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1. Which piece of glassware is commonly used to recrystallize a solid organic compound? a.

Beaker b. Separatory funnel c. Test tube d. Erlenmeyer flask 1 points


2. A reaction workup for an aqueous reaction mixture calls for extraction with diethyl ether and
then an extraction with saturated aqueous sodium chloride. What is the purpose of the
saturated sodium chloride extraction? a. To remove any unreacted starting material. b. To
remove huge amounts of water. c. To remove trace amounts of water. d. To force the
desired product into the organic layer. 1 points

3. At the end of an experiment, the product is a mixture of the starting material, which is
benzoic acid and the product, which is benzaldehyde, both of which are dissolved in diethyl
ether. The reaction mixture is best separated by a. extraction with a solution of hydrochloric
acid, separating the layers, followed by drying and evaporating the organic layer. b.
extraction with a solution of sodium bicarbonate, separating the layers, followed by
drying and evaporating the organic layer. c. Drying and evaporating the organic layer. d.
extraction with a solution of sodium bicarbonate, separating the layers, add diethyl ether to
the aqueous layer, extracting with a solution of hydrochloric acid, filtering and recrystallization
the solid product. 1 points

4. Consider the following solvent pairs: ethanol and water; methylene chloride and water;
chloroform and water; toluene and water. In which solvent pair would the organic layer be the
top layer? a. toluene and water b. chloroform and water c. methylene chloride and water d.
ethanol and water 1 points

5. The best separation possible with simple distillation is ______________. a. a complete


separation of the components of the mixture b. a separation that is enriched in the less
volatile component c. a separation that is enriched in the more volatile component d. a
separation that is in the exact composition as the starting mixture. 1 points

6. Which of the following statements is not one of the disadvantages of using sublimation as a
purification technique? a. Sublimation can not be used for solids that have extremely low
vapor pressures. b. The solid being sublimed usually needs to be heated under the presence
of a vacuum. c. Sublimation is faster and cleaner than recrystallization. d. Solid
impurities must have a lower vapor pressure than the solid being sublimed. 1 points

7. Fractional distillation gives a better separation than simple distillation because _________. a.
the fractionating column used in fractional distillation contains more theoretical

plates. b. the fractionating column used in fractional distillation contains less theoretical
plates. c. does not require as much heat as simple distillation. d. simple distillation is better
because it requires less glassware. 1 points

8. What is a theoretical plate? a. Utensil used for eating. b. One condensation-vaporization


cycle. c. An electrode found in a storage battery. d. Utensil used for the collection of an
offering. 1 points
9. A crude nonacidic product mixture dissolved in diethyl ether contains acetic acid. Which of
the following would be the first step in the extraction procedure used to remove the acidic
acid from the ether layer? a. Extract the ether layer with water. b. Extract the ether layer with
a solution of hydrochloric acid. c. Extract the ether layer with a solution of sodium
hydroxide. d. Extract the ether layer with a different solvent such as methylene chloride. 1
points
10. Why is it necessary to remove the stopper from a separatory funnel when the liquid is being
drained through the stopcock? a. To prevent the build up of pressure. b. To prevent the
formation of an emulsion. c. To prevent the formation of a vacuum, which will prevent
the liquid from draining. d. To prevent the separatory funnel from imploding.