Sei sulla pagina 1di 14
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State Public Services Examinations 2014 Fundamentals of Geography Module-10:

General Studies Manual

for UPSC and State Public Services Examinations

2014

Fundamentals of Geography Module-10: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic

Geography

www.gktoday.in

First Published in 2010 Last Updated: November 2013

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved

DD is cl a imer

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0::
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography
CContents
Chapter 1. Select Concepts in Human Geography
Determinism and possibilism
Determinism
Possibilism
Neo-determinism
2
2
2
3
4
Migration, Demographic Transition and Transhumance
Reallocation of resources
Change in demographic characteristics
Change in sex ratio
Economic gains
Transformation of ethnic characteristics
Transformation of cultural values
Theory of Demographic Transition
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
Crude
Birth Rate
5
Crude
Death Rate
6
Age Structure, Demographic Dividend, Dependency Ratio and Longevity Dividend
Demographic Dividend
7
7
Longevity
Dividend
7
Age Sex Pyramid
7
Triangle Shaped Pyramid
Bell shaped Pyramid tapered at top
Bell shaped Pyramid tapered at top and bottom
India’s Age Sex Pyramid
8
8
8
8
Chapter 2.
Select Concepts in Economic Geography
9
Primary Activities
Gathering
Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism
Transhumance
Transhumance in India & World
Commercial Livestock Rearing
Primary Subsistence Agriculture
Intensive subsistence agriculture
Plantation Agriculture
Extensive Commercial Grain Cultivation
Mixed Farming
Some Other terms:
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
12
13
13
13
14
Chapter 1.
Select Concepts in Human Geography
-relationship
sociocultural
Determinism and possibilism
Determinism
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142
© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in
2 | Page
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0::
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography
-mak
environment.
Environmental determinism
nd-
Indus-
th
i
Possibilism
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142
© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in
3 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

Neo-determinism

,wh \

MMigration, Demographic Transition and Transhumance

lity -

-

-to- -to-rural. -p

-

-

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

4 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

Reallocation of resources

popu -

Change in demographic characteristics

destina

or

Change in sex ratio

Economic gains

Transformation of ethnic characteristics

Transformation of cultural values

TTheory of Demographic Transition

Crude Birth Rate

population.

= 1000

-

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

5 | Page

 

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

 

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

 

 
 

Crude Death Rate

 

 

= 1000

Wher

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

First Stage:

 

the

 

Second stage:

   

 

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

 

 

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

6 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0::
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography
Age Structure, Demographic Dividend, Dependency Ratio and Longevity Dividend
-59
DDemographic Dividend
-
- -
A
-24
Longevity Dividend
cha
Age Sex Pyramid
-
-
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142
© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in
7 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography Triangle Shaped Pyramid Bell shaped Pyramid tapered

Triangle Shaped Pyramid

Geography and Economic Geography Triangle Shaped Pyramid Bell shaped Pyramid tapered at top - Bell shaped

Bell shaped Pyramid tapered at top

-

Bell shaped Pyramid tapered at top and bottom

.

India’s Age Sex Pyramid

I

-

-

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

8 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0::
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography
Chapter 2.
Select Concepts in Economic Geography
PPrimary Activities
Red Collar workers
Gathering
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142
© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in
9 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism

Transhumance Africa

Transhumance

– Africa Transhumance Transhumance in India & World Member Name: sunil kumar

Transhumance in India & World

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

10 | Page

C

Ranches

Ranches refers to the large stock farms, usually fenced in, where animals are bred and reared on a commercial scale. They are found especially in the United States.

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

120.56.225.142
120.56.225.142

120.56.225.142

Commercial Livestock Rearing

Primary Subsistence Agriculture

India

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

11 | Page

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0::
General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography
Intensive subsistence agriculture
Intensive subsistence agriculture dominated by wet paddy cultivation
Intensive subsidence agriculture dominated by crops other than paddy:
-
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142
© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in
12 | Page

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

Plantation Agriculture

Ma

Extensive Commercial Grain Cultivation

-

Mixed Farming

c . -

Anim

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

120.56.225.142

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in

13 | Page

Rotation of Crops

Sedentary Agriculture

Truck Farming

General Studies Manual for UPSC and State

GGe og r ap h y-- 11 0:: Select Concepts in Human Geography and Economic Geography

Some Other terms:

120.56.225.142

and Economic Geography Some Other terms: 120.56.225.142 agriculture. Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email
and Economic Geography Some Other terms: 120.56.225.142 agriculture. Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email

and Economic Geography Some Other terms: 120.56.225.142 agriculture. Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email

agriculture.

Geography Some Other terms: 120.56.225.142 agriculture. Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address:

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

14 | Page

© 2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in