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Seminar:Seminar: PowerPower systemsystem DynamicDynamic andand WindWind PowerPower usingusing DIgSILENTDIgSILENT
Seminar:Seminar:
PowerPower systemsystem DynamicDynamic andand
WindWind PowerPower usingusing DIgSILENTDIgSILENT
PowerFactoryPowerFactory (Basic(Basic V14V14))
Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, Dr.Sc
Nicosia, Cyprus, 24 th May, 2011
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I. Introduction into DIgSILENT PowerFactory This tutorial is a simple introduction to transient simulation with
I. Introduction into
DIgSILENT PowerFactory
This tutorial is a simple introduction to transient simulation
with PowerFactory
Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, Dr.Sc
Nicosia, Cyprus, 24 th -25 th May, 2011
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I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts This subsection introduce the basic concepts used in PowerFactory: Functional
I. Basic PowerFactory
Concepts
This subsection introduce the basic concepts
used in PowerFactory:
Functional Integration
Vertical Integration
Database Integration
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I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts • The calculation program PowerFactory, as written by DIgSILENT. Dr. Martin
I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts
• The calculation program PowerFactory, as written by
DIgSILENT.
Dr. Martin Schmieg
http://www.digsilent.de/
• It is a computer aided engineering tool for the
analysis of industrial, utility, and commercial electrical
power systems.
• It has been designed as an advanced integrated and
interactive software package dedicated to electrical
power system and control analysis in order to achieve
the main objectives of planning and operation
optimization.
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I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts • The name DIgSILENT stands for "DIgital SImuLation and Electrical NeTwork
I.
Basic PowerFactory Concepts
• The name DIgSILENT stands for "DIgital SImuLation
and Electrical NeTwork calculation program''.
• DIgSILENT Version 7 was the world's first power
system analysis software with an integrated
graphical one-line interface.
• That interactive one-line diagram included drawing
functions, editing capabilities and all relevant static and
dynamic calculation features.
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I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts • DIgSILENT power system calculation package was designed as an integrated
I.
Basic PowerFactory Concepts
• DIgSILENT power system calculation package was
designed as an integrated engineering tool.
• It
q
through all available functions, rather than a collection
of different software modules.
p
rovides
a
com lete
p
'walk-around'
techni ue
• PowerFactory Version 14, DIgSILENT represents a
further step towards seamless integration of
functionality and data management within a multi-
user environment.
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I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts • There are three basic integration characteristics that contribute to make
I. Basic PowerFactory Concepts
• There are three basic integration characteristics that
contribute to make PowerFactory a unique power system
analysis tool:
a) Functional integration
b) Database integration
c) Vertical integration
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I.A. Functional Integration Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 8/62 All rights
I.A. Functional Integration
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I.A. Functional Integration • DIgSILENT PowerFactory software is implemented as a single executable program, and
I.A. Functional Integration
DIgSILENT PowerFactory software is implemented as a
single executable program, and is fully compatible with
Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista.
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I.A. Functional Integration • Implemented as a single software solution allowing for fast 'walk around'
I.A. Functional Integration
Implemented as a single software solution allowing for
fast 'walk around' through the database and execution
environment
PSS™E Graphical User Interface (Power Flow)
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I.A. Functional Integration • No need to reload modules and update, transfer and convert data
I.A. Functional Integration
• No need to reload modules and update, transfer and
convert data and results between different program
applications.
• As an example, the power flow, fault analysis, and
harmonic load flow analysis tools can be executed
sequentially without resetting the program, enabling
additional software modules and engines or reading
external data files.
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I.A. Functional Integration • As an example, the power flow, fault analysis, and harmonic load
I.A. Functional Integration
As an example, the power flow, fault analysis, and
harmonic load flow analysis tools can be executed
sequentially without resetting the program, enabling
additional software modules and engines or reading
external data files.
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I.B. Vertical Integration Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 13/62 All rights
I.B. Vertical Integration
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I. B. Vertical Integration • Vertically integrated power equipment model concept allowing models to be
I. B. Vertical Integration
• Vertically integrated power equipment model
concept allowing models to be shared by all analysis
functions
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I. B. Vertical Integration • No longer are separate software engines required to analyze separate
I.
B. Vertical Integration
No longer are separate software engines required to
analyze separate aspects of the power system, as
DIgSILENT PowerFactory can accommodate everything
within one integrated frame and one integrated
database.
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I. B. Vertical Integration • Support of transmission-, distribution- and industrial system design and simulation.
I.
B. Vertical Integration
Support of transmission-, distribution- and industrial
system design and simulation.
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I.C. Database Integration Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 17/62 All rights
I.C. Database Integration
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II.C. Database Integration • DIgSILENT PowerFactory provides optimal organization of data and definitions required to
II.C. Database Integration
• DIgSILENT PowerFactory provides optimal
organization of data and definitions required to
perform any type of calculation, memorization of settings
or software operation options.
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II.C. Database Integration • There is no need in tedious organization of several files for
II.C. Database Integration
There is no need in tedious organization of several
files for defining the various analysis aspects.
PSAT
Power System Analysis Toolbox
Prof Federico Milano
www.uclm.es/area/gsee/Web/Federico/psat.htm
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II.C. Database Integration PSAT Power System Analysis Toolbox Prof Federico Milano
II.C. Database Integration
PSAT
Power System Analysis Toolbox
Prof Federico Milano
www.uclm.es/area/gsee/Web/Federico/psat.htm
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II.C. Database Integration • The PowerFactory database environment fully integrates all data required for defining
II.C. Database Integration
• The PowerFactory database environment fully
integrates all data required for defining cases,
operation scenarios, single-line graphics, outputs, run
conditions, calculation options, graphics, user-defined
models, etc.
Project Manager
Visioning and
Publishing
Master and Device
Compare and Merge
Single Database Concepts: all
data for standard and advanced
functions are organized in a
single, integrated database.
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II.C. Database Integration • There is no need to keep and organize hundreds of files
II.C. Database Integration
• There is no need to keep and organize hundreds of files
on hard disc, every thing you require to model and
simulate a power system is integrated in a single
database!
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II.C. Database Integration • Project Management: All the data that defines a power system model
II.C. Database Integration
• Project Management: All the data that defines a power
system model and allows its calculation is stored in so
called 'Project' folders within the database.
• Inside a 'Project', folders called 'Study Cases' are used
to define different studies of the system considering the
complete network, only parts of it or variations on its
current state.
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II.C. Database Integration • This 'project and study case' approach to define and manage power
II.C. Database Integration
• This 'project and study case' approach to define and
manage power system studies is a unique application of
the object-oriented software principle.
• Standard software packages often require the user to
create a large number of similar saved cases, with
multiple nested directories for large complex networks
and studies.
• This approach of the structure is both easy to use while
avoiding redundancy.
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II.C. Database Integration • Multi-User Operation: Multiple users each holding its own projects or working
II.C. Database Integration
• Multi-User Operation: Multiple users each holding its
own projects or working with data shared from other
users are supported by a 'Multi-user' database
operation.
• In this case the definition of access rights, user
accounting and groups for data sharing are managed by
a database administrator.
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II.C. Database Integration • Modelling and simulation of railway systems • Simulation of any kind
II.C. Database Integration
• Modelling and simulation of railway systems
• Simulation of any kind of wind turbines and wind parks
• Smart Grid modelling including virtual power plants
and distributed
g
eneration such as PV- anels micro
p
,
turbines, battery storage, CHP, etc.
a) Functional integration
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II. PowerFactory Project Environment Projects Network Model, Libraries, Study cases Type and Elements (*.ElmXXX y
II. PowerFactory
Project Environment
Projects
Network Model, Libraries, Study cases
Type and Elements (*.ElmXXX y *.TypXXX
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II.A Data Arrangement Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 28/62 All rights
II.A Data Arrangement
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II.A. Data Arrangement • The study of any system, there are two distinct sets of
II.A. Data Arrangement
The study of any system, there are two distinct sets of
information that can be defined:
– Data that pertains directly to the system under study,
that is, electrical data.
– Study management data, for example, which
graphics should be displayed, what options have
been chosen for a load flow, which 'areas' of the
network should be considered for calculation, etc.
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II.A. Data Arrangement • The electrical data itself can also be further divided into logical
II.A. Data Arrangement
The electrical data itself can also be further divided into
logical sets:
– Type
Data:
generic
information
about
a
power
component.
– Element Data: This set will contain all of that
information particular to the specific installation or
application of the power component. All information
that is non-generic, will fall into this information set.
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II.A. Data Arrangement • Within the Element Data, there is information related to the operational
II.A. Data Arrangement
• Within the Element Data, there is information related to
the operational point of a devise but not to the devise
itself.
• Operational Data: data which is subject to frequent
changes during a study and may be used to simulate
different operation scenarios of the same network
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Questions Any Question? Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 32/62 All rights
Questions
Any Question?
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II. Database in PF Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, fglongatt@ieee.org .Copyright © 2011 33/62 All rights
II. Database in PF
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II.B. Data Base Structure Single/Multi User Data Base Project Manager Visioning and Publishing Master and
II.B. Data Base Structure
Single/Multi User Data Base
Project Manager
Visioning and
Publishing
Master and Derive
Compare and Merge
Grid Expansion Stages
Grid Expansion Stages
Base grid
Graphical grid
Power system
representation
object
Study Case
Overview Diagram
Study time
Elements
Timed Grid
Variations
Simplified SLD
Types
Operation
Scenarios
Library
Detailed SLD
Operation Library
Power
Equipment
DPL Scripts
Source: DigSILENT PowerFactory
http://www.digsilent.de/images/Software/DIgSILENT_PowerFactory/overview150.png
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II.B. Data Base Structure • There are four distinct sets that we need to arrange
II.B. Data Base Structure
• There are four distinct sets that we need to arrange the
data into.
• In data base terms this means four folders:
– Network Data: Holds all the element data .
– Operation
Scenario:
Holds
the
operational
data
defining a certain operational point.
– Equipment Type: Holds all the type data
– Study Case: Holds all the study management data.
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II.B. Data Base Structure • The folders should be hierarchically organized within a higher directory.
II.B. Data Base Structure
• The folders should be hierarchically organized within a
higher directory.
• The name of this folder in PowerFactory is Project.
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II.B. User Account • The PowerFactory database supports multiple users and each user can manage
II.B. User Account
• The PowerFactory database supports multiple users
and each user can manage several projects.
• User Account folders with access privileges only for
their owners (and other users with shared rights) must
then be used.
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II.B. Database, Objects and Classes • PowerFactory uses a hierarchical, object-oriented database. • All the
II.B. Database, Objects and Classes
• PowerFactory uses a hierarchical, object-oriented
database.
• All the data, which represents power system elements,
single line diagrams, study cases, system operation
scenarios, calculation commands, program settings etc.,
are stored as objects inside a hierarchical set of
folders.
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II.B. Data Base Structure • The folders are arranged in order to facilitate the definition
II.B. Data Base Structure
The folders are arranged in order to facilitate the
definition of the studies and optimize the use of the tools
provided by the program.
The objects are grouped
according to the
kind of
element that they
represent.
These groups are known
as
c asses
l
w
ithi
n
th
e
PowerFactory
environment.
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II.B. Data Base Structure • The objects are grouped according to the kind of element
II.B. Data Base Structure
• The objects are grouped according to the kind of
element that they represent.
• These
groups
are
known
as
classes
within
the
PowerFactory environment.
For example, an object that
represents a synchronous
generator in a power
system belongs to the class
defined for synchronous
machines (called ElmSym
in PowerFactory);
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II.B. Data Base Structure • An object storing the settings for a load flow calculation
II.B. Data Base Structure
An object storing the settings for a load flow calculation
belongs to a class defined to set and execute load flows
(called ComLdf), and so on.
Analogous to Windows, classes may be seen as the
file extensions of the objects.
Each object belongs to a class and each class has a
specific set of parameters that defines the objects
which it represents.
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II.B. Data Base Structure
The PowerFactory database philosophy can thus be
summarized by one 'golden' rule:
'Everything is an object, all the objects
belong toaclass and are stored
according to a hierarchical
arrangement in the database tree'
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II.B. Data Base Structure Single/Multi User Data Base Project Manager Visioning and Publishing Master and
II.B. Data Base Structure
Single/Multi User Data Base
Project Manager
Visioning and
Publishing
Master and Derive
Compare and Merge
Grid Expansion Stages
Grid Expansion Stages
Base grid
Graphical grid
Power system
representation
object
Study Case
Overview Diagram
Study time
Elements
Timed Grid
Variations
Simplified SLD
Types
Operation
Scenarios
Library
Detailed SLD
Operation Library
Power
Equipment
DPL Scripts
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II.B. PowerFactory Project Structure • Projects are used in PowerFactory to manage the studies of
II.B. PowerFactory Project Structure
• Projects are used in PowerFactory to manage the
studies of power systems.
• From a database point of view, a project is a directory
which stores:
– All the objects that collectively define a power
system and its changes over time.
– Objects that
the
define
the
graphical
representations of the system.
– Objects that define the calculations performed on
the system.
– Objects that contain the results of the calculations.
• The objects are stored in folders according to their
functionality.
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II.B. PowerFactory Project Structure • Main Elements of a Project: Dr. Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt,
II.B. PowerFactory Project Structure
Main Elements of a Project:
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The Library • The library contains the equipment types (as in older versions of PowerFactory),
The Library
• The library contains the equipment types (as in older
versions of PowerFactory), special operational
information, DPL scripts, templates and user-defined
models.
• There are two types of libraries:
– Equipment Type Library
– Operational Library
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The Library • There are two types of libraries: – Equipment Type Library – Operational
The Library
There are two types of libraries:
– Equipment Type Library
– Operational Library
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The Library Equipment Type Library • It is convenient to store all manufacturer-specific data in
The Library
Equipment Type Library
• It is convenient to store all manufacturer-specific data in
the same location and organize it in such a way that it
can be easily accessed when defining power system
elements.
• Within the data model this information corresponds to
the above mentioned type data and is stored inside the
Equipment Type Library folder.
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The Library • Operational Library • It is often desired to change the operation point
The Library
• Operational Library
• It is often desired to change the operation point of a
network in order to analyze the effects of different
loading levels, changed maintenance schedules or
operational limits.
• An Operational Library folder, which contains sorted
operational alternatives, is part of the approach used by
PowerFactory to manage this task.
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The Network Model • It would be convenient to have simultaneous access to all electrical
The Network Model
• It would be convenient to have simultaneous access to
all electrical and graphical data relating to the network to
be analyzed.’
• There are three main objects:
– Network Data
– Diagrams
– Variations
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The Network Model • Network Data. The electrical data may be sorted according to logical,
The Network Model
• Network Data. The electrical data may be sorted
according to logical, organizational and/or geographical
areas; therefore within any project, one or more.
• Diagrams. When drawing a grid, all graphic information
is automatically stored in this folder.
• Variations. In order to plan or assess the network under
different topological configurations, it is useful to be able
to create variations of the current network.
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Operation Scenarios • Storing recurrent operation points and being able to activate or deactivate them
Operation Scenarios
• Storing recurrent operation points and being able to
activate or deactivate them when required, accelerates
the analyses of the network under different operative
conditions, e.g. different dispatch programs, low or high
load periods, etc.
• We may need to analyze the network at different times
during the day, week or year, where changed loading
conditions and different component ratings are
considered.
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Study Cases • Once the network data has been entered and configured, users may wish
Study Cases
• Once the network data has been entered and
configured, users may wish to perform network studies,
including load-flow, various short-circuits, time-
dependant simulations, etc. It would be useful if the
results of these studies could also be stored for review or
repeated later.
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Changed Settings • Project settings such as user-defined diagram styles for example, which differ from
Changed Settings
• Project settings such as user-defined diagram styles for
example, which differ from global settings, are stored
inside the Changed Settings folder.
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Questions
Any Question?
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II. PowerFactory Project Environment Projects Network Model, Libraries, Study cases Type and Elements (*.ElmXXX y
II. PowerFactory
Project Environment
Projects
Network Model, Libraries, Study cases
Type and Elements (*.ElmXXX y *.TypXXX)
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III. Overview of Main Functionality Main functionalities included in DIgSILENT PowerFactory Dr. Francisco M.
III. Overview of Main
Functionality
Main functionalities included in DIgSILENT
PowerFactory
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III. General Overview Transmission and Distribution Industry Wind Power PV System Railway Smart Grid Radial
III. General Overview
Transmission and Distribution
Industry
Wind Power
PV System
Railway
Smart Grid
Radial and Meshed 1-4 Phase AC grids and DC Grids
OHL parameter
Power Flow
Fault Analysis
Network reduction
calculation
AC/DC
IEC 60909
Flexible DSL – Modelling
DIgSILENT Simulation
Language
Contingency Analysis
Cable
Powerflow
IEC 61363
parameter
ANSI C37.4
Power Flow
calculation
Balanced/un-
G74
RMS Simulation with abc
Phase Representation
Sensitivities
balanced
Complete
Asynchronous
method
Voltage Stability
Long-Term Stability
Machine
Active power
General
Analysis
parameter
and reactive
faults/Multiple
Distribution Network
Transient Motor Starting
estimation
power controls
faults
Analysis
Real-Time Simulation
Reliability
Harmonic Analysis
Protection
analysis
Optimal Power
Ripple Control
Electromagnetic transient
Functions
flow Economic
(EMT)
Protection
State
Dispatch
Distribution Network
System Parameter
Simulation
Estimation
Optimization
identification
Source: DigSILENT PowerFactory
http://www.digsilent.de/images/Software/DIgSILENT_PowerFactory/overview150.png
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Power System
Functions GridAnalysis
Applications
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III. Supported PowerFactory Functions • Balanced and unbalanced power flow; • Fault analysis; • Harmonics,
III.
Supported PowerFactory Functions
• Balanced and unbalanced power flow;
• Fault analysis;
• Harmonics, Frequency scans;
• RMS Stability;
• EMT simulations for three, two and single phase AC
systems and DC systems;
• Protection simulation and co-ordination;
• Distribution, transmission and generation reliability;
• Small signal analysis (eigenvalues);
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III. Supported PowerFactory Functions • Static and dynamic voltage stability; • Active and reactive power
III.
Supported PowerFactory Functions
• Static and dynamic voltage stability;
• Active and reactive power dispatch;
• State estimation;
• Open
tie
optimization,
optimal
capacitor
placement,
cable sizing;
• Built-in automation interface (DPL),
• ODBC driver, interfaces for GIS and SCADA integration;
PSS/E compatibility
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Any Question?
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