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Subject + verb + object + manner + place + time

+ V. + O. + adv.m + adv.p + adv.t


S.
Shaimaa helps her mother actively in the kitchen every day.
Every day Shaimaa helps her mother actively in the kitchen.
adverb of time
Subject
noun

pronoun
- The rich

Auxiliary helping

the adj
- playing
- To play
Verb

model defective

noun phrase

ordinary

Object

noun
Marwa

quick
active

pronoun
her
Adverb of Manner
Ly
quickly
bad
actively
beautiful

adjective
The rich

badly
beautifully

hard late well fast


hardly lately
Place
school factory club
Time

today every day yesterday now tomorrow

Conjugation of common Irregular verbs


Present

Past

Past Participle

awoke

awoke

Awoke

bear

bore

Born

bear

bore

Born

beat

Beaten

become

became

Become

Begin

Began

Begun

Bent

Bent

Bid

Bade

Bidden

Bind

Bound

Bound

Bite

Bit

Bitten

Bleed

Bled

Bled

Blow

Blew

Blown

Broke

Broken

Breed

Bred

Bred

Bring

Brought

Brought

Broadcast

Broadcast

Broadcast

Build

Built

Built

Burn

Burnt

Burnt

Burst

Burst

Burst

Buy

Bought

Bought

Catch

Caught

Caught

Cast

Cast

Cast

Choose

Chose

Chosen

beat

Bend

Break

Meaning

Present

Meaning

Past

Past Participle

Cling

Clung

Clung

Come

Came

Come

Cost

Cost

Creep

Crept

Crept

Cut

Cut

Cut

Deal

Dealt

Dealt

Dig

Dug

Dug

Do

Did

Done

Draw

Drew

Drawn

Drink

Drank

Drunk

Drive

Drove

Driven

Dwell

Dwelt

Dwelt

Eat

Ate

Eaten

Fell

Fallen

Feed

fed

Fed

Feel

Felt

Felt

Fight

fought

Fought

Find

found

Found

Flee

fled

Fled

Fly

flew

Flown

Forget

forgot

Forgotten

Forgive

forgave

Forgiven

Freeze

froze

Frozen

Get

got

Got

Give

gave

Given

Cost

Fall

Present

Meaning

Past

Past Participle

Go

went

Gone

Grind

ground

Ground

Grow

grew

Grown

Hang

hanged

Hanged

Hang

hung

Hung

Hear

heard

Heard

Hide

hid

Hidden

Hit

hit

Hit

Hold

held

Held

Hurt

hurt

Hurt

Keep

kept

Kept

Kneel

knelt

Knelt

Know

knew

Known

Lay

laid

Laid

Lean

leant

Leant

Lie

lay

Lain

Lie

lied

Lied

Lead

led

Led

Leap

Leapt

Leapt

Learn

Learnt

Learnt

Leave

Left

Left

Lend

Lent

Lent

Let

Let

Let

Lose

Lost

Lost

Make

Made

Made

Present

Past

Past Participle

Mean

Meant

Meant

Meet

Met

Met

Pay

Paid

Paid

Put

Put

Put

Read

Read

Read

Ride

rode

Ridden

Ring

rang

Rung

Rise

rose

Risen

Run

ran

Run

saw

sawed

Sawn

Say

said

Said

See

Saw

Seen

Seek

Sought

Sought

Sell

Sold

Sold

Send

Sent

Sent

Set

Set

Set

Sewed

Sewn

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Shine

Shone

Shone

Shoot

Shot

Shot

Show

Showed

Shown

Shrink

Shrank

Shrunk

Shut

Shut

Shut

Sing

Sang

Sung

Sink

Sank

Sunk

Sew

Meaning

Present

Past

Past Participle

Sit

Sat

Sat

Slay

Slew

Slain

Sleep

Slept

Slept

Smell

Smelt

Smelt

Sow

Sowed

Sown

Speak

Spoke

Spoken

Spend

Spent

Spent

Spell

Spelt

Spelt

Spill

Spilt

Spilt

Span

Spun

Spit

Spat

Spat

Split

Split

Split

Spoil

Spoilt

Spoilt

Spread

Spread

Spring

Sprang

Sprung

Stand

Stood

Stood

Steal

Stole

Stolen

Stick

Stuck

Stuck

Sting

Stung

Stung

Strike

Struck

Struck

Swear

Swore

Sworn

Sweat

Sweat

Sweat

Sweep

Swept

Swept

Swell

Swelled

Swollen

Swim

Swam

Swum

Spin

Spread

Meaning

Present

Meaning

Past

Past Participle

Swing

Swung

Swung

Take

Took

Taken

Teach

Taught

Taught

Tear

Tore

Torn

Tell

Told

Told

Thought

Thought

Threw

Thrown

Thrust

Thrust

Tread

Trod

Trodden

Understand

Understood

Understood

Wear

Wore

Worn

Weave

Wove

Woven

Weep

Wept

Wept

Win

Won

Won

Wind

Wound

Wound

write

wrote

Written

Think

Throw
Thrust

Active & Passive Voice

by

1
2
v. To Be

3
4

Mona plays tennis.

Tennis is played by Mona.


-

T
e
n
n
i
s
i
s
p
l
a
y
e
d
b
y
M
o
n
a
.

V. To Be

am is are

was - were

Am
is

+ going to + be / will be/ shall be

are
am being is being are being

was being- were being

have been has been

had been

be

ACTIVE VOICE & PASSIVE VOICE


tense

Active Voice

Passive Voice

Present Simple

Write, writes

Is or are written

wrote

Was or were written

Will ( or shall) write

Will be or shall be written

Past

simple

Future simple

Present continuous

Is ( am, are) writing

Is ( are ) being written

Past continuous

Was ( were ) writing

Was ( were) being written

Future continuous

Shall ( will) be writing

Not used

Present perfect

Has ( have) written

Has (have)been written

Past perfect

Had written

Had been written.

Future perfect

Will have written

Will have been written.

Present perf. continuous

Has ( have) been written

Not used

Past perf. continuous

Had been writing

Not used

Future perf. continuous

Will have been writing

Not used

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

TENSE

PRESENT

SIMPLE

CONTINUOUS

PERFECT

AM

AM

HAS

IS

IS + BEING

+ BEEN

ARE

ARE

HAVE

WAS

WAS

HAD

+BEING

WERE

BEEN

PAST
WERE

+ p.p

+ p.p

WILL HAVE
DEFECTIVE

+ BEEN

FUTURE

+ p.p
VERBS

SHALL HAVE
+ BEEN

( 1 ) SIMPLE TENSES

1 They clean the houses

- The houses are cleaned by them.

2 He drank tea.

Tea was drunk by him.

3 He will meet his friends.


4 She doesnt buy book.

They will be met by him.


Books are not bought by her.

( 2 ) CONTINUOUS TENSES

1 He is eating an apple.

An apple is being eaten by him.

2 She was cooking fatta.

Fatta was being cooked by her.

3 He was making baskets.

Baskets were being made by him.

( 3 ) PERSENT PERFECT

1- He has found a pen.

A pen has been found by him.

2- They have made rings.

Rings have been made by them.

( 4 ) DEFECTIVE FERBS

They may break the window. The window may be broken by him. 1
She can do it.
- It can be done by her. 2

( 5 ) SENTENCE WITH TWO OBJECTS.

1- I gave her money .


2- I gave her money .
3- He teaches us ENGLISH.

She was given money (by me )


(or) money was given to her (by me)
We are taught English (by him)

(6) Preposition after verbs

1- He eats with a spoon.

A spoon is eaten with .

2- They speak well of her .

She is well spoken of .

(7) OTHER DIFFICULT FORMS

1- He kicked the ball quickly .

The ball was quickly kicked .

2- No body met me .

I was not met by anyone .

3- Please , give him the book .

Please , let him be given the book

4- People say that he is brave .

It is said that he is brave .

( or ) He is said to be brave.
5- He let her cheat him .
6- Dont let people hear you .
7- I hate people laughing at me .

He let himself be cheated.


Dont let yourself be heard .
I hate being laughed at .