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BRIEF EXERCISE 1-1

(a) $90,000 $50,000 = $40,000 (Stockholders Equity).


(b) $40,000 + $70,000 = $110,000 (Assets).
(c) $94,000 $60,000 = $34,000 (Liabilities).
BRIEF EXERCISE 1-6
(a)
(b)
(c)

Assets
+
+

Liabilities
+
NE
NE

Stockholders Equity
NE
+

EXERCISE 1-2
(a)

Internal users
Marketing manager
Production supervisor
Store manager
Vice-president of finance
External users
Customers
Internal Revenue Service
Labor unions
Securities and Exchange Commission
Suppliers

(b)

I
Can we afford to give our employees a pay raise?
E
Did the company earn a satisfactory income?
I
Do we need to borrow in the near future?
E
How does the companys profitability compare to other
companies?
I
What does it cost us to manufacture each unit
produced?
I
Which product should we emphasize?
E
Will the company be able to pay its short-term debts?

EXERCISE 1-3
Larry Smith, president of Smith Company, instructed Ron Rivera, the
head of the accounting department, to report the companys land in
their accounting reports at its market value of $170,000 instead of its
cost of $100,000, in an effort to make the company appear to be a
better investment. Although we have an accounting system that
permits various measurement approaches cost should be used
whenever there are questions regarding the reliability of a market
value. In this case, valuation of land is too subjective and therefore
the cost principle should be used.
The stakeholders include stockholders and creditors of Smith
Company, potential stockholders and creditors, other users of Smiths
accounting reports, Larry Smith, and Ron Rivera. All users of Smiths
accounting reports could be harmed by relying on information which
violates accounting principles. Larry Smith could benefit if the
company is able to attract more investors, but would be harmed if the
fraudulent reporting is discovered. Similarly, Ron Rivera could benefit
by pleasing his boss, but would be harmed if the fraudulent reporting
is discovered.
Rons alternatives are to report the land at $100,000 or to report it at
$170,000. Reporting the land at $170,000 is not appropriate since it
would mislead many people who rely on Smiths accounting reports to
make financial decisions. Ron should report the land at its cost of
$100,000. He should try to convince Larry Smith that this is the
appropriate course of action, but be prepared to resign his position if
Smith insists.
EXERCISE 1-8
(a) 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Stockholders invested $15,000 cash in the business.


Purchased office equipment for $5,000, paying $2,000 in
cash and the balance of $3,000 on account.
Paid $750 cash for supplies.
Earned $8,300 in revenue, receiving $4,600 cash and $3,700
on account.
Paid $1,500 cash on accounts payable.

EXERCISE 1-8 (Continued)


6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Paid $2,000 cash dividends to stockholders.


Paid $650 cash for rent.
Collected $450 cash from customers on account.
Paid salaries of $4,900.
Incurred $500 of utilities expense on account.

(b) Investment.................................................................................
$15,000.......................................................................................
Service revenue........................................................................
Dividends..................................................................................
)
Rent expense............................................................................
)
Salaries expense......................................................................
)
Utilities expense.......................................................................
(500 )
Increase in stockholders equity.............................................
$15,250
(c) Service revenue........................................................................
Rent expense............................................................................
)
Salaries expense......................................................................
)
Utilities expense.......................................................................
)
Net income................................................................................

8,300
(2,000
(650
(4,900

$8,300
(650
(4,900
(500
$2,250

EXERCISE 1-11
(a) Total assets (beginning of year)...........................................
95,000.............................................................................................
Total liabilities (beginning of year).......................................
Total stockholders equity (beginning of year)...................

85,000
$ 10,000

(b) Total stockholders equity (end of year)..............................


Total stockholders equity (beginning of year)...................
Increase in stockholders equity..........................................

$ 40,000
10,000
$ 30,000

Total revenues.......................................................................
Total expenses.......................................................................
Net income.............................................................................

$215,000
175,000
$ 40,000

Increase in stockholders equity....................


Less: Net income............................................
Add: Dividends...............................................
(16,000.....................................................................)
Additional investment......................................

$(40,000)
24,000)

(c) Total assets (beginning of year)...........................................


Total stockholders equity (beginning of year)...................
Total liabilities (beginning of year).......................................

$ 30,000

$ 14,000
$129,000
80,000
$ 49,000

EXERCISE 1-11 (Continued)


(d) Total stockholders equity (end of year)..............................
Total stockholders equity (beginning of year)...................
Increase in stockholders equity..........................................

$130,000
80,000
$ 50,000

Total revenues.......................................................................
Total expenses.......................................................................
Net income.............................................................................

$100,000
55,000
$ 45,000

Increase in stockholders equity....................


50,000........................................................................
Less: Net income............................................
Additional investment..........................
(70,000)
Dividends..........................................................
20,000........................................................................

$(45,000)
(25,000)

P1-2A
(a)

NASHVILLE VETERINARY CLINIC

Cash
Bal.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Accounts
Office
Notes
Accounts
Common
Retained
+ Receivable + Supplies + Equipment = Payable + Payable +
Stock
+ Earnings + Revenues Expenses Dividends

$9,000 +

$1,700

2,900

00,000

6,100 +

1,700

+1,300

1,300

7,400 +

400

800

00,000

6,600 +

400

+2,500

+5,500

9,100 +

5,900

1,000

00,000

8,100 +

5,900

2,900

00,000

5,200 +

5,900

000,000

00,000

5,200 +
8.

5,900

$600

0000
+

600

600

600

600

600

600

600

6,000

8,100

8,100

8,100

8,100

8,100

+10,000
$15,200 +

700

$700

0
+

13,000

700

13,000

700

13,000

700

+1,300
=

2,000
00,000

2,000

(a)

+$8,000
+

13,000

700

8,000

00,000
=

2,000

$1,000
+

13,000

700

8,000

2,000

13,000

700

2,170

$1,700

(c)

900

(d)

300

(e)

2,900

8,000

+170
=

1,000
(f)

170
+

13,000

700

+ $13,000

$700

8,000

3,070

1,000

+$10,000
$5,900

$600

$29,800

$8,100

= +$10,000 + $2,170

$29,800

$8,000

(b)

1,000

00,000

000,000
+

00,000

000,000

0000
+

700

000,000

0000
+

000,000

0000
+

6,000

+ $13,000

2,900

+2,100

0000
+

$3,600

000,000

0000
+

000,000

0000
+

$6,000

$ 3,070

$1,000

PROBLEM 1-2A (Continued)


(b)

NASHVILLE VETERINARY CLINIC


Income Statement
For the Month Ended September 30, 2011

Revenues
Service revenue..................................................
$8,000
Expenses
Salaries expense.................................................
Rent expense.......................................................
Advertising expense...........................................
Utilities expense..................................................
Total expenses.............................................
3,070
Net income..................................................................
$4,930

$1,700
900
300
170

NASHVILLE VETERINARY CLINIC


Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended September 30, 2011
Retained earnings, September 1.............................................
Add: Net income.....................................................................
Less: Dividends.......................................................................
Retained earnings, September 30...........................................

$ 700
4,930
5,630
1,000
$4,630

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

10

PROBLEM 1-2A (Continued)


NASHVILLE VETERINARY CLINIC
Balance Sheet
September 30, 2011
Assets
Cash..............................................................................
Accounts receivable....................................................
Supplies........................................................................
Office equipment..........................................................
Total assets...........................................................

$15,200
5,900
8,100
$29,800

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

Liabilities
Notes payable.......................................................
$10,000
Accounts payable................................................
2,170
Total liabilities...............................................
12,170
Stockholders equity
Common stock..................................................... $13,000
Retained earnings................................................
4,630
17,630
Total liabilities and stockholders equity. . .
$29,800

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

11

PROBLEM 1-3A
(a)

SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL


Income Statement
For the Month Ended May 31, 2011
Revenues
Lesson revenue.............................................
Expenses
Fuel expense.................................................
Rent expense.................................................
Advertising expense.....................................
Insurance expense........................................
Repair expense.............................................
Total expenses.......................................
Net income............................................................

$7,500
$2,500
1,200
500
400
400

5,000
$2,500

SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL


Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended May 31, 2011
Retained Earnings, May 1....................................
Add: Net income................................................
Less: Dividends...................................................
Retained earnings, May 31..................................

0
2,500
2,500
1,500
$1,000

SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL


Balance Sheet
May 31, 2011
Assets
Cash...........................................................................................
5,600
Accounts receivable.................................................................
Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

12

7,200

Equipment.................................................................................
64,000
Total assets.......................................................................
$76,800

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

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PROBLEM 1-3A (Continued)


SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL
Balance Sheet (Continued)
May 31, 2011
Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
Liabilities......................................................................Notes payable
$30,000..................................................................Accounts
payable
..........................................................
800
Total liabilities..............................................................
30,800 Stockholders equity...........................................Common
stock
$45,000
Retained earnings................................................
1,000
46,000
Total liabilities and stockholders equity...
$76,800
(b)

SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL


Income Statement
For the Month Ended May 31, 2011
Revenues
Lesson revenue ($7,500 + $900)..................
Expenses
Fuel expense ($2,500 + $1,500)....................
Rent expense.................................................
Advertising expense.....................................
Insurance expense........................................
Repair expense.............................................
Total expenses.......................................
Net income............................................................

$8,400
$4,000
1,200
500
400
400

6,500
$1,900

SKYLINE FLYING SCHOOL


Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended May 31, 2011
Retained Earnings, May 1....................................

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

14

Add: Net income.................................................


Less: Dividends...................................................
Retained Earnings, May 31..................................

1,900
1,900
1,500
$ 400

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

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P1-4A (a)

MILLER DELIVERIES
Assets

Liabilities

Accounts
Date
June 1

Cash

Delivery

+ Receivable + Supplies +

Van

Notes
= Payable

Stockholders Equity

Accounts
+ Payable

Common
+

$10,000

Stock

Retained Earnings
+ Revenues Expenses Dividends

+$10,000

June 2 +2,000

+$12,000

8,000 +

12,000

+$10,000
=

10,000 +

10,000

June 3 + 500

$ 500

+ 7,500 +
June 5

+12,000

10,000 +

10,000

+$4,400
+7,500 +

4,400

+0012,000

10,000 +

(a)

500
+

$4,400

10,000 +

4,400

(b)
500

June 9 + 200
7,3000+

$200
4,400

June 12

+050

+ 12,000

7,300 +
June 15 ++1,250
8,550 +

4,400

150

4,400

500

200

10,000 +

4,400

500

200

10,000 +

4,400

500

200

+$150
+

12,000

10,000 +

1,250
3,150

10,000 +

10,000 +

+$150

+150
+00

150

12,000

10,000 +

June 17

+150
+100

+ 8,550 +

3,150

150

12,000

10,000 +

+250

100
+

June 20 ++1,500
10,050 +
June 23

150

+12,000

500
+

9,550 +

10,000 +

9,300 +
100

June 30

1,000

9,200 +
$ 8,200 +

4,400

600

(d)

200

1,500

(e)

+250

10,000 +

5,900

600

200

+0250

10,000 +

5,900

600

200

500
3,150

150

12,000

9,500 +

June 26+ 250


June 29

10,000 +
+

3,150

(c)

+0
3,150

150

12,000

9,500 +

250

+0250

(f)

850

200

5,900

850

200

1,000

$5,900

$1,850

10,000 +

5,900

10,000 +

100
3,150
$3,150

+
+

150
$150

$23,500

+
+

12,000
$12,000

=
=

9,500 +
$ 9,500 +

150
$150

$10,000 +
$23,500

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

1-16

(g)

$200

PROBLEM 1-4A (Continued)


Key to Retained Earnings Column
(a) Rent expense
(b) Service revenue
(c) Dividends
(d) Gasoline expense
(b)

(e)
(f)
(g)

Service revenue
Utilities expense
Salaries expense

MILLER DELIVERIES Income Statement


For the Month Ended June 30, 2011
Revenues.....................................................................
Service revenue ($4,400 + $1,500).............................
Expenses.....................................................................
Salaries expense......................................................... $1,000
Rent expense..............................................................
500
Utilities expense.........................................................
250
Gasoline expense.......................................................
100
Total expenses.............................................
Net income...................................................................

(c)

$5,900

1,850
$4,050

MILLER DELIVERIES
Balance Sheet
June 30, 2011
Assets
Cash..............................................................................
Accounts receivable....................................................
Supplies.......................................................................
Delivery Van.................................................................
Total assets..........................................................

$ 8,200
3,150
12,000
$23,500

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

Liabilities
Notes payable.......................................................
Accounts payable................................................
Total liabilities..............................................
Stockholders equity
Common stock..................................................... $10,000

$ 9,500
150
9,650

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Retained earnings................................................
13,850
Total liabilities and stockholders equity...
$23,500

3,850

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

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