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LABREPORT:EXPERIMENT4GreenChemistry:SolventlessAldolReactionandMelting

PointAnalysis
Name:HanTaub

LabDay:Tuesday

Date:
10/12/15

OrganicChemistry205

DrawChemBioDrawstructuresofthebalancedchemicalreaction:

(sorryIcouldntscanthoseandIdidnthavethemsavedsoItookapic.Icangiveyouthepaper
oneifyouwant)
MolecularMassof1indanone:___146.14g/mol_________
Massandmolesof1indanoneused:___0.20g,0.0014mol_________
MolecularMassof3,4dimethoxybenzaldehyde:____166.17g/mol________
Massandmolesof3,4dimethoxybenzaldehydeused:__0.25g,0.0015mol__________
FormulaMassofsodiumhydroxide:__40.00g/mol__________
Massandmolesofsodiumhydroxideused:___0.18g,0.0045mol_________
Limitingreagent:____1indanone________
Massandmolesofrecrystallizedproduct:___0.16g,0.00057mol_________
Meltingpoint(range)ofrecrystallizedproduct:__171.5C174.7C__________
%Yieldofrecrystallizedproduct(showcalculation):__41.03%__________
theoreticalyield=.0014molx280.34g/mol=0.39g

%yield=0.16g/0.39gx100=41.03
Questions(continueonback):
1. Thesmallerthemeltingpointrange,thepurerthesample.Mymeltingpointrangewas
comparativelywide,whichmeansthatmysamplehadalotofimpuritiesleftafterthe
experiment.
2. Ifthesolutionisnotfullysaturated,recrystallizationwillnotoccurasthesolutioncools.
3. Thesodiumhydroxidecatalyzesthereactionbecauseitspresencefurtherlowersthe
meltingpointofthesolutionandallowsthereactiontogoforward.

HonorPledge:IaffirmthatIhaveadheredtotheHonorCodeonthisassignment.HanTaub