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ASSIGNMENT OF MIS

REPORT ON

INFORMATION SCIENCE DEVELOPEMENT

SUBMITTED BY :-

ANKUR DUBEY

REG.NO:-0911/023
INTRODUCTION:-

Information science is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the analysis, collection,
classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science is
often (mistakenly) considered a branch of computer science. However, it is actually a broad,
interdisciplinary field, incorporating not only aspects of computer science, but often diverse fields such
as archival science, cognitive science, commerce, communications, law, library science,
management, mathematics, philosophy, public policy, and the social sciences.

Information science focuses on understanding problems from the perspective of the stakeholders
involved and then applying information and other technologies as needed. In other words, it tackles
systemic problems first rather than individual pieces of technology within that system. It is the field
study of the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, along with the interaction between
people, organizations and any existing information systems, with the aim of creating, replacing,
improving or understanding information systems.

RELATED DISCIPLINES TO INFORMATION SCIENCE:-

There are many fields which claims to be "sciences" or "disciplines" which are difficult to distinguish
from each other and from information science. Some of them are:
• Archival science
• Communication studies
• Computer science
• Documentation (field)
• Informatics
• Information management
• Information systems research
• Internet studies
• Knowledge management
• Library science
• Media studies
• Scientometrics
EVOLUTION IN INFORMATION SCIENCE FIELD:-
With the 1950s came increasing awareness of the potential of automatic devices for literature
searching and information storage and retrieval. As these concepts grew in magnitude and potential,
so did the variety of information science interests. By the 1960s and 70s, there was a move from
batch processing to online modes, from mainframe to mini and microcomputers. By the 1980s, large
databases and user-oriented services such as Dialog and Compuserve, were for the first time
accessible by individuals from their personal computers. But Today, information science largely
examines technical bases, social consequences, and theoretical understanding of online databases,
widespread use of databases in government, industry, and education, and the development of the
Internet and World Wide Web.
USE OF INFORMATION SCIENCE SUBJECTS IN DIFFERENT AREAS:-
➢ Bibliometrics
➢ Data modelling
➢ Document management
➢ Groupware Human-computer interaction
➢ Information architecture
➢ Information ethics
➢ Information retrieval
➢ Information society
➢ Information systems
➢ Knowledge management
➢ Personal information management
➢ Semantic web
➢ User-centered design

ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN ORGANIZATION:-


When information systems are designed to provide information needed for effective decision making
by managers, they are called management information systems. MIS is a formal system for providing
management with accurate and timely information necessary for decision making.
Strategic information systems
Strategic systems are information systems that are developed in response to corporate business
initiative. They are intended to give competitive advantage to the organization. They may deliver a
product or service that is at a lower cost, that is differentiated, that focuses on a particular market
segment, or is innovative.

Salient features of SIS:-


➢ Technology used to gain an edge over an organization’s competition
➢ Can be used at all levels of an organization or just a few
➢ Makes a difference
➢ Profoundly alters the way an organization does business
➢ Sustained strategic, competitive advantage.

Management: IS Strategic Plan:-


➢ Purpose linked to strategy
➢ Current situation
➢ Systems: What do you have, what will you need to meet future
➢ New developments in corporation
➢ Management strategies with techno: Bleeding edge, leading edge, lagging edge, single
vendor strategy, outsource
Strategic Advantage of information system for firm or organization :-
➢ In supply chain management through inventory management.
➢ In the customer interface via ecommerce.
➢ In logistics through GPS/GIS.
➢ In client management through groupware.
➢ In marketing through data mining.
➢ In internal management through Intranets.

Current technologies for strategic information systems:-


➢ CPU’s and software, open source code.
➢ Client server computing.
➢ Interactive multimedia.
➢ Developments in Electronic Commerce.
➢ TCP/IP and the Internet.
➢ Databases and Data mining.
➢ Handhelds, M-commerce.
➢ Knowledge Management tools and Artificial Intelligence.
Examples of strategic information systems:-
➢ American Airlines
➢ Fed Ex
➢ Citibank
➢ Wal-Mart
➢ Abitibi Consolidated
➢ Simonton Windows (SBR).

THANK YOU