Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

MST125/D

 


MST1251606F1

Module Examination 2016


Essential mathematics 2
Wednesday 1 June 2016

2.30 pm 5.30 pm

Time allowed: 3 hours

This paper has THREE sections. You should attempt ALL questions in
Sections A and B, and TWO questions from Section C.
Section A carries 40% of the marks. It has 20 computer marked questions, each
worth 2%.
Section B carries 36% of the marks. It has 6 questions, each worth 6%.
Section C carries 24% of the marks. It has 3 questions, each worth 12%, of
which you should attempt two.
For Section A, mark your answers on the computer marked examination (CME)
form provided, using an HB pencil. Instructions for lling in the CME form are
given overleaf. The assignment number for this examination is MST125 81.
Write your rough work in the answer book(s) provided. It will not be considered
by the examiners.
For Sections B and C, write your answers in pen in the answer book(s)
provided. Start your answer to each question on a new page. Include all your
working. Do not cross out any work until you have written a new attempt.
At the end of the examination
Make sure that you have completed Part 1 of the CME form, and written
your personal identier and your examination number on each answer book
used. Failure to do so will mean that your work cannot be identified.

Make sure that you have entered one answer (A, B, C, D or E) against each
of questions 120 in Part 2 of the CME form.

Attach your signed desk record to the front of your answer book(s) using the
round paper fastener, then attach the CME form and your question paper to
the back of the answer book(s) using the at paperclip.
It is important that the flat paper clip is used with the CME form
since the computer cannot read CME forms with punched holes.

c 2016 The Open University


Copyright 

MST125 June 2016

Instructions for filling in the computer-marked


examination (CME) form
If you do not follow these instructions, then the examiners may not be able to
award you a score for Section A of the examination.
You will nd one CME form provided with this paper. The invigilator has a
supply of spare forms.
Writing on the form
Use an HB pencil.
To mark a cell, pencil across it, as demonstrated on the form.
To cancel a mark, pencil in the coloured part of the cell, as demonstrated on
the form.
If you make any unwanted marks on the form that you cannot cancel clearly,
then ask the invigilator for a new form, and transfer your entries to it.
Completing Part 1
Write your personal identier (NOT your examination number) and the
assignment number for this examination, which is MST125 81, in the boxes
provided.
In the blocks headed personal identifier and module and
assignment number, pencil across the cells corresponding to your personal
identier and the assignment number given above.
Completing Part 2
For each question (numbered 1 to 20) in Section A of the examination paper,
mark your answer by pencilling across ONE of cells A, B, C, D or E.
If you think that a question is unsound in any way, pencil across the
unsound cell (U), as well as pencilling across an answer cell.
Do not pencil across any other cell.

MST125 June 2016

TURN OVER

SECTION A
Attempt ALL questions in this section. Each question is worth 2%.
Mark your answers in pencil on the CME form.
Question 1
What is the least residue of 3 401 706 17 000 018 modulo 17?
A 0

B 3

C 6

D 9

12

Question 2
Which of the following is a multiplicative inverse of 1123 modulo 59?
A 1121

B 1122

C 1125

D 1135

1160

Question 3
Given that 13 is a multiplicative inverse of 71 modulo 922, which of the following
is a solution of the linear congruence
71x 92 (mod 922) ?
A 104

B 105

C 274

D 275

921

Question 4
What is the equation of the directrix of the parabola with equation
3y 2 32x = 0 ?
A x=

8
3

B x=

3
8

C x=

3
8

D x=

8
3

x=

32
3

Question 5
A block of mass 5.2 kg rests on a horizontal surface. The coecient of static
friction between the block and the surface is 0.47. What is the maximum
magnitude of the static friction force from the surface on the object, in newtons to
two signicant gures? Take the acceleration due to gravity to be g = 9.8 m s2 .
A 1.1

B 2.4

C 15

D 24

110

Question 6
Which
option
describes the linear transformation represented by the matrix


1
0
?
0 1
A A dilation

B A shear

D A rotation

C A attening

A reection

MST125 June 2016

Question 7
Which of the following species the glide reection g formed from the reection
in the y-axis followed by the translation 2 units down?
A g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

B g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

C g(x, y) = (x, y + 2)

D g(x, y) = (x, y + 2)

g(x, y) = (x, y 2)

Question 8
What is the form of the partial fraction expansion of the expression
2x2 x + 1
?
(x 1)(x2 + 1)
In the options, A, B and C represent constants.
A
C
E

Bx2 + C
Ax
+ 2
x1
x +1
Bx + C
A
+ 2
x1
x +1
A
B
C
+
+ 2
x1 x+1 x +1

A
B
+ 2
x1 x +1
A
Bx2
D
+ 2
x1 x +1

Question 9
Which of the following is an integrating factor p(x) for the dierential equation
dy 6y
+
=1
dx
x
A ln(x6 )

(x > 0) ?

B e6x

C ln(x6 )

D x6

ex

Question 10
What is the solution of the initial value problem
dy
= e4x + sin x, where y = 5 when x = 0 ?
dx
A y = 14 e4x cos x

B y = 14 e4x cos x +

D y = 4e4x cos x + 2

17
4

C y = 14 e4x cos x +

y = 4e4x cos x

Question 11
Let P (n) be the statement
n is a multiple of 6.
Which of the following statements is true?
A P (1) AND P (3)

B P (3) AND P (6)

D P (2) OR P (3)

MST125 June 2016

C P (6) AND P (14)

P (6) OR P (12)

TURN OVER

23
4

Question 12
Let P be the following statement.
At least one of m and n is odd.
Which of the following statements is the negation of P ?
A Both m and n are even.
B Both m and n are odd.
C At most one of m and n is odd.
D At most one of m and n is even.
E

At least one of m and n is even.

Question 13
Consider the following statement.
If n is prime, then n + 2 is prime.
Which of the following values of n is a counter-example to this statement?
A 3

B 4

C 5

D 6

Question 14
The graph below is the velocitytime graph of an object moving along a straight
line, where v is the velocity (in metres per second) of the object at time t (in
seconds).
v
2
1

What is the approximate acceleration (in m s2 ) of the object at time t = 6?


A 2

B 0.5

C 0

D 0.5

MST125 June 2016

Question 15
A projectile is launched with an initial velocity (in m s1 ) of 2i + 3j, where the
Cartesian unit vectors i and j point right and up, respectively. Which of the
following gives the velocity v (in m s1 ) of the projectile at time t (in seconds)
after launch? In the options, g represents the magnitude of the acceleration due
to gravity (in m s2 ).
A v = 2 i + (gt 3) j

B v = 2 i + (3 gt) j

C v=

2 i + (3 gt) j

2 i + (3t 12 gt2 ) j

v=

2 i + ( 12 gt2 3t) j

D v=

Question 16

What are the eigenvalues of the matrix


A 3 and 18

B 0 and 21

D 3 and 18


3 6
?
9 18
C 0 and 21

18 and 54

Question 17

Which of the following vectors is an eigenvector of the matrix


corresponding to the eigenvalue 3?
 




4
1
1
A
B
C
1
2
1
Question 18

 
1
D
1


4 1
,
1
2
 
1
2


1 0
The matrix A =
can be expressed in the form PDP1 , where
4 3






1
0
1 0
1
0
1
P=
, D=
and P =
.
1 1
0 3
1 1
What is A5 ?


1
0
A
0 243


1
0
D
1024 243

MST125 June 2016


B

E

1
0
243 243


C

1
0
1024 243

1
0
244 243

TURN OVER

Question 19
Consider the set S = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}.
How many subsets of S contain both the elements 3 and 4? Examples of such
subsets are {3, 4, 6} and {3, 4, 5, 7}.
A 21

B 24

C 25

D 32

96

Question 20
What is the probability that when two dice are rolled the total is at least 4?
A

1
12

5
6

31
36

11
12

61
64

SEE THE NEXT PAGE FOR SECTION B

MST125 June 2016

SECTION B
Attempt ALL questions in this section. Each question is worth 6%.
Write in pen. Include all your working, as some marks are awarded for this.
Start your answer to each question on a new page of your answer book.
Question 21
Consider the curve with parametrisation
x = 2 + 4 cos t,

y = 3 + 4 sin t

(0 t /2) .

(a) Calculate the coordinates of the endpoints of the curve.

[2]

(b) Sketch the curve, or describe it geometrically.

[2]

(c) Find the y-coordinate of the point on the curve with x-coordinate 4. Give an
exact answer.

[2]

Question 22
A particle, which remains at rest, is acted on by three forces, R, S and T, and no
others. The force diagram below shows the angles at which the forces act. The
magnitude of the force R is 20 N.
T
S
j

45

30

R
(a) Find expressions for the component forms of the three forces R, S and T,
taking the directions of the Cartesian unit vectors i and j to be as shown in
the diagram (j is parallel to R), and denoting the magnitudes of S and T by
S and T , respectively.

[3]

(b) Hence, or otherwise, nd the magnitude S of the force S in newtons to two


signicant gures.

[3]

Question 23
(a) Find the ane transformation f that maps the points (0, 0), (1, 0) and (0, 1)
to the points (2, 3), (4, 5) and (2, 6).

[2]

(b) Hence nd the area of the triangle with vertices (2, 3), (4, 5) and (2, 6).

[2]

(c) Find the image of the point (1, 1) under f .

[2]

Question 24

Evaluate the integral


4

x2 + 2x + 1
dx .
x+3

Give an exact answer.


MST125 June 2016

[6]
TURN OVER

Question 25
(a) Find the integral

sin(2x) cos(5x) dx.

[2]

(b) Hence, or otherwise, solve the following initial value problem, giving your
answer in implicit form.
dy
sin(2x) cos(5x)
=
dx
y2

(y > 0),

where y = 1 when x =

.
2

[4]

Question 26
Let P (n) be the following statement:
5n > 20n.
(a) Show that P (2) is false and P (3) is true.

[1]

(b) Use mathematical induction to show that P (n) is true for all n 3.

[5]

SEE THE NEXT PAGE FOR SECTION C

10

MST125 June 2016

SECTION C
Attempt TWO questions from this section. Each question is worth 12%.
Write in pen. Include all your working, as some marks are awarded for this.
Start your answer to each question on a new page of your answer book.
If you answer three questions, you will be awarded the marks for your best two
answers only.
Question 27
Consider the function f (x) =

x
.
(x + 1)2

(a) Find its domain and intercepts.

[2]

(b) Find f  (x).

[2]

(c) Find the coordinates of any stationary points of f . Construct a table of signs
for f  (x), determine the intervals on which f is increasing or decreasing, and
determine the nature(s) of the stationary point(s).

[4]

(d) Write down the equations of the asymptotes of f .

[1]

(e) Determine whether f is an even or odd function, or neither.

[1]

(f) Sketch the graph of f .

[2]

MST125 June 2016

TURN OVER

11

Question 28
A scene in a lm involves a motorcyclist riding o a cli edge and over a river.
Assume that at the instant the motorcyclist leaves the cli edge, he is 8 m above
the river, his speed is V m s1 and he is travelling in an upwards direction,
making an angle of 15 with the horizontal. Take the origin to be vertically below
the edge of the cli and on the surface of the river. Take the y-axis to point
vertically upwards from the origin and the x-axis to point horizontally from the
origin across the river, as shown below.
y

|v| = V
15
8m
x
45 m

Let i and j be the Cartesian unit vectors in the positive directions of the x- and
y-axes respectively.
Assume that the motorcyclist and his motorcycle can be modelled as a particle
and that the only force acting on it is its weight. Take the magnitude of the
acceleration due to gravity to be g = 9.8 m s2 .
(a) Write down an expression for the acceleration of the motorcyclist. Hence
show that the position r of the motorcyclist at time t seconds after he has
left the cli edge is given by
r = V t cos 15 i + (V t sin 15 12 gt2 + 8) j.

[5]

(b) Assume that the motorcyclist lands on the opposite river bank, after
travelling a horizontal distance of 45 m. Find the time, in seconds to two
signicant gures, that it took the motorcyclist to reach the river bank.

[5]

(c) Determine the speed V , in m s1 to two signicant gures, at which the


motorcyclist left the cli edge.

[2]

12

MST125 June 2016

Question 29
A 10 cm wide strip is to be tiled using the ve types of tile shown below.

Square, 10 cm 10 cm, in either white or black.

Rectangular, 10 cm 20 cm, in white, black or grey.

Here is an example of a 10 cm 80 cm strip that has been tiled with these tiles.
For each positive integer n, let un be the number of ways of tiling a
10 cm (10n) cm strip with these tiles.
(a) Find the values of u1 and u2 , briey explaining your answers.

[3]

(b) Explain clearly why the sequence (un ) satises the recurrence relation
un = 2un1 + 3un2.

[3]

(c) Find a closed form for the sequence (un ).

[5]

(d) Find the number of ways of tiling a 10 cm 50 cm strip.

[1]

[END OF QUESTION PAPER]

MST125 June 2016

13