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pumpkins and vampire - bat

La historia de HALLOWEEN
October 25, 2013
Every year on October 31st children (and some adults) dress up in costumes to
celebrate Halloween. Houses are decorated with Jack-o-Lanterns, artificial
spiders and cobwebs, pretend witches and ghosts and other frightening objects
that symbolize this special day. On the evening of Halloween, in North America
and many other countries around the world, groups of children can be seen
walking the streets wearing costumes and visiting their neighbors houses to
receive candy.

Halloween ObjectTypical festive Halloween activities include Trick-or-Treating


(going house to house to receive sweets or food), attending costume parties,
decorating, carving pumpkins into jack-o-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple
bobbing, visiting haunted houses, telling scary stories, and watching horror
films. But where does this holiday come from?

Halloween originally comes from the Celts that lived in Europe over 2000 years
ago. The Celtic festival of Samhain, which comes from the Old Irish for
summers end marked the end of the harvest season and the beginning of
winter or the darker half of the year. It was seen as a time when the spirits
could more easily come into our world. The souls of the dead throughout
history were both honored and warded-off. The custom of wearing costumes
and masks at Halloween goes back to Celtic traditions of attempting to copy
the evil spirits or placate them. Bonfires, which were deemed to have
protective and cleansing powers, were used in rituals and to scare off witches.

Throughout history Halloween has been an important tradition in Scotland and


Ireland. In these countries, children and poor people would sing and say
prayers for the dead in return for cakes which is where trick or treating
began. The Celts would carry lanterns made with turnips. During the 19th
Century when the Irish and Scottish immigrated massively to North America
they brought the Halloween tradition with them. On US soil, the turnip lanterns
changed to pumpkin lanterns which are called Jack-o-Lanterns. Trick or Treating
was confined to the immigrant communities of North American during the 1800
s, but slowly it was gradually assimilated into mainstream society and by the
early 1900s it was being celebrated coast to coast by people of all social,
racial and religious backgrounds.

Today, many countries still remember the dead on November 1st which is
called All Saints Day. Another name for it is All Hallows Day. The day before,
October 31st, is called All Hallows Eve, or Halloween for short.

[spoiler title=Spanish Translation]


Cada ao el da 31 de octubre los nios ( y algunos adultos) se difrazan para
celebrar Halloween. Se decoran las casas con calabazas linternas, araas y
telas de araa artificiales, brujas y fantasmas y otros objetos espantosos que
simbolizan este da especial. Durante la tarde/noche de Halloween, en Norte
America y muchos otros pases del mundo, se puede ver grupos de nios
disfrazados andando por las calles visitando las casas de sus vecinos para
recibir caramelos.

Las actividades tpicas de Halloween incluyen Truco o Trato (ir de casa en


casa para pedir caramelos o comida), ir a fiestas de disfraces, decorar, tallar
una calabaza, encender hogueras, caza de manzanas, visitar casas
encantadas, contar historias de miedo y mirar pelculas de terror. Pero cul es
el origen de esta fiesta?
Halloween se origin con los celtas que vivan en Europa hace ms de 2.000
aos. La fiesta celta de Samhain, que procede del antiguo irlands para decir
fin del verano, marcaba el fin de la temporada de cosecha y el principio del
invierno o la `mitad ms oscura del ao. Fue visto como una temporada
cuando era ms fcil que los espritus entraran en nuestro mundo. Los almas
de los muertos a lo largo de la historia fueron en momentos homenajeados y
en otros conjurados. La costumbre de disfrazarse y llevar mscaras se remonta
a las tradiciones clticas de intentar copiar a los malos espritus o aplacarlos.
Las hogueras, que se consideraron protectoras y con poderes sanadores, se
utilizaban en rituales y para asustar a las brujas.
A lo largo de la historia, Halloween ha sido una importante tradicin en Escocia
e Irlanda. En estos pases, los nios y los ms pobres cantaban y rezaban a
cambio de pasteles o comida que es dnde se origin el Truco o Trato. Los
celtas llevaban linternas hechas con nabos. Durante el siglo 19, cuando los
irlandeses y los escoceses inmigraron de forma masiva a Amrica del Norte
trajeron consigo la tradicin de Halloween. En tierras americanas las linternas
de nabos se cambiaron por linternas de calabazas. La costumbre del Truco o
trato se limitaba a las comunidades inmigrantes de Norte Amrica durante el
siglo XIX pero gradualmente se introduca en la sociedad en general y a

principios del siglo XX se celebraba ya de costa a costa por personas de todo


tipo de antecedencia social, racial y religioso.

Hoy en da, muchos pases recuerdan los muertos el da 1 de noviembre


llamado Todos Santos. Otro nombre para este da es All Hallows Day. La
vspera, el 31 de octubre, se llama All Hallows Eve o su nombre abreviado
Halloween
Vocabulario..
Halloween
Word

Translation

bat

murcilago

black cat

gato negro

broom

escoba

candelabra

candelabro

candle

vela

candy

golosinas

cobweb

telaraa

costume

disfraz

devil

demonio

ghost

fantasma

graveyard

cementerio

haunted house

casa encantada

monster

monstruo

moon

luna

mummy

momia

pumpkin

calabaza

skeleton

esqueleto

spell book

libro de hechizos

vampire

vampiro

witch

bruja