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FORM TP 2016089

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TEST CODE OI234O2O

MAY/JUNE 2016

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATEO

EXAMINATION

MATHEMATICS

Paper 02 - General Proficiency

2 hours 40 minutes

R]EAD THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

 l. This paper consists of TWO sections: I and IL 2. Section I has EIGHT questions and Section II has THREE questions. 3. Answer ALL questions in Section I, and any TWO questions from Section II. 4. Write your answers in the booklet provided. 5. Do NOT write in the margins. 6. All working MUST be shown clearly.

7 . A list of formulae is provided on page 2 of this booklet.

8. If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on

the original page, you must use the extra page(s) provided at the back of this

booklet. Remember to draw a line through your original answer.

9. If you use the extra page(s) you MUST write the question number clearly in the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include

the question part beside the answer.

Rgquired Examination Materials

ElBctronic calculator

Geometry set

DO NOT TURII THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright @ 2014 Caribbean Examinations Council

L a1,,4020tF 2016

A1l rights reserved.

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LIST OF FORMULAE

Volume of a prism

Volume of cylinder

Volume of a right pyramid

Circumference

V :

Ah where I

length.

Pag;l

is the area of a cross-section and h is the perpendicular

V : nf h where r is the radius of the base and h is the perpendicular height.

V :

;

.l

Ah where A is the area of the base and h is the perpendicular height.

C : 2nr where r is the radius of the circle.

Arc length

Area of a circle

Area of a sector

S: *0

degrees.

x 2nr where 0 is the angle subtended by the arc, measured in

A: nf where r is the radius of the circle.

A: *-

x nf where0 is the angle of the sector, measured in degrees

Area of trapezitm

A: + @ + b) h where a and, b are thelengths of the parallel sides and ft

is the perpendicular distance between the parallel sides.

Roots of quadratic equations lf ax2 + bx * g : Q,

tnen x

b + "'[ b2 4ac

Trigonometric ratios

sin0:

cosO:

tanO:

opposite side

rl--ypoCnuse

adjacent side

-hypoCmlse

opposite side

a{a-ent sitle

e

Adjacent

Opposite

Area of triangle

Sine rule

Cosine rule

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Area of A : I height.

Un *rcre b is the length of the base and ft is the perpendicular

Area of A ABC :

Area of A ABC :

|-

ab sin C

s(s-a)(s-b)(r-")

where, :

a*b+c

2

 ab c sinl sinB ;inZ

C

a

b

B

c

A

d:b2lc2-2bccosA

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SECTION I

AnswerALL questions in this section.

1. (a)

All working must be clearly shown.

Using a calculator, or otherwise, calculate

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(D ,t-ri giving your answer as a fraction in its lowest terms.

(iD

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(2 marks)

(2.86 + 0.75) + 0.4812 giving your answer correct to 2 decimal places.

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Pas;l

(b) Paul bought and sold a computer. He wrote his business activity as follows:

 Cost price of computer s1064 Marked price of computer \$1399 Discount on marked price s%

(if paid by cash)

Calculate

 (i) the selling price (paid cash) (2 marks) (ii) the profit or loss as a percentage of the cost price (2 marks)

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(c) Orange juice is sold in cartons of three different sizes

Carton Size

Selling Price

 350 ml \$4.20 450 ml \$s.3s 500 ml ss.80

Which size of orange juice is the most cost-effective buy? Justify your answer.

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2. (a)

Factorize completely

(D

4a2 -

16

 := = = PaseI n:

::l:

N

lET

j*.

:Et+'

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5t' tra

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 (2 marks) (iD 31.t+ 2y -8 (2 marks) (b) Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + y:3 5x - 2y: 12 ta:' E- t*r-' (5 marks)

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(c) The table below shows corresponding values of the variables r and y, where y varies

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,l

.l

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1

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directly as.r.

x

v

Calculate the values of t and u

 6 l0 t J u 9

(3 marks)

Total12 marks

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3.

(a)

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The Venn diagram below shows the number of students who study History and French

in a class of30 students.

U- {students in the class}

H:

F:

{students who study History} {students who study French}

18 -x

U

14-x

5

(i) Write an expression, in-r, in its simplest form, for the TOTALnumber of students

in the class.

 (2 marks) (ii) State whether the following relationships are true or false: a HUF:U o flnF':A (2 marks) (iii) Determine the number of students who study BOTH History and French.

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Using a ruler, a pencil and a pair of compasses, construct triangle PQRwith

PQ:5 cm, Z POR:60. and I QPR:90o.

(ii) Measure and state

a the length of PX

PR

a the measure of Z. PRQ,

/. PRg :

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Total12 marks

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4. The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows a silver box with no lid. The sides and bottom

of the box are 1.5 cm thick.

1.5

v-"'

Jo

oQ

--a

.\

-r,

\

\

\

20 cm

\ J

15 cm

(a) Calculate the volume of the box using the external measurements.

(2 marks)

(b) Complete EACH of the following statements.

(D The internal length of the box is 30 cm -2 x 1.5 cm :

(iD

The internal width of the box is

(iii) The internal depth of the box is .

(1 mark)

(2 marks)

(1 mark)

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(c) Calculate the internal volume of the box.

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(2 marks)

(d) The box is made of silver which has a mass of 10.5 g for each crnl. Calculate the mass

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i:s

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of the silver box, giving your answer in kg.

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(a)

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The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows two straight lines, J-r( and -/2, intersecting

a pair of parallel lines, EF arrd GH.

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Determine, giving reasons for EACH of your answers, the value of

(D

(ii)

(iii)

x

v

w

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(i) Describe FULLY the transformation which maps R,Sf onto R',S'T'.

(3 marks)

(ii) Triangle RSZ is reflected in the line x : 6. On the graph above, draw triangle Rrr Si " 7 ", the image of ARSZ, after the reflection.

:=.

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6. (a)

The diagram below shows the graph of the straight line x + y:3

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x+

[.,

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Determine the equation of the line which is

(i)

parallel to the line x + !:

3 and passes through the origin

(ii)

(2 marks)

perpendicular to the line x + y: 3 and passes through the midpoint of AB.

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(b) The functioly: x' -2x - 3 is defined in the domain) < x < 4. The table below shows the corresponding values ofy for five selected values ofx.

x

v

.,

5

-1

0

0

-J

I

2

-3

J

4

5

(i) Complete the table by calculating and inserting the missing values ofy

(2 marks)

(ii) On the same axes used in Part (a) on page 16, draw the graph of y : x2 . 2x - 3.

(2 marks)

(iii) Using informationfromyourgraph, complete EACH ofthe following statements

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The minimum value of y : *z - 2x -3 occurs whenx :

The values of r for which x2 - 2x - 3 : -x + 3 are x :

andx:

(1 mark)

(2 marks)

Total ll marks

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7. Twenty bags of sugar were weighed. The weights, to the nearest kg, are as follows

 J 38 t7 33 28 t2 43 38 31 30 1l 8 23 l8 26 50 22 35 39 5

(a) Complete the frequency table for the data shown above

Weight (kg)

l-10

tt10

Tally

Number of Bags

 21-30 31-40 l-. 41-50

(4 marks)

 (b) For the class interval2l-30, state (D the upper class boundary (1 mark) (ii) the class width (1 mark) (iiD the class midpoint (1 mark) (c) On the grid on page 19, using a scale of 2 cm to represent 10 kg on the x-axis, and

1 cm to represent I bag on they-axis, draw a histogram to represent the data contained

in your frequency table above.

(4 marks)

Totalllmarks

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8. The diagram below shows the first three figures in a sequence. Each figure is made up of knots and strings. Each knot connects exactly 3 strings.

Figure I

Figure 2

(a) Draw Figure 4 of the sequence

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(b) The table below shows the number of knots and strings in each figure used to draw Figures 1,2 and 3. Complete the table by inserting the missing values in the rows

numbered (i), (ii) and (iii).

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Figure Number

(N)

Number of Knots

(K)

 I I 2 3 3 7 4

10

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Number of Strings

(s)

3

7

15

 (2 marks) 255 (3 marks) (3 marks)

Total 10 marks

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SECTION II

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;

Answer TWO questions in this section.

ALGEBRAAND RELATIONS, FUNCTIONS AND GRAPHS

e.

(a)

Thefunctions/(x)andg(x)aredefined asf(x):2x-7 andg(x):x' * l,respectively.

(D Write an expression, in terms ofx, for EACH of the following:

'

-f'(t)

s-'(r)

"fs@)

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(ii) Show that Vd- (s) : t'"f'

(s).

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(3 marks)

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120

110

100

90

80

5zo

q)

c)

Gl

.E 60

50

40

30

20

10

0

/

06:00

Y"se{;

(b) The distance-time gaph below shows the three-stage joumey of a car travelling from

Town I to Town C and back to Town l.

/

/

07:00

:

/

,,/

08:00

/

Time of day

\

\

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09:00

\

\

\

10:00

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(i) State the time of day at which the car arrived at Town C

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(iiD

(1 mark)

Calculate the TOTAL time, in minutes, for which the car stopped during the journey.

(2 marks)

Determine the constant speed of the car during Stage 2 of the journey

(2 marks)

(iv) Calculate the average speed of the car for the time during which it was moving'

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10.

(a)

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MEASUREMENT, GEOMETRY AIID TRIGONOMETRY

The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows a circle, centre O. EH and EF are

tangents to the circle. FOG and JOH are straight lines. The measure of I FEH : 44'.

F

E

Calculate, giving reasons for your answer, the measure of:

 (D ZEHF (2 marks) (iD .FGH (2 marks) (iii) ZJHE (2 marks) (i") ZJGH (2 marks)

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(b) The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows two ships, R and S at anchor on a lake

ofcalmwater.

FTisaverticaltower.

.FsRisastraightlineandRS:150m.

The angles

of elevation of 7, the top of a tower, from R and ,S, are 22o and 40" respectively. F is

the foot of the tower.

 T F ,s 150 m

Calculate, giving your answer to 1 decimal place where appropriate

 (i) the measure of I RTS (1 mark) (ii) the length of SZ (3 marks) (iii) the height of the tower, FT. (3 marks) Total 15 marks

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11. (a)

VECTORS AND MATRICES

The position vectors of points A, B and C, relative to the origin O, are

---)

OA

f z) -+ t'o-l

|.rJ'rr: I r J

---) r-ro')

anar.:

[+ _J '".n tiverv.

(i) Express in the form [;

---)

a AB

],r" vectors

---)

AC:

ruee {

(3 marks)

(ii) Hence,determinewhetherl, BandCarecollinear,givingthereasonsforyour

answer.

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[\--l

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G, E

o.

E.

Determine the value of x for which the matrix

N and P are 2 x 2 matrrces such that N:

(i) Determine NP

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2) and

singular.

s-l

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(2 marks)

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(ii) Given that PN

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4

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, determine whether matrix multiplication is

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 (iii) Determine N 1, the inverse of N. (iv) Hence, calculate the values of r and y for which

END OF TEST

(q

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(2 marks)

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(3 marks)

Total 15 marks

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORI( ON THIS TEST.

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FI

.E :A

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rt

.'.-

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