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Practice Problems: Test 1 ECEN 438/738: Power Electronics Fall 2016

Problem 1

The voltage v across a load and the current i into the positive-polarity terminal are as follows (where ω 1 and ω 3 are not equal):

( )

v t

( )

i t

=

=

V

d

I

d

V
1
I
1

+

+

2 cos(

ω

1

ω 1

t

2 cos(

t

)

)
+
2 sin(
V
ω
t
)
+
2 cos(
V
ω
t
)
1
1
3
3
+
2 cos(
I
ω
t
φ
)
3
3
3

Calculate: (a) The average power P supplied to the load (b) The rms of v(t) and i(t) (c) The power factor at which the load is operating.

Problem 2

In a single-phase diode rectifier bridge, I s = 10 A (rms), I s1 =8 A (rms), and DPF=0.9. Calculate

I distortion and %THD.

Problem 3

In the following single-phase diode rectifier circuit with zero L s and a constant dc current I d =10A, calculate the average power supplied to the load:

a) If v s is a sinusoidal voltage with V s =120 V at 60 Hz

b) If v s has the pulse waveform shown below

Problem 4

Consider the following single-phase, half-controlled converter, where v s is sinusoidal.

a) Draw v s , i s , and v d waveforms and identify the devices conducting for various intervals for the following values of α: 45 o , 90 o , and 35 o .

b) Calculate DPF, PF, and %THD for V d =1/2 V do , where V do is the dc output at α=0.

c) Repeat part (b) for a full-bridge converter

d) Compare results in parts (b) and (c)

Problem 5

The following full-wave rectifier has a 60-Hz ac source with Vm = 100 V. It is to supply a load that requires a dc voltage of 100 V and will draw 0.5 A. Determine the filter capacitance required to limit the peak-to-peak output voltage ripple to 1 percent of the dc output. Determine the peak and average diode currents.

Problem 6

In Example 3-9 (textbook), the half-wave rectifier of Fig. 3-11a has a 120 V rms source at 60 Hz, R = 500 Ω . The capacitance required for a 1 percent ripple in output voltage was determined to be 3333 µF. Determine the capacitance required for a 1 percent ripple if a full-wave rectifier is used instead. Determine the peak diode currents for each circuit. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each circuit.

Problem 7

Determine the output voltage for the following full-wave rectifier with an LC filter if L = 10 mH and (a) R = 7 Ω and (b) R = 20 Ω . The source is 120 V rms at 60 Hz. Assume the capacitor is sufficiently large to produce a ripple-free output voltage.

Problem 8

An array of solar cells produces 100 V dc. A single-phase ac power system is 120 V rms at 60 Hz. (a) Determine the delay angle for the controlled converter in the arrangement of Fig. 4-14 (textbook) (Vdc = 100) such that 2000 W is transmitted to the ac system. Assume L is large enough to produce a current that is nearly ripple-free. The equivalent resistance is 0.8 Ω . Assume that the converter is lossless. (b) Determine the power supplied by the solar cells. (c) Estimate the value of inductance such that the peak-to-peak variation in solar cell current is less than 2.5A.