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CHEET SHEETS: BSCN (640-503)

COPYRIGHT KEEN INTERACTIVE 2000


Last Update: 8/7/00
1. Which of the following are true regarding route filtering?
a. It uses the same technique as packet filtering; its based on standard or extended
access-lists
b. It is required when using EIGRP and OSPF at the same time
c. Unlike packet filtering (which uses inverted subnet masks, route filtering uses normal
subnet masks
d. Route filtering is used only while performing route redistribution
2. Which of these are benefits of incorporating hierarchical addressing?
a. You can summarize multiple routes into single route summaries, making the network
more scalable
b. A contiguous address assignment allows the most efficient use of address
c. Reduction in the number of routing table entries for participating routers
d. A more efficient allocation of addresses network-wide
e. A reduced number of routing table entries for participating routers
3. How can a single IP statement indicate many IP addresses?
a. Source-route bridge
b. Route summarization
c. Helper address
d. Default gateway
e. Passive interface
4. What essential reasons make OSPF better than RIP1?
a. OSPF can select paths based on bandwidth
b. Link-State protocols generally have faster convergence than Distance-Vector
c. OSPF supports VLSM
d. OSPF has no hop count limitation because it is based on path cost
e. OSPF can select paths based on bandwidth
5. Which of the following are true of EIGRP?
a. It only sends change-updates to the systems that are affected by the event
b. It can provide client address conflict resolution
c. It is considerably more complex than OSPF
d. It supports Variable Length Subnet Masking
e. It supports compression over the WAN link
6. What command will show the link-state database?
7. Which of the statements below correctly describes the GBP regular expression
^200_?
a. Match only AS 200
b. Match all ASs
c. Match strings received from AS 200
d. Match strings originating from AS 200
8. What is a BGP peer?
a. A BGP neighbor that the router has formed a TCP connection with

b. Another BGP router that the router is currently speaking with


c. Another BGO router that the router is unable to speak with
d. ABGP neighbor that the router has a broken TCP connection with
9. Which of the following are true of BGP?
a. IBGP is used between the AS
b. IBGP is used within the AS
c. EBGP is used between the AS
d. EBGP is used within the AS
10. What command will view all and only EIGRP-built routes?
11. An OSPF stubby or totally stubby Area can only exist if adjacent to which of the
following?
a. LSA
b. LSP
c. BDR
d. ABR
e. DR
f. LSU
12. What command allows the operator to scroll through all currently TCP/IP routing
protocols while displaying detailed information about them?
13. You stop sending RIP broadcasts from all router interfaces that do not require it. You
notice that RIP is running on Ethernet0, Serial0, and Serial1 on the router in question.
You find out that Serial0 does not need RIP. You want to shut down that protocol but only
on that interface without using access-lists. How?
a. Configure RIP using the passive interface command
b. Configure RIP using the no router rip command
c. Configure Serial0 using the shutdown rip command
d. Configure an outbound route filter on Serial0 for RIP
14. Why will an EIGRP route get stuck in the Active state?
a. The EIGRP router on the far end of the link has crashed
b. The reply to a query caused by a change in a route takes too long and times out
c. The physical link between the two ASs has gone down
d. The network is unstable and probably has a routing loop
15. What is the most effective way to reduce large routing tables?
a. Route filters
b. CIDR summary blocks
c. Compression
d. Switching
16. What OSPF command allows you to connect together two Area 0 regions on your
network?
17. You need to create an IP Routing Protocol Filter for EIGRP network 198.30.64.0/23.
What mask should be used to create the routing protocol filter?
a. 0.0.1.255

b. 0.0.254.255
c. 255.255.1.0
d. 255.255.254.0
18. What command will turn off automatic classful boundary summarization for EIGRP
routes?
19. Which of the following best describes a Type 3 or 4 LSA?
a. Summary link entry which shows in routing tables as IA for OSPF inter-area
b. Autonomous System External type-1 which shows in routing tables as E1 for OSPF
External-1
c. Network link entry that shows in routing tables as 0 for OSPF
d. Router link entry/record which show in routing tables as 0 for OSPF
20. How long will OSPF wait (after receiving no updates) before sending a summaryupdate?
a. 10 minutes
b. 20 minutes
c. 30 minutes
d. 1 hour
21. By default, how does BGP handle IGP routes?
a. BGP automatically redistributes all IGP routes
b. BGP advertisements are independent of IGP route propagation
c. GBP must wait until the IGP has propagated routing information across the
autonomous system
d. BGP can immediately advertise routes without waiting until the IGP has propagated
information across the autonomous system
22. What methods does EIGRP use to determine if a previous neighbor is dead?
a. Unicast
b. Hold Time
c. Multicast
d. Broadcast
23. What command should be used to double the default EIGRP/IGRP count?
24. Select the valid subnet number and broadcast address combinations for mask /26:
a. Subnet 10.0.0.128, broadcast 10.0.0.192
b. Subnet 10.0.0.64, broadcast 10.0.0.127
c. Subnet 10.0.0.128, broadcast 10.0.0.191
d. Subnet 10.0.0.0, broadcast 10.255.255.255
25. Policy-Based routing has which of these criteria?
a. Can Deny based on subnet mask
b. Can Deny based on RIP version
c. Can Match based on the IP address
d. Can Match based on Next Hop address
26. Which of the following BGP Path Attributes (metrics) is a proprietary enhancement?
a. Community
b. Origin

c. Aggregator
d. Weight
27. What command will create an EIGRP route summary for 192.231.0.0/16 in AS #3?
28. Which of the following are needed for an OSPF to form an adjacency?
a. Authentication Type and Password
b. Autonomous System Number
c. Area ID
d. Hello and Dead intervals
e. Stub Area Flag
29. You router has the following routes: 10.1.4.0/24, 10.1.5.0/24, 10.1.6.0/24,
10.1.7.0/24. You want to summarize these via BGP so that only the summary route is
advertised. What command will accomplish this?
30. Which of the following correctly describes an OSPF Area Border Router?
a. It is used to connect various OSPF Areas
b. It is used only at the outside edge of an OSPF network for protocol translation
c. It is used only internally for OSPF to EIGRP redistribution
d. It is used for routing protocol redistribution
31. What will the command debug ip ospf adj help to accomplish?
a. LSA type 1
b. Elections
c. LSA type 3 and 4
d. OSPF neighbor relationships
32. What OSPF command on the Area Border Router will summarize all routes going into
area 9 with a 0.0.0.0 default route?
33. What command will make OSPF area 9 a Stub Area?
34. When BGP routers with the same AS number exchange information, this is known as
____?
a. BGP
b. EBGP
c. IGRP
d. IBGP
35. Which of the following are characteristics of the BGP routing protocol?
a. Link-state protocol
b. Interior gateway protocol
c. Exterior gateway protocol
d. Distance-Vector protocol
36. Which of the following is untrue of routers running internal BGP?
a. Routers are running IBGP when two BGP speaking routers are in different ASs
b. They must form a TCP port 179 connection with each other
c. They do not have to be directly connected
d. Routers are running IBGP when two BGP speaking routers are in the same AS

37. Which of the following are true of a network design with a high number of OSPF
routers in a single area?
a. Increased problems with routing table black holes
b. Increased SPF algorithm re-calculation times
c. Decreased OSPF update traffic overhead
d. Increased OSPF update traffic overhead
38. What is included in an OSPF DBD/DDP?
a. SPF entries from the OSPF routing table
b. STP entries from the OSPF spanning tree
c. LSA entries from the OSPF master routers link-state database
d. Database Description Packets
39. What command would be most useful for determining if there is an access-list
applied to an interface?
40. Which of these values is required by EIGRP as a Seed Metric when performing Route
Redistribution?
a. Bandwidth, Delay, Reliability, Load, MTU
b. Cost, Delay, Reliability
c. Route-Tag
d. Cost
41. By default OSPF will not allow the network address 0.0.0.0 to be generated into the
routing table in normal Areas. The ip classless command tells Distance Vector routing
protocols like RIP and IGRP to ignore the Class A/B/C rules and allow the default route
0.0.0.0 network entry to be propagated. What corresponding OSPF command on the
ASBR for a normal area will accomplish the same goal?
42. Which of the following are true regarding an OSPF internal router?
a. Internal routers are in more than one area
b. At least one interface is in Area 0
c. All interfaces are in the same Area
d. Internal routers redistribute routing information with routers in other areas
43. What is the inverted wildcard mask of /26?
a. 63.255.255.255
b. 0.0.0.63
c. 192.255.255.255
d. 0.0.0.192
44. You attempt to start an OSPF process on your router and receive: Unable to allocate
router ID. What could be the problem?
a. The OSPF area is Stubby
b. No IP address assigned to any interface
c. Router ID is used by another router
d. All interfaces are shut down
45. Which route types are passed by an OSPF ABR into a Totally Stubby Area?
a. Generate Type 3-4
b. Generate Type 5

c. Generate 0.0.0.0
d. Generate Type 1-2
46. Which of the following are true of Route Reflectors?
a. The reduce the size of the BGP table
b. They enable the use of Route Summarization
c. They reduce the number of TCP sessions
d. They modify Split Horizon
47. Among these methods of sending an IGP route into BGP, which is not
recommended?
a. Redistribute the IGP into BGP
b. Use the network command with the mask option
c. Redistribute BGP into the IGP
d. Use the network command without the mask option
48. Which of the following are reasons a network administrator would choose to run
multiple routing protocols at the same time on the same network?
a. Reduce routing protocol overhead on the network
b. Optimize the route redistribution between areas
c. Convert from an older routing protocol to a more modern one
d. Acquisition of a company running a different routing protocol than your own
49. When would you not use BGP?
a. Routing policy and route selection are not important for your AS
b. A single connection to the Internet
c. When you need to perform load-sharing to multiple ISPs simultaneously
d. Low bandwidth between your AS and the other AS
50. What are some advantages of tunneling IPX through IP?
a. Saves IPX network address space
b. IP has more advanced routing protocols
c. Reduced SAP traffic
d. IP tunnels allow two IPX hosts to communicate over the public Internet
e. IP tunnels can overcome IPX scalability issues
51. What command will display all configured OSPF timers?
52. What command will confirm which interfaces are in what OSPF Areas and view all
known adjacencies?
53. Using route summarization, which two of these networks fall into the 174.69.16.0/20
range?
a. 174.69.33.0/24
b. 174.69.31.0/24
c. 174.69.17.0/24
d. 174.69.32.0/24
54. What command will view EIGRP adjacencies?
55. Which of these are default BGP communities?

a. no-export
b. classless
c. Internet
d. no-advertised
56. Which of these are valid ways to route information sent from an AS into the BGP
table?
a. Route Maps
b. Redistribution from an existing IGP
c. Network command
d. Redistribution from Static Route to Null 0
57. Which of these are the well-known Optional BGP Path Attributes?
a. Local preference
b. MED
c. Next-hop
d. Community
58. What command will list all OSPF ABRs in the autonomous system?
59. Routers A, B, and C are running IBGP. Router B is connected via Serial 0, to router A,
and connected via Serial 1 to router C. Router A advertises the route 200.1.1.0 to router
B. By default what does router B do with this route?
a. Adds it to the BGP topology table
b. Adds it to the routing table
c. Advertises it to router A
d. Ignores the route
60. What command will reset all BGP TCP connections and all BGP sessions?
61. What command will enable route redistribution form IGRP AS #5 into OSPF using
External metric type 1?
62. What command will determine what OSPF area all interfaces are in?
63. Which Administrative Distances listed below are correct?
a. BGP=20
b. Static Route=1
c. External EIGRO=170
d. EIGRP=120
e. Summary EIGRP=5
64. Which routing protocol features provide solutions to the problems associated with
very large routing tables?
a. Filtering
b. Data Compression
c. Route summarization
d. Incremental updates
65. Variable Length Subnet Masking provides what benefit?
a. Eases the configuration of route distribution
b. Eliminates the problem of black holes in the routing table

c. Provides a more efficient use of address space when subnetting


d. Provides full RIP v1 backwards compatibility
66. During OSPF convergence, at what state might the slave router request an LSU?
a. Full
b. Loading
c. Init
d. Exstart
67. What is the router command to diagnose and display the entire route, including
delays, given the path to a destination?
a. routepath
b. routetrace
c. pathtrace
d. traceroute
68. You have built an EIGRP network. All routers within this network are using the same
EIGRP AS number. You chose to add a static route on router Zaphoid. What will be the
default administrative distance of this static route?
a. 255
b. 5
c. 1
d. 90
69. What command will view all EIGRP adjacency information?
70. What is a BGP community?
a. Routers that have different AS numbers
b. Routers that have the same AS number
c. A Cisco proprietary feature that optimizes routing updates
d. Group of destination which share some common property
71. Given the range of IP routes 192.168.8.0 through 192.168.15.255 for OSPF Area 1,
assuming you are in the correct router-mode, what command will summarize all routes
as a single route on the Autonomous System Boundary Router?
72. Before a rollout, you are trying to configure and deploy a large number of older
OSPF routers in your enterprise lab environment. However, your batch file for
configuring the routers is not working correctly. Which of these could be the cause of the
problem?
a. The wildcard masks are incorrectly configured as subnet masks
b. The keyword area should be removed from the second line
c. OSPF has been configured on a network for area 87
d. The keyword area is missing from both network statements
73. Which of these are effective ways to eliminate sub-optimal paths when configuring
route redistribution?
a. Decrease the Administrative Distance of the sub-optimal path
b. Use route filtering on the sub-optimal path
c. Increase the Metric (or cost) of the sub-optimal path
d. Increase the Administrative Distance of the sub-optimal path

74. Which of these are the 2 most common BGP commands use to configure a Route
Reflector?
a. bgp cluster-id [cluster-id]
b. neighbor [ip-address] route-reflector-host
c. route-reflect enable
d. neighbor [ip-address] route-reflector-client
75. Assuming your clients do not support subnet-zero, how many of your class C
addresses are wasted by using the subnet mask of 255.255.255.192 and not using
VLSM?
a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 75%
76. What OSPFcommand consolidates IA (intra-area) routes on an ABR?
77. Which of the following is true of an OSPF backbone router?
a. It redistributes routing information with routers in other areas
b. All backbone routers must be in more than one area
c. At least one interface is in Area 0
d. All interfaces are in the same Area
78. Which of these OSPF statements are correct?
a. OSPF computes cost based on the interfaces bandwidth setting
b. OSPF is not limited to a hop count metric
c. OSPF uses LSA packets instead of broadcasts
d. OSPF sends the complete routing table inside of each LSA packet
79. What is a BGP speaker?
a. A router that is running the BGP process and exchanging BGP routes
b. A router running BGP with passive interfaces
c. An EIGRP router redistributing BGP
d. A router that only listens to BGP routes
80. When OSPF neighbor commands be used?
a. When Standard Ethernet media is in place
b. To command old legacy hardware prior to OS version 10.0
c. When Token-Ring is implemented
d. When FDDI is implemented
81. What command is required to connect two physically separated Area 0s?
82. You want to increase the chance that EIGRP will select serial 0 as the best path to a
given route. What command will cause EIGRP to prefer this interface?
83. Which of these statements correctly describe Type 5 OSPF LSA?
a. Autonomous System External type-2, shows in routing table as E2 for OSPF External2
b. Autonomous System External type-1, shows in routing table as E1 for OSPF External1

c. Network link entry, shows in routing table as 0 for OSPF


d. No such entry
84. Which of the following are possible reasons that EIGRP might not make an adjacency
to a neighbor router?
a. Both routers are not running DUAL
b. Hop counts do not match on both routers
c. The feasible successor is still in the Hello state
d. Update packets have not been sent
85. How does the command ip bandwidth-percent eigrp set EIGRP maximum
bandwidth allocation?
a. On a per AS basis
b. On a per packet basis
c. On a per interface basis
d. Globally for all IGRP and EIGRP ASs on the router
86. Which of these packet types does an OSPF router use at bootup to receive
information?
a. SPF
b. LCP
c. Flood
d. Hello
87. What command will summarize Area 1 internal OSPF routes on an ABR for
192.231.0.0/16?
88. Which defined OSPF LSA types are Summary?
a. Generate Type 5
b. Generate 0.0.0.0
c. Generate Type 1-2
d. Generate Type 3-4
89. Which command is used for viewing the BGP topology table?
90. Which of the following are true of RIP v1?
a. Maximum hop count is 16
b. Update interval is 90 seconds
c. Update interval is 30 seconds
d. VLSM is not supported
e. Maximum hop count is 15
91. You are configuring a very simple IP network that wont need an advanced routing
protocol like BGP. What command will create the appropriate default route?
92. Which of the following supports multiple routed protocols?
a. IP
b. OSPF
c. BGP
d. EIGRP
e. IGRP

93. The existing DR is rebooted and the BDR is thus promoted to DR. Which of the
following are true?
a. Upon boot of the old DR, the newly elected DR will automatically demote itself back
to BDR
b. When the old DR comes back online, it will send out an LSA to override the new DR
c. The newly elected OSPF DR will remain DR even when the old DR comes back on-line
d. Upon boot of the old DR another election will occur
94. What command will display each OSPF area that is running on the router for OSPF
process-id number 76?
95. What is the BGP MED used for?
a. Setting the route maps peer ID
b. Setting IGP synchronization
c. Setting the route reflectors peer ID
d. Setting a preferred return-pathway back into the originating AS
96. You are trying to deploy a large BGP network but notice that configuring BGP for full
mesh will kill your routers RAM and CPU. What can be configured to fix the problem?
a. Route Maps
b. Route Redistribution
c. Full Mesh neighbor statements
d. Route Reflectors
97. Which OSPF external metric type is additive (ie, includes all physical hops in cost
calculation)?
a. Type 2
b. Type 3
c. Type 4
d. Type 1
98. How many hosts do you get per subnet with a /30?
99. Which of the following is true regarding EIGRP feasible successors?
a. It is a backup router elected during convergence
b. It is a backup route kept in the topology database
c. It is a backup link kept in the routing table
d. It is a special DDR feature for EIGRP compatibility
100. Which of the following is true of BGP multihoming?
a. It is the routing between two BGP speakers
b. It is the enabling of BGP on more than one interface
c. It is the use of BGP route redistribution
d. It is the connection an AS to more than one ISP
101. What command will configure the router interface to do Policy-Based Routing using
Route-Map Jeffrey?
102. Which of the following are the well-known Mandatory BGP Path Attributes?
a. AS-path
b. Origin

c. Community
d. Next-hop
103. What command will change the default OSPF External type so OSPF will add up and
consider all of the internal costs in the OSPF path?
104. Which of the following is true of OSPF ABR?
a. ABRs are always in more than one area
b. At least one interface is in Area 0
c. It redistributes routing information with routers in other areas
d. All interfaces are in the same Area
105. Given the IP routes 192.168.8.0 through 192.168.15.255 for OSPF Area 1, what
command will summarize all networks as a single CIDR netblock on the ABR?
106. What types of routes can an OSPF totally stubby ABR send into the stubby area?
107. Which of the following commands are necessary to create a Route Map?
a. Match
b. Set
c. seed
d. route-map
e. metric
108. What OSPF command will consolidate External routes on an ASBR?
109. What is the default administrative distance for an EIGRP external route?
a. 90
b. 100
c. 120
d. 170
110. Which of these commands is used for BGP route summarization?
a. area
b. auto-summary
c. aggregate-summary
d. aggregate-address
111. What is the procedure for setting up automatic redistribution between IGRP and
EIGRP?
a. Set both processes to the same AS number
b. IGRP and EIGRP are automatically redistributed by default
c. Configure the EIGRP ABR to use the special area 0
d. Configure both processes for metric-type 1
112. You are in a UNIX area that requires RIP to be sent on the local network segments,
but the customer wants to continue using their existing and fully functional OSPF
network. For efficiency, you do not want to send RIP over certain interfaces connected
to the backbone. Which of the following must be done to meet the objectives?
a. Use the redistribute

command to receive OSPF and send out RIP


b. Use the redistribute
<#> command to receive OSPF and send out RIP
c. Use the passive interface command to stop RIP on certain interfaces
d. Use the passive-interface <#> command to stop RIP on certain interfaces
113. On low-speed NBMA media, what is the default EIGRP hello interval (in seconds)?
a. 0
b. 30
c. 60
d. 120
114. What databases are maintained by OSPF routers?
a. LSA
b. Adjacencies
c. NLSP
d. Routing
e. Topology
115. In order for OSPF to form an adjacency with its newly discovered neighbor, which
configuration parameters must match?
a. Encryption (tunnel mode)
b. Stub Area Flag
c. Authentication (type and password)
d. Hello (and dead/timeout) intervals
e. Area ID
116. Which of the following are private address ranges that are not routed on the public
Internet?
a. 192.168.0.0
b. 10.0.0.0
c. 168.192.0.0
d. 127.0.0.0
e. 172.16.0.0

117. What command views the status of all OSPF virtual links?
118. What command on the ABR will make OSPF area 6 a Totally Stubby Area?
119. Which of the following best describes Type 1 OSPF LSA?
a. Router link entry/record that shows in the routing table as O
b. Autonomous System External type-1 which appears in the routing table as E1
c. Summary link entry that shows in the routing table as IA
d. Network link entry that shows in the routing table as O
120. What command will configure the EIGRP process to use a maximum 75% of all
available bandwidth on Serial 0 for Autonomous System 1?
121. BGP peers are also known as______?
a. Neighbors
b. Route-Maps
c. Summaries
d. MEDs
122. What command will ensure that BGP routes are not advertised out your current
interface?
123. What are some route redistribution features that you may want to enable to reduce
the odds of your networks routing protocol using less than optimal paths?
a. Route maps
b. Passive interface
c. Default gateway
d. Helper address
e. Distribute-lists
124. What command will summarize external OSPF routes on an ASBR for
192.232.0.0/16?

125. Which of the following are untrue of Route Maps?


a. When a Match is made, the Route Map can change the route with the map-tag
command
b. When a Match is made, the Route Map will change the route with the set command
c. Route Maps use the Match command, similar to statements in an access-list
d. Route Maps are numbered
126. Your hub and spoke environment requires tuning. Your HQ site route has a single
physical interface. This single physical interface has three VCs configured: Two 64k VCs
and One 128k VC. Assuming you are in the NBMA multipoint environment, what is the
recommended method for computing the value of the bandwidth command?
a. bandwidth 64
b. bandwidth 192
c. bandwidth 256
d. bandwidth 128
127. Which of these protocols are routable?
a. IPX
b. APPLETALK
c. IP
d. LAT
e. NETBEUI
128. Which of these commands would allow BGP to advertise routes that it does not
have a path to?
a. no synchronization
b. no auto-summary
c. aggregate-address
d. suppress-map
129. Why are RIP v1 updates not compatible with VLSM?
a. Version 1 does not have a DSAP/SSAP field in its header
b. Version 1 is fully compatible with VLSM
c. Version 1 does not have a subnet field in its update packet

d. Version 1 is limited to 15 hops, while Version 2 is limited to 30


130. Which of the following are advantages of using EIGRP instead of RIP?
a. EIGRP supports hierarchical routing
b. EIGRP has less overhead on the routers memory than RIP
c. EIGRP supports route summarization
d. EIGRP supports classless routing
131. How many subnetworks and hosts per subnet are available in the network
151.17.18.0 with subnet mask 255.255.192.0?
a. 4 subnets with 32,382 hosts each
b. 8 subnets with 8094 hosts each
c. 8 subnets with 16,384 hosts each
d. 2 subnets with 16,382 hosts each
132. During the final stages of OSPF convergence, when can the OSPF router begin to
send user data?
a. Exchange
b. Loading
c. 2-way
d. Full
133. What command should be used to create a tunnel interface?
134. Which of the following is true of Route-Maps?
a. They do not support Quality of service
b. They do not support load sharing
c. The do not support source-based transit provider selection
d. The do not permit Load Sharing
135. Which of the following is untrue regarding routers running external BGP?
a. They must form a TCP port 179 connection with each other
b. Routers are running EBGP when two BGP speaking routers are in the same AS
c. They should be directly connected
d. Routers are running EBGP when two BGP speaking routers are in different ASs
136. What distance computation is used by OSPF, and not EIGRP?
137. After the DR and BDR have been elected and master/slave adjacencies are
established, OSPF routers use what method for network discover?
a. 2-way
b. init
c. Loading
d. Exchange
138. What command will enable OSPF on the router with a process ID of 6?
139. What command will allow BGP to advertise routes before learning them from IGP
140. Which of these OSPF statement uses access-list style inverted wildcard masks?
a. area 2 range 101.17.82.0 255.255.255.0
b. network 101.17.82.0 255.255.255.0 area 2

c. network 101.17.82.0 0.0.0.255 area2


d. area 2 range 101.17.82.0 0.0.0.255
141. IBGP by default requires full mesh. What command will allow IBGP to overcome this
limitation?
142. What command can be used to determine which OSPF Areas are configured on the
router you are examining?
143. A packet is destined for 172.16.1.1. Which of the following routes will be selected
as the best path?
a. BGP received route for 172.16.1.0/16 with administrative distance 20
b. OSPF received route for 172.16.1.0/28 with administrative distance 110
c. Default static route for 0.0.0.0/0 with administrative distance 1
d. RIP received rout for 172.16.1.0/30 with administrative distance 120
144. Which of the following are effects of the passive-interface command?
a. Continue sending periodic DV updates
b. Stop sending periodic DV updates
c. Continue to listen to DV updates
d. Prohibit Link State routing protocols from forming adjacencies
145. Your serial interface is connected to a 1000kbps CIR frame relay connection. You
configure the interface with the appropriate bandwidth command. What would be the
OSPF calculated cost of this interface?
a. 1
b. 10
c. 100
d. 1000
146. Which of the following are true of EIGRP?
a. It supports IP, IPX, and AppleTalk
b. It maintains backwards IGRP compatibility by sending out periodic updates
c. It maintains one routing table per supported routed protocol
d. It replicates the routing table of its neighbors
e. It only sends out updates when it detects a network routing change
147. What command will determine if your router has any feasible successors if EIGRP
cannot determine the best path for a packet?
148. Which OSPF external metric type is not additive (ie, only includes the ASBR in the
cost calculation)?
a. Type 1
b. Type 2
c. Type 3
d. Type 4
149. What command will view information about OSPF DRs, BDRs, and Neighbors?
150. Your routing tables are getting very large and you need to configure route
summarization. How many Class C Internet addresses can you summarize with a /20

CIDR block?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 8
d. 16
151. What is the major shortcoming of using default IBGP full-mesh configurations?
a. The MED will be ignored
b. Compatibility problems
c. Route maps become mandatory
d. It does not scale
152. Which of these routing protocols support both VLSM and CIDR?
a. RIP1
b. EIGRP
c. OSPF
d. RIP2
153. Which of the following are true of Policy-Based Routing?
a. It is enabled by default
b. It is implemented with Route Maps
c. It does not permit for load balancing
d. It permits source-based packet redirection
154. OSPF has which of the following restrictions specified in an NBMA environment?
a. OSPF NBMA requires a Full Mesh environment
b. Neighbors must be manually configured if network type is NBMA
c. OSPF NBMA only functions in an all Area 0 environment
d. Hellos will not be sent to 224.0.0.5
155. What command will view the EIGRP routing table?
156. What built in OSPF feature is similar in concept to Spoofing?
a. Demand Circuits
b. Route Summarization
c. Bandwidth Aggregation
d. DDR
157. What command will determine if an OSPF router has been elected the DR?
158. Is BGP connection-oriented or connection-less, and what protocol transport does it
use?
a. Connection-oriented/TCP
b. Connection-oriented/UDP
c. Connection-less/TCP
d. Connection-less/UDP
159. What are the major causes of IP network congestion?
a. Client/Server keepalives
b. User applications
c. DNS requests
d. Routing protocol updates

e. Encapsulated protocol transport


160. You configure frame relay between two routers. You are able to ping and telnet
across this link. You then enable OSPF on both of these routers. Upon executing the
command show ip ospf neighbors, you notice that the routers have not become
neighbors. What commands will solve this problem?
161. What command will allow BGP to advertise the 10.1.0.0/16 IGP route that is already
in the routing table?
162. You believe there are Route Redistribution problems in your network. Which of the
following commands will help diagnose the specific problem?
a. show ip eigrp neighbor
b. debug ip packet dump
c. show ip route redistribution
d. show ip protocol
163. Which route types are passed by an OSPF ABR into a Stubby Area?
a. Generate Type 3-4
b. Generate Type 5
c. Generate Type 1-2
d. Generate 0.0.0.0
164. Which of these commands is not recommended for OSPF Multipoint NBMA
configuration?
a. route-map
b. access-class
c. bandwidth
d. neighbor
165. What is indicated when an EIGRP route gets stuck in the Active state?
a. A route has vanished and DUAL is busy recomputing the next feasible successor
b. A route has vanished and the EIGRP neighbor has timed out to a status inquiry for the
involved route
c. A route has vanished and DUAL has crashed the router
d. A route has vanished
166. Which of the following are benefits of Route Reflectors?
a. Migration is easy because normal IBGP neighbors are compatible
b. Redundancy is maintained through fully-meshing multiple route reflectors
c. Decreases the amount of time required to detect a routing loop
d. Eliminates IBGP full-mesh issues
167. Which of the following is true of OSPF ASBR?
a. It redistributes routing information with routers in other areas
b. All interfaces are in the same Area
c. At least one interface is in Area 0
d. ASBRs are always in more than one area
168. How many subnetworks and hosts per subnet are available in the network
193.17.18.0 with subnet mask 255.255.255.240?

a. 14 subnets with 8 hosts each


b. 16 subnets with 8 hosts each
c. 14 subnets with 14 hosts each
d. 8 subnets with 16 hosts each
169. What command will display the entire EIGRP topology database?
170. BGP speaking routers have which of the following tables in memory at the same
time?
a. Route Path
b. Route Table
c. BGP Path
d. BGP Table
171. Which of the following is true of Type 2 OSPF LSA?
a. It is a summary link entry and shows in routing tables as IA
b. It is a router link entry and shows in routing tables as O
c. It is an Autonomous System External type-1 and shows in routing tables as E1
d. It is a network link entry and shows in routing tables as O for OSPF
172. What command will display a summary of all ABRs in the entire OSPF network?
173. Which of the following are reasons why OSPF is considered superior to RIP in large
networks?
a. OSPF has no hop count limit
b. OSPF sends immediate link state changes
c. OSPF uses a metric that can take bandwidth into consideration
d. OSPF supports VLSM and Route Summarization
e. All of the above
174. What command will view all OSPF adjacent routers?
175. Which of the following are valid methods BGP uses to discover neighbors?
a. Broadcasts only
b. Unicasts on nonbroadcast networks
c. Statically defined neighbors
d. Multicasts on broadcast networks

Answer Key:
1. A
2. B,C,D
3. B
4. A,B,C,D
5. A,D
6. sh ip ospf data
7. C

8. A,B
9. B,C
10. sh ip route eigrp
11. D
12. show ip protocols
13. A
14. B
15. B
16. area {area-id} virtual-link {router-id}
17. D
18. no auto-sum
19. A
20. C
21. C
22. B,C
23. Zaphoid(config-router)#metric maximum-hops 200
24. B,C
25. C
26. D
27. Ip summary-address eigrp 3 192.231.0.0 255.255.0.0
28. A,C,D,E
29. aggregate-address 10.1.4.0 255.255.252.0 summary-only
30. A
31. D
32. area 9 stub no-summary
33. area 9 stub
34. D
35. C
36. A
37. B,D
38. C
39. show ip interface
40. A
41. default-info originate al
42. C
43. B
44. B,D
45. A
46. A,C
47. A
48. C
49. A,B,D
50. B,D,E
51. show ip ospf
52. sh ip ospf int
53. B,C
54. show ip eigrp nei
55. A,C,D
56. B,C,D

57. A,B,D
58. sh ip ospf border-routers
59. A,B
60. clear ip bgp
61. redist igrp 5 metric-type 1
62. show ip ospf interface
63. A,B,C,E
64. C,D
65. B
66. B
67. D
68. C
69. sh ip eigrp nei
70. D
71. Summary-address 192.168.8.0 255.255.248.0
72. A,B,D
73. C,D
74. A
75. C
76. summary-address {address} {mask}
77. C
78. A,B,C
79. A
80. B
81. area virtual link
82. bandwidth 1000
83. A,B
84. D
85. C
86. D
87. Area 1 range 192.231.0.0 255.255.0.0
88. D
89. show ip bgp paths
90. C,D,E
91. ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
92. D
93. C
94. sh ip ospf 76
95. D
96. D
97. D
98. 2
99. B
100. D
101. ip policy route-map jeffrey
102. A,B,D
103. Zaphoid(config-router)#redistribute rip 1 metric-type 1
104. A
105. Area 1 range 192.168.8.0 255.255.248.0

106. Default 0.0.0.0


107. A,B,D
108. summary-address {address} {mask}
109. D
110. D
111. A
112. D
113. C
114. B,D,E
115. B,C,D
116. A,B,D,E
117. sh ip ospf virtual-1
118. area 6 stub no-sum
119. A
120. interface serial 0
bandwidth 64
router eigrp 1
ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 75
121. A
122. shutdown (executed on interface e0)
123. A,B,E
124. Summary-address 192.232.0.0 255.255.0.0
125. A
126. B
127. A,B,C
128. A
129. C
130. A,C,D
131. D
132. D
133. interface tunnel 0
134. B
135. B
136. Cost
137. D
138. Router ospf 6
139. no synchronization
140. C
141. neighbor [ip-address] route-reflector-client
142. Show ip ospf
143. D
144. B,C,D
145. C
146. A,C,D,E
147. show ip eigrp topology all
148. B
149. show ip ospf nei det
150. C
151. D

152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.
160.
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.

B,C,D
B,D
B,D
show ip route eigrp
A
show ip ospf neighbor
A
B,C,D,E
ip ospf network broadcast and neighbor [ip address]
network 10.1.0.0 mask 255.255.0.0
A,D
A
D
B,C
A,B,D
A
C
sh ip eigrp top all
B,D
D
show ip ospf border-router
E
show ip ospf neighbor
C