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Activated Charcoal

Classification: Absorbent, Antidote


Mechanism of Action: Activated charcoal is a fine black powder
And adsorbs ingested toxins. Once the drug binds to the activated charcoal, the combined
complex is excreted in the feces.
Indications: Many oral poisonings and medication overdoses
Adverse Side Effects: May indirectly induce nausea and vomiting. May cause constipation or
mild, transient diarrhea.
Contraindications: Corrosives, caustics, petroleum distillates,
Dosage: 1 g/kg, Prepared in a slurry and administered PO.
Special Considerations: may blacken feces. Must be stroed in closed container. Does not absorb
all drugs and toxic substances. (eg. Phenobarbital, aspirin, cyanide, lithium, iron, lead and
arenic).
Pregnancy Class - C
Onset of Action: Immediate
Duration: Continual while in gastrointestinal tract; reaches equilibrium once saturated
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