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Pressure Transmitter

Understanding Manifolds:

Technology and Selection

Liz Majestic

Application Engineer

August 30, 2016

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Agenda

nBrief History on Manifolds nWhy? nDifferent Categories nIndustry Selection nBest Practices

  Different Categories n   Industry Selection n   Best Practices Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of
  Different Categories n   Industry Selection n   Best Practices Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of

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Brief Flashback

Brief Flashback Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 3

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Manifolds: History

nBegan in 1910

u Used with a differential recording gage (mercury type)

Ø With check valves (3)

nBut the 3-valves had problems

u Leak paths, incorrect readings

nA new design, used even today

u 5- valve design

Ø Used in natural gas application

n1960, 3 valve had a new design

u Rod-out feature

n1963, 5 valve had a new design

u Space saving

Rod-out feature n   1963, 5 valve had a new design u   Space saving Copyright
Rod-out feature n   1963, 5 valve had a new design u   Space saving Copyright
Rod-out feature n   1963, 5 valve had a new design u   Space saving Copyright

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Why Manifolds?

Why Manifolds? Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 5

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Manifold

nIsolate

u an instrument from the process

nEnable

u on site calibration u zero check

nReduce

u the number of potential leak points

nSaves

u Material and labor cost u Space requirements

n   Saves u   Material and labor cost u   Space requirements Copyright © Yokogawa
n   Saves u   Material and labor cost u   Space requirements Copyright © Yokogawa

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Manifolds: Different Categories

Manifolds: Different Categories Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 7

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Classifications

nInlet/outlet connections

u Threaded u Blank by Blank or Flange by Flange u Pipe by Pipe u Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange

by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange
by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange

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by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange
by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange
by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange
by Flange u   Pipe by Pipe u   Flange by Pipe or Pipe by Flange

Classifications

nInstalled location

u Dependent on application

Ø Also primary element that is used

u Direct mount u Close coupled u Line mount u Remote mount

nType of instrument

u Detailed on the slides coming up.

mount n   Type of instrument u   Detailed on the slides coming up. Copyright ©
mount n   Type of instrument u   Detailed on the slides coming up. Copyright ©

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mount n   Type of instrument u   Detailed on the slides coming up. Copyright ©
mount n   Type of instrument u   Detailed on the slides coming up. Copyright ©
mount n   Type of instrument u   Detailed on the slides coming up. Copyright ©

Block and Bleed

nApplication

u

Gauge

u

Absolute

nProcess connections:

Male or Female NPT nOne valve provides instrument isolation. nThe other valve allows for vent/drain/calibration through the test port.

The other valve allows for vent/drain/calibration through the test port. Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America
The other valve allows for vent/drain/calibration through the test port. Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America
The other valve allows for vent/drain/calibration through the test port. Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

10

Two-Valve

nApplication

u Absolute u Gauge u High Gauge

nTraditional

u Flange x Flange u Flange x NPT

nWafer nOne valve provides instrument isolation. nThe other valve allows for vent/ drain/calibration through the test port

The other valve allows for vent/ drain/calibration through the test port Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of
The other valve allows for vent/ drain/calibration through the test port Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of
The other valve allows for vent/ drain/calibration through the test port Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

11

Three-Valve

nApplication

u Differential Pressure u Draft Range u High Static

Ø Differential Pressure

u Multivariable Pressure

nTraditional

u Flange x Flange u Flange x NPT

nWafer nIsolation and Equalizing

u Used to “Zero” the Transmitter

n   Isolation and Equalizing u   Used to “Zero” the Transmitter Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
n   Isolation and Equalizing u   Used to “Zero” the Transmitter Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
n   Isolation and Equalizing u   Used to “Zero” the Transmitter Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Five-Valve

nApplication

u Differential u Draft Range u High Static

Ø Differential

u Multivariable Pressure

nTraditional

u Flange x Flange u Flange x NPT

nWafer nImproves access to both high and low side

u test - pressure ports

Improves access to both high and low side u   test - pressure ports Copyright ©
Improves access to both high and low side u   test - pressure ports Copyright ©
Improves access to both high and low side u   test - pressure ports Copyright ©

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

13

Natural Gas –Five valve

Natural Gas –Five valve Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 14
Natural Gas –Five valve Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 14

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

14

Parts

nBonnet

u Handle u Rolled Steam Threads u Bubble tight shutoff

nGasket

u Teflon u Grafoil/Graphite

nMaterial

u Customer pick

  Teflon u   Grafoil/Graphite n   Material u   Customer pick Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
  Teflon u   Grafoil/Graphite n   Material u   Customer pick Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
  Teflon u   Grafoil/Graphite n   Material u   Customer pick Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
  Teflon u   Grafoil/Graphite n   Material u   Customer pick Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation
  Teflon u   Grafoil/Graphite n   Material u   Customer pick Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

15

Accessories

nPressure/Leak Test

Accessories n   Pressure/Leak Test u   Testing the manifold to make sure there are no

u Testing the manifold to make sure there are no leaks

nSour Gas

u Meets the requirement of the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE MR-01-75) for certain processes.

nPower

u Meets the requirement of ANSI/ASME B31.1

nOxygen Clean Service

u The manifold can be then be used in oxygen and high uncontaminated process and environments.

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Business Consumers

Business Consumers Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 17

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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Industry

nSteel nPower nChemical nGas nPulp and Paper nCo-generation

n   Chemical n   Gas n   Pulp and Paper n   Co-generation Copyright ©
n   Chemical n   Gas n   Pulp and Paper n   Co-generation Copyright ©
n   Chemical n   Gas n   Pulp and Paper n   Co-generation Copyright ©

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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n   Chemical n   Gas n   Pulp and Paper n   Co-generation Copyright ©

Best Practice

Best Practice Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 19

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

19

Installation

nBolting of manifold to the transmitter

u Finger-tighten the bolts u Then do a crossing pattern

Ø First the initial torque value Ø Then the final torque value

nMake sure

u The manifold picked out can withstand the temperature and pressure of the application.

nOptional Brackets

u Moves the support point to the manifold

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n   Optional Brackets u   Moves the support point to the manifold Copyright © Yokogawa
n   Optional Brackets u   Moves the support point to the manifold Copyright © Yokogawa
n   Optional Brackets u   Moves the support point to the manifold Copyright © Yokogawa
Thank you! Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America 21

Thank you!

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

21

Picture Credit

nOn Slides 12-15, 18

u Yokogawa Manifolds u Yokogawa Website

nOn Slide 7 and 16

u Process Instrumentation Manifolds

Ø By. John E. Hewson

Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation of America

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16 u   Process Instrumentation Manifolds Ø   By. John E. Hewson Copyright © Yokogawa Corporation