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17 Jul 2015 11:24:09 - Martec leak rate 170715.sm

Units mbar 10 3 cc cm
Units
mbar
10
3
cc
cm

3 bar

Flow acceptable leak rate

Flow test pressure

Flow pressure outside leak

Martec test pressure

Martec pressure outside leak

q

p

p

p

p

f

f

1.7 10

1.7 10

6

mbar

L

s

1.6778 10

f1

1 4 bar 14 bar

f2

bar1

1

1

atm1

m1

m2

bar0

0

6 atm cc

s

Poiseuille equation for laminar flow of a compressible fluid through a tube:

4 r q lam 16 l
4
r
q lam
16 l

p 1

2

p 2

2

where,

q is the leak rate

r is the channel radius

is the fluid visosity p1 and p2 are pressures upstream and downstream of the leak respectively.

Equivalent acceptable leak rate under Martec's test conditions, assuming laminar flow:

q m

2 2 p p m1 m2 q f 2 2 p p f1 f2
2
2
p
p m1
m2
q f
2
2
p
p f1
f2

8.8335 10

9 atm cc

s

Equation for leak rate under molecular flow conditions:

R T 3 2 m d q mol 6 M l p 1 p 2
R
T
3
2
m
d
q mol
6
M
l
p 1 p 2
where,

q

is the leak rate

R

is the universal gas constant

M

is relative molecular mass of the molecule

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17 Jul 2015 11:24:09 - Martec leak rate 170715.sm

p1 and p2 are pressures upstream and downstream of the leak respectively.

Equivalent acceptable leak rate under Martec's test conditions, assuming molecular flow:

q m'

p m1 p m2 q f p f1 p f2
p
m1 p m2
q f
p
f1 p f2

1.3077 10

7 atm cc

s

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