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# AQA Mechanics 1 Momentum

## Section 1: Conservation of momentum

Solutions to Exercise
1. Change in momentum m(v u )

3(0 18)
54
The momentum lost by the stone is 54 Ns.

2.

21 ms-1

F
2g
Vertically: R 2 g 0
R 2 9.8 19.6
Friction is limiting so F R
Ft m(v u )

2
7

19.6 5.6

## 5.6t 2(0 21)

t 7.5
The time taken is 7.5 seconds.

3
1 9 2 11
3. Initial total momentum 3 2 .
2
4 6 8 2
Momentum after collision 2v where v is the velocity of Q.
11
By conservation of momentum, 2v
2
5.5
v

1
4. Initial total momentum 5( 2i 5 j) 3(3i j)

10i 25 j 9i 3 j
i 28 j
Momentum after collision 8v where v is the velocity of the combined
particle.
By conservation of momentum, 8v i 28 j

v 81 i

1 of 3

7
2

10/01/13 MEI

5. (i)

Initially
8 ms-1

Finally
2 ms-1

5 ms-1

A
3 kg

v ms-1

A
3 kg

B
2 kg

B
2 kg

3 8 2 5 (3 2) 2v

24 10 6 2v
v 4
(ii)

Initially
8 ms-1
A
3 kg

Finally
5 ms-1
B
2 kg

2 ms-1

v ms-1

A
3 kg

B
2 kg

3 8 2 5 (3 2) 2v

24 10 6 2v
v 10
6.

v
2.5 ms-1
Q

5g

6g

## For P before collision, resultant force down plane 5 g sin 5 9.8 61

F ma
49
6

49
6

5a

49
30

After 3 seconds: v u at

0 30 3
4.9
49

## Using conservation of momentum:

5 4.9 1 2.5 6w

27 6w
w 4.5
The speed of the combined particle is 4.5 ms-1.

2 of 3

10/01/13 MEI

## AQA M1 Momentum 1 Exercise solutions

7.

Initially

Finally

10 ms-1

v ms-1

A
2 kg

v ms-1

A
2 kg

B
7 kg

B
7 kg

By conservation of momentum:
2 10 0 2v 7v

20 5 v
v 4
The speed is 4 ms-1.

## 8. For collision between first and second trucks:

Before
10 ms-1
2000 kg

After

v ms-1

5 ms-1

4000 kg

2000 kg

By conservation of momentum:
2000 10 2000 5 4000v
v 7.5
For collision between combined truck and third truck:
Before
7.5
ms-1

After

w ms-1

3 ms-1

4000 kg
2000 kg
By conservation of momentum:
4000 7.5 2000 3 6000w
w 6
The combined speed is 6 ms-1.

3 of 3

6000 kg

10/01/13 MEI