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Varanasi has nearly 100 ghats, steps leading to the banks of River Ganges.

Many of
the ghats were built when the city was under Maratha control. Marathas, Shindes
(Scindias), Holkars, Bhonsles, and Peshwes (Peshwas) stand out as patrons of
present-day Varanasi. Most of the ghats are bathing ghats, while others are used as
cremation sites. Many ghats are associated with legends or mythologies while many
ghats are privately owned. The former Kashi Naresh owns Shivala or Kali ghat.
Morning boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular visitors attraction.

Dashashwamedh Ghat

Ganges Aarti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Varanasi


Dashashwamedh Ghat is located close to Vishwanath Temple, and is probably the most
spectacular ghat. Two Hindu mythologies are associated with it: According to one, Lord Brahma
created it to welcome Lord Shiva. According to another, Lord Brahma sacrificed ten horses in a
yajna here. A group of priests daily perform in the evening at this ghat "Agni Pooja" (Worship to
Fire) wherein a dedication is made to Lord Shiva, River Ganges, Surya (Sun), Agni (Fire), and
the whole universe.
Assi Ghat
It is situated at the confluence of Ganga and Assi rivers. Assi Ghat is the southernmost Ghat in
Varanasi. Here pilgrims bathe before paying their homage to Lord Shiva in the form of huge
lingam situated under a peepal tree. Assi Ghat also constitutes the southern end of conventional
Varanasi City. Another lingam worshipped here is the Assi Sangameshwar lingam representing
the lord of confluence of the Assi, enshrined in a small marble temple near the Assi Ghat. The
famous Indian poet saint, Tulsi Das had written the much-celebrated Ramcharitmanas here.

Assi ghat
There are numerous references of Assi Ghat in early literature of the Hindus. We find the
mention of Assi Ghat in lot of Hindu Scriptures like Matsya purana, Agni purana, Kurma purana,
Padma purana and Kashi khanda. According to legends, Goddess Durga had thrown her sword
after slaying the demons Shumbha- Nishumbha. The place where the sword had fallen resulted in
a big stream known as Assi River. In Kashi Khand , Assi Ghat is referred as Saimbeda Tirtha
and according to it one gets punya of all the Tirthas by taking a dip here. Thousands of Hindu
pilgrims take holy dip here in the months of Chaitya (March/ April) and Magh (Jan/Feb) and
other important occasions like Grahan, Dussehra, Probodhoni Ekadashi, Makar Shankranti etc.
Beware of Touts and be careful here

Assi Ghat

Harish Chandra Ghat


Harishchandra Ghat is one of the oldest and important Ghats of Varanasi. Harishchandra Ghat is
name after a mythological King Harishchandra( forefather of Lord Rama) who worked at the
cremation ground here for the perseverance of truth and charity. Then The Gods rewarded him
for his resolve, charity and truthfulness and restored his lost throne, wealth, fame and his dead
son to him. Harish Chandra Ghat is one of the two cremation Ghats (the otherone being
Manikarnika Ghat). Hindus from distant places bring the dead bodies of their near and dear ones
to the Harishchandra Ghat for cremation. In Hindu mythology it is believed that if a person is
cremated at the Harishchandra Ghat, that person gets salvation or moksha.

Dasaswamedh Ghat Varanasi


Aarti of Ganga Maiya in the evening Dasaswamedh Ghat

Dasawamedh ghat
Dasaswamedh Ghat
Dasaswamedh Ghat is one of the most important and most visited Ghats of Varanasi.
Dasaswamedh Ghat literally means the Ghat of ten sacrificed horses. According to legends, ten
horses were sacrificed by Lord Brahma to allow Lord Shiva to return from a period of
banishment at this place and hence the name.
Dasaswamedh Ghat provides a very beautiful and colorful riverfront view. A large number of
Sadhus are seen everyday performing religious rites on this Ghat. Nobody visiting Varanasi must
not miss the opportunity of visiting the Dasaswamedh Ghat. In the evening after Ganga Aarti,
thousands of earthen lamps are immersed in the waters of the holy Ganges and the floating lamps
give a divine look to the river at dusk.
Beware of Touts,Thieves and be careful here. Keep your eyes ,ears and mind open here
otherwise
Manikarnika Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat is the most important and main cremation Ghat of Varanasi. Manikarnika Ghat
is one of the oldest and most sacred Ghats in Kashi. According to the Hindu mythology, being
burnt here provides an instant gateway to liberation from the cycle of births and rebirths. It lies at
the center of the five main tirthas. Manikarnika Ghat symbolizes both creation and destruction.
At Manikarnika Ghat the mortal remains are consigned to flames with the prayers that the souls
rest in eternal peace. There is a sacred well at the Manikarnika Ghat, called the Manikarnika
Kund. Manikarnika Kund is said to be dug by Lord Vishnu at the time of creation while the hot
ashes of the burnt bodies makes one remember the inevitable destruction of everything in the

world. It is here that Lord Shiva utters tarak mantra on the ear of the dead so that he immediately
attains salvation.
Beware of Touts. Be careful here.

Manikarnika ghat
Tulsi Ghat
Tulsi Ghat is one more important ghat of Varanasi. Tulsi Ghat is named after the great Hindu
poet,saint and devotee of the 16th century, Tulsidas Goswami. Tulsi Das composed the great
Indian epic Ramcharitmanas at Varanasi. When Tulsis manuscript fell into the River Ganga it
did not sink and kept floating instead here in Ganga. It is also believed that the Ramlila (story of
Lord Ramas life) was staged here for the first time. A temple of Lord Ram was built on the Tulsi
Ghat. Many of the relics of Tulsi Das are preserved at the Tulsi Ghat. The house in which
Tulsidas died has been preserved and his Samadhi , wooden clogs, pillow and the idol of
Hanuman, which Tulsi worshipped, are all still intact and preserved here.

Tulsi Ghat
Scindia Ghat
Scindia Ghat borders Manikarnika to the north, with its Shiva temple lying partially submerged
in the river as a result of excessive weight of the ghats construction about 150 years ago. Above
the ghat several of Kashis most influential shrines are located. According to tradition, Agni, the
Hindu God of Fire was born here.

Scindia ghat

ManMandir Ghat:
Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur built this Ghat in 1770, as well as the Yantra Mantra equipped
with ornate window casings along with those at Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, and Mathura. Devotees
visit here to the lingam of Someshwar, the Lord of the Moon .This is next to Dasaswamedh Ghat.

ManMandir ghat
Lalita Ghat
The King of Nepal built this Ghat in the northern region of Varanasi. It is the site of the Ganges
Keshav Temple, a wooden temple built in typical Nepali Kathmandu style .The temple has an
image of Pashupatinath, a manifestation of Lord Shiva. It is a favorite site of painters and
photographers.This place is not to be missed.

.Lalita ghat Varanasi


Kedar Ghat
At Kedar Ghat there is a Kunda called Gauri Kund, which is named after Lord Shivas wife,
which is said to have healing properties. At this ghat is the Kedareswara Shiva Temple. The
person who visits this temple gets fruits of visiting Kedarnath Temple.

Gauri kunda in Kedar ghat


Raj Ghat
The important Raj Ghat (also called Adi Keshava Ghat) is the northern most ghat. Located here
is the Adi Keshava Vishnu Temple, which is located where the Varuna River flows into the
Ganges. Lord Vishnu is said to have first put his feet here when he came to Varanasi.

Raj ghat

Chetsingh Ghat

Ahilya Ghat

on the banks

On the Ghats enjoying