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482 visualizzazioni13 pagineExam paper for Open University Course MST125

Oct 21, 2016

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Exam paper for Open University Course MST125

© All Rights Reserved

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482 visualizzazioni13 pagineExam paper for Open University Course MST125

© All Rights Reserved

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MST1251606F1

Essential mathematics 2

Wednesday 1 June 2016

2.30 pm 5.30 pm

This paper has THREE sections. You should attempt ALL questions in

Sections A and B, and TWO questions from Section C.

Section A carries 40% of the marks. It has 20 computer marked questions, each

worth 2%.

Section B carries 36% of the marks. It has 6 questions, each worth 6%.

Section C carries 24% of the marks. It has 3 questions, each worth 12%, of

which you should attempt two.

For Section A, mark your answers on the computer marked examination (CME)

form provided, using an HB pencil. Instructions for lling in the CME form are

given overleaf. The assignment number for this examination is MST125 81.

Write your rough work in the answer book(s) provided. It will not be considered

by the examiners.

For Sections B and C, write your answers in pen in the answer book(s)

provided. Start your answer to each question on a new page. Include all your

working. Do not cross out any work until you have written a new attempt.

At the end of the examination

Make sure that you have completed Part 1 of the CME form, and written

your personal identier and your examination number on each answer book

used. Failure to do so will mean that your work cannot be identified.

Make sure that you have entered one answer (A, B, C, D or E) against each

of questions 120 in Part 2 of the CME form.

Attach your signed desk record to the front of your answer book(s) using the

round paper fastener, then attach the CME form and your question paper to

the back of the answer book(s) using the at paperclip.

It is important that the flat paper clip is used with the CME form

since the computer cannot read CME forms with punched holes.

Copyright

examination (CME) form

If you do not follow these instructions, then the examiners may not be able to

award you a score for Section A of the examination.

You will nd one CME form provided with this paper. The invigilator has a

supply of spare forms.

Writing on the form

Use an HB pencil.

To mark a cell, pencil across it, as demonstrated on the form.

To cancel a mark, pencil in the coloured part of the cell, as demonstrated on

the form.

If you make any unwanted marks on the form that you cannot cancel clearly,

then ask the invigilator for a new form, and transfer your entries to it.

Completing Part 1

Write your personal identier (NOT your examination number) and the

assignment number for this examination, which is MST125 81, in the boxes

provided.

In the blocks headed personal identifier and module and

assignment number, pencil across the cells corresponding to your personal

identier and the assignment number given above.

Completing Part 2

For each question (numbered 1 to 20) in Section A of the examination paper,

mark your answer by pencilling across ONE of cells A, B, C, D or E.

If you think that a question is unsound in any way, pencil across the

unsound cell (U), as well as pencilling across an answer cell.

Do not pencil across any other cell.

TURN OVER

SECTION A

Attempt ALL questions in this section. Each question is worth 2%.

Mark your answers in pencil on the CME form.

Question 1

What is the least residue of 3 401 706 17 000 018 modulo 17?

A 0

B 3

C 6

D 9

12

Question 2

Which of the following is a multiplicative inverse of 1123 modulo 59?

A 1121

B 1122

C 1125

D 1135

1160

Question 3

Given that 13 is a multiplicative inverse of 71 modulo 922, which of the following

is a solution of the linear congruence

71x 92 (mod 922) ?

A 104

B 105

C 274

D 275

921

Question 4

What is the equation of the directrix of the parabola with equation

3y 2 32x = 0 ?

A x=

8

3

B x=

3

8

C x=

3

8

D x=

8

3

x=

32

3

Question 5

A block of mass 5.2 kg rests on a horizontal surface. The coecient of static

friction between the block and the surface is 0.47. What is the maximum

magnitude of the static friction force from the surface on the object, in newtons to

two signicant gures? Take the acceleration due to gravity to be g = 9.8 m s2 .

A 1.1

B 2.4

C 15

D 24

110

Question 6

Which

option

describes the linear transformation represented by the matrix

1

0

?

0 1

A A dilation

B A shear

D A rotation

C A attening

A reection

Question 7

Which of the following species the glide reection g formed from the reection

in the y-axis followed by the translation 2 units down?

A g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

B g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

C g(x, y) = (x, y + 2)

D g(x, y) = (x, y + 2)

g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

Question 8

What is the form of the partial fraction expansion of the expression

2x2 x + 1

?

(x 1)(x2 + 1)

In the options, A, B and C represent constants.

A

C

E

Bx2 + C

Ax

+ 2

x1

x +1

Bx + C

A

+ 2

x1

x +1

A

B

C

+

+ 2

x1 x+1 x +1

A

B

+ 2

x1 x +1

A

Bx2

D

+ 2

x1 x +1

Question 9

Which of the following is an integrating factor p(x) for the dierential equation

dy 6y

+

=1

dx

x

A ln(x6 )

(x > 0) ?

B e6x

C ln(x6 )

D x6

ex

Question 10

What is the solution of the initial value problem

dy

= e4x + sin x, where y = 5 when x = 0 ?

dx

A y = 14 e4x cos x

B y = 14 e4x cos x +

D y = 4e4x cos x + 2

17

4

C y = 14 e4x cos x +

y = 4e4x cos x

Question 11

Let P (n) be the statement

n is a multiple of 6.

Which of the following statements is true?

A P (1) AND P (3)

D P (2) OR P (3)

P (6) OR P (12)

TURN OVER

23

4

Question 12

Let P be the following statement.

At least one of m and n is odd.

Which of the following statements is the negation of P ?

A Both m and n are even.

B Both m and n are odd.

C At most one of m and n is odd.

D At most one of m and n is even.

E

Question 13

Consider the following statement.

If n is prime, then n + 2 is prime.

Which of the following values of n is a counter-example to this statement?

A 3

B 4

C 5

D 6

Question 14

The graph below is the velocitytime graph of an object moving along a straight

line, where v is the velocity (in metres per second) of the object at time t (in

seconds).

v

2

1

A 2

B 0.5

C 0

D 0.5

Question 15

A projectile is launched with an initial velocity (in m s1 ) of 2i + 3j, where the

Cartesian unit vectors i and j point right and up, respectively. Which of the

following gives the velocity v (in m s1 ) of the projectile at time t (in seconds)

after launch? In the options, g represents the magnitude of the acceleration due

to gravity (in m s2 ).

A v = 2 i + (gt 3) j

B v = 2 i + (3 gt) j

C v=

2 i + (3 gt) j

2 i + (3t 12 gt2 ) j

v=

2 i + ( 12 gt2 3t) j

D v=

Question 16

A 3 and 18

B 0 and 21

D 3 and 18

3 6

?

9 18

C 0 and 21

18 and 54

Question 17

corresponding to the eigenvalue 3?

4

1

1

A

B

C

1

2

1

Question 18

1

D

1

4 1

,

1

2

1

2

1 0

The matrix A =

can be expressed in the form PDP1 , where

4 3

1

0

1 0

1

0

1

P=

, D=

and P =

.

1 1

0 3

1 1

What is A5 ?

1

0

A

0 243

1

0

D

1024 243

B

E

1

0

243 243

C

1

0

1024 243

1

0

244 243

TURN OVER

Question 19

Consider the set S = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}.

How many subsets of S contain both the elements 3 and 4? Examples of such

subsets are {3, 4, 6} and {3, 4, 5, 7}.

A 21

B 24

C 25

D 32

96

Question 20

What is the probability that when two dice are rolled the total is at least 4?

A

1

12

5

6

31

36

11

12

61

64

SECTION B

Attempt ALL questions in this section. Each question is worth 6%.

Write in pen. Include all your working, as some marks are awarded for this.

Start your answer to each question on a new page of your answer book.

Question 21

Consider the curve with parametrisation

x = 2 + 4 cos t,

y = 3 + 4 sin t

(0 t /2) .

[2]

[2]

(c) Find the y-coordinate of the point on the curve with x-coordinate 4. Give an

exact answer.

[2]

Question 22

A particle, which remains at rest, is acted on by three forces, R, S and T, and no

others. The force diagram below shows the angles at which the forces act. The

magnitude of the force R is 20 N.

T

S

j

45

30

R

(a) Find expressions for the component forms of the three forces R, S and T,

taking the directions of the Cartesian unit vectors i and j to be as shown in

the diagram (j is parallel to R), and denoting the magnitudes of S and T by

S and T , respectively.

[3]

signicant gures.

[3]

Question 23

(a) Find the ane transformation f that maps the points (0, 0), (1, 0) and (0, 1)

to the points (2, 3), (4, 5) and (2, 6).

[2]

(b) Hence nd the area of the triangle with vertices (2, 3), (4, 5) and (2, 6).

[2]

[2]

Question 24

4

x2 + 2x + 1

dx .

x+3

MST125 June 2016

[6]

TURN OVER

Question 25

(a) Find the integral

sin(2x) cos(5x) dx.

[2]

(b) Hence, or otherwise, solve the following initial value problem, giving your

answer in implicit form.

dy

sin(2x) cos(5x)

=

dx

y2

(y > 0),

where y = 1 when x =

.

2

[4]

Question 26

Let P (n) be the following statement:

5n > 20n.

(a) Show that P (2) is false and P (3) is true.

[1]

(b) Use mathematical induction to show that P (n) is true for all n 3.

[5]

10

SECTION C

Attempt TWO questions from this section. Each question is worth 12%.

Write in pen. Include all your working, as some marks are awarded for this.

Start your answer to each question on a new page of your answer book.

If you answer three questions, you will be awarded the marks for your best two

answers only.

Question 27

Consider the function f (x) =

x

.

(x + 1)2

[2]

[2]

(c) Find the coordinates of any stationary points of f . Construct a table of signs

for f (x), determine the intervals on which f is increasing or decreasing, and

determine the nature(s) of the stationary point(s).

[4]

[1]

[1]

[2]

TURN OVER

11

Question 28

A scene in a lm involves a motorcyclist riding o a cli edge and over a river.

Assume that at the instant the motorcyclist leaves the cli edge, he is 8 m above

the river, his speed is V m s1 and he is travelling in an upwards direction,

making an angle of 15 with the horizontal. Take the origin to be vertically below

the edge of the cli and on the surface of the river. Take the y-axis to point

vertically upwards from the origin and the x-axis to point horizontally from the

origin across the river, as shown below.

y

|v| = V

15

8m

x

45 m

Let i and j be the Cartesian unit vectors in the positive directions of the x- and

y-axes respectively.

Assume that the motorcyclist and his motorcycle can be modelled as a particle

and that the only force acting on it is its weight. Take the magnitude of the

acceleration due to gravity to be g = 9.8 m s2 .

(a) Write down an expression for the acceleration of the motorcyclist. Hence

show that the position r of the motorcyclist at time t seconds after he has

left the cli edge is given by

r = V t cos 15 i + (V t sin 15 12 gt2 + 8) j.

[5]

(b) Assume that the motorcyclist lands on the opposite river bank, after

travelling a horizontal distance of 45 m. Find the time, in seconds to two

signicant gures, that it took the motorcyclist to reach the river bank.

[5]

motorcyclist left the cli edge.

[2]

12

Question 29

A 10 cm wide strip is to be tiled using the ve types of tile shown below.

Here is an example of a 10 cm 80 cm strip that has been tiled with these tiles.

For each positive integer n, let un be the number of ways of tiling a

10 cm (10n) cm strip with these tiles.

(a) Find the values of u1 and u2 , briey explaining your answers.

[3]

(b) Explain clearly why the sequence (un ) satises the recurrence relation

un = 2un1 + 3un2.

[3]

[5]

[1]

13

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