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Mapping space standards for the home - graph of gross internal area - GIA (m²)

A graphical comparison of significant recent housing space standards set for England and Ireland over the last 60 years. It indicates where standards have been applied to public and/or private sector housing, where they were derived from, and illustrates the variation in area prescribed by various organisations and for particular dwelling sizes and occupancy levels.

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 GIA in
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
GIA in square metres
1b2p
2b3p
2b4p
3b4p
3b5p
3b6p
4b5p
4b6p
2b3p
2b4p
3b4p
3b5p
4b5p
4b6p
3b5p
4b5p
4b6p

Dwellings by type: Flats, 2 storey Houses, 3 storey Houses

HCA Mar-10Dwellings by type: Flats, 2 storey Houses, 3 storey Houses GLA (Housing Design Guide) 2010 English

GLA (Housing Design Guide)by type: Flats, 2 storey Houses, 3 storey Houses HCA Mar-10 2010 English Partnerships Nov-07 Housing

2010

English Partnerships Nov-073 storey Houses HCA Mar-10 GLA (Housing Design Guide) 2010 Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) minimum Apr-07

Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) minimum Apr-07GLA (Housing Design Guide) 2010 English Partnerships Nov-07 Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) maximum Apr-07 Irish

Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) maximum Apr-07Nov-07 Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) minimum Apr-07 Irish Standards 2007 Sunderland Housing Group: Swing a Cat

Irish Standards 2007Apr-07 Housing Corporation Standards (HQI) maximum Apr-07 Sunderland Housing Group: Swing a Cat minimum 2007

Sunderland Housing Group:Standards (HQI) maximum Apr-07 Irish Standards 2007 Swing a Cat minimum 2007 Sunderland Housing Group: Swing

Swing a Cat minimum 2007

Sunderland Housing Group:2007 Sunderland Housing Group: Swing a Cat minimum 2007 Swing a Cat min. 2007 Parker Morris

Swing a Cat min. 2007

Parker Morris 1961minimum 2007 Sunderland Housing Group: Swing a Cat min. 2007 1949 standard mean   Gross  

1949 standard meanHousing Group: Swing a Cat min. 2007 Parker Morris 1961   Gross       Housing

 

Gross

     

Housing

   

Sunderland

     

Internal

GLA (Housing

Corporation

Housing

Area

Design Guide):

English

Standards

Irish

Group: Swing

Parker

1949

Categories

(GIA) m²

HCA

2010

Partnerships

(HQI)

Standards

a Cat

Morris

standard

         

min.

max.

 

min.

max.

 

mean

Date

 

Mar-10

2010

Nov-07

Apr-07

 

2007

2007

1961

1949

1b1p

                 

27.9

1b2p

48

50

51

30

35

45

40

57

43

 

2b1p

                 

32.5

2b2p

                 

46.5

2b3p

61

61

66

45

50

63

57

80

58

 

2b4p

70

70

77

45

50

73

57

80

71

 

3b4p

 

74

 

57

67

76

65

90

 

65.1

3b5p

86

86

93

57

67

86

65

90

80

 

3b6p

 

95

 

57

67

94

65

90

   

4b5p

 

90

 

67

75

 

72

102

 

79

Flats

4b6p

99

99

106

67

75

 

72

102

87

83.6

 

2b3p

71

 

66

45

50

70

57

80

   

2b4p

80

83

77

45

50

80

57

80

77

72

3b4p

 

87

 

57

67

83

65

90

   

3b5p

96

96

93

57

67

92

65

90

 

85.6

2

storey

4b5p

 

100

 

67

75

 

72

102

   

house

4b6p

109

107

106

67

75

 

72

102

95

97.1

 

3b5p

101

102

93

   

102

65

90

96

95.3

3

storey

4b5p

 

106

       

72

102

   

house

4b6p

114

113

106

     

72

102

100

106.4

113 106       72 102 100 106.4 Summary of standards Homes and Communities Agency

Summary of standards

Homes and Communities Agency (2010): Space standards proposed by the Homes and Communities Agency and currently out for consultation.

GLA Housing Design Standards (2010): These dimensions are derived from an inventory of required furniture

as well as space needed for activities, access around furniture and Lifetime Homes Standards. Although applicable only to publically funded housing at this point, the intention is for these standards to become

requirements for private housing also.

English Partnerships (Nov 2007): These standards were set for all housing delivered on English Partnerships

land. They were intended to produce units that appealed to all segments of the population, from single individuals to large families. The standards were also to ensure that the units were adaptable to changes in both

residents' needs and the housing market in the long run.

Housing Corporation (April 2007): Derived from the Scheme Development standards (SDS) and linked to the Housing Quality Index (HQI), these standards set out minimum and maximum space requirements for publicly

funded housing. The range of acceptable area sizes was defined in order to ensure public money was being used to deliver the optimum number of units, which were neither too small to be liveable nor too big enough to

reduce the number of units that could be delivered on site. These demonstrate an tight band between minimum and maximum (an average difference of 8 sq m).

Irish Standards (2007): These are the standards put forward in the Irish government's Quality Housing for

Sustainable Communities published by the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government. They set out the minimum floor areas for living, bedroom and storage areas likely to be required to satisfy the requirements of normal living. The standards apply to both public and private housing.

Sunderland Housing Group Report - Room to swing a cat website (2007): Housing standards derived from the GLA standards and published on the http://www.swingacat.info/index.php website as advisory guidance to the general public. These demonstrate an extremely wide band between minimum and maximum (an average difference of 26 sq m).

GLA safety net standards (2006): These standards were intended to be an absolute minimum for habitable developments rather than a best practice benchmark. They were intended to apply to private and public housing.

Parker Morris (1961): These standards were developed in response to a need to improve social housing in the UK. They were based on an assessment of the amount of space required for normal household activities, as well as what types of furniture, and the space needed in each room to move around it. They also include minimum internal storage space standards. Note figures for this standard are often reported to include the requirement for external storage space also (1.9m²).

1949 Housing Standards: Mean dwelling area including storage, however occupancy categories vary from current usage ( e.g. 1b1p and other occupancy levels expected from different living conditions). This standard provided guidance to local authorities on housing and called for a greater variety of dwelling types.

General comments and comparisons

Some of the standards shown here are standards that differentiate between occupancy levels in 3B flats and

houses, and those that do not - such as the Housing Corporation and Sunderland Housing Group/ Swing a cat standards.

The Housing Corporation and Sunderland Housing Group/ Swing a cat standards also do not differentiate between flats and houses in that the space standards are compiled around the number of occupants and so the same standard for 2B flats applies for a 2B house, the same space standard for 3B flats as for a 3B house and so on.

The GLA (HDG), English Partnerships and Irish standards all follow a similar gradient of increase, within a tight band of difference and with only minor variations ( for example the English Partnerships areas are slightly more generous for flats, but less so for houses than the other two).