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Daniella Carey

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Einstein, and his two years younger sister, Maja, grew up in a non religious Jewish family. Herman Einstein, his dad was an engineer and salesman, him and his brother founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, an electrical manufacturing company. Pauline Koch, his mother was a housewife. When Einstein was less than a month old his family and him moved to Munich, where he lived for only a couple of years before he moved to Italy, then Switzerland. He then became a citizen in Switzerland, as soon as he was the required age he joined the military. After the military he went to college and got a degree so he could later become a teacher for mathematics or physics.

During his time spent in college he met his future wife, Mileva Maric. Mileva Maric was a Serbian physics student, because of her ethnicity his parents disapproved of them. Him and his soon to be wife in 1902 had a child named, Lieserl, whose whereabouts still remain a mystery. In 1903 his father died and the couple got married and had two children Hans and Eduard. In 1919 Einstein and Mileva got a divorce since he was having an affair with his cousin. As a part of their settlement Einstein agreed to to give her any funds he received from the nobel peace prize if he won it. In the same year of his divorce Einstein and his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, were married. He continued to have affairs throughout this second marriage which ended with Löwenthal’s death.

Unrecognized as a genius he couldn’t really find a teaching job, so he tutored until offered to become the technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. During his free time working at the office he came up with a lot of his great discoveries and was appointed to be a college professor. Einstein changed the nature of the way we see the physical world. He had his own thoughts about the nature of light, the existence of molecules, theories on mass, time and physical absolutes. The “Theory of Relativity” changed the way people saw things. He said time, mass and length were dependent on the motion of the observer ( E=mc2 ). In 1905 he had articles published about his theory of relativity and got a lot of recognition and went onto winning

awards. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. Many more awards followed after that like, honorary degree, copley medal, barnard medal for meritorious service, Max planck medal, gold medal, gold medal of the royal astronomical society, Matteucci, and the Franklin award.

Einstein started working in Germany and became a German citizen and for political reasons had to move and become an American citizen. When moving to America and took a position at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey. He never went back to his native land. In 1939 Einstein and another physicist, Leo Szilard wrote the the president at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him of the atomic bomb.

When the quantum theory came out all physicists were focused on that and he withdrew from any attention and continued to work on his theory about relativity. On April 17, 1955 Einstein had suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and refused surgery saying "I want to go when I want, It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly." -Einstein. He died the next morning on April 18 1955.