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North American Stainless Long Products Stainless Steel Grade Sheet 416 (S41600) INTRODUCTION Type 416 is

North American Stainless

Long Products Stainless Steel Grade Sheet

416 (S41600)

INTRODUCTION

Type 416 is high-hardenability martensitic, 12 per cent chromium stainless steel, which is magnetic in all conditions. It contains high sulfur as a free-machining additive. It can be hardened by heat treatment and then can be tempered to meet a wide range of mechanical properties.

PRODUCTS AVAILABLE

Round Bars. See product sheet for dimensions, tolerances, finishes available and other details.

Standard Chemical Composition

Elements

C

MN

P

S

SI

CR

UNS

S41600

416

Min

0.15

12.00

C MN P S SI CR UNS S41600 4 1 6 M i n 0.15 12.00
C MN P S SI CR UNS S41600 4 1 6 M i n 0.15 12.00

Max

0.15

1.25

0.060

S41600 4 1 6 M i n 0.15 12.00 M a x 0.15 1.25 0.060 1.00

1.00

14.00

Nominal Mechanical Properties

 

Tensile

Yield

%

%

Hardness

Condition

Strength

Strength

Elongation

Reduction

HB

ksi[MPa]

ksi[MPa]

4d

in Area

Annealed & Cold Finished

90[620]

80[550]

15

50

190

Hardened and Tempered @ 1200°F

110[760]

85[585]

18

55

225

HEAT TREATMENT

FULL ANNEALING: Metal should be heated to 1550°F–1650°F, held for ½ hour per inch of thickness and furnace cooled to 50°F per hour maximum to 1100°F, then cooled in air, water or oil.

HARDENABILITY: It can be hardened to Rockwell C35 minimum by air cooling or oil quenching from 1750°F–1850°F. Oil quenching is preferred for better impact properties. TEMPERING: After hardening, tempering in the range of 400°F–1400°F for from 1 to 4 hours will allow the steel to meet a wide range of mechanical properties. Tempering in

the range of 750°F–1075°F is generally not recommended because of reduced corrosion resistance and impact strength.

CORROSION RESISTANCE: Its corrosion resistance is inferior to that of other 430 ferritic stainless steel and in severe corrosive conditions will require additional protection. Maximum corrosion resistance is developed in the hardened condition but the surface must be free from scale and foreign matter to prevent galvanic corrosion. It is recommended to passive after final fabrication.

HEAT RESISTANCE: Type 416 has fair resistance to scaling and is sometimes used for burner parts. Scaling temperatures in air are 1400°F for intermittent use and 1250°F for continuous use.

COLD WORKABILITY: Type 416 can withstand only minor cold-working operation and is not recommended for parts requiring severe cold forming.

HOT WORKABILITY: It is inferior to other grades but can be forged. The temperature should not exceed 2200°F and should not be below 1700°F. Simple forgings can be air cooled but heavy or more complex shapes must be equalized at about 1300°F and furnace cooled.

MACHINABILITY: This grade has high machinability.

WELDING: High sulfur grades are generally not recommended to be fusion welded. If welded, a preheating and post heating are required to prevent cracking.

DISCLAIMER

The material contained in this Web Page/Sheet has been designed as a guide for customers of North American Stainless. However, the material contained herein is not intended as a substitute for any person’s procedures and should not be used or relied upon for any specific or general application without first obtaining competent advice. Furthermore, North American Stainless disclaims any responsibility for the suitability of the steel in question for any particular purpose or for the performance or selection of the steel, unless North American Stainless specifically authorizes the purpose or selection. The material contained in this Web Page/Sheet does not purport to be a comprehensive or exhaustive statement of all relevant material applicable to special and general steel products and no representation, condition or warranty, express or implied, is given by North American Stainless as to the accuracy or completeness of this Web Page/Sheet and, so far as is permitted by law, North American Stainless, its members, staff and consultants disclaim any duty of care in relation to the preparation of this Web Page/Sheet and the information that it contains and shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential loss, damage or injury suffered by any person, howsoever caused as a result of relying on any statement in or omission to this Web Page/Sheet and any such liability is expressly disclaimed. North American Stainless shall not be liable in the event of a breakdown, malfunction or failure occurring due to faulty design, material

or workmanship of the steel, whether based on the information contained herein or not, and shall not, under any circumstances, be liable for any damages, either direct or indirect, particularly consequential damages, including but not limited to damages for loss of profits.