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DISEO DE TIJERAL

En primer lugar, se determina en el tijeral para hangar los elementos a disear: la brida
superior, la brida inferior, montante, la diagonal y vigas de celosia en la estructura, tal como
se muestra en el siguiente esquema:

BRIDA
SUPERIOR

MONTANTE

6
6

DIAGONA
L

1
0

1
1

1
2

BRIDA
INFERIOR

ELEVACIN GENERAL FRONTAL DEL HANGAR

Diseo en acero

Pgina 1

ELEVACIN GENERAL LATERAL DEL HANGAR

Se determinan las combinaciones teniendo en cuenta las cargas muerta (L), carga
viva (L), carga de sismo (E), y carga de viento (W), obteniendo de esta manera 10
combinaciones entre ellas, tanto para ASD como para LRFD.
LRFD
1.2D+1.6L
1.2D+0.5L+1.3W
1.2D+0.5L-1.3W
0.9D+1.3W
0.9D-1.3W
0.9D+E
0.9D-E
1.2D+0.5L+E
1.2D+0.5L-E

ASD
D
D+L
D+W
D-W
D+0.7E
D-0.7E
D+0.75(0.7E)+0.75L
D-0.75(0.7E)+0.75L
D+0.75W+0.75L
D-0.75W+0.75L

CARGAS EN LA BRIDA SUPERIOR

SEGN ASD (tn-m)


Diseo en acero

Pgina 2

TRACCIN
3.5043
3.7764
3.7764
3.4875
3.7023
3.7922
3.4612
3.4875
2.3207
3.7023
3.7921
2.3528
2.9722
2.9995
4.1608
7.5951
7.5949
6.8395
6.8398
4.2477
3.1344
7.2397
7.4475
7.2393
7.4474
3.1005
4.1838
8.3287
8.3286
7.4923
7.4923
4.2714
3.2641
7.8889
8.1811
7.8888
8.181
4.1617
7.1059
7.1058
6.8282
Diseo en acero

COMPRESIN
-4.522
-7.2371
-7.2371
-6.7018
-7.1828
-7.0377
-4.473
-6.7017
-3.7099
-7.1829
-7.0376
-3.5883
-4.3513
-4.3783
-5.54
-12.3039
-12.3035
-11.2472
-11.2478
-5.6353
-4.5218
-11.6398
-12.1929
-11.639
-12.1925
-4.5225
-5.6061
-13.4915
-13.4912
-12.207
-12.2073
-5.7026
-4.695
-12.6864
-13.383
-12.6859
-13.3828
-5.5411
-11.9342
-11.9342
-11.2391
Pgina 3

6.8285
4.2486
3.1616
6.8268
6.9584
6.8265
6.9583
2.2921
3.4339
4.5521
4.5522
3.9046
3.9038
3.4772
2.3084
4.2463
4.478
4.2472
4.4781

-11.2395
-5.6364
-4.5488
-11.306
-11.8259
-11.3054
-11.826
-3.5921
-4.4412
-7.9599
-7.9602
-7.1353
-7.1335
-4.4903
-3.7138
-7.4029
-7.8868
-7.4051
-7.8871

Mxima fuerza traccin =8.3287 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -13.4915 ton

SEGN LRFD (tn-m)

TRACCIN
5.6449
6.1699
6.1699
5.6983
6.0513
6.1886
5.5758
5.6982
3.7511
6.0514
6.1885
3.8022
4.8071
4.8507
Diseo en acero

COMPRESIN
-7.2395
-11.5207
-11.5206
-10.6595
-11.4036
-11.2727
-7.1608
-10.6593
-5.3457
-11.4038
-11.2726
-5.3872
-7.077
-7.1203
Pgina 4

6.7088
12.3285
12.3282
11.1064
11.1069
6.8481
5.0669
11.7484
12.0925
11.7478
12.0922
5.014
6.7473
13.5172
13.517
12.1613
12.1613
6.8877
5.276
12.8007
13.281
12.8005
13.2809
6.7102
11.5459
11.5457
11.0884
11.0888
6.8496
5.1104
11.0877
11.3099
11.0873
11.3098
3.7051
5.5318
7.4109
7.4111
6.3683
6.367
5.6013
3.6543
Diseo en acero

-8.979
-20.0664
-20.0657
-18.2703
-18.2713
-9.1325
-7.351
-18.9881
-19.833
-18.9869
-19.8325
-7.365
-9.0988
-21.9626
-21.9622
-19.8356
-19.8359
-9.2544
-7.6423
-20.6867
-21.7291
-20.6861
-21.7288
-8.9807
-19.2836
-19.2835
-18.2527
-18.2534
-9.1342
-7.3941
-18.3276
-19.0502
-18.3267
-19.0503
-5.2886
-7.1098
-12.7592
-12.7595
-11.4505
-11.4477
-7.1888
-5.2473
Pgina 5

6.9122
7.2924
6.9137
7.2927

-11.869
-12.6422
-11.8727
-12.6426

Mxima fuerza traccin =13.5172 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -21.9626 ton

CARGAS EN LA BRIDA INFERIOR


SEGN ASD (tn-m)

traccion
4.3974
6.2919
5.3675
5.3684
6.2919
5.7328
5.7328
6.2921
4.3972
6.2916
8.4104
7.1914
7.186
9.6781
8.4104
9.6784
6.7929
9.678
9.6776
6.7816
9.4644
7.6415
7.6352
10.6412
9.4644
10.6416
7.3694
10.6413
Diseo en acero

compresion
-1.9671
-2.8683
-3.1883
-3.1854
-2.8683
-2.5495
-2.5495
-2.8684
-1.9705
-2.8682
-3.9187
-3.9617
-3.9639
-4.8134
-3.9187
-4.8135
-3.4327
-4.8133
-4.8132
-3.4269
-4.6299
-4.1797
-4.1815
-5.4604
-4.6299
-5.4605
-3.8195
-5.4604
Pgina 6

10.6409
7.3567
8.3346
7.1932
7.1879
9.6463
8.3346
9.6467
6.8066
9.6461
9.6457
6.7953
3.2092
3.2082
5.6681
5.3391
5.3383
6.2168
5.6681
6.2171
4.4033
6.2187
6.2184
4.4036
2.2034
2.3675
3.4786
3.4781
3.2258
3.2261
2.0101
2.3679

-5.4603
-3.8128
-3.8174
-3.9635
-3.9657
-4.7707
-3.8174
-4.7707
-3.4495
-4.7705
-4.7705
-3.4438
-1.7213
-1.7208
-2.4658
-3.1601
-3.1631
-2.7723
-2.4658
-2.7724
-1.8705
-2.773
-2.7729
-1.867
-0.9222
-1.3698
-1.9138
-1.9137
-1.7439
-1.744
-0.9647
-1.3699

Mxima fuerza traccin = 10.6416 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -5.4605 ton

Diseo en acero

Pgina 7

SEGN LRFD (tn-m)

TRACCIN
6.6586
9.7295
8.6141
8.6155
9.7295
8.82
8.82
9.7299
6.6702
9.7291
12.8353
11.3884
11.3835
14.9731
12.8353
14.9736
10.5399
14.973
14.9725
10.5223
14.5514
12.0552
12.0489
16.539
14.5514
16.5395
11.4765
16.539
16.5385
11.4566
12.6734
11.3919
11.387
14.9052
12.6734
14.9056
10.5681
Diseo en acero

COMPRESIN
-3.229
-4.7089
-5.1831
-5.1785
-4.709
-4.1895
-4.1895
-4.7091
-3.2346
-4.7088
-6.4167
-6.4511
-6.4544
-7.8637
-6.4167
-7.8638
-5.6047
-7.8635
-7.8634
-5.5953
-7.5662
-6.8063
-6.8091
-8.9095
-7.5662
-8.9096
-6.2299
-8.9095
-8.9093
-6.219
-6.2546
-6.454
-6.4573
-7.7954
-6.2546
-7.7954
-5.6316
Pgina 8

14.9047
14.9043
10.5506
5.0569
5.0554
8.6836
8.5687
8.5675
9.5721
8.6836
9.5724
6.5083
9.5748
9.5744
6.4967
2.9768
3.7934
5.5035
5.5029
5.0927
5.0931
3.1454
3.7941

-7.7951
-7.7951
-5.6223
-2.8055
-2.8048
-4.0555
-5.1378
-5.1425
-4.5553
-4.0555
-4.5555
-3.0746
-4.5564
-4.5563
-3.0689
-1.5106
-2.2291
-3.1163
-3.1161
-2.8418
-2.8419
-1.5809
-2.2293

Mxima fuerza traccin =16.5395 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -8.9096 ton

CARGAS EN LAS DIAGONALES


SEGN ASD (tn-m)

Diseo en acero

Pgina 9

traccion
0.7843
2.1008
0.8223
0.752
1.1635
1.2808
2.6009
1.2383
3.3213
3.8665
0.7188
1.2203
3.18
0.724
1.0215
2.9652
1.9897
0.7193
1.8987
3.9359
4.7844
0.74
1.3594
3.5198
0.7146
0.9601
3.4073
1.9114
1.8233
4.0333
4.957
3.1794
0.7247
1.0221
2.9488
1.9903
1.9488
3.9368
4.7866
3.3478
4.5695
Diseo en acero

compresion
-1.3952
-0.9603
-0.8645
-0.8013
-0.5647
-0.8423
-1.5768
-1.6846
-1.7936
-2.7696
-0.8859
-1.8234
-1.7618
-1.6156
-1.1254
-1.4772
-1.3095
-0.8864
-1.2187
-1.7278
-3.2556
-0.8553
-1.9933
-1.9195
-1.6605
-1.0406
-1.7718
-1.2527
-1.1649
-1.8822
-3.36
-1.7622
-1.616
-1.126
-1.4554
-1.31
-1.2687
-1.755
-3.2574
-6.3424
-6.8659
Pgina 10

3.3478
3.0512
0.8211
1.2368
2.5991
0.7785
0.7472
2.0963
1.2756
1.1627
3.3259
2.3912
4.0551
1.9515
2.5332
3.3779
4.5673
3.379
3.1042
3.7964
4.7937
3.7974
3.4073
2.3888
4.057
1.9457
2.7137
4.1658

-6.342
-5.7388
-0.8633
-1.6829
-1.5751
-1.3908
-0.7964
-0.9549
-0.8378
-0.5637
-1.7991
-4.401
-5.7253
-4.0719
-4.8505
-6.3636
-6.8633
-6.3655
-5.7376
-6.9921
-7.2264
-6.9937
-6.0055
-4.3989
-5.7275
-4.07
-4.9888
-3.0275

Mxima fuerza traccin = 4.957 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -7.2264 ton

SEGN LRFD (tn-m)

traccion
1.1091
3.1834
1.3165
1.2038
1.4694
Diseo en acero

compresion
-1.6922
-1.5743
-1.3799
-1.2674
-0.7957
Pgina 11

2.0423
4.171
1.9972
3.9714
6.1979
1.0898
1.9742
5.0492
1.0188
1.6375
4.5922
3.242
1.0451
3.0963
5.3432
7.7882
1.1861
2.1979
5.5478
1.0045
1.5383
5.3093
3.1111
2.9703
5.7176
8.0827
5.0487
1.0197
1.6384
4.5573
3.2429
3.1764
5.3865
7.7916
5.458
7.3964
5.458
4.967
1.3145
1.9947
4.168
1.1008
Diseo en acero

-1.363
-2.5607
-2.6902
-2.5332
-4.4721
-1.2655
-2.9558
-2.8683
-1.8382
-1.8136
-2.4129
-2.1197
-1.2209
-1.9743
-2.8213
-5.2659
-1.3195
-3.2355
-3.1256
-2.0188
-1.6719
-2.8891
-2.028
-1.8874
-3.0709
-5.4355
-2.8688
-1.8082
-1.8146
-2.378
-2.1204
-2.0544
-2.8649
-5.2687
-9.9391
-11.1664
-9.9386
-8.7353
-1.3781
-2.6874
-2.558
-1.6853
Pgina 12

1.1962
3.1766
2.0339
1.4542
3.9784
3.9004
6.5498
3.1969
3.5749
5.5062
7.3928
5.5079
5.0517
6.1828
7.7601
6.1844
5.5419
3.8965
6.5528
3.1876

-1.2585
-1.5657
-1.3558
-0.7943
-2.5411
-7.0545
-9.1705
-6.3517
-5.7636
-9.9856
-11.1622
-9.9886
-8.8207
-11.0048
-11.7791
-11.0074
-9.56
-7.0502
-9.1741
-6.3455

Mxima fuerza traccin = 8.0827 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = -11.7791 to

CARGAS EN LAS MONTANTES


SEGN ASD (tn-m)

0.38
-0.60
0.77
-1.17
0.77
-1.18
0.77

0.05
0.02
0.05
0.02
0.05
0.02
0.05

0.42
-0.67
0.79
-1.20
0.87
-1.34
0.79

Diseo en acero

0.05
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05

0.37
0.59
0.76
-1.15
0.76
-1.15
0.76

0.55
-0.45
0.30
-0.31
0.16
-0.12
0.29

0.37
-0.59
0.76
-1.15
0.76
-1.15
0.76

Pgina 13

0.05
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05

0.42
-0.68
0.79
-1.20
0.88
-1.34
0.80

0.05
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.05

0.38
-0.60
0.77
-1.18
0.77
-1.18
0.77

-1.17
0.38
-0.60

0.02
0.05
0.02

-1.20
0.44
-0.69

0.03
0.05
0.03

-1.15
0.37
0.59

-0.31
0.48
-0.39

-1.15
0.37
-0.59

0.03
0.05
0.03

-1.20
0.44
-0.68

0.01
0.05
0.01

-1.18
0.38
-0.60

0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04

0.52
-0.93
1.00
-1.68
1.11
-1.86
1.00
-1.69
0.56
-0.96

0.06
0.02
0.06
0.02
0.06
0.02
0.06
0.02
0.06
0.02

0.48
-0.84
0.98
-1.64
0.98
-1.64
0.98
-1.64
0.48
-0.84

Mxima fuerza traccin = 0.88 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = - 0.59 ton

SEGN LRFD (tn-m)

0.48
-0.84
0.98
-1.64
0.98
-1.64
0.98
-1.64
0.48
-0.84

0.06
0.03
0.06
0.03
0.06
0.03
0.06
0.03
0.06
0.03

0.52
-0.93
1.00
-1.68
1.11
-1.86
1.00
-1.69
0.56
-0.96

0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.04

0.46
-0.82
0.96
-1.60
0.96
-1.60
0.96
-1.60
0.47
-0.82

0.70
-0.58
0.38
-0.45
0.19
-0.17
0.36
-0.43
0.61
-0.49

0.46
-0.82
0.96
-1.60
0.96
-1.60
0.96
-1.60
0.47
-0.82

Mxima fuerza traccin = 1.11 ton


Mxima fuerza a compresin = - 0.04ton

DISEO LRFD Y ASD


DISEO LRFD
DISEOS EN TENSIN Y COMPRESIN
Propiedades del material A60:
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2
E = 2.1*106 = 210000 Kg/cm2

DISEO DE BRIDA SUPERIOR


Diseo en acero

Pgina 14

Seccin 2L2 x2 x :

Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 15.32 cm2
= 58.53 cm4
= 139.41 cm4
= 1.95 cm
= 3.01 cm

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy
T =0.915.324200
T =57909.6 kg 13517.2kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:

Diseo en acero

Pgina 15

Considerando:
K = 0.5
L = 2m
2

Fe=

E
2
KL
(
)
rX
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 2
(
)
1.95

Fe=78811258.54

Hallando el cx:

c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe

4200
78811258.54

c x =0.01

c 2 Fy if c 1.5
0.658

0.877 Fy otherwise

2
c

Fcr ( c )

FcrX = 3516.10 kg
LRFD: PcrX = 0.9*Ag*FcrX = 48480.05 21962.6 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
K = 0.5
Diseo en acero

Pgina 16

L = 6m
2 E
Fe=
KL 2
(
)
rY
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 6
(
)
3.01

Fe=20864573.99

Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
20864573.99

c y =0.01

c 2 Fy if c 1.5
0.658

0.877 Fy otherwise

2
c

Fcr ( c )

FcrY = 4199.82 kg
LRFD: PcrY = 0.9*Ag*FcrY = 57907.11 18890 kg OK!

DISEO DE BRIDA INFERIOR


Ag = 9.224 cm2
Ix = 22.67 cm4
4
Iy =180.337cm
Diseo
en acero
rx = 1.57 cm
ry = 4.42 cm

Pgina 17

Seccin 2L2 x 2 x 3/16

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy
T =0.99.224200
T =34851.6 kg 16539.5 kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 1.93 m
Fe=

2 E
KL 2
(
)
rX

Diseo en acero

Pgina 18

Fe=

2100000
0.5 1.93 2
(
)
1.57

Fe=54860999.83

Hallando el cx:

c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
54860999.83

c x =0.01
FcrX = 3516.08 kg
LRFD: PcrX = 0.9*Ag*FcrX = 29189.08 8909.6 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 5.79 m
2 E
Fe=
KL 2
(
)
rY
Fe=

2 2100000
0.5 5.79 2
(
)
4.42

Fe=48313271.08
Hallando el cy:

Diseo en acero

Pgina 19

c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
48313271.08

c y =0.02

FcrY = 3515.83 kg
LRFD: PcrY = 0.9*Ag*FcrY = 29187.01 8909.6 kg OK!

DISEO DE MONTANTE
Seccin 2L1 x 1 x 5/16:
Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 5.65 cm2
= 3.07 cm4
= 13.17 cm4
= 0.74 cm
= 1.53 cm

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy
T =0.95.654200
T =21357 kg 1100 kg Nohay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:

Diseo en acero

Pgina 20

k = 0.5
L = 3.15 m
Fe=

2 E
KL 2
(
)
rX
2

2100000
2
0.5 3.15
(
)
0.74

Fe=

Fe=4575318.83

Hallando el cx:
c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
4575318.83

c x =0.03
FcrX = 3515.04 kg
LRFD: PcrX = 0.9*Ag*FcrX = 17873.97 40 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 5.79 m
2

Fe=

E
2
KL
(
)
rY

Diseo en acero

Pgina 21

Fe=

2100000
0.5 5.79 2
(
)
1.53

Fe=5789016.21
Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
5789016.21

c y =0.02

FcrY = 3515.28 kg
LRFD: Pcrx = 17875.18 kg 40kg OK!

DISEO DE DIAGONAL
Seccin 1x1x1/8
Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 3.024
= 1.808
= 17.648
= 0.773

= 2.416

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy
T =0.93.0244200
T =11430.72 kg 8082.7 kg No hay fluencia
Diseo en acero

Pgina 22

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 3.69 m
2

E
Fe=
KL 2
(
)
rX
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 3.69
(
)
0.773

Fe=15008096.17

Hallando el cx:
c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
15008096.17

c x =0.02
FcrX = 3515.83 kg
LRFD: PcrX = 0.9*Ag*FcrX = 9568.68 11779.1 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
Diseo en acero

Pgina 23

k = 0.5
L = 3.69 m
Fe=

2 E
KL 2
(
)
rY
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 3.69
(
)
2.416

Fe=35540223.86

Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
35540223.86

c y =0.01

FcrY = 3516.03 kg
LRFD: Pcrx = 29176.03 kg 11779.1 kg OK!

DISEO ASD
DISEOS EN TENSIN Y COMPRESIN
Propiedades del material A60:
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2
E = 2.1*106 = 210000 Kg/cm2

Diseo en acero

Pgina 24

DISEO DE BRIDA SUPERIOR


Seccin 2L2 x2 x :

Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 15.32 cm2
= 58.53 cm4
= 139.41 cm4
= 1.95 cm
= 3.01 cm

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy /1.67
T =15.324200/1.67
T =38529 kg 8328.7 kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:
K = 0.5

Diseo en acero

Pgina 25

L = 2m
2 E
Fe=
KL 2
(
)
rX
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 2
(
)
1.95

Fe=78811258.54

Hallando el cx:

c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe

4200
78811258.54

c x =0.01

c 2 Fy if c 1.5
0.658

0.877 Fy otherwise

2
c

Fcr ( c )

FcrX = 3516.10 kg
ASD: PcrX = Ag*FcrX/1.67 = 32255.52 13491.5 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
K = 0.5
L = 6m

Diseo en acero

Pgina 26

Fe=

2 E
KL 2
(
)
rY
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 6
(
)
3.01

Fe=20864573.99

Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
20864573.99

c y =0.01

c 2 Fy if c 1.5
0.658

0.877 Fy otherwise

2
c

Fcr ( c )

FcrY = 4199.82 kg
ASD: PcrY = Ag*FcrY/1.67 = 38527.68 13491.5 kg OK!

DISEO DE BRIDA INFERIOR


Ag = 9.224 cm2
Ix = 22.67 cm4
Iy =180.337cm4
rx = 1.57 cm
Diseo
en cm
acero
ry = 4.42

Pgina 27

Seccin 2L2 x 2 x 3/16

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy /1.67
T =9.224200/1.67
T =23188.02 kg 10641.6 kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 1.93 m
2

Fe=

E
2
KL
(
)
rX
2

Fe=

2100000
0.5 1.93 2
(
)
1.57

Diseo en acero

Pgina 28

Fe=54860999.83

Hallando el cx:

c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
54860999.83

c x =0.01
FcrX = 3516.08 kg
ASD: PcrX = Ag*FcrX/1.67 = 1942.05 5460.5 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 5.79 m
Fe=

2 E
2
KL
(
)
rY
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 5.79
(
)
4.42

Fe=48313271.08
Hallando el cy:
c y =

Fy
Fe

Diseo en acero

Pgina 29

c y =

4200
48313271.08

c y =0.02

FcrY = 3515.83 kg
ASD PcrY = Ag*FcrY/1.67 = 19419.16 5460.5 kg OK!

DISEO DE MONTANTE
Seccin 2L1 x 1 x 5/16:
Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 5.65 cm2
= 3.07 cm4
= 13.17 cm4
= 0.74 cm
= 1.53 cm

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy /1.67
T =5.654200/1.67
T =14209.5 kg 880.0 kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 3.15 m

Diseo en acero

Pgina 30

Fe=

E
KL 2
(
)
rX
2

2100000
2
0.5 3.15
(
)
0.74

Fe=

Fe=4575318.83

Hallando el cx:
c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
4575318.83

c x =0.03
FcrX = 3515.04 kg
ASD: PcrX = Ag*FcrX /1.67= 17873.97 40 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 5.79 m
Fe=

2 E
KL 2
(
)
rY
2

2100000
Fe=
2
0.5 5.79
(
)
1.53
Fe=5789016.21
Diseo en acero

Pgina 31

Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
5789016.21

c y =0.02

FcrY = 3515.28 kg
ASD: Pcrx = 17875.18 kg 40kg OK!

DISEO DE DIAGONAL
Seccin 1x1x1/8
Ag
Ix
Iy
rx
ry

= 3.024
= 1.808
= 17.648
= 0.773

= 2.416

Resistencia a la tensin:
T =AgFy /1.67
T =3.0244200 /1.67
T =11430.72 kg 8082.7 kg No hay fluencia

Resistencia a la compresin:
Se considera cada elemento como empotrado en ambos extremos.
Para el eje XX:
Diseo en acero

Pgina 32

Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 3.69 m
2

Fe=

E
2
KL
(
)
rX
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 3.69
(
)
0.773

Fe=15008096.17

Hallando el cx:
c x =

c x =

Fy
Fe
4200
15008096.17

c x =0.02
FcrX = 3515.83 kg
LRFD: PcrX = Ag*FcrX/1.67 = 9568.68 11779.1 kg OK!

Para el eje YY:


Considerando:
k = 0.5
L = 3.69 m

Diseo en acero

Pgina 33

Fe=

E
KL 2
(
)
rY
2

Fe=

2100000
2
0.5 3.69
(
)
2.416

Fe=35540223.86

Hallando el cy:
c y =

c y =

Fy
Fe
4200
35540223.86

c y =0.01

FcrY = 3516.03 kg
ASD: Pcrx = 29176.03 kg 11779.1 kg OK!

Diseo en acero

Pgina 34