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The Government of Tanzania

SELECT YEAR

ania

Ministry of Education & Vocational Training

Basic Education Statis

(BEST

2009 - 2

National

Enrollment of Learners in Educati

Secondary Education A-Level; 0.66

Teachers Colleges; 0.38 Folk and Vocationa

Secondary Education O-Level; 15.02

Primary Education;

Primary Education;

Statistics in Tanzania

BEST)

9 - 2013

nal Data

in Education Sector by Level, 2013

Folk and Vocational Education and Training; 1.05 Technical Education; 0.98

15.02

Higher Education; 1.45

Primary Education; 71.54

Pre-Primary Education; 8.92

Primary Education; 71.54

TABLE OF CON
2.0: Primary Education
Table 2.1:
Chart 2.1:
Table 2.2:
Chart 2.2:
Table 2.3a:
Table 2.3b:
Table 2.4:

Table 2.5:

Table 2.6:

Table 2.7:

Table 2.8:

Figure 2.1:
Chart 2.3:
Table 2.9:

Table 2.10:
Table 2.11a:

Chart 2.4:
Table 2.11b:

Table 2.11c:
Chart 2.5:
Table 2.12:

Chart 2.6:
Table 2.13:
Chart 2.7:
Table 2.14:
Table 2.15:
Table 2.16:
Chart 2.8:
Table 2.17:
Table 2.18:
Chart 2.9:

Table 2.19:
Table 2.20:

Table 2.21:
Chart 2.10:
Table 2.22:
Table 2.23:
Table 2.24:
Table 2.25:
Table 2.26:
Table 2.27:
Table 2.28:

Table 2.29:

TABLE OF CONTENTS
2.0: Primary Education
Standard I-VII Enrollment in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Sex and Grade,
2009
- 2013
Standard
I-VII Enrollment in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools, 2009 - 2013
Projection of Standard I-VII Enrollment by Grade
2014
- 2022 Total Enrollment in Primary Schools,
Comparative
1961 - 2013
Total Enrollment of Non-Tanzanians Pupils by
Citizenship,
2013
Trend in Enrollment
of Non-Tanzanians Pupils by
Citizenship, 2013
Std I-VII Enrollment in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Age, Sex and
Percentage Distribution, 2009 - 2013
Enrollment of Pupils with Pre-Primary Education in
Std I as Percentage of Total Enrollmet of Std I in
Government and Non-Government Schools by Age,
Sex and Percentage, 2009 2013

Gross and Net Intake Rates (GIR and NIR) in


Percentage for Std I in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools, 2009 2013
Gross and Net Intake Rates (GIR and NIR) in
Percentage in Government and Non-Government
Primary Schools by Sex and Region, 2013
Gross and Net Enrollment Ratio (GER, NER) in
Percentage and Gender Parity Index (GPI) for
Primary Schools by Sex and Region, 2013

Primary Schools Net Enrollment Ratio (NER) in


Percentage by Region, 2013
Gross and Net Enrollment Ratios (GER&NER) in
Percentage for Primary Schools, 2009 - 2013
Enrollment of Pupils with Single Parent and Orphans
in Government and Non-Government Primary
Schools by Grade and Sex, 2013
Standard VII Completion Rates in Percentage in
Government and Non-Government Primary Schools,
2009
2013
Number
of Pupils with Disabilities in Government
and Non-Government Primary Schools by Type of
Disability, Grade and Sex, 2013
Enrollment of Pupils with Disabilities by Type of
Disability in Government and Non-Government
Primary
2013
Number Schools,
of Pupils
with Disabilities in Government
and Non-Government Primary Schools by Type of
Disability, Sex and Level, 2013
Enrollment Trend of Disabilities in Government and
Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex, 20092013
Enrollment Trend of Disabilities in Government and
Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex, 20092013
Trend of Repeaters in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Sex and Grade,
2009-2013

Repeaters' Enrollment Trend in Government and


Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009-2013
Dropout in Government and Non-Government
Primary Schools by Reason and Grade, 2012
Dropout in Government and Non-Government
Primary Schools by Reason and Sex, 2013
Flow and Survival Rates in Percentage Std I-VII,
2008/2009 to 2012/2013
Primary Education School Leavers in Government
and Non-Government Schools and Form 1
Enrollment,
1961
- 2012 Examination (PSLE) Results,
Primary School
Leaving
2008 - 2012
Percentage Passes of Pupils in PSLE, 2008 - 2012
Pass Rates in Primary School Leaving Examination
by Region, 2012
Standard VII Leavers 2012 Selected to Form 1 in
Government Secondary Schools by Region, 2013
Transition from Primary Education to Secondary
Education, 1961- 2012

Teaching Staff, Number of Schools and Streams in


Primary Schools, 2009 - 2013
Number of Teachers and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) in
Government and Non-Government Primary Schools
by Qualification and Region, 2013
Number of Teachers in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Age and Region,
2013
Number of Teachers in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Age, 2013
Teacher Attrition in Government and NonGovernment Primary Schools by Qualification, Sex
and
Reason, 2013
Registered
Government
and
Non-Government
English Medium Primary Schools, 2012
Pupil Pit latrine and Classroom Ratios by Region and
Sex,
2013 Buildings in Government and NonPermanent
Government Primary Schools, 2013
Status of Desks in Government and Non-Governmen
Primary schools by Region, 2013
Availability of Electric Power in Schools by Region
and Type of Power, 2013
Number of Available Computers, Functioning
Computers and their Usage in Government and NonGovernment Schools by Region, 2013

Distance from Schools to Councils Head Quarters by


Region, 2013

LE OF CONTENTS
Page

Abbreviations
ACSEE
GATCE
AKU
AMUCOTABORA
ARU
COBET
Com
CSEE
CUHASB
DR
DSEE
DUCE
ETU
EFA
EMSM
Enrl
F
GCR
GER
GIR
Govt
GPI
HKMU
ICBAE

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education


Examination
Grade A Teaching Certificate Examination
Aga Khan University
Archbishop Mihayo University College of Tabora
Ardhi University
Complementary Basic Education in Tanzania
Community
Certificate of Secondary Education Examination
Catholic University of Health and Allied Science
Bugando
Dropout Rate
Diploma in Secondary Education Examination
Dar es Salaam University College of Education
Eckernforde Tanga University
Education for All
Elimu ya Mafunzo ya Stadi za Maisha
Enrolment
Female
Gross Completion Rate
Gross Enrolment Ratio
Gross Intake Ratio
Government
Gender Parity Index
Hubert Kairuki Memorial University
Integrated Community Based Adult Education

IMTU
IUCO
JKUATARUSHA
JUCO
JOKUCO
KCK
KCM
KCMC

International Medical and Technological University


Iringa University College
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and
Technology-Arusha Campus
Jordan University College
Josiah Kibira University College
= Kisomo Cha Kujiendeleza
= Kisomo Chenye Manufaa
= Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College

KIU
KKK
KUA
M
MDGs
MMU
MU
MUCCOBS

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

MUCE
MUCO
MUHAS
MUM
MWUCE
MUST
NM-AIST
NCR

=
=
=
=
=

Kampala International University


Kusoma, Kuandika na Kuhesabu
Katavi University of Agriculture
Male
Millennium Development Goals
Mount Meru University
Mzumbe University
Moshi University College of Cooperative and
Studies
= Business
Mkwawa University
College of Education
= Makumira University College
= Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
= Muslim University of Morogoro
= Mwenge University College of Education
= Mbeya University of Science and Technology
Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and
=
Technology
= Net Completion Rate

N/A
NER
NIR
No
Non-Govt
OUT
%
PCR
PhD
PLR
PR
PSLE
PQTR
RR
RUCO
SAUT
SEKUCO
Sem
SJUT
SFUCHAS
SJCoMF
SJCoAST
SJoCIT
SMMUCO
Std
SU
SUA

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Not Available/Applicable
Net Enrolment Ratio
Net Intake Ratio
Number
Non-Government
Open University of Tanzania
Percent
Pupil Classroom Ratio
Doctor of Philosophy
Pupils Pit Latrine Ratio
Promotion Rate
Primary School Leaving Examination
Pupil Qualified Teacher Ratio
Repetition Rate
Ruaha University College
St. Augustine University of Tanzania
Sebastian Kolowa University College
Seminary
St. Johns University Tanzania
St. Francis University College of Health and Allied
Sciences
St. Joseph College of Management and Finance
St. Joseph College of Applied Science and
Technology
St. Joseph College of Information Technology
Stephano Moshi Memorial University College
Standard
Shughuli za Uzalishaji Mali
Sokoine University of Agriculture

SUZA
T
TEKU
TTC
TUDARCO
TVET
UCEZ
UDOM
UDSM
UAUT
UoA
UoB
UST
UCoE
VET
VETA
WBUCHS
ZU

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

State University of Zanzibar


Total
Teofilo Kisanji University
Teacher Training College
Tumaini University Dar es Salaam College
Technical & Vocational Education and Training
University College of Education Zanzibar
University of Dodoma
University of Dar es Salaam
The United African University of Tanzania
University of Arusha
Univesity of Bagamoyo
Ufundi Stadi
University College of Education
Vocational Education and Training
Vocational Education and Training Authority
Weil Bugando University College of Health
Sciences
Zanzibar University

2.0 PRIMARY EDUCATION


Primary Education is a seven year education cycle after PrePrimary. It is universal and compulsory to all children aged 7 to 13
years.
The primary school cycle begins with standard one (Std I), on entry,
and ends with standard seven (Std VII) in the final year.
Std VII examination is a Primary School Leaving Examination
(PSLE), marking completion of the primary education cycle. PSLE
is used for selection of students into secondary education.
SUBMISSION STATUS OF ANNUAL STATISTICAL DATA FOR
PRIMARY SCHOOL/STREAMS
In 2013, a total of 163 (100%) District Councils submitted Annual
Statistical Data for Government primary schools, while submission
for Non-Government Primary schools was only 104 (63.8%) District
Councils.

Primary Education

Table 2.1: Standard I-VII Enrolment in Government and Non-Government PrimarySchools by Sex
a) Total
Enrolment
Std I-VII
Government
Non-Govt

2009
M

2010
T

2011
T

2012
T

4248764 4192789 8441553 4203269 4216036 8419305 4159740 4203646 8363386 4086280 4160892
4182915 4130165 8313080 4127500 4139526 8267026 4076899 4123752 8200651 3970502 4049246
65849
62624 128473
75769
76510 152279
82841
79894 162735 115778
111646

b)Total Grades

Std I
Government
Non-Govt
Std II
Government
Non-Govt
Std III
Government
Non-Govt
Std IV
Government
Non-Govt
Std V
Government

684388
673390
10998
658467
648135
10332
649018
638501
10517
592496
582915
9581
610857
601433

674402
663952
10450
653104
643388
9716
624368
614149
10219
582367
572864
9503
614823
606123

1358790
1337342
21448
1311571
1291523
20048
1273386
1252650
20736
1174863
1155779
19084
1225680
1207556

681983
669775
12208
657297
644969
12328
641103
629044
12059
604444
593147
11297
551727
541001

674591
662994
11597
648513
636888
11625
638654
626172
12482
602747
591068
11679
555546
544609

1356574
1332769
23805
1305810
1281857
23953
1279757
1255216
24541
1207191
1184215
22976
1107273
1085610

699483
685671
13812
650609
637498
13111
629929
616795
13134
590442
578474
11968
555521
543746

688733
675861
12872
642097
629646
12451
628556
616155
12401
597386
585232
12154
561631
550311

1388216
1361532
26684
1292706
1267144
25562
1258485
1232950
25535
1187828
1163706
24122
1117152
1094057

706321
685244
21077
714593
650425
19168
620024
601907
18117
592432
575847
16585
530812
515357

698677
679176
19501
663389
645550
17839
619892
602696
17196
602727
586363
16364
551026
535765

Non-Govt
Std VI
Government
Non-Govt
Std VII
Government
Non-Govt

9424
522027
513719
8308
531511
524822
6689

8700
515596
507679
7917
528129
522010
6119

18124
1037623
1021398
16225
1059640
1046832
12808

10726
601772
592285
9487
464943
457279
7664

10937
21663
612396 1214168
602555 1194840
9841
19328
483589 948532
475240 932519
8349
16013

11775
540029
529518
10511
493727
485197
8530

11320
23095
550490 1090519
540336 1069854
10154
20665
534753 1028480
526211 1011408
8542
17072

15455
531905
517725
14180
435193
423997
11196

15261
550939
536747
14192
474242
462949
11293

Note: There is a slight decrease in enrollment from 8,247,172 pupils in year 2012 to 8,231,913 pupils in year 2013 by
is contributed by dropout which increases as you go along from lower grade to upper grade.

y Education

on-Government PrimarySchools by Sex and Grade, 2009 - 2013


2012

2013
T

8247172 4066287 4165626 8231913


8019748 3965572 4068354 8033926
227424 100715
97272 197987
1404998
1364420
40578
1377982
1295975
37007
1239916
1204603
35313
1195159
1162210
32949
1081838
1051122

717824
700589
17235
674839
658628
16211
639084
623095
15989
590266
575592
14674
509185
495377

712407
696045
16362
673059
657303
15756
641224
626189
15035
603846
589652
14194
534016
520298

1430231
1396634
33597
1347898
1315931
31967
1280308
1249284
31024
1194112
1165244
28868
1043201
1015675

30716
1082844
1054472
28372
909435
886946
22489

13808
512278
499985
12293
422811
412306
10505

13718
27526
538136 1050414
525831 1025816
12305
24598
462938 885749
453036 865342
9902
20407

in year 2012 to 8,231,913 pupils in year 2013 by 0.19%. The decrease in enrolment
lower grade to upper grade.

Primary Education
Chart 2.1: Standard I - VII Enrollment in Government and Non-Government Primary
8,450,000
8,400,000
8,350,000

Number
of Pupils
8,300,000
8,250,000
8,200,000
8,150,000
8,100,000

2009

Years

2010

2011

2012

Note: Enrollment peaked in 2009 thereafter followed by a downward trend.

Table 2.2: Projection of Standard I-VII Enrollment by Grade 2014 - 2022


Year

2014

Std I

1,403,473

Std II

1,371,345

Std III

1,320,620

Std IV

1,262,709

Std V

1,239,485

Std VI

1,190,814

Std VII

1,074,980

1,429,081 1,397,639 1,347,324 1,291,660 1,256,822


2016 1,453,948
1,423,193 1,373,214 1,317,928 1,271,638
2017 1,508,240
1,477,561 1,426,911 1,370,731 1,312,633
2018 1,532,105
1,502,132 1,451,843 1,395,901 1,325,922
2019 1,555,215
1,525,950 1,476,036 1,420,345 1,340,166
2020 1,577,570
1,549,016 1,499,488 1,444,065 1,349,132
Assumption:
a) Adjusted Population Projection by NBS
b) Assumed Flow Rates
2015

1,219,919
1,237,232
1,277,424
1,292,239
1,305,359
1,319,367

1,181,385
1,212,664
1,255,417
1,270,377
1,285,122
1,298,225

Std I

Std II

Std III

Std IV

Std V

Std VI

PR: 92.8

PR: 94.3

PR: 93.6

PR: 93.4

PR: 96.5

PR: 96.5

RR: 5.5

RR: 4.2

RR :4.1

RR: 4.4

RR: 2.0

RR: 2.0

Primary Education

llment in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009- 2013

2010

2011

2012

2013

ed by a downward trend.

Standard I-VII Enrollment by Grade 2014 - 2022


Grand Total

8,903,965

Population 7-13

8,903,965

GER

100

9,165,107
9,331,813
9,672,481
9,814,772
9,953,114
10,082,430

ction by NBS
Std VII
N/A
RR: 3.0

9,165,107
9,331,813
9,672,481
9,814,772
9,953,114
10,082,430

100
100
100
100
100
100

Primary Education
Chart 2.2: Comparative Total Enrollment in Primary Schools, 1961 - 2013
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
YEARS
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

486,470
518,663
592,104
633,678
710,200
740,991
753,114
754,170
776,109
827,984
902,619
1,003,596
1,106,387
1,228,886
1,532,953
1,874,357
2,194,213
2,912,984
3,197,395
3,361,198
3,530,622
3,503,729
3,553,144
3,483,944
3,160,145
3,155,812
3,157,200
3,165,113
3,252,934
3,373,362
3,507,384
3,599,580
3,732,943
3,793,201
3,872,473
3,937,204
4,051,713
4,035,209
4,182,677
4,370,500
4,875,764

3,483,944
3,160,145
3,155,812
3,157,200
3,165,113
3,252,934
3,373,362
3,507,384
3,599,580
3,732,943
3,793,201
3,872,473
3,937,204
4,051,713
4,035,209
4,182,677
4,370,500
4,875,764

1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

5,960,368
6,531,769
7,041,829
7,476,650
7,

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013

1,000,000

2,000,000

3,000,000

4,000,000

5,000,000

Enrolment

6,000,000

7,000,000

8,000,000

ary Education

nrollment in Primary Schools, 1961 - 2013

8
622
729
,144
944

2
384
9,580
732,943
793,201
3,872,473
3,937,204
4,051,713
4,035,209
4,182,677
4,370,500
4,875,764

944

2
384
9,580
732,943
793,201
3,872,473
3,937,204
4,051,713
4,035,209
4,182,677
4,370,500
4,875,764
5,960,368
6,531,769
7,041,829
7,476,650
7,959,884
8,316,925
8,410,094
8,441,553
8,419,305
8,363,386
8,292,172
8,231,913

000

5,000,000

Enrolment

6,000,000

7,000,000

8,000,000

9,000,000

Primary Education
Table 2.3a: Total Enrollment of Non-Tanzanians Pupils by Citizenship, Grade and Sex, 2013
Country
Burundi
Kenya
Rwanda
SADC Countries

Uganda
Rest of Africa
Outside Africa
Grand Total

Std I
F

2673 2799

10 4
0 0
1 1
2 1
8 10
15 10

5472
14
0
2
3
18
25

2709 2825 5534

Std II
F
T

2865 2875

6 8
0 0
1 1
4 6
0 8
21 30
2897 2928

Std III
F
T

5740
14
0
2
10
8
51

2594 2561

5825

2656 2610 5266

8 1
0 0
0 0
8 2
16 6
30 40

5155
9
0
0
10
22
70

Std IV
F
T

2756 2375

7 2
0 0
0 0
6 8
6 8
31 54
2806 2447

5131
9
0
0
14
14
85
5253

Std V
F
T

2104 2203

4 9
1 1
1 1
7 10
7 6
18 32

4307
13
2
2
17
13
50

2142 2262 4404

Std VI
M
F
T
2079 2240

6 4
1 0
1 0
7 7
4 10
24 30

4319
10
1
1
14
14
54

2122 2291 4413

Std VII
F
T

1798 1926

4 6
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 0
16 11
1819 1943

3724
10
0
0
0
1
27
3762

Table 2.3b: Trend in Enrollment of Non-Tanzanians Pupils by Citizenship and Sex, 2013
Country
Burundi
Kenya
Rwanda
SADC Countries

Uganda
Rest of Africa
Outside Africa

Not Stated

2009
F

2010
F

0
0
0
0
0
0
16341
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
142
0
0
0
0
0
0
92
21124 23083 44207 23083 23388 46471
0

2011
F
16914

24
2
3
24
152
112
0

2012
F

M
T
M
33255 17893 16663 34556 16869

39
2
9
39
294
204
0

31
3
3
282
41
109
0

22
0
4
252
36
176
0

53
3
7
534
77
285
0

45
2
4
34
42
155
0

2013
F

16979
34
1
3
34
48
207
0

Total

21124

23083

88414

23083

23388

92942

16611

17231

33842

18362

Note: Out of 34,457 Non-Tanzanians Pupils in Primary Education 33,848 (98.2%) are from Burundi.

17153

35515

17151

17306

ary Education

nzanians Pupils by Citizenship, Grade and Sex, 2013


Grand Total
M
F
T
16869 16979 33848

45 34 79
2
1 3
4
3 7
34 34 68
42 48 90
155 207 362
17151 17306 34457

Tanzanians Pupils by Citizenship and Sex, 2013


2013
T

33848
79
3
7
68
90
362
0

3,848 (98.2%) are from Burundi.

34457

Primary Education

Table 2.4: Std I-VII Enrollment in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Age, Sex and
Percentage Distribution, 2009 - 2013
Age in
Years

2009

2010

21775

33293 0.4

110897

207448 2.5

114555

204769 2.4

78036

136266 1.7

75371

524112 1043796 12.4

448713

889623 10.6

455013

913633 10.9

502649

997183 12.1

547629

604250 1207407 14.3

598520 1197327 14.2

614039 1227604 14.7

615360 1231872 14.9

613909

594674 1197137 14.2

604752 1212941 14.4

596869 1197918 14.3

593623 1188861 14.4

615817

591423 1184419 14.0

597544 1194477 14.2

591856 1183434 14.2

608264 1208357 14.7

587816

562684 1121247 13.3

540816 1081532 12.8

569064 1139699 13.6

557676 1112224 13.5

532771

510333 1021373 12.1

520656 1036410 12.3

507962 1006869 12.0

544911 1075479 13.0

516883

488510

978859 11.6

468817

935496 11.1

501207

984345 11.8

456525

893070 10.8

454297

7 to 13

3875986

7754238 91.9

3779818

7547806 89.6

3836010

7653502 91.5

3879008

7707046 93.5

3869122

>13

295028

654022 7.7

325321

664051 7.9

253081

505115 6.0

203848

403860 4.9

221133

Grand Total

4192789

8441553 100

4216036

8419305 100

4203646

8363386 100

4160892

8247172 100

4165626

% of 7-13
Years

91.9

% of F

89.6

% of F

91.5

2013

<7
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

2012

% of F

2011

% of F

93.5

Note: In year 2013, 93.2% of pupils enrolled complied with the official school age of 7-13 years.

93.

mary Education

ent and Non-Government Primary Schools by Age, Sex and


e Distribution, 2009 - 2013

mplied with the official school age of 7-13 years.

2013
T

% of F

110447 1.8
1085229 13.1
1240444 14.7
1237879 14.8
1162272 14.1
1050199 12.8
1008222 12.4
890793 10.9
7675038 92.9
446428 5.3
8231913 100

93.2

Primary Education
Table 2.5: Enrollment of Pupils with Pre-Primary Education in Std I as Percentage of Total Enrollmet of Std I in
Government and Non-Government Schools by Age, Sex and Percentage, 2009 2013
Age in Years

<7

2009
F

21136

2010
% of F

2011

% of F

2012

% of F

2013

% of F

9.6

60524

% of F

32145 2.4

110038

206083 15.2

113388

202599 14.6

77518

502162 1001550 73.7

419933

839572 61.9

429446

873141 62.9

474469

952971 67.8

504583 1014397 70.8

114318

241852 17.8

109338

231654 17.1

112366

236955 17.1

112828

240273 17.1

111958

28585

63190 4.7

26832

59383 4.4

25629

57381

4.1

26289

58313

4.2

27790

62841

3.9

10

7211

17684 1.3

7678

18027 1.3

7186

16373

1.2

6731

15945

1.1

6567

15461

0.9

11

785

1850 0.1

624

1445 0.1

607

1456

0.1

634

1591

0.1

766

1818

0.1

12

163

378 0.0

125

346 0.0

93

243

0.0

164

422

0.0

95

296

0.0

13

35

113 0.0

17

41 0.0

29

0.0

41

97

0.0

98

228

0.0

>13

28 0.0

23 0.0

11

39

0.0

14

0.0

26

60

0.0

91111

8.5

244019 15.7

674591 1356574 100

688733 1388216 100

698677 1404998 100

712407 1430231 100

No. of New Entrants


with Pre-Primary
Education

408104 816088

444843 891433

474242 909435

473674 848773

% of New Entrants
with Pre-Primary
Education

60.5

64.6

67.9

66.5

Grand Total

674402 1358790 100

135372

60.2

64.2

64.7

59.3

Note: 59.3% of New Entrants in Std I in 2013 had Pre-Primary Education. However, according to Education and Training Policy
(1995) pupils aged 5-6 year-olds should have Pre-Primary Education before they are admitted to Std I. This implies that
sensitization on importance of Pre-Primary Education as the base for Primary Education is required. Enrolment capacity of
Pre-Primary schools/streams also need to be enhanced.

Primary Education

Table 2.6: Gross and Net Intake Rates (GIR and NIR) for Standard I in Government and Non
Government Primary Schools by Age and Sex, 2009 2013
Age in
Years

<7
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
>13
Grand Total

2009
M

10981 21115

2010
T

2011
T

2012
T

2013
T

32096 96045 110038 206083 89211 113388 202599 57854 77518 135372 30587 60524

499341 502094 1001435 419639 419933


127529 114319 241848 122316 109338

839572 443695 429446


231654 124589 112366

873141 478502 474469 952971 509814 504583


236955 127445 112828 240273 132061 111958

34599 28584

63183 32551 26832

59383 31752 25629

57381 32024 26289 58313 35051 27790

10473
1065
215
78
21

17684
1850
378
113
28

18027
1445
346
41
23

16373
1456
243
29
39

7211
785
163
35
7

10349
821
221
24
17

7678
624
125
17
6

9187
849
150
22
28

7186
607
93
7
11

9214
957
258
56
11

6731
634
164
41
3

15945
1591
422
97
14

8894
1052
201
130
34

6567
766
95
98
26

684302 674313 1358615 681983 674591 1356574 699483 688733 1388216 706321 698677 1404998 717824 712407

% of <7 Year-Olds

14.1

16.3

15.2

12.8

16.5

14.6

8.2

11.1

9.6

4.3

8.5

% of 7 Year-Olds

61.5

62.3

61.9

63.4

62.4

62.9

67.7

67.9

67.8

71.0

70.8

Population 7 YearOlds

GIR
NIR

624395 613259 1237654 642502 631044 1273546 661135 649344 1310479 702056 702056

109.2
67.2

110.0
68.5

109.6
67.8

108.9
69.1

109.1
68.1

109.0
68.6

106.8 107.6
72.4 73.1

107.2
72.7

102.2
72.6

101.5
71.9

Note: About 74.8% of Std I enrollment are 7 year-old. There is an increase in proportion of Std I new entrants (10%) enrolled below age 7.

ary Education

GIR and NIR) for Standard I in Government and Nonchools by Age and Sex, 2009 2013
2013
T

91111
1014397

244019

62841
15461
1818
296
228
60
1430231

6.4
70.9
689411.6

207.5
147.1

is an increase in proportion of Std I new entrants (10%) enrolled below age 7.

Primary Education

Table 2.7: Gross and Net Intake Rates (GIR and NIR) in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Se
Region, 2013
Region
Arusha
Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga

Population 7 Year - Olds

Total Enrollment Std I

25783
49157
38826
31478
13730
42269
10006
36333
22783
13232
25033
30092
41205
33482
18550
46085
10616
17208
18364
20575
26921

25065 50848
49150 98307
37726 76552
31008 62485
13778 27508
41452 83721
9954 19960
35548 71881
22120 44903
13148 26380
24324 49357
29211 59303
41051 82257
33536 67018
18482 37032
45895 91980
10699 21315
16718 33926
18080 36444
21127 41702
26322 53243

27365
36274
34566
42344
19698
41241
9198
30537
22209
14725
21911
35399
41883
33277
19769
51767
12993
21094
20941
23497
27830

25149 52514
37999 74273
34737 69303
42113 84457
18583 38281
41044 82285
9270 18468
29843 60380
21446 43655
14891 29616
21126 43037
34890 70289
42294 84177
33728 67005
19636 39405
53220 ###
12790 25783
20879 41973
19332 40273
23102 46599
28387 56217

GIR (%)

Enrollment of 7 Year- Olds in Std I

19402
25739
24925
22087
11345
24636
4988
23418
17871
10931
16283
25188
32747
21741
15724
33853
9351
11288
17642
18009
23803

17742
23566
25195
22432
11679
25706
5201
23009
16993
11293
16270
23689
31981
22778
14416
34344
8396
11307
16401
18726
24539

37144 106.1 100.3


49305 73.8 77.3
50120 89.0 92.1
44519 134.5 135.8
23024 143.5 134.9
50342 97.6 99.0
10189 91.9 93.1
46427 84.0 84.0
34864 97.5 97.0
22224 111.3 113.3
32553 87.5 86.9
48877 117.6 119.4
64728 101.6 103.0
44519 99.4 100.6
30140 106.6 106.2
68197 112.3 116.0
17747 122.4 119.5
22595 122.6 124.9
34043 114.0 106.9
36735 114.2 109.4
48342 103.4 107.8

NIR
MF

###
75.6
90.5
###
###
98.3
92.5
84.0
97.2
###
87.2
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

75.3
52.4
64.2
70.2
82.6
58.3
49.8
64.5
78.4
82.6
65.0
83.7
79.5
64.9
84.8
73.5
88.1
65.6
96.1
87.5
88.4

Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga

29583
23998
41937
34810

28732 58315
23021 47018
39981 81918
33283 68094

Grand Total

702056 689412

28187
21202
40449
39468

29097 57284
21113 42315
39055 79504
38683 78151

### 717824 712407

19025
19383
32983
27452

20365
19469
32676
26410

39390 95.3 101.3


38852 88.4 91.7
65659 96.5 97.7
53862 113.4 116.2

98.2
90.0
97.1
###

64.3
80.8
78.6
78.9

### 509814 504583 1014397 102.2 103.3 102.8

72.6

Source: National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) - Population Data 7 year-olds.


Note: The highest Net Intake rate is observed in Rukwa Region with NIR 93.4% and the lowest is Dar Es Salaam 50.2%. T
implies that 93.4% of pupils enrolled in Std I from Rukwa Region are of the official school age compared to that of Da
Salaam of 50.2%.

ry Education

Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex and


egion, 2013
NIR (%)
F

MF

70.8
47.9
66.8
72.3
84.8
62.0
52.3
64.7
76.8
85.9
66.9
81.1
77.9
67.9
78.0
74.8
78.5
67.6
90.7
88.6
93.2

73.0
50.2
65.5
71.2
83.7
60.1
51.0
64.6
77.6
84.2
66.0
82.4
78.7
66.4
81.4
74.1
83.3
66.6
93.4
88.1
90.8

70.9
84.6
81.7
79.3

67.5
82.6
80.2
79.1

73.2

72.9

7 year-olds.
ion with NIR 93.4% and the lowest is Dar Es Salaam 50.2%. This
wa Region are of the official school age compared to that of Dar Es

Primary Education

Table 2.8: Gross and Net Enrolment Ratio (GER and NER) in Percentage and Gender Parity Index (GPI) for Primary Sc
Region, 2013
Region

Arusha
Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu

Population (7- 13)

162642
298492
219969
189702
93259
258982
58535
218800
156345
81623
150370
187936
261886
208717
115763
279608
70597
101754
107205
132651
155251
172154

162705
313853
216624
188734
94679
259893
58577
220020
156252
80527
146484
185382
266984
209035
114796
280077
71689
99552
109368
139582
156046
172003

Total Enrolment (Grade I-VII)

325346 ### ###


612345 ### ###
436593 ### ###
378436 ### ###
187938 ### ###
518875 ### ###
117112 46277 46105
438820 ### ###
312597 ### ###
162150 78780 81832
296854 ### ###
373317 ### ###
528870 ### ###
417752 ### ###
230559 ### ###
559684 ### ###
142286 77145 79540
201306 ### ###
216573 ### ###
272233 ### ###
311297 ### ###
344157 ### ###

318565
476693
389296
440924
219853
465768
92382
337878
292469
160612
246292
437564
529347
387071
235760
618501
156685
225435
202425
270718
294788
325665

Total Enrolment of (7-13)

###
###
###
###
93095
###
42939
###
###
76382
###
###
###
###
###
###
70040
###
98434
###
###
###

###
###
###
###
94352
###
42792
###
###
79018
###
###
###
###
###
###
71088
99323
98795
###
###
###

301907
450009
369469
376527
187447
434587
85731
319794
281927
155400
236871
371794
502758
366371
225671
552068
141128
200501
197229
259876
289350
313698

99.0
78.3
85.8
116.1
113.3
88.4
79.1
77.1
94.5
96.5
81.4
117.2
99.1
91.1
99.4
109.0
109.3
109.3
94.3
100.5
92.8
90.8

GER (%)
F
M+F

96.8
77.4
92.5
116.9
120.6
91.2
78.7
76.9
92.6
101.6
84.6
117.3
101.1
94.2
105.1
112.0
111.0
114.7
92.7
98.4
96.6
98.5

97.9
77.8
89.2
116.5
117.0
89.8
78.9
77.0
93.6
99.1
83.0
117.2
100.1
92.7
102.3
110.5
110.1
112.0
93.5
99.4
94.7
94.6

Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total

142858 138609
240420 235637
210080 207657

281467
476057
417737

###
###
###

###
###
###

254933
414061
438228

###
###
###

###
###
###

249927 88.2 93.0 90.6


395017 86.2 87.7 87.0
414820 103.7 106.1 104.9
4,275,601 4,284,764 8,560,364 4,066,287 4,165,626 8,231,913 3,808,643 3,871,234 7,679,877 95.1 97.2 96.2

Source: Population Data - National Bureau of Statistics


Note: The NER in Primary Education at official age is 89.7%. Generally, both the GER and NER is high in Iringa follo
Regions but lowest in Katavi, Kigoma and Dar Es Salaam Regions.

ry Education

rcentage and Gender Parity Index (GPI) for Primary Schools by Sex and
egion, 2013
NER (%)
M
F
M+F

GPI

93.7
74.6
81.4
99.4
99.8
82.4
73.4
72.8
90.9
93.6
78.3
99.7
94.5
86.1
96.9
98.3
99.2
99.4
91.8
96.3
90.9
87.6

1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1

91.9
72.4
87.9
99.6
99.7
85.1
73.1
72.9
89.5
98.1
81.4
99.5
95.6
89.3
98.8
99.0
99.2
99.8
90.3
94.7
95.0
94.7

92.8
73.5
84.6
99.5
99.7
83.8
73.2
72.9
90.2
95.8
79.8
99.6
95.1
87.7
97.9
98.6
99.2
99.6
91.1
95.5
92.9
91.1

86.2
82.1
99.7
89.1

91.5
83.9
98.9
90.3

88.8
83.0
99.3
89.7

%. Generally, both the GER and NER is high in Iringa followed by Geita
aam Regions.

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0

Primary Education
Figure 2.1: Primary School Net Enrollment Ratios (NERs) in Percentage by

KEY:

:KEY

Source: MoEVT-EMIS Database


Note: Kigoma and Katavi have the lowest NER of 72.9% and 73.2% respectively while
(99.7%) Mara (99.6%) and pwani (99.6%) have the highest NERs. Parents in ar
need to be sensitized to adhere to enrol their pupils at the official school age.

ary Education

ment Ratios (NERs) in Percentage by Region, 2013

ER of 72.9% and 73.2% respectively while Iringa Region


6%) have the highest NERs. Parents in areas with low NER
ol their pupils at the official school age.

Primary Education
Chart 2.3: Gross and Net Enrollment Ratios (GER&NER) in Percentage for Primary Schools, 2009 - 2013
120.0

GER100.0
& NER
80.0
60.0
40.0
20.0

Years
0.0

2009)
Population Age (7-13

7,637,813
Total Enrolment (I-VII)
8,441,553
Enrolment Age (7,324,848
7-13)

2010
7,911,584
8,419,305
7,547,806

2011
8,143,175
8,363,386
7,653,502

2012
8,378,759
8,247,172
7,707,046

2013
8,560,364
8,231,913
7,679,877

Table 2.9: Enrollment of Pupils with Single Parent and Orphans in Government and Non-Government Primary
Schools by Grade and Sex, 2013
Grade
Std I
Std II
Std III
Std IV
Std V

Total Enrolment
M
F
T
717824
712407 1430231
674839
673059 1347898
639084
641224 1280308
590266
603846 1194112
509185
534016 1043201

M
36222
37368
39654
42763
40366

Single Parent
F
T
34816
71038
34938
72306
37510
77164
42474
85237
40350
80716

% of T

5.0
5.4
6.0
7.1
7.7

Orphans (No Parents)


M
F
T
13704
14191
27895
13984
14522
28506
14040
14510
28550
14184
15039
29223
13738
14207
27945

% of T

2.0
2.1
2.2
2.4
2.7

Std VI
Std VII
Total

512278
422811
4066287

538136
462938
4165626

1050414
885749
8231913

41553
43005
280931

46931
45708
282727

88484
88713
563658

% of Total

49.4

50.6

100.0

3.4

3.4

6.8

8.4
10.0
6.8

15129
15101
99880

1.2

15334
15288
103091

30463
30389
202971

1.3

2.5

Note: 6.8% of primary school pupils come from single parent families while 2.5% of primary pupils without parents.

2.9
3.4
2.5

Primary Education

Table 2.10: Standard VII Completion Rates in Percentage in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools,
Age in Years

2009
M

2010
T

2011
T

2012
T

<11

25

35

60

77

81

158

95

104

199

26

24

50

11

761

1094

1855

1637

1508

3145

1164

1759

2923

892

1265

2157

12

23453

28072

51525

20554

26161

46715

17258

24813

42071

19260

26863

46123

13

280905

293956

574861

257974

270840

528814

308326

334329

642655

275945

302850

578795

>13

226357

204960

431317

184701

184999

369700

166882

173740

340622

139070

143240

282310

Grand Total

531501

528117 1059618

464943

483589

948532

493727

534753 1028480

435193

474242

909435

499219

498699

997918

513696

513161 1026857

528593

528043 1056636

Gross
Completion
Rate (%)

93.1

97.0

95.1

96.1

104.2

100.2

82.3

89.8

86.1

Net Completion
Rate (%)

51.7

54.3

53.0

60.0

65.2

62.6

52.2

57.4

54.8

Population 13
years

Note: About 55.3% of 13 year-old children reached Standard VII in 2013. If pupils retention in school is enhanced and enrollment is don

age, the completion rate will improve in the future.

mary Education

ge in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009 2013


2013
M

93

23

116

852

1360

2212

21571

29471

51042

265257 296824

562081

135035 135260

270295

422808 462938

885746

506706 509379 1016085

83.4

90.9

87.2

52.3

58.3

55.3

n 2013. If pupils retention in school is enhanced and enrollment is done at the official

Primary Education

Table 2.11(a): Number of Pupils with Disabilities in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Ty
Disability, Grade and Sex, 2013
Grade

Std I
Std II
Std III
Std IV
Std V
Std VI
Std VII
Grand Total

% of Total

Albino
F

207
150
129
140
105
108
95
934
3.8

217
123
132
121
129
113
92
927
3.8

424
93
273
63
261
74
261
86
234
40
221
41
187
35
1861 432
7.6
1.8

Autism
F

52
41
55
62
36
34
34
314
1.3

145 468
104 317
129 388
148 253
76 280
75 263
69 219
746 2188
3.0 8.9

Deaf/ Mute
F

418
278
399
207
247
233
188
1970
8.0

Deaf-Blind
F

886
595
787
460
527
496
407
4158
16.9

28
24
27
21
19
14
18
151
0.6

17
38
16
15
12
9
18
125
0.5

45
62
43
36
31
23
36
276
1.1

Table 2.11(a) Cont 'd


GRADE

Std I
Std II
Std III
Std IV
Std V
Std VI
Std VII
Grand Total
% of Total

Mentally Impaired

415
333
311
356
285
237
165
2102
8.6

284 699
232 565
235 546
249 605
195 480
203 440
131 296
1529 3631
6.2 14.8

Multi Impaired

Physically Impaired

Visually Impaired

61
28
26
36
29
22
19
221
0.9

38
25
46
29
26
24
19
207
0.8

99
53
72
65
55
46
38
428
1.7

873
959
1022
1187
1070
1029
974
7114
28.9

557
604
729
819
751
790
697
4947
20.1

1430
1563
1751
2006
1821
1819
1671
12061
49.1

142
110
98
128
90
90
141
799
3.3

93
66
56
73
66
64
206
624
2.5

Grand Tota

235 2287
176 1984
154 2075
201 2207
156 1918
154 1804
347 1666
1423 13941
5.8
56.7

Note: Population data on disability is not available, but the proportion of primary school enrolment with disabilities is 0.3% (24,58
8,231,913) in 2013.

mary Education

es in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Type of


bility, Grade and Sex, 2013

Grand Total

1676 3963
1407 3391
1668 3743
1575 3782
1462 3380
1470 3274
1385 3051
10643 24584

43.3

100.0

ut the proportion of primary school enrolment with disabilities is 0.3% (24,584 out of

Primary Education

Chart 2.4: Enrollment of Pupils with Disabilities in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Type of Disability , 2013
Chart 2.11: Number of Pupils by type of Disability in Primary Schools, 2007

8000
7000

Number of Disabilities
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
Type of Disability

Table 2.11(b): Number of Pupils with Disabilities in Primary Schools by Type of Disability, Sex and Level, 2013
Grade
Level I

Autism

Deaf-Blind

Grand Total

Mentally Impaired

85

52

137

49

1030

1079

1172

956

2128

1306

2038

Level II

16

25

20

732

752

773

520

1293

809

1261

Level III

15

11

26

13

527

540

560

364

924

588

902

116

72

188

82

2289

2371

2505

1840

4345

2703

4201

Grand Total

ry Education

Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Type of Disability , 2013

n Primary Schools by Type of Disability, Sex and Level, 2013


Grand Total
T

3344

2070
1490
6904

Primary Education
Table 2.12: Trend of Repeaters in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex and Grade, 2009-2013
YEARS
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Male Female Total
Male Female Total
Male Female Total
Male Female Total
Male Female
Std I 46,387 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Std II 25,058 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Std III 17,310 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Std IV 15,060 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Std V
561
509 1,070
387
386
773
454
397
851
244
250
494 1,473 1,256
Std VI
322
280
602
282
269
551
474
428
902
281
242
523 1,271 1,276
Std VII
21
25
46
14
10
24
14
15
29
258
241
499
85
83

GRADE

Grand Total

### 97,719

###

### 95,694

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

###

Note: In 2013 the number of repeaters is much higher in lower grades compared to higher grades. As compred
to previous years.

Chart 2.6: Repeaters' Enrollment Trend in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009-201
120,000

100,000

Number of Repeaters
80,000

60,000

40,000

Chart 2.6: Repeaters' Enrollment Trend in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009-201
120,000

100,000

Number of Repeaters
80,000

60,000

40,000

20,000

Std I

Std II

Std III

Std IV

Std V

Std VI

Std VII

ry Education

Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex and Grade, 2009-2013


2013
Total
###
63,780
49,214
69,388
2,729
2,547
168
295,269

igher in lower grades compared to higher grades. As compred

Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009-2013

Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2009-2013

Std V

Std VI

Std VII

Primary Education
Table 2.11c: Enrollment Trend of Disabilities in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex, 2009-2013
2009
Male

Female

16165

2010
Total

Male

Female

2011
Total

Male

Female

2012
Total

Male

Female

2013
Total

Male

Female

Total

11257 27422 16934 12353 29287 17363 13070 30433 16216 11979 28195 30433 28195 31488

Chart 2.5: Enrollment Trend of Disabilities in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Sex, 2009-2013
35000

30000

25000

20000

Number of Disabilities
15000

10000

5000

0
2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

30000

25000

20000

Number of Disabilities
15000

10000

5000

0
2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Primary Education
Table 2.13: Dropout in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Reason and Grade, 2012
Reasons

Std I
M

Std II
F

Std III
F

Grade
Std IV
M

Std V
M

Std VI
F

5359 4246 3959 3552 6027 4529 5025 3582 989 822 1552 987
0
7
0
51
0
135
0
153
0
11
0
29
220 174 164 137 174 150 153 130
28
22
33
24
359 299 371 271 566 462 334 273
66
60
60
58
161 136 118 117 159 137 111 107
10
9
16
15
60
27
35
39
39
59
46
32
0
0
4
5
511 462 543 500 607 534 553 424 122
94
161 116
6670 5351 5190 4667 7572 6006 6222 4701 1215 1018 1826 1234

Truancy
Pregnancy
Death
Lack of Basic Needs

Illness
Taking Care of ill people

Others
Grand Total

Notes 1:

Std VII
M

775
0
15
21
8
4
141
964

Grand
Total

466 41870
2047 2433
19
1443
22
3222
6
1110
3
353
103 4871
2666 55302

The main cause for dropout in primary schools is truancy (75.7%) followed by Lack of Basic needs (5.8%).

2: Others include early marriages, nomadic families.


3: Basic needs include: Shelter, Food, Clothing, Stationery.

Chart 2.7: Dropout in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools by Reason and Sex, 2012
25000

20000

15000
Number of Dropout

25000

20000

15000
Number of Dropout
10000

5000

0
1

ary Education

Government Primary Schools by Reason and Grade, 2012


% Dropout
by Reasons

75.7
4.4
2.6
5.8
2.0
0.6
8.8
100.0

hools is truancy (75.7%) followed by Lack of Basic needs (5.8%).

families.
ing, Stationery.

Government Primary Schools by Reason and Sex, 2012

Primary Education
Table 2.14: Flow and Survival Rates in Percentage Std I-VII,
2008/09 to 2012/13
2008-2009

2009-2010

2010-2011

2011-2012

2012-2013

PR
RR
DR

91.6
6.3
2.1

91.6
6.7
1.7

91.5
7.3
1.2

91.6
7.0
1.4

93.0
7.8
-0.8

PR
RR
DR

91.6
3.6
4.7

94.0
4.7
1.3

93.5
4.0
2.5

93.6
4.2
2.2

93.9
4.9
1.2

PR
RR
DR

95.9
2.7
1.4

92.2
2.7
2.1

94.5
2.9
2.4

95.4
2.2
2.4

92.3
4.0
3.6

PR
RR
DR

94.7
2.1
3.2

94.2
2.3
3.6

92.5
2.2
5.3

91.4
3.2
5.4

88.6
6.0
5.5

PR
RR
DR

92.9
0.1
7

94.4
0.1
3.5

95.4
0.1
4.5

96.3
0.2
3.5

98.7
0.3
1.1

PR
RR
DR

96.4
0.1
3.5

96.4
0.1
3.5

95.7
0.1
4.2

96.6
0.1
3.3

83.1
0.2
16.7

PR
RR
DR

93.9
2.5
3.7

93.8
2.8
2.6

93.8
2.8
3.4

94.2
2.8
3.0

91.6
3.9
4.5

Average 69.3

Average 66.4

Average 72.3

Average =68.9

Flow Rates

Std I - II

Std II - III

Std III - IV

Std IV - V

Std V - VI

Std VI - VII

Average

Survival Rate to Std VII


(%)

Survival Rate to Std VII


(%)

M = 66.6
F = 72.1

M = 64.0
F = 68.8

M = 68.1
F = 76.5

M = 65.1
F = 72.8

Key:

PR - Promotion Rate

RR - Repetition Rate

DR - Dropout Rate

Primary Education

Table 2.15: Primary Education School Leavers in Government and Non-Government Schools and Form 1 Enroll
1961-2012
Year
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982

Std VII/VIII
Leavers

11732
13730
17042
20348
29367
41083
47981
58872
60545
64630
70922
87777
106203
119350
137559
156114
169106
185293
193612
212446
357816
419829

Enrolled to Form 1
Govt

4196
4810
4972
5302
5942
6377
6635
6989
7149
7350
7780
7956
8165
8472
8680
8659
8706
8720
8908
8913
9178
9241

35.8
35.0
29.2
26.1
20.2
15.5
13.8
11.9
11.8
11.4
11.0
9.1
7.7
7.1
6.3
5.5
5.1
4.7
4.6
4.2
2.6
2.2

Non-Govt

0
458
2329
2591
2610
2511
3021
3254
3667
4379
4964
5114
5786
6590
7165
8467
6677
7095
7988
8469

0.0
2.3
7.9
6.3
5.4
4.3
5.0
5.0
5.2
5.0
4.7
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.6
3.4
3.3
2.2
2.0

Total

4972
5760
8271
8968
9245
9500
10170
10604
11447
12335
13129
13586
14466
15249
15871
17187
15585
16008
17166
17710

29.2
28.3
28.2
21.8
19.3
16.1
16.8
16.4
16.1
14.1
12.4
11.4
10.5
9.8
9.4
9.3
8.0
7.5
4.8
4.2

Year
1987
1988
1989
1990

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Std VII/VIII
Leavers

380758
347978
267744
306656
383427
346514
363404
370534
386584
359337
414069
364014
426562
389746
444903
494504
490018
499241
493946
664263
773553
1017865

Enrolled to Form 1
Govt

14626
15675
18551
19673
19282
19193
21531
24321
28412
30873
35057
41238
41238
48404
58159
60391
98738
134963
196391
401011
395930
480529

3.8
4.5
6.9
6.4
5.0
5.5
5.9
6.6
7.3
8.6
8.5
11.3
9.7
12.4
13.1
12.2
20.1
27.0
39.8
60.4
51.2
47.2

Non-Govt

18007
20789
23585
27554
29027
25703
26965
28498
28002
29768
27125
28333
38775
36305
41593
46891
48752
45276
46968
47437
42971
44255

4.7
6.0
8.8
9.0
7.6
7.4
7.4
7.7
7.2
8.3
6.6
7.8
9.1
9.3
9.3
9.5
9.9
9.1
9.5
7.1
5.6
4.3

1983
1984
1985
1986

454604
649560
429194
380096

9899
10077
10881
11721

2.2
1.6
2.5
3.1

9606
11745
12625
15709

2.1
1.8
2.9
4.1

19505
21822
23506
27430

4.3
3.4
5.5
7.2

2009
2010
2011
2012

999070
894889
973812
865534

382207
403873
457321
444532

38.3
45.1
47.0
51.4

56620
63282
65058
70060

5.7
7.1
6.7
8.1

Note: The percentage of pupils enrolled in Form 1 in Government Secondary Schools between 1963 and 2011 w

lowest in 1984 (3.4%). This was the peak year in UPE implementation having highest enrolment. The num
rose to 67.5% in 2006 and then dropped to 43.9% in 2009 and rose again to 59.5% in 2012.

mary Education

Government and Non-Government Schools and Form 1 Enrollment,


1961-2012
Total

32633
36464
42136
47227
48309
44896
48496
52819
56414
60641
62182
69571
80013
84709
99752
107282
147490
180239
243359
448448
438901
524784

8.6
10.5
15.7
15.4
12.6
13.0
13.3
14.3
14.6
16.9
15.0
19.1
18.8
21.7
22.4
21.7
30.1
36.1
49.3
67.5
56.7
51.6

438827
467155
522379
514592

43.9
52.2
53.6
59.5

n Government Secondary Schools between 1963 and 2011 was


ar in UPE implementation having highest enrolment. The number
3.9% in 2009 and rose again to 59.5% in 2012.

Primary Education
Table 2.16: Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) Results, 2008 - 2012
Year

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Male

Candidates Sat
Female

514,106
496,446
435,077
462,798
409,575

503,759
502,624
459,812
511,011
455,959

Total

1,017,865

999,070
895,013
973,809
865,534

Candidates Passed
Male
Female
Total

Percentage Passed
Male
Female
Total

307,196
276,083
256,818
289,190
145,649

59.8
55.6
59.0
62.5
35.6

229,476
217,250
222,094
278,377
120,224

536,672
493,333
478,912
567,567
265,873

Source: NECTA - Performance of PSLE results, 2009 - 2012

Chart 2.8: Percentage Passes of Pupils in PSLE, 2008 - 2012


70.0

60.0

50.0

Percentage Passes
40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

0.0

45.6
43.2
48.3
54.5
26.4

52.7
49.4
53.5
58.3
30.7

70.0

60.0

50.0

Percentage Passes
40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

0.0

2008

2009

Years

2010

2011

2012

Note: The percentage of pupils passing the PSLE has been fluctuating for the five consecutive years
from 2008 to 2012. The PSLE pass rate was high in 2011 then drop abruptly in 2012.

Primary Education
Table 2.17: Pass Rates in Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) by Region, 2012
Region
Arusha

Dar es
Salaam

Dodoma

Iringa

Kagera

Kigoma

Kilimanjaro

Lindi

Manyara

Mara

Mbeya

Sex

M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T

Candidates
Sat

18005
19489
37494
27599
30494
58093
18722
21983
40705
20220
22993
43213
22902
24900
47802
15780
17219
32999
19727
20784
40511
7948
9324
17272
13436
15959
29395
22951
22908
45859
31050
36541
67591

158
107
265
443
274
717
64
34
98
77
36
113
203
122
325
23
1
24
48
28
76
7
9
16
16
5
21
113
45
158
72
25
97

1562
1366
2928
4695
3880
8575
708
515
1223
1308
972
2280
1689
971
2660
562
141
703
1035
1131
2166
347
255
602
380
258
638
1006
402
1408
1426
828
2254

Grades
C

5174
5652
10826
11806
13046
24852
4320
3898
8218
6970
7535
14505
7128
6347
13475
4660
2256
6916
6896
8257
15153
1821
1459
3280
2995
3110
6105
6108
3235
9343
8586
8519
17105

9862
11115
20977
10201
12821
23022
11501
14862
26363
10874
13640
24514
12481
15960
28441
9603
12881
22484
10983
10956
21939
4907
6311
11218
8491
10985
19476
13919
15996
29915
18713
24549
43262

1249
1249
2498
454
473
927
2129
2674
4803
991
810
1801
1401
1500
2901
932
1940
2872
765
412
1177
866
1290
2156
1554
1601
3155
1805
3230
5035
2253
2620
4873

Passed
(A+b+C)

6894
7125
14019
16944
17200
34144
5092
4447
9539
8355
8543
16898
9020
7440
16460
5245
2398
7643
7979
9416
17395
2175
1723
3898
3391
3373
6764
7227
3682
10909
10084
9372
19456

Failed
(D+E)

11111
12364
23475
10655
29747
56449
13630
17536
31166
11865
14450
26315
13882
17460
31342
10535
14821
25356
11748
11368
23116
5773
7601
13374
10045
12586
22631
15724
19226
34950
20966
27169
48135

%
%
Passed Failed

38.3
36.6
37.4
61.4
56.4
58.8
27.2
20.2
23.4
41.3
37.2
39.1
39.4
29.9
34.4
33.2
13.9
23.2
40.4
45.3
42.9
27.4
18.5
22.6
25.2
21.1
23.0
31.5
16.1
23.8
32.5
25.6
28.8

61.7
63.4
62.6
38.6
43.6
41.2
72.8
79.8
76.6
58.7
62.8
60.9
60.6
70.1
65.6
66.8
86.1
76.8
59.6
54.7
57.1
72.6
81.5
77.4
74.8
78.9
77.0
68.5
83.9
76.2
67.5
74.4
71.2

Primary Education
Table 2.17: Cont...
Region

Sex

M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T
M
F
T

Candidates
Sat

Grades
A

Passed
(A+b+C)

Failed
(D+E)

%
%
Passed Failed

6819 14792 31.6


21611
40 1101
5678 12677 2115
Morogoro
6014 18270 24.8
24284
15
742
5257 15770 2500
45895
55 1843 10935 28447 4615 12833 33062 28.0
3212
8878 26.6
12090
46
599
2567 7516 1362
Mtwara
2682 11514 18.9
14196
37
412
2233 9623 1891
26286
83 1011
4800 17139 3253
5894 20392 22.4
39337 261 2608 13554 21147 1767 16423 22914 41.7
Mwanza
9357 33725 21.7
43082 141
967
8249 30452 3273
82419 402 3575 21803 51599 5040 25780 56639 31.3
3667
7383 33.2
11050
26
516
3125 6682 701
Pwani
3250
9219 26.1
12469
18
382
2850 8366 853
23519
44
898
5975 15048 1554
6917 16602 29.4
4138
8241 33.4
12379
16
533
3589 7414 827
Rukwa
2244 11075 16.8
13319
1
142
2101 9592 1483
25698
17
675
5690 17006 2310
6382 19316 24.8
M
3950 10359 27.6
14309
57
559
3334 8616 1743
Ruvuma
F
3470 12776 21.4
16246
29
447
2994 10647 2129
T
30555
86 1006
6328 19263 3872
7420 23135 24.3
M
9502 19877 32.3
29379 228 1636
7638 16281 3596
Shinyanga
F
5037 28342 15.1
33379 106
540
4391 22874 5468
T
62758 334 2176 12029 39155 9064 14539 48219 23.2
M
3411
9414 26.6
12825
21
514
2876 7384 2030
Singida
F
3025 11333 21.1
14358
7
292
2726 9306 2027
T
27183
28
806
5602 16690 4057
6436 20747 23.7
M
4884 12716 27.8
17600
45
792
4047 10598 2118
Tabora
F
3213 15522 17.1
18735
23
361
2829 12947 2575
T 36335
68 1153
6876 23545 4693
8097 28238 22.3
M
7237 13418 35.0
20655
37 1105
6095 12175 1243
Tanga
F
7213 16084 31.0
23297
23
998
6192 14719 1365
T
43952
60 2103 12287 26894 2608 14450 29502 32.9
M
409575 2001 24681 118967 232025 31901 145649 263926 35.6
National
F
455959 1086 16002 103136 294372 41363 120224 352188 26.4
Total
T
865534 3087 40683 222103 526397 73264 265873 632161 30.7
Source
NECTA - PSLE results, 2012.
:

68.4
75.2
72.0
73.4
81.1
77.6
58.3
78.3
68.7
66.8
73.9
70.6
66.6
83.2
75.2
72.4
78.6
75.7
67.7
84.9
76.8
73.4
78.9
76.3
72.3
82.9
77.7
65.0
69.0
67.1
64.4
77.2
73.0

Range of Scores: A = 161 - 200; B = 121 - 160; C = 85 - 120; D = 41 - 84; E =


0 - 40; Fail = D and E; Pass = A, B and C.
Note: Dar es salaam recorded the highest perfomance in PLSE of 58.8% while Mtwara recorded
the lowest perfomance of 22.4.

Primary Education
Table 2.18: Standard VII Leavers 2012 and Candidate Passed by Region
and Sex, 2013
Candidates Sat

Region

Arusha
Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Iringa
Kagera
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro

Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro

Mtwara
Mwanza
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga

Singida
Tabora

18005
27599
18722
20220
22902
15780
19727
7948
13436
22951
31050
21611
12090
39337
11050
12379
14309
29379
12825
17600

19489
30494
21983
22993
24900
17219
20784
9324
15959
22908
36541
24284
14196
43082
12469
13319
16246
33379
14358
18735

Candidates Passed
T

% of Candidates
Passed vs Candidates
Sat
M
F
M+F

37494 6894 7125 14019 38.3


58093 16944 17200 34144 61.4
40705 5092 4447 9539 27.2
43213 8355 8543 16898 41.3
47802 9020 7440 16460 39.4
32999 5245 2398 7643 33.2
40511 7979 9416 17395 40.4
17272 2175 1723 3898 27.4
29395 3391 3373 6764 25.2
45859 7227 3682 10909 31.5
67591 10084 9372 19456 32.5
45895 6819 6014 12833 31.6
26286 3212 2682 5894 26.6
82419 16423 9357 25780 41.7
23519 3667 3250 6917 33.2
25698 4138 2244 6382 33.4
30555 3950 3470 7420 27.6
62758 9502 5037 14539 32.3
27183 3411 3025 6436 26.6
36335 4884 3213 8097 27.8

36.6
56.4
20.2
37.2
29.9
13.9
45.3
18.5
21.1
16.1
25.6
24.8
18.9
21.7
26.1
16.8
21.4
15.1
21.1
17.1

37.4
58.8
23.4
39.1
34.4
23.2
42.9
22.6
23.0
23.8
28.8
28.0
22.4
31.3
29.4
24.8
24.3
23.2
23.7
22.3

20655 23297 43952 7237 7213 14450 35.0 31.0 32.9


Grand Total
409575 455959 865534 145649 120224 265873 35.6 26.4 30.7
Source: National Examination Council of Tanzania - NECTA (2012).
Note: Kilimanjaro Region has the highest percentage of candidates selected to
Form 1 (75.7%) as compared to candidates sat for Exams while Mara Region
has the lowest number of candidates selected to Form 1 (38.2%).
Tanga

Primary Education
Chart 2.9: Transition from Primary Education to Secondary Education, 1

80.0

70.0

60.0

Transtion Rate
50.0

40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

0.0

19611963196519671969197119731975197719781979198119831985198719891991199219931995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520

Years

Note: The trend shows a fall of transition Rate from 2007 to 2009 thereafter the trend is increasing slightly. This s
intervation to arrest the decline.

ry Education
ucation to Secondary Education, 1961- 2012

99119921993199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

ears

009 thereafter the trend is increasing slightly. This situation calls for quick

Primary Education

Table 2.19: Teaching Staff, Number of Schools and Streams in Primary Schools
ITEM
Total Teaching Staff

Govt
Non-Govt

2009
M

2010
T

2011
T

2012
T

80066 77119 157185 82170 83686 165856 86098 89351 175449 87601 93386
76765 74711 151476 78331 80750 159081 81262 85849 167111 82541 89445
3301

2408

5709 3839

2936

6775

4836

3502

8338

5060

3941

Qualified Teachers

Total
Govt
Non-Govt
Pupil Teacher Ratio
Pupil Qualified Teacher Ratio

Total Number of Schools

% increase
Government
% increase
Non-Government
% increase
Total Number of Streams

70936 70777 141713 76669 80064 156733 82282 86951 169233 84352 90482
67972 68567 136539 73100 77471 150571 77701 83712 161413 79644 86986
2964 2210
5174 3569 2593
6162 4581 3239
7820 4708 3496

1:54
1:60

1:51
1:54

1:48
1:49

15727
0.3
15301
0.3
426
2.4

15816
0.6
15265
-0.2
551
29.3

16001
1.2
15412
1.0
589
6.9

199702

192672

202066

% increase
Government
% increase
Non - Government
% increase

-8.5
195952
-9.0
3750
28.6

-3.5
188633
-3.7
4039
7.7

4.9
195787
3.8
6279
55.5

Note: In 2013, Primary school teachers who are qualified (teachers Grade A and above) is 99% of all teach
improved from 1:47 in 2012 to 1:44 in 2013. The norm is 1:40. Though Total primary schools increase by 0.1
Government primary school has increased by 0.3% while Non-Government School has decreased by 4.8%.

ry Education

hools and Streams in Primary Schools, 2009 - 2013


2012

2013
T

180987 91253
171986 85525
9001 5728

98234 189487
93797 179322

174834 90210
166630 85084
8204 5126
1:46
1:47

97356 187566
93426 178510
3930
9056

4437

10165

1:43
1:44

16331
2.1
15525
0.7
806
36.8

16343
0.1
15576
0.3
767
-4.8

195075

190176

-3.5
189530
-3.2
5545
-11.7

chers Grade A and above) is 99% of all teachers. The PQTR has
Though Total primary schools increase by 0.1 %, the number of
Government School has decreased by 4.8%.

-2.5
186106
-1.8
4070
-26.6

Primary Education
Table 2.20: Number of Teachers and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) in Government and Non-Government Primary
Schools by Qualification and Region, 2013
Region

Arusha
Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro

Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro

Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga

Simiyu

Teachers

Number of
Schools

Std I-VII
Enrolment

PhD

Masters

Bachelor

Diploma

Grade A

Grade B/C

Others

All Teachers

648
525
754
660
481
933
125
633
932
487
595
780
1076
855
641
900
472
675
157
735
442
514

318565
476693
389296
440924
219853
465768
92382
337878
292469
160612
246292
437564
529347
387071
235760
618501
156685
225435
202425
270718
294788
325665

1
1
2
0
1
0
0
0
27
2
0
0
10
6
0
4
0
3
1
6
3
0

158
69
37
51
34
14
26
145
141
24
43
69
368
167
32
231
46
136
54
58
56
34

163
985
226
82
183
87
11
229
114
200
48
280
435
221
226
1651
99
8
62
62
84
25

3703
11800
4692
1604
3642
6231
655
185
2809
92
1441
284
1829
448
1099
335
1096
336
119
1156
172
2597

4915
1968
3299
5742
1417
3206
1949
6499
5970
3140
4287
8049
9920
8775
3928
10678
2331
5286
3874
4940
6180
3879

67
335
180
27
35
222
0
0
15
0
4
0
22
0
27
0
53
0
0
0
0
7

197
188
23
14
11
112
0
38
25
11
48
69
4
3
1
33
6
22
20
16
109
17

9204
15346
8459
7520
5323
9872
2641
7096
9101
3469
5871
8751
12588
9620
5313
12932
3631
5791
4130
6238
6604
6559

Total Qualified
Teachers

8940
14823
8256
7479
5277
9538
2641
7058
9061
3458
5819
8682
12562
9617
5285
12899
3572
5769
4110
6222
6495
6535

PTR PQTR
35
31
46
59
41
47
35
48
32
46
42
50
42
40
44
48
43
39
49
43
45
50

36
32
47
59
42
49
35
48
32
46
42
50
42
40
45
48
44
39
49
44
45
50

Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total

519
751
1053
16343

254933
414061
438228
8231913

1
0
5
73

75
57
146
2271

43
250
44
5818

150
820
297
47592

5220
6733
9474
131659

1
0
0
995

12
45
55
1079

5502
7905
10021
189487

5489
7860
9966
187413

46
52
44
43

46
53
44
44

Note: Teachers categorised as qualified for primary education level are those with Grade A certificates and above. PQTR shows that Arusha, Dar
es Salaam, Katavi, Kilimajaro and Pwani Regions have lower than the official standards of 1:40 that is 1:36, 1:32, 1:35, 1:32 and 1:39
respectively. Geita region has the highest PQTR of 1:59. In service and recruitment programmes are needed, but provision of conducive
working environment especially in rural areas is a critical challenge in addressing the issue of retention of teachers.

Primary Education
Table 2.21: Number of Teachers in Government and Non-Government Schools by Age and
Region, 2013
Age/Region
Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total

<20
2
15
6
3
4
19
3
13
11
36
1
20
22
21
25
37
8
83
1
9
16
57
1
94
0
507

20 - 24
667
613
976
1134
595
1286
485
759
394
481
388
1066
1392
645
648
1613
327
411
546
710
968
1385
809
1154
978
20430

25 - 29
1840
2567
1561
2078
824
2051
625
1571
976
618
1241
1700
2155
1372
791
3019
421
1018
1130
842
1453
1338
1027
2109
2059
36386

30 - 34
1762
3328
1177
1244
886
1392
523
1338
916
457
1325
1369
1764
1569
702
2220
506
1341
583
856
1365
1074
838
1089
1761
31385

35 - 39
1277
3189
981
1062
770
1199
393
942
838
339
927
1042
1660
1583
673
1912
536
1018
439
846
873
805
680
834
1185
26003

40 - 44 45 - 49
1051
787
2123
1315
757
609
673
414
589
391
985
758
214
108
769
418
949
1232
259
244
586
424
764
620
1439
984
1146
923
503
467
1306
854
480
414
597
382
431
283
618
515
580
417
503
399
485
450
610
476
918
807
19335 14691

50 - 54
985
1316
1505
513
622
1281
178
831
2176
616
571
1119
1724
1406
820
1046
543
489
410
945
547
607
635
906
1315
23106

55 - 59
770
844
875
395
637
851
112
455
1541
418
400
1031
1426
929
679
919
395
448
304
874
362
384
573
627
961
17210

60+
63
36
12
4
5
50
0
0
68
1
8
20
22
26
5
6
1
4
3
23
23
7
4
6
37
434

Total
9204
15346
8459
7520
5323
9872
2641
7096
9101
3469
5871
8751
12588
9620
5313
12932
3631
5791
4130
6238
6604
6559
5502
7905
10021
189487

Note: Out of 189,487 Primary schools teachers 45,194 (22%) are of age 50 years and above.

This implies that ten years to come over 22% of teachers should be recruited to cover this
gap and that of attrition.

Primary Education
Chart 2.10: Number of Teachers in Government and Non-Government Schools by Age and Region, 2013

40000
35000
30000
Number of Teachers

25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0

<20

20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59

Age Range

60+

Primary Education
Table 2.22: Teacher Attrition by Qualification, Sex and Reason, 2013
Qualification

Reasons

Bachelor

Diploma

Grade A

Grand Total

Grade B/C

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Total

Grand Total

43
2
154
1
5
205
6
16
22
4
48
5
1
0
0
7
0
13
266

8
0
59
3
2
72
4
15
10
3
32
8
0
2
0
2
2
14
118

292
23
869
5
19
1208
32
104
116
6
258
48
11
3
1
74
20
157
1623

101
19
443
3
11
577
12
89
86
6
193
29
8
7
3
27
7
81
851

71
9
244
0
3
327
6
31
33
7
77
16
1
8
0
10
14
49
453

49
11
234
0
40
334
2
34
39
6
81
23
4
36
0
6
6
75
490

19
2
61
0
2
84
2
2
4
2
10
3
2
0
0
3
2
10
104

5
2
19
0
0
26
2
12
14
4
32
5
0
1
0
0
4
10
68

425
36
1328
6
29
1824
46
153
175
19
393
72
15
11
1
94
36
229
2446

163
32
755
6
53
1009
20
150
149
19
338
65
12
46
3
35
19
180
1527

588
68
2083
12
82
2833
66
303
324
38
731
137
27
57
4
129
55
409
3973

% Attrition by Qualification

6.7

3.0

40.9

21.4

11.4

12.3

2.6

1.7

61.6

38.4

100.0

Retirement

Leaving teaching Profession

Prolonged Sickness
Retirement Age
Short term sickness
Others

Total
Death

Accident
Prolonged Sicknesss
Short-term Sickness
Others

Dismissal/ Termination

Total
Leaving Teaching Profession

Misbehaviour
Prolonged Sickness
Short term sickness
Truancy
Others

Total

Note:

Out of 3,973 Primary schools teachers leaving out of teaching proffession 2,833 (71.3%) are due retirement, whereby 731 (18.4%) teac
attrition due to death and dismissed/termeinated teachers were 409 (10.3%).

y Education

y Qualification, Sex and Reason, 2013


% Attrition

14.8
1.7
52.4
0.3
2.1
71.3
1.7
7.6
8.2
1.0
18.4
3.4
0.7
1.4
0.1
3.2
1.4
10.3
100.0

g proffession 2,833 (71.3%) are due retirement, whereby 731 (18.4%) teacher
re 409 (10.3%).

Primary Education

Regions
Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora

Government

Table 2.23: Registered Government, Non-Government and Religious English Medium Primary Schools, 2013

1
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

Non-Government
Religious
Private

97
118
8
0
11
19
0
2
30
0
6
22
9
10
2
40
0
7
1
0
12
0
3
3

Grand Total

Muslim

Catholic

Lutheran

Anglican

Seventh Day Adventist

Assemblies of
God

Others

Total

3
18
1
0
1
7
0
1
3
0
1
0
1
1
1
6
0
4
0
1
2
0
0
0

4
11
3
0
2
8
0
2
12
0
0
8
2
9
0
9
0
3
0
5
6
0
0
3

0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
4
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

4
4
1
0
2
4
0
0
4
0
3
11
1
1
0
3
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0

12
35
9
0
5
24
0
4
32
1
6
21
5
13
1
19
0
7
1
7
10
0
1
4

110
155
17
0
17
43
0
6
62
1
12
43
16
23
3
59
0
14
2
8
22
0
4
7

Tanga
Grand Total
% of Total
EMPS

Percentage

1
8
1
0.05

14
414
64
2.53

0
51
8
0.31

8
95
15
0.58

2
13
2
0.08

0
8
1
0.05

1
12
2
0.07

0
8
1
0.05

1
42
6
0.26

12
229
35
1.40

27
651
16343
4.0

Note: Only 3.9% of all Primary Schools are English Medium (651 out of 16,343). The Government runs only 8 English
Medium Primary Schools. The contribution of the private sector in Primary Education is mostly directed towards
establishing English Medium Schools.

Primary Education
Table 2.24: Pupil Pit latrine and Classroom Ratios by Region and Sex, 2013
Enrolment

Region
M

Arusha
Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora

161019
233850
188822
220277
105658
228849
46277
168594
147704
78780
122431
220198
259505
190203
115113
304738
77145
111253
101084
133308
144020
156325
125977
207339

157546
242843
200474
220647
114195
236919
46105
169284
144765
81832
123861
217366
269842
196868
120647
313763
79540
114182
101341
137410
150768
169340
128956
206722

Pit Latrines
T

318565
476693
389296
440924
219853
465768
92382
337878
292469
160612
246292
437564
529347
387071
235760
618501
156685
225435
202425
270718
294788
325665
254933
414061

3540
3527
3284
2038
3029
4191
715
2128
5357
1662
3559
3707
5432
3765
2410
3987
1872
2504
1688
3160
2115
1799
2673
3028

4004
3916
3568
2088
3107
4202
799
2471
5727
1743
3510
3838
5996
3417
2559
4039
2067
2503
1812
3546
2105
2048
3130
3253

PLR

Pit Latrines for Disabled

7544
7443
6852
4126
6136
8393
1514
4599
11084
3405
7069
7545
11428
7182
4969
8026
3939
5007
3500
6706
4220
3847
5803
6281

145
171
15
23
6
10
0
10
62
38
12
33
47
45
22
57
17
89
9
15
11
42
20
27

183
166
13
18
6
31
0
6
39
18
11
23
18
35
26
95
18
84
6
15
11
4
11
29

328
337
28
41
12
41
0
16
101
56
23
56
65
80
48
152
35
173
15
30
22
46
31
56

M+F

45 39 42
66 62 64
57 56 57
108 106 107
35 37 36
55 56 55
65 58 61
79 69 73
28 25 26
47 47 47
34 35 35
59 57 58
48 45 46
51 58 54
48 47 47
76 78 77
41 38 40
44 46 45
60 56 58
42 39 40
68 72 70
87 83 85
47 41 44
68 64 66

Tanga
Grand Total
National Average

217818
4066287

220410
4165626

438228
8231913

4931
76101

5613 10544
81061 157162

65
991

38 103 44
904 1895
53

39

42

51

52

Note: Average male Pit Latrine Ratio is 1:53 against the norm of 1:25; and that of females is 1:51 against the norm of 1:20. Pu
Classroom Ratio is 1:72 against the norm of 1:40. The adequacy of latrines and classrooms is still a major challenge in
primary schools with notable variations among regions.

mary Education

nd Classroom Ratios by Region and Sex, 2013


Number of
Classrooms

PCR

5931
6597
5200
3494
3596
6235
1051
3966
6792
3199
4549
5747
7000
5386
3940
5623
3283
3431
1103
5094
4564
3650
3944
4923

54
72
75
126
61
75
88
85
43
50
54
76
76
72
60
110
48
66
184
53
65
89
65
84

6530
67
114828
72

st the norm of 1:25; and that of females is 1:51 against the norm of 1:20. Pupil
1:40. The adequacy of latrines and classrooms is still a major challenge in
ng regions.

Primary Education
Table 2.25: Permanent Buildings in Government and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2013
Region
Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu

Classrooms
Required

8198
11328
9716
9242
5255
11166
2531
8359
7971
4164
7016
9997
12538
8418
6338
12566
4248
6064
3384
7445
7124
8010

Available

5931
6597
5200
3494
3596
6235
1051
3966
6792
3199
4549
5747
7000
5386
3940
5623
3283
3431
1103
5094
4564
3650

Teachers' Houses

Shortage

2267
4731
4516
5748
1659
4931
1480
4393
1179
965
2467
4250
5538
3032
2398
6943
965
2633
2281
2351
2560
4360

Required

7945
14214
9742
8608
5713
10581
2397
8008
8948
4228
6354
9430
15200
8516
6188
14294
3187
6172
4008
7483
7395
8017

Available

1917
844
1585
1470
2004
2139
570
1393
1369
1299
1966
2317
3502
1894
1617
2176
1302
1524
1290
2579
1167
1809

Shortage

6028
13370
8157
7138
3709
8442
1827
6615
7579
2929
4388
7113
11698
6622
4571
12118
1885
4648
2718
4904
6228
6208

Boys Pits
Required

6391
10285
8345
7874
17800
8892
1879
4531
7163
3290
5548
9321
11213
7341
4868
12523
2391
4520
3433
5571
6085
6499

Available

3540
3527
3284
2038
3029
4191
715
1595
5357
1662
3559
3604
5432
3765
2410
3987
1872
2504
1688
3160
2115
1799

Girls Pits

Shortage

2851
6758
5061
5836
14771
4701
1164
2936
1806
1628
1989
5717
5781
3576
2458
8536
519
2016
1745
2411
3970
4700

Required

7703
12133
8769
9389
5240
10681
2293
5681
7243
3839
6299
33643
13286
7378
5976
14948
2697
5067
5281
6638
7737
8205

Available

4004
3916
3568
2088
3107
4202
799
1688
5727
1743
3510
3638
5996
3417
2559
4039
2067
2503
1812
3546
2105
2048

2563 6956
5005 5082
2409 6337
6507
3944
1951
2673
3130
Singida
4603 8810
7294 8334
5306 9853
9526
4923
1516
3028
3253
Tabora
3977 11448 1635
9813 8883
3952 10901 5613
10507 6530
4931
Tanga
197618 114828 82790 203842 42835 161007 178062 75465 102597 217217 80078
Grand Total
Note: There is acute shortage of Classrooms of 82,788 (41.9%), Teachers houses (161,007 or 79%), Boys pit latrines (102,597 or 57.6%)
and Girls pit latrines (137,139 or 63.1%).

ry Education

rnment and Non-Government Primary Schools, 2013


Girls Pits
Shortage

3699
8217
5201
7301
2133
6479
1494
3993
1516
2096
2789
30005
7290
3961
3417
10909
630
2564
3469
3092
5632
6157

3207
6600
5288
137139
%), Teachers houses (161,007 or 79%), Boys pit latrines (102,597 or 57.6%)

Primary Education
Table 2.26: Status of Desks in Government and Non-Governmen Primary Schools by Region, 2013
Region

Arusha

Government
Required

136605

Dar es Salaam

Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga

116071
186121
97601
195147
42821
131011
132683
68924
115982
193592
218167
145739
102873
275020
81448
97385
49586
107774
95493
123245
80381
143701
182140

Available

92805
95071
76676
74814
57633
133130
21070
76698
112582
47995
71147
100511
135913
86385
72901
108893
60348
56420
24768
76578
46076
47371
62674
93836
112388

Shortage

Non -Government
% of Shortage

43800

32.1

39395

33.9
59.8
41.0
31.8
50.8
41.5
15.1
30.4
38.7
48.1
37.7
40.7
29.1
60.4
25.9
42.1
50.1
28.9
51.7
61.6
22.0
34.7
38.3

111307
39968
62017
21751
54313
20101
20929
44835
93081
82254
59354
29972
166127
21100
40965
24818
31196
49417
75874
17707
49865
69752

Required

Available

25168 21305
39500
1951 1821
1437 1638
2063 2043
7184 7443
0
0
626
386
8453 9327
250
100
27349 17295
2115 3437
1661 1798
5008 5152
695
745
13500 12548
1390 1413
1993 2284
588
485
1647 1485
3988 4465
1683 1432
1150 1137
1792 1775
6013 6046

Shortage

Total
% of Shortage

Required

3863

15.3

161773

130
-201
20
-259
0
240
-874
150
10054
-1322
-137
-144
-50
952
-23
-291
103
162
-477
251
13
17
-33

6.7
-14.0
1.0
-3.6
0.0
38.3
-10.3
60.0
36.8
-62.5
-8.2
-2.9
-7.2
7.1
-1.7
-14.6
17.5
9.8
-12.0
14.9
1.1
0.9
-0.5

118022
187558
99664
202331
42821
131637
141136
69174
143331
195707
219828
150747
103568
288520
82838
99378
50174
109421
99481
124928
81531
145493
188153

Available

114110
134571
78497
76452
59676
140573
21070
77084
121909
48095
88442
103948
137711
91537
73646
121441
61761
58704
25253
78063
50541
48803
63811
95611
118434

Shortage

% of Shortage

47663

29.5

39525
111106
39988
61758
21751
54553
19227
21079
54889
91759
82117
59210
29922
167079
21077
40674
24921
31358
48940
76125
17720
49882
69719

33.5
59.2
40.1
30.5
50.8
41.4
13.6
30.5
38.3
46.9
37.4
39.3
28.9
57.9
25.4
40.9
49.7
28.7
49.2
60.9
21.7
34.3
37.1

Grand Total

3119510

1944683

1174827

37.7

117704

145060

-27356

-23.2

3237214

2089743

1147471

35.4

Note: The shortage of Desks is higher in Government Primary Schools (39.5%) as compared to that of Non-Government (7.7%). While Mtwara
Region is experiencing a serious shortage of Desks in Government owned schools (60.0%), Lindi Region experience the same in NonGovernment owned schools (6.6%). More effort and strategy is needed to address the shortage of desks with the experience from
Kilimanjaro so as to improve students' leaning environment. Dar es Salaam Region did not report the number of desks required.

Primary Education
Table 2.27: Availability of Electric Power in Schools by Region and Type of
Power, 2013
Region

Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total

All
Schools

648
525
754
660
481
933
125
633
932
487
595
780
1076
855
641
900
472
675
157
735
442
514
519
751
1053

16343

% of Schools with Electricity

Number of Schools and Type of Electric Supply


National Grid

Biogas

Solar Power School Generator

141
655
82
8
78
78
0
5
213
26
63
64
66
124
36
123
51
64
9
11
35
21
46
32
95
2126

0
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8

50
18
11
0
7
74
0
3
11
3
3
3
3
4
7
7
19
17
3
4
3
2
9
7
15
283

13.0

0.0

1.7

Wind

Other Sources

32
2
2
3
4
35
9
2
7
3
9
7
6
2
0
9
6
10
1
10
1
1
1
0
1
163

2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5

0
735
0
0
2
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
1
7
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
756

1.0

0.0

4.6

Note 1: Out of 16,343 Primary schools, only 3,341 (20.4%) of primary

schools have access to electric power.


2: Other Sources include Small Scale Hydroelectric power.

ary Education

ctric Power in Schools by Region and Type of


Power, 2013

schools, only 3,341 (20.4%) of primary


o electric power.

e Small Scale Hydroelectric power.

Grand
Total

225
1411
96
11
91
199
9
10
231
32
75
75
75
136
43
140
83
91
13
26
39
24
56
39
111
3341

20.4

Primary Education
Table 2.28: Number of Available Computers, Functioning Computers and their Usage in Government
and Non-Government Schools by Region, 2013
Region

Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe

Number of Computers used

Number of available Computer(s)


Gvt

Non-Gvt

325
307
48
28
125
13
30
7
311
0
14
22
33
243
56
78
25

1366
2437
232
49
125
339
0
36
687
0
66
108
85
87
3
479
12

Total

1691
2744
280
77
250
352
30
43
998
0
80
130
118
330
59
557
37

For Office Use


Gvt

Non-Gvt

44
106
31
2
43
6
28
1
69
0
10
17
17
22
10
21
10

290
511
39
17
24
71
0
2
154
0
18
46
22
29
0
162
9

Number of Functioning Computers

For Training
Total

334
617
70
19
67
77
28
3
223
0
28
63
39
51
10
183
19

Gvt

Non-Gvt

235
191
17
1
88
2
28
8
266
0
2
7
15
222
45
54
12

1051
2320
193
32
101
262
0
34
486
0
39
62
53
58
0
350
5

Total

1286
2511
210
33
189
264
28
42
752
0
41
69
68
280
45
404
17

Gvt

Non-Gvt

516
392
34
27
170
9
30
14
508
0
6
12
31
443
91
111
27

2127
4246
386
64
202
530
0
68
1019
0
87
124
116
116
3
667
8

Total

2643
4638
420
91
372
539
30
82
1527
0
93
136
147
559
94
778
35

Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total

117
0
13
1
3
20
44
84
1947

316
68
24
86
30
6
28
290
6959

433 28
68 0
37 7
87 1
33 2
26 4
72 7
374 25
8906 511

62
8
12
45
8
4
10
65
1608

90
8
19
46
10
8
17
90
2119

74
238
0
62
5
12
0
41
1
22
4
2
37
15
52
225
1366 5663

312
62
17
41
23
6
52
277
7029

163 492
0
122
11
24
0
82
2
44
20
4
74
33
111
450
2802 11014

655
122
35
82
46
24
107
561
13816

Note: Out of 13,816 functioning computers in Primary schools, 7,029 (76.4%) are used for training and 2,119 (23.4%)
are used in offices for administrative issues.

Primary Education

Table 2.29: Distance from Schools to Councils Head Quarters by


Region, 2013
Region
Arusha
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma
Geita
Iringa
Kagera
Katavi
Kigoma
Kilimanjaro
Lindi
Manyara
Mara
Mbeya
Morogoro
Mtwara
Mwanza
Njombe
Pwani
Rukwa
Ruvuma
Shinyanga
Simiyu
Singida
Tabora
Tanga
Grand Total
% of All Schools

(0 - 25) km

293
357
253
91
96
378
76
143
539
152
210
194
480
211
221
342
115
121
43
198
213
136
160
190
385
5597
39.5

Number of Schools
(26 - 75) km
76+ km
NOT STATED

139
74
396
244
137
376
19
290
362
125
262
321
320
397
365
384
242
129
95
218
168
345
270
345
443
6466
45.7

53
0
98
20
24
142
30
23
16
97
123
113
177
246
50
37
91
168
21
117
61
34
85
144
121
2091
14.8

163
94
7
305
224
37
0
177
15
113
-5
152
99
1
5
121
24
380
-2
202
0
-1
4
72
-37
2150
15.2

Note: In 2013, a total of 2091 (14.8%) of Primary Schools are 76km or above
from their Councils HQ while 5597 (39.5%) are located between (0 25) km from their Council Head Quarters.

ry Education

Schools to Councils Head Quarters by


egion, 2013
Number of Schools

Grand
Total

485
431
747
355
257
896
125
456
917
374
595
628
977
854
636
763
448
418
159
533
442
515
515
679
949
14154
100.0

14.8%) of Primary Schools are 76km or above


hile 5597 (39.5%) are located between (0 Head Quarters.

Budgetary Allocation to Education Sector by Level, 2013 - 2014