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Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Accessibility John E. Brandt
Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Accessibility
Learning Management Systems
(LMS) and Accessibility

John E. Brandt

Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Accessibility John E. Brandt
1.
1.
Goals
Goals

Familiarize Learning Management

Systems (vocabulary & concept)

– Learning Management Systems (vocabulary & concept) 2. Familiarize – Moodle 3. Focus on caveats

2.

Familiarize Moodle

3.

Focus on caveats regarding accessibility

Systems (vocabulary & concept) 2. Familiarize – Moodle 3. Focus on caveats regarding accessibility

“Naming of parts”
“Naming of parts”

Distance Learning

Asynchronous Learning

Learning Management Systems (LMS)

Open Source Software (OSS)

Usability Accessibility

Learning  Learning Management Systems (LMS)  Open Source Software (OSS)  Usability  Accessibility
Learning  Learning Management Systems (LMS)  Open Source Software (OSS)  Usability  Accessibility

Commercial v. Open Source
Commercial v. Open Source

Commercial Works out of the box

Commercial Customer Support

OSS Free!

OSS Larger development group

OSS Usability & accessibility better

Support  OSS – Free!  OSS – Larger development group  OSS – Usability &
Support  OSS – Free!  OSS – Larger development group  OSS – Usability &

Commercial LMS
Commercial LMS

WebCT BlackBoard

ANGEL

Desire2Learn

eCollege (Pearson)

It’s learning

 Commercial LMS WebCT – BlackBoard  ANGEL  Desire2Learn  eCollege (Pearson)  It’s learning
 Commercial LMS WebCT – BlackBoard  ANGEL  Desire2Learn  eCollege (Pearson)  It’s learning

Open Source LMS
Open Source LMS

ATutor

Claroline/Dokeos

Moodle

Sakai

…and many others

 Open Source LMS ATutor  Claroline/Dokeos  Moodle  Sakai  …and many others
 Open Source LMS ATutor  Claroline/Dokeos  Moodle  Sakai  …and many others

Moodle, why I like it
Moodle, why I like it

One of the oldest

Most commonly used (33 million users)

Very accessible better than Bb

Very popular

When compared to commercial products

 Very popular  When compared to commercial products no difference in quality.  Research comparison

no difference in quality.

Research comparison “best results”

popular  When compared to commercial products no difference in quality.  Research comparison “best results”

Commercial products, why I don’t like them…
Commercial products, why I don’t
like them…

Less accessible admin

why I don’t like them… Less accessible – admin  Not really receptive to making changes

Not really receptive to making changes Is this really worth the money?

like them… Less accessible – admin  Not really receptive to making changes  Is this
Tell us about Moodle: what you need to start…  Web Server/host  Techie/admin 
Tell us about Moodle: what you need to start…
Tell us about Moodle: what you
need to start…

Web Server/host

Moodle: what you need to start…  Web Server/host  Techie/admin  Registrar  Course developer

Techie/admin

Registrar

Course developer

Teacher(s)/mentors

Students/learners

 Web Server/host  Techie/admin  Registrar  Course developer  Teacher(s)/mentors  Students/learners
Steps to set up  Install Moodle ◦ LAMP  Linux  Apache  MySQL
Steps to set up
Steps to set up

Install Moodle

Steps to set up  Install Moodle ◦ LAMP  Linux  Apache  MySQL 

LAMP

Linux

Apache

MySQL

PHP

Steps to set up  Install Moodle ◦ LAMP  Linux  Apache  MySQL 
Steps to set up – cont’d  Set Up Moodle ◦ Theme ◦ General layout
Steps to set up – cont’d
Steps to set up – cont’d

Set Up Moodle

Steps to set up – cont’d  Set Up Moodle ◦ Theme ◦ General layout ◦

Theme

General layout

Accounts/Users

Payment/registration system

set up – cont’d  Set Up Moodle ◦ Theme ◦ General layout ◦ Accounts/Users ◦

Levels of Authenticated Users
Levels of Authenticated Users

Admin (Superuser)

 Levels of Authenticated Users Admin (Superuser)  Course developer, registrar (Creator)  Teacher  Student

Course developer, registrar (Creator)

Teacher

Student

 Levels of Authenticated Users Admin (Superuser)  Course developer, registrar (Creator)  Teacher  Student

Course Creator duties
Course Creator duties

Sets up “skeleton” Adds users

Assigns “roles”

 Course Creator duties Sets up “skeleton”  Adds users  Assigns “roles”
 Course Creator duties Sets up “skeleton”  Adds users  Assigns “roles”

Types of Moodle courses
Types of Moodle courses

Weekly

 Types of Moodle courses Weekly  Topics  Social  Project Course Format (new) 

Topics

Social

Project Course Format (new)

SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model)

Weekly  Topics  Social  Project Course Format (new)  SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference

Teacher duties
Teacher duties

Creates course content

Creates “grading” system optional

Supports/facilitates student learning

Grades students’ outputs

 Creates “grading” system optional  Supports/facilitates student learning  Grades students’ outputs
 Creates “grading” system optional  Supports/facilitates student learning  Grades students’ outputs


Accessibility, Standards and Laws
Accessibility, Standards and Laws

W3C Web Accessibility Initiative

Section 508 Vocational Rehabilitation Act & ADA

Section 508 – Vocational Rehabilitation Act & ADA  University Standards  State & Local Policy

University Standards

State & Local Policy

Section 508 – Vocational Rehabilitation Act & ADA  University Standards  State & Local Policy

Types of Disabilities and Assistive Technology
Types of Disabilities and Assistive
Technology

Blind & Visually Impaired Screen

Readers, Braille Readers and Magnification

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Captioning

Magnification  Deaf and Hard of Hearing – Captioning and Sign Language  Mobility Disorders –

and Sign Language

Mobility Disorders no mouse, no

keyboard

Cognitive Disorders (e.g., LD, MR, BI, ADD) no AT?

Good News/Bad News  Moodle 1.9.x meets accessibility and valid code standards  Any user
Good News/Bad News
Good News/Bad News

Moodle 1.9.x meets accessibility and valid code standards Any user can make your Moodle inaccessible or “invalid.”

1.9.x meets accessibility and valid code standards  Any user can make your Moodle inaccessible or
1.9.x meets accessibility and valid code standards  Any user can make your Moodle inaccessible or
Three Basic Areas of Concern  Uploaded Rich Media Format documents (and Rich Internet Apps)
Three Basic Areas of Concern
Three Basic Areas of Concern
Three Basic Areas of Concern  Uploaded Rich Media Format documents (and Rich Internet Apps) 

Uploaded Rich Media Format documents (and Rich Internet Apps)

Uploaded Documents Moodle pages HTML editor

Rich Media Format documents (and Rich Internet Apps)  Uploaded Documents  Moodle pages – HTML
Rich Media Formats  Any files containing content that exhibits dynamic motion or contains audio/visual
Rich Media Formats
Rich Media Formats

Any files containing content that exhibits dynamic motion or contains audio/visual material

exhibits dynamic motion or contains audio/visual material o Flash,Windows Media, QuickTime, MP3 o Games o

o Flash,Windows Media, QuickTime, MP3

o Games

o Interactive apps (RIA)

dynamic motion or contains audio/visual material o Flash,Windows Media, QuickTime, MP3 o Games o Interactive apps
dynamic motion or contains audio/visual material o Flash,Windows Media, QuickTime, MP3 o Games o Interactive apps
Audio  Need to caption content when there are people speaking  Can use a
Audio
Audio

Need to caption content when there are people speaking Can use a transcript of spoken content.

Audio  Need to caption content when there are people speaking  Can use a transcript
Audio  Need to caption content when there are people speaking  Can use a transcript

Video
Video

No universal standard (Codec)

You will likely use a 3 rd -party video application/player – “plugin prison”

Windows Media, QuickTime, RealPlayer, Flash… Embed video with player

 Windows Media, QuickTime, RealPlayer, Flash…  Embed video with player  Flash most popular. 
 Windows Media, QuickTime, RealPlayer, Flash…  Embed video with player  Flash most popular. 

Flash most popular.

HTML5?

Rich Internet Applications  Make sure they meet ARIA standards ◦ User controls ◦ No
Rich Internet Applications
Rich Internet Applications

Make sure they meet ARIA standards

User controls

No “surprises”

Test with standard AT devices

 Make sure they meet ARIA standards ◦ User controls ◦ No “surprises” ◦ Test with
 Make sure they meet ARIA standards ◦ User controls ◦ No “surprises” ◦ Test with

Things to watch
Things to watch

Make sure your documents are accessible

Make sure your “teachers” and “creators” are familiar with the needs of learners

and “creators” are familiar with the needs of learners with disabilities.  Use Universal Design for

with disabilities.

Use Universal Design for Learning

Rich Media Format files need captions/transcripts

learners with disabilities.  Use Universal Design for Learning  Rich Media Format files need captions/transcripts

General Tips
General Tips

Build a “Users Manual”

Provide in-service and training

Develop policies

Check/test content regularly

Build a “Users Manual”  Provide in-service and training  Develop policies  Check/test content regularly
Build a “Users Manual”  Provide in-service and training  Develop policies  Check/test content regularly
Final Considerations  Moodle is a very powerful tool with new things being developed all
Final Considerations
Final Considerations

Moodle is a very powerful tool with new things being developed all the time. Have fun, but make sure you consider all users when building your content

new things being developed all the time.  Have fun, but make sure you consider all
new things being developed all the time.  Have fun, but make sure you consider all

Thank You
Thank You

John E. Brandt jeb@jebswebs.com

 Thank You www.mainecite.org/awd  John E. Brandt – jeb@jebswebs.com  www.jebswebs.com