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IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering | Volume 2 | Issue 11 | May 2016

ISSN (online): 2349-784X

Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920

Kramik Doshi

PG Student Department of Structural Engineering L.J. Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ahmedabad

Vaibhav Doshi

Assistant Professor Department of Structural Engineering L.J. Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ahmedabad

Abstract
Abstract

Increase in population requires high rise building due to limiting available land. In high rise building the safety of people is also important which requires a great earthquake resistant design of a structure which should safe as well as economic. Indian standard has revised the draft code for ductility and has introduced philosophy of “Strong-column weak-beam design”. With the help of non-linear static pushover analysis of two different buildings in which one is conventional design and other designed using draft code. Two buildings are analysed in E-Tabs and designed manually. After the pushover analysis maximum lateral load carrying capacity of building can be carried out. Also the improvement or modification required for the draft code can be suggested.

Keywords: Strong-column weak-beam design, pushover analysis, Ductility, Etabs ________________________________________________________________________________________________________

I.

INTRODUCTION

As per IS code buildings are designed as earthquake resistant buildings. Earthquake resistant design means building should be capable of resisting moderate to severe earthquake. To achieve this ductility was introduced in IS:13920-1993. In ductility demand a member should go in large deformation before collapse. In most of the earthquakes collapse of the buildings were observed due to failure of vertical members, so Indian standard decided to make vertical components stronger as compared to horizontal components and that philosophy is popular as “strong-column weak-beam design”. This philosophy was included in IS 19320:1993 the ductile detailing code, but that code has been revised now and draft code is available with some changes in it.

II.

NEED OF STRONG COLUMN WEAK BEAM DESIGN

As per the requirement of high rise building increases the safety factors also increase. As we all know that if a beam of any high rise building fails it will only affect the that particular story but, if a column of structure fails then it will lead to a failure of the whole building. So this demands a strong column weak beam design. A building cannot collapse due to heavy earthquake but it can due to weak design. So the good design and its implementation takes place for the safety of the people. The main governing factor which is introduced in the draft code is as under. Σ Mc = 1.7 Σ Mb

III. MODEL PARAMETERS AND ANALYSIS

Two models are made in Etabs in which 1st model is of conventional design and another is as per the draft code.

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Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 059)

Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 /
  • Design Perimeters

Fig. 1: Plan of building

Description

 

Material

Size of column

650 mm X 650 mm (G.F., 1 st floor) 600 mm X 600 mm (2 nd floor,3 rd floor) 500 mm X 500 mm ( 4 th floor,5 th floor, 6 th floor) 400 mm X 400 mm (7 th floor, 8 th floor)

M-25, Fe-415

Size of beam

300 mm X 450 mm

M-25, Fe-415

Thickness of external wall

230

mm

Masonry

Thickness of internal wall

115mm

Masonry

Thickness of slab

175

mm

M-20

Bays in X direction

  • 6 (6m each)

N.A.

Bays in Y direction

  • 6 (4m each)

N.A.

  • Frame Property & Load Calculation

 

Description

 

Multi - storey frame

 

Type of structure

Multi Storey rigid joint 3D frame

Number of storey

 

9 (G + 8)

Floor height

 

3

m

Parapet wall

 

1

m

Building height

 

28 m (27 + 1)

Imposed Load

 

2 kN/ m 2

Floor Finish Load

 

1.5 kN/m 2

Material

 

M-25

Specific weight of concrete

 

25.0 kN/m 3

Specific weight of steel

 

78.54 kN/m 3

 
 

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Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 059)

Specific weight of wall

20.0 kN/m 3

Seismic Zone

IV

Zone coefficient

0.24

Response reduction factor

5

Damping

5%

Self-weight of 230 mm thick external wall = 0.23 X (3-0.45) X 20

11.73

kN/m

Self-weight of 115 mm thick internal wall = 0.115 X (3-0.45) X 20

5.865

kN/m

Self-weight of 115 mm thick perapet wall = 0.115 X (1) X 20

2.875

kN/m

Self-weight of 175 mm thick slab = 0.175 X 25

4.375 kN/m 2

IV. LOAD COMBINATIONS USED

For static and dynamic analysis following combinations are used in the model.

1)

1.5(D.L. + L.L.)

2)

1.2(D.L. + L.L. + EQ X)

3)

1.2(D.L. + L.L. - EQ X)

4)

1.2(D.L. + L.L. + EQ Y)

5)

1.2(D.L. + L.L. - EQ Y)

6)

1.5(D.L. + EQ X)

7)

1.5(D.L. - EQ X)

8)

1.5(D.L. + EQ Y)

9)

1.5(D.L. - EQ Y)

10)

0.9 D.L. + 1.5 EQ X

11)

0.9 D.L. - 1.5 EQ X

12)

0.9 D.L. + 1.5 EQ Y

13)

0.9 D.L. - 1.5 EQ Y

14) 1.2(D.L. + L.L. + SPEC X) 15) 1.2(D.L. + L.L. - SPEC X)

16) 1.2(D.L. + L.L. + SPEC Y) 17) 1.2(D.L. + L.L. - SPEC Y) 18) 1.5(D.L. + SPEC X) 19) 1.5(D.L. - SPEC X) 20) 1.5(D.L. + SPEC Y) 21) 1.5(D.L. - SPEC Y)

22)

0.9 D.L. + 1.5 SPEC X

23)

0.9 D.L. - 1.5 SPEC X

24)

0.9 D.L. + 1.5 SPEC Y

25)

0.9 D.L. - 1.5 SPEC Y

  • V. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS

After modelling and analyzing both the models The results of story displacement are as under.

story displacement of structure has been checked.

Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 /

Model 1: Conventional Design

 

Slab

Height

X(mm)

Y(mm)

 

8th fllor slab

27

120.8

101.9

7th floor slab

24

114

95.9

6th floor slab

21

101.6

84.9

5th floor slab

18

87.7

73.4

4th floor slab

15

71.3

59.7

 
 

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Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 059)

Influence of Strong Column Weak Beam Design as Per Draft Code IS:13920 (IJSTE/ Volume 2 /
 

3rd floor slab

12

53.1

44.6

2nd floor slab

9

35.9

30.5

1st floor slab

6

19.4

16.9

Ground floor slab

3

6.3

5.6

Base

0

0

0

Model 2: Design as Per Draft Code

 

Slab

Height

X(mm)

Y(mm)

8th fllor slab

27

105.02

93.4

7th floor slab

24

97.04

90.05

6th floor slab

21

90.6

80.01

5th floor slab

18

85.5

70.68

4th floor slab

15

70

57.4

3rd floor slab

12

53.1

44.6

2nd floor slab

9

35.9

30.5

1st floor slab

6

19.4

16.9

Ground floor slab

3

6.3

5.6

Base

0

0

0

VI. CONCLUSION

As per the result of story displacement we can conclude that strong-column weak-beam design is a good step of Indian Standards as the building designed by conventional method shows a great displacement as the result of earthquake force compare to the building designed using draft code. Hence we can say that to make a column strong compare to beam increases lateral load carrying capacity of building

REFERENCES

[1]

Andreas J. Kappos and Alireaza Manafpour, “Seismic Design of R/C Buildings with the aid of Advanced Analytical Techniques”, Engineering Structures,

[2]

Vol. 23, pp. 319-332, 2001. Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Pankaj Agarwal, Manish Shrikhande, 2006.

[3]

Murthy. C. V. R (2005), “Earthquake Tips”, Learning Earthquake Design and Construction.

[4]

IS 456:2000 code for plain reinforced concrete design

[5]

IS 13920:1993 and IS 13920:2014 draft code, ductile detailing for reinforced structure subjected to seismic forces.

[6]

IS 1893(Part1):2002, Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures, Part 1 General provisions and buildings, Bureau of Indian Standard.

 

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