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MM Process flow

PR >Release the PR>RFQ>Quotation>Quotation


Comparison>PO>Release the PO>GR>Invoice Verification
MM Process flow:
Process Flow
The typical procurement cycle for a service or material consists of
the following phases:
1. Determination of Requirements
Materials requirements are identified either in the user departments
or via materials planning and control. (This can cover both MRP
proper and the demand-based approach to inventory control. The
regular checking of stock levels of materials defined by master
records, use of the order-point method, and forecasting on the basis
of past usage are important aspects of the latter.) You can enter purchase requisitions yourself, or they
can be generated automatically by the materials planning and control system.
2. Source Determination
The Purchasing component helps you identify potential sources of supply based on past orders and
existing longer-term purchase agreements. This speeds the process of creating requests for quotation
(RFQs), which can be sent to vendors electronically via SAP EDI, if desired.
3. Vendor Selection and Comparison of Quotations
The system is capable of simulating pricing scenarios, allowing you to compare a number of different
quotations. Rejection letters can be sent automatically.
4. Purchase Order Processing
The Purchasing system adopts information from the requisition and the quotation to help you create a
purchase order. As with purchase requisitions, you can generate Pos yourself or have the system
generate them automatically. Vendor scheduling agreements and contracts (in the SAP System, types
of longer-term purchase agreement) are also supported.
5. Purchase Order Follow-Up
The system checks the reminder periods you have specified and - if necessary - automatically prints
reminders or expediters at the predefined intervals. It also provides you with an up-to-date status of all
purchase requisitions, quotations, and purchase orders.
6. Goods Receiving and Inventory Management
Goods Receiving personnel can confirm the receipt of goods simply by entering the Po number. By
specifying permissible tolerances, buyers can limit over- and underdeliveries of ordered goods.
7. Invoice Verification
The system supports the checking and matching of invoices. The accounts payable clerk is notified of
quantity and price variances because the system has access to PO and goods receipt data. This speeds
the process of auditing and clearing invoices for payment.

Pur info record is nothing but a master data like thing which will be maintained for different materials
to determine the prices etc.It Specifies the number that uniquely identifies a record.
For Example: an info record is based on Plant Vendor and Material
Based on these three the Material Prices will be calculated
for different combinations different values are taken into consideration.
During pricing it brings these values automatically based on this info record.
Use ME11 Tcode to create this record.
Common Tables used by SAP MM
Below are few important Common Tables used in Materials Management Modules:
EINA Purchasing Info Record- General Data
EINE Purchasing Info Record- Purchasing Organization Data
MAKT Material Descriptions
MARA General Material Data
MARC Plant Data for Material
MARD Storage Location Data for Material
MAST Material to BOM Link
MBEW Material Valuation
MKPF Header- Material Document
MSEG Document Segment- Material
MVER Material Consumption
MVKE Sales Data for materials
RKPF Document Header- Reservation
T023 Mat. groups
T024 Purchasing Groups
T156 Movement Type
T157H Help Texts for Movement Types
MOFF Lists what views have not been created
A501 Plant/Material
EBAN Purchase Requisition
EBKN Purchase Requisition Account Assignment
EKAB Release Documentation
EKBE History per Purchasing Document

EKET Scheduling Agreement Schedule Lines


EKKN Account Assignment in Purchasing Document
EKKO Purchasing Document Header
EKPO Purchasing Document Item
IKPF Header- Physical Inventory Document
ISEG Physical Inventory Document Items
LFA1 Vendor Master (General section)
LFB1 Vendor Master (Company Code)
NRIV Number range intervals
RESB Reservation/dependent requirements
T161T Texts for Purchasing Document Types

Tcodes:

RFQ to Vendor - ME41


Raising Quotation - ME47
Comparison of Price - ME49
Creation of PO - ME21N
Goods Receipt - MIGO
Invoice (Bill PAssing) - MIRO
Goods Issue - MB1A
Physical Inventory - MI01( Create doc)
MI04 (Enter Count)
MI07 (Post)