Hup.

(~iIl

Man.

i
Myriophyl- l;Iop.
lin.
Ku.
Pigment.
Ash 20%.
Protein
18%.
Fat 1.3%.

II

29~:

B,as~:a--c~.I

St. 276: FH. 1.


DH.I:
483: Br. 2.225: WP. 865: Scknkri. .
Science 19~4. 80. 532: Gmel. (])
Ber. Bot. 1893. 11. 348:
1895. 13. 345:]. Prakt.1
Ch. 1853.59.65: Ph. Cent.
1853. 30:

flil',ft,\:f-l-'

OENOTHERACEAE
(2)

I Hsiao
Tal I
Ts'aoK'e

r:::::~t.

Sung. St. 264: BN.472:

(HM.)

rr

243. Trapa natans,:;Z


kl
1. (M. ].)
Chi Shih
(7: bispi,wsa.
(JJI] ~k)
Roxb.) (ES.
~
Br.)
7)( !III;

i'J; jiJ

(T. qruu/ri.<j>inosa,

Roxb.) (M.)
(7: duunlsis,

Dry:-

Protein

51

(C~~~~Br.FH.)1

(T.bieomis,L.) I

(FH.)
WATER CAlTNROPI
or WATER
CHESTNUT.

Hop.
Hup.

Protein

11%.
Starch GOi~.
Ash 2.G"1..
Wet:-

1%.

Ash 8%.
Fe, Mn, P.

ISt.
440: FH. 1. 311: BN.
558: Br. 2. U; 21!J: IMP.

Ordinary
waterchcst-

1571: CRN. 5~4: IDI. ~19: nuts are


I WP. 865: Ch]. Ph. J 928. Scirj>us
SRI. 170: An~. Ch. 1856. {,dJ~rqstls.
100; 106: 18GI. 118.220; Roxb. q. v.
I 794: Ch. Ztg. 1899. 23.
122; 38: 1901. 25.45: ES.

I
I~~G/\S~~. ~:~. ;;~~:

I"""

W"

M'

66

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

MYRTACEAE (1)

I REli1ARKS

t~~~
NiangK"

----- --I-I--I-------f--244. Eugenia


T 'i!r it Ess. oil 15,;. Exot. St. 166: BN. 5: Br. 3. From the
459: FHP. 249: CJK. 209: Moluccas.
caryophyllata, Ting
Eugenol.
ChP: BP: USP: USD. 298:
Willd. (M.].
Hsiang
Naphthalin.
WP. 830: CRN. 487: Ml.
CIlII 'I!f)
CaryoG.)
264; 539: HCM. 61: DH.
(C(J1yoPhyUtls
I T'f~
phyllen.
473: !DI. 69: JpsJ. 1881.
aroma/lew; L.) ~~ft
Gallotannic
1. 8: Klein 3. 637:
(!(J1n!Josa c.,Ndz.)
acid 13,;.
Laufer 584: Schim. 1908.
(M. BN.)
bk CaryoApr. 72: 1909. Apr. 70:
CLOVES.
5t [phyllen.
1925. 52: 1929. 66: 1899.
Oct. 32: 1896. Oct. 57;
1902. Apr. 44; 1903. Apr.
.51; 1897. Apr. 50: PJ.
1903. 70. 701; 757: 1850.
10. 343: JCS. 1928. 785:
1875.56.1'13: ZNG. 1921.
42. 246: 1909. 18. 401:
Analyst. 1909. 34. 519:
AJP. 1895. 67.300: 1909.
81.6: JPC. 1834. 20.3G5:
Ber. 1873. 6. 1053: 1880.
13. 800: 1900. 33. 2994:
Monat. Ch. 1905. 26. 379:
JACS. 1918. 40. 1917:
GRAS. 1909. 149. 630;
795: AJIJI. Ch. 18G3. 125.
14. 1875. 179. 3G5: 1834.
9. 68; G5: 1838. 27. 151:
1857.104.202: Ch. News.
1904. 90. 14G: 1858. 170:
BilL. 1914. 12. 337:
1910. 8. 3: Arch. Ph.
1903. 241. 592: 1851.
116.129: J. Pharm. 1827.
13.4G4:
rt Ess. oil (ii;',
Oil, paint drug Rep. 1922.
102. 44D.

67

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

DOMBRETACEAE
(3)

245..Quisqualis

I \

C~~~E ~~~ CO~~~U'l ~~~-I

~~~i~1
TzuK'e

fj\(ft'fl

~~~ri.) (Ch.Sh1i;:un

RANOOON
CREEPER.

sd I Fa,tty oil
I

(Ill! J'()I

b~.

. Resin.
'Ash 6.7%.

i/J!t'f'r

REFERENCE

Sc.

I St. 368: FH. 1.294: BN.

I i~~;.

ii~. ~~2~. ~~: :~~.,

i 550:
HOI. 121: CMP.
1125: CMSJ. 2. 483: CD.
1918. May 11: PJS. 1917.

i}~/M188~918'1~~'l~~
,1909. 331. 1044: 1917.
'420. 135: ChNM]. 1926.
112. 101: 1931. 17. G44:
I AJMS. 1926. 172. 113:

I
246('Terminalia
belerica,
Roxb.
BIlLERICMYRo-

It !Kl.
Fatty oil.

'Iii~~in
11%.

BALANS.

24.'L.T. Chebula,
Retz. (M.J.)
MYROBALANS.

J!ill'k<1VJ

ft

Ho Li I.e

*)

(lJf
J!il 'f

kl

Chebulic
ac.3.5%.
Tannin
32%.
Fatty oil
37%.
Ellagic
acid.
Ash 2.3%.

Tung. I St. 430: IMP. 539: JSCI. HooperKoko. ' 1910. 1020: Laufer 378:
~1
'f
i HOI. 133: WP. 823: !DI. "Bahera"
Hind.
1313: CRN. 532:
"Balila"
Pers.

Tung. I St. 430: PSm. 215: BN.


1120: Br. 2. 127: Han.
232: usn. 716: BPC. 690:
WP. 822: IMP. 541: CRN.
532: !DI. 315: Ber. 1909.
42. 353: 1918. 51. 314:
1919.52.1238: 1920.53.
1728: JCS.
1897. 71.
1131: JSCI. 1903. 21:
Ann. Ch. 1927. 452. 303:
Z. Anal. Ch. 1871. 10.
359: 1875. 14. 44: Ph.
Cent. 1869. 370: Arch. Ph.
1891. 229. 155: CD. 1892.
328: Klein. 3. 371; 385:
PhZRuss. 1884. 23. 393:
LEdPhiI Mag. 1843. 331:
Laufer. 378:

"Harara",
Hind.
"Haritaki"
Sans.

BERNARD E. READ

LYTHRACEAE

(1)'[C~~
s'ail~l

St. 259: FH. 1. 244: BN. CRN.259;


18:
IDI. 15:
A.La:UtTckii,

________________I
PUNICACEAE (1)

Thw.
Alkaloid.
!_W"'P.--..-.::90::..:.4'-.

J(1:ilmn
An Shih
LiuK'e

250. Punica Gras(1:i~m


natum, L. (M) An Shih
POMEORANATE.
Liu

OJI) 1ft)
tl' .ffi'I

:PI-

.(It

~'

II

rt

Rt-bk 1%
pelletie.
rine.
Tannin.
Chebulic
acid.
Granatin .
Methylpelletierine.
!Iethylisop.elleticrine.

CuI.

St_ 361: FH. 1. 306: BN. "Gulnar"


375: Br. 3.426: WP. 817:
Hind.
BPC. 810: CMP. 128: IMP.
568: IDI. 262: CRN. 521: "Dadima"
DH. 463: USP X: ChP:
Sans.
BP: HTA. 39: MI. 534;
405, 4tO, 4~O, 442: USD. "Zakuro"
53; 829: AMP. 127: Klein
Jap.
3.409; 518: 4. 86r.: JpsJ.
1906.288.123: 1909.327.
473: TM. 1894. 9. 91:
Kyoto 1921. 18. 9i2;
1922. 19. 851: ChNMJ.
19~1. 17. 644:
CRAS.
1878. 86. 12iO: 1879.87.
358; 88. 716: 1880. 90.
696: 1920. 170. 1118: Ber.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

-,1;c~I:~~E\ ~~~~ co~~~ul HT~a;-1

.:--lk_'TIN_NA_M_E

REFERENCE

--I--~- --1~~6:-2~.-3~8~91'
2970; 1917. 50. 3GO; 380;
1192' 138G' 1395' 1918

~~9:41~~il;915/6:~~~:

IAEPP. 1884. 18. 381: 19.


290: Ph. Z. RussI. 1884'1
I123.
5G9: Ann. Ch. 18G7.
1143.285: 18G8. 145. G8.

II

!~~~~: P~3/8~.: 2~~.0I~:~~

I Edin.Ph. Mag. 1843. Nov.

I
33.1: JPC. 9.2lU: 10.052: I
lS;-~f).

lOt):

Ch.

News.

1 1880. 42. 274.; 184(;. 5.


129.-; 1878. 28. lU8: j. I
1

ft

?~~~. ~~~C~Sc~8t~~1.1~f

I 25G: Ph. Ztg. PHiS. l:Hi:

: ~~~~':J~8:

iInverlsuga,\

i PjS.

I Ci~;~~cid.

Ph. Cent. 1~85.

1929.

38.

37:

!2;i\S~' I~O/8~:4. 1~37~:

I ZNG. 1898. 1. 1;,8: JIEC.

ViI. C3.

I H1l7.

Protein

F~t5fi%.

9.

7li:J:

Analyst.

~g~~A~~.1~~~/.9~~: ~~~
jCS.

1897. 71.

1131:

I ~~Ph'18~i28'5g:i' ~~~: I
I Laufer

fl

ELAEAGNACEAE
(1)

%~~111

---1----~!.

-25-\,-Ela-eagn-Us- MIflH' If Fat.


pungens,Th. Hu T'ue;
K. Ca.
(J. Ch. M.)
Tzu I
IOxalates.
(E. SimOlui,
(m ill)
I

pu~~J (FH:)
OLEASTER.

\i*.:fi*!
I!ji~~
1~~lIlI

I'

27U:

IHCA. lU27. 10. U7:

Punicin.
anthocyan.

.-

1__ I

~N'I

NC. I
1Gl: FH. 2.. 404:
E.longij>es
Hup. u,9: WP. 815; CMP. I,ll:
(SI.)
Ch. News. 1878. 38.2u1: CRN.485.
Ki. ,mr.-hil:
lIMP. 1112;

I Ku.

II :;

specic'S.

70

BERNARD E. READ
LATiN NAME

IC~~~~E ~~~~l CO~~TU'1 ~~~1'1

Jiil~fl-

REFERENCE

REMARKS

--------:----

THYMELAEACEAE
Jui
(4)
Hsiang

-----I~-:---I--------I---

252. Aquilaria
It 1ft wd Ess. oil.
Agallocha.
Ch'cn
Resin.
Roxb. (M. J. Hsiang
(glJ ~!k)
Br. W. G.)
(Aloexylo"
lt7l<~
aga/locl",,,,.)
GHARU WOOD or
LIGNUM ALOES
"AGAR".

252a. A. Agallocha, Roxb.


(BN.)

'Nt 1ft

1ft

Mi
Hsiang
(j{t ill)

wd Ess. oil.
Resin.

Tung. St. 44: BN. 446: Br. 3. A.gratuJiCam. ....59: Psalm 45. 8: John flora,
Benth.
19. 30: HCM. 13: CRN.
4G3: IMP. 1111: IDI. 33: FH. 2.402:
FHP. G81: NSD. 1014:
WP. 813: DH. 458: Cleyer 'Agaru".
Sans.
No. 208: Wat. 306: Han.
263: CJK. 204: Arch. Ph.
201. 511: Schim. 1028. 3:
Perf. Rec. 1927. 18. 139:
KO.30:
Tung. Ditto. BN 1207: eJK 205:
Cam.

"Eagle

wood."

*8.

~
{f
$W*
IlPl I1l

-----1---1--1----1-- - - - - - - - - - - - 253. Daphne Gen :Je ~t It


kwa. S. et Z.
Yuan
(HC. Br. Ch.
Hua
St.)
C<$: ~)
(D. ForlwJei, L.);jot %
(FH.)
'iF :Je
FISH POISON.
$, 7}<
~ 1.(1.
iQ"r.~E
~

Genkwa
nino
Apigenin.
Sitosterol.
Benjoic Ac.

Sung. St. 143: FH. 2. 395: BN. Wickslroemia


5tH: Br. 2. 287: 3. 276: c1zamadal>1vJe,
Che.
WP. 813: Wil. 1. 17: Meisn. (Br.)
Ki.
HCM.40: JSSI. 1033. I. ~,g;J~.
Fu.
Hup. 1. 1: JpsJ. 1932. 602. Jl;l;;i\\
343: 1933. 608. 905: Ch.
NMJ. 1926. 12. 46: KO.
30:

~:

Jlt 'W
254. D. odora, Th. Jill 1ft rt
(J. M. St.)
Jui
(D.si,lms;s,
Hsiang
Lam.)
(M 1':1)
(D. indica,
Herb.)
(D.japmica,
S. & Z.) (FH.)
DAPHNE.

IDaphnin.

Che.
Hup.

Sze.

St. 144: FH. 2. 395: BN. D.oleoitks,


1192: HOI. 50: DH. 460: IMP.
PJ. 1896. 56. 443: Klein.
3. 830: KO. 30: AP. 1030.
5.9: Ber. 1930. 63. 1299:
1929. 62. 115: Gazz. Ch.
Ital. 1925. 55. 673:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

265. Wickstroemia

~f.

fl

REMARKS

Ho.

St. 460: FH. 2. 398: BN. Poisonous.


1389: Br. 3. 277: IMP. W. iudica,
1109. JSSI. 1933. 1. 1. CRN. 638.
1:

Com.
Ki.

WP. 800: DH. 460: Arch. GY"'D"api,,


Ph. 1882. 220. 378:
'lO./ifida,
DC. (HC.)
CRN. 637,

japonica, Miq. lao Hua


(M.)
~)

(w. tn'c!wloma,

71

<*

Mak.)

VIOLACEAE (2)

l1r~ff
Chin
Ts'ai K'e

250. Viola mira


bilis, L.

J!JIliil1

(HN.)

Chung

II

Chien

Salicylic

ae. trace.

Hsiao
(~

~)

4- species.

IMP. Ill:

-----1----------1--------1---St. 466: FH. 1. 63: Wi!. Fumaria


267. V. Palrinii, jl/W,l1I!T hb
NC.
DC. (M.)
zu Hua rt
(V. dzitlOlSis,
Ti Ting
Don.)
(jj 1'1)
(V.primulifolia, \:lfrlifi1f.
Lour.) (FH.) :llilfrIJi:
var. Chitlellsis.
$1f:J=f
Ging. (BN.
*"1li~
Br.)

BIXACEAE (2)

268. Hydnocarpus

Com.

~;fl

Hung Mu
K'e

:k1Jl.'f-

anthelrnintica, Ta Feng

Pierre. (HM.
Tzu
HCM.)
Clm ill)
UYDNOCARPUS
SEED, CUINESE
CUAULMOOORA.
CH. P.

sd

Hydnocar. Siam
pic and
chauImoogric
acids.

Fatty oil
40%.
HCN.

1.21: HCM. 138, chi hsi


wang: BN. 1099: V. odorata, aile MI. 476;!DI.
327: Br. 2. 186:

officiumis

(St.)
GlIdd<1lstediia

multiflora,
Ege. (Yabe.)

72

BERNARD E. READ

*"

:t5U. Xylosma race-: ~


bk
mosa, l\1iq.
I 1'50 Mu If
(G. M. Ch.) I(~.:r-~)

CHI)(ESE

~lEDICINAL

PLA)(TS

--,1_cI-N:.::u~.::::~:.:::EE--,I.:..:~~",,-:~1 CO;~~TUI r~:'~~;-I

_._LA_T_IN_N_A_ME_'

TAMARICACEAE
._(1_)

! t~,~g,~~
I Liu K'c ' _

DIPTEROCARPACEAE (2)

I
i

- - ---

.. -

it~~~~~~
II

11,

H~t~~g

: __ ,___

ioil 1Borneol.

I,.

~::t~t.ic(~L IL~~fa~;OI SUb: ~'~~~~~~~1~'!


l(),Jt

J.

BO:;~~:CAM.

1!1.');

~Vil.

1----

f)l~ri~~~C~~~~ ~i~~d.;~~:

I :~~~. ~~li~I~W\D31~. :::

~ m~

I Siam. i St. I.-,i: BN.

I Sesqlllter. I
! pene.
I

:~~~~ .

BAROS-CAMPHOR.

'I

11<.n: MI. n,,: Laufer. -178:


~;~t. ~4~: PJ: 18'Hi. 1~.
I,D,,; 10<,,: W22.109Al":
' t ~~~~88~/. o~~l ~~~~.

*J

HM.)
(D,ea11lphpra,
.J~:.o m~.:
Colebr.) (M.) ~'iHf'rr,

<i):))!4lijili
1XlIliijili

: Alln. Ch.
I 18~ 1. 40.

lH:;~.

27. U~:

:126: 1840. 45.

I ~~~.I~gOj~~ri: ~:k l~~~

I Klein. 3. (;27: Han. 271:

__ I

:
I

I
Cam- . St. 40G: PSm. 82: BPC.I \VP. 7-9'2
1xxlia
\Ya. l;')t): :\L 33G: I..J. species of
!CJK.19~:

262'taSh,oRreO'thro.buS-II .ffi
'uI!fN,"ofi-,,
j
.
I-Isian~

{V~cac:~/{t'ra. ~~11~11;
DAMMAR, (ROCK.)\ (Wi
or SAL TREE
PSm )
RESIN
. (HoP<~'P)

~_

,,,Po

261.Dryobalallopsl1iUlH~f}

(St. G.)

RE~1ARKS

5~2,

J.

- - - - ._-' -

_~

-1----

NC. II St.. :2R: HI. .1..:l4U: B:-I.\ CRN.


! Ku.
I.oUt. Br. 2. :3lit): Laufer.
3 Species.
Fu.
:H8: HOI. JH~: l~lP. 133:
Tung. 1
i9-4:

200. Tamarix
cbinensis.

. Lour. (M.
Ch.)
TAMARISK.

REFERENCE

, - - -_. I

ex

Resin.

~8(j:

WP. 792: IMM. 791: IMP. Flofraresins.


luO: G. 1 L8~1: CJK. 199: Pistada lere-

~;:7iDl~~~i~5t7D~/D2lf~:'!~~~L.

PSm.)

74

BERNARD E. READ

GUTTIFERAE (3)

IliltM:jj\sl.'f
Chin Szu
T1ao K'e

-----!--~I-'---I----------+---

263.Calophyllum iiflWlili! ex
Inophyllum, Hu T'ung
L. (BN. M.)
Lei
TACAMAUAC.
(J.!f If;:)

iiflWlilft
iiflm*1t

Ess. oi112% Tung. FH. 1.75: BN. 673: WP.


Resin.
78.+; Ga7: Laufer. 342:
Saponin.
DH. 439: IMM. 142: CRN.
470: Arch. Ph. 1904.242.
352; 395: Bull. Econ. Indoch. 1922. 25. 359:
Schim. 192U. 27; 150:
Klein. 3. 787; 1138:

PoPulus
balsamifera,
var.
gmuitta,
Wesm.,
(Laufer.)
Callan"umsp.

-----1----,---11--1-------1---264. Garcinia Man 'ft1I1.t'r


gostana. L.
Tu Nien
(M.)
Tzu
MANGOSTEEN.

sd

Sugar.

Tung. HCM. 68: IMM. 380: WP. Mdasloma

Mangostin. Ki.
Resin.
Vito C1'

(~ill)

fJ1ltH

265. G. Morella,
Desv. (M.J.)
(G.pidon'a,
Roxb.)
(G.nanowii,
Hook.)
(St. Han.)
GAMBOGE.

iW 'Pi
T'eng
Huan~
(~ill)

ilif

~li

ex

Resin 77%. Hun.


Gum 16%. Hup.
Ash 1%.
Cam.
Starch.

788: leI. 135: CR~. 491:


IMP. 143: Arch. PH. 1891.
229.426: ChZtg. 1897.21.
719: MI. 427: Pr.Imp.Ac.
Tokyo. 1931. 7. 254:
ZNG. 1906. 11. 533: Cc.
1924. 2. 2664: Ann. Ch.
482. 280: 487. 62: CA.
1915.2061: Klein 3.1453:
786: Malay MJ. 1934.
9.2:

calldidum.

St. 182: BN. 1491: Ch. P:


Wat. 162: FHP. 79: WP.
787: Klein. 3. 785: USP:
PG: BPC. 258: CRN.491:
IMP. 147: MI. 556: PJ.
1846. 6.60: 1883. 14. 69:
1889. 19.761: ICI. 136:
Ph. Cent. 1889.151: Arch.
Ph. 1837.23. 172: 1891.
229. 426: Ann. Ch. 1843.
45. 71: 1847. 63. 51:
1866: 138. 68: ChNMJ.
1926. 12. 46: Han. 326:
Klein. 3. 785:

The drops
are called
i'J;jI'i.
Lumps
are

Don. (J.)
Buckleya
la1u~ola/a,

Miq. (HM.)

niiljl'i.

Purgative.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

LATIN NAME

75
REMARKS

THEACEAE (3)
a266. Thejaponica, l1J :JF. sd
Nois. (M.)
Shan
(Camellia jOt L.)
Ch'a
CAMELIA or
(M I'l)
TEA OIL TREE.

Fatly oil
SC.
42%.
Saponin.
Arabinose.
Camellin,
g!.

fl

-----f---II--j----I-267. Thea sinensis,


L.(M.)

(Camellea T1I<a,
Link.)
(C/1I<if"a,
Griff.)
C1I1NESE TEA.

If

Caffeine
3%.
Adenine.
Xanthine.
Hypoxan~

thine.
Theophylline.

Choline.
Quercitrin.
Guanylic
acid.
Tannin

9.5%.
Ash 6%.
Mn. Cu,
Mg, F.
Vits. C4.
E2,G2,A.
Catechin.
Diastase.
Oxydase.

Fluorides.

SC.

St. 81: FR. 1. 81: BN. "Tsuhaki"


113: JP: CMP. 137: WP.
Jap.
778: DH. 435: USD. 1301;
l<33-1: Wat. 553: MI. 370:
JPSJ. 1910. 344. 702:
560. 958: 1928. 48. 126:
]JBR. 3. 30-1: TC. 9. 1:
Kyoto
1928. 11. 543:
Agr. Tok. 1900. 4. 349:
Ann. Ch. 1843. 45. 366:
PJ. 1871. 2. 386: 1883.
14. 21: AJP. 1903. 75.
79: CJ. 1925. 3. 100:
Apoth. Ztg. 1893. 589:
Arch. Ph. 1878. 213. 334:
JPC. 19l1. 3. 128: LN.
1928. 681. 78: Klein. 2.
852: 3. 1128,4. 1488: KO.

!!!!'------- - - St. 81. FR. 1. 83: BN.


800: Wat. 553: !DI. 57:
BPC. 1102: Laufer. 553:
CMP. 138: RTA. 329:
Wi!. 2.89: WP. 779: BPI.
204. 32: DR. 436: CJSA.
1925. 3. 100: Klein. 3.
935; 1138: 4, 861; 296:
]JMS. 1932. 6. (96): Ch
JPh. 1935. 9. 47: Inst.
PCR Tokyo 192.,. 1.970:
1934. 24. 149: MI. 412;
-116: USD. 21. 1499: JACS.
1891. 13. 237: JJAC.
1924. 1.84: JpsJ. 1884.
32. 398: 1886. 50. 140:
1889. 91.699: 1892. 121.
221: 1894. 144.119; 145.
251: 1895. 156. 127:
1898. 193. 236: 1899.
209.685: 211. 847: 1903.
252. 113: 1904. 272.861:
273.934: 1915.399.614:
NE. 1924. 8.17: R.1895.
9. 128. 1907. 10. 141;

BERNARD E. READ

~LA_n_N_N_A_ME---!IC~~~~EI~~~~ CO~~~TU- \ HT~~l

-I

REFERENCE

185: Bot. 1889. 26. 109;

i~9i1:;5; 1~;~:. Tl~. 1~~~.:

1 REMARKS

1892. 13. 129; 25: 1890.


11.8: JJ1C. 19.830: CEM. ,
1929. 14. 92: JAs. Agne.
Ch. 1923. 7. 154: AJP.
1903.75. 79: 18H;. 558:
Ber. 1901. 10. 1: 1885
18. 79; 1888. 21. 21G4;
1890. 23. 225; 188 I. 14.'
1582: 1930. 225. 1890:
JBIP. 1925. 1. 970: 1929.
110. 253: Itl30. 14. G3:
11931. 15.155: 1934. 24.

I~~~V92gl;. 2~89~8G: 3~: i


1

'I

3;;r.: JPC. 1884. 10. 229:

I~~~.

b~<;is ~I~~. ~~'wlO~~ I


~~~: g;~ .J~~. 5~~21;P;:: i
26. 82: Ph. Cent.

i :~~~i: 1:~: l~~~i C~.R~~:!

1903. 27. 2~0: Arch. Ph.


IR5r..134. ID8: IDOl. 239.
;103: 1871-. 205. 9: Ann.:
Ch. 1843. 45. :lGG:. 187l.1
158. 180: 1847. 63. 202:
pJ. 1887. Gl: Ch. News.,
1889. 1570: Ber. Bot. I
IDOl. 19. 350: Apoth. Ztg.
1929. 69. 700: Agr. Tok.
1

gg~'1:9rg: 5~~~'1~~~: I
Z. phys. Ch. 1883 ..
I8.1. 149:
395: 1889. 13. 298: I
1892. 16. HiOj 1895. 21.

~~4. :1~~~41tDG~~~. ~;~

I I

ZNG. 1898.1. 214: 1899.


2. :l90: 1902.5.471: 1904.
8. 7:10: 1914. 27. 210:

!~~I:~n5:I~!J~:a,;j\~. It~~:
I 1887.33.370: Ch. WCCkbl.l
11.923. 20. 253: 19W. 13.
Analyst. 1899. 24.!

I~~~::

77

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

iC~~,~~Ej~~~1CO~~~TU-J HT~~-t

REFERENCE

---.-:-1 2~%.-=-1'--1
Fatty

Saponins. '

PJ. 1894. 25. 008. 087:


[1927. 118. 709: ZNG.
1910.32.553: JSCI. 1910.

~~: i7~;~{~~~3:~ii::97.

I~I~affeine I1-~~~~-tBN'
;~~ll~a~[~b. (~;O-~n), I
I

2G8. T. sinensis, LI1i1

ik

St. 99.

1118: CMP; 138:

C(trodeJulnm

2.2%.

(M.BN.)
I Jli.
(CQ/~U:llia
tkea,
'M!,
Lmk. var.
mac.

_Sieb.)(M.~,

f()rtmudwn.

I iI'
'

i~ I
~l'

_1

Ill'lll!lijjEff~1

1_ _

1-------

I I
-20-9.-A-ct-ini-di-a-ar-'\lliilll\!i,K I sd ---I~'St.15: FH. 1.78: BPI.
guta, PI. (~1.
Ml Hou I j
Hop. 1204: BN. 1510 Br 2.
J.)
T'oo
st I
318: DH. 434. PJ. 1890.
(Trockostigma a. (
. ) If
1339'
S.&Z.)(FH.)
I
'
(a.) A. chinensis.
::m
!

DILLENIACEAE (3)

IT'aoK'e
Mi Hou I

PI. (M. Ch. G.


W.)
:*

270.A. chinensis,

'\'

PI. (Br. WiLl

'I

A. mfa
St 15.

;j;!E

::fjjE

Yang

l-:----I~
1

rt

S-t-I-4-W-,-\-19-0,-3-IO-B-r. Cf.

Che. 12.317: FH. 1.78:

(;"a~,d

. Ii i

AvtrrluJa
caramlJiila

--'-_i_~_m~-:r_l_---_--------f---271. A: polyga';'a, I *~~ ,sd Matatabic ICC. 'I St. 437: 494: FH. 1.78:
II

___

(}I:,;i,j~;,/) IM~i~olell

Pl.) (M.)
(.1;1:(11"ochostigma V t
S. etZ.) (M.)
II

*)1

p~~~;mOI.I

st
If
rt

~ii218t(~~I~; n:~,n~~i:

,,1915.29.301: Imp. Med.


. Tokyo. 1915. 14.489:
I

78

BERNARD E. READ

",~:'":':. ;;~ ::1 :=:.:'II_~~:~:I

REFERENCE

(Ifij

REMARKS

~)

*tlili
ITERCULIACEAE
(1)

Vilis
fl<xrIDSa.
Thb. (J.)

Miq. (M. HAl.) Han Shui j.


Tent{

-------1---

.\ltmn

WUJ.~ng

-----1--- -f------:--------I----

272. Sterculia
.\It
sd Calleine.
platanifolia, Wu Tung inL. f. (M. HF. (M 1'1) bk. Mucilage.
Br.)
lit
Arabinose.
(FinnitnUl p..
Galactose.
R.Br.) (M.)

Hop.
Ku.
She.
Yun.

(S./o11lndosa.

Th.) (M.)
KOLANUT.

:*~gn

BOMBACACEAE (1) Mu Mien

- - - - ._1__K_'e_r_+

St. 423: FH. 1. 90: BN. CRN.530.


923: Br. 2.351: DH. 432:
4 species.
WP. 768: USD.1418:HCM.
132: MI. 465: Wat. 55;
577: PJ. 1889. 20. 381,
868: BPI. 204: AJP. 1912.
84.393: JpsJ. 1912.366.
805: Wil. 1. 20; 128: Agr.
Tok. 1895. 4. 207: Han.
246: Klein. 4. 406. 2. 852.
861: 3.368:

1--------1---

273. Bombax mal- :* ~g sd- Fatly oil


Tung. St. 71: FH. 1. 89: BN.
abaricum. DC. Mu Mien oil 22%.
196: HCM. 24: WP. 766:
(HF. Ch. M.) eM 1'1) It The down.
DH. 428: Wat. 4: IMP.
(B. "'/J/aphylla
1;.l'l!
Ash 3.5%.
197: CRN. 468: IDI. 48:
Ca 0.16%.
JACS. 1918. 40. 647:
Roxb.) (IMP.) 1; kia\
MALABAR KAPOK
Fe 0_37%.
BIlL. 1920. 18. 335: JCS
or SILK.COTTON
India. 1911. 469:
TREE.

MALVACEAE (7)
274. Abutilon
avicennae,
Gaertn. (M.
HC. G. HN.
W.)
(A.I!z<opkrasti.
Moo.)
(Si~ liliaeJolia.

Fisch.) (M.)
AMERICAN JUTE:
INDIAN MALLOW.

f$~n

Chin
K'ueiK'

JliI:~NC'
Protein
Che.

tJi
Ch'iug
Ma

elJi

*)

a Jii.'

20%.
Ash 5%.

Fu.
An.

Ki.

St. 469: FH. 1. 86: BN.


935: Br. 2.207: DH. 422:
Wat. 41: IMP. 176: CRN.
456: Oel Fett Ind. Russ.
1929.8.22:

Cdba
pentatwa.
Gaertn.
(BN.)
(Bom04%p.
Roxb.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

C~~~~E I~~:~ I cOi~~Tu'l HT~~'

~J

276. Althaea rosea. \\ij


sd
Cav. (M. Br. ~hu K'ue'
G)
OIl j/;)'
.
.;. ~ I
UOLLYHOCK.

!Il:

Fat 12%.
Com.
Starch 9%.
Protein
21%.
Allantoinasc.

:~fl

79
REMARKS

St. 33: FH. 1. 83: BN. "Gul1231: Br. 2. 79: KO. 31: khairu"
USD. 120: HHP. 826: Hind.
WP. 758: IMP. 1&5: CRN.
~60:MI.6~I:Klein.3.946.

988: 2. 541, 761: 4.905:

sh

REFERENCE

Dloxyben

~I~ acid. -II

Ann. Ch. 1915.408. 110:

!iJ[~~~'9~~: Ig:';: i:~:~:

Ash ~%~.
Fe 3%.
Sterme.

IVcr.
1900.54. HI: JIEC.
1921. 13. 636:

- - - - - : - - - :I- - : - - 27G.Hibiscusescu-

m\\ij~ I sd

~~~) L. (M. ~~U~l'~ei:


(A6<lmosel,uH.,

Moench.)
(M. G. St.)
(H. Marrilwl, L.)
(M. J. KO.)
OKRA.

l~

j/;)

i II
rt

VitC,.

~~%t: oil,

I~St. 205:

Pectin.

1184: ]JIC. 25: 389: AJP. Bendi,"


1860. 32.224: PJ. 1904. Malay.
73.892: Klein. 2. 514: Ch.
Ztg. 1900. 24. 871: JACS.
11920. 42. 166: JpsJ. 1899.
1209. 631: 1922. 489.
1017: USD.21.1332:Arch.
Ph. 1871. 195. 140: Malay
MJ. 193~. 9. 2:

Gum 16"1..

ABELMOSCHUS.
LADY'S ANGER.

277. H. mutabilis,
L. (M.J.Ch.)
(H.sinmsis,
Mill.) (FH.)

~~!.~

(=~~)
:* ill
:*
fit :*
ill j1jj

FH. 1.87: BN. "Bamiya",

I ~.141G~2~hC~~:{~40~\~~;: ~rt:~Chang

:1::1

*"

-----1--- - 1 - --:,--------:---278. ~.;,~~t~iiJ. ~ Sa~g


Ch.)
(ji Il)

1$

=*

t!!
W< t!!
B If<.

Tung.

i~~4:2~;.: :.~61~H~~.~~:
I WP. 757: DH. 424: IMP.
185: CRN. 496: !DI. 153:
JCS. 1909. 95. 1855:
Klein 4. 1028:

80

BERNARD E. READ

~IN NAM.:JC~~~~~J~~:~ ICV~~~TL-I __ ;~J

i I

I'"

279. H. syriacus,
tti bk
L..(M. J. HC. Mu Chl~ I rt 'I
CB '!In fl
W ..G.)
,HRUBBV
IN ~JlIJij sd
ALTHAEA.
~'l(j:1t.. I
,

~.

.m~

142:

2~ vertiI -,-~f;-:-.'fi._;~'-rt-'-- --'1Malva

H. Br.)

I
1

t-ro-p.-I--.-2;-2'-;6-:F-'H-.-l.-S-4:-B-N.- -n-'1p-.-16-7,St

cilIata, L. (M.

, Bern.) (FH.
,Br.)

K'uci

sh

C.;j;:

~;;)

ilk<
fit

il.:.

Ki.

sd

2;')6: KG.

,She.

~t:

PJ.

18. 342: Ml. 426:


ISO: Wil. 315: DH.

~,

1887.

L.'%lil.

~il..:rl

(A~lf~~')t(~~.)

3 species.

IDI. PT. also


uses:AI. ;"Iuslris,

~21:

~~. ;.r?j'ora.

.1

CtllNESE

Flibisetls

':";'iO~ . .'

MALLOW.'

lllliiK,'j'-l11
TILIACEAE (1)

REMARKS

I B,&.

.. (-"'.1. Puls/ulla,

REFERENCE

:wm'l St.198:206:
FH. 1. 88: BNI
Br. 2. 26; 376: KO.
31: DH. 425: HCM. 73:
i CMP.
I

. T'ien Ma

'h 1 L

K'e

---I-I----i-~

,I,

2S1. wrchorus
- capsularis, L.
(HN. G. M.)

1Mi

Huang
Ma

st

Pl;mcnt
Cellulose
71/0
Fat 11%

II hb

CWI 13 )1

JUTE.

1.

SC

St. 91; 126: FH.


93:
Br. 2. 207: B~. 1143:\VP.
753: Ch. Ncws 1874. 30.
101: ISS1. 44. 77: Ber.

I
I

I }~~\~~92~~~:II~~:. 219:

~HUll

-II

_ _ _ _ _ I-_K_'C_II

I_ _ :I

VITACEAE (7)

P'u 1"ao

~82~~p1~:lt~~I- I ;~ Cl~ I hb
Kochne.(M.J.)'O;r.
(Parlhmocissu.s I.,

(rh~};''''''''la,lS, I
Miq.) (M. Br.)

VI~~~~~ER.

;ij/i)1

An.

I St.

I
I
!

IG8: Br. 2. 2G7: KG.

i.~.~\g?:

USD. 1664:

E"pllO/.:bia

Ilu~~~t;~~'
(~1. St.)

-l1I!'%llf.
I q. v.

' i i

81

CHI 'ESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

'!Ii 1.'5

283. Vitis Coig.


(J.M.)

rt
bk

Tzu Ke

netiae. Pull.

elM

*)

-----1---284. V. flexuosa,
T:iiiJI! rt

~-

*)

tAt

St. 457: FH. 1. 132: Wil.


1,191: Br. 2, 207: 3. 338:

}]i.

285. V. japonica, ~~ifl!f sh


Th. (J.M.G.) Wu Lien
(Cissu.rj.,Willd.), Mei
(V.lcIDdfolia,
(/:li
Wight)(FH.) 'ff,;'lii1W .
1M

Tung. St. 457: BN. 1108: FH., V.crmli<rJala,


3.529:
Beoth. (St.)

Ki.
Hup.

Th. (G. Ch.


Ch'ien
It
Br.)
Sui Lei vo(V. parvifolia, (gil ~!t) sap
Roxb.) (FH.) ~ li

REMARKS

11-

Araban.
Mucilage.

Sung. St. 458: FH. 1, 134: BN. V.pe,daphy!Ja,

~~.

794:

Kl~~: ~~t8~~2 :

Hup.
Che.
Man.

~~

1.'5
w. 1.'5
IiJK~~

w.i!Wt

-----:1--280. V. Labrusca,
L. (G.W.)
(Vficifolia,
Bge.) (M.)
(V. T/nuwcr;rii,
S. & Z.) (FH.
BN.)
CONCORD GRAPE
or NORTHERN
FOX GRAPE.

---------1----

1- : - - -1

~ ;lit
Ying Yii

It

(lII4 EO
j!!~:Jj;
~

b
jlf

W@~
!Ilfw~ij

- vn
rt

Sugars 10%. Ku.


Acids.
Ki.
Vitin.
Fu.
Ac.salicyli Hop.
trace.
I Hnp.
Anthranilic
acid.

St. 457: FH. 1. 134: BN.


153~: Br. 2. 310: DH.
4lG:WP. 750: JIEC.1910.
8.334: Ber. Bot. 1891. 9,
293: 1893. 11.391: JBC.
1923.57. 795: J. Agric.
Res. 1923. 23, 47:
JACS. 1921. 43. 1741:
Monat. Ch. 18n. 14, 719:
Klein. 2.519.539; 3. 057.
987:

CRN. 538,
Vilis
9 species.

ilf~*W~

82

BERNARD E. READ

_ _ _ _-+IC--'';,~l~~:::.:~i=__EI.::~~=:~+lC_OE~N~~~~ST_U'+IH--,TA~A~,--['!-I

{j\j).~1

288. V. vini!era, L.kfJ,C


ft1sugar 14%.1 Hop.
(M. G. Br.) \P'u T'ao
Acid 0'7%'1 Ku.
GRAPE VINE.
~)I
Pectin .1:-. Che.
"fJ j;J~
Ash 0.,,%. Sha.
11qm~
Quercetin. An.
VitA, C.
I Lecithin I
I
'
I &e.

,Ct

!'

I
I
I

-+-_RE_M_A_RK_S_

St. 458: FH. 1. la6: BN. "Budo" Jap.


1214: Br. 3. 4B8: FHP.
140: NSD. 171,.: BPC.
11~7; 1151: USD. 1577:
WP. 743: IMP. :l44: IDI.
:l28: IMM. 895: CRN.
538: MI. 475: CMI'. 14:l:
AMP. 115: JpsJ. 1909.
324. 123. WiI. 2. :l0:
JJMS. 19a2. 6. (96): C]Ph. 1928. SRI. 172: Klein.
2.861: 3. 850: 988: LN.
1928.681.75: Laufer 220:
Br. 2. 155: ZNG. 1905.
10. G71: 1909. 143. 185:
1907. 145. 260. CRAS.
1869. 69. 760: 1908. 147.
384: 75:l; 993: 146. 1411:
1898. 126. 423: 1895.
121. 502: 120.1416: 1897.
124. 70G: Landw. Ver.
,1901. 4. 131: 1904. 7.
' 725: Ber. 1871. 4. 442:
1876. 9. 982: 1889. 22.
1072: SWCh. 1876. No.
:l1: JPC. 1906. 24. 24:
\ 1899. 10. 842: JAmCS.
1190a. 25. 242: 1925. 47.
11177: Gaz. Chim. ItaI.

:~?5A::: ~~~: 1~95~7. =~:

'83: 1915. 408. 83: Ana .

I~~t. l~Ok~' 1~:~/9ii:

82: 1898. 19. 583: J.


Agric. Res. 1925. 30.

I~1~. Jl;~~21?92~. 4~r

If

Sugars.
Fat 1%.
Ouercetin.
Carotin.
Cholin.
Wax.

I :l07: CC. 1915. 2. 233:


11912. 1. 422: 1926. 2.
'
: ZPhys. Ch. 1929.
184. 93: ZNG. 1903. 6.
11757
117: USES Cal. 1894. a22:
CRAS.
1873. 77. 944:
1887.104.593: 1924. 179.
782: 1907. 144. 1376:
1900. 131. 808: 1892.
114.2:l1: 364: 1877.85.
810: 1889. 109. 911:
i

_:1--'-'
LATIN NAME

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

83

ICHl~EsElpAnl CONSTlTU HAm-,


AME
N =.c -.~

.ENTS

TAT

Landw. VeT. 1883. 29.


401: 1873.16.427: 1913.
79. 737: Z. Phys. Ch.
1912. 80. 79: Ber. 18n.
6. 1411: 1877. 10. 83:
1894. 27. 487: 1873. 6.
1313: Ber. Bot. 1891. 9.
293: 1893. 11. :191: BSC.
1887.46.04: 1891. 6. 201:
Ch. Ztg. 1901. 25. 0, 24:
Z. Analyst. Ch. 1900. 39.
1: 1902.41.544:
CRAS. 1843. 17. 505:
lDOO. 130. 91: Gaz. Chim.
Ita!. 1884. 14. 515: 1890.
19. lfiO: BSC. 1895. 13.
927: 1909. 23. 82: Ber.
1873.6. 1411: BJ. 1924.
18. 1187: Ann. Ch. 1844.
50. 423: 1847. 62. 59:
JPC. 1908. 28. 154: Ana
Iyst. 1929. 24. 15.

Naringin.

Quercetrin.

rt

&

Gum.
Galactan.
Sugars.
Enzymes.

Boric acid.

-----1:---1--- ------- - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - 288a.Grape iUice

Ti'!;,'Millli

Hop.
Ku.
Che.
Sha.

IS

P'u T'ao
Chiu
1

Wine (Fer.
meuted)
Brandy (Dis
tilled)

I'Mrill

RHAMNACEAE (7)

m
.J

'''''ill "

illi

40"10.

St. 459: AMP_ 115: BPC.


1002: Wat. 575: JpsJ.
1898. 202. 1223: Lauler
220-245: USD. 21. 1020:

12%.

fil.ffi - - 1 - - - - - 1 - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - -

I ShuK'eLi

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

I
III

290. Paliuru5
fl! 5d
ramosissimus. Pai Chi If
Poir. (Br. M.)
W-) 5t
(Zi=,.1',.,sr.,
fl! )jill
Spr.) (lL)
. fl! ~
(I'. flub/dia,
~j;finJ[\.
St:llltlt.)
(\1. FH.)

C*'

Ki.
St. 301: FH. 1. 126: Br.
Tung. 2. 308; 3. 505:

- ----------.---- --il-------[---

.lU

*:

~:),. Rhan1ll1l:'

j:~pollicllS, Ma"1 Shu Li


:\IIll. pl.)
(*~)
var. J:t!mulla.
Maxim. (Br.) Jjj, ,~,
(:1.) R. (hhuricus.
11:. ~'
Pall.
1Ji!.
(R. 'dilis, Decne. tr1

hk

Emodin.
CC.
lapaHop.
rharnnin.
KampfcroI.

**

(HC. G. Cn.) I:!'I!

=ref,

JA~~~~~~:;;~. I
PLUM.

51. 373: BN. 1243: FH. 1. eRN. 522.


128: Br. 2.314; 3. 511: .... species.
WP. 738:
CMP. lH:
ChMJ. 2. 68; 13~: 5. 48;
72: Imp. Med. Tokyo 3.
75: TM. 1894. 3. Apoth.
Ztg. 1896. 537: DH. 413:
IMP. 3~9:

1lJ$-'f

ljo~=f

[;jt1H

'

,f,lJl~-'f

- - - - - - -- - - - - - - 1 - - - 1 - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - -

2!)~.

-w:

Zizyphus vul.!

ft

fl~:~'CI~:"2'i Icl'sa~'I\)
<"',m,
I

(Z..
(;acrtn.)
(ZsillcllSis.
Lam.)
JUJUBE or
CtlINE;E

Mucilage.
Sugar.
Zi~iphic ac.
Protein
t.

bk

1%

Ku.
Hup.
Sung.
Hop.
Man.

Fat 0.2%
Tannin.

DATE.,

I:

Zizphine.

5d

29:;.~. VUIJ-::-II~~_~_} ---~


Lam. var.

(~I.)
B,lTER JUJUBE.

St. 466: FH. 1. 126: BN. var. i1t~rmis, '


1029: Br. 2. 118; 305: 3. Bge (BN.)
424: US. 1024.1215: DH.
410: BPC. 1174: Wil. 308:
USD. 1673: WP. 741:
!DI. 334: CRN. 540: Ch.
JP. 1928. SRI. lU9: \Vat.
:';87: Cl\,IP, 1.... !): Ber.
1889. 22. 214: ES. 68. 45:
BPI. 204. 35: Ch. Ztg.
1886.10.1167:
MI. 478: Ber. Ph. 1899.
9.218: Laufer 38,;: am.
921: IMP. 338:

it
K'u Tsao
Cft' t'L

!I!t jilt

St. 467: Br. 2.119: IMP. Z.jr,juQa?


338:

x.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I RE)IARKS

REFERENCE

294. Z. vulgaris.
~ 1I1
It
Lam. var.
Suan Tsao sd
spinosus, Bge. Cll<: it)
(Br. St.)
1i\I

Tung. SI. 466: FH. 1. 126: B~.


NC.
130 I: Br. 2. 118: 3. ma:
WP. 741: AJP. 188t).58.
307; 44t): ES. 68. 4;;:
USD. 1673; BPI. 204. ~o:
CMP. 146: KO. 32:

I1J 1I1

WILD JUJUBE.

-----1----1

------:---------1------

_",z~";h",!~", i")I_I,-'

2_9_"_Z'_SP_._(S_t.--,-)

j~~~'_

~jJ!J~I;'f-'l

BALSAMINACEAE
Feng
(2)
Hsien
_ _ _ _ _ I_H....;ua'-'K.:...e_1_---f-'

296. Impatiens
BaIsamina, L.
(M.)
TOUCHMENOT,
or BALSAM.

jl~

Fcng

Hsien

(ll1l i'l)
:<l:'Mo'f

sd
fl

rt
If

li!~:r!J<

<.tli\UI;
IHJ~*I
~1i';ljk

--

1308: Laufer 3~5: eRN.


Tung. ~98: DH. 410: IMP. 241:
WP. 734: SP. 19a: Wi\.
372: KO. 32: USD. 21.
13~1: JpsJ. 1901. 236.
103,: Ber. Bot. 1908.
26. 438:
Fu.

~fl'!:li\:

sh

'~~~a

I
I-K-i.-ISt-.-'9-:-F-H-.1-.-1-02-:-K-o.I!DI. In::,
:12:

CIfj -it)
------liiI'l"'BJ,i>':jfji'"'a"'!I I- - j - - - I - BABIACEAE (3)

Feng

xim. (M. J.)

Ch'ing
Feng

T'eng

(IIJI

~'I\)

llf ill,i
<:i)j,j/I,i

Che.
Kio
Tung.

II,

Ch'mg

_ _ _ _ _ I-"-='e""ng""K:..::'el__ I
f;lJBJ,ill,i vn
298. Sabia
japonica, Ma-

Sung. St. 21,: FH. 1. 100: BN'I

ilJj

!M!fi'11f11j;.
:!lli !J$j.
297. I. Textori,
Miq. (J.)

I_ _ I

------BN. !)()tJ: FH. 1. 143:

(v;;;~cata~

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

\C~~~~~r:I~~;~1cu~~~~ru. HT~~~-l

REMARKS

l
IAPINDACEAE (7) !!!I,\!!.'fn
Wu Huanl
Tzu K'e

- - - - - 1 - - - : - ---If----~--------~---299. Koelreuteria
~ '!W fl
paniculata,
Luau
Laxm.
Rua
(M.G. Br. Ch.)(* Ill)
(Sapi,ulr"chj.

(~";~k"l
(NephelirlmL;{chi. $lit

Camb.) (M. G. :1'1"


Ch.)

Vi
1iii

30 I. Nephe1ium
~il 'f It
lappaceum, L. ';'lao Tzu
(lfj- ill)
(BN. M.J.)

302.. N. Longana. mi IIa


Camb. (BN. J. Lung Yen
G. Br. Ch.)

Lam.) (M.)

--;--------1--Sugar.
Sze.
Protein
Fu.
l.5%.
Tung.
VitC".
Citric acid.

5d
rt
bk
51
fl

UTCI11 NUT.

(EupllOn"al.,

ROP'I St. 227: FH. 1. 138: BN.


Kan. 15G7: Br. 2. 382; 3. 492:
DR. 409:

300. Litchi chi


itZ Vi It
nensis. Sonn. Li Chlh
(M.J.G. Ch.) (1lII 1!)

LUNONOANS or
LONOANS.

Gum.
Yellow
dye.

'll'
III!

;w,tt~

Fat 35%.
Tung. St. 281: BN. 1308: WP.
7;{2: IMP. 3o{i: 11\11\1.591:
Ash 2%.
Vito C,.
Ch. Ztg. 1897. 21. 719;
1895. 19. 1962: DR. 409:
Sh.-saponin.
JSCI. 192,. 441. 219: J.
Prakt. Ch. 1807. 100.
424: JCS. 1890. 70. 209:
Klein. 2. 524; 3. 1137:
Malay MJ. 1934. 9.2:
SC.
Protein
5.0%.
Sugar 59%.
Fat 0.5%.
Ash 3%.
Vito AO,
B O.
Tartaric
acid.

: T-m I

lI.t 11<
~~ lJll

I~

It

)11l!il+

St. 281: FR. 1. 139: BN.


799: ES. 68. 42; 28: WP.
732: BPI. 204 : JACS.
1918. 40. 817: DR. 409:
Wat. 448 : IMP. 3G5 :
IMM. 592 : CRN. 510:
RCM. 94: Bot. 1909. 23.
467: Malay MJ. 1934. 9.
2: Linguan Univ. 1921.
pp. 147: Ch. JP. 1928.
SRI. 169: 1935. 9. 47:
Klein. 2. 533:

Durio
Zibetlli1Ud,
DC. (Ch.)
DURIAN.

"Rambutan"
Malay.

St. 282: FR.!. 139: BN. RCM quotes


1414: Br. 2. 382; 3. 429:
flowers.
ES. 68. 43: IIIIP. 366:
IMM. 592: CRN. 510: WP.
733: DR. 409: Wat.453:
JPSJ. 1895. 159.404: TC.
1918. 39. 983; 1919.40.
899: 41. fl56: IC. 1904.7.
1010: HCM. 96: PJ. 1913.
37. :,96: ApotbZlg. 1893.

.., T,,",'.,

'm....

"l.ii: KO.32:LingnanUniv.
192I.p.147:K~ein3.1l37:

PSEBM. 1921. 25. 63:


Ch. JPb. 1928. SRI. 169:

87

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

1i1l ;;r,

303. N. sp. (St.)

sd

St. 282:

Lung Li
_ _ _ _ _ ;1(~

304. Sapindus
Mukorossi
Gaerln. (ill.
J. Ch.)
BODnl.5EED5.

1"1)I - -

1ft\!l!.=f
Wu Huan
Tzu

(1JIl '\'tl
t:i!
""...I Ff
~

I_ _I

Hop.

St. 174, 461: BN. 177:


FH.l. I~O:

It

Fat 32%.
She.
Starch ~6%. Sze.
Ash 2. 8%. Hop.

~h,*"f

HIPPOCASTANACEAE (1)
306. Aesculus
chinensis Bge.
(G.)
cnlNE5E nORSE
cnE5TNUT.

.:r

It

kl

'l!illt"f
J1LJiI.ift>

~ft*

'*

St. 395: FH. 1. 159: Wil.


.~,
2.72: BN. 1050: Br. 2. (HCM.)
382: CA. 1916. 1864:USD.
1597: WP. 731: Laufer
551: CMP. 148: HCM. 127:
PJ.1871.1.585: Arch. Ph.
1901. 239. 363: ZPhCh.
Inl. 199. 37: IMP. 364:
IDI. 28G: CRN. 525: JBC.
1V~5. 63. G21; 64. 37tl:
JPSJ. 1897. 188. 983;
1.9lG. 410. ~O~: I'M. 1895.
9. 19; 13.687: JCS. 1901.
AI. 6~8: J. Ind. IS. Intl.
A12. 179: Klein. 3: 1119:
1097. 1112:

11.\

Wen Kuaug Kuo


(RIll (:I)
~;a;*

R~w
fruits
pOisonous.

Che.
Hup.
Fu.
Tung

It. Saponin
10% in
flesh.

111'.'*"f

305. Xanthoceras
sorhifolia,
Bge. (G. St.)

-I::~mf~

Ch'i Yeh
Shu K'e
~r.ijilil!

T'icn
Shih Li

(lIII 1"1 )

St. 19: FH. 1. 139: BN. 2 species in


7: Wil. I. 38; 2~0: WP. IMP. ~.55.
725: MI. ~6: Chim. Indust. #>~wllm
1922. 8. 1122:

f*j:f-f.t
CELASTRACEAE(2) Wei Mao
K'e
307. Euonymus
;jj<*ill1 If
japonicus, Th. I'u Fang
var. radicans, T'eng
iIliq. (M.J.)
(f{t ill)
W ill1 st

Xantho
Ku.
St. lut:: FH. 1. 120: BN.
~~~: WI'.71G: DH. ~Ol:
phyllidrin. Ki.
ChloroSnng. CiIlP. 150: JpsJ. 531.
~85: BSC. 189tl. 21. 1082:
phyll.
Wax.
Nonv. Bot. Ital. 1888. 20.
~74:

88

308.

BERNARD E. READ

~~~~~~~er. ,~Ii :.o~.tl


111\\)

(J. Ch.Hc.) elf>:


(E. ala/us, Regel. >1L
(M. BN.)
iiJII

Hop. St. 166: FH. 1. 121: BN.


Che.
1397: Br. 3. 519:
Sung.
Ku.
Hup.

'/ifi
'/i~

Man.

AQUIFOLIACEAE I

(2)

~!'~~t I

I---f-----f-------[----

Ch'ing

_ _ _ _ _ _..::K:...:'e'--I_i

I_ _I

309. Ilex cornuta, tfi)(''J)',t bk Caffeine.


Lindl. (He. G'IChii(KOU) st
Ch.)
Ku
If
CATTHORN.

Che.
Ku.
Ki.
Hup.

(~I'I)

~/ii~JliI

310. I. pedun
culosa, Miq.
(M.J.)
EVEROREEN.

l!f

fung
Ch'ing

(MIl 1'1)

If
bk
sd

Ibotin-gI. I

~~e. ~~5~~;. IiI. R~5:S:.: ~~~ ~s~~cfo~lso

I T~~g. MI.: 412:

Archiv. Ph.
1818. 213. SS8: Wll. 1.
19: JpsJ. 1921. 471.405:
1922.481.179: 1923.494.
251: Bot. 1912.28. 161:
HCM. 76:

l1! W-

- - - - - ' - 1 - - - - - 1 - - 1 - - - - 1 - - . - - - - . - -.......ANACARDIACEAE
(9)

St. 213: FH. 1. 1l5: BN. In Japan600: Br. 2. 315; 3. 515. Olea tuj1d517: DH. 404: CMP. 151: loli"",
S. & Z. (Br.)
(Os",anlhusa.,
B. &H.)
(BN.)
(Ilex a., Th.)
CRN.428.

Xylosma
racenw~(l,

Miq:
and
Ligus/nun
Ibota, Sieb.
q. v.

---

C~p!gt
K'e

-----1---1- ---1--1--------1---311. Anacardium


1lf\,ijt:r sd Fatty oil Vun. DH. 394: WP. 703: BN. 1430, M.
occidentale, L. Tu Hsien
(J.)
Tzu
(Acajuba 0.,
('1ft ill)
Gaertn.)
CASHEW NUT.

45%.
Starch 8%.
Sitosterin.
Cardol.
Anacardic
acid.
Lignocerinie acid.
G,l.1lic acid<:h.

Ch. NMJ.
1926. 12.
46: IDI. 25: eRN. 4tH:
AMP. 107: USD. 21. 1200:
BIlL.
1916. 14. 115:
Transvaal 1\'1J. UI08: 4.
202:
IMP. 376: BSC.
1875. 24. 118: Analyst.
1915.40.3: JIndIS. 1926.
6. 111;
133: ArchPh.
1855. 132. c'~': PhCent.

gives the
Chinese name

II itn lit

Chia Ju Shu.
"Acajuba.
baum" Ger.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

89

1908.49. 1057: Ber. 1887.


18G1: BerPh. 1902. 12.
143: 1913. 23. 35G; 1895.
5. 309: Klein. 2. 515;
543; 750; 3. 39G; 4. 828:
Ann. Ch. 1847. 63. 141,
154:
-----:---I-~--I-------I---

312. Mangilcra
~J!{I;*
indica. L. (G.) An Lo
MANGO.
Kuo

If

Mangiferin. SC:
Mangin. gl.
PiurLyellow dye.
Benzoic ac.

ft

Sugar 9%.
Citric acid.
Vits. A3.
C4

<Ill! 'i'0
~}:ifJ!{l;

iIJ!!*

M.

313. Pistacia Khin 1!IMi'"ft ex


juk, Stocks. Hsiin Lu
Hsiang
(BN. M. J.
(glJ ~!k)
Br.)
(P. "'"tica. F. & ~ >,!lM.)(Watts.)
.\!;JT,'i't
(P.Tmbinthus.L. ~i'ii'i't
var. mtdica,
L~~"i
A.&H.)
~tlJiJJ!{I;'i't
(IMM.)
(Watts.)
BOMBAY MASTIC
or TEREBINTU
TREE.

Resin.
Tannin.
Pistaciin.
Ess. oil.
Sterincs.

St. 259: FH. 1. 148: BN.


1378: Laufer 552: WP.
702: USD. 1417: IMP.
374: !DI. 181: CRN. 505:
MI. 427: DH. 393: JPC.
1904. 19. 504: ChZtg.
1897.21.719: PJ. 188~.
14. 50: 1907. 718: JCS.
1904. B6. 58~: IndMG.
1883. 5G: Ch. JP. 1935.
9. 47: Malay MJ. 1934.
9. 1: Klein 3. 940: Ann.
Ch. 1870. 155.257: 1889.
254. 2U7: Ber. 1907. 40.
451~: AEPP. 1923. 97 .
..J.U2: Bull. Jardin Bot.
1922. 3R4. 2GO: Ch. Ztg.
1897.21. 719: BJ. 1933.
27. 1290: Ann. Chim.
1831. 47. 20: Klein. 2.
543: 545: 537: 3. 941:

Exot. BN. 1457: \VP. 706: DH.


Alg
29G: FHP. 145: CJK. 195:
han. Br. 3. 4GO: BPC. G57:
USD. 21. G84: CRN.4G9:
!DI. 24G; MI. 447: 571.
Laufer 252: Arch. Ph.
1904. 242. 109: Klein.
2. 7Gl; 3. 412; 782:
590; US8; IMM. G84:

"Piuri" is
"Indian
yellow"
dye, a
xanthone.

Bosu:ellia
g/abra.
Roxb. St. 71:

-Olibanum.
Thisissimilar
to Cltios or
",d;,zary
Mas/ic.

BERNARD E. READ

90

REMARKS

LATIN NAME

314. P. vera, L.
(J.M.)
PISTACIA NUTS.

11\P1R./lll'f

sd Fatty oil ! Tung.


46%.
Mg
A Yueh
Hun Tzu
Arachinic
han.
('!It ill)
acid.
"&Jt*-=f
Lignocerinic
1!\I1>'f
acid.
bk

315. Rhus Cotinus, 'Vi. it wd Fustin,


Hop.
L. (He. G.)
Huang Lu
oxyflavon. Hup.
(Coli1lfJSCoggygria,O~ JiiIi)
Fisetin.
Scop.) (W.)
Quercetin.
"UNOARIAN
Myricetin.
FUSnC.

316. R. javanica, ~!Ht'f


L. (M. J. Ch. Yen Fu
G. W. HF.)
Tzu
(R. semialala,
Cllll 'l'f)
Murr.) (M. St.):Ii tI1i
(R. chinmsis,
WN~.:r
Mil!.) (FH.)
Wilm'f
NUT-GALL TREE.@.j!*'f

*::R

sd

~iiI
~

'fIi~~(/i

M' *Ii

(*

~ii~

W. iiiiAre'll:

Fisetin.

I Hup.

T~~~~~~~:;;.1

St. 377: FH. 1. 146: BN. CRN. 523,


1149: WiI. 1. 1~: USD.
G species:
21. 1465: WP. 710:
PrCS. 1900. 16. 45: Ber.
1872.5. 286; 188B. 19.
1734; 1927. 60. 2094: M!.
400: AMP. 109: JCS.
1897. 71. 1196: Ph. Cent.
1889. 220: JJMS. 1932.
0. (96): Klein. 3. 904:

Hop. St. 376: PH. 1. 146: BN. :IiIJH


-the galls.
Sung. 1531: Br. 2. :152: WP.
Che. 712: DH. 399: USD. 506: var.osbeckii,
DC. (BN.)
Hup. HCM. 124: CMP. 152:
Kan. Wi!. 357: PJ. 1862. 3.
Tung 421: IMP. 369: Wat.205:
JpsJ. 1901. 237. 1156:
1912. 372. 117: 563. 1:
Ch. Ztg. 1912. 36. 1201:
HCA. 1923. 6. 4: Ber.
1914.47.2485: 1923.56.
221: KO. 33: Ch. News.
1880. 42. 274: Klein. 3.
408: 2.543:

gall Tannin
77%.
in Fat.
bk Resin.
Gum.

317. R. Toxicoden ill lila rt


dron, L. vaL Kou \Ven
radicans, Miq.
ftlI\)
(M.)
l!f ~i
POISON IVV.
)1); ~J!

St. 334: BN. 533: Laufer


246: NSD. 996: WP. 706:
DH. 395: IDI. 247: eRN.
516: Z. ana!. Ch. 1894. "Pistch"
565: Apoth. Ztg. 1929.
Pers.
44. 699: Cc. 1925. 1.
2012; 1929. 2. 897: Ph.
Cent. 192f1. 70. 551'
JPC. 1903. 17. 272: 18.
242: Klein 2. 514: IilIM.
686:

St. 377: PH. 1. 148: BN. &lsemium


984; 123G: Br. 2. 352; ~leg(ULS,
3. 286: CMP. 155: WP. Bth. (M).
711. DH. 399: USD. 1581'
JPSJ. 190L 300. 143: KO.
3:1: McNair, Rhus dermatitis, 1923: Klein 3. 934:
4. 996: J. Exp. Med.
1897.2.181:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

~ I sd
Ch'i
C*i/i;tI)l lf

318. R. vemicifera,
DC. (HC. Br.

(R:':~Jdx,

Wax 24%.

Hup.
She.

Lobinin.

Sze.

Th.) (FH.)
VARNISH TREE,
JAPANESE

u"""n"
I

II

(Laccol)
Urushiol.
Laccase.
DioxybenwI.
Galactan.
Sorbose.
Gum.

St. 877: FH. 1. 148: BN.


1255: Br. 2. 351: 3. 478:
NSD. 1380: USD. 1581:
SP. 192: Wat. 106; 570:
DH. 399: WP. 718: IMP.
871: WiI. 1. 45; 2. 68:
HCM. 124: CMP. 153:
Laufer 476: GilIJ. 1898.
7. 184: FB. 86: JTropDis.
1928. 26. 259: JACS.
1921. 43. 159: JpsJ.
1907. 300. 148: 1919.
448.502: TC. 1884. 5. I;
90: 9. 159: 28. 1225: 33.
655: 35. 113: 36. 1; 151>;
681; 706: 38. 113: 40.2;
91: ]JIC. 14. 847: IC.
1907.10.107: Imp. Med.
Tokyo. 1890. 1. 1907:
FEATM. 1928: Arch. Ph.
1872. 201. 198: 1879.
215.97: 1907. 247. 650:
BSC. 191 I. 9. 608: Ber.
1907. 40. 478~: 1909. 19.
32,;: KO. 33: Klein. 3.
783: 4. 7uu; 996. 2. 329.
3:9.853.861. 862:
CRAS. 1894: 118. 1215:
1895.120. 26G: 121. IGti;
78-8: 1896. 122. 1182:
Ann. Chim. 1897. 12. 115:
NE. 1980. 16.
121:
BSC. 189~. 11. 614.
717: Arch. Phys. 1896.
23. 364: JCS. 1883. 43.
472: 1895.386: Cc. 1921.
2. 1067: 1910. 1. 37; 2.
AJP. 1906. 78.
666:
53: 1905. 77. 255: Arch.
Ph. 1905.
243. 504:
SWCh. 1906. 44. 105:
Ber. 1907. 40. 4390:
1909. 42. 1418. 3664:
1912.45.2727: 1913.45.
4080: 1915. 48. 1593;
1606: 1920. 53. 1907:
1922. 55. 172. 191. 208:
Ch. Ztg. 1911. 35. 164:
Ph. Cmt. 1905. 46. 501:

91

BERNARD E. READ

92

REFERENCE

319. Semecarpu5

~jI~\}T~I

sd

anacardium. P'o Lo
L. (Laufer.) (Illl 'i'O
MARKINONUT
~jI~
TREE.

BUXACEAE (1)

REMARKS

Semeearpol Ma.
0.1%.
lay.
Bhilawanol
46"/..
Gallic acid.
Cardol.
Anacardic
acid.
Dioxy.
benzol.

Laufer 482: IMP. S8.: "Biladur".


CRN. 385: IDI. 290: AJP. Pers.
1882: JInd. IS. 1925. 8A.
129: JIndCS. 1931. 8.
517: Watts. 6b. 498: M.
334: Klein. 2. 349; 543:
4.828:

Buxin, alk. Cc.


Parabuxin. SC.
Bucinidin.
Parabuxinidin.
Buxina
min.
Ess. oil.
Myricin.

St. 7U: FH. 2. 4[8: BN. B. d;oha.


1144; 1-105: USD. 1291: Forsk.
WP. 700: IMP. 1134: SAMP. 105.
HIP. [.:lG: PJ. 187H. 11.
iHI: i882. 82. 2S: Med.1
Times t,qUi. 2. 76: Ber.
1871. 4. 757: 187-f. 7. 590:
IR8'. 17. 2U55: 18%. 29.
20G-I: JPC. 1830. 16. 42R:
Arch. Ph. 1898. 236. 530:
Jahrb. Ph. 18G9. 31. 257:
DH. 392: Klein. 2. 251;
'J. 70G; 1124:

'Vitu'l-

Huang
Yang K'e

320. Buxus semper- JYit~* If


virens. L. (W. Huang
G. Ch. BN.)
Yang Mu
(B. microphylla. (~ )
S. & Z.) (FH.)
BOX TREE.

-----1---,----1--------1---EUPHORBIACEAE
(12)

::k1iJtf-t
Ta Chi
K'e

!I.~=fll! I
ill)jI

321. A1emites
sd
Fordii. Hemsl. Ying Tzu oil
(Wilson. WP.) rung
in Szechuan. (:jj}
and ce.
m:=fll!

?i lI!

i\lJ lI!

Seed yields
Tung oil
-I6"/..
Elaeostearin
83%.
Olein 15%.

Che.
Ki.
Hup.
Sze.
Fu.
Tung.

St. 15G: FH. 2. -133: BN.


1522: Br. 2. 350: WP.
GR5: NSD. G09: USD.
1515: DH. 381: Wil. 3H:
PJ. 1885. 15. G3G: JIEC.
1910. 2. 205: JCS. 1903.
83. 1042:

Japanese
wood oil is
from

A.cordaJa,
Steud.
(Ch. HC. J.
Br.G.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

93

I
JSCI. 1897. 16. 684:
1898. 17. 304: 1922. 41.
904: 1925. 44T. 511:
1928. 47T. 361: Analyst.
1898. 23. 113: Ph. ZIg.
1898. 43. 628: Ch. Zig.
1907.31. 188:Ind. Forest
Rrc. 1923. 10. 1: CRAS.
1902. 135.696: Ch. Age.
1922. 7. 166: 1926. 15.
490: Arch. Ph. 1908.246.
692: ZNG. 1903. 6. 1025:
Ber. 1926. 59. 1390: Wat.
145: Klein. 2. 520:
322. Croton Tigliunl. L.
(J.M.)
CROTON OIL.

Fatty oil
Sze.
45%.
Hup.
Resin.
Tung.
Crotin.
Lipase & c.
Fonnie
acid.
Butyric ac.
Valerianic
acid.
Capronic
acid.
Lauric ac.
Myristic ac.
TigIie acid.
sh

rt

Tannin
65%

REMARKS

(A .emida
Hassk.)
(Elaeococca
'mucosa,
A.' Juss.)
(Drya"dra c.,
Th.) KO. 33:

St. In: FH. 2. 435: BN. Official.


175: Br. 3.498: USP: BP:
ChP: WP. 670: SP. 216:
FHP. 565: DH. 378: IMP.
1158: CRN. 479: IDI.
102: HCM. 45: MI. 266:
USD. 800: PJ. 1895. 55:
1883. 14. 440: 5. 1905.
479: JpsJ. 1884.26. 147:
JPG. 1849. 16.107: 1898.
7. 524: Arch. Ph. 1823.
4. 173: Ber. 1903. 36.
3004: 1877. 10.835: JCS.
1864. 17. 195: JACS.
1905. 27. 935: AEPP.
1915. 79.138: Ann. Ch.
1840. 35. 307: 1858. 105,
1: 1865. 138. 9: 1878.
191. 94: Landw. Ver.
1913.79.535: Proc. Roy.
S. 1895. 238: PJ. 1905.
21. 479: SAMP. 105:
HCA. 1932. 15.464; 658;
855: Klein. 2. 497:-518:

-----1-------11--1--------1---323. Euphorbia
adenochlora.
Mon. et Dene.
(BN.MJ.)
. SPURGE.
(Galar!weusa.

Met D.)
(JJBR.)

1lIl tii
Lii Ju
C*m
m
~)

.~

1,':iIlftii

rt

Sung. B:-I. 817: Br. 3. 240: FB.


86: JPC. 21. 259: CMJ.
1923. 37. 483: JSSI.
1929. I. 2. 85: KO. 33:
JJBR. 1935. 11.383:

"If. ilII tii

is

E. paluslris
Gray.
(St. 168)
(Br. 3. 240)
Klein 2. 755.

94

BERNARD E. READ

I
324. E. helioscopia, i ~ If
L. (Ch. M.)
Tse Ch'i st
(E.II",ulala.)
Coj;:~)
(E. p,plus,
~:Iif
Seem.) (FR.) tiMtnlH,r;
WARTWEED.
.1,'-

Phasin,
sap.
Euphorbin.
Camalate.
Butyric ac.

Ku.
Rup.
Ki.
Tung.
Kan.
She.

MfliH!k1l;
i,!.

:Ii.JIi:1i>:

I
325. E. humifusa,
Willd. (M.)
(E. thymi/otia,
Th.)
(E. ChamMsyu,
Bunge.)(FH.)
THYMELEAF
SPUROE.

Ill! 1l1i\ hb

Rap.
Sze.
Hup.

Ti Chin

Ctr. iii)
Ill! WI(
Ill! ~
~

iJI;

REMARKS

St. IG7: FR. 2.413: BN. Irritant


\3G8: Br. 2. 94; 3. 243:
poison.
WP. G07; 1288: VII. 388:
IMP, 1132: IMM. 348:
CRN. 488: AMP. 105:
CM]. 1923.37.483: Bioch.
I Zt. 1919. 97. 24: BSP.
Ip2G.
\03:
KD. ,33: I
I Klcm. 2. 501: 3. GOL
1137: JJBR. 1935. 11.
385:

St. IG8: FR. 2. 4[4: DR.


391: BN. 370: KD. 34:

Man.

Jl';
~

1,l:lfiLM6
lfiLR.'!lI
lfiLJBj.~l:

~~1,l:

1t<~~

-Yi!-

JJUM'-

1!JJlf,iifi

-t.-t

32G. E. Lathyris,
L. (M. J.)
CAPERSPUROE,
MOLE PLANT.

ffil'ifi''f hb-j Aesculetin. Sze.


Hsu Sui
Tzu
1!f)

Enzymes.
Euphor.
bon.
Gum-resin.
Protease.
Peroxy.
dase.

CIlIl

'f-{/I:'f
'f-ii!i{/l:

~lWR

tj!

3S

Jfii Zf;

st
sd

Fat 4G%.

BN. 1538: FR. 2. 415: I Irritant.


WP. G9G: HCM. G2: CMP. Fish159: eRN. 488: Arch. Ph.
intoxicant.
1878. 212. 211: \924.
262.449: Ber. \800. 23.
3347: DH. 391: CMJ.
\923. 37. 48~: JPSJ.
1889.93.781: R. 1890.
5.89: TC. 10. 129: Ch.
Weekbl. \OIG. \282: KD.
34: Klein. 2. 755: 3. GOL
78\: JJBR. 1035. 11: 38G:

-----I-------!--I--------:----

*-

327. E. pekinensis,
'<
Rupr. (M. St. Ta Chi

].)

(E.lasiocaula,
Boiss.) (M.)
PEK[NO SPUROE.

C*:q;

~)

iii.

,. jf,jiIJ

rt

Hup.
Hop.
Ki.
Sung.
Tung.
Man.

St. IGO: FH. 2. 4,\5: BN.I In Japan,


55: Br. 2. 94; 3. 242: E. lasiocaula.
HCM. 63: CM]. \023.37'1'
481: KD. 34: CMP. 159:
]JBR. 1935. 11. 38G:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

95

REFERENCE

328. E. Siebol
diana. Morr.

etDcne. (M.)

IKan
it ~ I rt
Sui
(;;fi:

(E. malloides.)

Thunb.)
(JJBR.)
SIEBOLD'S
SPURGE.

'1ft i'f;
ri i'f;
1'3 i'f;

Met D.)

it if;

j:

Ji!,
329. Jatropha
Janipha,
Lour. (J. St.

I\Il

1'31'f.t'f

~84.

Korea St. 223: DH.


HOI. Arisamza s/>o
WC.
!G: Br. 3. 2,8: Laufer HCM.!G:
379: SAMP. 107:

rl

Pai Fu
Tzu

'j(8Ii

Br.)
(Ma"jflOl

She.

l'I!)

it ~
II&' ~~
II&' if;

(Ga/aJ"lMl.$ S,

REMARKS

St. 109: BN. 285: Br. 3. Wicks/r{)(mia


dzamaLdaph
244: HCM. 03: CMP. 159:
KO. 34: ]JBR. 1935. 11.
11~. Meisn.
388:
(IIC-) q. V.

CC.

n)1

Lq,tr~iT;i.

Poh!.) (Br.)

-----'---:-1--------------330. Phyllanthus
Emblica. L.
(M. Ch.)

IAn\\!:W'Mo\\I.JLe

sd

IChlf;;fi:)

(EmlJlica offici
fait'f
'la/is,G.)(FH.) '~1~1fI:

EMBUC MYRO
BALAN.
INDIAN GOOSE
BERRY.

im!*

com.lilltc~nlij

331. Ricinus
munis. L.
(G.W.)
CASTOR OIL
PLANT.

1 Pi Ma

(Nt

*)

sd

Oleoresin. Tung. Laufer 378: BN. 1070:


Tannin.
FH. 2. 421: WP. 009:
Myrabala.
DH. 374: CRN. 515: IMP.
nino
1139: Pharm. Ind. 3. 203:
HCM. 100: MI. 508; 582:
SAMP. 100: IDI. 234:
IMM. 325:

l'.t49
85%.

Com.

Enzymes:
proteolytic,

phylina>e.
lipase.
Glyc/PO,.
Ricinoleic
acid.
Ricin.

"Amalakan"
Sans.
"Amelah"
Pers.
Sjxmclias

amara, (St.)

ChP: BP: USP: JSCI. "Wunder1902. 30: St. 378: FH. 2. baum", Ger.
443: SP. 211: CMP. 101:
MI. 270. 298. 455: DH.
379: FHP. 510: WP. 074:
Laufer 403: Am CJ. 1892.
14. 002: IMP. 1170: CRN.
237: IDI. 270: USD. 782:
HCM. 124: HTA. 19:
JP.Sj. 1890. 96. 137:
1904. 270. 005; 1909.
329. 759; 1918. 441. 923;
19iO. 463. 798: TMW.
1887. 1.499: 1888.1.25;
78; 137; 181; 255; 313:

96

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

SAMP. 107: JSSI. 1930.


I. 5. 79: Z. Phys. Ch.
IDU. 134. 161: 135. 129:
18DD. 27. 267: ID04.
43.211: 1D07. 50. 414:
ID08. 58. 156: Landw.
Vcr. ID06. 64. 51: 1903.
57. 267: JBC. 1906. 2.
87: WP. 1305: Am. J.
Phys. 1905. 14. 25D:
ID03. 10. 36:
AEPP.
1901. 46. 28: Klein. 4.
897. 902; D88: J. Am.
Ch. S. 1896. 18. 609;
IDOO. 22. 3D: 1921. 43.
2664: 1913. 35. ID04:
217:
ID15. 37. 649,
ID26.
48.
1655: Ch.
News 1870. 22. 229:
CRAS. 1904. 138.506. &c:
1884. 99. 878: 1900. 130.
424: ID07.
144. 462.
1904. 139. 143: 1928. 98.
320: 18DI. 113. 201: BSC.
ID04. 31.466: 18D5. 13.
238: Ber. 18U7: 30. 219'7:
lD02. 35. 3D8:'\: lU04. 37.
143n: 1888. 21. 2700:
18Un. 29. 1882: 18D7.
JPC. 190~. 17.272: 1845.
8. 321: Proc. Roy. Soc.
1905. 77B.6D: 1890. 48.
370, 3D!: ID06. 78B. 378:
Arch. Ph. 1913. 251. 56:
18D7. 235. 184: IDU.
262. 25: IDI7. 255. 513:
Ber. Bot. IDOO. 18. 185:
191'7.35.603: JCS. 1864.
17. ID5: PBM. 1926.23.
5n: J. Ind. Inst. Sc.
ID22. 5. lID: 11IC. 1928.
21. 185: 1912. 15. 105~.
26. 117: 1925. 29. 1353.
Ann. Ch. 1847. 64. 108:
1864. 132. 1l6: 1868.
147. 222: Analyst. 1919.
44. 287: Bioch. Zt. 1909.
18. 228: 1911. 36. 435:
Arch. Phys. IDI I. 137.

CHI~ESE

MEDICINAL PLAXTS

9.7

LATlNNA1\'1E

489 USES Conn I92G I


48.92 Annalt Chlm App
1928 18.512,520
I
KO 34 Am J P 1888
60. 9~ 1874 97 Z PhYS'
Ch 1908 58. 527 Trans
vaal Agr J 190,:} 3.277
CRAS 1884
99. 878
AMP 101
I

I
If

I
I

I
I
--1

'I

alkaloId
ncmme I
I 4%
I
Enzymes I
Ash 10% I
PIgment

TALLOW TREE.

sd GO%
oil.
Palmitin.
Lauric ac.
Myristic
acid.
Margaric
acid.
Fordycing.

Ku.
St 42R FH 2. 445 BN
Tung. 'i90: Vilil. 2. U'i: USD.
Che.
1597: WP. U93, 1:1;]8:
Hup. SAMP. 108: DH. ~85:
teRN. 520: Arch. Ph. 1879.
215. 103: Itl25. 263. ISH:
AJP. 1872. 44. 2G4: PJ.
18..J.7. 7. 288: 1872. 2.
IO~4: 1883.
14. 401:
5: ZNG. 1914. 27. 132:
Analyst.189G. 328: 1904.
29. 11 I: Z. Landw. Vcr.
1904.7. G43: JCS. 1855.
8. I: Monat. Ch. 1903.24.
408: 1905. 26. 503: Phil.
Mag. J. 50. 1849. 34;
~I>O: J. Prakt. Ch. 181>0.

~~CI3;~~~OI1~~89~~~~;;':!

I
(1)

The hot
pressed
seedcake
yields the
medicinal
oil,
Wat. 138.

m;C~7. i~\1~9/ ~~:

in. !
rt
bk

POLYGALACEAE

- - -

332 SaplUm sebl


,~
jj 01
ferum, Roxb 1
Wu Chm
1
(M J Ch D Wi;lf>;)
Wil.)
M S
(Croton. $., L.)
(Slilli,lgia s.,
MiCh.)
(E-xc()(caria S'l
If
MueU.) (M.)

-,-C~c~i~---,a~-'-'c-" __:

333. P01ygala-:::- lit m:.1 rt


uifolia, \Villd. Yuan
(Br. Ch. W.G.) Chih
(P.s;b;';ca, L. (;If>; ~)
(Br. J.W.G. Wil. i'M~/J,1i\:
M.)
1,>:
(Piajxmica,
:1'Ji:w. If
Hoult.)
~ lfl
JAPANESE
SENEGA.

*m

2 . 510 : Wat. 138.

J5t;l;,:tJl-I

:
Senegin
0.7%.
Resin
0.8%.
Fat oil
8.8%.

-1------

I
St. 3~8: FH. 1. GI: BN.
CC.
1278: th. P: Br. 2. 95;
Sze.
200; 3. 54: WP. 667: JP:
Ho.
Hop. USD. !J88: AMP. 9G: HCM.
Sung. [12: CRN. 0,18: Arch. Ph.
1889.227.927: DH. 347:
CMJ. I!J24. 38. G43: Kyoto
1911. 8. 93: Ph. Zenth.
1892.31. G52: JSSI. 192!J.
I. 2. 83: Klein 3. 1137:
1112:

_
HCM. Ill,
- P. r~illii
~.

Pa chi.
IMP. 131
P. chinellsis in

India.

9R

BERNARD E. READ
REFERE~CE

MELIACEAE (2)

lfen ~te

--' - - - - - - - - --------l----33~. Cedrela sinon. .fiIf tJ) II Protei~


Hop. St. 100: FH. 1. !l~: Br. Cf Ailallthus
sis, A. .fuss.
Ch'ull
5.7%.
(St: BN. M.
Shu
Fat OA%.
WI1.)
(fJf
rt
(Toolla sillmsis.
minRoom.) (M.
bk
FH.)
(C. odurala, Lour.)
(SAMP.)
FRAGRANT
CEDAR.

Kan.

335. Melia Aze


. It
ft sd.. fat oil
darach, L.
Lien
GO%.
(M. HN. W.
Ii) bk Tannin
G. Ch.)
It
G%.
(var. jo/xmiea
~~:r
Makino).
II
(M. Toos"ufm.,
S. &Z.)
(var. su6tripitt,ullo, Miq.)
I:
(var. sem/''''Ilo. !
i

Ku.
Che.
Ki.
She.

*)

C*rr

,,~:~,l~~~

glandulosa.
2.354: Wil. 2. 22: Ch.].
Desf. (341)
Ph. 1928. SRI. IG2: BN.
1177: Wat. 355: KO. 35: USD. 1232
SAMP. 139:
WP.G58
IMP. 321,
C. toona,

-m1i-ll!

Roxb.

St. 2Gl: FH. 1. !l3: BN. "Mahanim


!l79: Br. 2. 378: 3. 4R3:
ba" Sans.
CMP. IG3: IDI. lR7: IMP. This is not
309: AMP. 93: DH. 3Gl:
"neem"or
Wi!. 1. 100: WP. GG3:
"margosa,"
CRN. 50G: ]JIC. 26. 5G9: M. azelia
HOI. 89: USD. 21.. 1215: rachla. L.
Apoth. Ztg. 1904. 55: Z.
Oest. Apoth. 1878. 16.
Ill: KO. 35: SAMP. 140:

99

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

jW'

'in

It
337. Canarium al llll:
bum.Raeusch.lKan Lan
(W. St.)
(1Jll
(C. commrme.
kl
Vil!.)
:.1:.
(G. IrJZouicum.
~
sd
Gray.)
'I
(Pimela a..
Lour.)
.

*'*'
*'

CHINESE OLIVE.

I
I

_____ I:.
338. C. Pimela.
Koenig. (M.)

protein.I%. Tung. St. 89: FH. 1. 113: BN.II L"" ":'i""g


Fat 0.&,%.
1375: WP. 653: BPI. 204.
1i
~8: S. 68, 45: FHP. 130: ;
is
Fat GG%.
DH. 371: Wi!. 308: JpsJ. MauilHkmi.
1909.324.151: CMP. 104:
IDI. 58: Watts. 2. 94:
SAMP. 141: Lauler 417:
Arch. Ph. 1902.240.310:
Ch. J Ph. 1928. SRI. 172:.
Ch. Ztg. 1907. 31. 781:
Analyst 1915. 40. 3: J ..
~~~\~~~: 1867. 100. ~U:

I
*Illt'f

Tung. St. 89; ,189: FH. 1. Il~: Not a true


BN. 188: DH: 371: CRN.
olive.
471: Wat. 473: M1. 1-395: The gum is
l:,{~mi".
WP. 653: Han. 243: PJ.
1871. G84:Ann.Bot.1805. {;& ,g
1.301:Lauler417:SAMP. ~
141: Ch. EJ. 1928.2.149:

sd

Mu Wei
Tzu
LouL)
(:jf1 ill)
(PSm. DH.)
CHINESE BLACK
OLIVE.

(Pi1J~/a lIigra,

-----I---I----I--c-------I---339. Canarium
strictum,
Roxb. (Wa.
PSm.)

lilA ',"f

ex

Tan Pa

Ess. oil,
12%

R.osi~29%.

Hsian~

Phellan
dren.
Amyrin.
Anetho!'
Sesquitcr.

(M)3)

BLACK DAMMAR.

1-' :,"

340. Commiphora & Ml!


Myrrha. Eng!. Mo Yao
(M.)
(1Jll 'i'i)

;I<

(Balsamodemu-ou

M .. Nees.).
MVRRH.

~O"I..

Gum 00"1..
Ess.oiI5%.
.Ash 5%.
Commi.

i
I

M~~~~~l~C'

acid.
Oxydase.
Arabinose.

Tung- PSm. 82: Wa. 159: St. EIMocmjms


king. 400: CJK. 199: IMP. 297: plum!i"ioc
IMM. 153: JSCI. 1925.44. folia.H.&A.
109: WP. G56: Schim.
(M. 128.)
1920. 27: Watts. 2. 96:
Bull. Ecom. Indoch. 1922.
25.359: Klein 2. 75~: 3.
571. 789: 3. 571; 590;

~~. ::'.":, :,:::~. ,1,.,.


Pers.

USD. 71G: St. <; 1: CJK'


197: Han. 378: FHP. 124:
WP. 047: DH. 367: ICI.
,~2: JRAS. 21.220: SAMP.
I~O: Lauler. 401: HOI.

I ;~~~1[:' :.7~~~1~J.31~~;~

I 21. 128: CRAS. 1898. 9.


125: Analyst. 1909. 34.
I 519: Ber. 187G. 9. 471:

m.,'

is bddlium.

100

BERNARD E. READ

____-. 11 C~I::~E I~~:~ co~~:;~u-I ~~~l

t;,~1
I

I'
SIMARUBIACEAE
(1)

-I-I~!
f~*f.~

Ii

KI~.~llI

---8-:11. Ailanthus

-!I.-I---I--I-------!-----'-

j"

tlJ I in.

Fatty oil.

glandulosa,

Ch'unShu bk

Phytoster.

Des!. (J.W.
G.Br.Ch.)

(~\

in.
Phloha

(A.caco(klldroll,
S. &T.)(M.)
STINKINO CEDAR.

*)

tlJ

phene.

OC13m

Tannin.
Bitters.

:*IIlH/i,

rt
sd

H42. Acronychia
laurifolia,

BL (HM.)
(Cymillosma n:sinosa, DC.)

(M.)
(fambo/if~ra

jJedwu:rdala,

L.)
LAKA WOOD.

1903.36.3306: JCS. 1864.


2. 1: JPe. 1829. 15. 288:
Arch. Ph. 1845. 91. 304:
1890. 22a. 291: 1905.
243.641: 1906. 244.412:
1907. 245. 427: Watts 1.
B1J7:Wat.170: AJP. 1890.
346: PJ. 1878. 9. 893:

Hop.
Ku.
Sung.
Man ..

St. 20: FH. 1. 112: EN.


1322: Br. 2.104; 352: DH.
3G5: IMP. 279: SAMP. 140:
WP. 644: USD. 1232:WiL
2.78: FoL Ph. Jap. 1931.
12.89: PJ. 1884. Dec 20:
Ind. MG. 1977. 83: JCS.
1898 T. 381: PeS. 18~7.
193.104: Monat Ch. 1927.
48. 479: HCM. G: CRN.
459: KO. 35: Klein 2.
250; 7GO: 3. 932: 937; 4.
882; 887: AJP. 1885. 600:

St. 428: FH. 1. 108: CJK. Dalbergia.


211: DH. 3:;5: WP. G19: (HCM.49.)
eRN. 457: Ph. Centh. Wood of
1889. G59: Wat. 198: Ta7lan'tls
Schiro. 1922.4.22: Klein. major; is
impdrted.
2. 542:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

343. Citrus Auran


tium, 1. (W.
G. Wil.)
(C. fltSca Lour.)
1M. FH.)
(C.6igaradia.
Risso.)
(C.Daidai,Sieb.)
(M.)
(C.silletlse. L.)
(FH.)

.fit

Ch'en~

CIlll if)
1It ~
m!&

sk Hesperidin. SC.
Fatty oil.
Ess. oil.
Carotin.
Pectin U%.

VilsA.B.C.
Enzymes.
Sugars.

CANTON ORANGE

pp Carotin.
Xanthophyll.
Hesperidin.
Protein
1.l>'%.
Sugars.
ViI. A, B,
& C.

USP: BP: JP: BC. 87. 12:


St. Ill: BN. 731: SAMP.
137: FH. 1. lIO: IMP.
268: USD. 209: DH. 357:
WP. 623: TC. 38. 022:
IDI. 86: CRN. 476: HCM.
33: KO. 3(;: BPC. 107:
CMP. 166: ]]IC. 31. 771:
AMP. 91: MI. 5Rl; :173:
JCCS. 19:14. 2. 7:l; 175;
260: Ch. E]. 1925.
33: Inl. 9. lI32: 1U:12.
11. 389: Ch. JP. 1928.
SRI. 171: Klein 2. 508;
3. 584; 4. 264: Bioch.
Z. 1929. 212. 262: BJ.
1921. 15. 643: 1928. 22.
749: Lanow. Ver. lSV5.
45. 293. Ann.Chem. 1885.
227. 289: 1841. 39. 120'
eh. News 1871. 24. 147:
1873. 27. 82: Ber. 1"91.
24. 202: 1927. 60. WI:
ESC. 1898. 19. 40d: CD.
1909. 74. 81: 1900. 56.
462, 722: JCS. 1907. 91.
2037: J Prakt Ch. 1900.
62. 523: Analyst. 1929.
54. 28: JACS. 1913. 35.
834; lU30. 52. 1209: Nature 1929. 124. 709: PJ.
1927. 118. 770: Chern.
Cent. 1927.1.458; 1756:
JPC. 1912.5.344: AJP.
1928. 100. 24a: JAPA.
1929. 18. 21: Bull. C.
Agric. Tokyo. 1906. 7.
121: Schim. 1909. 10.51:
1915. 4. 2:l: 1921. 82:
1929. 40: JIEC. 191G.8.
709:
Ber. 1881. 14. 946: 1887.
20.118(;: 1876.9.685; 26;
250: ZNG. 1923. 45. 2a8:
Analyst. 1929: CRAS.
1860. 51. 1094: 1912.
154.893: JACS. 1925.47.
lI91: 1913.35.834: Am.
Ch. J. 1888. 10. 487:
JIEC. 1916: AJP. 1928:

101
REr..IARKS

BERNARD E. READ

102

REMARKS

REFERE:s'CE

If

Ess. oil
0.23%.

sd

Fat 39%.
Limonin.
CaO 0.7%.
Protein
19%.

34-1. C. decumana.
llb
sk
L. (M.G.)
Yu
(C. gra"dis.
(B '!(i))
Osbeck)
Wi
(C.aflralltirwl,

{~

'* *'

L. var. d. L.) i:1<


(C. ichmlgmsis.
~
Swingle) (M.)
PUMELO or
S"ADDOCK.

tit

Naringin. SC.
gl.
Pectin 10%.
Peroxydase.
Vits. A
and C.
Ess. oil.
Rhamnose.

!i(!

ft

Lycopin.
Vito AI.
B2 . (6'
Peroxy.

S~:::14%.1

Ash 0.5%.1
1

Ch. Ztg. 1897. 21. 719:


Tokyo 190G: Ch. Centrb.
1908. 2. 1370: B]. 192G.
19. G7G: 20. 993: PJ.
1927: JBC. 1925. 63.71:
Ch. J Ph. 1934. 8. Pr. 13:
JJIC. 1928.31. 188B: WP.
1331: Pad. de France
1929.7.223:
! Bull. BcPh. )919. 26.105:
ZNG. 1914. 27. 132: Ch.
Ztg. 1917. 41. 830; G20:
Ann. Ch. 18-11. 40. 317:
18H. 51. 338: Ber. 187G.
9. G90: Arch. Ph. 1902.
240., G59: .18~1. 75.313:
18-10. 91. 31a: Ch. Cent.
1925.1.2477: BILL. 1922.
20.4G5:

St. Ill: BN. G52: Br. 2. "Zabon"Jap.


107; 109; 311: FH. 1. Closely relat111: WP. -I,}1: BC. 87.
ed to gra/!e1~: BPI. 204: DH. 3,,9.
fndl.
CMJ. 192G. 40. I-1G: Wil.
2. 25: IMP. 271: IMM.
212: CRN. -I7G: HCM. 3G:
AMP. 91: MI. -13-1: PJ.
1884-. Dec. 27: Wat. 5OG'
CA. 1923. 17. 1300: Perf.
Mad. 1922. 15. 89: WP.
G38: PJ. 1927. 118. 770:
Ber. 187G. 9. G85: 1885.
18. 1311: 1887. 20. 295:
1l8G. 1928. 61. 151-1:
Arch. Ph. 1879.214. 139:
Chern. Centrb. 1903. 1.
88-1: JIEC. 1918.10. 3G4:
Schim. 1919. 1-1: JpsJ.
1929. 49. 71:
JIEC. 1918: PJ. 1927:
JMIA. 1928. 90. G9G: Pr.
Soc. BioI. Texas. 1924.
21.2-18: AJP. 1928.100.
2-13: Ch. ]P. 1928. SRI.
171: 1935: Chern. Centr.
1921. 4. 137: WP. 1282:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN NAME

\C~:~~E \ ~~:~I CO~~~;U. ~+I


If
fl

IfIt

345. C. japonica,
tr!i. ft
Th. (M.W.G. Chin ChiJ
Ch.)
(liI! l'I)
(C. '.oMis, Lour. fit fit
var. m:crocar- l:ft t'i!i
pa, Hassk.)
tr!i
(C. madVUllSis,
L1J ts
Lour.)
:f.fr%':ffi
(C. margan'la,
Lour.) (M.
FH.)

.u

CUMQUAT, _

SC.

0.8~~.

ViI. C.
Pentosans.
Galactose.
Ess. oil.

If

Yuan

Ess. oil.

rt
insk

34Ga. C. medica,
fliJ In If
L. var. sacro- Chii(Kou) rt

St. 111: FH. 1. 111: BN. "Kinkan"


G03: HCM. ~7: WP. G2U:
Jap.
Bull. ColI. Agr. \90G. 7. Often dried,
121: CCSJ. 1934.2. \82:
orpreserv.
SAMP. 137: Ch. EJ. 1928.
ed in syrup.
2. 83: Klein. 2. 8UI: 3.
U18: LN. 1928.681.74:

Ess. oil.

Tung. St. 114: BN. 429: FHP.


Fu.
115: FH. 1. Ill: IMP.
2G4: HCM. 37: CRN. 471:
Wat. 3G5: Br. 2. 313:
Laufer. 2GO: KO. 3G:

I Tung. St. 114: BN. GG1:


Fu.

in-

gle(M.G.Ch.) (i! ~) sk
Round form.
'j!l- lit
f~flt
347. C. nobilis,
Lour. (Ch.)
BITTER PEEL
TANOERINF.

Ber. 1928. 61. 1514: JpsJ.


1929: Ph. Weekbl. 191 I.
48. 307: Klein. 2. 939;
354; 515; 850;3.581; 58G;
594; GIG; G18; G40; 837;
849; 850; 882; 939; 940;
1228; 4. 902:

--1-----1--1--------1----

34G. C. medica, L. f*, '


var.sacrodac- F 0 Sholl
tv:is. Swin- (ill! l'I)
gle(M.G. Ch.)
(C. "m., var. chi
'"ocarjJttS, Lour.)
(Br. BN.)
BUDDUA'S UAND.

dactylis. Swin

:_R_E'_IA_RK_S_

Malay MJ. 1934. 9. 2:


PJ. 1928. 120. 35:
PJS.1911. 6A. 349:

Ess. oil
1.7%.
Ess. oil.
Naringin.
Indol.

Sugar 9%.
Protein

103

ft

I
Juice 2831%.
Sugars
II.G%.

SC.

The lime is
also termed
"hsiang
yuan".

Ch. P: St. 113: FH. 1. tl!i~ is the


111: Br. 2. 310: DH. 359:
chalaza.
BN. 259. 383,491: WP. The peel is
G25: Wil. 2.25: HOI. 35: bitter,termed

104

BERNARD E.' READ

LATIN NA"'lE

Many varieties,
usually red.

REFERENCE

*=

~
< ~
:fL~.

CCSJ. 1933. 1. n: 1934. I!lI!Jt ch'en


2. 'i3; 2GG; 274; 282: Ch.
p'i, or
EJ. 1925. 33: 1931. 9. ~f-J. chii
1132: 1932. 11. 389:
hung.
SAMP. 13i: Ch. JP. 1928. The unripe
SRI. Ii I: BPI. 204: Ch.
skin is
Ztg. 1903. 2. 403: Arch. w~J1<:
Ph. 189i. 235. 583: JPSJ.
ch'ing ehii
1895.162. G9I: 1899. 204.
p'i.
129: 1920.461.639: CMJ.
1926. 40. I-Hi: Agr. Tokyo
1906.7.121: PJS. 1911.
6A. 345: Klein. 2. 501;
508; 537; 3. 584; 637:
Ch. J. Ph. 1934, 8. Pro
13:

Ash'
0.24%.
Vit.C,.
Citric acid
, 2%

tIi
rJ; ~
illl fir,
5>Y,L'MI
ii:T,ft.j;l;
~ ttJ

ft.- 22%.

sk

Ess."'oil

3.8%.
Pcntosans
9%.
Vits. A,B.
Ash 0.8%.
1.3% of ft.
Ash 0.2"1..

sd

-----:---f------i--I--------I---348. C. nobilis,
Lour. (W.G.
BN.)

ft

fit
Kan

Citric acid

2%.

CIllJ 'l!O

'*

SWEET PEEL
TANGERINE,

;;\(

M::!a~;r~~i\~~~. ~
::n

se.

Hesperi
din.
Vito C,.

fit

C~~yg%.

m
fit

sk

111 fit

Ch. P: USP: St. 1l3: B:'<.


~83, 4t1L G51: Br. 2. ~1O:
CliP. 163: HCM.3i: ]PSJ.
20~. 129: 419. fiG: 553.
:tOi': LN. 1928. 631. 'i..J:
IVI'. G23: Ch. EJ. 1931.
9. II';~: 1932. 11. :l89:

Cf. USP.
C. mutl,uium
,var. sin,,;';s.
The peel is
sweet, and
thin. (PT.)

Hesperidin.

ss. oil.
Limonene.
sd
If

________ I_~_-1.
I---St. ll3, 469: FH. 1. Ill:
349. C. trifoliata, \
~ll
1ft
Aeglin, gI.I' CuI.
WiI. 109: Br. 2. 312: 3.
L. (G. Ch. M.)
Chih
sd
(Poncirnst.,
Rafin.) (M.)
(A,gl< "piaria,

C*~)

(P~g/ts.,
(C./rip/era,
Miq.)
Desf.) (FH.)
mORNV LIME

BUSH.

If

I ~ll vr I skrt

Ess. oil.

~)IIl:

bk
:

II'

500: HCM. 115: WP. 621:


DH. 35i: CMP.1i4' ]PS].
1928. 562. l1i8: 561.
1064: PJ. 1902.69. 146,
KG. 3i: Ber. BOt. 1882. 1.
8i; 413:

CHI ESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

10:5

--,liC~J~~7~CI~~:~I\;Ul~~~:U'1 ~~*I

350. Dictamnus
albus, L.
(Br. M.)
(D. frax;1ulla.
Pers.) (Br.)
FRAXINELLA.

f:l

!fl'

rt

r~ Hi~)1

Saponin.

Man.

SI. 149: FH. 1. 103: BN.


:Jl8: Br. 3. 8(;: DH. 352:
I~'P. 248: WP. GI~; 1285:
HCM. 52: HTA. ~~O:
SAMP. 139: CRN: ~8~:
BPG. 1930. 269. 39: MI.
39.1: BcrPh. 1923.33. U8:
JSSI. 1930. 5. 30;. Arch.
Ph. 1930. 268.39: Schim.
H1:U. 23: 1925. 20: Klein.
3. 1137: 4. 295; 558:

Ki.

St 72: FH. 1. 104: BN.


4:17: Br. 2. :12,.: HOI. G~:
HTA. 313: CRN.' ~X8.
DB. 3. 1: VIP. 614: CMP.
IGU: SAJIP. 138: SD.
21. 12UU: JPSJ. IU02.
248. 979:
191,. 404.
11~8: 405. 12n: 191(;.
416.871: 1921. 476. 7G3:
192~. 503. 1: 192G. 530.
2!.l3: 534.625: AP. 1924:
1. 67: 1\11. 456; 3D7:
JPC. 191G. 14. 54: Ch.
Zentb. 1922. 1. 357:'
IU23. 3. 2~9: 192G. 2.
2727: 1927. 1. 1~78:
1928. 1. 177G; 2~OG:
Klein. 3. 57..J.: 4. 729:

F~~~~nel.

f:l ffi I
f:l$fl!F
ilil$fl!F

Trigonel.
lin.
Choline.
Ess.oiI.
Dictamnine.
Bitters.
bk Saponin.
I
Dictam
. nolacton.

~?'t<IjMIX

351. EVodia rutae !llJIi.!R. If


carpa. Bth.
Wu Chu
(HN.Br.)
Yii
(Boy"uar.,
t5!)
s. & Z.) (FH.)
EVODIA.
sd

c*

Evodine.
Evodiamine.
Rutaecarpine.

Ess. oil.
Ocimen.

'rt
in.
bk

br

'I~:7~~~;~350~~71G: Pl I

-----1---1-1352. Murraya
exotica, L.
(M. Ch.)
(enalcas paniCf"
Iala. Lour.)
(FH.)
'"INA BOX, or
MOUNTAIN ALUM.
UONEY BUS".

l1J

g~

Shan Fan
(~llf )
~

,t,f
;f1i

'ill

>If<

W
~E

~E
~E

-!:;!I!.'i!i-

If

Ess. oil
0.1%
Murrayin.
Caprylicac.
Bisabolen.
Anthranilic
acid ester.

Ki.
Tung
Fu.
Hup.

FH. 1. 109: CRN. 509: Symptocos .


DIM. 570: DH. 35.0: WP.
pnuufolia,
G21: Ber. 187G. 9. G90:
St. 427.
MI. 433: ZCh. 18G9. 310.
PhWeekb. 1908. 1325:
PrRSoc. NS. Wales. 192G.
59. 14G: Klein. 2. 508: 3.
G02, G57: 4. lG12:

105

BERNARD E. READ

I
353.0rixa japoniea Th. (M.)
(CdaslrusO . S.
&Z.) (Br.)
SZEC"UAN
YARNIS".

rt

If

Orixine.
alk.
Orixidin.
lsoorixin.

Szc.
Yun.

Kokusagin.
Ess. oil
0.01%
Camphene.
Linalool.

sh
354. Phellodendron ~'t
amurense,

""

Po Mu

in
bk

Rupr. (M. Ch.) C*~)


YELLOW BARK.
~ ~

Gum 0.8%. Hop.


Berberine Man.
7%.
Palmitin.

Obakunon.
Sterines.

*.ii
T'an

Iff

rt

Huan

St. 292: B~. 885 Br. 3.


249: CMP. 171. JpsJ.
1884. 32. 385: 1895. 156.
127: 1915. 4Q6. 1399.
191G. 408. 14G: 1928. 559.
884: 1931. 51. 99. NSD.
1392: DH. 351: WP. 618:
JJIC. 24. 5G3: Imp. Med.
Tok. 1883. 10. 40: Klein.
4.729: 3. 599; G18:

REMARKS

"Kokusagi, ..
Jap.
DidlToa

J-6nfuga
Lour.

(HOI.
CMP.)
(5=iJra
I!(U((U.)

St. 293.

St. 3IG: FH. 1. 108: BN. P. clu"':1l".


1149: Br. 3. 471: CMP.' Wil. 321.
172: HTA. 208: TC. 2.
119: WP. 619: DH. 355:
Wil. 2. 41: HCM. 105:
BPG.1931. 2G9; 3G9:Wat.218: KO. 37: TM. 2. GW;
717: Arch. Ph. 1902.240.
14G: PJ. 189G. 56. 148:
JpsJ. 214. 1139: 1920.
460.554: 1923.497: 192G.
530.299: 550. 1035: Klein.
3. 730: 2. 74G: 4. 582:
JJMS. 1930. 5. 71:

-----1--- - - - - ---1-------1---355. ;;C~~~i~J~(M.W.)

i'ii "!f:

If

YinYii

c*~
l\!

~)

Skimrnine

1?:
~

.flo} f,Ij
35G. Triphasia
trifoliata. DC. Kou ehu
(T. aur",l!iola.
(Chu ehu)
Lour.) (Br.
MIl!:J
FH.)
C~ 1ilI)
(..i_ual .. L.)
(FH.DH.)
STINKINli LIME.

Skimmia
nine.
Dictamnine.

st

If
kl
th

bk

Moun St. 409: BN. 80G: Br. 3. S. la"",ola.


tains 279: FH. 3. 521: KO. 38:
eRN. 528.
IMM. 801:
WP. 620: HTA. 443:
AEPP. 1904. 52. 83: DH.
355: JPSJ. 1884. 33. 425:
34. 478: 188G. 55. 375:
1922.482.285: Ber. 1930.
63. 2045; 2053: Kyoto
1904. 1. 125: JCS. 88.
152: Klein. 4. 558; 772:
CuI.

St. 4G9: Br. 2. 313: FH. Wrongly


1. 109: DH. 357:
identified as
Cilnal.. L.
q. v. (349.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

107
REMARKS

357. Xanthoxyluml1ttfi.$I. ft
ailanthoides, fhih Chu
S. et Z. (M.J.)
Yii
(FagarD D.,
Engl.) (M).

Fu.

St. 462: FH. 1. 105: BN. "Ako" or


727: Br. 2. ~25: 3. 4313: "Karasu
Zansho",
WP. 606: KO. 37: HTA.
222: CMP. 170:
Jap.

She.

St. 462: FH. 1. 105: BN.


396: IMP. 249: CRN. 539:
IMM. 909: Br. 2. 324: 3.
432: Wat. 491: SAMP.
139: Han. 228: DH. 350:
HCM. 140: WP. 607: CC.
1926. 1. 1306: JpsJ.
1882. 12.489: 1907. 302.
409: 1916. 415. 801:
USD. 1688: PJ. 1857. 17.
19: Klein 2. 292; 358: 3.
579; 589; 644; 1137:
Schim. 19lO. 10. 137:
Bel'. 1911. 44.2885: AJP.
1890. 230: Ind. For. Rec.
1922.9. 111:

(/iii *)
!:Ii. Ill.
3<: 'f-

til(

fl(

'f-

Jli 'f-

358. X. Alatum,
. Roxb. (Br.
Han. W.)
(X. alaiWJJ,
Roxb. vat.
jJlmusjJimon,

R.&W.)
(WiI. Ch.)

til(
Ch'in

ft

Chiao
j.i)

C*

*Wl
110

Ess. oil,
3.7%
Xanthoxylen.

Kan.

CuI.

Cuminal.

til(

Phel
landren.
Sabinen.
Saponin.

til(

CUINESE PEPPER
or FAOARA.

In other
parts of
China and
Japan it is
X.p!frrilum

q.v. (360)
(BN. M.J.)

----- - - - --- --1------+---359. X. Bungei,


PI. (Wil. Ch.
M.)
(z",lilw>y/um
BWlgeallUJII,

Max.)
(Z.,Ji/Mum,

til(
Man
Chiao

C*a "')
..
ilK
~

Bunge.) (FH.) :!Ii}


(Z. simula,,,.
-(
Hance.)
(Rehder.)
PEPPER CREEPER.

til(
til(

ft

Com.
rt

St. 164: Br. 3. 435: Wil.


344: FH. 1. 105: WP.
606: HCM. 140: J. Arnold
Arbor. 1926.7. 18[:

st

360. X. piperitum, \\ij til( It


DC. (M. St.) ShuChiao
(FagarD p.,
j.i)
L.)(DH.)
E, ~
JAPANESE
i!ii ;jIJ(
PEPPER.
)II;jIJ(

C*

She.

Ess. oil
3%.
Sanshol.
Cuminal.
Lauric
acid.

Sze.

St. 463: Br. 3. 434: FH.


1. 107: HCM. 140: KO.
38: BN. 827: WP. 606:
NSD. 1067: Wat. 491:
DH. 350: CRN. 539: JSCI.
WIG.
35. 373: JPSJ.

lOa

BERNARD E: READ'

C~~~~~II;:;;I~~.I",~~ j!r~1:!;J~
2~: Schim. 1890~ 10~ 49:
1UI2.4. 129: PJ. 1917.
98.275: Ann. Ch. 185J..
89.251: 1857. 104. 23(;:
Klein. 3. 5,78; 581;.05.4;
1137; 728: 2. 292; 510;
4. 770: JJIC. 15. U40;
lOLiG: 1928.31. 39G:

Geraniol.
CitraL
Palmitic

acid.

_ _ _ _ _ 1"_ _,1 rt
301.

Berberine.

\S~'4H~:,FH'I'.107;OlP:

X.

schinifo,
t1X f t
Hum, S. et Z. Yai Chiao ._
(M. J. St.)
(11:;1 fl'n

(Z. MallJuhuri-

!l!f.ij{

:lH2. X. sp. (St.)

JlIl t1X

(Fc;:;f.~e;~::;

Citronella
acid.
Saponin.

An.
I
Sung. 1/ I. DH. 280. BN. 88~'1
Ku.
Br. 2. 3"4: 3.434: Laufer.
Man
'n5'

1_'_.
sd

Sha.

1St.

Ti Chiao
~.(;)!.

;czjxnu'cum,

CSfo
--~--

--.

j};

ZYGOPHYLLACE-

3u3

Th. (BN.)q.v.

,---I-I-~-I--I-------I---

~n I

:~tr~:.. 1~:LI:e,-:Schoben.
1 ung
W,lld (M G) Ch' .. n~

(1-1 "bmca.

(;1ft

'11)

.~ ~

3u4. Tnbulus ter I j'f


sd
restris, L.
Chi Li
(M.L. Br. Ch.) (*~)

(1~~)7~t)IOS1JS, I oJj gt~ifi


.1.f:i.fJi

I~

f-i\

),:

. 7~ '!fit I
I

~
Kan

St 28u FH
3-:1-5 \VP GOJ

"Soda ash
plant"

Lam) (DH.)
SALT.PLAN~ _ _ 1

CALTHROP.

_
G"m,

4H4:

1:~

I
1_ _

Fatty 011 I Com.


3.5%.
Ess. Oil.

~~~i~i.n.

KNO.,.
Phyllo
erythrin.
Vito A,.

St. 441. FH. 1. 97. BN. ToxIc to


Br. 2. liD; 2.+:i: 3. sheep
227: NSD. 1740: USD. S. Aftiea.

11277:

~~I~1.: 21~Iit ~~:. c~~~


15~4:
CMP.. l78: AMP. 85:
SAMP. 130: Ind. JMR.

"Burra

Gookeroo'"
Ind.

1929. ~77: Nature 1933 .


132.178: JAfrie. VetMed.

2~~~:'l~~/lg:: ;82~ape

..

109

CHINESE.MEDICINAL l'LAl'lTS

I RE~lARKS
L1NACEAE (1)

~~r!
K'e

365. Linum peren- -[:!ill. ~


ne, L. (:\'1.)
Ya MOl.

sd;~
:t5%.

~ "L i.~~~~~~~'~~1L, (~ t~)


KO,)'
. \\t1lilNJMi
COIllMON FLAX.
LINSEED.
..

~'I~%i.lage

' .

Faltyoil,

3,,'10

Linolic ac.
ILinolcicac.

t~~~~~~'

lV~>~"

O-X-A-LI-D-AC-E-AE-(2-)~iic~",\~"":"': ~ I'

She.
Yun.

St. 241: FH. 1. 95: BN. Confused with


-195, 88L: Br. 2. 207:DH.
Sesamum
:3-1-2: WP. 5tJli: Laufer
and Can18~: KO. a9: Wil. 3-13:
nabis.
ChP: BP: USP: HGM. 83: Wilson_calls
SAMP. l3G: Ph. Ztg. 1.91-1:
Linum
G9,,989: IC. 1902.5.717:
llJli~"
ML -111: Ap. Ztg. 1912.
fl);
:l~ti: IMP. 223: Ber. 1903..
36: 3198: CC. 1912. 1.
1033: Z. Angew.Ch. 190a.
lG. 1193: BPC. G1.1: usn.
21. 72-1: Klein 2.297: 3.
1059: 4. 22G:

Ts'an K'e

3"'U"'6.'A""""ve:-:Crr::Lho:-:CarC-=-a. ~Ii;=-;~"''f-=--~-hl::--t "Scuga=rs-.-f-,"'fu"'ng::-.1rS"t."5"'9:F""H'.'1-.O';W:7:0:.BWN'I:---rambola. L. (J. Wu Lien


Vile B,.
116: WP. 592: DH. 34[:
G. Ch.)
' . '1711
C;.
SAMP. 134: Malay MJ.
C"INESE GOOSE 'ICWl 13)
KH oxa
193-1.9,1: IMP. 23B:CRN.
BERRY or
IiMFf
late.
-IG6: IMM. 90: Ch. Ztg.
CARAMBOL,A,
illl ;j;J~
IR97. 21. 719: Wat. 347:
3GUa A CaramjlHillf1I\r '(::--t'I:~S~u~ga-rs-+y~u-n-. I =:..:..:...:=..::...:::..:.--=c:::.....:..:.:..:..\:_A"--rl""'oc-arp,-'-,,-bola, L (HM) Ma Pmg
Vlt B 1
illlSa, Forst.
Lan~
C,
(J.)
KHoxa
,1l;1O:~
late

C* m)
tJ!~~ Warm St. 197: FH. 1. 99: B~. j
'"'36""7'70"'x"'altO:-s:-:Cco::-r.- I-7.l\H'gl. hb KH oxa
niculata, L.
(M.fG.)
INIHAN SORREL.

'fso
Chiang
T,'ao

. . C~ i2
:=~M'

:=1rlM'
M' 1'1>
~~

'1'1>

M' 1t.
~lt
,*~i!.M'

1JlJ

,**,P,':
jffiJif,1ifii.

Mjlt~;

late.

112-1: DH. 3-11:A~IP. 8-1:


IMP. 235: SAMP" 135:
CMP. 181: CRN. 512:!DI.

~~~:~~: ;~~ro,

1915.6.

110

BERNARD E. READ

l!i ft

LEGUMINOSAE (53) Tou K'e

II
:---1---1-------1---

368_ Abrus pre.


;ft),[Ff sd
catorius. L.
Hsiang
(J. W. G.)
Sze Tzu
JEQUlRITV SEEDS. (M I'l)
PRAYER BEADS.
.tI: !i

-----1--- -

Abrin. gl.

SC.

Urease.

Abrussic
acid.
Hemag.
glutinin.
Lipase.

St. I: FH.l.187: BN. 700: Very


Br. 2. 167: DH. 332: IMP:
poisonous.
430: CRN. 262: IDI. 2:
SAMP. 144: AMP. 77:
CMP. 183: MI. 19; 197:
WP. 570: FHP. 164: BPC.
1: U5D. 1223: MW. 804:
DMW. 1891. 1218: Ber.
1903. 36. 1142; 3003:
CRAS. 1908. 64. 432:
]PS]. 1883. 22. 848:
1901. 237. 1147: ChZtg.
lV03. 27. 896: B]. 1915.
8. 281:Pr. Roy. Soc. 1887:
42. 231: 1889. 46. 100:
Pl. 1888. 234: 1889. 197:
1894. 937: ]PC. 1884. 9.
468: rCS]. 1932. 9. 383:
A]P. 1882.54.251: Bioch.
Zt. 1909: 18. 228: Ph.
Weekb. 1924. 61. 805:
]CS. 1902. AI. 408: Klein.
4.727, 862, 888, 9n:

---1---\-------1----

369. Acacia Richii, I&HJ:!i It


A. Br. (50.) Hai Hung
(A. {()1e/usa,
Tou
Merril.)
(Ifj!l'D

Sze

St. 497: FH. 1. 215:

EryihrilllZ

cristagallt'.,

L. (J.)

-----1----1--1--:--------:---370. Albizzia
oil- l!:t bk Saponin.
Julibrissin,
Ho Huan
Tannin.
Dur. (Ch.)
l'l!)
9%.
(Acada!.,
oil--Nt
Willd.) (M.)
-Nt oil(Mimosa Kalkm-a, W ;&
Roxb.) (IMP.) iIJj lo'i
MIMOSA.
~tillllt

(*

Ku.
Hop.
Fu.
Hup.

St. 22: FH. 1.216: Br. 2. A/bizzi"


167: B)I. 353: DH. 290:
/dJiJek,
IMP. 511: CRN. 459:
Benth.
CMP. 184: Wil. 300: Ml: . (Wil.)
433: \VP. 485: Klein. 3. Acacia aurea,
!l36: SAMP. 145:
Nor.
(SAMP.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

37 I. A1hagi mau1 JllII !if; ex


forum, Medic. Tz'u Mi
(J.)
(.? ill)
(A. 1nalUl1jerum,

Desv.)

11~:

1tt

Sugar 36%. W.
Melecitose. Asia.
Mannite.
Tan
gut.

t-fr'ltlfl;

(A. came/ond",
I.:)
(Hedysanun a.,
1..)

III

St. 2:;8: IMP. 421: CRN. "Taran.


4:;9: !D!. 16: Laufer 3-17:
jabin"Pers.
WP. 5+8: JCS. 188:;. 9-13:
JACS. 1918. 40. 14:;6:
CRAS. 1877.84.35: Arch.
Ph. 1870. 193. 42: Ch.
Ztg. 1897. 21.953: Klein
2. 772: 865: Han. 289:

ALtlAGI MANNA.

372. Astragalus
1i rt
Hoantch y.
Huang
st
Franch. (HN
Ch'i
If
St.)
(;$; ~)
(A.,-ejleris/ijn,lus. fI( ~
Miq.) (M. J.
1& ~
BN. Br.)
1& Ii
YELLOW VETCtl. '<l !f-

a
I

Man.
Hop.
Sha.
Sze.

St. 57: BN. 193: Br. 2. A. "erus.


167: 3. 18: HCM. 21:
IMM.92:
SAMP. 146: CZGM. 1924.
!D!. 39.
2. 126: CMJ. 1925. 39.
348: JSS!. 1929: I. 2. 77:

;$;

!f.

373. Caesalpinia
liH1i* wd Sappanin. Tung. St. 78: FH. 1. 206: BN.
Su Fang
Brasilin.
Si.
1517: Br. 2. 167: DH.
Sappan, L.
Mu
Ess. oil.
306: SAMP. 147: USD.
(J.M.)
SAPPAN WOOD, orUJi;$;)
Ash 0.52%.
976: BP. 1914: FHP. 288:
BUKKUM WOOD.
~
Ca O.
WP. 509: Ber. 1872 5.
572: CRN. 470: !DI. 55:
IMP. 464: Wat. 211:
HOI. 27: MI. 9:;: CC.
1926. 1. 2363: Sehim.
1898. 4. :;7: 1929. 7:
CJK. 217: JRAS. 25.
214:

374. C. sepiaria,
Roxb. (HC.
Br. G. Ch.)
(C. japmica.
S. &Z.) (Br.)
MYSORE TtlORN.

Che.
Ki.
Hup.
She.

St. 78: FH. 1. 206: BN.


1132: Br. 2. 167: 3. 247:
usn. 1286: IMP. 465:
CRN. 470: CMP. 185: MI.
5G8: JCS. 1891. 60. 918:
Wil.l. 1~; 2.5:

112

BERNARD E.READ

1-ATtN NAME

~~l~~~~E ~~~~! LU~~l;~'U' l.~~~l-

~7~.cajanUsin~ J!JJif~ I~I


, diGus. SpL
(BL)
(Cfla" .. ,
DC.) (M.)

SI.Jan Tou'
'
Ken
CllI,1." '!"~)

W, ']\,

(CY~#t:tdf.'

7'C

1. 195: BN.
Tung. !Oo: BL 2. 168: DH. 338:
I WP. 58i>; 1280: CRAS.
l!)03 139~ D34: I.MP. 4(>0"
CR"'.j
410: IMM. 141:

-~I~ ~,!:
I
I

PIGEON PEA.

ISi. ISt. 79: FH.

i ~.~itp.

~~~::

"'11.

338:

REMARKS

Sometimes
'. apPI.ied. to
E"chmla
ia!>Otuca,
Bth. (J,)

::gtc:~~,I,nd.
Malay.

-1-1--1-1----1-.-.

enas~~~~~~,. .l~o 1~~~1 i bn i~~~J:~_ I Tung. I 7~;: ~~~ ~~io1:' ~i-r ~~; "~~n~I;~' eh.
(/~C;~2~~:~d.),(:MI)i
u~~:~~e.:
~~~. ~7I5~~pI~~~; I~~~

3 G.

BROAD BEAN.

Alkaloid.
Lecithin.
Phyto.
sterine.
Pentose.
Lipase.
Amylase.
Pectase.
Peroxy-

JACKBEAN.

I A~~~et~i_ .

! -

377. CassiaFistula,!.1ln1VJ1j\Jj i sd
A Po '.;: i .

IN~Z~URNUM: ,(~:)!
'I

~J291;;:'2u~' t~~d; ,Je~:

nasc.
I Katalase.
1.1
I

_____ 1

L. (M.)

HCM. 29: JBC. 1914.449:


WIG. 28. li7: 19lG. 25.
297: 1919. 37. 137: 1925.
64. ~57: IfJ2G. 69. J35:
HUB. 76. 1-49: 1a28. 79.
4K9: TC. 191u. 38. E284:
CRAS. 1922. 87. 108:
Arch. Phys. 1911. 137.
48!): Ber. 19:30. 63.582:

j%Jtrr-'i!.)J~11

Sugars.

~~\~~~e.
Citric acid

~(i,~i:n. 4.888 2.711,760,

! Exot.

St. 96; 496: FHP. 221:

I ~b,~i

378.c.mimOSOides'j fiC." I sd
L. (51. BL)
Chiang!
(C.proctlmle!Js,
Man?,. I
J;J;)
Lour.)
(C. smsitiva,
i
Roxb.)
,
'

Y;~ie;O~2~~A~~:

~~~I~rrC~~~ ~7~: X~~:


I it 1111~~ 28 3 ygh.~~~

"Amaltns"
Hind.

18JU 2. 370 CC 1911


1314 BSP 1922 29. 617
19J7 34. 11 JSCl 1901.

______I ~J_
I(lft .

ITannin.

1914. 85. 1\3: PL Imp.


Ac. Tokyo. 1929. 5. 380:

__~~~
1

SAMP

~~ _ _

Com. I St. 91l: KO. 39: FR. 1. Lalkv1Us


210: Br. 3. 203: IMP. 479:
David!i,
Hee.
(BN. 801.)
II

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

IC~~~~iE1~~:~ I CO~~~iU'1 ~~~.

879. C. Tora, L.
(M.J.)

111:

(C. oIJlusifoii.,
L.) (FH.)
FOrnO CASSIA.

(*

sd

~Jl

Chiieh
Min~

W; jilJ
sis, Bge. (J.M. Tzu
Br. Ch.)
Ching

380. Cercis chinenJ.UOAS TREE or


RED BUD.

381. Dalbergia
hupeana,

Hcc. (HN.)

Emodin.
Glucosid.
Phytosterinc.
Gluoosen
nino

tl!)

Iff

T'an

Tung. St. 96: FH. 1. 211: BN.


445: Br. 2. 47: 3. 204:
DH. 303: WP. 505: !DI.
73: CRN. 478: PJ. 1889.
19: 242: HCM, 30: TMW.
1891. 5. 1373: KO. 40:
CMP. 187: SAMP. 146:
Han. 231: BotJahrb. 1896.
2. 479: Klein. 2. 760;
515, 361: 3. 1035:

wd
bk

Hop.
Ku.
Hup.

St. 101: FH. 1. 213:


HCM. 32: BN. 1103: Br.
2.167; 357: SAMP. 147:
KO.40
M ~*L.

bk
rt

Hup.
Hop.

St. 143: FH. 1. 198: WiI. Fraxi71us


2. 22: WP. 544: HCM. 49: Sieboldia/l.a,
Br. 2. 375:
BI. (J.)
IMP. 453,
5 species.

Oll) 10
W; l'il<

(~

REMARKS

f'lil!/,

j!D,

- - - - -1 382. Dolichos
iji Q bn Protein
Lablab, L. (J. Pien Tou
23%.
HF.C.)
Fat 1.8%
(8 1 ~O
'
(1.M1a!> .wg.ris, Ifl'~Q
Ash 3.5%
Savi.)
HCN.
~Jim
nVACllI'I'n BEAN.
EGYPTIAN KIDNEY
BEAN.

Emulsin.

AHan
toinase.

Vito C1 _
fl
If

383. Dumasia trunQ


cala, S. ctZ. Lii (Lu)
Tou
(J.)
W1WBLACK
BEAN.

(~ jlD/
!t\,j-Q

bn

Hup. St. 155: FH. 1. 194: BN.


Tung. 1461: Br. 2. 163: 3. 389:
HOI. 54: CRN. 484:
IMM. 813: WiI. 2. 5G:
WP. 583: SAMP. 149:
Wat. 321: TC. 1898. 19.
461: ES. 68, 38: ArchPh.
1906. 244. 668: KO. 40:
CRAS. 1903. 136. 934:
ZNG. 1911. 21. 547: Ch.
JP. 1928. SRI. 153: 1930.
4. 78: Klein. 4. 872: 904:
Malay MJ. 1934. 9. 2:

C~I.

BN.119:

11~

BERNARD E. READ

MI. 403
G. F"Dr.
alkaloid.

St. 188: FH. 1.208: Wi!.


355: BN. 407: Br. 2. 107;
3. 48D: WP. 508: DH.
305: CMP. ID 1: Han. 237:
SAMP. 148: HOI. 70:
CJSA. In5. 3. V8: JpsJ.
1908. 318. 8~0: WOD. 334.
1291: 552. Ho: 1928.48.
25: ArchPh. 18DG. 234,
G92: KO. 41: Klein. 2.
1852: 3. 1130:
388. Glycine soja,

~~~Z.

(HN

11::k

li~1

(~Tk.~)1

(Soja hispida,
Moench.)
;f;l(
(Doliclwssoja, L.) !I1::kli
var. 'l;gra.
.r;;~.R.
BLACK SOVBEAN,
SOVABEAN,

I
I

CuI.

st. 189: B~H: Br. 2. IG3.


Wi!. 337: WP. 567: DH.
333: Wat. 320: IMP. ~34:
IMM. 399: CR.. 528:
KO. 41: BPC: USD: CM].
192!. 35. 247: lnG. 40.
G3!. MW. 824: P]. 1913.
91.120: 1912. 89. 154:
ES. 68. 33: AgrTok. 18D7.
3. In; 1909: 190G. 7.
113: 1909. 1. I: SAMP.

Fresh
hulls in
medicine
are known
as ::kJi.Jt

Ta liJu Pi.

115

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

REFERENCE

1147: Ch. J. Phys. 1933.,


7. 18G: 1935. 9. 47. 27:
1934.8.53: JPSJ. 1911.
353.500: 357. 829: Ap. I
1
Ztg . 1925. 40. 5';7: ZNG. I

I I

:;~~: 4:: :i~: lll~:28CE~:


311; 475: CEJ. PT. 1927.

i 3: PJ. 1930. 124. 414:

GJ.

1934. 20. 140;

1~7:

'1

II JMIA.
Ml. 305: JSCI. 1911. ll24: I
19lG. 66. 841:
I

If

I bn

Urease.
Fat 3-6"/..
Amylase.
Ca3 (P<\J,

Landw. Vcr.

I~~~k~~7~91;~' 126~\5~~: I
Pharm. Weekbl. 1921. 58.
1113: JIEC. 1920. 12.49:

Fat 16.6%.1
Protein
I
50%.
I
Carbohydrate
16.2%.
Ash 4.9%. I
Stachyose. I
Maltose. ;
Galactose. I

~;~:~~l~e. \

lin.
Choline.
Valine.
Leucin.
Arginine.
Phenyla.
lanine.
Diastase.

I, ~~;::::
"'lIantoinase.
Peroxy-

CRAS. 1903. 136. 934:


1880. 90. 1~93: 1925. 181.
532: 1929. 188. 426:
1923.89.1247: 1912. 155.
1526: 1923. 88.498: 1881.
93.281: ZNG. 1922. 44.
214: JACS. 1898. 20. 419:
1915. 37. 649: Am. J.
Phys. 1907.19.468: JBC. 1
1917.32.91; 369: 1922. i
51. 17: 1921. 46. 459:,
1924.62.759: 1926. 68. I
285: 1935. 10B. 55: Z. I
Phys. Ch. 1882. 6. 155:
1889. 13.365: 1890. 14.
253: 1894. 19. 489: 1895.
20.511: 1909. 61. 321:
1928. 176. 289: Landw.
Verso IR94. 43.407: Arch.
Ph.190G. 244. 3: 1911.
249. 436: Monal. Ch.!
1887.8.82: 1886. 7. IiG: I
Ch. Ztg. 1896. 20. 67;
399: 1920. 44. 194: Ch.'
JPhys. 1928. SRI: 156:
BJ.1914. 8.449: 1915.
9. 575: Ph. Centralb.
1916.57.423: 1920. 61. I
317: Ph. Weekb. 1921. I
58. ll13: 1924. 61. 535:

I
I

p~::ans. !

SoiasterOl.1
Sitosterin.
Phasin &C.

1879. 23.1

I
I

116

BERNARD E. READ

Cu 1mg%.
Phosphatid.
Vits. AI'
B1,G 1
Saponin.
Protease.

Uricase.
Phos
phatase.
Allantoin.

Phylosterine.
Stigma-

sterin.

Genistein.
gL
Phloroglucin.

Mg Lactate
lsoflavon.

Bioch. Zt. 1920.112. 286:


1924. 149.363: 150. 108:
1929.211.199: TM. 1922.
28. 383: PSBM. 1926. 22.
ii04: AJP. 1920. 92.
19~: Am. Ch. J. 1890.
12. iii: ]. Dis. Child.
1932. 44.1221: LN. 1928:
681. 67: CC. 1907. 2.
997: 1910.2.31: 1928.1.
3083: JNE. 1922. 2. 1:
J1EC. 1915.7. 853: Ber.
1909. 42. 612: USES.
Mass. 1889. 32. 10: Klein.
2.

354; 497j 52G; 711;

750; 751; 958; 760;


86 I; 864; 865: 3.
1136; 4. 293; 29ii;
182; 18;1; 187; 380;
862; 864; 88:1; 888;
899; 902; 90~:

852;
940;
181;

410;
897;

-----I---~-!--I----I---

388a Bean sprouts :kSi'Ui;J


Black variety. Ta Tou
Huang
Chuan

Co$:
Ji

~)

388b Bean relish


:kJiJi
Black variety. Ta Tou
Ch'ih

BII

388e Bean fermen

Black variety.

1i.. Ji.
Tou
Huan~

(it

~)

Protein

9.1%.
Fat 1.6%.
Vits. AI'
B z, C,.

Choline.
Asparagin.
Urea.
Xanthine.
Hypoxanthine.

Protein

18.9%.
Fat 6.7%.
Cbhyd.
24%.
Ash 18.3%.
Protein

18.9%.
Fat 10.1%.
Cbhyd.

1.5%.
Ash 2:l.5%.

St. 190: BPI. 107. 28:


CMJ. 1921. 35. 247: Seience Ch. 1930. 14. 1631:
ChJ Phys. 1928_ SRI. 156;
182: TC. 1914. 35. 279:
KO. 41: ChJPhys. 1935.
9. 52: Klein. 4. 295; 223;
225; 407: DMW. 1926.
52. 1080: PJS. 1929. 38.
1:

St. 191: TA. 1908. 29.


101: Ch]. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 17(;: Wat. 321:

St. 193: ES. 69. 33: JACS. "Nallo"


1926. 2. 32: TC. 1924.
Jap.
15. 196: Ch]. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 17(;: LN. 1928. 681.
G7:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

117
.REMARKS

389. G. Soja. S. e .Ji*Ji..


Z.. var. flava. Huang

YE~~:EAN.

pd

(~ T;)

I Cu 0.95

St. 190: BN. 1133: Br. 2.


IU3: ]BC. 1917.32. 91.
3G9: Pl. 1930. 124. 414:
CM]. 192G. 40. U31: Am].
DChild. 1932. 44. 1221:
Am]MS. 1910. 140. 793:
,]. Home Econ. 1922.14.
G3: Bioch. Zeit. 1922. 129.
1313: ArchHyg. 1928. 99.

mg%.
Ashed.

I~h~/U:~i~819;~I:: ~~l:

Fresh Withl CuI.


bean.

I P';.~~~

: ~~~:d2%.

'Ii Ji..

4.6"/.
Ash 1%.
st
01

1932.6.35: 1933.7. 18G:


1934.8.53. 171: 1935.9.
27; 52: LN. 1928.681. G5:
1

Ji.. iill 01

389a. Soybean oil.

(~u ~)

Palmitin

I OI;i~56"1o. I
1

Li~~l%~

Ketones.

Lectithin.
Sterins.
Arachidic

acid.

Li~~~~n~%.1
Vito E.

I TC. 1913.34.1279: 1914.


35. 383: 38. U22: 1920.
41. 311: 1922. 63. 7S7:
1923.44.58: ]ACS. 1922.
44. 29H: BPC. 715: ]IEC.
1920. 12. 572: 1921. 13.
G89: 1922. 14. 530: Pme.
Royal Soc. 1910. 82. 349:
1912.B85: 109: Ch. Trade
]. 1924. 74. 187: Landw.
Ver. 1910.73.241: Klein.
2. 514: 519: 520: Z.
Angew. Ch. 1911. 24. 828:
Monat. Ch. 1887. 8. 82:
Z. Analyt. Ch. 1894. 5G8:
BIlL. 1923. 21. G41:
Bioch. Zeit. 1927. 189.49:
1934. 272. IG7: Pharm.
Ztg. 1910, 55.428: Arch.
Ph. 1911. 249. 43G: ]. S.
Ch. Ind. lap. 1927.30.

pmc'l_

------I--~:--!
389b. Soybean
sauce.
Yellow variety.

jill
Chiang
Yu
OJI) 1;0

I
I

I Thick:
Protein
S.8%. I
Fat O.

'I

Cb~6~%.

221: 1928. 31.34:


Imp. Acad. lap. 1927. 3.
529: ]SAS. 1923. 44.
1920. 210. G37:

1 1035:

]BIP. 1934. 23.270:


Br. 2. IU5: St. 195:].
Agric. Tokyo. 1909.
1. 97; 89: Wat. 538: Ch.
]Phys. 1928. SRI. 17G:

I ColI.

~~~. i~g~: ~~'. I~g:3~~:

li8

BERNARD E. READ

HT~~'I

LATIN NAME

'jq.
Chiang
(IJ

~)

REMARKS

1910.31.597: 1917. 38.


318, 358: JJAC. 1909.
1. 97, 89: JSAS. 1924.
256. 151: PJ. 1928. 121.
375: PT. CEJ. 1927. 3.

Thick:
Protein
14.2%.
Fat 5.2%.
Thin:
Protein
9.7%.
Fat 2.8%.

ChJPhys. 1928. SRI. 176:


LN. 1928. 651. 67:

Protein
8.4%.
Fat 3%.
Cbhyd.
1.3%.
Ash 0.9%.
Arginine.
Histidine.
Lysinf'.
ViI. BO.

St. 194: Wil. 2. 55: P].


1928.121.375: Wat. 321:
JSAS. 1921. 227. 585:
TC.. 1920. 41. 413: BPI.
107. 28: BPC. 1057: ES.
68. 36: CMJ. 1921. 35.
217: JACS. 1907. 28.
1248: Wat. 321: JBC.
IU2;'). 66. 8.+i: J. Nutrit.
1932. 5. 379: CE]. PT.
1927. 3. 72: J. Agric.
Hokkaido 1928. 20. 355:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. 6RI.
156: 1930. 4. 431. LN.
1926. 523. 321: 1928.
681. 67:

Genistein. CuI.
Glycinin
4%.
Arginine
12.7%.
Histidine
5.8%.
Lysine
6.1%.
Protein
39.1%.
Fat 16%.
Cbhyd.
25.8%.
Ash 4.7 %.

St. 189: Br. 2. 163: BN. S,J'Eis


47: Klein. 2. 940: Wat. Phaseolus
320: LN. 1926. 523. 321:
radiaJw, L.
1928.681.67:
.
var.
HOI. 54
DolidlOS
[a!ll"", L.

1
389c. Soybean
paste.

REFERENCE

Thin:
Protein
2.4%.
Cbhyd.
20.1%.

1--1-------1---

389d. Bean curd


Yellow
variety.

390. Glycine Soja, S E bn


S. & Z. vaT. Pai TOll
alba.
Cji(, j/;)
WHITE SOYBEAN. fllt E

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

391. Glyeyrrhiza
it 1;;' rt
KanTs'ac
glabra. L.
C*~)
(J.M.)
(a) G. echinata. ',l\: it
(M. Br.)
',l\: :/1>:
(b) G. uralensis.
1f.
Fisch. (Wil.) ]/I 1;0:
(e) G. palladi
~
flora. Maxim. I'"!
(M. HN.)
LIQUORICE,
LICORICE.

ChP: St. 19G: FH. 1. 1G8: var.


BN. 2M: Br. 2. 98; 3. 15:
glandtJifera.
CMP. 192: KO. 41: SAMP.
R. &H.
148: CRN. 493: IDI. 141:
(KO.)
HCM. 71: MI. 579: WP.
539: AJP. 1912.84.531:
1921. 93.481: FHP. 179:
DH. 319: Wat. 452: Ber.
1880.13. 13G5: 1878.11.
1249: CMJ. 1924.38. G42:
PJ. 1923. 111. 113: CA.
19~3. 18. 150: Ann. Ch.
184G. 59. 224: 18GI. 118.
2:JG: 1879.197. 105: JPG.
1875.22. (j: Land. VeTsch.
1879.24. 5;:CRA5. 1885.
100.151: PhCcnth. 1899.
40. 533: HCA. lU~ 1. 4,
100: HPhA. 1029. 4. ~3:
ArehPh. 18G4. 168. 1~7:
IR7G. 208. 1';0. lR88.
473: 1889. 227. 551:
1907. 97: 1905. 246.
545: 1909. 247. 1~ 1:
1911. 144: CZGM. 19t4.
2. G2: JpsJ. 1882. 12.
473: 1893. 132. 173: 1900.
218.312: 1901. 233. 079:
1907. 304. G59: 1920.
456.1:;3: 1923. :;3: JAPA.
1929.18. Feh: JSSI. 1929.
1. 2. 79: Klein. 2. 535;
772; 3. 1t30; 1t3G; 4.
11 _ _-1-=22::.::.30...:;8::.::.G G;-=.88::.::8'-'...;8::.::9-=..:1:_ _
_
2

NC.
Glyeyr
rhizin.
Glucose.
Protein.
Mannite.
Asparagin.
Resin.
Ca. Mg.
NH.
Urease.
Glucuronic
acid.
Saccharase.

*m

1--'

_ _ _ _ _1

1t9

392.Gueldenstedti, 1Ii~lOjil!T rt
'Ize Rua
multiflora.
'Ii Ting
Ege.
(Moo Yabe.) CM j;J) If

Sung. St. 179.455: FH. 1. IG4: Viola


Che. KO. 40:
Patn"ttii.
Hup.
DC.
She.
Fumaria
offici1zaiis.
(St.)

Woiil!il,'!:
BJfjIJ1;

$1fl-'f

_ _ _ _ _ f-~*'-"'lIi'-'t!i!"--::_ _1
393. Gymnocladus ,1Jll~~ sd! Saponin,
chinensis,
Fei "fsao pd Fatty oil.
Baill. (G. He.
Chia
Dialose,
Br.)
ClIIl j;J)
SOAP BEAN.

1_ _1
CC.

.1
51. In: FR. 1. 207: Wil.
2. 72: BN. G5G: Br. 2.
1G8: 3. 491: SAMP, 148:
WP. 1290: DH. 305:
CJSA. 192:;. 3. 98: AJP.
1892. 64. 557: MI. 302:
Klein. 3. 113G:

120

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

394. Indigofera
II' 'j!f
tinctoria, L.
Hsiao
(CM.G.St.HF.) Ch'ing
INDIGO PLANT. COO! ~)
j~

394a. Indigo.

f~

i-'tl

ilQ

Indican. gJ.
Enzymes.
Cytase.
1ndoxy.
lase.
Fe.

Indigotin

ISt.
217. 472. BN.
Br. 2. 92: FH. 1.

Sung.
Kn.
Hup.
sze'l

845:
157:
CMP. 190: CRN. 498:
!DI. 103: a~p. 410: Wat.
193: HCM. /7: MI. 413:
WP.534: DH. 317: KO.
12: SAMP. 149: BPC. 501:
USD. 1437: Ber. Ph.
1899. 2LU: BcrBot. 1899.
17. 228: Ber. 1879. 12.
1,2311: JCS. 1907. 279;
! 1715: 1909. 95. 793: Ch.
News. 1900. 82. 170:
1878. 37. 222: Ch. Ztg.
1903. 24. 409: prcs.
1907.30.110; 218: Land.
Versch. 1894. 45. 145:
CRAS. 1898. 127. 709:
1899. 128. 1478: JJAC.
1901. 4. 260: Klein. 3.
1063: 4. 879; 885:

Prep.

Lan 'rien

C!IIl 1"1)

394b. Blue
cosmetic.
BLUE BAD.

111'

Ch'ing
Tai

Indigo rcsi Sha.


dues.

REMARKS

Other
Chinese
Indigo
plants
are:PolygOllU1n

tilldoritun,
Lour.

!satis
titu:turia,
L.
q. v.
BN.40:

St. 218: Laufer. 370: NSD.


838: JpsJ. 188r,. 39. 203:
Br. 2. 213: BPe. 501:
Ber. 1880. 13.408: 1925.
28. 539: BerPh. 1902. 12.
19: JCS. 1898. 17. 430:
1909.95.824: 1910. 109.
210: JSCI. 1899. 18. 251:
1907. 26. 4: ZAnaI. Ch.
1898. 38. 1: prcs. 1904.
20. 159: Klein. 3. 1003:
4. 1576; 885:
Laufer 3iO: HeM. 77: "Indigo
Hosie: Hr. 2. 214: \at.
scum",
194:
(Wat.)

CIlII 11.)
1iit ~li.
- - - - - - . 1 - - - . 1 - - 1 - - - - - - -1 - - -

895. Lathyrus
1f
sd
Davidii, Hce. Chiang
(M.J.)
Mang
VETC"L1NO.
(fa ill)

Com. St. 231: BN. 801: FH. 1. Cassia


180:
mil1wsuidlS,
(St. 90.)
(378.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

396:' 'Lotus cornicu aJl!H! rt


latus, L.
Po MoKen
(J. BN.)
UJf
TREFOIL.

*)

HCN gluco. Kan.


side.
Szc.
Urease.
Hup.
hb.linamarin.

121

St. 248: FH. 1. 155: BN. var.jaJxmica.


391: Br. 2. 168: WP. 5:13:
RegeL.
DH. 3lG: PJ. 1911. 87. (Br.)
881: Pro Roy. Soc. 1913.
B86. 262: 1912. B84. 471;
B85. 363: CRN. 504: KO.
42: ChNews. 1911. 276:
SAMP. 149: Kleiu. 3.
1059: 4. 872; 888:

-----1---1-1---1- - - - - - - - - NC.
397. Medicago
bi' ill hb Viis. A"
denticulata,
Mu Hsii
B 1 .Cs ,E 3
Protein ~%.
Willd.(M.J.)(IJ ~)
Fat 0.3%.
(a) M. sativa, L. ;;I( ~
Citric acid.
(W.G.Br.
ftJJl,:ftl:
Valine.
Ch. M.)
Phenyla.
ALFALFA,
lanin.
LUCERNE.
Leucin.
Serino
Histidin
Cystin
Tyrosin
Arginin
Lysine.
rt

St. 2"0: FH. 1. 153: DH. M. fuMi,la,


315: BN. 682; 1101: Br.
L. (Br.)
2. 168: 3.404: WP. 536:
Laufer 208: SAMP. 149:
ChJPhys. 1928. SRI. 161:
1935. 9. 47: Klein. 2.
533: 513: 3.113": 4. 181:
222, 872, 90+: BJ. 1935.
29.884:

398. Mucuna
.ft.! 5i.. bn! Fatty oil SC.
capitata, \"1.
Li TOll
2%.
et A. (J. Br.) (1fr jfi)
Mucunine.
COWHAGE.
O!I! 5i..

St. 269: BN. 1363: Br. 2. IMP. 236,


3 species.
114; 164: WP. 584: PJ.
1879. 9. 913: DH. 335:
CC. 1909. 2. 996: CRN.
.508: IDI. 195:

399. M. ferruginea, : .. :
Matsum.
Hsueh
(M. KF.)
T'eng
(~I j1l\)

~II

Ki.

--1-------1-----

40:J~:!:~.,) (~jT~) :~iItn:6%,I!


bu

Bak.(BN.)

Fat 1.[,%.
Ash 4%.

Com.

St. 315: FH. 1. In3: BN. In Hupeh


1287: Br. 2. 103, lllG:
this is Vida
WiL 3:18: AMP. 79: IMP.
sativa, (St.)
.+Hi: eRN. 514: IMM. 057: "Dainagon"
SAMP. 150: WP. 579: DH.
Jap.

BERNARD E. READ

122
LATIN NAME

REFERENCE

Viis. A,.
B,.
Cu 0.83
mg%.

MUNO "BEAN.
ORAM.

Acetone.
Allantoi-

nase.
pd
If
fl
sh
tg

REMARKS

3:JG: CMJ. 1921. 35.420: P. radiaJus.


1928. 42. 337: ES. 68. 3G:
L. (Br.)
Arch. Pb. 190G. 244. G7: This is
TC. 191G. 37. 2G3; 495; fM'R
8G1; 883: CRAS. 1930. PaiHsiaoTou
13S. 934: ChJPhys. 1928.
SRI. 157:

1927.

1.

89:

19:10. 4. 431: 19:J3. 7.


18li: PSBM. 192G. 24. 190:
JBC. 1920. 44.303: 1927.
75. 4:J5: PJS. 1929. 38.
47; I:JJAC. 1931. 7. %5:
PSBM. 192G. 24. 190:
Klein. 2. 2D7: 4. 892; 904:
LN. 192G. 523. 349: 1928.
681. !i7: MMW. 1928.75.

Erepsin.

~:)~:

40l. P. Mungo. L.

ffj;/I'R

var. !'ubtrilo-

Ch'ih

bata, Fr. et
Sav. (HN.
Br.)

Hsiao
Tou

e*
RED MUNO BEAN. ffj;

bn

20.7%.
Fat 0.5%.

~q

(HN. G.)
P. Qrvmse, L.
(PSm. M. Br.)
PEAS.

i;ri!

ChJPhys. 1928. SRI. 157:

5(;%.

SAMP. l51J: LN. 192G.


523.349: 1928. 681. 67:

!ii. bn Dry:-

Wan Tall

em-

ill)
tiJl:R.
~

Ho.

St. 31G: Wi!. 338: BN. Confused


-tiG: Br. 2. 108: 3. SSG:
with Abrus,
CRN. 514: IMM. G58:
(St. 2.)
"Azuki"

Jap.

If
sh

'1'!r

sativum, L.

Ku.

Cbhyd.
Vito B,.
Ash 3%.

i( R

402. Pisum

Protein

;IJ(

IilltiR

Protein

25%
Fat 1%.
Cbhyd.
58%.
Phytin.
Vernin.
Vits. A'l'

B,. C,.
Trigonelline.

Cu l1mg%
Lecithin.
Cholesterin.
Betaine.
Choline.
Lysine.

Erepsin.

St. 335: FH. 1. 187: BN. "Aoendo"


1:J59: Br. 2. :JG; 163: WP.
Jap.
563: DH. 331: Wi!. 337:
HTA. 21: IMM. G88:
CRN.517: BJ. 1921. 15.
G4:J: 1927. 20. 134G: JBe.
1907. 3. 21:J; 219: 1908.
5. 187; 197: Z. Phys. Ch.
1895.20. 511: 1889.13,
32; 365: 1890. 15. 140:
190G. 47, 49G: JpsJ.
1909. 340.394: TC. 1898.
19E.461: Ber. 1894.27.
7G9: 189l. 24. 71: 1890.
23.2579: Ch. JPhys. 1928.
SRI. 158: 1935. 9. 47:
AnnCh. 18G2. 122, 249:
1882.211.283: 18G4. 129.
222: ArchPhys. 18GI. 15.
278: Landw. Ver. 1889.

CHINE.<;E MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

Leucine.
Arginine.
Trypto.
phane.
Asparagine.
Glutamin.
Urea.
Trypsin.
Pepsin.
Maltase.
Arnyla~e.
Allantoi
nase.
Katalase.
Lipase.
Urease.
Nuclease.
Phosphatase.
Saccharase.

123
REMARKS

36.15: 1891. 39. 2G9: Ber.


Bot. 1904. 22. 4GO: 1905.
23. 133: CRAS.1902. 135.
205: 1903. 137.202; 439:
1905. 140. 1547: 1912.
893: 1923.177.900: 1926.
182. 175: ZNG. 1904.7.
19; 550: Arch. Ph. 1905.
243. G75:
Ch. Centb.
1925. 2. 1047: J. Am. Ch.
S. 1896. 18. 583: 1898.
20. 348; 3G2: Z. Phys.
Ch. 1890. 14. 227: 1891.
15. 140: 1892. 16. 33G:
1893.17. 193: 1910.65.
431: 1911. 71.174: 1913.
86.407: 1918.102.85: J.
Prakt. Ch. 1878. 18. IO~:
1881. 2i. 221. 272: 1884.
29.357; 448: Am. Ch. J.
1890. 12. 51: 1893. 15.
273: Proc. Roy. Soc.
1891. 46. 399: Bioch. Z.
1912. 47. 184; 1913. 48.
175: UU5. 165. 1.J.;~; 1:
19~tJ. 174. 443: JIEC.
WiG. 18.85: Soil Science.
W28. '26. 189: eh. Ztg.
189tJ. 20. 399: Pharm.
Weekbl. 1921. 58. 1482:
LN. 1928. 6Bl. 67: Klein.
2.711: 7GO: 4.187. 189.
223. 344: 8G2:

-----1-----1---1--1-------1---403. Psoralea
oorylifolia,
L. (M. J. G.)
SCURFY PEA.

'IiIi'ltflli
.Pu Ku
Chih

(Ill! 1'0
~~tre

~m1~li
tl~=r

sd

Fatty oil
20%
Ess. oil.
Alkaloid.
Glucoside.
Resin
9.2%.

Sze.
St. 359: BN. 1087: Br. 2. "Babchi"
Tung. 1U8: FH. 3. 50G: USD.
Indian,
1566: PJ. 1881. 12. 257: "Vakuchi"
1912.88.260: 1928.121.
Sans.
M: Laufer. 483: DH. 317:
IMP. 413:!DI. 258: CRN.
520: IndJMR. 1927. 15.
49: JSCI. 1910. 1428:
JSSI. 1930. 1. 5. 75:
HCM. 118: Agr. Ledger.
lDll.
139: KO. 42:
SAMP. 150: Han. 237:

BERNARD E. READ

124

_~LA~T~IN~N~A~M~E _:1 C_l-,-,~~:=~,~='~_E ::S~~ ICO~~~~'U-l HT~~l-1


404. Ptcrocarpu5
Santalinus.
L.f.(M.)
RED SANDERS

WOOD.

w-I wd
T'an

t,w

Santalin

Hsiang
1ft,)

Pigment.
Ptero
carpino
Santa!.
Homoptero-

OJ'J

1M WI
Jit tl'l

W%.

REMARKS

Yun.\
Ku.
Turk
estan.

St. 360: BN. Illl: Br. 2.


168: DH. 327: BP. 1914.
ChP: KO. 42: BPC. 901:
FHP. Ii5: IMP. 457:
CRN. 520: !DI. 261: MI.
569: WP. 552: Ber. 1869.
2. 581: 1879. 12. 14:
1874. 7. 1798: 1875. 8.
1798: MW. 851: JpsJ.
1894. 144. 15G: 1901.
232.532: JCS. 1912.101.
lOG1: CRAS. 1887. 104.
'Ii22: 1888. 107. 737:
ArchPh. 1848. 105. 285.
106. 41: 1929. 267. 81:
JPC. 18H. 191. 249: PJS.

-carpino

Ash 1-2%.

:~g: ~:..

t;g: A~~alt~::

'1844. [2. 374: 1847. 62.


150: 1849. 72.320: 1850.
74. 220: 1889. 17. 124:
Klein. 3. 1448: Laufer.
459. CJK. 208:

111 ;+; wd
405. Ptercearpus
Lii Mu
indicus.
Willd.
(milD
(Pfla,-us, Lour.) :n:.1I11J*
(FH.)

An
\VP. 552. 553: DH. 327:
nan.
FH. 1. 199: Wat. 483:
Tung. BN. 617: Ber. Ph. 1913.
23.88:

BURMESE ROSE

WOOD.
ANDAMAN RED

WOOD.

Ilf

406. Pueraria
I 1:.5
Glutamic
hirsuta.
Ke
acid.
Schneid. (HF.
ll!\)
Adenine.
Br. Ch.)
~It ~ I
Asparagin.
(P. TInUlQer)Jg ~
Butyric ac.
gia1la, Bth.)
11~ H I M P . 1850
(M. BN. Br.)
,acid
t
Starch.
(Paehyrmzus T.,
I vrftn
S. & Z.)
(St. HI.)
KE HEMP.
sd

(*

Sung.
Hop.
Ki.
Tur.g.
Che.
Hup.

St. 299: FH. 1. 190.


BN. 1213: Br. 2. 210: 3.
309: HCM. 119: JpsJ.
1924. 510: WP. 1304:
CMP. 195: ]JAC. 1927. 3.
118B: 1928. 4. 1: KO. 42:
\Vat. 53: JSSI. 1929. I. 2.
82 : Klein. 2. ,,01: 4. 185.
1
222,408: JJMS. 1930. 5.
71:

P. tuberosa.
CRN.521.
IMP.' 445.
IMM.723.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

_____ lic_':,_I:_:t~_.EI~~:~lcO~~~u1~~~ I
407. Pursaetha
!aillFf 1 sd
scandens, 0
K'e I 'eng
Ktze. (M )
Tzu
(8,'ada s , Bth.)( IlIl I!I')
(Mmwsa s

Roxb )

GILLA NUT.

408. Rhynchosia
volubilis.
Lour. (M. J.)

Ji

SaponIn
GLucoside
Alkaloid
Raffmose

[U
ng

-f

Jlll

I REMARKS

REFERENCE

St 492 FH 1.214 BN
126 I WI' 495 DH 296
IDI 121 CRN 486 Arch
Ph 190> 614 Jpc 1909
1fi2

=f

1}

125

KO

42

Klcm

RI,4 3. 1136

(E Gigalo6wm, DC,)
(E Punae
lha, DC)
(E. 1IWIlos/athya, DC)
(E Adma,,
Ih"a, DC)
(FIl)

bn

Lu Huo

C* ~)
Jlll Ji.
~

Ji.
!'fUJi.

409. Sophora
t'i
flavescens,
K'u
Ait. (HC. Br. C*
t'i
Wil.)
(S. amara, Lour.) ri
(S. a"gusli/olia, ill!
S. & Z.)
7l<
(S. Kronei, Hce,)
(M. FH.)
~
(S.gal,goides,
~f
Pall.)
(s. soror;a, Hce.)
(FH.)
SOPUORA.

*
a

f rt
Shen

"'11.)

m
11'

sd

$i!
$i!

St. 414: FH. 1. 202: BN. "Matari"


689: CMP. 197: HCM. 131: Jap.
DH. 309: KO. 42: Br. 2.
380: 3. 85: WI'. 517:
FMSJ. 237.1: Arch. Ph.
18U5. 233.441: 1896.234.
6R5: 1928. 266. 1: Cc.
1921. 3. 1427: 1922. 1,
695: 1928. 1. 2407: SAMP.
151: JMMJ. 1928. 8, 42:
JPSJ. 1889.84.54: 1903:
260,993: 261. 1109: 262,
1211: 1909.330.948: 1921.
474.659: 478. 1047: 1923.
498.644: 1924.505: 1925.
522.701: 532. 457. 554.
337: 561. 1035; 1043. TM.
1903. 17.460; 467: JPET.
1912.3. 205: Ber. 1931.
64. 2415: JSSI. 1929. 1.
2.75: Fol. PhJap. 1928.
42: Klein. 4.553, 725,774:

Sophorin, Com.
gl.
Quercetin.
Rutin.
Rhamnose.
Rhamninose.
I
Cathartin.

St. 415: FH. 1.202: BN.


1262: Br. 2. 122; 379:
3. 484: Han. 237: WP.
517: JCS. 1896. 67. 30:
DH. 309: HCM. 132: MI.
463: CMP. 198: Wil. 2,
8u: KO. 43: JPSJ. 1909.
325.227: SAMP. 152: AI'.

t*

$i!
$i!
~

410. S. japoni.:a,
$i!
ft
1. (W. Ch.
Huai
Br. G.)
C* i'\D
(S(vphnol06iw"j.,
til
Schott.)

(Mimo$acoNL;CU'
lala, Lour.)

(FH.)

Cytisine.
Com.
Matrine
alkaloids.
Cytisin.
(Sophorin.)

If

126

BERNARD E. READ

_ _ _ _--+IC_'_'~_'_'~TlE_'_',~;.~E\::s~~ CU~~~l:U'\ HT~~'\


I

CHINESE YELLOW
BERRY.
I
PAGODA TREE.

. fl
bk

Yellow
dye.
Amylase.

rl
bk
sl

Amylose.
Cylisin.
Urea.

ext
gum

411. Tamarindus 11i~-f sd


Lo Wang
indicus, L.
T7.u
(M.J.)
(T. offici".iis,
CM4 I'!)
Hook.) (FH.)
TAMARIND.

_ _ _ _ _:
412. Trigonella
foenum.
graecum,
L. (J.M.)
FENUGREEK
SEED.

Arachidic Si.
acid.
Ash 2.5%.
Protein
14%.
Fatlyoil
5%.
Cbhyd.G3%.
I_I-=T.:::.:an:o::n:o::in'-.-._1

i\Jlj}lE, sd
Hu Lu Pa

Off, liti)
'l'i Ii.

REMARKS

REFERENCE

IID23. 1. D7: Apolh. Zig.


I D2I. 59. 513: Ber. Ph.
I ID22. 14. 128: Arch. Ph.
118G5. 122.75: 18D6. 234.
G85: ID04. 242. 225, 210,
5-17; J. Prakl. Ch. 1853.
58. 3DD: 18G2. 85. 358:
88. 280: Ber. 1882. 15.
214: JPC. 1833. 510: Ch.
News 1888. 57. GO: 70.
303: AlP. 1922. 26. 317:
JJMS. ID32. 6. (9G):
NA[P. 1934. 1. 7, ll, 15:
Ch. J. Phys. 1935.9.47:
Klein. 2. 85G, 8G5. 3.937,
93G, 1237: 4. 226, 725,
774, 882: PNA. ID34. 1.
7, ll, 15:

~~~ 1::NPCi491~9~;. ~~:

SAMP. 152: WP. 501:


Lau[er 426: USD. 21.
1073: DH. 299: IMM.
834: CRN. 532: IMP. 482:
Agric. Ledg. 1907.2. 15:

1---

"1

Tung. SI. 442: BN. G7D: Br. 2.


IG8: USD. !U48: BPe.
442: FHP. 150: WP. 538:
DH. 31:,. IMP. 404: CRN.
Prot~in
fJ:-:li>: IDI. 321: 1\11. 470;
:")89: HTA. 21: PG:Laufer.
22%.
4+0; Ber. 1885. 18.2518;
Trigonel[887. 20. 2840: JPSJ.
line.
1888. 74. IG3: ID20. 459.
Choline.
531: 461. 627: Cc. 1912.
Lecithin.
Phylo.
2. 1140: CRAS. 1900. 130.
42; 340, 731, 1719: 192G.
sterine.
D94: 1927. 184. 1344:
Ash 4%.
Arch. Ph. 1887.225.985:
Mannose.
Apolh. Zig. 1903. 18. 5[:
Galactose.
Ph. Zig. 1903. 40. 58:
Saponin.
JPc. 1919. 20. 8G, 183:
C40 H 44 021'
JCS. 1900. 78. 364: JSCI.
1903.439: Klein. 2. 711.
760. 85D. 861;3. 68.1136;
4. 2G7: 275; 72G:
Mucilage
28%.
Fatly oil
G%

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATlN NAME

413.

i.ictj. ~~.aG. ~~n1ou


W. Ch.)

(Faba saliva,
var. ~qltj",a,

bn

Ut IJ!JJ)

I~~~~~~ose.1 ~C.
Vcrnin.
Phytostcrin.
Phasin.
Phytin.
Lecithin.
Phospha.
tide.
Ash 2.8%.
Cu, Pb.

IVl R

Pers.) (M.)
HORSE BEAN,
BROAO BEAN.

Dry:Protein
18%.
Cbhyd.
51%.
Fat 0.8%.
Inosite.
Citric acid.
Galactose.

sh

414.

~;l1~;.\ea, ~ei

~Ill!I

Sze.
Hop.

J'b

FH. 1. 184: St. 296:


Br. 2. 192:

*jfi.J:Ii
l$

(~~~h.~~U-)1 C~::o
(M.)

LaLn)"us
maritimus.

Bigel. (J.)
(BN.986)
(ID!. 172)

l!fi'~R

415. V. hirsuta,

REMARKS

45~:

BN. 1577: Br. 2. The Windsor


IG~: FH. 1. 185: WP. 560:
bean of
DH. 3~0: Wi!. 337: MI.
England.
~82, 474: CRN: 537: "Suramame"
HTA.~~9: ChJPhys.1928.
Jap.
SRI. 158: Laufer. 307:
CM]. 1921. 35.247: JACS.
1898. 20. 393: 1890. 12.
51: 1914. 35. 337: Ber.
1884. 359: 1885. 18.
2518: 1896. 29. 894.
2L06: 1909. 42. 2L02,
~247: TC. 1898. 19. E461:
CRAS. 1898. 126. 1374;
1903. 137. 202; 409:
1912. 893: Landw. Ver.
1889. 36. 15: 1891. 39.
289: Ber. Bot. 1907. 25.
249: Biuch. Zt. 1909. 18.
228; 1926. 173. 258:
1929. 214.401: CC. 1926.
1. 165: LN. 1928. 681.
G6: ZPhys. Ch. 1899. 13.
32: 1890. 14. 227: 1908.
55. 338: 19LO. 70. 143:
1913.88.276: 1919. 105.
258: Klein. 2. 254, 533,
578,711.760,852,861: .

St.

(=!frm)
~ 7J(

'.

127

(=!fr mJ
l$ Ilf
l!FJE':R

tl-.jfi.~

1
bn -H-CN-'--I-K-u.-I--.4-5-4:-F-H-.-1.-1-84-:-B-N-. - - St

IV~~;me.
nina.<;e.
Allanto
inase.
N subst.
27%.
Fat 0.7%.
Ash 3.24%.

~:~.

~g~B~iAS5\91~t i;;~:
4;1: TC. 1888: JpsJ.
1908.318.845: CRN. 537:
CC. 1900.1.208: 1912. 1.
423: Klein. 4. 875. 904:
HPA. 1928. 3. 31:

128

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

416. V. sp.

REFERENCE

a1Ji~

I~'

sd

PaiChi
Li

(M 1"1)
417. Vigna sinen
sis, Hassk.
(HN. G. Ch.)
(V. CaJja"g.
Miq.) (FH.)
(Dolidwss.,
L.) (FH. St.)
(D. CatilVlg,
L.) (FH.)
COWPEA.

il Ii

bn

Chiang
Tou

Protein

St. 155: FH. 1. 19~: WP. Pod581: BN. 836: CRAS.


1903. 136. 934: HCM.
137: Am. J. Phys. 1-908.
22. 362: ChJPhys. 1928.
SRI. 158: 1933. 7. 186:
In5. 9. 47: IMP. 447:
CRN. 537: IMM. 886: PJS.
1930. 41. 387: Klein. 4.
~46: MalayMJ. 19~4. 9.
2: PJS. 1930. 41. 387:

Com.

St. 460: FH. 1. 161: BN.


1113: MI. 476: WP. 547:
ArehPh. 1887. 225. 455:
PJ.
1886.
17.
267:
ChNMJ. 1926.12.1: DH.
321: USD. 1667: Klein. 4.
225: 1098:

Com.

St. 492: see above.

Cbhyd.
58%.
Ash :i.5%.
CuO.7mg%.
Viis. B,.

A,. C,.
Vignin.

#1 Jli sd
418. Wistaria
chmenslS.. DC.
Tzu
(W.G.)
T'en~
(Wf1ori6",,"". (Illl ~'f)
DC.)
(Krawikiaf..
Taub.)(M.BN.)
(W. mullijuga,
VH.)

Wistarin.
Resin.

REMARKS

0Jm.

20%

Fa; :r2%.

(M 1"1)
N ill

St. 441: Br. 3. 129:

a:ii!&

(Gl,yci1lesitlalsis,

Sims,)
WISTERIA.

418a. W. chinen
sis. DC. (M.)

'IIi lli

rt

(*

I/<'i)
Ii\: Jlt
:lit l:5

:k:llt
40 f6

*J!

419. Unidentified.

;lli

m~::r

kl

YO Chih

rt

Tzu

Erylhri'14sjJ.

(J.)

Huang
Huan

Sze.

CHI)'IESE MEDICINAL PLA)'ITS

420. Unidentified. I

Jll'!l''f Ibn

I-S-i-I:-------I.---

Ch~z~ao I
(~ 1'1)1
-----I-i,-'iiiltC-';ji-il I
ROSACEAE (40)

~~t~~~

421.~~:~~~~~~er ~'U

I
- - - 1 - - :1, - - - - - - - 1 - - - -

ri1d

i bk

HeN.

SC.

Medic. var. (;jfr


japonica, Miq. ;l;l: ~Jl-I
(J.)(In Japan) fJf
(A. asialica,
i!Ii:il~

~~hJJ~r

JWd

129

BN. 5.J9: Er. 2. 298: FH. P(lpulus


3.45-1: WP. 43G: Arch. Tremula,
Ph. 190G. 244, 398: DH. (St.)
q.v.
273: St. 347:

j$i!

(Aroluaastatlca,
S. & Z.)
(W.M.Br.)

-----1----'---1--;-------

422. Crataegus
l1J f~
eunea-ta, S. & Shan eha
Z.(J.M.}
(f;lf * l
m;IK'f
(M"pilus c.,
S. & Z.) (BN.) JlJ. t!i
ll>'; l1I!
(a.) C. pinna.
tifida, Bge.
~; :Wl
(C.oxyacaluha,
11\ 'fL.var. pinna/a, ~
Regel.) (FH.) '!(" W
RED UAW or
;i;tt;]t'fUAWTUORN.
l!J]f*

:m:

it

Protein
0.7%.
FatO.2%
Cbhyd. \0;'
Ash O.Gj:.
Vito C.
Citric acid.

Sung. St. 129: Wil. 1. 34: 2. 29:


Ki.
FH. 1. 259: DH. 274:

Che.
Hup.
Hop.
Man.

sd
wd Pentosan.
HCN.
rt
If Ca oxalate.
st

Stuart
refers the
Ch.JPhys. various
eMP.
201:
1928.2.4. SRI. 171: EN. Chinese

:~i/;/ilJl~~O\-l~\~~: ~fr~~:ng
2.1
Ie.
Ie.

I
1914.110.310: Ber. Bot. 'species:
1889. 7. 21G: !Gem.
C. flava,
:m3: 4.7(;7:

-----1----1----1-------1---Sung. St. 3GS: In Japan this is


til t bk

423. C. pinnatifida, Bge, (Br.


M.)

Wen Po

(1JIl

'ff)

ft

Protein
0.7%.
Fat 0.2%
Cbhyd.lO%
Ash 0.5%
Vit C.
Citric acid.

Che.
Hup.
Hop.
Man.

Pyrus cydonia, Pers. (EN.


118G.) St. 3G4, This in
SC. is Pyrus malus.

BER1'IARD E. READ
REFERENCE

42~. polltca,
Cydonia ja. I t;\\ ::r I It
Pers. eha Tzu
(B:-l.M.J.)

Mucilage. Hop.
Dry:She.
Pectin IG%. K,n.
Malic acid Isc.

(it Jit)

(CI~"Qmd"j., 1;.1<: lIE 1

(p{tZ~~?l:)11 'f!11lil-r

~.I;'~~~

JAPANESE QUINCE.

St. ~G~: FH. 1. 257: Br.


2. 301: BPI. 20~. 32: DH.
27~: WP. ~~~I: Z1'IG. 1910.
19. :;~8: Landw. Jahrb.
IOUi" 50. 19~: Klein. 2.
.)~9:

I!

Invert

;l~~.r

_ _ _ _~,I--_I_~I

C. sinensis, 1;.1<:
Thouin. (J.
Br. Ch. M.
Wil.)
(py"" cathaymsis,Heml.)

4~.-1.

JJi.

i It

.(~!~ I~;:)

I:_- - 1 - - - - - - - - 1 - - - Vito C,.

(P.s;lletlS;S,

isc.
i~~r-

St. aG~: BN. 18"5: Br. 2.


107. 301: 3. J25: RCM.
120: Wil. 307: CM]. 192G.
40. 1'+1): FH. 1. 25G: Ma
lay MJ. 192R. 9. 2:

C. l(zllg~flaria
Koidz.
(J.)
C. japo1lic(Z.

r~~:)

Poir.) (FH.)
(ClltullQmel~s s.,)
CtliNESE QUINCE.

I.

I~. tJ,~

42G. C. vulgaris.
I It
Pers. (M. Br.) M1U~ Cha
(pyms cydonia, ,(UiJI l!l!)

CO;JON QUINCE.

I mt~
;+:
;+.:

i
Amygdalin,l
Pectin.
'[ucilage.
Sd:-fatty
oil.
Malic acid
3%.
Boric acid.
Pigment.
Arabinose. I
Tartaric I
acid.
I

_____ ~I~_ _ I__!I_X_'y_IOS_e_._,!


427. Eriobotrya
japonica.
Lind!. (HC.

~iJ~~~APAN'
ESE MEDLAR.

fa 'Ie

O~

It I Ash .35%.,\, Ki.


P'i Pa
Protein
Hup.
(8'1 Ul
0.3%.

l~f~f~~;'1i
5%.

sill~llsis,

St. 80:1: Br. 2. 302: FH. C.


1.2.}lJ: BPe. :{S-t: WP. Thouim.
HO: USD. 135G: IMP. (BN. Br.)
"27: CRN. ~8l: !DI. 109:
AMP. 02: MW. 820: DH.
27-1: AnnCh. 18-14.51.45:
[888. 249. 245: 1890.
271. GO: eh. Ztg. 1887.
1726: Analyst. 1902.27.
18:l: Ber. 1922. 3038:
CA. 19:)9. 23. 33G~: JCS.
1899. AI. 822: Klein. 2.
5 29
1__ _._53_1._8_51_.
_ _1
_

_85_~_:

St. IG~: FH. 1. 2GI: BN.


;H8: Br. 2. 112: 3. 428:
USD. 1375: WP. 439: DR.
273: BPI. 20~: Wit. 2.
22. 29: CMP. 201: IMP.
528: CRN. ~87: MI. 421:
PJ. 1885. 16. G~3: MI.
~21: Arch.
Ph. 1907.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

____ C%~\~;E\~CO~~:;~u1~~~II,
--i I Mali~
~.
acid :

,p~~;;;;'

a.H%.

'
I

I Pentosan
o.a%.
Oxydase.

I ;

ZNGI

~~i1~'sR:~~~0~tNJib'I~:

Invertin.
Saccharase.
1

~~g?

1778: 226. 1201:


i 1902. 5. 15-1: CC. 192+.
1. 2a75: JSC1. 1911. 1-10: I
Agr. Tok. IUOU. 7. 111: I

~:~~::~~:

_
~f>a: JP.c. ;
}l>SjW 1iigG.1~~: I

245. 409: Wat.

H81. 7..1-; Klein. 2.


5:~~: 3. 11~.'): 4. RliG:

S~~~~.ic

52~

Lactic
acid.
Citric
acid.
Tartaric
acid.

I
I If
I fl

~~~::~~~se
0.7%

I bk

~t

428. Fragari.
om: I j
indica. Andr. She l\'1ei
(Ch. HC. BL) (iJIJ U)
(Ouch",,,. i.,
~t j)ii I
Focke.)
Ill! 1if
(J. M.BN.)
]!i\ :h'f
(D. !ragaroicks,
'
Sm.)
(M.FH.)
INDIAN STRAW.

~~
429. Geum japo.
nicum, Th.
(M. J.)

J](1!l-~ C ---~
sd

Shui
Yang

shes.

~~""~'(i"~)1
1

F.

St. 177: FH. 1. 2-10: Wi\.


2. 31: BN. 9G8' BL 2.
2:)5: 3. 29(;:

DH.I~

St. 187: BN. 22a:


278: USD. 1,109: CMP., 2
202:
I

1:l2

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

430. Osteomeles
anthyl
lidifolia,
Lindl., var.
subrotunda,

*..

'f'i,IlJ..

PU~~lao

(m-

(eralMgus
Th.) g..

(11;)1

i1[),

-~-, 7

Che. . St. 362: FH. 1.256: BN12 varieties


2~

Kan.

1031: Br.

Hop.

BPI. 204. 30: JPSJ. 1909'1


323. 1: Wi!. 58:

302;

30....:

---,--,----'1I
I

(J.)

'I

!Sung.

433. P. Calleryana. IN.


I It
DeCIle. (M.)
Lu Li I rt
SMALL WILD
(11m ~)I bk
PEAR.
.Ja ~

434. P. Malus, L.

St. 317: FH. 1.262: WP.


440:
BN. 7U7.

liaefolia. Bge. T'angLi st


(HC. G.M.)
(lIIl ) If
(b) P. baceata. it ~ II
L.
U
(P. baccala. L.
var. m4lld-

____ ~

Ji\-r.-*

Che.
Fu.

Tzu

I
4-3-2-.(-a)-p-ir-us-be-tu-. -;;;.-::

PE.~R.

(M.)

~W-l*'f-Ilt
Ts'u Lin sd

(A~~a,~FH.)

schttrica. Max.)
(Br. St.)
(Malus b., Bork.)
SMALL COARSE

REMARKS

IJ':U,{,'i

mJ,

Koidz. (J.)

431. Photinia
glabra,
Maxim. (St.)

IShe. !WlI.
FH. 1.265: DH. 276: Cf.
2. 10:

1 wd

t1J

fi

ti!

[~*

.1:

lIt

Lin eh'in

(Mal,,, putufolia. (Il!! 'i'f)


11';
Borkh.var. ri"ki,1
Reh.)
,~~lill*
(Wi!. Rehder) \
APPLE.

S1. 3r.5: BN.

I Com .. 25U:

~~8: FH. 1.

IJ

----1

_~

Cbhyd 14%! NC.

St. 364: Fl-I. 1.257: BN. White. red


/j55; 1519: Br. 2. 121: TC.
and green
1901. 22. E535: Ch. J Ph.
varieties.
1928. SRI. 171: WP. 442:
JACS. 1902. 23. 869: 1896.
18. 402: 1903. 25. 242:
DH. 274: JPSJ.1909. 324.
121: CRN. 521: Folia Ph.

Ash

0.2%'1

Fat 0.1%.
Protein
0.2%.
Malie acid.
Galactan. I
Pentosan. I

. _.._.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

133

REFERENCE

I I~~:~~,
c.

Jap. 1931. 12.89: Klein.


35 references, 2. 246902j 3. 572: 4. 250: Ann.
Chem. 1848. 67.377: 1895.
286. 278: Z. Angew. Ch.
1894. 148: BSC. 1880. 34.
218: 1924.37.191: JIEC.
1917. 9. 587: JAmCS.
189G. 18. 402: 1901. 23.
8G9: 190G. 28. 200: JBC.
1923.56.457: 1921. 45.
-107: Ann. Botany. 1927.
41. 780: JSCI. 1920. 39.
T24G: 192G. 45. T301: J.

1
1

i
i

Agric.

Phys. 1912.30.258: ZNG.


190-1. 8. 3-17: 1900. 12.
741: Ber. Ph. 1907. 17.
1
I_ _I__
c_.
6_.7_04_:_19_2_5. 1

'I

~ ~j Similar to

435. P. Malus, L.
var. tomenNai I
tosa,Koch.
(giJ i!f.)
(Br. BN.)
~ II rt

Mill., var.
dukissima,

Lmdl (] G
Br BN)
(P. C01JU1lWl;S.
Th.)

(P. usswimsis,

~FIHax.).)

(Br.

C"'NESE PEAR.

434

i;_:~_~_~~_2&_:

NC.
I

I Phloridzin'

St. 30+: BN. 551: Br. 2.


121, 305: CMP. 203: WP.
442: Wil. 307:

I I

Ko.dz.)(CMP ),
SMALL SOUR
APPLE.
430 P. smens.s,

28.

~:~t.lf~~2. ~~. ~~~; AA;r

:,' ,

(MalusM"ila,

liJ2..J..

_ _ _ _ _ :I

Res.

12-13: 1928. 36.391. 407:


CRAS. 1892. 114. -I8G:
192-1.179.775: BJ. 1922.
16. GO: 1925. 19. -Il-I:
Landw. Verso 189-1., 45.

~I'-I-t+i-v.-t-C,-.-/1--HO-p-I-S-t .-3-O-l-:-FH-.-l-.2-r'-':-B-N-. I-N-o-t I-r-o-m-

I.....

\(&'1

n.rJ.)
. . ~I
*-

'*3i * I
tk-

I~

:l<:

l\'1an:

If Arbutm.
bk
fl,

I
II

Ki.

922: Br. 2. :l02: DH.


HOI. 121: Wil.
eMI>. 20-1-: eRN.
JpsJ. 1909. 324.
1923. 494. 23, 247:

27..J.. P.

commwu's,

300 L. (Wi I. 30G.)


521: vaL cul/a,
121:
Makino.
WP.
CMP.

-109: Klein. 3.8-14: Malay.


MJ. 193+. 9.2:

BERNARD E. READ

-----I,:-~::.:',~.::::~~:.::::~_I''=~~=;~II':U~~~:;~~i-1 ~~~'I
437. P. spectabilis, ifj
Ail. (Hill. ill.) Hai
(Mal." s.. Dest.) (WI

I It
Hun~
it

"')

ifj~!I1!

(M. J1oritmuia,

Sieb.)
(M. 111iC1"OCarjJa,
Torr.) (Hl.)

Cbhyd.
H%.
Protein
0.1%..
FatO.I'),;.

1ii1 =f

438. P. sp. (St.)

I It

(:Jfr

il1)1

----1- -

LI
I

I
I-St-36-5-'-V'-6-80--- -A-pc-a-r.-

---1-It

ITung.

St. 365:

IHup

51. 348: FH. 1. 241: BN.

1UI;11'1,':

. CC.

7u5: Br. 3. :loti: HeM.

HCJ\L

T'ang
Kuo

po-te~nt~illa-_~_Wl_"'~_~~

I" ~

I Man. ,II,):

~~:;:-I~. ~. ~. I~",.
Ege. Pl. J.
Ch.)

Hee.) (FH.)

Fan Pal
Ts'ao

(WI

CC.

"')

I ~1I~HJl I
7C: 1ioi

(PiJ't')lliclua"..,
(lJ"c!lemeasrmdiaca, nhq.)
FI-I.)

t~ ~ I
I/J,mi~~'W'"U*I

1.

~1;

; .~:

---

2. 6:l: BN. 14U8:

~I St. 187: FH. 1. 243: BN. 1 Waldslei"ia


; 1967 Br 3. 215
~l~~::a(J.)

';,,,: ,,.,. m

lE {!;ol rt
,(~e H~\, ~~

442. p.Kleiniana,1

~~g~t (ill.

ZNG

Sha

cryptotacnia, Lang Ya
~~a)ill1. (ill. (#~)

(P. formosana,

IVOG 2..J-J. 398


IVOl 5.151

tJ;U

P. sp. (St.)

CRAB-APPLE

0"""""

Hop.
Man.
SC

Isc

Ch'an1zu

440.

'I'

REFERENCE

St. 365: FH. 1.258: BN.


761: Br. 2.305: BPI. 203:
JpsJ. 1892. 126. 705:
ChJPh. 1928. SRI. 172: 2.
41 WP 451 ArchPh

Ash 0.8%.

"lit. C,.

CRABAPPLE.

4~9.

Iszc.
Hup.

I
I

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

.43. Prunus Amygdalu5,

Il'!..!!
1" Ikl
Pa Tan

Fatty oil,
41.;)7%.

CuI.

(A~~~lJ!sM.) l(~sin~)

~~~}~~'::%. ~~ia.

communis, L.)
SWEET ALMOND. ~JJliIi
,

Protein
16.,%.
Emulsin.

l\m*

I'

CRN. 51!J: !DI,' ~50.: Ana-I


Iyst. 192D. 54. 15: BSC.
1910.7. U95: Apoth. Ztg.
H122. 60. 522: Ann. Ch.
184D. 69. 145: 1862. 122.
24D: 1863. 127. 105: Ber'l
Ph. 1D22. 32. ~37: CRAS.
18Do. 123. 1084: 190:1.
136.
1l4:
137. 5li:
ID09. 148. 94D: 1D I~.

Vicianasc.

Formicac.
Asparagin."
Phytosterin.
Amandin
12%.
Glutamic
acid.
Arginine.
Salicinasc.
Lactase.

154. 8D3. JPC. 1K98. 7. ,

Ann'l

578: 19~~. 18.2.....1:


Ph. 183/. 21. Db: 22. 1:
24. 4,;: 18::9. 29. 180:
ArehPh. 1840. 98. 12:
1872. 1.420: l!J08. 20li,
509: 1909. 22G. 542:

Manni-

notriasc.
Cytase.

I:~;~. /~~:7: !,~~54. ~~~:

:l42: 872. 875. 877. 878.


: 880. 885:

-44-4.-1'-.A-rm-e-ni-aca-,1'

I fl

1"

L. (J. Ch. M.) I /Ising

APRICOT.
le'1
(Swc<t kernel.) '. ];1t

j!O

iI>~

I,

II
rt
kI

BP: USP: JP: St. 40, :l54:


FH. 1. ~17: BN. 17:3:
Laufer. 40':;; DH. 28:t:
BPC. 120: WP. 46~: FHP.
219: BPI. l:l:l: JACS.
1890.18. 00!J: IMP. 514:

--!-------f----

Cbh ~~l.
8.0%.

F~~~oil
, Protein
2'%.
Ash 2.4%.
Ess. oil.
Amygdalin.
Emulsin.
Lactase.
Ccllobiasc.

I
NC.

St. :l54: HI. 1.218: BN. I or Chinese


ChP: KO. --1- ... : Laufer origin,
f)~9: Br. 2. 29:{: 3. -l2~: I de Candoll!.'.
CMP. ::!05: HeM". l1Li: Val'. allStl,
. IMP. 516: CRN. 205: IMM.
Max.
'713: WP. 469.1315: DH. (BN.)
283: Wil. 305: CRAS. "Anzu"
l!J03. 137. 5li: JACS. '[ Jap.
1903.25.242: 192-L 250Li:
BPI. 204: JPSJ. 1900.
216.102: 222. 7>1: Ch.
News. 1921. 123. 162 Bel'.
Ph. 1922.32.240: JPrakt.
Ch. 1930. 124. 240: Perl.
Rce. 1914. 5. 305: ZNG.I
1917.34.433: Cc. 19:!7.:
: 2. 346: Bioeh. Z. 19:J:J'1

I Mon.!454:
I Man.

I
I

BER.L\lARD E. READ

136

REFERENCE

LATIN NAME

It

hr

RE~l.AR.KS

134.225: USES. 1891.91.


Ph. Centh. 191 I. 52.507:
JP: SAMP. 15-1: Klein.
4. 872; 876; 878:
LN. 1928. 681. 7-1: Ch.
JPh. 1928. SRI. 169: ZNG.
190-1. 8. 675: 1908. 16.
7-1-1: Ch. Ztg. 1887. 11.
17~6: Analyst. 1929. 54.
15: JPrakt. Ch. 1835. 6.
29-1: 47.266: JACS. 192-1.
46. 2506: CC. 192-1. 1.
~~75: 1927.1.532: Klein.
2. 529: 5~ 1, ;)33, f>89: 3.
1058: 4. 902, 901i, 888:
JACS. 1903. 25. 2-12:

Cbhyd. 6%.
Protein
0.6%.
Fat O.
Ash 0.5%.
Citric acid.
Tartaricac.
Malic acid.
Methyl
salieyl.
Enzymes.
Pectin.
Vito C1 .
Apricose.
Peroxy.

dase.
Urease.
Gum.
Arabinose.
Galactose.

JPC. 1905.
21. 4-1:1:
Klein. 2. 8;)1: BuD. 4. 899'

-----I---I-~- - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - G.)
(P. domesHca, L.)

n NH;;

445. P. communis,
Huds. (Br. eh.

Li

OJIJ

~!O

J;'}i.+

ex

lsoamyla.
min.
Prunose.

(M. Br.l
PLUM.

It Phloridzin.
bk
If Amysda
lin.
HeN.
ft Vito C,.
Protein 1%.
Fat O.
Cbhyd.~O%.

Ash 0.5%.
Malic acid.
d-Sorbit.
Methyl.
salit:yl.
Citric ::1..11.1.

Com.

CuI.

:~5-+: FH. 1. 211:S: EN.


Br. 2. ~t1.J.: 3. ..J.il:
Klein. 4. 251: FHP. 228:
BPI. 204: DH. 28:1: WI.
:!i")7: eRN. ;")iO: IMP. 518:
WP. 471. Ann Ch. 1835.
15. 7, Ol58: J. Ch. Mod.
18:J5. 15. 7. :l5'i: JCh.
l\1cd. 1835. 25\.1: 1'.0...U:

St.

"SUmOlTIO",

4.:):~:

Jap.

"Zwctschc",
Ger.

Klein. 3. 8.J.\.I:

Ann. Ch. tR51. 79. 79: Ph.


Z.Russ. 1885.:{52: Landw.
Vcrs. 1\.110.73. -4-5i:
ChJPh. 1928. SRI. 170:
LN. 19~8. 681: Klein. 2.
522, 52\.1; 5:3::;, 5:~~. 771:
3. \.18(;: Ann Ch. 1~.J5. 53.
Ol8;1: Ber. 1875. 8. 8~~:
IXH6.19.595:JACS.190:J.
25. 2-1~: J. Prakt. eh.
189 I. 43. ll~:

C.'"NHSI'. Ml '.IUC.lt-OAI.

LATIN NAME

JC~~~~:E ~~:~j Co~~~~~ru1 HT~~I

RE~IAnKS

G~k':~~;d1

kl

Pectm.
Fatty oil
31%.
Amygda. lin.
Ess. oil.
Emulsin.
Allantoi

I
I

I~

'ZNG. 1917.34. 43:l: Arch.


Ph. 1918.256.106: PhZ.
Russ. 1874. 13. 33, 65: '
Ch. Zig. 1916. 40. 645:
Klein. 3. 1058: 4. 872,
904:

_ _ _ _ _I--_-----II_-r--:n:=as=.::e'--.-1__'_+

ce.

446. P. japonica,
Th.(J.Br.
Ch.)
(P. glaluiu1osa,

St. 355: FH. 1.219: BN. var.


638: Br. 2. 109, 297: 3. g[.,bdosa,
510: DH. 285: HCM. 117:
Max. (KO.)
KO.44:

Th.)
(P.sillmsis,

Pers.)
(Am:ygdaltlS
jJumila, Sims.)
(FH.)
ft

447. P. Mume, S.
etZ. (J. Br.
Ch. G.)
DARK PLUM.

Protein
She.
0.8%.
Com.
Fat 0
Cbhyd.
19%.
Ash 0.6%.

kl
If
fl
rt
448. P. Pcrsica, S.
ctZ. var.
vulgaris,
Maxim.
(J.G. Ch.)
(At11jlgdalra
persica, L.)

j;J~

T'ao

c*

CuI.

fl
hk

~) ex

Peach gum.
Arabinose.
Galactose.

(Pusica Davidia

,,,,,Fr.)(FH.)
PEACH,

If I'

Am"'.
lin.

St. a55: BN. ~)l7: FH. 3. 111l111'i(ft.)


505: Br. 2. 105; 294: 3.
Lang Mei is
422: CMP. 207: Ch. J.Ph.
grafted on
1928. SRI. 169: DB. 283:
the Elm.
JPSJ. 1890. 105. 735, "Ume" Jap.
798: HCM. 117: TM. 1890.
4. 1210: Wil. 30r" 323:
JJIC. 3. 580: KO. 44:
SAMP. 155: LN. 1928.
681. 92:

SI. 356: FH. 1.220: BN.


780: Br. 2. 117: 3,423:
Laufer. 539: DH. 284:
BPC. 757: Wil. 304: WP.
467,1304: BPI. 204: KO.
14: CRN. 520: HCM. 117:
CMP. 208: AMP. 63: J.
Prkt. Ch. InO. 124.240:
JpsJ. 1882.4.104: 1888.
76.2':;;;: 211. 8:):'): 1!)07.
308. 11-11: J 909. 325.
228: 1930: 50. 8:JMW.l1.
4: JMMJ. 4. -146: SAMP.
155: Klein. 2. 851; 860:

Of Chinese
origin,
De Candolle.
ilIljj~

-nectarine.

f!if~ ori?;:j;jE

-flat peach.
A late variety
is termed
~j;jE

Grafted trees
are known
as :G):j;jE. $j;jE

CRAS.1873. 77.9-14: 1889. ;\iij,1jk


109.911: 1887. 140.1293. St. 356.

188

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

Ess. oil.

l HCN.

Carotin.
Phyllin ac.
Erythrophyl.

st

kl

11885.100. 751:BSC. 1877. jjljljlJ~


28. 145; 148: JPSJ. 1028. is on the
p. 23: Schweiz. Apoth. tree all
1185!. 2. 86: J. Ch. Med. the winter.
18H!. 22: JACS. 1012.34. j;JWf
.716: H) [3. 35. 1(;-1-3: eh. -wooden

~~~l~ti~.!

Ii~n1~.4~9~~~~. ~~~/(le~~:

117;;: Folia Ph. Jap.1027.


4.446:
Ber. 1880. 22. 1072: Am.
C. J. 1800. 12. 4:l,;: 1805.
17. till;: Landw. Vcrs.
1888. 35. 83, 215:
ZNG. l!J17. 34. 4:n:
Afrie. MP. G8: Ann. eh.
1840.36.8;;1: PG: Arch.
Ph. IUl~. 250. 298: J.
AmCS. 18%. 18. 600: J.
Prakt. Ch. 1882. 26. 440:
Cr,AS. IU08. 137. 56:
Klein. 3. 1058: 4. 872,
U()4: Ocst. Bot. Ztg. 1028.
58.68:
A.nalyst. IU04. 29. 10[,'
Ch. JPh. IU28. SRI. 171:
LN. 1028.681.74: JAm.
es. 1905.27.915: 1921.
43. 1725: 1922. 44. 20GIi:
1024. 46. 2337: USES.
102G. 283: ZNG. 1004. 8.
347: 1009. 17.584: Klein.
2. 287. 497. 504, 508,
520, 538: 3. 573, G03: 4.

Boric acid.
Gum.
Naringouin.
OiI4,%. I
Amygdalin
I

E;~~in.

Ess. oil
0.4%.
Lactase.
Allantoinase.
It

Cbhyd4.8%.'
Protein
I

F~/~i%.

~:~to~ll.

Ash 0:3%. I

pectin. !
Malic acid.

~~~~~~~i~~1
Acetal-

Lfne~~te.

~~~~:~l>
Jap.

801; 004:

V~~~~:~~~ i
acid.

~:~~~~~~:..
'II

'k
v

~;~:~~~:~.

H~h4~~n.
HCN.

Narin_ _ _ _- - L _ - - . l _ genin, 1.

I
!

I
I

I
I J. Pharm. 13. 5..J.8: Klein'l
I 2, 3,3: 3.

i,_--l.

no.

I
----l.

CHINESE MEDICINAL
LATIN NAl\'IE

\C~~~~~1i ~~:~i cu~~~~ru-I HT~~!-

449. P. pseudo.
I oI'l:l #1l
cerasus, Lindl. Ying

It Cbhyd.
16.5%.

(p(~:;;:.~~~.) (8ra~;O

(/~:;~~~~
Ker.) (foH.)

PLA~TS

~ =~

li"J~K

CUERRV.

St. 358: FH. 1.221: BNI


1528: Dr. 2. 299: 3. 429: I

~fl. :~i:: ~~c; ~~i/~O~:

Man.

OG~'"

I RE~1ARKS

REFERENCE

Ki.
Ho.

f,:~t~~80'
If Ash
rt:
br !
fl I

13~

~~5Z;~i\;~g~ 4tV' J~g:

1891. 117. 1091. 1~9:


1190.8.313. :113: CC. 1928.
1. IGi2:. Ch. JPh. 1928.

'.

~~: l~;l/~: ~~~':

I
i

1928.

~-;I-:;-I Ashed. -1~~I~t. 358 HI. ~i--.1


m *.
,

450. P. spinulosa.
S. ct. Z.
Lm NI~l
(W.M.)
(jjt ill)

451. P.

tomentosa.I~J!\#K ~II------II-;:I.-:II

Th. (Br. G.) I Sllan


MOUNTAIN
Ymg
CUERRV.
Tao
(8 1J ~!f.)

'*

#~
2!f *lJ.l
tIi. 5i.

-----1*

#~

452. P. undulata.

:1'11

Wall.

Jui Ho

(:~)

I
I
1'1 I

'

i
1

453.

St. 358: foH. 1. 2:12: BN. '


1:19: Dr. 2. 300: 3. ~28:
BPI. 204: DH. 285:

Kan.
,Man.

I She I St iD3:
I Sh".

I.

I]~~n. ,

~~~:.a~;: '~Ml(t -:-:---~lii~-;iC.l i:9J:8~Wi~: ; 3.:/!d!J (Ch. Br. BN.)

Hsiang i
~* ~!)I

'3f '[f'
W*~

1i*W
Ii*W

304: JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. 58:

I
'

Helem'",,,, L.

M. St. JSSI.

m*'[f
-A~furu
luNa.

Costus root.
St.
Han. 257.
CMP.18.

I~O

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

454. R. indica. L. ij!f'~1; fl


Yiieh Chi
(G. Ch. M.)
Rna
(R. $em/>trjlorms,
Curt.) (M.)
CjIj 1'1)
MONTHLY ROSE. ijijk\(

Ess. oil.

REMARKS

Ku.
Fu.

St. 380: FH. 1. 249: BN. CRN.523,


181: WiI. 2. 46, 90: DH.
5 species.
281: WP. 463: CMJ. 1926.
40. 1~6:

CC.
SC.

St. 380: FH. 1.250: BN.


606: WiI. 22, 282: HOI.
125:

Iffj '#
~ !{$
ml~k\(

455. R. laevigata.
Michx.
(J: Br.)
(R. tnfolia/a,
Bose.)
(R.,u"vea. DC.)
(N..Il)'stri:4:,
LindI.)
(R. '"'lata,
Pair.) (FH.)

it-l'lJl:r fl
Chin
If
Ying Tzu sd
Coo *) rt
Jliil'fi!:r rt
tlfli.t:i'l bk
t!J~jtUJFr-

456, R. multiflora, *1!f~~ sd


YingShih
Th. (G. M.)
(R. Linkii,
Ch'iang
Dehn.) FH.)
Mi
RAMBLING ROSE. C* i'l!)
.'>!lC:
~

t!J

LI~

llll]

CHEROKEE
ROSE.

Fat 8%.
Tung. St. 380: FH. 1. 2~9: BN. 'fit:r
Multiflorin Hup. 937: Br. 2. 125; 3. 30~: C/z'ielldzir,
tm, HCM.
0.7%.
CJK. 203: PS. 187: WiI.
Kampferol
36: CMP. 211: WP. 1305: 'Eijitsu"
Rhamnose.
HCM. 120: HCA. 1928.2.
Jap.
752: 1929.2.751: Kyoto.
1912.9. 91: IMM. 761:
Quercetin.
JPSJ. 1881. 1. 13: 1882.
Glucoside.
2. 22, 73, 155: 1883. 21.
8~O: 565. 232: 1929. 49.
35. 182: JCSJ. 1929. 49.
182: JPJ. 1. 563: Klein.
2. 856: 3. 868. 933:

T
~E

If

:-

J57. Rubus corea m~:r It


nus, Miq. (M. I'u P'cn
J. Ch. G. Hc.j, Tzu
(N. TOR<''''a,
ICHII ~fk)
:iff
Sieb.) (BN.
St.)
Wi 'iii.
(a) R. idaeus, L. i!!ili!ll,'O:
(M.W.)
.!I1<:jJ;{/JJJ
WILD
RASPBERRY.
tiGlB1.!l

**iif
!;1J.ll:r

Citric acid ce.


WC.
2%.
Sugars.
Methyl
salicyI.
Pectin.
l\1alicacid.
Flavone.
Formic ac.
Vit. C2 .
Anisalde
hyde.

St. 383: FH. 1. 230; 3.


511: BN. 1469: DH. 278:
WP. 455: BPI. 204: NSD.
1388: HCM. 126: SAMP.
155: KO. 45: Br.2. 78:
3. 2n: MI. 305: JSSI.
IU30. I. 5. 7~: USD.21.
9..J.:{: Klein. 2. 29~. 497,
520, 522, 526, 529, 533,
539; 3. 573, 647, 986: 4.
872: Arch. Ph. 1838.13.
2~8: JIEC. 1917.9.762:
Ann. Ch. 1857. ;01.219:

eRN. 525,
2 species.
China has
about 12
other
species
described
under
J!l! piao.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

rt
If

458. R. palmatus, ]!HIJ'fTh. (HM. M.) Hslian


(a) R. incisus, Kou Tzu
Th. (Ch. St. (;jfr ill)
M. Br.)
I'JfiJ'fWooDBERRV.
im

111

*Itt
'*

Ku.
Ki.

~~

-I---~--I-------I---

Fu.
St. 383: FH. 1.238: Wil. (a) ;{!("l{~
Ki.
309:Bl'I. 1331: Br. 2. 254; Han Mei
Che.
3.293:
R. Btargtri,
Tung.
Miq.
(J.M.Br.)

(*

St. 382: BN. 1511: Br.2. SAMP.155


75: CMP. 213: FH. 1. 234; R. jnu:!icoSfI.S,
232: USD. 21.944:
L.

~~

'hf,

459.R. ThGnbergii,
~
It
S.etZ.(W.M.)P'eng Lei sh
BRAMBLE.
~~) If
ill 1Ji:
~ ~

REMARKS

Ber. Ph. 1907. 17. 237:


JACS. 1877. 5. 1: 1903.
25. 242: 1925. 47. 1177:
BSC. 1885. 44. 363:
Apoth. Ztg. 1904. 19.854:
Ph. Ztg. 1889. 768: ZNG.
1903.6.447,1115: 1904.
8. 544. 6J7; 19: 1910.
19.8; 159; 1: 1907. 13.
3,,4, 433: 1910. 20.241;
19: 1906. 11. 207: 1905.
9. 141: 10.714: 339: 735:
1906. 12.342; 393; 722:
735: 1120: 1908.15.131,
140; 144, 153: 1901.
4. 97: 1908. 16. 742:
734: 744: 1909. 17. 584:
Z. Phys. Ch. 1922. 121.
195: Landw. Jahrb. 1928.
68. l. 371:

Lactic acid.
Succinicac.
Emulsin.
Mg, Ca.
Lactatet%.
K,D 2.9%.

If
It
rt
bk

141

tlt

\Iillm~

4GO. Sanguisorba
officinalis. L.
(J. Ch. Br.)
(Potmum 0.,
B. & H.) (MI
BURNET.

iill. ttn

rt

Ti Yii

(* ~)I
1.'Ii
n
~ MI

If

Sugar.
Flavone.

Hop.
Hup.
Ki.
Man.

St. 349: FH. 1.247: BN. SAMP.149


~GG: Br. 3. 59: DH. 279: -l-kdysa1wn
HCM. 127: CMP. 213: WP. brachyptmolZ,
45+: ]PSJ. 192-L 512: Bunge.
CZGM. 1925. 3. 448: JSSl.
1929. 1.2. 74: KO. 45:
Klein. 3.931: SAMP. 154:

142

BERNARD E. READ
\ REMARKS

EUCOMMIACEAE

IT~tt~gl

(1)

K'e

1:---1- -1-------:1---

-:lI

4GI. Eucommia
tt {'!'
ulmoides.
fu ChuO!~1
Olivo (HC. D.
)i!. {'!'
G. Wils.)

(* 15')1

*iii~f{,

TREE.

IShe.
Hup.

Rubber
22.[,%.
Resin70%.!
Ash 2.;%.

)i!. {I~

HARDY RUBBER

,.

sh

St. 1GG: BN. 4,G:


~{j. :120: WP. 2S..
CRA'. 1899. 129.
PJ. 1891. 21. 7a8:
14. 3 \I;: HCM. GO:

Sha.
Ho.

Wil.l E"""ymus
~08: !abolliea,
558:
Th. (\V.)
1902.
DH.'

: b~~. C~~~. ~~~. ml' i


~~~. :38~~Ji~CSR~~~~; 3~:

11921. 62.559: Klein. 3.

IG89, G9a:
HAMAMELIDACEAE (2)

1tmw'f.'l
Chin Lou

ROSE MALLOES.

(~I)

St. 243: FH. I. 291: BN. "Rassa


1517: Ch. P: BP: USP:
mala".
\Vat. 17~-: Br. 3. 4Ga. 4G5:
Malay.
CJK. 201, 2G2: Han. 127,
143: FHP. 247: WP. 430:
Laufer. 45G: CRN. ;,::n:
!DI. 177: JPSj. 1918.
435.3-17; 439. 7M: Schim.
1892.4.43: DH. 271: MI.
592: Ber. 1890. 155: BPC.
1079: Arch. Ph. liJO I.

wd Balsam.
ex Ess. oil.
Vanillin.
Storesinol.
Cinnamic
acid 20%.
Styrol CgH,
N,ph.

~O

(a). L. orientalis, l.\~~ilh


Mill.
(Br. BN. G. M.
St.)
STORAX.

thalin.

Caout
chouc.

GOG: CD. ID12. "'12:


Klein. 2.537: 3. 574, 57G,

G90, 753:
_ _ _ _ _1

4G3. L. formosana. tl!l{fJlll


Hce. {He. D.
Fcng
Wil.}
Hsiang
(L aurifolia,
Chih
Max.)
(1;1f
(L. Marim.q;t:iczii,

Miq.) (FH.)
FORMOSAN
STORAX.

*)
R -Ii

MeiK'e

4G2. Liquidamller lii-Q-',!'f


altingiana, Bl. Su Ho
(Br. M. St.)
Hsiang

:_ _1

Ex Resin.
Borneol.
Cinnamic
acid I;~;.
Cinnamol.
bk
rl
If

Phellandren.
Limonene.
Pinene.
Camphene.
Aldehyde.

I
_

Ki.
St. 244: FH. 1. 291: BN. aJW'i't
Tung. 118....: Br. 2. 115: 3. ..).60: Pai Chiao
~71:

DH.

Hup.

is made
\VP. 4:12: JPSJ.1918.435.
from the
a47: JJCI. 1919. 22. 288:
fruit.
Schim. 1920. 'ill: \Vat. IG9:
Klein. 2. 21)~, 5:~7: 3. 579. The bark is
known as
MW, 59-I., 590,599, 027,
Feng- Liu
G42,051:

\Vil. 2-45: ::::01:

Hsiang

5h<,.

tl!lm

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN NAME

DROSERACEAE(l)

4G-I. Drosera Bur


manni, VahI.
BURMESE
SUNDEW.

IC~~~~EI~~:~ ICO;~_~C-,--T_U'_:I_H-,,':;',,-,~_I'I:--_R_E_FE_R_E_NC_E_--i:--

~!~l~l- ITs'ai K'e

---1---1--------1----

j{f,jiJl,lffi \ rt
Chin Ti
1.0

Si.

(/.!II I'l)'

!FH. 1. 288: HCM.


Customs 18Rn. 160:

5-1:

:
!

Ts'aoK'c __:

4G5. Astilbe chi


7J- Ii!' rt
nensis, F. et S. Sheng Ma
(HC. Br. D.)
k!)
(Hoteiachin",sis, j;\J Ji(,
Max.) (FH.)

(*

SAXI~RAGACEAE ''f{~I;i!l-i
()

143

(A. jxJlyandra,

__
1
1
Hop.
Man.

She.
Che.
Si.
Tung.

_
1

St. 13: FH. 1. 2G5: lSSI. amiafuga


1929. I. 2. Gi: Br. 3. 83: fOt:/ida,L.
(M.BN.)
CZGM. 192i. 5. 1941:
q. v.

Hems.)(M.
HC.)
4GG. Deutzia

i~

l/,i:

hk

~~~.aB~h)mh. (;;u i~)!


(DSCT;:~),

Ku.
Ki.
Hup.

St. 148: FH. 1. 27G: Wil.


2i3: BN. 1020: Br. 3.
52G: DH. 2G8:

E: 11" I

(DC:~'S(~~.)

----11----1-1-----1--1-------1--467.

~~~~~~;gei~.

~~?f~: ~7

Sieb. (11.1.
Ch.)

Ch'ang
Shan

HYDRANGEA.

(11:iI k!)

4G8.Saxifrag,
sarmentosa,
.L. (D. Ch.
HC.)

Hu Erh
Ts'ao

SAXIFRAGE.

IJOP,\

(/.!II

RN. 39: Br. 3. 249: FH. H. aspera,


Dom.(HC.)
1. 2i2: Klein. 3.412:

D;~:;:~e~~~
(SAMP.)

! hh

Fll'

l1r.:r~

Che.

Hop.
She.
Che.
Kan.

St. 39i: FH. 1. 2G8: Wil. S./igulala,


25: HHP. 9i1: BN. 583:
CRN. 52G;
IMM. ii8;
WP. 423;
USD. 1599;
SAMP.15G;

144

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CRASSULACEAE
(4)

C~l~,~iE ~~:~ I CO;~~~TUl HAB.;-I

,---,--,,--.-------I~~IARKS

I ff~~
I
rien

K'e

----1-,---1- - - + - - - \ - - - - 1 - - - - - - - / - - - 1
llt-~riiJ!-~:' hb
Hop. St. 449: FH. 1. 281: B)/. C. jajxJIlica

4G9. Cotyledon

fimbriata.
1'50 Yeh I
TUTCZ. var.
H.o. Ts'ao
ramasissima, (f.Jt
Maxim. (M.) Jj; -tk

Che.

*)1

(C. ranJQsissima.

Max.)
(Sdtt",r.,

(J~~~~~)r.,
Max.)
(M. FH.)
ROOF PINE.

470.C. malaco

28~, 1145: Dr. 3. a71:

Max. (BN.)

Ku.
Sung
Mon.

X :t-E
'lOR"!":
jlUJ41:il-

J(fl- I
flil'lf~' ,_
.!E irt

hb ---I-H-OP-.-I-St-.4-4-9:-F-H-.1-.-28-2-B-r.-3.-r----

phylla, Pall. Wu Yu
(M. Br.)
(~IJ l)
(Sed"",m.,
Jj;
Franch.)
Jj; 1
(Umuili".s",.,
Jj;)lf
DC.)(Br. FH.) f~ ,'jJ1

Sung. 37t: DH.


15G:

2GG:

SAMP.

UOUSE L1CUEN.

471. Sedum

.Malic acid
Ca malate

alboroseum,

CuI.

St. 401: FH. 1. 283: BN. S. acre .


102G: Br. 3. 3G8, 3u9:
alkaloid,
CMP. 219: WP. 421: Ber.
MI. 4GO;
1898.31. 1432: 1922. 55.
WP.421.
299,: DH. 2GG:

Ki.

St. 401: FH. 1.285: BN. var. Sell''''-

Che.
She.

.J.29, 900:

Bak. (M.J.
Ch.)
(5. PurPrtrtwa,
Link.) (BN.)
(S. erytnrostic

tum, Miq.)
. STONECROP.

472. S. japonicum, f1ll1l'1,'- hb


Sieb. (M.J.)
Fu Chia
JAPANESE STONE. Ts'ao
CROP.

(~

"')

Kan.

('1lS~,

Makino.

(BN.)
S./i11LQU,

Th. (BN.)

145

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

IC~l~~~~~\~~:~ CO~~~UI HT~~1 ~

---- ----I~~~u_tl-I-- -1- ~ i


I

CRUCIFERAE (12) Shih Tzu


HuaK'e

var olel!era, Wt ;!s:) hb Vlts Ao


CuI
DC (%1
'if. ~,
BI,Co,D, Com
USD )
~
G"
(B ,hmmSlS, L )
~
Cu 1 I
I
(Br St M
:;:r]\mg%

IIilJ
Il:'
(

till

p;o~%n

var ,hm()k,
f"a,
Vlchoever)
(MW Bailey)

(B ~7~:;h)lleIiSts,
sd

~~~.I~~. ~~J~~~21~~;~
247: Ch. JPh. 1928. SRI.
159: IU38. 7. 187: PJ.
IU21. 106. 51U: BJ. IU21.
15. G43: 1923. 17. 470:

j. L.)
(S,;nafti'
(St, BL)
(B. ,ugra, L.)
B. umua. Th.
(M.J, KO.)
,

Chieh I

(~.'J
~~).
1'1]1"
jjilJ]~

sd

is

~~~8i882~~. 18\;2~~9 ~.A;;~~

Amylase
Fatty. Oil
38%.
Stearin.
Erucic ac.
Inos!te.
I

BSC. IU20. 27. 4~,O: Ch.


News. 18U5. 71. 29G: CD,
18U4, 140: BeL 188G. 19.
3820: 1887, 20. 2385:
Ann. Ch. 18-1-9. 70. 294'
CRAS. 188U. 109. Ull:

A~~f2.idic

i~~~: ~~: 7~~~J~~i.Clc;i~ .

I'

napin.

fr

ii8~4:W~~n,\4~~~:'~: ~l~~

Lignoceri.
nic acid.
Linolenic
acid.
Phytin.
Phyto
sterine.
Ess. oil.
C,H 7 NS.
Gluco-

474. B. juncea,
Coss. (Bailey)

1114: PT. Ba}ley. 1922. 1. not, s~en


84: Laufer. ,,81: KO. 4G: m Chma,
WP, 398: ES. 68, 28: Wilson.
' USD, 21. 1402: DH, 255:
NSD. 1448: IMP. 93: MW.

Fat 0 1% I
Cbhyd
22%
I
Ash 0 U%

~~~~~t:Cld

CUINESE COLZA.

REMARKS

:'
i

-47-3-:-e:a:-r~-~~a-Lc-am~ly--~~-.f-'al i~
(BF~~pestrts,

I
i

1009: 1898. 992: LN.


IU28. 681. 70: JACS,
1903. v~O: India. ]CS.
18UR, UU2: JAPA. IU2I.
10. IG: Perf. Record. lUlU,
10. 259: Klein. 2. 254:
514. 5. 9. 20.33,77; 7GO:
3. 1078, 94: 4. 881:
Malay, MJ. 1934. 9. 2:
PJS. 1929. 38. 125:

I
The seed
contains
Saccharase,
Amylase,
Maltase,
Emulsin,
Anaero

14G
LATIN NAME

BERNARD E. READ

CHINESE PA.,,! CONSTITU HABI_ _ _ _ _~--'-N"'A'"'.IE"-- _u'_'~.!:_---,E=-N:.:.TS=----.:--,-,TA.:.:T~

~~!i'~~~iAJ II ~~~i;i:e.

:lOti; 128. 755: 19LO: 344.

69G: TC. 1920. 41. 951:


1921. 42. 1005: Bot.
1920.39. 122: JCS. 1897.
72. 254: Ph. Ztg. 1903.
18: 1912. 57. 520: Ph.
Centh. 1904.20: PJ. 1825.
20. G3: Ann. Ch. 1879.
199. 1G2: JACS. 1884.
6.52: Ch.JPh. 1928. SRI.
IGO: Arch. Ph. 18G3. 132,
214: 1897. 235. 44, 81,
570: Schiro. 1923. 72:
1925. 72: Ch.JPh. 1935.
9. 47: PJ. 1825. 20. G3:
Klein. 2. 514; 5; 9. 77.
7GO: 3. GG5, G; 1075, 84,
93, 4: 4. 295: 721, 2,
902: BeL 1897.30.2322,
2327:

I L:U~~i.

I E~~i~C~~:

"

L:~~~nie

Phytin.

I IPhytosteriDe.
I IC

st

475. B. oleracea,
it!\' sd
L. var. gon- Kan Lan
gylodes, L.
(~ill)
(8. oltraua. var. Ii ~
<auloralm, DC.)
(W. Br.Ch.
Bailey.)
hb
(8. caulorapa,
Pasq.)
KOIILRABI.

Vito C,.
Vito C,.
Protein

1.2%.
Fat 0%.
Cbhyd.
2.7%.
Ash O.G%.
Vito (3.

Fattyoil.
Linolenic
aeid.

Vits. A,.
Bit ~.
Protein
1.8%.
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
2.8%.
Ash 0.9%.
Urea.
Penlose.

REMARKS

+--

52: CRN. 4G9: HTA. oxydase,


:U9: Laufer. ~80: SAMP. Peroxydase,
12G: JpsJ. 18U2. 122. Myrosinase.

C.H,NS.
Allyl
cyanide.
C, H, NS.

REFERENCE

Sha.
Sze.

St. 219: FH. 1. 4G: BN.


287: Br. 2. 174: PT.
Bailey 1922. 1. 79: WP.
402: Wil. 2. GO: IMM.
131: JCS. 2.4. 11: JBC.
1910.8. 215:CRAS. 1922.
175. 84G: 1925. 180. 970:
BJ. 1923. 17.422: Ann.
Ch. 1848. 67. 3: Ch.JPh.
1928. SRI. 159: Klein. 2.
520. 707. GO, 855: 4.225.
Malay MJ. 1934. 9. 2:
PJS. 1929. 38. 37:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

147

REFERENCE

476. B. pekinensis,

Rupr. (Bailey) Sun~


(Sit",pisp.,
(}JIJ ~!t)
Lour.)
a?n
(B. P,Tsai,
Bailey.)
CELERY
CABBAGE.

III

Viis. C,.A,. Ku.


Cu 1 mg %. Hop.
Protein
Man.
1.1%.

Fat 0.1%.
Cbhyd.
2.5%.
Ash 0.5%.

477. B. Rapa.

depressa,
(SI. Lanfer.)
(B. camps/ris,

Fatty oil.
Protein

vaT.1tapa,

Fat 0.1%.

Bab.) (M.J.)
Br.BN.)
RAPE.TURNIP.

ft
478. Capsella
'Ii:
Bursapastoris.
Ch'i
L. (M.J. BN.)Cg,/ ~)
SUEPUERD'S
iili1:1i(
PURSE.

CuI.
Sze.

1.4%.

St. 73: FH. 1. 46: BN. Western cab


1059: Br. 2. 175: 3.393: bage contains
PT. Bailey. 1922. 1.97, vitamins
99: Hawaii Agr. St. 1932. A" B,. C,.
28. 1931: ES. 68. 28: D" E. G,.
CUAS. 67. 183: DH. 255: The cabbage
HCM. 25: WP. 398: Wil. B. chillellSis,
L. is known
339: CMJ. 1921. 35. 247:
BPI. 107.28: AJP. 1885.
as IJ'a~
57. 306: Ch.J.Ph. 1928. Hsiao pai t'sai.
SRI. 159: 2.403: 19:13.7. Wllsonsays
187: LN. 1928.681. 71. Chinese
SAMP. 126: PJS. 1923.
cabbages
are all
23.77: 1929.38.37: JBC.
referrable
1933. 100.731:
to B. campeslris, l..

St. 74: BN. 1385: Br. 2.


174: Laufer 381: ChJPh.
1928. 2. 403: SRI. 161:
Ber. 1883. 16.434: 1907.
40.3681: Bailey 1922. 1.
85:

Fatty oil
28%.
Ess. oil.
Bursin
acid.
Diosmin.
Hyssopin.
Choline.

Acetylcho.
line 4%.
Emulsin.
Vito A,.
Ash 10
15%.

Com.

St. 92: FH. 148. BN. 1458:


Br. 2. 65; 180: 3. 399:
I"IP. 95: IDI. 63: CRN.
471: NSD. 524: USD.
1303: DH. 259: MI. 558:
CMP. 222: JpsJ. 1921.
470.357: AJP. 1888.336:
Arch. Ph. 1921. 259. 33:
1922.143: 1928.266.134:

Ber. 1921. 54. 172: HCA.


1925. 8. 519: PhCenth.
1919. 60. 237: 1921. 62.
495: Ap. Ztg. 1917. 32.
549: 1920. 35. 183,261:

tit

T'so Shih

-the fruit.
Common

name
fll!*~

Ti Mi T'sal

(St.)

148

BERNARD E. READ

I Allylisotbi.
ocyanate.
hb Viis. B,.

1 1921.

36. 359: 1922. 37.


441: SAMP. 126: PhZlg.
1888. 52, 151: CRAS.

I
I! c;'i:::;'g
%.

I;~~~: 1::: ltii' ~~~~:

1928. SRI. 162: 1933. 7.

I P~~\ei%.
I Fat 0.>%.
I Diosmin

l~;:3~~e~~: :31,2~~93~2;:
1135, 12H: 4. 251, 288,
1295. 8, 827. 9. 894. Med.
Klinik. 1920. 16. G07:

1(10 H u NS.

Inosite.

P~~:~~e.

I
i

Dioxyben.

zioc acid.

rt
! 1(

I'

Flavone.
Saponin.

l~~::~~'

Myrosinase

IChymase.
479. Draba nemo ;lj; ));1
rosa, L. (M.J.) T'ing Li

c*

T
1fl
:k
:k

I sd I

1St.

Hop.
I,;,,: HI. 1. 41: BN. var. hebecarpa,
She.
1212: DH. 2:;9: Br. 2. fl":
Ledeb.
Ki.
HCM. 1:10: CMP. 223:
Sung. JSSI. InD. 1. 5. G8: (BN.)
JJBR. 3. 22": SAMP. 12G: SisymfJritolJ
sujJhia.
,KPSJ. 3. 147: KO. 4G:
Labiatae.
I
(HCM.)

*'~)

li1
~":;

:iii

'I

jJ!j

fol f'f!

-----!--~:~------:--------r---

480. Isatis tine


toria, 1. (M.

wJA6 PLANT.
PASTEL.
INDIGO PLANT.
See also
Po!ygullum sp.,
579; and
Illdigof~ra,

::HJ4.

w!
~a C,'in~

I *'O;ll

If

Isatan, gl.
Chymasc.

r.O,

,t

. !

?':X~':.'

Hun.
Ku.

~9: Br. 2.
USD. 21.
WP. 3Ui': MI. 414:
Ber. 1902. 35. 4338. Cc.
1903. 1.298: Phil. Mag.
1855.10. 74: 1858. 15.
127: Ch. News. 1900. 82.
17G: SAMP. 12G: CRAS.
1898. 127. 7G9: 1907.
145. 92: PTJB. Hurry,
1930. Pl'. :l28. Oxford:
Klein. 3. IOG3: 4. 225,
8~3. tiD:

St. 217: B)I.


213: Pliny:
1:~47:

Stuart
calls this
fjf~i
SUNG LAN.
E. jajonica,

Miq.

isiIJi:kJff

(St. Br.)

I. oblongata.

DC. (KO.46.)
I. indJ:r;otica,
Fortune.
(FH. 1.49,

Ml

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

149
REMARKS

LATIN NAME

481. Nasturtium
montanum.

Im ~
I

hb

Vito C..

St. 28: FH. 1. 40: BN. Alliaria


1342: DH. 258: PJ. 1925. "'asohi, (St.)
115.386: SAMP. 126:
N.offi-

SC.

Han

Wall. (M.J.) k~s'a~)

ISli

cillal~.

CRN.509:
USD.1526:

It**~

_ _ _ _ _ 11

482. Raphanus
sativus. L.
(Ch. St.)
RADISH.

I.~
I Lai

iJrl
Fu
(1# :<$:J
i1i IE:
ll{ 1\j
:i1l ~

fl
sh
sd

~~E,*

1'.1 ,ii
I!t$

rt

:-

NC.
Cc.

Fatty oil
30%.
Ash 3.5%.
Ess. oil.
Sulphuric
acid.
Erucic ac.
c"H"N5,.
Raphanol.
Rettichol.
Ess. oil.
Methylmer.

IOrH: Br. 2. 3D: USD.


po".
1578: WP. 411. DH. 257: Malay_
NSD. 524: WI. 26U: IMP.
"Lobac".
Thibct_

IU7:
Z. Ph. Ch. ID06. 48.
1U9: JPC. 1906. 5G!.:

captan.
Vits. BIt (2

C.. H Il NS.
Sinapin.
Oxydase.

SMIP. 126: Arch. Ph.


1899. 237. 507: 1~21i.
264. GU3: TC. 10!lJ. 37.
2G3, 495, 8Ul: CRAS.
1912. 893: Ph. India. 1129: Ch. Gaz. 1847. 285:
KO.4U: Z. Anal. Ch. 1894.
555: JSCI. 1898. 9U2:
ZNG. 1903. 492: Land.
Versch. 18U3. 5. 191:
Ann. Ch. 1871. 22. 472:
Ph. Ztg. 1912. 57. .520:
LN. 1U28. 861. U8: Bioch.
Z. W09. 19. 2GG: 192(;.
164.31: Arch. Ph. 192U.
264. 693: Klein. 3. lOUU.
1094. 1078: 4. 298: 899:
Malay MJ. 1934. 9. 2:

-----,---1\--1---483. Sinapis alba. I f3 3t: sd


L. (St.)
!Pai Chich
(Brassi,a a.,
H. & K.)
I fill 01;:

kllll '01

WHITE MUSTARD.'!Iii

1;:

i
,

Sinapin.
Fattyoil.
Arachidic
acid.
Lignocerinie acid.
Erucic ac.

L~~~~~nic

Sinalbin.
Emulsin.
Linase.
Lactase.

I St. 370: FH. 1. 50: Wil. Colloquially


called "Lo
'12. 5D: HCM. 122: BN.

Sha.
Szc.

"~~~o~~'"
Jap.

I
I

B~.

St. 408:
301:' LaureL I Hooper con.
380: HOI. 26: PT. Bailey
fuses this
1922. 1. IOU: KO: 46:
with the
WP.409: JACS. 1884. 6.
black
52: PJ. 1873. 3. 5: DH.
species.'
256: IDI. 51: BPC. 1011: I
USD. 21. 980: All. 3U7, \

i~~;/3~~. 1::;:'1~8~~~t

2143:
18Ui.
T457;
1099:

1896. 29. 188:!:


30.2327: 1927.46'1
4G2: JSCI. 1898.
SAMP. 127: Z)1G.

--'----

i50

BERNARD E. READ
REFERENCE

I Mr~osin.
I~ "_.0"'.

REMARKS

1903.6.492: CRAS. 189!.


112. 122: Arch. Ph. 1848.
54. 301: 1897. 235. 81,
92, 570: AnnCh. 1852.
84. 10: 1879. 199. 150;
162: Klein. 2. 514: 5. 9,
20: 3. 1081, 3, 9, 92, 94:
4. 721, 872, 5, 7, 9:

~----I---i

484. ThlasPl

J:fi

~J 5<1

1
;jif

Ku.
An.

Sinigrin.

Fatty oil
34%.

Man.

Lecithin.

5J)

Myrosiri.
Myrosi.
nase.

sh

St. 432: FH. 1.49: BN.


1217: Br. 2. 30: 3.400:
DH. 258: HHP. 961: WP.
394: NSD. 525: Ann. Ch.
1846. 58. 36: Microch.
1924. 2. 38: J. Chim. M.
184a. 2. 171: CC. 1929.
1. 320: Klein. 2.711: 4.
879:

--1---1
CAPPARIDACEAE
(1)

8~~;f.

-rs~~iH~~e

485. Pedicellaria
8~~ sd
pentaphylla, Pai Hua
Schrank (M.) Ts'.,
(GYtlmu!ropSlS P.. C1t 1/;1)1
DC) (St)
$1fI~

i1~n

PAPAVERACEAE

Fatly oil
"5%
&s. ~il.

Hop.

St. 200: FH. 1. 50: BN. P. ,'i~cida.


B03: CRN. 494: IMP. 100:
Mats.
lDr. 145: WP. 391: DH.
260:

Yl~~eSU
I--:----:--~--------I---f~ IMacley~e,1

(5)

486. Bocoonia

pi

~:~~~t~illd. P~~
(Madey4 c., R.
Br.) (KG.)

'1

ICKt

ill).

I Chelery. I An.
thrine. I Ku.
: Sanguinari' l Fu.

I
I

II

Hun.

St. 473: FH. 1. 3J: BN. Poisonous.

(~~~~p~~)1 i7~' ~(~t4~~)~~W:'- ~;;:

48, iiO, 717, 80, 81,


2: JSJP.
1919.. 444:

~;~~. iu~1. 1~~~: ~~~:

IH~;',;oche. :

PJ. 1900. 65. 34: Ber.

I topm.).

1. 450:

d\t:~~-I

:~~g: 2;~' 4~gn~A~~~:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


REFERENCE

}l1;/ill~

487. Corydalis ambigua, Cham. Ycn Hu


et Sch. (J.G.)
So
(C.lrmala.

Nakai.)

rt

CorYdaline\ Amur.
A to K. Sibe11 alkaria.
loids.
Protopine.
Berberine. .
Tetrahy- I
dropalmi.1
tine.

CIlll 'Ilf)
x/ill~

488. C. inci... Pers. ~ !Ii sh


(W.G.J.M.) Tzu Chin fI

CI!:d l'\\)
"ili'

III

~
,"

J
J

*
~

;k:lli~

489. Papaver
rhoeas, L.
(M.)

RED POPPY.

fl

St. 128: BN. 442: NSD.


1193: CMP. 225: RCM.
44: .ISSI. 1929. I. 2. 73:
KO. 47: HTA. 230: MI.
384: WP. 390: JpsJ. 1920.
463.763: 547. 711: 1929.
49. 125: CZGM. 1924.
556: BKW. 1925.4.2245:
Bot. 1912. 26. 57: 26: PJ.
1910. 85. 325: JCS. 1892.
61. T244: Arch. Ph. 1896.
234. 492: 1902. 240. 19:
1908. 246. 381: 1927.
265. 152: Ber. 1923. 56.
877: Ch.J.Ph. 1928. 2.

'~, :~,::':'~~~::
Kl.

Rhoeadine. Ho.
Red pigment.
Mekocyanin, gl.
Anthocyanidine.
Gallic acid.
Malic "acid.
Rhamnose.
rt Rhoeadinel

1106: Br. 2. 185: NSD.


1193: KO. 47:

St. 307: FH. 1. 34: BN.


If>05: CRN. 513: HTA.
255: MI. 455; 542: IMP.
76: FHP. 38: DR. 250:
KO. 48: IDI. 217: CMP.
230: BPC. 953: USD. 815.
955: BP. 1914: WP. 386:
NSD. 1191: Ch. News.
1916.85: Ann. Ch. 1866.
140. 145: 1877. 185. 329:
1
11916.412.113: Arch. Ph.
, 1846. 46. 318: 1890.228.
17: In~L 262.449: CRAS.
1921. 173. 426: 1922.
174. 1635: AJP. 18. 211:
PJ. 1873. 4. 291: 1875.
5.845: Cc. 1916. 1159:
K~ein ..2. 542. 851i: 3.944.
8U, 88. 4.633.717.82:
1

151
REMARKS

152

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

IC~ll~~~~ \~~;~! cUi~~~ru-I'~~*-I

490. P. somni
'. j ffi'fJi:
fi
fernm. L. (M.l Ying .Tzu .
THE OPIUM
.j Su .I '
POPPY.

I PG: DR. 249; . RO.

48:

ICMP
997' RCM 10')'
1MI'.' 7;:" eRN. 5;3': wi!:

/1'''''-'

.$\1

R_E_FE_R_EN_C_E_--+_R_E_'1A_R_K_S

I BPC. 799: St. 307: FR. 1.


I 34: FRI'. 38: WI'. 380:

. f('~"""" ! . ' )1

I.~

__

*'

1343: MI. 440: BN. 1522:

iF1 ';

~1~~Sl~~~~U~~. ~~~:

BSP. 1915.22.275: Arch.


Ph. 183G. G. 57: 1927 .

I
.- -j

~~~~ ~:r~: ~~.r. 1;~~~'1~: !


liD: Apoth. Ztg. 11.110. 25.

180~'; 1919.. 57. ~.. ~7: Ph. I


Wcckb. IUI5. 52. 1001: I

,.

~~I~;:'7~;.

~.](i~ug~~: i

?)()l), 872, 8S1, 8~O, ~HJ(i,


.'U8: Ind. JMR. lU'lO. 17.

I'

I DI:S[): Ind. MG. 1:)30. -65.


301:
MAW SEED.

'sd

Fatty oil
55%.
Ash G%.
Lecithin.

Landw. Vcrsuch. 18:).... 1


43.307: 1902. 57. 419:

I P~~~~.an

145: 180U. 149.35: BUIl.l


Soc. Bclg. Micr. 189-+. 18. ,
105: JPC. 185:1. 23. 3:;9:,

! Protein

:~~~: 2~.

20%.

,Morphine. .

I 0.00%? I
Linolenic
acid.
Phyto
sterine.
Emulsin.
Diastase.
Lipase.
Nuclease.
Protease.
Oxydase.

.I1.J

I
I-OPium.

::t l~~;;: 1~1~: I

i ~~l~~.3~:'8~~j~~J~7C~~n~~ i

I ~;eg,~.

1~~~ 4~;~hJA~: I

~;~~. 2:0~8. C~:~S: ;~~~: I


99.878: Monat. Ch. 1887. I
8. 147: 1888. 9. 198: I
1890. 11. 272: ZNG'
I
1910.19.747: 1914.28.,
13R: J. Prakt. Ch. 1851.
54. 100: 18G3. 89. 218:
i ZPhys. Ch. 190~. 42. 259:
ICC. 1921. 1. 225:

CHINESE MEDICI:-IAL PLANTS

_LA_TI_N_NA_M_E_IC~::'EI~~:~ CU;~~~U-1 Hl~U;'1


191. Opium

I
I

\lP1*~
I ex
A

11(~JU~g)
\lP1

nI

HTA.253: eRN. 513: MI./ Chinese


opium

270; 405; !)!)3; 590: Ch.

N;;~~J~e

~~9B:~.U7S:';: Jf~ ~~:: ~~~tine

I low,
morphine
St.

2~

lDI. 217: WP. a79: 1299:


CRN. 19G: MI. 27G. 405:
MI. 553; 590: JpsJ. 1882.
3. 41: 4. 94: 6. 1U0: 7.
202: 8. 2G9: 10. 359: 11.

~einc.
Ni:c:~~~~e.

;~~~ 1~~9.~~~~ 8~~~Si8~:: i


~;~: ~~;:: ;~~~'. ~~~. ;~~~ I

Thebaine.
Apomorphine.

Kyoto 1~'23. 20. 351: 22. I


15; lUI: Te. l8t10. 11.:
110: AEPP. 1902. 47. ~G8: I

M~nidine.

a21: 1919. 44. 337: 19201

PS;~?nO~~10r.

~~~~:~~'I

Laudano-

L~~~o- I

pine.
Protopine.

~;ii: 3:~48~t lui~~l~S;: I

~!;~~~~~::~.27iIGG4i~~~l: !

:.t.J.Li: 1875. 5. M.J.5: 1878'j

~8;::.552~87~4?~~~O~1~~~

302; 105. 550: 192G. 117.


l..j.~: JPET. HH7. 10.95:

C~~~~.

~~.18ii11i:' ~~92:2.B{6.1~~~~ I

Rhoeadine.
Tritopeine.
Hydrocotarninc.
Xantha-

India Agric. J. lU20.


li.j.: ]921. 16. H): Ind.
JMR. 1927.15.57: 1928.
16. 389: 1931. 18.5, 15. I
1O~7: Ind. MG. 1931. 66. I

15.1

,J~~~

~~52:J,:.l: 2~;~ :;,~. 1~;~~ I

9-14%.
Enzymes.
Malic acid.
Lactic ac.
Succinic ac.
f't'leconicac.

183G. 18. 79: Chern.


1901. 25. 290: B. Sc. Ph'. 1
190G. 13. 419: AJP. 1918. i
90. G89, 851: 1891. 63.[
10-1-: Ber. Ph. 1920. 30.
aU8: JPC. H117. 15.44:

~~[~~~ri~c.!

l~C'l~~~~' ;.1. gt~:]~~g: I

M~~lg~ge.

;~~~. PI~" C:~~~. 1?95i. :; I

Sugar.
Wax.

REMARKS

Morphine
4.3 to

1.9 to
G.v,%.
other
alkaloids
1%.

153

REFERENCE

ztg.;1

1927.

28. G84:

Apoth. I

G.94%.

1M

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN N4ME

CHINESEI PART I CONSTITU'I HABl'I


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Caoutchou
Ca, K&
Mg salts.

REFERENCE

Ztg. 1903. 18.505: 1904.


19. 773. ~53: 1905. 20.
233: 1910.25.489: 1913.
28. G84: 1919. 57. 447:
Arch. Ph. 1890. 228. 119;
441: 1893.231. 13G: 1899.
380: 1910. 248. 53G:
1920.258.91; 130: 1927.
265. G98: Ann. Ch. 1833.
5. lOG: 1835. 16.27: 1848.
66. 125: 1850. 72. 50: 94.
235: 1~51. 77.341: 1853:
86. 179: 185G. 98. 44:
18GG. 140. 145: 18G7.
141. 87: 18G9. 149. 35:
1870. 153.53: 1877.185.
3:2!l: 1885. 228.

2~9: 189~.

277. 20: 1894. 282. 208:


Ph. Weekb. 1903. 40.
189: 1922. 59.438: 1927 .
.64. 354: Ber. 1870. 3.
G37: 1886. 19.17GO: 192G.
59. 2791: Monat.. Ch.
1898. 19. 179: CA. 1918.
2. 201: Ch. News. 1891.
64. 31: JSCI. 189G. 478:
1910. 1471: 1912. 700:
1918. 37. R430: JCS.
1875. 29. 461: 191G. 1.
110: Ph. Ztg. 1893. 38.
199: 1902.47. 78G: 1904.
6.8: HCA. 1928. 11. 91G:
Klein. 2. 497, 522, G, 9,
545: 4. G08 to G33: 781. 2:

LAURACEAE (10)

492. Cinnamomum

W 'f-l
Chang
K'e

.f.:i

Camphora,
Chan~
Nees. (HC. D. (fft jill
Br.)
([.auru,uamjlwra,

L.}(M. HI.)
(Persea Co.
Spreng) (FH.)

wd Camphor.

Ki.
St. 87: FH. 2. 371: BN.
Tung. 1327: Br. 2. 34G: WP.
Fu.
35G: IMM. 149: CMP. 232:
Caryophy1. Yun. MI. 107: Wi!. 2. 21: Wat.
len.
339; 90: SAMP. 111:
Linalol.
HIP. 458: DH. 240: HCM.
Cineole.
34: BPC. 719: USD. 21.
Eugenol.
1712: JSCI. 1901. June:

Ess. oil.

1%.

REMARKS

155

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN "NAME

CHINESEI PARTI CONSTlTU-1 HABl"

NAME

USED

(Camp1UJra offi
d"arum, Nees)
(WP.) ,
CAMPI10R TREE.

rt

ENTS

TAT

RE~IARKS

REFERENCE

ID20. 39. 2%: ID22. 41.


T32: Jeol1. Engin. Tokyo.
ID08. 4. 75: ]PS]. 1882.
4. 113: 1883. 20. 7Dl;
7D7: ID02. 242. 311: ID03.
253. 2G3: ID04. 263. 55:
267. 407: ID05. 275. 3D:
279.433: ID07. 301. 2D5:
ID08. 313.247: 315.480:
ID2G. 528. D7: H. 1888.
3.111: TC.IDOI. 3.IGI7:
PhZtg. IDOD. 70. 1313: 74.
1318: ]]IC. 7. 217. 315:
IDlG. 19. 815: 27. 11D2:
P].ID35. 134. 2DI: Schim.
1885. 9. 7: 188G. 4. 5:
1888. 10. 8: 188D. 4. 8:
18D2. 10. II: ID02. 10.21:
ID03. 10. :!D: ID05. 4. 84:
190G. 10.40: ID07. 4. G4:
ID 14. 4. 38: Klein. 2. 287,
34G, 50, I, 3, 508, 10: 3.
579. 81, 5, 90, 2, G 9;
GOO, 3, 5, G, 12, 14, 22,
3,7, G31, 3, 47, D. 55, G,
G1, 2: Ch. EM. IDBO.16.

Acetal
dehyde.
Betel
phenol.
Ess. oil 3%.
Camphor in
oil G%.
Safrol.
Carvacrol.
Caprylic
acid.
Lauric ac.
Phellandrene.
Limonenc.
Dipentene.
Pinenes.
Camphene.
Fenchen.
Cadinenc.
Sesquicam.
phen.
Azulene.
Citronellal.
Piperony
lie acid.
Cineol.
Terpineol.
Piperiton.
Citronellic
acid.

18B:

bk

It

49:l. Camphora,
CAMPI10R.

t;;<

n~

Chang
Nao

CRll! l:!)
Wi ~~

Fatty oil.
Laurin.

C'OHltiO. Tung. ChP: BP: USP: C]K. ID4: See also


FHP. 458: Han. BDB: Wat. Borneo and
MP.175 Fu.
179.
B40: Arch. Ph. 1902.240. Ngai
257: Ann. Ph. 1838.. 25. Camphor.
SG.O.D8GB05: Ann. Ch. 18GO. 114. Nos. 17 and
O.DDG.
UHi: 1885. 227. 296: Ber.
2Gl.
UJ1a. 46. 'iLiS: J. Agric.
Trop. IDlO. 10. 8: ]CS.
1885. 47. 77D: CRAS.
1882. 94. 125G: Pl. 18DG.
56.21: HCA. ID24. 7. 2GO:
CC. ID08. 1. ID37: 192G.
1. 29, 7D: BIlL. 1913. 11.
1

BERNARD E. READ

15G
LATIN-NAME

CHINESE PARTI CONSTITU-I HABIENTS


TAT
\ NA~..lE USED

494. C. Cassia. BI. ill tt bk


(BN. St.)
ChlinKuei
(C. aroma/iaw., (>I< lIl!)
Nees.)
tt
(C. 061"si!oli,,,". II' t
var. Cassia,

P. &E.)
(Lanna d,UUZ71WIllIP/J,

Andr.) (FH.)
CHINESE
CINNAMON.

fl

495. C. Lourciri,
Nees. (M.)
SAIGON
CINNAMON.

REFERENCE

REtIotARKS

4G: 191G. 14. 577: 1927.


25. G. 9: 1928. 26. 294:
JIEC_ 1912. 4. 33: 1917.
9. 552: BSP. 1919. 26.204:
JACS. 1915. 37. 1537: J.
Ind. Inst. Sc. 1925.8. 143:
Ash 1-5%. Si.
Caoxalate. Tung.
Starch.
Tannin.
Ess. oil
1-2%.
Cinnamic
aldehyde
80%.
Furfurol.
Cinnamic
'acid 1%.
Cinnamyl
acetate.
Terpene.
Ess. oil.
B:ydrocin.
namic
. aldehyde.
Cinnamic
aldehyde.

bk Ess. oil
Si.
1.17%.
Tung.
Cinnamic
aldehyde.
Camphene.
LinalooI.
Cineol.

St. 107: FH. 2.371: BN.


779: DH. 2~9: eh. P.: Ph.
GIV.: USP. 1890: BP:
Laufer 541: USP. X.
HIM. 198: CRN. 475:
HCM. 34: MI. 533. 539:
Wil. 2.37: \Vat. 352: WP.
355: BPC. 7~2: USD. 21.
350: SAMP. 110: NSD.
458. 1113: FHP. 52f: KO.
48: JpsJ. 1890. 95. ~: 97.
155: 1904.264.119: 190G.
288. 105: 1907.296. 1095:
Parf. l\fodcrne 1923. 16.
141: CJSA. 1925. 3. G58:
JIEC. 1918. 10. 1005:
lU12. 4. aVO: ZNG. IUlli.

32.330: Schim. 1892. 10.


12: 1893. 17: 189G. 10.
11: 1910.4.27: 191G. 12:
PJ. 1890. 21. 123: Arch.
Ph. 1851. 62. 27: BPC.
291: Analyst. 1907. 32.
14: JAPA. 191G. 5. 2Dl:
1923.12.294: Apoth. Zig.
1925. 63. 27G: Ann. Ch.
1833. 7. 1G3: China J.
1925. 3. GIL G58: Ph. Z.
Russ. 1874. 418: JAPA.
1923. 12. 294: Klein. 2.
291.2.3. G:
BN. 779: Br. 2. 112. 34G: "Jou kuei"
3. 452: USD. 21. 349:
is often
SAMP. 110: WP. 3G1: DH.
identified as
240: NSD.IOG3:BPC. 291: C. cassia. Bl.
Wat. 352: KO. 48: HCM.
35: eMP. 234: eRN. 475:
I HI. 189G. 3. 1: JpsJ.
1903. 253.258: 190G. 288.
LOS: Arch. Ph. 1878. 13.
337: Schim. 1904.10.100:
Klein. 2. 293.351: 3.599:
1 G18. GG2:

157

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


CHH-lESElpART\CONSTITU-1 HABr-1
NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

_'L_A_T_I_N_N_A_'_IE
_ _,

49G. C. pedun:R~tt bk Ess. oil


culatum, Nees. T'ien Cbu
G%.
(BN. St.)
Kuei
Phenalen.
Eugenol.
(C. j.po"i,,,"")
Cif:"f
(Laurus p.,
.
MethylThwzh.) (FH.)
eugenol.
PhellanTIENCHU
CINNAMON.
dren.
Linalool.

m)

497. Lallrlls
nobilis, L.
(BN.)
SWEET BAY.

Jl

tt

sd

Yiich
Kuei

(=1ft ill)

Che. St. 109: BN. 167: Br. 3.


453: FH. 2, 372: WP;
Fu.
Tung. 35G: Schim. 1907.4. 112:
10. 19: JpsJ. 190G. 296.
1095: Klein. 2. 351, 2: 3.
579: G18:

ft. 25% fat. Che.


Myristicac. Ku.
Ess.oill%.
Pinene.
Sesquiterpene.
T,.auren.

Cineol.

498. Lindera
glauca, BI.
(M.J.D. HC.)
(Bm=oi!tg.,

Il.JtHj;(

Com.

fI

~han

Hu
Chiao

REFERENCE

I-

REMARKS

:;,

PG: BN.. 181: Br. 3. ~5~: Lits~a glmla.


CMP. 2~~: HCM. 8~: CRN.
Sieb. (Br.
502 : IMM. 500 : BPG.
St.)
1930. 268. 1l~: DH. 245: This is also
BPC. GOG: Wat. 85: USD.
referred to
21. 1358: WP. 372: Br. Ci1l1lallUmfl11'
3. 45~: Schim. 1899.' 4. fruthuurda
31: 190G. 45: 1919. 91:
fum, v:s.
JCS. 18G~. 2. I: Arch. Ph.
18~0. 72. IGO: 190~. 242.
IGI : 1908. 246. 105 :
1929. 267. 405: 1930.
268. 1I~: MW. 1. 839:
Ber. 1874.7.781: 1888.
21. 157: 1892. 25. 5-17:
CC. 1920. 4. 32G: 192G.
1. 0290: Ann. Ch. 18~0.
72, IGO: 1842. 41.310:
18~5. 53. 390: 1853. 88.
354 : 1858. 106. 229 :
18G5. 134: I: 1889. 252.
97: Klein. 2.511: 3. 59!,
GOO, GIO, GG2:
St. 2H: FH. 2. 388. 391:
Br. 2. 3~G: BN. 109:

UJf;;j;;ln

S. &Z.) (HI.)

499. L. sericea, BJ.


(G. St.)
.(L. wllbdlaia.
Thunb.)

1'; H'
,[iao
Chang

(JJII
r~

'J

m
t'i<

---If

Ess. oil.
Terpenes
51%.
Cineol
7.7%.

Hun. St. 2~2: FH. 2. 391: BN. f'Kuromoji"


Tung. 989: DB. 244: Br. 2. 34G:
Jap.
USD. 1520 : WP. 371 :
NSD. 899: Schim. 190~,
1907: Ber. 1891. 24. 81:

158

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CHINESE [PARTI CONSTlTU'1 HABI-j

(BenzQt'" smuu11J,
S. & Z.) (FH.)
SILKY SPICE

NAl\'fE

USED

~a

ENTS

TAT

BUS".

REMARKS

JPSJ. 1889. 91.GGI: 1901.


237. 1154:' JJIC. 5.837:
11. 1123: 13. 4. 7. Gl~:
19.822: JSCI. 19IG.35.
lO89: Arch. Ph. 1892.
230. 2G5: PJ. 1935. 134.
2!Jl: Klein. 3. 581. G; 615,
8. 22. 45. 662:

Esters
1l.4%.
Linalool
11,4%.
Geraniol
7.1%.
Limonene.
Dipentene.
Terpineol.
Carvone.

tt

'!l

REFERENCE

bk
st
rt

rt

500. L. strychni.
folia. ViI. (M.
(Dapluudiw" s.
S. &Z.)
(M. FH.)

501. L. Thunbergii.
Mak. (Ch.)

t..l'Wi'lf

Linderan.
Lindercn.
LindcroI.

An.
Ku.
Ki.
Tung.
Si.
Che.
Hai.
Hun.

St. 145: FH. 2. 392: BN.


79~: Br. 2. 3~G: NSD. 899:
DH. 2~3: JSSI. 1929. I.
2.72: HCM. 82: CMP. 235:
WP. 371: JPSJ. 1925.
526. 1047: KO. 48:

Fu.
Tung.

pi

Chan
T'ang

Hsian~

($')

fft)

bk
502. Machilus
~
Nan
Nanmu,
Hemsl. (HN. ($IJ ~O sh
Br. St. G.
ttl
Wils.)
(P~rs~a

N.,

Oliv.) (FH.)
NANMU TREE.

Several species
used.

Ess. oil.
Eugenol.

Sze.
St. 313: FH. 2. 37G: BN. M. 71JaCt'oplzy/la, Hemsl.
Kwei. 1185: Br. 2. 3~G: 3. 4GO:
(HN.G.
Wat.. 4G8: Wil. 2~G: JPSj.
Wil.)
1914.514.1002: HCM. 84:
M.
1ln1.rQllJlra,
WP. 3G~: DH. 241:
Hemsl.(HN.)
Pj. 1902. 14. 31G:
M. Tlnm!Jergii.
(5. &Z.)

(HN.G.)
M.B(Jtmlei,
(Wil.G.)
CRN.505.
P. macrafl/ha.

Nees.

159

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

MYRISTICACEAE
(1)
503. Myristica
fragrans.

Houl!. (M.)
(M. 1Jlosc1ta1a.
Thb.) (Br.)
(M.o/fitil:aJis,
L.) (KI.)
NUTMEG.

HAm-I

CHINESE PART\ CONSTITU.\


ENTS
TAT
\ NAME USED

REFERENCE

REMARKS

WJ1i~~f-l

.lou Tou
K'ou K'
WJ1i~~

Jou Tou
K'ou

Wf

*)

00
~l'J::tJ]

kl

Fatty oil
30%.
Laurin.
Alyristin.

Wax.
Linolenic
acid.
Macilolic

acid.

Phyto.
sterine.
Ipuranol.
Saponine.

Ash 3%.
Xylan.
Starch.
Furfural.
Ess. oil

10%.
dcamphene.
80%.
d-pinene.
Dipentene.
Eugenol.
lsoeugenol.
Geraniol

6%

Saf;~l.
Cymol.
Myristicin

4%.
Terpinenol.
dlinalool.
dborneol.
i-terpineol.
Isomyristicin.
Formic ac.
Butyric ac.

Caprylic
acid.
Myristic

acid.

Tung. St. 276: BN. 413: Br.3.


124: CJK. 210: Han. 233:
Wat. 470: Ch.P: BP: BPC.
688: USD. 21. 709: SAMP.
Ill: FHP. 451: WP. 345:
DH. 218: CRN. 509: IDI.
198: IMM. 577: SP. 171:
HCM. 91: MI. 268. 570:
AJP. 1908. 80. 251, 563:
KO. 49: Arch. Ph. 1862.
162. 106: PJ. 1873. 4.
all: 1874. 5. 136: 1909.
29. 132: JCS. 1872. 25.
1: 1873. 26. 549: 1907.
91. 2037: 1908. 93. 1G53.
prcS. 1907. 285: 1908.
197: JSSI. 1930. I. 5.
79: JPC. 1903. 18. 16,
294: Ann. Ch. 1884. 227.
288: 1889. 252. 105: 131.
210: JSCI. 1930. 49T.
138: Ber. 1888. 21.471:
1890. 23. 1803: 1891. 24.
3818: 1903. 36. 3446:
CRAS. 1864. 58. 133:
ZNG. 1905. 9. 200: 1906.
12. 395: 191G. 32. 3aO:
1928. 55. 501: Klein. 2.
296, 3~9, 52, 5, 497, 501,
8, 10, II, 16,20,27; 756,
60; 854: 3. 575, 85, 90,
2, 6, 9; 615, 8,22,3, 7,
1135:

Mace is called

WJ .1UE

Jou Tou Hua

and

WJNdE

Jou Kuo Hua.


"Muskat.
nuss" Ger.

Chinese supplies are


from Penaug and
Singapore.

IGO

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME
ICHINESE ~AR!I CONSTlTU-II-IABl_ _ _ _ _ _+_~N::A::::M"'E'_:US.ED
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARI<S

CALYCANTHACEAE (1)

504. Chimonanthes
-fragrans.
Lind!.
. (FH. Br. J.
.. ' Ch: G.HC.
Wils.)
. (Calycant/IUS
praecox. L.)
(M.Br.)
(Mera1;ap., R.
& W,) (J.)
WINTER.SWEET.

fl

Hop.
Ki.
She.

St. 105: FH. 1. 22: BN. The seed


15-10: Br. 2. 105: DH.
contains
alkaloids
237: NSD. 325: HTA. 379:
WP. 3-10; 1278: KO. 49: 'Klein "4.
JACS. 1929. 51. 183G:
707:
Wi1. 23, 323: SAMP. 121:

-----I-~---------,-I----~----,I----

MAGNOLIACEAE

(8)

*iJ,\ifl

Mil Lan
K'e

505. Illicium
~
11 If
religiosum,
Mang
S. et Z, (W.G.) T,'ao
(I. ia/xmieum,
C*~)
Sieb.)
ili '/-\'
BASTARD ANISE
t5 1';;
JAPANESE ANISE. Jil.

ii

Sikimitoxin.
Hananomin.
Sikimipi.
krin.
Shikimen.
Ess. oil.
Myricyl
alcohol.
Furfural.
Safro!.
Eugenol.

Tung. St. 489: FH. 1. 23: BN.

She.
Sze.

Very
1054: Br. 2. :~87: 3. 278:
Poisonous.
DH. 218: HOI. 7G: MI.
4Gl: CRN. 498: WP. 338: Quite
JP. 1880. 11. IO-IG, 10GG:
erroneously
1885 lG. G82: CMJ, 1922.
listed as
36. 303: 1923. 37. 481: I. anisalum,
ChJPhys. 1927.1.15; 213:
L.
CRAS. 1908. 146. 188:
(BN. KO.)
PJS. 19IG.llB. 203: JJMS. "Shikimi"
IU32. 6, (153): JAMA.
Jap.
1919. 72, IG51: AEPP.
1881. 86. 222: ChNMJ.
192U. 12, 4G: Schiro. 1909.
4. 51: Ph. Centh. 1928.
69.581: ZNG. 1912. 24.
309: JPC. 1908: 27. 112:
JAPA. 192U. 15. 8GI:
AJP. 1829.101. 550, G22,
G~7: Ber.
188!. 1720:
1885. 18. 281: 188G. 19.
1097: 189!. 24. 1278:
Klein. 2.251, 9G; 849. 51;
3. GOO: Bot. 1927. 4. 84:

f'Gl

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

ICHlNESEI

PART

CO)l'STITU1 HASl-1

VCrum, Hook. Pa Chiao'


(St. G.M. BN.)
Hui
(I. allisatum,
Hsiang
Lour.) (W.G.)(~ 1'1)
STAR ANISE.
~fJlHHf
C"'NESE ANISE. *j~H;'

REMARI{S

REFERENCE

- - - - - - - 1 NAME USED
E~TS
TAT
AjIJUIT'lf ft Ess. oil 5%. Ki.
St. 214: FH. 1. 23:

500. Illicium

BN~

Ancthol
Exot. 18: ChP: DH. 213: USD.
21. 1341: EPC. IB2: BP'
80%.
Carcn.
USP: HOI. 70: WP. ~37:
MethylFHP.20: Wat. 83: IMP. 43
chavicol.
CRN. 222: IMM. 40~: KO.
49: SAMP. 121: CRAS.
d-pinenc.
184!. I~. 121~: 13. 4~3:
Cymo!.
AnnCh. 1840. 35. 312:
l-phcllandrene.
1842. 44. 311: Schim.
Limoncncs.
1893.4.50: 1910: 4. 99:
Hydroqui1911. 10. 86: ArchPh.
none.
18U!. 229.84: BSC. 1902.
Cineol.
27. 990: JPc. 1903. 18.
Anisalde248: AJP. 1885. 426:
hyde.
ZNG. 1912.'24. 309: 1906.
Aniske12. 395: Klein. 2. 294.
290; 348; 9, 353.57,541,
tone.
5, 760: 3. 575, 8. 82. 5,
Furfural.
7, 90; 019,21,30,44, 50,
SaCral.
02; 1135: CMSJ. 1928. 40.
Farnesol.
1991:
Terpineol.

The oil is "


the same
as from
Pi,;tpihdla
alliSU1J1, L.
BE.
Old name
"B~diant
(Linne.)

'Badiankhatai"
(Pcrs.)

Dioxy-

benzoic
acid.
Quinic ac.
Saponine."
Starch.
Pcntosan.

Fatty oil.
2.U%.
Phytostcrine.
50i. Kadsura

Ji'i:li)*'f

It

japonica, Dun. Nan \Vu


(K. dW~llsis,
\Vei Tzu
Hce.) (M.J.
(~
1'1)
Br.W.)

Mucilage.
Araban.
Galactan.

Che.

BN. 024: Br. 2. 383: WP. Red.fruit.


337: SAMP. 122: CMP.
238: Agr. Tok. 1895. 2.
20i: DB. 215: Klein. 2.
851, 800: 3. 08:

-:::::---:-:-----'-:--.1==::- - - - -::-,-----1-0---::-::-::--=:::--:----=-=--=-:-1-::-:--,------:508 ..Magnolia


',*?M fl Ess. oil.
She.
St. 2:')3: FH. 1. 2:1: BN. M. sj>rallgeri
conspicua,
Hsin I bd
Salisb. (M.G.)
*1;D
(AI. <kmufaia,
f!.\;
Desr.) (M.).
(AI. KaMa, DC.) J)} ;+;
(BN. Br.)
;+; tJ"f
(M.yrdan,D",f.) jill 'iii
(FH.)
MAGNOLIA.

(**:m

Salra!.
Citra!.
Eugeno!.

An.
Cu!.

488: Br. 2. 283: 3. 458:


DH. 212: NSD. 983: WP.
3:15: CMP. 240. KO.
49: SAMP. 122: BSC.
1908. 3. 381: JpsJ. 1908.
314. 349: 322. 120i:
Schim. 1903, Oi, 08, 09:
ChZtg. 1892. . 16. 113:
CRAS. 1908. 146. 183:

.- I-lC~C88:
The wbte
floweriis
called

3iiW

Yu Lan.

"Kobuschi"
Jap.

BERNARD E. READ

162
LATIN NAME

ICHINESE\PART CONSTITU61 HAm-\


NA~1E
USED
ENTS
TAT

hYP01euea.I'i'~ll({(\lbl

509. M.
S. & Z. var.
(M. J.)

bk

Fu Lan
1.0 I.e

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Samar St. 255: .BN. 629: Br. 2.


-kand 383: 3. 475: FH. 3. 493:
WP. 335: DH. 212:

Cffr ill)
510. M. obovata.
'" ilt\j bk
Th. (M.J. Br.) Mu Lan
(AI. liliflora.
C* ~\~\) fl.
Desr.) (M.)
iI',j
(Buergeria 0..
" il'j
S. & Z.)
;if\. ~E,

*1

(Tala:uma

0.,

Hnee.) (FH.)
(AI. purpuna.
Curtis.) (FH.)
(AI. glauca. Th.)
LAUREL
MAONOLIA.

iv.

C*
'iiI

St. 255: FH. 1. 23: BN. MI. 426.


200: Br. 2. 383: 3. 456. M. sjJhmocarpa. Roxb.
has an
alkaloid.

,i:"

511. M. officinalis, W. if;fo inReh. & Wil. Hou p'o bk

(M. PI. Wils.


CMP.)

Sze.
Hun.

Sung. KO. 50: USD. 21. 1371:


USD. 1880:
CuI.

~)
*~

'ff. *~
11! J!Z
Ill- J!Z

sd

St. 254: BN. 628: Br. 3. Tree name


475: NSD. 983: CMP. 239:
tii
HCM. 87: KO. 49: SAMP.
Ch'en,
Ku.
Kwei. 122:
the seed
Http.
is illStIi'
Chu che.
Ho.
The JapanShe
ese species
isM. hypo..
I"ta. S. &
Z. (CMP.
M. St.)
Szc.
An.

------1----- ----1---:---------1----512. Schizandra


~tnlJl<:r It
chinensis,
Pei Wu
Baill. (M.J.
\ei Tzu
Ch. He. Br.) Or- ~~)
(Kat/sura C"
': ~il
Turcz.)
:iE. JJ<.
(S. Spllellallilzera,
JJ<.

R.&W.)
(M.PI.Wils.)

(SjJltaUost~1JI.a

jajxJ1lica,
S. & Z.) (FH.)

-er

NC.

I Hop.

She.
Sha.
Hop.

SI. 398: 226: FH. 1. 25: Black


BN. 260: Br. 2. 383: 3. fruit.
290: BPI. 204: DH. 215:
CZGM. IU24: 2.432: KO.
50: HCM. 129: CMP. 241:
SAMP. 122: PJ. 1896.
148. 1339: JPSJ. 537.
970: 542. 265: 543. 279:
548.815: 552. 107: 557.
G59:

Ina

, CHINESE MEDICINAL 'P[ANT~

L'ATIN NAME
ICHINESE PART CONSTITU.\ HABI.,
_ _ _ _ _ _ _;_"N"Ac.M::;E:.- USED
ENTS
TAT +.

REFERENCE

REMARKS

-\-

e.n.

MENISPERMACEAE IJIj
(5)
'a~t,;h'

Ri.
BN. 1398: DH. 320: JMMJ. Cf. Lim/un
stry.:hllJ!o/ia,
Coclaurine. Tung. 1926. 2. 269: WP. 3:J2:
Vill.500.
Coclaurinc. Hup. JPSJ. 192~. 514. 5: 1925:
524. 876: 538. 1029. 554.
Sze.
32~: JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. 72:
CRN. ~76: AEPP. 189:J.
32. 266: Ann. Ch. 1932.
497.74: 499. 301: nMS.
19a2. 6. (107): CMP. 2~5:
Klein. 4. 6~9. 710. 783:

513" Cocculus
laurifolius,
DC. (M.)
MOONSEED.

-----J---f-- ---I------f--------I---514. C. trilobus,


DC. (J.M.)

(C. TI.uwergii.
DC.)
(C. ovnlifolius,
DC. (M.)

*liJie.
Fang

~Iu

51

Chi

(=lit ill)

Trilobine.

Si.

Isotrilo.
bine.

EC.

Menisine.

Menisidine.

(C. diall/lunts,

H. &A.)
(F.H.)

5d

SI. 120: BN. 186: Br. 3. Formosan


species is
328: FH. 1. 28: HCM. 39:
WP. 332: KO. 50: MI. ~70: C. SanllL1UOsus, Diels,
Kila5ato. 1925. 6. 259.
CMP.246.
283: Jap. Fo!' Ph. 1926.
3.280: FEAUI. 193~. 2. JPSJ.1927.
542. 265.
639: JMMJ. 1926. 3. 280:
Arch. Ph. 1931. 269. 433:
Ann. Ch. 1932. 497. 10~:
JpsJ. 1923. 497. 39. 511:
1923.502.904: 1924.503.
8: 511. 691: 1926. 532.
461. 465: 535. 726: 531:
963: 538. 1009. 1029:
1927.539.6, 17. ~O: 549:
923: 1929.567.425: 568.
556: Keio. 1923. 3. 9:
1924. 2: HI. 1923. 20.
12: 1924. 21. 1: TC.
1918.16. 1209: 1923.44.
795: nAC. 1926. 2. 89:
1928. 4. 318: TPJ. 16.
1209: Kyoto. 20. 12: 21.
I: JBC. 1929. 4. 220:
Pro Imp. Ac. Tokyo. 1926.
2. 7:
Ch. J. Ph. Pro 1935:
p. 13: Pro 1934. p. 36:
Ber. Ph. 1927. 39. 751:
JSSI. 1930. 1. 5. 23:

164

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

ICHINESEI
NAME

515. Menispermum
dauricum,

DC. (M.)

PAItT
USED

~1lf5c- rt
Han
Fang Chi

(m-

ill)

I CONSTlTU1
ENTS

Dauricine.
Tetran-

HABII
TAT
She.
Hup.

dine.

REFERENCE

FH. 1.29: Br: 3.328: BN.


1256. CMP. 246: KO.50:
HCM. 40: WP.332: MI.
390: JJMS. 19:11. 5. 64X;
88X: JPSJ. 1927. 542.
-10: 1928.543.279: Klein.
4. G39: 710: 783: Ber.
1930. 63. 806: Arch. Ph.
1931. 269. 119 : JSSI.
1930. 1. 5. 23: Ch. NHA.
1935. 1. 1, 9, 23, 29, 37.
-13:
CZGM. 1931. 9. 20:
CCSJ. 1935. 3.2GO:

I'REMARKS

The Japanese
plant is
SilUJu:ninu.m

acuJum.

R.&W.
(CocadttS
div~rsifo-

liwlJ, Miq.)

(BN.)
KO.50:
WP.1397:

Stl'plumr"a
jajxmica,

Miers. is
also cited
under this
name.

KO.50:

516. Stephania
hernandifolia.

Walp. (J.M.)
(Cissampe/os h.)
(Steplla7lia tonga,

LouL) (FH.) ,

T~Hli
Ch'jen
Chin

rt

Stephanine.
S~ponin.

T'eng

(1JIl 'ff)

517. S. tetrandra, I'J,i Crt


Moore. (KO.) Fang Chi
(oj.: ~'I!)

Wi il,'1!

:fj

j<j~

SC.

St. 120: BN. 34: FH.1.


29: Dl-l. 236: IMP. 59:
1MM. 203: CRN. 530: WP.
330 : AEPP. 1893. 32.
2G6: JMMJ. 192G. 2. 269:
CC. 1928. 1. 2407: MLPB.
1897. 97 : 1898. 124 :
JPSJ. 1928. 48. 15:

Yun. KO. 50: FH. 1. 30: WP. This is the


Formosan
drine.
Tung. 1308: Klein. 4. 641: 710:
AEPP. 1893. 32. 266 :
plant.
2 other
alkaloids.
JSSI. 1930. 1. 5. 24 :
JPSJ. 1925.;!.524. 876 :
1926. 538. ~1029: 1928.
552._107: 1928. 554. 324:
562. 1156 : 1929. 567.
-125: 1927.542.265: 1928.
557. 659: 1930. 50. 26:
1927. 543. 279: JMMJ.
1926. 2. 269:

Tetran-

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


CHINESE
__
L_A_TI_N_N_A_l\l_E_i-'CN:.:.A:.:.M:.:.E=--

BERBERIDACEAE
(4)

I I
PART

USED

CONSTLTU- \ HASl-1
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

165
REMARKS

,HU't

Hsiao Po
K'e

bk
518. Berberis
IJ~ M.
Thunbergii.
HsiaoPo
D.C. (M.J.) (fJf *)
(E. Marimouiczii, -=.r- !JM
Regel) (FH.)
l1J1ilii'l
CHINESE
BARBERRY.

Berberine. She.
Kan.
Yellow
pigment.
Oxyacanthine.
Oxyberbcrin.
Tetrahy.
dreherberino
Tctrahydrosho
bakumin.
Canadin.
Berbamin.
Jatror.
rhizin.
Columbamin.

St. G7: FH. 1. 32: BN. B. c!titu!,sis,


97: Br. 3. 472: FHP. 33:
Desf.
SP. 19G: DH. 2:ll: KO.
(BL)
51: Wat. 18:1: HTA. 280:
WP. 327: CMP. 2~7: TC.
38. G19: BPG. 1930.268.
1)49: SAMP. 123: Klein. 4.
592: 776, 7:

-----1---1- - - - ---1--------1---519. B. vulgaris.


L. (BN.)
(B. Sir:boldii,
Miq.) (J.)
BARBERRY.

tl\tjo;ll,

rt

Fu Niu
Hua

CllI! 'Ii)

JliiiIJi:1jI1J1E

br
If

fl

BerberCom.
rubin.
Calum.
hamin.
Jatrorrhi.
zin.
Berbamin.
Malic acid.
Berberine.
Oxyacanthine.
Berberine.
HCN.
Berberine.
Choline.
Berberine.
Oxyacanthine.

Ess. oil.

BN. 345: FH. 1. 32: eRN.

4G8: MI. 533: SAMP. 123:


Klein. 4. 250; 95: 582; 5,
(i,
9, 593; 715: 775:
ArchPh. 1891. 229. G31:
183G. 6. 2G5: 1895. 233.
IG1: 192G. 264. 193: Ann.
Ch. 184G. 59. IGO: JAPA.
192G. 15. 33: Ber. 188G,
19.3190: 1925. 58.2280:
MW. 1. 8+1: BPC. 198:
PJ. 192G. 2. 189:

Cf. 78.
Damllacmiltus
ituiicflS,

(St. 143.)
Indian
"Rasot"
is B.
aristata,
BP.1914.

lUG

'BERNARD E. READ

REFERENCE

520. Diphylleia

REMARKS

cymosa,

St. 154: FH. 3. 475: Wil. Podophyllw.


289: BN. 11G, 858: Br. 3: . <""Pelle,'

Michx. (HC.

2G8: KO. 51:

Hce.
(BN. He. M..
Ch.)

D.M.)
D. Grayi,

Fr. Schm. (J.


, M. BN.Br.)
UMBRELLA LEAF.

-----+-------1--------_-----1---521. Epimedium
ii$;ar rt
macranthum, Yin Yang If
Morr. ct j
Huo

Dcnc. (~I,J.)
(E.:iolacmm,

c*

hills
com.

*~)

CO'll'. 248: KO. 51. WI'. Klein 4. 71-J..


3211: JSSr. 1930. Ii 5. Alkaloid in
lOG: SAO'll'. 124:
E. a/pi1lt/.m.

fIJr~JJ~I!

M. & D.) (FJ-l.; 1/.d'U,'':


E. Davidi,
~~f'.u;i

Franch.(M.D.)

E.

sagitta/1I.m,

Bak, (M. He.

Br. D. G. Ch.)
(AcerallJ/ltts s.,

S_ & Z.)
_~(B:::r-,-. .:.F:::H"')c-_I

LARDIZABALACEAE (1)

"PH:!O:

~tl:~Jrfj

',Viill!~Jl

.=tt;!L~1J~:

~111

llil

quinata. Dene.

(0'1.

J. Br.)

-1-

;;i<.Ji!i'f-'f

Mu T'ung
K'e

------1--- 522. Akebia

St. 1G2: FH. 1. 32: BN. var. -Liola


Sl.l8: Br. 3.55. 56: CZGJ\f. uu.m, Franch.
1925. 3. 351: HeM. "58: (KO.51.)

Ji!i 1.T.

T'ung
T'sao
~<;()

c*
;;1<

Ji!i

I'H X

~
i~;~jf,!i

---+--1--------1----'l;d Ash 8.2%.


Akebigenin
C:ll HaoO....
s<! Fat 17.7%.

It
br

rt

Ku.
Hun.

St. 22: FH. 1. 30: BN.


U~2:

Dr. 2. 57:. DH. 2-47:

NSD. 3Gl: WI'. 312: HCM.


Sung. G: CMI'. 251: KPSJ. 3:
She. TC. 1888. 9. Ji9: 48. 4GI:
49. 117: JpsJ. 192G. 537.
9G3: 561. 1101: ]JIC, 19.
829: JSCI. 191G. 35.1089:
An.

'f-,g~m

167

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHlNESE!PART CONSTlTU-1 HABI-I


NAME USED
ENTS
~!-.

REFERENCE

RANUNCULACEAEI'I~Jl:K:f;l
(16)
.. a~'e en

REMARKS

~,-----

_!----+---I--:-f----I523. Aconitum

ill!

[t

Fischeri.
Wu T'ou
Reich.
~)
(J. G. M, BN.
HN. Br.)
(A shwlSe, S. &
Z.) (FH. Br.)

c*

Collected in Szc.
Spring.
]apaconitine. A,

B&C.
Japaben.
zaconin.
Jesaconitine.
Bcnwic
acid.

CHINESEACONITE.
. MONKSHOOD.
(CROW'S HEAD.)

(A ~ jajKu'cf/11l,
Thbg.) (K!.)

Fat.
Resin.
Starch.

St. 7: FH. 1. 20: BN. 81~:


Br. 2. 78; 3.25-1.: WP. 317:
KO. 52: BPC. 62: USD.
85: MW. 2. 18: CMP. 253:
DH. 22~: NSD. 101: \Vat.
297: \Vil. 2.40: Han. 258:
MI. 44: JCS. 1900. 77.45:
A]p. 1913.85.391: Ch. J.
Ph. 1927. 1.7: HTA. 353:
JpsJ. 1890. 106. 809:
1882.2.6: 7. 220: 1902.
245. 655: 1913. 372. 123:
TM. 1890. 4. 719: PJ.
1877.8.173: Kyoto. 1921:
18. 1~96: Arch. Ph. 1881.
18. 161: 1885. 223. 262:
1909. 247. 2~2: 1924.262.
553: AnnCh. 1929. 476.
210: 171: CA. 1922. 16.
2387, 2962: 1925. 19.
290: JCS. 1879. 35. 387:
.1900. 77. 45: Pro CS.
1899.15.206: SAMP. 117:
Ber. 1894. 27.723: Philos.
Trans. 1902. 195. 391:
Ch. News. 1879. 39, 224:
Klein 2. 536: 4. 787; 670:
Ber. lU24. 57. 1456, 1463,
1472: 1925. 58. 20~7:
1931. 65. 5ill):

-----1--------1---1--------1---St. 8: BN. 535: Br. 2. 78, Mit


Aconitine. Sze.

532a. Autumn root. ISft =f rt


(A. atdwuFu Tzu
"ale, Lind!.)
~'l[)
(FH.)
lnl'fFf

C*

CuI.

)1 I[.l Ufl

3.252 :Laufer. 379: Klein. Fu p'ien


is the sliced
4.787: KO. 52: WP. 316.
root.
Wat.298:
-f'F~~llIi

-----1-------1--1,--------:----'-523b. Daughter.

1JliJ =f

root. (autumn) T'sc Tzu


(EIJ to

iii!

::r

rt

Sze.

St. 8: Br. 3.

25~:

KO. 52: Collected in


the autumn.

IGa

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

t:H1Nt:Sb
\

NAME

PART
USED

CUNSTITU-I HAUL-I

ENTS

523c. Small daugh. llilfFf rt


ter root.
Lou Lan
Tzu
1'1)

TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Sze.

Br. 3. 254: St. 8:'

S7.C.

Wil. 135; 320: WP. 320: Long autumn


roots of .
Br. 3. 253: FH. 3. 452:
A. Fischeri
Wat.2V7:

eM

I :

'" ~

524. A. Hemsley.
anum, Pritz.

(FH. Wil.)
524a. A. 1-Vi/suuii,
Wil.

iij~

rt

T'ien

CuI.

Hsiung

e*a

~)

are also
called T'icn
Hsiung.
KO.25:
St. 8:

lii:

524b. A. ::an',ga

Aconitine.
Aconitic
acid.

1,,11', L. (St.)

525. A. Lycocto.

4- IM1

rt

num, L. (M.]. Niu Picn

Br. G.)
(A. barba/ran,
Patr.)
(A. Cylloctoll1tm,
Reich.)
(FH.)

e*
Ji.f,
J;,f,

*t'l\)
~lt

Lycaconitine
.001%.
Myocto
nine.
Flavone
CJOH1302'

Phyto.
sterol.
Acolyctin.

520. A.

Lycocto.

num, L.

(HM.)
.WOLFSBANE.

IN

~I1 I rt

LangTu

e*

t<l\)1

Ditto.

Klein. 2. 525: 4. 787: St.


V: SAMP. 117: WP. 316:
Ann. Ph. 1833. 7. 276:

Sze.

St. 187: Br. 3. 283: BN. Non-poison2:1~: eRN. 457: FH. 1.20:
ous.
WP. 318: Arch. Ph. l!)l8.
Destructive

Hun.

2')1. 8: Ch. News. 1877.

Sha.
YUIl.

Tung. 37. 07: JCS. 1878. 33.


151; 330: DH. 22-1.: IMP.
10: HTA. 35270: USD.
21. 6V: NSD. 10 I: Wat.
2!J7: l\II. 425: BeL 1924.
57.1473: Ind. JMR. IV26.
16. 770: Ph. Ztg. 1887.
32. 5~2: Ch. Science 1932.
7. 195: A.~r. Ledger 1902.
89: Ph. Zt. RussI. 188~.
23.313: JPC. 188~. 361:
Klein. 3. 931: 4. 787:
670:

to cattle
lice.

Ran. St. 7: WP. 818. 1273: Probably


Sung. USD. 21. 69: SAMP. 117:
Mandragora

She.
Sha.
Hup.

KO. 52: Viat. 298:

(Br.3. 234:) .

169;

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE IPAllT CON~TITU'I HABlNA:\tE USED


ENTS
TAT

527. A. uncinatum. 1;!:.f:~ ~Ji rt


L. (HN. M.
T'sao Wu
Tau
St. Br.)
C~

~!i

tine.

Very
com.

Che.

nitin.

I'l)

J.j

Japaconi.
Pseudaco-

F1ti
~
Jlk .:r
'ilj:

527a. A. volubile,
Pall. (HN.
M. St.)

111:

Ku.

J!IJ

Fu.

527b. A. Kusnezof
fii. Reich.
(HN. M. St.)

REMARKS

REFERENCE

St. 7: Br. 3. 256: 257: The inspi!Y


Klein. 4. 787: MAR. 1907.
sated juice
65: USD. 21. 69: BPC.,63:
used as an
SAMP. 117: WP. 318: ; arrow
poison is
Han. 258: Ber. 1894. 27.
723: Arch. Ph. 1909. 247.
5Hfl'l
212:
She Wang
FH. 3. 452: Arch. Ph.
1909. 247. 243: Edinb.
MJ. 1859. 869:

HI. 1.20: TrCh. S. 1900.


77.49: Wat. 297:

J.

Asiatique

1852. p.
271:

1/i4; :Ii

ll};.

!!& a 1:
~~!S~j

(A. villosum.

Maxim.)
(FR.)
WILD ACONITES.

528. Anemone
cernua, Th.

a!i[i~

rt

Ancmonin. Com.

Pai T'ou

(J. M. Br. St.) Weng


A. du'''L''sis,
~1\l.) fl
Bunge.
!l'hl:A
is also used. I~EE{iU;/'i
(Read.)
1itjiiJ1,\:

C*

2. Uti: KG. 53: WP.

footida. L.
(M. BN.)
var. simpler,

Ruth.
(BN.)
(C. dal/uTica:Maxim.)
(M.Br.)

71" li1i

hcng 1\1a

c*Jl;]

~)

l\Ii

rt

~22,

PolyCQTpa~a

curym!Josa,

Lam.

(HOI. 111.)

1275: MI. 6,; 564-: CMP. Eupatorium


/.:;.riIlOZLii,
2;;5: PJ. 1885. 15. a65:
(Br.)
JAMA. 1925. 55. 1094:
Galen: JpsJ. 1915. 390. The commonest anemone
81: 403. 1041: lU20.455.
1: 451. 583: Arch. Ph.
in China "is
1841. 77. 93: 18f.0. 113. A. c!UtleJlS;S,
1: 1892. 230. 182: 1915.
Bunge.
253. 590: BSC. 1887. 47.
U83: Ber. 1921. 54..3111:
CRAS. 1887. 104. 1284:
Klein. 4. 82i:
T

PULSATILLA.

529. Cimicifuga

St. 41: FH. 1. 10: BN.


317: Br. 3. 66: DH.228:
USD. 156,: JSSI. 1929. 1.

Cimicifu

gine.

St. 13: BN. 1U3: FH. 1. Adea sjJiaJa,


(St.)
.
21: 3. 466: Br.. 3. 83:
IMP. 35: USD. 332: DH. As/ilk clllfUll-sis: (St.).
Tung. 223: CMP. 256: CRN.
475: AJP. 1878. 468: e. Jap01Q"ca,
(St.)
1884.459: JSSI. 1929. l.
2. 67: Fol.Ph. Jap. 1930. Cf. C. race1JlOSa,
10. II: KO. 53: SAMP.
WP.314.
117:
USP.

Sze.
Rap.
Si.

)70

BERNARD E. READ
ICH1NESEIf'A"~1 CONSTITU ~

LATIN NAME

530. Clematis
apiifolia,

DC. (J. M.)

(C. 'lJirgiJliallQ,
Lour.)
(FH.)
CELERYLEAVED
VIRGIN'S BOWER.

NAME

USED

fx ~
Nil \:Vci

sh

TAT

IHup.

(i,\'! 1'0

REFERENCE

REMARKS

St. 493: FH. 1.2: BN. Venmica


virginica,
69: USD. 1323: JpsJ.
L.
1916.414.739: WI'. 325:
(J. BN.)
KO.53:

_I
rt~iJlI

531. C. chinensis.

ENTS

rt

Retz. (HF.
\\lei Ling
Hsien
W.)
(C. ;./x1i,
elJl.l 'j'O
. Houtt.
var. Simsii. l\'la.
kino.) (CMP.)
(C. ",itJor, DC.)
(St. FH.)
CHINESE
CLEMATIS.

INC.
Fu.

St. 118: HI. 1. 3:


,;30: WI'. 205: DH.
USD. 1323: HOI.
CMI'. 2l)7: KO.
SAMI'. 117:

Ku.
Ki.
Che.
Man.

St. 118: FH. 1. 6: BN. 64:


JI'SJ. 1900. 215. I: KO.
54: Klein. 3.407:

BN. (C. sillmsis,


Lour.)
230:
38: (C. lenti//ora,
DC.) (FH.)
53:

I
----

532. C. paniculata,

iJlJA1'-':

hb Chlorogen

Th. (BN. St.) Hsien Jell


Ts'ao
FAIRIES BOWER.

acid.

eM? ill)
533. C. recta, L.
]lii,\'!'f rt
.. (Ch.)
Huang
Yao
Tzu
(C. 1JUltuJsdmrica ,
Rupr.) (FH.) (IJI! 1'0
VIRGIN'S BOWER. ~l\H
~

*W-

i,\'!

W\l!'f

534. Coptis Teeta.


Huang
Wall. (HC.
,
Lien
St.)

ill'

(C. occidmialis,

(*

Auct.) (M.)
3:
GOLDEN THREAD. 51:

~'ID

ili
i!Ji

Vffo1lica

polita. Fr.

W.P.1124

IMan.
Hop.

St. 118: FH. 1. 2: KO. Dioscorea


54: USD. 1323: JPC.
sath.:a, L.
(JSSI.)
Sung. 1869 Aug: DH. 229: NSD.
C.gra:v(!()1361: JSSI. 1. 2.40:
!e?lS. (St.)

I
I

rh
rt

Berberine. Sze.
Coptine. . Si.
Coptisine. Hu.
Worenine. Hup.
Palmitin. Kuei.

She.
Che.

St. 125: FH. 1. 17: BN. In japan


1141: Br. 3. 70: DH. 222: C. jajxmica.
CMP. 258: SAMI'. 118:
Makino.
Laufer. 547: \-Vii. 1. 36.
(BN.CMP.)
227; 2.40: WI'. 312: USD. Also
1340: IMP. 7: IMM. 239: c. fjuillljttt
CRN. 477: IDI. 96: MI.
foli., Miq..
383; 476: MI. 90: JollA (Br. KO.)
208 : PJ. 1870. 1. 161:

111

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

HAm-I

LATIN NA~'1E \CHINESE\PART! CONSTITU-I


_ _ _ _ _~-+...:N.:.:A.::'.:.:IE=__:-U-SE-O
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

ll-EMARKS

1902.' 14. 316: 1912.34. C. trifolia.


482: AJP. 1873. 14. 193:
Salisb.
1884.261: Arch. Ph. 1884. (KO. Br.)
747: Sei I Kwai 1892: Pro usn. 1340:
Imp. Acad. Tokyo. 1926.
2. 124: JpsJ. 1902. 236. "Tita"
1031: 1903. 256. 612:
Assam.
1926.530.32.299: 1927.
542. 315: TM. 1887. 1.
297; 371; 435; 529: 1890.
4. 954: 1892. 6. 589:
Klein. 4. 582. 712. 75.
77: NMSJ. 1927. 5.243,
.363: JJMS. 1932. 5. 71X:

534a. Yunnan
species.
C. Anemo
naefolia,
S. & Z. (M. ].
Br.KO.)
534b. Szechuan -:)
drug.
C. chinensis,
French.
(M.D.WiL)

535. Era'nthis pin- 'I.e !It' sh


natifida,
T'u K'uei st
Maxim.
UJi
If
(M.Br.)
~ !It'
HARE MALLOW.
f.\'

Mucilage.

Sze.

'*)

St. 163: BN. 1068: Br. 2. E. Kdskii,


71:
Franch. }
(St. J.)

ill1t1i[

- - - - - 1 - - - ------11--------1-'--,--'----'------'
536. Paeonia albi. l!j ~ rt Asparagin ..
Benzoic ac.
flora, Pall.
Shao Yao
(M.J. He. .D.
;i1l\;
G. Br.)
Wf ~iffi
(P. edtdis,
~~
it
Salisb.) (FH.) f{r< W
(P. sillmsis,
Hort.)
(SAMP.)
1itt!j~
CHINESE PEONY. 'Jj; -

C'*

An.
Ho.
Ku.
Sze.

St. 300: FH. 1: 21: BN.


464: Br. 2. 227; 3. 108:
DH. 221: JSSI. 1929. 1.
2. G3: WP. 310: HOI. 99:
CMP. 259: Agr. Tok. 1897.
3.241: NSD. 1360: JPSJi
1907. 309. 1237: 1920.
460.552: 1924. 507. KO.
55: SAMP. 120:

The red
S,hao yao

is termed
P. "btU. by
Bretschneider',

*~~
.,

537. P. Moutan.
Sims.
(M. Br. St.)
(P. arborea,
. DOll.)

(P.offtci1laNs"
Th.) (Br.)
TREE.PEONY.

Pacollol,
Sze.
C, H tO 0,. She.
Ess. oil
CuI.
, 0.-1%.
Saccharose
3.8%.
Galactose.
Arabinose.

-, l-lj

St. 300: FH. 1. 22: BN. China's


-161: Br. 2. 3-11: 3. 110:
national
USD. 1535: WP. 309.
flower ..., "
NSD. 1360: HCM. 99: KO. -P. officina/is.
05: SAMP. 118: CMP. 260:
H. &T. is
Arch. Ph. 1878. 213. 335:
quoted ~n
1879. 214. 412,531: Te.
India.,
1915. 405. 1924: JSSI.
1930. 1. 5. 19: Z, Phys.

BERNARD E. READ

172
LATIN NAME

I- - -

CHINESElpARTI CONSTITU-I HABI-I


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Glutarnin.
Arginin.
Glucoside.
Enzymes.

If

' li

538. Ranunculus
acris, L.

('1ft

Anemonin. NC.

Vito C.

Mao Ken

(G. M.)
(R. ja/xmiclts,
Th.)
('i? ftyopillqratS,
Meyer. (FH.)
BUTTERCUP or
BIITER CROW.
FOOT.

ill) sd

'l:I!1,'f.
7.k li
' ~4
~

REMARKS

Ch. lD13. 86. 245, 270:


Ber. 188G. 19. 177G: 18D1.
24. 2847; 2854: JPSJ.
1888. 77. 28D: 81. 4D5:
18D 1. 117. 1077: 18D2.
12.220: IDI5. 405. 1293:
ID20. 455.38: !DU. 509.
]pc. ID03. 18. 241: 10.
:lSi: ID 11. 7. 238: Klein.
4. 18G: 224:

Paeoniafluorescin.

..

REFERENCE

St. 370: FH. 1. 13: BN. var. jajJonicu.s,


203: DH. 200: USD. 1578:
Maxim.
Arch. Ph. 18D2. 230. 182:
(BN.)
Ch. J. Ph. ID35. 9. 47:
A deleriant.

Mi'

1- - - - -

539. R. sceleratus. ;Pjm~ hb


L. (G.M. Br.) ShihLung
(R. /Wlophy!l,,,,
Juei
Hanoo.)
C$: ~"') sd
(R. oryzitorum, fill

Bunge.)
(FH.)
.CURSEO CROW
FOOT.

Anemonin. Hop.
Man.

SC.

Ji

;p Jig
19d!!:1~

St. 370: FH. 1. lG: BN.


335: Br. 2. 76: 3. 282:
USD. 1578: WI'. 324: DH.
230: NSD. 13GI: HIP.>:
CRN. 521: IMM. 73D: Wi!.
2. 11: J. Prakt. Ch. 185D.
75. 20D: KO.55: SAMP.
121:

7.k <li

r;

?k

1e

*R

~*~

[iJiill'f-l-l
NYMPH1ICEAE (5) ~hui
Lien
K'e
540. Brasenia
,
peItata, Pursh.

. . (Br. 'Ch. M.)

(Ch'un)

""'~~r'

WATER MALLOW.

I hb

'"

Shun

!IIi

!'k'
>S ?k

7](

.\li~r,'f.

Ku.

Che.

St. 73: BN. 1333: Br. 2. (8. jJ"rp,,,.ta,


221; '3. 357: mr. 20D:
Casp.) I
TM. 1888. 2. 885: 188D. (B. S<h",hn',
Gme!.)
3.1IG7:
(M.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

541. Euryale ferox

Salisb.
(M. Br. Ch.)
FOXNUT.
CHICKEN'S HEAD.
~
iffi

:m

ICHINESE I
NAME

~,.

'l<

1'f

PART
USED

I CONSTITU

kl

Shih

~iE
1Il~

t.!l

lin

lim iifi
pn iifi

rt
st

i! Wi

sd

REFERENCE

TAT

Protein

Hop.

St. 1G9: FH. 1. 33: BN.


!l59: Br. 2. 218: 3. 440:
S. 68.41: DH. 211: Bot.
1925. 39. 133: Wil. 2G:
CMP. 2r.~: HCM. G3: CRN.
488: IDI. 125: IMP. 73:
Ch. J. Ph. 1928. SRI. IG8:
KO. 5G: SAMP. 124:

CuI.
Com.

St. 278: BN. 1331: FH. 1.


34: Br. 2. 217: 3. 439:
ES. 68. 18: WP. 307: DH.
210: TG. 191G. 37. 203,
495, 8GL 871: Wil. 342:
HOI. 92: IDI. 202: CRN.
510: AIL 435: CMP.2G4:
BioI. Cent. 1904. 2. 240:
ColI. Agr. Bull. 1895. 2.
159: SAMP. 124: Han.
240: Ch. CSJ. 1934. 2.
2GO: Ch. J. Ph. 1928. SRI.
1G7; 1G8, 170: 1933.7.
187: 1935. 9. 47: KO. 5G:
PJS. 1929. 38. 37:

11.8%.
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
75.4%.
Ash 1.2%.

Ch'ien

(*

HASl-,

ENTS

178
REMAAI<:S
.,;'.

~ ~
JJ~ r~
~ ~f
7J<iJli~'i

542. Nelumbo
nucifera,

Gaertn.

(M.W.G.)
(Nelumbittm
sfJt!doStl1n,

Willd.) (M.)
(Nymphaea
Ne/umbo,

Lour.) (HI.)
INDIAN LOTUS.

'\

Lien Ou

(*

('f)
iiff

~,,)

ii{~ T:r
Wi :t'f

i\~
~

;pm'f
7J'< Z
ill Z

rt

(f~)

f4ii
Wi W

Dried:
Nelumbin.
Protein

15.9%.
Fat 2.8%.
Cbhyd.
70%.
Ash 3.9%.
Vito C,.
Cu 0.59
mg%.
St.uch
9.7%.
Ash 1.1%.
Vito CI .

~
~

7]<

Lien Tzu "sin.

.-Seed caulule.

ifJii*(Wi>it<?R)

au

Mi

bk
fl
sm

m:

If
If

'!l~

st

illTIt:'
(m~, .,!\,~)

(;!is)

(;110)

~t

Root.joint
starch.

. (\ill:)

1.7%.
Fat 0.1%.
i;l1~tJ

~iW}

Chieh Fen

mm. m~li!l:.
r.!i;!iS, -rJi~,
ifJiij'Ji. '!Z{.:i.
UJ) {:ii b,\.
.(li';;!is) {.:i

2%.

fjj;1Mf&

Ou Fel1
Root-stock
starch.

-root.

Asparagin

Protein

iJE

~fj}

Nclumbine.

Klein. 4. 222. 71G:

,.
543. l':Iuphar ja.
ponicum, DC.
(M.Br.)

l;ii~!i(

P'ing
P'~ng

sd
rt

I Nupharin.
Rhamnosan.

Ts'ao

jj~

71<!iI~'f

St. 287: BN. 1072: Br.2. N. tulna;"


1910. 17, 13: KO. 57:

(1lII l'i)
7]<

SC.

Ponds. 218: DH. 210: CMP.2G4:


Bcr. 1925. 58. 4,25: BSP.

alkaloid.

WP.807.

114

BERNARD E. READ

. LATIN NAME

544. Nymphaea
alba, L.
(St.)

\CH~NESE I PART CONSTITU- HABI.!


NAME

*C~mW, fl
Hung Pai
Lien Rna

LOTUS LILY.

CM!' ill)

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Shih Chu

545. Arenari~ ser-

~Jl!h'i:1f.

__J 8t

.' pyllifolia.
(J.)

SANDWORT.

546. Dianthus
caryophyllum,

L. (HM. M.)
CLOYE PINK.

USED

ENTS

TAT

REFERENCE

REi\fARKS

Nl1pharin? Exot. St. 281: DH. 210: WP. Leaf and root
308: USD. 1513: Wil. 2.
contain
a'lkaloids
59: HOI. 93: AJP. 1883.
antl;fanIiin
55. 9G: CRN. 510: !DI.
HTA.442:
208: SAMP. 124: Klein 4.
KIehL:!;1
71G. 797:
.410::.

;p'Yrf-1K'e

Saponin.

hb

Ash 5%:- Hun.

CM!' ill)
*r.'1Ji'1,'f.
Hung
Mao
T'sao

CU81

hb

LiKe

Ts'ao

CaO 45%.
Fe 5%.
Ess.oil:Benzyl

~)

*:1,t

St. 498' FH. 1. 70 DH.


209' WP. 303' Ph Centh.
1892. 33. 742 Klem 3.
1134'
.

Bn. 512: USD. 21. 1282.


DH. 20G: WP. 307, JPr.
Ch. 1878. 18. 20~: SAMP.
133: Klein. 2. 252, 3; 350,
536, 8; 3. 572, 042:

.', ,to'

ester.

Phenyle
thylol.
Eugenol.
Salicylic
ester.

Hepta.
cosan.
547. Dianthus
superbus, L.

(M. Be. Ch.)


(D. Fischeri,

... Spreng.)
(Br. St.)
PINK.

WI ?Ii

Ch'ii Alai

C* ~)
m! ?Ii
li1iJ?Ii
'ill;

**

~1

;p' /I"r.
M~g:1o'f.

fl

Com.
NC.

St. 149: BN. 14G5: FH. 1. ;p'Yr


G4: Br. 2. 75: 3. 208: isD. chillensis, L.
DH. 20G: HCM. 52: CMP.
2G5: KO. 57: NSD. 890: (D. Si'guieri.
Chaix.)
SAMP. 133:
(St.)' .
contains
saponin.

WP.307.
Klein. 3.
1134:

175

CI-IINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE PA~T CONSTITU-\ HABIENTS


TAT
\ NAME USED

548. Lyehnis coro idli'F.i:Ili rt


nata, Thunb.
Chien
(Ch.)
Ch'un La
(Agrostenul1a
(MIl l'l)
Oa"ksia,
Mecrb.)
(L. grandi/lora,
Jacq.)
(St. FH.)
MULLEIN PINK.

549. L. sp. (St.)

~~;fiLl{li

M '1,':

~ St.

rl

585

Chicn

550. Sagina Lin~-4'::fR


naei, Presl.
Shu Yang
vaT. maxima. Ch'uan
Maxim. (M.) (>Is: m)
1flaXima,

Gray.) (Br.
FH.)
(S. s;llalsis,
Hee.) (FH.)
PEARLWORT.

Com.

REMARKS

51. 249: FH. 1. 66: BN. L. fulg<1lS, ."


Fisch.
873: DH. 208:
vaT. copuda,
Max.
(BN.)

Hop.
Ki.

Ts'ao
(B -10

(So

REFERENCE

249: Cf. P.]. 1871. 1. C/dormd/llts


jap.,Sieb.
(J.)

St. 388; 411: FH. 1.70:


P]. 1902: BN. 1254: Br.
3. 197:

$. JR
~~ flt;
f1HI;:t,t

------1---1- ----1---1---------1----.:E~fflff sh
\Vang Pu
Liu Hsing
(Vaccaria vulgan's. O)IJ (tf!) sd
Host.) (M.
f;'i'g~E

551. Saponaria
Vaccaria.
L. (M.)
B:-I.)

COWHERB.

Saponin.

NC.

St. 395: FH. 1. 64: BN. SiltfU ajnica,


Turcz. (Br.)
246: Oft. 206: KO. 57:
SAMP. 134: Br. 3. 209: PI/;J'sa/is
1lu',anla,
L.
HCM. 47: CMP.
266:
(Ch.)
USD. 21. 1462: CRN.
526: IMM. 774: Ph.India. MelaJldryum
1. 157: Ber. 1884. 17. jinJlllln.
Rohrb.
685: WP. 304: PJ. 1871.
(M. Br.)
1.585: Klein. 3. 1134:

Bogs.

St. 423: FH. 1.67: BN.


241. 1443: Br. 2. 56: 3.
40 l: DH. 208: CMP. 267:
WP. 30G: CRAS. 1882.
94. 1256:

~VIi:~E

~~1R~

552. Stellaria
~ fV.t hb Ash 13%.
aquatica.
Fan Lil
Scop. (M. Br.) (g1l 1!0
(S. fmmda.
~ ~~
Hance)
is(
(C"astitn" a.. L.) ~ *~t
(Lm'br<a a .. DC.) lii. :/,'(
(FH.)
~n}}SR
CHICKWEED.

s.

m.edia;
Vill.(M.J.
Ch. BN.)

17G

BERNARD E. READ

.LATIN NAl\lE

BASELLACEAE (1)

CHINES~ J I'ART CONSTITUII-lAHI1


NAME
USED
ENTS
TAT

RE~IARKS

1&~f!f1

LoK'uei
K'e'

~I

553. Basella rubra.


1& K'uei If
L. (M. BN.)
Lo
(8. alba, L.)
OJI) 1;0
(8. 'lfl!m, Lour). ~ .~
It
(FH.)
illi ~
MALA8AR
NlliUTSUADE.

REFERENCE

illi

Vito A3 ,
B,.
Saponine.

Tung. St. 00: BN. 1198: FH. 2.


~~1: Br. 2. 82: 3. 412:
IMP. 1070: CRN. 467:
WP. ~02, 13~6: IMM.
lOG: SAMP. 115: Wil.
3~5: DH. 199: PJS. 1920.
41. 387: Klein. 3. 1134:

l\'lucilagc.

Fe.

~
~

:.I>

~
~~!Fa~

ll\l

553a. Basella
~~ !Fa fl
rubra, L. (M.) Yen Chih
C~
~

A cosmetic
~""5: Also made from Car ~f."f
thamus, Mirabilis and Jan c!u'a"g Izl/.
(Wil.)
Impatiens.

St. 491: BN. 1102: \-ViI.

Red pig.
mcnt.

1'1)

iItk

!.!11OOJi!f!f

PORTULACACEAE Ma Ch'ih

(1)
554. Portulaca
oleracea, L.
(M. HN.G.)
. PURSLANE.

Hsien
K'e

,\!j1OOJl

Ma Ch'ih
Hsien

hb

C\Ill ,*l
!1~ J.':
li.fi'4~:

Vito CJ
Ash 1.6%.
Fat 0.4%.
Urea.

Com.

sd

Ii.1i"#!:

-lil-1llt~
';/L~fiJll-

"f1;

St. 347: FH. 1. 71: BN.


8~8: Br. 2. 07: BPI. 107:
USD. 1558: ES. 68. 48:
WP. 301: DB. 205: IMP.
135: IMM. 706: CRN.
519: AMP. 49: JParasit.
1922. 8. '133: Ch. Ztg.
1903.27. 499: 1906. 30.
856: Ch. J.Ph. 1935. 9.
47: RD. 57: Klein. 4. 225:
SAMP. 134:

1PHYTOLACCA.
CEAE (1)

ilQ~f!f

Shang Lu
K'e

555. Phytola<:ca
jflj 1\71 rl
acinosa, Roxb. ;nang Lu
(HC. Br.)
C,* t'iD
(P. oclandrae,

Bunge.)
(Br. FH.)

l.11
',?,

;jJ

tlP

fl

Phytolacea. Hop.
toxin.
Hup.
Saponins. Sze.
Man.

St. 319: FH. 2. ~31: BN. var. esadnda,


Makino.
R77: Br.2. 70: 3. 23~:
(B.N.)
DH. 202: WP. 300: CRN.
515: IMP. 1071: CMP. Poisonous.
209: CMJ. 1918. 32.471:
FB. 188. Sei. I. Kwai.

177

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESElpARTI CONSTITU-I

NAME

USED

FoNT'::::'

HAm-I
TAT

(P. jJekillensis,

(P. deccuuira,
Maxim.)

1891. 1070;

55G. Achryanthcs

Ji!:

Rn.

i!'- JM1

~t -A-S-h-8-%--+s-z-.e-.-I-S-t-.-G-:-F-'H-.-2-.-3-2-2-:-B-N-'-..-I-v-a-r .-'J-atxn-.-'-ic--'a.
K 2%. O'
Saponine.

Com.

2~0; u57: BL 3. 188: IMP.


Miq. (BN.)
IOu 1: CMP. tiD: HOI.~: Szechuan
CRN. ~5i: WP. 298:
species,.
SAMP. 115: eh. News. A.fadM,
1891. 64. I~/: KO. 58:
(Br.) is
JpsJ. 1899. 205. 2il:
considered
ID20. 457. 257: 1024.
the best.
53~: 561. 1099: PJ. 1888.
9~G: JSSI. 1929 .. I. 2. u2:
Klein. 3. I 13~:

KNO J .

.Com.

St. 33: FH. 2. 320:

CuI.

502: BPI. 107.28: 'Watt..;:.


02:

CuI.

BN. 930: Br. 2. Gi: IMM.


5G: FH. 1. ~;20: WP. :!U8:
CRN. 460: FEATM. 193~.
2. 636: Ch. J. Ph. 1928.
SRI. IGO: 1935. 9. 47:
SAMP. !l6:

557. Amarantus.

:.[

hb

Hsien

C* ~"D
557a. A. mango-

..- :.

Hsien l{'

bidentata.
Niu H;i
Blume (M.
C* ~,.) II
i!'- ~ st
HC.)
(A. asP~1"fI. L.
If 1fi
var. bide"tala, liJJUi:i
BI. (M.)
. 1-11i1i~

AMARANTH.

J09(i;

'

1801. 24. u~8: H. 1800.


5. il: AEPP. lU12. 67.
lI8: JJIC. 31. GO: CC.
1928. 1. 1820: Klein. 3.
!l3~: SAMP. 115: KO.
5i: USD. 15~0: AJP.
189i. 69. 13~:

POKE ROOT.

(~)

RE~JARI{S

.189.1. Apr: JPSJ. 1887.


59. 31: 1888. 82. 589:
1890. 93. 21~: 1901. 229.
2G2: TAr. 1891. 5. 1~5G:
189t. G. 3;;~: 26. 3:.0: PJ.

Hnce.) (FH.)
(Po KlUmp/eri,
Gray.)

AMARANTACEAE

REFERENCE

'.f~

Pai Hsicn
stan us. L.
(BN. J.P.)
CkW )
(A. j>o/J'gamfts,
L.) (Lour. M.
SAMP.)

rt

hb Vit. Co
Protein

1.4%.
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
2.2%.
Ash 1.9%.
Ca 0.32%.
Fe 8 mg%.

m4.

BER:-IARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

ICHINESE/PAkT CONSTITU-\ HABIol


NAME

657b. A. gangeticus.,

tt

J,!

L.
Hung
(A. tricolor, L.)
Hsien
(A. melam;!w/icus. (M j;J)
L.)
;/!!;'95J'
(A. Irislis. L).
'iJj;'J!!:

(HN. J. Br.
Lour. FH.)

Hll*j,T.

1'l'

USED

ENTS

hb Vito Co.
CuI.
Protein
3.5%.
Fat 0.2"(..
Cbhyd.
G.G%.
Ash 3.1%.
Ca 0.46%.
KNO,0.5%.
Fe 23 mg%.

5!>7c. A. blitum, L. A. 'Q sd


(HN. Br.)
~~n Hsien hb
(A. sy/vcslris.
(M 1'1)
Des!.)
(A. ol~Tautts. L.)
(F1-I.)
!>i)7d. A. viridis, L. !f E hb
(M. FH.)
~ehHsi.:n'
(A. iapu"ims.
(M 1'1)
Sieb.)
(Euxolusv.,
Moq.)(Br.FH.)

fi57e. A. caudatus, ~ }~ hb KNO,.


Tzu
L. (M. FH.
Oxalates.
Hsien
Br. BN.)
Betaine.
(A. a1ojJt!ctnus
(;\Ill 1'1)
Hoch.) (FH.) ;/!!;m\{'l:

BN. 1127: Br. 2. G7: 3.


~OG: FH. 1. 319: WP.
298: IMP. lOGO: DH. 199:
Ch. J. Ph. 19;)5. 9. 47:
Malay MJ. 19~4. 9. 1:
SAMP. !1r.:FEATM.19M.
2.

G~G:

St. 33: DH. 199: WP. "Bliton" of


298: SAMP. I1G: FH. 1. Galen.
319:

Cum.

BN. 982: Br. 2. G7: 3.407: A. Btil,dl., L.


Malay MJ. 19~4. 9. 1:
(BN. Br.)
FH. 1. 320:

CuI.

BN. 412: WP. 297: DH.


199: FH.l. 319: Z.Ph.Ch.
1911. 75. 2G2: USD. 21.
1414: CRAS. 188~. 98.
150G: 188G. 102. 1043:
1888. 106. 711. 801:
Klein. 4. 292:

l!f Ji!:
i---I--I----j-SC.
CC.

558. Celosia
argente-a. L.
(M. Br.)
(A. pyramidalis,
Nor.)
(C. t11(JT~ari'aaa,
L.) (FH.)
PRINCE'S
FEATtlER

St. 100: FH. 2. 318: BN.


GIG: Bf. 3. 160: Wil. 2.
G3: DH. 201: WP. 298:
HCM. 31: CMP. 272: IMP.
105G: CRN. 47~: KO. 58:
CRAS. 1888. 106. 902:
JSSI. 1930. I. 5. G5:
SAMP.IIG:

TJ.I:I'JtPj!

559. C. cristata. L.
;a; sd
(J.M. Br.)
Chi Kuan II
COCKSCOMB.
(g, liti) sh

Fatty oil.

REMARKS

CuI.
KNOJ

Vito C:;.

REFERENCE

TAT

Cern.

St. 101: FH. 2. 318: BN.


1478: NSD. 153: WP. 299:
DH. 201; HCM. 31: CRN.
473: IMP. 1057: Ph.Post.
189G. 29. 189: KO. 58:
SAMP. I1G:

17!1

CHINESE \IEDlCINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

I ICONSTlTU
ENTS

ICHINESE
NAME

PART

USED

CHENOPOOIACEAE
.1If
f!f _
(4)
LiK'e

... 1

HAm
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

1_ _

1---------------1-------5GO. Beta vulgaris,


L. (M. ]. G.
Wil.)
WHITE SUOAR
BEET,

~i

$R

T'ien
Ts'ai
(};(,)f;Ii)
I

O1fJi!!!\,:;

hb Saponins.
Betaine.
Phytosterine.
Ash 12%.
Ca, Fe, Cu.
Vits. AI.

BI (I_
rt

Protein
2 "';::

Fat"0~2%.

Ash O.G%.
Sugar
10.18%.
Saponin.
j Jsoleucin.
Leucin.
Tyrosin.
Betaine.
Lysin.
Arginine.
Histidin.
Phenylalanin.

Urease.

Tyrosinase.
sd

Saponin.

St. G8: FH. 2. 325: BN.


1071: Br. 2. 2G2: WP.
288: DH. 1ge: AMP. 42:
SAMP. II,,: Wil. 345:
USD. 21. 104(;: IMP.
lOGe: [MM. lie: HTA.
~?,j: l\H. ?'(jr;, 40R: Malay
AI]. 19'14. 9, I: Laufer.
399: ]SCI. 1912. GOI:
CA. 1927. 21. :J981: Ber.
187i. 10. 8.>: 1881. 14.
1.>09: 1883. 16. 312:
1888. 21. 3492: IR92. 25.
I 32lH;

189;:L

26. 3057:

18ge. 29. 2645: 1901.


34, I 1tJ0: 1927. 60. lG2:
Z. Phys. eh. 18BG. 20.
1:)27: UJO..L 41. 535: 1907.

50. 50R: 1911. 75. 262:


Ch.]. Ph. 1908.
SRI,
1uB: Klein 3. 1134: 4.
182,259,888,977: CRAS.
1876. 83. 1238: 1884.
99. 925, 1030:
1875.
81.537: 1915.160. 777:
1889.109,911: 1862.55.
430: 1914. 159. 687:
Landw. Verso 29. 295:
1885. 32. 129: 18%. 48.
33: 20, In; 13D: ID07.
67. 433: CC. IDI1. 1.
1065: 1918.1.745: 192a.
1. 546: ID22. 2. 1083:
1914.1. 1962: 1912. 1.
lO;J:i: Arch. Ph. 1861.
159. 105: ]ACS. ID24. 46.
203; 2004: Biach. Z. IDI3.
50.185.

Chinese
beet is
probably
the same
as the
European in
containing
vanillin
furfural
trace.
Am. formate.
Ca butyrate.
1'1alanates.
Glutarates.
Malates.
Tartrates.
Pectin.
Quil1ates.
Phytin. &c.
see Klein. 2.

BERNARD E. j<EAD

ISO
LATIN NAME

\CHINESE
NA1\'IE

fial. Chenopodium
album, L. (M.
HC. G.)
PIGWEED or
GOOSEFOOT,

CONSTITU-I

PART
USED

ENTS

llf

l:k..' . .1Jf
.
HUl Il

Clf, if<li)

Ess. oil.
Lcucin.
Betain.
Paracha
lestcrin.

5t

J,kff(f.~

{it1:\'lx

LIMB'S QUAR.
TERS.

sd
kI

Ash 4.9%.

BAm-I

REfERENCE

TAT

FH~.2.

~fj

7m: 4, 182. 292:

I Betain.

Leucin.

Hop.
to
Hup.

'*

paLin, Schrad.

(M. CIl.)
(ChmojxJdium
1..)

$.,

(Br.)
BROOM PLANT.

Saponine.

Ti Fu

(*
it!!

JlIl

*"*"'il'?

I St. 475: BN.

1488: Br. 2,
202: eMP. 272:

I
I

f:('L'l}3<t1
*1Jf.fl1i':
JJlJjnl'i~
I
5(i=..-O."I(-OC-h-ia-sc-a.- -JUl-I,-j-M

D".~'

HOP.! St,_.lO..k
323:
to
119,): Br. 2. :::8: IDI. 1,,:
Hup. CRN. 474: IMP. 1064:
WI'. 28:J: Wil. 2, 62:
AMP. 42: JPSJ. 1924.
511. 723: 1020.462. Arch.
I Ph. 1893.231. 641, G-I8:
pJ. 1921. 107. 349: Ber.
1876.9.147: ZNG. 1915.
29. 19: Jahr. Ph. 18G3.
20.268: 18G7. 27. 193:
JSC1. 1913.379: Klein. 2,
1

_ _ _ _ _ _ _1

"(lIa. C. album, 1..


If
(M.)
Li
PINK VARIETV.
(jill 1'1) st

REMARKS

Hop'I-S-t'-2-2-7-:-F-j--1.-2-'-3-2-8-:-B-N-.+I-C-i-n-d-ie-a-,Hup: :iG8: ilr. 2. 27: 3. 205: IMP. 10G8:


Sung. DH. 197: CMP. 275: WI'. CRN. 501:
287: KO. ,')8: Klein. 3.
I 11~4:

X&t) sh
sd

j!lii ,;W
3'. iijli
"'"
:E

f11f W

<ill: 191
iJ!tU'"

aJlIll:':

~1'j1;"/"

1:i:.,~,i
503. Spinacia
oleracea, L.
(M.J. Ch.
WiI.)
SPINACH.

Saponin.
Protein
l.G%.

Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
1.6%.

Ash

2/~.

NC.

St. 417: FH. 2, 325: BN. "Horensa"


Jap.
106D: Br. 2. 2G2: DH.
196: WiI. 2. G3: WI'. 28G:
HIM. 815: CRN. 530:
IMP. IOG7: CMp. 275:
Laufer 392: CRAS. 1885.
100, 751: 1887. 104,

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

CHINESE
NAME

LATiN NAl\IE

PART
USED

CONSTlTU*\ HAI:n-1
ENTS
TAT

HH

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Fc, Ca, 1.
Cu lA
mg %.
Spinacin.
Viis. A"
B I , CJ ,
G,.
Urca.
Chloro
1'hyll.
Chloro1'yhlla5O.
Hcntriacontan,
C:: 1 HG-I0
Cerotinic
acid.
Linolenic
acid.
Malic acid.
Citric acid.
Lecithin.
Stcrincs.
Betaine.

1293: 1895. 120. :J55:


lV07. 144. 1067: IUl2.
154.893: H. 10. 11: HCA.
1924.7. 91G: ce. l:Jl:L 1.1
Ina: 1927: 1, 1:127: JBC.
1920.42, I: 192~. 61. :10:):
1929.82.105; Ill: BJ.
1929.23. 107: ZNL. 19:;0.
60. ~08: StUll'. !l5: Ch.
J. Ph. 1928. SRI. !GO:
19S3. 7. 187: 19:1;;. 9. -H:
DI. 1928. 681. 70: Klein.
2. 5lU. 20. 9. 32; 711.
:19: 3. 113..1: 4. 22fi. 9-1-9:
1428: :t92: Ph. Ztg. HIOU.
51. :{i'i: BK\V. HII/_ 54.'
74: Bioch. Z. HJO~. 16. 9:
1tI19. 16. U: 1924. 152.
i07:Z.Landw.Vcrs.l!JO-J..
7. lJ5: BSC. lUi;). 37. ,).14: I
AJP. 192~. 96. :;GI:JACS.
1920.42, 1061:

-----1--- - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - ------

iiIi 'I'!f

POLYGONACEAE

(21)

Liao K'c

- - - - - , - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 1- - - 56'+. Fagopyrul11

esculentum,
Moench.
(M.)
(/;:

Cf:!ia!'tia If

~margilla!tlm,

Meisn.) (M.)
(Po/YKOImm jogopynlm, L.)

eJir.
~~

,f., .
~E

jfcli)

**.
t1

st

(FH.)
BUCKWHEAT.

(Sweet.)

sd

R~t~%.

Rhamnose.
Anthocy.
an.
Qucrcitrin.
Ca oxalatc.
Rutin
0.1%.
Rhamnose.
Protein
G"+%.
Fat 1.2j;.
Cbhyd.
77.5%.
Ash 0.9%.
P, 0,
OA5%.

~~'.

~~821~/'H:i.2I~g9 ~~.
lV~:

WP. 280: HCM.

G~:

Wil. 3:;6: Z. Phys. Ch.


1895. 20. :; II: 1913. 85.
1~8: J922. 118.301: Bel'.
189~. 27. G2: 1900. 33.
I~~: TC. 191G. 37.263,
~95, 8GI, 871: SAMP.
113: CRAS. 188 L 93. ~09:
1896. 123. 327: 1897.
125. 7~7: 1902. 135. iDa:
won. 148. 1;")2G: 1921.
172. 13l1: JBC. 19l8. 34.
.+39: LN. 1928. 681. GO:
Cent Phys. 1909. 22. 685:
Ch. Zig. 1893. 17. 1932:
189G. 20. 399: JpsJ. 1925.

"Saba" Jap.

BERNARD E. READ

182

CHiNESE IPARTI CONSTlTU- HA~l'l


_L_A_T_I_N_N_'A_'_IE
_ _,-ccNccAe-MccEcUSErJ
EXTS
TAT
\

REFERENCE

516.1-1: S. Africa Vet. MJ.


1928. 1. 29: Ch. News.
1888. 57. no: Landw.
Vcr. 1871. 13.321: 1897.
49.203: Arch. Ph. 1908.
246.2-11: 1912.250. .j[-I:
JJMS. 1932. 6. (91i): Ch.
JPhys. HJ28: SRI. 155:
1933. 7. 18G: Klein. 2.
711, S5G: 935: 3. ~35,

CuO.7mg%.
Vito B1
Phosphatide.
Maltase.
Linasc.
Lactase.
Diastase.
Urease.
Protease.

U: 4. 8GS, 75, 77, 81, 88,

DO:

SU5. F. tataricum,
Gacrtn.

(HC.D.G.
(Pofygolttl/1Jt.,

L.)
(P. S;nanl1l1,
Des\'.) (FH.)
BITTER BUCK
WHEAT.

'li#i~
K'u
Ch'iao

Yun.

tg

Kan.
Hop.
Hup.

l\Iai

St. 171: FH. 2.351: DH.


19-1: WI'. 280: Wil. :13G:

(M ED

5uG. Polygonum
Xi,{ =;.:' 1'1
aviculare, L. Pien Hsii
(Er. Ch.)
~'-)
KNOT or GOOSE J~ 1"1
WEED.
Jr.~~ fJ~
J~ ~

c*

1'MiiH,':
ill4;1.':

Tannin.
Resin.
\Vax.
Ess. oil.
Flavone.
Sugar2.5%.
Zn.

Hop.
Hup.
Man.

Ki.

Ash 2.44%.

~ ~I

If
5G7. p. barbatum'l
L. (M.W.G.) Mao Liao
5G7a. p. lapathifo
)i1)1 5t
limn, Ait. var.
incilnulTl, LCd.]
(Br. St.)

(m

Pigment.

ISzc.

Fu
Hup.

Che.

St. 3-1 I: HI. 2. 33-1: EN.


1197: Br. 2. 45, I80: DH.
192: HOI. 11'1: 1\11. 5U3:
011'. 276: IMP. 1073:
CRN. 518: IMM. 702:
WI'. 278: BSp. 1925. 32.
27: 192G. 33: 138: ZphY5.
Ch. 1917. 99. 255: Arch.
Ph. 1905. -I~3: YEP.
1885. IGO: CC. 1017. 2.
393: MM\V. 1903. 4.
384 : KO. 58 : Lancet.
1885. G58: AJp. 18i3.
2~i: Klein. 3. 931: SAMp.
113:
51. 3-12: FH. 2. 3:J-I: BN.
205: Br. 2. 180: DH. 193:
IMP. 107G : AMP. 41:
CRN. 518: USD. 21. 1229:
SAMp. 11~:

REMARI{S

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

508. P. Bislorta,
L. (M. St.)
(P. 'dvijJal'tl1JJ, .

L.)
SNAKEWEED.

ICHINESElrART\ CONSTlTU.! HABINAII,IE

1J;.
Ch'uan
Shen

om

ENTS

USED

rt

TAT

REFERENCE

183
REMARKS

Tannin
Hop. St. 34 I: FH. 2. 334: BN. "CouleuKan. 707: Br. 2. 180: DH. 192:
vrinc"
17%.
Gallic acid. Sung. MI. 570: WP. 277: USD.
Fr.
Flavone.
1282: CMP. 270: IMP. . 'Natter
1074: CRN. 518: IMM.
Pararabin.
wurz"
Ca oxalate
702: AJP. 1809. 41. 193:
Ger.
JpsJ. 471. 441: J. Ph.
1.1%.
Starch
Belg. 1920. 2. 870: 1929.
11. 049: PJ. 1900. 491:
29.5%.
Protein
BSP. 1925. 32.27: 1920.
33. 138: Ph.Z. RussI.
10%.
OW,
1894. 165: SAMP. 114:
Klein. 2. 349, 354, 542:
methylanthra.
3.410,385,931: Ch. Ztg.
quinone.
1905.29.491: 1900.87:

it)

Phloroglu-

cin.
Ellagic
acid.
f----

5(j9. P. Blumci,
Meisn. (J.)

,U~

Ma Liao

(Wi

*-

---Bogs.

If

5t

i'I)
~

St. :J41: FH. 2. 334: BN. P. Postlmlm,


847: Br. 2. 180: KO. 59:
Ham.
var. Siumd,
Matsum.

:ffi~i%'i

570. P. chinense,
(J.)
(Polygollum si'l~1lSt,

~tiiWlj'i

(BN.)
rt

Indigo.

She Chicn If
Ts'ao

Hook.) (:jfr

ill)

Sung. St. 343: FH. 2. 335, 343:


Tung. Am.Drug.
1888. Ang:
Sze.
USD. 21. 1342: BN. 47G:
DH.193:

(Ampelygollum
chhJeIlSt,

LindL) (FH.)
571. P. cllspida.
IJ{, H: rt
tum, S. et Z. HuChang
(M.)
OJIJ ~;O
(P. R~YllDfdria,
'Mi tJ:
Makino)
*-iJttJ:
(P. Sieboldi,
>If tJ:
Hort.) (FH.) ~ tJ:

Cuspidatin. Ku.
Polygonin. Ki.
Emodin
Hup.
Sze.
1.2%.

Poly.
datosid.
Anthraqui.
none.
Wax.
yell,,'....

dye.

St. 341: FH. 2.330: Br.


2. 31, 180: 3. 225: BN.
585: DH. 193: WP. 278:
CMP. 278: MI. 448: PJ.
1891>. 56. 84: JCS. 1895.
67. 11I8G: Ch.News. 1895.
72. ~78: JPSJ. 1901. 237.
115~:
1908. 314. a49:
CRAS. 1920. 182. 157,
~300: BSC. 1920. S. UW:
BSP. 1907.14.098: IV::>.

18'

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

I,

CHINESEI

PART

NAi\IF.

USED

CO~STlTU-1 HAUl-I
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

RE:\1ARKS

32. 27: 1926. 33. 138:


JSSi. 192U. 1.2. 40: KO.
59: SAMP. 114: USD. 21.
1229: HPA. 1926. 1. 122:
Klein. 2. 360: 3. 989.
1003, 13, 35, 1210, 1235:

-----1----------1-'-------1---672. P. cymoSlllTI,
Trev. (Ch.
HN.)
(FogoP;ymm c.,
Mcisn.)
(P. tria1lgulau

3~

rt

Bf.1

OxymcthyI. Sung. St.


1: FH. 2. 337:
P. chillense,
anthraSze.
2. 180: BN. 47G: DB. IU4:
L. (Br.)
quinone. SC.

i~;5.28~~.C~f' ~~~~Bi~: 1
138:

Wall.)
(P.:oltdJile,

Turcz.)
(P. aada/um,
Lehm.)
(P. dibolry"
Don.)
Hill BUCK
WHEAT,
':;73. P. Hydropiper, L.
(Ch. Br.)
SMARTII'EEO or
WATER PEPPER.

sd

Liao

c*

~1[)

If

Polygonic
acid.
Tannin.
Ess. oil.
Glucoside.
Formic
acid.
Valerianic
acid.
)Ielissinic
acid.
Malic acid.
Gallic acid.
Phyto.
sterine.

St. 3-1--/.: FH. 2. 3~0: Br. Used by


2. 180: DH. Hl2: AIW.
Galen and
850: IMP. 1077: KO,"59:
HippocraYUll.
CRN. 518: WI'. 27U: AJP.
tcs.
187!).
Nov:
1885.
Tung. 43. 490:
57. 21: TMW. 18Ui. 5.
li{'n~ :
BSP. 1925. 27 :
192G. 138: Ph. Wcekb.
IU 19. 108-1: !'SBM. RussI.
1~28. '176: SAMP. 11-1:
U:;D.21. 1228: Klein. 2. I
..W7: 503,17,29,42: 75U:
Man.

Hup.
Ku.

sh

--- - - 57L P. Hydropiper, L. form:l


aquaticulll,

~ 5t
ui Llao If
f,Jf

7J(
~

Male (J.)
. ~
WATER PEPPER: I I'll

... !

*J
~I

.-<\li

Phyto.
sterine.

Man. St. 342: Br. 227: CRN.


Hup. 518: Br. 2. 52,181: Klein.
Ku.
2. 75!J:
Yun.
Tung.

P. /laccidu11l,
Roxb. (St.
BN. Br.).
FH. 2. 339:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN NA\m

CI'll1'\:E~r..II'AR'rl<":ONSllTU1t-1AI..:ll-1
NA~lE
USED
ENTS
TAT

~iiljjl.':

5i5. P. japonicum.
Meisn. (~I.J.) Ts'an

hb

I~Up.

185
HE~IAnKS

nEfo'EHENCE

S~._!.j2:
1.1/

II

1... 11.

FH. 2. 3.11: BN.

I:

Chien

Ts'aa
(J{t ill)

{"'f1'g

5iG. P. multi
florum, Th.

Ho Shot.1
Wu

II (~~.

(J. HC. D.)


(P.

cllitll!JlSl!,

Houtt.)
(P/(fuojJluus

~~

)il!

corda/us.
TUTCZ.)
(HI.)

~ Starch
45%.

Kli.
St. 3.12: FH. 2. :),2: Br'l
Timg-. 2. 1::10: KO. 5!J: B~. 428:
Sze.
C~IP. 'J.77: HeM. 114:

Fat 3%.

f~.n st
,,"
1} If

Ash .1.5%. Hup.


Fu.

t,!,

~tjjPdi,i

L. (He. Br.
Ch.)

(P.pjlomm,
Roxb.)
(P. (()Chinch/l1e1lsis. l\reisn.)
(Log1lJlea c.,

Lour.) (FH.)
(P. !u,pirh"u,
Kth.)
(P. Dioscoridis.
Wallf.) (DH')I
PRINCE'S
FEATHER.

-=- ----

Hung
st
1'5'ao
If
(}J11 {itO fI
i',1.) i\t:~

~t. :~J.~:
:~I:

FH. 2.

~..J.~:

Br. The leaves


3: arc put in
22.J.: :UN. 120G; var. pilo- tobacco in
SUlll,
Mcisn: DH. lD;{: some coun
WP. 280: JpsJ. 1920. tries (DH.)
2.

(j5:

I~O,

2~::):

451. G2D:

=nti

Stuart says

'!f.

P. ~mphibium.
L.
SA~IP. 113:

;n fill
X ~

1Rl 1:;
jJ[t

11.122.

)Ll1jfli
iii; ;:)
1.ti 'ij(

tr.f'Jiii

I. 2. Gl:
472. 487:

730'1

!.!jJlf?l

'1-'ff'-J-:-il~I-J:

I:J:l9.
ID:H.

480. H.j: Osaga 1921. I


~OS. G: 715. U: W22.
(1. SMIP. 11.1.

Bli1:i1r3

5-7-7-.-P-.-o-ri-en-t-al-e-.

JSSI.I
ICZG'1. 1923.4.15: JpsJ.

x?liis

BERNARD E. I{EAD

18U
LATIN NAME

CHINESE PART CONSTlTUNAME


USEf)
ENTS

579. P. tinctorium,
IflJtl
j
Lour. (Br.
Lan
Ch.)
U$~ *~)
INDIGO PLANT.

HABl-\

TAT

REFERENCE

ISung. I St. ~4-I:

Indigo

4.5%.
Szc.
Kampferol. l\'lan.
Kampfcrid. Tung.
Acetic acid. 1
Indican.

sd'
rt

FH. 2.

~51:

REMARKS

Br.

2. U2, 180, 214: KO. 59:


51): SAMP. 114: Han. 125:
I \~liI. 37::l: DH. 193: NSD.
838: CMP. 27t1: USD. 21.
1229, 1342: WP. 278:
Ber. 1879. 12. 2311: TC.
ISS0. 1. 14-1: Agr. Tak.
1900. 4. 2(;0: eh. News.
1878. 37. 22~: jPc. 1840.
2UO, :1-1-1: jPrakt. Ch.
18-10.21. G5: JJMS. lU32.
6. (UU): Klein. 2. -199: 3.
9~)j, lOGO, IOG3: Laufer.
371:

-----1--- - - - 580. P. virginia.


num, L. (J.)
(P. jibjoYme,
Th.) (M.FH.)
(P. virgiw'cwJl 1
L.) (M.)

Itt**,"t;(

ho

Ku.
St. 3-1-2: FH. 2. 352: Br.
Ki.
2. 180: KO. 5U: BN. G02:
17u.
Bup.
Sze.
Tung.

Chin Szu
Ts'ao

(11" 1'1)

*n

rt
581. P. virginicum. 'tf:
L. val'. fili
Hai Ken
forme, Nakai. (1ft ill)
(J.)

582. Rheum offi.


cinale, Baill.
(D. Br. St.)

rh

Che.

Emodine. Sze.
Anthraqui. She.
none 15%. Hop.

Chrysopha. Kan.
582a. R. palmatum, L. (Br.)

nie acid.

Sha.

Glykogal.
lin.

532b. R. undulatum, L.
(J.M. Br.)

Pectin.
Rhein.
Rheosmin.

Rheochry582c. H.. tanguticum, Tschirch.


(KO.)
RHUBARB.

sin.
Tctrarin.

Pentosan.
Flavone.
Ca oxalate'i

St. 37-1: FH. 2. 353: Br. R. palma/tim,


2. ISO: 3. 232: BN. 57:
L. var.
ChP: USP: BP: jP: BPC. lang,dictme,
!J-I8: USD. 21. 937: WP.
(Wil.)
270, l:i05: l\H. 585; 404; Tschirch
-154: iIIW. 853: FHP. -142: says the
DH. 189: KO. 59: SAMP. Szechuan
ll-k Wat. 510: Wil. 2. root is
:i9: HeM. 123: Laufer. R. officina/t,.
5-17: JSSI. IU2U. I. 2. 59: that from
CRN. 522: PJ. 1850. 10. Kokonor is
R. palmatlull,
..j. ..J.7: 1895. 55. 325: Arch.
Ph. IS0G. 6. 11: 1837. 9. var. ta11j!ld.
2L5: 18;{D. 17. 2G: 1852. 'lIt:kiV<
125. 2GD: 18GS. 134.7: T'u Ian fa
11899. 237. G32: 190:]. huang.

187

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE

NA;\lE

IPARTI
CONSTlTU-1 HASI-I
USEn
ENTS
TAT

I Cilmamic
aCid.
Gallic acid.
Tannin.
Rhcinolic
acid.
Aloe.
emodin.
Vcrosterol.
Alizarin.
Rheopurgarin.
Catechin.
Arabinose.
Galactose.
Aporetin.
Glutamin.
Oxydasc.

583. Rumex acetosa, L. (M.


G. Ch.)

nFi

;f!~

Suan r..'lo
(8 111,)
GARDEN SORREL. IIJi("~:r.
IIJ:k~,

Y1i ~re
M:I*
i'~

! 'bI i.\!S

rt

DRY.

REfEHENCE

REMARKS

1240. G15: 1907.245.150,


t.SO:
1912. 250. ROI:
1918. 256. !)[: CC. 1903.
1. 722, 88:l: ]CS. 1858.
10. 21J8: 1877. 31. 2G7:
1909.95.1085: 1911. 99.
9-1G, %7: 1913. 103.
:WOli: HILi. 107. 946:
Ber. 1875. 8. D70: 1882.
902: CA. If.l2-J.. 18. 1365:
AIPT. 1905. 14. 250:
1918. 256. 91: ]PS].
18~ . L 149.
U78: HI02.
248.99-1: 190-1. 264. 119:
1~08. 314. a50: 1911.
353. 479: 1913. 372. 87:
UJl5. 395. :H: CD. 190G.
371: CRAS. 1903. 130.
:1~5: Ann. Ch. 183-1. 9.

Oxalic ae.

85: 18-1--1-. 50. lUG: 18U!).

free, 4.2%.
Ca oxalate
4.1%.
Oxy.
methylanthraqui.
none a.u t,
Malic ae.
Citric ac.
R. undu
latum emodin.

309. :12: 1900. 310. 3G1:


Apoth. Ztg. lUnD. 15.
5a7: Ann. Ph. 183+. 9.
91, 30-1: ]. Prakt. Ch.
1908. 77. :~83: Ber. Ph.
lSjJ8. 8. 153: ZPhys. Ch.
I!) 13. 86. :l7D: Klein.
0!)!), GO, 1; 52!);
2.
37; t:!; 7f>8; R51; 5;
8uO: 3. 40D; 11; 850;
1035; 1223: 4. 22+;
8US: PJ. 1D02. 14. 317:

ChrYSOPha.1 Ku.
nic acid. Hop.
KH oxa
l\lan.
late.
Vito Cr.
Chlorophyllase.

St. 384: FH. 2. 35f): EN. -+ species


IBOI: DB. 190: SAMP. in India
115: Br. 2. 258: WI'. IMP. 1082.
270: CMP. 280: IMM.
757: MIP. -II: USD.
1558: CRAS. 1888. 102.
10-1-3: Lancet. 18!)G. 1.
lG-I2: CA. 192-1. 18. 100:
1']. 1927. 118. 105:
ESP. 1925.32.27: 192G.
33.138: Klein. 2. 3Gl: 4.

H~:

BERNARD E. READ

188

CH1NESE PARTI CONSTlTU-1 HASI-I


USED
ENTS
TAT

I NA~lE

LA_T_I_N_N_'A_'_lE_'_~

rt

Emodin.
Com.
Chrysophanie acid.
Anthraquinone.
Tannin.

REMARKS

St. 38-1: HI. 2. 35G: FB. Name of


188: \VP. 270: MVv. 855: seed
DH. 1 DO: CMP. 281:
AMP. -10: KO. GO: 1MM. Chin Ch'iao
757: eRN. G2.J.: eRAS.
Mai.
188G, 10-13: SAMP. 115:
JPSJ. ID lB. 375. 03;
1021. 470. 327: Arch. Ph.
ID12. 250.20: PJ. IV27.
105: ce. 1!)20. 3. 353:
,JACS. lOW. 41. GO'!:
BSP. lOW, 23. '7; 192;').
32. 27; If)ZG. 33. l~S:

Sitt.'i*

Ess. oil.
If

REFERENCE

Ca oxalate.
Emodinc.
Brassidinic
acid.

Klein. 2. 3uO, SGI, 519:


3. 1010:

-----I-------~I--------I~---

.U~91!li;1f~l

ARISTOLOCHIA,
CEAE (3)

l\'la Tou

Ling K'E

-----1---------1-------1---Com. St. -J.!): rH. 2. 2Gl: BN. Also


585. Aristolochia
.U~PJi1t
rt
debilis, S. et

Z. (M.)
(/1. recul'dlabra,

Hee.) (M.)
(A. contoda,
Bunge) (St.
Br. Han.)

8..J.3: Br. 3. 11 :~: JSSf. A./('oempjeri,


HUD. I. 2. 58: HeM. 17: \~Iilld.
KO. GO: JPSJ. IV2".487. (St. -19.)
813: DIP. 283: SAMP. (KO. GO)

Ma Tou

Lin;

elm 1;t)
1\Mj~ii!t

l!l;j1iH<

11;;:

sd

i!r/f'-li
~il'HJl

.=:r'ijfj
- - - - - - Jl! ~

*
e*

58G. Asarum
l~i
Bluni.ei, Duell. Tu HCllg
(J. G. Ch.)
*~)
;f %

rt

Ess. oil
1.4%.
SaCrol.
Eugenol.

Che.

-(-

,1.!~JPIf.1f

::l fki

fJB*

310, 350:

St. 5+: FH. 2. 358: EN.


-t.59: Br. 2. 85. 230; 3.
V3: WP. 2G-I: CMP. 28-1:
Sehim. 1907: JPSJ. ID07.
302.302: TC. !D07. 28.
921: KO. GO: Klein. 2.

-----1--------1--------:---587. A. Sieboldi,
Mig. (HN.
G. D.)

flB

rt

Hsi Hsin

c*/1\:?(':'

~%)

,:Y

~r.-I

Ess. oil 3%. She.


ClOH~O:;.
Che.
Pinene.
Korea
Phenol
Com.
CJljHJI)0 4'
EUCalVOl1.

Palmitic

acid.

St. G:j: FH. 2. 3GO: BN.


f)5G: Br. 2. 236; 3. 92:
HCM. IV: SAMP. 113:
Ci\'IP. 284: DH. 185: 'VP.
~G~: KO. GO: JPSJ. IUDI.
i 235. 92U; lDOi. 302. 3G2:
i Ci\'ISJ. lV28. 88. -+..J.: 1~30.
~h:.JPhys. HJ~5. Pr.
13: 1,e'Jo JM. 1930. 1.
223: Klein. 3. 590; (j37,
i G1,53: CZMG. 1928. 6. V5:

12;3:

C1-IT~ESE
LATIN NAME

llEDlCIKAL PLA:<iTS

ICHl~.l:.~j~ IpARTICVl';:lTlTl.-!IIAUI-1
NAME

USED

~~~_'f'~11
ShcngK'c

LORANTHACEAE
(2)
I >ang CI"

S. & Z.

(HC. D.)
MULBERRY
EPIPHYTE.

i!l',J:~f"'t If

Hup.
Szc.

Sang
st
ShangChi ft
Shen~

01,

REFERENCE

REMARKS

--1----+--1--------1----

-----1--588. Loranthus
Yadoriki,

TAT

ENTS

*'i()

St. 2~R, ~.'5: FH. 2. ~07: KO. also has


Viscu.mBr. 2. 205: 3. {i-J.:l; BN.
almall, L.
T09: NAIP. Itl8+. 1. 125:
var.
l1flt!sHOI. 85: MI. H5: CRN.
ems, Makino
537: RO. 0 I: SA~IP. 108:
from the
mulberry.

Of Ri'

;~
~ 'iIi:
:tJ

II

589. Viscum album, llP1.f,g,


L.
Liu Chi
MISTLETOE.
Shcn~
WILLOW
(Wl 13 )
EPIPHYTE.

Viscin.
Oxydasc.
Inositc.
Fat.
Alkaloids.
Glucoside.
Ceryl
alcohol.
I\'Iyristic
acid.
Arachic
acid.
Galactan.
Caout
chouc.
Sapol1inc.
Phenylethyl.
amino

Propionylcholin.
Chotin.

2~8:

~07:

NC.

S1. 391;

Cc.

B:\'. IR25: Br. 2. 2G5:


USD. !GU.;: Ml. -17;;: 595:

HI. 2.

Dill. 188: DIP. lllfi:


WI'. 20 I: ESC. 1878. 34.
3~8: PJ. 1897. 58. 289:
AlPT. 1911. 21. ~32:
JpsJ. IU22. 488. 930:
SA~IP. 108: Mona1. Ch.
192~. 44. 277: CC. 1912.
1. 5f)2: 3. 1479; H128. 1.
709: AEPP. 1929. 145.
297, 312: CRAS. IU07.
145. 9~(J: JCS. 1908. 88:
Zeit. Exp. Med. 1920. 50.
.549: Klein. 2. :l50; 254;
511; ~; 800; 3. G90; 118~;
4. 2-11, 288, 295, 298.
70~, 898: P:'IA. 193~. 1.
125: New Eng. MJ. 1928.
199. 1207:

Pine epiphyte
is also this
plant see
Br. 2. 205:

Acetyl.
chotin.

SANTALACEAE (2)

:t~,~: I~

_______ I_.....:l,~"::"_
590. Santalum
album, L.
(M.J.G.)

N'l iff
T'an

Hsian~

'1

-----I---j----------:------

I \Vd Ess. oil


-1..5%.
I SantaloI.

Tung. St. :)9-l: BN. 1-1-2G: Dr. 2.


Java :176; 3. ..j.5tl: \VI'. 2f17:
FI-IF. 5+0: Laufer. 552:

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

[CHINESE

_ _ _ _ _ _~', NAME

597. Brotlssonetia
papyrifera,
Vent. (He.
HF. Ch.)
(Streb/us corda/us,
Lour.) (FH.)
PAPER
MULBERRY.

598. Cannabis
sativa, L.
(J. Ch.
Br.M.)
(C. chiutJIlis,
Del.)
HEMP.

I ICOI\STITU-I HAHi-j
PART

USED

:!'Ii

bk

OJ!) !r,O

If

%Q

sd
st

Ch'u

:<&

'!i~

ENTS

. TAT

Lignin
-1.70%.
Ca CO".

Hup.
I Che.

Ccrotinic
acid.
Lipase.
Amylase.
Protease.
Chvmasc.
Cannabinol.
Resin.
Fat.
Wax.
Choline.
Ess. oil.
Ash 15%.

If

Carotin
0.2%.
Ess. oil.
Co. malate.
Eittcrstuff.
Protein
19%.
Fat 31%.
Ash 5%.
Ess. oil.
Choline.
Vito 2.
Lecithin.
Phytosterinc.
Edcstin.
Phytin.
Trigonelline.
Inosite.
Linoknic
acid.
Glycllfonic
acid.

kl

REl\'1ARKS

Hop.

St. 75: FH. 2.455: Br. 2. For paper


3~4; 3. 499: BN.
1261:
making.
DH. 172: \~lil. 2. 7-k \VP. Yunnan
238: KO. (;2: CRAS. 185-1.
species
Ku.
38.2.+1; HJ07. 145. :'77; n.l\azinol.:i,
I Tung.
1908. 147. (;01: SMIP.
Lieb.

I
I

~2t i~~e;;, 9~': 51(;;

4.;

(1<0)

Sung. St. 90: HI. 2. 45:J: BN. In NC.


Hop. 55: Br. 3. ~79: Ch. P: BP: Ta fila
applies to
Hup. USP: usn. 276: DH. 178:
Castor oil,
Man. BPe. 263: WP. 246: FHP.
Cannabis
-fiJ 1: ID1. flU: MI. 4G7,
is termed
558: SAMP. 102: KO. Gl:
CRN. 7R: BIP. 1181: AMP.
II' 1M<
hsiao rna.
35: AEPP. l:JO:1. 49. 2(iti;
19~8. 129. 12: AlP. IV28. The Tientsin
35.30: PJ. 1885. 15. 853.
namc is
575; 1880.65-1; 1882.13.
Ch'ing rna.
998: JCS. 18%. 5B9: JiEC. Cf. No. 274.
HUG. 12. 573: BSP. 1924.
321: HPA. 192(;. 210:
PI'. CS. 1898. 4-1:
CRAS. 1889. 109. 911:
Ber.1880. 13.2".31; 1881.

rt
fl

REfERENCE

14. 1717';

JCS. 1895. 623; 1899.


T20: Arch. Ph. 78. 211;
1913.251. 56: Z. Phys. Ch.
1895.20.511; 192{). 152.
16-1: JACS. 18%. lR. (;09:
CRAS. 191/3. 137. 202:
J. Prakt. tho 1881. 22.
481; 58. 13V: Am. Ch. J.
18!J2. 14. GG2: Ber. Ph.
[!l)0. 10. 2G-J.: Ber. 187'5.
J. I -)TO: 189L 27. 769:
l\knat.
lR8G. 7. 21G;
188$. 9. 198; 1890. 11.
:l72: Bioch. 2t. IDOG. 16.
3DD, 406: Klein. 2.254,
520,535,77,711, 5D:

eh.

1E~

JE!<i'f
),I1<'IJ

lOR

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

HABI-[

CmNESE[PART CONSTlTU-1
NAME
USEI)
E;.JTS
TAT

*"

[i09. Cudrania

triloba. Hce.

wd

Che

(HC. D. BL) (1,r.


(C. triC1lsfiidata.
Bur.)
(Mcu/llml.,
CarL) (FH.)
SILKWORM THOR~
_--"or:..-=.:TS::A=-T=-R:::E::.E:.c_I

rt
Jjr{j) illbk

fI!( tTl th
Hcc. var.
Nu Che
(M.Ch.) Small (tf,- illD
thorny variety
_--,,0=-1::59:.:9:.:._ _-1GOO. e. triloba,

GOL Ficus Carica,


L. (J.M.)
(F. /u"da, S. et

Z.) (HI.)
FIG.

REMARI{S

nEFERENCE

Sung. St. 137: FH. 2. 470: Wi!. The leaves


Tung. 3G2: Br. 2. 3:12: G. 562:
are used
CC.
Hosie. 21:
in silk
worm cuI
hue.

1m1t.J.I!

ft

Water 80%. CuI.


Dried:-

\ atCr 28%.

St. 174: FH. 2. -t58: EN.


1048: BL 2. 2B7: FHP.
487: IMM. 3G9: !DI. 129:

Dextrose
50%.

CRN.

490:

AMP.

35: Laufer. 410:

Ash 2.5%.

CMP. 28G; HCM. G5: DH.


17:J: USD. 21. 487: Pliny.
18.89: WP. 288: BPI. 204:
UP: USP: KO. GI: BPe.
4GG: CC. 1928. 1. 431:
SAMP. 102: JPSJ. 191G.
409.234: Arch. Ph. 1881.
22G: CRAS. 1912. 5G:
USDA. 1918. 732: Ber.
1871. 4. 70G: JPC. 187(1:
23. 104: LN. 1928. 681.
74: JACS. 19:J8. 50. 2n12:
ZLVO. 1901.4.181: USES.
Calif. 1892; 180:1: 'Vat.
097: Bioch. Z. 1910. 24.
2GB. AJP. 33. 215: Klein. 2.
51G, 29, :12; 711i 3. GS!):
CRAS. 1907. 141. IIG4;
190R. 147. GOI: Bill!. I
Acad. Roumainc.191G. 4.
:-!45: Monat. Ch. 11H8.
49. 98: WP. 1307: CC.
18115. Ill: 18tll. 323:
191G. 2. 498: Klein. 2.
5lG; 750, 9; 4. 183; 22+;
5; 892:

Vit. A.

Cerotinic
acid.
Lecithin.
Malic acid.
Citric acid.
Unripe:
Caoutchouc.
Boric acid.

If

+__-'-__

Kuo
(oft /fiJi
Ilk B

Miq. (J.)

CC.

WII Hila

fiffij
(wi IIH

Sung. St. IB7: BN. 271: Br. 2. Xy/osma


1'acemosa,
Tung. 332:

Pepsin.
Urea.
Papain.
Tyrosin.
Glutamin.
Phytosterin.
Ash 8.2G%.

Cerotinicac.
Stigma.
stcrin.
Sitostcrin.

IMP.

1200:

BERNAIW E. READ

194
LATIN NAME

CHINESE

602. Ficus erecta.


Th. (BN. G.
St.)
(F. praai/a,
Thunb.)
(F. japuaica Bl.)
(FH.)

~jiIJ*
T'icn

NAl\1E

II'ARTI CONSTlTU-' HAm-1


USED

ENTS

It

St. 175, 188: BN. 164:


Br. 2. 237: DH. 172: FH.
2. 459: PJ. 1902. 14.
317:

Ku.

St. 175: FH. 2.465: BN.


1438: Br. 2. 237: DH.
174: SAMP. 102: KO.62:

Ki.
Fu.

Hup.
Tung.

(F. Hall((Qlla,

Max.)
{F. ~r~cia. Auct.
(Tmaua lulero
jJhytla, Gasp.)

604. Humulus
Ii'!! :1,\: vn
japonic1l5, S. ct Lii Ts'ao
Z. (AI. Ch. St.) (~!f *)
(H. aculcal.<s,
1(:}) 1i':
NUll.)
'$:l;'!iIJBi

WILD "O?

An.

Hsicn
Kuo
(Wi I'l)

603. F. pumila, L.
(M. Br. G.)
(F. stit"lala,
Thunb.)
(BN. FH.)

__R_E_'F_'E_'R_E_'N_'C_E_ _---1_R_E_M_A_R_K_S_

~+-

Com.

~Hii!;l:

St. 209: FH. 2. 453: BN. H. l"jJWus,


L.
120G: WP. 250: SP. 29.1:
FHP. 495: Ml. 570: CMP. CRN.49G.
contains
287: SAMP. 102: KO. GI:
cholin and
Wat.42G:
asparagin.

1-------1--1-------1--605. Morus alba,


L,(J.I-IC.
G.W.)
(M. iud/ca, L.)
(AI. constantinopolila1l4, Poir.)
(FH.)
MULBERRY.

Sang
~D

(*

It

sd. Fat 30;; Com.


Urease.
eul.
j
in Tannin.
rt
st Ash 1.35%.
Succinic ac.
If Ca malate.
Ca carbonate.
Invert
sugar .J.%.
Pentosan.
Tannin.
Carotene.
Ash 10%.
Vito (2'
Cholin.

St. 2GG: FH. 2. 455: BN. The PT


indicates
7G8: Br. 2. 32G; 3. 498:
black fruit
BPC. 1081: USD. 1501:
which is
FHP. 489: BPI. 204: DH.
probably
171: HCM. 90: lDI. 193:
from
CRN. 508: IMP. 1184:
M. nigra, L.
WiI. 2. 77: Wat. 4G4:
much
KO. G2: WP. 237: TC.
cultivated
1914.34.509: 1918. 39.
in N. China.
245: Monat. Ch. 1882. 3.
136: CC. 1921. 3. 177:
192G. 2. 45: Bot. 1889.
23.9: JpsJ. 1922. 488.
930: Arch. Ph. 1917. 187:
Z. Angew. Ch. 1893. 428:
CC. 1V15. 1. G85; 1916.
1. 5G7; 1917. 2. 59:
SAMP. 102: KO. 62:

I9!)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE

PART

NAME

USED

CONSTITUI HABl
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

RE~lARKS

CRAS. 1854. 38. 2. [ :


[885. 100. 751: 1887.
104. 1293: J." Ch. Moo.
1834. G7G: BSC. 18G8. 10.
224: Ch. J. Phys. 1935. 9.
47: Klein. 2. 522: 4. 2D5;
888:

ULMACEAE (4)

1l1I'f-l~IJ
YiiK'e

I I

-----1----:
GOG. Ulmus cam
pcstris, L.
(M.G.)
(l/. sillmsis)
(St.)

inbk

j-------:---

Starch.
!\'lucilage.
Tannin SOlo.
Sitosterin.
Phytosterin.

ENGLISH ELM.

Ca O.
Phloba
phene.
Stigmastcrin.

Many varietic5,

LSC.

If

Ba SO,.
Hcxylenal.
dehydc.

fI
kl

G07. U. macrocar

pa, Hce. (Br.


St.)
STINKING ELAI.

Fat 2G%.
Butyric ae.
Capric ae.
Lipase.

I Hop.

Hup.
Man.
Kan.
She.

51. 19,. 4.R: FII. 2. 14G: Sallee from


BN. 118:1: BT. 2. 1IIi, 129:
the kernel
is
Wil. 325: Dl-!. liO: FHP.
500: SAMP. 10:1: BPC. !.In{::'14l'
1130: CRN. 535: WP. ~33, Yi.i Jen Chi3Rg.
[:J3i: CRAS. [925. 181.
133: MIV. 1. 8G4: Monat.
Ch. [924.45. 2GI: 192:.
46. 309: 1928. 49. 98:
Ber. lU2G. 59. l..j.Oi: Ann.
Ch. 184G. 17. 34i: Arch.
Ph. 1877. 210. GO: PJ.
185+.13.382. Apoth. Ztg.
IV 18. 5G. -1-83: Ch. News.

I9IG. 114. 02: CRAS.


lU 12. 154. (is: W2.1. 181.
[33: CC. 1910. 2. [iI3:
Z. Angcw. eh. 1893. 428:
191G. 29. ~3i: 1917.30.
22 [: Klein. 2. 290, 500,
9; 730, 49, 59: 4. 802:
Nature 1930. 125.780:

Hop. 1St. 448: Fl-!. 2. Hi: Br. Fetid smell.


~Iall.
3. 494:
The sauce_

l\iPl'd!l'

Wu I Chiang.

HHi

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

ICHINESEjPART ICONSTITUI HABI-I


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

608. U. parvi!olia. "


lifl,
bk
Jacq. (HC. G. Lang Yii
D. St. BL)
(;j{t jil)
(U. P.u,.la. H.

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Ku.
Fu.
Hup.

St. 449: FH. 2. 448: Br.


2. 116:

Ku.

St. 464: FH. 2. 449: BN. Abe/ilea hirla,


Sehm. (J.)
1531: WP. 2~6 : BL 2.
110; 3. 492:
In Hupeh-

& A.) (M.)


(U. cllillmsis,

Pers.)
(U. cllillellSis,

Loud.)

(U. virga/a,
Roxb.) (FH.)
(P/aI~ra j>anJifo

"'a,

Sweet.)

(Micruptdia

jJ.,

Spaeh.)
(FH.)
LEAV~D

SMALL
ELM.

GOD. Zelkova acuminata,

Planch. (M.)
(U/mus

R:(a~';,

Sieb.)

Chii

If
hk

Che.

~k)

0)1)

*,p

J1j,

PlerocarYfI
stmojJlera,

1/f

(St. 360:
He. Ch.)

(2. sildca,
Schneid.)
(2. Keaki.
l\laxim.)
(Planera jajJonica,

Mig.)
(P. all11ziuata,

LindL)
(Corchorrts Idrlus,

Thunb.) (FH.)

FAGACEAE (7)

Gto. Castanea
vulgaris, Lam.

tlJ'EWl'I-

Shan Mao
ChiiK'e

~
Li

(M. BN. St. (8 1)


BL)
(C. saliva. MilL)
(C. jajxmica,

Blume.)

sd

Protein

NC.

5.7%.
Fat 2.0%.
Cbhyd.
62.0%.
Ash
1.3%.

Com.

St. 97: B>I. 771: Br. 2. (C. 'mlgaris,


Lam. var.
318: FH. 2. 525: \il.
jajJo1dca,
311:WP. 215: dACl.1905.
Th.) (BN.)
27. 274; 1917. 39. 1286:
Wat.201; 359: AJP. 1880. ~~LiHsieh
52.292: CMP. 290: Ch. J.
-Septa of
involucre.
Ph. 1928. SRI. 173: USES.

lU7

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

\CHINESE
NAl\IE

PART

USED

CONSTlTU-1
ENTS

HAm-l
TAT

Starch
25.0%.

(C. ellinet/sis,

Hassk.)
(C. ';:(sca.
Gaertn.)
(FagtlS caslall~a,
L.) (FH.)

Vito Bt Lipase.
fI Arginin.
bk Quercetin.
Urea.
Pigment.
rt
51

COMMON
C"ESTNUT.

GIL Pasania cuspi. ~ llli bk


data, Derst.
ICe Shu
(M. J.)
(tfr ill)
(QUNCUS c.,
:* fa
Thb.) (Br.)

REFERENCE

REMARKS

1891. 173: Cc. 1922. 2.


1302: SAMP. 100: CRAS.
1912. 154. 893; 59. 989:
Bioch. Terab.Sperm. 1920.
7. 13: Z. Phys. Ch. 1908.
55. 338: Ch. News.
1893. 67. 7: BeT. 1921.
54. 1695: CC. 1917. 2.
G32; 1D25. 1.925: Klein.
4. 18G, 225, 8G2:

!!i!m Li FuTegmen of
seed.

Ki.
St. 3G7: FH. 2. 5lD: BN. Lilhocar/ms
Sieboldii,
Ku.
G54: SAMP. 101: Br. 2.
Nakai (J.)
Tung. 374:

c-- - - - G12. Quercus Bun- ~ l'S It


geana, Forbes. Hsiang
If
(Br. HM.M.)
Shih
bk
(Q. chillmsis,
rt
Wi
Bge.)
bk
tf!
(Q. aCtdissima,
.!i!. ;j. cup
CarL)
~ 1*
(Q. """ala, Th. 11' :Cf
var. chiucnsis,
Wenz.) (FH.
Br. BN.)

Com.

*)
5,

St. 3G7: FI-l. 2. 508: WP. !\'fore than 20


22-1-: EN. 1377: 'Vat. 201:
species arc
Wil. 3G2: Br. 2. 370:
used (Wil.)

C"INESE OAK.

G12a. Q. serrata,
Th. (M.J.
W.St.)
SERRATED OAK.

do

(m

Li

11'
IH

EI

li 13. Q. dentata,
III l'f bk
Th. (Br. M.) Hu Shih If
(Q. obovala. Bge.) (f,/i
kl
(Q. yUllllallf!1lsis, ~1 Ii!:
Fr.) (FH.)
fri W

*)

BlO LEAF OAK.

G13a. Q. glandulifera, Bt. (M.)

;k~~
~tIFf

1ti1

Fu

do

Idem. St. 3GG: BN. 1488; G53; "Kusugi"


787: FH. 2. 520: Br.2.
Jap.
371: Wil. 373:

Man.
Hop.
She.
YUll.

St. 3uG: FH. 2.511: BN. Large species.


1324: Br. 2. 372: JPSJ. Q. alima, BI.
1891. 107. 13, 18: Wat.
is also used
38:
(HC. G. D.
St.)
BN.li19: FH. 2. 51+: Br. Small species.
2. 374:

198

BERNARD E. READ

__
LA_T_I_N_N_'A_'_IE_

I I

ol~.Q.glauca,Th.

(J. M.)
(Q. all1l1data,
Sm.)
(Q. Pln-liala,
Buch.)
(Q. tk"tosa,
Lind!.)

HABl-\

CHiNESE I'ART CONSTlTU1


NA\lE
USED
E:'\'TS
-=-T,,-AT::-::

1i~

'f

Chu Tzu

bk
If

(;tfr ill) kl

R_E_F_ER_EN_C_E

f---R_E_'_IA_R_I_<S_

CC.
St. 3GG: FH. 2. 515: BN. Kort Li ilJ~
is the sweet
Sze.
1513: Br. 2. 374: Bot. 28.
acorn.
Tung. 273: JPSJ. 549.904:

'fill ti 'f

Henry calls
this CllSlan~a
chill'-,lSis,
Hce.

{Q. ftu-if/ora ,

Lind!.) (FH.)
SWEET OAK.

------1---1------1---1---------1----lil5.0ak galls from

1rrt1t.:r-

Q. infectoria, Wu Shih
Oliv. (St. PS.)

ALEPPO GALLS.

ex

Tzu

(W *)
ijl1:i'f
!n1:i"";'
}ii?F.iT

::f

kl

phylla, Lindt. Chu Tzu

bk

GIG. Quercus sclero-

,~

'(M.HC.G. St.)(:tfr ji'D If


(Q. ",,/idala,Th. 'l!iIi1'ivar.

Tannin
Arab. St. 181: Wi!. 2. 87: Han. "Mazu"Pers.
GO%.
Pers. 2G7: Laufer. 3G7: CJK. Cf. Chinese
Gallic acid.
215: HCM. 121: WP.
galls from
2%.
1341:FHP. 530: BP: USP.
Rhus
Ellagic ae.
USD. 50G: BPC.H5:CRN.
1iflH
Sugar.
521: Arch. Ph. 1912. 250.
No.3IG.
Starch.
Gv8; 1913. 251. 4G8: JpsJ.
Ash 2%.
191~. 394. 1391: !Dr.
Cyclogalli.
2G4: Ber. 1922.55.2813:
pharic
Pliny 24. 109: Klein. 2.
acid.
542: 3. 34~, 73, 91, 409,
Glucose.
10: 4. 887: '
Pcktase.

Com.

St. 3GG: Br. 2. 374: FH.


2.520:

SI1~/lSl.f.

DC.)

() 1Ga.

Q.

acuta,

Thb"
(M.']'.Br.)

(; I vb. Q. Vibrayea.
na , F. et S.
(~!.J.)

BIITER ACORN
OAK.

Jfit f,-l

BN. 118: St. 3GG: Br. 2.


374:

fa

BN. 1546: FH. 2. 522:

HSllch
Chu
(il 1'1)

f.l

'['jell

Ch"
1'1)

(WI

(Q.oa11lmtsifolia.
Fort.) (M.)

199

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAl\lE

BETULACEAE (2)

CHlNESE
NAME

I ICONSTlTU
HAm-I
ENTS
TAT
PART
USED

RE:\lARKS

REFERENCE

***'fl

Hua Mu

K'e

- - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 I- - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - 617. Betula

~~

Hua Mu

(a) B. chincnsis
Maxim.

(Yabe).

bk

Tannin.
Fat.

CIlIl W)
III

NC.
WC.
Sze.
Hup.
Man.

St. 68: FH. 2. 498: SMR: FH. lists


Br. 2. 374: Wat. 88:
species.
JpsJ. 1890. 97. 189:
189 I. 109. 253:

to

(b) B. alba, L.
var. vulgaris,
RegeL) (BN.
Br. St.)

FH. 2. 497: MI. 401: B. albu-si


eRN. 4G8: BN. 1377:
llmsis. Burk.
(Wil. 53:
FH.)

(c) B. utilis,
Don. (HCM.
BN.)

FH. 2. 499:
BN. 880:

HCM.

23:

(8. Bhoj.
jJaltra,

Wall.)

CNINESE WNITE
BIRCN.

618. Corylus
tlf 'f- kl
heterophylla, hen Tzu
Fisch. (W. J)(ffll W)
(C. Avellalla,

Baker.) (FH.)

Protein
16.2%.
Fat 50.6%.
Cbhyd.
16.5%.

NC.
She.
Sze.
Kan.

Ash 3.5%.

618a. C. mand
shurica, Max.

(St.)
(C. rostrata. Ait.

var.)(Br. FH.)

St. 129: FH. 2. 50~: BN. "Korya"


472, 1259: PBI. 204: USD. Theophrast.
C. avellolla.
1343: Wil. 255: SAMP.
t01: Br. 2. 322: Ch. J.
L.
Phys. 1928. SRI. 173:
WP.227:
Two types,
tall and
short hazelnut trees
are cited.
in the PT.

HAZELNUT.

dUGLANDACEAE
(2)

fiJl~'fl
Hu T'ao
K'e

-----f-------l---I--I--------l---St. 223: Wil. 2. 30: FH. "Kurumi"


619. Juglans regia, tiJl j;J~ kl Protein
NC.
L. (Wil.) var. Hu rao
sinensis, D.C. (ffll ~'O
(KO. J. G.
%
Ch. BN.)
~:!1
(I. "gia, Lour.)
(FH.)

m
m

15.5%.
Fat
63.2%.
Cbhyd.

to.4%.
Ash 1.5%.

She.
Hon.

2. ~91: BN. 672: Lauler


255: Br. 1. 202: 3. 222:
DH. 160: HCM. 78: MI.
417: CMP. 292: IMP.
1208: !DI. 169: KO. 62:
SAMP. 101: IMM. 486:

Jap.

BERNARD E. READ

200
LATIN NA:\lE

I I

CHINESE PAIn t:()N~TlTU1 HAljl-1


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

(I. jajxJllica,
Sieb.) (FH.)

Mg.CaPO..I
Mn. Fe.

WALNUT.

Lauric
acid.
Myristic
acid.
Arachidic
acid.
Linolenic
acid.
Phytin.
Lecithin.
Vits AI'

D3-!: 188+. 10-1.5: eh. News.


U.llG.G2:AgricLcdg.lDll.
1GU: LN. 19:18. 611. 7(;:
Arch. Ph. 18H. 51. 8H:

1850. 64. 129: 1918. 256.


302: Ch. JPh. 1928. SRI.
173: Monat. Ch. 1888. 9.
198: CRAS. 189G. 123.
108-1: 1912. 8V3: JACS.
18%. 18. 009: 1903. 25.
8-15: Ch. Ztg. 1909.54.58:
Klein. 2. 510. 11. 13. 20.
i7. 71 L -.l9, 59: 4. 3"'2,

Sitosterin.
Phytoste.
rin.
]uglansin.
Oxydase.
pp

898:
BeT. 1877. 10. 15...2: Ann.

Hydro.

Ch. 74. 303: CRAS. 1809.


69. 1372: 1905. 141. 838:
Klein. 2. :150, 8: 3.410:

juglon.
Ju~Ion.

Tannin.

Ash

RE:\lARl{S

CRN. 500: WP. 208:


USD. 1-1-18: \Vat. 1-12.
578: MAR. 19"9. 228:
AJP. 188G. 58. -108: 1893.
65. 420: Ber. 1887. 20.

B"E , .

ill' JJi.

REFERENCE

Pericarv:

7%.

Citric acid.

Malic acid.
Ellagic
acid.

Peroxidase.
Emulsin.
~

51

Arch. Ph. 1850. 64. 12V:


14.75: RussI. Ph. Ztg. 26.

Ash 10%.
Fe O.V%.
Mn 0.8%.
Xylan.

tn JJi.

rt Tannin.
bk Juglon.
Fats.

G19a. J. mandshu

11J/illt4E

do

rica. Max.

Shan Hu

(Yaho. D.)

T'ao

Gt9:

Paraffin.
Saponin.

(1. ca1h~y<tlsis,

Dode.)
(LauleL)
BUTTERNUT.

(M

Szc.
:\Ian.

ZLand. Ver. Oest.

IVOI. 4. 131: Klein. 2.


5-1", 871:
Monat. Ch. 1925.46.309:
Ann. Ch. 18-17. 61. 3-13:
Spero Agrar. Ital. 7. 10:
CRAS. 1905. 141. 838:
Klein. 2. 358: 3. 1133:
FH. 2. 493: SAMP. 101: I. sidlOldia1l4,
WP. 210: DH. 1G1: HCM.
Max.
is: Laufer. 266, 7: \Vat. BN.109;
2U-I:
St. 22-1:
CMP.292:
HOI. 78:

the Japanese
walnut.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAto.IE

G20. Platycarya
strobilacea,

S. ct Z.
(HC. St.)
(FortuJlaea
chinensis,

CHINES1:.1
NAME

111 'If

ttuai
Hsiang

Ci4l!

PARTI cUNSTrrUUSED

ENTS

I rt

I-JAtlI1
TAT

CC.

REFERENCE

201
REMARKS

St. 337: HI. 2. 495: Br.


2. 122: 'ViI. 25, 80, 373:
Laufer. 457:

13)1

'J'~m~1i-

Lind!.) (Hl.)
1J20a.P. strobilacea. !Z,~~
Pi Li
S. et Z. (BN.
Hsiang
D.M.)

Mts.

wd

BN. 0173, WI:

(itt ill)
1E*1ihl .w- ~--I.----l~-+---------I----
-------I-'if"j}"':IIi"'nit-,l
MYRICACEAE (I)

621. Myrica rubra,

Yang IHei
K'e

Hi

#J:

hk

S. et Z. (w.e. Yang M'i


Ch.)
CHM . 3''0
(M. sapitta, Wall.) tiL :{.
(M. FH.)
(M. nagi, DC.)
(FH.)
sd
(Morella r"
ft
Lour.)
rt

. BOX

St. 275: FH. 2. 49G: BN. Not


l\Iyricitrin, Fu.
1If. ?lag-i,
Tung. [182: Br. 2. 11[: BPI.
(oxy.
Thb. (FH.)
flavone.) HUll. 20~. Wi!. 2. 32: WP. 20G,
[0198: CMP. 2U.: IMP. "Yama.
Myricetin. K!.
An.
moma" Jap.
12 [0: !DI. IU7: CRN.
Tannin.
,iOU: Ml. 4'13: .1SMS. 19301. Cf. M. alba
Rhamnose. KII,
contains
Che.
6. (UU): .1C". 18%. T.
diuretic
Si.
1287: Ch . .1. Phys. [935.
Vito Cl .
glucoside.
9. 47: .lACS. !U[9. 41.
208: CC. 19!U. 3. 541: .1MW.lU:J1.
1.5:
1\)24.2.2oGG: JJIC. 17.

~I YRTLE.

22:19.2~1:26.G70: JIEC.

SALICACEAE (4)

fJ}fjP'f.!f

Yang Liu
K'e

G22. Populus sua 1;/(


veolcns, Fisch. Fu
(J. St.)
(.1ft
(P. balsamifera,
L. var. s.,
J.If
Loud.)
M
(P. Imu"la, L.)
j!\ij
(St. PSm.)

*j;

ASPEN.
SOUTHERN
POPLAR.

;j1; bk
I
jll)

fj}

W.

'ii~

[915.7. [13: AP. IU23. 1.


UG: 1925. 2. 12U: 192G.2.
199: 1931. 5, 213: 1929.
4. 3G3: TC. 1920. 41.35:
Klein. 3,879, 80, 938:

Salicin.
Resin.
Tannin.

\Vax.

Hun.

FH. 2. 5;{5: BN. 549: Br.

Amdanchia

Ki.'
An.'
Ku.
Che.
Fu.

2. 298: WP. 205: Buell.


Rep. Ph. 1835. 1. 2GG:

callack,tsis,
Med. var.
.iaponica,

SAMP. 100: Ann. Chim.

1830. 44. 2UG:

Miq.
(J. M. Bl'.)
q. v.,
inco,rrect,
see PT.

BERNARD E. READ

202
LATIN NAME

I I

CHINESE PART CONSTITU


NAME USED
ENTS

623. P. tremula, 1. S fl!- bk


var. villosa, Pai Yang
Wesm. (J.M. (JJf
BN. HC. HN. 1!ii M;
G.)
POPLAR.

*)

HABII
TAT

REFERENCE

Salicin.
NC.
St. 346: FH. 2. 537: BN.
Com. 312: Br.2.113, 359: SMR.
Salicase.
Populin.
WP. 204: USD. 1557:
Corticin.
]CS. 1900. 77. 707: Z.
Tannin.
Phys. Ch. 1906. 50.209:
Pectin.
]P3]. 1924. 513. 921:
ea malate.
C]SA. 1925. 3.392: ]IEC.
1917.9.748: Monat. Ch.
Asb 3.3%.
Ca, Fe, Si.
I 1909. 30. 77: Klein. 3.
Salicin.
409:
Asb 8.87%.
Ca 4.4%.
Fe 0.2%.

It

-------1---

REMARKS

Wil.195
cites 5
species.
also:(var. admo
poda, Burk.)
(HN.)
Stuart gives
P. alba. L,
CRN. 519,
3 species.

~---- - - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - -

:jJ)p
624. Salix baby
lonica, L.
Lin
(M.G. Ch.
*1\;
.Br.) .
II, t~
:jJ)p
COMMON WILLOW.
WEEPING
'. WILLOW.

(*

m-

If

Salicinase. Com.
Vito C,.

in
bk
st
II

St. 391: FH. 2. 520: BN.


655: Br. 2. 3GO: 3. W3:
WP. 203: Wil. 385: CRN.
524: IMP. 1220: SAMP.
100: PJ. 1902. 15. 157:
B]. 1925. 19. 359: 1927.
21. 1206: Ch.]. Phys.
1935.9.47: Klein 4. 877:

-----1-- -

------1--------1----

625. S. purpurca, 7j( fJ} If


L. var. scricea, ShuiYallg
Wimm. (M.].)(f,Jf
st
PURPLE WILLOW. 'i!f fJ}
in!!If :jJ)~
,,11 f... bk
~If ;ft
:ij: :jJ)p
~{< 1* rt

Sung. St. S91: FH. 2. 532: BN. India, CRN.


Salicin.
Hop. 132: WP. 201: MI. 300:
a species.
Populin.
Salipurpo
A]P. 1921. 93. 618: S. TltmberganG.
BI.
sid.
Schim. 1922.165: Z. Phys.
Salicin.
Ch. 1918. 101.255: Pl. (s. Kraciij
sly/a,
Miq.)
Salipurpo1903. 16.558: Monat. Ch.
(BN.223).
sid.
1927. 48. 479: Arch. Ph.
: 1885. 223. 537: CRAS.
1931. 192. 1478: Klein.
3.409, 845, 1212, 1236:

*)

CHLORANTHACEAE (1)

~I~~t'f
Lan K'e

626. Chloranthus
]:f<. C rt
serrat.us, R. et Chi Chi
S. (J.M. Br.) (~IJ 1f0
(Nigri1U' S.,
ff;tlUjlFt
Thunb.) (FH.)

Mis.

St. 105: FH. 2. 369: BN.


148: Br. 3. 94: Wil. 324:
CRN. 474: KO. 63:

203

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

CHINESEI PART CONsrrfU1 HAUl-I


__LA_T_I_N_N_'A_'_lE_-:__
NA_"_E_,_"_'_ED
ENIS
TAT

PIPERACEAE (5)

HEFERENCE

M*fi(ll-

Hu Chiao

K'e

627 _Piper aurantiacum. \Vall.


(D_)
(Chavica Wamchh

I R'E~IARKS

jf~

Nan

If
st

An.
Ku.
Hun.

T'en~

(1Jll

'1'0

FH. 2. :164: BI~1. 671: The ft. is


CRN. 5W: HCM. 17: KO. used in
63:
India.

T~ilJii

Miq.) (FH.)

T~'I.f

:x:

Jll, ilJii
;PiliilJii

illi j'g.

628_ P. Betic, L.
(G.M.)
(CIla'lJica B.,

Seem.)

If

(hu
Chiang
(l)i

(P. F"kol"dzura, 1~

*)
=r-

i;fit;&'

Sieb.) (FH.)

tI<iiH,i;-

1l!JI.i

E55. oil 1%_


Chavicol.
Starch.
Eugenol.
Betel
phenol.
Allylbrenz
catechin.
Caryophyl.
len.
Menthan.
Cineol.

Tung. St. 102: HI. 2. 36k B'<. "Pan".


1270: KO. 63: WP. lilt;:
India.
USD. 234, 1261: NSD.
1:l5~: Laufer. 532: BP.
1914: BPC. 202: IDI. 239:
IMP. 1093: IMM. 672:
CRN. 5!G: ZEPT. 1iIlD. 7:
PJ. 1886. 26R: 1889.42:1:
18i10. 20. 7~D: Ch. Trade
J. 1926. 7B. 560: Ch. Ztg.
1888. 12. 1338: SAMP.
112: Ber. 188D. 22.2'736:

Si.
Yun.
Szc.

India Agric. l\'fem. If) 13. 3.


17: HI 10. June: Schim.

Vito C1 .

1887. 34: 1888. 8: 188D.


6: 18VO. 6: 18D1. 5: IDI4.

rt
sd

BETEL.

~1~j{,7Ail

629. P. Cubeba,
L. f. (W.)
PI Ch eng
(Cf/1Jeba officiua- I eh'ieh
lis, Miq.)
(00 '!'t)
CUBEBS.
~Jt~7Ai=r-

:10: 1917. 10: Klein. 2.


324,9, H, 49,50,51: 3.
603, 5,45,62: Malay MJ.
1934. 9. 2:

"

Ess. oil

Tung. St. 144: B:-.i. 1342: CJK.

1~%.

Hai-

Resin.

nan.

Gum.
Fat.

Cubebin.
Cubebic
acid.
Starch.

Cadinen.

if:Jm

~m

22-1: Han. 246: FHP. 526:


BP: USP: Ch. P: BPC. 373:
SMIP. 112: WP. 197:
IDI. 241: CR, . 480: MI.
552: PJ. 18D5. 25. 951:
JPSJ. ID 18.432.100: MI.
386: 266: JSCI. 1928. 47.
D2: JACS. 1915. 37. 537:
JInd. Inst. Sc. 1925. 129:

EERNARD E. READ

204
LATIN NAME

CHINESE \ I'ART CONSTITU-I HAm-I


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Cineol.
Dipentene.
earen.

Sabinen.
Pinen.
Camphen.
Azulene.
Turpinenol.
Cubeb
camphor.
Ash 8%.

630. P. longum, L.
(J.G. St.)
(ChavicaRoxlmr.
ghii, Miq.)
(P. of/icillaruJll"
DC.)
LONG PEPPER.

~:!~

It

Pi Po

(11M 'i'i)
il~

!Ii

If
rt

REFERENCE

Schim. 1915. 101: 1922.


20: CD. 1910. 76. 271:
Arch. Ph. 1870. 191. 1:
18n. 202. 388: 1875.206.
316: 1877.211.34: 1896.
231. 204: Eer. 1877. 10.
188: Ann. Ch. 1833. 6. 294:
8. 203: 1832. 2. 90: 1840.
34. 323: 1887. 238. 78:
Klein. 3. 585, 7, V; 97, 9:
1502,3, 12,23,30,62,750:

p~erine
Tung. St. lOB: FH. 2.364: BN. "Pippala"
13.1: SAMP. 111: FHP.
San~.
0%.
Si.
Piperidine. l\Ialay. 524: Laufer. 375: elK. "Pecpla.
2"B:
EPC.
848:
KO.
1l8:
mool"
Ess.oill%.
HCM. 108: IMP. 1090:
I-lind.
Cadenin.
WI. 242:CRN. 5115: HTA.
mo~ name.
Aldehyde.
48: WP. 195: JSSI. 1930.
l. 5. liO: NSD. 125~:
Klein. 3. G03: 4. &13,

7liG:

631. P. nigrum, L. /ill ttl sel


(J. HN.)
Hu Chiao
(P. aromaJictlm, (Jilf *)
Lam.)
'1l<1iJix
PEPPER.

REMARKS

Yun.
Piperine
Hai9%.
Piperidine. nan.
Chavicin Annam.
resin.
Fat 12.5%.
Hypoxanthin.
Methylpyrrolin.
E5s.oill%.

Starch.
Caryo.
phyllen.
Dipenten.
PhcIIan
dretl.

Phytosterin.

St. 034: FH. 2. 3G~: EN.


1l71l: eJI<. 222: HIP.
JI!J: Laufer. 374: JP: BP.
1914-: SP. 191: MW. 850:
WP. 193: HOI. 108: EPC.
849: HTA. 4-8: SAMP.
112: IMP. 1096: !DI. 243:
CRN. 511l: JPSj. 1916.
415.801: 1919.451.788:
1920. 456. 160: 460. 520:
1923.500.760: Eer. 1907.
40. 3776: 1923. 56.699,
711: 1924-. 57.214: 1922.
55. 2653: MI. 288, 375,
412,431,4-4-7.573: HCA.
1927. 10. 593: Ph. Ztg.
1903.4-53: 1905.50.4-12:
Ch. News. 1889. 58. 235:
AJP. 1908. 80. 1: Schim.
1890. 39: ESC. 1907. 4-.
1. 1001: Analyst. 1889.
14.41: Ann. Ch. 1835.15.

20[)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

LATIN NAME

CHINE~E PART CONSTlTU-II-IABINAME


USED
E~TS
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

159: 1840.34. 32G: AEPP.


187G. S. 455: Ch. Zig.
1893. 13G5: Ph. Zent.
1883.24. 52l: JPG. 1903.
18.29-1.: Apoth. Ztg. 1927.

42. 872: ZNG. 1903. 6.


34.;: 190i. 14. 342.5G7:
Arch. Ph. 1887. 22S. 515:
Klein. 2.759: 3. 579, 85.
G05: 4. 512. 3. 703, G4,
5, 802:

'="'-/1''''
f-=o~-I~1':f

San Pai
Ts'ao
K'e

SAURURACEAE
(2)

i\1i

G32. Routtuynia
cordata, Th.
(He. Br.)

I I

Ch'i
OJI) 1;0

Ess. oil.
Methyl-nnonyl.

1,Q..JJJir/.'(

ketone.
Myrcen.

If

ai ?f

(Po(ypara cochill'
dlillmsis,

Lour.) (FH.)

.=~rl;(

G33. Saururus

Lourciri,

San Pai

Decne. (HC.
G.Ch.)
(S.

Ts'ao
(!.If *)

chill~1Jsis,

Baill.)
(Satt.rtl1'opsis c.,

Turcz.)
(S. wUJu'"gii,

DC.)
(S. urJmus,

Thunb.)
{Spa/Ilium
dJill~Jlse.

(FR.)

Lour.'

LIZARD'S TAIL.

rt

Damp St. 208: FH. 2. 3G4: BN. "Dokou


dami."
land. 1432: Br. 3. '413: WP.
192: USD. 1428: SAMP.
Jap.
112: IC. 280. 557: NSD.
1251; CMP. 297: Schim.
1922. 34: JSCI. 1921.
40A. 5GO: ]Jle. 1921.
24. 557: KO. 03: Klein.
2. 298: 3. 574:

CC.
SC.

St. 39G: HI. 2. 3G3: BN. 'Tam-lien


ho"
23: USD. 1599: WP. 193:
Annam.
KO. G3: SAMP. 112:

20G

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CHINESE

I NAro..IE

I ICONSTlTU1
HAm-j
ENTS
TAT
PART

USED

REFERENCE

\ REMARKS

ANCIOSPERMAE-MONOCOTYLEDONEAE.
ORCHIDACEAE (4) E;!n

I~*e

034-. Bletia hyacinthina, R. Br.


(Br.)
(BIeHl/a sbiata,
Reichb,)

rt

Glycogen.

Che.
Hup.
Sze.
YUH.

(Cymbidium stria-

tum, Sw.)
(Limodomm s.,
Thunb.)
(Efiidmdrttm $.,
Thunb.)
(E. t".berosum,
_---"L"'ou:.:r:.:.)'-'(.:.F:.:H"')'-.-I

G35. Dendrobium
moniliforme,

Sw. (Br. Ch.)


(D. ""mik, Kr.)
(Epidell.dr1l.1Jl- m.,
L.)
(D. iajxmicwft,
Lind!.)
(Onychiu1Jt j.,
Blume.)
(D. catma/rull,
Lind!.) (FH).
G3G. Gasttodia

elata, Bl.
(HC. St.)

St. G9: FH. 3. 19: BN. Po(T'gona;u11t


officina/e,
295: Br. 3. G8: JPSJ.
An. q. v.
1889.91. GG1: HCM. 2.:
KO. G3: SAMP. 99: CMP.
298: Wi!. 25: WP. 190:
JSSI. 1930. 1. 5.4: Klein.
2.887:

1---------+---_

1:i Jlt
Shik Hu

C*
1:i

st

ffi
iit !$X
teE
~* Wti

WJ

;jj:

f,fj

Ch'ih
Chien

C*~

Hup.

bine,
Sze.
C,G H 25 0 Z

*'lD

"*
*t

Dendra
N.

tb
st

*1JD
li<

Cc.
Sung.
Sze.
Hup.

7Ji;~;~i2:

i!IDf3)z;
G37. Luisia teres
~:r}Jil'
rt
B!. (J.M. St.) Ch'ai Tzu
Ku
(Epid",dno" I.,
Thunb.)
eM~)
(CymbidirmJ, Irisle, 1itXJHt
Lind!.)

St. 147: HI. 3. 12: HeAl.


51: CMP. 299: KO. G~:
BN. 330: Br. 3. 3G3: DH.
152: SAMP. 99: PJSJ.
1932. 52. IG2, 183, 99G,
10.9: 1934. 54. 138, 802:
JBC. 1035. 111. G53:
JPET. 1930.55, 319:

D. nobile

Lind!.
(St. HCM.
HC. SAMP.)
CRN. 482.
D.11lacrae

alkaloid
WP.189.

St. 18.: FH. 3.48: BN. G. sesanwides.


~82:
Br. 3. 44: JSSr.
tb. contain
much starch
1929. 1. 2. 53: CMP. 300:
as food.
WP. 191: Agr. Tok. 1902.
4. 387: KO. G4: SAMP.
99:
/E~l,\:,
~~lffi.YI~(,

S7.e.

Szechuan -

.l1bfl1l!1l, illffi -fiF,


J11ql .1i~:

SI. 2~9: FH. 3. 33: BN. L. bYachys


990: Br. 3. 3G3: KO. G.:
alkaloid,
WP.190.

20i

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME
ICHINESElpA1t.T! CONSTITU-I HABI-I
_ _ _ _ _ _--L-.:N:..:A:..:':::IE=:-_,USED
ENTS
TAT

ZINGIBERACEAE
(14)

REFERENCE

RE:UARKS

riH.'iff
Hsiang

Ho K'e

---1--1--------1----

-----1--- -

I'u.

St. 31: BN. 126: FH.3. Zingiber.

Tung. i2: FHP. 5i~: 1'0. 6~: BL


2. 195: 3. Iii: CMP. 301:
An
nam. DH. 1~4: Wat. 404:

639. A. Kumatake, t.'il;:' 'iii


Mak. (M.J.)
Kao
Lianz

rt

C:tmphorid.
Starch

Chian~

639a. A. offici.
narum, Hance.
(SA MI'. LaufeL
St.)
(A. chiumsis,
Roscoe.)
(Br. BN.)

(g'l 1'0

Jit 'ii(

2:J"1o.

Fat 5%.
Ash ~%,
Mil.

Euaenol
Cadincn.
Cineol.
Scsqui.
terpene.

( PO(vgollaium

sibiricum, Red.)
LESSER
GALANGAL.

ICamphcroJ.
Galangin. Tung.
Kwci.

sd

Ess. all,
1.1%.
Cineol.
Tannin.
Resin.

640. Amomum
:fii:tl''r
amarum (St.) I Chih
(A. ar60r(fIJlt,
Tzu
LOUL)
C1J1J ~'O
BLACK CARDAMON
or
BITTER
CARDAMON.

Szc.

St. 31: BN. 855: Br. 2. Not the


1U5: 3. 120: HI. 3. i 1:
greater
FHP. 580: JSSI. 1929. 1.
galangal
2.46: Wat. 401: HOI.
A. galanga
81: WP. 179: IDI. 2U:
Willd.
IMP. 1262: MI. 583: Han. Ga/angaJ
cardamoll.
lOi: USD. 1403: AJP.
(Han.)
l8i [. 43. 408: Ber. 188 [.
i~. 2385. 280i: 1899.32. ('r4'i)~Uif(1'
Hung
86 l. 310, 995: JPc. 9.
Tou
25i: JCS. 1899. A I. 53i:
Kuu
1\)02. A 1. 551: Laufer.
546: Klein. 2. 3:;0: 3.
603,9,61,869,933:HCM.
80: KO. 64: SAMP. 95:
Schim. 1890. 21. 1915.
29: Ch. Ztg. 1902. 26.
:J08: Ph. Ztg. 1884. 29.
Gil: Arch. Ph. 1839. 18.
52: 1882. 220. 161: Ph.
Zeit. RussI. 1900.39. 3i8.
PJ. 1884. 15.208. Ann.
Ch. 1914.405. li5, 185:

Tung. St. 35: DH. 145: Han. N~phdiftm


104: Wat. 350: HCM. 8:
!mlgana,
SAMP.96:
Camb. BN..
821.

2.0R

EER:\'ARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

G41. A. Cardamomum, L.
(Lour. St.)
(Ele"ari~ C.,

Mats.) (M.)

ICHINESE PART I CONSTLTU-I Hi\BI \


ENTS
TAT
NAl\lE USE!)

SJii,ii

sd

Pai Tou

om

1lf)
1-1.

2A':(.

CHINESE
CARDAMON.

.li

;it

(Large round.)

643. Amornum
globosum.

Lour. (FH.)

FHP. 587: KO. G4: Han.


109: SAMP. 9(;: Wat.
318: NSD. 387: WP. 182:
Schim. 1897. 10. 9: ML
551: JCS. 1899. Al. G:~:
IMP. 1201: Klein. 3. 020,
48, Gl:

Fat.

Tung. EN. 474: Han. 95. 105:

kl

DH. 144: NSD. 387: WP.


182: HOI. 80: KO. 05:

TOll I{'ou

(}JIJ

(1;0

!P:Ji.~ft
;i'~
!~:

ifl1

'*

1i~:Ii.;i~

fI

---sd

Ts'ao
Tou l{'ou

(Atpi1lia g!obosa, (j1/4

REMARKS

Tung. St. 30: EN. 299: Er. 3.


120: HCM. 10: CJK.221:

Borneol.
Camphcr.

ROUND or
CLUSTER
CARDAMON.
SIAM CARDAMON.

042. A. costatum,
Roxb. (M.)

Ess. oil
Cineol.
Starch.

K'llQ

REFERENCE

Ess. oil
4%.
Cdmphcr.

13)

Se.
We.

St. 30: FH. 3. 72: Br. 3.


122: SAMP. 9G: Han.
249,95: W.P. 182: Schim.
1913. 4. 108:

Horan:)
WILD
CARDAMON.

044. A. xanthioides, Wall.


(M. J.)
BASTARD
CA~DM'ON.

~rMrPW
So Sha
Mi

om

sd

Ess. oil
and

Fat 4%.
Cbhyd.
28%.

'i1O

Borneol.
Campher.
Nerolidol.
Linalool.

Tung. St. 38: BN. 1444: SAMP. It is confused


with the
Bogs. 97: KO. G5: Han. lCO.

FHP. 587: HCM. 11: Ch.


Hairy
Ztj. 1897. 2l. 831. WP.
cardamon
182: eRN. 401: IMP.
(Wat. G.)
12:~5: NSD. 387: Laufer.
A. villosum,
481: Wat. 349: Klein. 3.- Lour.
rol7, 20, 0, 48:
(Han. 98.)

sl
045. Curcuma
longa, L,

(J. HF. St.


Lour.)
(A1Jw1Jlt/.m cureu1J~a,

Mur.)

(FH.)
TURMERIC.

:ti~

=ut

Chiang
. Huang
(~!f

*)

ffi
J1 ~HIf

rt

Ess. oil 5%. Tung. St. 138: FH. 3. 09: BN.


1430: Br. 2. 379: Wil.
Curcumin. S7-c.
:172: JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. 48:
Tumeri1870:
WP. 178: USP.
cinco

Starch 30%.
Fat 3%.
Campher.
Carvone.
Turmerol.

USD. 2l. 127.5: FHP.


G38: HeM. 4G: CMP. 303:
IMP. 1250: SA!!P. 97:
IDL 107: CRN. 480:
Laufer. 314: MI. 471,

A ycllow
dye .

209'

CHI:-IESE MEDICINAL ,PLANTS


LATIN

NA~lE

CHiNESE PART CONSTLTl:1

NAME

USED

ENTS

HABI'I
TAT

REFERENCE

I!i8~: JCS.

Phellan-_
dren.

REMARKS

G~:

1904. 85.
1907. 1210: NSD. 537:
BPC. 381: JpsJ. 450. GG 1:
542. 344: KO. G5: Ph.
India. 3. 412: J. India
. Inst. 50. 192G. 6. 133: Ber.
1897.30.192: Amer. Ch.J.
1910. 48: Schim. 1890.
i7:

1911. 51: 1922. fiO:

. Klein. 2. 31>8: 3. 578.


G~4. 45. 48: Ann. Ch.
1842. 44. 297: PJS. 1910.
5A. 2Gl: Archiv Ph. 97.
240: HCA. 1924. 7. nc,4:
J. Prakt. Ch. 18G8. 103.
474: 1870. 2. 8G: Am. Ch.
J. 189G. 18. Ill: J. Am.
Ch. S. 1882.4. 3G8:J. Ch.
Soc. 1907. 2G. 1210: PJ.
18~~. 13. 839: 188G. 2~:
18/1. 1.415: Gaz. Chlm.
Ital. 27. 1. 5Gl: Ber.
1870. 3. G09. G24: 1872.
5. 1102: 1870: 3. 712;
1881. 14. 48.5: 1882. 15.
17G 1: 1907. 40. 4909:
1911. 44. 1218: 1909. 42.
2515: 187G. 9. 470:

G~

"~'

G. var.
C. longa.
L. Yii Chin
fQ:
macrophylla. Miq. (J.lf
(M. G. Ch.)
I.!~ llii

64Ga. C. aromatica,
Salish.
(JSSI.)
WILD TURMERIC.

*)

\f.lliift

rt

Ess. oil G%. Kan.


Camphen.

Szc',

Curcumm.
Caprylic
acid.
Methoxy'
cinnamic
acid.
Camphen.
Curcumen.
Sesquiterpene.
Anisic acid.

Thi
bet.
Baljdad.

St. 1~8: BN. 1589: Br. L. /~ILO


rrhiza,
2. 232: FHP. G~9: JSSI.
1929.1.2.51: ]PSJ. 450. (Laufer.)
GG I: 542. 3~4: HCM. 4G:
CMP. 302: Laufer. Rl~:
IMP. 124G: WP. 178:
Klein. 2. 3,,8. 508. ~7: 3.
598. G08. 33. 48. 50:

BERNARD E. READ

210
LATIN NAME

ICHINESE II"ART CONSTlTU-\ HABI


NAME .!."c.:'.='":..L-=E;.::NCOT:::.S_L.:T.:.:A-'.T-L

rt

6+7. Kaempferia
Galanga, L.
(li. St.)
G+7a. K. rotunda,
L. (HF.)
CAPOOR
CUTCNERV.

6-18. K. pandurata, niFi.ic':i~


Roxb. (I.. M. P'eng E

St.)
(Cur",,,,a zedoaria, Rose.)
(C. ,olmula, I..)

rt

Shu

OJll 1'f)
@

Tung. St. 226: FH. 3. 69: BN.


Ess. oil.
107: WP. l71l, 1293:
Borneol.
SMR: SAMP. 98: S,him,
Camphcn.
1900.37: 1903.38: JAPS.
Cineol.
1928.17.958: AJP.187!.
Paracu43. 408: JPSJ. 1924.
marin.
S13. 913: 1923. 492:
Cinnamic
lMM. 490: IMP. 1251:
ethylCRN. 494: !DI. 170:
ester.
Apoth. Ztg. 1884. 560:
Starch.
JIIS. 1926. 9. 133: Ph.
Gum 4%.
India.
3. 416: Klein. 2.
Cinnamic
247, 537: 3. GGl, 626,
acid.
56:
Anisicacid.
Resin.
SC.
Ess. oill/~'
Camphell.
Cineol.
Borneol.
Campher.
Curcumin.
Zedoarin.
Gum.

ZEOOARV ROOT.

REFERENCE

Starch.
Zingiberen.

REMARKS

i--

SAN NAI":
Hedychium
,\picalum..

Ham.

(M.W.HF.)

PJS. 1909. 4A. 132: 1910. "Zittwerwurz"


SA. 261: Pharm. Ztg.
Ger.
1899.44.7.02: Ber. 1890.
10. 53: 18fJ4. 4. 58: St.
227: FH. 3. 69: SAMP. 98:
1'0. 65: JSSI. 1929. 1. 2.
42: HOI. 79: IMP. 1247:
NF: USD. 21. 11G1l: CMP.
304: WP. 179: IMP. 1247:
Klein. 2. 358: 3. 598,
633, 602, 661. G2G, 648.

------I--~~---- - - - 1 - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - -

G49. Zingiber

Mioga, Rose.

i:i! r.1i

rt

tisiang

hb

(W.Br. St.)

SC.

St. 464: BN. 1538: Br. 2.


195: 3. 179: FHP. 574:
BPC. 1172: 1'0. 6G:

CC.

SI. 465: FR. 3. 70: BN.


1435: Br. 2. 195: JSSI.
1929. 1. 2. 45: BPC.
1171: SAMP. 99: WiI.
342: USD. 1218: ChP: BP:
USP: HCM. 141: !Dr. 332:
IMM. 913: 1'0. 66: IMP.
1257: CRN. 539: CMP.

Ho

JAP<\~ESE

0)1)

GINGER.

~!l

~;O

'ffi!

1{>:

!~i

.1t

1K It
Ji'" :~~:

650. Z. officinale.

y:r.

rt-

Shen~L sk
Rose. (M.G.
Chian.g rh
St.)
(AtlwmumZ.,
O)IJ ri)
Linn.) (FH.) .yz 'i:~

GINGER.

Sc.
Ess. oil

1.4%.
Fat 3.7%.
GingeroI.
Resin.
Zingeron.

211

CHINESE MDlCINAL PLAXTS


LATIN NAME

\CHINESE\I'ARTl
CO~STITU'II'JABI-1
NAME
FNTC::;
TAT
Starch.
Cineol.
Borneol.

305: Wat. 404: FHP. 635:


MI. 274, 402, 477, 58G:

Phellan-

1882. 372: Schim. 1905.


34: PJ. 1881. 12. 24a:
1884. 15.209: 1892. 802:
1874. Apr. 18: IMT. 1926.
2. 22D: 1927. 3. 1;;9:
JpsJ. 1917. 423. 404:
1918. 440. 808: 1921.
473. 605: 1929. 49. 3G6:
TC. 1917.38. 299, 897:
1918. 39. 702: NE. 1920.
1. 96: JCS. 1917. 111.
769,790: JACS. 1916. 38.
430: 1917. 39. 146(J: Cc.
1918. 1. 619: 1920. 3.
710: 2. 2186: 1921. 1.

Laufer.

drcne.
Caprylic
acid.
Camphell.

Zingibcrol.
Citral.

Methyl.
heptenon.
Zingibcrcn.
I:.inalool.
Geraniol.
Pclargon.

aldehyd.
Chavicol.

If

!.lit 'f'

545:

ArchPh.

1016: 1927.1.721): Klein.

K Malate.

651. Z. sp. (St.)

2.289, a47, 57, 508, 20:


3. 578, 98, 602, 15, 7,
26, aI, 9, 43, 61:

ITung.

rt

Lien

St. 226: KO. liG:

Chian~

(1ft ill)
~';'f

.MUSACEAE (1)

G52. Musa sapien.

tum, L. (G.
BN. St.)

IEmn

Pa Chiao
ICe

Chiao

(M. paradisiaca, OJI)


.~
L.)

(De Candolle)
(M. comicrdala,
M. adora/a,
M. semi1ufera,

III. 1lA1Ja, Lour.)

(FH.)

Iii

IitKan'"It<
~;O

OR lX
.~

1~

RE::-'IARKS

REFERENCE

USED

I
I

It" Protein
1.3%.
Fat 0.6%.
Starch

0.:>%.
Sugar 11%.

Ash 1%.
Pcctosc.
As (j mg%.

Viis. A, B,
C, E.

Tung. St. 269: FH. 3. 74: BN.


286: SAMP. 98: DH. 140:
Szc.

Fu.

At least 9
varieties

BC. 87.17: WP. 174: !DI.


are men
tioned:
!tIO: IMP. 1265: CRN.
,,09: IMM. 571: ](0. G6:
tiT: II!.
Ch. Zt,. 1893. 17. 1002: Hung Chiao.
1897.21. 719: 190~. 27.
7j<. Iii
241: 19LO. 3~. 46:~: ZNG.
1902. 5. 134. 1911. 21. Shui Chiao.
~406: 1911. 22. 218: 1924.
148 221: JBe. 1906. 1. Ya Chiao.

I .

212

tlERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

ICHINSlpART! CONSTITU-I HARt-I


ENTS
TAT

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ !_-'N:..:'A:..:'~IE"_~ USED
BANANAS or

355: 1922. 54. 655: 1930.


88. 425: JIEC. 10 17. 9.
153: BSC. 18U5. 13. 927:
19:W. 11. 1l~0: Schim.
1913.4.23: Wall. 5.290:
JACS. 1912. 34. 170G:
Apoth. Ztg. 1910.25.440.
1929.44. 872: CC. 1921.
4.137: CRAS. 1912.154.
893: 18G3. 57. 781: Ph.
Cent. 1891. 32. 41G: 1909.
50. 259: J. Chim. Med.
183G. 29G: Iud. Med. Gaz.
1000. July: Klein. 2. 248,
503, 5, 16,29,42, 858: 3.
089: 4. 18G, 80G, 81, 9G,
902,3,5: Malay MJ. 1934.
9. 2: Am. J. Dis. Child.
1917. 14.379: Sc. Monthly.
1918.6. G5: FMST. 192G.
260. 1035:

Amyl ester.
Valcrianic
esters.
Malic acid',
Tannin.
Mannan.
Caout
chouc.
Saccharase.
Amylase.
Katalase.
Tryrosinasc.
Peroxy_
dase.
Protease.

PLANTAINS.

If

I(

salts.

Pisang

wax.
gt- Tannin.
-j

fl

REFERENCE

Gallic acid.
Acetates.
Pigments.
Arginine.

REMARKS

f~m

Fo ShOll

Chiao.
&c.
AI. Basjoo,

Sieb.
(M.J.)
in Japan.

rt

I RIDACEAE (4)

rZ.lH-l1
Yuan
Weil('e

--:----:---1---------1----(i:'~.

Bclamcanda
chinensis.
Lem. (Lour.

Br. HC. M.)


(Pardani/illS C.,
Ait.) (M. St.

FB.)
(fl. /nmeta/a,
Moench.) (M.
Hl.)
(Alonua c.,
Thunb.)
(fria c., Linn.)
(St.FH.)
BLACKBERRY
LILY.

Sung. St. 311: FH. 3. 8G: BN. The wild


748: Br. 2. 45: 3. 270:
Peking
JSSI. 1929. 1. 2.41: HCM.
species is:22: CMP. 307: CRN. 4G7: B. didw/omus.

Ki.
She.
Tung.
Bup.
Sze,

IMP. 1274: 1(0. GG: SAMP.


94: DH. 140:

(St.)

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

HAm-I

CI-IINE~Elp"IlTICONSTlTU'1
IE
__
L_A_T_IN_N_A_'_'_i_N_A_'_IE_' __
E_N_TS_ -.::TA:.:T.:....

U_"_" __

G54. Crocus sativus. 'lIU(~E fl


L. (l.M. St.) FanHuno
(C. 0fliciuantm,
Hua

Pers.)

SA~:gg~.

(~I'I)
ffi~i~'

trt!tJ;~

RE"ERENCE

._ _R_E_'_IA_R_h_'S_

Crocetin.
Pikrocrocin.

Exot. St. 131: BN. 107G: BP. "Safran".


I V 14: DH. 13V: BPC. ~72:
Ger.
USP: USD. 134R: 1'0. G7:
Crocin.
SAMP. V4: FHP. GG3:
Laufer.30V:WP. 171: MI.'
Ess.oill%.
385, 445: WI. 102: IMP.
Phos1273: CMP. 307: MI. 536:
phatid.
Phytoste.
CRN. 47V: JpsJ. IV02.
242. 33G: 530. 344: 557.
rinester.
Pinen.
7lG: Arch. Ph. IV 14. 252. I
Terpen.
13U: Schim. IVlD.75: J.
Cineol.
Pharm. Belg. 1D28. 10.
371: PJ. IV08. 2G7: 1881.
V: 187G. 325: Ber. 188~.
19. 2228: Ch. Ztg. IUOG.
30. 18: HCA. IV22. 5.
37U:
1927.
10. 3il,:
lD28. 11. 513, 711. ilG:
1929. 12. 985: Apoth.

Ztg. HUB. 43. ti42: Klein.


2. 711. 52: 3. 597, UOI,
II, GGI. 1251,4: 3.329:
PJ. IU08. 26. 2G7: 18iG.
7. 238: ZNG. IUIO. 19.
3G3: IV08.16. 237: Chern.
Ztg. IVI7. 41. Gl:Z. Phys.
Ch. IV22. 120. I~ I: AJP.
101. 71G: Ch. P:

-----I---------il----655. lriscnsata,Th. ~ ~[il'


(M.]. Ch. St.) Li Shih

(E. gra1JZill~a.
Thunb.)
(/.lrifiora,
Babbis.)
(I. Pallasii,
Fisch.)
(I. o:ryjx/ala,
Bunge.)

(I. carieifolia.
Pallas.)
(I. frogralls t
Lind!.)
(I. I..,gifolia.
Royle.)
CHINESE IRIS.

C'* t5D
;y; l;f
)ilJIIFf
,'.!ltJl[:J:

11

).~
}.!~ ~
iltfm~
~ 1,\:

.!j!

fill

~-r,::::

N lUi

rt
If
sd
II

Hop.

St. 220: FH. 3. 81: BN.


1539: eMP. BOD: KO. 67:
g~N. ~~~:: HIP. 1271:

(var.
clulIens;s,
Max.) (BN.)

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

G5G. I. tectorum.
~Iax. (M. J.
Ch. St.)

CHINESE

PART

NAME

USED

IZ Jt

rt

')

KITE'S TAIL IRIS.

CONSTlTU-Il-IAUl-1

EXTS

k!i')

~2H22011'

Hup.
She.

TectoriSze.
genin
from
Tcctoridin.

I>D

REFERENCE

TAT

Tectoridin, Sung. St. 221: FH. 3. 81, 85:

gl.

YiianWei

(*r,..

Isoflavones.

B, . 1311: JJMS. 1932.


6. (9G): MI. 4G7: WP.
171: CMP. 310: Apoth.
Ztg. 1928. 924: JpsJ.
1927. 385: 543. 280: 561.
1087: DH. 138: KO. G7:
Klein. 3. 894. 920. 940:

(tR,g)
DIOSCOREACEAE
(3)
65 i. Dioscorca

(a) CC. NC.


D. Batatas,
Dec",'.

(St. Br. G.)


(b) Hup.
D.quinqucloba,

REMARKS

E. dicluJlQIIIQ,

L.1.
(Yabe.)

XZ Wi

!J!::mnl
Shu Yii
K'c

.... b'i
!J!:'

-- - - - rt

Snu ),ii

'*:I:
~~

~)

11

Protein

Com.
Cui.

IG%.
Diastase.

'*

k$

Ash O.G%.

mg%.

IHucin.
Glucosa
min.
TY1osin.
Leucin.
Glutaminic
acid.

CHINESE YAM.

~f(Ff

NC.

2.7%.
Fat 0.2%.
Starch

CuO.8

ill
ill "f'
ill ~

Thunb. (He.
G. Br.)
3i
(e) SC.
D. japonica,
Th.
(}. Ch. G. M.)

G57A. Ditto

Do.

It

St. 150: FH.3. 92: BN. "Nagaimo"


145G: Br. 2. 194: 3. 415:
Jap. and
JSSr. 1929. I. 2. 39: DH. "]incnjo" .
131i: CMP. 310: JJBR. 4.
139: WP. IG8: KO. 67:
Agr. Tokyo. 1894. 2.97:
1912. 4. 243: WP. IG8:
JpsJ. 1908. 315. 44G:
1920. 496. : TC.1912.
33.
131:
1915. 30.
10ID: Ch. J. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 165: 1903. 7. 18G:
CRAS. 1855. 40. 128:
USD. 21. 417: LN. 1928.
681. G9, 96: Klein. 4:
181, 3,5:
St. 151:

Ling Yii
Tzu

(1ft
G58. D. sativa, L.

ill)

X '4'::

(form. domes- T'u Yli

tica. Mak.)
(M. J.)

(1ft

:I:
,.; JJ1!

in;
X 'it

y,

YAM.

jll)

rt

Starch

22%.

51. 151,413: FH. 3: 93:


S7: ES. 103. 29:
WP. IG8: DH. 1M: IMP.
Szc.
1280: CRN. 484: CRAS.
Tung.- 1847.25.147, 182: AJP.
1893. 65. 125: USD. 41.
Sung.
Ku.
Hup.

BN.

417:

D. saii'l.'a, 'L.
(BN.)
Faber calls

HUANG TUD. jajxnn'ca.


Stuart says
this is the

POTATO.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

!CHINESE
NAME

PAIlT
USED

G59. D. Tokoro.
!#- {4; rt
Mak. (J.BN.) Pei Chieh
AS" POISON YAM.C~IJ' ri)

. 'if; WI

CO?SSTlTU-\ HABl
ENTS
TAT

IDi6scorine.
flo.
Dioscin.
57-".
Saponin.

Hup.

Ii tJ<
1"r

*'

al1i~

2L5

REFEREKCE

REMARKS

St. 411: BN. 118: Br.2. Smilax


194: 3. 318: KO. G7:- dUl~1lSis,
(St.)
USD.21. 417: WP. G18:
AEPP. 1904. 51. 211: MI. Bretschneider
392: CMP. 312: Kyoto.
refers it
1. 19: HTA. 119: Cc.
to the
1897. 2. 130: Klein. 3.
edible
1129. 33:
yams.

AMARVLLIDACEAE (3)

--1----

1'i""n

ShihSuan
K'c

:--1-------GGO. Curculigo en- fiIJ if: rt


sifolia, R. Br. Hsicn
(Ch. J. M.)
Mao
(C. urduoid".. CIlll '1'0
Gaertn.)
1;; if:
(flypo",i, 0"
:;[.JFf
Kurz.).
j1Ji.llJiI".l~
(C. ria,". Labill.)

Tannin 4%.
Fat 1%.
Ash 9%.
.
Resin.
Starch.

Ki.

St. 212: HI. 3. 87: BN. (flypx";,


aurea,
252: HOI. 75: JSSI.
LouL)
Tung. 1930. I. 5.11: IMM. 271:
Ku.
1OI. lOG: IMP. 1~77: (St.)
Che. CRN. 480: KO. G7: Pharm.
Hun. Ind. 3. 4G5: CZGM. 1925.
Hup. 3.403:
Sze.

(C. ma/aharica,

Wight.)
(Hypoxis millQr,

Seem.) (FH.)
STAR GRASS.

GG 1. Lycoris radia;o ;;~r. rt


tao Herb. (M. ShihSuan
J. HC.)
CIiio1~)
(Nerine jajxmica,

Miq.)
(Amaryllis r.,

Herit.)
(A. santimsis,

Thunb.)
(FH.)
LYCORIS.

.r~

*~~

;lW;i'-'i

;;~~iirfll'(

rrHi!!~

-ttni'i

7]c

Jiji

Lycorinc,

Ku.

C16 HI7 NO". Ki.


Homoly
Fu.
corine.
Hup.
SekisaChe.
roine
CI6 H J9 NQ,.
Sekisa.
naline.

St. 251: FH. 3. 80: BN.


332: "ViI. 254: HTA. 227:

CMP. 313: KO. G8: USD.


H77: MI. 42G. 4GO:' WP.
163, 1296: AEPP. 1897.
40. 121: JpsJ. 1896.168.
131: 1910.335.25: 1913.
377. G37: 535.223: 1927.
545. 545: 1928. 48. 36:
1929. 49. 7G: Ch. S. Abs.
1809. 1. 92: Ph. Ztg.
1923. 010: cc. 10~1. 1.
02: 1927.2.1851: 102U.
2. 1013: Arch. Ph. lUl3.
251. 357: Klein. 4. 758,

aI:

BERNARD E. READ

21G
LATIN NAME

ICHINESE\PARTICONSTITU-I HAIH-I
NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Jj, iIlI 'rt


662. Narcissus
Shui
Tazetta. L.
var. chincnsis. Hsien
Roem. (Ch.M.) (ft
WATER NYMPH. <Ii:~jlHrl:

m)

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Lycorine,
Hop. St. 277: FH. 3. 87: BN.
(Narcissin.) Ku.
209: Wil. 32~: Laufer.
Narcitin.
Sung. ~27: C~W. 31~: WP. IG5:
MI. ~3~: CR '. 509: JCS.
1911. 97. 2~OG: JpsJ.
1902. 248. 9R7: KO. 67:
CC. 1920. 3. 842: TM.
1V02. 16. 5UO: PJ. 1877.
8. 21~: 1893. 183: Arch.
Ph. IUI3. 251. 357: Klein.
4. 757:

-13{}f-'IL1LIACEAE (31)

Po (Pai)
Ho Ke

GG3.AlliumBakcri,
Regel (M. J.
Ch. Br.)
(A ..!endms,
Miq.)
(A. exs~r.'rtJlI,
Baker.)

OJI) foi)
;W; =f
1~ =f

(Ca/oscordttm e.,

Herb.) (FH.)
GARDENSHALLOT,
or
BAKERS GARLIC.

GG~. A. &pa, L.
(G.)
ONION.

J1

bb

j(
l;ti

i'.fl

Fat 0.3%.
Cbhyd.
13.1%.
Ash 3.8%.

1fj

;c
~

Protein

:L2%.

Hsieh

NC.

Cc.

in.
st

Sze.
i( bb Ess. oil
Hu
0.015%.
Quercetir.
Ts'ung
Quercetrin.
f,f)
Allyl disul
~ ~
phide.
,"HIDi(
Allyl pro
pyldisul.
phide.
Inulin.
Cbhyd. G%.
Protein
2,4%.
Fat 0.1%.
Ash 0.3%.
Vit.C.

fill

om

St. 2J: FI-I. 3. 120: BN. "Rakkyo."


1~~8: Br. 2. 2~: 3. 391:
Jap.
HCM. 7: LN. 1928. 681. N.C.
A. Q.Scalo70:
w'cum, L.
(W.G. Br.
M.)
(A. BO'llildhae
Debeaux.)
FRo 3. 120.

St. 2G: FH. 3. 120: BN. "Zwiebel"


277: Laufer. 302: Wil.
Ger.
3~2:
WP. 153: CRAS. "Tamanegi"
18U1. 112. 122: 1903.
Jap.
137. 202: Ber. 1889. 22. "Bawang
GOU: IDI. 17: CRN. 459:
merah"
IMP. 12U2: Schim. 1889.
Malay
4. ~~: Farm. Sper. 1927.
33. ~OO: Landw. Verso
1885. 32. 338: Ph. Zt.
1903. 48.315: Arch. Ph.
1874. 204. 378: 1892.
230. 43~: PJ. 1889. 072:
Ch. Gaz. 189G. 74. 9G:
CRAS. 19lO. 150. 547,
713: BJ. 1924. 18.1388:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NA:\lE

CHINESEI PART CONSTlTU


NAME

USED

EKTS

HAHITAT

Dioxyben.
zoic acid.
Phytin.
Mannite.
Mannosc.
Maltose.
Maltase.
Amylase.
Dextrinase.
Emulsin.

sd

qUITI

J. Agric. Res. 1925. 30.


17:'): Ann. eh. 18-!-L 51.
~89:

55.297: 58.3(;; 71. 23:


102. 290: 139. 121: 155.
157: JCS. 69. 5: 18n.
103: 189G. A 1. 5: ZNG.
1910. 19. 5G9: J. Prakt.
Ch. 1819. 47. 38~: Malay.
MJ. 1934. 9. 2: Fol. Ph.
Jap. 1931. 12. 89: eh. J.
Phys. 1928. SRI. 159: LN,.
In8. SRI. G8: Z. Phys.
Ch. 1895. 20. 531: Klein.
2. 541. 77. 772. 858. G4.
84: 3. GGG. 934. 10G7. 75.
93: 4. 8G8. 71. 81. 1091:
I...:B:.:S:.:C::....:lc:9...:L::.0:...
. .:...7.:...8:.:G:.:5::.:

15/~.

-------1---GG5. A. esculen
tum. L.
(Br.)

1If!

"Tung'
Ts'ung
1'1)

1If!

GGG. A. fistulosum.

hb

A. jisttdomm,
L.
(BN.).

'fC

j;O

---1--------1----

Viis. B,.

CuI.

Protein
1.4~~.

?ti fa

Fat 0.3%.
Cbhvd.

;f1l~1~1,\:

J1I(

--C,. G,.

Ts'un~

(G. Ch. J.M.) (J)I)


CHINESE S~\ALL
ONION or
CIBOULE.

Br. 2. 172: BN. 257:

(M

-----1-- L.

CuI.

hb

nE~'lARKS

REFERENCE

4.6%.

)Jft

Ash 0.8%.
Cu 0.92
mg%.

51. 2G: FH. 3. 122: B'I.


1211: Br. 2. 24. IG9: 3.
391: \Vil. 3-4.2: Laufer.
303: JPSJ. 1893. 132.
IG1: Ch. News. 1888.57.
147G: Ch. J. Phys. 192R.
SRI. 159: 1933. 7. 187:
1935.9. 47:

- - - - - - - - i - - - - -'- - -

---1---------+-----

GG7. A. japonicum. l!J 'lli hb


Regel.
~han Chiu
(M. J. St.)
(;- 10:

Sung. St. 27: FH. 3. 122: BN.


12G: Br. 2. 17~: BA. 1927.
1. 7595:

WILD LEEK.

it itt)
!ili
itt

GG8. A. Ledebou
rianum,
Schult. (Br.)

~~ill;

Hsiao
Wen
Chiu

(fft ill)

hb

In.
Br. 2. 172: BN. 1094:
lUong.

2[8

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

669. A. nipponicum, Fr. et


Say. (M_ J.)

JAPANESE
OARLIC.

I I

CHINESE PART CONSTlTU-1 HABr-j


N~ME
USED
ENTS
TAT

UJ *'f.
Shan

REMARI<S

Com.

St. 470: BN. 123. Br. 2. "Nobiru"


172:
Jap.

CuI.

St. 27: FH. 3. 123: BN.


72[: Wil. 342: HCM.3:
Br. 2.23.49.171: 3.391.
Ch. J- Phys_ 1928. SRI.
[GO: 1935. 9. 47: Malay.
MJ. 1934. 9. 2:

Suan

(r.t ill)

lL:n .

!l! ".
'lli

670. A. odorum. L
(M. J. Ch. St.)

Chiu

(A.1digillosum;

OJlj ,;'k)

G. Don_)
(A. t,t.bawum;
Roxb.)
(A. sm~scms,
Miq.) (FH.)

hb

REFERENCE

hb

Protein

2.1%_
Fat 0.4%_
Cbhyd.
3.3%.
Ash 0.3%.
VitC,.

:IM;fi:f\.
~f~j1i~:

sd

LEEK.

------1---1--------1---------1-----671. A. sativum,
L(HM. M.
G. Br. St.)

OARLIC.

~'.'

10;[,

bb

Alliin.
Allisin.

Suan
(iJI] ~*)

Ess. oil

IJ' ~r:

0.9%.

Allyl disulphidc.
Allyl pro
pyldisulphide.

!iii 5R
"'"
'lit

Inulin~

Protein

1.3%.
Fat
0.2%.

Cbhyd.
9.4%.
Ash
0.7%.
Choline.

Myrosinasc.
If

Protein
1.2%.

Fat
0.3%.
Sulphides.
v.s.

Com.

St. 27: FH. 3. 124: Br. :U:*5R


2. 24. 170: NF: NSD. Wu Hsin
T'sai.
137: SMR: BPC. 87: Wil.
is a
~42: !DI. 17: IMP. 1294:
vegetable
AMP. 18: eRN. 459, 276:
dish of
PJ. 1927. 119. 177: CMS].
garlic, 1
]928. 93. 779: WP. 152:
onion. &c.
Arch. Ph. 1874. 204. 378:
1892. 230. 434: JPSJ.
.J893. 142. 1197: Apoth.
Ztg. 1900. 25. 105: 1910.
105: CRAS. 192G. 95.
1597: JCS. 187G. 1. 1:
69. 5: AEPP. 1929. 147.
245: J. Prakt. Ch. 1849.
47. 381: Ann. Ch.1844.
51. 289: 55. 297: AlP.
1927. 33. 251: MMW.
1929.76.18: Ch. J. Phys.
1928. SRI. '159: Klein. 2.
884. 3. GG6. 1067. 70: 4.
294. 879:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHiNESE
[ NAME

PART
USED

wi

rt
872. A. scorodoprasm, L.
Bu
(M. J. St. G.) (JJI) ~*)

ClIIVE.

,:k, ~.
We SR

If

HABI-I

CONSTlTU1
ENTS
TAT

Scorodose.
Araban.
Glucomi
nal.

Com.

Inulin.
Vito Cz
Leek oil.
Diallyl
sulphides.

-------I.---r-- ---673. A. victorialis,


L. (M. J. G.)
(Ct'pa v.,
Moench'.)
(A. tdliptiCftJJt,

Wall.)

1&

pi

Kc
Ts'ung

("1"- ~
1t i';)
UJ j@

219

REFERENCE

REMARKS

St. 28: fiN. 1209: Br. 2. "Soin'"


170: 3. 3DS: Laufer. 302:
Arabic.
WP. 152: Ch. J., Phys.
1DS5. 9. 47: CMP. 315: "RocamProc. Imp. Acad. Tokyo.
bole" F~.
1029.5.349: JPSJ. 192G.
536. 8GG: CMSJ. 48. 42:
50.56: 51. 41G: 1927.72.
27, G5: SMR. 8. G01: 9.
255: 10. 305, 325: 11.
425: MMJ. 3. 3: JOM.
1924. 2. 84: Klein. 2.
11..:8::::5..:1-,-,...:8"4-,-,...:7..::...:3:.:._1,,,0::..:7.:0-,-,..:9",3",: 1
_
St. 2G, 470: FI-l. 3. 12G:
BN. 800: Br. 2. 173: KO.
G8: Klein. 3. lOG7, 93:

Leek oil.
Hop.
Allyl disul- I-llip.
phides.
Kan.
Szc.

sd

(A.p/antaginefl.m,

Lam.)
_'_W_IL_D_O_N_lO_N.

674. Aloe vulgaris, rR 1 1Lam. (M. J.


Lli I-llii _j
.. (1m 'f,f)
St.)
ALOES, or ALOE. fa.
fijlj
:%< )[!

-e-

-er

Barbaloin
91)%

Is~'b~;'ba
loin.
Resin
19 5%

sic~ioi~.

Emodin.
Cinnamic
acid.
dArabinose.
IOxydase.

Exot. St. 29: BN. 151G: FHP. A. 'f:era, L.


(BN.)
Pers. G79: BPC. 90: USD. 115:
~11. 524: CJK. 225: WP. It is allied to
149: HCM. 8: CRN. -'7:
Socotrine
IDI.19: FH. 3. 1i7: IMM.
aloes, not
48: MI. 4G2: Laufer. 478, A. t:hillmsis,
480: PJ. 1877. 8. 231:
Bak. from
1890, Jan: 1892. 23. 233:
Barbados.
1913. 37. 83G: PhWeekb.
1903. 40.1033: 1905. 42.
553: 1923. 61. 302: Ber.
Ph. 1898.8. 174: SAMP.
8G: JPC. 1902. 15. 519:
ChZlg.. 1897. 17: JPSJ.
1883. 14.583: 1901. 231.
453: JCS. 1890. Abs. 170:
Osaga. 1922. 750. 31:
Arch. Ph. 1872. 149. 11:
1890.228.115: 1898.236.
200:1903.241. 34G: 190.5.
243.399: 1909. 247. 81:
BSC. 1899. GG8: 1900.
787: Kleill. 2. 3GO, 537,
853: 3. 745, 991, 1021,
103G: 4. 898: tho P.

BERt'lARD E. READ

220
LATIN NAME

\CHINESE
NAi\lE

PART
USED

CON$TlTU
ENTS

675. Anerriarrhena ~ -fj} rt


asphodeloides. Chih Mu
Bge. (Br.
e*, ~)
./J}
J.G.).

ill
tI.l
:It
ill!
7j(

H7G. Asparagus

l~

:R~~I

COChj,ldull~/l.se ,

REMARKS

---Sung. St. 55: FH. 3. 102: BN.


Tung IG7: KO. G9: Br. 2. G7: 3.
314: JSSI. 1933. 1. 2.
Ku.
~3: HOI. 19: CMP. :-n7:
Szc.
SAMP. 8G: JpsJ. 1902.
243. 4G3: 1',23. 494:

rt

lucidus Lindl. T'ien Men


Tung
(HC. Br. St.)
(A. falealus,
Benth.)
(A. itlStdaris,
j'JI 1f}J
Hance.)
Ii.ll :tli
(IIfe/allthi"",

REFERENCE

$
$

'L'"
"'#i

'i
:R

TAT

NC.
St. 40: FH. 3. U8: BN.
Hills. 580: BL 2. 01: 3. 37:
Hop. CZGM. 1924. 2. 593:
HCM. 11: CMP. 31G:
SAMP. 8G: KO. G8: JJMS.
1930. 5. 71. PNA. 1935.
3.9:

N
N
-flt

l'ii
ff

rr

HABI-l

~)I

India
A. officina/is.
IMM.90:
CRN.4G4:
MI. 4G3:
spargin.

Vits. A" B"


C,.

:tli

j:i1;)J\ijjji

. LouL) (FH.)

677. A. schoberi.
'illifftR rt
aides, Knnth. Lung HsG
(Yabe.)
Ts'ai
(A. Wrig'"ii,
<Mi!!'l)
A. Gr.)
(A. Si<boldii,
Max.)
(A. Pamfloms,
Turcz.)
(A. microntlltlS I
S. &Z.) (FH.)

678. Fritillaria.
a. SZECHUAN
SPECIES.

Yl

N irt
I

Pei Mil

C*'

F. Roylei, Hook. PJi


(St. W.G. &'1. '!ill
01';
D. Br.)

~!)

I:]:

?R

Asparagin. Hop. St. 472: FH. 3. 103: A. gibb,<s (St.)


Man. ChJPhys. 1928. SRI. IGl: He says PT
Protein
refers this
Sung.
2.8%.
to
Fat 0.2%.
1 A grass.
2 A seaweed

(al
Fritilline.
Fritilla
rine.
Verticine.
Verticilline.
Fritimine.

Sze.

Che.
YUIl.

Hup.
Sha.

Ku.

St. 178: Wil. 198, 3[9: Wilson says


HI. 3. 137,479: BN. 474: other species
JSSI. 1933. 1. 2. 3t: are also used.
HCM. 67: CMP. 320: MI.
400: Br. 2. 240: 3. 88:
WP. 1289: CZGM. 1923.
5. 12: Kyoto. 1913. 10.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE

NAl\'fE

II'USED
ARTI CONSTlTU-1
HABl-1
ENTS
TAT

b. CHEKIANG
SPECIES.
F. vcrticillata,
Willd.
var. Thunbergii,
Bale
(D. BN. HN. W.
G. M.)
(~

REFERENCE

REMARKS

175: NE. 1929. 18. 323: also called


KO. 69: AlP. 191B. 23. SNAKES HEAD.
277: SAMP. ~6: TC. 50.
74(;: TAL 2. 10. 175: eh.
J. Phys. 1982. 6. 265:
19~B. 7.41: 1935.9.21:
JAPA. 19~3. 22. 638:
Klein. 4. 755, 791: eh.
NHA. 1935. 1. 89. J]MS.
19~0. 5. 71:

(b)

Peiminc.
Peiminine.

ThtlJlbergii,

Mig.) (M.FH.)
(F. col/leola,
Hance.)
(Uvularia cil'rhosa. Thunb.)

(FH.)
FRITILLARY.

G79. Hemerocallis
lulva, L. (HF.
BL St.)
(H. disticlla.
DOlln.)

II

(~1.

FH.)
'YELLOW DAY
LILY.

rt

Vito A,B.C.
Dricd.Protein
11.7%.
Fat O.B%.

Fu.
Tung.
Hup.
Hop.

Aspara.~in.

Colchicin.

sh

679a. H. flava, L.
(BN. G.
SAMP.)
679b. H. minor,
Mill.
(H. graminea,
Andr.) (St.
SAMP. Wat.)
G80. Heterosmilax
japonica, Kth.
(M. BN. J.)
(Smilax Pseudochina, Thbg.)

(Br. St.
LaufeL)
CHINA ROOT.

rt

Sze.
Bup.
Hun.
Tl}ug.

St. 204: FH. 3. 11 5: BN.


36, 1196: Br. 2. 2H: WiI.
3-16: JSSI. 1933. 1. 2. 34:
BPI. 107. 29: ES. 68. 45:
WP. 146: PJS. 1929.38.
1, 9: Ch. J. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 11;\, 174: ChJCS.
193-1. 2. 260: ZPhys. Ch.
1913. 86. 245: SAMP. 86:
JPrakt. Ch. 1839. 16. 84:
KO. 69: Klein 4. 222,755,
63: Oester. Bot. Zt. 1929.
78.251:

St. 410: FH. 3. 96: BN.


38: Br. 3. 323: KO. 09:
FHP. 648: JSSI. 1933. 1.
2.38: LauleL 556: SAMP.
87: Wat. 360:

Common
names:7~ESR

Huang Nua

T'sai.

{tjj?R

Chin Chen

T'sai.
Cre}is japo~
llica, Wil.
345.

222

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CHINESE!PART CONSTITU
NAME USED
ENTS

681. Rosta Siebol- 'Ii r~ rt


diana, Eng!. Yii Tsan If
(M. J.)
(j,~
)
"(Funld. s" RK) S1I.!ljJlJ
682. Lilium Brow- a ilnii, Spae~ .
Po (Pai)
. Ro
(D. St. Br.)
(L . .iapollicru;z,
~3
Sims.)
itlI
(L. 101lgij!orum,
ll WI
Franch.)
~~T.R~lm
(L. odorum.,
Planeh.) (FR.)

C*

rt

I fl

Starch.

Starch.
Protein
4.0%.
FatO.I%.
Co:chicein.

HABI-j
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

SI. 180: FR. 3. 117: BN.


NC.
Tung. 279: Br. 2. 242: WP. 755:
Hup. KG. 70:
Szc.

Sze.

Hup.
Ki.
Tung.
She.

sd

St. 240: FR. 3. 128: BN. "Po Ho" is a


388: Br. 3.416: ES. 68.
generic term
21: KO. 70: Ch. J. Phys.
for the lilies;
1928. SRI. 167: Klein. 4.
it includes
755, G..j.:
many
species.
L. sarg~lltiae.
Wil. 346.

G82a. L. tigrinum,
Gawl. Peking
species. (Do'
Br. St.)

TIGER LILY.
683. L. eoneolor,
l1J ;!']- rt
Salisb. (M..
Shan Tan fl
J. St.)
C13 'II;)
(L. sinicu"" Fl.) trail(FR.)
ill! ~
WILD SCARLET
)lill~/j
LILY.

684. Liriope

St. 240: FR. 3.129: BN. India CRN.


100: ES. 68. 20:
503,.

L. g;galllet(.1lJ.

tr1t~

i1Ik'r~ ~

spicata, Lour. l\1ai Men

(J. Br. G. St.) Tung


(Ophiogogon s.,
~)
Ker.}:
'1!1. %.
(E. gramillijolia, F:.; ~
Baker.)
.~ 3l;
(M. FR.)
ll' 3l;
(L. g., var..
3l;

C*
$

dmslflora,

NC.
Che.

i% 3

Maxim.) (BN.) IJi,ij;Hi


(0. gracilis, Kth.) ill, ~
(0. jopoaims,
J!J &
Ker.) (small
leaf var.)
~NiJ1~:
Wil.Br.FR.)
BLACK LEEK.

;f=JE"/\'

rt

Mucilage

++

lIl'1an.
Hup.
Ki.
Che.
Si.
Sung.
Tung.

St. 291: FR. 3. 79: BN. Two species


are giv~n,
6[: Br. 2. 68: 3. 192: KO:
large and
70: RCM. 96: CMP. 322:
small leaf
JSSI. 1933. 1. 2. 32:
plants.
JPSJ. 1923. 498: WP.
163: Arch. Ph. 1874. 5.
335: JJMS. 1930. 5. 71:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I I
:iJ!: 1* I IParidin.
T5aoHsiu

REFERENCE

ICHINESE I'ART CONSTITU'j HABINAME USED


ENTS
TAT

LATIN NAME

685. Paris poly.


phylla, Sm.
(Ch. HC. St.)

rt

C*

~),

ill: 1*,'1
1ff 1*

CC.
'VC.
SC.

223
\

REMARKS

St. 311: FH. 3.145: Br.


3.265: KO. 70: WP. 161:
]ahrb. Pro Ph. 1842. 5.
284: 6. 10: 9. 25: 13.355:
Klein. 3. 1133:

!
I'

~iPJ1jI

lfi

1Ii:!1lVb:;t\!
=:IFf1.':
-t m-~l'.t!<

""-tria!
Sitia!
686. P, tetraphylla.
A. Gr. (J.M.)
(P. quadnfolia.
L.) (St. Br,)
HERB PARIS.

if.

Wang

rt

Paridin.

Ku.

typhnin.

C*!f:I::>'iill!)

1St, 311: BN. 247: Br. 3.


63: FH. 3. 146: Ml. 441:
WP. 161: KO. 70: Klein.
3. 1l33: 4. 222:

Paris-

Sun

Asparagin.

'Pi if.
'O~ ,l
.!j! !Wi

G87. Polygonatum
falcatum, A.
Gr. (M,].)

G87a. P; chincnsc,
Kth.
(P; sibil'icrtm,

Red.) (HC.
FH.)
687b. P. giganteum.
Dietr. vaL
Thunbergii,

Maxim. (Br.
St.)
(P. CtuUCUIa/1Ul'.

_ Miq.)
(St. Br. FH.) .
G8Te. P. macro.
podum. Turcz.

(Br.)

DEER BAMBOO.

rt

Com.

St. 339: BN, 1147: Br. 3.


34: FH. 3. 106, 503: KO,
70: ]SSl. 1933. 1. 2. 35,
CZGlIf. 1924. 2. 495:
TMW. 1889. 3. 1325:
HeM. 112: CMP. 323:
MM]. 12. 140: CMS].
1928. 92. 712: Fo!. Ph.
lap. 1928, 6.466: SAMP,
87: ]MM]. 1928. 6. 466:

224'

BERNARD E. READ

\CHINESE\PART\
CO)lSTlTU-1 HABI-l
NAME
ENTS
TAT

LATIN NAl\lE

REFERENCE

USED

~.

G88. P. officinale.

'R!'

rt

All. (G.M. St.) \ei .lui


M.&D.)
(P. vulgar_, DC.)
(Br. FH.)

iii.

*!f<'
*

(Collval/an"a
po/ygOllalUJ1J,

L.) (FH.)
~
SOLOMON'S SEAL. 3i

Convallarin.

(* N)lD
-11: '*..

(P. Tll1mbergii,

Convalla
marin.

~
~
~

Mucilage.

Sugars.
I-arabi
nose.

-1i

RE~1ARKS

St. 3~0: FH. 3. 107: BN.


lOGG: KO. 71: Br. 3. HG:
JSSI. ID33. 1. 2. 37:
Kan. CZGM. 1024.2.540: HOI.
Sze.
113: CMP. 323: WP. 1GO:
Sung. Ber. Ph. Ungar. 1927.3.
133: Klein. 2. 851:
Hop.

Sha.

Ku.

1"r

II!! fiJi

G89. Smilax China, ffi i!Jtj


L. (HC.Br.G.) Fa Ch'i

OJ1J

(5. f_rdx, Wall.)

(s. jajxmica,

A. Gray.)
(Coprosmanl.llUS j ..

rt

~;i.)

.ii

{it~Jljtl~

Smilacin.
Tannin.
Resin.
Cinchonin.
Saponin.

J;'U'1I j

Kunth.) (FH.) xJJi,1,".


CHINESE SARSA.
PARILLA.
090. Smilacina
japonica, A.

Gr. (M.J.)
(Tavana j.,
BakeL) (FH.)

If!!, l.\!!

rt

Ki-

St. 409: FH. 3. 9G: BN.


Sung. 10G7: Br. 2. 21)2: 3.319:
Tung. HIP. G18 : USD. 978:
I'u.
WP. IG2: !DI. 295: CRN.
Che.
528: CMP. H25: Ml. 379:
Hup. KO. 71: Wat. 3GO: J.
Prakt. Ph. 184~. 8.291:
1845. 9. 103: Klein. 3.
1133:

Kan.

Ll.I Yao

BN. 1000: FH. 3. 110,


521:

(8M 'i'f)

G91. Tulipa edulis, t1J!,.f;tli rt


Bak. (J. HC. ShanT'zu II

Sung.

Ki.

G.) .Ku
II
(7: gramitufolia. (~ T.Jti)
Baker.)
{it i1!
(Orilhyia _.,
J\!.i1!~
Miq.) (FH.)
tli
EDIBLE TULIP.
JJU~!,'=
l!!\iDi1,".

Che.
Hup.

St. 292: FH. 3. 138: BN.


121: JSSI. 1929. 1. 2. 5~:
CMP. 325: HCM. GO: KO.
71: SMIP. 87:

ClUlo~Yl1e'

buJoodiscoitks.

French.
(Orchid.)

'*

692. T. Gesneriana, ~{it'[jYii Chin


L. (J.)

rt

Hsian~

(8M

:t 'li

ttifi~E

1if.lCffi
;\'i1:f!Et

II

Tulipine.
Salicylic
acid.
Tulipine.
Arginine.
Salicylic
acid.
Cyanin.

Si.
IBN. 1589: St. 139: WP. Croms
salhlns, L.,
Bag- 155: DH. 122: MI. 471:
dad. Ann. Chim. Farm. 1886.
3G9: Ch. Gaz. 1889. 60.
59: Ch. Weekh. 1918. 15.
427: Ph. Wcekh. 1918.
55. 494: Klein. 2. 538: 3.
985: 4. 18G, 755, 91: Ber.
Phys. 1929. 51. G08:

CHINESE ~IEDICl'iAL PI:A:<lTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESElp.... RT\ CONSTITU-\ HABI-t


T_A_T

693. Veratrum
nigrum, L.

rt

(Me/aJlJIu'um

Jervine.

Man.

(Viridin.) Hop.

(G. Br. Ch.)

Rubijervin. Hup.

Pseudo-

1l.,

Thunb.)
(FH.)

Sze.

jervin.
Colchicin.

BLACK
VERATRUM.

STEMONACEAE (1)

REFERENCE
_

_ _ _ _ _ _-j---'Nc:.:A:::':::lE"-'i~u:::"::D __
ENTS

REMARKS

St. 452: FH. 3. 147: B:<l'1 V. alb""" I..


1489: Br. 3, 251: J5.<:;1.
(G. \\'.)
1930. 1. 5. 7: SMIP. R8:
CMP. 327: SP. 51~: HIP.
O~O: HTA. 4~3: WP. I-I:!:
Ml. 417: Arch. Ph. IHUO.
228.478: JpsJ. 1889. 90.
'-.U:
019:
1914. 383.
JCSTr. 1879. 35. -10'-.:
Klein. 4.703, 90: 1'0. 71:

lIll\1'ft
Po Pu
K'e

094. Stcmona
tuberosa.

rt

39~:

Br. 3. 1- - - Fu. St. 422: BN.


Hup. 310: JSSI. 19~3. I. 2. ~8:
CMP. 328: KO. 71: WP.
Stemonine.
Sterno.
141, 1~08: Ml. 409: HTA. 1
H3: Ch. Zt. 1933. 1.
nidine.
1823: BSP. 19:J2. 39. 2(;:
Kyoto. 1889. 2. 1170: Bot.
19IG. 30. 20: TC. 1911.
32. 079: TM. 1888. 2.
1170: JCS. Abs. 191?. 1.
103~:
Arb. Ph. Inst.
Berlin 191~. 9. 112: JSJP.
Hodorine,
aile

Lour. (St. Br.


Ch.HC.G.M.)
(Roxburghia
SteIJUJlla.

Steud.)
(N. gloriosoiMs,

Roxb.)
(R. viridlflora.

Smith.) I
G94a. S. scssili
folia, Miq.

1895.

162.

(;8(;:

1911.

352. 349: 1912. 368.98.:


1921: 1929. 48. 78: 51.
4H: Klein. 4. 7M;, nil: ES.
Ph. 1!132. 39. 20:

(M.J. Br.)
(S..iaJxmica,
Miq.) (M. Br.)
(Roxlmrgltiaj.,

Blume.) (FH.)

i1!'L,1j\:'!'-l'
JUNCACEAE (3)

Tellg
Hsin

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ I~.:.s::...::ao:...::K'-"e:I-___;II----+_--I----------,----;p~U~

rt

balticus Willd.

Shih

st

vaT. japoni.
eus, F. Buch.

Lung
Ch'u
jII)

695. Juncus

(BN.)
(I. ballicus, Deth.)

C*r.n
r.n

~~

Sha.

BN. ;J30: St. 4U I: Br. 2. I


274: 3. 181:

BERNARD E. READ

22(;

jCHINESE
NAME

LATIN NAME

BALTIC RUSH.
DRAGON'S BEARD.

PART
USED

ilK l!I<
ilK'!f'
5 ~

-/"li'lP8i

i~;r11\: .
11 'l'l:

ICONSTITU'I
HABII
ENTS
TAT

______Ii'!i
__X_.r._'t_f"i. _

REFERENCE

REMARKS

__1

I
G9G . J. elfllSllS, L.

(M.

(J.

J.

(St.)
(ScirjJflS copsularis, Lour.)

(M. FR.)
COMMON RUSH
SOFT RUSH.

1.11..jL~11~:

rt

Com.

Teng
Hsin
Ts'ao

Ch.)

COJ1U1UUUS,)

om
'fV
JJt:ra 1,'(

st

:g,l.3i1;(

Araban.
Xylan.

G97. Luzula camlll!tiHIij. sd


pestris, DC.
Ti Y~ng
var. capitata,
Mei
Miq. (BN.
(.t ill) 'st

CC.

St. 224: FR. 3. 1G3: BN.


1381: KO. 72: Br.2. 91;
273: ROI. 78: AMP. 10:
SAMP. 85: WP. 140: Wil.
2. 83: J. s,app. Agric.
Coli. 190G. 2. 87: l\Ionat.
Ch. 1922. 43. 121: S.
Africa J. Sc. 1927. 24.
2G9: JpsJ. 1923. 501.
825: Klein. 2. 851, 3:

vaL
decipims,
Buch.

(KO.)
J. lmlbosus, L.

(SAMP.)

St. 178: BN. 367; 900: Fragan"a


FH. 3. 1GO: Br. 2. 274: 1-Val/ielli.
(St.)
eRN. fi05:

Br.)

(L. lludtiflora,

Lej.)
(FR.)
WOQORUSH.

------I----f-G9t!. Monocr.oria
vaginal is,
Presl. var.
plantaginea,

Solms. (M.J.)
(Pollledtria v .
Burm.)

(FR.)
PICKERELWEED.

J"

1,':
i-1u Ts'ao
(J,If *J
M !ti
l\~ !:f-

st

---.----1---------11---Fu.
Tung.

St. 2GG: FR. 3. 149: IMP. M. luul",,


1304: WiI. 2G: BN. 1409.
folia.
'!ll1'i'1,'f..
CRN. 508:

CHI~ESE ~IED!CINAL

LATIN NAME

!Cl-llNESEll'ART CUNSTlTU1 HAl:31-1


NAME
USED
ENTS
TAT

C~OM-M-E-LI=--NA-C-EA-E-I'!ll",,"",ffi;:;;l'\;"':~l~'
(2)

22i

PLA~TS

T~~a;~?e

REFERENCE

I~

REMARKS

-------1----

I~[lffil,\:

099,. Commelina
sh
communis, L. Ya Chih
(M. J. St.)
Ts'ao
(C. jxJ/j'gama,
Ie;);!: ii\li)
Roth.)
:Ii'~ftjlil,!
(C. vulgaris,
~!'i"r::r
Schmid.)
l"r~l,':
(HI.)
/r'r;!i:ifti
DAY FLOWER.
fiRl"r:wi

Starch.

Com.

St. 123: FH. 3. 155: BN. India uses


InO:

.Mucilage.

U8D.

1331: \,VP.

140: AJP. 189i. 69.290:


1898. iO. 321:

2 other
species,

IMP. 1300,
CRN.4i7.

IPffl"

~!tI'~~E
!1elili1I'(
iOO. Pollia japo.
~i 't:'
rt
nica. Hornst.
Tu Jo
(M. J. St. Br.j(* ~)lt)
~i

Hup. St. 338: HI. 3: 159: BN. Alpima


Tung. 458: Br. 3. 116:
~hjll~JJS'is,
Rose. (J.)

fjj

*i Hi
't:' Z

~ ~j
11H~;E

UJ 'liE

ERIOCAULACEAE

(1) .
701. Eriocaulon

australe, R.
Br. (G. M ..
Lour. J.)
PIPEWORT.

~1Wl,\:'l'l

i:c{, -'~=a~,-'h:cI~:":~ :I__I__~__I__-"


~t!j!I'(

C~m.

fI

Ku Ching

-'-_+~

St. 10.5: FH. 3. 198:, BN ..


13H: DH. III: HCM. 59:

Ts'ao
Olll ft)

Ji&J)l1,1:
~tiF,\:
i;itli~11":

-----h~=-=M'=n~
Fu P'ing
LEMNACEAE (1)
K'e
702. Lemna minor. 7j<. i~ji
L.
SllUi

(Br. KO. St.)


DUCKWEED.

P'ing

e*

~!)

?i'

/1' W

- - - - --11--------1-----

pi

Iodine.
Bromine.

Com.

St. 23~: FH. 3. 188: Br. Used by


2. 224: 3. :354: KO., i2:
Galen.
SAMP. 81: WP. 138: DH.
108: ArchPh. 18i5. 6. 13i:
PNA. 1935. 3. 1:

BERNARD
LATIN NAME

K READ

ICH[NESE~ CONSTITU-, HAStNAME USED


ENTS
TAT

702. L. polyr~'A'l'f-flii pI
rhiza. L.
Tzu Pei
(Spirodd. p.,
Fu P'ing
&:hleid).
CM 1'1)
(f-. ",,,jor. GrilL)

Com.

REFERENCE

Roxb.)
(M. J. Br. B '.
KO.)
PURPLE
DUCKWEED.

GREEN
DUCKWEED.

ARACEAE (10)

70:1. Acorus

wl

CM

:Rfliif.l
T'ienNan
HsingK'e

'1\"

nn-

CALAMUS.

BN. GIG: FR. 3. 188: Br.


3.354:

1'1)

Para
(M.J. Br. St.) Ch'ang
(A. coc/zinddtle1l' (}JI) ~)
,i" Schott.)
7.l<k"f1li
(M.)
7.1< 1ti
(OrontifP/: c.
~ 1111
Lour.)
/;', III}
{A. (U011za1icus,
~
Gilb.)
~
SWEET FUO or
Calamus. L.

Ch'ing
P'inR

rt

Ess. oil

3,5%.
Acarin.
Tannin.
Calamen.

Cholin.
Methyl
alcohol.
Asarylal.

dehyd.
Eugenol.
Asaron.

Reptylic
acid.
Pincn.

Sf:-squiter.
pene.
Azulene.
Calcmenol.
Campher.
Palmitic
acid.
Calameon.

Methyl.min.

Rup.
Ku.

REMARKS

St. 234: SAMP. 81: FR. Salvillia


3.189: BN. 221: Br. 2. tla/alls,
Roffm.
224: DR. 108: KO. 72:
(Br.St.)

(I.. orlJicrdaJa,

i02b. L. paucicostata,
Hegelm.
(M. J. BN.)

St. 12: FR. 3.187: BN.


310: Br. 2. 190: 3.348:
JSSI. 1933. 1. 2. 24:
RCM.4: MI. 58:1: CMP.
329: IMP. 1349: CRN.
2G4: AMP. 8: SAMP.81:
USD. 129G: FRP. G13:
BPC. 235 : WP. 13G;
1273: IDI. 9: JSCI. 1904.
949: Ber. Ph. 1902. 12.
257: BeT. 1873. 6. 1210:
1888. 21. 19l2: 1901.
34. 1021: 190~. 35.3187:
191G. p8: KO. 72: Ph.
Ztg. 1887. 32. 225; 289;
304: 1901. 46. 243: Ph.
Cent. 1887. 28. 231 :
1888. 29. ~90: Schim.
1899.10. 8: 1901. 4. 13:
JpsJ. 188G. 55. 3G5: 190G.
295. 993: 393. 1257: 531.
380 : PJ. 188G. 1085 :
Ann. 1887. 240. 92: 242.
257: 1842. 41. 374: JCS.
18G4. 17. 1: JACS. 1915.

CHINES;;' MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

[CHINESE PART \ CONSTITUNAME USED


ENTS

HABl-

(A. Talon'tUrd/ii,

Schott.)
705. Alocasia
rnacrorrhiza,
Schott. (M.
G. J. St.)
(A. adora,
C. Koch.)
(M.FR.)
(A. commu/ala,
Schott.)
(Arum",.,
Linn.)

ikllH"!'\:
";fj1!;iilf

!Iii

~t::

pI

j;J)

lliti2'(!.

~7C.1;'f.

7C. 1';1

Sze.
Che.
Ki.
Tung.
Rup.

St. 12: FH. 3. 187: BN.


331; 1059: Br. 2. 190: 3.
348: JSSI. 1933. 1. 2.
24: CMP.330: WP.138:
KO. 73: JPSJ. 1906. 295.
993: 1914. 393. 1257:
1926. 531. 380 : SAMP.
81: Klein. 2. 355: 3. 636;
5~:

St. 29: FR. 3. 184: CRN. Indian speci~


Tung. 459: BN. 758: KO. 73: A. indica,
WP.135:
Schott.
IDI. 18:
IMP. 1344:
IMM.47:

Arrow-roo1 Sze.

Starch.

Hai Yii

(W!

Asaron,
C12 H 16 0 3
Ess. oil
0.8%.
Palmitic
acid.
Sesquiterpen.
Phenols.

REMARKS

2387 : Arch. Ph. 1867.


181.214: 1886. 224.465:
1887. 225.43: 1888. 226.
529: J.lnd. Inst. Sc. 1925.
8A. 144: Trap. MS. Trans.
1923.17.378: Ch.J.Phys.
1928. SRI. 160: Klein. 2.
246. 95: 350. 5: 507: 3.
594; 605, 9, 12.31.33,
41, 48, 53. 55, 61, 1222:
4.248; 94:

Trimethylamino

704. A. gramineus. l}; ~f, rt


Ait. (M. Br.) Ch'ang
P'u
(A. terrestris,
Spr.) (M. St.) Ci$: ~)
f!>j
(A. Calamus,
~
Lour.)
~ "IE

REFERENCE

TAT

:'.2V

lfliitiiJiiIJ

(Caladium 0.,

Lind!.)
(Co/ocasia i1uiica.
Benth.)
BIG ROOTED
CALEDIUM.
706. Amorpho.
phallus
Konjak,
K. Koch.
(M. St.)

>Ji ~
Chii Jo

(Ill! '!'i)
~

J1j,
J1j,

~fi

'

~Ji

rt

Mannan.
Sze.
Leviduli- Fu.
nase.
Levidulin.
Protein
O.OG%.

St. 124: FR. 3. 182: BN.


1269: KO. 73: CMP. 331:
,Wi!. 127; 342: JpsJ. 1903.
251. 68: WP. 134: TC.
1896. 17. 214: 49. 298:
DR. 107: JB. 1922. 1.

"Konjaku'.'
Jap.
A. can!:paJltl-

lalra, B!.,
IMP. 1~~6:
IMM.58:

230

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NAME

PART
USED

(Conopllallus K:,
Scholl.)

CONSTlTU-1 HASI-I
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Fat 0.01%.

13.1; 201: AP. 1928. 4. I: CRN. 461:

Ash 0.37%.

IC. i902. 5. 20G: Bot. I

(St. FR.)

189G. 10. 721: CRAS.


18n. 124.1368: Bull. Agr.
Tokyo. l8fl5. 2. 115j 205;
J. Call. Agr. Jap. 1927.
12. 1G4: 'I'M. 1913. 28.
321; 349: 1915. 29. 57:
1917. 31. 399: 1920.34.
58G; 034: Klein. 2. 858: 3
fil: LN. ID28. 681. 79: J.
Dept. Agr. Kyushu 1930.
2.277:

(A1isa~ma f(.,'

Sicb.)
(BradtyspaihaJ(. ,
Koch.)
(Hydrosme
Rivieri, Engl.)
(M. BN. HI.)
.ELEP"ANT FOOT.

rt

707. Arisaema
ringens,

St.. 47: FR. 3. 179: BN.


2tl4: Br. 2. 23U:,

Schall.
(M.J.G. BN.)
(A. Sieboldii.
De Vricse.)
(A. praecox,

De Vriesc.)
(FR.)
ARUM.

<Y'!(~WK

70S.A. serratUl11,
Scholl.
(St. Br.)

P'an Tao
Tseng

(A. jaj){micwn,

CHill i'E)

B1. )::ar. ser"alum, EngI.)

(BN. FR.)

~E
f~

Si.

St. 472: BN. ~025: Br. 2. A. amur~llse,


239: FR. 3. 175: KO. 73: 'Max.
var. Sa:.;ell.wo,
Eng!. (FH.)

Hup.

St. 48: FR. 3. 180: BN. Poisonous.

'it

SERRATED ARUM.

709. A. ThunbcrgiL 1}1. : rt


BI. (M. Br.St.) Hu Chang
(Amm drtUoJtHum, Thbg.)

(FR.)
JACKINT"E.
PULPIT.

709a. A. japoni.:
cum, Bl. (St.
JSSI.Br.KO.)

C*"

N~J

;RliJ"R

Lit .11

)1!.f.illH

Starch.

58G: Br. 2. 239: 3. 2Gl:

JSSI. 1933. 1. 1. 24: DR.


107: USD. 1265: ROI.
16: eMP. 332:. Ph. Cent.
1895. 731: 51'. 192: KO.
73: CMJ. 1917. 31. 392:
SAMP.82:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

HABI'I

CHINESE I'AIlT CONSTITU-I


NAME
unD
ENTS
TAT _
\

'!f-

710. Colocasia antiquorum,

rt

Willd.)
(IMP.)
(A.

~sadmJtu".

If

L.)

st

(C. !>nuupes.

Koch.) (FH.)
TARO.

-------1----711. Pinellia
'F'}! rt
tuberifcra,' Pan Hsia
Ten. (G. HN.
~.<l\)
Br. St.)
'ij' [1]-

(*

(P. Immia,

7)(.

Breit.)
(Am", Immiru",
Thbg.)

;fI1

ill!

St. '123: FH. 3. 183: BN. "Sato Imo"


612: WiI. 341: !Dr. 95:
Jap.
CRN. 477: IMP. 1342: "Keladi"
ES. 68. 13: WP. 134:
Malay.
usn. 1265: BPI. 107.28:
2.2%.
Fat 0.1%.
Agr. Tokyo. 1895. 2. 207:
Cu1.5mg"l..
TC. 1916. 37. 263, 495.
Ash 0.97%.
861. 871: AJP. 1919.91.
498: ChJPhys. 1928. SRI.
165: 1933. 7. 186: Klein.
3. 68: SAMP. 82: LN.
1928.681.68: Malay MJ.
,_ _+:.:19:.:3:.:4:.:..:.9:.:.:.:3:'--~
+
_

'fi

Ess. oil.
Fat.
Phyto.
sterin.

Ash 1.9%.
Alk.

tli

NC.
St. 332: FH. 3. 174: BN.
She.
261: HCM. 107: CMP.
Sung. 333: Han. 262: Br. 2.
Ku . . 239: 3. 263: JSSr. Ina.
Sze."
1. 2. 27: MMJ. 1922: KO.
Hup. 73: JJMS. 1932. 6. (100):
DH. 107: JpsJ. 1924.
509: 551: \VP. t3.,J: Klein.

2. 746,59: 4. 761: 1G40:


Tokyo Iji. 1927, p. 178:
SAMP. 82: NE.' 19aO. 17.
529: PNA. 1935. 2. 189:

Bge.)
(Atltenmest ..
BI.)(FH.)

Spr. (BN.)

REMARKS

Starch 20%,1 Sze.

(A. macrottnlm.

712. Zantedeschia
aethiopica.

REFERE~CE

Mucilage.
Ki.
Vits. B 2 Ct.
Protein

Yil
Schott. (M.]. (J)IJ ~!t)
BN.)
.i~ 2:

(Am11l Co!(}cas;a,

231

!l!f "J' . rt

Yeh Yii
(J)IJ

BN. 978: St. 29: WP.

If

~:k)

~34:

Large type
from Kiangnan
P. lr;jJartila

Schott.
(Br. JSSI.)
Peking has
P. judaliucla,

Schott.
(Br.)

Richanlia
aln'cana,

(St.)

,,*!JlIf.f
PALMAE (9)

Tsung Lii

K'e
713. Areca Catechu, til lfllI sd
Willd. (M.J. Ping Lang
(glJ ~!t)
BN.)
(A. horlmsis.
~
tJTj
Lour.)
t: Mi
(A. Calk"" L.) llt!i.'<:1'J(FH.)
ARECA NUT.
BETEL PALM.

Arecoline

'0.2%.

SC.

Easi

Arecaidine. Ind.
(Arecaine)
Arecarot.
Arecolidine.
Guvacolin.
Guvacine.
Isoguvacine.

SI. 4G: HI. 3. 167: BN. 'Pinans"


Malay.
1454: Br. 3. 430: CJK.
213: Wat. 324:USD.12ol:
PC: FrCx: MW. 813: FHP.
607: Wit. 317: SAMP. 83:
HOI. 15: CMP. 334: IMP.
1310: !DI. 34: IMM. 78:
CRN. 4G3: KO. 74: HTA.
23: FMSJ. 138: BPC. 145:
Ber. 1888.21.3404: 1890:
23. 2972: 1891. 24. 2615:

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NA~IE

I::..c=-:__
I

CHlNESE PART CONSTITUI HABl1


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT
=~_:~~

REFERENCE

-+-REMARKS _

Red tannin
15%.'
Resin.
Fat 14%.
Choline.
Capronic
acid.
Caprylic
acid.
Decylic
I
acid.
. Lauric
acid. .
Myristic
acid.
Gallic acid.
Mannose. .
Galactose.
Catechine.
.

1918. 51. 1004; 1668:


1919.52. 206: 1921. 54.
80G: Ber. Ph. Hl:'>'O. 3().
392: ZEPT. 1910. 7.:
J1'5J. 1915.397.2-19: TC.
1902. 23. 1061: MI. -106;
U5; 588: Ap. Ztg. 1915.
30.2-10: Arch. Ph. 1892.
229. 669: 1908. 246. 9:
1919. 257. 8: Bioch. Zt.
HI07.2. 415: Zt.Phys.C~.
1918. 104. 48: Ph. Zt.
1886. 31. 1-16: 1889. 34.
82; 97: J. Prakt. Ch. 1927.
117.147: Ph.Centh. 1920.
61.~ 029: Agric: Ledger.
1918, 168: PJ. 187-1. Feb.
I
14, 28: 188U. G05; 667:
Klein. 2. 506, 7, 9, 10.
11,42; 858. 9: 3.410. 4.
_ _ _ _ _1_ _-1_2_9_4'-,_52---o1,_7_6_1.L'_6_6:
1_~

f [.1.

A. Dicksonii,
Ro'b. (B:-I.)

~
:kJIIH'
Ta Fu

I sd

Tun;. St. 57: BN. 58: HCl\L 15:


Yun. KO. i-l: DH. %:

Ibk

(PillflJlgalJ.,BI.)
Tzu
(B:-I. KO.)
(1Jll 'i'()

:k!HllfI'UI
,15. Arcnga
Itfl'Uli'- It
Englcri, Beec. Kuang
(J.~I.)
Lang Tzu
DidJ llw$pama
(Uti :fl)
E., \Varb.
(J.)

Tung. St. 389: BN. 773: FH. 3:


16,:

f tli l!lll;;1<;

;;1<;~j"j

'j

lin ;;1<;

16. A. sacehari
W*~ pdr Tapioca.
So Mu
Sugar.
fera, LaIJilI.
Mien
(G. Br.)
(Sflf!lI(!lllS Rmn (if;i ~)
phil, Ro:d).)
f,li ;;1<;
(1'11'.)

,I, calan::--ll~~Jl.l I
I

xc

*)I

Draco, \ViIld. Ch'i Lin


(~1. J. Br.)
Chich
~ DamuNlorojJs D., eMf
BL)
IfiI. ~l

;;1<;

11'1( til!

Tung. St. 389: FH. 3. 167: Br.


2, 387: WI'. 124: Ann.
Chim. 7. a51: BSC. 1879.
82. 120: DH; 98:

Gum.
EXOt.! St. 79: BN. 1505: Br. 2. Dracaella D.,
Resin 82%. Java. 387: CJK. 197: FHP. 609:
L. (J.)
is Canary
Benzoic ac.
SAMP. 84: Fr. Cx: NSD.
a%.
tra. 1364: WI'. 122: USD. 21.
dragon's
Ash 6%.
1285: BPC. 97a: MI. 587:
blood not

sumil"1

CHINESE ME.DICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE PART CONSTlTUo' HABlNAME

USELI

ENTS

TAT

acid.

D. ruuer. Mart.
(BPC.)
DRAGON'S BLOOD.

718. C. Margaritae, 'Pi illi


Huang
Hee. (M.)
T'eng

SC.

vn

REMARKS

CRN. 470: !DI. 55. Arch .


seen on
Ph. 18DG. 234. 401: Ph.
present day
Ztg. Rus....l. 1877. 14: Rumarkets.
perl. Ph. 37. 114: 40. 138: \est Indian
J. Prak. Ch. 26. 145:
material
Ann. Ch. 1875. 176. 8G:
is from
Klein. 2. 530, 7: 3.742:
Plerocarpus D.
(PS.)

. Phloba
phenc.
Cinnamic

and other species'


such as
D. propi'UiIULJ,
Beec.

REFERENCE

233

BN. 1148: FH. 3. 170:

HOI.G5give5
Fibra1/rea

tillctoria,

(M i'I)

Lour.
(Mefu'spo,
maaae.)

718 (a) dillo.


(M.)

sc.

illi vn

BN.700:

Sheng
T'eng

ill)
'ffi illi

(;ffr

~ i/I,i
- - - - r j- 1 - - ------II---~----I---719. Chamaer~ps /I W!I sd Mannan.
SC.
St. 102: FH. 3. IG8: BN.
excelsa, Th. Tsung Lil
118D: 1<;0. 74: Br. 2.387:
Galactan. Che.

(J. W. Wi!.
Br.)
(Tmchyca//Jfls e..

O!r. iifi)
tit 1J!D

Saccharose. Sze.
Ku.

Wend!.)
(BN. FH.)
(T. Forlwzei,
Wend!.)
(FH.)
720. Cocosnueilera, l!IIl =f bk
L. (J.G. Ch. Yeh Tzu rt
Br. St.)
(IJII 'j!f) 51
COCONUT.
~ :F. iifi

1'f

f((;

Xylan.
Ash 0.3%.
K. Na. Ca.

WP. lID: CRAS. lD02.


135.593: Ann. Calcutta.
Bot. Gar. ID31. 13: CRN.
474: Klein. 2. 858: SAMP.
81:

Tung. St. 121: FH. 3.170: BN. Fibre.


1177: Br. 2. 387: CJK.
214: !DI. 92: CRN. 477:
IMP. 131D: BPC. 728:
SAMP. 84: WP. 12G: JCS.
1D07. 91. 17G7; 1786:
AJP. ID04. 76. 70: PJS.
1D08. 3A. 111: Lancet.
1888. 341: PJ. 1888. a.j6:

234
'LATIN NAME

'BERNARD E. READ
\CHINESE

_ _ _ _ _ _ _: NAl\'1E

Iusm ICONSTITU-I HABlPART

ENTS

pp Fat
GO-G5%.

Protein
G.3%.
Vits AI'
B 2 , Ct
Nany! alcohol.
Methyl.
heptylketone:
Methylundccylkcton.
Capronic.
acid.
Dccylic
acid.
Caprylic
acid.
Lauric
acid.
Myristic
acid.
Lecithin.
Stigmasterin.
Phytosterin.
Cholin.
Globulin.
Galactoaraban.
Galactomannan.
Water
93%.
Protein
0.5%.
Ash 1.0%.
Corosit.
ViI. C.
Saccha-

rase.
Oxydase.
Catalase.
Diastase.

TAT

REFERENCE

JSCI. 1910. 704: 1910.


35, 1138: Agr. Ledger
1911.
1G7:
ChJPhys.,
1928. SRI. 173: ChZtg.
1900. 24. 1G: Ph. Centh.
190G. 49. 1045: Analyst.
HJ24. 49. 223: Ann. eh.
1895. 286. 30G: Malay.
Agr. J. 1929. 17. 335:
WP. 1283: Klein. 2. 249:
55, 98,9: 506,7, 9, 10,
11,711, 50, 9: 851, ~. 8.
9: 4. 294, 340, 8G5, 81,
98, 905: JEC. 1919. 37.
497: DR. 100:

Malay. MJ. 1934. 9. 1:


Am. ChJ. 1891.' 13. -130:
Nedcrl. TPh. 1890. 302:
Pro Ch. Soc. 1907. 23.
219: Bull. Agr. In,des.
Neerl. 1907. 4: DH. 100:

-Copra.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NA)(E

IC~I:,~~E ~~~~I CO:~TU-I ~~~-I

~iF-f

721. Phoenixdacty.
lifera, L. (G.) Wu Lou

DATEPALM.

it

(,t

Sugar 52%.1

Protein
3%.
Fat t%.
Cbhyd.
75%.
Ash 2%.
As 0,01
mg %.
Cumarin.
Saccharase.
Manna

Tzu
jU)

'f"iflll:

7E.~~l

M ~l:
ib\:lllilll:

m*
*

1/>:

235

REFERENCE

RE~IARKS

Yun.1 St. 493: BN. 137:1: SAMP.

Ri.
g~: WI'. 119: !DI. 233:
Tung. CRN. 515: CJK. 133,
pers.\13G: l.aufer. 385: IMP.
East 13H: JPc. 1832. 18. 72~:
Ind. 1879. 4. 30, 461: 1889.
20. ~85: Z. OO$t. Ap.
1887. 41. ~38: JSCI.
1905. 24. 390: CRAS.
1912. 154. 893: JACS.
1908. 30. 1005: Boll. Inst.
Sier. Milan. 1924. 3. 105:

nasc.

ZNG. 1914. 27. 132: Ber.

Galactoaraban.
Galacto

1890. 23. 2579: Klein. 2.


772: 851, 8, 9: 3. 659: 4.
865, 885 DH. 93:

mannan.

(;+;:t) iHW, Ei..lHU

Mannite.

- - - - - I - - l ' j ; - c\--:n-:- - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 - - - - ' - 1j


CYPERACEAE (6) So Ts'au
R'e
722. Carex macro-

1.!i

11~:

Sung. SI. n: FH. 3. 290: BN.


Che.
1275: Br. 2. 286:

sci

cephala.

Shih
Ts'ao
(J. BN:Br.St,)(iliJ l\l!J

~Nilld.

(C. "atltlzericoides,

Pres!.) (FH.)
SEOOE.

~ f&~

Ilif(j\m

--'------'-------1---1--1--- - - - - 123.C. siderosticta,

Hce. (J. BN.


M.)
(Psffldq..Carer
p/mdaginea,

ill

~
Yai
Tsung

(~

----1----

SI. ~7~: FH. 3. 310: BN. Co1tiogramme


885: Br. 2.286: WI'. 117: jajxmica,
Sung.
Diels(Filic.)
Man.
(J.)
Hop.
Hup.

rt

~)

Miq.) (FH.)
,(C. ptUhygy"a,
.Fr. & S.)
(Br. St,)

724. Cyperus
rotundus, L.

iJ~

Br.)

1,'(

So Ts'ao

(HC. G. HN. (gil

~O

1'Iiilfi'l't

rt

Ess. oil
0.5%.
Cypercn.
Cyperol.

Ri.
SI. 141: HI. 3. 21G: BN. C. hirta, L.
SAMp.80.
Tung. 93~: Br. 2. G3; 28G: JSSr.
Sung. 1933. I. 1. 22: !DI. 110:
IMP. 135G: CRN. 481:
Ru.

BERNARD E. READ

236;
LATIN NAl\lE

(C. ltexaslat:hJ'ttS,

ROUb.) (DR.)
(C. odoralus,
Osbeck.)
(C.ltvissimttS,
Stcud.)
NUTORASS.

PART!

CHiNESE 1
CONSTITU
NA:\tE USED
ENTS

1,\:flIJ'f

hb

7)(-\1ff&:
7](EAJi:
7)( i'Ji
i?<: i-Ji
l:J.: *Ii

Ess. oil
1%.
Fat.

HABITAT
YUIl.

Rop.

ok m:
tlHIUt\:
fllHIHl~

fill 'B
-1'tfllFf

725. Scirpus Erio ilir] lp: sd


phorum.
K'uai
Michx. (M. J. Ts'a.o
G. Br. St.)
(:f{t ilD
(S. cyjJerinus,
Kth.)
(Eriophoru1Jt
cypen"llum, L.)
(var. cone%r,
Makino.)
(BN. HM.)
(var. ttijJJ)(JJlicm,
Fr. & S.) (Br.)
WOOL GRASS.

---NC.
CC.

1,\::=&

St. 141. FR. 3. 251: BN.


808: Br. 2. 286: JSSL
1933. 1. 1. 23: KO. 75:
RCM. 48: WP. 115: CMP.
336: DR. 90:

Ts'ao
San Lillgis
Cypems
serotimlS,

Roth., var.
depauj)(rala,

~ftJJ(:=&

Fr. &S.
(Br.)

J1.\:='fJI'
;p='fJI'

'*

REl\1ARIf~

CMP. 335: RCM. 48: WP.


116; 1285: SAMP. 80:
Schim. 1923. 24: JIndia
Inst. Sc. 1925. 8A. 39:
JCS1ndia. 1922. 41T.172:
JPSJ. 1920. 457. 259:
1923. 491. 1926. 527. 74:
56p. 971: 1928. 98. 128:
KO. 74: Klein. 3. 608;
32, 5: DR. 90:
St. 398: FR. 3: 249: BN.
1274: Br. 2. 282:

726. S. maritimus, lfiJ:=& rt


L. (J.M.)
Ching San
Ling
(S. MC1f.1llallus.
W.)(DR.)
lim J'i)
BULRUS".
:ff-:=&

727. S. tuberosus,: R,
Wu Yii
Roxb. (Br.
St. M.)
OJ!) ri)
(E/eochan's I.,
J'! jlE
Schult.)
Jil
WATER C"EST.
~ ~
NUT.
m:='fJI'
l!j
flll ~

REFERENCE

rt

Protein
1.4%.
Fat 0.1%.
Cbhyd.
20.1%.
Ash 1.4%.
Cu 0.7%.
ViI. C,.

Hop.
Che.
Ku.
Tung.

St. 399: FR. 3.229. BN. Nees and


790: Br. 2: 48: 3. 441.
Franchet
ES. 68. 14. BPI. 107.29.
r~ard thi,s
as a cuIWi!. 2. 59. 1MM. 780: Ch.
tivated
J. Phys. 1928. SRI: 167:
1933.7. 187. SAMP. 80:
form of
E/~ocharis
Malay. MJ. 1934. 9. 2:
PJ. 1929. 38.37: DR. 90:
p/alltogill~(l.
R.Br.
Common
name
Pi Ch'i.

2::J7

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

GRAMINEAE (39)

[CHINESE
NAME

IPART!
CONSTITU-I HABlUSED
ENTS
TAT

5f=*f'+
HoPen

Tung. St. 205: FH. 3. ~Gti:


Hup. AMP. 2: 1'0. 75: Watt.
1090:

728. Andropogon
Jill JiJj rt
contortus, L. Ti Chin sh
(He. Cr. M. Ojl) ~;O II
Ch. G.)
~V lJ~
(Htk'rojogolt c.,
:I: JiJj
Bcauv.)
(H. hirltlS.
Pers.)'(FH.)
HEARD ORASS or
SPEAR ORASS.

thus, L. (Br.
Lour. M.)
(Cymbop(Jgolt S.,
Spr.)
(FH. M.)
(C. martini,
Stap!.)
(IMP.)
OERANIUM
ORASS.
CAMEL ORASS.
ROSUA ORASS.

780. A. Sorghum,
Brat. var.
vulgaris,

Hack.

if. 'If
Mao

If
sh

Hsian~

'If 1\(,

*'

(G.M.J.)
(Sorg/atllt .,wgare, il1
;oj(
Pers.)
(St.FH.)
'iI,
(Hofeus Sorglmm, ?iii
L.) (SAMP.)
OREAT MILLET.
BROOMCORN.
KAOLIANO.
KAFlRCORN.
OUlNEACORN.

Cbhyd.
70%.

Protcinf.l%:

f,1

f>~

Fat 4%.
Ash 1.4%.

eu 0.4 rng

ll'i

%.
Vits.A I
B,.
?I'Iyristic
acid.

Butyric ac.
Maltase.

Emulsin.
Kafirin.
rt

'Piif.

Ess. oil. 1%. Ku.


St. 40: FH. 3. 877: FHP. Japan : PhellanHiffocluoa
Sung. GGO: DH. 79: SAMP. 77:

fl

sd

Cyfrritms,
Kth.
vaL concolor,
Mak. (J.)
Discussed in

v. as

ton.

Shl1 Shu
IJ'.Q)

Cft
~;j
itt.

ScirjJus

PT..under
Pai Mao q.

dren.
dPiperi-

(00 1'0
~"P'!(~

REMARKS

K'e

729. A. Schoenan-

HEFERENCE

Tung. Br. 2. 277: AMP. 2: IMP.


1372: IDI. 80. CRN. 4G2:
Fu.
BPC. 7G[;: JCS. 1922. 144:
1928. 123. 22U7: AJP.
1889. 61. HG: WP. 111:
USD. 1448: Ch. Ztg.
1905. 28. 1148: Schim.
1892. 4. 44: ItlO-l. 4:
1907. 4: 1909. 8[;: 1911.
4. 19: BIlL. 1924. 22.
2G5: Watt. 11l7: Ann.
Ch. 1844. 50. 157:

Che.

CuI.

St.4!G: FH. 3. 8G7: BN.


1281: DH. 80: Br. 2. 140:
WP. 71.: Wil. 88G: USD.
21. 148G: eRN. 529: US.
191G. 470: All. 891: CMJ.
1921. 35. 247: TC. 1917.
38. 282: 1921. 42. IG8:
SAMP. 78: Ch. Ztg. 1898.
17. 1982 : 1902. 504 :
Wall. 6. 2424: Ch. Gaz.
1901. 24. 84: 1902. 85.
801: FEAnr.' 1921. 201:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI.
154: 1980. 4. 49: 1988.
9. 18G: JIEe. 1911. 2.
581: LN. 1928. 681. 58:

borealis;

Roem.
Br. 2.280:
BN.696:

Two vadeties in India


"l\'lotia"
and
"Sofia"
(IMP.)

Used as a
cereal" food,
the yellow
variety of
the PT. .
"Dhurra"
Ind. Egypt.
"lHorokoshi"
Jap.
"]uar"

Hind.

238

BERNARD E. READ

LATINNAl\IE

CHINESElpARTICONSTITU-1 HABIl

NAl\1E

USED

ENTS

TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

192G. 523. 323: Klein. 2.


511: 500: 4, 8G8, 871:
Proc. Roy. Soc. 1902. 70.
153: JBG. 19IG. 28. 59,
1918. 36, 323: J. Agrie.
Res. 1919. 16. 175: 1924.
26. 257: 27, 717: CJSA.
1929.11. 195:
731. A. Sorghum,
Brot. VaL
saccharatus.
Koerm.

(Sorglnttn saccharatU/fI, PeTS.)


(Br.)
(Holeus saechao
~all", L.)
SUOARMILLET,
j;HINESE. SUOAR.
CANE.
SOROHO.

i1i.

J'i(

sd

Lu Su
1'1)

CllIl

Protein

"IC-

9.5%.
FaI4.'%.
Cbhyd.
72%
Ash 2',[)%.
Vits. AI.

CuI.

B,.
rl
Formic ac.
l\'Ialic acid.

Tartaric
acid.

SI. 38G: BN. 151G: Br. 2. Reddishbrown grain


140: DH. 80: Wall. 6.
used for
2382;2405:FEATM.1921.
IJ1akiil g '
200: AJP. 1890. 12. 21G:
sugar, and
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI.
after fer150: Klein. 2. 496: 529,
mentation
S 1, 2; 525; 8u9: 4. 181,
alcohol.
9; 222, 3: \Vat. 5--17:
USD. 21. 104G: WP.13i5; f'Hirse"
Ger. .
72: JASC. 1903. 25. 55:
J. Agrie. Res. 1919.18.1:
Polytech. Centh. 1859.
138G:

Citric acid.
Aconitic ac.
Galactose.
Leucin.
Cystin'l

Asparagin.
Glutamin.
Pigment.

-----.----1---------1--------1----732. Arthraxon
ciliaris, Beauv.

(J. M. Br.)
(A. jaj;ollicus,
Miq.)
(A. Lal1g,dorffi
alntS. Hochst.)
(A71drojJolloll lasioeo/es. Steud.)
(Lasio/ylrIlJII, his-

pimu", Stcud.)
(PImTojJlitis L .
Trin.)
(FR.)

CC.
SC.
Sung.

SI. ~44: FR. 3. 359: BN.


14G2: Br. 2, 283:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME
/

CHINESE
NAME

-1Ii.

733. (a) Avena


fatua. L.

IPART
USED

sd

Ch'iao

(J. St. Br.. G.)


(b) A. sativa.
L. (M.)

j!!~

(b)

T,AT

Com.

10.G%.
Fat 3.:1%.

Cbl~~,d.

OW

6//0

*H~1.':

OATS.

ENTS

Protein

Alai.
*)

UJf

CONSTITU-\ BABI-I

Ash 1.7%.

LfJiU.'(

REFERENCE

239
REMARKS

St. oa: FH. 3. 401: Wil. In ]apa,\- .2. 53: DN. 792: Dr. 2. Bl'olJ1uS
285: Watt. 1G32: DH. 84: japonictls,
Th.
IMP. 1370: CRN. 4G5:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI. BN.
l5."): \"'P. 80:
.f,}
~
WuMai.

Vito B,.
sh

~Ialollic

acid.

-----1--- - - - - ---1-------1-----,734. Bambusa


Glucuronic Com. 51. G3: FH. 3. 445: Wil.
;<,,'; /r'r
f1i.
t'r
arundinacca, 1"zu

Willd.
(W.WiL)
(ll. anmdo,
Klein.)

acid.

~hu

(!W ED
)jiIJ

Citric.: acid.

/r'r

(Anoldo Bambas,

L.)
(B. spinosa.)
(WiLSt.).
SPINY BAMBOO.

sh

Tartaric
acid.
Lactic acid.
I.xylose.
Pcntoses.
Betain.
Cholin.
Salicinasc.
Protease.

Sc.

57-C.

ce.

21J5: IDI. 42: SAMP. 77: St. G3.


DH. 89: IMP. 1381: The identity
of the bamI<,lcin. 2. 52G, 31, 2.5;
8;")3, 85f>: 4. 292, 4; 877,
boo is vague.
81. aD. G:

DiaStase.
Emuls~n.

Urease,.
Nuclca~e.

735. B. Vcitc1~ii,
Carr. (BN.)
(B.. smallensi!,
F. etS.
o

var. albo.margi.

I!JtoWr

st

Ashed:

Com.

BN. 102: Br. 2. 285' St.


G4:

Hop.

St. 472: FIf. 3. 405: iBN.


;')74: Dr. 2. 84:

Shan Pai

Chu

(#'I

E1)

1UzJa, F. et S.)

(BL)
MOUNTAIN
BAMBOO.

730. Beckmannia
erucacformis,

Host. (J. BN.


Br. St.)
SLOUOn ORASS.

1~:

Wang
Ts'ao

(=1ft ill)

~~ III
"l' ~~

sd

Ku.
Sze.
Man.

'240

RERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

737.Coixlachryma.

L. (J.M. BN.
St.)
(Co IfUlzryma-jo6i,

'. L.)
(C. oJrreslis.
Lour.) (M. Ch.

Br. FH.)

CHINESE PART CONSTlTU


ENTS
\ NAl\lE USED

it'J::/!.!t::

sd

I I Jen

c*M

~)
~

(C.tlzillmsis,

Too.)
JOB'S TEARS.
ADLAY.
rt

REFERENCE

Tung. 1435: Br. 2. 285: 3. 385:

Hup.
Hop.
Yun.

Leucin.
Lysine.
Arginine.
Tyrosine.
Histidine.
Coicin.
Glutamic
acid 3%.
A5h 2.3%.
protein

REMARKS

St. 122: FH. 3. 345: BN.

Ki.

05%.
Fat 5.4%.
13.7%.

Iilllill*
;.';l;1?l<'T

TAT

Cbhyd.
Protein

1f

.~
fI:K~

HABI

Wil. 330: DH. 77: SAMP..


78: KO. 75: Walt. 1080:
HOI. 40: CMP. 337: MlP.
2: IMP. 1362: Wat. 320:
USD. 21. 1349: CRN. 477:
WP. 04: NSD. IG45: TC.
1919.40.483: JB. 1922.
1.305: CMSJ. 1927. 75.
17, 345: KMSJ. 323.901:
Jap. Army Mud. 171.
1117: Ch. J. PhY5. 1928.
SRI. 1G8: Klein. 4. 18 I. 3,
5, O. 8, 9:

17.0%.
Fat 7.2i~.
Starch
52%.

If
---'-----I---f--

738. Diarrhena japOllica,

Cry.

'itU';'f;:i,~:

Ch'ang

Hack. (BN.)

Ts'ao

et S.)

---1---1--------1---,-Szc.

Lung

var. Kocnigii,
(Onu,aj., F.

5t

O)IJ

St. 492: BN. 1414: FH. hntats


sdclnJ~ullsis.
3.418:
Bueh. var.
e/f1tSoitks.
Buch.
(J.)

~"')

tl.,i:,1jt

-----1--------------------1---739. Erianthus ja.


ponicus,

Beauv. (HC.
Br. St.)
(MisCQJd/ulS sinensis, Anders.)

51

Yun.

She.
Man.
Ki.
Tung.

St. 164: FR. 3.348: BN. d. Afric~)


4G6: Br. 2.95: DH. 78:
E. sorghum,
Nees: I

(BN. FH.)
(Eulaliaj.,

Trin.)
(E. dmsa,

Baker.)
(Stuc!larrm' j.,
Tbunb.)
(FH.)
WOOLLY BEARD
GRASS.

l~

CI-IINESE MEDlCD1AL
LATIN NAME

CHINESE
\

NA~lE

PARTI CONSTITU"I
USED

a::r.i'"f

7-10. HierochlQa
rt
Pai Mao
borealis,
Roem. et Seh. Hsian~
(St. Br.)
(1ft ill)

ENTS

Cumarin.
Ash 8.4%.

REFERE~CE

HABI-l
TAT

Che.

2H

PLA~TS

~80:

I St.

RE:\tARI{S

207: HI. 3.
Br.1
2.280: DH. 83: WP. 79:

NSD. 7GO: BN.


Klein. 3. OriS:

09G:

(H Bungealla.

Trin.) (FH.)
(H. odora/a,

Wahlbg.)
VANILLA GRASS.

USA.
741. Hordeum
'j.: i!'i sd
Ta Mai
vulgare. L.
(M.J.Ch.Br.) OJI) ~!O
(If. saii'i:um,
i!'i
Jess. var.
lJrdgau. L.)
(BN.)
(H. 1~:ras/ic"oll.
L.)
(SAMP.)

BARLEY.

Protein
10,5%.
Fat 2.2%.
Cbhyd.
GG%.

CuI.
NC.
COIll.

Starch GOi~ !
Ash 2.(;%.

Vits. AI.
13" Co.

As 55 mg

%.
C~I 12 mg
I.'

Pentosan
2.8%.
Arabanoxylan.
Raffinose.
Diastase.
Lauric

acid.
Inosite.
Acetoin.
Linolenic
acid.
Succinic

acid.
Nuclease.
Trypsin.
Lipase.
Pepsin.
Ercpsin.
Palmitic
acid.
Malic acid.
Lacticacid'l

St. 207: \Vatt. ~7~: BN. "On~e" Fr.


54: Br. 2. 285: \il. 2. . 'Gerstc' ,
Ger.
53: HCM. H: CRN. 4%:
IMM. 4~G:' IMP. 1380: "Omugi"
JDI. F,G: SAMP. 79: KO.
Jap.
75: AlPT. 190G. 16: WP.
8G: DH. 88: JSc. Agr. Soc.
Jap. 192f.. 486: USD.
G79; 1428: ~RAS. 19\4.
2G8: \Vat. 320: LN. 1928.
681. 09: Ch. J. Phys.
19:--"'. SRI. 1:'5: 1!)30. 4.

..J.!J:

Klein.

510, 20,

2. 254, 99:
1, 2, 5, G, 9;

;"}32 , 77: 710, -19, 50,

n;

850, 3,8.9, G3, 4, 8G: 3.


GGn: 4. 188, !.l; 222, 5,
9~~_. 4, ~?G, ,7, !.l; 70;;
8G,), 8.

(,~,

u,

SO,

-J.

,l.

8, 890: 2. :{, 4, 8; ~or,:


Ber. 1875. B. 202, 387:

19. 1180: 1890. 23. 137:


1894. 27. IOG1: 190:1.
36. 330G: 21. 1572: 39.
848: 1902.35. 14GG: Am.
Ch. J. 19. 242: Biach. J.
1923. 17. 5!l3: Proc. Ch.
Soc. 1902, 18. 134: .1.
Ch. Soc. 1922. 121. 1929:
.lACS. 1895. 17. [,39:
eRAS. 1902. 135. 20;'"
190:1. 137. 73, 71R: 1904.
138.49, 819: 139. 1217:
1900. 130. 1783: 189.
125.38: 1891. 112. 293:
1904. 139. 980: Z. Phys.

242

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME
CHINESE
_ _ _ _ _ _-.J.\--'N;:A=ME

ICONSTITU-I
HAHIENTS
-eTc-A..,Te-!

-i~~~~'1
PART
USED

REFERENCE

REMARKS
+__

Ch. 1n08. 55. 338: 188n.


13. 365: 18n7. 23. 175:
1n08. 57. 332: Z. Ges.
Exp. Med. 1928. 56.
645: Ch. Zig. 1904. 28.
751: 21. 717: 1n03. 27.
n58:
1894. 18. 1794:
1896. 20. 399: 1893. 13.

Sitosterin.

Dihydro.

sitosterin.

Phytoste.
rine.
Mannosc.

Xylon.

19::t2: ell.

Galactose.
Maltose.
Sinistrin.
Cumarin.
Histidin.

61. 201: 62. 95: 1881.


44. 258: Bioch. Zeit.
1913.57.12,: 1922. 131.
193: 1925. 164. 117:

News.

1890.

Trypto.
phan.
Hypoxan
thin.
Saccharase.
Maltase.
Linase.
Cellobiasc.
Amylase.
Manna-

sh

nasc.
Oxydasc.
Catalase.
Lichenasc.
Urease.
Aconitic ae.
Malonic ae.
Tricar-

ballylic

acid.
Malic acid.
Citric acid.
Asparagin.
Bctain.
Cholin.
Xanthin.
Guanin.
Hordenin.

------j---_-~----I--I--------I-----

7420. Hordeum

tII?ji-

nudum, L.

Kung

(M. Ch. St.)

Mai

NACKED BARLEY. OJIJ


NAKED BARLEY.

~!O

sd

Hordenine.j Sze.

St. 207: HeM. 74: \VP. For making


681. 45: J.
malt.

I Sung.. 86: LN. 1n28.


CuI.

Sc. Agr. Soc. Jap. 1n2G.


2.78:

2~3

CHINESE }IEDICINAL PLANTS


. LATIN NA'.IE

742h. MALTED
BARLEY.

CHINESEII'ARTI CONSTlTU1 HABI'I


NAME
USf.D
ENTS
TAT

lfH}~
Kung
Mai
Nieh

(~IJ

~O

sd

Vits. A"
B I C:!..
Phytase.
Amylase.
Hordenin.
Lecithin.
Cumarin.
Histidin.
Urea.
Cholin.
Betain.
Vemin.
Pektase.
Mraelhtaasela'se.1
T
eellobiase.

EFERENCE
.

REMARKS

~55:

1St. 2;;6: Wat.


Tc.1 Common
1919. 90. G-I.7: Klein. 2.
name:
710: 863: 3. 659: 4. 188: Mai Ya!!i11f
225: 292, 4; UO:
86~. 8U8, iI: 76, 81,~, 5,
7: 91, 3, 8; 905: JACS.
1896. 18. 542: USDA.
124: eh. News. 1885. 52.
56: 53. 56: 1881. 44.
258: eh. lt$. 9. 1800:
189~. 18: 19. 339: 1890.
14. 1G73: eRAS. 1895.
120.687: 124. 87U: 18t3.
66, 2H: 1898. 127. 191:
Areh. Hyg. 1890. 10. ~77:
Bcr. 1877.10. 017: 1924,

702,\

57.

7U5:

Landw.

Vcr.

Amylase.

1888. 32. 389: JCS. 1890.

Lipase.

57.477: Itlt7. 111. 121:


ESC. 1927. 9. ~9: Z. Ges.
Bmuw. 1921.!fH: 1898.
21.633: JSCL 1892.627:
Bioch. 2t. 19:15. 161. .,,{,fj:
Z. Phys. eh. 1897. 23.
175: 192:L 131. :tOi:
1928. 173. 188: BJ. 10 W.
10. 5G; ~ 1:

Manna
nase.
Phytase.
Glucase.
Emulsin.
Scminase.

Xylanase.
Lic;henase.
Peroxydase.
Peptasc.
Trypsin.
Chymase.
Oxydase.
Katalase.
l\Ialtose

50"/'.
HGrdcin.
Edestin.
Glucose.
Fructose.
Saccharose.
Pentosans.
Galactan.
Arnylan.

Xylose.
Fat 1.2%.

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

ICHINESEI PART I CONSTlTU-1 HAm-I

_ _ _ _ _ _+.:.-N.:.-A:c":cF:c._,.ust:J>

ENTS

7l3. Imperata a
a:;j: rt
rundinace:t.
Pai ]\) an fI
eyr. (HC. Br.
fiI) sh
St.)
(1. pedicd/aln.
Stcud.)

TAT ~

Sung.
Tung.
Ki.
Ku.

C*

Hop.
YUH.

(f. Koenig;;,

REfERENCE

I
-+__.

REMARKS

St. 21(;: FH. 3. 3W: BN. vaL


30G: Be. 2. 278: Wil. 2. f(omigii,
Hack.
7G: KO. 7;;: DH. 78:
(BN.)
JpsJ. 1923. 495: A~IP.
2: CMP. 3~O: HCM. 77:
Watt. I. 51. C.\ISJ. 8G.
173: CZG~1. JU1(;. G. 9:

Beauv.)
(SauIJanm,spiea
(WIl, Thbg.)
(HI.)
FLOSS GRASS.

74-1.. Lophatherum
datum,

I
I
r~Vr'f~

St. 2~7: HI. 3. ~20: HCM.


8~: B T. 897: Be. 2. 285:
Szc.
KO.75:
Fu.
Tung.
Che.

rt

ZOll.lTan Chll If

(M. J. Be.
St.)

Yeh

13)

C~

(L. gl'aci/e,
Brong.
vaL datum,

Hack.)
(BN. FH.)
(L. japollicrtm,
Steud.)
(I... Lehmmmi,

Nees.)
745. Oryza sativa,
L. (HF. B:'i.

Keng-

J. M. St:)

OJ1! 1;0

RICE,
NONGlUTINOUS
UNHUllEO.

til!

fit

sd

Pol'ished:- CuI.
Protein
sc.
8.(;%.
CC.
Fat O.{)%.
Starch

80%.
Ash 0.7%.
Cu, Ni, Co,

As 7 mg%
ash.

Oridine.
Myricyl
ale.
Cerotinic
acid.
Phylin.
Lecithin.
Arabano-

xylan.

St. 294: HI. 3. 34+: BN. Hulled


1228: Laufer. 372: Wil.

rice

2. 50: IDI. 213: IMM.


-Mi*
G21: CRN. 512: SAMP. Red rice is
78: IMP. 1359: MI. 524: O.prMCQX.
BPe. 125: HTA. ~~2:
Lour.
DH. 83: WP. 75: BPI. "Kome"
107. 28: PJ. IV02. 15.
Jap.
27G: Mr. Ch. J. 189G. 18.
1H: JACS. 19. 1903.25.
!l . J.B: 19:1G.
48. 2972:
TC. 1920. 4. /10: 1918.
39. 29~: Watt. O. 253:
Agr. Tokyo. 1907. 7. 495:
503: 1912. 2. 11: 1913.
5. 135: nr. 1882. 2. 2G;
87: IS37. 1. 102; 311,
5~1: FEAnl. 1925. 1.
253; 233: Bioch. Zt. 1920.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

!CHINESElpART!
CONSTLTUNAl\IE
ENTS

'TIN NA'IE

USED

.Lon.

,t

HABl" \
TAT

245

REFERENCE

E
R 1\'1ARKS

Lipase.
Urease.
Whole:Vits. A l ,
B" Do,
GJ

103.218: 1922. 131. l:H:


1925.159.221: BJ. H112.
43. 8D: IDI-I. 8. bDB: CC.1
1920. 3. 14: I1J2:L 1.
llD2: ID2i. 1. 18,,0: ]B.
1922. 1. 223, 2-H: Ann.
Ch. 1842. 41. 52: Ch. J.

hd

Phys.

UJ28.

SRI.

15-1.:

1930. 4. -ID: CRAS. 18%.


126.327: l!) 12. 154. SU3:

IDI-I. 159. 2[;8: 1D28.


186. i8l: ]CS. ID2:J. 123.
2(jGG: LN. 1128.681.57:
1920. 52~. 87i 15{); ~ 1:,;
~-l5: lEe. 1915. 22. 25!J:
ID27. 71. ;-189: 1!):H.74.
. -115; -127: Z. Phys. Ch'
1913.88. 3:Q; -Wi: HJ18. l
101. 84: J. Agric. ReS'j
UJ27. 34. :-tOil: J. Phys.
1910. 42. &)1): 1!J12. 45.
75: Klein: 2. 251, [dR,
OJ 77; 710: 950, :-t: 4.

_______ .

8_[;_2,_8_8,,8_:

'nu.
Fan
(ot ill)

745a. Cooked rice.

7-l5b. Rice cong-ce.

sd

Protein
1.8%.
Cbhyd.

St. 295: LN. 192G. 523.


87' 155" FEATM. 1925.
1. '263: .

Com.

St. 1-70:

Corn.

St. 277:

.
1

21.3%.

~j

Com.

Chou

(ot ill)
~

7!5c. Heavenly
bamboo
congee.

7-l5d. Rice candy


from malted
rice.

'ji;t,!iftli.

Ch'ing
ChingFan
(Iliii W)

foa IJil

I T'ang
(~IJ

~;O

l"laltose.
Cbhyd.

Com. St. 474: Br. 3. 23G: LN.


ID28. 681. 65:

8D.5%.

'i!!I
745e. Rice malt.

iB

Tao Nieh

(Wi
~

l'I)

tf

St. 25G: Wat. 455:

"Arne"

lap.

BERNARD E. READ

246

CHINESE!,AItTICONSTlTU-1

HABI-I

___
L_A_TI_N_'N_'A
__
l\l_E__ ;_N_A_M_E_~_ _
EN_l'T_S_ _T_A_T_:,

745 r. Rice polish-

ings (Aleurone

layer.)

7.J5g. Rice Husks

(Awns).

*'

.m

Mi P'i

Orizanin.
Vits. AI'

(it 1Jfa)

B" G,.

:!l'<jJ(~

;i;!(

:m

IKu Ying
(kill

7J5h. Rice uran.

No

E1)

tJJt

K'ang

(kill

E1)

Com.

R_E_F_E_R_E_N_CE

:__R_E_MA
__R_K_S_

Adenine.
Choline.
"Vax.
Protein
11.5%.
Fat 7.1%.

IMP. 1362: TC. 1888. 6. "Menzai"


128: 1919.40.191: 1911.
Jap.
32. 1,2,3,4: JpsJ. 1914.
391. 1013: 1921. 468.
10-1: H122. 485. 579; 486.
6il: 487. i80: H. 1922.
18. i3: 1924. 23. 39:
JBlP. 1930. 14. 2i5:
LN. 1928. 681. 61: Kyoto

Cbhyd.
63%.
Ash 4%.

Sc.Mcm.1928. A11. 497:


FEATM. 1925. 1. 245:
1913.359: Klein. 2. 513:

Saccharose.
Glucose.
Pcntosc.

St. 295:

Cholin.
Betain.
Adcnin.
Guanin.
Inosit.
Guanidin.
Protein
12.5%.
Fat 18.2%.

Cbhyd.
35.3%.
Ash 12.6%.
Adcnin.
Cholin.

Hypoxanthin.

Phytin.
Orydin.
Oryzanin.
Allantoin.
Arachidic
acid.
Behenic ac.
Lignoceri.
nie acid.
Palmitic
acid.
Oleic acid.
Phytoste.
rin.
Stigmaste.
rin.

G.I

W. 930:
13337: WP.
76: AP.
Kyoto. 1925.7. 409; 463:
010: BJ. 1914. 8. 098:
Atti Rend. Accad. Roma
1~09. 18. 64: Klein. 2.
~5':;:

4. 2:li:

~9:t;

408,

~:

St.2V..J-: Wat. 511: WP.

"Nuka"

76. LN. 1~28. 681. UO,


111: Z. Phys. Ch. 191:J.
88. '134: 1~17. 100. 10~:
If) 18. 101. 84. Bioch. Zt.
1922. 131. 124: Ino.
159. 221: 1912. 43. 8~:
1920.103.218: Agr. Tok.
lU12. 5. 09: 1907. 7.
-J~o: J. Phys. .1912. 45.
75: 43. 395: BJ. IDI2.
43. 89: JSCI. 1893. 848:
JACS. 1903. 25. 948:
1926. 48. 2872: ]BC.
1927. 71. 389: Klein. 2.
013; 4; 0, 77: 749, '00: 4.
406, 7, 10; 862, 4,8:

Jap.

247 .

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


I:.ATIN NAME

\CHlNESEI
ICONSTlTU
HAm-,
NAME uno
ENTS
TAT
PART

REFERENCE

REMARKS

I
Dihydro
sitosterin.

Myricyl
ale.
Sitosterilt.
Lipase.

740. O. Sativa, L.
var. glutinasa, Mats.

(BN.)
(0. gltdiugsa,
Lour.)
GLUTINOUS RICE.

-I
sd

;M
Tao

0)1!

Phytase.
Diastase.
Protem
G 5%

Fat 0:2%.

I SC.
CuI. ISt. 2D4: WP. 77: BN.
1521: Ch. Zt~. 1887. 19.
cc.

Starch

I tJl

7D%.
Ash 1.1%.
Glucose.

'l\!ochigomc' ,

Jap.
1805: SAMP. 78: JIEC. "Mochi ricc".
IlD12. 4. 578: DH. 83:
Ch. J. Phys. ID28. SRI.
150: LN. 1928. 681. 5D:
Klein. 2. 8U3: LN.

1926.

. 523. 237:

Maltose.
Dextrin.
Oryzanin.
f1

it

-747. O. Sativa, L.
var.

'ill

Hsien
I'l)

ANNAMESE
(WI
UPLANO RICE. ,!J
!j!

- - - - - - - _ . ---An-

sd

nam.

St.2DO: BN. 582; 1228: From


Watt. 0.348:
Cochin

Fu.

china

d. Indian

;M
;M

HAftS".

Watt. O. 2D9:

748. STORED RICE.


BROWN RICE.

----

Com.

sd

1!llOO*
Ch'en

IJ.1923.50.245.Agr.115:Soc.FEATM.
Jap.
ID25. 1.259: LN. 1920.
523.347:

Lien
Mi

1mJlI(it*

1fk)

!Ie :!l'<

.-i'row"

7H). Panicum Crusgalli. L.


Pai
(J. Hr. St.)
(!Ill I'l)
(P. mlScorvi, L.)
(M. St. FH.)
(EchillQdzloa C.,
Beauv.)

10%.
Ash

3.10%.
KCl
3.10%.

Com.

51. ~nk FH. 3. 328: BN.


1227: DH. 82: WP. 75:
Br. 2. 101: Wil. 330:
CRAS. IDI8. 166. 1013:
SAMP. 78: Watt. P. 48:

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NAME

PAIl.T
USED

CONSTITU-I HABI-I
ENTS
_T.:cAC;T"-j

REFERENCE

sh
rt

(P. caesiwn,

Nccs.)
(Po hispidu/u11J,
H. etA.)
(0p!is1ll~lIuS C.
Dum.)

REMARKS

American
Millet.

BARNYARD
GRASS.

'.w.

750. P. frumenta:-f-! sd
.
ccum, Roxb. Shan Tzu
. (J. St. BN.) (oJ!'( Ji'L)
(P.. stagnimulI,

Hance.)
(Echilwchloa 1-,

nUJJ\.}f~

~[VK1\~

Protein
5.8%.
Fat b.8%.
Cbhyd.
74%.
Ash;) 0%

ISung.
! St. ~05: FH. 3. a~u: B~.
Ho.
131)::'.: \VP. 75: IMM. G31:
J. Phys. lU27.
I Ch.
15.. Watt. P. 50: LN.
I1928.681.
J.:

!l!.):

_F_IN_~_~_~b_M_\_LL_E_T__:----I-+---O-1I
m

sd
751. P. miliaccum,
L. (G. Br. CII.
Chi
0)1) 110
St.)
(P. milium,
fA
Pcrs.)
ili
PANICLED MILLET.
COMMON MILLET.
INDIAN MILLET.

glutinosa,
Bretsch.
(Hr. St. G.)
GLUTINOUS
~nLLET.

(Paniclcd.)

sd

"Deccan
Grass"
Ind.

-1-

B~.

ProtcinLI%.
St. 'lOb: HI. 3. 331:
''Kibi''
Fat O.U%.
113~6: DH. 81: Br. 2. 'lb; Jap.
Cbhyd.
WC.
I:JU; 1~8: 3. 381: SAMP.
'7.1%.
Hup. 79: Wil. 2. 5~: ES. 68.
~~: IMM. 6:13: US. IUI7.
Ash I.~%.
Viis. A.,
5~J: ChJPhys. IU:I~. SRI.
B" C,.
IbO: Ino. 4. ~U: WP. 73:
Silica.
CMJ. Jno~. 48. Ch. Ztg.
Cholin.
1887. 11. loG: 1888.12.
Linama1G4: 190G. No.4: Arch.
Ph. 1887. 25.225, 1081,
rase.
Formic ac.
395: 1888. 22U, 520,
Valcrianic
1001: JACS. IU20. 42 .
G58: Watt. P. 63: Z. Phys.
. acid.
Margarinic
eh. 1917.93. 255: Ann.
acid.
Ch. 18~~: SO. ~04: Klein.
Ericacic ac.
2. ~9Gi 503. 13, 19, 27:
Ricinolic
4. :lU~; 875: LN. lU:l8.
acid.
1681. 59:

NC:

rt

752. P. miliaccull1,
L. var.

"Hije"
Jap.

,SRI. Sawa,'millct.

-------1---Protein
U.7%.
Fat O.U%.
Cbhyd.

7/.%.
Ash 1.0%.
Cu 0.6 mg

%.

CuI.
NC.

St. 305: EN. 1150: Hr. 2.


52; 1~9: 3. 382: 'WP. 74:
Ch. Ztg. 1887. 11. 13G:
Ch. J. Phys. IU28. SRI.
15~: ln33. 7: 186:

2411'

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATiN NAtHE
!CHINESE
_ _~_~__:_.:.:N.:.:A.:.:M=E,---

PART
USED

I CONSTITUI
HAB1-1
ENTS
TAT

753. Pennisetum
~iUV,\: sd
japonicum,
Lang Wei
Trin. (Br. St.) Ts'ao
(P. compm,,,,,,. (;ffr ill)
R.Br.)
'!R
(P. clu"""c.
IIi ilE
, Nees.)
~ if.
(Gymuothrix j"
.~
Kunth.)
mEB~
(FH. St.)
;'1' lB
(G.lwrdeij"mu"s,
Beauv.) (M.)
(Aloftctl.1US 11.,
Osbeck.)
_F_O_X_TA_I_L_.

Com.

St. 200: FH. 3. 338:

[t
754. Phragmites
t1t
Lu
communis,
Trin. (Br.
(~i~J ~;k)
G. Ch. St.)
JI~
(A",,,do p., L.)
I{
(M. Br. FH.) 1Ei>,*))!l

Yfi>~fA

(P. I01lgival"is I

st

Steud.) (FH.)

sh

117:
H31:
WP.
SRI.

BN.

;"lU: SAMP.

'Itl:
AJP.
lSUi".2::)7: Ber. 11)21. 54.

i>lll: Arch. Ph.ltl:H.259.


lO:J; lti2: CilZtg.

Protein
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
2.8%.
Ash. 0.7%. _ _

lH2:~.

47.

31l: Z Phys. Ch . . 1~Jl3. 86.


~15: Ph. Ztg. 1U~1. 66.
178: Klein. 4. 22::l:

_
1

I_~

Ir'f
Chu

(* rt<ID
:.g ''i''r

755a. P. bambuo
If
soides, S. 'ct K'u Chu
Z. (J.M.D.) (~ 13)
BITTER BAMBOO.

sk
rt

ex

sd

var.longt'.
valvis, Miq.
(BN.)
DH. 85: USD. 21.
P.
rox!mrgllii,
Ch]CS. lUM. 2. H.jo:
Kunth.
83: Ch]Phys. lU~8.
(SAMP.)
Hili: HCilL lO(i: C~f.P.
~(JU:

1515: Br. 2. 101i :a3: 3.

1.4%.

_______1

St. :!l7: FH. 3.

Portcin 5%. Com.


Fat 1%.
Cbhyd.
51%.
Ash 1.54%.
Asparagin
0.1%.
Ash 1..1%.

fl
If

COMMON REED.

755. Phyllostachys

REMARKS

REFERENCE

(a)

C0111.

Xylan.
Choline.
Eetain.
Urease.
HCN gl.
Vito C2
Cellulose
42%.

Ku.
Che.
Ki.
Fu.

St. u3: BN. G8G: FH. 3.


438: \Vil. 2D3: CEM.
192G. 3. 375: \~TP. 105,
1277: CRN. 4GG: IMP.
1381: AnnCh. 1928. 466.
27: C]SA. 1U25. 3. 153:
Eull Acad Petersburg 1911.
397: Celulose Ind. M.
1D28.4. 12: ZPhys. Ch.
1909. 113: 19/1. 388, 45G:
Ch. ]. Phys. 1935. 9. 47:
Z. Oest. Apoth. 1887. 25.
109: J.TMS. 1930. 5. 71:

BERNARD E. READ

250
LATIN NAME

755b P. bambu-

CHINESE PART CONSTlTU~ \ HASINAME USED


ENTS
TAT

III

/r'r

j
sh

REFERENCE

Com.

St. 63:

Com.

St. 6:J: BN. 8DO: FH. 3.


443: DH. 8U:

Com.

St. 250:

soides. S. etZ. Chin ehu


var. KashiE1)

(M

rodake, Mak.
(M.)
755c. P. Henonis, liR /r'r If
MitL (M.J.) Tan ehu rt
(P. nigra,
(j1lJ E1)
Munro.) (FH.)
755A. Bamboo
roots decayed.

SI!.

rt

Kuei
Ch'ih

(:Jlt illl
SI!. i\
755B. Bamboo
'Vr ft-;] sh
ehu Sun
shoots.
of 755a, b,
(~ *)
etc. and 734. 'Vr j!Ji

'ff ti'
/r'f JIfj
/r'r

=r-

~ !f,j sh
5uan Sun
(j1lJ Ell

755D. Bamboo
shoots
decared.

Hsien Jen
Chang
(~7t

755E. Tabasheer.
Silicaccous
concretion of
the bamboo.

BN. 3D5: Br. 2.41. Wil.


itt;}: Te. 1912. 33. 557:

HTA. 338: Ch. J. Phys.


ID28. SRI. 165:

Vito C,.
Adenine.

755C. Bamboo
shoots
seasoned.

fl~AH

ce.

2.1%.
SC.
Fat 0.1%.
Cbhyd.
4.4%.
Ash. 0.7%.

Protein

rt

Tung. BPI. 107.28:

Com.

St. 250:

l<!i)

~'i
ehu
Huang

'Vr

(IJII 'ff)

ex

St. 64: IDI. 43: CRM.


4G6: HCM. 22: IMP. 1384:
WP. 103, 1277: Centb.
Agr. Ch. 1887. 78D:
Laufer. 350: JPC. 1855.
27. G1; 252, 1161: Edin.
JSc. 181D. 8. 286: Klein.
2. 58: Ann. Ph. 183D. 29.
IOD: 1875. 176: Edinb.
J. Sc. 8. 335: SAMP. 77:
31D:
DH.
8U:
Wat.
Madras. Quart. J. Med.
1802. 245:

REl\IARKS

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

ICHINESElpAJ.T CONSTITU
NAME

USED

756. Saccharum
it l.ll< st
officinarum, Kan Cne
L. (Br. Ch.
(iJI) ~)
St.)
9' rYJ
(S. sin.en.se.
ili
Roxb.) (FH.)
SUGAR CANE.

ENTS

-I HABI-/
TAT

REFERENCE

251
REMARKS

Guanine.
Tung' St. 386: FH. 3. 349: BN.
285: DH. 78: Br. 2. 285:
Saccharose Fu.

15%.
Fat 0.5%.
Ash 0.5%.
Tannin.
Oxydasc.
Tyrosinase.

Si.
Szc.
Hu.
Che.

Laccase.

Xylan.
Arabinose.

Phytosterine.
Capronic
ac.

CEl 1927. lB. 866: FHP.


649. Laufer. 376: JACS.
1U04. 24. 1221: !DI. 278:
Ch. ZIg. 1896. 20. 721:
IMM. 760: IMP. 1336:
CRN. 524: HTA. 337:
WP. 69: JCS. 1898. 17.
202: USD. 95R: Wil. 2.
85: SAMP. 79: Wat. 542:
Klein. 2. 251; 506; 25,
26, 29, 32; 759, 850, 53:

4. 181, 3, 222, 3' 409;


898; 903:

Leucine.
Tyrosine.
Glycine.
Asparagin.
Glutamin.
Sucrose

20%.
MyricyI ale.
Glucose.
Galacta-

xylan.
K,O.
Aconitic
acid.
Lactic acid.
Malic acid.
Citric acid,

756A. Cane sugar,


raw

rJ; a'i
Sha
T'aug

Wi

*)

Sucrose
93-98%.

do.

St. 386: Wat. 545: BeT. Also made


1892. 25. 3216: Klein. 2.
from Sor771, 859: Sugar. 1922. 24.
ghum q. v.
487: 1928. 30. 261:

do.

St. 387: Laufer 376: Wat.


545: ChP: BP:

Dulcit.
Glucose.
Galactose.

Ash 2-5%.
756B. Refined
sugar.

::r.

.11\'

em

*)

Shih Mi

ai'.J;w

do

252

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

CHINESEI PART I CONSTITUI HABI-I


NAME uno
ENTS
TAT

757. Sasa albo...


marginata,
Mak. & Shib.
(J.M.)
(a) S. tessellata,
Mak. et Shib.
(KO.)

Ifl

!l!l

St. 41U: Br. 2. 39J: KO.


Hi:

SC.

Jo
(~

REFERENCE

RE:\1ARKS

"Comasasa" .
Jap. (Br.) ,

'!.is

______1

f* .-:-

758. Setari.aitalica.1
Bcauv. vel

.LIanl:;'

Kth. (Br. Ch. OJI]


G. BN. St.)
(PallicuJU i .. L.)
(M. Br. FH.)
SPIKED MILLET.
ITALIAN MILLET.

~C

Prote!~
l1.a%.

. NC.
-CC.

Fat 2.4%.
Cbhyd.
73%.
Ash 0.9%.
Lysine.
I Histidine.
Arginine.
Amylase.

. St. +05: FH. 3. 3:';5: B~. "Awa" lap.


1~30: SAJ\'lP. itJ: DH. ::S"'-: The PT
Br. 2. 1+9: 3. !l8i: \Vil.
quotes 3
380: WP. 74: eRN. ;327:
varieties:OIJ. 1921. 35. 420:
white,
AmCh. J. 189U. 20. 8UI:
yellow, and
J. Coil. Eng. Tokyo. 1908. green.
4.39, 2'1:;: Ch. J. Phys.

'I

1:J::!8. SRI. 154: LN. 19:t,~.

.!

\iSl. 5:1: 19:W. 523. ~PH:


Klein. 4.880: TC. HJtG.

sh
j

2.50:

- - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - ~---'----I---sd
rl

759, S. italica,

Beallv. var.
glutinosa.
GLUTINOUS
SPIKED MILLET,

760. S. it~lica,
"Kth. var.

germanica, . OJII
.-! . Trin.
l1It
(BN.) .
SHORT MILLET.

so

!l(

Su

Protein'

I Com.

9.7%.
I
Fat 1.7%.
Cbhyd.
77%.
Ash 1.4%.
Cu 0.56
rng %.

~:k~

.I'I(

St. 400: Br. 2. 139: 3.


::tAt:

":\'Iochiawa"

St ...1-00: BN. lODO: Br. 2.


153; 3. 332: Ch. J. Phys.

"Fortailor
German
Millet."

St. 25U: ',Vat. 455:

From
ordinary
and spiked

NC.
Com.

1928. SRI. 154: In3. 7.


J8G: DH. 82:

lap.

sh
j
rt
7GOA. Mailed
millet.

millets.

CI-J[NESE MEDICINAl,- PLANTS


LATIN

NA~IE

CHINESE

- - - - - - - 7\

NA1\1E

PART

USED

76ta. S. viridis,
Beauv. (HC.)
(PalliC7lm vi'itk,
L.) (FH.)
GREEN FOXTAIL.
BOTTLE GRASS.

I CONSTlTU-1 HAm-I
ENTS

st

TAT

NC.

CC.

REFERENCE

REMARKS

St. 492: FH. 3. 33G: BN.


5~0: Br. 2. 284: DH. 82:

7(llb. S. glauca,
Bcauv.
(Ch. HC.G.Br.).

-----1-------------'-1--------1---7G2. Themcda gi'V\; ;!!; rt


Mts.
BN. 1055: Br. 2. 280: FH. A subheadgantea, Hack.
(M. Ch. He.)
(Allthi.ftiria

Chieh
Mao
Ol~

. 3.377: DH. 80:

~)

ciliata, Henry.)
(A. cauda/a,
Nees.)
(A. gigalltea,
Cav.)

763.T. triandra,
Forsk. var.
japonica,
Hack. (M.

Br.)

~'i. ij:
Huang

ing of

Pai Mao,
some refer
it to
T. lrialldra,
(BN. Br.)

Br. 2. 279: FH. 3. 378:

rt

Subheadingof
Ti Chin

]\'[ao

(1.ilI ~)
Wi. f\;

(AIl!llhlin'a
flrguens,

Willd.) (Br.)
(A.}ajJOJuca,

Willd.)
(A'U!1-opogOll
ciliatu11J.,
Thunb.)
(FH.)

----------------'-i--------I---764. Triticum
vulgare, ViII.

(Ch. St.)
(T. sati<'1fm,
Lam. var.

!l'.'~ I sh

. Hsiau
~'}JIJ

. 3lE

sd

Protein

Fat 1.4%.
Cbhyd.
71%.

12/~'

{j.;k)
,

'1/uJxare,I-b.ck.)

(BN.)
WHEAT.

NC.
CC.

sk

~Iai

..
.,

Com.

St. 4~n: BN. 87: HCM.


13G: Wi!. 2. 52: IMM.
872: CRN. '5B5: IDI. :)22:
1\H. 52..:'; 'VP. 9)): SAMP.
79: DH. 87: ':Vat. i73:

JACS. 1899. 21. 758:


IUOO. 22. 379: WOG. 28.
IG57: 190L 29. 1342:

"Mugi"
Jap.

2S4
LATIN NAME

BERNARD E. READ
CHINESElpAtTICONSTITU-1 HAm-I
NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Ash 2.5%.
CuO.7
mg%.
Dextrin.
Arginin.
Gliadin.
Glutenin.
Glutelin.
AllantoiD.
Lecithin.
Betain.
Vits. AI'
B I Co,

G,.
Inosite.
Succinicac.

Alcohols.
Acetoin.
Arachinic
acid.
Lignoceri.
nie acid.

Malic acid.
Phytin.
Sitosterin .
Dihydrosi.
tasterin.
Phyto.
steriD.

Paracholc
sterin.
Parasito.
sterin.
Tritico
nucleic
acid.

Mannose.
Raffinose.
Histidine.
Trypto
phane.
Asparagin.

Cholin.
Urea.
Sinapin.

Phytase.
Saccharose.

Maltase.

REFERENCE
76~: 1908.30.617: 1919.
41. 1212: 1923.45.1944.
2137: 1927.49.467: Am.
J. Phys. 1904. 13. 36:
1905. 14. 35: 1906. 17.
223. 2'31: JpsJ. 1896.
170. 3G3: 192G. 527. 21:
TC. 1916. 37. 2G3. 495.
8Gl: Z. Phys. Ch. 1889.
13. 3G5: 1892. 16. 38G:
1895. 20. 511. 1901. 34.
102: 1902,36.85: 1904.
41.455: 1908. 57. 332:
1909.58. 50G. 522: 1910.
65. 431: 1925. 142. 1:
CRAS. 1890. 110. 9G9:
1891. 112. 293: 189G.
123.327: 1901. 133. 9~4:
1902. 135. 205: 1903.
137.202. 439: 1907. 144.
1285: 1928. 98. 787: ]Be.
1908. 5.3G7: 1927. 73.
321: 1929. 85. 195: Ch.
J. Phys. 1928. SRI. 155:
1933. 7. 18G: LN. 1928.
681.59: 192G. 523. a18:
Ber. 1869. 2. G39: 188G.
19.1130: 1888.21.1572:
1890.23.137.3110: 1893.
26. 2151: 1894. 27. G2:
1903. 36. 330G: 1910. 43.
31G4: Am. Ch.J. 1903. 30.
470: 1904.31. 5G4: J.Agric.
Res. 1928. 35. 1011:
Bioeh. Zt. 1922. 130. 8G:
192G. 177. 168: Ch. News.
1881. 44. 258: 1885. 52.
293: 53. 56: BSC. 5. 724:
BJ: 1918. 12. 160: 1925.
19. 500: ZNG. 189G. 71.
190~. 8. 401:
AEPP.
1898. 41. 345: Ch. Ztg.
1932:
1893. 17. G8;
189G. 20. 399: 1898. 97G:
1905.29. G89: 1897. 21.
717: Ann. Ch. 1841. 39.
129: 1859.
109. 189:
1891. 260. 281: Klein. 2.

REMARKS

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE!

PART

NAME

USED

CONSTlTU1 HABI-I
ENTS

Linama

rase.
Amylase.
Katalase.
Peroxy.
dase.
Uricase.
Lichcnase.
Urease.
Ereptasc.
Protease.

TAT

REFERENCE

'25S
REMARKS

246. 7. 8. 99: 513, 15,


521, 2, 5. 9; 532, 577,
711. 49.50, 51, 2. 7, 8,
9; 854; 8. 863: 4. 186, 8.
9; 222, 4; 292.4. 8; 410.
86~, 5, 8; 75. 81, 4, 8.
92, G; 90L, 5, 7:

Tyrosinase.
Carboxv-

IAsh 3.5%.
lase.

st

764A. Wheat bran


(St. Br.)

Mai Fu

(>\Ill
~

"')

Jt

Si02 vcr/o.
Ba.
Malonic ac.
Aconitic ac.
Malic acid.
Citric acid.
Saccharase.

Protein
17%.
Fat 4%.
Ash 5.5%,
p,a" 50%.
K a ')8%

M~O -17~~.

Caa 3%.
Tyrosinase.
Pcroxydase.
Mannan.
Vanillin.
Phylin.
Phytase.
Sitostcrill.
Dihydrositosterin.
Arabinoxylan 4%.
Phytase.
Tyrosinase.
Oxydase.

JpsJ. 1926. 527. 10:


JACS. 1927. 49. 467:
USES. Conn. 1926. 48.
442: CRAS. 1889. 109.
911: 1922. 175. 1441:
Bcr. 1890. 23. 137: J.
Agr. Res. 1924. 27.725:
Proc. Ch. S. 1900. 16. 61:

St. 444: Br. 3. 380: W. 11% of the


555: Ccreal Chern. 1125.
grain.
1. 83; IB8: 2. 132: 1926.
~ $I!
3. 19: Wat. 574: G. 7602,
5911: CRAS. 120. 934:
1907. 144. 1285: ZNG.
1896. 171: Arch. Hyg.
1908. 67. 99: Ber. Bot.
1898. 16. 52; 119: Ch.
Ztg. 21. 717: JIEC. 1914.
6. 919: 1927. 19. 498:
Am. Ch. J. 1904.30.470:
31. 564; 51;6: Bcr. 1888.
21. 1572: 1890. 23. 3110:
1900. 33. 143: Bioch. Zt.
1910.30.56: JACS. 1913.
35. 890: 1926. 48. 724:
'1917.39. 491: 1924. 46.
1717: ]BC. 1912.12.447:
WI!. 17. 171: 18. 425;
441: 1915. 20. 463.493;
475; 483: 1920. 44. 429:
1925. 64. 241: 1924. 58.

BERNARD E. READ

2Mi
LATIN NAME

tCHINESE \ PART I CONSTITU- HABlI NAME USED


ENTS
TAT

REMA~.KS

HEFERENCE

l17: Klein. 2. 29~: 577;


750: 759: 850; 3, 8; 4.
8G~. 898; 901, 3,

Peroxydase.
Vito AI.
]3".

Phytostc.
rin.

7G4B. Steamed
bread.

':;l~ f!if
Cheng
Ping

Wheat soy.

7G4D. Wheat
starch

7G4. Wheat'
gluten

52%.

.7.8%.
Fat O.~%.
Cbhyd.
35%.
Ash 11.3%.

St. 445: Wat.

*;}

trine.

57~:

Mien Fen

(!Ill

1'1)

~,~ JfJj
l\'Iicll
Chin

*'

St. 44G: Wat. 574: LN.


192G. 523. 319: 1928.
681. Gl: Ch. J. Phys.
1928. SRI. 155:

Protein

22.4%.
Ash 0.7%.

(f.! 1'1)
7G4F. Wheat d:ex.

51. 195: Agr. Tokyo.


1909. 1. 97: SMR. 179:
5. 68. ~G: Ch. J. Phys.
1928. SRI. 17G:

Protein

Chiang
($IJ 1:0

f'j

~7~:

8.2/~

(MIl 1'1)
764C. Flour sauce.

St.

Protein

Cbhyd.

')Vater 7[~%.

St. 44G: Wat. 574:

Mai
Ch'ao

(!Ill 1'1)
765. Zea l\'lays; L.. 3i\\ij~
YiiShu
(G. Ch. Br.)
Shu

MAIZE.

INDIAN CORN.

(!Ill

1'1)

3iiff,f.t

sd

Yellow:
Zeaxan
thin.

Fat ~.4%.
Cbhyd.
. 75%.
protein

8.6%.
Ash 1.8%.

,Com,

St.

4G~:

FH. 3.

3~G:

BN.

278: Br. 2. 28G: JJMS.


19~3. 6.(9G):

WP.64, 1296:
DH. 77: IMM. 911: CRN.
39: CMP.3H: KO. 7G:
HCA. 1929. 12. 790: 19~O.
13.2G8: ZNG. 1920. 40.
41: JpsJ. 560. 9S: JSCI.
1909. 28. 3~3 : JACS.

.'Tornorokoshi" Jap.

CHINESE MEDICINAL
LATIN NA!\lE

CHINESE \ PART CONSTITU-I HA81-1


NAME USED
ENTS
TAT

Viis. A,.
B,. E 1
G,.
Amylase.
Lipase.
Diastase.
Maltase.
Phytase.
Saccharase.
Lichenase.
Cu 0.23
mg %.
As30mg%.
Quercetin.
Glutathione.
Gluteline.
Catalase.
Phytin.
Isoquer.
citrin.
Pentosan
74%

Su~ci;icac.

Acctaldchyde.
Furfurol.
Formic <te.
Capronic
acid.
Caprylic
acid.
Glutamin.
Tryptophanc.
Galactan.
Gaanidin.
Caprinicac.
Arachinic
acid.
Lactic ac..
traces.
Ricinolic
acid.
Malic acid.
Lecithin.
Sitosterin.

PLA~TS

REFERENCE

11897. 19. 525: 1900.


22. 413: 1903. 25. 323:
1166: 1929. 51. 500:
PJ. 1886. 1095: 1870.
522: AJP. 1886. 58. 369:
USD. H2: Wil. 2. 53:
SAMP. 79: Nature 193-1.
133. 420: Science 1929.
69. -158: Wat. 45-1: CRAS.
1882. 95. 1033. 1262:
1883. 96. 159: 191-1. 268:
]Be. 1909.6.431: 191-1.
17. 165; 171: 1928. 78.
289: 1922. 50. -la3: 54.
629: 1923.55.611: 192-1.
62. 179: JBIP. 1929. 2.
21: Am_ J. Bot. 1927. 14.
85: BJ. 1928. 22. 1~-I9:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI.
154: LN. 1928. 681. 59:
Ber. 1889. 22. 10-17:
1891. 24. 1657: Ann.
Ch. 1890.257. 156: Am.
.Ch. J. 1891. 13. 16.
:.J48: lR9::J. 15. 27li: ]llOL

31. 504: Z. }Jhys. Ch.


)891. 15. ~:!'6: lil9~. 19.
~R: 1909. !l~. 118: 1915.
95. 310: USES. 1890. 34.
7: ZNG. 1122. 44. 20D:
Monat Chcmie. ISDO. 11272: JSCI. 1892. G27: Z.
Phys. Ch. 1908. 57. 332:
1902. 36. 198: CRAS.
1896. 22. 100-1: 1896.
123. 327: 1902. 135.7....-1-:
1903. 137. 202. 2G4:
1904. 138. 1721:' war,.
140.1 .... 17: 1909. 148.
300: JACS. 1891. 13. 529:
1892. 14. 20: 1896. 18.
G09: 1898. 20. 9-18: 1899.
21. 3-13: 1900. 22. 413:
1901. 23. 1: 1922. 44.
2019: 1923.45.439: 192-1.
46. 2113; 2044: 1926.
48. 2976: 1927. 49. 1290;
2116: J. Prakt. Ch. 1869.

257
REMARKS

BERNARD E. READ
LATIN NAME

I I

CHINESE PART CONSTlTU-1 HASI-\

NAME

USED

ENTS

TAT

wmTE:

REMARKS

REFERENCE

106.471; 76. 88: 18. 102:


Bioch. Zeit. 1910. 30.
IW: 1914. 64. Ill. AJ.
Phys. 1~08. 20. -177: ].
Agric. Res. 1921. 22. 1:
UJ2:~. 25. 055: ItI~-4. 27.
785, 8-/.5: 1025. 30. fi87:
Analyst 1900. 25. I.;G:
eh. Ztg. 18iJ~. 1522: ]B.
1922. 2. 27: 192-/.. 3. HiD: :

Fat. 2.1%.
Protein
7.7%.

Cbhyd.
73%

Ash i".2%.

Vits. Ao,

B,. G,.
Dihydrositostcrin.
Paraphytosterin.

Klein. 2. 2.J.0. 87.90; -491;;

aDO, 7, 9; 522; 25, G, 7.

9, 532; 577; 711; 49; 50;

Phyto.
sterin.

7, 9; 853, 5, 9: 3. 1253,
1299: 1302: 4: 18G. 89:

rt

Sucrase.

If

Xantho-

223. 7; 862. 5. 8, 80. 4, 7:

phyll.
Methyl

alehol.
Aconiticac.
Malic acid.
Citric acid.

Xylan.
Arginin,tr.
Saccharase.
Maltase.

Amylase.
Pektase.

7GG. Zizania
aquatica.
L. (G.M.J.)
(Z. laLifolia.

IOJIJKu'/is.rot)

Turcz.)
.(M.Wil.)
(HydJ'oj;yrttm

lalijaliu.m,

Griscb.) (FH.)
WATER BAMBOO.
INDIAN RICE.

3!i ./,.

H~ 1:":

If
rt

st

Protein
1.2%.
Fat 0.1%.

Cbhyd.
2.8%.
Ash 0.5%.

Hop.

St. 210: BN. lOG5: FH. 3. "Kauba"

Tung. 345: Br. 2. 28G: Wil. 3';5: Jap.

DH. 83: Ch.


1928. SRI. 1G5:

J.

Phys. Common
name:

3!i

CHIAO PAl

CJI[~ESE ~IEDlCI~AL PI.A~TS

HAm-I

LATIN NAME
[CHINESE [PART [CONSTITU-I
_ _ _ _ _ _ _:_.:.:N.:.:A.:.:".:.:EC- ~ _E_N_'T_S_ _T"'A-'.-T'-:

7GGA. The grain.


1..

:fli..

7t'~

REFERENCE
_

HE~IARI\S

St. 210:

sd

Ku Mi
I'l)

CM

'*

~
~

J)ij

]X

UJ

-----1--- -------1--------:---707. Z. sp. (P.).

i'ii1P::-{-

(Hydropy1'tlm

P'cng
'Is'ao
Tzu

,etm';a) (St.)

sd

Protein

St. 4U3:

8.5%.

(ftt ill)

7G8. Cake, Fried.

J\.

Glutinous
rice and
flour.

St. 474:

Han Chli
I'l)

CM

m
t1:

fiji
Vft

i!lt

--I--~-:--!-

769. Cake. Yellow.

JR

I Flour and

Il~

rir'p,

Huang
Chcn~

*)

(f.If
~'i.
~

:t<.
~'i.

-----1---------:--------~~

770. Cake, Sweet.

St. 473:

I Rice.

Kao

CW!

'11

77 t. Rice Malt.

I'l)

*-

Nich Mi
()JI)

1:0

Vits. AI.

B,. C,.
Hordenine.

St. 250. 420: HTA. ~4~:


CA. 1911. 2. 25~: CRAS'I
1900. 142. 108: 143. 2~4.
910: 1907.144.208.488:

BER"IARD E. READ

2GO
LATIN NAME

IPAtTI

CHINESE
CONSTlTU-1 HABI;
NAME unD
ENTS
_T.:-A:.:T'--.J

*fi

772. Mash.

I: REMARKS_

REFERENCE

Fermented
grain_

St. 420:

Tsao
CM I'l)

*1'1
772a. Distiller's
dregs.

li1j lfi
Chiu

St. 419:

Tsao
CM I'l)
I
773. Rice wine.

i~
i\li Chiu

:Jl<

Alcohol
10-12%.

SC.
CC.

St. 420: 'Vat. 570: J.


Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 190G.
2. 129: Ch. J. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 179: Ind. Moo. Gaz.
1933.68. GG5:JBIP. 1934.
24.113:

NC.

st. 417: Wat. 577: Ch.


Phys. 1928. SRI. 179:

Vito G.

"" *'1
*'!

7; 4. Spirits, from
i/li
SllaoChiu
Kaoliang.

CM I'll
!/( Ii\!

Alcohol
49%.

"Sake"

Jap.

J.

"Araq"

Arabic
"Samshu"
-triple
distilled.

1~IJMWii!i

775. Vinegar

f11~

Ts'u

OJI]

~;O

fir.

From rice,

Shanghai:. Tung. St. 4:>+: ':Vat. 572:


Acetic acid Com.
2%.

wheat or
barley.

[iii
'~i

l~

------1--- -----770. Mash candy.

:Q.'ifi1iffi
Kan
I-lsing

1
St. -+21: 'V. 335:

From barley.

Tsao

CM

I'l)

~----I---------I--------I----

777. Dumplings.

Tsullg
C~ I'l)
jll ~

SI. 473:

Made in
5th moon.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

HABI-I

CHINESEI PART CONSTlTU-\


ENTS
TAT
\ NAME USED

HYDRDCHARITACEAE (2)

778.0ttclia
alismoides,
Pcrs. (J.)
(0. iajxmica,

Mig.)

REFERENCE

2lH
REMARKS

~~;np1~h
K'c

TIti511~:

SC.
Wat

pI

Lung Sh
Ts'ao

St. 24: BN. 214. HI. 3.


3: DH. 77:

cr.

ClW I'J)

(0. indica,

Planch.)
(Stra1;otes a., L.)
(DamasonirlJJJ i.,

Willd.)
(FH.)
DRAGON'S
TONGUE.

779. Vallisneria
spiralis. L.
(J. St. BN.)
EEL GRASS OR
WATER CELERY.

ALISMATACEAE
(2)

:.ti

hb Protein
15%
Ts'ao
Fat r3%.
Ash 29%.
CM I'J}
IS

K'u

Crotin.

Hop.
Ku.

St. -452: FH. 3. 2: BN.


G88: eRN. 53G: Science
UH~+. 80.532: Klein. 4.

!l95. 1003: Zt. Immun.


1908. 1. 151:

i1!if.lH

TseHsich
K'c

780. Alisma plantago, L.

Protein 7%. NC.


St. 24: FH. 3. 189: BN. vaL /Jaroiflomm,
13G8: Br. 2. GI, 255: 3.
Starch
Szc.
Torr.
23%.
Ho. 1340: CMP. 342: JSSI.
(BN.) ,
1933. 1. 1. 20: Wil. 341:
. Ash 1.4%. Fu.
Ess. oil.
Che. HOI. 7: BPI. 107. 29: var.
Resin.
S. 68.8: USD. 21. 1190: talijoli1UJI,
Kth.
If
DH. 76: KO. 76: SAMP.
(J.)
80:

(A. cordi/o/ia,

Thunb.)
(G. BL M.)
WATER
PLANTAIN.

var.

(J'l".atica. L.

pIP.)
781. Sagittaria

M: flli

sagittifol.ia. L. Tzu Ku
(HC. G. St.
Ca '!I~)I
BL)
iii tl;
vaL sincnsis, 7]< i;j<

rt i-p-r-ot-c-in-+d-o-.--S-t-.-38-9-:-F-H-.-3-.-19-0-:-B-N-,.+I-n-S-.-C-h-;n-a-

5.6%_
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
26%.

1257: Br. 3. 4U: DH. 70:


SAMP. 81: ES. 68. 11:
BPI. 107: Wil. 341: WP.
163: JBC. 1913. 15. 221:

this is
Monochoria
lUll/a/a,

(St. 266.)

BERNARD E. REAU
LATiN NA)IE

'iak. ('I.J.)
(5. clJill~I1Sis,
Sims.)
(5. macrop!Jylla,
Bunge.)
(1'1-1.)
ARROWHEAD.

CH1NESE!PART\ CUNSTlTU
NAME USED
ENTS

liij~ilt

Ash 1.G"1o.
Vito B~.

Blil!!\'1

'101'.

55%.
Dcxtrin
1.8%.
Pcntosan
1.8%.

.-----'"-

mn,t
~~JVo\:

9jTj1,\:

i'Hilif~

HSIang
P'u K'e

REFERENCE

RE)IARKS

TC. 1910. 37. 20'1, ~95, "Kuwai"


861, 871: Ch. J. Phys.
Jap.
1928. SRI. 167: CRN. 52~:
Klcin. 2_ 859. G-k LN.
1928. 681. 08: PJS. 1929 .
38. I:

S:St~rch

~ri~'~11~:

TYPHACEAE (1)

HAm-I
TAT

I I :--1-------:---Galactose.

Raffinose.

---------:--------1---7$~a.

Typha latiff)!ia, r.. (M.


G. Ch. Br.)

i~:!u.

T. japonica.
Miq. (BN.13r.

St. SAllP.)
("I: orinda/is.

Cbhyd.
I Near. St. ..J.4i: FH. 3. 17:l: BN.
. pools. 7aO: Dl-I. 7~: Br. 2. 18~:
81%.
Starch
3. 3[,0: IMP. 1'129: KO.
25%.
711: UB1. 87~: eRN. [i~5:
~!i\)
Ca malate.
WP. 01: AM!'. I: I-!OL
Enzyme
1:{7: CMP. :H:l: 'II. -171:
!iIi
hacmoSA'll'. 8:): Bull. Ch. S.
1:i
lytic.
Jap. t~:t8. 3. f):): JPC. 14.
Pigmcnt.
:t:! I: CC. ID:tR. 1. ~ 100:
Cli. Ztg:. 18~O. -Hi [: 1!J2:L
pn I50rham47. 80, 20G: Ber. Ph.
niten.
l~lG. 26.17:): lNG. 1011i.
32. ~~7: ltl [8. 35. :lHf):
Palmitill.
Arch. Ph. 19::J.1. 259. 1O~:
PJ. 188~. 180: Klein. 2.
7HJ: 758, ~:

'i, iill

rh

Hsiang
P'u

<*tili
it

l\f~

I'rc:'i1.)
("I: tail/alitt,
Hrcts.)
COMfI\ON

CAT.TAIL.

-~

T. japonica,
sterines.
(WP. 1337.)

OYMNOSPERMAE

GNETACEAE (1)

783. Ephedra
sinica, Stapf.

(R. vIIJl!llri..St.)
(E. Jlaoa, I'S.)

llili~n
Ma
Huang
K'e

lili

!\'Ia

Huan~

<* ..

~)

5t

I
I

EPhedrine.1 NC.
Pseudo
cphedrinc.

I
St. 161: BN. 1004: Fl-!. 1. Indian
538: Br. 2.181: HCM. 57: species
JSS1. 1930. 1. 5. 10-1: CRN. 137 to
159:
l-ITA. 3~0: DI-!. 73: Kew .

CHINESE MEDICINAL
LATIN NAME

ICHINESE

PART

CONSTITU-\

HAm-I-+

T
_ _ _ _ _ _ _:_:.:N:..:A:..:M:..:Ec+u_'_'"+--=EN:..:'TS=_:-=T.:.:Ac:
Methyl.
ephedri.

(E. mdgaris.
Rich.
var. lulvetica,
Hk. et Th.)

ne.
Ephcdinc.
Vol. oil.
nor-d
pseudoephedrine.
d-Methyl.

(Br. BN.)

pseudoephedrine.

783a. E. cquisc

tina. Bgc.
EPHEDRA.

783h. E. shen

nungiana,
Tang. (PT.
Berlin, Itl2~.)

rt

PLA~TS

REFERENCE

REMARKS

1-_ _- IMM.331:
IMP. 1224:
rich in
pseudo
ephedrine.

Bull. ID27. 133: WP. 59:


Ch. P: BP: NNR: usn.
1373: KO. 7U:
]PET.
191D. 12. 3Gl: 1U24. 24.
33D: ID25. 26. 83: 1U2G.
27. GI. 77: 28.31.59: 30.
2 I. HI27. 30. 193: 1928.
34.37: ID2D. 35. 333: 36.
541. SUD: IUBO.3S. 327:
ID3!. 43. 477: 1932. 46.
75: ]APA. !D2G. 15. G25.
7481070: 1927. 16. 29-t,
288. 1034: ID28. 17.427.
U34. 1189. 339: ID2D. lS.
328: IU30. 19.817: ID32.
21.1125: W:33. 22. 1241:
Am. J. Med. Sc. W~5.
170.157: Itl:W. 171. 710:
172.588: lU:H. 174.3tlU:
U35: Itl~8.
175. 3:{(j:
JAMA. 19t1). 37. 8;{G.
849: 1D27.
89. lOUI.
li7t/, 515. 1693, G3U,
958. 1873: 8S. 842. 8U9.
1 924. 1135. 1233. 1235.
1713. 1782: 1928. 90.
144. 415. 1873: 91. 2D.
G45. IG33. 1805. 1309.
1 1139: 1929.
92. 2G4.
11D83: 93. 853: 1930.

Confounded
in earlier
work with
EquisdlUl'.
(St.)
The terminal
inflorescense
would indicate from
the PT.
E. sillica,
Stapf.
though
other
species are
used and
arc
efficient.

:i.

1
~~2G liiJ 9~~~~;0: :~: I

923: 1932.
9S. 1545; I
542. 13G4: 1933. 100. I
HOI: SAMP. 77: ]PS]. I
18D2. 120. lOD: 121. 181:
127. 832: 130. 118G:
1893. 139. DOl: !DID.
451. 751: 1927. 540. 102:
550. IOGG: 561. IOD8:
11928. 559.845: ID30. 50.
5G3: Ch. Ztg. 1888. 755:
IDOO. 24. 441: ID20.45.
7::!!J; Ph. Ztg. 1887. 32.
821: 1888. 33. 700: Ch.
J. Phys. 1927. 1.
{j3; :397; 445: 1928. 2.
/87. 1.97.435.337: 1929.
f

:'.97'1

BERNARD E. READ

264
LATIN NAME

!CHINESE\PART! CONSTITU-

_ _ _ _ _ _+-=-N:.:AJ:::':.:IE=-;uSED

ENTS

HABI*,
TAT

REFERENCE

3. !.I5; 249; 81; 287: 1930.


4.231; 141: 1932.6.243:
1933. 7. 199; 229: 1934.
8. 161: Pl. 1926. 117.
G43: 1927.118.184.471;
G81: 119.356: 1929. 123.
GOG: FEATM. 1927. 3.
5X7: PSBM. lU24. 21.
051: IV2G. 23. G18: 1927.
24. <74: 1928. 25. 198:
lU30. 27. 255, 887: CM].
19:J5. 39.982: 1926. 40.
1144: 1927. 41. 1010:
19:J8. 42. G97: CE]. 19:J8.
817: Am. ]. Phys. 1929.
90. 189: BPC. 1934. 409:
Arch. Int. Med. lU27.
39.385: 40. 851: 19::!8.
42. 3::!::!: 1930. 45. 538,
!O:J: 1934. 53. 39: Kyoto.
1913.10.301: 1921. 18.
411: AEPP. 1915. 78.
:H8: lU25.110.12t1: 1927.
120. 189: 125.225: lU28.
134. 1091: 138. :J08:
lU::!U. 143. 358: !U3D.
148.93: 1931. 159.328:
1932. 165. 230: CRAS.
lU2li. 95. 1070: 1927.
90. 27, 77: 97. 120l:
1928. 98. 1282; 99. 3;
198; 1387; 1525; 100.
5iV; 101. 377: 1932.108.
113:J: MAR. 1894. 84:
11895.94: 1896. 98: 1916.
14: 1928. 40: 1929. 101:
lU:~O.
26: 1931. IOU:
Canad. MA]. 1925. 25.
1158: 192G.16. 422: 1928.
:J95, 4GI: 1929. 20. 498:
Medicine. 1930. 9. 1:
IJMR. 1929. 16. 780; 17.
3GG: 1931. 19. I: Ind.
Mcd. Gaz. 1933. 68. G22:
]BC. 192G. 70. 109: Ber.
1889. 22. 1823: Lancet.
1898. 2. 24: 1929. 1. 449:
2. 551: China]. 1927. 7.

REMARKS

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NAME

PART

uuo

CONSTlTU-1 HABI-I
ENTS

TAT

REFERENCE
81; 257: Arch.Otolaryn.
1925. 2. 132: 1926. 4.
240: 1927. 5.509: 1931.
13. 255: 1934. 19. 252:
MMW. 1898. 1069: 1926.
73. 1739, 2160. 1691,
2158: 1927.74. 5GS, 9GG:
1928. 75. 599, 133U:
1929.76.1909: 1931. 78.
397, G27: Ann. d'Oculist.
1889. 150, 182: QJPh.
1928. 1.' 182; .163; U3:
1934.7.23; 32: Arch. Ph.
1904. 242. 380: 1905.
243. 73: 1906. 244. 241,
269: 1908. 246. 210:
1909. 247. 54, 141: 1911.
249.305: 1913. 251.320:
1914. 252. 89: 1915. 253.
52. 62: 1930. 268. 83:
HCA. 1929. 12.365: JCS.
1927. 2056: 1928. 51:
Virch. Arch. 1891. 124.
75, 93: 189.f. 1. 435:
Med. Klin. 1928. 25.
1356; 1839; 1004: JOM.
1925. 3. 1; 4. 56: 1933.
11. 409: 1935. 13. 1:
Therap. Monat. 1895. 9.
-48:J. 55G: Univ. Cal. Bot.
PT. 1928. 14. 247: BKW.
1887. 3R. 706: ]]MS.
1931. 5. 17, 22, 31, 66,
67, 69: Tokyo. 1888. 1.
255: BMJ. 1929. 1. 293:
1930. 2. 716: 19: Br. J.
Anesth. 1928. 5. 178: J.
Pediatrics 1933. 2. 414:
OMSJ. 1927. 39. 1781:
1932. 44. 19, 35, 1410,
3072: 1933. 45. 69:

265
REMARKS

BERNARD E. READ

266

_L_A_T_I_N_N_'A_'_'E
__

CHINESE PAkTj CONSTlTU-' HABI-'

PINMEAE (8)

NAME

USED

ENTS

REFERENCE

TAT

REMARI{S

.f.i:ff!l't

Sung Pai

K'e
784. Amber (St.)

JjJf. JCJ
Hu Po
()jIJ

IT

Succinic
Yun.
acid 38%. Bur-

ro

Resinoids mah.
C1oHuO.

fj(

785. Black amber

Tur-

(St.)

St. ~-I: IC. 1901. 4. 982:


JpsJ. 1923. 501. 82-1:
Gcol. Survey India. 1893.
26:
St. 35: G. 4174:

fan.

-Jet (W.)
Coal (J.)

-----1--- ---1--1--------1---If Ess. oil


78Ga. Cryptomcria
:t3
Szc.
St. l:';k FH. 2. 5-t4: EN.
japonica, Don. Shan
(Br.)
OJIJ
(C"pusms j.t L.) ~

0.7%.
Pincne.
Cadincnc.
Sesquitcr.

rc

JAPANESE CEDAR.

~
1"1

*'

;1<

..J.5..J.: SAMP. 75: Br. 2.


lOti: 3. 4+~: Agr. Tokyo.
Ku.
ID02. 4. -1m: WI'. -1-1:
Japan. CMP. ~.")n: Ber. 1t!09. 19.
YUIl.

Hup.

pcn.

Caprylic
acid.
Dipentene.
Azulcnc.
bk
sd
wd

Arginin.
Ess. oil.
i.xylose.
Mannan.

Crypten.

3(;9: JI'SJ. 19();;: 277.


(SU: 380.2: JACS. IU If;.
38.687: ]]IC. 19. 610:
191D. 22. 96U: TC. 26.
::nri: Klein. 3. 585, 58t!;
G07, 9. 12, 31; 603,32:
2. 507, 85:-{, 8: 4. HW:
Ap. Ztg. 1917. 32. 5G;3:
Perf. Ess. Oil. Rec. 19~0.
21. 45: Schim. 1928. a3:
Wit!. 275:

Carlinen.
Suginen.

78Gb. Cunninghamia sinensis. R. Br.


(BN. He. G.
Ch. Wi1s. Br.)
(C. /anuQlata,

Lambt.)
(Pinus /.,

Lambt.)
(B~/is jiUtdijo/ia,

Salisb.)
CIfiNESE CEDAR.

Crypto.
merial.
If Cedro!.
SC.
wd Terpineol.
Cedro!.
bk

sd

1~7: FH. 2. 5-18: W.


680: DH. 70: HCM. -16:
Wat. 49-1: Wil. 189:
SAMP. 75: Klein. 3, 622,
630:

51.

1167

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE

PAU"

NAME

USED

It
787. Juniperus
:tr1
chinensis. L.
Kuci
(M.J.HN.G.) (hili I'l)
(J. unl1l1LS,
If
Raxb.)
(I . .ialxmica,
Hart.)
(I. Tll1owergiallii,
H.&A.)
JUNIPER.

CONSTlTU-\ HABIENTS
TAT

Ess. oil.

NC.

Cedro!.
Cedrenc.

RE:\lARKS.

REfERE:-:lCE
22~: FH. 2. 541: BN.
1~28: Br. 2. '338: Wil.

St.

In Japan
Chamac-

-1-9: Schiin.' cyparis


obtusa. S..
1~07. 11:
JpsJ. 1~07.
et Z.
2:16: KO. 77: SAMP. 75:
(CMP.)
Klein. 2. 4~6, 503, 18: 3.
"Byakushin"
581, ~O; 603, 3t, 5~:
Jap.
J. rigida, S.
&Z. (KO.)
WP.

~25:

Ess. oil.
Pinen.
Formatcs.
Valcrianic

acid.
Undecyle.
nic acid.
Stearic

acid.
Limoncn.

bk

Carlinen.
Sesquiter.
pen.

ex
I!H'i:~f
kl
788. Pinus kora
icnsis, S. ct Z. Hai Suns
(G.J.M.)
Tzu

Fat ,~%.
Protein

Yun.
)lan.

St. 3:[:]: FII. 2. 550: Wil. CRN.510


2. :{~: E.\'. 758: Br. 2.
cites (j
3:1(;: DIP. 3.i~: WP. 27:
species of
(1'.1'010#1'11".) (1Jll l'O
Ash 2.6%.
BPI. 204: Z:\G. 1910. 19.
Pine in
KOREAN PINE.
tlrNf'i:C{
Vits. A"
t'i7: SMIP. 7.>: FEABI.
Indian
- - - - - - - 1 - - - _ ~ __+.:I.::.!J.::.:J.::.1.::.1.:c.::.2:.:t..:O.::.:
I_.::.n:;.l00=ic"'i:;.llc"'._
Com. Dr. 2. :-;:H: 3. .f~2: St.
789. Pinus.
If At. sd.
f'i:
30:): HCM. 107: BN. 5H:
PINES.
Sung:
5d Argininc.
\",iat. H)t;
(l}lj 1:1;) bk A3 If.
1~.8%.

rt" Ess. oil

bk

789Al. P. mas
soniana,

Lambt. (M.
HC.W.Br.)
(P. sinms;s,
Bth.) (Ftl.)

UORSETAIL PINE.

::'$Rti:

pn

Erh
Chen
Sung

br

!.!~.IUi:
I1J f'~

cx

jt

0.4%.
Borneol
acctatc.
Glucokinin.

A3. bk.
Glucokinin.

St.

a33:

SA~IP.

FH.

2.

551:

75: DH. 07: WP.

t.o: CMP. :-l5:J.: TC. 1888.

9.0, UU: JPSJ. l~tO. 457.


2H: 458. 3~1: 19tI. 474.
708: H. 18U I. 6. 176:

A2 br.
Camphen.

78nA2. P. Thlm

tr,

f'i:

bcrgii, ParI.

Hci

(D.M.St.G.)

Sung

(P. sylv(slris,

Thunb.)
(P.

1llOSS01lifllla,

S. et Z.)
(P. dmsijlora,
Hart.)
BLACK WOOD
PINE.

A2 and A3.
Turpcntinc.
d-aPincn.
i-a-Pincn.
Camphcn.
Sesquitcrpen.

51. 30:1: FH. 2. 552: BN. "J{oramabu"


1153: Br. 2. 336: WP. 26:
Jap.
eMP.

:-l53:

Agr.

Tok.

I~OO.

4.1, 25: Schim.


1888. 15: In13. 100:
1920.

58: Landw.

Vcr.

18n~. 45.437: ]JIC. In 12.


15. 852: 1918. 246. 763:
1919. 256. ~51: 1920.23.
~5: Klein. 3. 589, 93, 9:
4. 18G:

268

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

78UA3. P. densi
flora; S. et
Z. (St.)
REO WOOD PINE.

CHINESE\ PART CONSTITU-I HABl-1


NAl\1E USED
ENTS
TAT

REfERENCE

t~

>JJ';

A2, ex.
Ess. oil
23%.
Resin 73%.

Ch'ih
Sung

REl\lARKS

St. 333: FH. 2. MU: BN.


477: Br. 2. 33G: CMP.
301: JJIC. 1UOU. 12.117,
233, 310: WP.2U: Schim.
1888.40: 1U23. 238: DR.
G7: JPSJ. 1U22. 515. 4U:
lU25. 518. 3G: KO. 77:
Klein. 3. G2G: 4. 1031:
J. Russ. Phys. Ch. 1U20.
51. 72:

A3, ex.
Ess. oil
20%.
Resin 70%.
Bornylacetate.
78UB. P. Bunge:=~f~
ana, Zucco San Chen
(M.HC.G. W. Sung
tFft~
BN. WiLl
(P. txcorticata,
B t.k
Hort.)
f3 !1~t~
WUITE BARK PINE.

St. 333: FH. 2. 54U: BN.


301:

789C. P. penta.1Hi(t~
Wu
phyUa. Mayr.
Chen
(M.J.BN.)
Sung
(P. jx;rv'flora,
S."t Z.)
(Br. BN.)

BN.
;-;:~(j:

1-1-5: 1+7: Br. 2.


ViP. 25:

-----1----------1------,------1--790. P. pumila
Regel. (KO.)

.'

.&- f.k
Ch'ang

(1r~)
Tn

Pai
talis, 1. (M.
CAt>: ~I~)
Ch. Br.)
(Biola 0., EndL) t'~J
(M. FH.)
. llliJ tfl
(Th. or B. chill~1t
sis, Hort.)
(FH.)
ARBOR VITAE.

51. 4U 1: CZGM: 1U24. 2.


437: KO. 77:

"1"1. ThUja-orl-en. --.-,,- -kl


u

Sha.

rt

If

br
rt
bk
ex

1:--1
Pinen.
Caryophyl.
len.

Ess. oil
2.75%.
Resin.

NC.

-----~-----l
51. 432: FH. 2. 540: BN.
SGU: SAMP. 75: KO. 77:
Br. 2. 33G: 3. 441: HOI.
134: WP. 53: CMP. 304:
WiI. 2. 40: Schim. 18U2:
19:J.5. 84: USD. 1641:
FIB. 1. 11U: JPSJ. 1U03.
1257.704: 1U07. 301. 231:
302. 372: lUaU. 334.
12U7: TM. 1888. 1. GIG,

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NAME

IPARTI
USED

CONSTlTU-1 HABI-I
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

269
REMARKS

Pinene.

717: IC. 1921. 24. 1143,


IIGO: TC. 41. 1041: 47.
666, H2: ]JIC. 19. 211:
31. 506: Klein. 3. 590,
605:

Hup.
Szc.
10%.
Fat 4R%.
YUll.
Cbhyd.
23%.
Ash 2.6%.

St. 439: HI. 2. 546: BN. "Kaya"


1260: Br. 3. 107: 3. 429:
Jap.
HCM. 135: ]JMS. 1932,
6. (87): Han. 233: CMP.
356: Ch. J. Phys. 1928.
SRI. 168: JJ1C. 2S. 768:
CD. 1918. May 11: J.
ColI. Eng. Tok. 1908. 4.
75: WP. 3: LN. 1928.
681. 79: KO. 77: SAMP.
76:

TAXACEAE (1)

792. Torreya
nucifera, S. et

:flIIi

kl

Fei
Z. (Br. HC. (})IJ j!k)
J.M.W.)
;jI< =f
(7: Farg~sii,
'if;
Franch.)
WI
(FH.)
(Tax1tS1t"
Kmpl.) (WP.)

3, '*
3it1J'*

Protein

"Tor-

reyol".
Palmitic
acid and

KAVA NUT.

Stearic
acid 9%.
Oleic
acid 19%.

Linolic
acid 72%.

GINKGOACEAE (I)

1IRttf;r'l

Yin Hsing

I<'e
793. Ginkgo
biloba, L.
(M.J. HN.
G. St.)
(Salislmria
adialllI!olia,

Sm.)

1IR 1i

Yin Hsin....
(E1 fA)

f3 !4!
1!!l)J.'lJ=r-

sd

Protein

13%.
Fat 3%.
Starch
68%.
Sugar 7%.

Koch.)

Ash 3.4%.
Pentosan.
Arginin.

MAIDENHAIR
TREE.

Ginnol.
Sitosterin.
Ginko

(S. tluuroj>hy/la,

acid.
Phyto.
sterin.
Asparagin.
Ginkol.

CuI.

St. 187: HI. 2. 540: BN. "Ginnan"


153: Br. 2. 339: SP. 193:
Jap.
Wil. 2. 30: CMP. 357:
SAMP. 76: CMJ. 1921. 35.
247: JBIP. 1929. 2. 30:
WP. 1290, 1337: BPI.
204: ES. 68. 45: KO. 78:
JACS. 1907. 29. 2513:
Agr. Tok. 1900. 4. 349.
357: TG. 191G. 37. 263,
49':;, 86L 871: 1928. 3.
89: Imp. Med. Tok. 1900.
12. 2: 1895. 8. 2: CJSA.
1926. 4. 77: JpsJ. 417.
998: LN. 1928. 681. 76:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI.
lU8: Klein. 2. 516: 749,
59: 4. 186. 222: JBlP.
1933. 21.273, 278: 1934.
24. B04: 19B5. 26. 178:

Ci-ilNESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE
[ NAME

IPARTI
USED

ro'

797b. 'E. arvense,


!tl] st
'vVen
L. (M.J.
Ching
BN.)
HORSETAIL.
Oft ill)
f!i~Fi(

CONSTlTU'1

HABI'I

Fat.

Com.

ENTS

TAT

Silica.

Linolenic
acid.
Equisetonin, sap.

nEFERENCE

271
REMARKS

St. IG3: BN. 878: HPA.


1929. 4. 157: WP. IS27:
Klein. 2. 521: 3. 1141:

~---~I--- -------~-I--------I----

:'~iM~
Yang
eh'ih

FILlCALES (15)

Kang
798. Adiantum
fIabelIatum,
L. (M.J.G.)
MAIDENHAIR
FERN.

~MM,'(

rt

cllm

SODA. Aspidium
falcatum, Sw.
(BL Ch. M.)
(PoiystichiuJn

:U~j:

Shih
Ch'ang
Sheng

st

----:---I---------I---~-

She.

If

rt

St. 19: BN. 328: BL 2. A. Capillu~


19 l: 3. 3G7: IMP. 1387:
veneris, L.
CMP. 3Gl: Wil. 2G: CRN. (PS.),
458: DH. 53:
(IMP, CRN.)

C* ~~)
:PJ- "/"
:PJ-i'J;1;i:

1't

:11'<
Kuan
Chung

rt

t., C* jfD

Die!>.) (M.)
WOOO FERN.

St. 18: BN. 1545: IMP.


1B8R:

~"')

------1---+-799. A. monochlamys, Fat.


(M.J. BL)
(A. veJltlstum,
Don. var. m.,
Luers.) (M.)
CLIFF hIAIDEN
HAIR.

Ki.

T'ich
HsieH
1'5'ao

l'i fjjj
n !.l1

'Ei" Ufi
1f':MiJ[1
m,~"Jff

B. Filicic She.
acid.
Hun.
Aspidinol. Hup.
Flavaspidic
ac:d.
Albaspidin.
Filicitannic
acid.
Filicin.

St. 5G:, BN. 9i3: BL 2.


G9; 191: 3. 5l: JSSI. 1933.
1. 1. 14: JPSJ. 1889. 90.
593: 1893. 141. 1087:
1907.299.38: 1919.453.
90.>: CZGM. 1925. 3. 198:
SP. 218: CMP. 3G4: KPSJ.
5. llG:

Kil.FiU,l:
800B. A. Filix-mas
Sw. (HC. BL)
(N~PhJ'odiu1lt F.,

Rieh.)
(Dryopten's F.,
Seholl.)
MALE FERN.

II

51. 282: ChP: BP: BN.


405: Klein. 2.249: 3. 412:
4. 227 &c: DH. 54:

272

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

HABI-I

CHINESEI PART CONSTlTU1


NAME
USED
ENTS
TAT

REFERENCE

REMARKS

800C. Onoc!ea
orientalis.
HR. (HC.)

St. 291: HCM. 23: BN. 51:

8000. Woodwardia
radicans, Sm.
(W. HC.Br.)

St. IGO:

801. Botrychium

1lZ1il!1,\t

rt

Ho.
Ku.
She.

BN. 907: Br. 2. 191: DH.


GO:

hb

Wat.
er.

St. 3GO: BN.228: Br. 2.


191: DH. 59:

ternatum, Sw. Yin Ti hb


(M. J. Br.)
Chiieh
MOONWORT.
C!lit] ~)

802. Ceratopteris
thalictroides;
Brongn. (BN.)
(Ello6ocarjxt'
okraa:a.

Shui
Chueh

CM i'I)

Kaulf.)
(AcrosUchum t.,

L.) (DH.)

803. Davallia
.r.~ '.IE
hb
tenuifolia. Sw. Wu Chill
(M.J. St. Br.) C* II;')
(Odo,dosoria t..
::(j ~
Sm.)
;r:J ::t<.
ROCK FERN.
;r:J {;

Rills. 51. 147: BN. 791:


Br. 2. 191: IMP.
CRN. 482: JpsJ.
496. 423: PJ. 1870.
3:

SMR:
1393:
1923.
Sept.

;r:J :/10
;r:J.'.1;!

.J1b !it!
804A. Dicksoni.
~ 'IT
rt
Barometz.
Kou Ch i
Link. (M. Br. (;11- ~)
St.)
59! t'f
(Aspidi,,,,. B..
=IX JfJj
Willd.)
If ;tt
(Polypodi"", B.. :ll>J 'Ill
Lour.)
(CimlJotiumB.,

Sm.)
CUAIN FERN.

Com.

St. 344: BN. 531: Br. 2. "Scythian


lamb."
192: 3. 48: KO. 79:
SAMP. 73: HCM. 33: "Dog's
spine" _
CZGM. 1925. 3. 141:USD.
155G: CRN. 518: JSSI.
1933. 1. 1. 13:

CHlNESF.

~rEDICINAL

PLANTS

HABI-I

LATIN NAME

ICHINESE/PARTI CONSTITU-'
NAL\IE
USED
ENTS
TAT

80~B. WOOdwardial

.1

radic~ns. s,m'l
var. ppomca.

HEMAnKS

nEFERENCE

L. (BN. Br.)

805. Drymoglos
;,'l\1i!1,':
sum carnosum. Lo Yen
Hk. (M. J.
T5'ao
Br. St.)
(TaLuolis

Mett.)

hb

I(.t m)

C.,

Stone. St. 157: liN. 1-4 .H: Br. 2. D. StWCO"dtL191: KO. 79:
tum, Fre.
(B"!.)

iifilii1,1:

SNAIL-SHELL
GRASS.

The drug is
like
Lycqpot'lium
powder.

(Si.)

807. Marsilia
quadrifolia, L.

(Ch. Br.)
PEPPERWORT,

Mi

hb
j

P'ing
(!J~

St. 23~. 2GO: BN. lSI D:


Br. 3. 356: eRN. 50G:

*)

;JF!;Ii
1!ll;!i(!;Ii

[O'"r'l;(

808. PolypocHum
Fortul1ci, 1(zc.
(St. HC. Ch.)
(D1J l llaria F.,

St.

rt

'i~':

809. P. hastatum.
Th. (Ch. BN.)

5.'\1\11\

l. 1. 10:

Sm.) (M.)

7T,~:

Ko.1 r.

1"f'jJandtlm.

7ot: ]PSJ.
MeU.
JSSf. 1D::::. (H!I.)

'T-;".!'!

(HCM.)

11~* (JSSI.)

POLYPODY.

~~r): HC~r. r~R:

ID:)O. 50.

~JV,l: II!
Chin
Hsing
Ts'ao

rt

O;r. !ilil
1,/;:!lJ111,':

ftJ.JG!,I:

I-I::::!S

I SC.

I wc.

~~G: BN. 5D t: KO.


ftJ.J1',1,':
7D: DIP. ~G~: HOI. 5~: DI1'opt~ris
sopllOroitks.
JPSJ. 1925. 557. 712:
Kze. .
(HDI.)

St.

I I

274

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAM

lCHINESE

NAME

PART
USED

CONSTITU-\ HAm-,
ENTS

810. P. Lingua,
:0 1~-= I
Sw. (BN.Br. Shih We
St.SAMP.)
C*

Desv.)
(N;jJ/w6r<sL.,

Sm.)
811. Pteridium
aquilinum

iI>Jt
Chuch

C:jfr ii'D

Kuhn (J. He.

rl

sh

J"'M"".",
Fu.

m)

fi til:
:0 Hi
:0 jl/;j

(CycloplwM<s L .

REFERENCE

TAT

Glucoside.
Hexylen-

aldchyd.

fuW",
[
L.) (Br. St.) .

(P/en"s aquilina,

COMMON BRACKEN
FEMALE FERN.

812. Pteris multi- f~JA1j!:1,': I


lida, Poir. (J.) Hsien Jen
Chang
Ts'ao

REMARKS

192: 3. 3G5: JSSI. 1933.


I. 1. 18: DH. 57: KO. 79:
SAMP. 73. 74: HCM. 47:

Hills. St. 172: BN. 1385: Br. 2. P. ~sadeJlfa.


Forst.
192: HCM. !l8: Wi!.
(M.)
345: MI. 452: IMP. 1393:
CRN. 521: JpsJ. 189G. "Aldclam"
Ger.
172. 581: Pharm. Weekb.
1908. 45. 770: Klein. 2.
290:

Cactus
oPtIJl/;a. L.

Si.

(KO.30.)

CBii\ .!)
BRYOPHYTA

MUSel (4)

813. Moss. "


(St.)

a~

WI

HSlcn
Kang

'!t'r~\'
Clllng

Chung
T'al

OJ')

ro

~.-

Com.

St. 270: Br. 3. 370:

From wells.

Com.

St. 270.

Bottom 01
boats.

---814. Moss
(St.)

A:tJ1fr.'i

Ch'uan

(ft

Ti T'ai

1Ji)

pi

CHI:-IESE
LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NA'ME

I'An

USED

~[ED[CINAL

ICONSTITU
ENTS

HABI

REFERENCE

TAT

Com.

815. Moss.

275

PLANTS

REMARKS

On house

St. 271: Br. 3. 370:

(St.)

roofs and
. stones. .

I
:Ur, pI

8iG. Polytrichum
commune, L.
(M.BN.)
POLYTRICHUM.

Saponin.

St. ~UO: BN. 38: Klein. "Haarmoos'J


3. 1I~1.
Ger.

Com.

T'u Ma
Ts'ung
~j)1

P. jrmjjJeri.

o;r.

luuJt,Hcdw.
(USD.21.
1434.)

I
THALLOPHYTA

L_IC_H_E_N_ES_(7_)__

~:_~_~ _K_~_n~l
11 :ill

817. Cladonia
rangiferina,
Web. (BN.)

Shih Jui
(jft- ill)

I pi

11 Tilt;
11 JF

1_ _'

Rangiform Com.
add.

ISt.191G.490:49. 2589: 337:


Ber.
1932.65.
BN.

Atranorin.
Fumaric
acid.

583: Klein. 2. 525: 3. 433,


437.

Gyrophoric 1-10.
acid.

St. 311: BN. 325: Br. 2.


~O: SAMP. 73: HOI. 72:
JPSJ. 1925. 519. ~2~:
Ber. 1930. 63. 304~:
1932. 65. 983: Klein. 3.

~m:

818. Gyrophora
vellea, Ach.
(J.M.)

11

Jj: pI
Shih Erh
(a ffl)
~

HI:

819. Parmelia sp.

~/;

Sang Hua

'(a.

~
~

-10

8~
~

. pI

Usnin acid. Com.


Caparin.

Po/yjorlls,

Wat. 401:
Ling Chib

alsoFungi, St.
271:

St. 490: CR:-I. 513: IMP. Mulberry


tree lichen.
1398: PhZtg. 1927. 1562:
Ber. 1932. 65. 475, 580:
Klein. 3. 430j 5:

?7f1

BERNARD E. READ

LATIN NAME

IICHINESE\I'ARTICONSTITU-I HABl
NAl\lE USED
ENTS
TAT

~20. USHea barbata

(:l'imm

pi

Usnin acidJ Com.


Barbatin
acid.

Fr. var. Cin- Pai Lung


Hsrl
Arg. (J.)
(!jq I'l)

chonarum.

REFERENCE

Ph. Ztg. 1927. 1562: Ber.


1932. 65. 175: Klein. 3.

REMARKS

!~Iaple tree
lichen.

435; 8: 4, 814:

Barbatol
acid.
Emlll:-in.

821. U. longissima .

Ach.

(~L)

.f1~
SlIn~

il(i

pi

Usnin acid. Sung.

Lo

CI.~ Hili 0,

(0i'I~1t~~:.n~'ar. (of>:
~~p
!r: ,,'
alumla/a.

. Molell.) (BN.)

Barbatin
acid.
C1!)H zo O,
Methylbarbatin
acid.
Ramalinic
acid.

,f~J:1.i~

PINE LICHEN.

822. Lichcn on old


pine.

82~.

Lichencs.

(BN.)
(/-/t'pntica sp.)
(St.)

'w

Com.

pi

St. 218. Wil. 1. 2iD: CMP. Cf. Viscml1.


:171: EN. :;-/.8: Hr. 3.
,1-13: KO. 81: Ber. 1932.
65. 175: JPSJ. 258. 28:l:
190G. 293 85: IV22. 488.
930: Klein. 3. -1-30. a, 8.
H; -I-!):

St. -190:

Ai.l. a

("" 1'1)_1
A~~:"~o 1'1
(fl

Bnrcins.

11")

ifllxJ!i
l'-rJxJ!i

Marsh. St. 20-1: BN. 3G3: JPSJ.


190G. 29~. 898: 1918.
4~D. 801: W26. 533. 531:
JCS. 1902. 82. 228, 465,
,i80, 788: JJBR. 193-1.
10. G87: KO. 81: Klein.

.1'1. Im.l

II

2. 703: 4. 87-1, 8-1:

- - - - ' - 1 -1- - - 1 - - - 1 . - - - - ; - FUNGI (32)

Cllllll .LeI

82J. Agaricus

1'"r

~.~l

BretschneiderL Hsiang
Kalich. et
Hsin
Thum. (M.)
(a !H)

pI

Protcin

Com.

St. 272: Br. 2. 88: BN. "Shiitake"


732: \Vat.
.JG-/.: Nat.
Jap.

16%.
Fat 1.5%.
Cbhyd.
65%.

Geogr. Mag. 1!J2d. l\'lay:


Science Chin. 1!J32. 16.

VitsA J ,B 2

Univ. 1931. 4. 1:

-J.37:

Agric.

Bull. Peip.

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLA:-ITS

CHINESE PAll.T CO:-lSTlTU-j HABI-j


_L_A_T_lN_'_N_'A_'_IE_'---Oe--"N.cA"-'-'IE'--+_"'_'_D:-_E_N_'T_S_.;_T.cA_T_:

1'1

824A. Cortincllus
Shlitakc.
Henn.

REFERE".'CE
.,

RE'.IAR"S
:._ _~_u_

LN. 1928:68f. 72: Klein:

Mannit.

2. 773: 4. 181~ 2. 3, 5,
D: 250. D8:

Alanin.
Lcucin.

Phenyla.

. (BN. LN.)

lanin.
Glutaminic

acid.
Prolin.

Trimcthyl.
amino
Cholin.

1_-

~~E~~L ~ ----j Sha.

825. A. ostrcatu5.
]acq. (W_)
r'ienHua
. Hsin.

I
I

(U JH)
'K~i'.5ti

_ _- - - - - - 1

St. 272: NSD. 7.;!.7: Mf.


5~: eRN. -t-5V: IMP. 13~-L
BIM. :J7:

-------1----------'---:----------1----Hills. St. 272: WiI. 2. 63:


j::Hi'.5ti 1'1

826. A. 51'. (St.)

Kc Hua

Ts'ai
C~

j::i

13)

-----1---1---------827 A. Auricularia
Auricula

. .Tuclac. Schr.
(Br. G.H. St.)
JEW'S EAR.

;+:. 11=
i\'[U

pi

;;I(

!-it
;;I(

827B. Hirneola

Protein

~fI

1'1

Protein

4%.

Fr. (BN.
SAMP.)
(Peziza aurioJa)
(St. ES.)
(E",idia a., Fr.)
(St.)

Starch

St. 272: BPI. 29. 107: BT.


3. 41D: Wat. 3DD: WiI.

38: 1']. ID02. 14. :117:


Ch. ]. Phys. 1028. SRI.
174: DH. 31:

Polytricha.

828. Clavaria cor

COI11.

6.8%.
Fat 0.5%.
Cbhycl.
72.5%.
Ash 4.8%.
Vito A4

Erh

c*;;I( *'.\)
t:::
;;I( (<if

Com.

35%.
Ash 2%.

BN.186: St. 170: ES. 68. Imported


n: SAMP. 70: D.H. 33: from
Arch. Ph. 1864.119.242: New Zealand
].P.C. 1870. 11. 242:
13*ll=
"Goschna"
Turc.

Mycose.

---~It

;I~

niculata,

Chi Tsung

Schael!. (\V.)

C~q

~it

i'I)

1<1

pI

Yun.

St. 273. Kobert, Lchrbuch


d. Intox. IVOG. 2. ti 1k

BERNARD E. READ

278
LATIN NAME

CHINESE
NAl\lE

PART

USED

CONSTITU-I

ENTS

iUi'i\~l I pi

829. C. pistillarius.
L. (HM.)
Alo Ku
PESTLE CLUB.
Hsin

HABI-I
TAT

REFERENCE

I Sung. St. 272: - A white variety


Ho.

of Agraricus No. 824.

rugulosus,

Fisch. (M.J.)
DEVILS PENCIL.

831. Lycoperdon
boviste, L.
(BN. St.)
Nees.)

DilL) (J.)
PUFF BALL.
(a) L. gemma
tum. Batsch.
'(b) L. piriformc,
Schaef!.
(JSSr. KO.)

wood.

pi

.!!j:i1J

pi

~Ia

(Bovista g;ganlea, .U~


(D. 11uuima,

. mulberry

Sl1.
Kuei Pi
(lft ill)

(lJI)

.!!;
1:1'-

Polyjxm<s
InlomdltlS,

Fries. on

(= 0P/

830. IthyphaUus

REMARKS

St. 273: BN. 859:

Poisonous.

Com. St. 250: BN. 8-1.2: NSD. "Balist" Ger.


Damp 727: Br. 3. 375: HeM. 8G:
places. JJBR. 1933.10.717:USD.
Ergosterin.
21. 1389: Chin. BioI. Lab.
Lipoids.
Sc. Soc. 1932. 8.2: JSSr.
Gemma19:W. 1. 1, 10: KO. 80:
Leucin.

Tyrosin.
Urea.

Po
~:k)
f~
~

'.Ji(

'f'~iil

tein.

AIonat. Chern.

1905.

25 .

1109: SAMP. G9: eRN.


505: Klein. 2. GSO, 7Li3:

4. 182, "', 2:H:

-----.[--- ------ --1--------1----832. Mushroom

(St.)

'2,
pi
Chill
(;,j;; ~)

St. 272: Br. 3. 418:

833. Mushroom

(St.)

{Ii

1<\ pi
Huan
Ch('1I1
(;,j;; ~)

H lli.

834. Mushroom

(St.)

jJl!. II

Ti Erh
(~11

jJl!.Wiil

pi

Fouus Itlcidus,
Fr.,

CLEAR TIN
DER?

St. 273: Br. 3.

~20:

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHIN ESE
\ NAME

835. Mushroom

PART
USED

ICONSTITU
ENTS

HABITAT

REMARKS

St. 273: Br. 2. 59, 87: Poisonous.


Kyoto. 1019. 16: ]PSJ.
1900. 324. IU5:

pI

T'u Chiin
(fft )1l)

(St.)
TOADSTOOL.

REFERENCE

279

U 1\'1.
ill! \'!I.
!it. =rill! ~OO
!?,i

il!i

-----1---1--:--- ---83U. Mushroom


Jr. "!,R pi
St. 273:
(St.)

Rudder fungi.

To Ts'ai

(ll1l

1'1)

-----1
837. MYlitlU'laPi1 'ill :It tb
dcsccns, I-Jor. Lei \Van
(Br. St. H.)
l5')

C*
THUNDER PILLS. 1ff
1Jj

Pectin.

ShC.

:rl'

'r'r :l\-

838. Pachyma
{Ii:l\- tb
Cocos. Fr. (M. Fu Ling
]. Br. St.)
C* l5')

(P. jn'lldoIllJII,
Hor.)
(P. solidttm,

Oken.)(Han.)
INDIAN BREAD.
TUKAHOE.

839. P. Hoelen.
Rumph. (St.
M.)
PIO'S DUNO.

{R
~

JII1.

tk}j9.1

7f~jf,,j

Pachymosc; Yun.
8~%.

Cellulose
2.8~~.

Ash 0.2%.
N 0.076%.

W,fJ!:\\I'

:g

~\iJI1

Hun.

St. 274: Br. 2. J!)~: 3.539. , 'Coram pallagum"


HCM. 91: Wat. ~Ol :SAMP.
70: ]SS!. In3. I. 1, 11: Indian.
IMP. 1395: Han. 20;;, 209:
DH.31:

St. 208: BN. 805: Br. 3.


532: DH. 31: KO. 80:
SAMP. 70: HCM. 08: Han.
201: HIP. 71~: .ISS!.
1933. 1. 1. 12: CRAS.
75. 1526: Wat. 40 I: NSD.
727: Pl. 18GI. 3. 421:
Ber. 1895. 28. 774: ]CS.
1873. 26. 283: 1895. AI.
323: 189G. 70. G3: CM].
1925. 39. 31~: FIB. 7.
147: .IPS]. 1881. 1. 5:
1909. 327. ~Gl: Bot.
1890. 2. 239: Arch. Ph.
1895. 235. 389: ]JMS.
1930.5. 71:
St. 35. 40~: Br. 3. 537: PolyjxJlllS
KO. 81: CMP. 3G8: HOI.
tlJ1wd/atus,
98: Bot. 1905. 19. 177.
(]SS!.)
Eng.): .ISS!. 1933. I. 1.
11: J. Linncan S. 1859.
3. 102: Han. 2Q~. 269:
Cleyer. 207:

BERNARD E. READ

280
LATIN NA:\IE

840. Poly porus


arculanus, Fr.

(J )

CHINESK
NAME

1~

1<1

Shan

PART
USED

ICONSTlTU1
HAm-I
ENTS
TAT

pi

nEFERE:-;CE

St. 138.

27~:

ehUll

REMARKS

I Epiphyte ,on
I Ct,:uunghatll/a.

(i"'il ~'IDI
::;U3, Bamboo
epiphytes.

8+2. Epiphyte on

St. 27;J:

Cudrania triloba, Hee.

(St.)
843. Epiphyte on
Diervilla ja.
ponica, DC.
(St.)

8-1+. Epiphyte on
Gleditschia.
Non
poisonous.

i pi
Lui

'!;}lUf
Yang
Erh

(fft

St. 27;J:

ill)

.!E!~'.},:J~

pi

Emulsin.

IsOla

Phos-

Chia
Hsin

phatid.
Mannit.
Trehalose.
Chitin
2.8%.

(~

1'1)

St. :J7~: Klein. 2. 712, 7a; Armillaria


mdIM,.
8G3: 3. 78: 4. 87-1, 8G,
Vahl.,
VOI,4:
Honey bracelet.

Ash 2.-HS%.
Cellulase.

Oxydasc.
Tyrosinase.

-----1--- - - - - ---1--------1---t'I-l-;j. Epiphyte on

lHulbcrry

St. I G~, 248:

CHINESE MEDICI1\AL PLANTS


LATIN NAME

CHINESE!PAJlTICONSTlTU-1 HABI-I
NAME U5D
ENTS
TAT

I~1.rg;

St. 1H2; 357: BN. 783:

Taphrilla
deformans,

(IlN.)

i~Ij:~I-'-1

H_uai
Erh

(!114

j;J;

** f~: I

! ~il
~

-84-8-.-E-P-iP-'-ly-t-e-0I-1+-11?-.--Ij:- pi - - Ulmus.

REMAm.;:s

RE:fERENCE

840. Epiphyte on
pl'
T'ao Chi
Peach
Sheng
XM j;J)

B..J.i. Epiphyte on
Sophora.

281

--,--

Yii Erh
j;J)

(M

-~----II------------

8W. Epiphyte on
\Villows.

#p Ij:

850. Epiphyte.
Woody.

St. 162: JJBR.


280:

pi

Liu Erh
j;J)

CM

11. l ..ortuJl!l1ts,
(St.)
Mdampsora,

_____ I

:UJ1;~*

ID~5.

I_(ceJ:.c.)_ _

ft

Shih
bk
Tz'u Mu

I(.t ji'D

---1-1
851. Ustilago

carbo, Tut.
(BN.)

WHEAT SMUT.

852. Yeast.
LEAVEN

"Mother."

'fOC
!\Iai Nu

pi

Trypsin.
Com.
Ergostetin.

Oft ill)1

Ch'ii
()if, J'.i)
il!i -J;t

I
pI

Xanthine

II Guanine
Adenine

ICuI.

Nucleic ac.
Vits Il"G,.
Zymase.
l\'Iannall.
Glycogen. II
Ergosterin.

St. 104: IlN. 1001: JpsJ. vVat. 3D-J. and


188:;' 22. 875: 1884. 32. others apply
101: 1890. 172. 580: this name to
CEM. lU2(j. 3. ;37;~: Klein. Ergo:t of .Rye.
2. 733: 4. 893: DH. 2D:

23~:

St.
1roc,:

\Vat. 578: :\11. Brewer's


IlPC. RO t: JpsJ.- dregs.

1~11.'.

276. 9~: l~ 03. 253. Saccharol#j/ccs

on!. !lon: I-iTA. ccrt<:isac,


H38: US. Pub. Health I Meyen.
Rep. 1020. 41. 297:.J.
(Il.P.C.)
Physiol. 1!l12. 45. 75: I "Hefe" Ger.
191H. 46. 17R: Il]. 1917. \ "Faex"
11.255: 1927.21. (Hi:-l:
Latin.
::!::l."i:

BERNARD E. READ

CHINESEI PART CONSTlTU


__
LA_T_I_N_N_'A_'_IE_'_:---,N~A~'~lE,-' USED
ENTS

HABI
TAT

Zymo.
sterin.
Ncosterin.
FaceDsterin.
Ascosterin.
Saccharo
phosphotase.

REFERENCE

REMARKS

Liebig Ann. 1021: 427.


111: 1929.475.96: Bioch.
Zt. 1914. 92. 292: 1923.
142.184: 1928. 203. 4G3:
1927. 187.481: 191. 450:
1929. 213. 489: 1930.
218.482: 1925.161. 44G:
1924. 154. 278: Proc.
Roy. Soc. 1914. 30. IG:
]BC. i917. 29. Ill. 145;
123: 31. 47: 1921. 46.
521: 1024.61.5: 47.249:
B]. 1922. 16. 137,809:
[928.22. 1277: 1021. 15.
438: 1929. 23. 504: Z.
Phys. Ch. 1924. 133. 2GO:
]. Hygien. 1912. 12. 43G:
UH-t.. 14. 12: Am. J. Dis.
Child. 1922. 23.41: ]CS.
[912..101. 1928: ]. Jnst.
Brew. 1925. 31. 31G:
Klein. 2. 553, G85, 733,
740, 7u3, 873; 4. 42, 74,
181, 185, 189: 407,409,
412,422,432, 452, 855,
92G, 935, 942, 943, 1074.
1092, 1098, 125G:

Invertase.
Maltase.
Endotryp
tase.
Methionin.
Lcucin.
Phospha-

tide.
Tyrosin.
AJanin.

Aspartic
acid.
Pralin.
Saccharase.
Manna-

nase.
Phospha.

tase.

-----1---1- - - - 1---1--------1----

"
853. Red Yeast.

.fJ. :W

pI

HungCh'u
(fill ill)

Carotinoid. CuI.
Diastase.

-----1---1-----854. Virgin Yeast.

!J: iI!J

~--I--------I-----

pI

Cu!.

St. 234. Klein. 3. 1421: Fermented


BPC. 392:
grain.

pI

Cu!.

St. 2,4:

Nu Ch'u

(J.Jf
~
j)(

855. Spirit-leaven.

ffi~1

St. 234: Klein. 3. 1421: From nonBPe. 392:


glutinous
rice.

*)
"f
"f

?lill

Shen
Ch'ii
(lI!! {'!o)

From flour
and 5 plant
juices.

283-

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


LATIN NA '.lE

[CHINESEI

PART

~ USED

CONSTlTU~
ENTS

IHAm-I

E E E
E
R F R NC

TAT

REl\IARKS

ALGAE (12)

ts! 1m

Bull. Toney. Bot. Club.


1924. 51. 133144: PNHB.
1927.2.47-52: Roy. Asia.
Soc. NC. 1922.

Tsao Lei

I
856. Antipathcs.
sp. (J.)

:fj

Sea.

pi

St. 276:

Shih Fan
(B

~I)

857. Ceramium
rubrum. Ag.

pi

Mucilage.

St. 270: BN. 2.>3: Br. 3. SjJirugyra


lill~ata.
369: Z. Phys. Ch. 1913.
83. 171: 1927. 166. 39:
Sur. (J.)
SAMP. 72: PNHB. 1927.

PentoSe.

(St. Br.)

Neochloro

phyll.
Chlorophyllase.

2.51: Klein. 3. 281. 13A2,

.J, 5, 7, UR, 1-10f): DH. 23:

Carotinoid.

Chromoprotein.

Phyko.
cyan.

858. Chondrus

IN.1(15Ii

pi

Oxydase

ocellatus,
Lu Chiao
Holmes. (BN.) Ts'ai

SC.
Sea.

St. lU!): EN. {l97: Klein.


4 900
1 .

Gymllog01JglllS

Pi1l1lUlala,

(St.)

C1t 19;)

Iii'

-----1---,------1-------1---8MJ. Codium
tomentosulll,

Stack. (M.)

71'<.f~

Tung. St. 196: BN. 215: KO. 82: C. 1/ulLrOlla


tum, AS;
PNHB. 1927. 2.48:
IBN.)

pi

Shui Sungl

(lI1I

l'l )1

(C. fragile,

Hariot.)

860. Enteromorpha 'Vi fi II-p-!'I-p-ro-te-i-n--I Sea.


Kan T'ai
16%.
Linza. Ag.
(M.)
(oft 1!i:)
Fat 1.1%.
(Phy&oseris
1
Ash 34%.
crispala. Ktz.) I'
Cbhyd
39%.'
(DH.)
DRIEO SEA MOSS.

St. 491: BN. 863: PNHB. E. comprusa.


1927.2.47: Ch. J. Phys.
Japan.
SRI. 174: DH. 20:
LN. 1928.
681.72:

'BERNARD E. READ

28-1
LATIN NAi\'lE

jCHINESE \ PART CONSTlTU-j HASI-I


NA\IE USED
ENTS
TAT

8G 1. Gclidium
:n1Est: pi
Shih Hua
corneum,
Lamr. (M.J.). Ts'ai
(C. Am-aJlsii,
eft
Lam;.;:.)
fi!J tii
(G. cmii/agillt:1l1U,
Grev.) (Bl!I.)

G~lose
Se.
Sca.
GO%.
Protein
2.8%.
Fat 0.1%.
Cbhyd.
72.5,%.
Ash 2.0%.
Galactose.
Fructose.
Pcntose.
Iodine
0.05%.

*)

AGARAGAR.

8G2. Laminaria
japonica,
Arcsch.
(J.)

111
K'un l1i
Pu
IOJI!
k<i1i

hb Algin acid. Com.


Galactan.
Protein D%.
Fat 0.2%.
Cbhyd.
58%.
Ash 14%.
Fe, I, Ca,
As.
Pcntosan
8.1%.
.Methylpentosan
0.8%.
Glucose.
Fructose.
A. mannit.

~;k)

:1'!i

8G2A. L. saechao
rina, L.

(Br. St.)
SWEET TANGLE,

REFERENCE

REMARKS

St. -188: BN. 327: SAMP. Gracillaria


lichenoides
7:.!: CMP. 373: DH. 2-1:
(St.)
!DI. 1:-l9: PNHB. 1927.2.
50: BPe. 78: Han. 20G: (101M. -105)
USPX: Wat. 298: PJ. "Kanten"
1022 .. 55. 8G: MI. 523:
Jap.
JPSJ. 554. 383: 489. 931:
LN. 1928.681.7-1: CRAS.
1921. 173. 1-174: Klein.
3.272: eh. J. Phys. IV3>.
9. 3GU:

St. 2..J.: BN. 5B9: Br. 2. EuLero11lorpha


'UD: 3. 350: IMP. 1397:
i,,[eshun/is,
CRN. 502: IMM. 4!.H:
(HCM.57;)
eMF. ~ili: MI. 5G7: KO. "Kombu"
82: PJ. ID2:J. le9. 8G:
Jap.
JPSJ. IDO-l. 271. 735:
lU21. 468. IG,;: H.1912.
13. 2<9: JBe. 1914. 18.
3-1<: Ch. J. Phys. 1027.
1. D9: 1928. SRI. 17,t:
Klein. 2. 773: 3. 272:
JJIC. 28. 38G: 29. 509:
Kyoto. 1910. 7. 34: LN.
1928. 681. 71: DH. 22:

18G3. L. religiosa,
Miyabe (J.)

if~

).Ul:

pi

IIi

Hai'rai
(;;;~

864. lVlesogloia
if:i
decipiens,
Hai
Sur. (BN.)
(1ft
(C/adosiplwlt d.,
Sur.) (Saiki.)

1M;)

ill.

I 1'1

;Ill
;'~:';I

Protein 8%. Sea.


Fat 0.1%.
Cbhyd.
55%.
Ash 12.5%.
Fe, J, Ca,
As.

Protein
0.7%
Fat 0.1%.

Cbhyd.
O.G%.
Ash 24.4%.

St. 2-1, 231: BN. 7GO: KO.


82: vVat. 208: HCl\L 57,
70: Roy. Asia. S. NC.
1872.7.235: Ch. J. Phys.
1027. 1. D9: 1028. SRI.
1/4: DH. 23:

I Sea. I S~', 2-1: .~N 7G~:_ KO.


LN. 19"8.681. d.

82:

Ed/ow'a cava,

Kjel.

"Mozuku"
Jap.

CilD1ESE
LATIN NAME

MEDIC[~AL

CH1NESEIpART CONSTITU-\ HABINAi\lE USED


ENTS
TAT

8G5. Porphyra
~ $R
1'1
laciniata, Ag. Tzu Ts'ai
(M.J.)
Cit

,id

(P. p,l"Jml'~a.

!~!i!

Protein
97%

0:8%.

F;t
Cbhyd.

Fl!.
SC.
Sea.

~8%.

Ag.) (DH.)

Ash l[./~.

I'URPLE LAYER.

Iodine.
Mucilage.
St:lchydrin.

Fucose.
l\Iannose.

Gajactose.
Glykose.
Chloro-

PLA"TS

REFERENCE

28:"1
REUARI<S

St. ~47: B~. IIOG: P~HB. P. coccillia


(St.)
1927. 2. 49: USES. 1899.
68. 4G: Wat. 298: SAMP. P.l(!l/ua,
KjeI. (BN.)
72: KO. 82: WiI. - 2. G3:
AI'. 1925. 2. 75: IMP. P. "/ftlgarir
(WiI.)
I;{!JG: eRN. 519: ]B.192:{.
2. -/.:lD: Ann. eh. 1928. "Nori" Jap.
451. W: 19~0. 477. 195:
Ch. J. Phys. 1928. SRI.
17k lOa5. 9. san: LN.
I92G. 523. 352: 1928.
G81. 72: Klein. 2.857: 4.
iO I: 3. 1384; 98: DH.
23:

phyll.
Chromopro

tein.
Vits. A 4
13,.

BGG. Sargassum
siliquastrum.

Ag. (Er. G.
St.)

if~ . f:ii I~ Prote!n


4.2%.

lat Isao
C*' ~"')

fi

'1&
iH

SEAWEED.
OULFWEED.

:1:
,~

8U7. Ulva Lactuca,;o iii- 1'1


I.e Joi. (M.J.
Shih
Shun
BN.)
(Plwcourir
<1ft ill)
r;gida, Ktz.)
(DH.)

_U_~_~D_l~_N_IT_I_F_IE_D_1
~G8.

Chan Szu

(})II

llJi

~;kl

lit:
I H1rrt&!
;lii

Fat 0.8%. Sea.


Cbhyd.
57%.
Ash IG.7%.
Fe. I. Ca.
As.
Iodine
0.02%.
Chloroph Y!lase. Sea.
Chlorophyll.
Carotin.
Xanthophyll .
.Iodine

j-

I8

NC.
CC.

--:-1
0.004%

St. 23: Br. 2. 97: 3. ~57:


KO. 82: HCM. 128: JPSJ.
1884.34.484: l!\IG. 418.
lOGI: Kyoto. 1910.7.34:
JBC. 1914. 18.350: Ch.J.
Phys. 1927. 1. 99: '1928.
SRI. 174: 1935. 9. 3G9:
DH.22.

S.l!Jll!l7Ji.

J.A. (KO.)

B~. ~~4: PNI-lB. 1927. 2. U. latissima.


IMP. 1~9G.
47: JEC. 1914.' 18. 344:
Klein. 3. 138-1.. 5, i, 9:
Ch. J. Phys. 1935. 9. ~G9.
DI-l.20:
'"

---:----------1-----

Sung. St. 194:

Probahly
fJoralltlms sp.

on camphor
tree.
.

286

BERNARD E. READ

'LATIN NAME

8G9. Che K'uei

HABl-1
TAT

CHL~ESEI"ARTICONSTlTU'1
NAL\IE

RNTS

USED

REFERENCE

I/ill
~Irl I
C1f< ~"')J

871. Chich Ch'e


Hsiang

872. Chih Han

j1i;f1j"I,': rl
(!II! 1'1)

HEMARKS

Climbing
herbs.

I
870. Chi Li Ts'ao

Tri6tdtlS
ierrestris.
L.? 335.

Tung.
Si.

11~]lf'i'f

Hai-

pi

I( frt

ill)

1'(

R'I

Br. 2. 81,

2~8.

nan.

A mixture

(llII 1\')

of Taman';c

Manna,

P;,ms resin.
Glycyrrhiza,
Rehma1l1ua.

and hot
blood.(P.T.)

873. Chiu Hsien


Tzu

:JtAiIJ.:r

(lIf! 1'1)

rt

flllY;J,!f
874. Ch'cng Tung lI)1t\ff* wd
FuMu
0)1) ~)

,
875. eh'in Ti Li

SI. 495: HCM.

Rotten wood.

iii!

~r!i."Ni

.d

Chenopodium

UJf *) hb
87G. eh'ui Hu Ken

1~9:

sp?

IlllIPHl! rl
(:tit ill)

---877. E Pao

Jl\

#1r-:-

(WJ1 ~)I
878. Fang Chang
Mu

Itctl:*

(:tit ill)

I rl

lilJ3F

CHINESE MEDICINAL J;'LANTS


LATIN NAME

879. Fu Chi Tzu


Ken

SHINESEI
NA1\'1E.

m&li:'H~
(1ft ill)

CONSTlTU-1 HABl-1
ENTS
TAT

PART
USED

rt

REFERENCE

287
.REl\IARKS

if<~fJlI

------1------------1--------1---Br. 3. 54:.:

880. Huai Mu

881. Kan T'cng

it ill! ]uOJ!. JMi) ice


1:& iil!
lilt ill!

882. Ling Sholl Mu ~f;.i*

Oft ill)
Wi
1k;l!;H

883. Lo Yen Mu

%J!tl*
Wi *)

rtbk

5t
If

Rumexjapouicus,
l\Ieisn.?
(St.) (Polygonaceae)

884. Lu Mu

885. Mu Ma

88G. Pi Hui Lei

j:Uil1Jj

rt

ill)
j:Htlti

(ift

887, Po Ling T'eng 'B'fti.iNi

(U~I .1&\)1
If~UI!,i

bk

SO'.

288

HERNARD E. READ

LATIN. NAME

CHINESEI PART I CONSonTU-1 HABl-\


ENTS
TAT
\ NAME USED

_;_:~)I

8_8_8-,-'S_h_ih_C_h_in_g_1Ic_JiJ._,
_
889. Shih Kua

890. Tou Na
Hsiang

(:~:)

CM

ash

UEFERENCE

REMARKS

I--!I------'------I-----

::

Platycarya

~)

strobif(lua,

S. et Z. 5G7?

------1--- ---------1--------1---891. Tu Yung


Chiang Chun

1!1ilJllJI!flfL rt
UH
If

*)

892. Tzu Chin


T'eng

&P~"

T'i Hu Ts'ai

S9-L T'jen Hsien


T'eng

hb

~kq _

:K{IIDf*

0,,1

rt

...

Aristolochia

Hee. (Se).?
_ _ - 1 - - - - - - - - 1 ,-wu'V;/abra,

-'---------1--89!t:-Ts'ao Chin

-/,. n

r.t

fl

ill)

------1--896. Ts'ao Hsi


".!l. iii; rt

Tung.

Oft ill)

897:Wu Tzu 'Shih

:n:::-f1'f

sci

.Tung.

C!.W 1'1)

898. Yiieh Wang


Yii Snan.

1it!!=r{~~:1
pI
Oft ill)
I

Sci. d.
vVu Tzu Shu

:n:.:r-m
I Sea.

IVirgulariri?

INDEX OF ROMANIZ.ED CHINESE NAMES


MODIFIED FROM WADE'S SYSTEM

I CHINESE

NAME

I SERIAL NO1

PEN TS'AO REFERENCE

A
A Ch'u
*A Fu lung

A La Chi Chill
A Lo Han Ts'ao
A P'ien
A Po Le
A T'sa
A Wei
A Yii
A Yiich Hun Tzu
A;
Ai Chang
Ai Chill
Ai Haa
Ai K'ang
AiNa
Ai Na ~isiang
Ai Tzu
An Hsi Hsiang
An Hsi Hsiang K'c
An La Kua
An Lii
An Ma I.e
An Ma La Ch'ieh Kua
An Mo Lo Ch' jeh Kuo
An Shih Liu
An Shih Liu K'e
An

JIliJlfi

GO\
491

1~1J/!Wii!Ji

774

liliJ}1

41)1

1~1**

I'QIlld'l11i':
1~1~!VJ
1~1tl
1~1~
tl"J~

\lI'1 HilIl'JX

7Gla
377
2.")2a

220
220
314
9

~t'"
2>'3];

500,:'13

~~

13\

x:~:

G~4

xiXi

822
17

"&:-r

357

-Xtflff
x.B,~

x.B,W:n
1tHIHlIo
W:illi
W:)ffi!VJ

185
18518G
312
7
330

1!\HE!l!

XXiII.
~illi

~;JJV,':
\lI'1~~f(j:

XXXI.

I;

':i'"f

XXXIV. 14

\lI'1fP'!

XXX.

I~

XV.2
.f.~~

~I'~~
~

Hi"!iYJ

~~EI'fH;t

XIV. \li

1t?t:fJt

XXXIV. 12

XXX. .\
XV. 2
XXXI. 2

W:)I,"'I'6iffi!*

t~)~Imiffi!*

312
:;:;0

:i(1i~ftl

250

~::Ptm'fJ

5f>2

t1I1'J-

424

XXX.

8:t

}0,=-(~~If

1~HiK!l!
iI!)~)iilJ

XXX. I>

2;;0
~f.m

c
Cha Tzu
Chan I'll
Chan Hsiang

Chan Szu
Chan T'an
Chan T'ang Hsiang

Chan lao
Chang

~M
r.~rf

,JiWi
IMIff
{jJlr:"f

Mi

.w

G02a
70B
IO~."~O

501
T-H
492

.,

XXXVII. .\

tWff

XXXIV.

'\1It

XXXIV.

TI10SC with numbers in heavy type arc the proper names used in the Pen Ts'ao Kang :\lu.

1:{

200

BERNARD E. READ
CHINE..';E NA.1I,ffi

Chang Erh Hsi Hsin


Chang K'e
Chang Liu

Chang Nao
Chang T'Oli
Chao J{'ai Mu Lo Hua

Chao Li
Chao T'ai
Chao Tzu Chiang
Che

Che Erh
Che Hua
Che Huang

Che K'uei
Che Shang Mu
Chen
Chen
Chen

Chen Nti.
Chen 1"an
Chen Tzu
Chen 'Wei
Cheng l\'1a
Cheng Ping
Chi
Chi
Chi
Chi Ch 'ang Ts'ao
Chi Chao San Ling
Chi Chao Tzu

Chi Chi
Chi Ch'i
Chi Ch'i Tzu

Chi Chien
Chi Chu Tzu
Chi Chiin
Chi Fu Lan
ChiHo

. Chi Hsiang Ts'ao


Chi Hsieh

Chi Hsieh
Chi Hsing Tzu
Chi Hsiich Ts'ao
Chi Kc
Chi K'e eh'cng
Chi Ku

Chi Ku Hsiang
Chi Kuan

SERIAL NO.

G2G

492-502
555
493
835
27D
291
481
700
599
8-12
352
842
869
80
499
511
GL8

182
40.+,590
618
12G

108
7648
78,527
751
751
22,151,223
720
289
626
40G
387
290
289
828
0545+2
29,30
588
780
29G
132
G87
345
781
342
559

PEN TS'AO REFERENCE

UIl;.lESE

I
Chi
Chi
Chi
Chi
Chi

Kuan Hsien
Kung
Li
Li K'e
Li Ts'ao:

Chi Mci

Chi Mi

~[ED1CI"1AL

CHINESE NAME

PLA;.ITS

SERIAL NO.

558
289
364
3G3-36-1

870
422

7tJ

Chi N.i

(j7t'

Chi Po Lo
Chi She Hsiang
Chi Shih
Chi Su
Chi Sui Ts'ao
Chi Sung ICe
Chi T'ou
Chi Ts'ao
Chi Tsu
Chi Tsung
Chi T'ui Ken
Chi T'zu
Chi \Van
Chi Yung

:171

Chia

Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia
Chia

Chien Tou
Ch'iug Tzu
Chu T'ao
Chu T'ao ICc
Chii Le
Hao
Ju Shu

Mi
Su
Ts'ao

Chiang

Chiang Chen Hsiang


Chiang Chich
Chiang Chu
Chiang Chlln
Chiang Hui
Chiang Huang
Chiang Li
Chiang Li
Chiang Mang
Chiang Nan Ta Ch'ing
Chiang Pan Ts'ao
Chiang Shu<lllg
Chiang Tou.

2-1-1
243

1-11
:~M~

191

5..Jl
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5-1-1
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342

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231
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378,395
-180

325

-t 17
417

291

PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

-mii

;f,f!tl!
XVI. 20

BERNARD E. READ

29:J.

I
Chiang Ts'ao
Chiang Yu
Chiao Chia Chih
Chiao HaD
Chiao Hsiang
Chiao Huai
Chiao Lei
Chiao 1'.Ii
Chiao Shih
Chiao Shih
Chiao Shu
Chiao T'eng
Chiao 1'5'ao
Chiao Tzu
Chieh

Chieh Ch'e Hsiang


Chil'" Ch'ilm Ts'ao
Chich Fen
Chich I-lsii Ts'ao
Chich Hua
Chich Hun
Chich Kcng
Chieh Keng K'e
Chieh Ku
Chich Ku Mu
Chich Ku 1's'ao
Chich Li
Chich Li
Chich P'o Lo H~iang
Chich Tsu
Chieh 1'511
Chich Tu
Chich Tu Tzu
Chieh Vii
Chien
Chien Chin Hua
Chien Ch'un Lo
Chien Chung Hsiao
Chien Hung Lo
Chien Ken
Chien Ken
Chien ](uo
Chien Mao
Chien Szu Ts'ao
Chien Ta 1's'ao
Chien Tao 1's'ao
Chien 1"ou Ts'ao
Chien 1'5'ao

CHINESE NAME
n~-l:I~(

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"&:!Jott

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w,tftl

tiXi!h

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I SERIAL NO. I PEN TS' AO REFERENCE


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389b
289
100
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302
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782

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XVIII. 19

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I
Chien Tse Ts'ao
Chih

Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih
Chih

Chia Hua
Chiang
Chiao
Chu
Chu Hsiang
Chii
Ch'i"
eh'iieh
Han
Hsing
Lan
Li

Chih Lien
Chih Lu
Chih Ma
Chih Mu
Chib Iii 'Van
Chih Shih
Chib Tzu
Chin

Chin Ch'ai
Chin eh 'ai Ku
Chin Chan Tstaa
Chin Chan Yin T'ai
Chin Chen Ts'ai
Chin Chiao
Chin Chiao Nao
Chin Cil'iao Erh Chiao
Chin eh'iao Mai
Chin eh'ien Hua
Chin Ch'ien Po Ho
Chin Ch'ill
Cbin Chu
Chin Chll
Chin Ch'nan Ts'ao
Chin eh'uang Hsiao Ts'ao
Chin Feng Hua
Chin Fu Ts'ao
Chin Hsien Ts'ai
Chin Hsien Ts'ao
Chin Hsing Ts'ao
Chin lui
Chin Kan
Chin Kang Ken
Chin Ken

CHLNESE NA!\lE

SERIAL

NO1

33
349
832
248

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229
289

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294

t CHrNESE

eh in Kou

~.I u

Chin Kuei

Chin K'uei
Chin K'uei
Chin K'uei K'c
Chin
Chin
Chin
Chin

Kung Hua
Kuo
Li Chih
Lien Tzu

Chin Ling Ts'ao


Chin Ling Tzu
Chin Lou

Chin Lii Mci K'c


Chin Pu Huan

~~i\IE

1/i:iiJ:*

1/i:f~

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Ching
Ching Chieh
Ching Cil'in

Ching Chung T'ai


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Chillg 1\'lu
Ching
Ching
Ching
Ching
Ching
Ching
Ching

P'u
San Ling
San Ling
Tao
T'ien
ricll K'c
Yang Hua

184
539

280

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2i-l280

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Chin
Chin
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Chin Sheng
Chin So Yao
Chin Szu 1"ao K'c
Chin Szu Tst ao
Chin T'ao
Chin Teng
Chin Ti 1.0
Chin Ts'ai K'c
Chin Tsan Ts'ao
Chin Ts'ao
Chin Ts'ao

E. READ

/,it~(7(

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T SAO REFERENCE

732

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XXVI.

Chiu Chen T'eng

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CHI1':ESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I CH!.NESE
Chiu Chiu
Chill Ch'iung Ts'uo
Chiu Hsien Tzu
Chill Hua
Chiu Kc
Chiu Mu

Chill
Chill
Chill
Chill

Niu Ts'uo
T'ou Shih Tzu Ts'ao
Tsao
Tu

Chill Ymg Sung


Chou

Chou Ma
Chou 1\'1 ien Huan Tan
Chou Mien Ts'ao

Chou Ying
Chu
Chu
Chu
Chu Che
Chu Chi Ts'ao

Chu Chiao
ehu Chin

Chu Chli
Chu .t.rh
Chu Hsin

Chu Huang:
Chu ]ou
Chu ]u
Chu Kan
Chu Kao Mu
Chu Ke Ts'ai
Chu Ken
Chu Ku
Chu Ku
Chu Ling
Chu Ling
Chu Luan
Chu Ma
Chu Ma
Chu Ma
Chu Meng
Chu Mi
Chu Mu
Ghu Sha Ken
Chu Shih

Ghu Sun
Ghu T'ai

NAME

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XlII. 15
XXVII. IO

/r'rr.j

BERNARD 10. READ

2DG

CHINESE NAME

Chu T'ang
Chu T'ao
Chu T'icll
Chu Tzu
Chu T7.lI
Chu Ya
Chu Ya Ts'ao
Chu Yao Tzu
Chu Yeh Ts'ai
Chu Yii
Chu Yiian Sui
Chui Fcng. Shih
Chung
Chung lung
Chung K'uci
Chung Kuo
Chung Szu Tsao
Chullg Yao
Chii
Chii
Cuii
Chii
Chii
Chii
Cbii (Kou) Chi
Chi"l (Kou) Chi
Chii (Kou) Ch'i
Chii Chiang
Chii Chih
Cbii Chii
Ch ii Ch ii ]\[ai
Chli Hung
Chi"l Huo
CJiii Jo "
Chii K'e
Cil ii (Kou) Ku
Chii Ku
Chii Kua
Chii Liu
Chil Ma
Chii Pai
Chii Pci
Chii Sheng
Chii Shuang
Chii T'icn P'i
Chii T'ien Ts'aCJ
Chii Ts'ai
Chii Ts'ao

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CHI 'ESE )IEDICINAL PLANTS

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Chii Tzu
Chii (Kou) Yiian
Ch'uan Erh
Ghuan Pai
Chlian Pai I{'e
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Ch'ai Ch'i
Ch'ai Chich
CWaiHu
Ch'ai Tzu Ku
Ch'an Chih .Mu Tan
Ch'an Ch'u Lan
Gh'an Tzu

Ch'ang P'u
Ch'ang Shan
Ch'aug Sheng Ilu Szu Ts'ao
Ch'ang Sheng Ts'ao
Ch'ang Sung
Ch'ang Szu
Ch'ang Yang
Ch'c Ch'ien
Ch'e Ch'ien K'c
Ch'e I-bia Li
Ch 'e LUll Ts'ai
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XXXIV. 5

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NAME

297

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2118

I
Gh'en Chih Pai
Ch'en Fan
Ch'en Hsiang
Ch'en Lin Mi
Ch'en P'i
Ch'en Shui l-bian ~
eh 'cn Ts'ang Ali
Ch'eng
Ch'eng Chi
Ch'eng Kao
Ch'eng Li Ch'ih Chu
Gh'cng Liu
Ch'cng Lin K'e
Ch'eng Lu HsicH
Ch'cng Tsao
Ch'cng Tung Fu l\Iu
Ch'eng Yeh
Ch'i
Ch'i
Ch'i
Ch'i
Ch'i
Ch'i Chang Ts'ao
Ch'i Ching
Ch'i Hao
Ch'i Hsing Ts'ao
Ch'i Ku TS",l()
Ch'i Li Hsiang
Ch'i Lin Cliich
Ch'i Ni
Ch'i Ni
Ch'i Ning
Ch'i Shih
Ch'i Shill'
Ch'i Shih
Ch'i Shu K'c
Ch'i T'ou Hao
Ch'i Tun ](uo
Ch'i Yang Ts'ao
Ch'i Yeh I Chih l-lua
Ch'i Yeh Shu K'c
Ch'iang Ch'ing
Ch'iang Ch'll
Ch'iang Huo
Ch'iang Lii
Ch'iang Mi
Ch'iang T'ao
Ch'iang 'Wei

CHINESE NAME

SERIAL NO1 PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

5iG
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252
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NO. \ PEN TS' AQ REFERENCE

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Feng Yao
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FuChii
Fu Chu
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I'u Fang T'cng
Fu Hsii
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724
90
421, 622
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I
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1lei San Ling
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Hei Tsao
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1-10

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Ho ShOll \\Tu
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Ho Ych
Ho Yiian Tzu
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HOll P'i
HOll P'o
HOll Shu Ts'ao
Hou So
HOll
HOll
HOll

Suan
T'ao

Chii

Hsi

Hsi
Hsi
Hsi Cil'an Ts'ao
Hsi Chang Tan

Hsi Ght'!
Hsi Erh
Hsi Hsieh
Hsi Hsien
Hsi Hsien
Hsi Hsin
Hsi Hu Lu
Hsi Kua
Hsi Kuo Ts'ao
Hsi l\b
Hsi Ming
Hsi Sun
Hsi Tsao
Hsi Tu
Hsi Tzu

Hsi Wang Mu'Chang

NAME

I SERIAL

NO.

247
G3G
2GO
728-777
542
20
GGG
576
448
GI9
247
407
55
370
542
424
422
808
347
858
511
511
200a
724
538
508
347
585
542
775

138
713
4G, 122
50
815
45
45
587
G1
57
457
598
290,484
703

333
fi27
270
115

I PEN TS'AO

REFERENCE

XXXV. 13

$i\Yr

~~p

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I
Hsi Wang Mu'Tsan
"sia
Hsia Chu Shih
Hsia Chii
Hsia Chtl
Hsia 1('u 1'5'ao
Hsia Ma Hsien
Hsia Mo I
Hsia Mo Lan
Hsiang Chia P'i
Hsiang Ch 'un
Hsiang Fu Tzu
Hsiang Hao
Hsiang Ho
Hsiang Ho JCe
Hsiang Hsin
Hsiang Jou
Hsiang Ju
Hsiang .Tung
Hsiang Kai.
Hsiang Ku
Hsiang Kuo
Hsiang 1\'1a
Hsiang Mao
Hsiang P'u
Hsiang P'u K'c
Hsiang Shih
Hsiang Shui Lan
Hsiang Su
Hsiang Sui
Hsiang Szu Tzu
Hsiang Tan
Hsiang T'ien 1's'ao
Hsiang Tou
Hsiang TOll
H~iang Ts'ai
Hsiang 1'5'ao
Hsiang 1'5'ao
Hsiang Yiian
Hsiao

Hsiao
Hsiao Ch'ao.Ts'ai
Hsiao Chi
Hsiao Chin Chih
Hsiao Chin \Vang 1's'ao
Hsiao Ching
Hsiap Ch' ing
Hsiao Hsin .

CHINESE NAME

SERIAL NO.

G95
99
8~9
~7

:H5
122.126

a:H
90
20
234
~~~

724
~

G~9

G38-651

824
123
123
123
312
~90

21G
729

35
782
782
612
33
92.1~9,141

217

3G8
G7~

4G9
407
G12
123.13~
33.1~~a

M9
~~Ga

207
727
~15

29

5n
204
H8
394
587

~07

PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

.zos

BERNARD E. READ

I
Hsiao Hui Hsi~ng
Hsiao Kuei
Hsiao Lung Ya
Hsiao Ala
Hsiao l\Iai
Hsia6l\Ii
Hsiao Pai Ts'a-j

Hsiao P'ing
Hsiao Po
Hsiao Po l{' c
Hsiao Shih Chi
1[siao Suan
J Isiao Suan MAO
Hsiao T'ao lIung
Hsiao 1'5'ao

Hsiao "Van Chin


Hsiao Yang
Hsieh

Hsieh I-lao
Hsieh P'o Ts'ai
"sicn

Hsien
Hsicn
Hsien Chao Tzu
Hsicn Chih
Hsien Hsiang
HsieH Hsiao Ts'ao
Hsicn I Liang
J-Isicn Jen Chang
]lsicn Jell Chang
Hsien Jen Chang Ts'ao
Hsiel1 Jen Chang Ts'ao
] Isicn Jen T5'ao
Hsien Jen Yi.i Liang
Hsicll Kang
Hsien K'c
Hsien Ling P'i
Hsien Mao
Hsicn Mao
Hsien Nli Chiao
Hsicn tll Hao'
Hsien Su
Hsien Tsao
Hsien Ts'ao
"sin Chih
Hsin Hao
Hsin I
Hsin 1.0 Sung Izu

CHINESE NAME

IHifr
IHt

'/Hm~-

IJ'W,i

IJ'~

11-;11<
IHH'R
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IH~~

IH.\iiOf-t
IH11;'(

SElUAL NO1 PEN TS'AO REFERENCE

227
494
442
598
764
689b
476
702
518
518522
(iii
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IJ,1{(

:::;:;
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XXVI. 1~

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XX.-I
XX.4

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XXXIV.
jfjt~'f, '

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I CHINESE
"sing
Hsing
Hsing Shen
Hsing T'aug
Hsing Ts'ai

Hsing Yeh Sh. Shen


Hsing Yeh Ts'ao
Hsiu

Hsiu T'icn Hua


Hsiu T'ien Ts'ao
Hsiu Yii
Hsiung Ch'iung

NAME

I SERIAL NO1
444
G88

52
114

170
52
18

PEN TS' AQ REFERENCE

XXIX, I
~~
'JffH!.
'~~

XIX. G

4-lii

ftlif/\'

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583
520
705

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166

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155

ttEAE

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Hsu Chin Ken
Hsu Ken Ts'ao

Hsii Ku Mu
Hsi", Sui Tzu
Hsii Tuan
Hsi'l Yl.
Hsiian Chi

Hsiian Fu
HSllan Fu H ua
H5iiao Hu &>
Hsiian Huan
Hsiian Hua ICc
Hsiian 1{ou Tzu
IIsiian Kuan
Hsiian Shen
I-Isiian Shen K' c
Hsiian Shih
Hsiian T'ai
Hsiian T'ao
Hsuan Ts'ao
Hsiian Yii
Hsueh Chich
Hsiieh Chu
HSllch Chien Ch'ou
Hsiieh Fcng Tst ao
HSllch Shen
Hsilch T'eng
Hs"ain
Hsii." Chtii
Hsiin Feng Teng
Hsiin Lu Hsiang
Hsiin Ma

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72~

77

326
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XXXIV, I!
XVII. 2G

BERNARD E. READ

310

I CHINESE NAME I SERIAL NO: I PEN TS' AQ REFERENcE


Hsiin Mu
Hsiin Ts'ao
~u

Hu
Hu Chang
Hu Chang
Hu Chen Tzu
Hu Chi

Hu Ch'iang Shih (he


Hu Chiao
Hu Chiao K'c
Hu Chiao Ts'ai

Hu
Iiu
Hu
Bu

Chieh
eh'in
Chin Ts'aIJ
Chill Tzu

Hu Ch'iung

Hu Erh Ts'ao
Hu Erh Ts'ao K'e
HuHsi

Hu Hsu
Hu Hsu Ts'ao
Hu Huang Lie:l

m*

ffiI,\:
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134a
. 107
672
571
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314
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212

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Hu Kao
Bu Kua

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Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu

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Lo Fu
Lu
Lu K'c
Ltl Ma
Lu Pa
l\Ia
Ma

Hu Ma K'c

Hu Man Ts'ao
Hu Mu Shu
Hu Po
Hu PoHo
Hu Sheng Ts'ao
Hu Shih
Hu Su
Hu Sui
Hu Sun Chiang
Hu Sun T'ou

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til! lJi

45,709

60

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219
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CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS

I CHINESE NAME I SERIAL NO1


Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Htl
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu
Hu

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1"ao K'e

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325
619
619620.
398
402,413
217,473
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353
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664
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XXX. 10

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v>iiIi. ;gli
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BERNARD E. READ

312

I CHINESE NAME 1 SERIAL NO.


Huang Cheng
Huang Ch'i
Huang Ch'i
Huang Chich
Huang Chien
Huang Chih
Huang Chih Chu
Huang Chin
Huang Gll'in
Huang Ching
Huang Ching
Huang Chii
Huang Hao
Huang Hsin
Huang Hua Hao
Huang Hua Ti Tillg
Huang Hua 'l':;'ai
Huang Huan
Huang Hun
Huang I
Huang Kan
Huang Kua
I-luang Kua T~'ai
Huang K'uei
I-luang Lan
Huang Li Lu
Huang Liang
Huang Lien
Huang Lien TSli
Huang Ling 1'5'ao
Huang ru
Huang ~'Ia
Huang Mao
H\!allg" .J\'lei Hua
Huang No
.
Huang Po
Huang P'o Nai
Huang Shell
Huang Shu K'uci
Huang Su Hsing
Huang Sun
Huang Ta Chi
Huang Ta Tau
Huang T'cng
Huang Ts'ao'

Huang Tu
Huang Tu Chiian
Huang Tung

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372

372
375
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PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS


CHINESE NAME

Huang Tzu
Huang Wen
Huang Yang ICc-.
Huang Yang AIu

Huang Yao Tzu


Huang Yuan

SERIAL NO.

854

HO
320
320
533
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358

Hui
Hui Chi

51:t

Hui Ch'uang
Hui Hsiang
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Hui Hui Ts'ungHui Ku
Hui Ti
Hui Ti Ts'ai
Hui T5'ao
Hui Ts'ao
Hui Yiin
Hun 'Is'ai
Hung Chiao
Hung Chieh
Hung Chih Ghu

Hung Ch'll
Hung Hsien ~
Hung Hsin Hui Ti
Hung Bua
Hung Hua Ts'ai
Hung Hui

Hung Lan Hua


Hung Lan Tsao
Hung Mao Ts'ao
Hung
Hung
Hung
Hung

Mu K'c
Nci Hsiao Pai Lien HuaPo Ho

Hung T'eng
Hung TOll
Hung TOll ]{'Oll
Hung T'ou

Hung Ts'ao
Hung Yao TZII
Huo

Huo Chill

Huo Hsiang
Huo Hsicn
Huo Hsien Ts'ao
HUD Lu Ts'ao

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120
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313..
PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

BERNARD E. READ

3-14

CHINESE NAME

Hua Ma

Jklij

Hua Mi
Huo ~Iu

Hua Mu
Hua Pa Hua
Huo Shen

Huo Shih ICc P'a Tu


Hua T'an Mu Ts'ao
Huo Ts'ung

1"uo
Huo Yen Ts'ao
HUD

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SERIAL NO.

598
748
471

675
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582
175

242
663
238
1513

357
785
176
302
66 I
640
737
79
737
625
126, 562

190
126
679
785
241
745d
9

103
134
421,622

PEN TS' AQ REFERENCE

:klli
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CHINESE MEDICINAL PLA 'TS


CHINESE NAME

Jen
Jen
Jen
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Shen
Tung
Tung K'e
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Jih Chi
Jih Ching

Jo

Jo
Jo Chih
Jo Liu
Jo rou

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Jou Tou Hun.
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278,279
27
757
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XVIII. 23, *I"l~

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Kan Chi Chin

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BERNARD E. READ

.I
Kan Kao

Kan"I<eil
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan

Kua
Kuci
Lan
Lan
Lan J('c .
Lu T?ou
Mi
P'u
Sui
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Sung Hsiang

Kan 1"ai

Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan
Kan

T'ang
T'eng
T'eng
Ts'ao
Tse

Kang eh'ien

Ka.ng Tzu
Kao
Kao Fei

Kao Liang
_
Kao Liang Chiang
Kao Lu
K~o

Pa
Kao Pcn

K,

Kc Chu Ts'a.o

Ke I-To Hsien
Ke Hu T'zu Hua'
Ke Hua Ts'ai
KeJu
Ke Ku Lu Tsc
Ke Le Man
]{c T'iell Piao
Kc T'sung
Ken
Ken Chiu
Keng

Keng
Keng Sheng.
Keng Ts'ao
Keng Tzu

Kou Chi
Kou Ch'i
Kou Chiao

Kou Ch'ing

CHINESE NAME

-I

SERIAL NO.

328
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58
210
337
475
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it~

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I CHINESE NAME
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Kou
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Li
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Ku Lang l\Iu
Ku Mei
Ku AIi
K'u Pei
Ku Sang
Ku Sui Pu
Ku Ts'ai
Ku Tzu
Ku Tzu Hua
Ku Ya
Ku Ying
Kua Lou
Kua Lou
Kua Lu
Kua Tzu Sling.
Kuan

Kuan
Kuan
Kuan
Kuan
Kuan
Kuan

Chich

Ch'ii
Chung
Ts'ao
Yin Lien
Yin Liu
Kuang Feng 1'5'ao
Kuang Lang Tzu
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Kuei Chien

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Kuei
Kuei
Kuei
Kuei

Chien Gh'on
Gh'ih
Chiu
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Kuei
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Kuei Mil

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Kuei
Ruei
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K'e T'eng Tzu
R'c Tung
K'e Tzu
R'c Tzu
K'ou
K'u Chang
K'u Chen
K'u Ch'i
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XXXVII. G
XVII. 21

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j{'u Shu
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K'u Ti Ts'ao
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j{'ll Tsao
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177
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280
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j{'u Yao
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K'uai Kuo
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725

L
La Mei

PEN TS'AO REFERENCE

504

XXXVI. IG

BERSIARD E. READ
CHI.'ES NAME

La Mei K'e
La Ali Ts'ai

La Shu
La Tzu:"'
Lai
Lai Ch'in
Lai Fli
Lai P'u T'ao Lan
Lan Fu Chen
Lan Hsiang
Lan Hsiang
Lan Hua
Lan R'e
Lan Ken
Lan Ku 1's'30 Lan Shih 1'.5'ao
Lan Sun
Lan Tien
Lan Ts'ai
Lan 1's'ao
Lan Tse

1'5:ao
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Lang Mao'
Lang Mei
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Lang Tang
Lang Tu
J~ang Tzu
Lang 'Wei 1's'ao

Lang ;Ya

J4ang 'feh Ts..~o


Lang Yii
Lao Chi T'ou

Lao Ch'iang ~~'e


Lao Hu Hua
LaoMi
Lao Shao Nien
Lao Tau
Lao Weng 'Hsii
Lao Ya Kua
Lao Ya Suan-
Lao Ya Suan Chiang Ts'ao
Lao Ya Yen Ching Ts'ao
Lao Yang Tzu

SERIAL NO.

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CHINESE NAi\-IE

Le Ts'ao
Lei Shih
Lei Shih

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Li
Li
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Chih
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LiFu
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Li Lu

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BERNARD E. READ
CHINESE NAl\IE

Liao K'e
Liao Ltl
Liao Ych
Lieh P'o

Lieh Tang
Lich Tang K'e
Lien

Lien
Lien
Lien Chi Ts'ao
Lien Chiang
Lien Ch'iao
Lien Ch'ien Ts'ao
Lien Chu
Lien Ch'ung Lu
Lien Fang
Lien Hua
Lien I
Lien Jui Hsii
Lien K'c
Lien !\Iu
Lien Ou
Lien P'eng K'e
Lien Pu
Lien Shao
Lien Shih
Lien Shih Ts'ao
Lien Tzu Hsin
Lien Tzu Ts'a6
lin Ch'in
Lin Hao
Lin Lan
Lin .Mu
ling

Ling Chih
Ling Ch'iian
Ling Erh Ts'ao
Ling Hsiang Ts'ao
LingJ-lsiao
Ling Kao
Ling Lei
Ling Ling Hsiang
Ling Shih
Ling Shou l\'Iu
Ling T'iao
Ling Tse
Ling T'ung
Ling Yu

SERIAL NO.

564-584
552
757
511
95
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176
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132
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243
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328
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PEN TS' AO REFERENCE

CHrNESE MEDICINAL PLA:-.ITS


CHINESE NAME

Ling Vii
Ling Yli Tzu.
Liu
Lin

Lin Erh
Lin Chi Nu Ts'ao
Lin Chi Sheng
Lin eh'in Tzu
Lin Hsing Ts'ao
Lin Rna Ts'ao
Lin Yiieh Ling
Lin Yiieh Shuang
L.

La Chou
Lo Fu
Lo Hao
La K'uei
La K'uei l{'e
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Lo Shen Chu
La Shih

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La Yen Mu
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lou Haa
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Lou Lan Tzu


Lou Lu
Lu
Lu Ch'ang
Lu Chi
Lu Chiao Ts'ai
Lu Chien
Lu Chiu
Lu Chu
Lu Chu
Lu Chu
Lu Chii
Lu Hsien
Lu Hui
Lu Huo
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