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1. Mentioned breed-breed native to a region !

Answer :
a. Limousin Cattle
Limousin cattle is one of the Descendants of beef cattle Bos Taurus. Limousin cattle in
Indonesia was developed in a BBIB (Great Hall of artificial insemination) Singosari and in
Lembang. Domesticated cattle Limousin Rapidly and grown in France. Developed through
artificial insemination to increase of the sustainability of genetics. Limousin cattle have
characteristic brick red colors mixed with black wool. There are parts of the feathers are
white. This cow is the level of excellence of its production.
b. Bali Cattle
Bali cattle is a descendant of the cow boss sondaicus already managed in the process of
domestication. Wallaby is a successful cattle domestication of Bull. Bali cattle named due to
its development after the process of domestication more rapid on the island of Bali. Original
Bali cattle have characteristics similar to the bull Because of its domestication derives from
Bull. But smaller due to the process of domestication. bali cattle can adapt to the new
environment quickly intervening. Characteristics of the Bali cattle is the color of the fur
varies According age and sex. So Bali is called the cow-sex dimorphism. Veal typically
skinned ripe fruit Sapodilla. Adult bulls while darker colored or black and Red adult female
cow brick.
c. Brahman Cattle
Brahman cattle that Came from India, descended from cattle zebu cattle, the which is Also
a Boss indicus. Brahman cattle managed to do tamed in India. However, due to Rapidly
growing in America, then usually Referred to as the American Brahman.

Because Including Bos indicus, then certainly the cattle has a hump of Brahman and folds
of skin around the neck the which is indeed becoming the hallmark of Bos indicus. In
Indonesia the tropics, Brahman cattle has the advantage that is resistant to the bite of a tick.
Brahman cattle skin color or the American Brahman is blackish-gray. Sometimes there are
parts that are white at the head. Brahman cattle are not resistant to low Temperatures,
however, will hold a variety of ailments. The superiority of Brahman cattle is a fast growing
power as beef cattle.
d. Simmental Cattle
Simmental cattle originating from Switzerland. Reddish brown fur. While at the tip of the
tail are white. His weakness, these cows are not easily adapt to the new environment because
it comes from abroad. However good her flesh production levels.
e. Ongle Cattle
Ongole cattle off spring is the boss of a successful experience indicus domestication in
India. Ongole cattle in Indonesia was developed on the island of Sumba and on the 19th
century. On the island of Java Also occurred the development of Ongole cattle called hybrid
Ongole Because Java cattle breeding with the females. Ongole cattle have a hump and there
are many folds of skin around her neck. Fur color average is dull white or white bone is
rather dusky. Ongole cattle Bull Cow Ongole and short horned females horns are longer.
a. Priangan Sheep (Garut Sheep)
According Garut sheep name comes from Garut precisely in the area of Limbangan, later
expanded and now spread to all corners of West Java in particular and throughout Indonesia.
Sheep arrowroot is a cross the which is estimated to be a cross between a sheep native to

Indonesia, sheep tail fat of sheep with Merino native from South Africa. Signs that Became
his trademark is a large horned Bull, curved back, spiral-shaped, the base of the right Horn
left almost United, form the ears there was a long, medium and short is located behind the
base of the horns, the tail is short and somewhat enlarged tail Pangka, adult body weight of
the males can reach 60-80 kg and females 30-40 kg.
b. Merino Sheep
Merino sheep were more devoted to economic development utilized fur/wool. Merino
Wool has the finest and softest compared other sheep. Merino sheep relative not horned
females while male great horned and convoluted. Have a ratio lower than the sheep carcass
broiler. Merino sheep comes from small asia.
c. The Suffolk Sheep
Suffolk sheep comes from State agencies in the United Kingdom with the original state of
adult lazy can reach 135-200 kg and females with the flesh of 50-65% of the weight of his
d. Dorset Sheep
Dorset sheep comes from the United Kingdom and into Indonesia through Australia with
type dwiguna that is for meat and wool. The hallmark of this sheep is owned the long-bodied,
wide and deep, rectangular-shaped, weighs Rams could reach more than 100 kg while
females range from 80 kg, there are two groups, the horned males and females as well as
males and females not horned.
e. Batur Sheep
At first glance this looks different sheep stature from sheep or goats other local. His
cheeks tembem and feathers on her face could extend to cover almost all over his face. Lamb
with weights that can reach 140 kg it is the leading cattle in district of Banjarnegara Regency
Batur. Animals are often called sheep batur it is intersecting the RAM ex Tapos (the result of
intersecting Suffolk sheep with lamb Texel) with local sheep dieng (thin-tailed sheep). Body
fat with thick white fur, a short, powerful legs, and no horns. Because of its origin from the

descendants of sheep that live in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands with four seasons,
this thick hairy sheep seem to fit only cultivated in cold areas. In district of Batur which are
in the mountains with an elevation of Dieng 1,680 m above sea level and an average
temperature of 15-18 degrees Celsius, is not wrong if the type of sheep is growing rapidly.
The Lamb can weigh twice as much from local sheep that is between 60 and 80 kg and a
maximum weight of 140 kg.
a. Goats of Kashmir
Goat mountain cattle belonged. Very suitable to live in mountainous areas of Central Asia
such as In Mongolia, Tibet, Kashmir, Iran, Turkey, Kurdistan, Khirghizia, and the area around
Russia. He was able to live in a dry area at an altitude of 3,600-4,200 m above sea level.
Weight approximately 60 kg adult males and females 40 kg for goats In Mongolia origin.
This goat is a direct descendant of the wild goat Capra falconeri.
b. Ettawa Goat (Goat Jamnapari)
Ettawa goat, also known by the name of Goat Jamnapari goat, is a kind of superior that
can are farmed as goat milk-producing goats as well as meat. This Ettawa goats imported
from India.
c. Boer Goats
Boer Goat Habitat originally from South Africa and has become a major livestock
registration for over 65 years. The word "Boer" means farmer. The Boer goat is a goat the
broiler because its growth is very fast. Boer goats can live in extreme temperatures, ranging
from very cold temperatures (-25 degrees Celsius) until very hot (43 degrees Celsius) and
adaptable to changes in environmental temperature.
d. Goat Marica
Goat Marica is a local variation of the Goat Beans in South Sulawesi province, and is one
of the original goat genotyping Indonesia which, according to the FAO report has included a

rare and almost extinct category (endargement). Goat population area Marica found around
Maros Regency Jeneponto Regency Sopeng and Makassar in South Sulawesi Province.
e. Goat Samosir (White Goat, goat Batak)
Based on its history of goats Samosir kept locals hereditary on Samosir Island, in the
middle of Lake Toba, Samosir Regency, North Sumatra Province. Samosir goat was
originally used for ceremonial offerings on the religious beliefs of one of the aninisme
(Parmalim) by the locals.
2. livestock characteristics based on its classification, please explain !
Answer :
Classification Cattle

: Animalia


: Chordata


: Mamalia


: Artiodactyla


: Bovidae


: Bos


: Bos Taurus, Bos indicus, dan Bos Sondaicus

Classification Goat

: Animalia
: Chordata
: Mammalia
: Artiodactyla
: Bovidae
: Capra
: Capra aegagrus

Classification Sheep

: Animalia


: Chordata
: Mammalia
: Artiodactyla
: Bovidae
: Ovis


: Ovis aries

Based on the above classification of livestock obtained third difference between cattle,
goats, and sheep that get seen in the genus and species. The cow has the genus Bos taurus and
bos species, bos indicus, and boss sondaicus. On the genus goat capra aegagrus capra and his
species, whereas the genus ovis in sheep and speciesnya ovis aries. Understanding of the
genus is the type or descent. While the species is a group of organisms with similar features
of reproduction between male and female of fertile offspring they produce.

4. Characteristics of the tropics and subtropics based on 4 of the law

4 the law of influence of climate on livestock

Bergmann Law : Breed-breed small, of every species found in the area of heat while in
cooler areas have a large size. For example the cattle living in the sub tropics is dairy
cows (milk-producing) as for the tropical regions there are beef broiler. It can be seen
from the shape of its body like a dairy cow on a sub-tropical area has a triangular shape

whereas in the tropics square body shape.

Allen Law : the organs of the body instead of the body like the legs, tail, and shorter
beak on the area ecological cold-temperate compared living in areas that are hot for the

same species.
Wilson Law : insulation of the body based on the length of fur and fat tissue thickness
related to climate. This can be seen in subtropical areas livestock have thicker fur than

in the tropics.
Golger Law : Nations are mammals and birds that live in hot and humid regions have
smaller melamine pigmented than the same species that live in cold and dry area. In the
tropics generally have Brown, black and red brick on the Peel. As for the area of a skin
or fur color subtopis most are white.

5. create the answer myself!

1. What is the purpose of Inbreed?
The goal is to print the inbreed breeder (parental stock) which brings together the positive
traits that belong to strong power down to the son of his son (dominant).
2. Specify the factors that cause the low pregnancy in cattle!
The factors that cause the low percentage of pregnancy are:

frozen semen quality and Fertility are ugly/low

less Inseminator/unskilled
Farmers/ranchers not/less skilled at detecting of lust
late Reporting and/or service of a sluggish Inseminator
The possibility of reproductive disorders/female cow health.